Newspaper Page Text
F. C IUXXIXGTA fc CO.,
' - l
BBIT0R5 4 PROPRIETORS.
YelaWrr eBMHHsletim, eaH4la!cktwt
f 1m or importMrt news, wlicitcd from any quarter.
I News letters from the various counties ef the
" All eoamaaleetioas should be addressed to
" Editors of the Usios ad Americas."
F, SETMOUR, M, D.,
(Late "Brigade Sarseoa, V. B. A,y
OCBOST AXD Aumsi,
Ofiee 39 Cedar 2tret.betwen Summer asd Cherry.
nir..-f .raiment of aU Diseases of the Ere
and Ear. operation, far Squinting. Cataract, ect.
performed. BQX p c.
"real estate agentsT
W. MatU Brown i Co, F.OWN.
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Socceworf to Vf. Matt. Beot A Co..)
feoal ZSstato A-jrcnts,
41 Cherry Street,
WILL eire tlieir prompt ifiitate8
and rentine of tTerr de-nption of Real fcstate.
decVplw. j .... - ;
Untitling :Lol8 for Sale,
A I.AHOK KUMBER OF FAr.MS.
lfL A fine Rcidencc, coaUinlne 12 rmmt.
rtt territory. Alio two vacani -.u...w
2.1. That plndtd Renidenco of the late Jamcj
John5n, onPBroa-l Strect, between Sumincr and
llieh trieU. coutainlm 8 roomi, besides lervanu
roouui and oilier out houf c.
M Tlmt uplcndld Retddcnee or Uie law uaruiu
B Jttck, containing about 10 room..; out boom.
etc qoo.1 tspnns ana, ipr n - . -V,;-
aeref of 1
, jmraeuiaieiy kuk i
4th. so mfy of to""'1 .r,tL,ei?,ni?r.CTli
on the Charlotte
te i le, wmcu win uu...-.-
Sth; A Terr Iwe number of Iots In the Citr
ana the mncreni rtuuiuuiij iu
la Edgefield and Brownsrille.
Cth. A rery large number of the BEST FAR Jib
In this and the adjoining counties. Apply to
J. li. & R. W. BROWN, ,
dec.nl Union street.
1I.SEKT . DU.L1X.
TT. BBTM TnOMPfiOK
DILtlH & THOMPSON,
ki:ai, estate asd
PROMISIKG FAITnFUL AND PROMPT
attention to all business entrusted to our care,
we respectfully tender our service to the Public.
asOeneral Agents, for the Purchase and Bale ol
Real Estnte; Renting and Leasing of City or
Country Property; Collection of Notes; Accounts
and Vonchcrs; Investigation of Titles, etc etc.
Office, over Second National Bank. College street.
(1 ect It
BOOKS, STATIONERY7, &o.
TTUOLKSALK AXD RETAIL DEALKR IS
KCH00L BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Ariiold'uvrrltliisrriulrt Copying Ink,
Wedding, Visiting and Printer's Cards.
And the Latest Literature of the Day,
NO. 117 UNION STREET,
(Betwticn Cherry and College.)
Orders solicited for cTery description of .Printing.
"ITfE have removed our Stock to the Ware-
house, corner Church and College streets,
f 1 ..:.- V. I'.rn JmnM .V I n vlifrA
lie generally. I 'I
Our Stock is
' "And we.always.sell c
' '- A. A. SPENCER i CO.
XT. S. CLAD! .CrlDlVCY,
Nb; S9-N0RTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid to the
roixccTiox or , ciims against
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD i NELSON,
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
C. F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge; Anson Nchon, E1., President Sewnd IAs
tiqnal Baqk; MaJ
AJUtlttiVlCVtl, vuni w4-
SOAP! SOAPi! SOAP!!!
DAWJrS IWHOVfiD EKAKIVE SOAI
Best Konp mmlc ixi.thb United
Send your Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
No. DO, Ckurcli Street,
do 21 d3m
D. D. DENTON & CO
AND CANDY MAXCrACTORV,
B AXIt Jj BKOAI STREET.
TJeal er can be supplied on short notice
with r verytlilrig .In our line, made br our-
Ako, wad, Cakes, etc, etc
D. B. DINTON 0. M. HUNTIN8T0N.
the J , ATOUM!? -0X2311
1 r u A A 1 XX'
GROCERS & BANKERS
EWMG & CO.,
Corner Building Market and Chnrch ftreets, foi-
menr occupied by JSnrjnE. JlcLTory.j; uo.
A RE RECEIVING and hare in.store.ihe fcl-
XX iowlnp r- -lUO.barreli
0 do A Coffee Sugar,
ao ji qo uo
do C do do
do BtnartV Cnuhed Saear. utandard.
do do -A' jdo' -Zl&ot 'do1
do Powdered do
uiraj.cM. r i in l.
60 barrel No I and 2 Mackerel, .
SOhfdo do do -t1
60 qrdo do do U
200 kiU uo Poi :
25barreleF.If. A Co'i WhUky, , .
25 do' S.N. Pike's
250 boxes star candles,
U) dozes brooms,
100 boxatehecso. . .
i ) baxM.rakias, ;
M0 kees nails.
100 reams paper,
60 boxes assorted soap,
10 kegs ginger,
30 doien buckets,
SO sacks Rio coffee,
100 boxes candy,
50 baskets champagoc,
30 cases sardines,
0 boxes starch,
SO do pickles,
20 do Madder,
75 barrels apples,
SO boxes asuortcd wines,
1009 barrels Flour, all grade,
250 do Potatoes,
100 boxes Fire Crackers,
20 cases Figs,
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to the abore we have a ceneral as
sortment of groceries, all of which were bought
during the present pressure in the Eastern mar
kets, tve expect to sen goods on short pronts,
and would bo pleased to haro our old friends call
on us. EWING CO.
Ai G. Ewing, of the former firm of Ewing, Mc
Crory & Co., will be fqund with the above firn for
the purpose ol settling tip their business, ilecl'l
C. POWELL, GREEN & CO.
' 1 1 1 ...
38 KROA1) ..ST RE E T,
Columbus Powell, formerly C. Powell & Co.,
K'noTvllleTTenn -. !
I. F. GREENVforraerlyNicbbf, Gre'cn'i'Co.Naih-
Cnxa. M. McGhee, living nt Knoxville, Tcnn.
BY the nbovo card it will be seen we havo cs
tablished ourselves in New Yor for the nur
pose of doing a legitmato commission business ;
ana being a lonncssce house, we respecuuuy so
licit the patronage of our Southern friends gen
crally. We are amply prepared to mako cash ad
vanccs on consignments ; to loan currency on go'd
without cnargo oi interest: topurcnase ana sen
cotton, tobacco, flour and pork : also gold stocks.
conns, una government securities on a margin cx
clusively on commission.
C, l'OWELI GKEEX i Co
dec 20 3m
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
C 03X PANY,
HOME orrCE: XO. 60 XOilTIITllIItl) St
SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURI.
ASSETS, July I, 1865, 8364,614 37:
Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 1SG5.
ff F? FoytU
' " K v "J
Reader, . Is Your Life Insured?
If not, what provision have you made for your
dependent ones? TI1INK1 What would be
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay.?
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.'
JAMES II. I.UCUS- SAMUEL "WILLI
Robert M. Funkhouer, of Funkhonser & Burnett,
Chas. II. Peek, Prcsd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co.
Robert K. Woods, Cashicrof the Merchants Bank.
Jules Valle, of.Choutmn, Harrison S: Valle,
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson A- Garlard.
Chas. VT. McCord, of JlcCord & Co.. Machinists,
John F. Thornton, of Thornton k Pierce.
Isaac 11. Sturgeon, Presid'tof thoN. Mo.Railroad
Hon. John Hngan, Member of Congress,
Henry Overstelt. of Ovcrstels, Wagntr ,t Co
Nich. SehafTcr, of Nicholas Schaffer A-. Co., Star
William T. Gsy, of Hanenkamp .t Edward.
David Keith, of Keith Woods, Booksellers and
R. P. Hanenkamp, of Gay 3c Hanenkamp.
Isaao W. Mitchell.
D.A. January, of D. A. January & Co., Grocers
and Commission Merchants.
Vim. J. Lewis, of Lewis .t Brn Tobacconists.
F. Roller. Jr of F. Rosier, Jr., & Co
Jacob Tamm, cf Tamm &: Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI, President.
JAMES 11. LUCAS. Vice President,
WM. T. SELBY. Secretary.
WM. N. BENTON. General Agent,
DR. JOHN T. HODGES, Consulting Physician.
LACKLAND, CLIXE & JAMISON.Lcgal .dv!rs.
HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary.
SIE.S It. FOOT.
State Agent for Tennessee.
'i , - T. W. STEl'lIENSOX,
Special Agents, Nashville, Tcnn.
Oftlcct Second National Bank Bnlldlnz;
Nashville Local Beard of Reference t
Hillmtn, Bro. A Sons, J, A. McAlister i Co
Jno.Kirkman. O. J. Stubblcficld,
-James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Thos. R, Jennings. M. D T. M. Madden.
Indemnity Affalnxt Jo by Tire, River
' ' ttad Railroad In the
Home Ilia. Co. of ST. Y. Cath assets.t.000.090!
tolnmbla, Cash Capital. 600.000-
Arctic. CVh AwrU C2S.0O0
Hartford, Cash Ataets -1,600,000
. Iwics aiUusted and promptly palJatAtsOiaee,
No. 13& Cherry street, .
2, D. FARNSWORTn.
STATE OF TENNESSEE, t
Fkaxslix Cocvtt. j
J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
JY. . Simpson, deceased. Is hereby ordered to
.giveaotieeln the UMoy axd AvxsiCAS.and by
written notice, at the Court House door in Win
chester, Tcnn- for all persons havingclaims against
said estate to appearand file the same with the
undersigned, duly authenticated, In the manner
prescribed by law, on or before the 1st or April.
t6?',.J u THOS. SHORT, CleiK.
FaxtoRT Orncr N. Jt C R. R.1
VN AND AFTKR TO-DaV nn "npwvri
KJ will be oseaed at 84 a. it. for the reeepUoa of
Frtlghta, aad promptly closed at 4 r. k.
iKlJ-la Y.JONKS, Arect,
- DAILY TOTOiTO
D. H. BAIUtT.
C. X. OKDWAT.
T. ft. &AVK.E.
J. V. CASSAT.
BilLET, ORDWIT & CO
WHOL.ES AXE GROCERS,
COMMISSION AXD FOXWAKBIXG
KASUVII.I.E, : :
BESPECTFULLY BEG TO ANNOUNCE TO
the Trade that they are now receiving and
will have in store one or the largest ana mof.t com
plete lots of Groceries offered in this market for
some years past. The Uoods were bought by one
of our firm in person in Baltimore and New York,
and were selected specially for this market. The
following comprise a part of the stock ;
300 sacks Baltimore Eio Coffee; '
40 hogsheads ilrown bugar;
100 barrels A Coffee Sugar;
50 barrels B Coffee Sugar;
50 barrels C Coffee S ugar;
50 barrels Crushed bugar; . . .
ou Darreis A-owaerea ougar;
&U Uranulated bugar;
500 barrels Flour, of all grades;
. 2000 barrels Salt;
20 barrels Molasses;
10 barrels Vinegar;
25 barrek Itobertson County 'Whisky;
25 barrels Bourbon "Whisky;
5 barrels Holland Gin;
4 casks of Brandy;
100 barrels and half barrels Mackerel;
100 kits Mackerel;
100 boxes Cheese;
50 boxes, J and boxes Baisins;
lo barrels Atmonas;
15 barrels Filberts;
250 drums Figs;
50 cases assorted Pickles, quart and pint;
1UU cases Oysters;
25 cases Sardines;
200 boxes, J and boxes Candles;
100 bxs various brands Soap, plain and fane v;
d0 boxes assorted Candles;
10 boxes Brandy Unerries;
200 kegs Nails, assorted;
50 dozen Painted Buckets;
20 dozen Tubs in Nests;
15 casks Soda;
100 boxes Chewing Tobacco, all grades;
20 cases smoking lobacco;
50 dozen Brooms;
25 dozen Washboards;
500,000 G. D. Caps;
100 bags Shot;
30 kegs Powder;
25 bags Pepper;
25 bags Bpice;
75 boxes Indigo; ,
11 casks Madder; '
lOOboxes Mustard, , ,
25 boxes Starch;
IIAGGIXG, HOPE AXD TWIXE.3
This stock is offered to tho Trade only, at small
profits. We are determined to sell as cheap as tho
same articles can bo had for in Louisville or Cin
Having ample storago room, we invite consign
ment of Cotton and all kinds of Produce. We
will take in exchange
DRIED APPLES AXD PEACHES,
GIXSEXG AXD WOOL,
And will allow the highest market prices.
SAM. VANLEER, & CO.,
NO. 41 COLLEGE STREET,
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
HAVE ON HAND AND ARE
a largo and comtilctr stock ol
Icte stock ot hnili?n, Uer-
man, and American HARDWARE,
Which wo are selling at reasonable Prices. The
stock consists in part of
FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY,
200 GROSS TABLE CUTLERY,
200 D0Z. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
60 do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS.S
300 de ASSORTED AUOERS,
25 do FOOT ADZE.
3)00 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted, 12 to
1000 lbs. i DOIL CHAIN,
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds:
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, M to VA foct.
CO MILL SAWS, 6H to 8 feet ; . ?
CANDLESTICKS of all kinds
' TIN CUPS and PLATES,
fTEA and TABLE SPOONS,
A very large stock ef PLANES of every Tariety
PREMIUM STEEL PLOWS,
Those wishing to purchase in our lino
well to give us a eall before buying.
NAM. VAXLEER, C,
G. W. FALL & CO.,
1 .31 PORTERS,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
HARDWARE AXD CUTiERY
no: si ruBLic square,
(Kitkman k Ellis' old stand.)
We would respectfully invite the attention oi
SPORTSMEN to our stock of
Which cannot be eqcalled here. It comprises all
grades, from the
-i TO THE
WESLEY RICHARDS A (E EK
also a riw
Breacli Lending or Cartridge
NASHYILLE, TENNESSEE, THUESjDAY, JANUART 11, 1866.
&c DRUGS & MEDICINES.
tSucceaso'rsJJ ' .
33 Market tt, opposite Union..
"T3 E3PECTFULLY INFORM TOE OLD PAT
XL ronS Of Br. W'Er.T.Snnil thn nnhlin TOnsr.llf
that his successors will do all iu their power, by
iti,, w viuiuisui lu i.i i l a continu
ance of the Doctor's former large and extensive
patronage.': .. .
They will keep constantly on hand " 2
PURE DREGS, AXD CIIE.HICAI-S,
Powers and Weightman's Celebrated Chemicals,
Jllue Mass, Sulphate Quinine, Sulphato Morphis,
Iodme, Iodide Potash, Chloride of Gold, Ether,
Our PhftrmiUontll liwnir,lmn, am mi.I, .a
Tinctures, Extracts, Syrups, Cerates, Ointments,
blasters, cte. are made in strict accordance with
the revised Pharmocopia.
Sucll as Pills. Ointmfnt, Tlinrrmo Hnnltnl.
Ague Tonics, Alteratives, invigorating Cordials!
vuuKuaieuicincs, ana m lact all me
Of the day. Finest articles of Perfumery, Fancy
and Toilet articles of evrrr Hnvrintinn f.nn.
Perfomed Soaps. Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
l" ir uauvs, xuulu urusoes, ana an articles in
this lino pertaining to the Toilet,
Botanic & Eclectic Medicines,
Such as Fresh Roots and Herbs, of all kind?:
Xildcn's andB. Keith's Alkaloid and Resnoid, and
their concentrated Extracts.
Trasses I Trusses ! I Trusses ! ! I
For the million, of every size and variety.
Dental tfcSurgial Instruments,
Accurately filled', nt all hours of the day and night.
Spices, Bye Stufls, Paints,
Allspice, Pepper, Cinnamon, Cloves, Nutmegs.
Mace, Mustard, Aromatic Seeds, Madder, Span
ish Indigo, Logwood, Copperas. Blue Stono, Mu
riate of Tin, Cudbear, etc Window Glass. 8x10
to jlOxCO superior quality. .White Lead, Mixed
Paints, ready for use; Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
toalOil; Lamps of every variety, and large sup
ply, at low rates,
Lanreth's Garden Seed,
J ust rccoi ved, a- very large supply. Also, a large
lot of Grass Seed.
ROBERT P. JENKINS PreieriDtionist ti1
and Pbarmecist. at the Old Stand ofll.S. Thatch
er, now of the firm of R. P. J. k Co., would in
form the Physicians of Nashtille, and surround
ing country, that itw our aim to supply every
want of the Practitioner, in the lino of his pro
fession, and willSDareno n&ins to accomnli.oh thnt
end satisfactorily. lie will be much pleased tosce
any of the .Faculty who will honor our establish
ment with a visit.
He hopes by constant attention to busincsslo
merit a share of patronage, assuring them that
their favors will be prepared with fidelity, of the
purest materials, and by himself personally, or an
Our Stock embraces tho greatest variety, and
everything coming within the Drug Business.
Give us a call and we will guarantee, satisfac
tion, All orders entrusted to our care filled vith
promptness and accuracy.
R. P. JE.VKIXS, fc CO.,
32 Market tt, opposite Union,
SIGX OF THE MAX
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
33 UNION STBEET.
TniS OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
Pianos of Steinway and Sons, J. B. Dunham.
Robt. Nunn's, A, H. Gale k Co., and other first
class instruments. Carhairt, Ncedham '.V Co's un
rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before you purchase.
P. S. Have just added to the above list of
" CALLEXRERG VAEPEL.
Call and examine.
MASON & HAMLIN'S
CXBIKET ORG Am.
YOU WILL FIND TnE BEST ASSORT
ment in the city at Link's New Musis Store
Opposite SL Cloud Hotel.
Also Sheet Music, and
kimll- lie cure to call
Musical Instruments of all kinds.
before purchasing elsewhere.
Pianos tuned by Mr. Jackson.
Luck's Building, Church Street, opposite St.
Cloud Hotel, and tt Union Street,
rtXDLETOK A" JOCLKT.
SS Water Street,
a. a. rrxptrros.
Late with Berthold, Smith k Co.. St. Loula,
JOUETT, HALL & CO.,
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
2 SOUTH MAIX STREET,
JCEXCIIANTS' EXCHANGE SLOCK,
5a; Louis, mo.
CoBsksmeoui ef Cotton, Leaf Tobacco, Sagar.
Coffee, Molawes. etc- solicited, asd orders filled
for Perk, Bacoa, Lard, Fksr. Saccing, Rope, etc
NOW IS THE TIME
k' it . .
OUK SEVERAL EDITIOXS,
(SOOITTO IB ESTABLI31IE0,)
WILL MEET THE WANTS OF ATX
CLASSES OF READERS.
The DAILY will contain the
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH,
FiTm all parts of the country, embracing
AXD A GEXEKAL MLSCELLAXY.
Of information, relating to the Religious, Domes
tic and Social condition ef the people,
NORTH AND SOUTH.
The Tri-Weeklv, which will be regularly Issued
so soon as the necessary arrangements can bo per
fected, will contain all tbemost important matters
treated in the Dailt, and a largo advertising list
showing the general business of thif and other
The Weekly, which will be enlarged as circum
stances shall require, will contain selections from
the other editions, of matter that will serve to in
terest and improve tho old and the young, It will
contain, ia addition to its general reading, embra
cing all subjects of current thought and interest,
alWcckly Review of the markets of this and other
;itics, with which our pcoplo do business, and a
carefully prepared price-current of the Nashville
markets, including all articles bought and sold in
tho city, whether of domestic production or im
ported from abroad. Wc also intend to make tho
" Weekly Ukiox ANnAiiERiCAX,"inall respects, a
with solid and instructive matter for the advan
tage of the rising generation, and for the enter
tainment and comfort of those moro advanced in
life. The proprietors of tho " Uxtojf axd Ameri
can" have lived and been engaged in the
newspaper business long enough to obtain aknowl
edge of the true wants of a great, honest and vir
tuous peoplc.who, though nnfortunate.arestriving
to transmit to their descendants, in culturo and
nurture, the highest and most noble qualities,
industry, self-reliance, and dignity of character.
Faiiy appreciating tho power and beneficence oi
woman, they will endeavor to make this paper an
acceptable companion to tho mothers and daugh
ters of the country, whercfrom they may derive
both profit and pleasure.
To persons desirous of making known to the
public their business, we may say that our circula
tion by mail, reaching every Post Office which has
been re-opened in the State, besides an extensive
circulation in adjoining States, gives oar advertis
ing columns superior advantages.
The advance in the priccsnt every article which
enters into the production of newspapers is such
that the terms npon which they are furnished
must necessarily correspond. In common with
our city contemporaries, we have adopted the
following as the
Terms 'of Snbocriptlon ;
Union and 'American,
(Strictly in Advance,)
fof ,six months .
for ' three months-
for one month-
TV o 1c 1
Weekly, per annum -
for six months-
Due announcement will be made of the tiae
whea the Tri-Weekly will be faaed.'aad cf the
.v.lty.ii 1 I s- .BSI. '
Union and American.
LETTER FIM Meg. J0IN BELL,
his news on the HrBSTiessow
BCI'eRE THE CeiITKY.
Lomavnxi Kv., JSbv. 25,,1SC5.
-Ho Join Bell:
My Dear Sir: Several davs aeo. when in
Nashville, lhad as you recollect, an inter
view with yoa, iff which you were kind
enough to express to me freely your views as
to the present and future policy of the Gov
ernment in the vital work of rcstorinjr peace..
prosperity .and permanency to the Federal
I I T: V. r a :.t x j
uuiuu jLuu..Bub.uuxiui.a oGuuiern clan ci
point, and I was exceedingly gratified af the
liberal and patriotic feelings you announced
in reference to the exeat Questions nowDnv.
sen tea to tne country. Allow me to request
..... . .A -
cuuuvujr jruut views, as upresseu m
suDstance to me, tnat they may be fully
placed before the country. Your eminent
career as an Ameaican statesman, and your
position before the nation as the leader of
the bouthern Union men in 1860,.will enti
tle them to earnest consideration throughout
tne country, ana largely contribute to an
enlightened view of our national afiairs at
With feelings of great respect, vour obe
uiem servant, ueorge .babek.
LETTER NUMBER 1.
Nashville, Dec. '80,1865.
AiJE.vit.Siu; ATy health was not so, fully
restored as i natiereu mysen, wnen I saw
you in November, and promised to reply to
your letter, requesting me to state the sub
stance of my conversation with you on the
cuujia;t ui jiuuhi; uuuira uuu um condition
of the relations between the Southern States
and the North. I soon found that I had un
dertaken a task beyond my strength; at
least, that 1 cannot comply with vour wish.
within the time promised. It was only at
intervals that I could attempt to concentrate
my thoughts, so irritable had my nervous
system become sometimes short, and often
requiring the repose of a whole dav before I
3 il. i.i r
i-uum resuuiu uie lauors oi composition.
You may remember, that the reluctance or
tardiness which the people of the South had
manifested in complying with the wishes or
requisitions of the President, on certain
pomt3, deemed by him necessary prelimina
ries to the success of his policy in restoring
me states, lately in revolt, to their proper
1 . .1 ,.l .1 TT ,
constitutional relations witn tne union, was
a matter of equal surprise to uj both, and it
was to reason or remonstrate with them upon
that subject, if I could be supposed to have
any might or influence with them, that I
undertake to comply with your wishes. But
it so happened, that, before I had finished
.the carefully considered views, which I had
intended to address to them, with the hope'
ot being able to hasten their movements, the
btates, which had at urst shown some reluc
tance, at last acceded to the most material
parts of the President's requisition,
But that is not the only mishap that has
befallen me, ana retarded my answer. Uy
the time I came to be advised of the judi
cious compliance of the Southern States, with
the most material of the requisitions of the
President such developments new and un
expected to me. were made of the nolicv
and designs oi the opposition to the Presi
dent a plan of restoration, as gave quite a
new phase to the approaching conflict be
tween them, and made it necessary to recast
whatever of argument 1 had incorporated in
my letters in order to meet the new aspect
of the questions presented to the public ; and
now, if agreeable to you, 1 propose to com'
ply with vour request, 'and my promise, in
two or three letters, instead of one, including
such explanations of my own career as I may
think necessary to preserve the respect of
my old friends. You may know that for a
long time I have not been at all sanguine of
i, i f . K i
tne duration oi our system oi constitutional
liberty. Since the demoralization of the
country by the late unprecedented war, I
am, of course, less hopeful. lhe bit
ter feeling, the malignant and revenge
ful policy unfolded against the bouth in
the letters of Henry "Winter; Davis, printed
initho Nation a short tim&before the meet
ing of Congress, corroborated by the spirit
and tenor of the speeches of Sumner, and
btevens, ot 1'ennsylvania, previously made,
evince to me a premeditated purpose of ef
fecting such a radical change in the features
of our Government as will amount to revo
lution. These leaders certainly are the worst
enemies of the Union ; indeed they are, at
this time, most decided disunionists, if not
revolutionists. If President Johnson had
not resumed the responsible duty of organ
inne governments in some form in the
Southern States, (and it is but too manifest
now that tHe present Congress will not in
vite them to do anything of the kind) could
the South exist two years longer in such
confusion withsut anarchy ? or can Uie ma
jority of the JNorthcrn people, trained and
lasnioneu as iiiey were uuriiiir mc war 10 uiu
, , t ;.f i.t: .11 i. t
habit of submitting blindly to the commands
of absolute power, tail to be reconciled in a
dangerous degree to a permanent despotic
But the Southern States have not fully ac
ceded to thdaferesident's wishes. The. State
of Mississippi, which had, at first, moved off
promptly and with gracclul dignity in ac
cepting the condition imposed upon the peo
ple by the result ot war, halted at tne pro
posed amendment to the Constitution of the
United States, abolishing slavery, on the
ground of the use, or the abuse, which, it was
feared, would be made ottce second clause,
which empowered Congress to pass an ap
propriate laws to maintain the freedom guar
anteed to the African race in the first clause
of the amendment.
It appears to me that the power conferred
on Congres.1 in the first clause of the amend
ment included an the power grantca in tno
second, inasmuch as Congress has the power
to pass all laws necessary to carry into euect
anv provisions ot the umstitutton. onouiu i
be mistaken in this view of the question, the
construction put upon the second clause by
Secretary Seward should have dispelled the.
fears of the people of Mississippi on that
score, inasmuch as the construction he places
upon it showed that no abuse of that clause
r . . ... . , 1 A 1 . J f
wouiu pronaDiy taicc piace, at least uunag
the present administration. But if iheradi-
calKepublcans shoum succeea m aeieat ng
the policy ot president jonnson an uie
abuses that could arise, under that clause of
the amendment, in their hands, would lade
into shadows in comparison to the grosser
oppressions they would practice, m the grat
ification of their thirst for the further pun
ishment of the South, under other grants,
or without any grant of power in the Con
stitution. THE PRESENT RELATION OF THE SOUTH
TO XII K UU V tMfi JlHiM A.
It Is needful that the people of the South
should recognize and understand tho true
nature of the Government under which they
now live before they can judge correctly of
the expediency, or sound policy, oi many
things that appear to them, at this time, to be
uncalled for, or carry with them a degree of hu
miliation they ought not to submit to. They
may not be disposed to think or talk so in-
. .. ., ,,, ,i i
dependently alter they Biian nave consiuerea
well the further question. What doubt k
there, at thk moment, if no change has
tHken place within a few days, in some of the
States, that the whole South arc subject to
military rule, or, in other words, live under
a despotic Government, and that, whatever
civil authority is at any time exercised, it js
by the courtesy or permission of the military
As a justification for this state of things
it is alleged that the war is not ended. For
the same reason, the suspension of the writ
of habeas corpus is still continued over
the South. Let roe illustrate farther the
true character of the Government under
which we live in the South. For any of
fense committed against the United States,
or for anything done which the military au
thorities may regard as an eJense, the citi
zen may be arrested, imriaeBed, tried, snd
punished by a military .commission, orga
nized under the direction of the commander of
the military division or department in "which
the supposed culprit resides, without any ap
peal or redress by aay civil aatherity except
the President, as Cemaaaeder-la-Chief of the
Army. The people of the South, it k true,
maybe said to have a choice of evils; for the
present they may select one or many for their
rulers: they may take the President or the
radical majority in Congress for their despots,
but it is certain that until the issue that is now
made between the radical Republicans and the
President oa the sabject of retention k de
cided ia favor of the President the people
of the South should bear in mind that they
cas bate so pemaaent relief. The form of
Government is despotic, undoubtedly, aad in
GOtBe localities it is, I believe, oppressive
sod galling, while ia others it k BuMer asd,
more tolerable; but thatk sot the- most se
rious and forcible yiew of, the subject for
consideration. They are now in the posses
won' and efijoymest df-rawy righto asd
priviiegw, by which they Btajibe aW, sip
pled as they are ia their' Jesourcsc. to make
a comfortable living for'unsir fiimiKe. Have
they ever reflected htrtrloBg' these privileges
may be con tuieed ta them T or how. soon they
may be withdrawn.? Hare they eve? re-
neeted that they have no security or guaran
tee for their 'continuance even ,for a day?
They know perfectly well that thiey are utter
ly helpless, they have no bhabs, ia
their own hands, of redressing any wrongs or
injuries, however small, tliat may .bef in
flicted upon them. It is, moreover,
quite certain, that if the radical , Re
publicans, now said to be in a two-lliirda
majority in both Bosses of Congress
continue to be dominant in that ' de
gree, they will be the controllrig power in the
vjutciuuieni, anu, uyevery rational conclu
sion that can. be, deduced from the spirit: and
designs manifested in the speeches 4and
writings of , the leaders of that party, in and
out of Congress, the States of lhe South, fence
in rebellion, will be governed for an indefi
nite period, for tea or twenty years, or for a.
generation, as conquered provinces, as Terri
tories of the United States with such liber
ties or privileges, as citizens' of the Terri
tories, as a majority of their conquerors, may
think proper to concede or dictate to tjiemi
as a conquered people. Then why should
the people, of the South, hesitate to accede to
any requisition or suggestion, implying no"
dishonor, coming from such a friend to their,
interest and welfares President Johnson
could show himself to be. consistently with
his sense of what is due to his station as the
Chief Magistrate and guardian of a Govern
ment that has been so recently compelled to
defend itself against a most formidable and
fearful rebellion at an immense cost both of
blood and treasure? .Can the President be
thought to ba offensive by being dictatorial in
hisdemandsuponthcpeopleof theSouth? Or
can he be truly said to be illiberal, or will
ing to see them unnecessarily humiliated,
in conceding what he asks of them? What
man of any experience or observation in af
fairs of government docs not know and ac
knowledge that a President may sometimes
be compelled, by sound policy, to make to a
powerful opposition, concessions, as modifi
cations of his own favorite plans and noli-
t:y, which his individual judgment may not
dictate or approve Lict any man contem-
Elate President Johnson, if he wishes to do
hn full justice, surrounded with the highest
responsibilities and the most appalling diffi
culties that ever before embarrassed or per
plexed a President of the United States, the
entire novelty of his position, without any
precedent, any old landmark, any highway
trod in former times to guide him. having
to grope his way in the dark, at the risk of
making a blunder at every step that may bo
fatal to his administration and to the cause of
free government, and, withal, knowing as he
has nrobablv known from the first that he
would be opposed by a fierce and powerful
opposition, that may be goaded to yindictive
ne&s, in their course, by proclaiming that his
policy, if not defeated, will rescue from their
grasp what they consider their lawful prey
the legitimate fruit of tlieir victory over the
South in the late war; and who claim, in
addition to the twelve thousand millions of
dollars they have taken from the Southern
people (from Union men a3 well as rebels.)
the estimated value of their slavesthe con
fiscation of all the lands and other property
of the rebels. With this view of his situa
tion, who Khali say that the President ought
not or might not make some concessions to
his opponents, as to their desires in the de
mands or requisitions he makes on t lie South?
It may be that the President thought it his
duty to make some requisitions that should
be regarded as final in their nature, and such
as ought to be inflicted with his sanction, as
a punishment for rebellion.
The President has expressed no wish and
made no requisition as in other cases regard
ing the concession of the right of suffrage to
the freedman or negro, and this because he
believes that each State has the exclusive
right to regulate that question for itself; but
doubtless he would be gratified by a prompt
and liberal exercise of that power by their
legislatures or conventions in iorming tneir
Constitutions, as such a course would tend
to satisfy the North that the South are not
disposed to act illiberally or unjustly by the
colored population. Now, as to tho basis or
standard of merit or qualification by
which the granting of the right of
suffrage shall be regulated, surely the
most liberal basis or test of qualification
adopted by any Northern or Eastern State
ought to be satisfactory to the whole North.
I am not informed what qualifications are
required at the present time in Massachu
setts ; but a few years ago, I believe, proper
ty to the value of two hundredand fifty dol
lars and to be able to read and write entitled
the free man of color to a vote. A grant of
the right of suffrage to the Southern free
men of color upon finch a basis or standard
of merit cannot be dangerous. I am per
suaded it would be entirely safe and proper.
The question of granting to the negro the
right to testify in courts of justice, or before
magistrates, whether for or against white
men, in all cases, in which the rights of black
men are involved or concerned, is one of the
most repulsive, not to say abhorrent, propo
sitions that can bo presented to the Southern
planter, and to white men generally, who
are acquainted with the traits or points most
marked and noted in the African race. There
is nothing that so shocks the feelings and
rouses the prejudices into more intense action
among the masses of the Southern people
than the suggestion that their life and pro
perty should ba exposed to the hazards to
which the admission of negro testimony, as
they think, would necessarily subject them.
Much of this abhorrence of the idea of negro
testimony I believe to bo the result of preju
dice. I have observed the peculiarities of
the race with care, and I have seen some
freemen among them, and some in a state of
servitude, and from a knowledge of whose
character, I would credit their testimony in
a court of justice, as readily as that of a white
man, of no higher grade of intelli
gence or capacity for close observa
tion: but it is nevertheless true that
the great mass ef the African race appears
, - j estimate of the value of truth
M an eicment 0f characte r, as a means of ad-
vancing their interest among their fellows
equally' as among the whites. It is certain,
I think, that no'sufficicnt allowanceis made
by those who object most strongly to the pol
icy of conceding (his privilege to the black
. jr. i-
man, lor tne ucgrcuauon oi iiis cuiiuitiun
while in a state of slavery, and the absence,
for the most part, of any ttimulant or, induce
ment to excite their ambition, to cultivate
the virtues of truth and regular habits, the
foundatioa of character. With the great
mass of them there has been no fair field for
the cultivation of truth and honesty. After
all the reflection I can give tho subject, I
believe that the concession of this right to
testify in all cases where the black man k
concerned, k necessary to the security of his
personal rights; and. it Is my opinion, if he were
allowed to testify in all cases, it would not
be attended with the inconvenience or dis
advantage that k generally apprehended.
The weight that k given to all testimony by
witnesses depends chieay upon the. eharae-
ter of the witness, and the penalties agaiast I
.i . j., i a;
perjury, operating equally npon lhe black
man nmi tiin wmtfl. wnuia soon iinxiuce a i
THE FUTURE OF THE RACE.
The millions of Uie African race in the
Sooth, enjoying comparatively a temperate
climate, are advanced ia the arts of civiliza
tion far beyond their race in a savage state,
or even the more civilised descendants of
slaves within the tropics, where they caa
sabekt upon Uie spontaneous productions ef
the earth ; yet all experience teaches that
where huge numbers of the race are left to
their own gnidanee, tinder the most favorable
circuBittanees, Uie mass of them are doeated
to perish before arriving at the average pe
riod of old age coauaoa to the race. Of the
foar millions recently freed in the South how
many have already perished by-disease or
the vices to which they are exposed ? We
shall probably sever knew the ex test of the
mortality siiice the commeacemeat of the
war. We aay -reasonably cenjeetare that
within the next dteade, or tea years, twe
aad a half milliea will have perished, aad
ia Uie next atjcceediBg decade, net more thaa
half a million will survive I What a field
for the display of Uie expaasive boaevoieace
of the irae philaEthrejrttl What wwpe for
Uie employment of the active, charitable' -socktieaa
of the rich aad popaleas North;
aad. I kaow that there are trae, geaerew,
and hearts at the North, as well as in
the South; bat still, whea all k doac
that caa be done, to mitigate the condi
tioa.of Uie African race ia the South, iLk
melancholy to reSect that a small remnant
only will servive the present generation.
THE TBST 'OATH OF 19.
The Proaidcnt atone tiase appeared to at-
tribute- seaae. inpe-rtaace to the selection
onnl. r T I .1 1
mch members: of Congress in the elections bv
tae people, aa eoM take the test oath of 1S64,
believing; ne doebt that it would be the
raaoval of aa obstacle that weald give nee to
delay, or, at all eveats, "aught, be aa impedi
ment in the way of a prompt organization, of
Congress, including Setaators and Repre
sentatives from the Soeth. T that very
little care was taken in the alectioM which
have occurred, to select such men as could
be expected to take that oath, and I rejoice
that it so happened, and hope that no man
from the South, willj on any account, take
the oath, or do anything by which such a test
of -qraiifieariotT caa be drawn into precedent.
erl, sanctioned, even for a day, for it w
clearly one of those insidious innovations or
cii iui a udv. lur i L
encroachments upon the'wisest institutions
Government that occasionally take place in
time of great political excitement and disturb
ance, which, if adopted' become precedents,
to justify changes that destroy or revolution
ize the Government itself. If the fanatical par
ty in the North had succeeded in forming a
conspiracy to efleet a total change of Govern
ment, there could be no more effective device
adopted than the test oath enacted in 1S62. A
little reflection will be sufficient to detect
the manner in which it can be made to ac
complish the purposes desired. If the
qualifications prescribed by the! Constitution,
for members of Congress, or any officer
necessary to the Government created by the
Constitution, can be so radically affected,
men congress, the President ana his Labi
net, tho Supreme Court Judges, Foreign
Ministers, and the whole Government may
be changed from white to black, with the
same facility and by the same interpretation
of constitutional powers by which tho ex
clusion of members elect from the States
lately in rebellion, who have been uncon
ditionatly pardoned by tho President, and
have taken, or are willing, to take tho
amnesty or oath of allegiance, can be effected
by interposing the test oath of 1862. It is
clear, that if Congress has the po wer to add
to the qualifications prescribed by the Con
stitution for members of Congres, then tt
may change Aos already praerioed. It is only
necessary for Congress to enact that all
members elected to either House of Con
gress, and that every officer under the Gov
ernment, shall be a deseendantof the African
race, and wo may havo a whole Govern
ment constituted of black men; or if Con
gress chooses to make no change in some of
the departments of the Government, then
we can haver a variety of colors, some mem
bers black,, others white. The clause in
the Constitution, . which provides that each
House of Congress shall judge of the " elec
tions, return, and qualifications" of its own
memDers, Jias been construed by the radical
party to give the power to the liouseof Rep
resentatives, not merely to innuirc and de
cide whether the applicant for a scat ha? the
qualifications prescribed by the Constitution,
viz: that he was "twenty-five years of age,"
had been "seven years a citizen of the United
StateSj" and was "an inhabitant of the State
in which he was elected," but certain other
qualifications added by Congress, and ,not to
be found in the Constitution. Such a meas
ure, certainly, canbeaccompllhedonlybyan
amendment of the Constitution in the usual
form. There seems to be an idea afloat in
the minds of some, that the exercise by the
two Houses of Congress of the powers given
them to judge of the right of each of their
own members to take their seat is too sim
ple and plain a matter, as is represented
above, to admit of much disputation, and it
is proper to suggest that the greatest amount
of trouble and vexation iucident to the du
ties of Committees, on Elections, in cither
House of Congress, arises on questions of
fairness at the polls, and of the qualifications
of voters The question of the returns and
qualifications of members seldom gives any
RETROSPECTIVE: THE DOCTRINE
I think it important, at this perilous junc
ture, to point attention to the remarkable
convention, assembled at Otflcago in 1860
their platform and what they called Uie
declaration: of their principle and riacs. I
think-that -wermajrdiscover that there wcro
some men engaged in the handiwork of that
platform who had already strongly conceived
the idea of the permanent ascendancy which
their party might attain to, if they could
bnly succeed in appropriating to themselves
the exclusive property in the name or title of
champions of the equal rights if man, without
distinction of color.
From tho solemn and formal manner
in which they announced thcmselverf, their
convention, and its purposes, to the pub
lic, wc may infer that they looked upon
themselves as commencing a new era In
tho history of party triumphs, and of their
own party in particular. They do not say,
in terms, that theymean to put forth a declar
ation only second in importance to that of
J77C; they do not, in their preamble, quite
assume the pomp of style nor the imposing
arrangement of subject? of our Fathers, when
they preluded their Declaration in the fol
lowing language : " )ucn, in the course
of human evenly it becomes necessary for
one people to dissolve the political bonds
which havu connected them with another,"
&c, &c, " a decent respect to the opinions
of mankind require that they should declaro
the causes which impel them to the separa
tion f but they proceed with quite sufficient
solemnity anu simple dignity, to resolve
" That we, the delegated representatives of
the Roptiblican electors of the United
States, in convention assembled, in discharge
of the duty weowo to our constituents andour
country, unite in the following declarations:
1st. That the fchistory of the nation during
ry of the nation during
.has fully established the
the last four years iias luiiy established the
propriety and necessity of the organization
and DeTP6faion of the Republican party, and
Uie causes which called it into existence are
permanent in their nature, and now more than
ever before, and demands its peaceful and
2d. "That the matntoutne of iheprineiple
promulgated in the Declaration of Independ
ence and embodied in the Federal Constitu
tion, That all men are created cqnal ; that
they arc endowed by their Creator wiUi cer
tain inalienable rights; that among these are
life, liberty", and the pursuit of happiness ;
that to secure these rights, government arc
instituted among men, deriving their just
powers from the consent of the govcrrico,' is
essential to Uie preservation of our Republi
can institutions. The Republicans at Chi-
cago in 1860 seized upon the above passages j
in the Declaration oi independence in ii,
and astramed it aa containing an announce-
raenl forihe first time, of certain practical
truths of that day, ike enalUy of hmmaA rights I
being the principal one oi inem, anu latenti-
ed to be the basis or fundamental idea oi
principle of the new government they pieant
to found, for the assertion and maintenance
of which the fathers of the Revolution had
exposed their lives and their forianej'to the
hazards of war, aad the declaration of thk
principle was a justification of their conduct
before the civilized world in throwing
off their allegiance to the mother coun
try aad bringing on a war of which the
wisest could not foresee the termination or
!.rVT-.-. A . ? tt- t?!
r opteA m the Coaptation of 1789,
liecaaae. say the Republicans, it was choked
' -r i i.. i i
aad smothered ia the bud by Uie slave in
terest; but daring the whole period of the
Revolution there was no disavowal of the
seatimeat eoataiaed ia the Declaration of
Iadepeodeace. Thus, by the testimony of
these, latter-day reformers, the first men of
the Involution, I say say all Uie great men cf
that day. with Washington aad the Adamses
at their head, stand convicted cf a deliberate
fraad, a hypocritical fekehood ia jthe
declaration of the principles which tiiey an
nounced the causes awljitstificatton bf the
quarrel of the colonies with ureat JUruaia,
appealing to the God of BatUe for the jus-
tu of their caase, aad invoking hk blessing
upon it, for, in fact, the eqvalitjt of human
rMk.bv tke la ef nature, was neither the
okjk, rot the vioumea of it the jt$cation j for a good maay years to come. John A.
of the quarrsl with Great Britain. Bat it i Marrell, the great Western land pirate,
jaay fee, aad probably it was the fket, that J would be nowhere in thk day. Should hk
the Fathers of the Kevolutloa gave ao such ' spirit revhvit earth, he would observe gieafc
iaterpretattea to the scMlmeat, or the dee- improvemeaU in the art of which he studied
triae of the ejwai rights of-mm, by tke hm of the ndfeaeafe. Thirty bors in one wee.
enrt, thai their riser saceessors of ths oae haadred aad tweaty per nioath, aad
day have given to k; act, Mwo4g that fourteen hundred and forty-! a year. e
it ever eeald become the dogma of a know hat littie in regard ta the laws of mi
school of polUkjatM. Now- tho ply, but presume at thu rate, the few waf
trath k that the idea, of the " W nyJWe , remain will he considered va peo
ntm," thetaeorrof the "eaaa4yef aataan vkkd the owaers ca keep the locka-l
righto " by the w ef aatare were like the XmfUs 3llctin.
6ee Uk ad AwrisaalBk. esllfcliaro
and Cscrry street, opMUe the FeH Mfce.)
Prertioat rates for Sorter periods.
BaVssriptioe iT3kHWy ia advaaoe.
Croatian offeaey, or the dream of these&ti
maataliet Mum the; axiom, ex aphorism
els philyoyhir, orraclicaj ntcwnn was
Mye&jy oept tie Kiags f France,
some two or thiee centuries- bafcre J efferson's
lime. 1 have act the authority before me,
bat the saying that "all saea were born
eaml," and have esmal claims, by thekw of
of I aeture, tkxwk ia the hvmblek. eosoStioB of
I !., .1 .1.5 r.L r
ob the justice and syaa&erthtea f their
felkW-aaen, eves in the highest rant of pow
er and fortune is found ia aa old onJiaance
of the King, addressed, to the Priaeas and
Lords paramount, whose rights of areperty
i their serf he had no right to iaterfere with,
or, if ho had, was powcrles? to enforce, ap
pealing to them forsomcamclioratioa of the
hard condition of the serfs on their domain,
announcing at the same time that he had eman
cipated all that were on his own doa:J,. It is
proper to say that the serf of Fraacewere
white men, and that the claims of tho negro to
bo considered equal in hia rights to those of
the white race were not probably in tae royal
mind, he not having heardof the horrors of the
jt i iuiuu,ui:uu,uaviui.riiiaiuuiuiBiuiiuuiLiia
I middlepassagoor the severities of necro slave-
of ry in the West Indies, there being no African
slavery then on the continent of America.
Tho sentiment, therefore, could not have
been intended to embrace the negro, and it
k highly probable that, if it had occupied a
place in his though ts,hisjunspphisctiatea mind
would have led him to the coaclneion that
the natural equality of right) even of white
men, in tho lowest condition of life, and their
claims to the justice, protection, and sympa
thies of their fellow-man, in the highest
classes of society, or in the higher stages of
civilization, neither qualfiied them to beccmo
legislators, rulers, or officers of government
of any grade, or tq select others, as.their del
egates, without ether qualifications than
those with which nature had endowed them.
The conception, however, of the equal rights
of all enen, by the law of nature, was a
beautiful one, and it struck the fancy of Mr.
Jefferson, whose mental organization, rich
and exuberant as it was in all the higher
faculties of the mind, often exposed him to
the delusions of visionary schemes and spec
ulative theories, and he made the most of
this idea in the embellishment of tho Declar
ation of Independence.
But the thought which now rules our mo
dern enthusiasts, the radical Republicans, is,
that without any previous training or expe
rience in public affairs, or any cultivation
above what the com or rice-held supplier,
the negroes in South Carolina and Missis
sippi, or wherever they may be found in the
majority, are fit and qualiticd by nature to
havo the dominant power over any other
people, though possessing greater cultiva
tion and experience in affaint, and that they
should rule according to numbers, without
But I cannot leave tho Chicago Platform
without calling attention to the fourth decla
ration of principles. Will you tell me, my
dear sir, why this number in the series has
not been oftener quoted and relied npon a
an obstruction in the path of the radical
Republicans, who seek to deprive the State)
of the right to regulate their own domestic
affaire such as the qualifications of the
electors of the members of their Legisla
tures, admitting that they maybe restored to
their constitutional rights at any future time.
early or late? Or am I mistaken at to the
use which has been made of that part
of the Chicago declaration of principle, as
I admit that I may be, not having scea the
consecutive numbers of any leading journal
of the North on cither side of the question
of restoration ? I will say no more on thk
subject, than to quote the declaration In my
letter, and make this further remark, that
the author of the Chicago declarations must
have made a mistake. They contemplated
a change of thq Constitution by reducing the
States to the condition of municipal corpo
rations, as the radical Republicans seem now
resolved to do, in order to effect tho further"
humiliation and punkhment of the South
ern people. The following is the fourth res
olution of tho platform:
4. That the maintenance inviolate of Uie
rights of theStatcs, and especially tho right
ot each State to order and control its own
domestic institutions according to its own
judgment exclusively, k essential to that
balance of power 6n whicb the perfection
and endurance of our political fabric de
pends; and wc denounce the lawless invasion
by an armed force of the soil of any State or
Territory, no mntter under what pretext, ai
among the greatest of crimes.
I will reserve any further- remarks for a
Tue Whole Troth in a Paragraph.
Gen. Spraguehas started a movement in the
Senate looking to the increase of tariff on
all goods that can be manufactured in thk
country. Western Republicans say they
will not vote for a further increase. The
cotton manufacturers of the East are too
much protected already. They are making
enormous profits, very little, ef which ac
crues to operatives in the mill." There k a
system of labor growing up In New Eng
land more baneful on the working classes
than ever slavery was on the negroes of the
South. In many cases they are worked
harder, and for moro hours with as little
opportunity for improvement especially
children many of whom never see the in
side of a school room. If thk state of thing
k not soon arrested, it will take but a few
years to rcducelabor to the degrading posi
tion of the great manufacturing towns of Old
England, where the workingmcn and.women
are as much theserfs of capital ia their an
cestors wcro of the military nobles of the
Middle Ages. And thk k what some peo
ple call "prosperity," and itk to thor, but
it k ruin and degradation to the many. A'ew
Heir n Coadactor Kve! Yombi Ijvdy
from betas; Ckekett to Death.
From the Dabuque Times.
Not long since Conductor Cawley had Un
blessed privilege of carrying out a loving
couple, who assumed the position of "Lord
Ullin's Daughter" and her betrothed, so
aucctingly described in tho leacnerr insti
tute last week:
" One lovely hand wax stretched for aid.
And one was round her lover"
Only in thk case, instead of one hand being
"stretched for aid," it 'was where the other
was, encircling his inamorata. They had
evidently been up, or at least awake, very
late the evening before, for the train had not
reached Farley, till the female member of
the firm was sound asleep nothing to be
wondered at, for the position she had assumed .
was in every way favorable to calm and
sweet repose. The by-sitters were simply
amused; but Conductor Cawley, more ex
perienced, foresaw serious, if not fatal, re
sults. Approaching the sleeping maiden,
he took one wrist in hk hand, and look-
fog at hk watch with a professional air, after
u few moments addressed the yonng man :
I " My dear sir, do you not see you arc kill
?ng the ladv?"
" What?" exclaimed tho youth in open-
" Don't you see you are killing that young
lady? Her puke k only eighteen to Uie
minute now, and unless you let go your hold
around her neck, yoa will have her choked
to death in ten minutes."
He let go. There was" some laughter
among observers, but Cawley pawed de
murely on. '
A contemporary (copperhead,) condense,
a great deal of good sense in the following
With regard to Inequalitle In lhe procure of
taxation, they will be les anil lea felt In propor
tion U tho government eonforuuto tho true prin
elDles cf economical iciraen. The tendcie of
enlightened modern thought towards perfect
freedom of trade; and the unual weight of fed
eral taxes malts from adherence to the exploded
doctrine of the protectionist. When the South
and the West are taxed to support New England
aad Pennsylvania interests, it U by a perversion
of federal leginlatlon. which the prvgreu of sound
economical viewi will tend mors and more to Dor
rect. In other respect, dinVrent paru of the
eoBHiry haveao diversities of interestwith which
the federal government can possibly interfere, if
It U confined tolls proper objects and administered
ia 1U true spirit.
HoreE Stealing. Wc learn from the
Chief of Police that thirty horn arid mule
hive hem stolen during the put week,
within the corporation limit of tho city,
The rogues are driving quite a prosperous
bswneas -living at leant and likely to live