Newspaper Page Text
f. c. ;qpn WGTOA CO.,
J5DIT0RS Jfc SXOPRIETORS.
YehmW aWmnnafeatloa, rentaBiCteret-
la or Important newi, soheited from any qs&rler.
News letter from the various couauea ci
State especially derirtd.
All comasuBlctiona should bo addreseed to
" Editors of the Uxiox asd Avericak.
F, SETHdBKM: D.j
(LiteBriiB Sarzeon. U. S. A.) j
Office 39Cedk t,WveCfe
KASHVILIiR. ' ;
Office for treatment of all of the-Eyi
and Ear. operations for SquiaUnc. Cataract, eetl
performed BQX 7Mf p 0. .
deeG 3mlttp. '
RE All ESTATE AGENTS
t thi day diiolved by mutual Vn&
Si.. Tii V.jLt WintW at the old itana ,
v, . juau. urou - y VV irr. BRl
41 Cberrvjrcreeu - .- ,
C ALLEN DER & GARRETT,
Real EBtnto Affontwi J
41 CbcrTjr. Street,
WILL five' thelt'I-rbnTpt attention lo tht awllihij
and l&SKSt of T description of Heal tatc. 1
dee lw., - 1
Itnllding To1h for Sale,
f ( . '
A LARGE' NUMBER OF FARMS.
lit. A fine Renidencc, eoataininc 12 rooms, ii
r" territory. Alio two vacant Lota adjoinine.
2d. That splendid Rcridence of the late Jame
John.on. on Broad Stroet, between
Hieh troeU. containinit 8 rootnf. besides acrvant
roomi and other out houo.
. . i u -iu:jma nr t,m IaIa llArdin
3d. AIIM tl'r.n.'X. nt iann.M
liostlcK,eoniaiuins iwui f -.-.,-',,,
Good Sprine and pprine houie with &VJ
.. "V,0)"1"1-,,...!, i,ii.-,. to illicit v. on
aS'e, oVHlf&iaTelr'ant to theeity. on
the Charlotte Pike.
4th 50 acre of rround of the Barrow Property!
on the CTmrlotte Pike, which will be divided li
mit purchasers. J
5th. A very lanre number of Lota in the UW
and the different Addition; to Niueville. 25LoU
tn EdnOeld and Browmville. wi d
6th. A very lane number of the.BKST FARM$
InthisandtheadJoiniMf couidies,. Apply to ,
J. I.. Jt IUAV. BROWN,
doe-lm ' UtttoUget,
ALVKBT V. tlLUK.
W. BRTCS TUOJirSOX
DILL1H & THOMPSOM,
REAL ESTATE AND
PROMISING FAITHFUL- AND PROMPT
Cointr? Property: Coition of Notei; AcounU
and Vouchor! ; Invetiication of Titles, etc., etc
Office, oret-feceond National Bank, Colics itreet.
W. C. COLLIER,
WHOLKSltS AND RETAII DEALES IS
SCHOOL B00IC8. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD ND
Arnold' Wi-Uln Fluid Jt Ciyins Ink,
Wtddinr. Viiitlni and Printer! Card!,
And the Latest LLerature ofthe Day,
SO. ;a7 UNION STREET,
(Between Cherry and Collece,)
Orders wllclted for erery description oflPrlntint.
K have remove.1 our Stock to tho VTari-
fl...Mt. .ml Pllivrn lit rrrt
II SIOUPC. CVIII" viimm w i L
formerly occupied by Payne. James ito.. where
we nope to meet our lormcr iimioiw u
Our Stock is
!,".'. i . .'
. 30 A SA2$ET i
tipU Jii?'Jinx.Ck. spencer' i'co.
XT. si CH.AXIM AGENCY,
attention paid to the
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.;
HOWARD i NELSON.
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Acents.
REFMKNCM-non.'C.','TrTri(rjf. U. S. District
Judrc: Anon NpUon, Km President -Second Ra
tional BaaVy Alaj. ucn. uonaiajon, vuic
termastcr. ,'cc3-lm ,
SOAP! SOAP!! 'SOAM!
DAWFS IMPROVED ERASIVE SOA1.
Rest Soap'inHd. in(tlie ililted
Send your'Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
MAN UFA OTURERS,
Xo. ,90, Cliurcl Street, &
XAS1I VI LEE, TEXX.
D. B. DENTON & CO
VITY STEAK K.1KEDT
4 - 1 . .
"A CAXT-a AXrrACTORY',
. i , TfMp ,'1'' "f W - ' ,' -
"., -6:A.VB 8.-BBOAt. STREET.
with TcrytKlncr,1nvmtrLIne,,,aatje by our
r,: "t And Candy.
Ako, Brcaa, 'Calces 3d! etc. A
I). D. DENTON Ua.WHUSTIXQTON,.
-m )AILy TOIW;" ANR
GROCERS & BANKERS.
3. n. xwixo,
EWIKG & CO.,
St6ra'g6 Merchants, h
Corner Building Market and Cbureb ftree&.-fot-l
mcrly occupied by Ewins, McOrory & Uo.
RR.RECpiyiNG aadajo in Btpro.the fol-
1U0 barrels llrown husar. i
SO do A Coffee Sugar,
25 do Biloi. idotf . !. f
25 do C do do
50 do Stuart's Crnihed Sugar, standard,
25 a$: odd FX lor ' iot do" '
25 do Powdered do
25 do Syrup,
25 do McIiMfS, ..J . '
50 kes Syrup, 5 and 10 gals
60 barrel Ni land 2 Mackerel, - i
50hfdo lo. . d9-.:ij,, i.'
Mqrdo do . do! "'-' ' - 1
260 kits ...do... -Po ,e-. ...' I
25 barrels F. N. Co's Whisky, . . ;
25 t do . S.N. Pike'aWS dot .- .: .':
2T0 boxes starcandlcs, ; .
50 dozen iroiftil, ' ' ?- J;J .! , .
iOO,boxecheee.,t,.. jihjUiWj .-m' 1
kegs nails; " i
100 reams paper, . i eti
SO boxes assorted son p, ' - .
40 kegs gingSr, . i .
30 doien buckets, " V.'. - '
50 sacks Ills coffee,
100 boxes candy, ' ' TT
50 baskets champagoe,
' 80 casks sardines, ' , '
, 50 boxcjjtArch, , u.-. . -
60 3 ik-.picklcs.'',. . ! ... 'it
20 do Madder, ..Jl..
75 barrels apples,
SO boxes assorted wines, i ,',L r "'
1009 barrels Flour, all grades.
230 iio 7'otawes,
,100 boxes FireXraekers, , .
103 casesiusorted Jaqdors.
In addition to the above we'll are -a ceneral as-
sortmentpf groceries, all of whic'were bought
during the present pr?iure In the Eastern mar
kets. Wo 'cxiieet to cll goodr-in abort profits,
and would bo pleased to havo our old friends call
on us. EW1NG k CO.
t A U. Ewlnc. of the fonner firm f Swing, 31c
Crory & Co., will be found with the above firn for
the purpose of settling up their business. dec21
C, POWELL, OREEH & CO.
; . t -rr.'.' i ASD.
3 8 I5.K,0A.I, .S.T,REET,
CoLHUBl'a Powkll, formerly C, Powell Jt Co.,
JCnoxrilJe,Tenn. 't ,, ; v 1 , il , !
I.'F.'aREEN.To'rmeVly'NichoK Green ic Co. Nash-
CnAB. &L McUhee, living atKnoxville, Tenn.
BY tho above card IL will be 'seen we have est
tabli'hed ourselves inNcwYor for the pur
pose of doing a icgitmate commission ousmcss
and being a Tennessee house, wo respectfully so.
licit the patronage of our Southern friends gcn
erally. We are amply prepared to make cash ad
vances on consignments : to loaneurrency on gold
without chargo of interest ; to purcha? o and sell
cotton, tobacco, flour and pork i also gold stocks,
bonds, nod government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
C roWEEE, -GREEN k Co
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
o ;o-3n:;pp a, .isr sr '
IIOMEOFTCE: S6; GO NOslTIITIURp St
.SAINT LOUIS. MISSOURI.- . .!
ASSKTN, July 1, 1883, 50I,01I 37:
DivIdeSdi declared to'Policy Hbldorsan.'l, 1865.
Header, Is, ,Ypur4 Life Insured?
If not, what provision have you made for your
.l..,l.nt nn.if TlTTNITt AVhat would be
(t il,r1r fiWnniarr siiuatfon were you to 5
die to-morrow T
If it is wis to Insure, is it prudent toDtlayJ
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUSf '
JAMES H.LUCUS---, v-AMUEL WILLI
Robert M.'FVnkiiouser, of Funkhouer.t Burnett.
Chas. II. 1'eck. 1'resd't orihe rnuo iiiod iron wo.
Untiert K'. Woods. Cashterof the Merchants Bank.
Juics Vallc. otChouteau, Harrison J: Valle,
(ieo. 11. itobtnson.X)! KoDinson s uariaru.
Chas. W. McCord, ofMcCord A- Co.. Machinists,
John F.Thornton, of Thornton Jc Pierce.
Isaac II. Sturgeon, rrcsidToi wok. mo. iiauroaa
Hon. Johnllogan.f ember oTConercss. - .
Henry Ovcrstcls. of OvcrsUbv Wagner Is Co,
Lumber Dealers. . . .
Nich. Scliaffcr, of Nicholas Schaffer & Co, Star
Camlle Dealers. . . i ,
William T. Gay. of llanenkamp & Mwaras.
David Keith, of Keith & Woods, Booksellers and
btationers. . , . .
R. P. llanenkamp. of Gay &.Hancnkamp.
Isaac W. Mitchell. ,"'
D.A.January, of D.A.January Jt-Co, Grocers
and Commission Merchant. . .
Win. J. Lewis, of IrfiwU tBro., Tobatcomsts.
F. Rosier, Jr., or F. Rotter. Jr., & Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Talnm.A' Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI. President. ,; '
JAMES H. LUCAS. Vice President.
Wil. T. SELBY. Secretary. 1 " '
YM. N. BENTON, General Agent
DR. JOHN T. HODGEN, Consulting Physician.
LACKLAND. CLINE k .TAMISbN.Legal Adv'rs.
HON. ELI7.UR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary.
S1XAK K. TOOT.
State Agent for Tcnnesseo.
Special1 Agents, Nashville, Tenn.
Ofticr: Second Xatlonnl Rank JlHlliUnjp
Nashville Local Beard of Reference :
Itlliman, Bro. k Sons, J. A, McAlister k Co,
j no. tvlraman. u. u. diuddicdciu,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Thos. R. Jennings, M. D, TM. Madden.
XailimBltjr'Actilaaflt hy Firr.-Rlvrr
i andUroMd tn the-' -t
Home Ina. Co-ofX.Y. Cash asseU-44.0n0.0O0
Columbia, Cash Capital.. 500.000
Arctic, Cash AfseU-.. 625,000
IIartfard,Cash AsseU 1,600,000
Lbweskdlusted and promptly naid atthtsOCca
ll D. FARNSWORTH.
, luu Agent.
STAtK OFTTKNNESSEE.r -Fkaxklix
t j J. STMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
J.X.. N. Simpson, deceased, is hereby ordered to
give notice in the Usiox axd AvmcAS.and by
vrrltten notice, at the' Court House door in Win
chester, Tcna, fotallprrwnsharingclaimsarainst
said estate to appear and -file the Fame with the
KadertMgued, tlnUr-aueatieed, in the tnaBBcr
proscribed bylaw, onorltfore the 1st of April,
.fit. ' " " TilOi. SHORT, ClerK,
XauouT Omcr N, Jk C. R. Tul
S"D A.FJKR TO-DA' QUH DEPOTS
L btiaiiietl at RK A. v. fnr 1 k.
reirftta, and promptly closaxl at 4 r. u.
GROCERIES, LIQUORS, &c.
P. R. BAILKY.
C. X. OBDWIT.
T. B. SAMPLE.
i. X. CAES AT.
BAILEY- ORDWAT & CO.,
Xcar the JRivei;)t .
HfrrPIILLY BEG TO ANNOUNCE TO,
witLhaVo in store one of the largest pad most coin-j
Blcte let of Groceries offered iff this, market for
h.'r,iiath,f thpv nrn .now receiving auix
,un nut. The floods were bougui dj one:
.nH vr.rK i.lMtni aoeeiallv for this market. Tho
billowing comprise part of the stock i.
300' jacks Baltimore Bio Coffee;
40 hogshead Brown Sugar;
100 barrels. "Goffee Sugar;
5$ barrels B Coffee Sugar; (
50 barrels C Coffee Sugar;
w , 50ybaireUCnished:Sugar; !
J"' i. '5QharrelffPairdred SwranJ
60 Granulated Sugar; J
"500: barrels-Flour, of all grades;
2000 barrels Salt; ;
20 barrels Molasses; t i
10 barrels Vinegar;
25 barrels Eobertson County AT?isky;
25 barreb.Bourbon Whisky; . ,
5 barrels Holland Gin; :'
4 casks of Brandy;
100 barrels and half barrels 'Mackerel;
100 kite Mackerel; -
100 'boxes Cheese: 1 "
1 50 boxes, J and boxes Kaisins;
15 barrels jumonas;
15 barrels Filberts'; ,
250 drums Figs; i
50 cases assorted .Piqklea, quart and pint
100 cases Oysters;
25 case Sardines; '
200 boxes, and i- boxes Candles;
100 bxs variousbrandsSoap, plain andfandv;
50 boxes assorted Candles;
10, hbxes. Brandy Cherries;
200 kegs Nails, assorted;
50 dozen Painted Buckets; ;
20 dozen Tubs in Nests; i
15 casks Soda; ,
i00". boxes Chewing Tobacco, all grades; , .
' J20 cases Smoking iobacco; . ,
" 50 dozen Brooms;
5 dozen Washboards; i
500,000 G. D. Caps; ,
'100 bags Shot: :
' " 25 bags Spice; '
75' boxes Indigo; : ' ' j ,::
11 casks Madden . ,v I
100. boxes Mustard, ',.".'
25 boxes Starcn; . .
BAGOIXG, ROPE AX1 TWTXEj ..
This stock- is offered to the Trade'onl, at'small
nrofits. We-arc'determined to sell as cheap as the
sameartieicjcanbe had forln Louisville or Cin
navimr.ampU storage, room, we invito consign
ments or Cotton and all kinds of Produce. We
will Uke la exchange
DRIED APri-ES AX I'EACIIES,
J FEATIIEPiS, JJEESWAX,
GIXSEXO AX WOOl,
And'will allow the highest market prices.
it A ItD ff Alt E:. : 1
N0. II, CO JjLEGE STREET,
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
HAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
a large and complete stock of Lnglish, Uer
man,andAmericar..HARDWARE, , i
Which we are telling at, reasonable prices. Tho
stock consists in part of
'FINE TXL rOCKET CUTLERY.
300. GROSS TABLE CUTLERY,
a DOZ. KNOB LOCKS, -assorted, , .
H) do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS, -S00d'
ASSORTED AUGERS, ' v
25 do FPOT ADZE, !
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND IUNGES, assorted,-12 to
1000 lbs. JJ-DOtL 'CHAIN, ;
'lOOO' "BLACkWlTlV"s7lAMMERS. all kinds:
'23 VTRTGHT'S-AN'v'JLS. j
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS. 4 to 7J4 fset. !
66 MILL SAWS, HSU i feet; ' .,
"HATCHETS,: ' , .
. ' " CHAINS,
. ' LOOKING GLASSES,
" CANDLESTICKS of all kinds
. 'SHEARS, fc
TIN -CUPS and PLATES.
' TEA and TABLE SPOONS,
COFFEE MILLS. -
. , , , ' TACKS.
A ifery large stock of PLANES of every variety
Also,- ' -PKBHITJM
Those wishing to purchase in our line will do
well, to give jisheall'bcfore buying.
, . SAM. VAX LEEK, A CO.
G. W. FALL & CO,.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS3
T 1 .1
ILlRDWwlRE ASH CUTMERT
NOJ 51 "PUBLIC SQUARE.
, , . ;, (Kirkman k Ellia'-old stand.)
i.WpTjld--rtpecUullr invito Uie'itteiitioB. oi
Gr.TJ 1ST, B ,
UII i- -i
Which cannot bo equalled, here. It comprises all
grades, from the
PIAIX DOUBIiE BARREIi
-rTE.SLKV- aiClIAKBS4-.Jt .- ER
- - - -also a -mr
Brcack XeatliHR er CartrltiKC
filEOX GVSS. :
IsrlSHYTLLE, TENKESSllE, fWEDNESDAT, JANUARY 10, 1866.
DRUGS & filEDICINES.
'LSuVsor,' i J
32 Market U, opposite Union.!
T ESPECTFULLY INFORM THE OLD PAT
XV rons of Dr. WELLS and the public generally,
that his successors will do all in their power, by
dillicent attention to business, to merit a continu
ance of the Doctor's former large vnd extensive!
Therwill kbcpo&ainlly on kamTpp:
pure; drugs, axd chemicals,
Powers and Weightman's Celebrated Chemicals,
Bine Mass, Sulphate Quinine, Sulphate Morphis,!
Iodine, Iodide' Potash, Chloride of Gold, Ether,'
'Our Pharmauial preparations are such 'as,
Tinctures, Kxtr.icts, Syrups, Cerates. Ointments,'.
Plasters, etc ai.-e made in strict accordance with
the revised Pharmacopia. I
Such as Pills, Ointments, Diarrhoea; Cordials,
Ague Tonics, Alteratives, Invigorating Cordials,
Cough Medicines, and in fact all the
Of the day. Finest articles of Perfumery, Fancy
and Toilet articles of every description; fancy
perfumed Soaps, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Tooth Washes, Tooth Brushes, and all articles in
this line pertaining to the Toilet. .!Mia&i3it
Botanic fc Eclectic Medicines,
Such as Fresh Roots and Herbs, of all kinds:
Tilden's and D. Keith's Alkaloid and Rcsnoid, and
their concentrated Extracts. .
Trusses I Trusses ! ! - Trusses ! 1 1
For the million, of every siie and variety.
Dental & Surgial Instruments,
Accurately filled, at all hours of tho day and night.
Spices, Dye Stuns, Paints,
Allspice, Pepper,. Cinnamon, Cloves, Nutmegs,
Mace, Mustard, Aromatic Seeds. Madder, Span
ish Indigo, Logwood, Copperas, Blue Stone, Mu
riate of Tin, Cudbear, etc Window Glass. 8x10
to -10x00 superior quality. White Lead, Mixed
Paints, ready for use; Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
Coal Oil; Lamps of every variety, and large sup
ply, at low rates,
1 Landreth's Garden Seed,
Just received, a very largo supply. Also, a large
lor of Grass Seed.
ROBERT V. JEXKfXS, Prcicriptionist and
and Pharmecist, at the Old Stand of II. S. Thatch
er, now of the firm of R. P. J. & Co., would in
form the Physicians of Nashville,, and surround
ing country, that it is our. nun to supply every
want of the Practitioner; ic tho lino of his pro
fession, and Will spare no pains to accomplish that
end satisfactorily. He will bo much pleased tosee
any of the Faculty who will honor our establish
ment with a visit. .
He hopes by constant attention to"bnsiness to
merits share of patronage, assuring them that
their favors will bo prepared with fidelity, of the
purest materials, and by himself personally, or an
Our block embraces tho greatest -variety; and
everything coming within the Drug Business.
Give us a call and we will guarantee satisfac
tion. All orders entrusted to our care filled with
promptness and accuracy.
R. P. JENKINS, &. CO.,
33 Market ct, opposite Union,
SIGX OF THE MAX AXD 9IORTAR.
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
33 UNION STREET.'
mnrs OT.n ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
1 j'innos ofStcinway and Sons, J.B. Dunham,
RobU Nnnn's, A, H. Gale A- Co.. and other first
class instruments. Carhairt, Nccdham k Co s un-
CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Abo, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before you purchase
P. S. Have just added to tho above list of
CAIXEXBERG & VATPEL.
Call and examine. dec23-lm
PIANOS ! PIANOS !
- 'MASON & HAMLIN'S1
you "WILL find the hest ASSORT
mtnin theeity at Lust's New Musie Store
Opposite St. Cloud HoteL Also Sheet Musie. and
Musical Instruments Of all kinds. Be sure to all
Pianos, tuned by Mr. Jackson,
JOHN ITJCK, '
Luck's Building, Church Street, opposite St.
Cloud Hotel, and 44 Union Street.
c laxdos mix
A. B. rSSBLKTCX. . .
Late with Berthold. Smith k Co St.. Louis.
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
20 SOUTH JKAUf STREET,
JJEKCKAXTS' EXCHANGE BLOCK,
SK Z,OTTJS, 3IO.
Coanmaeet of CoUea.-Leaf -ToVaeee, SaMB"
CeSre.Melacsee, etc- solicited, at
for Pork, Bacon, Lard. Hear, Ste, t,
NOW IS THE- TBIE
, nu rer.-sii .rt.-rv-' Jtjsfaii 'J$vai J
, " n .'a u.. "i&-JH J Ui
.' . i ; V
S aU AS. VyifXWJO Xjk. i
SFOR THE .
. 1 'S 'I l.sl M: I
.-.ji . .
OUR SEVERAL- EDITIONS;
. ?:')siso9s t ??."F?TAPMSni:D,) ;
:. i. - -T .'. "'--,'.'
i . ' ; :
r:.- And : WEEKLY,,
WILL' MEET THE WANTS OF ALL
'ciAsSI' OF REAWEKS.''
The DAILY will contain the
L.A T E S T N E'W S ,
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH,
. :.-- -.
From all parts of tho country, embracing
Axi','A GENERAL MISCELLANY.
Of information, relating to the Religious, J)dmcs
- tic and Social, condition of the people, ;
NORTH AND SOUTH.
The Tei-AVkkklv, which will be regularly issued
so soon as the necessary arrangements can bo per
fected, will contain all the mo3t important matters
treated intheDAlLT, and a large advertising list
showing the general business of this and other
Tho Weekly, which will bo enlarged as circum
stances shall require, will contain selections from
the other editions, of matter that will serve to in
terest and improve the old and the young, Tt will
contain, in addition to its gcneal reading, embra
cing all subjects of current thought andi Interest,
alWeekly Review of the markets efthis and other
cities, with which our people do business, and a
carefully prepared price-current of the Nashville
markets, including all articlesbought and sold in
.theeity, whetherof domestic production or im
ported from abroad. We also intend to make the
' Weekly Ukios and Amkricax," in all respect?, a
with solid' and instructive matter for the advan
tage of tho rising generation, and for the enter
tainment and comfort of thoso mora advanced in
life. Tho proprietors of tho " Uniojt asd Aukbi
CAs" havo lived and "been engaged in tho
newspaperbusincss longenough to obtain aknowl
edgo of tho true wants of a great, honest and vir
tuous people, who, though unfortunate, are striving
to transmit to their descendants, in culture and
nurture, tho highest and most noble qualities,
industry, sclPreliance, and dignity ofcharactcr.
Faiiy appreciating the power and beneficence or
woman, they will endeavor to make this paper an
acceptable companion to the motfiers and daugh
ters of the country, wherefrom they may derive
both profit and pleasure.
To persons desirous of making known to tho
public .their business, we may say that our circula
tion by mail, reaching cv'ery Tost OflicTS which has
been re-opened in the State, besides an extend vo
circulation in adjoining States, gives our advertis
ing columns-superior advantages.
The advance in theppccsoi every article which
enters ,into tho production'of newspapers is such
that tho terms upon which they are furnished
m tut. necessarily correspond. In commpn with
our city contemporaries, we have adopted the
following as the . ,
. - i - . " '.!' ,;(( i y
.:-.,- . tti il .--
.f' ? rV, ; ! ... "
.T.ff ii.. J
' ' , Tarrai;of 'Subscription" ' -
- FOE THE
' . ' a . w i '
Union- an 'd " A me ri c'an,
-"(Strictly inAdvanee,).i- v .
(,;..- - : '- j '
X n. i l y. -
Daiiy,per annum : : : ?t)H:oo
" K' for tiimolhar-W--- 'f0,
for three moatB'. , - '.3-D
for one month.'
VV o O
-rrv, --i r ' ' '"i1 .
. . .-i-3.J
.t three'raonths .' 7'
sia&aBBasneeaael will be mado of the time
when te Tri -Weekly , will be iamcd.'aad ,.of!thfl
Union and American.
A FAVORABLE SYMPTOM.
Fprney, the editor of theYaHgton Chren-i
i-'cf, and correspond6nt of the Pbiladdiphiai
pPrcss, ia a political weathercock. He liasi
becrij "everything by. turns and nothing
long," and yet we liave never known himtoj
fall on the loosing.side. Itwaa only after,
much hesitancy that he made up his mind,
to follow the President in his "policy of!
.recoastruction, hnt we may regard him now
as fairly over. The following, from one of
his recent Washington letters, is significant :
" Gradually, yet Purely, the difficulties in
the way of restoration are eubsidnig, and
that which was believed to bo among the
.probabilities, viz: .a. difference, between the
.prominent and controlling intellects of the
Rational Union organization, may now,
1 .1 i i I ii ii , 1 mi
jt nuns, ue wnouy uiscarueu. xnere is, in
fact, so little to quarrel about, that he, will
be a factious and a daring partizan indeed,,
i . i i i . .i 'i
cessitiea which demand peace on the basis of
.something like the President's Jwlicy. Itj
juocsjiotseem.to be aoubted,that tne ques-i
tion of Eull'rage will be adjusted with the
consent of nearly all parties,, by an amend-!
ment to the National Constitution, making'
voters, instead of- numbers, the foundation off
representation- in Congress. "What, after!
.these, remains for division and dispute?1
ijhall we ny into a rage at the President itj
he appeals to Congress to admit loval reprc-i
sentatives? While there may be a difs
' ference of opinion in regard to applicant
junableto.come up to tho fnll extent of the:
fHqluredobligatsi'ttere-BKorild be little;
even oi mis spini against ine xennessec ueie-i
gation. The continual exclusion of the;
members from that State would be not only1
inexpedient and unwise, but much like pro-t
scription, and I do not wonder that there is!
a good deal of restiveness among their;
Tho Southern States to-day are practical lyi
in the Union. Both branches of Congress;
have recoRnized tho fact. United States!
judges, marshals and other officials have been
nominated by the President and conformed
by the Senate : the machiney of Federal tax-
.a tion has been applied to them, and revenues)
collected; tue4..ost Umce department lias,
extended Its operations into all parts of tho;
South. No' one act of thfe Gbvernment, in
any of its branches, executive, judicial or leg
islative, has tolerated for a moment the idea,
that the Southern States have. been a moment'
out of the Union. What remains is simply
a matter as to the qualifications of the appli
cants. To attempt to establish a system of
conditions looking to a protracted probation
is neither to improve the temper of the peo
ple of tho South nor to strengthen the com
mon friends of the Administration in the
North. Whenever a sonnd and well appli
ed loyalist presents himself for admission tc
Congress, it would be the height of injustice
ta keep him out. While politicians palter,
the great -work goes on.
University of Virginia.
A correspondent of tho New York xV,
writing from Charlottsville, says.of Ibis ven
erable institution, founded and nurtured by
Jefferson, and at which so many of the best
men of the South have been educated :
' 'Durintr the war. a3 a matter of course,
there were bufvery few students, indeed the
University existed but in a name, and now
that peace, with its doubtful blessings, visit
our unfortunate country, the maimed and
mutilated soldier crawls from tho battle-field
to this fountain of knowledge, striving to
find in its healing waters a balm, not only
for bodily wounds, but the more serious laci
erations of mind and heart from which ho
The desire for education throughout our
country is rather increased than diminished
by four years of war, but the poverty of tho
people is such that comparatively few can
afford a college education. The number of
students here is only two hundred and forty,
not sufficient for the support of thejjwtitu
tion. The literary fund of Virginw from
which it was endowed, .has ceased to have an
existence. So that this noble institution is
'suffering almost th'eparigs of dissolution.
Alio A roiessors are sinving energetically to
weather the storm, and with the help which
is hoped from the action of the Legislature
tliis winter, they will doubtless succeed.
The library of the University is an unus
ually fine one. Its nucleus was selected by
Mr. Jefferson, and it has been added to from
year to year until tho number of volumes
amounts to thirty-five thousand; it embraces
but a small portion of the light literature of
the day : the character of the books being
more solid than is usually the case in a col
lection of this kind.
A life-size statue of Mr. Jefferson which,
for want of the means to erect it, has re
mained packed Jbrfour years is still in tho
rotunda. It is a masterly piece of 'Gaits;
and will be a great addition to the interest
.and beauty of the place.
liut once during tne tour years' war am a
force of the Federal army succeed in reach
ing this place, and that last Spring, when
Sheridan made hbraidr taking -this county
in his course. Being a State institution, the
greatest apprehension was felt that the
course pursued in Lexington might find its
parallel here, and that the torch of the in
cendiary might lay waste in an hour this
work of nearly half a century, but the fear
proved groundless ; even this army, which
had spread ruin and desolation along its
whole course, passed by this beautiful spot
without leaving a trace of its presence. The
greatest pains were taken to prevent injury
to the buddings and grounds ; guards were
placed around, and no one permitted to
enter, but by special permission.
Sensible Talk. The. Bev. Henry Ward
Beccbcr delivered an address ori recon
struction, at Troy, the other evening, and is
reported by the Times, (Kcp.) as saying :
"Those flashes of Southern sentiment,
bitcr editorials and tossing heads, are not
surprising when we think of the scourge
that has Bwept over them; that a proud
spirit has been obliged to confess defeat at
the Iiands of men they despised ; that their
property has been swept away; their dons
slain ; they reduced from affluence to begga
ry. "When 1 think of this, the wonder is
that they are as temperate aa they are. Con
sidering their fearful defeat ana humiliated
position, I think they have behaved well.
It may not be fashionable, but I honor them
for the feeling they exhibit."
Crime and Casualty. The year's police re
cord gives an important class of statistics,
"Sixtv-two homicides occurred in New York
during 1S65; and though the Irish of the
city are, with a few grains of truth, said to.
be ita most unruly population, only four
homjeides Were committed by Irishmen,
while tlits mass of murders, and those of the
worst character, were committed by Ameri
cans and Germans. An equal number of
suicides took place. The greatest single
item of casualties (one hundred and ninety)
is "drowning," which suggests among other
.things more careful provisions for landing at
our wharves and ferries. Forty-five infanti
cides are set 'down, and the most violent
means of death seems to have been preferred
bv the suicides.' Beccntly another suffoca
tion, to death (this time of two children) o
"curfed in one of the tenement houses ; and
our attention is called to another " cholera
nest" in an. open plat (?f ground, quite in
the city itself, used by the health protectors
for deposits of infection.
Dirones in Cftteatf. Chicago is becomig
metropolitan. There were two hundrlXjty
seventy-five divorces granted in,car 18C5.
br the several courts, during these one
The Chicago Journal sayr were applied for
hundred and scventytmd of grievances
'by wives, wboajfender; draakeMess
ijjalna$ tkejiciues, desertion and"cru3ty,
in fifty cATenness and cruelty, forty-four;
fouriy eight; drunkenness, desertion,
aAIty and adultery combined, two: bijra-
,ray, two ; other causa, two. Of the entire
RBmber of divorces granted akiety-eight
were applied lor by KutBinds, whose grounds
of grievances against their wives were,:
adultery in fifty-eight of the canes, desertion,
twenty; drunkenness, eighteen ; bigamy,
ono; other causes, one,'
Nearly two hundred thossand yards of
fi French broadcloth, stored on board the
lale -bcl ram StcmmsH, at the Navy Yard,
are tO bwfoetmved Wfittv uii la nfflvutti
that the Bu-rial Is infected' with the yellow
Interesting Letter from
kc Thinks of the EmjMjror &Hti tbe
Empr?ss--Lt. aHry. Ex-Gov. JlnrrUi
and other DIsllHjirwlshed Exiles Thel
TJBfrlcndly Attitude of the 'rnited
fitatc-i.The Fitfitre erxexlco. '
Citv of Mexico, Dec. 2, 1S63.
Editors (if the'Charlestoa Daily 2fawa:
When I left "the States," L promised to)
write to many of my friends and latefellow-i
soldiers, from this my new place bf abode)
and land of adoption. Of course, they ex-l
pect full accountrof thesateof the coustry,
the prospects of the Imperial Goveroaeat,
and more particularly of the reception, ac
corded to ex-Confederate soldiers, and the'
inducements held out to emigration. Now,
as it will be perfectly impossible-for hm to!
comply with my promise, and write to all:
ray friends, so as to satisfy their inquiries. I
have bethought me of a happy substitute,
viz S If you'will permit me, 1 will send you
a letter "from time to time, which you may
print, and sencLa copy- of your paper, con
taining my letters,, to the enclosed addresses)
of my friends. In this manner lean, -with i
ease to myself, give them the information
they desire, and detail such facta and items!
of interest as the events transpiring around,
me may suggest.
As I expect these letters to be published,
I shall avoid, as far as' possible, everything'
not strictly of general interest, and, for that
reason, say nothing of the various hardships,,
adventures, and mishaps, that befell our
party on the voyage to this country. We
arrived here some two months since dirty,
ragged, weary and jaded ; sore in heart in)
our recollections of tho past perplexed,,
aiixi6usaiTd"deubtfttL yet sot withewt hope,;
for tho future. I had letters to Gen. Pres-t
ton, of Kentucky, and other distinguished;
Confederate exiles, some of whom hold
positions of honor and trust at the Imperial
Court or Council Board. Gen. P. was very1
kind to me. and placed me under great obli
gation byhispolito attention introducing
me to tho various prominent Americans,
resident here at present; and afterwards,
also, being instrumental in procuring me an,
audience of his Imperial Majesty, as well as
with the Marquis deMontholon, the French
Ambassador. At the palace of the latter E
had the good fortune to be presented to
Marshal Bazaine, the Commander-in-Chief
of the French forces in Mexico. As a mat
ter of course, our late unfortunate, war, and
the policy of tho United States .towards
France and Mexico, were the subjects dis
cussed at this interview,
I was extremely pleased with the Em
peror. He has anno face and figure, though
he looks rather young for his position very
prepossessing in his manners, dignified, cour
teous and affable; expresses himself with
fluency in French, Spanish and English, as
Well as his native German. He has a fine
tnind, which appears to have been well cul
tivated. He seems to appreciate the diffi
culties of his position, and is anxious to
shape his policy so as to give offense to none
(if that -were possible ;) to steer clear of tho
prejudices ready to assail him on all sides,
and yet to devise and carry ont such measures-
as ho believes will lead to the establish
ment of his Empire on a firm basis, and to
the furtherance of the best interests of Mex
ico and her people.
To this end Maximilian is calling around
him men of talent from every part of tho
world. He has Mexicans, Americans,
Spaniards, Germans and Frenchmen in his
service. Our distinguished nautical astron
omer and ruler of the wind and wave, Lieut.
M. F. Manry, has here found an honorable
retreat. He is one of tho councillors of
State. Generals Price and Magruder are
here, winning golden opinions. Tho for
mer is a sterling soldier and a good ruler of
men, in whatever position placed. I was
pleased to learn that he enjoys the confidence
of all who come in contact with him. Gen.
Masrxuderis still the same cnergctiCj im
petuous, go-ahead character weknew him at
Malvern Hill, perhapsi looking a little more
subdued, and hi3 hair a shade more gray.
He seems in fine health and spirits, and !
doubt not, will make a name for himself in
the land of the Montezumas.
Gens. Preston nnd Kirby Smith were
here some timeago, but have left again ; but
ex-Governors Harris, of Tennessee, Allem
of Louisiana, Eeynolds, .of Missouri, are
still here; and many more gentlemen of
character and distinction at home wliohavo
cast their lot with this country. I will not
here enumerate all their names, as I do not
think they would covet such notoriety.
I have not yet seen the Empress. She is
in Yucatan at present, and there met with a
most enthusiastic reception. She i3 very
popular with all classes here. Quite young
and. very handsome, courteous and amiable
to those around her, and kind and charita
ble to those dependent on her bounty. She
is the only daughter, you know, of the King
of Belgium, a first cousin, therefore to Queen
Victoria, and on her mother's "side, grand
daughter of the late citizen King of France,
Louis Philippe. Her situation here can
not be very pleasant, I imagine. Bemoved
from all her relatives and friends, apAfroni
the companions of her childhood, in a for
eign country, where" all is strange tbat meets
her eye or strikes her car. The contrast,
too,, between life and people in Brussels
Paris or Vienna, and that of Mexico, with
its conglomerate population cannot be pleat
ing, I should think. But. as she is young,
she may soon get herself acclimated, and
bfconle themothec .heloved.of a new and
The mails from Vera Cruz are looked for
with considerable anxiety by many of us
here. Thd exile finds a. mournful solace in
the payers and letters he-receives from what
wa3 once his home. -Though he hi left his
country, he cannot divest himself of the most
livel v "interest for her welfare. And for ob
vious reasons, I am doubly anxions to ob
serve the attitude of ihe United States toward
this country. It Cannot be denied that this
subject is one of the most engrossing among
all classes of intelligent people here-. -Tho
French, and also Maximilian, havo all along
believed in the continuance of pacific rela
tions with the United States and havesought
to avoid everything that could give the least
provocation. There war a slight collision
threatened on the Bio Grande, about a month
ago J and serious trouble was apprehended
therefrom; but I dclicve-thc matter was ami
cably adjusted between the two generals com
manding on tho opposite shores of the Kio
Grande General Weitzel and GencraOIe
jix Tim nnnolntment of General John A.Ld-.
can as Minister to the Republic of Mexico,
was tne nrsi omuai aciui m umnu ..
tbat pointed td a. determined, persistent hos
tility toward thcGovernment of Maximilian.
This policyir most Incomprehensible to-m.
If the intention of Mr. Seward is to seek an
open rupture with Napoleon, this appoint
ment of General Logan ii all plain enough.
It is certainly not dictated by any regard for
the Itheral cause, so called. The Juarez
Government is a myth a humbug; If left
alone, it has not the shadow of a chance far
Success. Its army is a lawless mob ofrob-bersandn-urdcrers;
not a' whit better than tho rank and file. Tri
deed, discipline seem to be entirely ignored.
Guerrilla -warfare is the favorite method,
and you know perfectly well -what that
means, me civiiizeu worm appruna
conduct of Victor Emanuel, who
me Aingugui ui .ai'iH " "fesent time,
brigands that have, up to tjlfon to his rulf.
maintained an armed or.'gj,ot or exccntcd
At last accounts he, thCM; And yet, tho
SCVeral thOa&KXU nnnltazcmn el.
- - - - t - -aMi tv gvtj kA-wavwa v-
; eapohta Jjayagea vhopro&nethcBameof
y ana avcpguiicsb ia meir uacan
Hut will it be gfiid that Maximilian does
not occupy the whole of Mexico? Itjacasy
to show the absurdity of such an objection.
Mexico contain" 712M0 square miles, nnd
has a populatiotf of about 8,000,000-about
one man, therefore, to every wjaare mile.
When it is furthermore remembered how
impassable for large armies & great patrtof
the coaritry is, it will be seen why the Em
peror prefers to concentrate, his troop in a
few place of importance, nther than scatter
them in TBOUBtain fastnesses, more- difficult
of acecsB to their f riesds,- the quartermaster
a ni -tern m Lvary, than t& lhir deadly foer,
the" 1 wrkisg brigands of the Sierra.
No! Maximilian and his ahk advisers
know perfectly .well wht they are afceuV.
They .are maeters of the situation; and the
Libends wHI isevi'taHy w'&rk eat their own
are let ateM. Leek at
their siege of Mirtawwos. - Far moKtha they
have keet &" htmpry crcw'eSf miumwlen hwk
lag b( the vienrty of that city, harraHBg
ovee the State ef Twwah'p. -This,- their
yt wosjHkry, i ecMd a Mfe.. '
As, to Iheir lying bulletins, and announce
ments of brill iaf victories over the French,
'there" k no truth m them. Here bo ono pays
.the slightest atte&tioa to thwa ; and I am
surprised that the shrewed people of the
STorth should be fculled by them. But I do
'not believe thai they arc greatly culled.
They sec. these' matters jst as they wish to
see tam. v ny the jiepe bliean party of the
jNortn. should desire to plunge tho United,
States into a war with, France, I cannot ex
actly see. You have sandy had enough of
-war the het five years not to wish to rente w
it before the echoes of the Te Dcum sung in
praise, of, it) termination nave died away,
Your country is still bleedincat every oore:
scarcely a family circTe thai does not wail the;
loss of one br B&ore brave sons. Widowsand
orphaBsl'iBcn with maimed limbs and bro-
t - J ' A?....- 'It
Ken ,aown ujtHHiiuuuu are mci wiui on
every hand. Arc these tho tronlues your'
people are so eager to renew1 ? Y out treas
ury is burdened "with a debt of three thousand
'millions of dollars r a debt contractedwith-
in five years and nearly as largo as the
whole national debt of England, which was
nearly two hundred years m reaching its
present figare. And is a foreign war o? gi
eantic dimensions to- isiprovo your credit?
Or. is it only to furnish a decent pretext for
rcpudiating.the whole amount of outstanding
claims against tho Washington Government?
There may be .something in my last sur
mise ; but I feel the true secret of the pres
ent oallcmkobia amonz the leading papers
, and politicians of the Kepublican party of
the United btates is, that they have had
things their own way during the past four or
five years, for the first time in the history
of your, country ; they have tasted the sweets
of office, its power and its spoils. A return
to peace, and the readmission info the Un
ion of the late Confederate States; seriously
tneaara their tilln tn .1 Innrcr tpnnrn of thu
lease of power, They,,thcrefore, cast about;
ior a noooy wiui wnica 10 noiu incir posi
tion ; or upon which to ride back again in
to office and popular favor. Such a hobby,
fortunately, presents itself in the Monroe
JXictrine ; and this is to be made thp great
crow-bar, the lever upon which thdAmcri-
r can people are to be hoisted into another
war and a further dominion of the Hepubli
caa party, I will not here enter into the
motive that perhaps lurks in Wall street,
and the great moneyed power of the Jforth,
who have found the late war so profitable
they are willing to try it again, and we all
know whata terrible scourge to a people
this irresponsible money power may become.
Mammon is the prince of all the devils, and,
merits' this foiil pre-eminence, for his power
of -mischief is unlimited.
But I must . stop this .long digression and
return to Mexico. Tho Emperor has recently
issued two important dccrces one of them
extending (from Nov. 29)' the time in which
tho Republican soldiers laying down -their
arms, were to be granted amnesty ; and
the other, ordering a draft of "soldiers,
throughout Mexico. Immigrants are arriv
ing in large numbers from every quarter Of
tlia globe ; a cheering indication, and proof
of the confidence abroad, in the, stability and
securitv of Maximilian's government.
ily letters is getting somewhat long, arid
yet I must leave a good deal unsaid. But I
must not forget to tell you that the so-called
Liberals have gone to quarreling .among
themselves. Another Richmond now ap
pears in the field, in the form of a rival Pre
sident to Juarez. Th6 new claimant is
Gonzales .Ortega, whoso friend protest
loudly, and with all their mighty that Juarez,
according to tho Mexican constitution, is no
longer President ; that Ortega is now tho
only President of the Republic. In holding
power, after his term of office has expired,
Juarez, they say, is a usurper ; and they
proclaim him such, and appeal to all Mexi
cans, and friendly sympathizers- and- well-
wishers of the Liberal causo in Mexico, to
throw off Juarez, nnd give their support to
the constitutional President, uonzaies ur
TliLs new imbroclio will only hasten the
downfall and disptrsion, or annihilation, of
tho whole tnbo of malcontents, ana there
fore id rather welcomed hero than regretted.
But how perplexing must tho intelligence
be to the friends of the Mexican Republic
abroad. To which President is Gen. Logan
to present his credentials? Will Mr. Sew
ard appoint two- Ministers now ono to
Juarer, and tho other to Ortega? For lie
will hardly undertake to decido an intricate
Mexican constitutional question atthatdis
tance from the scene of strife, and upon such
inadequate data as he can there command.
Had he not better reconsider his decision of
refusing to recognisic the only de-facto gov
ernment in Mexico, and making himself
and his country ridiculous by sending an
envoy to a government that may be said to
havo no existence- at all ?
This is the day of trial for Mexico. If
she can weather tho present storm ; if Max
imilian prove himself a wise, conciliatory,
aswcllasiinn sovereign, (the Hapsburgs
have never been deemed deficient in, tho
latter, quality ;) if Franco will continue her
present policy, quietly awaiting thesolution ;
if, the, United States will sec the much
greater advantage that must accrue to her,
fa, having a neighbor with a secure, fixed
go vernment,, instead of the continued broils
and quarrels of a set of .brigands, such as
she had to deal with heretofore, qn tho south
ern , bank of tho Bio, Grande ; if Mexico
shall be permitted to develop her immense
resources, in mining, in grazing, in the cult
ture of cotton, apd in a thousand other pro
ducts of commercial importance sho may
yet tike her place in the foremost rank
among; the civilised nations f the eartli.
Tho Emperor is a man of enlarged views,
and is resolved, if possible, to piakc Mex
ico a great State and her people a. great
nation. That he has . undertaken a most
herculean task, I will not deny.
There is very much to thwart him, and
bring to nought his best Jaidplahs-and jnost-l
beneficent uesigns. 1110 pcopm are ignor
ant and superstitious, and from long misrule
impatient of all control. The priesthood is
corrupt, and the majority of them, perhajw,
entirely unworthy to fill the saired oflice
they hold. - They wield a large influence.
with tho people 'r and ai th ey do not consider
the establishment of tlie Empfm to their in
terest, of courso they , work against .Maxi
milian. Then there arc those., firebrands
the leaders o the Liberal party and their
adherents who in their selfish . ambition,
are ready to sacrifice, their country for tho
mere chance of a little brief authority. They
are obstinately blind, and will not sec tho
inexorable, logic of events. An empty treas
ury, and a heavy debt, with their necessary
concomitants of largo taxes and heavy cui
tom duties, is another of the difficulties of
tho Imperial Government.
. Still, numerous an arc these drawback?, I
do not consider them insurmountable ; and,
nrr-iin T rprx-jiL if Maximilian is tho man
far the place, I feel sure that a glorious des
tiny is awaiting Mexico, and that the Em
peror Iturbide, Maximilian's legitimate suc-
pwnr. mar tci uc iiuiuoa;i.-u umvut ,
proudest sovereigns of the globe. Let-"
tmnam tlml rrpam car
,i ii uix buried in the ground
Si"-!.rU of France. The process is as
The cream .w placed in a linen bairof
moucrsic inicKiics", wnica in careiuiir ce-
1 - 1 1 ?J At f ...
curcu anu piacvti in a wnuic in uio grounu
about afoot and a hIf-dcep t it is then cov
ered tip and left for twenty-firar or Iwenty-
fivo hours; When taxen wit tho cream Is
very hard, and only requires beating for a
short time with 3 wood en maiiet,-aftcrwhicli
half a glass of water is- thrown upon it,
which causes the buttermilk to separate from
&e better. If the quantity to be converted
mho matter is large, it is Jclt morp than
twenty .fear beam is the ground. In winter,
when the grottad is frozen, the operation is
performed in a cellar, the bag being well
covered up is send. Some persona place the
bag. cos taming the rcam within a second
bag, in order to prevent any taint from
the earth. This yf m javca labor, pro
duces a larger amount of excellent butter
than churning, and moreover, i ir said
never to fail.
Lock Jaw. We havo noticed fn the pa
mm latriv". Rotiett of HVcral deaths by tills
moeav, (me ef them in this neighberheotL.
we nay a pwia nevcraiiimes. a cenam
preventative ad remedy in thc-'applimtt'on
ef beers salltUte wowid. Will ei. otir
editori l brethre cirenhrte the InformsHiw
... . a n.af
ami wreey save itianj vanwie iivec i jk
aides ita ruiti spawiioAte proptrtka, th ffak
wiH drsw fm the wwwd ay pmtiein it
WOj 8 -IWHi lkBy ptlMC Sli)9ttitS6al
that maycMse imtto jrhea other appH
Oate have MM te do to.Lcnttuimr JSn
' ai efcCTirgfiecte. oppeaifa
ProixtiQEata ratcifor shorter periodj
SaicriiioHi Invariably la advance ,
The ytecontH IiC$islimre-V Kewl
far KlaMMUroHta-Kaallcal Cavernsr.
- ADiiQSfss Jajw4.-l.SCl.
Thk evening: the newfit-iteikVccrs -were
Governor Fairchild, in hia Inaugural,
says : "With the return of peace ranch of
responsibility tind Bare has " passed- away.
The people of thisState vilTever remember
with pride that they nobly-answered "the
calls of the general" government fo men ;
over ninety thousand of WlsconSon' eons
went to the fronta With tha- close of ihe
civil war all dangers have not been averted,
nor have air responsibilities' ceased. Great
political problems remain tmsolvcd, and
their solution requires, not only the exer
cise of the calmest judgment and the purest
discrimination' of our greatest publiu men,
but also, earnest thought unwearied' efforts
and honest purpose of all intelligent citizens
of the Republic. Two great and important
questions are already determined by the late
'war. The right of scccssiorr- so strenuoaalj
'claimed by the people of the South, and vig
orously maintained by their arms ibr mere
than four years, has been' forever decided
against them, and from this judgment, ob
tained by the Union army Tit tho point of
the bayonet, there can be no appeal. Tho
national unity has been fully demonstrated,
nntj the national honor fully vindicated by
"the armed power of the government. Those
who sought td divide anil destroy the' conn
try havo been compelled to boyr their heads
before the majesty of tho law, and on bended
knees ask pardon" for their crime. The Ver
dict of the American people i. that any at
tempt to right fancied or real grievances by
force of arms, is treason. They ask, as they
havo a right to a, that the highest judicial
tribunx in the land shall give expression to
that vci diet, by a trial unon the charge of
thatliigh crime, in Jiccoraance with, law, of
the.cbifcf representative of tho rebellicH
the man who stood before the world as the
acknowledged leader of traitors. 2tot until
Jefferson lJaris shall hart been, tried, convicted
and hung fir treason, and the fact that treason
is a crime, which amnot be eomnuied vilh irn-
punitu, shall hare thus bee fully demonstrated,
tnllutA7wrricanptvplc,oe content. Ano Amer
ican people havo demonstrated that the
Unicn is one ad indivisible that its people,
of whatever race orcolor, shall bo forever free.
It now devolves upon us to sco to it that free
dom so established shall be something more
than mere name; it must be so broad and com
prehensive as to include within its privileges
and rights all races and colon, and must be
so guarded by, and. hedged in, with constitu
tional enactments, that no p-sont not even
tho highest in the land, can, with impunity,
trample upon tho sacred national rights of
tho humblest citizen, whatever may be that
citizen's creed or color. Special euactments
must bo passed for tho benefit of the frectl
man, to protect him against tho Oppression
of his late master. He should be admitted
upon tho witness-stand and in the jury-box,
and bo made to feel that ho is a man invested
with, and protected in, all righta of manhood.
It is a matter of regret that citizens of our
own State should have denied colored people
in our midst tho right of suffrage. Time
will yet modify their opinions. This privil
cge, sooner or later, will ba extended to that
class. In. reconstructing the States lately in
rebellion, it seems both necessary and proper
that ample evidence bo rcquiredj upon their
part, that they are-disposcu to yield a ready
and willing obedience to tho Constitution
and. the laws. Each State ought also to be
required to ratify further amendments to the
Constitution forever prohibiting tho payment
of debts contracted in support of the rebellion
and affirming tha Racrcdncss of the national
debt; alsa declaring all ordinance of seces
sion null and void; apportioning represen
tation in Congress upon the basis o tho
number of voters in each State.
With these conditions faithfully carried
out, and, with, tho necessary Congressional
enactments for tho full protection of the
Union men, white and black; tho people will
bo glad to admit thoso States into, full com
munion with tho Union, and welcome them
with opca arras. Ono of tho greatest evils
inflicted upon the country by the war ia the
immenso national debt. The faith of the
Government is pledged for iU payment; it
must and will be paid, principal and interwt.
The national honor is at stake, and people
who created the debt,-in their almost super
human eflbrU to maintain a free government,
have not only power but tho will and integ
rity to fulfill their obligations to the fullest
extent. It would havo been botjer to have
failed in the conttst, and been blotted en
tirely from the face of the earth, than, being
successful, disgrace ourselves by voluntarily
ignoring the. claims of those who come for
ward to support the Government in ita tirao
of need". Repudiation, in any form, or Under
any circumstances, is. ono ot the greatest of,
national evils and the worst of national sins.
The power is in the hands of the President
and Congress to make victory, so dearly won,
a lasting hicfU to tho country; and, with
full confidence in their wisdom and judgment
the people await their action."
Toleration or eplale.
From the M'eraphi Commercial.
It is Jack Falstaff who is the purative au
thor of the remarks "if reasons were n
plenty as blackberries I would, not
render ono upon compulsion." There is
much philosophy contained in. tho senti
ment, although, in Sir John's case, tho bar
renness of waaonicwas probably tho impel
ling, cause of. his direct, refusal jt( appeal iat
thr tribunal ta which intdlectual.perspns
are supposed to submit their controversies.
The plea is sometimes urged against the
Southern States that they have submitted to
tho Constitution of tho United .Slates, and
adopted the additional exactions of the
Government, '"tinder duress." In ether
words, they are not aWc to give any reason
for it, except" tho obvious and true one that
they have submitted to force. Thq fcouth
might very properly jrcply: We liayc acted
under durew, contrary to our convictions of
right and justice, and our "preconceived ideal
of tho CoBtitutimr, but we have been overpowered.-and
submit. Wo yield pur dog
mas to the law of necessity, and regard the
decree as irreversible. It was' foref that de
cided the issue, not reason, ittsiorr could
not determine it. After thirty years of de
bate, wo appealed to thq gwopL, and the
sword decided against ns. Is not this enough?
Do you ask ua to remand tht trial td the
fomm of reaftin? If so, we mrat hon
estly con feu that another political strug
gle must ensue. Kot that we aro not
content with tho issue as i( is. Wa
do not believe that the influence and opinion
of the world can recall what is paat. Seces
sion: hits gone against ua. African slavery
is among " tho things that were." All the
constitutions and laws of Christendom could
riot nour rextand to slavery the scattered fco-
croca fthe South. The Ideas and aspira-
e. .t , . . . a a n i
tid" icT nave uccn langni, wouiu rentier
Jicm unfit to perform the offices of involun
tary labor. There w no system of labor
Which could bo evolved for tho agricultural
fields of tho South, that would not more eas
ily bo organized and carried into practice
than that of slavery. Tho South, therefore,
winhes neither to appeal tUi force, or reason,
for a new trial of the questions In which she
has" been defeated.' But she docs not feel
impelled to render reasons for Jier defeat,
farther than the fact themselves, so suf
ficiently indicate. She can never so far'fbr
got her self-respect, and impugn her sincer
ity, as lo declare that sho wai fronr tiW first
in the wrong. If her opponents an? not sat
isfied with the result an it is, they cannot
compel her to vindicate their action", by sud
denly pretending, to be cdnr?tr to-alf their
doctrines. Wero-tbc todo-thby thiy might
well doubt her hdnty, and Hiiptct, her of
sycopltancy and hypocrisy ia tht extreme.
It would Us achlevincr the result whlcH'Prcs-
'Idcht' Johrtwjrf wisely foresaw Vould be a
satire anamoCJcery upon democratw institu
tions -it twaW criseeniLe her manhood.
But the 2orth appealed to the gworu as
well a the Bou th, to decide the Issue in 'dis
pute between them. They were decided in
favor oftheforthby the sword, Itia down
right dishonesty for any man of t!e: vtrian
pbant party to proclaim that any other trib
unal than forco has decided the nuwtibn,
and tri ask that the Sduth hall yield convic
tions to compulsion, as welt as to surrender
the main limits bt tho ronlest. It L not
necessary that- tho- North and South any
longer quarrel about thco issues, because
they arc essentially dead and oushi to be
buried. For tills very reason there should
be no contest. The facts arc settled. Dif
ference of opinion is at leant tolerated by the
constitution, if tha contUtution is ot a dead
.letter, TIiU difference can work bo evil to
tire Government, wheti it is no longer jn-
recteil aaiB.!t the existing otuer ,
yvfafcreforc wn say, let tha i
Mfekw. her tractions, JWr i
J" T" .JU