Newspaper Page Text
F. C. DUaaIaGTON & CO.,
EDITORS k FItOFrtfETORS.
Voluntary commnnicationi, containing interest-
ins or important newi, i olicited from any quarter.
Hews letter! from the various oountfes of the
Etate especially desired.
All communications should be addressed to tha
" Editors of tho Uxiox and Amkeicas."
DAILY UNION AND AMERICAN,
NASHYILLE, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1S65.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
Union and American.
(Late Brigade Sarseon, U. S.A.)
OCULIST XSI AURIST,
Office 33 Cedar strect.bctwccn Summer and Cherry,
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye
and Ear, operations for Squinting, Cataract, ecU
BOX 7C0, P. O.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
J. It. EWING,
S31 US tv25
EWING & CO., MUTUAL LIFE
HOME OI'FCE: XO. CO XOilTII TI1I11D St
SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURL
REPLY TO STEVENS
ASSETS, July 1, 1863, 8304,044 37 :
Dividends docl&red to Policy Holders Jan. 1, I860,
Forty 1'er Cent.
T. W. KVAXS,
Late of Kvans k CO.,
W. H. KVAXS,
Lato of Evans CO.,
Lato of Evans k CO.,
Tnos. D. htjc.
Late Fite.Sncphcrd co
Late of Gardner k co.
H. B. BCCKN'ER,
Late of Gardner k CO.,
B. W. JENNINGS,
Late with Gardner co.
rPIIE firm heretofore existing under Hie name
J. firm and style of VT. MATT IIIIOWN k Co.,
is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
llrown retires from tho businew. Mr. Callender,
in connection with I'iilneas liarrcw, win co
tinuc the Real Estate business at the old atand
W. Matt. Drown k Co., 41 Cherirstrect
W. MATT. IIHOWN.
Corner Building Market and Church streets, foi-
uwuiiiui ujf J.VT1UK, iUCrory oi vo.
ARE RECEIVING and havo in storo the following:
Eeader, Is Your Life Insured?
If not, what provision hare you made for your
dependent ones ? THINK 1 What would be
their pecuniary situation were you to
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Successors to W. Mitt. Brows k Co.,)
41 Cherry Street, '(
WILL giro their prompt attention to the selling
and renting of every description of Real Estate,
Ilniltlfiii; I.ofH for Sale,
100 barrels Brown Surar.
w do A LoQee cucar.
It do do
C do do
Stuart's Crushed Sugar, standard.
If it is wiso to Insure, is it prudent to Delay T
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
1st. A fine Ilesidcnre, containing 12 rooms, in
rrr territory. Alio two vacant Lots adjoining.
2d. That splendid Residence of the late James
Johnson, on Broad Setroct, between Summer and
High streets, containing 8 rooms, besides servants
rooms and other out houses.
TA. Thnt splendid Residence of tho late Hani in
P. Ro'tick, containing about 10 rooms, out houses,
rtc. Good Spring and spring house with M
acres of land, immediately adjacent to the city, on
tlio Charlotte, l'ike.
4th. SO acres of trround of the Barrow Prone
on the Charlotte Pikn, which will be divided to
Mb. A very largo number of Lots in the City
nnd the different Addition to Nasoville. 2.' Lots
in Edgefield and Brownsville.
Cth. A very largo number of the BEST FARMS
In this and tho adjoining counties. Apply to
J. L. A R. W. BROWN,
dcct-lm VPA Uniou street.
EELSON 2 MtTRPEEE
ICEAL ESTATE AGENTS,
20 eiiprry Street, near Union,
do A. do .do do
50 kOcsPvrun. 5 and 10 mtl
CO barrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel.
.VI hf do do do
SOqrdo do do
2U0 kits do po
25 barrels F. N. k Co's Whisky.
25 do S. X. Pike's do '
27) boxes p tar candles,
50 dozen brooms,
SO boxes raisins,
500 kegs nails,
1CW reams paper,
50 boxes assorted soap,
40 kegs gingr,
30 doien buckets.
50 sacks Rio coffee,
100 boxes candy, ' '
50 baskets champagoo,
30 cases Sardines,
50 boxes starch,
50 do pickles,
20 do Madder,
75 barrels apples,
50 boxes asortcd wines,
100U barrels Flour, all grades.
2V) do Potatoes,
100 boxes Firo Crackers,
20 cases Figs,
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to the
sort men t of groceries, all of which were bought
, irracni pressure in me eastern mar-
kcis. no expect to sell goods on short profits,
and would bo pleased to have our old friends call
on iSWINU & CO.
A. G. Ewing. of the former firm nf IVIn. f.
Crory & Co., will bo found with the above firn for
tho purpose of settling up their business. dec21
-JAMES II. LUCUS SAMUEL WILLI
Robert M. Funkhouser. of Funkhouser i BurnetL
Chas. II. Peck, Prcsd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co.
Robert K. n oods. Cashier of the Merchants Bank.
Jules Vallc, of Chouteau, Harrison A: Vallo,
1 , , ,
ueo. ji. nooinson, 01 iooinson x uanaru.
Chas. W. McCord. of McCord k Co.. Machini.ta.
John F. Thornton, of Thornton k Pierce.
Isaac IL fcturgeon, fresid tof theN. Mo. Railroad
Hon. John lloican. Member of Conn-ess.
Henry Overstelr, of Ovcrstelx, Wagner k Co.,
Nich. Schaffcr, of Nicholas Sc Ter Jk Co Star
William T. Gay. of Hancnkamn k Edwards.
David Keith, of Keith k Woods, Booksellers and
R. P. Hancnkamn, of Gay & Hancnkamn.
Isaac W. Mitchell.
D. A. January, of D. A. January Jt Co., Grocors
and Commission Morchants.
Wm. J. Lewis, of Lewis k Bro., Tobacconists.
r. Roner. Jr.. of F. Roiicr. Jr.. k Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm k Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI. President.
JAMES II. LUCAS. Vice President.
WM. T. SELBV. Secretary.
WM. N. BENTON, General Agent.
DR. JOHN T. HODGEN. Consulting Physician.
LACKLAND, CLINE Jt J AMISON.Lcgal Adv'rs.
HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary.
EVANS, FITE& CO.
xo. 4, nor block,
WE ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE AND
, well assorted stock of
FOREIGN AXD AMERICA!
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
C. POWELL, GREEN & CO.
NII.AS If. FOOT.
State Agent for Tennessee.
F. IV. STF.MIEXSOX,
Special Agents, Nashville, Tcnn.
onicc: Second Natlonnl Ilmik rjulldlnp;
Nashville Local Beard of Reference:
Hillman. Bro. k Sons. J. A. Mr Alintir .t- Cn
Jno. Kirkman. O.J. Sln)il,l.r.l,t
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Examining Physicians :
Thos. R. Jennings, M. D., T. M. Madden.
NASHVILLE. TENN.. 'A S 1$ R O AD STREET, In,,c,nn"y A(rnlnt Eost by Fire, River
READY jtIADE CL.OTIIIXG,
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since the recent decline in prices, which wo oflor
to tno ITado
AT VERY LOW PRICES.
Being connected with EVANS, GARDNER .fc CO,
of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all Amcricau
Goods, and possessing every advantage of sotting
n'AVE a hirgo amount of Real Eatato to null ill
this and the adjoining States.
THEY BUY AND SELL
Citv, Oounfy und State Bonds tin commission, ns
well as every description of Government Securities
Tvft) MAURY COUNTY FARMS
rousonablo prices. Also
ro ollVrcd at very
CoixuncH . Powell, formorly C. Powell k Co.,
I. F. GREEN.formcrlyNichoI. Green i Co. Nash-
Cuas. M. McGiici:, living at Knoxvillc, Tcnn.
BY the above card it will be seen we have es
tablished ourselves in New Yor for the pur
pose "f doing a legitmate commission business :
and being a lennessco house, we respectfully so
licit the patronago of our Southern friends gen
erally, vi o are amply prepared to mako cash ad
vances on consignments ; to loancurrency on gold
without charge of interest: to purchase and soli
cotton, tobacco, flour and pork : also gold stocks,
bonds, and government securities on a margin cx-
liuaitvij (1,1 1-MI1I1I11P31UI1.
C POWI'.IX, 4JREEX k CO-
drc 20 Sm
and Rnllrontl In tlio
Home In. Co. of X. Y. Cash asscLti4.000.000
Columbia, Cash Capital- 500,000
Arctic, Cash Assets....-... - 625.000
llnrtforfl, Cash Assets 1,000,000
Losses adjusted and promptly paid at this Office,
No. 25M, Cherry street.
T " T 1 TJ VCIITrtllTTT
A PLACE ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER,
of 400 acres, in Jackson county, Tcnn., for sale.
F R E S II
TJ. S. CLAIM -A-GrDEIYCY,
No. 29 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid to the
COEEECTIOV OF CLAIMS AGAINST
M'I.r.MII CITY PROPERTY
Of) 1 EET on Church street, opposite tho Max--
well llnue aiidMasoiiicTeniplc,atn rcason
ablo'prico. This is central, choice property, and
is mora than 200 foct deep.
4.1 reel, improved, on Vino street, between
Church and Union, very choice location, but the
improvements are moderate,
"WE HAVE ON HAND A GOOD ASS0RT-
I I .llttAX Ot
Consisting in part of
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD k NELSON.
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
RrrKRKXCKS Hon. C. F. Trice. TT. S. District
Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., President Second Na
tional Bank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
CHRIST M A S
Tho price is very
02 Foot, with largo brie dwelling, on Vine
street, between Union and C dm, being about the
most dcsirabla location for ret tUmcs in tho city.
200 IVoton McOavockstrt t. West Nashville,
on which is a neat Brick Dwell )g, (1 or 7 rooms,
kitchen, stable, etc;, and first-r. "i cistern. Price
enly $y,000. Houso and premise. cood order.
IOO Feci on Broad street. West NakN-ille. with
elegant new Brick House, containing TO or 12
rooms, kitchen, stable tw cistern", ahiubbcry,
tc. etc;, at $15,000. Very desirable. Knot sold
within ten days, this large and choice place will
br rented for the remainder of this and tho whole
of next year.
BO Foot on North Market street, corner of Lo
euat, on which is the well known Pleasant Smith
houso. Price $12,500.
HO Pert on Snruce street, with larre. elerant
and new Brick Dwelling, containing 10 rooms, 2
- 1 . : , . 1 . .
until imiiii, minim, curn flic, wuu gaj, waicr,
and every modern improvement.
45 Foot on Park street, with common im-
iirovements, very low. This property runs through
40 Fool on College street, being the lower por
tion of the lot now occupied by Department
llesdiisio-s. belonging to Dr. Waters. Price.
S00 per loot.
A choice little lot on North College, just below
ho Public Square, at a sacrifice.
Which wo will dispose of at private sale for fair
Wo havo also for sato 1000 bushels of primo
heavy Oats, which wo wish to closo out at once
MR. WM. PRICHARD long and favorably
known to this community has taken quarters with
us, and will bo pleased to seo his old friends and
customers. GUDSIIALL k HOLLAND,
dccll-lf VA South Market street.
TDOO ' 1TOESII'S 1,KACU BM,W rOTA-
000 llusIIKLSriaME 0ATS'
In store, and for -nlo at prices below the market
y GODSHALL k HOLLAND.
Our Auction Sale on Thursday next will em
braco a fino variety of Liquors, Tobacco and Gro
ceries generally, together witht he consignments
GODSHALL k HOLLAND,
Z'A South Market street.
"llK havo removed our Stork to tho Waro-
1 1 house, comer Church and CoIIece strei
formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co.. where
wo hope to meet our former patrons and the pub
Our Stock is
And we alwa)t sell
SALOON AND RESTAURANT.
Wc olTr fr sale a Saloon and Restaurant, now
doing n profitable business. In the very centre of
trade, at a price periectiy satisuctory.
A. A. SPENCER k CO.
Wc havu over 1T0) fe-t of ground on the most
choice and desirable stroets in Edgefield, for lease
for five yirs from 1st January next, at prices
which ought to bo satisfactory to those desiring to
EI.ON A UirRFREE.
lt.nr.RT U. Dlt.LIK.
W. kSTCI Tiionrsos.
DI1LI1 & THOMPSON.
REAL ESTATE AXI
)R0MISING FAITHn'L AND PROMIT
JL attention to all business entrusted to our care,
we respectfully teuder our services to the Public,
nsGoncral Agents, for the Purchase and Sale o!
Ileal listate; Renting and Leasing of City or
Country Property; Collection of Notes; ActounU
and Nouehcrs; Investigation of Titles, etc,, etc.
DILL1N k THOMPSON,
Office, over Second National Bank, College stmt,
D. D. DENTON & CO
CITY STEAM It Alt EH Y
AXD CAXUY MANUFACTORY,
O ANI S IlltO AD STREET.
IValern can be mijijilied on short notice
with everything in our Line, made) br our
Also, Bread, Calces, etc, etc.
D. D. DENTON G. M. HUNTINGTON.
)K 1IARKF.I.S CRAXHERRIES,
c ,v . MEDART k BURKE.
Southeast corner Broad and Market sta.
" Superfine and extra faimlv Flour;
Car loads Bran, In store, and for sale
RHEA k SMITIL
nfin ,AtM! li t '" I;AT FI.OUR,
v w v Vil,
gaut article. Jut received and far sale
southeast corner ltm..! m-A
OUU the betin the market.
c .1. . ME"ARV Jt BURKE,
Puthcajt caaer Broad and Market lU.
STATE OF TENNESSEE, I
A J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
. N. Simpson, deceased, is hereby ordered to
give notice in the Uxiox isn Ameiicix. and by
written notice, at tht Court House door in Win
chester, Tenn for all persons havinxclalms aralnst
said estate to appearand file the tame with the
undersiguisl, duly authenticated, in the manner
prescribed by law. oner before the 1st of April,
-i- T11(S. SHORT, ClttiL
AT 31 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET. NEXT
DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL.
Tho only genuine. Cumberland in this Market.
Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas, and gives no headache
1. STEWART. O. II. nOLDBN.
We feel every confidence in saying to Merchants
that wc will sell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both
Buying and Selling, enables us to do business on a
VERY SMAJUL, ADVANCE,
so that thoso who buy'from us can competo with
Stochs purchased any where.
Having resident partners in New York, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chants will find larre and well assorted throughout?
Wc HOlicltnn Examination of our Stock.
Evans, Pite & Co.,
STO. 4, INN REOCK,
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J. & L. WH0RLEY.
IMrORTRRS XKD DRALERS IX
FOltZIQW AMD DOMESTIC
CIGARS & TOBACCO,
No. 32 MArUct Street,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Successor to Chas. Liebcnstein,)
Cor. Cedar and Chcrrj Streets,
(Under Commercial Hotel,)
A heavy stock of fins importjjt'and domestie
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs,
Constantly on hand.
N(l A P I SO API! SO A P I I I A SMALL ROOM. IN THE UNION AND
C5Wii.X 1 OVJ-fLX i i OUiLl ! I I J American Block, fronting on Church street.
1AWES IMPROVED ERASIVE SOAP.
Itcst Soap made in ;tlie United
Send your Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
MAIN UFA OTUBERS,
Xo. 1)0, Cliurcu Street,
Apply at the counting-room of the
JL Fourth Story
0 000 Ib Ilam'
!.&) lbs. New Bacon, Sides.
S.OCO lbs. New Bacon. Shoulders
1W Tierces New Lard.
For Sale by
Mclaughlin, butler a co'
dee 20 lw
PARTIES WHO DELIVERED TWO CAR
Loads of Salt at N. A C 11. R, Depot some
two weeks ago. Salt marked E; and H. 4 S will
nlease furnish 11 with duplicate Bills Ladinr. as
salt cannot be shipped for want of destination.
FxEtonr Ornci N. k C R, R.1
Nashville. Dec. 11. lSllV f
ON AND AFTER TO-DAY OUR DElK
will be opened at SH a. M. for the reception of
Freights, and promptly closed a 14 r.v.
Qecia im a . j v ac, Agcnu
VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE
rth Story of the Uxiox and AurKiCAX
Block, well adapted to many purposes. Apply
at the counting-roomof this office.
F. C. DUNNINGTON A CO.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DGALEK IS
SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Arnold's ATrltiitE' Fluid A Copying Ink,
Wedding. Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And tho LatesCLRe'rature of the Day,
'SO. 137 USIOX STREET,
(Between Cherry and College.)
Ordsrs solicited for every description of Printing.
PAYNE, JAMES & CO.,
Cor. Church and College Sts.,
N AS II VILLI, TEX
fFFER THEIR SERVICES TO THEIR
J friends as i.cncrnl Communion Mcr
rhanta, and respectfully solicit oonsignments.
They are prepared to receive
COTTON AND TOBACCO,
And will funrish every facility and accommoda
tion 10 tboso wno will entrust inelr Dusioess to
PAYNE,-J AMES & CO.
Speech of lion. II. 3. Itajrmond
In the House of Kcpresentatives, on the
21st inst., Hon. Henry J. Itayruond, of New
York, replied to Mr. Stevens, as follows :
Mk. Chaibman: I should bo glad, if it
meet the sense of those members who are
present, to make some remarks upon the
general question now before the House, but
1 do not wish to trespass upon the disposi
tion of those who may be present in regard
to this matter. I do. not know, however,
that there will be a better opportunity to say
what little I havo to say than is now oflered;
and if the House shall indicate no other
wish I will proceed to say it. (Go on.) I
need not say that I have been gratified to
hear many things which have fallen from
the lips of the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr.
Finck,) who has just taken his seat. I have
no party feeling, nor any other feeling,
wnicn would prevent me irom rejoicing in
the indications apparent on that side of the
house of a purpose to concur with the loyal
people of the country, and with the loyal
administration of the Government, and with
the loyal majorities in both Houses of Con
gress, in restoring peace and order to our
common country. I cannot, perhaps, help
wishing, Sir, that these indications of an in
terest in the preservation of our Govern
ment had come somewhat sooner. I cannot
help feeling that such expressions cannot
now be of as much service to the country as
they might once have been. If we could
have harl from that side of the house such
indications of an interest in the preservation
of the Union ; such heartfelt sympathy with
the efforts of the Government for the pre
servation of that Union; such hearty denun
ciation of those who were seeking its de
Ftruction while the war was raging, I am
fcure we might have been spared some years
of war, some millions of money, and rivers
of blood and tears. But, sir, I am not disposed
to fight over again battles now happily end
ed. I feel, and I am rejoiced to find that
members on the other side of the House feel,
that the great question now before us is to
restore the Union to its old integrity, puri
fied from everything that interfered with the
full development of the spirit of libertv
which it was made to enshrine. I trust that
we shall have a general concurrence of the
members of this House and of this Congress
in such measures as may be deemed mast lit
and proper for the accomplishment of that
result. I am glad to assume and to believe
that there is not a member of this House,
nor a man in this country, who does not wish
irom the bottom 01 ins heart to see the uay
1:1 1 .1
ijM;uuujr cuiuu niicn wusuuu nave 1111s na
lion, tne great. American Jicpuonc, ajrain
united more harmonious in its action than it
has ever been, and forever one and indivisi
ble. "Wc in tliia Congress are to devise the
means to restore its union and its liarmonv
to perfect its institutions, anil to make it 111
all its parts and in all its action, through all
time to come, too strong, too wise and too
free ever to invite or ever to permit the hand
ot rebellion to be raised aeainst it. Isow.
Sir, in divising those ways and means to ac
complish that great result, the first thing we
have to do is to know the point from which
we start, to understand the nature of the
material witli which we have to work, the
condition ol the Territory, and the btates
witn wnicn we are concerned. 1 had sup
posed, at the outset of this session, that it
was the purpose of this i louse to proceed to
that work without discussion, and to commit
it almost exclusively, if not entirely, to the
joint committees raised by the two Houses
lor the consideration of that subject.
Hut Sir, I must say that I was glad when
I perceived the distinguished gentleman from
Pennsylvania (Mr. Stevens), himself the
Chairman on the part of this House of the
great Committee on Keconstruction, lead off
in it uiscussion 01 mis general suuject, anu
thus invite all the rest cf us who chose to
follow him in the debate. In the few re
marks which he made in this body a few
days since, he laid down, with the clearness
and force which characterizes everything
he says and does, his point of departure in
commcncincr this creat work. I had hoped
that the ground he would lay down would be
such that wc could all of us stand upon it.
and co-operate with him in our common ob
ject. I feel constrained to say.Sir, and I do
it without the slightest disposition to create
or to exaggerate differences, that there were
points in Jus exposition of the country with
which I cannot concur. I cannot, for myself,
start from precisely the point which he as
sumes. In his remarks on that occasion he
assumed that the States lately in rebellion
were and arc out of the Union. Throughout
his speech I will not troublcyou with read
ing passages irom it I find him speaking of
the fatates as outside ot the Union," as
dead btates, anu as having forfeited all
their ricrhts and terminated their existence."
I find expressions still more definite and dis
tinct. 1 find him stating that they are and
for four years have been out of the Union
for all legal purposes," as "having been for
lour years a separate power and a separate
His position, therefore, is that these States,
having been rebellious, are now out of the
Union, and simply within the jurisdiction of
the Constitution of the United btates as so
much territory to be dealt with precisely as
the will of the conqueror to use Ins own
language may dictate. Now, sir, if that po
sition is correct, it prescribes for us one line
of policy to be pursued very different from
me one inai win oc proper 11 11 is not cor
rect. His belief is that what wchavc to do
is to create new States out of this territory
at the proper time, many years distant, re
taining them meantime in a territorial con
dition, and subjecting them to precisely such
a state or discipline and tutelage as (Jon
cress or the Government or the United
States may sec fit to prescribe. If I believe
in the premises which he assumes, possibly,
though I do not think it probably I
might agrco witli the conclusion he reaches.
Jhit, sir, 1 cannot believe that this is our
condition, I cannot believe that these States
have ever been out of the Union, or that
they arc now out of the Union. I cannot
believe that they ever have been, or arc now,
in any sense, a separate power, if they were,
sir, how and when did they become so ?
They were once States of this Union that
every one concedes bound to the Union
and made members of the Union by the
Constitution of the United States. If they
ever went out of the Union it was at some
specified time and by some specific act. I re
grct that the gentleman from Pennsylvania
(.Mr. btevens) is not now in his seat, 1
should have been glad to ask him by what
specific act and at what precise time any one
of these btates took itself out of the Amen
can Union was it by the ordinance of se
cession 1 think wc all agree that an ordi
nance of secession passed by any State of
this Union is simply a nullity, because it
encounters in this practical operation the
Constitution of the United States, which is
the supreme law of the land. It could have
1 1 , 1 r 1 T . r. 1.1
no icgai, aciuai lorco or vaniiiiy. ai cohiu
not operate to effectany actual change in the
relation of the btatc adopting it to the ia
tional Government still less to accomplish
the removal of that State from the sovereign
jurisdiction of the Constitution of the United
States. "Well, Sir, did the resolutions of
these States, the declarations of their officials,
the speeches of members of their Legisla
tures, or the utterances ot their press accom
plish the result? Certainly not. They could
not possibly work any change whatever in
the relations of these States to the General
Government. All their ordinances and all
their resolutions were simply declarations of
a purpose to sccedc. I heir secession, if it
ever took place, certainly could not date
from the time when their intention to secede
was first announced. After declaring that
intention they proceeded to "carry it into ef
fect. How? By war bv sustaining their
purpose by arms agaiast the force which the
United States brought to bear against it.
Did they sustain it? "Were their arms vic
torious? If they were, then their secession
was an accomplished fact. If not, it was
nothing more tlian an abortive attempt a
This, then, is simply a question of fact,
and we all know what the fact is. They did
not succeed they filled, to maintain their
ground by force of arms ; in other words,
they failed to secede. Indeed the main fea
ture which distinguishes the Union under
the Constitution from the old Confederation
is this, that whereas, the old Confederation
did deal with the'.Statcs directly, making
requisitions upon them for supplies, and re
lying upon tiiem for the execution of iU
laws. The Constitution of the United States
in order to form a more perfect Union, made
its laws binding on the individual citizens
of the several States, whether living in one
State or another. Congress, as the legisla
tive branch of this Government, enacts a law
which shall be operative upon every individ
ual within its jurisdiction. It is binding
upon each individual Citizen, and if he re
sists it by force, he is' guilty of a crime and
is punished accordingly, anything in the
Constitution and laws of his State to the con
trary' notwithstanding. But the States
people of this country, or indeed of anv
considerable number of the members of thi3
House. I certainly do not think these !
States arc to be dealt with bv as as provinces
as simply so much territory held to us by
no other ties than those of conquest, I
think we are to deal with them as States
having State governments still subiect to
it.- 5 ! J? , .1 T i r,. . ....
me jurisdiction 01 ine united states still
under the Constitutional control of the
National government ; and that in our deal
ings with them we are to be guided and
nn..l 1 1 MI
butiinTj, imi aiuijiiv uj tmr sovereign win
themselves are not touched bv the laws of and pleasure as conquerors, but by rcstric- wrla.!' ival. In Lnglanil, more especi
the United States, or by the CWstitution of tionsand limitations of the Constitution of u Y3 wollt to 1)0 celebrated right roy
the United btates. A btatc cannot be indict
ed, a State cannot be tried, a State cannot be
hung for treason. The individuals in a
State may be so tried and hung, but the
State as an organization, as an organic mem
ber of the Union still exists, whether its indi
vidual citizens commit treason or not.
Mr. Kelly: "Will tho gentleman from
New York (Mr. Raymond) yield to me a mo
ment for a question ?
Mr. Itaymond : Certainly.
Mr. Kelly : I desire to ask the gentleman
this question. Bv virtue of what does a
State exist? Is it by virtue of a Constitu
tion, and by virtue of its relations to the
Union ? What in doe a State of the Union
exist? First by virtue of a Coastituiion:
and secondly, by virtue of its practical rela
tions to the government of the United
States. And further, I would ask. whether.
those States acting bv conventions of the
people have not overthrown the Constitu
tion which made them parts of the Union.
and thereby destroyed or suspcndcdjjphrase
it as you will the practical relations which
made them parts of the Union ?
Mr. Kaymond : I will sav. in remV to
the gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr.
Kelly), that it is not the practical relations
of a State at any particular moment which
make it a State or a part of the Union.
What makes a State a part of the Union is
the Constitution of the United States ; and
the rebel States have not vet destroyed that.
Mr. Kelly : The question I proposed is,
whether a Stato does not exist by virtue of a
Constitution its Constitution which is a
thing which may be modified or overthrown?
Mr. Kaymond : Certainly.
Mr. Kelly: And whether these rebellious
Constitutions or States have not been over
Mr. Raymond : A State docs not exist bv
virtue of any particular constitution. It
always has a constitution at any specific
time. A btatc has certain political relations
to the Government of the United States; but
the fact of those relations being practically
operative and in actual force at any moment
does not constitute its relationship to the
Government or its membership of the United
States. Its practical operation is one thing.
The fact of iU existence as an organized
community one of the great national com
munity of States is quite another thing.
Mr. Kelly : Let me interrupt the gentle
man one moment longer. I will ask him
whether, if the Constitution be overthrown
or destroyed and its practical relations cease,
there be any State left ?
Mr. Raymond : AVhy, Sir, if there be no
Constitution of any sort in a state, no law,
nothing but chaos, then that State would no
longer exist as an organization. But that has
not been the case. It never is the case in
great communities, for they always have
constitutions and forms of governments. It
may not be a constitution or form of Gov
ernment adapted to its relation to the Gov
ernment of the United States, and that would
be an evil to be remedied by the Govern
ment of the United States. That is what
we have been trying to do for
years. Ihe practical relations
the United State necessarily, as we are res
trained and limited in our dealings with all
other States of the American Union.
I do not think that-the treason of Jeffer
son Davis has anything to do with the in
human treatment to our prisoners of war. I
merely allude to the matter. I might have
elaborated jit when I said that becauso wc
jiad granted to these States as a power wag
ing war rights usually accorded to nations at
war wc were not therefore excluded from
proceeding agaiast them as traitors. The
decision of the Supreme Court to which. X
have once referred, I understand it, aught to
assert that we have the right to proceed
against fliem as traitors, or rather that wc
had the right to exercise against them both,
the power of sovereigns and of belligerents ;
that the one did not exclude the other. Now,
if according to the view I have presented,
we are to deal with these States as States
still within the Union, the next question
that recurs is, how are we to deal with them?
The gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Fink) who
preceded me, took the ground that they had
only to resume their places and their powers
Ilsi Observance In JTevr Yorlt Ancient
Ysmsresi on CIiriHtma Eve Impres
sive Midnight-Service) nt .St. AI
From the New York Herald.
Christmas Eve aed to be a great day in
all Christendom ; a day devoted to mirth
and jollity, fun and frolic, as ushering in the
world's festival. In England, more especi
ally, and gamesome minds made? m,rrv nil
the day. In fact, the veritable festival itself
was not so much honored as its harbinger.
The bearing in of the huge "yule log" to the
lasuc court inaugurated the day. and, as its
blazing sparks caused a ruddy glow to flash
. 1. . e c n .1. 1- , -.
mi mu lams 01 an, wic lesuvc Doaru was
spread, and all attacked the "brawn," the
boar's head, decked with bav and roscraarv.
1 11 1 -. ' ... . :
anu iue ruasicu ox, wnn appciiics siiarpcnctl
vy me inisiy air. .men;"
"Tho wassail round, in good brown bowls.
Uarniihcd with ribbons blithely trolls,"
and, drinking of the joy-inspiring liquid, all
oeeame inspintea ana the merry laugh and
jocunu jest resounueu inrougti the hall.
"Then cams" the merry maskers in,
And carols rolled with blithesoino din ;
If unmelodious was their son?.
It was a hearty note and stronir.
Who lists, may in their mumming sco
Traces) of ancient mystery.
3IIDXIOI1T SERVICES AND MASSES.
All over the Continent of Europe, and
more especially in Roman Catholic coun
tries, the custom of ringing a merry peal
in the National Government, that their rep- "P01 the church bells at midnight and sol-
rivonfnt!voa lmvo rmK- tr mmn intnttita 1,-11 I CUinizinir niasa nrprnila..
, , a.M . u w... v VVtUK IUW I - O "
and take their 6cats without question, and
ernment of the United States were all wrong
anu were hostile to that uovcrnment. Thev
denied our jurisdiction ; they denied that
they were States of the Union, but their de
nial did not change tho fact, there was never
any time when their organizations as States
A dead btate is a solecism, a contradiction
of terms, an impossibility. These are, I
confesss, rather metaphysical distinctions,
but I did not raise them. Those who assert
that a State is destroyed whenever its consti
tution is changed, or whenever its practical
relations with this Government are changed,,
must be held rcsponsibleor whatever meta
physical niceties may be necessarily involved
in the discussion. I do not know, Sir, that I
have made my views on this point clear to
the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Kel
ly,) who has questioned me upon it, and I
am still more doubtful whether, even if they
arc intelligible, he will concur with me as
to their justice. But regard those States just
as truly within the jurisdiction of the Con
stitution, and, therefore, just as really and
truly States of the American Union now as
they were before the war. Their practical
relations to the Government of the United
States have been disturbed, and wc have
been endeavoring, through four years of war,
to restore them and make them what thev
were before the war. The military, in the
field, lias given us the means of doing this.
We can now re-establish the practical rela
tion of those States to the Government, aid
the actual jurisdiction over them, which they
vainly attempted to throw off, is already re
stored. The conquest wc have achieved, is a
conquest over the rebellion; not a conquest
over the States whose authority the rebellion
had for the time subverted, t or these reasons
I think the views submitted by the gentle
man from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Stevens),
upon this point, are unsound. Let me next
cite some of the consequences which it seems
to me must follow the acceptance of his
position. If, as lie asserts, wc have been
waging war with an independent power,
with a separate nation, I cannot sec how
wc can talk of treason in connection with
our recent conflict or demand the execution
of Davis or anybody else as a traitor. Cer
tainly not. If wc were ct war with any
other foreign Power, we should never talk
of the treason of those who were opposed to
us in the field. If we were engaged in a
war with France, and should take as pri
soner the Emperor Napoleon, certainly we
could not talk of him as a traitor, or as
liable to execution. I think that by adopt
ing any such assumption as that of the hon
orable gentleman, we surrender the whole
idea of treason and the punishment of
traitors. I think, moreover, that wc accept,
virtually and practically, the doctrine of
State sovereignty, the right of a State to
withdraw from the Union and to break up
the Union at its own will and pleasure. I
do not see how upon those premises wc can
escape that conclusion. If the Statcss that
engaged in the late rebellion constituted
themselves by these ordinances of secession.
or by any of the acts with which they fol
lowed those ordinances, a separate and inde
pendent power, 1 do not see how we can
deny the principles on which they professed
to act, or refuse assent to their practical re
sults. I have heard no clearer, no stronger
statement of the doctrine of State sovereignty
as paramount to the sovereignty of ihe nation,
than would be involved in such a concession.
Whether he intends it or not, the gentleman
from Pennsylvania (Mr. Stevens) actually
assents to the extreme doctrines of the ad
vocates of secession.
Mr.Niblack : I beg to innulre of the gen-
tlemanwhcther the theory of the gentleman
from Pennsylvania, which he is combatting,
would not also, if carried to its legitimate
consequences, make those who resisted the
Confederacy in the insurrectionary States
guilty of treason to the Confederacy or to
Mr. Raymond : I was iust going to remark
that another of the consequences of this doc
trine, as it seems to mc, would be our ina
bility to talk or loyal men in the South.
Loyal to what 7 Loyal to a foreign inde
pendent power, as the United States would
become under those circumstances ? Cer
tainly not. Simply disloval to their own
government, and deserters, or whatever you
may choose to call them, from that to
which they would owe allegiance to a for
eign and independent State.
Now. there is another consequence of the
doctrine which I shall not dwell upon, but
simply suggest if, that the Confederacy was
an independent power, a separate nation, it
had the right to contract debts, and wc,
having overthrown and connnpred that in
dependent power, according to the theory of
the gentleman from Pennsylvania, would
become the inheritors, the successors of its
debts and asscta, and we must pay them.
Sir, that is not simply a theorv or a chum
thrown out in debate here, "it it one ad
vanced on behalf of Great Britain as against
jfr. Itaymond was here interrupted by
Mr. Jcnclces, with whom he liad a long
conversation on the subject. Mr. Raymond
Now, sir, i have dwelt on these points
longe1" ,u,ajl I intended to do. I do not
think "o doctrine I have been combatting
is held by any' considerable number of the
without conditions of any sort. I cannot
concur, sir, in that view. I do not think
that these States have any such rights. On
the contrary, I think we have a full and per
fect right to require certain conditions in the
nature of guarantees for the future, and that
right rests primarily and technically on the
surrender we may and must require at their
hands. The rebellion lias been defeated,
and a defeat always implies a surrender, and
in a political sense a surrender implies more
than a transfer of the arms used on the field
of battle ; it implies in the case of civil war
a surrender of the principles and doctrines,
of all tho weapons and agencies by which
the war has been carried on. The militarv
surrender wa.s made on the field of battle to
our generals as the agents .and representa
tives of the Commander-in-Chief of the ar
mies of the United States. But this is not
all they have still to surrender.
I will say that, in surrendering on the field
of battle, they surrendered to the generals
who were in command of the armies as agents
of the President of the United States, himself
the agent and representative of the American
people. If that explanation, is satisfactory
to the gentleman, I am very happy to make
it, and perhaps I am obliged to him for hav
ing enabled me to state it a little more pe
cihcally and accurately than I did at first.
Now there must be at the end of the war a
similar surrender on the political field of
controversy. That surrender is due as an
act of justice from the defeated party to the
victorious party. It is due also, and we have
a right to exact it as a guarantee for the fu
ture; why do we demand the surrender of
their arms by the vanquished in every bat
tle ? We do it that they may not renew the
contest. Why do we seek in their fall a
surrender of the principles on which they
fought ? It is that thev mav never .train Im
the last four made the basis of controversy and rebellion
of the Gov- against the Government of the United States,
,, i v I. i. :.. .! . i i
On Christmas Eve the bells were mnp.
On Christmas Evo the mass was sunk;
That only night in alt tho year
1. . . i .. I . ,
. - mo siutvu uu?i ukj cuamo rear.
Now what arc the principles which should
thus be surrendered ? The principle of State
Sovereignly is one of them. It was the cor
ner stone of the rebellion, at once its anima
ting spirit and its fundamental basis. Deeji
ly ingrained as it was in the Southern heart,
it must be surrendered. The ordinance in
which it was embodied must not only be re
pealed, the principle itself must be abandon
ed, and the ordinances, so far as this war is
concerned, bo declared null and void ; and
that declaration must be embodied in tho
to insist upon this ; and it must be apparent
that so far as that principle is concerned, this
war was a pernlanent success.
Mr. Bingham: The gentleman will allow
me to make the inquiry whether, if that were
done to-day by South Carolina, anil the peo
ple of that insurgent State restored to all
thcir powcrs in this Union, they could not
blot it out to-morrow by every construction
ihat has ever been given to the operation of
the Constitution of the United States upon
any State maintaing its relations to this Gov
ernment. What guarantee would that be ?
An interesting coloquy occurred between
Messrs. Raymond and Bingham, and between
Mr. Jenckes and Mr. Itaymond, a report of
which is omitted for room.
Mr. Raymond said, in conclusion, I can
not assent to the intimations thrown out by
the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Ste
vens) that the President concurred in the
views he had expressed, or that he had
handed the whole subject of pacifying the
States lately in rebellion, and of restoring
the States to tho practical exercise of their
functions as members of the Union, to the
hands of Congress. I can find no warrant
in his message for believing that he designs
thus to abandon duties which arc evidently
in his judgment devolved upon him as the
jxccutive in tne uovcrnment and as commander-in-chief
of the armies of the United
States. On the contrary, I find him rehears
ing in clear and explicit language tho steps
he has taken to restore the rightful energy of
the General Government and the States. To
that end, he says, Provisional Governors
have been appointed for the States, Conven
tions called, Governors elected, Legislatures
assembled ami Senators and Representatives
chocn to the Congress of the United States.
At the same time, the Courts of the United
States, as far as could bo done, have been re
opened so that the laws of the United States
may be enforced through their agency. The
blockade lias been removed, and the custom
houses re-established in ports of entry so
that the revenues of the United States may
be collected. The Post Office Department
renews its ceaseless activity, and the General
Government is thereby enabled to commu
nicate promptly with its officers and agents.
The courts bring security to persons and
property, tho opening of the ports invites
the restoring of industry and commerce, the
post office renews the facilities of social in
tercourse and business. He has exercised
his power of pardon. He iias invited the
States lately in rebellion to participate in
the ratification of the constitutional amend
ment securing the perpetual prohibition of
slavery. This done, he says, it will remain
for the States whose powcra have been so
long in abeyance to resume their places in
the two branches of the National Legisla
ture, and thereby complete the work of re
storation. There it is for you fellow-citizcas
of the Senate, and you fellow-citizens of the
House of Representatives, to judge each of
you lor yourselves, ot the election returns
and qualifications of your own members.
All hut this has been done in the exercise of
his functions and in the performance of his
duties aa President of the United States and
as Commander in Chief of their armies.
The admission of members of Congress and
the restoration of the judicial branch of the
civil authority of the Government are neces
sarily referred to the deliberations and ac
tion of Congress.
In Italy, France and Germany this cus
tom is never dispensed with, and the cere
monies are usually of the most imposing
character. In Ireland, too, almost all the
convents have a midnight mass on Christmas
eve, and the soft strains of the organ, and
sweet voices of the spotless devotees harmo
nize together in a song of praise and thanks
giving to God. In England this custom,
strangely enough, exists in one or two
places. Cronan Abbey, Lincolnshire, is one
of these. Formerly, when in the possession
of the monks, a grant of land was made it
for the purpose of paying for the chanting of
masses on Christmas eve. The abbey still
exists, but has passed into the hands of tin.-
Episcopal Church, and the grant, too, has
not been rescinded. Each Christmas eve at
midnight the Cathedral choir on the battle
ments of the abbey chant a number of Ang
lican hymns, by which means the grant of
land, now very valuable, is retained.
So soon as the village chimes proclaim the
hour of midnight the carol singers commenco
their peregrinations, and the gray eye of
Christmas morning still sees them at "their
labors. This last custom, and one of the time
honored usages of antiquity, prevail to tliis
day all over England. From the first sleep
of night one is awakened by the sound of
sweet strains of music and simple melodies
wishin c one a happy Christmas and recalling
the h enly message promulgated so long
since, of "Peace on earth, good will toward
men." The church bells, too, ring out a
merry peal, proclaiming that tho joyous fes
tival of Christendom has again returned. In
America these customs have fallen into dis
use, if, indeed, they ever existed. Having
no ancient customs of her own, Columbia
cares not to borrow those of other countrit
and Icing nothing by this dcterminatio
her children enjoy their Christmas as heart
ily as those of any nation. It is not unlikeh
that were our hardworking citizens di-diirbeu
in their slumbers by the sound of Christmas
carols, however sweet, the performers wouh
receive othcr-than a blessing as the HleejHfi
waked up, and tho "waits" would assurcdl"
have to establish the correctness of their co
nomcu ere they would receive any large-so).
3UDXIOIIT SERVICE AT 5T. ALBAVd
A service of an imposing and withal necii
We have a right 'ar character was solemnized nt midnight
nust he .tnntrnnt at the Protestant Episcopal Church of St.
Alban's, Forty-seventh street and Lexington
avenue. In Enrrlnml. for- anm t!m i.t
what is called Puseyism has been creeping
. .1. . rs . t i? , , rit , . . . . o
niio wm ivsiaoiisucu wniirciiusii hatrtul in
novation, and only one step removed
from Roman Catholicism. Disturbances in
churches into which it has crept are not
unusual. Instance those at St. George's in
the East, where the greater portion of the
congregation would not permit the service
THE XASHVIIXE DAIXT 17X1 J! XXB
OEce Union and American Block, corner Church
and Chorry streets, opposite the Post Office.)
Daily $14 0
"Weekly 5 08
Proportionate rates for shorter periods.
Subscriptions invariably in advance.
Of this wonderful "business, so extensively
manipulated in New York, it is said that un
til quite recently, the art was scarcely prac
ticed in this country. What is wonderful
about it is, that
"A single grain of gold may be beaten
witli the hammer so as to cover soventy-five
square inches, which would leave it less than
the ooO.OQOth part of an inch in thickness, or
requiring more than a million sheets to make
a pile three inches high. This would be
about the 1,200 part of the thickness of com
mon printing taper, and is owing to the ex
treme tenacity of gold. A pound of gold
may be drawn into a wire that would reach
around the globe. A silver wire, coated
with the thinnest wash of gold, may be drawn
out to an indefinite extent without breaking
the coating so much that a defect could be jjis
covered, even with a microscope. Thegold
which is used for beating is very slightly al
loyed with silvcrand copper, unless the leaf
is to be exposed to the weather, when pure
gold is used. It is first melted in an ingot,
long and narrow, which, on being cooled it
passed through polished steel rollers, till it it
reduced to a ribbon about one SOOth of an inch
in thickness. It then passes into the hands
of tho beater. The gold ribbon is cut into
pieces of an inch square, and 140 of these
are placed between as many sheets of tho
voluinn, alternately, when the bcatw lays on
with his heaviest hammer, beating the pile
about an hour, first with one hand, then with
another, shifting the hammer without any
pause, and very deftly turning the took over,
or from side to side, between the blows. By
this time the pieces of gold will have ex
panded to the size of the vellum, when hcy
arc taken out, and each one is cut again into
four. They arc again placed within shcct-i
of vellum, "thus making a pile of COO out of
the original pieces, which arc belabored for
another hour or more with a hammer of less
weight than the first. The faces of all tho
hammers are slightlv convex, which causes
the gold to spread. When this beating is
completed, the leaves of gold are again sub
divided by four, making 2,-100 in all, and
are put into thrco parcels of 800 each, tlio
gold alternating with tho vellum, as before,
and each parcel is subjected to another beat
ing, more carefullv administered, on account
of the extreme thinness of the metal. The
hammers decrcasu in weight as the process
goes on. The beating lasts for five or six
hours, at the close of which the edges of tho
leaves, which are quite uneven, are cut with .
a sharp reed, as the gold adheres to a metal
knife, and the leaf, rcadv for use. is nlaccd
in the books in which it is sold, each leaf of
gold being about thrco inches square, and
twenty-five making a book. They arc very
seldom torn or cracked.
The Empress of Austria w said to be one
of the mast beautiful of tho Princesses of
Europe, and from her description, would
certainly seem to be a very charming
woman. She is tall, slender, with a very
white skin, a good deal of color, large, lim
pid blue eyes, and an amazing head of light
hair, which she wears in eight mastavc
braids, wound roundjand round her head,
forming a magnificent diadem of hair, such
as very few women could match from their
own resources. She speaks all the different
tongues of .Europe, and is particularly fond
of the English language, which she ( peaks
as perfectly as though it were her native
dialect. She is an excellent musician, paints
and draws extremely well, and is one of the
boldest and most skillful horsewomen of
Austria. She possesses a stud of very val
uable horses and a pack of splendid hounds,
and she is said to take the warmest interest
in the racing and linn ting of ail Europe, and
to know byheart the names of the heroes
of the turf, biped and quadruped, of all the
countries of Europe. In addition to all
these attractions, she is said to have a re
markably good temper.
to proceed for several weeks in consequence
of the Puseyism introduced. This has kept
away from America for a longtime, but now
is in existence, tho church in Forty-seventh
street being probably tho precursor of many
others of a similar kind. A large congrega
tion was present at the service referred to,
the handsome edifice being quite filled. The
cniircti was tastefully ornamented with ever
greens and the channel decorated with
flowers. The altar cloth was of scarlet on
top, with a draping of white satin, on the
front of which a representation of a cross
Was prominent. Orr the altar itself there
was in the centre a large gilt cross, and on
cither side a vase of flowers. Four tall wnr
candles were burning, two at each side, while
at each extremity of the altar a candelabra.
C.ll - f I 1, , , .
inn oi ourning canines, was placet!. A
number of evergreens in flower-pots were
Placed at the sides of the chancel. Alto
gether the appearance, though tasteful in the
extreme, seemed strange as in a church
jvherc all desire for display is ignored and
f mpty forms as little attended to as possible,
i So soon as the chimes told midnight a
40ft strain of mclodyvfrom unseen singers,
jtole into the church,s if angels were re
joicing 'over the birth of a Savior. ThLt
continued for a short time, when the doors
of the vestry opened and a number of young
lads, attired as acolytes, entered before the
altar. They were preceded by an individual
dressed in a long robe of black serge, after
the manner of the old mtmks. He wore no
collar, and the robe was gathered round the
waist by a black cord. The hands of tho
acolytish choristers were clasped as in
prayer. There were six of them. After
these C;nn6 four surpliced gentlemen, who
assisted them in the rendering of the hymn
they chanted. Then came a small acolvte
supporting a large wooden cross, entwined
with holly. After him came the three
officiating clergymen, which completed the
novel procession. This lino proceeded
round the church chanting hymns in Eng
lish, the congregation tho time standing.
and, alter making a circuit of the budding,
returned to the altar, when the choristers
filed into seats on cither side, while tlic
three officiating clergymen walked 'tip to
the altar and made each a low obeisance.
Remaining- with Jiis back to the congrega
tion, the others doing the same, the priest,
as he is termed ii the Pusscyiti,h ehilrch,
commenced the 6rdinary Episcopal ervi' -for
the cominunion. On coming to the
commandments he turned his face toward
the congregation, hut his companions still
remained as lieforc. The service was full
choral. All the members of the congrega
tion, instead of, as in most churches, fritting
during prayer, knelt down facing the altar,
the clergyman, or priest, in the same po
sition After the regular, ecrvico the Lord's
. T.- 1 .... , . . , .
Hujijei, jr cucnarisi, was antniniucrcu to 3
large number of communicants.
Our .11 ox lean III j.Iomncy Atrnln.
From tho Xcw York News.
Maximilian the First, bv the grace of
Louis Napoleon, Emperor ot Mexico, has is
sued a decree on the subiect of certain Mex
ican lalwr. The negro is declared by that
instalment free from the moment at which
he sets his foot upon the soil of the Empire.
It goes on, however, to lay down certain reg
ulations for giving that freedom moral effect
by throwing around illicit restrictions as
may hold the frccdman to that first and last
condition of freedom industry. Be tho
merits of the peonage thus constituted what
they may, the decree has given grave ofienso
to all the humanities that ooze, like sugar
from the maple, from tho authorities at
Washington. Mr. Corwin declared tho
form of labor thus established in
Mexico a grinding .slavery ; and thus
supplied our voluminous Secretary
of State with the text "of a dispatch to Mr.
Bigelow. Mr. Seward accompanied tho dis
patch with an opinion of Attorney General
Speed however that dignitary may be sup
posed to have had any concern in tho legal
meaning of a Mexican decree declaring
that the said decree is neither more nor lews
than "peon slavery." Mr. Seward directAxl
Mr. Bigelow to submit the question, together
with the opinion of the Attorney General, to
tho consideration of M. Drouyn dc L'Huya
in order to bring it, witli a view to remedy,
under the attention of the Government of
France! This movement is a very closo
approach to a" recognition of not only the
Empire of Mexico, but of a protectorate over
that Empire by Louis Najioleon ; and taken
in connection with tho quihblo under which
the legitimacy of Juarez's Presidency has
been made an excuse for annulling the ap-
JKiintment of General Logan, tothe Mexican
epublic, points plainly to tho settling
down of the Monroe doctrine into a philo
sophic acquiescncc in the establishment of
Maximilian s throne I
Soutiieun Sentiment. -Mr. De Bow
says that "whatever may have been tho the
ories of the past, the result of the great con
flict which have shaken the land to its center.
establish, beyond controvcrcy, that tho Uni
ted States is a fixed and permanent Govern
ment, and is capable of resisting every in
ternal effort for its disruption." "It is well,
North and South there is but one feeling
in America, and it is that her destinies are
in her own keeping. A wise and liberal na
tional policy will restore to the United
States all that it has lost by war, and bring
into harmony again its recently jarring ele
ments." The Hon. W. W. Bbycc, of South
Carolina, sava "tho twlicy of clemency has
done more in a few months to strengthen the
Union came at the South than centuries of
oppression. A (southern writer in tlr
Washington Lhronttte uses this language
federal authority having been restored
every where, the work of reconstruction may
i . M . I- .1 1. . .1
(irocccu, necessarily ramcai, njougu 11 nccu
not be fanatical." Tho New Orleans Oes-
tenl is moderate and patient: "For a tlmo
the South must be the silent but deeply in
terested spectator of a conflict whicn is to
decide her fate, and determine whether, in
the future, she is to be admitted to terms of
equality with other sections of tho country,
and permitted to contribute her share to its
glory and prosjicrily, or whethef her former
ossocinUa in the Union will insist that she
must remain nernctuallr inimical to bo
iinpovcrished while held as a military pro
vince, and a cause of apprehension and a
sourceof weakness in thoso dayn of foreign
complications which overtake all nations in
the progress of their history. While await
ing the result of 'this contot, let us, as welt
a. we can under tho difficulties which sur
round us, devote ourselves to our industrial
iirsuits and attempt to establish the basis of
ituro material proaerity." In all this we
detect none of the relentless animosity to
tho General Government the radicals at
tribute to the South.
Bthon and the Countess Guicciolt.
Lamartinc is engaged in writing a life of
Lord Byron for Ik Gmtiluiionntl. Tlio
first volume was all made up from Moore's
well known work, but at present an addi
tional interest is given from tho fact that
Madame De Boissy, the wife of a peer of
France, one of iw oldest families, formerly
flic Countess Gniccioli, hai placed in tho
hand of the author all of Byron's journals
and letters, written during the period of her
attachment to him. The rosiest hue is
thrown over this portion of his life, and tltt
husband of "Theresa" is, like all tho hus?
banoV who nrc described by lovely wives, an
unmitigated brute, whom none of her fara-
; " uuiicr and other
Its. AH thronrh 1 Tblii;- ..... . ... r .
tho service it -seemed as if the fervency of Am, ir. vi-vr T1..'- Tt.t. t?"
m.,m w mi .1. 1, -""V"V sum an
ide subservient to form, by which it
...1. r : :. ni 1- .
lost much of its sincerity. Tho peculiarly
periorm eu service was concluded at one
o'clock this morning, when the mcmbcra r
the congregation congratulated each ntlu
011 the occurrence of another Christmas, and
,.- ni, ., .1 i . 1 .
. U5.1..V. uiiu auutill-r UKll It Jlllglll prOVu to
a!l a happy one.
the uifMt natural and cliarminn- thin..
ble. Even a brother, who
uie attachment was rormed, and who return
A.1 r..ii ..-:...i- t .it.,.,
v. inn ui jm-juuitu anu uuiikc lor him,
forced to yield to the charm wMM, t,.,l
The citizens of Mobile gave the widow of
General Stonewall Jackson a benefit at the
theatre in that city last Satnrday permis
sion to be benevolent having first been ob
tained from the military authorities coin
marfding district of Mobile.
The latch- published no! ice rerxirt of Viw
lork lor the year shows that the arrods tit
males lor various offences amounted to -IV
75-1, while the arrests of females were onl
20,119. Tins proportion of the sere enr.
responds very closely with that of previous
exhibits, and with the exhibits made in
other large cities of this country and Europe.
Liter, of the 22(1. sava the.
Exchangc did the hantLomo thing this af
ternoon, in voting $5,000, as a Christmas
present, to Gen. Grant. Tho mniuw 1 1 . lu.
added to what is known as the Grant Testi
monial Fund, which now retiehes 67.000.
When $100,000 is subscribed, it will Ui duly
y ...v uiuciai, nun -an
nors." The entire amount, it i believed
will be made up beforo New-Ycar's Dav!
Other citizens of ew York
a three thousand dollar
. - " ....... ... m
duccd his sirter from her lin,,lL 1
It was announced last year that Madame de
B. was about to publish her own memoirs,
but it is now understood that she has con
fided this task to a man witli a name in tho
literary worldj tliat their publication might
not take the air of self-justification. It may
safely be presumed that it is for a consider
ation that Lamartinc has undertaken to per
form his part.
Gem. Fuemoxt lately spent a couple of
days at Jefferson City, Mo., where he was
entertained by the Governor, and serenaded.
The object of tliis visit is to set on foot ne
gotiations for purchasing the South West
llranch of the Pacific Railroad of that State
Fremont's interests are opposed to those of
Daniel S. Dickinson's company, in New
York. The railroad comjany wish to re
tain the property thus making a triamru
1.1r fight, which will proliably result in a -io
tiiryto the railroad company. Frouwiit
ptopoiition I to take the road ota fii T
Uttion, pay the State InUrwt Jj1""0
Wnd, and complete the road tothosouth
wtit corner of the State.