Newspaper Page Text
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C. BUaWIXGTOX &
Voluntary communications, conUinise interest
ins or important news, rolicited from any quarter.
Xctts letters from the variom comities of the
State especially desired.
All communications should be addressed to the
" Editors of the Ukios Xsb America."
SEYMOUR, M. 3).
, (Late Bricadc Surreon, U. S. A J
r .FOCUIilST A.XD AURIST,
Office 29 Cedar strccUhetween Summer and Cherry,
Office for treatment of all Diteaees of the Eye
and Ear, operations for Squlntiwt, Cataract, ect.
7co, i: o.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rPHE firm heretofore cjirtinff nnder the namo
1 firm and style of W. MATT BHOWN A" Co.,
i thit dav diMolrol by mutual consent. Mr.
Brown retires from the buiiaoss. Mr. Callendcr,
in connection with Phineas tiarreU, will co
Jinne the Heal Estate bunmesj at tne oia tanu
Vr.'OM. Brown Ic Co.. 41 J OiMjjNrtff et . w
CALLENDER k GARRETT,
jucceswrs to Y . .hatt. ueows a. vo
41 Clierry Street,
WILTi give their prompt attention to the selling
ana remind oi every ucscnpuon o jvci ji.-imc.
Building X.ols for Sale,
A LARGE NUMBER OF FARMS.
1st. A Cno Residence, containing 12 rooms, in
ret territory. Also two vacant iois aujoinin?.
2d. That cplendld Rcsidoneo of the late James
Johnson, on Brood Sstrect, between Summer and
JliKh stn-fts. containtne n rooms, uefiucs rcrvniiu
rooms ana outer out nouses.
3li Tlmt. Kltlrn (I lil llpiildcnce of the late Hardin
P. Bostick. eontaininit about 10 rooms, out houses.
(. rtnul Rnrini; ntiil snrinir house with e'A
ncros of land, immodiatcly adjacent to the city, on
the Charlotte Pike.
4th. 80 aeres of pround of tho Barrow property,
on tho Charlotto Pike, which will be divided to
r.tli A -rv lirrn nrmlipr of Lilt 111 the CitV
and the diflcrcnt Additions to Xaseville. 25 Ixits
in Edccficld and Brownsville.
Ctlrr A very lanre number of tho BEST FARMS
in this and the aujoining counties, jwvij io
.T. T.. k 11. VT. BROWN.
decllm Uniou street.
Ai.iiKr.T m. piu.iy.
w. rmcr Tnoiirsox.
PILtlN & THOMPSON,
nr.i. ESTATE AXI
OROMISINO FAITHFUIi AND PROMPT
J. attention to all business entrusted to onr care,
we respectfully tender ouri vices to the Public,
nsUcueral Agents, for tho Purchase and Sale ot
ltn.il Kitntn; llentins; and Leasing of City or
Conntry Propcrt-: Collection of Notes; AceounU
and Vouchers; Investigation of Titles, etc, etc.
DILLIN i THOMPSON,
Office, over Second National Bank, Collcgo street.
BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c.
W. C. COLLIER,
WHOLCSILE XD BETAIL PKALEH.IX - -
VciiOOI. HOOKS. BLANK BOOKS, GOLD AND
Ariiolrt'KlVrltliiRriuia Oopjliiff Ink,
Wedding, Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And tho Latest Literature of tho Day,
NO. 7 UNION STREET,
(Between Cherry and College,)
Orders solicited for every description of rPrinting.
7"1? lmri rrtnnrotl !ini- Stock to tho'Ware-
I houje. oiirncr Church nnd College streets,
fni-inirlf (wntiiie.1 hv l'avnr. Jnmos k Co.. where
wp hope to meet our former patrons and tho pub
Our STock Is
And we always sell
A. A. SPENCER .t CO.
tj. s. cxajcm: agency,
No. 3) NORTH OHHRRY STREET.
Sperfal attintion paid to the
COLLECTION or "CLAIMS AGAINST
NO CHARGE IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD .t NELSON,
Attorncyi and IF. S. Claim Agents.
RErKRCNORS-Hon. O. F. Trig e. U. S. District
Judge; Anson Nelson, Esq.. President Second Na
tional Bank; .MaJ. Ocn. Donaldson. Chief Quar
SOAP! SOAF! ! SOAP!!!
n.vwirs imi'Roveo i.r.vsive soap.
Bcsl Soap made In the United
Send your Order to
RODDY & CO.,
MAN TTF ACTUBERS,
No. DO, Church. Street.
B. B. DENTON & CO
CITV STEAM RAKES Y
AXD, (CAXIY .MANIIEACTORY.
t c Axn s mums STREirr.
J)cilef! can le Mippliwl on uliort notice
VTItU r.TCrvlJllIib 'l vui A.uiV inane um-
, . v . '- . ' And Candy.
Aluo, JJrcad, Cokes, clc,t,ttvt -j-v f .
G. M. HUNTINGTON,
deel lm .
CO., I ' -' t4 X A " "1 T ' ' -m - - i - .o-fc,. 1 liM. LjUJWtt XJMrtJL U J jf '
GROCERS & BANKERS.
J. H. EWIKC,
EWING & CO.,-
Corner Buiidinr Market and Chnrch streets, for
merly occupied by hwiur, JlcCrory t Co.
ARE RECEIVING and hare in store the fol
lowing: Iw barreu Brown Suzar.
A Coffee Sugar,
a uo 19
0 do do
Stuart's Crushed Skar, ttandard,
do A do Ju do
'M k?cs SrniD. 5 and 10 cats..
160 harrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel.
do War do do
kits da Po
Z, barrels F. N. x Co's Whisky,
25 lo- S. N. Pike's do
2V) boxes starcandlcs.
SO dozen brooms.
100 boxes cheesa.
50 boxes raisins.
00 kezs nails.
iw reams paper.
U) boxes assorted soap,
40 kegs eings,
30 dozen buckets,
SO rackfc Rio coffee.
100 boxes candy.
M baskets cnampagoe,
30 cases sordines,
IO boxes starch,
SO do pickles,
20 do Madder, ,.,
75 barrels apples,
SO boxes assorted wines.
1009 barrels Flour, all grades.
UO I OUllOCS,
100 boxes Firu Crackers,
20 c&ses Fiirs.
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to the abovo we have a rcncral as
sortment of groceries, all of which were bought
during the present pressure in the Eastern mar
kets, w ti expect to sell goods on short profits,
and would bo pleased to have our old friends call
on us. JSWUtU & CO.
A. (- Ewinir. of the fnrmi.firtn of "Rwlni. fr.
Crory Jc Co., will be found with the above firn for
the purpose oi settling up their business. doc21
C. POWELL, GREEN & CO.
38 11ROAD STREET,
CoLUMEGa Powell, formerly C. Towcll k Co.;
I. F. OREEN.fonncrlyNichol, Green 4: Co.Nash-
Ciuh. M. JIcOhek, living at Knoxvillc, Tcnn.
TiY the nbovo canl it will be seen we have es-
J3 -tablished ourselves in New Yor for the pur
pose oi doing a lcgltmate commission business;
niit hnin. h T.nnnM li mi an .Mriiintfiillv
licit tlie patronae of our Southern friends gen
erally. We are amply prepared to make cash ad
vances on consignments ; to loan currency on gout
without chanre of interest: to Durchase and tell
cotton, tobacco, flour and nork : also gold stocks.
. bonds, and government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
C 1HHVEH,. UREEV k "
dee 20 3 m
MUTUAL "LIFE INSURANCE
SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURI.
ASSETS. July I, 1SC5, .$50l,Glt 37
Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 18C5,
Forty Fcr Cent.
Reader, Is Your Life Insured?
If not, what Tirorleion have you made for your
dependent ones T THINK I What would be
their pecuniary situation were you to
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay ?
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
JAMES II. LUCUS AJIUEL WILLI
Robert M. Funkbouser, of Funkhouscr.t Burnett.
Ubas. II. l'eclc, rrcsd t or the I'Uilo Jvnob Iron Uo.
Robert K. Woods. Cashier df the Alerchiuita Bank.
Jules Vnllc, of ChouteanHarrison & Valjo,
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson k (larlard.
Chas. W. McCord, of McCord Jt Co.. Machinists,
John F. Thornton, of Thornton .t Pierce.
Isaac II. Mnrgeon, rresid lot theli. jlo. luilroad
Hon. Joiin iiogan, itieiiioer oi uonrrcss.
Henrj' Oversteli, of Orerstclx, Wagner & Co,
Nich. Schaffer, of Nicholas SchalTcr k Co., Star
AVilliam T. (lay, of Hancnkamn k Edwards.
David Keith, of Keith k Woods, Booksellers and
R.P. llanenkamp, of Gay k Hancnkamp.
Isaac W. Mitchell.
D. A. January, of I). A. January k Co., Grocers
and Commission Merchants.
Win. J. Lewis, of Lewis & Bro Tobaeconist.
F. ltoiicr, Jr., of F. Rosier, Jr k Co
Jacob Tarum, of Tamm k Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI. President.
JAMES H. LUCAS, VIco President.
WM. T. SELBY, Secretary.
WM. N. BEXTON, General Agent.
DR. JOHN T. H0DGEN, Consulting Physician.
LACKLAND, CLINK k JAMISON.Legal Adv'rs.
HON. ELI7.UR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary.
. SILAS K. l'OOT,
State Agent for Tennessee.
C, It VR FIELD,
T. W. STEI'HEXSOX,
Special Agents, Nashville. Tenn.
OAIrct Second Xntlounl Bnnk Building:
Nashville Local Beard of Reference;
Hillraan, Bro. k Sons, J. A. McAlIstcr 4 Co..
Jno. Kirkman. 0. J. Stubblcficld,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Tlios. R. Jennings. M. V T. .M. Madden.
In si iran ce Capital.
Indemnity Agmlnit Loanbj- Fire, River
nnd Rnllranil in the
Home Inn. Co.orX'.Y. Cash asseU.tKMLOiO
Columbln, Cash Capital. fiOOOOO
Art-tic, Ciah Asset' C2V.C00
llnrlfonl. Cash Assets 1,OSO,000
x.I,0Sr iVu,,cl an'1 Promptly paid at this Office.
N. -V-i. Cherry street,
E. D. FARNSWORTH.
STATE OF TENNESSEE, I
FlUN'KLIK CllCSTT. f
A J. IMI'SOA. AUJIIXISTRATOR OF L.
JX . N. Simpson, dcoeascd. is hereby ordered to
give notice n the Vsipx jixr. Amexicax. and by
written notice, at the Court House door in Win
chester, Tenn.. for all persons haringclalms arainst
said estate to appearand file tho same with the
undersigned, duly authenticated. In the manner
PJ!?cnbcd by ,,lr on orb.?fo he 1st or April.
ITdlt-wU THOS. SHORT, CleA.
FanouT firncx N. iCR.K.1
declS-la V. JONES, Armt.
a m m m m .- d m I m m m m i . .a n, m- ...v m: m m n i a m i ; vv . '& . . i
m ' my. I it ip m m m i m . . w ail - im. i-.. . . ,
MXW IS "THEiMlE
t ii r'Wr'
(SOON TO nr. KSTABLISIIED,)
"WILr. MEET THE WANTS OP A IX
V I- 4 1
The DAIEYwHI contain the
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH,
From all parts of the country, embracing
AND A GENERAL MISCELLANY.
Of information, relating to the Religions, Domes-
tie and Social condition of the people.
NORTH AND SOUTH.
The Tri-Weeklv, which will be regularly issued
so soon as the necessary'arrangemcnts can be per
fected, will contain all tho most important matters
treated in the Daily, and a large advertising list
showing the general business of this and. other
The Weekly, which will bo enlarged as circum
stances shall require, will contain selections from
the other editions, of matter thaLwill serve to in
terest and improve the old and the young, It will
contain, in addition to its general reading, embra
cing all subjects of current thought and interest,
OVcekly Review of the markets ef this and other
titles, with which our people do business, and a
carefully prepared price-current of the Nashville
markets, including all articles bought and.sold in
the city, whether of domcstie production or im
ported from abroad. We also intend to make the
" Weekly Usios asd Americas," in all respects, a
with solid and instructive matter for tho advan
tage of the-rising generation, and for the enter
tainment and comfort of thoso more advanced in
life. The proprietors of the " Uxion axd.Aheri
oam" have lived and been engaged in tho
newspaper business long enough to obtain aknowl
edgoof the true wants of a great, honest and vir
tuous people,who, though unfortunate, are striving
to transmit to their descendants, in culture and
nurture, tho highest and most noble qualities,
industry, self-reliance, and dignity of character.
Fatly appreciating the power and beneficence oi
woman, they will endeavor to make this paper an
acceptable companion to the mothers and daugh
ter of the conntry, wherefrom they may derive
both profit and pleasure.
To persons desirous of making known to the
public their business, we may say that our circula
tion by mail, reaching every Post Office which has
been re-opened in the State, besides an extensivo
circulation in adjoining States, gives our advertis
ing columns superior advantages.
The advance in the priccsot every article which
enters Into the production?of newspapers is such
that the terms upon which they are furnished
mnst necessarily correspond. In common with
our city contemporaries,? we have adopted the
following as the
ti n i o ii 'a n'd A m e rd c a n,
(Strictly in Advance.)
" for sir months.
" for three months-
for one month-
YT o o It 1 y.
Weekly, per annum...
" for six months-
" for three raenths-
Due asmouncesie&t will be made of the time
when the Tri-Weekly wiH be iuaed, and oftfe)
. . f-fyfatM .
' - ' ' '
Umnn and ArriericaiL
IKTERESTIS6 f LETriJRv FIOMj all
BcscrJpttoH of thee Leaders or the
Quarrels. -DetwecH ,thc Priests and
r ' : e 'Fenians;
datu of a DIaynootb Priest-
From tho Correspondence of tho New York World.
DrjBLix, Decemher 10. Feniahwni js
now and hks been, foe the last three months,
the all-absorbing topic of discussion in tho
Irish capital. The Fenian trials, now draw-'
tag to a close, after a continuance of over
two weeks, have been the means of tepnW
all classes of tho people in a ferment, to
which a presidential camnaitrn in thh'TTnilPfl
States would bear hut a Very feeble resem
blance for the feverish excitement and hitler .
animosity now oxistihg between the oppo
nents and adherents of F enianism. Dublin
is virtually, thoueh "not litcrallv. in a Rfatn
"-"aniai law. i ne streets are fall of sol
diers of all arms or raeTJnitsii tservios Xah
the vicinity of the courtsjrhere the prisoners
are being tried for the treasonable offences
allegedlsin possession of strong detachments
of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Arrest
and imprisonment are the only weapons
which the government design to use, and the
bad example caused by the treacherous
course pursued by PierceNagle and his com
peers in infamy Jias crea'ted distrust and sus
picion among the warmest friends.- All
efforts at insurrection or resistance in anv
shape against the authority of the English
government have been rendered futileby tlie
thorough and vigorous preparations of the
authonties, and tho disorganization caused
by the flight of the great Fenian chieftain,
THE misii REVOLUTIONISTS.
The men who are implicated in tlie Fe
nian movement as leaders are worthy of a
little description, and having watehed the
movement rather carefully from its first out
break, it will probably interest the readers
of The World if I may be allowed to tell in
print what I have observed of the Fenian
eadcrs. James Stephens, the crreat imnel-
i: e .1 : : i i- i
iui Aici ul uiu ufguuiuiuuii, ns peculiarly
fitted for the post which he filled up to the
time of his flight from prison. Stephens has
made revolution a study, and so great a hold
has never been gained by any man, since the.
days of Daniel O'Cohncll, on the hearts of
the Irish people, as ihat which is now pro
fessed for James Stephens. Stephens studied
originally in the'school of the impracticable
theorists of 1849, but for the last ten yeara
Tie has forsaken his early teachings, and
during the primal stages of the Fenian
movement he was a great advocate of French
rationalism and infidelity rather startling
theories to be advanced and propagated
among a nation of pious Catholics. During
the trial of Stephens, he was the centre
of attraction to the crowds that forced
themselves into the courts, despite the vigi
lance of the police and soldiery, who have
acieu iiiruuguuui mis emeuie wun an open
and avowed contempt for the Irish people
iii general, and all malfeasant Fenians in
particular. Pre-eminently a man of intel
lect, Stephens is below the medium stature,
with smoothe checks, a fair complexion, a
fine, large auburn beard covering the lower
part of his face, and hair of light brown col
or curling around the back of his head, tlie
front and top being entirely bald, showing a
large development of the intellectual and
moral faculties, " firmness " being remarka
bly large. The eyes are small, lively and
restless. Stephens's temperamentis evident
ly sanguine and nervous, indicating quick
ness of perception, energy and determina
tion, lie speaks" English fluently and cor
rectly, with a slight American drawl. His
manners are gentlemanly, betraying a certain
abruptness and impatience when disturbed.
During his trial he evinced the most com
plete self-possession and sang froid a re
markable contrast to the nervous irritability
of the judge3.on the bench, and the veno
mous Merbity of the Crown prosecutor.
Stephens seemed to have the most
disgusting confidence in the right
eousness of his cause, and to those who
watched the Fenian leader's face during
the trial, a buoyancy and cheerfulness was"
impressed upon his features, which was
afterwards accounted for by the manner of
his mysterious flight from prison. Doctor
O'Learyis a handsome, elderly looking fel
low, of evident education and refinement,
who looked upon his conviction as a matter
of course under the formula of British law.
Thomas Clarke Luby is a cultivated gentle
man, possessing a small landed property,
now confiscated to the Crown by reason of
his conviction of felony. Luby and O'Lcary
were editors on the Irish People, the most
fiery and forcible Irish newspaper against
the system of English government in Ire
land. Jeremiah O'Donovan, or the O'Don
ovan Eossa, as he is called from the place
of his nativity, is a young man about twenty
eigbt years of age, of large frame, saturnine
features, bold-looking and self-competent
in his manners, with mustache and goatee,
which gave rise to the rumor, that O'Dono
van had served in the Federal army.
O'Donovan formerly published a rev
olutionary weekly newspaper in the
city of New York, in conjunction
with the famous Col. O'Mahony, and was al
so implicated in the Phoenix conspiracies of.
1859, in which so many ofthc young men of
Cork and its vicinity were involved. O'Don
ovan has been convicted and sentenced to a
life-long imprisonment of penal servitude,
after defending himself in person with the
most dogged obstinacy ana contemptuous
manner toward the horrified judges Kcogh
and Fitrgcrald, who looked ujwn the pris
oner as a dangerous man who should be con
fined in order to prevent his further action
with the Fenian organization. Charles J.
Kickham, another of the Fenian prisoners,
is a native of Tipperary, about- six feet in
height, long features, sallow complexion,
with an abundance of dark hair and whis
kers, and rather a vacant look, resulting
from the fact that he is quite deaf, the testi-
mony having to ho handed to him by the
crown attorneys to reao. 11c converses wiin
the aid of an ear-trumpet, and is in appear
ance a very gentlemanly person, with an
earnest nnd truthful manner. Kickham is the
son of a Tipperary farmer in comfortable cir
cumstance) and is one of the leading poets in
the revolutionary movement, having contri
buted under various nom deplumes in the Irish
1'eople, prior to tlie suppression ot Uiat jour
nal. The London Athenaeum criticised his
poetical productions rather favorably a short
time ago, and all accounts convey thedin
pression that he is '' a man of considerable
literary ability, from the fact that his songs
of "Patrick Sheehan," "The Irish Peasant
Girl." "Rory ofthc Hill," "The Shan Van
Vocht," and numerous other ballads from
his pen are sung universally by the strcct
hawKers and the peasantry throughout the
South of Ireland. Dully is a delicate look
ing youth of quiet and unobtrusive manner,
giving to (he spectator tlie idea of a pale
compositor who had overworked himself on
a morning newspaper- Stephens and Kick
ham were always well, nay, fashionably,
dressed during the trials, in tlie most elegant
broadcloth suits, and it is said that Stephens
converses fluently in six languages, having
at one time been tutor to the children of two
or three of tlie highest families in Ireland.
On the whole, tlie men of 1C65, who have
conducted the Fenian movement, arc su
perior as far as practical ability goe?, in
organiiing and welding together the -contra
dictory elements of tlie Irish cliaractcrto
the lanciful theorists of 1S-IS.
REASONS FOB REYOMmON.
The reasons for disaffection and discon
tent in tlie minds of the Irishjpcqple, against
the British government, are manifold, and
will bear -crutiniring. There is, first of all,
the old hereditary hatred and bitter animos
ity to all things British in their character,
unappeasable by time or conciliation. Sev
en centuries of bondage and oppression have
failed to crush or annihilate the slumbering
feelings of resistance enkindled on the fatal
day when Strongoow placed his nailed heel
on the necks of the Irish people. Other
peoples have become reconciled to their con
querors, and have gradually amalgamated
and fused with stranger races, but an Irish
man of the present day will compare favor
ably with a .chieftain of Henry or Eliza
beta's era in Mslove of the land which gave
him birth, a&d hU rooted dislike to the for
TENNESSEE, SUNDAY, JANUARY 7, 1866.
Sir QZTLJz T:
i . ,vi. ; - v-, .
scaiea anupainy w lnsa enthusiasm 8gau.sk
the callous difference of Enrlishmea to
mines lrisn, apparently tend tn
render the breach between the two
nationalities irreconcilable, al least in
the present "generation. "Wliolesalff eviciion
of the peasantry from the .homes' they have
1 i .1. i 1.: a -i . - 7
tuicuMucoiiV vuuiuium 1Y1U1 me UCJU31.
arbitrament of the local courts of law, are
heavy, and, in the minds, of thd lower order
of the Irish people, very effective accusations'
against the justice ef English rule. The
peasantry are in a wretched condition ; more
miserable than the aboriginecs of North
America. A landlord can refuse to grant a
lease to the tenant whose forefathers for gen
erations have resided on the patch of land.
improved though it may be by the labors of
a hundred years. J. he miserable Irisl cot
tier is compelled to vote perforce as his
landlord -directs,-year 'after year, in order to
retain the-, hovel- which 'shelters his wife and
children from the elements. Ho must have'
lessness who' dares differ with his landlord
as to the question of whom he shall return
to Parliament. Manhood is crushed in the
cflbrt to reconcile the right of conscience and
free opinion, with a proper regard "for the
safety, jof .worldly property. The crowded
docks and quays of the Irish, and English
seaport bear evidence to the dislike with
which Irishmen rarard the onerous nnd un
just systent "of landlordism, and theaccom-',
panying, evil eviction,
i ,'HX.ll5!'""'JxflDulated and made
deserts of to accomplish" tlie wishes- or cruel,
and merciless landlords. Tlie system of
landlordism has given to the Irish people an
unsiauie ana aepenueni cnaracter, wincn tne
almosphere of a free land often fails to erad
icate. The people have borne with this sys
tem, fearing to accept the alternative of ex
patriation or banishment, and as a natural
consequence we have Fenian conspiracies
and wretched attempts at revolution, result
ing lutherto in failures of the most disas
trous and demoralising influences. Then
there are the questions of education and the
pampered church establishment to add fuel
to the flame, and keep the caldron rolling.
"When compelled by the sheer force of agita
tion, the English government is gracious
enough to throw a sop to Cerberus in the
shape of a Eubsidv to some institution like
Maynooth, or in the repeal of some trifling
local enactment, which is not intended in
any way to ameliorate the condition of the
people at large. All small favors of this
kind are" heralded forth as acts of justice to
the Irish people by the English press ; while
the fact isconcealedthat they are forced from
Parliament 'by" half a 'score rof Irish members
who may be lucky enough at the time to
hold the balance of Dower, which, if disre
garded, would probahly result in the down
fall of tlie party in power.
AEIEJTATIOX OF TIIE PEOPLE FEOSI THE
In the short space of two years the most
radical and startling changes have been
worked in the relatious of the people to the
Ericsthood. The change has been wrought
y the dissemination of Fenian doctrines.
For 600 years the priests and people of Ire
land have been connected by the most in
dissoluble ties of affection and endearment,
the resnlt of persecution and mutual suffer
ings. ? Priests led the ragged rebel cohorts
at Vinegar Hill in 1798, and until the es
tablishment of the Maynooth College forthe
education of Irish priests, the faintest whis
per of distrust never had existed between
the" priests and people. The unity between
lay and cleric did not suit the English gov
ernment, and a college was established for
the education of Irish priests at Mavnooth,
near Dublin, for the support of which insti
tution the sum of 30,000 is voted annually
by the British Parliament. Under the old
penal laws, young men who wished to enter
the Catholic Church a3 priests were
compelled to Eeek for the preparatory
education necessary for the ministry nt
the Continental Universities, Salaman
ca, and Paris, Louvain, Borne and
various other continental Catholic universi
ties educated the men who were designed for
the ministry in Ireland. On arriving in
Ireland, by stealth, it being a penal oflense
to harbor a priest within the bounds of tho
United Kingdom, they had to perform their
sacred offices in secluded nooks; mountain
fastnesses, and caves. Like wild beasts they
were hunted by the government officials, a
price being set on every priest's head, amount
ing to 30. But the people never betrayed
their pastors, and it is creditable to the loyal
feelings of the Irish people that the crime of
informing on a priest was not heard of once
in a century. Certainly sucii conduct as
this deserved a return, and the confidence
was returned by the foreign priests who
placed their lives in the hands of the pe.iple.
The Maynooth College was established at
tlie instigation of some of the Irish Catholic
bishops, and in return for the subsidy of 30,
000 granted to tho college, every graduate,
before entering on his course, was forced to
toke the following oath to support tlie Eng
lish government, precluding all possibility
of loyal adhesion to his- own countrymen :
OATH OF A MAYNOOTH STUDENT.
I, X. 3T.f do take Almighty God, and His
Holy Son, Jesus Christ, to witness that L
will be faithful and bear true allegiance to
her most gracious Majesty, Queen Victoria,
and her will defend to the utmost of my
power from all "conspiracies and attempts
whatever that shall bo made against her per
son, crown, or dignity. And will do my ut
most endeavor to dissolve and make known
to her Majesty and successors, all treasonable
and treacherous conspiracies which may be
formed against.her or them. And do promise
to maintain, support, and defend, to the ut
most of my power, the succession of the
crown in her Majestys family.
And I do swear that I will defend to the
utmost of my power the seltlementand ar
rangement of property in this country estab
lished by law now in being. I do truly de
cline, disavow, and entirely abjure, any in
tention to subvert the present Church Estab
lishment, for the purpose of substituting a
Catholic Establishment in its stead. And I
do solemnly swear that I will not exercise
any privilege to which I- am or may
become entitled, to disturb and weaken
the Established Religion and Protestant
government in this country. And I do sol
emnly, in the presence of God and His Holy
Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, profess, tcs-
tify and declare, that I do make this decla
ration and every part thereof, in the plain
and ordinary sensSof tho words, without any
..-,:.. f..,i; minl -.ocm-t.ntr,
whatever, and without any dispensation
whatever, already granted by the Pope, or
any authority of the See of Rome,-or any
power whatever, and without thinking that
I am or can be acquitted before God or man,
or absolved by this declaration or any part
of it; although the Tope, or any person or
aiitnuriiy wnaievur, iiisueuse wuuanu uiiuui
tlie same, or declare that it wa3 null and
void from the beginning. So help me God.
Tlie Fenians had no sooner gained an in
fluence on the minds of the Irish .people than
it was asserted by them that this oath and
subsidy was evidently crushing out all hopes
of a homogeneous "priesthood and people
.against tho false lures of England. The
Irish People thundered in fiery editorials
against tne clergymen for taking the oath,
and bitter reiorta and recriminations follow
ed, causing a breach for the first time be
tween priests and people. The priesthood
attacked Fcnianism first as a secret society
having demoralizing influences, and tending
by the inculcation of its doctrines, to over
throw and subvert the lawful authority of
tho English government. Tlie rites of the
church were refused to all members of the
I. R. B, who did not renounce tho pernicious
doctrine of Feniajiism, Intone case in the
County of Cork a young Fenian who was on
the point of death was asked tlie question by
tho clergyman who had been summoned to
console his last moments with the rites of the
church, "Are you a member of the Fenian
Brotherhood?" An answer was given in
the affirmative and a demand was made by
the clergyman, that the voung man should
renounce the unholy league, on penalty of i
wimnoiuing tne racramcnis wnicu ne wimicu
to receive. The dying Fenian refused
plumly to accede to the solemn request, and
he was left to the fate which every Catholic
Irishman dreaiLi, namely, death without
sacraments of Iih church. This was univer
sally the spirit of the Fenians in their un
fortunate contests with the priesthood. The
Fenians were denounced from every altar in
Ireland, excepting where a patriotic priest,
like Father LaveUa, attempted to stem the
tide by preaching in hi humble church
the doctrine that Ireland was entitled to
a representation among the nationalities of .
tne, world. JItitthe remans braved every
denunciation and threat st the risk of peril
ing their hopes of eternal safety in the next
i uic uouura ui x-uuiuiiMu, mai wnen itto
of tlife leading revolutionist Fere arreMed
for conspiracy in Dublin and taken bpfow. af
magistrate; they declared that they belonged
to tie "Christian religion" a rather vague
designation for the belief of two,men wh&
Had always professed and' were nurtured in
the catholic religion. The KttW 'ilfh
still continues between the priests and peo
iuu me tnais anu sentences ot youni
and enthusiastic Irishmen to n. llrimiliWti
iii the convict settlements of the'BHtish.em
pire doesnot in 'any yay prorniserto; allay
""w: m ui wc maseiision ana severence
of the tw6 powers. "Soggarth: Aroon," or
'Priest Dear," -was-an. expression jMnstaal
ly in the mouths of the Irish people fornie-
j, uui ii. uua laiitn inio aisuse, anu tne peo
ple will no longer trust.their pastors ni po-
THE IRISH -XEYTSPAPEB PRESS.
The newspapers of Ireland do not rerm
sentilie feelings of the Irish people in im
tional matters.. The leadinsr dailv
Kg? VI " coqtent to
I , 1UUJ "Yul 'o emionais ot 18 e
.London press. Instead of creating a heal
tuy national sentiment by exhorting the
people to an appreciative scnse.of their
rights; the most disgusting toadyism and
servimy is msruiestea lowaraeverytlung
English by those who should be the guardi
ans, of public thought and free speech. The
tirical sense when applied to an Jrishlnews-"
pper. A national writer on a Dublin, daily
Ulftniim. Tlmn).iii Knf nnn'Tnik ......
paper hrall Ireland noj.sinegjiie (Hwurea
o... . mc j.i ion jl cujxc mo ooiaest ana.
most fearless organ ever published in Ire
land. I refer to the Irishman, formerly ed
ited by Dennis Holland and P. J. Smith, an
Irish American. This paper has, however,
since the suppression of the People, lost ita
vigorous tone of expression from a whole
some fear of British justice as expounded
by the two traitorous Irish Judges Keogh
and Fitzgerald, who have earned for them
selves a bad notoriety, only equaled in his
tory by Judge Jeffrie and Lord Ebrbury.
Negro Outrages In Georgia.
The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel con
tains the following:
On Thursday some colored troops went to
me iiouse oi mrs. .freeman, a lady residing
about a mile from the Arsenal, and grossly
insulted her. One of them, we are told,
threatened her life. Her son making his
muKuranix, pistoi in nandy tne party left.
Early in the evening eight soldiers went tn
the house, and demanded admittance. Being
j. weu uireciea snot irom a window, how
ever, brought down 'one of the party, and
checked the movements of the balance. The
wounded negro was taken up by his compan
ions and earned to the Arsenal. In a little
wnue a large party returned to the house.
In the meantime, a son of Mrs. Freeman
and two other gentlemen, who fortnnately
happened to be in the house, made prepar
tions to give any one who might attempt any
ui-eus ui violence, a warm reception.
The lawless wretches as soon as ther' nrrltr.
ed made a regular attack UPOn the hnnsp. nnrl
succeeded in breaking down the door. The
family retreated to an upper story. The
negroes then commenced a regular raid on
the furniture, at the same tune using the
most violent ana ouscene language. They
entered the parlor and broke in pieces the
piano, and other furniture of value.
Having done all the injury in their power
in tnis pan oi tne ouiiuing, tney returned to
tne nan, and endeavored to ascend the stairs
to the room where Mrs. F. and family had
taken refuge. A well aimed bullet from Mr.
Freeman's pistol finished the career of crime
of the negro in advance. Nothing daunted
another vilhan followed in the footsteps of
ii i . i i
me urst one anu snared ine same fate. Jin
raged at being thus foiled, two more rushed
up to the stairs only to increase the heap of
carcases on tne noor. jjotn tell under the
hre of Air. b . and his friends.
By this time an officer arrived from the
Arsenal, and put an end to tho proceedings.
He ordered the remaining soldiers back to
the Arsenal, where they were put under ar
rest. His arrival at the Fcene of action was
indeed a fortunate occurrence, for the negroes
had torohevand might j their fury .'and de
sire for revenge have destroyed both the
house and inmates by fire.
iffc are told that three of the negroes were
1 IT.. 1. p S.
uMxiy nuuiuieu osiue irom tne lour WHO
From the Franklin (Ln.) Planter's Banner.
Jt is frequently observed by those who
"make a note" of things as they pass along.
mat negro women are rarely troubled with
infanU in the last year or two. This is an
ominous fact.. Few negroVd&tan have chil
.1 ,i ...i .1 . .i. ?
uicu, uuu mien mejr uu meir increase soon
" returns to the dust as it was." Formerly
these women had comfortable homes, regu
lar employment, plenty to eat, and lived in
families. Now they are wanderers, and al
most outcasts. When their children are sick
they neglect them, and most of them die.
When grown negroes are sick they have but
little feeling for each other. If they have
no money they need not pend for a
physician, and they die by thousands
and tens of thousands all over the
South. The.daily mortality among the ne
groes is equal to the ravages of an unsparing
pestilence: and still no note is made of the
astounding fact. Where are the Louisiana
r?groes who cultivated these fields, and per
lurmed domestic labor in 1SG1 ? Nearly
half of them are in their graves, and thous
lands of the other half are traveling with ex
cited and rapid steps to the same stopping
It is proverbial that the free negroes of
the Northern States have only increased by
accessions from the slave States. In Hayti
they have been decreasing ever since they
ceased to be Blaves. In the other West In
dia Islands where slavery has been abolish
ed, the same facts hold good. They are self
doomed or immolated by their Republican
friends on the altar of freedom. They are
fading away, and will continue to fade, so
long as they live with a race of white men
who have no special interest in averting the
The Florida BniQADiEns. A writer in
the New York Times from Tallahassee says :
"Brigadier General Joseph"5Tnncgan, who
fought and won the battle of Olustee, is a
lyo . -wuana, ui "as a resident ot
rernandina lor some years, and owns a
plantation near that place. He has not re
ceived a pardon, neither has his house and
lands been turned over to him, which have
been converted into a Freedmen's Asylum.
He is living with a friend at Fernandina.
Before the warFinnegan was engaged in the
railroad business with Yulce. Brigadier
General William Miller, who whipped Gen
eral Newton last winter at Natural Bridge,
was born in New England, but had resided
at Pcnsacola, where he run a saw mill for
several years before the war. He is at his
old business again on the Blackwater. He
had the reputation of being one of the
bravest men in the army."
' A bit of malicious gossip goes the round
of capital gossips about an alleged response
by General Butler to the "corked bottle"
figure, which General Rawlins was indis
creet enough to use in writing General
Grant's report. " It is undeniable " the
gossips so quote General Butler "it is un
deniable that men, in writing, often illus
trate their ideas by figures of speech drawn
from those objects in common life with
which they are most familiar." "The only
thing I know, to militate against that idea,"
so they continue to quote, "is that the Gen
eral has never been accused of any special
familiarity with the process of corking a bot
tle!" A SnrGTjXAit Statemest? The Wash
ton correspondent (Forney) of the Phila
delphia Press makes the following curious
" A few days ago. after the two Hooses
had agreed to report but $20,000 for the sup
port of the widow and children of ex-President
Lincoln, a number of penxms appeared
in the galleries, boring members to increase
the sum, and declaring that it was a shame
to place the martyred President, who died
in office, on a level with any of his prede
cessors, all of them insisting that not less
than 100,000 should have been the amount
appropriated. Some Mirprie having been
excited by the pertinacity of these men, in
quiry was set on foot, when it appeared that
they held or said they held tlaima agaiml the
estate of Mr. Lincoln, tehU ere to be made
good ly the increased amount vhich they demanded"
The htiits at the rrwWeui's $tw
. , -i u. .- coin I Ja,.
The Bhae.- rom wiw, tA8illy (ktswetixi'
i with boquets ,aBdjotie9,-fn:tUe Pjmh,
ilea emu, cpnseT7tty Un:afrgUMt Xaa,
dressed in fuRantf of, J)laQkand.ordA,
pair of, UghkJIoirLhie tthrewj fcse-
-vire, Patterson; werfli.ajiwacfc jhUc rvaqat
:drev wWi.lugh- neck? .and r long- efeevcsV
trimmed, with, real bUck laea- Md hariiei,
jet and pearl ornaments, and point;.lee .col..
Itityand white, .kid lovea. .Shq $frjed:a' '
jlnte jan and a flandjoopquqijetn, ef
camclias. JsKcTworc a." profusion, 'ef.curli',
tand Jier hair, was dcjxira'tedjwiUi anglft
white; japonicx. flliStover-wor&.a.TIam
black ,niauraingjdress. Her hair waBalse-
iiuit;u ilia, uroiw wiui-a, ;cameua., IB
litied djesseg,f -th;hdleli "of the Eresitfejif,
tlal, houwhoH j-jrho are. my iurJdep.
lidiesMisees,' CraitsaaileH aBd-Baxter fKim'
pleaslnfi ao& strikinR.cpntKMt.totlie orahe-,l.U
Knoxvillel Tenn.rstill in theirrtwawhn'l .nlrn&-it'rEritfr.heeo
ajjp;areu. ui wuiie caMimtfre (iras3jnjnme(t
neck, andi wUh"lw"Meyecrjhei;
was dressed?with parti-oolored oamslia.
one, carried blua'anaVthe cegjih fiiB
lumjocu uu bmiuu ium tigeoraeuoyita
L.'aratS3'i"e j"w'i,ssHtr' , tney,;wui ue weiwoiae., v.wiv-wijc M"rinesr, i e are pruua t aee, uieiu cujjaicw
elect irom TMingfaetL. ad ranti.m.Uiw-ci'.itm,! rLig,4ia .i'.T.trlnV.' tlma- f : r.r . mMiinir tiuJt
Prudent. Wn. alsn" intfenn 'KJTaiZSSiiMaZiA W..-...,.-r
r-- s v? . 4 , rr
Moore and Major Long were dressed in: full
miiltarV Uniform allU WhltC EHl fflovea. fTh
b oreisrn Jlimsters annojireil in ihAMvmrf
costumes, heayily trimmed ami eaib.roidered
with gold lace, and their ladies nrroontixt
W m I l - .
luu Kiuie uiatuufue auurecnercne .appearance.
... iu. uvu!, wuwuis uuu ucmim.
edjn their wellknown. and ceUent tyQ j ;ib smaUJtem, and above all, the breaking We arc willing to bear it, and its universal
4iau to the Chief, and tho ccrcmpny com- up of old associations is often disastrous in I hy makes it more tolerable. When I know
menced. Jn pairs and in a. continuous, line,
the distinguished gtiesti were received by
the President in hia aflablc. genial, and
pleasant style, and ill turn intrbduceil to the.
ladies, who preside with so much diffnilv-.r
and grace in their new position, members
oi me iauineianu meir wives ano uaugbtenL;.
--..1-i-i- 1. ".- , .
senators anu raemoeia,pi M)ngr.css,-Judgesi
01 tne oupremo anu omer uouris, alt assem
bled in the Blue room, loitering for a, few
minutes, paying- tho compliments of the
season, and then passing into the East room
and departing for their homes to hold their
own receptions. There was A considerable
display ot; dress, although noto'great as we
have witnessed on similar occasions., The.
inclemency of the weather' wai.nnfavorable
to rich costumes. Ladies generally wore
A 1 ' . .1 V 1 1 T ,
urtss uuiinuis tue ormanuy, uhj joscpnino
and the Empire .styles, and hero and 1here
a .uane ctuart auiiougu many appeared
without bonnet with, hair arranged in all
tne diiierent styles lor "which tlie present
season is so laraous. Violet, isilvergray,
ijuecn's gray and lavender-colored plain
suks and satins, trimmed in some cases with
heavy folds of black velvet, p.edominated.
although wo noticed two pf tho striped silks;
which are again ranidlv eominc intr
vogue the one canary-colored' chene silk,
with pink or rose-colored narrow stripes,
ana tne omer a msgnincent shade ot sk-r-
blue with broad black etrjpesj on which
were stamped, golden cord and, tassels. In
head dresses the bandeau was most affected:
nests and waterfalls have almost entirely
disappeared, although Bome of their votaries
persist in using thcmJpnd their placejJjaYet
ueen Buppneu oy tne twist, or tortuous anu
graceful coil, 'sometimes very1 -"irieleganfly,
Din nevenneiess appropriately vulgarly
caueu a snah-e.
OiirItelntions with Mexico.
A Washington correspondent says:
It 13 a great mistake to suppose, or to sav-.
that the diplomatic correspondencs .of our
uovernment with .trance, in regard to Mex
ican" aflairs, when it, is sent in Jto (Jongreps,
" will, show that our Government haa.at no
time had any purpose or thought of aban
doning the Monroe doctrine." On the other
hand, the correspondence will show that the
Monrbo doctrine wa abandoned, by the Gov-i
t.. icr.i .1 : iono .i -v-
cilimuiiv, 111 ijoyi uuu All lout, wuei! aUUO it f , , . , , - -
t i- 1 .1. 1 , , '""'TTer&l some papers: wluch.ion beimr exam
icon urst oegan me execution pi Ills. designs,
in Mexico, and communicated those, designs
to us. ine .uovcmmeni clearly perceived
at that time that if we declared our firm de?
termination then to uphold .the Monroe doc
trine, and not to permit thc'establishmentbf
a monarchy in Mexico, that Japolecfh would
recognize the Southern Confederacy, and
would itheiv after assisting tho South, jto gain
Her independence, establish a ninn-ireM in
Mexico, and enter into an alliance 'with' the
Southern Confederacy.. Ihe prooik of this,
are scattered, all through Jlr, Day ton sT di
plomatic correspondence, in 18C2 and 1803;
while on the, other hand, 11 we yielded to
what seemed a: militwy necessity. gave a
tacit consent to Napoleon's" Operations against
.Mexico, and said nothirig.about the JlOnrOo
doctrine, wo would thereby secure Napoleon'4
neutrality and would be ablo'to. conquer the;
south, j. assert, ana JL dely contradiction,
that this alternative was. considered at seve
ral successive cabinet meetings, in thefalL
and winter ot lbOl, and that the, latter' was
deliberately chosen. It was deliberately de
cided by the Government .that the Monroe
doctrine should Jbo sacrificed, in order that
wo might be able to "whip the bouth." Wo
see the result to-day in the firm establish
ment of the Mexican, Empire, a result which
the Government must have - foreseen. . 'The!
only alternative left to Us now Is to recognize
that empire, or go to war with France, Aus
tria, Belgium- Spain, Italy and England, in
order to root it out. The idea that Maxi
milian will abdicate, or that ho will be de
serted by his European allies, ia too prepds-
te rous to be noticed.
The Fopdxatios op TiiEGtonE. There
are on the globe about 1,288,000,000 of souls,
oi wmcn "
309,000,000 are of tho Caucasian race.
S-jOOOjOOO are of the Mongol race:
190,000,000 are of the Ethiopian race,
170,000,000 are of the Malay race.
1,000,000 are of the Indc-Araerican race.
There are 3,648 languages spoken, and
,000 different religions.-
ihe yearly mortality of the globe is 3.
333,333 persons. This Is at the rate of 91,-
004 per day, 3,au per hour, 00 -per minute.
So each pulsation of our heart mnrks; the
liseaso of some human creaturci
The average of human life is So years.
One-fourth of the population die at or be
fore the age of seven yearsone half at or
before 17 years,
Among 10,000 persons one arrives at
the age of 100 years, one in 500 attains the
ge of w, and one in 100 lives to tho age
Married men live longer than Single ones.
ln l,wu persons imarry, and moro mar
riages occur in June" and December' than in
any other months of the year.
Une-eighth of thewfiOle population is mil
Professions exercise a great influence on
In 1.000 individuals who arrive at the aire
of 70 years, 42 are priests, orators, or pub
lic speakers; 40 are agricuHnralists, S3 are
workmen, 32 soldiers or military employees,
20 advocates or engineers; 27 professors, and
24 doctors. Those- who devote their Ifves to
the prolongation of that of others die the '
There are 335,000,000 Christians.
There are 5,000,000 Israelites.
There are 00,000,000 of the Asiatic reli
gion. -... . , 1 .. i. --a.'..
There tire 1CO,000,000 fohommedans.
There are 200,000,000 Tjgans.'
In the Christian charcliei' r
170,000,000 profess the Itoman Catholic.
75,000,000 profess tho Greek faith.
80,000,000 profess t.hs Protestant, s
A NEflr-AgitiosKr Shoe A new style
ofshoeis worn in New York city. The:in
vention is sircple. The npper part of the"
boot or shoe is cut out in almost ordinary
fashion by a regular skoeiRaker. The sole
and heel are made of hard maple wood, and '
arc joined by a shank of sole leather, which
gives all needed elasticity. , The upper arc
fastened to the sole by. a thi.lxd. ,of. iron,
which endrcle tho rim of the sole, and fast
en solo and upper; together in. a. ma-wwr
far morc etfectttal, tkan any sewing eaa..da..bmut1Id voice rerBiixl! .Um dyiac fftvi of
....'i.u'I"1i..";i..-" I." It. .1 r.t r. 1. -jrj .j.t. t. r.
juiui juii wgujci, ie ua uizva, u.i-WHar
some appa ranee, and. is m light as
shoe of correspondiBz size... Thehcc wr,
corafortibly hollowed but on the upper sidcii
snd thesoles have thu proper etirve Je i)iwremwli4rc the affair was said to kv-e uwiml
easy wanting. 1
. .-.- - t .. f .w-.ll n. t H HMIf
'AleUg'fcfcfet vrkh "every yoag
tuWbt8: texstom for? Wftiself a : penaarfit
(ki4 lartly in land. and up ta a ccrtaui
Kmrt,"iere-lW"Wfrer, if pnid'for: 1 'The,
hoW efctld -beis tamferHbtelMwl' aetfae-
tim m oa ImHiQ sanoCkj2; it. It
siiQuldbeone:the heart can zrow to,-
tti '11 " ' 1' .TS. r.ilJ.
vVUI vllug-arvluiu iiiurciiuu uiviv uiunkj nuu
wCKTiassinffTtar. 'l owner saotiiu
sire!n(i'ptre'sfceGppeseioH.of it ss
Ibiaathe ,kve ,Jii3-,Uaun; should
iat tlicreis.one place fixed'
e for tnem amid all rliiBges.
Americans arts ItllSge'flier'' loo Tovlng
their JmhibC - VfcbuiW hoooea cltenfJvi and
).lt J.uvn v!llAiil w.wil . fi- .,-..
ou t,.aiKljnro ve. away, nail a dozen times ui a
llfetirne. in pie yam lidpe. of Tjcttcrlh -our
tinditiffrr. jInft 'mTKKbcifcr to choose early1
)apt4Hjjs.0ie. hKyeH ithottgh pur guri3,.bc brdinary food for hli honsehoW. Hia pLw
4lfes,4hn arc proiied jCjsewhprca cett-un- I taiion oa the coast has probably not a build-
tr ihoiild seluonilicgivcn for an uccerlain-
tv." BA Dirdih thcharid'Ts vdrth twoTtr the
iOat? thcwhs.luviicxpericncejl.it kaow
lbvr "firmly familv become attached to
.tScir long-loved h'omeateid. No children
ildvliame.so well i"ti(5e wKehave known
mg(Mf tteyHiii.: out, irorawq
Jin ufWhanevHl dilori sw the parents live;
t ayjae-iOvftaicii leej.can rejrK,,aiiu.w;nt,i jar young men nave gontt to wort in car
I- j-'wa igreui Sotn-iii-mujj fumt
,ddwn. It is two-told. Each year acctnn
1 Jnna-liorrnti.iI liwK!rli i lnasenad.
Tt, .l..nnM9 r l.Wi Unr,,
t and smooth. A change involves, a great,
I ln mmtixu 4t,on ramKivniilinn'
1 AViT, . ... , M VW. . WIUUUU1
I gam. 'linio is last, labor suspended, money
i naiu, ouu uia Trear anu tcaroi removal is
the extreme. 'Parents' and children become
unsettled irt ikeir, habit, if notin their-mor-
als. hut the) man . who has a homestead
Jkeep, it : let hint that lias, none, get. one, and
,1 tn th'n nlweritl 'arid" a constant fov to thn
1 1 . : . . "i ..
To all wluch every intelligent,
ful person must give a hearty approval.
A Ktrangc S to 1-3'.
Tlie London correspondent of the Jlound
Tahiti savs : '
(London Is often filled with rumors of a
"sunnressednrineesa!':here. and,'a" "hesnrar
pmnn there. TTftur much truth there.
may be in such floating stories, neaven only
knoWS. That tho Princess Modena latch-
died in the-Mary leb'one workhouse is cer
tainly-true, and it is true that an Indian
princess, wa3 the subject of a letter in the
limes, lately calling attention o her dis
tresses. But lately a Very strange pamphlet
was published in Bristol, giving a story of
tliis kind with more tlian ordinary veracity.
Itjs the autobiography of a blinU man
named Jnines Davis, well known in Bristol,
where he gOes abdut playing a concertina in
the streefa, and receiving such half-pence as
may be cast to turn, mere nas, ueen tor
sometime a wjitspex that he was the jllegiti-
mate son ofthc. Duke of Gloucester, and the
n nm Mm
pamphlet goes 'to prove that he is so. His
mother was the daughter Of a Cardiganshire
'farmer, and her father liaving been reduced
to straightened circunn-tancesshc went out
into the world as a lady's .maid, and even
tually' got a situation1 as ttnde'r-housekcopcr
in the Duke's residence in London. After
being there sometime, she1 returned to her
rathcr?8, pregnant, stating mat snc was mar
riAl. and that her husband would shortly
apnear toTown her. "No husband, however.
appeared, and the young woman died three
weeks, alter net cominemeni. xiio anven-
tures.of the boy, the subject of thU autobio
graphy, after this, were numerous onti
varied. He went to grammar school
at He"r6ford, which ho left on his grand-
fatliers deaths atfd was then a wanderer for
a considerable time on tuc streets 01 tne
'town. Eventually ho got an asvlum with
anjoM servant, and there while ransacking
ainold desk bf his grandfather's, hediscov-
r , . ( , ,,;,', nr
hi-4 birth, ami that he owed his parentage ,on
one side to no icS3 a personage tnan ine
Duke" of Gloucester. A friend of his in
closed tho papers to hia Royal Highness,
and shortly afterward a .member of the
Duke's household was sent to Hereford,
who broncrht the lad to London, and he was
received and well treated in" the royal rest-.
(fence ;for.sonio time. Alter this he wns
fent to an institution for teaching tho blind
lfeiliaying lost hif eyesight during his pre
vious stUreriiigJ. Being annoyed and taunt
ed Tvith'thc nAmeof the voting Dnke in the
asylum, he left it, and returned to the abode
Ofpiis Royal Highness, where hesccmato
haye been well jrarciigrjiniiuiit; uukes
death ; on yhicTi" eyent.,he wa3( cast upon
ihi world, and.ftcrnlimcroiis" adventures,
aim travelling throughout the country, ho
at "j length partially settled dowrt at Bristol,
whom he mav bo seen nlavinir his ooncerti-
hai and led by a dog, with a small tin cup
in its moutn, lnxenucn 10 receive uie aims
of! the charitable. The whole story is
1 ii . 1 1 t 1
strange", but ft highly respectable gentleman.
'wlto helped. Davis td compile his autobiog
raphy, says bo has every reason to bcueve
that the particulars given are quite true.
A CoJtitoi? ncr Sad Stoiiy. A corres
pondent of the New Orleans Cresierii writes
The widow of Governor R. F. W. Alston
advertises in the columns of the Charleston
Daily iVincs for boarding and day scholars
for young ladies. Fortune has freaks but
who couhl have thought of one so wild as
this 7' Happily yes, happily her tender
husband Bleeps, quietly in the tomb of his
ancestors, the faultless model of a true a
gentleman "as ever graced this latter ace."
Hip death ocenrred during the war, at tho
commencement of whfcii he was one Of the
"Wealthiest men in the State, nis liberality
was diffusive, his social virtues the theme of
eve ry tongue. Ihe, writer of this, when a
boy, was brought nnaer tile inlliience of his
captivating and cohrtly manners at one of
hit plantations on tho accamaw, ;nnd has
nefer ceased to retain tt vivid recollection of
the impression then made upon hi mind.
jna now. uy one turn tin, tne uucinating
wheel of fortune, his ofiedTidow1 i reduced
la the hard necessity of earning a scanty
support, by daily toil. X have no heart for
, Sisovlab Case. One of our exchanges
says there 1 a young man in a town" in Ver
"mont who cannot speak to his father. Pre
vious to his birth some difference, arose be
tween his mother and her husband, and for a
considerable, timo she refused to seak to
hirn. This difficulty was robscriuently healed.
The child was born, nnd in due-time began
to talk, but when sitting with his father was
invariably rilcnt. It continued so nntil it
was iavo veara old; when the father, having
exhausted his powers of persuasion, thrcat-
r. -.l 1 iC.!i -it.T.
eneu.it. wiin juuiisiiuieiit iui iiaaiuuuuniuew.
When the punishment was inflicted it eli
cited nothing bnt sighs and groans, which
told but too plainly that the little sufferer
wai vainlv endeavorine- to stfeak. All who
were present-united in thtV opinion, that it
wa impossible for tlie child to speak to his
f . f T .? 1 .t . . f . 1
iatncr, anu time provra uieir opinion to DC
correct. At a mature age Its efforts to con
verse -with iti parent could only produce the
most bitter ughs and greens. ,
Ghost Scoby. Tho "Western papers tell
in good faith an incredible ghost story, and
heck it up by tho sworn affidavits of .several
nspectablo persoM at GrandTra verse, Mich-
jgan, A spiritual meduimetf at that place,
.whose husband was a stubborn disbeliever in
thes "jnanifuiationa," assured him in her
dying breath that she shonld re-appear to
him in her, body at lis death to convince
hira of tlie troth of tcr belief. Several
wcAs atter he -was taken sick and tt "spirit
ual" rnm'pU3 was kept up in the houie until
Ms decease, wKieh soon followed. Jut be
fore his death, which occurred at midnight,,
heavy and Irregular fooUtepa wert) hesnl in
the hall, the door was hurst open, and the
J.taiweKec. aialked into. Ike. mwb ami in
IMie jirumisc, aim, as uuu, ru a uuirm
:tm upon the flovnTAITillrtie of her
jnye'MOfed' it to W itiifATjWory
wm bwned by the lnend or tfec taatily,
0 See Union and America Slock, comer Cfcvo
Propattioaato rates tot&vtis yeriadt.
i SahMripiicna inTariaIy is a4ree. .
PevcrtT titUeH of
l'eantf lHH-retHg Tetter.
From the JCiWiBioro Gaactte.1
PKS&U.-TOM, Dec. 8, 135. I doubt if
voh have the wall Me of pwwty
of tbecopkiof Satk Ctoeinou Dmaimg
neither commiseration nor aim? Ajr say
nothirig about it. Indeed, the srse fer
tho:neces8arics oflife iateoprem to aHew
ac - i
them to brood over losses ot any (i;
looses compared with: Whicaliiat Of pwerty
I mi tti rmt-prtr- han hiUi Kr iraa 1 !
anwa mi ilhue Me munuij iiii
I Vrimi UoriW, The tiaras of th atori
inT"fmfl tl.plr mnital redaccd hr crnaaciDatioi 4a
rahout or.e-fifth.of it fomtc aot, bt if
caII.IV. . "II nT 1 'ill n ll'niM iiii.lim
their incomes will not bcrtac mmwiiiiw.
J Cut the poor refugee ha lost evKytkiesr.
j Driven from his home a&d-cet oC horn all
hlremo-cei ho finds k ttSeik to procuro
in? of anv kind standinr. not- evea a nero
hut, and the recovery of the la&d Is in some
cases, doubtful, liiose oh i'ort lvjyaiare au
vortised to bo sold to-day, aad u none but
negroes arc aiioweu ta m- ,vu wucre
the land ia restored, where cm ite ruined
, 1 T ? 1 II T 1.
owner procure money to pay taxes, erect
buildihgiandWre frecuiea ?
t pome retugees nye retntaea to. viaries-
" removal, and
n Df.nttf fiiittttutenr'A lav nrsnnal PtfilH
.TT. K? JC?L "T??' rTiST?
- j i grocery Jiores, in snort,, uui ar aj imiug,
fend doing it cheerfully. A General, wko
1UU ,'n lU t,ju lu 1
t... .i.- . ... i.r-
ingina but on tlie coast, upponMe jus
family by fishing. Another Qeacm be
been cutting wood on shares.
Ours id a poverty of which no one is
. , , . i , e ir
asnameu, anuot wnicn very lew cuoiiiuu.
that the mast refined and intelligent women
in the State, deserted" by their deluded ser
vants, are doing all kinds of house-work
sweeping, dusting, making beds, and even
in sorao cases cooking ana wasning it a
much easier for me to iron tho towels my lit
tle, son has washed, while I turn occasionally
a laughing eye toward the lire-place, where
an invalid gentleman (son of a former Gov
ernor) is engaged in churningl I mnst con
fess that lus attempt furnished us with more
amusement than butter. For, belieTing this
state of things to bo only temporary, wc
make merry oyer it, compare notes with oar
friends, ana boast of our success in these un
Many refugee ladies feed their families
exchanging the contents of their ward
robes for articles of food. "How are your
sisters I" said I last summer to a young man
who had left home to become a tutor.
"Their complexions look badly," was tlie
reply. " but that is not surprising when you
consider how long they have been eating old
frocks." "Have they any lights?" was my
next query. With perfect gravity h& re
plied, "No; when the moon docs not shine,
they go to bed by lightning!" But matters
arc mending. In this very family light
trtwf has superseded lightning in, the cliam-
1 nn,uii,0 n-rW mall notrolenm
j ' , rf yitrllsea ifcht andliappiness
I V- " -
But there are sonio cases over which no
ono can laugh. I know o a famUy whose
property was counted by hundreds of thou
sands, who have not tasted meat for months.
A gentleman of high scientiflq attainments,
formerly professor in a college, is literal iv
trying to Keep the wolf from tho door by
teaching a few scholars, one of whom, a girl
of sixteen, pays him a quart of mdk per
diem for her tuition I Innumerable widows,
orphans, and single women, whose property
was in Confederate bonds, are penniless, and
seeking employment of some kind for bread.
On the whole our people are bearing their
trials bravely and chccrtally: but so wide
spead ishe ruin that even if the new system
works well, it will tako at least half a cen
tury to put us where we were. Georgia will
recover much sooner. Chicoka.
I'rco 3fHOKry Violation of th Jurlt
dletlen or NaHtfeerii .state Graail
From tho Richmond Times.!
Thero is no society which tlie world has
ever known whose principles and general
government were thoughtrto be moro thor
oughly ascertained and completely acknowl
edged than- that of the Free ilasons. Claim
ing, as they seemed to have a great right to
do, very remote antiquity; the established
landmarks of the order have always been
arucd by its members with the greatest
respect and reverence. But late movements
are daily teaching us how completely time
arc changed. Among tho customs and usages
of Masonry none have been more fully ac
knowledged and universally observed from
. iiunj uvy uuu n uiu uto -iciuvi J V uitu
runneth not to the contrary," than those as
to tlie qualification of lU candidates, and the
rights of jurisdiction of its Lodges, both
grand andubordinate. No questions to these
rights haye ever been, to our knowledge,
raised or even suggested. The propriety and
wisdom were too manifest. After these re
marks as preliminary, end to give our read.
era a specimen of tho progress the nation Is
making, we subjoin two paragraphs which
have been brought to our notice. Tlie fht
is from the Anglo-African newspaper pub
lished irt the city of New York, and is as
"Past Most Worshipful Paul Drayton, of
the National Grand Lodge, Is about to re
sume his labors In the South, under the au
thority of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodee
of the State of New York. He will leave
this city in a. few days to dedicato and con
stitute 'Union Lodge in tho city of Charles
ton, S. C, and a King Solomon Lodge In tlie
town of Newbcrn, N. C, and is also vested
with full power to organize lodges through
out the southern portion of this country."
(Joining from such a source, bat little no
tice would have been taken of this had not
the following appeared In the Newbcrn (N.
C.1 Daily Time:
"There is in this city an organization call
ed Kinc Solomon's Lodge No. 1. of A. F.
M., composed entirely and exclusively of
negroes. It was established here some weeks
ago. it tt was done tor tho purpose ot de
riding Masonry, the joke falls harmless; but
If. as the paragraph above riven indicates.
("the extract from thos-wlKcnji.l there
is a determination to confer upon the ne
groes in the South the rites and benefits of
this ancient and iionor&bfe Order, we look
upon it as a gross insult, which tho Grand
Lodge ofthc State of North Corolina should
strongly protest against."
If we are to believe what It see bis to ns
may be fiiirly inferred from the above ex
tracts, tho Grand Lodge of New York has,
in the most flagrant manner, violated the
jurisdiction of tho Grand Lodge cf North
Carolina, and in addition thereto, shame
lessly ignored a leading point in this matter
Sum Her A reisMial Kkrtrh.
Washimton Cor. of thsXiT. "World.
Senator Sumner sits back in the last row.
but in full sight from every point in the
galleries. If any one doobts whether he is
the leader Of the republican siJi, Jet him
ask Sumner and see what he thinks about it.
His sharp, nervous .glance abott they hoase,
his readiness to .rise like yeast at the slight
est warming, tho aristocratic way in which he
says, "I object to that" or the gfadottsly con
descending manner in which he announces,
"I have no objection" as if ht decision
fixed the matter without any occasion for
further action all show that he ha takes
charge of the Senate and the whole country.
He has a foil, fine baritone voice, which aay
one who has aver been five minnies in tk
Senate can hardly fail to have heard; for if
he isn't UP Tith a mewnria! frnau Vi OOll
Massachheti women praying for the coHe-
gaie euucauon 01 the contra bonus cn ue
shorcsr of Lake Okecchobe, in the "territory"
of Florida, it's a similar bill of which no
previous notice has been given, or a notice
to Introduce a bill of that sort at soxe (not
very) future time. If ho is goia to" iatro
ce all the tid up, piled up packet, on hi
desk before the Senate acts os the athmasion
of Southern Senators, tie Southern Snatofs,
elect and expectant, may as well avail them
selves of the Interval to plant aad pick their
portion of the cotton crop of 85C.
1 little bey, fivo yearn oU. win aatmii
a by eagle while pkving 1 Ifc
vmx Mayrw il!,'Mx, last i
Mdy fowd mmm m agjjwdpWBfcw .3