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title: 'Daily union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1865-1866, January 16, 1866, Image 1',
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TKfc XASKTXJJVK AII.Y VTXIX AX
OSca Union and Aaertcaa Block, comer Chare
EDITORS' k PROPRIETORS.
and Cherrr itrects, opposite the Post Ofltet.)
YoluaUrj commuBicationf, conUSm&c interefit-
Ini oriwpoitaat aewg. folic! ted from any quarter.
Daily r, znfrrwr
f m. ---JuiMj k
tin l mmv uwo , , 4
Allommurilcsttons ilionld bo addressed to'tfee
iNASHYILLE, TElESSEE, TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1866.
" Editor of the Usios xd Avekicax."
a -: j,.!. i . '"- " ST" " 1 - ' 4 ' mm : -
f - - : l F -fit
EE YJHDO.tJIl, M. 1).,
(Late BrUaJe Sareeon, U. S. A.)
OCUMST AND AURIBT,
Office 39 Cedar f trcctUtwten Summer and Cherry,
' Sfi&fy. ': ' NASHVILLE. ! , s 1 j
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye
and Ear, operation! for B4uintinf . Cataract, ect.
700, I. O.
HEAT. ESTATE AGENTS.
rpiIE firm heretofore exirtinr under the name
1 finn and rtyle or W. MATT BKOWI. A- Co.,
M this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
Brown rctiro from tbebtmncsr. Mr. Cat ender.
in Connection with Pbineu Oam$ wiU ep
tinue the'ltoallWate Wlhwi at the old itand
W. Matt. Brown & Co,
11 f?hrrV strppt.
' W. MATT. BROWN,
n 1 Bsrrr.
CALLENDER & bAnntl I,
(SurctMors to W. Matt. Bbowx A Co..)
Ftexil Itwtxito Acrent,
41 Oicrry Htrcet.
RuihtitiK LotH for Sale,
1L A fine Residence, coattinine 12 rooms.
rte territory. Also two racant hotg wljoinlnc.
Mt- 2d. That splendid Rcsidsnco of the late James
.llohnfon. on liroal.Sstreot.ctween Summer and
llleh streets, containine 8 roimsrbeldcH servants
rooms and other out bouses.
3d. That splcndld'RejSdtnee'of the late Hardin
1. Bostick, containine about 10 rooms, out houses,
etc Good Sprine and spnnu house with 84
acres or land, immediately adjacent to the city, on
the Charlotte Pike.
4th. 50 acres of ground of the Barrow property,
on the Charlotte Pike, which will be divided to
5th. Avery Isnte number of Lots in the City
and the different Additions to asovillc. liOts
4 in Edcefleld and Brownsville.
"'tftb'.'A frry lanre number of the BEST FARMS
in this and the adjoinins counties. Apply to
. . J. X. & R. W.BROWN,
decl-lM' 3SX Uniou street.
AtDKRT U. DII.MX.
w. bryck Tiioarnox
lRi:.VT. ESTATJU AND
AG 13 NTS.
1-iROMISINO FAITHFUL ANI
wo respectfully itecder our services .to the Public.
.t:nrml Aernts.' for the Purehaso and bale of
X attention to all I
NUMBER OF FARMS.
t i 1 . r 1
UaJ Estate i.Renunir and Leasipc. or City or
Country Property,' Collection of Notes; Acoounts
and Voi'chorsj Invcstipntion of Titles, etc., etc
, j . , BILLIN 1- THOMPSON,
W. C. COLLIER,
U A frUOLESltB iVDtETAtL DEALER IX
HsCHOaL'BOOKB.'BtANK B00K3.Ja0LD AND
, fl v - -STKEIi PENS,
AriioIrVrltlnsrrinIl .t CopylnsIuU,
Wedding Visltinc and Printer's Cards,
.nd'the Litest iii.eratu're of the Day,
NO. U7 UNION STREET,
Mh 'T between Cherry and Collcce.)
j tLj 'a " Nashville. jiknn.
Orders solicited for every description or'Prinline.
we bono to meet our former patrons and tho pub
Our Stock is
And wo awaj-s sell
4 H.'". -
. tl ; - ' i Ai 'A. SPENCER & CO.
xj. s. claim: jvgmsivc:
No. 29 NORTH CHERRY STREET. t
. Special taltention-paid to the
OOLLECTIOX OP CLAIMS AAIXHT
1 nS c ii a'r h 1 8 t N A D V aVc e .
HOWARD 3c NELSON,
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agent.
RsrEEESCKS-Hou. C. F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge; Anson Nelson. Ei.. President .Second As
tional Bank; laJGen..Donajdson. Chief Ouar
, termaster: dco3-"a
IMlKOVEI EIIARIVE SOAIV
-iif.idi Sonis iiirnlc in Ihe Uniietl
Send your Orders to
- B0DDY & CO.
avM A N UFA CTURE R S,
Xo. OOt Chureli Streel,
dee 51 dim
D. D. BENTOK & CO
CITV STEAM nAHEKY
-i ei s AB CA.X1Y
AXI K BKOAB.'.STItEET,
Dealer can 'be supplied on short notice
" j j!Tnth'CTerytliing la onr ,Linc, nutdp by our-
m. selves. , , (, , , V"'
-HSllii" - "
T A Oi a If IV . .1 And Candy.
Also, Bread, Cake, etc, etc.
. DJD. D.ENX0Krsr"-O. K.JIUNJINGTON.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
J. II. KIS'ING,
Corner Building Market and Church streets, foi
merly occupied by Ewing. McCrory li Co.l
ARE RECEIVING and havo in store the fol
lowing: 100 barrcli Brown Suear.
50 do A Coffee Sugar.
25 do It do do .
. i .1.. .9A
do Stuart'e Cru'hcd Sftsir, ttandard,
do do A- do Ido do
do Powdered do
do . SvruD.
25 do ' Molasses. . . .
iW H'iP C) Hilt tv t.w., i
CO barrels No I and 2 Mackerel.
.Wbfdo do do
50 qrdo do ' do
200 kits do Po
25 barrels F. N. Jc CoV)Vhlsky, ,
S50 boxes'stai'candlefJV -50
doien brooms ' I--. -3 .
100 boxes ehces. ,- ..
SO boxes raisins, .
500 kess nails. -.-,!
100 reams paper, - ' i- 1 '
Uo o. ls.4'Ke;s, m uo
w boxes aseorteasoap, ..
it) beers t-inrrr.
30 dozen buckets, , .
50 sacks Rio coffee, .
100 boxes candy,
50 baskets champasoo,
30 cases Sardines,
50 boxes starch,
50 do pickles,
20 do .Madder,
75 barrels apples,
60 boxes assorted wines, .
1009 barrels Flour,' all grades',
250 do 1'olatocs,
100 boxes Firo Crackers,
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to the above wo haye a ccncral as
sortment or rroccrics, all of which were bought
durinethe present pressure in the Eastern mar
kets. We expect to sell eoods on short profits,
and would bo pleased to have our old friends call
onus. JiY lilf & tU.
A. Q. Effing, of the farmer firm of Ewlnjr. Mc-
Crory i Co.. will bo fouud with the above hrn lor
the nurnosc orscttlinr up their business, dcc21
l POWELL, GREEN & CO.
GENERAL - COMMISSION
! . . Merchants, :
KS BROAD 'STREET,
ContMBUH Powell, firmcrly C. Powell A Co.,
I. V. GREENJrorinerly Nlcholj, Grj en .t Co. Nash-
CiUH. M. McGhek, livine atKnoxville, Tcnn.
BY the above can! it will be seen we nave es
tablished ourselves inNcwYor for the pur
poe or doine a leeitmate commission business;
and bein a Tennessee house, wo respectfully so
licit tho patronace or ourSquthcm rnends cen
.,n.t t' irn hmhlr nrcnnrcd to make cash ad
vances on onsicnmcnU i to loan currency on eold
without cliareo of interest i to purchase and sell
cotton, tobacco, flour and pork : also gold stocks,
bonds, mid eovcrnraent securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
C rOWEIA, KEEX i Co
dec 20 3m' -
II ARB WARE.
J.H. WARNER & CO.,
;and , ,
X : a P V B TiT c s n V A r e,
At nrahufiicinrei'M Prices,
14 ll t"
THlli FreiRlit A'diled.
Tli best Tjto and Four Horse, , . .
LcVe'r" Powcrsihd Thresacrs :
TUc bost tine ana tho nor? e nauway m (
Powers and Thresuers;
The best Reaping and
J 1 Mowing. ilacluhes;
-40 FA Nil! ILLS;
i i t
STRAW CUTTERS, etc.
f..li.if I .31
Circulars mailed to any address, or to be had on
imputation. iC. T!f " i
J. II. H AILM.K V
No. 2 Public Squre, Nashrillc, Tcnncfscc.
J-'JLL" ' H
t tBANKSy .X V
TIIEKECOXD XATIOXAL I1AM,
College Street, near Union,
Designated Depositary and Financial Agent or the
( unlteu fclates,
I prepared to transact a regular Ranking busi
ness, ana lurnuh hxenange on
Oovernmtnt.Securities. Gold and Silver, bought
auu4miiu in i.-vuiuiiiiuurf tjf Jt 1
A. Xkuws, President.
John I.cvsdix, Cash'r.
W. J. Thovas, Ass't Cash'r
THIRD NATIONAL BMK,
, i Stackltol cm. .iill)
Y, W. Bemv. " ' M. Bc'rVs.
JOHX KlBEXAX, JOS. W. AtLKS,
I). Weaver, EtwnB Jones.
Dan'i, F. Caster. A. J. Doxcam.
Al.EXAXDER KALU ClUS-,K,!lIll..AN,
This Rank occupies the building formerly occu
pied by the Planters' Bank, eorneror Union and
College streets, and Is prepared to buy and sell
Gld, and Silnr, Difi; V. S. Srcuritttt. and Stale
Bond; Qttltct Soltt, Dmfli. (impont. rte- In all
parts or the United States.
3-20 Bond and 7-30 Treasury Notes al
ways on band, and for talc Gold Coupons cashed
and compound intcret,Notes bought at the hirh
est rates. EDGAR JONES, Cashier,
. JVl. W..BERRr..Preid.nt ' "
GROCERIES, LIQUQRS; i&c.
D. H. SAILSr.
T. B. SAMPLE.
3. U. CARSAT.
AILEY, OIIDW.U CO.,
COMMISSIOX AX FOUWAUDIXO
Xettr the Jtlver,)
. V it i f i
EESPECTFULLY BEG TO ANNOUNCE TO'
the Trado that they are now receivmc and
will havo in store one ot the larscst and most com
plete lots or Groceries oilered in this market for
gome years past. Tho Goods wero bouelit br one
of our firm in person in Baltimore, and ew 1 ork.
and were selected specially Tor this marKeu
rollowine comprise a part or, the stock ;
300. Backs Baltimore Rio CofTee;
" 46 liogslieads Brown Sugar;
100 barrels A Coffee Sugar;
, .XiQJjarrebj.B Coffee Sugar; i
50 barrels C'Coflee Sugar;
50 barrels Crushed Sugar;
50 barrels Powdered Sugar;
50 Granulated Sugar;
,"500 : barrels Flour, ot all grades; ; ; ,
1000 sacks Bran; , ,
2000 barrels Salt;
. - 20 .barrels $Iolas&es;
10 barrels Vinegar;
25 barrelf. Robertson Uounty M iii-JKy;
25 barrels Bourbon Whisky;
5 barrels Holland Gin; .
4 casks of Brandy; 1
100 barrels' and half barrels Mackerel;
100 kits Mackerel; . 1
lQp, boxes Cheese; .
50 boxes, and boxes Raisins;
15' barrels Almonds; ,
15 barrels Filberts;
250 drums Figs;
50 cases assorted Pickles, .quart and pint;
100 cases Oysters;
25 cases Sardines;
200 boxes, and boxes Candles;
100 bxsvariousbrandsSoap,'plain and fancy;
50 boxes assorted Uindles;
10 boxes Brandy Cherries;
200 kegs Nails, assorted;
50 dozen Painted Buckets;
20 dozenTubs in Nests; '
15 casks Soda;
100 boxes Chewing Tobacco, all grades;
50 dozen Brooms; .
25 dozen Washboards; i
500.000 G.I). Caps; '
(l0b.bags Shot; - I ' '1
30 kegs JL'owuer; , V f
25 bags Pepper; ,' . '"
25 bags, .!spicc;j
75 boxes Indigo;
' 11 casks Madder;
100 boxes Mustard,
25 boxes Starch; ;
AGOIX?K01E AXJ TWIXES ;
This ttock U offered to tho Trado only, at small
..rftflt. Wt urn ilpterminmlto sell as cheap as mo
same articles can bo had Tor in Louisville or Cin
cinnati. Tor t -t
?c.vs1iToxly. J? A
naring amWe storage room, we invito consign-'
inents or Cotton, and alUkinds of Produce. W e
vrill take in exchange
SHIED AI'PLES AND PEACHES,
FEATHEPS, BEESWAX, i
And will allow the highest market prices.
dcc30-3Bi " '
II A R 3 W A R E .
SAM. VANLEER, & CO.,
NO. 41 COLLEGE STREET,
SIGN OF THE BIO PADLOCK
HAVE ON nAND AND ARK llfcUfciVlim
a large and complete iUck of hnglish, Uer
nian, and American 1IARD IVARE,
Which we are selling at reasonable prices. The
stock consists in part or
FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY.
200 GROSS TABLE CUTLERY.
200 D0Z. KNOB LOCKS, assorted.
50 do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS,
SOOde, ASSORTED AUGERS.
25do FOOT ADZE, ' f I ; 4
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted. 12 to
1000 lbs. i DOIL CHAIN.
1000-iV BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds!
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, 4K to VA fret. j
CO JIILL SAWS, &4 to 8 reet ;
XXES. I h il
J ...HATCHETS,:. k
CANDLESTICKS or all kinds
TIN CUPS and PLATES, "
TEA and TABLE SPOONS,
A very large stock or PLANES or every variety
rnKMIUM STEEL PLOWS.
. Those wishing to purchase ic our line will do
well to giro us a call beforo buying.
SAM. VAXLEEK, A CO.
G. W. FALL & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERSj
.1 "HI. '
HARDWARE AND CCTI-ERY
NO. 31 PUBLIC SQUARE!
. (Kirk man k Kllis old stand.) '
Wc would respectfully invite tho attention !
SPORTSMEN to our stork or
Gr TJ IST..S ,
Whioh cannot be equalle-1 here. It comprise nil.'
graacs, irom in
PI,AIN -DOXJBIiE BAKKEL
!- i H
WISEEV RICIIABHM Jt Gil EU
Rreacu Loading or carinagc
. ; a f.
DRUGS &' MEDICINES.
32 Market sU, opposite Union.
RESPECTFULLY INFORM THE OLD PAT
'J.V. rons orDr. WELIiS and the pnblio generally,
tbathis sucecssorsrwilliioall ln'their power; by
dilligcnt attention to business, to merit a continu
ance or the Doctor's, former large and extensive
Thcy-vill keep .constantly on hand
POKE DICITCS, ASD CHEMICALS
Powers and Weightman's Celebrated Chemicals,
Blue Mass, Sulphate Quinine, Sulphato Morphis,
Iodine, Iodide Potash, Chloride or Gold, Ether,
Our Pharmaceuial preparations are such as
Tinctures, Extracts, Syrups, Cerates, Ointments,
Plasters, etc., are made, in strict accordance with
the revised Pharmacopia.
Such as Pills. Ointments. Diarrhoea Cordials,
Ague Tonics, Alteratives, Invigorating Cordials,
Cough Medicines, and in fact all the USSSS
Or tho day. -Finest articlts'of Perfumery, Fancy
andtToilct articles orgeveryi description; foncy
perfumfd''Soaps, HairlOils.rHak Restoratives,
Tooth Washes, Tooth Brushes, 'and all articles in
this line portaining to the Toilet.
A' '4 - ' L ' '
Botanic &. Eclectic Medicines,
Such as Fresh Roots and Herbs, of 'air'lSnrtj;
THdcn's and B. Kcitli's Alkaloid and Rcsnoid, and
their concentrated 'Extracts -
. . l .n ir I .
Fdr Hie mlllfOR, or every size and variety.
Dental A .SurgialXustrunicnts,
1 A- . '.'f ..lAH;'
1 5 ' ' PRES CRIPTIOiVS
Accurately filled, at al! hours of tho day an J night.
SpiccV'I)ye Stufls, Paints,
' ' ' ETC.. ETC. '
Allsulce. Penncr. Cinnamon. Cloves. Nutmegs.'
'Mace, Mustard, Aromatic Seeds: Madder, -Span
ish Indigo, Logwood, (.oppof-s. Alluo btone, Alu
riatonf Tin. (IiiilliiMir, tic. Window UIaui. 8x1(1
to 40x00 superior quality. White Lead, Mixed
Paints, ready for usoj Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
Coal Oil; Lamps or every variety, and large sup
ply, at low rates,
Landreth's Garden Seed,
Just received, a Very largo suppIjL
, lot or Grass Seed.
Also, a large
ROBERT P. JENKINS. Prticriptionist and
and Pharmecist, at the Old Stand of 11. S. Thatch
er, now or tho firm or R. P. J. A- Co., would in
form the Physicians or Nashville, and surround
ing country, that it is our aim to supply ovcry
want or the Practitioner, in tho line or his pro
vision, and will spare no pains to accomplish that
end satistactorily.. He will bo much pleased tosce
any or tho Faculty who will honor our establish
ment with a visit. ...
Ho hopes by constant attention to business to
merit a. sharo or patrcnagc, assuring them that
their favors will be prepared with fidelity, or the
purest materials, and by himself personally, or an
Our Stock embraces the greatest variety, and
everything coming within the Drug Business.
.Give tis ft call and we will' guarantee satisfac
tion, All orders entrusted to our care filled with
promptnesand accuracy; ,
R. P. JENKINS, At CO.,
32 Market st, oppasite-Union,
SIOX OF THE MAX AXI) MORTAR.
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
: 33 UNION STREET.
rpniS OLD ESTABLISHMENT ijcaio m
I Pl.n,. .f Rifiniinv rtil Sons. J. B. Dunham.
Robt. Nunn's. A. H. Galo Jc Co- and other first
tlass instruments. Carhairt, Needham 1c Co t un;
CIHJRCII AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call beforo you purchase.
P. S. nave lust added to the above list or
r-i ! .
CAIXEXREKC A VAWPEI
Call and examine. dodS-lm
PIANOS ! : PIANOS !
-MASON & HAMLIN'S
ArOU WILL FIND THE REST ASSORT-
J went iu the city at Lush's New Musio Store
ton- j x i. - - A
Opposite St Cloud notel.
ALo Sheet Music and
nsical Instruments ot aH kimlj. lie sure to call
before purchasing elsewhere.
Pianos tnned by Mr. Jackson,
Luck's Balldinr.i Church Street, opposite St.
Ulond Hotel, and W uiion street,
dec 3m. i f
THE OFFICE OF THE SEWANEE COAL
X Agency U now removed to ro. j33 Lhurcn
street, a few door hrlow th Post Office.
Orders for Coal will be promptly filled at -10
cents tier bushel. T,. STON ES. Acent.
ianS 3t for F. Howard Coi
r 1 1
5,000 lbs-ew H8m? 'l ,
5,0u0 lbs. New Baeaa, Sides. . ' -.000
lbs. New Bacon. Shoulders
1C0 Tierce New Lard. ' .. .,
" . . For Sale by V '
McLaughlin, butler a- co
dce20-lw-. ., "j7 ...k
'1 ''if . . . !,.
ISTOW 13 ; THE TIME
JS U B.SjCIl I.B E
OUJt SEVERAL EDITIONS,
i:iai -i-i j-.
(sons to bk F.aiAnLisnKn,.4
And . "WEEKLY, 1
1VIEI, MEET .THE WAXTS OF AX.I,
CLASSES i OF REAIERS.
" 'I I'll". I . .
-. !, "jr i t J ., .
it I i'.tsi v i .J
tlil J ii ')
' it' . .i .. i
mom YTIO -10 3JA3
Tne BAILT will contain tho .1
L A. ,T E Ss T . ,alvr ,J3J(W S
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH.
Fit m all parts or the country, embracing
, .i.ti ..
ii i .
RIC ITI1'CK AE,
AXD A GEXERAI. MISCEET.AXY.
Or information, relating to the Religiousf'Domcs-
tic and Social condition or the people.
NORTH . AND '. S.OXf.TH.
Tho Tri-AVkeklv, which will bo regularly issued
so soon as tho necessary arrangements can bo per
fected, will contain all.thomost important matters
treated in the Dailt, and a large advertising list
showing tho general 'business of thU and other
The Weekly, which will be enlarged as circum
stances shall require, will contain selections from
the other edition!), or matter that will serve to in
terest and improve the old and the young. It will
contain, in addition to its general reading, embra
cing allsubjects or current thought and interest.
alWeekly Review orthe markeb or this and other
:itics, with which our pcoplo do business, and a
carefolly prepared price-current of the Nashville
markets, including all articles bought and sold in
the city, whether of domestic production or im
ported from abroad. We also intend to make tho
' Weekly U.mox axd American-," in all respects, a
with solid and instructive matter for the advan
tage or tho rising generation, and for the enter
tainment and comfort of those more ailvanced in
lire. The proprietors or the " U.viox axd AiiEEl-
Can nave lirca ana uccn cngasuu m inn
newspapcrbusincss long enough to obtainc knowl
... ... , , ..i : .- it,
edge or the truo.wnnts or a, groat, honest aijjj vir
tuous pcoplo, who, though unfortunate, arostriving
to transmit to their descendants, in culturo and
nurture; 'the high' and .most noble. Jiualities.
industry, self-reliance, and dignity or character.
Ffij"PPreciating, the power and beneficence ol
woman," they will endoavo'r lo make this paper an
acceptable companion to the mothers and daugh
ters of ihe country, wherefrora they may derive!
both profit and pleasure.
-Ttf p'crso'ns' desirous ",'of making known to the
public their business, we may say that our circula-
Uoa byjnail, reaching every Post OBico which has
- - . ,"'. . tt'i t
been re-oponcd in the State, besides an extensive
circulation in adjoining States, gives our advertis
ing columns superior advantages.
The advance In tho prlcesii every article which,
enters into tho production of newspapers is such
that the terms upon which they are furnished
must necessarily correspond. In common with
onr'City contemporaries, we havd adopted tlje
following as 'the ' 'i
. , -" ion'
, ' '- ' . n-H ,
l if., i. ,
i ' ' , r ' ' ' (
Terms-or Subiscrlptioii (
KOll THE '
! .'oi ilo'iwwj.- , W '
! i -.i i Ft w. a,
TJtfio h; ard:m en c '
Lper LCljlijAhj. 81 J.
gforl three montht?-A-
for one month"-
Weekly, ,per annum;
'for six months
.! a " i for three .months.
Due announcement will
e made of the time
'fermfc'6 rffc-i T:'i t- ifw?1". mutt
"FORi'.TIIE ' .a .
Unioii and American.
X Blast from tho " SoCaIIcdn Vaionlsts,
ofTcHHessee Memorials to the Pres
ident and the Stevens' Committee of
CoHgrcs" "ltcbcl Dc9lnt'Whcrc
' the'Shoo PlHcJiea, etc., etc.
' From the Nashville Tresa i' Times, Jan. lithj
At a meeting of the Union; Central Com
mittce, and the German Union Central Com
mittee of the State of Tennessee, and the
Union members of the Legislature, on the
9th of January, I860, the following-mcniori-aU
Vcre, jread and .considered, aud pmni
monslyapprored.and adopted. f.
A. LoyEitiKO, Chairman pro tern.
Edw-Vkd, IAysabd, Chairman.
MEltOIUAI. TO TTIE COMMITTED bjf K13C0S
STEUCTIOK. Nashviuj, Texit., Jan. 9. 18GG.
To tho Honorable Congressional Committee on
The undersigned, constituting a large ma
jority, of theSfcjte Central Committee of the
Union, party qf Tenneee, ' being' all' who
could be present, beg leave to communicate
to you their, views of the present political
and social cbridltionlof their State, jmd their
anticipations as to future results from that
Tho vast powers conferred upon you, so
vitally affecting ourselves and our posterity,
we-feel to be a sufficient warrant for this;
liberty on our part.
Our statistics show that in the sDrinc of
. lSGI1wut0,0pd'of hrhvofefcof Tenncs-J
,roc made, ftp their 'minds To adhere to tKo
a r .1 r ,i ri xPi.a
iut ui UiUli VUlIllilV m Bllli; Ul illU iuiiuuu
of treason that swept the State and carried
it into the vortei of rebellion. They con-
stitutcd less, than one-third of the Voting
population of the' State, arid iar lesar of it3
wealth and political inUucnce. J3o.r?6un3d
on all sides by rebel population ; suflering
every conceivable outrage in person anq
property; hanged on the gallows; shot bv
an infuriate soldiery ; cast into many prisons
nicrcilessly conscripted and hunted like
wild-leasti arid murdered in' our places" of
concealment; our numbers have been re
duced but the survivors of us have kept thb
tows made upon the altar oC patriotism five
years ago. More than twenty-five thousand
of our numbers leaving their homes and
jfamiliesto bo pillaged and, abused travel
ing through mountains or swamps uy-nignt,
and liiding in thickets by day to evade a pur
suing and murderous enemy, escaped tolthc
Federal lines, and without bounty or other
inducements, enrolled themselves as Union
soldiers'. They have returned to their
homes from a gallant and bloody service., to
find, in many instances, their houses in ashes,
their property gone, and their families
abused, insulted and outraged. And it must
be ddded thac in ;many , instances thesp vic
torious heroes br tlie national cause arc not
permitted to remain at their homes in peace,
or, if .permitted, thcy;arc crippled in busi
ness and politically and socially outlawed.
The designs of the great secession majority
of Tennessee may have been changed by
the events of ,the war, and so may haye
been, their opinions, of iheir own' strength
and' of the strength o the Governmentbut
unless your; memorialists greatly misunder
stand tiiem, their sentiments, sympathies
and passions .remain unchanged. Tlifcy
welcome neacc because thev are disabled
from making war; they submit because they
can no longer resist ; they accept results
they cannot reject, arid profes3 loyalty be
cause they have a halter around their necks.
They recognize the abolition of slavery be
cause they see it before them as a fact, but
they say it was accomplished by gros. viola
tions of the Constitutionthat the negro is
free only in fact, but not in law or of rigjit,
Less than a year ago the Provisional Gov
ernor, representing the military power of
the President, and recognising the right; of
the loyal people to govern the State, set 'on
foot a civil government, founded upon the
basis of the loyal population his favorite
policy. The plan of a popular convention
and a submission to a popular vote of the
loyal people was adopted, and the former
Constitution and laws were restored without
the institution of .slavery. Whether we 'rc-
.tmrd it as our former State Government ,re-
storcu, or a3 a new uovermncnt given ta u
by the power of the nation is immaterial, as
it has been compelled. at, every step to lean
upon the strong arm of the national anthor-
; . r rni,- nn;n f 4l,A mnitiin.
tion was submitted to the votes of the loyal
people and by means of the strong will of
the Military Uovernor anu a rigm test oain,
and because the election was not 'recognized
by the disloyal, it was nearly unanimously
adopted, securing over 20,000 votes, many
of the Union men being in the rebel lines
at the time.
Under theGovcrnment thus adopted, and by
means of the same test oath, a Governor and
Legislature were elected, by a general ticket
on the 3a oi jiarcn last, xne .L.egisi.nurc
assembled in April, and proceeded to in-.
aucurate the Governor elect, and to elect,
State officers, to establish a revenue, to pro
vide for the election ol members ot Con
gress, and to legislate in general matters:
Under authority conierrca upon mm, me
new uovernor appointeu a juaiciary pro
tempore, and reorganized the entire State by
appointment. But one general election has
been ncia, anu mat oniy ior racmuers oi
Congress, with what result will appear here
after. The Convention of- February, foreseeing
the impossibility of carryinK out the" prin
ciple upon which they are acting, by keep
ing tne pojmcai power oi me oiaie in ioy;u
hrnds, ;if all those who had by acts or treas
on forfeited their jights, were permitted to
participate irt the State Government, pro
vided for a formal disfranchisement by- con
ferring -upon the first Legislature the power
to limit tlie elective franchise.
So far. the legislation on this subject has
been unsatisfactory and .in effectual. Indeed
many of the bicrdber are Utterly unequal
to the task, and yielding to the influence,
and dreading the power of numbers, shrink
from its performance. A Buffrace law was
passed at the spring session, the result of
compromise. ana .aououiu in ",psv lenns,
easily evaded and practically defective.
IJy means ot repeatcu proclamations uy me
Rnvtmnr. telcsrraDhio orders from the Pre
sident, and the aid of the military, a partial
execution, only, of the laws was obtained.
So defective w"a the execution of, the law,
by the officers' to whom it was entrusted,
that the Governor was constrained to declare
tho-August election totally .void in twenty
nine counties of the State. An attempt will
lie made at the present session to jiass an
amended (suffrage law, but it is doubtful
whpther am- effectual disfranchiseirfcnt can
pass, and still more doubtful whether, if
passed, it cau be executed, even with the
presence of the military ; certainly, sticli a
law cannot bo executed if the-supervising
power of the General Government should be
discontinued. In short, your memorialists
anticipate that, at the first general clection;
the entire civil and judicial power of the
State must.iSa.'.into the hands of thde who
have so long oppressed them. The judicial
election, which is the most important ot an
must soon occur.
- By a careful consideration of the pa
.!hJ!mu ..4n..mv ft , ll noil 1 1 f il I "
in rebellion, a correct idea cnhojcourjiethey
will Dursue when once more installed in-
ttoinow'er 'inaf ba yarrivecl C Tour me
morialists are not'driveh to consult tourists
nor correspondents for information. Ihey
are allrcitizenStof.thcStatcsomc of them
arc' fratiVes. and Wiveral' ' ih'em from
official position arc in daily intercourse or
communication witn all parts oi tne ciaie,
arid with citizens of all parties arii phvHc.
Thev claim to speak not from hearsay or
rpnort. but cw irinessc admiivJAe in court.
.friiRTirrirlamhiantfceline of those lately in
rebellion is that of deep seated hatred,
nmnimtintr in manv cases to a spirit of re
venge toward the white Unionists of the
State, and 'a haughty contempt for the negro
.whom thev cannot tolerate as a freeman.
Tlie hatred for the white loyalist wintensi
ficd!bvith aceusatiGn IhaC-h dctertcd the
South in her extremity, ami is therefore a
traitor; and by the efforts toietnp a govern
ment of the minority. The p'" f f-'cng
;a i'llwl forth lirthe attcmnft8 disfran
chise them. aHd by the retaliatory acU of
the returned Union soldier for wrortg done
i.m ilnrincr thfl war. The necro U the
aa,a - f " IJ
Jlordecai who xonstantly reminds them of
their defeat, and of what they can "a jhk
but lost cauM,"' and theight of him in the
eniovmcst of freedom, a coa'tant toarce
nf Irrltatuwa. i
The toarist would riot be apt tto detect the
ln al&lA- nf tlin PViiitliorn tCmOOr. -LtW:
the resident observer baa to look for.Jt bej,
.... f f - ? nM,lMln()W,
Beam tneiunflce oi lmmucic j,4Vw-oiw.
of lovaltv. True, the traveler or vuitor
'mifht'obshrre sf large umlier of dally rebel
ncw.'vaperi well sustained, "while a single
loyal paper is sustained with difficaltyj lie
might, discover that the rebel Hiercbaat or
lawyers full of business, .and erowine rich:
while the loyalist cither faik or h driven to
pander or dfesufiulateTAHd' hereay find
tlwtjhe'rebel chaplain preach ej to overSowi
ing houses, while the loyal minister li in
truth a misaonarrin an "unfrica31y country.
But he will hardly go into the social circle
to learn that the Union man is net admitted
into society or into private families; to find
that hatred of the "Yankee," and contcraut
for the Government, are inculcated by rebel
ministers and teachers; nor will ho visit tha
township election to learn that the bush
whacker and guerrilla; can defeat the most
respectable Union man for constable or jus
tice of the peace;, or to the courts, to learn
that the despised "Lincolnite" fails to get
justice at the hands of a rebel jury, and that
the putting of a negro on trial is equivalent
io liis conviction 'and 'sentence. to the maxi
mum penalty of the 'law. Yet these and
many other manifestations betray to the res
ident observer thd ' maligtranb ternper'of the
majority of the people.
A party exists in-tlio State which is every
day growing 'more and" more compact tind
powerful, which sympathizes with the men
and principles of the rebellion. It com
mands every 'agency to operate on public
opinion. It has five well sustained and ably
edited papers in Memphis, fonr in. Nash
ville, ,onc in Knoxville, and a weekly in
each of the" Tinporlant'- villagei. Theirtpar
3ened, but talented arid still popnlar leaders
are with them ; hundreds of rebel ministers,,
who glory in haying.led offjhe rebellion,,
and whe have been Uironghmif the''war the
bloodiest minded men in the South, are still
in the confidence of the people. All these;
appliances, acting in harmony, mould pub
lic sentiments as they please, and command
a party of over" two-thirds of the whito feien
of the State. Free froni restrictions upon
suffrage, they will probably cast ninety
thousand 'votes in'the State - i
It is a sad delusion and a dangerous mis
take to suppose that, this" hatred of loyalty,
contempt for the negro, aud alienation from
the Government, are confined to the politi
cians or leaders, as they are terrhed, and that
the common ;pcoplq have beoji all the time i
loyal, ft is certainly true that i 6rti6n' of
the Southern peopleVwent into the rebellion
reluctantly, and' that, a few were actually
forced into it, but it is equally true that nine
tcntha of those who went in reluctantly came
out the bitterest of rebels. The process of
firinsr the Southern heart, and of educatimr
thc'Sinithern' mind Tor treason,. MJ been !
progressing for many years, and had reached
all classes. Long beforo the war, the, common-laborer
had learned to curse the Yan
kees and Abolitionists, and to talk about
negro equality and hia rights in tlw Territe- ;
ries. Filled with murderous hate, they haye
fought four years against their conntry ,
They have denounced,, and hcSrd it' de
nounced with every breath. They have'
suffered cold, bungei1 and wounds in an'
effort to destroy it.. They have slain, U3
defenders, and seen their comrades fijll
in the panie cause., Tile laws of human
nature forbid the idea that they love their
country. Indeed, it may yell be doubted
whether the capacity for patriotism is not
extincuished in many of them. Ypur mc-
juorialists regret to say that tis yet the loyal
ists of tat Tennessee, brave ana noble as
they arc, have not kept pace with the spirit
of the nation in extending civil righU'to the
negro, and consequently there exuts a want
of harmony among ourselves, but they do
not doubt that that patriotic and rural peo
ple will eoon tako a position worthy of their
lame, nut in .any event, an legislation
looking to the elevation of the frecdraen in
a moral, civil, or political 'point of view,
must come from Congress and not from the
State Legislature. It may be that the pres
ent body may pass some favorablo laws,
probably they will, but it is easy to see lhaf
they will be swejt away by the next Gene
Supposing the supervising power of the
General Government withdrawn from Ten
nessee, and assuming that, to some extent at
least, the passions, prejudices, and resent
ments of the majority of the people will be
reflected in their legislation; it is difficult to
anticipate the true policy and the character
of the civil and judicial administration
wluuU will jirevail. It .may be afely -assumed
First. That so far as possible, in Legisla-
lation and the bestowal of patronage, and the
management of all public affairs, the" late
rebels will be the preferred classj and that
all the acta of the rebel State government,
including the removal and destruction of the
State banks and State Treasury, the disarm
ing and conscripting the people and tne im
pressment of their property, and all the acts
of rebel officers, soldiers, and guerrillas,
will be legalized. Those who have been
robbed, wounded, and imprisoned, will go
unredressed, while thoee who have inflicted
those injuries 'will be justified in law as they
now are in public sentiments.
Second. As is even tiow the case-in many
localities, services rendered arid wounds re
ceived in the Confederate cause will be pas3
ports to preferment, while to have taken
Bides with the cause of the -Union will bo
equivalent to a judgment of infamy, forever
consigning the offender to obscurity and dis-
Third, it tlie legislature uocs not vote
thanks and medaLs to Southern heroes, and
unite with other Southern States to pay the
Confederate debt, it will be from fear of pol
icy, and not from want ot sympathy or de
Fourthl As- far as' possible, restrictions
will lie thrown around the negro, and his
elevation in he scale of being dL-coun-lenanced
; if not actually prohibited ; he
will be cxecluded .f'om tlie. courts,, from,
common school j-and probably front all
means of education from business and
privileged occupation 'and perhaps from
the acquisition'of property.
Such, we apprehend, will be some of the
results of well known Jaws of the public
mind, and it requires but little speculation
to anticipate still further and more ulterior
results. It is very questionable whether
East Tcnncjfteo will submit U a rebel gov
ernment Tier people will never tamely
Biiccomb to those who havd pursued them
like bloodhounds for four ycare. If she
docs not resist by force bIic will refuse her
revalues, and scorn to end her ltepresenta
tives to take peats in the Legislature com
posed of rebel officers and guerrilla leaders1
Union men will feel that they have lost and
therebclB won ;' and that their martyrs have
fallen in vain. "Even now, In many locali
ties, thev are crushed bv the bower of nnni-
bcrs and actually afraid to speak likq freo-
Loyal emigrants will turn aside to more
congenial parts, and the South will be left to
herself to resume Hcr'forrilrf'Hittr of pro
gress. --' ' ' "
The negroeicwill.bciforced to seek an asy
lum in otiier, jacds, or perhaps they will be
come (declining race, relapse into barba
rism,' antf disappear from tne. face of the
earth, an event confidently predicted, and,
in fact. liorKdfbby.Uiercccseionist.
t ,4Y our. ni (.'moralists do not presume to point
out the means oi everting tne diremt rcsuiu
they have attempted to' foreshadow. They
mply SsVprotectlon. They pray thai the
GovernmentfwjU not? fbreako,ttjc-by with
drawing iU direct agency in our affairs,
thereby delivering them ta their tormentors.
Your niemoralisti.wilL&ay, however, that
they desire to be represented in Congress.
The loyal people of Tennessee have not fbr
feited their civil right by the misfortune of
being-surrounded' by Tebcl.. And if diffi
culties should occur hereafter, as is to be
feared, in that event they dcrire to have a
voice in the councils of the nation. But if
our form of government u such, that to ad
mit our representatives to seats in Congress
will compel the withdrawal, of the super
vising control of the national Government
over our internal affairs, thereby insuring
the ascendancy .of the. rebel majorityyour
raemorialiflU" prefer, jwd they arc sure the
loyal peoplewf the State .prefer, to lire in a
territorial condition;.Tmd even, under a mil
rrotn tlie rebel yoke they pray to be
saved. From such a fate wo rely upon the
power of the nation torcscue us. In be
Wilf of jthe loyalist 6f thetate, of whatever
color,' and In ' behalf of our posterity, we
appeal fo that Govenimerit we love, and
have ttrTed'to savena and them from the.
power or those who have inflicted upon u
every conceivable injury
A e are your most respectfully,
A. J. FLETCHER.
I " U .MOlKCRTs-WXITMCLLER,
k" 'JUMUi? BRIEHKN.
rt .JQll.V'SUIMMLKR. .
.11,,, EZfLVWAXDJZVliy, ,
a toto est .
K. Vi CO.N K.
A. Loveriso, Clwirraan pro ton. of Central
'Committee 1 '
" MEMQBIAI.TO THE rRESlDUST,
Nashvhu Tcnn. Jan. 10,18C(X ,
HorirAnilrew Johnson, President or thcUnikd
Sir The undersigned Central Committee
of the Union party of Tennessee, deem the
E resent time opportune for addressing- you
riefly, in reference to subjects 1 of' vital" in-
teresttoui and to the friends of frea gov
ernment and huraarijliberty everywhere.
In presuming to address you, we do not
suppose that you have been inattentive to
the progress of events here, or that you arc
entirely unapprised of the present situa
tion. Your active championship of the
Union, cause inTennessee, at a perioD. when
that causa had few advocates among the
prominent men of our State ; your adminisi
t ration a3 Military Govifcior, meeting as it
did, the approbation of loyal men, aiid tho
earnest solicitude which you have mani
fested as Chief Magistrate of the nation,
preclude all possibility that you could bo a
careless or inattentive observer of the course
and tendency. iof events in your State, of
Believing niqreover that you will gladly 1
avail yourself of all rcliablo source of in
formation, and sustaining, a$ we do, in some '
sense, a representative relation, to the Union
party of Tennessee, with facilities for ascer
taining tho true condition of public senti
ment,' we have felt it'onr doty to. lay before!
you the result of our, observations.
You arc. of course, aware that a verv
largo proportion of the citizens of Tennes
see were, either at the inception, or during
its progress, identified with the recent re-
bellion. Through.! the influence of bad.
men whomi they had, been accustomed to
regard as leaders, they were induced to em
bark in the fatal enteqirise which has cn-j
tailed upon tho country mi much of wretch
edness and woe. .
By the devotion pf our loyal people to thq
sacred cause of free government, the gallant
ry of our commanders, and the wise ndmiiij.
istration of our national affairs, (Under tht
blessings of Providence the Onion was
maintained in. its- jntegnty, and the rebel
lion was .overthrown.
Armed opposition to the govcronKnthav
ing now' ceased, tho permanent object pf all
good -men, should now be to restore fra
ternal feeling throughout thd country, and
to extend to the masses who Have lapkctt intp
rebellion, 'so soon na practicable; the .blessing
of civil government, with, the restoration of
such political privileges . as m'av be compati-
i.i' i.i. .i A ' . S. 'l
irnj wiiii (ucpccuriiy oi me governmeni, ana
the maintcnance.of the plighted faith" of the
nation; . ,
Obvibusly, the1 difficulties of utatesmanihip
at the preient, .time, consists largely in, deter
mining the real temper and disposftfon of the
masses of our people who have been engaged
in the rebellion, arid' it is in reference to this
pcintthatwedesira 'mainly to speak.
The difficulties attending the orrramzaticn
of our present State government, are familijir
to you, for we do- not forset that it was main
ly owing to your earnest and patriotic efforts
that it was inaugurated,
to argue any
tion," or simply a " restoration " of a gov
ernment whose functions hail been SUspchdpd
by violence and treason. The convention
which asseriibled in this city in January la.t,
proposed certain amendment to our organic
law. These amendments were adopted by
the jicople,, the vote, therefor, being almost
unanimous, bo far as any expression by the
loyal people was' practicable. Under this
Constitution, as- amended, the machinery of
the government was put in operation, taking
for its guide the Constitution and laws in ex
istence prior to' tho rebellion, except as the
former was amended, as above stated, and
assuming all the obligations of the; State in
currcu.befbre the war.
Bv virtue of the schedule adopted bv tho
people, the Legislature which; assembled in
V . i 1 . i' 1 t.fl.
tipm last, cnacicu a iranciiisc iaiv, wuicii
was intended to exclude disloyal persons
from the poILs and thus prevent the enemies
of our national government from controlling
thejioliticai action of lennessce. litis law,
however, partly from its want of perspi
cuity, and toiilj 1..... -f l hn-u
charged with its execution were unfriendly
to its object, was in many counties practi
cally disregarded, and the loyal people of
the "State have new little hope that its en
forcement can prevent the political organi
zation of the State, from passing, at no dis
tant day, into the hands of those who have
been in active sympathy with thu rebellion.
An effort will, it is understood, be made
during the present session, so to amend it as
to make it more efficient,, but grave doubts
are felt as to whether the present Legislature
will pass any law which will prevent the
political ascendancy of the rebels in Tennes
see. The returned rebel soldiers', and thoc
who afliliale' wilh them, openly boast that
at the next general elections they will ob
tain entire control ol the Mate uovcrnmcnt.
Indeed, it is now the case in many counties,
that those who havo been most notorious for
their adrocacy and support of rebellion) are
the first to receive the support of tho people
for office. Service in the rebel army ii, in
many parts of the Slate, the best passport to
position and power, while to have been con-,
nccted with the Union army, is regarded arf
affixing a stigma, "deeper and more indelible
than the brand uiKm the brow of Cain."
Under the appointing power, as exorcised
by Governor Brownlow, wo now have a loyal
Judiciary; yet all their powcrand influence
cannot prevent rebel juries from practising
the grossest injustice toward Icyal men.
while it w almost impossible Vt bring rebel
offenders to justice. Should tile Judiciary
of our State fall into rebel control, sad in
deed will be the condition of thoc who.
trusting to the nation's faith, havo breasted
the storm of treason here. In a social
and' business point of view, Union men and
Union families arc proscribed and insulted.
We mention theses points, simply to show
the spirit which still actuates those who'
havebcen engaged in rebellion, and to Indi
cate the policy which, they will pursue, if, as
they anticipate, and we fear, thoy slioulil be
restored to power in Tennessee. They now
submit to the national authority, simply be
cause they can no longer resist it . they "ac
cept the situation," for the reason thathhey
cannot avoid it ; they acknowledge thcr de
feat, but glory in tlie Ktubboriincis with
which they resisted; they resign their fioes
of the Confederacy, but maintain the justice
of their cause
With.fliem, language is inadequate to ex
press the scorn and contempt which! they
feel and cherish toward Tcnnesseans who, a
they allege; betraved Southern honor and
Southern independence by joining the hmks
of thy oppressor.
Their protestations of loyalty are bcer
hypocrisy a mailc assumed" for an pbjkt, to
be thrown off when that object i accom
plished. In the Opinion of some, tho Class
es, of thc'comtnon people, who were misled,
and bctrayedfbymagogucs into rebellion,
have, in sincerity and truth, returned to
their1 allegiance to the government of their
fatheri Wo do not say that the masses arc
not honest and patriotic according to their
convictions, but their conviction were form
ed under" the false1- teachings of tho-ip who
Mliiedted tlie Southcm mind, and fired the
Southern heart-lor rebellion. Those; falsft
teachers still di-ect public sentiment. Rebel
atill their trusted leiral advisers
rebel Preachers still fulminate front their
. -i A.-t -i. t.: :n
puipila rein:i 111 eicisrvi nun mif men
families rebel teachers .still instruct their
children, and rebel presses still disseminate
among tlicm the perverted" views and perni
cious doctrines which have wrought1 all this
ruin in the 'arid. It is. in fact, among the
common people who havo less reason for
practicing dbwimnlation,, and who are less
influenced by motives of policy, that, we
find the most unequivocal exproston of
deep-seated hostility to thaGovernmcnt and
the friends of the Government.
In reference to the freed nun. there i(r no
mixt.'itinfr the" ultimate desizn ol those
tistaKing ine ummaus "'g""'
ho thus aspire 'to tne control oi iiic j mire
legislation: of thu State. Ihey
itUlattortot the state, iiiey scKnowieu
enianc.ipaUonaanaoW'MA Ja"' f
no means regards as zjqciuyiuy oeiompuswi.
The denounce it a an act of foul injustice.
and will,' to sure as they attain the ascend.
ancy under cuxumstancesw
to carry out their dwigni by legislative pro-
visions reduce them to bondage- more abject
if ; r. n.ti.Mif ahiu it
inan uianro.? lYS..T . r
is to be nirrettcd fhit ortr' "present Ieeisla
ture has evinced such tardiness in conferring
upon our colored ctia.!l thcuv civil rights
so necessary for thlr iwurUyaiw well-being
in the community. Moe''likely it wiU yet
rwlwus- i tarf-f m mr-dcTvi rynroath; bv
some wise promiau for tkek welfare; but
-of 'what avail' wijtdi be swch.lsgblatiou, if
. We do not propose
abstract question aa to our state
whether- it waa a 'Tccoustruc-
In two years it should be awepf fro our
Wis have thus stated briefly, as we prtf
'mised, tho conclnsiona to which br observa
tions have led us- as. torthc: present and
prospeetiTe condition? faere. "We: iia.Q no
fears that you will regard this plain state
ment as an, act ofotEciousnesj on, our part.
We feel assured that your Interest' in the
great cause for. which, together we have
labored iu times of personal and public
peril, has suffered no diminution, aaa that
yon will regard whatever may;efJeci the
Eublic interests of the State, with ,irhich you
avo been so long and so honorably identified
as matter of deepest concern. Wo suggest
no special measures of policy for your con
sideration, believing, ns we do, that your
own wisddra, aided by that of your constitu
tional advisers, will best, discern the means
to avert the dangers apprehended. Our
delegations are now asking admission ta the
Homes of Congress. W c need not assure
vou tliat we earnestly desire theiradmission,
They are, for. the most part, men on whose
patriotism and soundness of judgment wo
have the utmost confidence. Sonic of them
havo done gallant service to the national
cause, in council and in field. Aa
loyal Representatives and Senators of
loyal Teunesiseeans wo. believe that
their voice should be heard in tlif
national councils, asd we trust that as such
they may aid in. devising such just and wiso.
olicy as will secure full and final success to
the friends of the Union, not only iu Ten
nessee, but threughoutthei couritry. Wo
haveJiowever, na hesitatio'rin. declaring
tliatf if the consequences of their idmiseion
must necessarily be tho withdrawal of all
further restraints upon the rebels of Tennes
see by tho authorities of the General Gov
ernment, and the surrender of our State and
its loyal peoppj to rebei domination, that wo
are not prepared, for the sacrifice. Too well
do we know, and too painfully have we ex
perienced iu that their " tenderest mercies
are cruelties," to be willing ever again to
pass under tho yoke.
A. Ji Fletcher,
A S. TncnxECK,
. JOHX SniilJILEE,
. E. SCHNIDEIt,
A. W. IIawkix?,
E. P. Cose.
A. Lovxnixo, Chairman pro-, tenu Central
Siutl CoBiiunuleatlou Wltb Jfextce.
From tho AtlanUtOn.) Era.)
For the information ot parties interested
in the matter, we publish the following let
ter just received by a gentbjman in'thia city:
.New Orleaks, ec. 30, 1S65
Dk-vr Sin : ,No bureaux of
immigration for Mexico have been estab
lished bore; therefore, parties wishing to
go to Mexico have to do bo at their own ex
pense. Tho shortest way is, by Havana,
either from this city or New York. Wo
have as yet no steamers running from hero
to Vera Cruz. Let me suggest to you, and
tho other friend of Gov. Isliam G. Harris,
that, as wo have no direct communication
between this city and Mexico, an A oven
tho with Havana are very irregulaTj all
letters directed to him had. better be mailed
from New York. There is from that city a
semi-monthly mail to Mexico. Prom here
your letters, have to wait sometimes very
long beforo I have a chance to dispatch
them. Very respectfully, etc.
Adjctakt GKSEnAL'a OrncE, 1
Waslungton, Jan. 12, I860.,
General Orders 2vo. a.
To protca loyal persons agalnsl irhpropcr
civil suits and penalties in thd late rebel
lious States, tho military division and de
partment coinmrndcrs. whoso commands em
brace, or are composed of any of the late re
bellious States, and who have, not already
done so, will at once issue and enforce or
ders, protecting from prosecution or suits in
State or municipal courts' of such J5tat all
officers and soldiers of the armies of the
United States, and all persons thereto attach
ed, or anywise thereto belonging, subject to
military authority, charged with' offences
for acts done in their military capacity or in
pursuance pf ordcra from the proper-military
authority, and to protect from suit or
prosecution all loyal citizens or persons
charged with offences done against rebel
forces, directly or indirectly, during tho ex
istence of the rebellion, and all persons,
their agents or employees, charged with tho
occupancy of abandoned land? or planta
tions, and the possession or custody of any
kind of property whatever, who occupied,
used, possessed or controlled tho same pur
suant to the order of tho President, or any
of the civil or military departments of the
Government, and to protect tho same from
any penalties or damages that may havo
been, or may bo pronounced or urged, in
some courts in any such cases, and also pro
tecting colored persons frtm prosecution
in any of said States, charged with offences
for which white persona arc not prosecuted
or punished iu same manner or degree.
IJv- command of Lieut. Gen. Grant.
E. I). Towryanyp, A. A. G.
From Hall's Jouni! of Health.
i - Lifelong discomfort, disease and sudden
death, often come to children through the in
attention, ignorance, of carolessneiis of tho
parents. A child abould nercr bo allowed
to go to sleep with cold feet; tho thing to bo
laxt attended to, in putting d child to bed.
should be to see that tho feet arc dry and
warm; neglect of this hxt often rcaul ted in
a dangerous attack of croup, diplhuria, or
fatal sore throat.
Always, on coming from self Sol, on enter
ing th house from a visit or WTaad in rainy,
muddy or thawy weather, the child's, shoes
should bo removed, and the itiother should
herself ascertain if the stockings aro tho
least damp; andif bo, should' rwiuiro them
to be taken oil, the feet held bclore the fire
and rubbed with tlie hand until perfectly dry,
and another pair or stockings put on, and an
other paircf shoes, while the thcr stocking
and shoes should be placed where they can
be well dried, bo as to bo ready for future use
at a moment's notice.
There are children not ten years of age,
suflering with corns from too Close fitting
shoes 1 by the parent having been tempted
to "take"' them because a. few ccnU were de
ducted from tho price, while the cbild'it foot
is conntantly growing. A shoo large enough
with thin stockings, is. too small on Hie ap
proach of cold weather and thicker luxe, but
the consideration tliat they are only half
worn is sufficient sometimes to require them
(9 be worn, with, a result of a corn, which la
to be more or -les of a trouble for fifty years,
perhaps ; and all this to savo the price of a
pair of half worn shoes! No child should
be fitted with shoes without putting on two
pair of thick woolen stockiagsand the shoe
should go on moderately easy; even over
thcse. Have broad heels, and Jcs than half
an inch in thickness.
Tight shoes inevitably arrest the free cir
culation of the blood arid hervoia influences
through the feet, and directly tend to cause
cold feet ; and health, with' habitual cold
fceL. is an impossibility. "
That parent is guilty of -a criminal neg
ligence who does not alrays sec to.it that
each child enters the chor.-hacd schoolhouse
doer with feet comfortably dry and warm.
' Grown persons with very limited intelligence
know that, a to thcnwelvc damp feet en
danger health and life however robust t
much more so must it be' to the tender con
stitution of a growing child,
I have never known a shoemaker, whether
fa sending home a pair Of n?w shoes or old
ones repaired, to fail. leaving Several pegs or
iron nails to project through the sole on the
iiuidc. Ilia result lsf that often in a single
ilavy the. excitement, of play preventing a
child from noticing; nny discomfort, the
stockings are cut through' in several places
-and ugly sores are marie in th soles of the
feel, to bcanannoyaocandtroubleforawek
afterward; besides tile, unnecessary wort
t riven to an already , overtaxed mother in
ncmlinst thoBtockintf, Toavoid-theresuIU
- . !,lfP.lsaM
0r,HChmcxcu?abIcai elect, and also to make
' it more sure tliat pega and naili should not
wfc thnn&h by tho ,j,rinkawof the leather.
andulo-toke- thtt-fcet dry; there should
be worn between the leather of tho shoe and
.. . , . i. -
stocking apiece ofcurk, ot soft thick
teboarj tiued at tlie bottom with a pice
f ,t t -anii 6n ., i,r-dde. touch-
- - - . . . - - r
ing the Btocldngf Uie liaiag iJwald be of
Canton flannel t each pcrsos.. should bare
two pairs of these, to be woni'nn alternate
dayi. - "-3-
Orthe four great tkilie ofsNe
ThaXexer. Tki Worht,
opOHd to thd rc
t 'tit -
tit- -JiJ i&.