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title: 'Daily union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1865-1866, January 03, 1866, Image 1',
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DAILY UNjON AND
O. DBXJflGTOX A
EDITORS Jfc rHOPRIETOKS.
- Offiw Uaida and Jtartneaa jnck. corct
atd'Cherry streets? oppciltn the PotOtficcf
Voluntary coimnunicatroni, conUinincinterest
Injor Important news, solicited from any quarter.
News letters from the various counties of the
State especially desired.
AH communications should bo addressed to the
" Editors of tho Usiox axd Avemcajc."
NASHYILLE, TENNESSEE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1S66.
i Proportionate rates far shorter.periol5.
, SahscrlptionsjnTarlatlyla advance.
VYIhn M ..
I SEYMOUR, H. 1).,
(Late Brijrailc Surgeon, U. S. A.)
OOHXIST AXD ADltlST,
0 Geo 30 Cedar treet,uctwccnSammcranu Cherry,
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye
and Uar, operations fr Squintinc, Cataract, ccU,
KOX 7GK, I. O.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rpiIE firm heretofore cxistinc tinder the name
X firm and style rf W. 3IATT liKOWJs & (Jo.,
Js this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
lirown retires from the business. Mr. CaJUnder,
in -eonncetion with l'luneas uarrctt, will eo
tinuo the Heal Estate business nt the old stand
W. Mat,. Brown k.C,. C'-eU
,CALLENDER & GARRETT,
ISueeessere to VT. JIatt. Hr.owx & Co.,)
-II Oicr-ry Street,
'jfjJiro their Preinpt attention to (bp felling
rifij) nvt jevjiry neeerliuten 01 iiofli iiiaic.
IWiSIltAKTJS TC ESI IEXOES
ISitiltfiiiK .os for Sale,
A "liAltCfK KU5IHBU OF FARMS.
1st. A finp.l!Wwiee, eentalnlrvi 12 roofls, in
me ierniry. iso two vntani jhui aujeininir.
SI. Thai splendid Ttosidcneo of the lato. Tamos
.Tnhnnn, (Kf IJrowl Sstreot, betwoen Fumnier and
Hirii streets, containing 8 rooms, besides servants
rooms ami ower mil nous os.
3d. That splendid lleshlenec of tho lato Hardin
P. Itottiek. containing about 10 rooms, out bouww,
etc. flood fljirlne and spring honse with 8lA
cw nf Uitd, immediately adjacent txi theeity, on
the utmrtoMe 1'IHo.
4th. 10 neras of ground of the "Tiarrow property,
on the Ohailntie Pike, which will be divided to
5th. A very larpr number of I,ots in the City
and tke different Addition to Xasevllle. Lots
in IHgofioId and Ilrownsville.
Mh. A very larfro number of tho J1RST FARMS
in this and the adjoiniux oountirs. Apply to
J. 1,. & R. If. JlllOWN,
deel 1m 3SJ Uiilo" street.
IJIvATi ESTATE AC3EXTS,
:!1 t'lierry fit root, nenr ITnloii,
UAVKJjttBttltfuntar RMfHstato to MlUn
this nrSflli frWuflv r Sin t.
T11MY BUY AXD &HbT
City. (JsntnU'awlJtaUiliwiils on commkn, as
weft as" every djmii3TSn r (Ijvornineiil SeoHri
rm wtfflitY myxrv farms
uAsautvoiT roonablo prises. Alfo, ono
A l'LA0H0NTlIl0trMm!RLAND R1VHR.
of 490 atres, in Jaihson county, Tcnn., fur sale.
Sl'l.t!MHI CITY I'ltOl'JIKTY
OQ 1'HHT on Clmreli street, oniiosllo thoMax
Oil well llouio nndMasomeTompla,ntn raosen
ablo'prite. 'J'lik Is central, clioieo property, ami
is inoro thau iSW feet doep. '
45 Teef. Improved, on Vino street, between
Chureh and Uuion, very elioiao Jneatiou, but tho
improvements ore moUMnlc.
Tlie priee is very
!3 I'eot, with Urx lirfels dwellliic, on Vino
street, between Union and Cedar, beine about tho
most desirable loontiou for roidenccs in tho city.
200 Teelon MeRamek street, West Nashville,
on wliieh is a neat Uriek Kwclline, f or 7 rooms,
litchen, stable, ote;, and first-rato cistern, l'noo
nly 0,(X). llmiso nnd premises in rood onlor.
IOO 1'eet mi Uroad utreet, AVest Xnsliville, with
elecant new llrick House omitniniHr 10 or 12
room. kitobfn. tUe, twe Werrw, sbrubberv.
etc., cUs. at ilft,tXM. Verj- desirable. Knot sold
within ton dajs. this Ure ani olioieo plaeo will
bo rented tor the remainder of thin aud the whelo
of noxt year.
SO I'ect en North Market street, corner of 1m
etist, on which is (be well known rleasant Smith
30 XVet on Sprute street, with Inrse, oiecant
..1 ,.nn llrialr lliriUllllir.
iek Jiwolliiis;, containing Ui room, s
l.ntli rooms, kilehen. extra sisc.
wllh ca, wntor,
ud every mtMiern improvement.
45 I'eet on l'ark street, with eemmen im
provements, very tow. This property runsthrouKh
40 I'cct on Oolleco street, beinc the lewer por
tion of (he let now oeeupicd bv Department
HondiluarteiK, bdeiiBinir to Dr. Haters. J'rlee,
$500 per foot.
A cjialee little let on Xert.h Celleste, Jwt below
he Public Square, at a sacrifice.
&B00X A J?l RBSTTAURAKT.
W'o offer ftr sale a alon and Restaurant, new
doins a prqliteble !. m tho very ecsrirc ef
trade, at a price prrfceUy MWfeetery.
Wo have Mijr 1J99 feet r criI'on (be meet
clioieo aiwl demrn
tiejiraiHe nnw in nuiwuu, w im
for t vo yean in
It .lamtnry next, at prices
bieli ought to bo satisfactory te tse doslrlive to
m;i.sox a- .m'itrnr.r
W. PRYCC THoursox.
DiLLEH ti THOHPSOH,
ItH-VT. kstati: AMI
OOIJ-ECTIXG A 13 X T S.
X attention to all busin
ess entrust el to wir on re.
Country Property i Collection of Notes; Account
aud Vouchers; Investigation or Titles, etc, etc.
11ILLLN X THOMPSON.
Office, over Second National Rank, College street,
ic it.vKiti:i.s t'K.VMti:intir.s,
o Just received,
MKDARY k El'IlKE.
Southeast corner Uroad ami Market fit.
t-nft sacks nufKwiniAT ri.tituj,
OUU clccant article. Jurt woivo.1 ami for rale
;' cicpuuu. MjjAia. v ,UmiKh
Southeast eerner Uroad and Maikct sts.
rnrt )UKKi:i.S XCW YOItK AVVtXS,
OUU thu best in thoinarLct.
MKDAHY A- 1HIRKE.
St ntheost corner Uroad and Market sti.
GROCERS & BANKER3.
J. H. KKISp,
Corner ISulIdini; Market and Cliursii streets, fui
juerly oeeupil by Htviu;, MeCror' V Co.
A RE RBOBIVLXG and havo in store the fol-
jCV. Iowirk: ;
iw barrets Jlrewn Sucar.
A Ciffoe Swear.
R (lo ilrr-
C do do
Stuart's. CnMiiol SMRar, standard,
III) JY UD KU Utt
l'owderod ' ""On
U) kfenSvnin. S awl 10 ralsl.
00 Iwrrots No 1 and 2 .MnsTtwol,
hf do do do
N) nr do do , do
200 kits do t'o
as barrels F. N. .t Co's Whisky,
Si do S.N.PJkjV da . -i
SO dozen brooms,
100 bexas chess', j
SO boxes raisins, .
fiW ke8 nails,
100 reams paper. ?
SO loxos aseorteuseap,
K koRS pillar,
30 doscn buckets,
80 sacks Rio coffee,
100 boxes candy,
ft) baskets chamja:oc,
90 cases vardlnue,
' SO do pickles,
20 do Madder,
76 barrels apples,
fiO luxes assorted wines.
' 1609 barrels Flour, all trade,
230 do Potatoes. '
. 100 Ikxw Fire Crackers,
ISO eases FiRs,
109 oases assorted Liqaors,
In addition to the above we have a central as
sortment of groceries, all of which were beujrht
dnrhiK the present pressure in tho Eastern mar
kets. Wc expert to sell cools on short profits,
and would be pleased to hare our old friends call
on us. is v m i x wu.
A. (!. Ewin?. of the former firm of Ewinir. Mc
Crtio A Co., will le found with tho alxivo lirn for
tlie puriKso of sctthne up their bmincis. dec-1
C. POWELL, GREEK & 11
:iS IS 51 OA I) STREET,
CoLCuars Powell, feruierly 0. Powell i TCo.,
I. F. ORI!HN,fon8riyXichoI, firoen.t Co.Nash-
Cius. M. MrdiiEK, lirlnic atlvnoxvillc, Tenn.
BY the above eard it will bo seen wo have es
tablished ourselves in Now Yor fortho pur
jkhc of doitur ii legitimate commission business;
and heins a Tennessee house, wo respectfully so
licit the natronaeo of our Southern friends con-
erally. Wo aro amply prepared to mako cash ad
vances on consicuments ; to loan currency on gold
without charge of interest : to purchase and sell
oetton, tobacco. Hour nnd pork : also cold stoeks,
bends, uud go vommont securities on n margin ox
elusJreJr on commission.
c. i;)".vj:s.i., ;itrr.x Jt co
dec 20 8m
IP l"t ESH
-rr. HAvn on
HAND A 0001) ASS0RT-
CousiitiuK in part of
Whleh we will dispose of at private sale for fair
Vi hnve nlso fur aale 1000 bushels of nrimo
hiry Oats, which wc wish to close out at onoc
Ml! W'M UlllflTAUn li.ni, nnil fnrnmlilv
known to this community has tk n quart ors with
us. ami will Ue pieaseu to see ins oni incnus ami
iileaseit to foo ins out lncmis a
(lODSHALL .t HOLLAND.
3X4 Soulh Market street.
II LOW P0TA-
1 000 1,UP,n:I'S vnliui OATS,
In store, ami for sale at prices below the market
Oar Auction Sale on Thur4.iy next will em-
Ihsm a Rua vuribts' of liauom. Tobaeoo And (iro-
cerie ReuemHy, tutetlier witht ho eonsieniucuts
atovc wenttoneil. ... ...,.....
UUlKillAliti X IIUliliAIMJ,
3H Setith .Market street.
"rK have removed our PNek to tho uare
1 t Imhm. corner CliHreh and Cullace ftreclj.
fannsrly eeeupied hy Parsiv, Jamw .t Co.. where A
we iHH'e to meet er termer patrons and mc pui
Our Sloek is
'I Li b. .
wm.i. sr. i.r.cnm,
Awl we always sell
A. A. SPENCER x CO.
D. D. BSNTON & CO
CITY ST11AJI ItAKr.IlY
a.m t'.isiiY .ti.vxirrAcrroitY,
o ami s itKo.vi) sTinnrr.
I")tlon3 can la sHiipliod on short notice
with cvoryilflng In ifir Line, mailo by onr
solvog. Vttentiim,givsnt ' , . - .
Also, llroail, Cukw, otc, otc
1). D. DENTON O.M. HUNTINGTON.
itm.s ciioici: Ani.ns;
ats&ie and extn Um
in state, ami
RRKA .t sMrrir.
STATE OF TENNESSKE. I
1'lUXKLI.V ClHJSTV. j
A .1. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
iv. N. SitaufBii.dseeaACit, is hereby ordcrcil to
eive notice tn the IfHtfx ak Auecioix, ami by
written notley. nt tin Oenrt Heutc door in Win
efcaster.Tciin.. fersu powoashatlneclalms against
saM estate to appeal: and (lie the same with the
underejcueil, duty nutlieiitieaUd, in tlie manner
prossribed by law, oa w Ufere the 1st or April,
TH0S. SHORT, Clerk.
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
iio.hi: orrcii xo. coxoirni Tinitn st
SAINT L0OIS, MISSOURI.
assih-s, Jiiirfljscs. ssoi.c 1 1 sr.
Diridemfe ttVlarad to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 1E03,
' Forty Fer Cent.
Eeader, Is Your Life Insured?
If not, whatfproTiiion have you made for you'
dependent ones? THINK! What would be
thrir pecuniary situation were you to
If itis wiseWlusurc, is it prudent to Delay?
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
JAMES II. LUCUS .SAMUEL W!ILLI
Robert M. Funkliouser, of Funkhcuscr x Runictt,
Chas. II. Peek.Prcsd't of tho Phllo Knob Iron Co,
Robert K. Woods, C.ishicroftho Merchants Rank.
Jules Vnllc, oruhoutenu.niarrison x aiie,
Geo. R. Robinson, of RobiiiKin .V Garlard.
Chas. W. MeCord, of McConl x Co.. Machinists,
John V. Tlmrntnn. of Tliomton .t 1'ierco.
Isaac H. Sturseon, Prcsid't of thoN. Mo. Railroad
Hon. John llnzan. Member of Conirress.
rueli. fccliallcr, ot fviriiolas beJiaucr .t uo., star
(handle Dealers. -William
T. Gav. ofllancnkamn x Edwanls.
Da-id Keith, of Keith & Woods, Rooksellcrs and
It. P. Hanenknmii, of Gay x llancnkamp.
lanc V. Mi tali el I.
D. A. January, of D. A. January .t Co., Groeers
and Commission Merchants.
Wm. J. LcMs, of Lewis .fcDro., Tobaeconists.
F. Roiicr, Jr., of F. Rozi.or. Jr., x Co
Jacob Tainm, of Tainm i Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI, President.
JAMES H. LUCAS, Vice President. -.
W.M. T. 6ELRY, Secretary.
AVM. N. BENTON, General Agent.
DR. JOHN T. H0DGEN, Consulting Physician
LACKLAND, CLINE & JAMISON.Lceal Adr'rs.
HON. KLI7.cn WRIGHT, Consultins Actuary.
SII.AS 1. TOOT. .
State Agent for Tcnncrscc.
4 i'. w: sii:ciii:xsox,
Special Agents, Nashville, Tenn.
Oflicc: Second Xiilloiinl Jtaiili liiilldin?:
Nashville Local Beard of Reference:
Hillman. Bro. .t Sons. J. A. McAlistcr .t Co..
Jno. Kirkmnn. G. J. Stubblcficld,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Tho. R. Jennings, M. D., T. M. Madden.
Indemnity Ajjuinst Loss by Tire, River
.iiid Rnilrond in tlie
Home In. Co. f X. Y. Cash asscts.1,000,000
Colim:Iii:, Cash Capital SUO.oiiU
Arctic. Cash AsseU G2o.OOO
Ilnrll'unl, Cash Assets 1,000,000
Lo3scs ndiustcd and nremntly naid at this Oflicc,
No. 25J, Chcro' street.
U. V. i-All.NSW UUTI1,
TJ. S. CJLAJT3X A.Gr3SIVCY.
No. 23 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid (o the
COLLECTION Ol' CLAIMS AOAIXST
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD x NELSON,
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
Rkfbrksces Hon. C. F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., President Second Na
tional Bank; MaJ. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
C H R I S J3A S
TEN DOLL AIIS
j IaA1 DEIilVEItED.
ATj 3 1 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT
DOOR TO NO. 2, FIREMAN'S HALL.
The only genuine Cumberland in this Market.
Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas, and gives no headache.
, STEWART. O. II. HOLDIS.
SOAP! SOAP!! SOAP!!!
iiawk-s uirKovr.w krasivk soap.
Ilest Soap made in the United
Send your Orders to
RODDY jBb CO.,
MAK TJF ACTURERS,
Xo. 00, Churcli Street,
6.0i) IUs. New Bacon, Sides.
M) lbs. New Bacon, trhonlders
100 Tierces New Lard.
Fer Sale by
MeLAUGHLIN, BUTLER i CO'
PARTIES WHO DELIVERED TWO CAR
X Loa.ls of SaJt at N. A C. 1U K. Depot terae
two weeks age. Salt marked K: an.l U.x will
ideae furnish u with duplicate Bills L-vling, as
salt cannot be shiiHwd for wMituf destination.
Nashville, Dec, 11. lS&v
f N AND AFTER TO-DAY OUR JJlil'Ul,
J will be opened at SJ4 a. v. for tho reception of
iiesu in j.vv.imi'W"'
T. W. EVUXS,
Late of Evans 1 00..
Late of Evans Jt oo..
THOS. n. FITE.
lito of Gardner CQ.
II. B. BL'OKXER.
Late of Gardner t co.,
n. w. jiiyNiNV.s.
Late of Brahs i co
Lato with Gardner tea.
EVANS. FHM CO.
XO. -3, IXX BLOCK.
WE ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE AND
well assort cd stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats
RKA1Y 3IA1E CI.OTIIIXG.
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since the recent decline in prices, which we offer
to tne Trado
AT TEltY LOW 1'IKCES.
Being connected with EVANS, GARDNER & CO,
of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all Amcricau
Goods, and possessing every advantage of getting
Wo feel every conCdcneo in saying to Merchants
that we will sell them as Cheap ai they can pur
Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both
Buying and SlHng, enables us to do business on a
Vi:itY KM ALL ADVANCE,
so that those who buy from us can compete with
Stoeks purchased any where.
Having resident partners in New York, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chant will find larc and well assorted throughout
Wc solicit an E.inmiiiAtioiior our S(oc!f.
Evans, Fite & Co.,
NO. I, INN BLOCK,
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J. & L. WH0RLEY.
iitronTKr.s asp dealers is
ronniON and domestic
CIGAKS & TOBACCO,
No.S2 JIarlift Street,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Snrscssor to Chas. Liebcnstein.)
TO B A C C 0 N IS T,
Cor. Cedar and Cherry Streets,
(Under Commercial Held.)
A heavy stock of fine imported and domestic
Cigars, Tolacco, Snuffs,
Constantly on hand.
4 SMALL ROOM,
TT THE UNION AND
Amcneun Block, fronting on Church street.
Apply at tho counting-room of too union ana
American office. dceO tf.
nVO VERY LARGE ROOMS J. TUB
Ff.i.rth Storv of tho UxlOX AND AjIKSIOiSt
Blocc.wcII adapted to manv purposes. Apply
at tho counting-roomof this office
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IX
SCHOOL BOOKS, BLANK BOOKS, GOLD AND
ArnoltrnAVrMiifr riuiil t CopjiniglHU,
Wedding, Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And the Latest Liicraturo of the Day.
xo. .:7 rxiox street,
(Between" Cherry and College.)
Orders solicited fer ctcit description of Printing,
PAYNE, JAMES & CO.,
Cor 6lmreli and College Sts.,
THEIR SERVICES TO THEIR
frirm as OesicrnI l'inmtLtton Mrr-
rhnut.H, and respectfully solicit consignments.
They are prepared to receive
COTTON AND TOBACCO,
And will fUBrfeh every faaility and accommoda
tion to those who will entrust their business to
PAYNE, JAMES k CO.
Union and American
THE SOUTHER PEOPLE
A3JI THE PRESIDENT.
Inciter from General Jno. T
The following "highly interesting letter
from Gex. Jso. L. T. Sjteed, one of Ten
ncssees most gilleu anu gallant sons, in
renlv to an invitation to address a mass
meeting at Bolivar will be read with plea
sure by his large circle of admiring friends
Sojieeyllive, Tess., Dec 12, 1863.
To Messrs. T. B. McDowell, John IT. Bills
R. S. Hardy, Committee :
GnxTLiaiEX : i liad tne Honor to receivi
on yesterday, your note of the 23d of No
vember, inviting mc to be present and to
address a mass meeting of the citizens of
Uardeman eountv. on the firet Monday
the lircsent month. It would have afforded
mc great pleasure to have met the people of
liarucman on inai occasion, nan a receiveu
your invitation in time.
Ill" the present ordeal of transition through
which tlie people ot tne &outn are passing,
irom a siaie oi miuuirj' ruie io uai oi li
berty and cqualitv, it is scarcely to be ex
pected that all men will think alike as to
every measure adopted in the stupendous
work of "rehabilitation." But there is .one
salient feature in this great drama, about
which all minds must be agreed, and that is.
who iiowunder Goil, fields the destinies of
the American people, lias tiius lar snown
that he, at least, comprehends the duties of
tho "present hour ; that, just aiiKe to the
North and to the South, he knows how to
restore fraternity to this great people, and
that having inaugurated a policy pleasing
to Almightv God, grateful to humanity, and
for which fthe nations will praise him when
lie is dead," he has the will, the courage and
the statesmanship, to pursue and to
consummate it. Like the good mariner,
who knoweth well the seas upon which
lie cruises, he keeps his eye upon the
comnass and the chart, resolved
the good ship goes down again it shall
not be for the want of faithful pilotage. His
predecessor, but a few days before his death,
had pledged the honor of the government to
the Southern people, that if they would lay
down their arms and quietly submit to the
national authority, they should be restored
to their ancient status in the Union, shorn
of no rieht they claimed except those which
had been staked upon the arbitrament of
the sword the right as States to secede from
flm "ITninn find the ricrlit of nronertv in
slaves. Andrew Johnson, within a few brief
months has done much toward the redemp
tion of this promise. After our gallant
armies had gracefully yielded a contest,
which for four years they had nobly and
ii.iiuuj j "e r .
,.nrwilt' Yiminf fiinmi fir-ninst. ovprr rnnopiv-
able phase 01 auverse circumstances, ne
found our people oppressed by military rule
troops quartered in their houses without
their consent civil law suuverteu tne
courts of j'ustice closed, and absolute anarchy
prevailing modified alone by the uncertain
rule ol military caprice, xiv tui uuuui iau
Task at once of correcting this great evil
The task was stupendous indeed, but he has
shown himself equal to it. "Within that brief
period he has disbanded more than eight
hundred thousand troops, he' has rc-opened
the courts of j'ustice in the South, he has re
established social order, he h.i3 proclaimed
a crcneral amnesty to boutliern soldiers,
and to tlie masses of the Southern people
thousands of whom, but for this splendid
exhibition of heroic courage and humanity
in Kim. would have been brought to the
block to appease the vindictive passions of
tho non-comuaiam rauicais oi wiu aoiiu. xxv
found the people of the South, almost to a
man. disposed to acquiesce quietly in the for
tunes of war, admitting that the negro was
no lonzcr in bondage and without the
slightest disposition to re-enslave him. But
lie found on tne oilier nana a iicru oi pesti
lent politicians at the North who were not
of tho fighting clement of that people
whose thirty years' crusade against the peo
ple of the South and against the happiness
of the negro himself, had plunged the coun
try into tlie vortex from which it is just re
eovcrincr and upon whose guilty heads will
rest eternally the blood and the infamy of
this fratricidal war ere yet the noble dead
were buried who had fallen under their re
spective banners for tho cause they believed
to be just; he found these mischievous peo
ple filling another mighty cauldron of na
tional discontent in clamoring for tho abso
lute social and political equality of the
Anglo-Saxon and the African races in" the
Southern States. Though they had never
yet vouchsafed to the colored race the un
conditional right of suffrage in their own
States, they, ncverthcle-w, demanded of the
President that he at once proclaim to the
colored race the right of suffrage in the
Southern States, to which he firmly respond
ed that this was a matter of local and muni
cipal regulation, left by the Constitution with
tho Stales themselves, with which he, .13 the
national executive, had nothing to do.
Up found tho people bereft, as the inci
dent of war, of the inestimable privilege of
the writ of hahcas cm-nvs. He is gradually
rcstoring that right, which is the most valu
able and consecrated of all the guaranties
of nomilar liberty in a State, no found in
one or two of the States of the South, that
tho mass of the people to whom he had
proclaimed an absolute pardon for past po
litical offences, had been deprived of all
semblance of a Republican form of govern
ment, and bereft of the most cherished rights
of citizenship without the form of law. He
reminds Congress in his-first message to that
body, that when one man or an oligarchy
has usurped the Control of a State govern
ment, it is their sworn duty, under the
Constiution, to guarantee, to the people of
such State a Republican form of govern
ment. Ho has restored the right of free
speech to the people, and the right of the
people peaceably to assemble and petition
the government for a redress of grievances.
And last, but not least, of the noble acts
by which the President has avouched his
fealty to the Constitution of his fathers, he
has taken off tho muzzle from the public
pros', which, for four long years has been
afraid to speak the truth.
And who can estimate the value of a free,
bold and virtuous public press as a conserva
tor of popular liberty in a State? The peo
ple of this country, and of all countries,
have been in the habit of looking to
it and leaning upon it as the surest
bulwark of their freedom. An honest and
dignified prCss that speaks unhonied truth
with an honest purpose that does not pros
titute itself as a vile conduct of personal
spite and coarse balderdash that docs not
draggle its high trust of material and intel
lectual progress by pandering to tlie low
purposes of tlie demagogue, is absolutely
certain to achieve for itsclfa dignity, and an
influence in the State, which noother instru
mentality can countervail. When it once
gctn hold of the public heart, its tp.5t dixit
becomes the common law of social and poli
tical life. It becomes at once a citadel of
public virtue, and a conservator of private
V , t. . -r t .
morals, ll In a sysieiu Kiiigiii-crruiiirv,
with rather more of the Bayard than the
Quixote about it, which, although it js
sometimes found belaboring a wind-mill in
tho shape of some impracticable idea, or
plucking a caged lion by the beard, -yet itn
great heart is in the right place, and it
it is always industriously casting about
it, to solve to the popular apprchtJision
some raata qucttio of social or political econ
omy to expose some public txiL or to
commend some useful enterprise. It is a
great labor-saving machine, which does
much of the public's thinking. 'Tis a com
mon schoolmaster "abroad m the land,"
whoso daily mission it is, to instruct, to en
lighten, to elevate, and to chasten. 'Tis the
laboratory, at which all our great men are
made. They may not feel flattered by the
remark, but it is nevertheless true. A man
may have nfcrit and virtues by which man
kind might be profited, but in this busy,
bustling, selfish world, he is like a gem in
the caverns of the sea his power is rarely
felt, his inlluenco unrecognized until the
press has heralded his merits to the world.
fTis the great engine, of progress, which gives
the motivo power to every grand enterprise
of the country. AVlio would dare to assert
that there would have been at this good
hour a single mile of railroad in Tennessee,
if the press had been voiceless upon tlie sub
ject. All arc obliged to admit at least that
the toiling disciples of raust have bunt your
roads. They obtained the charters and the
stock they dug the deep excavations in
mountains, laid the iron rails, and set the
thundering iron horse to whirling your gold
en commerce and yourselves with arrowy
speed through this broad land. A man's
newspaper becomes sometimes, also, in
rather a curious way, hla passport to respect
ability. Who did not admire, though he
may have denounced Its politics as hetero
dox, the dignity, the candor, the pervading
patriotism and integrity of the old Xational
Inttlligcnectt I speak of thi3 paper as it wa3
conducted by Gales and Seuton, several years
before the war and I do not particularize it
n the spirit of the partizan. Jt is known
ihat its venerable editors, like -myself old
Clay and Webster AVhigs had been for sev
eral years in a state or political orphanage.
Neither of these parties, which arose on the
ruins of the old Whig party, could assert any
lawful claims to onr Knight-service. Wc
were Japhets in search of a father, who was
reported dead, and whoso fine estate was, up
on that presumption, just then about to be
distributed among remote collaterals, to the
entire exclusion of the next of kin. J; or
as many as fifty long years that venerable
journal had maintained the even tenor of its
way national in ail its views, conservative
in all its precepts, dignified in all its dispu
tation?, a code ot political ethics, a tountain
of useful knowledge for the people, an ex
cmplar of pure morality in journalism. In
that long tim?, who ever saw its columns
pointed with a coarse sneer, or a ribald
jest ? who ever saw it otherwise than a fit
and profitable companion for the virtuous
and the good ? I have been in the gallery
of tho Senate Chamber at Washington in
tlioe days when "there were giants in the
land," and 1 have seen one of those old
men, upon entering the Chamber, receive
from the loftiest among them such an ova-
tion-oftrespeatful courtesy as waSTarelvtac-
torded to the highest dignitary of the land.
In a neighboring btate, before the late civil
war, an unknown traveler came to Ins death
by accidental drowning. A coroner's in
quest was held, and the verdict was that the
deceased was a stranger and a gentleman.
and that ho came to his death by accidental
drowning. The coroner was asked what
eviuence he had that the deceased was a
gentleman. His answer was that he found
in one of his pockets a copy of the bible, and
in the other a copy of the National Intelli
Ihcsejiuservations touching theinlluencc
and power of the public press, have reference,
of course, to a free press, in a free land, and
they are intended to hold up to the public
appreciation the immense value of the boon
which the Constitution rf the United States,
under the administration of Andrew John
son, secures to the people of this country, iti
a tree and unlettered public press. In ades-
potism the press is a cypher so far as the
public weal 13 concerned. In almost every
country except England, the public press is
at this time fettered and muzzled by fears
and jealousies of power. Just before the
late war, it will be remembered that the
Count de Montalcmbert, a peer of France,
was fined three thousand francs and sentenced
to six month's imprisonment, for publLshin
a sketch of the British Constitution its free
debates in Parliament, and its free press,
with some jii3t contrasts, rather unlavorable
to imperial France. This transaction, I re
member, sent a thrill of horror to the hearts
of the people of this country. But how triv
ial was this compared with some acts done
in this free country during the late war?
It is related in the life of .Lord JMdon.
that he once attended, when a young man, a
levee given by Loril Mansfield, at which the
Jiarl ot iNorthumbcrland was a guest. lho
Earl was descanting much to these gentle
men on the nlcasures he had enioved durinr
a recent visit to Bath : and observed that
the only drawback upon his pleasures, was
the want ot the .London morning papers,
which he liked to read at the breakfast
table. Lord Mansfield observed, in reply,
lour grace niav not live to see it, out the
day may come when these same newsnaners
will write the Earl of Northumberland out
of his titles and estates, and England out of a
iving." Ihis prediction wa3 made just as
the public press of Jngland was writing its
self into the most enlarged liberty which it
has ever since most manfully maintained.
The present Earl of Northumberland, doubt-
Jess still holds on to Ins titles and estates
but the old motherland is a monarchy only
in name one ot the lrecst and most stable
governments on the habitable globe and
owing her grandeur and her glory, as the
greatest ot all it3 instrumentalities, to the
perlect ireedom ot its public press. uay
the Uou ol JNations, in ins infinite mercy.
ever vouchsafe tothis great republic, a free
and an honest public press. Then, indeed,
' Tako away tho sword, forlStates lean bo.'savcd
But. the restoration to the people cf a free
iress of the right of speech the reopen
ing of the courts of justice, and the rc-cstab-lishmcntof
civil law and social order, is not
all for which the real friends of union and
fraternity everywhere, arc called upon to re
cognize the justice and magnanimity of An
drew Johnson. lie speaks on every fit oc
casion, words ol hope and encouragement to
the scourged and atmcted boutliern people.
iVnd words ot conciliation are to them, of
infinite value in the present prostration of
their fortunes. In this, 1 verily believe, he
reflects the feeling of every brave soldier of
tlie .Northern army, who has confronted our
noble legions and tried their prowess in the
battlefield. Uut he has encountered, at the
threshold, the buffets of opposition from the
iSorthcrn Radicals the sincerity of whose
lamentations over a broken Union, is at last
triumphantly vindicated in their present
dogged perseverance in keeping the States
asunder. Who cduld have beheld the big
tears coursing down the checks of these pure
and patriotic men, or heard the deep sighs
of anguish which seemed to rend their heart3
at the disruption of the Government Oltse
men upon ichom the manile of IVasni'nooii had
alien, and not have believed that they would
have been the very lirst to have welcomed
the South back within the folds of theUnion.
Alas I lor mo ranty
Of Christian charity
Under tho sun,"
It is not so. And the annals of that thirty
years of sectional strife; the rancor, nour
ished by their unceasing obloquy upon the
Southern people; culminating afe last in the
late grand but awful clash of arms; the sighs
and the tears of the American people; with
Nemesis in the spirit of every dead soldier,
and a Niobc in the person of almost every
American mother; the records of the war
itself its blood, its widowhood its weeping
and brcadless orphanage, "are they not all
written in the chronicles" of Fanciul Hall?
Such, at least, will be the verdict of impar
But, moreover, the President has publicly
declared that he wants the South to come back to
its alleainnce vith all its manhood about it.
These little words are pregnant with signifi
cance and wisdom. They lift him above
the passions and the petty prejudices of the
present passing hour, to gaze through the
vista of time nnd changc; UDon the grand
and glorious future which ss within the grasp
of the American people, if they will but em
ulate his own noble example. What will
the States of the South be worth in the Union,
as tributaries to American power and great
ness, if they are to be held and treated as
conquered provinces? What is a man worth
in society, who. having been overcome in a
personal struggle, in which he believes he
was right, hangs down his head like a craven,
and dares not look his ancient enemy in the
The Northern soldiery have carried away
from the South, a feeling of deep admiration
and respect for the gallantry, the prowess and
the fortitude of the Southern people. They
TiaveLecn inspired, on more than an hun
dred bloody fields, with
" That stern Joy which warriors feel
In foemcn worthy of their steel."
This, of itself, is an important clement of
harmony between the sections. The two
armies have long since forgiven each other.
If left to them, " Ephraim would no longer
envy Judah, and Judah weuld no longer
vex" Ephraim." But unhappily for the
future peace of tho country tlie Northern
men who have been in the midst of the
battle-strife, arc not in the councils of the
country. While they were bleeding abroad
to vindicate the integrity of the govern
ment, the radical politicians, who remained
at home, have monopolized the offices of the
country. Had those pestilent Northern
politicians who brought on the wai- they
who gathered around the late President
about the time cf the assemblage of the
Peace Commissioners at Washington and
stayed his hand, when a tingle 'dash of his
pen would have averted the war entirely ;
had these men,, themselves, come into the
" Imminent deadly breach," tlie war and it
result would have been much more accepta
ble to our brave boys, let it have resulted as
Let the people of the South then, assert
and maintain their manhood, even in the
E resent dark and humiliating hoar. They
ave vindicated it upon every battjefield
from Gettvsburtr to Mansfield. Minimis of
noble hearts at the North sympathize in their
sufferings, and mock the delusion which,
would treat them as a conquered and en
slaved people- They liave won the admira
tion of mankind by their prowess and their
heroic fortitude. They yielded, in the lan
guage of their great leader, "to superior
numbers and to superior resources." In the,
tent act of amccfullu viddivo the contest, after
to grand and magnificent a struggle, they hare
made themielcies worth u of tlie fellotrsh in of nriiuxsi
They have become acquainted with grief and
suffering in all its forms, and havo been, tried
and chastened in the crucible of affliction.
Perhaps in the end it may be apparent to all
that uod has scourged us for our own good.
Who can foreshadow the destiny of tho
American people, if little men could cease
to rule in their benates and their councils;
Human progress springs often from the.
womb of revolution. To change darkness
to light, it must be burned with fife. The
volcano, despite its terrors, and convulsions.
nevertheless elects from its burniug bosom
he brightest of lisrhta and the rarest of
Die people of thebotitli have every thing
to gain, then, by patience, by good conduct.
and by a perfect obedience to the Jaws of the
land. But they can exercise all these vir-.
tucs without the slightest discount upon
ineir uigniiy or mannoou. i.o inai
i j v .1 .
Returning justice, rears aloft her scales,"
the way is open through the medium 6f tho
Courts for the redress of every criovance. and
for the vindication of life, liberty and pro-
ncrty. -... I.-, h-t Am:
In submitting my views, gentlemen, nnoa
. . .
tlie policy ot Andrew Johnson, 1 do not wish
to be iindrstood as approving all iis public
acts, ills position as i'residcnt at such a
time as this, is one of the greatest trial and
difficulty. His programme of reconstruction is
immense tn tis scope ana comprehension. Con
flicts of which we know nothing are con
stantly confronting him and lmticriously
demanding a line of conduct on his part,
which may seem to us inexplicable, and ir
reconcilable with the lofty bearing he has
maintained in the general task of concilia
tion. But let us not judge him harshly un
til his grand enterprise is perfected. In the
main, he has thus far stood upon tho bul
wark of the Constitution of our fathers. As
long as he makes that r.Kino eharta the lamp
of his counsels, neither the North nor the
South have anything to fjsar, but everything
J'ardon the great length to winch J have
almost unconsciously extended this letter.
In the success of Andrew Johnson s policy I
feel a most intense interest. I want to sec
the Union restored de facto as well zsdeiure.
in deed and in feeling, as well as in law. I
was opposed in the beginning to its disrup
tion but when war came I took the side of
my own household gods and for four
years have prayed through glory and through
gloom for the success of the Southern arms.
In this I felt that I was right. I believe so
yet. It was a matter of paramount feeling
and "family affection," about which wecould
not reason, and the abstract question of the
rights and sovereignties of States did not en
ter into my brief deliberations as to which
side J would espouse in Vint tight, rtow,
that we are overcome, I am quite as earnest
in my aspirations for the ancient order of
things. And to that cause, of such infinite
moment to mankind, and especially to the
American people, I am willing, with equal
zeal and sincerity, to dedicate my head, my
iieart, and my breast,
J have the honor to be, with great respect,
Truly yours, Jonx h. X. bseed,
Petroleum in Tennessee,
Tcnncsse will be prominent among the
States inat furnish petroleum. It has not
only one of the largest coal fields in the
Union, containing about 0,000 square miles,
but the carboniferous lormation ls here su
perincumbent upon anotiier bituminifcrous
formation, the silurian, and the rock oil of
both formations may be expected
The oil-bearing territory in Tennessee is
most advantageously situated for boring for
petroleum. iN early the whole ot the carbon
lferous formation is by a most gigantic up
heaval, raised, from 600 to 800 feet above the
waters of the Tennessee river, and forms it
vast plateau of table-land about 3,000 feet
above the level of the ocean, which strikes.
from north to south from the line of Ken
tucky to that of Alabama, and even into
both States, and dips west and east.
-Un the table land, which' is irom lorty to
fifty miles wide, lies the carboniferous sand
stone; below this is the mountain limestone
resting on a very hard seliciou.s cherry and
often jasper rock, and this upon a Silurian
limestone. The sandstone contains the coal
measures in three different beds as layers;
one near.tlie base, another in the middle be
tween the base and top, and the third near
in conformity with the upheaval and dip
a large portion of the petroleum must be
found. on both sides of the Cumberland
mountains west and cast, but as the upheaved
territory is so wide, not all the petroleum
can have run down the sides, a very large
quanity must have remained in the territory
which lies m most places as level as the
prairies of Illinois.
ihe Cumberland tabic lands are intersect
ed in all directions by mountain torrents,
rivers and creeks, many of which run in ra-
. -. .nil mn....(nii. nocada fmm flieAn lit.n.
dred to five hundred feet deep, and some of
tulips uiiu ujuiiiiuiui j.v--rv-o, A.vfi., wnv. Hun
them, as, for instance, tho bequatchie river,
form considerable valleys, ihese valleys, ra
vines, mountain passes and caves, auoru
spendid places to bore tor petroleum,
4. . ,
The richness of the Stato of Ten
nessee in petroleum is; no more a mere
supposition. There, as in the btate of I'enn-
sylvania, the petroleum appears in many
places upon the surface of the earth, and on
the waters of springs and creeks. Some
twenty years ago. when petroleum was here
scarcely known, a salt excitement existed in
a part of Tennessee along the Cumberland
mountains. A great many wells were bored
for salt brine. In all instances salt water
was obtained by boring a few hundred feet,
but in all instances, first carburretted hydro
gen gas issued from the well, and later pe
troleum, thus all salts were ruined and had
to be given up. The. appearance of petro
leum, which in many instances was kindled
and burned for days and montlis, was not
then hailed with joy as tho striking ot ou
now is; it was only regretted, but it is now
remembered and taken advantage ot There
are a treat many other indications which
put the existence of immense quantities of
Cetrolcuru all over tne territory of the turn
erland mountains and tho adjacent coun
tia beyond doubt. The indications are here
much more frequent than in other States.
In consequence, the oil excitement com
menced as soon as the southern rcbeljion,
which was here in Tennessee, and especially
in the table lands of tho Cumberland moun
tains, much more favorable than anywhere
else, allowed free intercourse.
As early as the month of April, immedi
ately after tlie surrender of the Southern ar
mies, iietroleum companies were formed in
Tennessee. Agents were pent out tq lease
and purchase oil territory; and now all the
best oil lands arc either leased or purchased.
The companies rest here upon a more solid
basis than at the North. As an example,
take one Tennessee petroleum company un
der the presidency of Major General Rous
seau. This company possesses more man
fifty thousand acres of oil land, the best that
there nrc natural oil sprintrs. some surround
salt wells, which were destroyed by the ap
pearance oi petroleum; some ne in uctjj ra
vines and valleys where tlie lower rocks are
so impregnated with petroleum, and have
such a strong smell of it, that the oil cannot
be deep below these rock; on others nave
been eruptions of carburretted hydrogen.
Altogether this company possesses large
oleaginous treasures, and may expect rich
rewards for their considerable .expense.
Other companies possess oil lands similar in
rmaiitity and quality. Ildliard't Petroleum
TuEFiuua?MEs'sEirnEAC. The officers
of the Freedraen's Bureau in Virginia have
a large amount of abandoned property on
liand. Although 40,000 acre have been
restored to the original owner, nearly 60,
OOOrct remain in poasesMon of the Bureau.
This statement docs not include the city
property, a great deal of wliieh fell into the
temporary custody ot tne uovernmeni in
- it j t, .t. t T:.i.n.1
for the reason
dosed their homes at the capture of the
, the bureau ha bat little property, aad JeC Dava to "a oar app c tree," there
.!.. i..,, r.. rm:v.a aLis. io remaw smu ine areata ot me was cone
U4tU . Kit ilmw
RppnbllcnnUm in Mexico,
FrorathoNew Orleans Picayune
Much is said about the preservation of re
publican institutions in Mexico. It may
well be asked whether such institutions hare
ever yet existed there. Not within our
raeffloiy, has. there ever occurred a fair and
peaceful election for its chief magistrates
or members of Congress. Mr. Juarez is
spoken of by his "partisans as the constitu
tionally elected President of the country ; but
his election was a revolutionary one, and
the constitution under which he acts was
adopted In the midst of revolutionary pro
ceedings, it owes whatever temporary au
thority it has possessed, to the ability of its
fricndkto beat down with, arms its oppo
nents, and the elections held nndcr it have
been free only to those who were adherents
of the faction in power.
Juarez owes his election to the forcible
exclusion of the previously elected J'xesi
dent Comonfort. Now that his term of of
fice has expired, and that the constitution
under which he has acted, there having' been
no election, makes the President of the Su-
Kreme Court, and ex-omcio V ice President
is successor, he issues a decree, in the style
Of an Emperor, In which he sts aside the
claims of the latter, overrules the constitu-
Hon. and declares that he will remain Presi-
dent until a peaceable election can be had
be, and, judging by .the past, will not be for
a life time.
' Wliaf difference Ls there in its essential
Characteristics, between his government and
that of Maximilian which makes the former
a republic more than the latter ? Each gov
erns by decrees nndcr his own sign manual,
and to which his ministers of state or of war
ive only their attesting; ignaturesCrIIc
maces and unmakes uovcrnors ot States-; he
imposes duuesLand exaction on commerce ;
he levies forecd loans on cities and indivi
duals; he strikes off heads without trial,
and he winds up by setting aside his consti
tution and deposing and usurping the place
of his own successor. Certainly those who
desire to sec republican government prevail
in Mexico, will fail to find its represent
ative in one who governs only as does a
We do not regard Mr. Juarez as in this
respect specially to blame. He is only a re
presentative of republicanism, as it is under
stood in Spanish America; perhaps he i
tlie mildest, most liberal and generous of all
Its rcprcsentitives. Republicanism, there,
means to overturn any government or ad
ministration whatsoever by force; and an
election is never ordered in such republics
until all who differ with the conquering fac
tion have been driven into banishment.
Generally he stands' highest who robs the
country the most ; but Mr. Juarez has the
peculiar reputation of being an honest man,
one who has never filled his private purse
out of that of his country, and his assump
tions of power have seemed intended only to
retain it for his style of absolutism ; though
his recent refusal to yield his scat to his
constitutional successor, may lead to a some
what different conclusion.
The following professes to give, in certain
Washington correspondence, the Mexican
liberal view ot tins act of his:
That part of the population of Mexico.
which, until recently, formed the Liberal
party, or the Republicans, or those attached
to the republican form of government, were
looking forward with interest, as the end of
the term for which Juarez was elected ap
proached, to see what steps lie would, take
in the matter. By far the lanrest nronortinn
of thia party, won by the justice and moder-
ation of the Government as administered by
r ! ;ir 1 i . t . r r
iiiiiAiuiiiKui, mm uv wiu prosperity oi jiqx
ieo under the Empire, have long since given
in their adhesion to the Irnperial Govern
ment But there is no difference between
their views, and the views of those "who still
call themselves Republicans, as relates to
Juarez. They all hold that he was elected
J'resulent for a certain dulnite period
time. They would not blame him for con
turning the struggle, if he had any hope
warrant him in doing so. JJut there 13 no
warrant in the Mexican Constitution, and no
sanction in the -Mexican law, for Ins assum
ing to hold the oflicc of President a single
day after the expiration of his legal term of
otlicc. lhose who thought best of him, ex
pected that when the period arrived, he
would lay down his office, and state to Jus
countrymen that he did so in obedience to
the spirit of the Mexican Constitution, al
though the unhappy disscntions that prevail
cd had rendered it impossible for a stranger
to be elected. At the time the above news
left Mexico, the decree of Juarez, re-electing
himself for another term, had not been pro
mulgated. The personal enemies of Juarez
had circulated a report to the effect that he
would take some such step. Jiut the friends
of Juarez indignantly denied the imputation,
and declared that Juarez would not take a
step so openly in violation of Mexican law.
All tlie lawyers in Mexico, and all the
judges of the courts, whoso attention ha
naturally been directed to the subject, as the
end ot Juarez's term approached, asc unani
mous of the opinion that if Juarez persisted
in holding the office of President for a singlo
day after the end of his term, he would be
guilty of an act of illegal usurpation which
would alienate from him the support and
good wishes of all who had hitherto upheld
him. There is no doubt that the act of
Juarca, therefore, of the 8th of November,
will bo disapproved of by the Mexican peo
ple generally, and will have a bad effect
upon the fortunes of the republic.
it is altogether doubtful whether, with
the present population of Mexico, there ever
mi i Vf r...i!..r .i ti..
win ue rcpiiuuuui iiisuuiiiuim inert.-. Aiiai
which makes a government republican is
not its form, but its) substance. The govern
ment of (Jan-era, in Uuatemala, was republi
can in form ; but no monarch in Europe
not even the Lzar of Itussia ruled more
despotically ill fact.
Dr. Francia. who covemed Paracuav. a3
its sole law giver, and the sole administrator
of the laws he made, precluded his people
from any intercourse with the outside wond.
yet claimed his realmlo be a republic. Both
these men derived their original authority
from the popular choice, and to this they
professed to owe their continuance in it ; but
t. mi is.it.. .1 T. ii..; ! .
who win canuiuijr ucviaii; iiivir guvuriiiui'iit
to bo republican in spirit or practice?
We have said that the present population
of Mexico was not likely ever to possess a
republican government ; but we would not
intimate utercuy a uesire eiuier 10 impose
upon that people the form of one, which
would be imitating their own malpractice,
nor to displace them for another population
whom such a eovcrnmcnt would better bebt,
It is a much easier task to educate a people
for monarchical than lor republican rule;
and much more readily under the former
than under the latter can they bo made to
annlv themselves so to industry and habits
of order and submission to law, as to become
fitted for self-government under more demo
A portion of the people, -whether a major
ity or not it is hard to discover, have chosen
for themselves such a course of discipline.
Many think it tlie government liest suited of
all others to ineir use ii it not uieir
choice, ami has not been willingly accepted
by them, the blame of imposing it on them
docs not lie at our door. If we let it alone.
and it fail to furnish them with a stable gov
ernment and good character as a nation, the
fault will not bo ours.
If. on the other hand, wc interpose to give
them a further opportunity to live in anar
chy for another half century, and to show
only the moro clearly that they cannot gov-
, . ,i.,. - ,...,i.i:. m..i:i.
. haii only succeed in more thorough-
y ruining them and in bringing greater dis
credit on republican institutions.
A Fierce New Enolawd Parson os
the State op the Socnr, asd the Phys
ic it RjximiUH. In a lecture before a so
ciety, In Boston, last week, the Rev. Mr.
Ilcpworth said : "The sword was sheathed,
but our dangers Juuf but just commenced.
With tlie bayonet the South had been whip
ped beyond the desire to return Xo th con
flict; but in tlie field where cunning, intrigue
and diplomacy were the weapons, the con
flict was more uncertain, and wc should bo
Jlanked and defeated unless wc stood on the
platform of universal ireedom. I here
would be more blood shed unless we nhould
reconstruct the South by changes in the so
cial and political condition of her people.
Tlie course pursued by the Government, the
coraingyear, would either greatly advance
or retard the prosperity of the country. The
road, in tlie future, would be a hard one ;
but if we stood firm, and did not flinch, if we
foreverpthea, and" thea only, would we be
rife. - - '
I dpicrmine to ham? the rebel debt, slavery
t The rreetliHCBilrt Atlanta '
i A rumor having obtained currency pre
judicial to a society' formed by the freedmen
of AlZanta, one of their ntnnbef in good
landing with the citizens of1 thai city, has
made a publication explaining the objects of
tho society, from which wc. extract the fol
lowing. The closing paragraph is worthy of
special commendation :
Another object of our society is to find
homes for the homeless. Thousands of the
cojorcd population are wandering about
jvithout homes, having no visible meaiu of
support, many of them having false ideas of
freedom. " e endeavor to find such good
liomeSj teaching them that freedom, does not
mean idleness, but that it means to labor
hard and work honestly and faithfully for a
living. Wo teach them to stand by all their
contracts with the white people, and to serve
them honestly and faithfully in every par
ticular. We not only endeavor to teach them to bo.
honest and faithful and fill all contracts, but
yre teach them to be moral, sober and polite
to all parties, and to speak the truth always.
We endeavor to be practical, and wo desire
rather to deal with the sufferings and short
comings ot' our colored brethren who are
aniong us, than to meddle in the affairs of
those who aw far distant.
These are the principles of our little soci
ety just started in Atlanta, and I appeal, to
all fair minded men if we are not trying to
do right. I have resided a great many years
in Atlanta, and am known personally to mct
of the old citizens. I have practiced say
profession ui many gentlemen's familicS, and"
I-appeal to all such If I have"not ulwavft ,
living, to:leatcvcry gentleman poufely'ahd "
to conduct myself so as to win tlie cslcem of
It cannotbe that any one who knows mc
would believe that I would connect mywilf
with any association, which has for its obiect
evil dcsignn or trouble. 1 would cut off my
right hand before I would do such a thing.
And if I knew of such a thing beingonfbot,
I would cxposo it to the proper authorities
in a moment. If there
so foolish as to do any act whic'h i calenb-
to make mischief between the while and
colored race, I hopo he will be found out
and be made to sutler the extreme penalty
ot tne law.
A few words to my colored brethren and I
will close. We arc all poor and just starting
anew in the world. Our future character
and prosperity in this life depends upon onr-
selvcs. Our misery or our happiness is In
our own hands. As we sow so shall we reap;
if wc plant thistles and thorns, we cannot
expect to gather a crop of figs and olives.
In the first place we must labor. We must
work harder than wo eer did before, and
then we can enjoy the fruits of our labor.
This is freedom. We must bo honest and
fulfill all contracts faithfully; we must be
polite to nil. It won't do to lie proud
and supcrcillious. Pride gocth beforo a fall.
Wc must try to be temperate In all thintrs.
and cultivate virtue and morality. Do not
11c anu Bicai, dui act nonesuy anu ten tne
truth. If you know of a colored man who
intends doing any thing wrong, try and dis
suade him from it, and it ho still per
sists in doing it, report him at once
to the proper officers. It is your
duty to do this, for every wrong act
committed by a colored person we all have
to bear a portion of the blame. Help one
another in distress, and try and get homes.
and do not wander about tho streets to be
picked up by tho guards. You who have
no homes don't wait until .aflcr. the New
Year to mike contracts. Make your con
tracts now . that is your surest and bat- way
to find and secure a home. Don't think, that
the white people are your enemies. It i to
their interest to employ you, and they will
do so if you are only honest and faithful.
Those of the white people who still have
prejudices against you, will look favorably
on you if you will only try. to do right.
AH these prejudices will die away in a lit
tle time. Notliing' great or good can bo ac
complished in a moment. It takes time' to
accomplish any thing. Nothing is more
certain than that the Interests of the white
nnd colored races of the South are identified.
Their welfare must go hand iu hand. Preju
dices must give way before progress and
the colored men must move forward with
thi nge of progress in industry, honesty,
virtue and morality.
Very rcspcctfo.'ly, your oVt serv't
R. D. BAMEIt.
The Ijt SnuizrsUns: IHidjie A Jlowliiic
Well or YVlilxky in the Mngnrn
From the Lockport Courier.!
One of the most ingenious enterprises yet
in operation for evading the elevated tariff
of the Republic, was broken up a few dav
since. The facts have got abroad, notwith
standing the secrcjy maintained bv the uus-totn-house
officials on tho other side, ponsi
bly with the design that others may lie en
trapped. It appears that tho attention of
the revenue authorities of Uncle Som wn
first diverted to tho operationi of a liquor
store in the vicinity of Lockport. Tho sal
of this concern seem to have been heavy
without any corresponding source of supply,
and very naturally the officii conceivil
the odor of a tremendous rat, of the contra
band stripe, burrowing in the imnicdlate
vicinitv. The operation:-! of the firm were
narrowly watched, and ltwas djcoveri-d
that their stock was procured from tin-
private dwelling of a fanner, about ono nillr
and a half inland from the Niagara river.
opposite tlie head of Grand Island. Thf
transportation waa usually at night, but even-
on thu discovery, the connncctions ot the
Lockport establishment were inexplicable.
as the economy of the aforesaid agriculturNt
presented none ottue requisites lor a distil
lery. The whisky supplied- was unmistaka
bly tinctured with the flavor of Canadian
barley, but the shrewd detect ivca almost do-
spaircd of entrapping the importers, as con-,
st.m t watching failed to detect the bold smug
glers, and still the stock in tha farmer's- es
tablishment seemed lnexliaustiblc During
last week it was determined to make a de
scent upon the rural branch of the Lockport
house, and the enterprise seems to have re
sulted in astonishing developments.
The occupant of the farm-house was
pumping whisky out of the ground, and tin)
flow of the precious beverage quite sur
passed the profiu of the great Scotch Oil
Company. The inquisitive official mot
needs follow up the vein, anil quite; singu
larly found that a lead pipe leading cut ot
the farmers cellar was carried in a borissr
tnl direction, instead of iieneTTtinj; tl.v ?
els of the earth. In tact tft rube wa St-
lowcd up to another etabl i.sftTi!t, situated
on tlie banks of the Niagara, river, . which
proved to be the real receiving reservoir of
the deposit ; nnd here the official found a
subterraneous apartment, fitted up with a
t.int and force pump, but stul the locality
of the well did not appear. Following iht!
supply pipe from this establib.mcnt,Jt was
found to lend directly out intq the Niagara
river. The inqaisitiveness of the officer
resulted in hauling In. about two hundred
yards of lead pipe, and it is believed Uiat
Tl . 1 t .1 ..e
lias precipitate acuon iia wen tne means in
losing forever the lead of thw invaluable,
deposit, supposed to exist lomewhcre in tfte
depth of Niagara, river. The proprieton'
of thu well are grievously discorafjicdi by
tlie interruption, as their plans were admir
ably managed for a rash of bnttinew through
Ges. Lee. The Chi-rhfton (S. C.) cur-
respondent of the Now York IriAw, In his
last letter to that jouxnil, relates the follow
lni?s . . jt.h.'
I heard one gentlcmui remark that, h
had recently, met Gen. Lee, and hM'tokru
him whether, in his opinion, there had sar
cliange come over the m!ndof his soldier. ?
" I can't answer ibr my ipldicrjvf aaidtho
Professor ; "Jean answer for rayaelf oaJr.
I have not changed my Opinions. I thou 2 lit
that I was right ; I think in still."
The Confederate Dead at IsM-CVil-
01.1a. Captain a O. StilliycU.in hhscarcJi
after hi brother Baldwin, who was cant arid
atResaca in May, 1901. and whoo furtliitr
fate wan unknown,- finally foCTd-hbr-grave
In the Soldiers' Burying Ground at Jtidhnp
olia,'" Indiana. Captain Stillwcll writs:
that he there found the graves of onj thous
and five hundred and seventr-nine Confede
rate soldiers. Surely, Andcrsonvilln wa
not the only place whtrc soldiers diq!,, nor
the only prison wherein soldiers were not
comfortable. We are informed that the
Cherokee artillery (to whf eh this unferta
nate young man belonged! lost, by capture,
twenty-seven men. and oat of all these only
two have returned, or aro believed to behoi?
alive. 'Captain' Stillwcli i axranginar li
bring his brother's remains toRome for final
burial. Rome (Ga. Omrier, n "