F. C- DUXXIXGTOX A; CO.,
Voluntary communications, containing In tern t-
Jar or important news, solkiled from tar qaartcr.
News letters from the various counties of the
All communications jboulu be addressed to the
Editors of the Usios aud AvrniCAK."
F, SEYMOUR. M. D.,
' (Late Brigade Sargcon, U.S.1 A,) . ,
"OCBMST AXD ATJRIST,
Office 33 Cedar strect,bctwecn Summer and Cherry,"
Office for treatment" of all-!Disea'cs" of the Eye
and Ear, -operations Ut, Squinting, -Cataract, oct.
BOX 768, 1'. O.
doctr-Jmisip.. .: i j I
HEAL ESTATE AGENTS.
flMIE firm heretofore existing under the name-
isthls'dav diwolved hy mutual consent. Mr.
llrown retires from the holiness. Mr. Callcnder,
in . connection with rhincas Uarrvlt. will cp
tinue the Heat Estate business at the old stand
W. Matt. IJrown i Co.,.41 ChriryWrrct.
W. MATT. llHOWN,
' OABBKTT. T. CALKSDBa.
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Suceessorrto W. Matt. Bbowk & Co,)
..BCftl "EwtlVtO jVgCJltH,
IffTT T ! 1 1 A .11 A? i it. ..11!
ntif? riniitiirf v(vm HmuTifilinri of Real Eta.toJ
deel lw. .
A. .LARaiii NUMBER iO?. FARMS.,
1st. A fine Residence, . containing 12 rooms, in
ree tcrritorr. Also two racaut Lots aujolnme.
2d. That splendid Residence of the late James
.Tohi.fon. on Broad Estrcet, between Summer and
High streets, eontaininc 8 .rooms, besides servants
rooms ana oincr out Homes.
M. That splendid Residence of the late Hardin
T 1..!.U I . T A . I,
etc. (Jood Snrinu and ;sprinc houso with 8J4
acres otlanil, immedictclr adjacent to tnecity, on
the, uiiarlolte 1'ike.
41h. AO acres of irround of the Barrow property.
on the Charlotte Pike, which will be divided to
ftth. A Tery larue number of Lots In the City
una i tie utnereni Aauiuons 10 iMascriue. iaois
an ivigeacld and lirownsriue.
Cth. A very laree number of the BEST TARMS
in tins nnd tbt aUjoinins;. counties. Apply to
J. L. k n. W. BROWN.
dee4-lm M UnioU street.
.icfe.M. jav j
SO t'liorry Street, ncnr Ciilon,
!? tm i.-.M.i ' 'V
'a saJWI' .... .
sJ: n' 1
.A v iv a ian.o nmouni oi iwcni w Biff
nils null luc nujuiuuiK ouiiv., ... ,
XHEV Bl) V AND SELL
CiiUnnnlvunil Stiitr Itnmls on commission, as,
well iu every description of Government Securi
,TAVfr"stAIIHY'' COUNTY FARMS
are offered at Tery .reasonable .prjcoi. Also, one
in Wiliiamion- b ' a i H'H u
A ,1!LA0E ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER,
of 400 acres, in Jackson county, Tenn.,- for sale.
Ofi FEET on Church street, opposito thb Max-
Ou well House nndMasomc icmple.ata rcason
ablopriec. Tills is central, choicu . property, and
is inoro than "J00 feci deep.
43 1'eot, impniveil. on Vino street, between
Chureh'ahd Union, very choico location, but the
Improvements are moderate. Tho pnee is very
02 1'ret. with larire brick dwelljns;. on J ine
street, between Union and Cedar, bcine about tbo
. 1 I ) . I . I "...M.l.l.nnnj in , 1 1 n .it.
XllOSl UCSirnUI lUCUIIVll IUI 1MIU,ih.v. .m .uuv.j.
200 reeton McGavoek street, West Nashville,
on wh'.cli is a neat Brick Dwelling, C or 7 rooms,
atlelien. stable, etc. and first-rate cistern. Prtco
nly $9,000. House Mid premises in good order.
100 sct oh Broad street. West Nashville, with
elocautMrrrJilrhikv llousej tcVmUinipt ltr;nr 1?
rooms, kitchen, stable, twe cisierns, snrui.ucrj
to., etc:, at $15,000. Very desirable. If not sold
within ten days, this larce and choice place will
"bo rented for the rtmainder of this and tho whole
of next year.
sn rt A, Vnr'lb Market street, corner of Lol
ust,-on-which4s tho well-known-Pleasant Smith-
houso. l'rtoo.iiow.. , , . ,
50 I'oet on Pnruco street, with lanre, cleirant
...i .r llrUW ntrdlin?. eontaininir 1G rooms. 2
butli rooms, kitchen, extra slic, with tas, watsr,
n.l .f,.rv nfMlirn ItnnmvcmenL
"7 it. 7 V iHiii-- y i
45 I'ect on Park street, with common im
provements, very low. This properly runs inrousu
40 Voet on CoUcko street, bclne the lower por
tion of the lot now occupied by. Department
HeadquateribclonpnirtoI)r. platers. A'rice,
$.')00 per foot.
A choico ltttlo lot on North College, Just below
lie PubHO square, ai a sacriuco.
SALOON AND RESTAURANT.
ii-. irr Cr ..1m Culonn and Restaurant, now
doing ii prolltable business, in the very centre of
trade,. at a price penecnj
Wc have ovcrl.SOO feci of ground on the most
choico and desirable streets in Edgefield, for lease
for five years from 1st January next, at prices
which ought to be satisfactory to thoso desiring to
xeiaox .t Munrnr.E.
AI.BKBT V. PILUX.
W. BBTCE TilOMrSOX.
DiLLiH t mm,
BEAT. ESTATE AXI
DROMI6INO FAITHFUL AND PROMPT
JL attention to ail business entrusted to urcare,
,.rnaiietriillrtMler our services to tliernblle.
as General Agents, for the Purchase and SIe oi
Real l?tat05'ltentlnt;! and Leasing- or Cityor
Conntry Prurcrtyt 'Collect ton of Nots; Aesoahts
and Vpncuersr i.nvetniraiion oi ii;ies, eiv, eic
' ' llItLIN i THOilPSON.
Ofiicejorer' Sccond.fational'Bank, College street.
MKDART A" BURKE.
Southeast corner Bread and Market sU.
cnrk.SAcioj nccKMiiEAT rLeirit.
JUU elegant article. Just received and for sale
by AihUAKV V UllKKU.
Southeast comer Broad and Market sts.
cnfl HAKRCLM XEW YORK AI'S'LES,
UUU the'best In the market.""
"SeatheiU ebrair Broad and Market's.
. :r ti t ir
.GROCERS & 3ANKER&..
H; 11 I tl'l-i t'r. I II
LiiJll w Waj
.v Mi 1
Comer Building Market and Church, streets, foi-
ineny occupieuiny.mng,uici;rory uo.
ARE RECEIVING and haro in' store the fol
NO barrclsUJrown'. Sugar. . . ; .
U) do A' Uotlce bucar. . .
If do do - j
0 do do -,'.!
Stuart's Crushed Sucar, standard.
io A no . uo do
do Jlolasscs. ' '
M kocs Syrup, 5 and 10 rals.,
fO barrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel,
SOhfdo.i . rr&a, iMi'Joa m
200 kits do Po
25 barrels r. N. X Co's Whisky,
25 do S.N. l'ike'a do .im
250 boxes star candles,
uj dozen brooms, .
:) boxes raisins.
COO kegs nails.
iw reams paper.
!) boxes 'assorted soap,
40 kces rinsrar.
100 boxes candy.
M baskets cliampasoe,
30 cases sardines, , .
50 boxes starch' ' Mt,ajA
SO do pickles,
20 do Madder,
75 barrels apples, A ,
0 boxes assorted wines.
1009 barrels Flour, all trades,
zu do l'otatocs, 'in
!: J i
100 boxes biro Crackers!
JJ cases ifies.
100 cases assorted Liquors,
Jn'adJilion to ilie alioo wo harea eeneral as
sortment of groceries, all of which wcro bought
during the present pressure in tho Eastern mar
kets. We expect to .sell goods on hart profits,
and Kduld be pleased to hare our'nld friends call
on us. EWING & CO.
A. G. Ewinr. of tho former firm of Ewtnir. Mc-
Crorr A Co.. will bo found with the abovo firn for
the purpose of scttline up their business. dec21
C. POWELL, GREEH &X0.
3g it' ROAD ' STREET,
CoLGunvs PovEtti . formerly C Powell Co.,
j Jvnoxvuic, lenn
I.F. GREEN. formcrly.Nichol, Green & Co. Nash
Cms. M MuGiiEl, livine otKnoxvillcTcnn.
BY tho abovo card it will bo seen we have es
tablished ourselves in New. Yor for the nur-
nose?'of doinir n-leentmatrr commission business:
and bcinu a Tennessee house, we respectfully so
licit tho natronairo or our bouthcrn mends ccn-
ii.. v i .. . 1 1 . i. i. I
Vancts n consienmcnts ; to loancnrrcncy.on gold j I
wtthontihdn?e'nf intercsfno-pnrcHhso andTicll
Iionds. anil covcrrimo'rit securities on a margin ex
rnfion. rnhnin. llmirnml nnric ? nl.nlpnlfl Rtneks.
clusively on commission.
. C-I0-H-Et.t. GKEEXi Co
dec 20 3m
"XTfE HAVE ON HAND A GOOD ASSORT
Hi '! AM 'fS SI If
Consistfne in part of
;FruUs, , .
Which ,wo will dispose of at prirato sale for (air
""wtfiiavo also foralo 1000 bushels of prime
heavy Oats, which we wish to close out at once
Mil. WM. I'ltlCIIARD loni and favorably
known to this community has taken quarters with
us. and will be pleased to see his old tnends and
customers. UODSIIALL & HOLLAND.
dccH If ooum .iiarKei sircoi.
i nnn bushels
PEACH BLOW POTA-
In store, and for sale at prices below tho market
hy. j . .3 l'.i.'i.l..,,!,,l
Our Auction Sale on Thursday next will em
brace a fine variety of Linuors. Tobacco and Gro
ceries generally, together witht he consignments
above mentioned, . ,
( ! fctiUUSItAllli A UULUduNXM M
m toutii .uarKci sircei.
"rE have jemov-rdouSst6ikHo tho Ware-
Jiouse. corner Church and College streets,
formerly occunicd bv Pavne. James A' Co.. whero
wo liopo to meet our former patrons and tho pub
lic gcucnuuv- m t -rsr ? i- r t
Oaf (Stock ii ; 1 iVl A
And wo always sell
' A. A." SPENCER & CO.
r .i r r t n r
D. D. DENTON & CO
- W o
AXI CAXHY JIAXUFACTOUY,
Dealers can be supplied on short notice
with cvenrthing in our Line, made by our
BelveJCi aft rtrim ,rnriui
Spcvial,., . ... , !..-,
. . .To. Crackcra .; , , . . ,.
Also, Bnd; Cilres; 'ctc-ictc.
D. D. DEN'T0Nl
G. M. HUNTINGTON.
k ft I I. i
Car loads Brn, in itore. and for sale
low.. ' i
decf-at-. . RHEA A SMITH. -
STATE OF TKNNKSSUK,
I K4.1sL VUUAri,
written notice, at the Conn fl.i,,. V,. win.
chestcr. Tenn, for all rersonihavlngclalms acainrt
said tauto to appear and file tie same with, tbo
undeHgued. duly authenticated, in the manner
fiSe 1 ' ca or iore the 1st or April,
THOS. SHORT; Clcrl
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE:
HOME orrCE: XO. 00 XO stTHTJlIRD St
(5AINT XOUIS, MIBSODRL
ASSETS, JBly 1Y1865,; 83G1.C1 J 37 s
, SECURELY INVESTED.
Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 1SG5,
j Fovty Tcv Cent..
I' ;uilil' I ' . ; " I
! I . ' . i i i
tReader, Is Your- Life Insured?
If not, what prorition hare you made for your
1 depandeftt oncs! THINK.1 Vhatwoulilbe
) their pecuniary situation were you to
; die to-morrow?
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay ?
i DELAYS;ARE DANQERO.US. ,
JAMES II. LUCUS .SAMUEL WILLI
Robert M. Funkhouser, of Funkhouscr.t Burnett.
Chas. II. Peek, Presd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co.
Rabert K. Woods, Cashierof the Merchants Bank.
-Jules Vallc. olUhouteau, Harrison Vane,
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson .t Gariard.
Chas.-W. McCord, of McCord Jc' Co Machinists,
John F. Thornton, of Thornton k Piefte.' - - "
Isaac II. Sturgeon, Prcsid't of the N. Mo.' Railroad
Hon. John Hogan, Member of Congress.
Henry Oversteli, of Overstelz, Wagner & CoM
Nich. SchalTcr, of Nicholas Schaffcr & Co., Star
William T. Gay. of Ilanenkamp & Edwards.
David Ktith, of Keith & Woods, Booksellers and
R. P. Ilanenkamp, of Gay & Hanenkamp.
Isaac W. Mitchell.
D.-A. January, of D. A. January Jfc Co., Groters
' : and Commission Merchants.' -
Wm. J. Lewis, of Lewis A Bro., Tobasconlsts.
F. Rosier, Jr., of F. Rosier. Jr., & Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm k Clever.
' , OFFICERS.
' SAMUEL TCILLC President.
i ,i JAMES If. LUCAS, Vice President.
' WM. T. SELBT. Secretary.
; "WM. N. RENTON. General Agent;
DR. JOHN T; HODGEN, Censnltine Physician.
LACKLAND, CEINE k JAMISON.Lcgal Adv'rs.
llON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consulting Aetuary.
.t ' ; 1 SIEAS K.TtfOT,-
State Agent for Tennessee.
C. llARFIELI), n ,
Special AgenU, Nashville, Tenn.
Office: Second XMIonal'BsinU Building
Nivshvjlla Local Beard of Reference:
Hillman, Bro. k Sons, J. A. MeAlister k Co.,
Jno.KirkmonV O..J. Stubbleficld,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Thos. R. Jennings, M. D., T. jf. Maddea.
Inilcmnlty Against ,Io !jr Fire, River
mill Rnllroad In tho
iromq InO Co; of bt Y.. Cash asscts4l,000,000
roInmblii'Cash Capilal.'.I.."....-..: 600,000
Arctic, Cash Assets ... 625.000
Hertford, Cash Assets. . . 1,600,000
Losses adjusted and promptly paid at this Office,
No. 25J4. Cherry street,
fU. S. dli,AJOSZ A-GEIVCY,
I Xo.T S9 'NORTH; CHERRT STREET.
! ''' ' special attention paid to the
COLLECTION OF CLAIMS AGAIXST
.TJUEj GOVERXMEXT.i .
1 NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
' .. i HOWARD & NELSON,
Attorneys aiid U. 5. Claim Agents.
RrrrnixcKS non. C. F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., president Second Na
tional Bank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
termaster. . dcc3-lm
lUi ! unto
' u.h:i;! "
-!' i ' ,
AT 1 SOUTH COLLEGE STllEi;T,EXT
DOOR TO NO. 2, FIREMAN'S HALL.
The only genuine Cumberland In this Market.
Cheapest, because' most' economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas, and rives no headache
A. STKWART. O. n. HOLDS.
SOAP! SOAP!! SOAP!!!
D AWE'S IMPROVED ER.iSIVF. SOAI'.
Rest Sonp mncSe ia llic United
RODDY & CO.,
MAIN UFA OTURERS,
No. 90, Churcli Street,
... K .. !.; i.i .
dee 21 dSm
5,000 li .
,5,t))lb. Ncn5laciu.iid i::i '
'5.000 lbs. New Bacon, Shoulders '
100 Tierces New Lard.,
Tor Sale by
McLAUpHLIN. BUTLER J: CO'
T ARTIES WHO .DELIVERED T.WO
X Loads nf Salt at N C; lv. It. J Jenol mvm
two weeks mro, Salt marked E: and 1, J, k ri, wilt
please furnish us with duplicate. Mil' I jdinK, as
aalt cannot be shipped for want of di vtlnatlon.
doclS-lw Y.B.JOJ (ES. Agent.
Fkicht OvnciT jr,'ft&Tt.TUl
NnshYiMe.-r 11. 15. I
AND AFTER.TO-DAY OUR DE10TS
avtened at SK A. v. lor
Uie reception of
rotgnw, ana promptly ejosea at
4 r. v.
T. W. EVA KB,
Late of Evans CO.,
Late of Evans t CO.,
Late of Gardner a Co.
n. n. BCCKXEB,
Lato of Gardner ft CO.,
B. W. JEXSISRS,
Lato with Gardner ico.
Late of Evans it CO.,
'O. 4, TSK. BLOCK,
ARE- NOW i OPENING A LARGE AND
weU'a.'isnrted stock of
FOREIGN" AND A3IERICAJT
Boots, , Shoes, Hats,
READY MADE CLOTHING,
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since the recent decline in priees, which wo offer
to tne Trade
Being connected with EVANS, GARDNER k CO,
of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all American
Goods, and possessing every advantago of getting
We feel every confidence in saying to Merch.inls
that wc will sell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of botti
Buying and Selling, enables us to do business on si
so that those who buy-fronrns can compete witaa
Stocks purchased any where.
Having resident partners in New York, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chants will find large and well assorted throughout
Wc solicit an Exnralnnl Ion of irar Stock.
Evans, Pite & Co.,
XO. 4, IXX BLOCK,'
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J, & L. WH0ELEY.
IVrO&TKRS ASD &XALEB3 IX
FOKEIQX AND DOMESTIC
CIGABS & TOBACCO,
No. 32 Msirkct Street,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Suescssor to Chas..LiebensteinJ
T 0 B A C C 0 N I S T,
Cor. Cctlar and Clierry Streets, J
(Under Commercial Hetel,)
A hear' steok of fine imported and domestio
Cigars, Totacoo, Snuffs,
aXEER.SC DC A"U 31 PIPES,
Constantly on hand.
ROOM. IN THE UNION AXU
A """"-'viTv'rli n Church street.
Annlr at the counting-room of the Union and
TIAWO VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE
L Fourth Story ofthe.Ustos asd Ameiicas
Hlock.wcII adapted Jo many purposes. Apply
tthUnUDe-rTa BUNNINGX'ON CO.
W. G. OOLLIEE,
WHOLXSAtS ASD XXTA1L DWlLX W
SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Arnold's Wrt tine; Fluid & Copying Ink,
Wedding. V5s'iting.and Printer's Cards,
And the LatesCLitcratnre of tho Day.
NO., 37: UJ IOST STREET,
(Between Cherry and College.)
Orders solicited for every description of IPrinting-
PAYNE, JAMES & CO.,
Cor. Church and Collcjre Sts,
SERVICES TO THEIR
f.;.n.l Cirnrral CoraminKn JSes
chants.' and respectfully solicit .eosmgrnnents.
"ioey are prepares 10 reccvo
COTTON AND TOBACCO,
And will funrih every facility and ecommoda-
tio nio inosewno wui enirusi uor vusiusm w
PAYNE, JAMES CO.
TENNESSEE, TUESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1866.
Union and American.
LETtER FE0MGEN. EARLY.
He DocaHOt WaBt al'ardon-Alllstorj-of
the Campaigns The Seal Strength
of the CoBfedcratcs Ocneral Early's
DcmoBAtratioss on WaslilugioH Tlie
Strength or Ills Forces History of
Ills Valley Cnmpalsn, etc
To the Editor of the New York Times.
Hayaxa, Dec 18, 1865. Having seen it
stated in several papers published in the
United States that I am an applicant for
pardon, I desire to say. through your
columns, that there is no truth whatever in this
statement. I have neither made nor author
ized such application, and would not accept
a pardon from the President of the United
States if gratuitously tendered ,me without
conditions or restrictions of any kind. I
have nothing to .regret in the course pursued
by me during the war, except that my ser
vices were not of more avail to the cause
for which I fought; and my faith in the
justice of that cause l.s not at all shaken by
I have not given a parole or incurred any
obligation to the authorities of the United
States, and I utterly disclaim all alleciance
to, or dependence upon, the Government of
that rauntry." JL am a voluntary exile from
my own country, because I am not willing
to submit to the foreign yoke imposed unon
it. All declarations attributed to me which
are inconsistent with the above statement,
are entirely without foundation, and I hope
there will he no fuftlisr misapprehension as
to my position.
The reports of the campaigns of 1864 and
1865 by Secretary Stanton and Lieut. Gen.
Grant, recently published, contain many er
roneous statements which do great injustice
to the Confederate armies. The press in the
Southern States is at present effectually muz
zled by military rule, and the Confederate
cause has no appropriate organ by which the
ears of the world can be reached. The time
will arrive, however, when a true history of
Ithe warfare can be written so as to enable
foreign nations and posterity to do justice to
the character of those who have sustained
'so unequal a struggle for all that is' dear to
man. In anticipation of that time, I will
call attention to some facts which will show
the tremendous odds the" Confederate armies
had to encounter.
Mr. Secretary Stanton's report shows that
the available strength present for duty in
the army with which Gen. Grant commenced
the .campaign of 1864 was, on the 1st of
May, 1864, as follows :
Army of the Potomac (under Gen. Meade) 120.3SC
Ninth Army Corps (under U en. B urnside) 20,780
Besides this, he says the chief part of the
force designed to guard the Middle Division
and the Department of "Washington, "wa3
called to the front to repair losses in the Ar
my of the Potomac," which doubtless wa3
done before that army left the vicinity of
Spottsylvania Court House, as Gen. Grant
says: "The 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th and
16th (of May, 1864,) were consumed in ma
neuvering and waiting for reinforcements
from Washington," and Mr. Stanton says
the sending of these troops to the front
caused the detaching from Gen. Lee's army
of the force under me to threaten Baltimore
and Washington. The available strength of
the forces in those departments, on tho 1st of
May, according to Mr. Stanton's report, was
as follows :
In the Department of Washington
In tho Middle Department
of which it maybe safely assumed that at
least 40,000 men were sent to the front, as
General Grant says that, when I approached
Washington, the garrisons of that place and
Baltimore were " made up of heavy artillery
regiments, hundred days' men, and detach
ments from the Invalid Corps." and hence
it became necessary to send troops from his
army to meet me. Thi3, therefore, made an
army of 180,000 men which General Lee's
army had to meet before, as I will show, it
had received any reinforcements whatever.
This estimate does not include the re-enforcements
received in the way of recruits
received from yoluntary enlistments and the
draft, which were entirely going on, nor does
it include re-enforcements from the North
era Deparmcnt and the Deparmentspf the
East nd the Susquehanna, where there were,
by Mr. Stanton's showing, 15,344 available
men Ibr duty, the greater part of which, it
is presumed, were sent to Grant, as, other
wise, hey might have been brought to
Washington to meet my force with more ease
than troous from his army.
General Lee's army at the beginning of
the campaign, consietcd of two.divisions of
Longstrcct's Oirps. EwelPs Corps, A. P.
Hill's Corps, three divisions of cavalry and
the artillery. 1 commanded, at different
times during .the campaign, Hill's and Ew
ell'8 Corps, and am, therefore able to state
very nearly the entire strength of the army.
Ewell's Corps, to which I belonged, did not
exceed 14,000 muskcta at the beginning of
the campaign. When I was placed in com
mand of Hill's Corps on the 8th of May, by
reason of General Hill's sickness, its effect
ive strength wa8 less than 13,000 muskets,
.and it could not have.cxceeded 18,000 in
Ihe beginning. LongstrCct's Corps was thc
weakest of the three when all the divisions
were prcsentand the two with him had just
returned from an arduous and exhausting
Winter campaign in East Tennessee. His
cttectivc strength could not have exceeded
8,000 muskets. General Lee's whole effect
ive iniantry, therefore, did not exceed 40,
000 isuskets, if it reached that number.
The ictvalry divisions were all weak, neither
of them exceeded the strength of 'h good
brigade The artillery was in proportion to
the other arms, and was far exceeded by
Grant's, saot only in the number of men
and guns, but in weight of metal, and espe
cially in tie quality of the ammunition.
General Lee's whole effective strength at the
opening of ilie campaign was not over
50,000 men of all arms. There were no
means of recruiting the ranks of his army,
nn rA-pnfntwmfcnts were received until
it reached Hanover Junction, on the 23d of
May. It was this lorce, tncreiore, wmcii
compelled urant, alter tne nguuug ai. i
Wilderness and around Spottsylvania Uurt
Honse, including the memorable 12th of
May, to wait six days for re-enforcements
from Washington before he could move,
and baffled his favorite plan ot reacinng
Buhmond. At Hanover Junction General
Lee was joined by Pickett's division of
Tinpstrect's corns, one small brigade of my
division of EwclFs corps, which had been in
North Carolina with Hoke, ana ttwo.eii
brigades, with a battallion of asJillery, under
Breckinridge. This force -under Breckin
ridge, which Gen. Grant estimates at
15,000, and which was subsequently united
In tntnn nt T.vnehbunr. did not exceed 2,000
muskets. At Coal Harbor, about the 1st of
.Tnnp Hoke's division, from i-etcrsourg
joined Gen. Lee, but Breckinridge's force
WasscnioacK lnuauiuu:!; ana
near that place, on account of the defeat
and death of General Wm. Iv Jones at
Piedmont, in the Shenandoah Valley, and
Ewcll's corps, with two Dattauions oi arm
lery, was detached under my command on
the morning of the 13th of June to meet
Hunter. This counterbalanced all re-enforcements.
The foregoing statement, which
fully covers General Lee's strength, shows
the dktiaritT of forces between the two
OTr.:a in tl,n ttfxnnntnf. nnd it W33 nCVCr
lessened after they reaciieu me vicimv
y "o"" " -ey ,7, "... f
Richmond and retersburg, dui was gn"
;nnrienl Tho ninniis mav sneculato as to
what would have been the result of the re
mnm in mnn nd munitions of war if the
tn mmnnnilrai luul been reversed, or it
Lee's strength had approximated Grant's.
vw-jv "t "-r . V ' r . A
the two xedcral commanaers, unmi.
Butler, and certainly having no reason 10
admire the latter, I cannot but be amused at
the efforts Of Grant, by the use of a. few flash
phrases, to make Uutler the scapegoat m
Tho disparity between the Jorces oi oncn-
dan and myself in the Valley campaign was
ihrm that between ixe ana
Grant. My force, "when I arrived in front
of the fortifications of Washington on the
lit thousand mus
kets, three small battalions of ardNcry wth
i., r,r-r .mill tmpoo nf which the largest
were twelve pounder apoleons, and ptxut
two thousand badly mounted ana crimy
i r.LM, n lirr-o rvirtion had t
.i..i.i . thn milmada leadmc from
Baltimore north. General Grant ays that
two divisions of the Sixth Corps and the
advance of the Nineteenth Corps arrived at
Washington before I did, and Mr. Stanton
says I was met there by the Sixth Corp, a
"U ri,. v?nnti.ntli Corns, under uencrai
Eory.d a Irt of the tighth Corps un-.
dcr General Gilmorc. My force had then
marched over five hundred-miles, marching,
at least, twenty miles each day, except the
day of the fight at Monocacr, when it march
ed fourteen miles, and fought and defeated
At the battle of Winchester, or Opequan,
as it is called by General Grant, my effective
strength was about eight thousand five hun
dred muskets, the three battalions of artillery
and less than three thousand cavalry.
Sheridan's infantry consisted of the Sixth,
Nineteenth ana uook's Uorps, composed one
division of the Eighth Corps and what was
called the " Aimy of West V irginia." Some
idea may be formed of the strength of the
Sixth Corps, when it is recollected that the
tVrmy of the l'otomac was composed ot three
corps on the 1st of May previous, to wit:
the becond, 1'iftli and faixth, and that its
effective strcnirth then was. according to Mr.
Stanton's statement, 120,3S6. The same ftate-
mentsuows theavailablestrengthot the lorecs
in the " Department of West Virginia," on
the first of May, 30,782, and most of the
troops in this department were concentrated
in the Valley. Uocumcnts subsequently
captured showed the strength of the' Nine
teenth Corp? to have been at tho battle of
Winchester, not less than 12.000 effective
men. Official reports captured at Cedar
frfwil- oTinTtrnl Hint Kluirlnn' fV.vnlrv nn
the 17th of September, two days before the
fight, numbered 10,000 present for duty. His
artillery was vastly superior to mine in
number of men and guns. The Sixth Corps
alone must have exceeded my entirestrength,
unless it had met with such tremendous
losses as to reduce its strength at least three
fourths. - From all. tho information received
and frdm"dociiment3 capturedat Cedar Creckf ,
lam satisfied that Sheridan's effective in-
. . . ITT! t . . .IJ l
ianiry sirengin at ivincnesicr cuuiu not
havo been less than 33,000 muskets, and it
was probably more. The odd3 agaiast me,
therefore, were fully four to one, and proba
bly more. His very great superiority in
cavalry was very disadvantageous to me, as
the country was very open, and admirably
adapted to cavalry movements, and my
cavalry, being mostly armed with Enfield
rifles without pistols or sabres, could not
fight his, whose equipment and arms were
complete. At the fight at Cedar Creek I had
been re-inforced by one division of infantry
(Kershaw'8) numbering 00 muskets, one
small battalion of artillery, and about 600
cavalry, which made up my losses at Win
chester and Fisher's Hill. I went into this
fight with 8,500 muskets, about forty pieces
of artillery, and about 1,200 oavalry, as the
rest of my cavalry, which was guarding tho
Lurav Valley, did not get up in time, al
though ordered to'nSove at the same time I
moved to make tho attack- Sheridan's in
fantry had been recruited fully up to its
strength at Winchester, and hi cavalry
numbered 8,700, as shown by tue.cunciai re
port captured. The main cause why the
route of his army in the morning ;was )t
mmnlete was the fact tiis xar .cavalry
could not compete with his, and eU
latter, therefore, remained intact. Ho
claimed all his own guns that had been cap
tured in the morning afterward recaptured,
as so many captured from me, whereas I lost
only twenty-three guns, and the loss of these
and the wagons which were taken was mainly
owing to the fact that a bridge, on narrow,
part of the road between Cedar Creek aud
Fisher's Hill, broke down, and the guns and
wagons, which latter were not numerous,
could not fee brought off. Pursuit was not
made to Mount Jeckson, as stated by both
Grant and Stanton, but my troops were
halted for the night at Fishers Hill, three
miles from Cedar Creckand next day moved
back to New Market, six miles jrom Mount
Jackson, without any pursuit at all. So far
from its being true, as stated by .Mr. atanton,
that no force appeared, in the Valley after
this, the fact is that I reorganized my force
at New Market, and on the 10th of Novem-
. . , ., TT 1
ber moved down uie v aiiey again, anu con
fronted Sheridan on the 11th and 12th in
front of his intrenchments between Newtown
and Kearnstown, and then retired back to
New Market, because provisions and forage
could not be obtained in the lower Valley.
The expeditions by which the posts of New
Ureek and ucveriy were tuoscqueniiy cap
tured, were sent out also ifrom my force in
the Valley. The strong force which General
Grant says was intrenched under me at
Waynesboro, when Sheridan Advanced, jip
tho Valley in the latter part f February,
1865, with two divisions of cairaky of 5,000
each (10,000 in all,) consisted flf. about one
thousand (1,000) infantry and a few pieces of
artillery, most of my infantry baring been
returned to General Lee to meet correspond
ing detachments from Sheridan to Grant,
and all my cavalry and most of the antSllery
having been sent ofFon account of the impos
sibility of foraging the horses in the Valley.
Obvious reasons of policy prevented my pub
lication of these facts during the war, ana it
will now be seen that I was leading a forlorn
hope all tho time, and the public can appre-.
ciate the character of the Victories won by
Sheridan over me.
The statements I have made are from facts
coming within my own knowledge, and they
are made to show the disparity between tho
Confederate armies and those of the United
States. These statements will serve to civo
some idea of the disparities existing.in other
linea. I now ask which has retired from she
contest with more true glory, that hcrsie
band of Confederates who so long withstood
the tremendous armies and resources of the
TTniiml Strifes, or that "Grand Army of tho
Union," which, while being- recruited from
all the world, was enaoicu oy conuiiuuiw
hammering" to so exhaust. Us opponent "by
mere attrition " as to. compel a surrender?
The world has never witnessed so. great a
political crime as that committed in the de
struction of tlu Confederate Government by
armed force. Other nations, in ancient as
well as modern times, have fallen under tho
yoke of the conqueror or usurper, becauso
their own lollies, vices or crimes jjuu pre
pared the way for their subjugation. Many
tears have been ehed over the fate of nnhap
nv Poland, but we cannot shut our eyes to
the tact that the troies nau snown meir jmt
nacitv to manasre their own Government ere
they were consigned to foreign rule. In our
case, however, tho civilized nations of the
earth have stood aloot ana seen a crave anu
patriotic people politically murdered. While
maintaining an unprecedented struggle for
the right of self-government, and manifesting
at every step their capacity for it, and this,
too, when under an assumed neutrality, the
resources of men, money and munitions of
war of thoso very nations were being freely
used to consummate the monstrous deed, and
thereby give the final blow to a genuine re
publican government even in the .United
States. . .
On behalf of my down-trodden country, j.
make the appeal to those nations that they
will not commit the further injustice of re
ceiving the history of this struggle from the
mmiilia nnd nens of our enemies, but that
they shall wait until the time shall come
true history before them.
the meantime, let all my countrymen who
were in a condition to know the character of
the contest, put in a tangible form to be pre
served for the use oi uie imure uuwuou,
such facts and materials for that history as
are in their knowledge or possesion.
J. A. Eablv, .ueut. uen. v,. a. a,
Insanity or Communities
We find the following reminiscence of
Bishop Butler in an exchange:
The great Bishop Butler had a singular
notion respecting large communities an i
public bodies. He was accustomed to walk
K . ... t l .... aAmi attonfliwl liV
lor nours in iu k"""1!
Dean Bartlctt, who relates that on one osjes
sion the Bishop stopped suddenly, and asked
the ouestion, "What security is there against
. i l.JViJn.l.f Tho nhvsi-
n'mi lrnow of none: and as Ito divines, we
haye no data, either from the Scriptnro or
from reason, to go upon, reiauve w uus
fair." "True, my lord," replied the .uean,
"no man has a lease ot nis unuerstanain,
any more than of his life ; they are both in
the hands of the sovereign Disposer or all
things." The Bishop took another tura or
two, and again stopped short, " Why," said
he, "might not whole communities and
pullic bodies bo seized with fits of insanity,
n iml'uriiliiaU?" "My lord." an-
-prl the Dean. "1 have never considered
the case, and can give no opinion concern
ing it." " Nothing," said the Bishop, u but
nnvni tw ttifv nre liable to-insanitr,
..n .i -Wi with nitrate individual.
can account for the major part of thonc
. nf vliir.lt ir read in history.
The Dean observes that he thought little of
this odd conceit of the Hishop at mc ui
but that he could not avoid thinking, of U a
great deal afterwards, and applying u
AV !tm of the opinion that ho
would find " many cases' in this country at
the present time.
BTJIXYTXG THE X'RESIDEST.
Senator IVUsoti Tries, OKta Hand at
the Game What ho Cot Tho Sub
Ject of Reconstruction as Viewed by
Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune
WASinwrox, Dec. ID, 1865.
In my last letter I made allusion to the
fact that certain Western members of Con-,
gress had had interviews with the President
since the passage of Mr. Wilson's resolution,
during which the. subject of reconstructiott
was freely discussed and that their impres
sions as to his future course had not been
very favorable. I confined myself to this
general statement, as I did not at the time
feel at liberty to go into particulars. I am
now permitted to give the subjoined full yer
sJori of what took place on the stated occa
sion. Mr. WiLson, with whom frank, straight"
forward action in all tilings is a leading
characteristic, had been anxious for gome
"time to have an early, Trecandfidl ixehange
of opinion with the President, relative to re
construction. He desired to express his own
views upon the policy pursued by the gov
ernment toward the rebel States, which he
knew to be identical with those of the major
ity of the House, with the utmost frankness
to the Executive, and if possible, elicit from
him a clear definition of the line of action
he meant to pursue toward Congress
whether he meant to. recognize the right of
Congress to determine upon the mode of
reorganizing and restoring the rebel States
to the Union according to the views of the
majority of both Houses, or whether his pur
pose was to bring the influence of patronage,
and other agencies at his command, to bear
in order to secure an indorsement and adop-;
tion of his own plan of reconstruction.
The passage of Mr- Wilson's resolution by
a vote thoroughly testing the sense of the
great majority of Uie House upon the Pres
ident's Southern policy, on Thursday last,
furnished a proper occasion for the mutual
explanation he desired, and hence ho sought
the White House in, company with his col
league, Mr. Price, on the evening of the same
day. The President received his visitors
very cordially, and upon an introductory re-1
mark of Mr. Wilson, announcing the object
of their call, invited them to an unreserved
expression of opinions and suggestions.
Thweupon Mr. Wilson proceedcd.io say sub
stantially as follows t
" Mr. President, -vou have, no doubt been
' informed of the resolution I offered to-day in
tho House and of the vote upon it. In ex
planation of it, I wish to say, that neither
myself nor tho rest of the majority voting foe
it, are disposed to aalcc any distinction be
tween Tennessee and the other States, lately
engaged in rebellion, in .our preliminary ex
amination into their respective claims to
representation in Congress, At the. same
time, the joint Committee of Fifteen may,
and probably will, extend to the former State
priority of consideration by taking .up aud
disposing of its case first, and to this the ma
jority will not oppose." Passing from this
special, to the general subject of reconstruc
tion at large, Mr. Wilson continued: "I
aware that there are men in, ixm
gress, styling themselves 'Conservatives,' that
claim to be your friends par excellence.
Now, I do not kesitate to avow that I am
what is commonly called a " BadicaL" I
contributed, in my humble way, all I could !
to tho success of the party that placed you j
in power. Hence I claim the right to call :
myself the friend of your administration.
3Iyself and those acting with me in Congress
ass all friendly to it and desire its entire ,
success. But we think, and with us our con
stituencies, that by your plan of reconstruc
tion felt result is not likely to be attained.
We hold, at the same time, that there is one
wayhiwiich it could boTeachcd. In. our
opinion, jraur efforts to reorganize the rebel
States and restore them to tho Union, after
an uninterrupted trial of some seven months,
have not proved uccessful to the extent re
quired to insure the future peace, safety, and
prosperity of the country. Congress, in pur
suance of what it considers its solemn duty,
now proposes, after due investigation of the
whole subject, to devise, if possible, some
better plan of reorganization and restoration.
The plan Congress will probably adopt will
be to submit such amendments .to the Con
stitution as will, if accepted by tho State
Legislatures, furnish ample guarantees "for
the future. The majority of Congress expect
and ask that, while engaged in investigating
the whole subject of reconstruction, and de
vising some new plan, it may be left free to
act as it may deem best, and that no at
tempt be made by the Executive to inter
fere with and influence its action by the
distribution of patronage, br in any other
way. If thus left free by you, there
-,n !. nn noasiblo difficulty between the
executive and legislative brancues oi
. . "t t A
4he Government. But if you arc dis
posed to mterlere witn wmgress, oy pat
ronage or otherwise, and force your peculiar
ideas aud plans upon Congress and the coun
try, you will meet with serious opposition
by those who are now the friends of your ad
ministration, and desire sincerely toraake it
successful. The plan Congress will probably
adopt will not render it necessary for you to
surrender any of your own views in relation
to reconstruction. In as much as under tho
Constitution of the United States, you can
not be asked to approve the resolutions of
Congress submitting certain amenaraenw 10
h fVmatitiitlon. vou will not be respon
sible for our action, but we will be. responsi-
Idoforitto our constituents, who will be
called upon to determine upon tne merits oi
our plan of reconstruction. Hence there
will be no occasion for serious differences bc
tween'4vi Executive and Congress, if each
branch.oflthe government simply leaves the
other to .do .what it Way consider fa duty.
And let me-exU this: the so called conscrva
tivea.of Congrei the men who claim to be
your exclusive.frieds, go with you to-day
because, they .think St Jo their advantago to
do so,; but .they will .oppose you to-mprrqw,
it they stmiitnnu it-vowr uisuiunk
support you. f on will Wi in the end mat
the men who .aiuer irom m-uaj
sincere conVaQtioos, and hqneaj patriotic mo
tives, are much more, jeliable nd trust
worthy frlfcnaa than mcac time sewci.
The Preadcnt, in reply, stated mat ne
was anxious to avoiu a uh whiu ms
friends of his administration in Congress ;
that he would regret to sec any difficulties
arise between them and the Executive- Ho
then proceeded to review at length his pol
icy of reconstruction, reiterating the points
ini ts support made in his published speeches,
and more lately in his message; but said
nothing tfeat could be construed, into an ad-
mission ot MS lauure. on me uh;i "
. , r it .1 rF ttm Twtuiant
seemed to ue juuy iiemuuc. . r.wV...
and future sueeesa. jsor did he say a wora
indicating au isicntion to abstain, from in
terference with Congress in legislation upon
reconstruction. He did not . say that he
would interfere; fcst neither did he commit
himself to the oppoeiK line oi action, xjun
ever pressed by Mr. Wilson in this direc
tion, he would notgir Uie assurance desired
of him. That he would. Iiave made a for
mal disclaimer of a purpose to meddle with
Comrress, if he did not ctttertain it, may be
fairlv presumed. And this was the impres
sion left by the tone and tenor oi nis re
marks upon the minds of his visitors.
MORE 8IOS8 OP TITE FUTURE.
The process of forming an administration
Tiarfy in Uongress, witu tuc
members of the Union Majority nt uot i
Houses as a nucleus, and no doubt the out-
richt opposition as a contingent aw.K.iun,
progrJrtcfiIy. TerBaps the most sig
nificant step yet taken In it is the holding of
separate caucuses, xuib nas oeui u v,y
at least since the passage of Mr. Wilson's
resolution. Tho call was iur a s "
Uie supporters of the President's pelicy, for
the purpose of devising, some means of in
suring ito better success in Congress, and the
attendance comprised au oj '"V't
bcrs that had voted against Mr. Wilsons
rluchncarnesl feeling hai been created
among Radical members by the annonnce
ment that the PrcsTJenlhad directed certain
i i- ,Tt.Titji "in malfo&a furtiier
vt uci'wv-- , . e
appointments npon the recoinmcndaUon .of
Congressmen at present." Thfact. of the
existence or this order was cumiuv v
-.u:r r Jpnartraest to tome Badieal
tllC UIILI V. J m
Congressmen, who had made a request for a.
is given to inn eiewu.i. . ;i , -that
support of the executive policy m to be
hereafter uie precu m i." 6-
It having been stated that Emerson EJh
cridgo was at Washington laboring to ikftat
thcadmisrfonof the TeB a
. .. . r nr. v ut a. iat denial of the
leucr iro , , .. -.i
imputation, and expresaw
mont of Mr. Johnsoa'a rerteratiw policy.
.motif of Mr.
prod act ksttyr wa
Politics, 1st ,Xenthis ersanisatioa ef
Parties Two 9Ccctlafri--KcfaIll.
cans and Coiiscrvatlvc-i.
Our Bluff City neighbors sccw. determined
to lose no time, in organizing, for fuare
party actiou. Two meetings were heldhut;
ThHrsday night, the proceedings of which
we rabjoin, as gathered from the papers of
Tire KEprmucAN Meetixo. For some
days we have , seen placacds on tlie street,
and heard calls, too, for everybody to attend'
uie mecung oi uiu jw;iiuwi ptutj, tu uc
hefil in,the CrimiBal Court rooffl, on, (AVcd
nesday)last night. It was to be a mass tneeU
ing. Well, it was a mass, but a very sKiair
bne, there last night. There were about sixty
persons present. The"meeting was called to
prder; a, chairman prdfm. called to! the
phair. Mr. J. D. Davis was elected perma
nent Presidentj and Mr, George Hand, Sec
retary. On motion, a comraittcfl of five gen
Ucmen were appointed to organiae tho Re
publican party. The ComraittcCconsisU of
Messrs. Wm. M. Connelly, Dr. B. F, C.
Brooks, Major W. JL Carpenter, L. P. Hein
jich and G. I). Johnson.
On motion, a committee of fivegciitlemcn
were appointed to make arrangenr-enta for
the proper celebration; of the. 8th dayiof -January,
in commemoration of the battle of New
Orleans. ' Messrs. Wm. R. Ioore, W. B.
Dritt. Judco Wm. Mi Hunter. Clioate.
Cocks and Mills were: appointed on that com-'
It being announced that Gen. W. J. Smith,
of Hardeman county; was present, that
gentleman was called upon to make a sgeecli,
with'.which request he .complied; and made
.a. brief speech of twenty-five, .minutes dura-
lion, jtae main muius ot wmcn went mat.
, i.i . ..i.i m ' ' . i:' 1 i r
rr . " . " r- ...1 T 1 ' "it..
ne nau rcsiucu in avuucstcc unce tuu jiuai
can war ; that he was-one of the members of
the' Legislature who voted for the disfran
chise law; that he was in favor of the judi
ciary bill to increase the salary of Memphis
Judges ) that he was in favor of the negro
testimony hill ; that Conservatism was op-i
posed to popular government j that it was
always- opposed to liberal views; always
operated against progressive movements;
that it was diametrically opposed to the
interest of the working men ; that he, was in
favor of the organization of the Republican
party in our midst, and concluded by exhort
ing all favorable to liberal yiews to vote for
the Republican candidates.
Judge Hunter was called upon to make a
speech. He said be came as a listener ; had
not expected to take part in the proceedings
of tho meeting; was in favor of peace and
conciliation; thought we had a President
both wise and patriotic; was. in fayr.of Ihe
principles of the, Republican, party, and es
teemed that party the one best calculated to
promote the highest and best interests of the
country. After Judge Hunter bad resumed
his seat, Dr Brooks offered the following:
Jlesolred, That we accept Mr. Beaumont
.as the Republican candidate for the Legisla
ture, and that wd co-operate with the work.4
.ing men In tho support of Mr. Louis, as
T he resolution was unanimously adopted,
and .the meeting adjourned. ,
Tux iCojreEByATiVE Meetuio.' The
meeting .of the conservative party, held last
night at the Criminal Court room, in Green
Jaw building, was npt yery largely attended,
owing partly .to the unpropitioos state of tho
weather , and .the short noticei gjyen to, the
public On motion of Mr. Chas. N. Smith,
the meeting was called to .order by nominat-,
icg Maj. K J. Trice, to the chalx. The
motion was seconded and .carried with, the
most enthusiastic applause. On Jakingthc,
chair, Maj. Trice responded to Ihemumerous.
calls of the meeting; in a few well delivered)
and forcible remarks, saying that lie was the,
son of a soldier of the revolution, that no
was a loyal man, and had never, ia word or
deed, committed, a disloyal art. Yet the
radical pirty of this State had disfranchised
him, and he dehianded to know what tlici
causes, if indeed there was any, for such un
lawful and.unparalleled legislation. His re-i
marks gave the" greatest satisfaction and he,
sat down amid the cheers and plauditi of the
audience. Mr. Thos. R., Smithy was chosen
to act as Secretary by the unanimous voice
of the meeting. Col. B. D. Nnbora here
arose, and offered the following resolution.,
which were unanimously adopted. . .
PfrlritL Th.tt we accent the political sit
uation, as it is, with its rights and its respon
sibilities, and pledge ourselves in good faith
to carry out the views of President Johnson,
so far as developed, for the restoration of
r -i.r r .I.- rfr Tl;-.
ouriormcr rciauuus w wc uuiuu. mi
WC arc in favor of legislation which will se
cure to tlio freedman all his natural and
acquired rights, among them that of testify-;
ing in courts of justice, subject to tho usual'
tests of character and credibility, and of
such general policy as will make the freed-,
man contented with his situation, and a
friendly and zealous co-worker in the reat
work of building up and restoring the in
dustry and prosperity of the State.
llesolvtd, That our present ljCgisiaiure naa
failed to comprehend the true situation of
public affaire, and their late action in refus
ing to accord to the,frcednian the right to
testify in our courts of justice, U. ill our
oninion. a deliberate attempt on their part
to thwart the policies of President Johnson
in. reorganizing the government oi these
States, and restoring them to their former
position in the. Union under the Constitu
Besotted, That the assertions of faumner.
nn,l nlltit. Iniflora nf tho ItflfltfVll
party, that tho people of this State, notwith-
. it. it. I .11. , n ,1. n nnntw,,.
BtanUlllg tllCiriftJIUUill J,1CUC0 W Hi.
arc unreliable and nntrustvorthy, and unlit
to be invested with the rights and duties of
citizens of the United States,.are utterly false
and unfounded, and areasiumcd for a politi
cal purpose, by which they can assail, 'and if
possible, defeat the restonition policy 6( our
patnotio i-'rcaiucnt. Ana we:xcgaru tne
Radicals of this State and city, who are in
sympathy and secret correspondence with
Sumner, Stevens & Co., the enemies of the
South and of the Union, and who, by misre
presenting and calumniating their fellow
citizens, aid them in their factious opposi
tion to the President's Policy, as devoid of
truth, of honor and of patriotism; and
when 'their practices are brought to light, as
they surely will bc,ihey will be held np to
the scorn and exercration of cytry right
IUsolted. That, m order to aid President
Johnson in his patnotio work of restoring
the States to their former position in the
Union, with all their Constitutional rights
and duties, it is essential that the Conserva-
tivc clement oi tne community suuuiu uc
combined ahd organized, and we will there
fore proceed to the election, of a Standing
Committee, whose duty it will bo to appoint
Snb and Corresponding Committees, aiid
adopt sucli oincr measures as, in meir
... . - f - .
opinion, may do necessary lor mo emaeni
organization oi uie party.
The following named gentlemen were ap
pointed a Central Committee, with power of
substitution, and to appoint sub and coma-
ponding committee Jor ine purpose oi ci
fecting an efficient organization of the con
servative element of Shelby county, clothed
with the power of doing everything neces
sary to carry out the objecta of the party as
laid down IB uie rcauiuuwia aoujncu -
W. B. Waldron, A. T. Lacey, John Glah
cy, M. D. L. Stewart, John S-Toof, Fred. L.
Warner, Peter Connelly, A. H. Douglas, A.
J. Ilavn, S. S. Rembcrt, Wm. Joiner, 8. M.
Allen,' M. J. Turner. G. M. Bartktt.
Bpceches, anie ana eioqueni, were aeiivar
ed by Cols. Nabors and Cameron, in support
of the resolutions, and in advocacy of a per.
mancnt and stable oiganizatkn of the cc
... r.t.:. On tiA v.
elusion 'of The speeches, the meeting ad-
jbliriricd. 5 1 . ; -'
! 1T!i' '" - J' '
A BRIEF VIKIT TO BKAZII-
We are furnished the following, through! a
genticman who returned a few days ago from
a prospecting toaf to Brawl which may be
interring to the reader:
"Owtne to our hivtej M touallr r "
of contrary and lIa wte. Ow toyatj or vu
lone J9'1 teiliow.finr-two dyii. Ifoinatfc br
hor of ftiosarpitwinriy beltfal sdsd MWMtlc.
It Is lsclosed br blsh moaatola, raaawc dowa
aimerttothe shorw of the barj the tKyrfcesw
built la the valleys between thesf,, A a it
sides, where not to eP t forbid It. It is issw
common tosceasolwl wall rwk (bi e sar
of a Mountain,) raaria ta 6C0 to JSO fee dtreotly
back of the stores oo Hw street There aroseatc
few alia ana Asaerieaa ettltaaf. batae treat
al It la tbcrefsreexeMdincl.' lenesoiaa to
a viitor who do aH seeak lonaeM ft FrWeb
(the latter of which Is, spokea br aft ef the ajcher
classes'.) I kutariated i the tropieaj frail, whjeb
were aMwlaat aad eheari Banaaas 4 .seat a
doea, oraaces W eeets per aaaiked. eoooeas.
prtctw. ie, Ac. I refttard in Rio 17 mi
torn bw cnmsie ie imb ier bc. cwb b
asit loUiy WeM elmehwhM is r
' ported eWcSy tar1 oBBiwiiw from Bbciw1 7',
Ssaacrer Werates aT rellgleae Ms emira t Ut
mm a anew aar. recatai' www.wsia
Tins XAswrrrSt baiivt j
JK.H llliw aiiss ,mm
Ofiee Ub&e aa4 Asserkwa IWk. cmer Chsrch
aadtGsWsr steteeV, efv tk'e OfeeJ 2
Prsf9rtiate rates far shorter jeriefe
Sabassfesieas iavariahhi In a4vaMe. - ,
FEEE L0YE US 3S005Lm
. -; Tim a vozm
EewaHlic AdTCHtnrcsef alift!
: A NewYorfc correspondent of the- Balti
more Etatiny Telegraph reItes'We ffeHowmg
story of art affair whose exposare has recent
ly created a great sensation ia the city of
The Baltimorean's free-love aSkir, which
has created such a coaimdtiea ;aaaeng the
nlc&bcrs of 13oecherV chwehraBd whicli I
relatctl in ona of-ray Jireyfous letters, w now ,
the town talk bf ihe citj of cfcurcaw; and
creating enough gossip to Mtiisfy ar irnf
corps of young ladies. Some'Xarther paillcr
pilars have since been obtained by which it
appears that, the young Baltiniorean, who,
'Ly-tuc-bV, was quite good looklag and "of
Aai hingappearance, had practiced the-'free-1orebushifcu
to a ' codaSderabia extent, Ib:
iyour Monmncntal city which, it ia said,
Jed to the peculations and, final abstraction
of the fuiuts of tho bank where ho- was em
ployed. His franduleat operation ppcar
(somewhat to resemble those of Jenkins, the
Phrhix bank dcfanltcr of this clty now in
the Tombs, who also robbed by instalments,
as did our Baltimore friend; who, I am pos
jiUvely' informed,, went on in hk sad career
more than 12 months, whhoat being detect
Jed by his superior officers though all the
time creating considerable suspicion in the
mind of the cashier1 of the bank.
t "Onei&ie morning; however, jst-aWt tier
lime your townsman- ivaa laaato ntiisecit,
merry with the idea that his defalcations
would alwaTs remain unknown, the astute
cashier, with a confidential book-keeper,
i locked thenisclTCl up in the bank and inves
tigated the tellers accounts. They soon
found what they were after a defalcation of
several thousand dollars. The ncxtmorn
ing, on his appearance ai the Imnk, jovial
and dashing as ever, he was called into the
cashier's private roomT and the entire matter
was plainly told him. He at first kept up
an air of braggadocio, but finally made a
clean breast of it, and acknowledged hinWlf
a ruined man. In order not to throw dis
grace upon his, relatives, who are reported
to be quite respectable, no criminal action
was instituted against him. Forlorn,, how'
ever, and deserted by his friends, hU credit
considerably impaired, he found Baltimore,
after all, a place too hot to hold him. He
packed up his trunks, and along with his
interesting family, made tracks for the sewer
of all evil, New York. Here, however, if
must be stated that the ex-Baltimore bank
employee did aot arrive in the metropolis)
with his pockets lined with greenbacks;
Poor fellow 1 he had lost nearly all, not by
the war, nor by runaway slave, as he repre
sented, but by licentiousness and gold op
perations extending over more than eighteen
months. Not only had he squaadered his
own money, bnt several thoasaad dollars be
longing to the bank In which he was em
ployed. Arrived in New York, he found that
boarding or keeping house in thematropoli,
as ho was accustomed to, was rather expen
sive. He betook himself to Brooklyn,
where, through the interference of soae old
friends, an obliging hotel proprietor conr
sented to take him at quite a moderate sum.
He visited Wall street, and by hook and by
crook managed to make out well as a stock
commission broker, though tho want qC ca
pital always-confined his operations to very
small amounts, compelling him to be satis
fied with tery small profits. Being of a
sociable turn of mind, he scon formed ac
ouaiflfances and among others yisited tho
family of a yerr wealthy importer residing
on Brooklyn Heights. The lady of the fa
mily was qnite fascinating, and an intimacy
soon sprung up between her and" her Balti
more friend. The latter made her his con
fidant, told her of losses by the war and in
Wall street, and created quite a sympathetic
feeling on her part, which grew up to real
friendship not only between tho lady and the
strange visitor, but also between her hus
band and the Baltimorean's family. Madame
often took rides with her new cavalier in
vited him to a seat in her pew at Beechcr's
church ; accompanied him to fairs, coiicuru,
and certainly acted In a manner a if she
had no husband to care for her. Things
went on in this manner very pleasantly for
some time, until the habitues, of Beech era
church commenced talking, and as you know
women's talk never ends, various storfc
were set afloat by the tongue of gossips that
Mra. 8 v - had been seen hero and there
with the handsome Baltiniorean, and these
stories reached the ears of the parties con
cerned. The lady's husband also heard of tho
stories, but he did not mind them much,
He alra had taken a fancy to the Baltinior
ean, and, if reports speaks true, to the Bal
timorean's wife. Still his wife hated scan
dal,, and did not want " to be talked about
in, this way," so the importer engaged the
young man to go to Europe to attend to some
business for the house ot which ho was tlio
head, and in the meantime he would look
after the interests of his family. The con
tract, I understand, has been carried out t
the lettes thus far.
Tho cz-Baltimore bank clerk has leil for
Europe, and the importer takes care very
good care. I believe of the family, at least
of the Baltimorean's wife, bat his own, poor
soul, is anxious for tho return cf theay
cavalier. The sedate people of Beechers
church, however, are nnwilUng to let the
matter rest there. They are determined, o
they say, to break up this free-love affair,
and if they can't, then to expel the importer
and his wife from the church. Quito a Well
attended caucus of the pew-holders wa held
on the subject night before last, bnt tlio im
porterjieemcd to have a majority of friend
on hand, and these free-lovers apparently
will be permitted to listen to BeecherV ser
mons for tome time to come, as many other
flmall-pox fuHonirXesr on a Stesun
bont C'ltlxena dfcwllew them beinir
jttit Ashore Paaaensrera demand they
hall bo debarked IratcrMtlnir HJaW
ment Sometime since, a cargo of some, three
hundred negroe left this city for the, pur
pose, of working on plantations akssg the
Mississippi river. Soon after leaving Cairo,
the small-pox appeared among them and
the events that thereupon occurred wens pro
nounced upon harshly by the Memphift J;-
peal. This drew from Gen. Thurston, who
had charge of the negroes, the following
Sir. Humphreys attended in the lebaricstIoti
from Ills Fanny Barker, and (Jea. lhnoton at
tended to their embarkation os t' larhle Uly.
The neeroes were healthy. Jio siro --batevero.
sickness, except a few esses ofdiarrtxta aafi bad
colds, ilr. Humphreys and Gesu Thurston, fre
quently Tisited the negroes between Cairo and
Point Pleasant. There were flte black foremen
in charge of this cargo of freed, who hud re
ported no sickness. On the arrival ef (ha Marble
City at Point Pleasant. Capt;Tichui. command
Inr the Msrblo City, Informed (leu, Thurston thai
there was a ease of smaU-jwx wssoa the nearoea.
and that. ft had been put on the bank. Ueneral
Thurston went da shore asd examined uie east,
and returned U the aw plank, where he was In
formed thattlierawas. aaotaet-case of amall-ppx
on the boat. This Information, was ajven ,hun by
on of Uiofivefomaenlaeharfeof Uewitranu.
The second ca was ordered on shore by Uewtra!
Thurston. There were several eltlrcas of Polnl
roll them Into the river In cm they were left
there. Ueu.Tharston protieeetl to place the in
fected persons on the hoxricatM deck, well alt ,
bat this amutemeut tho paaseatert ou!d not
the Captain of the boat, and tie. Taartton con
alsded thatit woold heielt.te feufebaWakklf
sad send thanerroef down the river ia eaarronf
a black man who h4 had the tmaM-pox; A care
fa! man astl one who kaew wed how. to asaaace a
boat, was sefectcl, and with two days 'provisions
fcr.threo aes asrf every ecsifort taat was raasihl'
thetwostek men and their none .set oat, The
nurse went ashore after the Marble City had left
the landlBCTmlhewaa-seea aaia to enter the
skiff which aki aia Us war down stream.
When the boatamved at Pecan Polntlhe entire
freight of negroes was dischajed. It was at the
rlwtaacdofthepsaseagers. Ther . still re
there. The neaTO wia haijtha sll-pox
eaies in charge amted at.recaa l'oUU on the fau
PatTlekv Ho reported that the nieht wWient
to his leaving the boat ws very iacletaetit. and
he had landed hts men and placed the Ib a elbis
of an occupied pUntatloa. oa4.boh aeealae
or the acarocs left br the SfarMa CUy. without
brlnria them to, and notMa b yet Itaewa a tu
the fate of the two neiroe.
' 1 r i.
Sir AonBd air hwekwi and. sixteen
Mtmis have baea immi free ti Patent
befrt! dttrieg tha-ate yr. w
lawest iMiie ever made ia MMS Var, and ex
;eEajr the next largwt,. W 1 W,.hy ,C0Q
xml | txt