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TXX XASXTXXXZ SATXX tHOX AXD
EDITORS A- PROPRIETORS.
Voluntary communications, containing intcrest-
jing onmpoHantucws, solicited from any quarter.
Ncwi letter from the various counties of the
BUr U 0
Weekly- JL.. SO
Stale especially desired.
All communication! ihould bo addressed to the
.NASHOTXLE, TENNESSEE, THURSDAY, JAIWAItY 4, 1866.
"IWitottortheUsiox as-o Aveeicas.:
. i - TMHTm nan iuti i i ... I
l i .Mil l i l ' H " Hi . I. -
i ana v. ntrry meets, oppwnio
F, SEYMOUR, M. D..
JLj . . .
(Late Brigade Surgeon, 17. S. A,)
OCULIST ASD AUJ1IST,
Office 30Cxl(ir jtrcetbetween Sammcr nnd Cherry,
" OfiC fr treatment of all Discwcs ef the Rye
ami liar, operation! far 8o,ninting, Cataract, ett,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rpiin firm heretofore cxUtinc under the name
1 firm ami rtyle of W. MATT BROWS A Co.,
If this day diolvod by mutual content. Mr.
Rrtwn retire from the business. Mr. Unllenucr,
IB oonntetion with rhtneai nrreit, wm co
tinso the Heal KMaie business at tlio old stand
" ,!rown - 4&wk,
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
fitaa-rrr to A'.JdATT.I!covw'.tCo..)
?iyW3Ri. . .
It Clicrrj Klrcel,
WILTklTCtlieit' prompt attention to tbjelline
arw renjinc pi ever- uwfnimon vi iicai uimic.
ISnildin.a: I.ois for-.Sale.
IiiRCK XUMRHR OF FARMS.
lit. A fipe RkWmMb. eontnlninc 12 rooms, !
re terntory.' Mm two vacant Low adjoining.
31. That tpl end Id Roridcnec of the late Jamox
JoUraon, on llrod Stroet, betweon Summer nnd
IRcli otroelt, centalnln; 8 roomi, bAlM errautn
ntntna nn.l'Vitlifft mil limitttc
2-1. Thnt splendid lU.-ldcnce of the Into Hardin
T ltn.tf.i. - tKl 1 .1(1 ..... 1
etc. Qpatl Snrinc nnd sprint bou'O with SVt
nrna wlaml, ipimdliBtelj' aajaecnt to dirtily, on
the Charlotte f'llte.
Alii. 80 acres of pround nf the Barrow property.
onuio Charlotte l'ike, winch will bcdlrklei
nnd the ilHfercnt Additions to Xaserille. 35 Lots
In aieeficld i
I and Brownsville.
OUi. A very lareo number of tlio BEST FARMS
In tlitf and the Mljomine oountle.
.T. T- .t It. W. BROWN.
NELSON i MUEFREE
ItEAT. ESTATE AGEXTS,
2nt!Iicrr.r Strcpt, upnr Ciilon,
AVE ftlartHMH!if Real Kstaleto frflln
this nnd the iMqafmngStiRei.
II m every lcenpon tjl iwvornmewi
TWO MAURY COUNTY EARMS
arc onrl at very reflnald prkos. Alio, ono
A l'LAOH OX T3IK 0UMIJHR1ND RIVHR.
ttfdHwfef.fn Jaksn county, Tenn., fr sale.
MlI.:l.Vl)ll IITA I'ltOS'EUTY
Ot FilllT en Gtutrah rtreet, oppojllo thoMax
iltJ wnll HuTiMiaml JlnMnieToinnlc.ota reason-
nbio'prta. l1iU k efilral, elu
h miro than MSe deep.
Chureii nnd Union, very ohaioe location, but tho
nnrovnl. on Vino street, oeiween,
imprervnioets ar melerate. The price is very
na'lVel, with large briek dwelling, on Vine
street, between Union and Cedar, being abut the
most dcirablo location for rcldencei in tho city.
200 Toot on McGarock street, AVest Nashville;
on whieh is a neat Briek Dwelling, fi or 7 rooms.
nitelicn, slable. etc;, nnu nrsi-rnipcisicrn.
nlv59,0OJ. House nnd premises in good order.
100 Tccton Broad street, West N nh vllle, with
elegant now Briek House' containing ip or. 12
rooms, kitchen, stable, tw. cisterns, shrubbery?
.1. !. .t iiinml Varv dealrnblc. Ifnotfolil
wltViIn ten day! this laie nud eboleo plaeo wiR
bo rntl ftr the n-mnlmlsx- or this aim tuo wnoio
of next yew.
no IVcl on North Mnrketalreet. corner of Lc
nurt. ca nliteliji th well known Pleant Smith
30 ,rcif e Stmro street, witli large, vlenant
and now Briak Dwelling, centalnlng M roms. 2
lwth noinf, klltlMS, extra smc, with g, water,
aud every modern Improvement.
45 J Vet on Park street, with eommpn im
provements, vorylow. Thl propertjrnnwthreugh
ta Summer. -
flu - VIIa.. dm.f 1t3nff tbo lwrr tidf.
tlnn nT tho lot now
IHPIM nr. i'pnrmeni
in l)r. vi atan. rrwe.
A eliPKolitlle lt m NorthaOhlloge, JaR beiow
ho VMlJiS(lMr atatfMtniwe.
rfer fcr sale a 9s1bb mi m
d'lllj a FflUblo brtHet, hi thevoc
triK fa pirla pftl tttaffcafory.
mA RaiintHMt. naw
. ' ml
ocr eentro ei
(rtrlXnftetef graund on tie meet
choke ant desirable streets in KtlgcfioM, for leace
far Svo year from 1st January next, at pr
vo year from 1st January next, at
NELSON A JUinritEE.
w. smrcE Tiiovrsos.
DILLIN & THOMPSON,
REAL ESTATE AND
OROMIBING FAITHFUL AND PROMPT
X attention to all biulneie cntrurtod to our aare,
wurospoatfully tender our service to the Pnbllc.
I General Agenta, fwr the PurehaM and ivale oi
Retu Kstato; Renting and LeaHn: of City or
Country I'ropertj ; Collection of etM; Accounts
and voaebers: Investigation of Titles cteete.
DILLIN .t THOMPSON. -
OflWe; over Second National Bank, College street,
OA UARRELS CR,lNREi:Rir.S,
MKDARY A BtTRKR.
Southcait eerser Bread and Market rta.
rnri SACKS 1 RUCItWll 15.VT FLOUR.
UUU elegant article. Just received mul fersale
. tiLlHr t. l,tfi,t.-l
Southeast earner Broad and Market its.
cfin IIARKELH NEW YORXC ArPX.CS,
iJUUata best in the market.
MKDARY A: B1TRKE,
'T. 4, Eautbtut corner Broad and Market it.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
j. n. ewiso.
EWIKG & 0.,
Corner Jlulldin?- Market and ClmrchtreeU, foi-
mcriy occupieu oy r.winz, .iicurorr.v uo.
1 Mr. HEf!ETVT?rn nn, lr In .fnr fnl.
1U0 barrclJ Broirn gusar. "
tt) do A Uouce faarar.
IS do do
0 do do
StnartV Cruflicd Sacar, ptandard.
do do A do
ilo- 'hyrur. ... ..
SO ksesfirrun. 5 and 10 eals..
GO barrels 'o 1 and 2 Mackerel,
Mhfdo do do '
50 or do do do-
2C kits do Vo '
2. barrcli V. K. x Co' WhMkr,
33 do S. X. 1'ikeV do -
250 boxes ttarcandle.
50 dozen broom?.
100 boxes ehee.
MJ boxes rauins.
600 kes? nails.
juo reams paper.
so boxes asfortcu soap, r,
40 kecs cincr. J'
30 dozen buckets, t
50 racial Rio coffee.
100 boxes candy,
bo baskets cnampasrue,
HO cases Fnrdiues,
50 boxes etnrch,
50 do pickles, t
20 do Madder, " ''
75 barrels npplee,
50 boxen aborted wines.
1IKW barrels Flour, all trrndc,
a0 Uo rotatoes.
100 boxes Kire Crackers,
20 oaoea Yxet.
100 eases assorted Liquors,
In addition to the above we have a rcnrr.il m-
sortmciitof groceries, all nf which wero bought
during tlio present pressure in the Eastern mar
kcU. n o cxnect to sell roods on short nrofits.
and would be pleased ti have our old friTidi call'
A. (i. Ewiuc. of the ftirmrr firm nf Ewinp. Afp-
Grory & Co will bo found with tho above firn for
the purpose of settling up their business. decfii
C. POWELL, GREEN & CO.
S T It E E T,
CoLVMRUg Powell, formerly C. Powell Jfc Co.,
I. F. GREEN, formerly Nichoi, Greer A- Co.Nash-
Crib. M. McGilEe, livinr atlvnoxvllle, Tenn.
BY the above card it will bo seen wo have es
tablished ourselves in New Yor for the pur
Ioc of dolnc A lczitmate commission business ;
and being a Tejincfoice house, -wo-rcspcctfully so
licit the patronacrf"of our fconthcrn friends ccn-
erally. We arciamply prepared to mako cash aA-i
iincuh un coiiHiKiiiucnui , ii loan currency un gom
without charge of interest: topurcbao and fell
oott"n. tobacco, flour nnd pork : also gold stocks,
bonds, nnd government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
It epoct fully,
C. IMAVi:i.T.. (IRCCV & CO'
dee 20 3m
R HAVE ON HAND A GOOD ASSORT
Consisting in part of
Which we will disposo of at privato salo for fair
Wehavo also for sale 1000 bushels of nrime
heavy Oats, whieh we wish to close out at once
MR. WM. PRICHARD lone and favorably
known to this community has taken quarters with
us. nnd will bo pleased to seo his old friends and
customers. GODSHALli .t HOLLAND,
deell tf 3$ South .Market street,
PEACH BLOW POTA-
BUSHELS TRIME OATS,
In store, ami Tor sale at prices below the market
UUUSllAlib .V. JtUliliAAl).
Onr Aimtion Snlo on Thursdav next will em
brace a fine variety of Liquors, Tobacco nnd Gro
ceries generally, togctucr witui no consignments
UUDSIiAl.l! .t ltUl.liA.M).
South Market street. .
"rK havo rwnovtjl onr Stock to tho Warc
I house, comer Church and College streets,
furnicrly oeenpicd by Payne, James .V uo., where
we hope to meet our former patrons and the pub
Oar Steek is
Awl we always sell
A. A. SPENCER A- CO.
3D. . DENTON & CO
f!ITY STEA3I IIAKEItY
AX1 CANDY JIAXUFACTOItY,
O AND S 11ROA1) STREET.
Dealers can be supplictl on short notice
with everything in our Line, made by our
s- -To Orackcrs
s And Candy.
Also, Dread, Cakes, etc., etc
D. D. DENTON G. M. HUNTINGTON.
KIILS CHOICE APPLES;
.V, " Dairy Salt;
10U0 " . Superfine and extra fairalvFloun
2 Carloads Bran, in store, and for sale
dee0-St. RHEA A SMITH.
STATE OF TENNESSEE, I
J. MMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
JV. N. Simpson, deceased, li lnrMT nntnrMl ta
SiTenouccinUie Unos axp AxiRtciif. and by
written notice, at the Court House door in Ann
cheater, Tcnc for all persons havingclaimi against
aideitateto appearand file the suae with tho
undersigned, duly authenticated. In tho manner
prescribed by law, on or before tho 1st of April,
ISC TU0S. SHORT. Clerk.
MUTUAL UPE IANCE
IIOMT. OrFCT: NO. 60 XOBUl TI1IIU St
SAEiT LOUIS, MISSOURL
ASS17TS, JTnly 1, .$5M,Ott 37:
Dividends declared to Policy lloldcrs Jan. 1,1S03,
Forty Fcr Cent.
Header, Is Your Life Insured?
If not, nbat proriiion liarp you made for your
dependent onei? T1IIXK1 )Vhat would b
their pecuniary tituation were you to
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudtnt to Delay ?
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
JAMES II. LUCUS SAMUEL WILLI
Robert II. Funkhocser. of Funkhouscr & JIumett.
iti.oas.ji: rpcK,rrcsa,t oz tnea aup ivnoo iron uo.
Jules Vejle, of Chouteau, Harrison & Valle,
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson & Garlard.
Chas. W. McCord, of McCord 1c Co- Machinists,
,onn Jr. Abornton, oi Anornton a i'lerce.
Isaac II. Stureeon, l'resid'tof thcN. Mo. Railroad
Hon. JohnHogan, Member of Comrress.
Henry Ovcrstelz, of Ovcrstelz, Wajmcr & Co.,
Nich. SchalTcr, of Nicholas Schaffcr & Co., Star
William T. Gay, of Hanenkamp Jt Edwards.
David Ktith, of Keith & Woods, Booksellers and
R. P. Hanenkamp, of Gay k Hanenkamp.
Isaac W. Mitchell.
D. A. January, of D. A. January & Co., Grotcrs
Wm. J. Lewis, of Lewis ,t Dro., Tobaeconists.
F. Rozier, Jr., of F. Rozicr. Jr., t Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm fc Meyer.
SASIUEL AVILLI, President.
JAM1S H. LUCAS, Vice President.
WAL T. SELUY, Secretary. "
WM. X. BENTON. General Acent.
DR. JOHN T. H0DGEN, Consultinc Physician.
LACKLAND, CLINE A- JAMISON.Lcgal Adr'rs.
HON. ELI7.UR WRIGHT, Couultiiie Aetuary.
H1I.AH K. rOT.
State Agent for Tennessee.
Special Agents, Nashville, Tenn.
OMIcc: Nccoml National Itnnh. Ttiilldln;
Nashville Local Beard of Reference :
Hillman. Bro. & Sons, J. A. McAlistcr A- Co.,
Jno. Kirkmnn. (1. J. StubblcScld,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Thos. R. Jennings, M. D., T. M. Madden.
Indemnify Against Ixissby Fire, River
nnd ItnllroatI In flic
ironic Iim. Co. ofX.Y.
Columbia. Cash Capital.
Arctic, Cash Assets
losses adjusted and promptly paid at this Office,
No, Cherry street,
i T T. 4 TivrirAnrntr
X.. U. X iVli.O 1 U1VXJ1,
No. 29 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid to the
or f;r,ii5rs against
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
Rr.rr.nEXCES Hon. C. F. Trigg, U. S. District
iuusit; mi nuii nelson, j. rniuciu cixuuu a-
tionallJunk; 31cj. (Jen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
ter niter. Icc3-lm
C3r 1SL It?
AT 3i SOUTH COLLEGE STREET. NEXT
. DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL.
Tho only genuine Cumberland in this Market.
Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas, and gives no headache.
A. STEWART. O. II. HOLOKS.
SOAP! SOAP!! SOAP!!!
,, vwirs "-oved asiyk soap.
Best Soap made in the United
Send your Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
ISo. OO, Churcli Street,
dec 21 J3m
5 000 ,bt Xm nn"'
5,000 lbs. New Bacon, Side.
5.000 lbs. New Baeon.Shoulders ;
100 Tierces New Lard.
For Salo by
McLaughlin, butler a- CO'
dee 20 lw
PARTIES WHO DELIVERED TWO CAR
Loads of Salt at N. A C. R. It- Depot some
two weeks ago, alt marked K; and H. i will
please furnish na with duplicate Bills Lading, as
salt cannot bo shipped for want of destination.
deo!2-lw ' Y.B. JONES. Agent.
1 Fstic rt Orncs N. A C. R. R.
m Naahrille. Dee. 11. lf5. J
DN AND AFTER TO-DAI OUR DEPOTS
will be opened at a. v. for the reception of
Frelshu, and promptly dwe-lat 4 r.v.
declS lffl Y. JONES, Arent.
S3' UB tv53?
t. sr. rVASs,
Lato of Rvans t co..
LatoFite,ShcphenliCO'k:SJj 4- .j
i.atc or Evans k co.,
Late of Gardner i CO.
H. B. BCCKXEE.
Late of Gardner & Co.,
b. ir. jESNixns,
Late with Gardner 4C0.
.WIT. POSTER.., .
".' Lato of Evaaatco.,
EVANS, FITS & GO.
AO. 4, TSS liliOCK,;
WE ARE NOW" OPENING A LARGE AND
well asrorted stock of
FOREIGN AXI .UFBRICAX
Boots, Shoes, -Hats,
READY MADE CI-OTIIIXG.
PURCHASED FOR GASH
Since the recent 'decline in prices, which wo offcr
to the lrado
AT VERY LOW PRICES.
Being connected with EVANS. GARDNER A CO,
of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all Amcricau
Goods, and possessing every advantage of-Be'ting
We feel every confidence in saying to Mcrthants
that we will sell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both
Buying and Selling, enables us to do business on a
VERY SMALL ADVANCE,
so that those .who buy from us can compete with
Stocks purchased any where.
Having resident partners in New York, gives uSij
advantages in keeping np a btock, which .Mer
chants will find lane and well assorted throughout
Wc solicit an Examination of onr Sioelf.
Evans, Fite & Co.,
XO. 4, INN" BLOCK,
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
IMrORTKRS AND DKALERS IX
FOKEIGJt AND DOMESTIC
CIGARS & TOBACCO,
No. 32 Marltct Street,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Sucecssor to Chas. Licbenstein,)
Cor. Cedar and Cherry Streets,
(Under Commercial Hotel.)
A heavy stock of fine imported and domestio
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs,
Constantly on hand.
THE COLUJIRIA ATIIENiEUM,
OUR NEXT SESSION OPENS ON THE
29th of Jnnuarr. to close on the 29th of June.
TWnl ami Tuition from Ono Hundred and Five
to One Hundred and Twenty-seven dollars. The
Library. Apparatus, etc., were uninjured by the
war, and every department of instruction is more
ably conducted than ever before.
, ' i : . .i r . T vt 1.
F. G. SMITH. Rector.
TV. C. COLLIER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
SCHOOL BOOKS, BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Arnold's Writing: Flnid .t Copylngr Inlt,
Wedding, Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And the Latest Literature of the Day,
XO.517 UXIOX STREET,
(Between Cherry and College.) :,
Orders solicited for ercr description of Printing.
PAYNE, JAMES k CO.,
Cor. Cliurcli and 'CoIIcrc Sts.,
FFER THEIR SERVICES TO TITEIR
friends as General CommLvslon Her
eunto, and resnectfnllv snlirit ronimmf ntji.
They are prepared to receive
COTTON AND TOBACCO,'"
And will famish every facility and accommoda
tion to thosa who will entrust their bminc to
PA YNE, J AMES & CO.
NOW IS -IJME TIME
t.'0 i I
"FOR -id' HE
OUJl SBVBJiAL EDKTIOXS,
(SOON-TO BK KSTABLISIIEI),)
WILL -MEET Till: WANTS OF ALL
CLASSES OF READERS.
The DAILY will contain tho
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH.
From all parti of the country, embracing
COJIJIXRCIAL, , s ,
AND A GENERAL MISCELLANY
t . jt": ,
Of information, relating to tho Religious, Domes-
tie and Social condition of tho people,' -
NORTH AND SOU.TJBC
Tho Tri-Weeklv, which will be regularly issued
so soon as" the necessary arrangements can be per
fected, will contain all themost important matters
treated in tho Daily, and a largo advertising list
showing the general business of this and other
The Weekly, which will be enlarged as circum
stances shall require, will contain selections from
tho other editions, of matter that will serve to in
terest and improve tho old and theyoung. It will
contain, in addition to its general reading, embra
cing all subjects of current thought and intcrost,
alWcckly Review of the markets of this and other
:ities, with which our pcoplo do business, and a
carefully prepared price-current of the Nashville
markets, including all articles bought and sold in
the city, whether of d6njpstic production or im
ported from abroad. Wo also intend to mako tho
" Weekly Union and American," inall respects, a
with solid and instructive mntlcr for the advan
tage of the rising generation, and for the enter
tainment and comfort of thoso more advanced in
life. Tho proprietors of the " Union and Ameri
can" have lived and been engaged in tho
edgoof tho truo wants of a great, honest and vir
' tuous people", wh, though unfortunate, are striving
to transmit to their descendants, in culture and
nurture, tho higlibst nnd mostnoblo qualities,
industry, self-reliance, and dignity of character.
Vallr appreciating tho power and beneficence of
worhan,.they will endeavor to make this paper an
acceptable companion to tho mothers and daugh
ters of tho country, whercfrom they miy derive
both rrofit and pleasure.
Te persons desirous of making known to tho
public their business, we may say that our circula
tion by mail, reaching every Post Office which has
been re-opened in tho State, besides an extensive
circulation in adjoining States, gives our advertis
ing columns superior advantages.
Tho advance in tho prices of every article which
enters into the productionjof newspapers is such
that the tcrni3 upon which they are furnished
must necessarily correspond. In common with
our city contemporaries, wo have adopted the
following M the
-3' - w
Term of Sulwerlpfion
. FOR tub
Union and" American,
Strict ly in Advance, )
' for six months
' . for three months
" " for one months
TV" c o lc I y.
Weekly, per annum
" for six month
" for three months-
Due announcement will be made of the time
when the Tri-WceklywUlaiianed. and ;of the
Union and American,
The Policy nud Demands of tho Radi
cals Contrasted frith the Teachings
of nislory Sylla and Tbail. Sf evens
-Cwr and Sumner.
Special Correspondency or the Chicago TimesJ
As.rmrj.E, Tesn., Dec 23.
Thad. Stevens lias become the self-constituted
muezzin of radicalism, whose task it la
to remind the faithful of their duty. His
cry is : " Come to worship. There is no God
but radicalism, and. Chase.Sumneraml I are
the prophets of God." Mr. S. is rather un
fortunate in alluding, in his late speecli, to
the colonization, by Some, of the citizens
of Latinm, and tho -confiscation of their pro
perty. History teaches that it was this very
policy, proposed by Mr. Stevens, which
raised within the Roman nation such bitter
enemies ; that it was the adoption of the op
posite policy which enabled Borne, with such
remarkable success, to extend, and, at the
same time, strengthen ner empire. tJiecro
admires tho profound wisdom of the first
kings in admitting the conquered enemies to
the number of the citizens. In his oration
for Balbus he says: "Their example has
become an authority, and our ancestors hare
never ceased granting the rights of citizens
to conquered enemies." .Livy reports :
speecli of Camillus, which explains thcpol
icy recommended by that crcat citizen, rcfo
'tive to the treatment oTaiiquihed Eatium,
Will you," he exclaims, addressing the-
members of assembly, "use the utmost rigor
oi the rights ot victory xou are monsters
to destroy all Latinm, and to make a vast
desert of it, after having often drawn from
it powerful succors. ill you, on the con
trary, after the example of your father aug
ment the resources ofEome? Admit the
vanquished among the number of your citi
zens ; it is a fruitful means of increasing at
the same time your power and your glory."
What was the result when Philip III. of
Maccdon was defeated by the Romans in his
war upon the Grecian and Asiatic allies of
Home? In the language of a modern his
torian, " we see, in the proclamation of lib
erty to Greece, the value the Human senate
then attached to moral influence, and to that
true popularity which the glory of having
freed a people gives." Livy details the
events of the occasion thus :
The cnoch of the celebration of the Isthmian
guinea scncrally attracted a great concourse of
spectators. Jiut on this occasion an immense mul
titude flocked thither from all parts in cxnecta-
tion of the future fate of Ureeeo in general, and of
eacn nconlu m particular : tins was the only sub
ject of thought and conversation. Tho Romans
take their place, ami tho bcraiil, according to cus
tom, advances into the middle of tho arena,
whence the games arc announced, according to a
solemn form. The trumpctsounda; eilenceis pro
claimed, and the herald pronounces theso word :
"The Roman senate, nnd tho cmperator, S. T.
Quinctius, conquerors of Philip and the Macedon
ian.', rc-cstnbljsii in the enjoyment of their libcr-
r, tncir luws and privileges, tlie worintliians, tho
i. r .: i : i. : -i i .. r k
Mngnctcs, tho Thcssallans the Pcrrhcsbi and tho
Ach&ans of Phthiots." At thi proclamation, the
assembly was ovcrcomo with excess of jo.
Scarcely any one could believo what ho lienfil.
Tho Greeks looked Ltoach other as if they were
still in tho allusions of a pleasant dream, to ho
dissipated on awakening; and, distrusting tlio
v lueuuo oi lueir tuej imtieu un-ir ucikmuurj
if they were nouleceivcd. Tho herald is recalled,
each man burning not only to hear but to sec tho
messenger of sflch good news ; he reads tho decree
a second time. Then no longer able todoubt their
happiness, they uttered cries of joy, and bestowed
on their liberator such loud and repeated applause
as to make it easy to see that, of nil good, liberty
is that which has most charm for tho multitude.
Asain, after the conquest of Macedonia
by Paulus iEmilius, and of Illyria by L.
Anicius, Livy tells us :
It was decreed that liberty should be given to
tho Macedonians nnd Illyrians, ta prove to tho
whole universe that in carrying their arms so far
tho object of tho Roman.? was to deliver tho en
slaved people, not to enslave tho frco people.
We come now to the times referred to by
Mr. Stevens, the days af StUa, a period in
Koraan lustory the example ot which is
rather to be shwinvl than followed. The
impernd h.stor.an of France gives a gphiMbut Lc ;s ftatcsman to rcaiize tha
sketch of the conduct and measures of th. ,:.. :i:i: ,i . ,,i:i
He savs :
Sylla had scrupled
cr: the corruDtion o!
t nothing in his way tonow-
jrmie?, the pillaze of towns.
tho massacrcr.fiii.Qitants. V.d tho extenn:
iion or hu .oMlkri nor .did ho jhow any
"iiioro scruples nftiintaininir himself in it.
He inaugurated his return to tho Scnato by the
slaughter of 2,000 Samnitcs who had surrendered.
A considerable number of inhabitants of Italy
werc deprived of the right of the city, which had
been granted thereafter the war of tho allies; he
invented n neio lmninhment, that of proscription.
Although his triumph had been a reaction against
the popular party, ho treated as prisoners of war
the children of tho noblest and most respectablo
families; and, by 'a monstrous innovation,?cven
the women suffered tho samo lot. Lists of pro
scription, placarded on tho forum.'with the names
of the intended victims, threw terror into fami
lies; to laugh or cry on looking at these was a
crime. Pretorius was slaughtered for having
fainted at the sight of tho punishment inflictcd on
tho pnetor. M. Marius; to denounce tho hiding
place of the prescripts, or put. them to death,
formed a title to recompenses paid from tho pub
lic treasury, amounting in some cases to 12.0U0
drachmas (about $2,300) a head."
It is a policy such as that pursued by the
Dictator Sylla, that Mr. Stephens would
have the United States Congress pursue. If
he will be taught by the examples drawn
from history, he will learn that moderation
is always the best adviser. It is suggested
to Mr. S. and his followers that, instead of
following Sylla, it would be wiser to pursue
the policy adopted to recover from the sys
tem of the great dictator. We arc told :
"The measure which most helped to heal the
woujids of the republic was the amnesty proponed
by the Tribune Flotius in favor of all lime vho
had taken part in the civil war."
We have in one of Caesar's speeches his
views of the proper method of treatment for
those conquered in civil war:
"Conscript Fathers, all who deliberate upon
doubtful matters ought to bo uninfluenced by
hatred, affection, anger or pity. When we are an
imated by these sentiments, it is hard to unravel
truth. No ono has ever been able to servo at onco
his passions nnd his interests. Free your reason
from that which beclouds it, and you will be strong.
If nassion invado your mind and rules it. you will
tin without strength. Now is tho occasion. Con
script Fathers, to recall to mind how many kings
and peoples, carri-a away oy rage or puy, nayc
Likenfiit.il resolutions; but I prefer reminding
you how our ancestors, unswayed by prejudice,
perform'' good and.just deeds. In our Macedo
nian wa, against King rcrseus, mo rciiuonc ui
Rhodes, in its power and pride, although it owed
its greatness to tho support of the Roman people,
proved disloyal and hostile to us; but, on tho ter
mination of tho war, when the fate of tho Rho
dinns was brought under deliberation, our ances
tors left them unpunished in order that no ono
shonld ascribe tho cause of tho war to their riches
rather than their wrongs. ...
" If even tho greafcr criminals aro too severely
dealt with, tho bcinousncss of their offense is loit
in the severity of their sentence."
The author of Salathiel, speaking of the
destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, says:
"The destruction of the conquered was
against the first principles of Roman polity,"
When Tarquin, the Proud, was asked what
was the lc.t mode of governing a' city, ho
replied only by beating down with his staff
ail the tallest poppies in ins garucji. x.veu
morejvindictive is the course Mr. Stevens
would have the United States government
pursue towards the South. The question
presents itself: "Will the republicans pursue
towards the conquered the policy adopted
bv the bloodv and unrelenting Sylla, and
advocated by 'Mr. Stevens, or will they fol-
low the course aumirca Of u.ccro, recom
mended bv Camillus, advocated by Osar,
and approved by all history? I5y them and
bv tlipm .alone can be accomplished a speedy.
peaceable and enectuai solution oi uiu uu-,
hnnlties winch surround us. aiicv uavu
the power, and upon them must rest the rc
spopibility of weal or woe.
From the New York Journal of Commerce,
Tire "Fueedmek. The body of men who
manage partizan politics at Washington are,
like all radical men in all ages and coun
tries, fond of exercising arbitrary power over
their fellow men. They do not relish at all
the idea of giving tip military rule at the
South. President Johnson astouiids thciq,
every few days with the news that another
and another State has been given over to the
ronnblimn form of government, self-govern
ment, under the Constitution and laws. They
ache at the intelligence, and wish they could
hold on a little longer to that power which
they love to exercise, in spite of all princi
ples of free government. Hut, lcing their
gfasp loosen on the white race, they seem to
hold closer to the negro, and if they continue
a few years longer to manage negro afihirs,
it will be strange if they do not utterly rid
U3 of all trouble about the negro question by
destroying the race. Their tender mercies
have been cruel in the extreme, from tlio
commencement of the war up to the present
day. Thev have murdered more thou
sands of tile poor race of blacks, by starva
tion and misery have broken np more
families, separated more husbands and wives,
scattered more children lor asunacr, man
slavery did in all the years of its existence.
It is a terrible statement, but there Uplands,
and the proof in overwhelming. There i a
creat deal said about the Freedmen's 15u
" ... . , i , . . ..
reau. rrouaoiy me neaa o uku uuiwu
Anp as well as he can. Bat hia bureau is
utterly a laUure, or else there is no truth in
man or woman, tne laeass-uuiij v
the negroes by each & bureau Is essentially
absurd. If the entire intercsts'of tlie colored
race Vere remanded,- where they -belong, to
the several States, there would be infinitely
less sufiering, vastly more productive labor,
more comfort, health, and happiness .among
them than there now is. To that it must
come before long. It w nonsense to talk
about tho pcoplo of the. South oppressing the
negroes. They will "be their best and kindest
guardians. Hero at the North the white
man neglects or ill-treats the negro. At the
South it is otherwise. It will be in vain for
Northern people to undertake the govern
ment of a Southern race in the Southern
Stateav Radical gentlemen at Washington
must make up their minds to abandon the
care of tho negro, ox. else to see hira perish
under their loolish systems.
Tho New YorU Kcrald's Oninlon cf tho
Political l'arltes of the ratnrc.
The contest Bow going on in Congress over
the question of reconstruction furnishes &onie
idea of the issues which will divide the
parties of the country in future. With the
collapse of tire rebellion andtho , constitu
tional abolition of slavery ended all ttic
questions which liave heretofore divided the
parties. Tlie consequence is that we now
find them in a chaotic state. The events
and developments during the session of Con
gress will, however, determine how" tlie va
rious elements will crystalize" and tho form
in which theywilbinrrayeil Sufficient
has already transpired to show thai the great
line of division will be the constitutionalists
on one side and the radicals on the other.
That the former must by the very nature of
things mako President Johnson's policy
their rallying point is evident. Tlio, latter
will earn into its columns all who 'oppose
his plan for adjusting our internal affairs;
but the precise way in which the constitu
tionalists, who are now to lie found in the
ranks of ajl parties, will be drawn together,
we must await events to determine. Presi
dent Johnson having taken his position, and
manifested a determination to maintain it,
the question how those who endorse that
policy, vet were identified with different
parties during the war, will affiliate, restd
with the niaionty m (joncrcss to ucaile.
There is no one thing more positively es
tablished by the history of nations the world
over, as Allison fully proves, than the fact
that the party which attempts to oppose the
government, or obstructs its operations
wh' n engaged in a war for iU preservation,
can never axam obtain ascenuencv or be
come a rulinc power in the nation. There
is a national pride, an esprit de cm-pa, among
the masses, which causes them to ever alter-
wards look witlt suspicion upon that nartv
and the men who place themselves in that
position. This has killed the Democratic
nartv which was so long the crcat power in
this cotmtrv. It settleytho question about
that party ever becoming the ruling power
of this countrv, except tlirousti such blun
ders on the part of the administration party
as will, lead us to new convulsions. Unfor
tunately the members of the present Con
gress were elected to their positions while
,i. . .i:.. .i .! , .. .. ,
possess the statesmanship and ability to en
able them to comprehend the great changes
that have taken place, I her are inclined
to adhere to the line of policy in vosue dur
ing the war, and not to change with the cxi-
enctcs of the occasion
The adoption of vigorous measures during
great struggle or war is not only invariably
sustained bv the people, but is necessary to
the life of tlie nation. Hut the moment that
the object for which the war was waged has
been accomplished, another and a lar diner-
cnt line of policy'is demanded. This is ne
cessary to cement the victories of war as well
as to secure all its fruits. President John
son was one of our most earnest of public
..: 1 i.,,t.
I I?Vl(lf ML WllUlUlL-t iUl I'lUiaU'
tho option of conciliating and not radical
measures is the only way to adjust the ques
tions which arise when me war ceases, aihh
the best interests of the country demand. It
is becauso tlie President comprehends this
.... . , . . t r ,
met mm m.ta upon it mar. lie now nas e
strong a hold upon the uHections of the
Xhesc facts must sooner or later bring
about a separation between the radicals and
the constitutionalists in the republican party
in Congress. That result is inevitable. Tho
constitutionalist, under the lead of Mr.
Johnson, will be the strong party of the
country. It may not be the dominant party
in this Congress, but it will be at the next
Congressional election. If the radicals man
age to retain a majority of both houses with
them in the support of their policy, then
the democratic party, of necessity, will be
t lie nucleus for the constitutionalists to rally
upon. But if, on the other hand, a majority
of the republicans in Congress abandon the
radical leaders, then they will become the
foundation upon which all supporters of
President Johnson's restoration policy will
reat, and build up the great constitutional
party of the country. Upon this point
the whole question of how the parties of
the future will be formed. A separation
between thoso two elements in the repub
lican party must take place. Such Iim
been the results in all countries after a great
internal struggle or revolution. Human
nature is the same the world over. During
the great struggle in the seventeenth century
between the British Parliament and Kin
Charles the First there wa3 perfect union
between all factions until the King was exe
cuted and his party destroyed. No sooner
was this accomplished than a. content sprang
up between those who had directed all (heir
efforts to tho accomplishment of that one ob-
lect. The common enemy having been dis
posed of, the factions in Parliament began to
Quarrel themselves. A fierce struggle took
placo between tlie independents, A-resDywri-ans
and the moderates of tho fifth monarchy
party. Wo again find a similar result near
tho close of the eighteenth century in France.
The Girondists and tlic Jacobins
made common cause against Louis
Capet and the aristocracy until they had
succeeded in overturning tho exist
ing form of government and establishing a
constitutional one in its place. No sooner
was this accomplished than a fend between
those two parties commenced. The rtvohi
tionj which the Girondists were foremost in
instigating and bringing about, had so unset
tled the public mind tliat the- Jacobins,
through their club, were uble to ftir up
such a furor that the Girondists were fright
ened into yielding one point after another
to the clamor of tho Jacobiiw, until finally,
although in a majority in the Assembly,
they were not only unable to protect the
constitution which they had formed, but
fell tho victims of the revolution they had
created. Their fiill left the Jacobins in full
possession, until the excesses under their
rule brought on the reign of terror, which
ended by tho execution of the Jacobin
The radicals of tho present day occupy a
position similar to that of the Jacobins in
France at the close of the struggle between
the constitutionalists and the lung. Every
point which tlie constitutionalibtin tho re
publican party yields to the radicals strength
ens the latter. But the very naturo of our
iastitutions, and tho fact that our pcop-o
have been so long accustomed to our present
form of government, render it impossible for
the radicals to ever gain tlie ascendency here
that the Jacobins" did in France. Besides,
we bavc an Execntivo in the person of Presi
dent Johnson who possesses the firmness to
hold them in check. These, htefs, with the
other important point of our periodical ref
erence of all political questions to tho peo
ple in tho election of representatives, will
keep the radicals in a minority in this coun
try, whether they control this Congress or
not. The constitutionalists, in whatever
form events may force them to concentrate,
will obtain tlie ascendency and maintain it.
It is, however, of great importance to tho
country, -whether the constitutional party in
this Congress are successful or not. With
their success comes the immediate and com
plete restoration of the Union and the tri
umph of Mr. Johnson's policy. If the Rad
icals control that body, then restoration will
be postponed, tho financial, commercial and
social interests of the country jeopardized,
until an appeal can be taken and a decision
obtained from the jury of the people at the
ballot box. In tlio" meantime the Radicals
mar sow the seeds of internal rtrife and in
flict a 6cvcre blow to the country. But in
doing this they will only make their iall tho
greater when the day of reckoning comes.
During the war the Southern States tried to
leave the Union, and tho North tried ia keep j
them in, under tho Constitution, Then the i
constitutionalists triumphed. JTow the ;
Southern Stater arc trying to come back into
the'UnioB, unsr tie Ciitioa,- sad Je
liadicali are trying to keep thezi out. The
coaetitational party asai triaatpk as before.
West Pols t.Graw tH !Jie-CsHferfcr-
ate Army. - j
From the Baltimore Gazette.' .'
General Brisbin has latclv delivml
discourse, we do i.ot know precise! v when?.
In which he strongly urgss that till the of
ficers who served in the Confederate armv,
and were graduates of Vest Point, shall be
tcrttiwith hanged, tie thinks that for them
" no mercy shonld exist this side of the
"grave."" .He finds, in what he calk the
"sophbm of their ricnds,,, no rcasdn for
their pardon, and says : " Unwept, unbitied
"by any, abhorred by all, let therrr baled
-"forth speedily to the scaffold, andhhere
n ..n!. .Li. ; l. f .L . 1 , . .
ouuu nix ix-uaiiy iuu iiiguesi enmc
As a justification for this ravage coarse,
be cites the dct that the officers wcrd edu
cated at a government military school' Ac
cording to General Brisbin thev were "edn-
"cated at th. national expense in tho art of
l.ni 4.nr- rl. r..1t. 1 r ,
I' their countryj'" "We can understand how'
in a time of high excitement. peoDle mav
repeat certain talking words and phrases and.
neiieve themselves ut be going through some
sort ofprocess of reasoning, but we cannot
quite comprehend how so- many oft them
can persist in. talking It-day nonsense that
was popular two Years nirn. 't birr
l-heard very little tlironghout the war but
I . if ,1 . t , T j.
uiuuitui. u nicy can oe so-caiica, ot me
sort put forward by General Brisbin, and it
is really time that the men should take a
'TheSonthernpcopleJnaugnratsd and carried
on forthnttime-thoraost stupendous revolu
tion tuatthe world, has ever witnessed.
Most of the educated men of that section be
lieved that the radical agitation, in the North
had. rendered that course necessary on the
part of the South, unless she was prepared
and willing to surrender tamely, at tho dic
tation of a sectional party, rights and insti
tutions guaranteed her by the Constitution.
Most of them thought It their bounden duty
to assist their respective States in resistJniV
the aggressions with which they believed the
latter to bo threatened. The South has.
however, failed. After having shown an
endurance and prowess in the field which
have extorted the liobltbt words of praise
from General Grant, her starving and ont
numlicred armies liave succumbed, .and tlie
jurisdiction of tho Federal Government has
been re-established throughout her bonier.
Ho must have a rjueer way of looking at all
the realities of life who can rcctill the his
tory of such a contest and gravely speak
of Beauregard a having stoictt fort Sum
ter of the Federal troops ' who fell
at Gettysburg a3 having; been mur- i
dered of Confederate soldiers as mere ban- !
dits, and Confederate ships, as pirates. He
must b completely given over to fanaticism
and foolishness who now oracularly assorts
that what men, like General Leo and Mr.
Davis, regarded as reasons and duties were
mere sophisms that ought not to have ira
xised upon a child, or were but the prompt
ings qf their own iiervertcd natures. But
stU I we find individuals who assume, with
the utmost coolness, that there has been only
a disgraceful riot in the South, and that cvery
nian who participated in it was both a fool
and a knave, Or something worse. Wc Should
like to hear some sensible man, wh u takes a
juster and wiser view of the late war, assign
nny valid reason why the graduates of West
Point should be put upon anv different foot
ing from the other officers of the Confeder
ate armies. They had as much right to bo
educated at West Point a any one living in
Massachusetts or New York, and we do not
mipposc that any Northern graduate regards
himself as having been sold fur lite to
the Federal government, when he entered
the military Academy. Washington had
held the King's commission, and taken the
King's par, but we never heard that alleged
as a special reason why he ought to have
been hanged, had he been unsuccessful. Tho
theory that a graduate of West Point ia to
obey every behest of the Federal authori
ties, no matter whether he regards it as ar
bitrary, disgraceful and unconstitutional or
not, is slavish and degrading to the last de
gree, . If, in tho honest judgment of any one
of them, theFederal government ia pursu
ing an illegal and aggressive policy, which
justifies resistance on the part of a State, it
is the privilege and dutroftho citizen to
participate in that resistance, even if ho has
been in the service of the government or
educated at its expense. That officers of the
army should express such sentiments as
General Brisbin has done is particularly
surprising. Whatever may bo thought to
day of their political opinions, wo arc sure
the timo will vet come when the nam&t of
Gen. Lee and many a man who fought under j
him will bo proudly mentioned at Wert
Point as thoso of graduates who contributed
no littlo share to the enduring glory of the
Tom Corn-in- Death.
The correspondent of the Cincinnati
ztttc thus describes his dying scene :
" By and bye supper was announced. Ben
Wado took his arm, helped him at the stair
case, and found a scat for him on a sofa. Ho
would eat nothing only taking a couple of
oysters and a glass of water. But Ilia flow
of genial anecdote and sparkling wit, varid
now and then by ono of those touches of
pathos, or one of those suggestive and far-
reaching political reflections he know so well
how to apply, continued with unabated bril
liancy. Some of the Ohio belles who grace
the capital were on tho other side of tho
room ; but even from them ho drow away
listeners, till he and Wade, who sat beside
him on tho sofa, wero fairly hemed in by a
circle that embraced half tho people in the
room. His tones, I.6wcver, grew gradually
low. and men wero bending down, trying to
catch every syllable.
" lie had been talking ot israzii ; and re
plying to a remark of our consul at Rio Jan
eiro, who had just been speaking to him of
Don recrro, tlio tmperor, ho said, ' log,
Don Pedro, I'm mire, 13 a fino man, what, in
fact, wc would call sir, (with the indescriba-
Die epitome oi an posaiuiejunes.in ma .suu
den play of his features,) in our -country a
popular man. VhyV so mgn uo l rate
A. ml ...... "
Warren county, weM elect him ulicnff no
mean test of popularity, sir. Then he began .
to speak of Slexico, first in the same jocose ,
inn iiowuiar i umiuw, it u.ui iiuu iu
vein, Xfllliig now, wncii mujr (.-uuiuil-ul-vu
shooting and cutting throats all around and
within sight of the capital, ho came to the
conclusion that the country didn't suit a gen
tleman of steady habits, and so became
home. ' A Frenchman came to me smart
fellow, whom Maximilian eent. Ho would
..11? 1 . T . I. , I
be so distressed if, because the French flag
come, the American flag should leave con
found his politeness ! But if I had to gov
ern Mexico under (no Empire, I d make
that fellow Emperor.' From this he di
vereed into more serious talk of Mexican
affiurs, gpeaking with all Iris old fervor, and
gesticulating freely. For a few sentences
his tones gradually grew lower, so trial even
Wade, sitting at liia aide, could not hear;
then his beard dropped on his brcat a com
mon motion with him when ho had finished
a train of thought
The strained attention of the circle wan
broken and men began to notice that tho room
was oppressively warm. Wado rose to get a
breath of fresh air and there was a general
movement Suddenly Governor Corwin wan
observed to extend Lis hands 114 if groping
in tlie darle, and toiay: "ttoom, a little
room; it is very warm." Some one took him
by the arm and helped him to rise, and a
hurried whisper ran around: "Mako room
for Governor Corwin he is fiiir.ting with
the heat," one &nd another aiding him as he
tottered to the door. Durbin Ward was now-
trying to hold him up, but hi wounded arm
wa too weak, and he colled to Garfield:
another took Jum on tlie other Bide, and still
another sprang down the staircase in front,
and helped to support hi weight The feet
of Jlie ftricken old statesman dragged I.elp-lesslr-
beEind him. He wa& carried in and
laid on a bed In an adjacent chamber. His
right Iiand was lifted helplessly back upon
tho bed. Tlie case wasr plain his whole
riirbt side was paralyzed. Ilehad not noken
since he asked in the supper room for fresh
a:r: but as lie noted the shocked expression
with wliich those about him saw tho right
hand fall, he lifted np the other, opened and
chut the finger as if to tray; I know what
has happened ; but this you see U all right."
New Yoiik, Jan. 2.T. B. Stiliman,
late Supervising Inspector offhe 2d District
and Superintendent of Repairs and Supplies
of United States Revenue, diedst his resi
dence In New York this cveniag. Mr. Still
man was widely ksawfl" Mid highly rc
sected,twad ongilly wa ime ef the pro
prietors' of -Ike cckfiratcdNwvel ty Iron
Worksv. H wm forty yean ef age.
Proportionate rates for afce-w sriaC
Subscriptions invariably in advance.
" ' "Thr 01iTei'RWdtc"Xew.
From the New York Express. ff
Before this, meets: the eye of onr more uin--tantre3dcr?,
the dying-year will have en
rolled itself among the days that arc no
more. Of material for history; with especial
reference to our own conntry, it need scarcely
be said, it furnishes a teemingabun dance
while of themes provocative of moral and
philosophical' TOntemplalion; - It has been
equally prolific The rctrospqjt lias much
in it to rejoice at, and quite as much to
mourn over- -a great deal that deserves to
livo eturnally in men's memories, and not a
littlft that it would be well to let siijk in the
waters of oblivion, forever. WhertThomis
tocle, exiled from Athens, sought an asylum
at the court of Ajtaxcrxcs, some incortside
rato frienttthore, , desirous of diverting him,
offered to teach hint tho art cf memory
Tho Greek thanked the Persian, bur begged
ot him rather to teach him, noE how to re
member, but how to forget. We are not
snro but that, reflecting; on the past, seme
feeling akin to this is dperienccu . by cver
lover of his country, whose patriotism is not
gauged by lines of latitude and longitude.
but expansive enough to embrace the entire
Republic within tho circle of its sympathies.
Who. for example, desires, to recall to re
membrance the various saddening scenes re
sulting from a protracted strife, with which
the passing year was ushered in? Who
would retouch the melancholy picture which,
were then, on every baud, presented to the
gaze, or seek to revive the heart-burnings,
axuiJaUicxnoavbetwecn, .brethren. ami coun
trymen, that are now happily superseded,
though unfortunately not to the full cxten
that they ought to be, by an era of good
feeling? Others may find pleasure in such
a retrospective raking up of dead ashes we
have none. The curtain is down. Let it
Nevertheless, there aresomo events which,
at the time of their occurrence, so powerful
ly affected the public mind, and wliich sub
sequently hail so controlling an influence
upon the national affairs, that it is impossi
ble 'to shut them out from remembrance.
One of these wms the surrender of Gen. Lee,
in Virginia, on tho 7th of April, resulting
in the rc-ostablishnient of peace and an
other, the assassination of President Lin
coln, at a place of public entertainment, in
Washinfrtott, on thelGth of th satuo month.
The first was hailed throughout the North
with demonstrations of heartfelt joy; but
hardly had tlie music- of bells, tho roar of
cannon, ami the flashing of bonfires, and
prayers of tluuikiving to tho giver of all
victory died away, ere the second, with
fearful suddenness, changed the song of
gladnat) into i iotas of lamentation and woe
lime, however, soon assuages
national, as well as individual gnels, and i -
the course of events it was not long ere th
tragedy in real life, at Ford' Theatre, w
subordinated in tho publio mind toothi -things
growing out of the suppression of tit
rebellion. Consolation for the death of the
President was had in tlio conciliatory anrt
statesmanlike policy adopted by his suecc
soir so much so, indeed, that many, who in
the first tnsports of grief, wero inclined to
view the taking off of Mr. Lincoln, as an
irreparable loss; soon began to think that i i
this, as in other things; it is better that God s.
rather than man's, will should be done t -pccially
as nil tilings seem now to bo wor
in" together for good.
Looking beyond the confines oi our own
country, other natioas have had experiences
of one kind or another, of a character to be
remembered. Our unhappy next door
neighbor,. Mexico, has had the life: well nigh
trampled out of her, by foreign intruders,
while on our northern boundary, tho Ca
nadians have had their equanimity disttir' -ed
by visioas (unreal as yet) of a Fenian in
vasion. War has been let loose in South
America, and at this moment it is scan-civ
an exaggeration to say it envelopes tho whok
continent, from Panama to Patagonia, Era
zil and the Argentine Republic, aro at wir
with Paraguay. Cliili is at war with Sr Ir
Peru has just been in conflict with her- '
while Ecuador, New Grenada, and the 1 .
tral American State?, we regret to add, arc ,
each in a condition about as for from InUr
nal tranquility, as the demon of discord
could desire. On tho other side of the t
lantic, peace generally has prevailed, ami,
it is pleasing to be persuaded that there I
nothing in tho present relations of the sever
al powers in Europe to warrant the anticipa
tion that the twelve month to como Is not to
be, like its predecessor, one of profound
tranquility. As the &pre isnotamong thuM'
who believe that civilization, or Christian 1 1 v ,
or political freedom even, is t-j
be aided directly by fighting, it must be p. r
nutted to accept this as a gratifying fa-t.
not that wars are not often necessary, r.-r,-that
there is not likely to be more or 1 ;
fighting in thisworld, solong a poor hun.t -
nature is constituted as it is, but the in
sary wars, unhappily, are not the war- thi,
arc most frequent. The Great Powei s, ' ?
they are called, may be impressed with thr
truths, and the present profound p i
among them all may be the fruit of the : 1
Eneseion. We hope it is. At any rat -, w
ut seldom hear Englishmen now speukn- t
of Frenchmen as their natural enemii -The
Czar of Russia and the Sultan of Tur
key n re grown more placable. It wa. but
the other day that weread of an cnthusi.i -ii-reception
given to the Emperor of Aust' i j. tt
the Hungarian, city of Pestlt (ivoirti'l.
Pesth I), while on the Italian Peninsula. 1
troubles consequent upon the shaking oil -the
old Bourbon dynasty, and the adopts n
of a system more in conformity with rhe
spirit of the age and the aspirations of au
enlightened and generous people, wee nil so
well smoothed down that the cvcry.iiv
occurrences in Rome, Naples, Milan, ft
are scarcely important enough to the rst
tho world to be made the subject of a "lu-u
tcr telegram.'' In Asia tiling seetu
go on after the fashion of South Arncric a,
much fighting, hero and there, with no tul
st.antial or definite results There is a bi
rebellion in China, which is occasionally
productive of much bloodshed, but as that
rebellion has been going on for some w nrn
past, it cannot, properly, be credited Uj w.c
year under review. Japan and Polynt" i
are comparatively quiet, though it w but a
few months since there was 'serious dlt
tent in New Zealand, which had to be sn'
nrewcd ty the strong paw of the Briti.li
i .,nn Thnon ilivnntontji IioufWor. ami njf
Uulo American interest, at tho lime--our
own tronblen at home shutting them n
fmn, gave fa an occaiuonal paragr.r i
. . -
in the fbrcim new.
Death has been busy in both-hemiph'r- .
and many are tho shining marks at whii 'i
he lias sent his remorseless shaft. Tlie po
litical, literary, scientific and religio't.
world have each lost some of iU Li-IkM
particular dtars among which Vo need "i
mention in passing; tlie names of Lord I'j
mcrrton, Bishop Potter, Preston K in -Thomas
Corwin, Mrs. GiwIdH, Vi:
Wallaee, Madame Virginia Whiting Lrn
Death's most prolific iiarvesr. however.
farther East; hia sharp ilckle, the chuti
devastating Cortftontinople, Smyrna, tu.
many other citiex anil towns in that it-jl .
thesiekfe nwr.euwing till it- got hit" '
fjyenpfttt! of Pram, and cast from:'
ominous reflection not Only acrot- :n
English Cliuunal, but upon the abort- ...
Sandy Hook, at our own deer, bet .i
which wc pray it may never r&me.
The following account of tho dl-jturlmn. .
at Alexandria is from tho Richmond Ki
iner, and fa the South side view. " We a n
assured by a clergyman, who wan preaem at
Alexandria when the negro riot took pi.u
there on Christman day last, that tlie acttn at
which the Washington OiAwnVtfgitvcol b
bloody afrray, w for a charging tho I ia....
upon young men who were formerly in '
Confederate armv. fet concerned, entir .
incorrect Our informant fit niches th- '
lowing, which ho represents to bo a tr i
gtatement of the affiurs The negroc con
menced paradingthestrectson Sunday nigi. 1
They were armed with pistols, knives hj.
clnbs, and ruarched to the ocaIngof drum
Theykeptup this demonstration until Clirnt
inas day. Ther insulted a number of wh lu.
person in various way. They lutlUu .
front of moral houses, uttering threat ,
tlie Inmatavahouting at and cursing the i.i
habitanta generally, and brandisliing th-i,
knives and pistolsT Finally; these dwgra..r
ftil scenes culminated in on attack npon 3
white man who wa paing along the rtrcet
A general fight soon after crmutl between
the whites and tho blacks, which reaulted n
the killing of several person and among
them a Mr. Mitchell, who belonged to tht
2d United State Regiment of the District ..
Columbia Volunteers. Tho white peai
engaged in t bo riot were entirely of thocla-y
known as " loyal." General Augur ha di
rected an investigation to be made into the
circumstancca of the riot,,snd. will bring all
partial responsible for the affkir to jiw-'tIce?-A
'number of aneta hav, alwsdy