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title: 'Daily union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1865-1866, January 18, 1866, Image 1',
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f. c. DtnranofGTOjr & co.,
EDITORS k I'ROMIIETOHS.
yuiuatiuqenmcMticatfcm aeaialnlnc In&erest
Int or.iraportant news, solicited from any quarter.
News lcttcn from tbo various counties of the
State especially desired.
All comwunirttlon should be addressed to the
' RlitorWrtae Ukioit isir Ahemc-ist."
; and Cherry streets, opposite the rot 0Vc.)
tSeMr - -ioo
Weekly .. 3
NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, THURSDAY, JAJSWRY JS, 1866
Proportionate rates for shorter ieta&.
Sahaeriptiosriaynriahly in advance:;
I : T t ft ,..-. . .-.,Vn- iv . - - - t
(Lato llrigade Snrceon, U. S. A.)
OCCMST AND AURI8T,
Office 39 Cedar stroctbetween Bummer and Cherry,
Oflico for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye
and Ear, operations for Squinting, Cataract, ect,
BOX 76C, r. o.
dec5 3mlstp. , , '
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rilHE firm heretofore existing nnd er thy name
1 firm and stylo of W. MATT IIHOWN k Co
ls this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
Hrown retires from the business. Jlr. Cal endcr.
1nconnection with Pbinesj Garrett, will co
tinne Hie Keal Estate business at the old stand
W. Matt. Hrown Co. Prcc
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Successors to W. Matt. Bbowx k Co..)
lXcal Entato Waont,
"WILL five their prompt attention to the selling
and rentinc orcTcry description of Ileal hstate.
STORE frOTJSE POR SALE
ON THURSDAY. JANUARY 18tii. 18GG, AVE
offer for Kale, on the premises, at 11 o clock
A. v., to the highest bidder ror cash, a Store
House on Front street, near IJrosd, 40 feet front,
running back half way to Market street.
We are offering tho following property at pri-
A0vcry desirable two-story Brick Dwelling, with
five rooms, on Broad street. In V est ashville.
jMi 100 feet front by 150 deep. Price, only $5,j00.
Sixty feet ground on Broad street, upon which
there is a store house, a shop, and a saloon.
A very' desirable Brick Dwelling, on Cherry
street. South Nashville, which wo will sell at
LOW DOWN figures.
A smali Frame House, on Maple street, near
Esq. Paul's, with two rooms and a porch, hot
well shaded, and lf0 feet front, and lil deep.
Price, only $1,700.
Avery desirable residence, on JKnowlc street,
West Nashville. Price, $4,700.
A magnificent lot, on the corner of Church and
A vacant lot, in free territory, on Cedar street,
west of the Capitol.
The Railroad Saloon Building, on College street,
near the L. k N. R. It Depot.
140 feet of ground, on Market street, just north
or the L. k N. R. R. Tct.
A llrick Dwelling n the west side of South
Front street, free soil, with six rooms, besides
kitchen and other outhouses.
xfraeant' lo'on South College street, opposito
Three small tenements, on Hijth strcct.tncar
Wilson's fipring three or four rooms each.
Af FEET GROUND ON CUM11ERLAND
'1U street, between Summer and Hutu, near the
Cumberland Church. .
Polyarticular as to any of the above-mention
ed property, Pl;'' "
iLLENDER A GARRETT.
41 Uierry fcirecu
J.fL. & It. W. BROWN,
Kfcal Estate Agents
(OVKll YOUK'h HOOK STORE,)
OFFER FOR SALE THE FOLLOWING
most desirable Ileal Kstate:
1st. The RUTLKDGK PROPERTY, on College
Hill. A few of these beautiful lots are offered,
fronting on tho Lebanon Pike. Market street and
Rutlodge street, near Castleninn rtrcct The de
sire is to sell to parties who will erect good Ira
iirovcments.aiid thereby enhanco the value of the
"fi'w-nd 19 In HOUSTON ADDITION
to Edgefield, each SO feet on Woodland 1 street, only
a few hundred yards from tho SUSPENSION
U3dV BRYAN'S ADDITION to Edgefield.
A few desirable lots for sale In this beautiful
addition, on Foster street nud Trentlin Avenue,
,lcnr,hoVhUeVJ.T.VR" W.BROWN. Ag't.
Janl2-lw 3SH Union street.
A1.HKRT . DIM.1S.
w. nsTCi thommox
itr.Ai- ehtati: yiv
FtOMISING FAITILrUL AND PROMPT
attention U all business entrusted to our care,
we respectfully tender our services to tbel'ublie,
sis General AgenU. fsr the Purchase and Sale ol
Real Estate : Rentlng'uwl Leasing of City or
Country Property: Collection or Notes; ActounU
and Vouchers; InTestigallon or Titles, etc., etc.
DILLIN k THOMPSON,
Office, over Second National Bank, College street,
SALE OF CITY PROPERTY
(EXEMIT FROM TAXATION,)
ex'lCESBAT, 1EE Hi HAT OF JANUARY, 1SG6.
IWIC JSKLIi. AT AUCTION. THAT YAL
uable Property (formerly occupied by the
ashville Manufacturing Co.) situated on the
east side of Front street, seventy-two feet south of
Broad. Said property fronts one hundred and
fifty-toe feet six Inches on Front street, and runs
hack cue hundred and rorty-onc feet to the wharf.
Tho wharf-the entire width or the property, and
be'oncingto It runs t low-watermark.
This oierty is admirably located for manufac
turing, and is by far the bast site In the city for
COAL OIK. UEFISEKY.
It has been divided Into six lots-five of them
twenty-five feet, and one twenty-six feet six in
ches lront. . ... ,
TERMS-One-fourth cash: balance in six,
twelve and eighteen months, without interest.
Parties wishing any further Information in re
gard to said property, will please call upoi the
URtrKS? x TlTLE-G. M. FOGG, Esq. At-torney-at-Law,
Sam. RIddlcburger will dispense the creature
comforts on the occasion. j(cyxiRY,
At Commercial Insurance Office. Bank of Union.
TOM CRUNK. Auctioneer. janl2-td
VALUABLE FARM P0R SALE.
mill: BEAUTIFUL FARM LYING ON THE
Gallatin I'lKe, 3'i miles irom me city, con
nlnr (A men of superior land, elecant and
commodious dwelling, with all necessary out
buildings, household .and kitchen furniture, stock
Plantation utensils, etc.: a never-failing spring,
fine spring honse, and orchard of carefully selected
trees. Appiy i
ANDERSON. JOHNSON A SMITH.
TREANOB & CO.,
And dealers la
Foreign & Domestic Liquors,
GROCEES & BANKERS.
J. II. EWIXG,
EWING & CO.,
Oriier Building Market aa'd Church streets fr
merly occupied by Evring,, McCrory A Co.
ARE RECEIVING and hTC in store the fol
lowing: 1U0 barrels Brown Sugar.
SO do A Coffee Sugar,
25 do B do " do
to &l Stnart's Crushed Sugar, standard.
2T do do A do o do
St do Powdered do
25 do Syrup,
25 do Molasses, -
50 kagsSyrup. 5 and 10 gals...
00 barrels No 1 and 2 Maekercl,-
Klhtdo io uw . ' 4
barrels F. A Co. hiskTT
25 do S. N. Pike's , do t
250 boxes star candles,
M doien brooms, t
50 boxes raisins, .
500 kegs nails,
100 reams paper,
50 boxes assorted soap,
40 kegs gingr. '
30 doien buckets, ,
100 boxes candy, ,
50 baskets champagoe, -
30 eases sardines,
50 boxesstarch, s , , f n ,
50 do Pjcklcs, . . ,
20 do Madder, -" 1 . -
75 barrels apples, ,
50 boxes assorted wines,
1003 barrels Flour, all grades,,. .
250 do Potatoes,
100 boxes Fire Crackers.
20 cases Figs,
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to tho above we have ft general as
sortment of gweries, all or which wmboneht
during the present pressure in the Eastern mar
kcts. Wo expect to sell goods on short profits.
Jnd would be Pleased to have $Jg$f-"ll
A. O. Ewing. or the Tonner firm of Ewing. 51c
Crory A Co "will be found with the above firn for
the purpose of settling up their business. dec21
cjimllTgreeh & co.
8 RROAI) STREET,
CoLuunus Powrtt, fonncrly C. Powell A Co.,
I. F. GREEN, formerly Nichol, Green A Co.Kasb-
Cius!m'. IlSSiinr, living atKnoxville, Tenn.
BY the above card it will be seen we have es
tablished ourselves in New Yor for the par-
licit the Patronageofonrboutl
era 1. o arc wniJij - -,
witnoul cnargo oi iuicijt,.. - -i---
i n,,l ,i,ii-lc : also cold stocks.
bonds, nnd government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
c 1-owr.r.t, Gitrr.x a eo
J. E WIENER & CO.,
X,0. 2 PUBLIC SQUARE,
A. Gr E N T S
. - f
At Manufacturer Prices,
With FreiRlit Added.
Tho best Two and Four Horia
feever Powers and Threshors:
The best One ancBwo horse Railway
Powers and Threshers;
Tho best Reaping and
SATTLY y GANGaPLOWS ; ,
STRAAV CUTTERS, etc.
Circulars mailed to any address, or to be had on
J. ir. WARXF.R A. CO
No. 2 Public Squrc, Jfashville. Tennessee.
THE NF.COXII ATI ON AI, BAXIf ,
College Street, near Union,
Designated Depositary and Financial Agent of the
Is prepared to transact a regular Banking busi
ness, and furnish Exchange on
Government Securities, Gold and Silver, bought
and sold on commission.
Jims Lrufrnra, President. "
W. J. Thomas. Cash'r.
THIRD NATIONAL BANE,
W. W. Bekrt. M. Bckxs.
Jons Kiskuax, Jos. W. Allen.
D. WgAVtR, Eikia Jokks.
Dsit'L F. Catec A. J. Duxcix, !
Alkxaxoeb Fall, Ciias. K. 11ili.a-.
This Bank occupies the building formerly occu
pied by the Planters' Bank, corner of Union and
College streets, and is prepared to buy and sell
(htd, nai Silttr, ZW. U. S. Srcuritit; aiiti fiale
llonJt, Cbtlrrt Jfctn, Dnti, (hupont, Ht In all
-parts of the United States.
5-20 Honda find 70 Treasury Note; al
ways on hand, and for sale. Gold Coupons cashed
and compound Interest Notes bought at the high
est rates. EDGAR JONES, Cashier-
W. W. BERRY. President.
GROCERIES, LIQUORS, &c
T. B. SAMPLE.
J. X. CARS AT.
bailey; qrdwiy & go.,
COMMISSION ASD FORWARDING
HiO. 7 SSO AI STREET,
Near the Jllvcr,)
TfcESPKCTFULLV BEO TO ANNOUJSUb IU
wiU have in st ore one ol the largest and most corn
See lots or Groceries offered in this market for
rollowiug comprise a pan ui
300 'sacks Baltimore Rio Coffee;
--30lioEsheacls Brown Sugar; '
1UU uarreia a wihk
50 barrels B Coffee Sugar;
50 barrels C Coffee Sugar,
50 barrels Crushed Sugar;
50 barrels Powdered Sugar;
50 Granulated Sugar;
500 barrels Flour, of all grades;
1000 sacks Bran;
2000 barrels Salt; -
20 barrels Molasses;
' 10 barrels Vinegar;
25 barrclr Robertson County Whisky;
' 25 barrels Bourbon Whisky;
5 barrels Holland Gin;
4 casks of Brandy;
100 barrels and half barrels Mackerel;
100 kits Mackerel;
100 boxes Cheese; ; .
50 boxes, I and boxes Baisms;
15 barrels Almonds;
15 barrels Filberts;
250 drums Figs;
50 cases assorted Tickles, quart and pint;
ilAJ cases vj) &iv,
25 cases Sardines;
200 boxes, and boxes Candles;
100 bxsvariousbrandsSoap, plain andfancv;
50 boxes assorted Candles
10 boxes Brandy Cherries; ,
200 kegs Nails, assorted;
50 dozen PaintedBuckets;
20 dozen Tub? in Nests;
15 casks Soda;
100 boxes Chewing Tobacco, all grades;
20 cases Smoking Tobacco;
50 dozen Brooms; '
25 Sozen Washboards;
500,000 G. D. Caps;
100 bags Shot; . .T
30 kegs .Powder, 3
25 bags Pciiuer,
25 bags Spice
75 boxes Indigo;
11 casks Madder,
100 boxes Mustard,
25 boxes Starch;
BAUG1NU, ROPr. AND TWIXK.3
This stock is offered to the Trade only, at small
profits. Wo are dctcrminedto sell as cheap as tho
same articles can be had for in Louisville or Cin
Having ample storage room, we invite consign
mepts of Cotton and all kinds or Produce. Wo
will take in exchange
lUUKD A1T-I.ES ANT PEACHES,
GINSENG ASD WOOI,
And will allow the highest market prices.
II A R 1) W A K E .
.SAM. VANLEER, & CO.,
NO. COLLEGE STREET.
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
HAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
a large and complete stock of hnglish, Ger
man, and American HARD w AUh.
Which wo aro selling at reasonable prices. The
stock consists iu part of
FINK IXL POCKET CUTLERY.
200 GROSS TABLE-CUTLERY.
200 DOZ. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
50 do HAND AND RIPPINO SAWS.
300 de ASSORTED AUGERS,
25 do FOOT ADZE.
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted, 12 to
1000 lbs. V DOIL CHAIN.
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds!
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, VA to VA feci,
60 MILL SAWS. 6 to 8 feet;'
CANDLESTICKS or all kinds
TIN CUPS and PLATE3.
TEA and TABLE SPOONS.
SHOE NAILS. '
A very large stock or'FLANES or every variety
PREMIUM .STEE1 PI.OW8.
Those wishing to purchase in our lino will do
well to giro us a call before buying.
SAM. VAXEEER, CO.
G. W. FALL & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
HARD WAKE AND CUTXERY
NO. 31 TUBLIC SQUARE.
(Kirkman & Ellis' old stand.)
We would respectrully invite the attcntioa el
SPORTSMEN to our stock or
Gr TJ 1ST
Which cannot be equaled here. It comprises all
grades, from tho
PfcAIX DOUR17E. BARREL
r ' i -'
.WESLEY RlCItAKIlM & Gli EK
also x rsv
Brciicli Londlut; or Cartridge
DRUGS & MEDICINES.
R. 1! .ENKIN'S, & 00.,
32 Market sL, opposite Union.
TJESPECTFULLY INFORM THE OLD PAT-
ULV rons of Dr. W tLLsand tbe public generally,
. . - .,. ) ,, .1 .. i
Lunv. uis eucuriwoni wmuuaii iu lueir power, vj
dilligent attention to business, to merit a continu
ance of tbe Doctor's former nRgc and extensive
They will keep constantly on hand
PURE DRUGS, AXD CHEMICALS
MEDICINAL I.IQCOKS, .
Powers and Weightman's Celebrated Chemicals,
Blue Mass, Sulphate Quinine, Sulphate Morphis,
Iodine, Iodide Potash, Chloride of Gold, Ether,
etc., etc. .
Our Pharmaccuial nrenarations aro such as
Tinctures, Extracts, Syrups, Cerates, Ointments,
rlasters, etc., arc made in strict accordance wltn
the revised Pharmacopia.
Such as Pills. Ointments. Diarrhoea Cordials,
Ague ToniA, Alteratives, Invigorating Cordials,
Cough Medicines, and in fact all the HXxSi
Or tbo day. Finest articles or Perfumery, Faney
and Toilet articles or every description; fancy
perfumed Soaps. Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Tooth Washes. Tooth Brushes, and all articles in
this lino pertaining to the Toilet.
Rotnnic & Eclectic Medicines,
Such as Fresh Roots and Herbs, of all kind?:
Tildcn'a andB. Keith's Alkaloid and Rcsnoid, and
their concentrated Extracts.
Trusses! Trusses!! Trusses!!!
For te million, of every size and variety.
Denial & Suxginl Instruments,
Accurately filled, at all hours or the day and night,
Spices, Dye. Stuns, Puints,
Allspice, Pepper, Cinnamon, Cloves, Nutmegs,
Mace, Mustard, Aromatic Seeds, Madder, Span
ish Indigo, Logwood, Copperas, Blue Stone, Mu
riate of Tin, Cudbear, etc. Window Glass. 8x10
to 40x00 superior quality. White Lead, Mixed
Paints, ready for use; Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
Coal Oil; Lamps of every variety, and large sup
ply, at low rates.
Landreth's Garden Seed,
Just received, a very large supply. Also, a large
lot of Grass Seed.
ROBERT P. JENKINS, Preicriptionist and
and Pharmecist, at tbe Old Stand of If. S. Thatch
er, now of tho firm of R. P. J. & Co., would in
form the Physicians of Nashville, and surround
ing country, that it is our aim to supply every
want or the Practitioner, in the line of his pro
fession, nnd will spare no pains to accomplish that
end satisfactorily. He will bo much pleased to see
any of tho Faculty who will honor our establish
ment with a visit.
Ho hopes by constant attention to business to
merit a sharo of patronage, assuring them that
their favors will be prepared with fidelity, or tho
purest materials, and by himself personally, or an
Our Stock embraces tho greatest variety, and
everything coining within the Drug Business.
tiivc us a call and we will guarantee satisfac
tion, All orders entrusted to our caro filled with
promptness and accuracy.
R. P. JENKINS, fc CO.,
SS Market st., opposite Union,
SIGX OF THE MAX AXD MORTAR.
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
33 UNION STREET.
THIS OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
Pianos ofSteinway and Sons, J. B.Dunham.
Robt Nunn's, A. H. Ualo i Co.. and other first
elass instruments. Carhairt, Ncedham & Co s un
rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before yon purchase.
P. S. Havo just added to tho above list of
CA1XEXBERG & VAUPEE.
Call and examine. dec23-lm
PIANOS ! PIANOS!
MASON & HAMLIN'S..
YOU WILL FIND THE BEST ASSORT
inent iu the city at Lust's New Music Store
Opposite SL Cloud Hotel. Also Sheet Music, and
Musical Instruments of all kinds. Be sure to call
before purchasing elsewhere.
Pianos tnned by Mr. Jackson,
. Luck's Building, Church Street, opposite St.
Clond Hotel, and 44 Union Street.
riMIE OFFICE OF THE SEWANEE COAL
JL Agency is now removed to No. 33 Church
itrf a few divir below Iha Pojit Office-
Orders for Coal will be promptly filled at 40
ccnu per ousnei. u. aiuiiw, .-vgcni.
jan3-3t for F. Howard k Co.
5,(0 lbs. New Bacon, Fides.
&000 lbs. New Bacon, Shoulders
1W Heroes New Lard.
For Sale by
Mclaughlin, butler a co'
dec 30-1 w
NOW IS THE TIME
SUB S CR 113 E "
UNION & -AMERICAN.-
OUR SEVERAL EDITIONS,
(SOOS TO S ESTABLISHED,
jwiEE MEET THE WANTS OF AX.I.
CLASSES OF READERS.
The DAILY will contain tho
LATEST N E W. S ,
BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH,3
Fit m all parts of the country, embracing
a w-h Tiv,nr i T vtCwwt ft. w
ftf infVtrmtitinn rolatincr in tho HpIicfIoii. .DrttnpH-
I lif ferwl KrwTal rnnrTitlnn Hf the neonle.
NORTH AND SOUTH.
The Tri-Wekstlt. which will be rerularlr issued
so soon as the necessary arrangements can be per-
lectod, willcontam all tnemosiimportanimauers
trcatal in thn Daily, and a large advertising list
showing the general business of this and other
i The Wekkxy, which willbe enlarged as eircum
'stanccs shall require, will contain selections front
the other editions, of matter that will serve to in
tcref ami imnmrn the old and tho voang. It will
contain, in addition to its general reading, embra-
cintr ausnojecis oi current mougai aim micrvsi,
atWeekly Review of the markets ef this and other
cities, with which our people do business, and a
carefully prepared price-current of the Nashville
mnrkfta. including all articles bonzht and sold in
the city, whether of domestic production or ira-
portea irom aDroau. e aiso inienu iu make uie
" Weekly Ukios asd Aukeicas," in all respects, a
with solid and instructive matter for the advan
tage of the rising generation, and for the enter-fjiinmi-nt
nnd comfort of those moro advanced in
life. The proprietors of the " Usios Akd Aiikbi-
can nave uvea aim oecii cuinuim m mo
newspaper business long enough to obtain a knowl-
eagoot tne true wants oi a great, noneei anu vir
tuous pcoplo.who, though unfortunate, are striving
n trxnumit tn tlipir descendants, in culture and
nurture, the highest and most noblo qualities.
industry, selt-reliancc. ana uigniiy oi cnaracicr.
Futly appreciating the power and beneficence ot
woman, they will endeavor to make this paper an
acceptable companion to the mothers and daugh
ters of the country, wherefrom they may derive
both profit and pleasure.
To persons desirous or making known to tho
public their business, wq may say that our circula
tion by mail, reaching every Post Office which has
been re-opened in the State, besides an extensive
circulation in adjoining States, gives our advertis
ing columns superior advantages.
The advance in tho pricctt every article which
enters into tho production or newspapers is such
that the terms upon which they are rurnished
must necessarily correspond. In common with
our city contemporaries, we havo adopted the
following as the
Terms or Subscription
Union and American,
(Strictly in Advance, )
lor six monms.".
" Tor three months..
' for one month .....
W c c lc 1 y.
Wcokly, per annum...-
" for six months -
" for three months..-
Due announcement will be made of the.'time
when. the Tri-Wekly will be issued, atxl of tho
Successor to I'iiuI F. Tiivcl,
Blank Book M 'iiufdcturers,
"ITrOULD respectrully anno mce to tho public.
YV and especially to the otneers ir Counties.
Courts, Railroads, Banks, Insurance Companies,
Ac, that they are prepared to make, on short no
tice, and or the bejt materials, all kinds or
Of any site or shape, Rnledtoany pattern desired.
Wo keep constantly on hand a large assortment or
BLANK PAPER, of tho best make, and are daily
increasing our facilities for doing work.
In Ijirjje or Smnll Uunntitics.
Having a long .experience in making Kooks for(
different Courts in the State, we have patterns for
many of the Dockets and other Books generally
We are also prepared to Bind all kinds of
BOOHS, MAGAZINES, MUSIC, Ac,
In tho best styles, and on short notice.
(Union & American Block,)
Cherry Street, Up Stairs,
PERSONS wishing Building Lime enn havo
their orders filled by leaving them with mo
FIFTY CENTS ' '' '
B. S. HAMILTON,
No.'25 Church street.
. dcol9-lm. D
A. A. SPKXCEE.
L L SPENCER CO.,
CORNER OF CHURCH AND COLLEGE
' f IS ' SiDealers la A fT. . i
SEEDS, FLOUIt, WHISKY.
Rroduccj and JProvMonsi
i .. t f . ' -J i.x
Prompt attention given to Receiving. Forward-
SELLING GOODS ON COMMISSION
Consignments nnd orders solicited.
THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICE
for Cotton, Bacon and Country Produce.?
A. A. 'SPENCER i Co..
Receiving, Forwarding and Commission i Mer
chant. &o. 8. Church Street, between Market
and Front. dee4
PA"RTIES INDEBTES TO THE ABOVE
FIRM will find their Notes and, Accounts
with-Mr. "JAMES KYLrXat the new house
Stratton. Pointer i Co Broad street. Mr. h.
authorised to receipt for all money due tbe firm.
Nashville. Dee. 9. 155- -dwlm
W. C. COLLIER,
WBOLMAtS AXD JtCTAtt. BAL IX
SCHOOL BOOKS, BLANITBOOKS. GOLD AND
Armold'sWrlUttsr Fluid Copying IuU,
Wedding. Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And tho Latest Literature of the Day.
if o. 37 uariox street,
(Between Cherry And College.)
OrcUn Mltcitod for ercry description of IPrintkcI
RULE It S ,
Union and American,
LETTER FROM JOHN MITCIIEL'
FreucR TIew of President JoliB!)ns
Messaiye A Variety of Opinions The
Students Entente, in I'aris TJie
Rapid Grovf th of the Rcpnttlican
Party in France What Rlxio's Fu
neral 3f eant The Boath of tltc Kcl
Correspondence of tho New Yerk News.
Paris, Dec 22, 186-5.
Xo subject.is discussed here with such vi
.vacityas President Johnson's Icssage ; and
especially, of course, that part of it which
expresses his views and policy in the mat
ter of Eepublican institutions in America,
and European intervention upon that conti
nent Docs that, or does it not, refer to
Mexico and Maximilian's Empire? Does
it indicate, or docs it not, an intention at
some future time to treat the new empire as
such an intervention by an European pow
er establishing a Monarchy on the ruins of
a Republic as will call upon the United
States to put an end toitintbju interest of
Republicanism? Most French people ac
cept the document as a proclamation, not
only of peaceable intentions, but of abso
lute indifference to the future of Mexico.
They take Mr. Johnson's declaration as a
simple statement tliat the Government of
the United States will always defend its own
form of government, within its own 'bor
ders, against any attack- uportdtby European
powers; which, they say, is perfcctly fair,
though rather needless, to announce, inas
much as no European Power, that they
know of, meditates any assault upon Re
publicanism in the United States.
Others, however, supposing, not unnatur
ally, that the President would scarcely give
himself the trouble to declare so solemnly
that the United States is prepared to defend
itself from aggression (a tfeing which is a
matter of course,) violently suspect that ho
means, in an equivocal sort of way, to claim
a protectorate over all American republics,
and. to intimate, though not directly nor
very clearly, that the Austrc-French estab
lishment in Mexico must some day be taken
up by the roots.
Others still have a third theory on tho
subject it is, that Mr. Johnson has express
ed himself in that somewhat enigmatical
manner, chiefly to satisfy public opinion in
his own country ; in order on the one hand
to please the party which desires peace and
rest and material recuperation after the war,
and, on the other, to keep holdwf the Mon
roe doctrine by dubious expressions which
may hereafter be interpreted as the interests
of the country and party exigences may re
quire. This view of the case implies that the
President, feeling himself obliged to have
certain paragraphs in his message touching
upon that knotty "question, has successfully
practiced the art of uttering a good many
words, and putting them grammatically into
sentences, and saying nothing. The last of
the three interpretations may turn out to be
not quite destitute of foundation. There is,
however, most unquestionably some uneasi
ness among the official people here; the
' Liberals" or Republicans of this couutry
openlv declare their wish that Mexico and
Maximilian were left to themselves, and the
French forces withdrawn in which case the
Empire would not stand a month. But then
these Republfcs have the habit of attack
ing cvcrythiiiPriie Government does, and of
wishing for the thing most opposite to that
which the Government wishes. Probably
the Government of the Empire will soon re
solve upon taking, one of two courses in the
matter of Mexico: the one to withdraw all
French soldiers and Maximilian with them
tiie other to reinforce the army in Mexico
largely and prepare to make good the i.m
pirc against all opposition. If war arise Out
of this affair, it will not be confined to Mex
ico. There has been some little disturbance
among the students ef Paris, on account of
the academical authorities having deprived
seven young men of their right to take de
grees. These youngsters had attended some
sort of a "Convention" at Liege, in Belgiam,
and had poured forth some blarney about
the Black. Flag .and the Red Flag, and
their determination to live no longer as
slaves, etc The rigmarole was printed in
Belgian newspapers, and having attracted
some attention, the University authorities
felt called upon to notice it by expulsion
from the classes. Commotion, of course, in
the Jitin quarters. One of the Faculty, a
Professor Tardieu, had refused to concur in
the severe measure. Thousands of students
sign an address to M. Tardieu, felicitating
him on his noble stand. Some newspapers
published this address ; they receive a first
warning (areriesmien) on the spot Sev
eral lecture rooms are the scene of disturb
ancenot rioting, but only loud and excited
outcries and interpellations; whereupon the
police march into said lecture rooms, clear
them out instantly, and shut the door.
So are matters going on in tho Latin quarter
at this moment Posts of police are doubled,
there is active surveillance over the student
world, and indignant youths have to talk
over their Red Flag in private apartments.
No serions trouble is expected to arise out of
this. Snch things often occur.
There is, however, a powerful and I think
a growing Republican party in this country,
although tho Emperor is rising in personal
popularity. Every circumstance that takes
place is sure to be laid hold of to make a
sort of party demonstration. For example :
Alexander Rixio died the other day; he
was an old Republican ; he was wounded in
Paris in 1848; he was much connected with
the nnti-Papal party in Italy, and was fa
miliarly known to leading literary people in
this country. Further: M. Bixio was a
steady atheist, and he and his friends made
his death bed scene a species of anti-religious
manifesto. He died without a priest, with
out prayer or unction, and neither he nor an v
of his enlightened friends around his bed,
made the slightest allusion to religion or a
future life. This was considered capital,
especially as the Liberal newspapers paraded
that scene in its minutest details. Here was
the death of a virtuous man and true philos
opher! Here was a Socratic death-bed
(a mistake, this last allusion, for Socrates
sacrificed a cock to jEsculapius) and as for
the great merit of diug' without' religious
consolation, the. Liberals forget to advert to
the fact that dijgs -die so. However, a great
funeral for poor M. Bixio. was determined
on; it was to be regarded, in some sort, as a
parade of the Republicans; it was to mean
Italian unity, and no Pope, and a protest
generally against the Emperor's policy, if
not against the Emperor's existence. Of
course, the Emperor's amiable cousin, Prince
Napoleon, would not fail to attend; in fact,
he made a long journey to Paris, and it was
announced that he had followed the body of
M. Bixio from the house, the whole way to
the cemetery on foot Not that he loved M.
Bixio more, but that he loved his cousin
less; and, if the thing was to spite the Em
peror a little, he was very certain to stand
bareheaded in a damp cemetery as long as
required for the purpose
Americans, I think, find it hard to under
stand the intense interest excited in Europe
by the death of King Leopold of Belgium.
It is because Leopoldwas the most successful
practitioner of -thedple of King in modern
times. Beginning with a small capital of
high German blood, he;has allied himaclf ae-Kn-in-lawahdas
JaUier-in-law with all the
greatest royal houses ; has been a King him
self for live and thirty year, amassing a
vast fortune all the while, and. has. now died
a millionaire. That family secma to have
a wonderful aptitude for the royal business.
How exemplary a-King was Leopold I How
illustrious a Prince Consort was Albert I
Leopold always professed himself a perfect
Belgian, and aa to Prince Albert, was not
a model ofan Englishman ? A Coburg is al
ways ready to reign anywhere if tlip situa
tion be clfgible: has no objection to town
or country, and is willing to make himself
generally useful. Greecc now, is too small
a concern; is too fer away from Pans and
London, and docs not afibrd the best chances'
of first rate royal marriages. Leopold,
had in decline to reicit OVtr
Greece; but wlwn Belgium offered 1m
thought it might suit. j .
A Catholic SriKtr. The Natehex pa
pers contain a corrcspondetwe V,recn
O. Metcalf,riad6Ht of the Natch (P
tcstant) Orphan Ajk aed Ac CaAoli
Bthop of Nacke in which he ackiww-
ledges tl receipt gffe h4rwi sad eigh
teen deHMTbla portion of lire hundred
jMw'tinimiitina him fer Archbishop
.jt&ft offlltiore,tfer the benefit ef the
aferifie peer oi ue eouw, wunoui rvgaru
to Hteed." ,
at is Meant by the Provision in the
General CoastUntion Guaranteeing-
each State a Jtcpnbllcjm Form of
yrom the Albany Arsms.
The fourth section of article four of ;the
Constitution providem " Th e United States
jshall guarantee ererv State in this Union a
Republican form of government, and shall
'protect each of them against invasion, and,
on application of the Legislature, or Execu
tive (when the Legislature cannot be con
vened) against domestic violence."
Under this provision the Republicans
claim the power to regulate the right of
suffrage in the States, and deny to the South-;
crn btatcs the right to return to the Union
.until they shall confer this right upon the
negroes. "This principle will enable them
to control every Stato in the Union, and to
shut out their Representatives and Senators
until this demand is complied with, whether
it has been in rebellion or not
This provision, adopted as a considera
tion for the surrender of certain rights and
privileges possessed by the States under the
articles of Confederation, means what it did
in 1787, when the Constitution was framed.
That meaning is to be fcund in the Lexi
cons, Histories and Commentaries of that
day. The celebrated Dr. Recs, who pre
pared his Encyclopedia soon after this, time,
defines a Republic as,': "A commonwealth
a popnlar State, or Government, or a na
tion where the :body,ior only a jiartof the
people, have the, government in, their qwn.
hands." Barclay, says iU isj '.'A State. i
whlch the power is lodged in more than one.
A Commonwealth:" Walkfer uses the same
language Dr. Johnson, whose great Dic
tionary was published in 1753, defines it in
tho same words. Montesquieu, in his Spir
it of the Laws, first published in 1760, thus
defines it: "A Republican Government is
that in which the body, or only apart of
the people is possessed of tho supreme pow
er." (B. ii, c 1.) This, great and popular
work was undoubtedly in the' niind
of the Convention when framing tho 'pro
vision, in question. It lis often referred to
by Madison in tho Federalist, as, the
highest possible authority. Hence, , at that,
time; a republican form of government meant
one administered by representatives' of such
portion qf the people as the Stato Cotlstitu-i
tions allowed to vote. Mr. Madison, in' the
tlurty-ninth number of the Federalist, de
clares that the Federal Government undcrthe
Constitution is republican "in the most rigid
sense." And still, under that Constitution,
or any other, not a direct, or any other vote
is given for any Federal officer except such
as the States may choose to permit; and no
power of control is provided, however limit-'
ed the right of suflragemightbe made bytho
States. In the twenty-first number of the
Federalist, Mr. Madison says of this provi
sion: "It could be no imjietlimcnt to the
reforms of the State Constitution by a major
ity of the people in a legal aud peaceable
mode. This right would remain undimin
ished. The guarantee could "Only operate
against changes lobe effected by violence." In
the forty-third number ho saya: "But tho
authority extends no farther than to a guar
antee of a republican form of government
which supposes 'a preexisting government of
the form which is to be guaranteed. As
long, therefore, as the existing republican
forms are continued by the States, they are
guaranteed by the Federal Constitution.
Whenever the States may choose to substi
tute other republican forms, they1 haven right
to do so, and to claim tho Federal
guarantee for the latter. The only
restriction imposed on them is that
they shall not exchange rqiublican for
anti-republican constitutions." These and
many other comments by him in tho Feder
alist are quoted by Story in his Commenta
ries on the Constitution section 1807, and
subsequent, as controlling authority upon
this question. Mr. Madison and the framors
of the Constitution had before them the
Constitutions of the then States, which they
deemed truly republican. These were the
practical standard, which conforms to our
i c . , . c ...1. l. t;ii - . 1 .
ucnnuion, some ui wuiuii sun , uuu re
denounced by the Republicans a? anti-republican.
We will give extracts in relation
to the right of suffrage from some of those
represented in the convention, and from
others which Congress have deemed "re
publican." In -Massachusetts, by her Con
stitution of 17S0, none could vote for Gov
ernor or Senator except these having a
freehold estate within the Commonwealth
of the annual income of three pounds; or an
estate of the value of sixty pounds." Con
necticut required the elector to be a " white
male citizen ot the tinted Estates," with
freehold qualifications. New York, by her
Constitution of 1777, required tliose voting
for Assemblymen to be freeholders, " po.s
seasing a freehold of the value of twenty
pounds, or have rented a tenement to the
yearly value of forty shillings, and been
rated and actually paid taxes," and for Sen-
crs, " possessed of freeholds of the value of
one hundred pounds over and -above an
debts charged thereon."
New Jersey, by her constitution of 1770,
required the yoter to be "worth fifty pounds,
Maryland, by her constitution of 1770,
provided that all " freemen having a free
hold of fifty acres pf land," might vote.
Virginia, by her constitution of 1770, re
quired a freehold qualification, and that the
voter should be a free white citizen.
North Carolina, by her constitution of
170, required tho voter to ho a freeman,"
and possessed of a freehold, within the same
county of fifty acres of land.
In Virginia and South Carolina the Legis
lature elected the Governors.
The Georgia constitution required tho
voters to be "citizens and inhabitants of the
Slate," and " to have paid taxes."
The framers or the constitution, with these
constitutions"bcfore them, deemed these
States to be " republican," and that charac
ter has ever since been accorded them. Not
one of the original thirteen Slates permitted
negroes to vote. Still, nntil now, no apostle
of Change has arisen in Congress requiring
a Stato to change its constitution.
Since the adoption of the Constitution,
other States have been admitted with similar
provisions in their Constitutions. Kentucky,
in hers of 1799, provided that "every free
male citizen (negroes, mulattoesand Indians
excepted,) may vote " It forbids emancipa
tion of the slaves without consent of the
owner or compensation.
Tennessee, by hers of 1799, confines voting
to "freemen posseiwlriga freehold." -
Ohio,- by hers of 1802, confines voting to
" white male inhabitants," who. haVe iaid
Indiana, bv hers of 1810, requires the
voter te be a "white male citizen of the
Louisiana, by that of 1812 require the
voter to be a "free male citizen of the
United States," and to have paid taxes.
The Mississippi Constitution of 1817 con
tains the same provision.
Illinois, by hers of 1818, confinen tho vol-"
ingto "white male inhabitants."
Alabama, by hers of 1818,Jimits voting to
" white male pcrson8,,wbo nre.citizerw of the.
Missouri, br hersof 1820, limits the voting
(o "free white" male citizens of tho United
Michigan, by Jiersof 1835, confine voting
to "white male citizens." f
Arkansas, by hers of 1830, provides: that
every "free white male citizen of the Utilted
States," d-c., may-vote.
Texas, when admitted, allowed only "free
male persons" to vote.
Iowa, br hers of 1844. confines voting to
"white maid citizens of the United States."
Wisconsin, by hers of 1848, limit lo.
"white male citizens of the United State,"
and to certain foreignerr and pure blooded
California, bv hers of 1849, con vM;
to wmte mate cuismm ot k umww
Stitey" ami certain Mete.r
All these CoAstkettoM esetode tkosM&
of white ntf froat voting. .Al&aM tfce
States aitti-repiWicM, ad sikjeet to hvf
their CouuUtutfew efcasfej at the Jtgtaifrin
efCmfKM? Hare tMAaKricMptepk, for
near a Awdred yeueffeee Sfiwant of the
tree character eMWr Se Governments?
Hr CbngnwaH tl." 'tte been negligent
or ignorant of sin tkrtjr? Have all foreign
ers been mhtakm in calling them re
pafelicaa? Hate either language or princi
ples nhingwl ince 17S7? Is it Te disunion
(4 1m9 the Southern States out of the Union
mht, than it wai for them to wede fonr
years ago? If the Soatb can be forced to
conform to this newly-invented creetlof tho
Republican dtamloMcio, the same principle
can be applied mi enforced in the same
way by excluding member?, senator?, Jfcc,
and thus force every Stato into obedience,
and all utit'r the pretense of complying
with a guarantee, wkch those ifrterted do
not desire them to perform, and who deny
their right to intermeddle.
It wilt thus be seen that tho real question
now atislue and in the determination of
which the Southern States-have no voice is
whether the old form of government shall
bo continued, or a new one fashioned after
the theories of Sumner and Stevens.
The Hanging- era Simpleton A Tragic
From the New York Times, Jan. 11.1
The execution, by hanging, of Morris
Ellsworth, at Newark, yesterday, was one of
the most remarkable events in the annals of
American jurisprudent and many years,
must pass before the parties connected with
tho scene officially, or even as spectators, will
recover from its "effects, mental or moral.
Ellsworth was born in Bergen, Hudson coun
ty. New Jersey, where ho alwaya lived. As
a" boy he was kind-hearted, good-natured,
full of fun, but rather simple. Without per
manent occupation, he found enougltodo
inwaiting upon restaurant tables, going er
rands, c until fie became enamored of a
young and pretty girl of loose morals, from
whose society he seemed utterlv unable to
tear himself. Early in the war he enlutcd,
receiving- 500 bounty, and Went out, as ser
vant to Col. Cooper, of the Second New Jer
sey, having first married the woman, who
Wanted his moncv. Darihr his absence his
. wife continued her dissolute career, and was
V ..ii i x' i
well Known in jicwara oaau uaccvuiugi uuu,
though very beautiful woman When Ells
worth, returned his , wife refused to livd'with
him He obtained work-in a restaurant and
exerted himself to please and regain her.
She was obstinate, .he became furious, and oiv
several occasions threatened to shoot her,
hoping thereby to induce lipr to live with
him. ' On ono occasion he provided himself
with a pistol to shoot cat and while he had
tlio pistol in his pocket he accepted an in
vitation to go to a picnic There he met his
wife, and urged her to go home with him ;'
she refused, aml? after a scene, they separated.
He watched, and saw her leave tho place
with two men and anothor woman.. lie fol
lowed thqm to a house in Market street, and
on opening the door of a room, saw her on
the floor, and her paramour standing beside
her. Quite naturally a ncene ensued, and he
was put, out of the room by las wife's friend.
He went a second time, finding her Tu the
same position. Thinking to frighten her,
he savs, ho drew and discharged his pistol,
supposing tiie slug would pass over her head
She was frightened, and attempting to rise
received the ball, and died. Morris was ar
rested, tried before Judge 1 ray nes, of the Oyer
and Terminer, CortlandfrParker, Esq., being
the prosecutor. G.N. Abcel, Esq., of Newark,
ably defended him, but the jury gave a ver
dict of guilty. He wai sentenced to be
hung on tho 23d of December, 1805, but in
consequence of an application mado to the
Governor by his counsel, he was reprieved
until the 10th January in order that the
physicians might examine him and report
as to his mental status. Tho Governor in
New Jersey is not vested with the pardoning
power; the Court of Pardons alone can in
terfere with a sentence. Before them the
evidence was laid, but they did not deem it
sufficient to warrant their interference. The
fact is, that although the man was not idiotic
or insane, he was simple-minded ; with, all
the affectionate instuts of an animal, but
destitute of mtntal jkjwlt beyond that of ait
It being officially announced that he must
hang on the appointed day, be was transfer
red to the custody of Shcrjtf Kicord, a high
minded gentlemen 'of rare courtesy and
Christian sympathv. Preparations were
made for the execution, invitations extended
to the proper partiey; and every care taken
nf the condemned.
On Sunday lat Ellsworth indicated a de
nim tn EPf n. clenrvman. Several have been
in constant attendance upon him, but on this
occasion the ltcv. Moses Manning ytsiteu
Mm Tliov tnltrmt loner and earnestlv. and
after a full and'eontrite delivery On tlio part
of the prisoner, he was baptised nnd partook
of the sacrament, since men ne spent uuiu
Tuesday nielil the ereater part of his time in
religious exercises, appearing to realize, so
larasoneoi Jlis auiuiy v.-uiu, jiutuiiuu,
prospects, danger and Jiopc. lie slept well
on Tuesday night, and awoke early yesterday
rrpptinfclieerfiillv his nrofessional
visitors, and expressing inmself rcadv and
willing to die. His conversation was inter
larded with the usual extravagant ejacula
tions which accompany thercligiousexstacies
of men of his temperament, so that wliiie it
was evident that lie was sincere aim iicnvcu
comfort from his own wandering expressions,
there was no evidence of intelligent appreci
ation of his mora accountability or the
means by which he was to be .saved. He had
no appetite and could eat nothing. He ex
pressed great rcgrctthat his father and mother
did not come to bid him good bye, and
mado some requ(U of a strictly pri
vate nature as to the distribution of his few
effects. At 10.30 o'clock he expressed a de
sire for religious sen-ices, and he was led
into the corridor ol" tho jail, a lone, narrow.
high, white-washed corridor, based with a
row of cells, which were surmounted by
half-a-dozen tiers, all occupied by prisoners.
Ho took a eat near tne door oi inn room,
and surrounded by the clergy and hit friend,
went through a most extraordinary season
of relieiouK ministration, and we judge, con
solation. There were present at this time
Rev. Mr. Manning, Kcv.Mr. Houston, Kev.
Mr. Harcourt, Rev. J. Atkinson, ltcv. Dr.
Parker, Rev. Dr. Fish, officer Lent, Coun
sellor Abeel, one or two mcmlieni of the
press and a guard, while from behind the
grated cells peered tho faces, old nnd young;
of criminals anxious to gaze at their de
parting comrade. Mr. Houston led off wiih
a hymn, Mr. Atkinson fallowed with a hearty
prayer, which the prisoner liberally inter
spersed with "anien," then another hymn
wxs sung, after which the prisonor made tho
following most extraordinary prayer and
confession, than which nothing Jiiorc quaint,
child-liko and simple has before been print
ed. He said, while nobbing bitterly, sub
stantially as follows:
"Ob, dear Heavenly father, I havocoine up be
fore you for about the Inst time to thnnk Von for
your rooilness to me. nl Oh. Heavenly Father,
you ltnowwhnt you haveilonofor me all tuy life,
and how yon have kept mo from sin nnd wicked
ness, and I would break sway from you. But Oh
Heavenly Father, you know that twin very sick
once anil I thouet I was (join ti) die, and you
spared-iny life so that 1 might scik my r-'ariour
and not ho lot ; and then, Uh, Heavenly Father,
after h&vimrllvcd around here all uiy lire. I met a
young lady and I loved her; and Oh, Heavenly
Father, although my mother and all wantedmo
.w.t Ia marrv h.r. I did. ItecniUe I loved htrand
wanted to make her n troo.1 wpman. And then, Ob,
Heavenly Falurr. wtocn I wcullo mo army l mar-
.l I. c- nnil ilinwu. mirrif.il In A l!:l'!c llrpM : anil
my mother said that tho time would come when
either 1 wtmni mourn ior ncr or sue ra mourn
for me. because sh-. was married In mourning;
and, Ob. Henrenly Father. ho waa riitht. And
married her, aud then I went to tha army and was
sick in the hospital anil got wen. mai l unzui
nnMherchaiicfr to trek theSavlour: and Ob.
Heavenly Father, iibeo i eamo havk my. wife.
whom 1 lovcu.aiie was wunrnoincrman.anamen
I took her and triedlo make hcriiuod. awl 1 rare
hci to.go to her auntV. and then I heard she
hailfuu away, bntl eoulaVt helievelt. Heavenly
Father, bocuuse she raid she'd writo to me, and
my mother suld, she had run away and I wouldn't
believe berj but tbet?atardsy oUhl rolled Swiftly
round end I went to Hud-ton City; hot there was
nn Irtipr there, nnd then 1 feund she had nln
away with another man. Uut I forgave her. fu
Chrlit was turn stirring in my ueari ana i waniea
her home aaaim 1 then went to Jersey City audi
saw Iter, untslic ran away, aiinoneii 1 waniea w
speak tn her. Hut oh. Heavenly Father, she ran
away with a young man. i was at
Chaplain Pray to Jeu,
1'rUoner I do. I hire madejay owp dtath; I
have hung myself; and oh. Heavenly lather, 1
said onee that L wturfd never live- take hanged.
hutlresutcdtbetDiptstloBramllsald I would
escape fr-un prisonfcut'I misted the temptation,
because I Ihonabi it I did eseflpn poaishinoTil and
did eeeapeprlMB.'Ob, Heavenly Father. I ulti
set' escape Thee. ' . - '
CBaptafs Com, JlorrU, thank Jesujfjrwh.it
he has, done; lean on Him, ami IbenyAu neod nut
1'ris.imer" All. Wmrifiili Father! f nut rcr.dy to
die;' When JemtiUei upon thVci-oM hedloda.
more terrible lrih iKn mlnc;wneii hewn; mum
oat toUlo the crowd went imt to see hinrdie:
wrifeai"ld-I feint? And Jeu rM tothe
Uttrf : "thin day shalt tKun be with me In i'sra
ifce," s! so he says to me.
AL12 o'clock precisely the sheriffscnt
word that all waa ready, and that the time
had arrived for the execution. The jirison
er"n arms were pinioned (securely, and he wa
led out by officer Lent, attended by officers J.
S. fell. Ira Campbell, and Isaac G. Thomp
son. The gallown stood at .the further end
of a wide corridor of the jail, on one side of
which are grated windows, and on the other
several corridors of cell filled with prison
ers. Some 300 spectator stood beyond a
rope, which kept them from trenching npon
the mclosure devoted to the attendants upon
the final scene. At the left hand of the
frame stood Sheriff Kicord. with his (Wtl-
tics, accompanied by Shwifl Xtwrte, ef
Hudron county. The 3fterifwiv inmtA1
iua dark ike tHM-t, -bugVve4, wmd wMte
t-ician, and a ilrjlifct;wi iSHWisf
the pre. FJJ&: MwifcWy hw
quietly to hi m44h, mti trz mttmismfi
hesitation the Sheriffsaid : "Goodpeepie of
Jfavr Jersey. I am here to-day to execete
upon Momi xjiswortn tne seawftee of1 tne,
lawt by authority of tho Court of Oyer and
Terminer of thia .county He waa sentenced
,for a previous day, was- reprieved until the
,10th of January, and now waits the execu
tion of his sentence. The order for this was
sent me by the Governor under the broad
seal of the State, and the same I bow read is
your presence. He then read the mtrraet
; .Morris .fcllsworth, have yon anytsi-Hg to
say?" To this the prisoner said: "lm
to say that I am ready to die. Tho Sheriff
'has beerr very kind to mo since I camo here;:
so has the keeper of the prison and all con
nected with it; may you all take warning by
mc, and stop your sins before it is too late.
Brother Thompson and that gentleman (tho
chaplain) has been very good to mo and
have shown me the way to Jesus. I am
re&dv to die: Jesus is xay friend; I see
Jcsu3 in the Heavenly plain; He will
come out to meet me and give tne'
a mansion in
tho skies. J. am ready
toco, rarewell to you all." Kcv. Dr.
Thompson then read a portion of the.
51st Psalm, and Rev. Dr. Parker followed
in prayer. They shook hands with the
prisoner, a did others, to whom he said,,
" Good bve; meet me in heavsi" The
sheriff readied forward and shook him heart-
Hv bytho hand, at which ha said. "Meet
me n heavn, Sheriff. God bless you.
Good bye." I'he black cap was then drawn
over Ellsworth's cyesyand thesheriflj whos
voice; trembled with emotion, said: "Gool
peopli of New Jersey, bv virtue of the au
thority vested in me by tiie State, bv virtuo
of my" Office and the authority ot the Gov
ernor, under the broad seal of the State, I
do no' v execute the sentence of the law, upon
Morris Ellsworth, and may God have mer
cy on his soul." As the last words passed
h'is lips, tho sheriff pressed his foot upon the
spring, the weights fell with a heavy thud,
and the body was jerked suddenly and, with,
great force to the very top of the tree. Tho
sheriff waited a moment, and then with up
lifted hands rushed from the scene, casting
back a rrlance of horror and dismay. For a
while the contractions of the muscles were
painfully evident: the limbs twitched vig
iimiisK" the haitds were titrhtlv clenched,
and all the more unpleasant physical devel
opments were observable. Ihe fall was" too
short; thenecK wa3 not DroKcn, anu mo
man died of strangulation.
How Some People Lodoeix AVASimta-
tou. It would really astonish inany of our
good citizens, who have warm, cosy beds,
and who go home early in the evening and
enjoy them during the night, to witness the
many wnya iu which jxior umuuia upuraiu
to obtain a niglifa lodging. Soma who have
the ncrvo and cheek, and who are reasona
bly well dressed, engage and occupy rooms
at tho best hotels, aud disappear la the
morning without remunerating the cleric for
their comfort Others visit ordinary bar
rooms in the evening, select a chair or bench
in a good position, and then tako a snooze
until the bar-keeper closes up the house.
Thev then stroll around the streets until
morning, when they buy, beg or steal a
breakfast. Some select vacant houses, and
generally sleep there uninterruptedly all
night, whilo others, less persevering, climb
into the nearest covered wagon or hack, and
"rough it through" until morning. A great
number of these unfortunate?, when thev find
themselves without money and friends, go
to a police station, and there tuply Jor lodg
incs, sometimes repeating th:tr visit three
I Ins entitles tliemloapasn and convey
ance to the workhouse, where they remain
only two or three days, when they are dis
missed to make room for others. Many of
these lodgers or bummers divide their visits
among the station houses, to avoid going, to
tho workhouse. At the Fourth ard sta
tion house, on Friday night, twenty-two
lodgers were accomodated : on Satnrday
night seventeen, and last night, before dark,
seven applied, and were fhown to the lodg
er's room. Here a large fire blazes dnring
the entire night, and it Is amusing to look
iu on the inmates at about two o.clock in
the morning. They all lay down on tho
floor, side by side, with their feet to the fire,
and tho stench -that proceeds from their feet,
produced by the heat of the fire, would nat
urally cause one to surmise that their feet
had not 'been washed since their iiioUietn
performed that very necessary operation for "
them when children. The greater number
of these unfortunates profess to hail from
New York and Philadelphia, and not a few
from Baltimore, aud they all complain of
the scarcity of employment here. Would It
not be a good idea for our city fathers to
provide a suitable receptacle for this class of
unfortunates? Doubtless some hospital
building could be purchased for a moderate
price, and converted to this use. llltsninj.
Crime nt the XortU.
A New York letter-writer, remarking
upon the prevalence of crime, nays :
It has been one of tho "boasts" of tho
"Washington Government, that ''one million
men" have been released from tho annv and
navy, within a few months past, and absorlf
ed iu tho agregatc of society, without dis
turbance of any sort, such as would Lave in
evitably attended similar process In other
times. Thcboast is withoutjiist foundation,
as a brief review will easily demonstrate.
In the find place, the number discharged
has not been so great as stated, by near
ly half a million. Nearly one-balf tho
men who were paid off and discharged
had no existence except on the roll of the
paymaster; tlio "plunder" being divided
among favorite olKcerm. The men who were
discharged, all received several months back
pay and bounties', and were returned lo
their own doors, so that pressing need for
money did not exist among any of them.
Itut with these circumstances in favor of
public order, what has been tho result?
Murdersy burglaries, to say nothing of leaner
crimes, prevail in all parts of the1 North, to
the most frightful extent The suburbs of
our great cities havo become almost
uninhabitable except to thosa ';ho are not
worth plundering. There are nov eleven
murderers in the city prison, awaitbg trial,
and not one-third of the -assassins are
arrested. The ninrder now average one a
day, in New York and vicinity, while of tho
burglaries and highway robberies, there is
no reckoning. Not one in ten is reported in
thoDancr. "Have you been robbed yet?"
or " JIavoyoii had your pocket picKcu yet?
is now a very common salutation oil tho
meeting of acquaintances'. Things have
gone so far, that it lias been discovered that
the conductors on one of the utrcet railroads
are in league with tho pickpockets; and a4uV
their depredations upon the unsmpccti-Eg;
rrec4Mea'H Hwrc:H rrtJiiwrKiljiri'-
From, the Jackson (Mlss-Ctartdn.
An important order has bcon-'isetl br
the Assistant Commiisioncr of: FregJwcy,
etc., fur this State, concerning thejnriiwKctipii
and duties of the officer of the Brnim, in
all cases, of eon tract between citizens of
this State. It but follows ia th track,
already traversed by the .Presidsnt and Is
but a. eurxenderhij into the hands of the
proper civiL authorities-, powers which were
assumed by the officers of the General Gov
ernment underacts Of Congress. Iliis order
directs "that no-ml- or regulations will be
Issued by officers of this Bureau wjth refer-
eace to llic frevdraer contracting," and " that
the parties who contract arc left to regulate
the conditions, waj;e, clc" and "while
they have no poweT to interfere with the
action of tho tuagutratc, or the administra
tion of tho Stato Taw, thsy will on all occas
aions, act as the nest friend lo the Frcedran,
give them proper advice on all matters pertaining-
to contracts, etc., etc. This last
Sentence 1s the only portion to which any
objection could Lolirged, and this only on
the ground that perhaps some of these Bay
nau dlitera, left to their own discretion as1
what coiutitutes proper advice, may have
their judgment so wirpcd by prrjwiitti aa to
make their Advice any but what is proper.
Any way, this order contains a distinct
avowal of the recognition of the recent State
laws regulating contract, etc., anil In, If-'
hibiting officers from making roles' nd re
gulations, lessens the cvtW'timlcr wfcjei4
nave suirerwl, and wflew Wiimf f
military role. ' .
The sentiment of General woJ, com
manding this Department W,U "JST1,
Jscaffy res,.wc from thopcoplo of ilUsis
riwl. TiywM U gtolcaniUiathe
wwiii "lyuuv have the efleet for which t
mi Isei Mwelr, to put the labor syt
...... . . - ....... ...
f JCtowiwi'oBasound footing, due regi
hiiWhadWliiS'Iriterestofthe entire poptj-
Ifttio of Ihe Slate,