Newspaper Page Text
i m m .m m w r rm r wr p q -mTm rw j n thmwii h
J? a &rU-a .w-, telieited fre-a aay jB-.rt-r.
iXe-- fett- r the varioas cot-nties ef tke
'v AH ci(-tUfis rfioaM be a4lrc-"ed to tVe
i finnan of the Umos jixn Axkricas."
' - t , ....
Pi SEYMOUlt, M.
(Iito nngtule fearycon.TJ. S. A.)
i - I ! ,
'pfflce 39 Cedar slreet,l)ttwcenSnmtner and Cheny.
1 Tor treatment of all 1)iscafcj of the Eyo j
operations forEiuintinc, Cataract, ccL,
'BBS 3, I. t.
1EEAL ESTATE AGENTS."
IHk fino faerctoforo cxUiln? nndrr His name
U&nn J rtvle flf W. .MATT 1IK0WN iCo..
ktbin dnsr "diwolved ly mutual confent. Mr.'
srtmiectioa with 1'faincaf Oarrctt. will co
ihh the Ileal Krtslc Tjuine at tho old stand
PMatt. Brown & Co- 41 Cl'f rryftrwt
& T1I03. CALLENDElt.
.lBSrTT. T. CALLEXDKR.
c Allen der &, -.garrett,.
(Sbeccnon to W. Matt. Bbowtj Jc CoJ
Real' EKtxii 7a.'jrciitiJ,.
41 Cherry trort,
'WILL s?Wc tlielr prompt ailentlon to the felllne
: ana reatmr oi ereryoecnpiion oi neai wiaic
i ,dec4 lw.
t . i , , 1 -
iSTOSE HOUSE FOR SALE
rJi THURSDAY. JANUARY TStii..1SiM, WE,
''0 for sale, )n the nrcinucMit 11 o'clock
x. Wi'to the'hlghrtt bidder for cash. n,,.Store
House on Front street, near llroad. 40 fect front,
running back half way U Market ttrect.
Wo lire offering the following property at pri-
VV0very detirable two-story Brick Dwelling, with
five rooms, on llroad street. In West Nashville.
ImI 100 feci front by 1W deep. Price, only $5,7J0.
Sixty feet ground on Broad street, upon which
tbrroi.a store house, t eliop, and a saioou.
A vry desirable Brick, Dwelling, on Cherry
street. South Nashville: which wo will sell at
LOW DOWN figures, T .
. I .
Alminll Frame House, on Mnnlc street, near
EM.'"-FaulV. with two rooms and a porclu liot
weft 'shaded, and 150 fect front, and 1U deep..
Prioe, only $1,700.
A very desirable residence', on 'ICuowlcri street,
Wjrtj Nashville. Price. $4,-(fX
XinagnlDccnt lot, on the corner of Church and
A vacant lot, in free (crritory. on Cedar street.
wen oi mouapuoi. ,.j , (i
TheRailroad Saloon BuiWing, on College ttrect,
near the L. AN. R.R. Depot.
HO feel brgnmndnn Market ytrect. Justtriorth
A IMMr Tlutllni- on tho west side of South
Front street, free soil, with six rooms, besides
kitchen and other outhouses.
A vaeant lot, on South College street, opponto
Horn , Paint fchop.
' : .....
Three small tenements, on High strect,,ncar
Wilsou'f Spring three or four rooms cacti.
; FOIt i-r.Asi:.
',n THCT'-OROUA'D ON CUMBl.Rr.ANI),
vy jitrc?t.brtwecn bunuirer andltuD, near ino
i Korirtitular an to any of tho above-lnention
!ClU.I)E11 .V OAKUKTT, "
41 Cberrj- Street;
,T. X. & It. W. BROWN,
Seal Estate Agents
(ovr.n yoiik's hook HTOiir,)
OFFER FOU SALE THE FOLEOWINO
imut defiraliln Heal Estate:
UU The KUTJ.EDUE I'ltOPEllTV. on C.llerc
II IU. (A few foO thr.10 Jjenutlful loU are otTercd.
frontlnc on the Lebanon Tike. Mnrket'street and
llutledco ttrect, near Cantleiuan trcet. The do
rlro in to rcll to parties vrlut will erect (rood ira
nroTeinentf.and thereby enhance the value of the
"S'loU u'and 19 In HOUSTON ADDITION
to Edgefield, eaeh 50 feet on Woodland utreet, onlv
n. jewhuudred yards from the SUSPENSION
'luVWllVAN'S ADDITION to Edgefield. .,
A feirtletlrabla lotn for.falo In thl beautiful
addition, on Porter ftreet aud Trentlln Avcnuo,
near the Whtte'a Creek rrke.
J. L. A K. W. IIUOWN. Ae't.
Janl2-lw 3SA Union treet.
Jl.ttr.RT v. IltLMK.
W. BBTCK THOMrSOX
D1LL1N & THOMPSON,
FAITHFUL AND PROMPT
tt.ninn in .11 Lii.!nrii entrusted to our rare.
we respectfully tender our servicca to tho Public.
aaUeneral ArenU. fur the Purchae and li-ale ol
Real Estates Kentlne and Lea-lnc or City or
Country Property; Collection of ISoles; Aceounts
and Vouchers; luvcstlcatlou tf Titles, etc etc
DILLIN A THOMPSON.
Oflic. over Seeond.Natlonal Bank, Colleco street,
SALE OF CITY PROPERTY
(EXKMirr FROM TAXATION,)
OS TUESDAY, 1BE 231 1Y IAXMKY, 1SG6.
T WILL SELL, AT AUCTION., THAT VAL
L uable Property (formerly weuple.1 by the
Nashvlllo Manufaclunnc Co.) ntuatcd on the
east sldo of Front street, seventy-two feet touth of
llroad. Kald, property fronts one hundred and
nny-one feetix Inehe on Front street, and run
back ne hundrrtl and forty-one feet to the wharf.
The wharf the entire width of the property, and
belontincto it ninst low-water mark. '
This property U admirably located for manufac
turinr. and is by far the be-t ite in the city for
COAL OIL REFINERY.
It ha been divldeil tnto six lot Ore of Ihcm
twenty-five feet, and one twenty-six fect six iu
chc front. . ... ,
TERMS One-fourth rash: balance In six,
twelve and eighteen months, without Interest.
Parties wtshinr any further informatioutln re
card to raid property, will please call upon the
lUrxrrK v TtTLi-M. r0(tl, fc.j.. At-torney-at-Law.
Sam. Rtddleburtrer will dispense the creature
comforts ou thcoccasion. .
II. C. McNAIlU ,
At Commercial Insurance Office, Bank of Union,
TOM CRUNK, Auctioneer. Janl2-td
VALUABLE FARM FOR SALE.
rpjIE BEAUTIFUL FARM LYINO ON THE
I Uallatiu Pike. 3J jniles from the city, eon
tainlne acre 'of rupcrlnMan4, eleeant and
commodious dwelling, with all ncccsary out
bnlidinrs, household and kitchen furnttHre, stock
iilastatlon utensils, etc.: a never-failing rrrinr.
me spring house, and orchard of carefully eclec fed
trees. Apply to
ANDERSON, JOHNSON A SMITH.
TREANOR & CO.,
Foreign & Domestic Liquors,
NO. M, MARKET STREET,
" : NASHVILLE, JEXN.
j I I ft 4 - f - '
1. II. ETT1SC,
' storage Merchants,
Girner l!ildinff Market and Church streets, fol-
inprlv CM-nininl tiv twini.icnjrj a. vu.
ARE RECEIVING and have in store uie toi
100 barrels Jirown uear.
,rr i , n r. c..
B'do do -
O. .In .In ... I- , A
Stnaxt'a Crushed Fugar, etandard.
do A do
M kogs Syrup, & aid 10 gals.
j) barrele No 1 and 2 Mackerel,
Mhfdo do do
7qrdo do "do"
bn kits do . Pp. ,
25 barrels V. Ji i, .t- co aw nuiry.
25 do S.N. Pike'a don
250 boxes starcandles,
50 doien brooms,
100 boxes cbeet?, . .
'Ml boxes raisins. '
iOO kegs sail;.
JOU reams paper.
;) boxet OMoncusoap, .,
40 kegs ginger.
'M dozen oucueis, u , , yatik.i
lot boxes candy. ' ?
VW -ill uiiiv-i
50 boxes starch,
50 do pickles, . ...
20 do Madder.
on ..... fi..,:n ' ...... w t 1
75 barrels apples,
fwl ImrM nunrtel W1UCS.
1009 barn-Is Flour, all grades.
') do I'otaioej,
100 boxes Fire Crackers,
'HIpjum Fim. I -
100 easca assarted Liauow,
t. ..m;i:.. i, di nlinvK wn have a general as
sortmcntof groccricn, all of which were bougtit
duriur the present preiuuro in the Eastern mar
kets. JVo expoci lo sen gooun o
and would be pleased to have our old fnenils call
i n Vn!n nf ib Turmrr firm of Ewinr. Mc
Crory A Co.. will be found with the above firn fof
C. POWELL, Mli & CO.
ItS BROAD STREET,
i Coi.iium-8 PowKtL, lonneriy u. rowcii a. vo..
Knoxville; lenn . j ij 'ii.T
I. F. Q REEN, formerly Nichol, ureen x w.nvn-
Ciuk. M. McOitrr, living atknoxville, ienn.
BY tho above eard it will oe seen we navo ra
tablishwl ourselves inNew.Yor forthojiur
.,. i.r.lntrKr n lreitmate commission- business ;
and being a Tennessee house, we respectfully so
licit the patronage of our bouthcrn friends gen
erally. We are amply prepared to mako cash ad-,
u.,u,.,,ni, . in InsinFurrenev. on mid
t.i r.r iniKMit tn tuiivhase and sell
dotton, lobaoco. flour.and pork : also gold stocks,
bonds, and government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission. . . '
C POWELL, OREEX A CO
dee 20 3iu
FARMIXG - I3IPr.EMEXT.S,,
XO. 2 , PUBfcfrfc SQUARE,
V. G 13 N T S
At aitinufncdircrs Prices,
Willi Freight Added.
The best Two and Four Horse
Lever Powers and Threshers :
&t One and Two horse Hallway
Powers and Threshers;
Tho best Reaping and , t
- Mowing Machines';
SATTLY GANG ;P.L0S yf il
" FAN MILLS:
a , r j "STRAW CUTTERS, etc.
CireulaM mailed to any addrcs.. or to bo had on
J. ir. WARNER CO
No. S Public Squre. Nathville, Tennessee,
declom . j r
THE KIH'OXI) XATIOXAT. HAXIt,
College Slrce(, near liiiibii,
Designated Depositary and Financial Agent oftba
United States, - - '
Is prepared to transact a regular Banking 'busi
ness, and furnlih Exchange on ' -t .'
(lovemment Securities. Gold and Silver, bought
and sold on commission.
JimN I.VMshkx, President.
W. J. ThojIis, Cash'r.
W. W. Ukkkt. M. Bcbxs.
Jons Kibkmi', Jo.-W, Allkv,
D. WsiTittJ ' Etxiig Joxkj.b-
DlS't F. CaHTKB., - A. J. .Dc.NClX. r
AttXAXtKflU,; t iUBis. E.11IILLW
En'cD CoorK r.4 l--' '
This Ban oecuplet the building formerly occu
pied by the Planters' Bank, corner of Union and
College streets, and is prepared to buy and sell
CoM, m Mf S!lerr, Draft. U. S. Stu ritie, uwf .Stat
lUuih, (Kitlrrt AVe, Dnfii, (bvpoas, ecM In'aH
part of the United Stiles.
8.ae Bends and 7-30 Treasury Note , al
wajon had,aadr&rsale. Gold Coupons eaahed
audeomnoaidkttefest Kotos oahTat the high
t rales. EDGAR J0NES,i Cuhierf
V. W. BKRRY. PrcsldtnL ff
,GROCBUS & BAHJU5U8. GROCERIES LIQUORS, &c. DRUGS & MEDICINES. I,
P. H. BA1LKT.
& S. OBDIVAT.
T. n. SiMPI.E.
J. II. CXBSXY.
OOHMthSIOX AMI roKVAKDIXti
... . .
ME R-GHA N-T'S,
TO. 7BROAD STREET,
RESPECTFULLY BEG TO ANNOUNCE TO
-. h Tnule'that thev ore now receiving and
will have in store one of the largest and most com
plete lots oi.urocencs ouerca in inn mar uti. iur
gome years past. The Goods wcro bought br. one
of our firm in person in Baltimore and .Mew" l orlc,
and were selected specially for this market. -The
following comprise a part of .the stock.:
300 sack Baltimore Eio Coffee;
40 hogsheads JJrown faugar;
100 harrels.X Coffee Huair,
60 barrels B Coffee "gar; , ,
, -50 barrel Q Coffee Sngiir;,
i 50 barrels CnishejSugarj
I 50 barrels, Powdered Sugar;
i 50 Granulated'u'gar;.
500 barrels JFlour, of all grades; .
2000 barrels Salt:
m 20 barrels Molassoti;
10 barrell Vinegar; t . t ,
c i i. t,.i. i rv,. ..." 'm.;;w.
2o barrels BourbOn.Wiiskj1;" 1
5 barrels Holland Gin;
4-tasks of Brandy;
100:barrels and lialf barrels Mackerel;
100 kits Mackerel; (tttl
10p boxes Cheese;
' 50 tioxes, and boxes Eaisins;
x 15 barrels Almonds; ' "
.15 barrels Filberts;
250 drumsFigs; f
50 ca?cs assorted Pickles, quartand pint;
!l00 cases Oysters;
25 cases Sardines;
200 boxes, J aud J- boxes Candles;
100 bxsvariousbrandsSoap,"plain andfancv;
50 boxes assorted Candles; 1 ' '' '
10 boxes Brandy Cherries;
200 kegs Nails, assorted;;
50 dozen Painted, Buckets;
20 dozen Tubsln jSesfes;
15 casks Soda; ,
-100 boxes Chewing Tobacco, all grades;
20 cases brooking .tobacco;
. - 50 dozen Brooms; .
25 dozen "Washboards;
500,000 G. D. Caps;
100 bags Shot;
30 kegs Pcrwder; ,y.
25 bagaPcpttcr; ,
25 bags bpice; . . ,
76 boxes Indigo; ' , f .,
11 casks Madder;
100 boxes Mustard, '- ,
25 boxes Starch; t ,
.1. . r , 1
IIAGtaXO, ROPE AXD TWIXE.B
This stock is offered to tho Trade only, at small
nrofiU. We are determined to sell as cheap as the
same articles can bo had for in Louisville or Cin
cinnati, for . . - .i i .
Havingtimple storage room,- wo invito consign
ments of Cotton and ulbkinds of Produce., Wo
will take in exchange ,
DRIED APPI.ES AXD PEACHES,
FEATJIEPS, J1EESWAX, ,
-v V GIXSEXG AXD AVOOE,
And will allow the highest market prices.
HARD W A RE
SAM. VANLEER, & CO.,
NO. COLLEGE STREET.
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
TAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
"1 a large and oomnlete stock of English, Ger
man, aud American HARDWARE,
Which' we are selling at reasonable price. The
stock consists in part of
FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY,
200 OROSS TABLE CUTLERY,
200 DOZ. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
50 do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS.
ad ASSORTED AUGERS,
2". do FOOT ADZE.
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted. 12 to
1000 lbs. ; DOIL CHAIN.
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kindc
25 WRIGHT-3 ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, 4H to 7M fet. ; ,
CO MILL SAW2, 6lA to 8 fect $ ; ,
' CANDLESTICKS of all kinds
TIN CUPS and PLATES.
TEA and TABLE SPOONS.
A'Tery large stock ef PLANES af every variety
PKEHIIIM .NTSEL PLOWS.
Those w'uVing to purchase ic our line will do
well to give ns a call before buying;
V ' SAX. VAXI.EER, A CO.
fJan4-lm. ' ' --
G, W. FALL & CO.,
, i , . , !.
, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
HARDWARE AXD CUTIYERY
NO. 31 PUBLIC SQUARE.
" (Kirkman A Ellis old ''stand.)
Wc would respectfully invite the attention ef
SPORTSMEN to ur stock of
Gr XT 3NT S ,
Which cannot be equalled here. It comprise all
, grades, from the
KIC'HARBM -,) tIR
also a rxw
Breaclt IRdiHj;' erJ Cartridge
NASEILEE, :TENNisSE!E ifeURI), , JAN.JbRX 0, - 1866,
umtlt. r.t.lj It .1.1
XM 1 (
JDT&. . TOM , WELLS,
32 Market iL, opposite Union.
RESPECTFULLY INFORM' TIIE OLD FAT
J rons of Dr. WELLS and the nnblie ?enerall v.
that his successors' will do all in their power, by
dilligent attention to business, to merit a continu
ance of tho Doctor's former large, and. extensile
They will keep, constantly, on hand
"PCKE DRlT.nN, AXD CITESnCAIJi
ilk .WA? i011-
JiEDICIXAI. EltlUORS, , t , .
Powers and WeightnlanV Celebrated Chemicals,
Blue Mass. Sulnhate Ouinine. Sulnhata Mornhi.-.
Iodine, Iodide Potash, Chloride'of Gold," Ether,
etc, etc -' ' "
Our. Pharmacenial.Drenarntlons arc soph -
Tinctures, Extracts; Sj-rups, Cerates, Ointments,
l-iasters, eic. are made in strict accordanco witu
the revised Pharmacop.ia..' " -
wmvu 4 me, VlllilUVUM, A-S4l i UU.b iUiUI4U
Affuo Tonics. Alterativeg, Invigorating Cordials.
i ... I. I . i ? . ii.i
vuugii .uvuiciuc-, auu in lactau ub
OC the day. Finest articles of Perfumery. Fancy
aud Toilet articles of every description, fancy
perfumed Soap. Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Tooth Washes. Tooth Bruhc. and all articles in
this line pertaining to the Toilet,
Botanic & Eelcctic Medicines,
Such as Frc.h Roots and Hcrbr. of nil kiml-t:
Tildcn's andB. KeUh's Alkaloid andResnoid, and
1 1. : . i ...i .
Trusses! Trusses!! Trusses!!!
For the millioa, of every six and variety.
Dental & SurglaaJtastrHiHents,
. -V i. , if
Accjorately filled, at all hours of the.day.and night.
Spices, Ryo Sinus, Paints,
Allpict. Pepper; Cinnamon, Clove", "Nutmegs,
Mace, Mustard, Aromatic Seeds,- Madder, Span
ish Indigo, Logwood, Copperas, lllue Stone, Mu
riate of Tin, Cudbear, etc Window Glass. 8x10
to 40x00 superior quality.-, White Lead, Mixed
Paints, ready for use; Linseed Oil,' Turpentine,
Coal Oil ; Lamps 'of every rarioty, and large sup-
ly, ni iott raics.
Eandreth's . Garden Seed,
Just received, a very large supply. - Also, a large
lot of Grass Seed.
RORERT P. JEXKIXS. Prcicrintionist and
and Pharmecist, at the Old Stand of If. S. Thatch
er, now of the firm of R. P. J.i Co.. would in
form the Physician of Nashvillo, and surround-,
ing count-)', that it is our aim to supply every
want Of tho Practitioner, in tho line of his pro
fession, and will spare no pains to accomplish that
end satisfactorily. He will bo much pleased tosco
any of tho Faculty who will honor our establish
ment with a visit. .
He bones by constant attention to business to
merit a share of patronage, assuring them that
their favors will be prepared with fidelity, of the
purest materials, and by himself personally, or an
aceomplishd Prcscriptionist. '
Our Stock embraces the greatest variety, and
everything coming within the Drug Business.
Give us a call and wo will guarantee satisfac
tion, All orders entrusted to our care filled with
promptness and accuracy.
R. P. JEXKIXS, & CO.,
32 Market it., opposite Union,
KIGX.OF THE MAX AXD MORTAR.
jin2W' - - f".
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
33 UNION STREET.
OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
1 Pianos of Steinwar and Sons. J. B. Dunham.
Robt. Nunn'f, A. ll.Ualo i Co- and other first
elx's instruments. Carhairt. Necdham It Co's un
rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR. ORGANS.
- - -"
Also. SHECT MUSIC., and.
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before you purchase.
P S. Harft lnt nblofl irt f b'f!-&bnvnflijii nf
Piano-Makers.- ' J 1
CAIXEXRERU it VAUPEE.
Call and examine. dec29-lm
PIANOS ! -PIANOS I
i T si
1 1 'i
a WINJET OBfiANS.
yOU AVILL FIND THE BEST ASSORT
J. ment in the city at Lusk'a New Music Store
CHURCH STREET, .
OnponU SL Cloud notel. AUo Sheet Mofie. and
Musical Instrument- of all kinds. Ba saro to call
before purchasing elsewhere,-
nane- tunea by Mr. Jackson,
Luek'i. Boiblm PI. ttv--.li fllrmsit
Cloud Hotel, and It Union Street.
HE OFFICE. DP, THE EEWANEE COAL
- AreSCT IS BOW nnnJ tn Vn SS Phnrrh
street, a few door below the Pert O&ee.
Orders for Coal will be pnmMr- fiMed aWO
oenls perbusheL L. STOXH3. Agent
jans-si fyt Howard & Co.
lb. New Hams,
5.000 IbfilNew Bacon. Sides.
?I!-v Sacon. Shoulder
103 TiertK New Lard,
" For Kiln b !.
Mclaughlin, butler & co
--.w ....i, , iiu.,,,..,., lllTI,l ,, , , P . &sgmiPm:?z'--s- ,i ., r rr'iT'tf -.- j.. ..fe- m j
. . . ....... in, '''''''''niiiiii-' rri'iMi. liSatfViliw
asjp-j---a------a- . j r.. SSUmSiSUtKKBOm
'"Dnioii and Amgngaii
sJrrURBAY, JAXSJARY 29, 1S86.
XAX1TFACT1TRIXG AT TKE SGTJTII.
The necessity- for a greater di
Southern labor, in vieWof Uiechdn
onr industrial system hxs undergone, is so
apparent as to justify strong hope that it will
at qnce be recognized and conformed to,
has long been a wonder with shrewd men at
the North why we did not develop and put
into tile", fullest operation tlie unrivalled rtn
sources that we enjoy. The remarks of the
Boston Post, copied below from otrft of its
late financial articles, give expression Ihis
astonishment, and refer to some of the causes
that have'retarded manufacturing enterprisis
-at the South. To some of them especial
ly the alleged insecurity which Northern
mechanics have heretofore felt among us
the Pod attaches perhaps" too, much imporr
tancc. But the difficulties spoken of have
now been removed, and'thc'cripplctV coiidi
tioh ofj'our pbople affords still weightier'
reasons for the iBtarting of every enterprise
by Kvliicli employment may be.giyen to th
numerous' classes' thrown upon their own ex'
crtions for support and incompetent to main.
tain themselves by any branches of business
now in operation among us.
The Host saysiit ha3 long .been a, wopder.
that the South never manufactured its own
principal staple, cotton. The State of Geor
gia did something both before the war and
during the lamentable .hostilities, in jhe way
oi ; manmacturing coarse cotton, cloths: but
the quantity .of cot tori' B-ed,',arieopnpared,
iwiiii me prouuci oi mc oiate, ,war iverv
small ; but South Carolina has done almost
nothing in manufacturing 'cotton 'goods.
Large amounts of monev have been raised
within twenty years to establish factories at
or) near Charleston and Columbia. The
buildings were erected, .machinery was pro-
"yided, and even operatives were imported
from the North, but the experiments did
not succeed. In the great cotton planting
States of the.Gulf; there neverwas any man
ufacturing worthy"of mention. So far as
the machinery required for manufacturing
was concerned, thaSouth could procure it in
equal abundance and facility with any other
part of the country. So far as 'water power
was required, nearly every Southern State
furnished it in Kiinerabundanee. CaniLil
also, on nicSre than biic occasion, Sxliitited
its willingness to migrate to uie boutti, to
the full extent to which it could be cm
ployed in tlds way, and about the only thing
wanted to make a success out of manufac
turing in the South was the proper kind of
labor and superintendence. It was proved
that slave labor was quite unadopted to the
processes and operations of manufacturing.
The working classes even among tho white
population never wcro disposed to cngago
steadily in labors of this kind. It was also
found that Northern operatives could not.be
.retained at the South, for they found them
selves suspected and kept under constant
watch as dangerous persons, to which humil
iating treatment the independent workmen
of the North were uot inclined to submit.
It was mainly in consequenco of this impos-
"sibility of obtaining and retaining intelligent
and skilled labor that the cotton growing
States, each and all, always failed in all their
efforts to establish and maintain cotton facto
ries. Under the new system of free labor,
"these objections are likely in time to be es
WAXT TO KXOW SOMETHING
i;ORE THEY ACT.
Thaddcus Steven Committee "of Fifteen
on Eeconstruction are debating the question
of sending sub-committees to the South to
enquire into the real condition of things be
fore it.ac't3 or submit any report lo Con
gress. The (Thirty-ninth Cotigress-mu'stW
a very thick-headed collection of persons, if
it is not pretty well acquainted with the
"condition of things" in the South.
Upon this a contemporary very properly
remarks that, since the close of the war,
Northern people of all classes and every
shade of opinion, ;in public and private ca
pacities, have journeyed through the South,
and all made known,: in greater or less der
gree, their impressions. The Chief Justice
of the United States, accompanied by
quite a number of persons, among them
a newspaper correspondent who made
known through n Northern newspaper
everything seen and heard upon the way
bearing upon the "condition of things" at
the South, took a journey " dowu the.,coast
and up the' Mississippi," and no one will be
lieve but that he observed closely and re
ported in some degree his observations. Gen.
Grant ..went on a tour of inspection, and
Carl Schurz was specially appointed to travel
through the South, did so, and published, hii
report. Newspdpcr correspondents innu
merable in the lately rebellious Staten, send
their letters to the Northern press. "Ve still,
have soldiery and military commanders' in
the South who make their reports. The
press, conventions, letters, tc., are good
sources from which to derive information ' as
regards their disposition in reference to pub
lic,affairst , .
Yet, with all these facilities , for knowing
the temper and wishes of the South, tlie Rad
ical element in Congress feigns ignorance of
them -'and will'in all 'probability appoint
committees to go there to discover nothing
but what it knows perfectly well already.
It is easy to conjecture what sort of persons
will .constitute these i'committees and Jtlic?
ciiaracter-of thVreporwhiclwiIl be made
by tticm.S "aTiiey mJglft as well pocketme
funds necessary to bear them through their
journeying, shut themselves up for a few
days and employ one or more of their num
ber to prepare a "report," and subinit it to
Congress. 5tich aone would,,no doubt) be
every whit as true a picture of thefcondition
of 'thcSoutlvas ohef compiled from life per
sonal knowledge and observation of the men
forming the committees, and be quite as ef
fective in gaining their object, which is so
plain Uiat' ''the -wayfaring man,ioughi.a
fool, need not err therein." The longer the
restoration policy of the President is pre
vented from being carried out, the longer will
the balance .of rower remain in. the,hands of
the Radicai and Wle'e or 'brtak Ihi Union,
they will not givc-itjupThey will no more J
willingly release tnetr noiu on puonc anairs
than grim death gives up his victim.
ANrw "VirtE IIqcsb" PjionwKD.
Oh motion of Mr Bice, (Disunion, Mc.,) it
llemlted. That the Coramittee,en Public Build-i-e
ad l-8tHk. .be. ,,-ad. they, prfT, jp
strteted to exaecino into tho condition or the
Preidential Mansion as regards health, and
whether it is suited a- to site, locajjir and con
venience forahe reeid-ee ,fif ttia'Prcsid-nt and
his family ; and if not." whether gronuds of proper
extent in a proper locality can bo procured on
which to creet a suitable mansion: and that tney
repwti -nch estimate-; and , tf-coiomenJaUws
tauefaiMt the- iabject iereby -rferred J fU9r
may deem proper."
, Frozen tot iDsxru. Ve pndewtand a
negro man was found diead on one of tho
back street- early yesterday morning. His
death f resulted, from', want .and expemfre.
This case shohld-'be Va wrnii to the.WttHy
negroes who are still idling ttieir time away,
and who have nothing whatever with which
to -uttain life It is a settled ct that the ne
groes must work, or they will surely Miffer.
AH quiet in .Last Tennessee'Wncidefits k
proof One exception to the usual resali The
!1 ' 'f I, , . I
luSaenea of raobocTocy upon 'railway Interests
-Deprest9B vet Bosinesa Petrolesa in Lee
iand Wise Soldiers and the Freedtcen, etc..
KEOM ACR' SaCriilK CWIHKSrOXBEXT;
Bristol Jan 11. ISM
'.VII qnie't in East -Tenriessee', cry tho.e
juuiiiB nuuurc resiHuiKiDie kit mejjioouy
trageUir that; have, patlied ,the lmtorv of
Tenneasee in blood, and who", setintf the un
popularity of their blaajihemdiw arid Moodv
uogmas, are enaeavoring to conceal the real
tue oi auaira irom me worm dv tne wo-
1 1 r r i rt. - . -
uuiuiou oi siicii eniBion.-? aneaa thii let
ter; No doubt they -would gladly bury tlie
pat smooth over the catalogue of outrages
and cold blooded murders lh
heralding ii tha wprld suck wilful .pen-cr-)
moiis oi iruiuana me, Titigar ucnnncwtioit
oi moso who seeic tlie exposition or sucli
violations of civil and domestic quiet
Some of these iournals would linvn tlin
world believe thaLall discharged soldiers of
....i ;.. if i , .
uiotuuiiirj in ijuesuon jiave rcturucu to
their respective homes, and have turnwl
their iinpJeSeii) ofwaraiito IKose fif.aarT-
cutureTirid'"ii-atistry-thaf no 'ihObs Jarmcd
mi jueir icem wun navy pistols and bowie
knives, lurk around and in our villages und
towns, ready for tlie admlhistnitiori of tht-ir
indoctrinations. Take the following inci
dents of recent, occurrence and form your
A Mr.,Seribner who had been associated
with the Confederate armr.tir.d livinc in
Hawkiaa-cDiinty, wosihirfid toihaul ailoadtoCi
.h.lnu .i t- , . r
uivuwx iy mis piacCjirom nis county, je
had necessarily to pass Jthrouch KintrsDort: a
small town, in the western nortion of Sn'lli-
van county a-' town noted for- itha
lance of niobocracyi As e vrasi' Entering
the place, on .fhej9tl ihstlne was attacked
by" a mob of difchanrcd solilieraded hv?ruu'
llcfetesh who fekwed;hi-n for.a-h-J iJe;
beating him in. tho !most cntel raatlnen
WhericVerhe attemptetl to defend himself
puttols were . drawn and presented thrcate'ri-j
juil; iuiu Him aiibiani ucam.;
These rufuans were loaded, down with na
VV Pistols and bowie knirpa. Tliia ?j tlio
civil quiet that keeps' men of enterprise: and
capita, from immigrating to East Tennessee.
Hence Her woeful and dilapidated State,
ilobocraey drovo 'away her men of enter
prise1 and capital, and the domination of
fctich an element, though limited to.certain
of sucli elements as would tend to recuperate
But the scale .occasionallv turns some
one else aside from the' "'accursed rebels,"
meet with summary" ends 'in the exercise of
mobocracy. As iruch as we deprecate the
shedding of; blood, yet if it must be.shed Jet
tt flow froiri the Veins of those who en tertain
such bloody prejudices airainat the rebels.
One day last week one Catitain Bishou of
the United States service was gltot dead in
Kogersville, some seventy miles" west of this
piace ny a comrade in arms, under the Kn
owing circumstances : Captain Bishop was
n tho store-house of one Pace, usincr very
insulting language to a Mr. Simpson, a prom
inent Union man. This ccntleman requested
Bishop to desist from the? further use of such
language, that he would not suffer iU
At this moment Mr. Paco stepped to tho
door, and called to Capt 8iemore, deputy"
shjriffof tho county, notifying him of B.'s
csMHct. He came in and ordered B. to
cease his offensive language. This he re
fused to do and advanced towards the sheriff
witti a drawn bowie knito wun which he-
liml tlirontpnwl "tllA llt ftfAfr Rlrrmcnri,
Sizcmore backed fo the 'street from the
house, in the meantime informing him that
he was a prisoner. Bishop continued to
advance brandishing his knife. ISizemoro
halted and informed Bishop'that if he camo
any further that ho should shoot him. To
this he paid attention but continued hii
advances whehiSiemore,shbt hitndead I
. Sizemore was arrested., but om-'tha feck
eing made known to the officer before
whom he was summoned he was released
In this Bishop was but endeavoring to
exercise his ideas of self-righting or the ad
ministration oft the popular, doctrine of.
mobocracy. So much for the sublime quiet
that reign3 throughout East Tennessee !
During the Christinxt holidays there
were several instances of robbing through
out this unfortunate county, whfch arc too
tedious to mention in this letter.
In consequence of the 'prevalence of this
barbarous and cowardly practice, and iU en
dorsement by the radical home journals, the
travel ori this line of railroad is a mere
cypher. There arc seldom more than a half,
a dozen through passengers, and often Iess
than this number. In connection with this
influence acting to the detriment of the trav
eling interest of this entire line of railway,
is the bad condition of tlie track and Jho
slow time made. The Virginia end of h"e
line is in a horrid condition. They have a
very slow schedule, and necessarily, from
the fact that the track is so much out of rc-
This road, however, is furnished with
superior passenger twins, maile up of ele
gant and comfortable-coaches; Ihe freight
over this portion of the line is carried sep
arate and distinct from the passenger trains.
This is not the ca3c on the Tennessee end1 of
But little is manifested in political affairs'
here. The m jnds of jthe people are turned
to the recuperation of the dilapidated' finan
ces. There is a great depression here in this
respect, and since my last letter, this place
lias undergone' a considerable change, com
mercially and monetarily,
More than one firm has changed hands 4"
the past few days, whilst others are boxing
up tlieir goovls, bce".use the per1 cent, made
will not justify high rents, taxes, and'ex
pense of sale. The trade, though extensively
carried on now. is produce, bartering. The
money has all been gathered from the
county and sent North.
There is plenty of ' produce in tlie couutryjj
but the money offered is not a sufficient in
ducement to make sales active. That which
is offered is to meet the actual necessities of
the farmer or producer, j f
There will be 4 'greater depression in this
respect in the. coming Spring, than has been
known for years. In fact, the whole South
is destined to. be effected more or less by a
financial convulsion. Too much merchan
dise has been purchased. There Is not a
store house or shop in the whole country hut
what is crowded", and in nine-tenths of in
stances purchased on time. The result is.
The diseqvery of Petroleum "blossom in
Wise anjjt Lee cour-'ties, Va., is exciting" no
little interest. 'Gentlemen of capital and
enterprise have leased jscvcral thousand
acres and have commenced operations with
every prospect of success.
No little enthusiasm was manifested a few
days skW among the citizens of this place
by the innojjnccment that the garrison
which hasbecn stationed here for some time,
was to be withdrawn. The order had been
mftdejUt .lwa,'Count6-ii-.rKltd4,The re
joK&g "did; not", ji rise from i any mistreat
ra'entfat the hands of the officers ocsoldieik
for their treatment has been uniformly kind
and dignified, but from tlie fact that they
hate to reflect that the3overnmcnt has so
littk'eonfWenceinjthfirjntegrity a&Ho keep
n mil rrl in ,), Wtt.ljf in r, viirv tli PI r vnnU
and actions. , . . ri ? . Jjr
Licutemnt Colonel-Ilines, who is the offi
cer in charge of this post, is a gentleman,
so far as we know him, -tndLthat- astf)
officer. His administration has been per
fectly satisfactory to all, irre-pective of po
rhe 'f-cedmeri fere-lwi middling' a'L the
hand, of hi command, who are all from
New York and are foreigners by birth. Tho
cruelties practised on; them a aunc if
cruelties could be deemed as such. There
is no sympathy whatever between the two
ch-xactcB.,.. In fect, the feeling of a majori
ty'of 'the1 soldiers is cxtremclyhc-riile.'
-. uftC l-ui ..C-'ig'BYATtVX.
SMAii Pox IX WAGp5gL---We yeste-day
saw a large wagon heavily loaded with ne
groes from the comtrf. 'eKch otic 'ofVho-a
was mfieri&g wkh the loathsome waall pox.
We learn that i'yecj largejikwwbcr of cascs
froia all part of the country are Lviag MHt
into the city. As aoon as a negro takes it on
a plantation he is' itn'medrately shipped to
town, -w4ig the di-ea-e not only alon--the
diflcret roads, hut.also amos oar citizen-.
This ia not right. Wo have in , our
midst about as much -mall pox at can.be
well attended to at the hospital' for that pur
pose; and we Hemkia cfmunnliiie should be
(Mtabiisked for the benefit at the cityJbu,
excladitH- all bwm of thh teitoi-wo
teacM to ftt eWfc JWym fry Jfe?, I1U
-tea-Kern "t!Kf linenl' a-'aeea nad - Vh
-lersterxi by a JaaadIccMt.e--ed.RBd
Corre-pondence ortheCwciBti Co-ante-ciaL
Rome Ga. Jan. 12; 1S6.
WESTERN AND ATXANTIOTtAICROAD'.
ujiBai.iast iaen over tha road, . cx
lenuiHgrirom Aiianta ui unait-fioopt; jsher
.hian was marshalin!- IiWhrnLj --lvsMtnn
for'hU niarcli to tlie sea. On eacIr-Sife' pf
me route, us .Jar as the eve con Id restcm Mv
n uevasiaieu aim almost, deserted coMBtrj",
.near the track were scattered at intervals
Uie blasted ruin of thcTrar herea locomo
tive thrust down the embankment by some
treacherous obstruction, or hurled todes-trac-
uon oy;an unexpected ioqdc anon, miles
lined with hca? of reddened amrbentrails;
tho evidences of Hood's last destructive but
fruitless raid, in his jrrcat antazonlsi's rear.
Now.. however, these jutnicntoca of 'the tcr-'
nble contest jiavc disappeared. Many of
mo lormer resident nave. rctMrm.tl' to con
struct anew the family dwelling, -flrto patch
;tip the wreck, oi the old one. Population
,tttii miiitLuviuii: auuui tut; iviMiiiii-v ui iiiu
luwiin aiong mo roan, aim diishics ig reru-
peraung in a wonuenui manner, i he cars
are old,, and ricketty. anil plain; the loco
motives' look ihaltcrcd and "worn, f'thc cloth
ing onhejoeo'ptc I" generally coarse home
luauu jeaua io; uie men, wim a mir snniiK
linc of Northern lire? irood. for thp. t.-irJiftJ
seldom, however, iisine above' calicoef:
wagoa-, nnileshorse, agricultural liple
' L . . vUr... . . i i' i ,
jiicuu-an-tican.-:; ure-pcarreu cnimneys ooi
4i..i'.i . il i ,.-..
iicr loiiucaue, :inu aiiu hkc exciamauon
pom is over tiieasiics oronco-nappy homes;
and, the dwellers Of the country! though
drjven t'o work. 1, neetssita&e rerwij appear
dispirited, add lack -the' energy which takes
hold o'f things With aVill, and IsHglw at
(Before tlie war. ftiisrckT -was theTEmno-"
riam of this upper end of t&eTHtiec. Tfioueh-
4,b00, it was the centre of tet r?n-M. Stteff
ness, ihe terminus ot railroad conrtect?cm ;
with ,tlie Iajt, and ju8fesf;Tn a river HaVi-
gation into- Alabama for a idlotancc' of 7(L
rr"i . r. ---...- 1 tl ... t . - '
June-,, ii annually -jiuppcu away somo
:u,gou hales, ol cotton; ana some zw,wv
buslteis, of wiie-4,-1vitbr a Variety- of other
article. II is Etilrone'Of tho most pictti-
r . .
ransej' of .hills, covered" with -rorusB' -vet
hardly toilched by'the ax. Wheri tfieplaco'
fell into' tlie hanJ'o'f tht'F;ederaPai"hiy,'on
the 18IH of May'.' 1804. the numerous' flower-
gardens wens in full bloom, the woods were
rcsDlendent. in their fresh robes 'bf.irreen:
and tlie white houses nestled iff- the' midst'
ot trees and patches ol .verdure-tike emblems
of happiness,' 'calling forth the eBthaMf-stic'
admiration , of 'the' yictors. ThO town now'
ia tlm sha'doSv of itst former teft -When' the'
rebels cvacitated it: tlicv" destroyed two cost
ly toll and bnd i-nlroadJbridce'. and-indis
criminately plundered the -stores-of the city,
Idaving it a scene of desolatidn.. Afterward,
wlicri Sliferman left the place in his rear, lie
burned tlie iail. therollins-mill and irmchino .
shops, the steam flouring establishment, and
other buildings. Through an error; half a
dozen private' stores and a hotel were1 con
sumed at the same- time. Since" then the
torch of 'the incendiary has" laid.-in ashes
nearly the length br a gquaro in tho business
parf of the city.
REVIVAL '-OF, TR" ADK AtfD ADRICULTURE;
At the. close, of tins war many causes gavo
a sudden impetus to the revival of 'trade'.,
Tho wiinta, of tho people were, Innumerable.
Where the smirch of armies had brought
destruction only in part, wear and fea'rihad
been busy at work. The strict blockade of
the ports hail dwarfed tho. imports to a lioinh
far .below tho demands of, consumers. With,
lfearly, all nianuGjucturcs,; .excepting of walJ
material mid of a few; ,cbarso fabrics, e'ycli
tlm funiitiirt; of u. man's house, once di-
iKHetl.of. could rarclyr be replaced witliont,
ii . J .i'm ii ' rrf. : !i. ji i i
me, mmosi uimciuiv, imuhjicui- ui jiuusu
lio.ld utensils can be unagined when a corii
liipn seivc, indLsnensable in p. house where
corn-meal was. daily used, would readily
liave- brought one hundred dollars in Con
federate notes, while bacon was selling for
four, dollars per :pound.
To supply .this universal destitution, stores
Willi small stocks' of goods rapidly sprung
up. Many persons had .saved small sum t of
silver or gphl,'or bank notes; others hatl;a
liufeicotto'n ; wfule still others"haiUimited
Supplies of country produce. Starting front
these beginnings, trade lias advanced with
remarkable rapidity' until lidhic. now num
bers some forty business houses of various
kindt, which are estimated to contain more
goods, wares and provision, than at any
time before the war. Gradually comfort is
diffusing throughout Uie whole surrounding
country. Here and there- evidences of thrift
are beginning to manifest themselves. New
pailings. are going up a"round open yards
ttnd gardens; new roofs are replacing
their leaky predecessors; the gra jean
of confederate days is giving way in the
towns, to Northern fabrics by degrees J though
a general complaint is made of the. scarcity
of money, a large amount is in circulation
?.. I t ,(!.., ...,l.l
cousidcrinir how lately it was that rebel trash
iwas the only currency,; and finally, cheer
fulness Is displacing despondency, and mbn
nnnear to have laid their plaiisof life and to
have commenced to work them into rcali-H
Agriculture is almost prostrated. Few
planters arc making contracts with the frecd
raen for their services on the farm during the'
ensuing year. Cbmpdvely little cotton
will be planted. Thc.WTp- will bo mainly
corn" .and the ccrcahC Probably, jn Upper
Georgia, as much groiihd has been sown with
thoiatter as was ever before. This; howev
er, Is. little for .a region wlierc formerly hun
dreds of thousands' 0f acres of the richest
lands.a'nnually teemed with cotton-bolls.
The devastating hand of "warJias consign-'
ed to the camp-fi-0 mile after mile of rail
fences, and vast fields of arabhf soil' lie now
like"open commons. Some of these place
havObccn sown in wheat, the owner proceed-'
inz afterward to erect the inclosurc. The1
. I " f . .At- 1 t l rltf-
days OI irouuic aim eiui'arnuvmeiu mil ar
rive with the period of harvest, when it is
feared that sufficient labor Will not be at
hand to gather tho waiting grain.
SENTIMENT OF HIE PEOPLE.
Tho starry flag lias no place in the; affec
tions of the people. Here and there it ba
the devotion of some solitary man or wo
man, but the great mass execrate and loathe
the emblem of the Union, trample on, its
ample folddaily "-Ttfehtlyjn their' hearts;
and would pobliclv.f-eaditiii the dust, if.tkey
only dared. ThesiiieicitJW the symbol of tlie
ruinof alltlieiraabkieas Behcrsws, and as, the
constant reminder of their degrjwWio-i, raSi
and bereavements. Jrt tht desolation wJdei
spread arotind, .they aeej. not the inevitable
results Of thcirown ' folly and dehrtion, kit
the doings, of malice, jerenge and oppres
sion. The tt$iibo noHy iSc'rificed his
home at the SoriUi to stanil by 'tho Union jn
I iu.days of leril( feeing for InlMe frofn the
I nn of 'tLam Inmlilii J.IAI .An .Q.
turning obcc more to his desokttea acreft,
meets the neer, the frown and tfoi con
tempt of his former neighbors. Tho hatml
of "Northern men is bitterer and intenser
f.iarl Sever'' before The oR afMoskyrS-r
tered by thirty yearsfof -tudlcd ciiltivalic-h,
has gathered raneo-a'.venom during the
past five year-, and now.,exhi4 a, tfifa of
remorseless intolerance whkk.nrill nt
''down" at the bidding of reason, jwtice or
Tdid not meet a dozen fctitnm in Upper
Georgia who expressed attachment to the
United States GavenHe"t. The nearest
appro ch to that feeling was the mnarlcof a
talented lawyer, who said, "I waa a Soa4hern
rights mtatf ami. I a hi proud of it. T regret
tho' wa'y' tins war ended. Wc submitted ear
caxo to the arbitrament of arm-, and lest I
vield to a necessity I can not prevent. I
have taken the oath of allegi-sjce, and shall i
1 . II Tl ... 1 1 ' . ! . .1 .. (J l...tl.'
compared witli the general sentiment. I
heard k ;ieI(S4rf jfft retrBel- hobe, in
f reeling a friend on the street,' say; "You see
have only one hand to oHer you. I lost an
am in the service. I'm not sorry, though
I wesld willingly give the ether for th.
cause." As a party of Federal soldiers wa
passing a hotel, a bystander remarked to his
companion, "I wish I could put torpedoes
under tta-e-in&ial eeM4rels,- mi! blow
tlicm to Ir-M." M jinc yow Showh, was,
a rtply, with relish. A passenger on the
train, a physician, proceeding to Dalton to
purchase a small supply of medicines, jn the
course of eea y-fsation with a fellow-traveller
occapving a part of the same seat, said :
"Yes, the "i'ankec army was picked up out of
ttW penUmdaMe n4 workhot-ses. 1 ; They
pitched mf bottles out of doors, and then
twined nsvoftce. . Ji.)ad some stuff" put up
so that it looked like prefer ves.' One fellow
refn-'up- (Qwna'iu the' Union. Located at'thd
junctdi-'ptrelie Etowah1 and thd Oo-tenStilsJ,
forming hepoosa"'riveryit-iisu'rrourrdUiy :
'ate quite frco'ly 6rfiitaftd'so0ii after the
etevil sent him'word he Svanted to see him
down be9-roigartiwiW aiiie-.i. I jnada
him -t title in feesi-spk to six feet by two
v.e . i ' - , - ...
ii v groiimi. ami was giaa oi me cnance.
.ne rtsTKmse oi xae Keeper ww enureiv in
teepwg witfe the listener sen&Hcais.
" V hi lei was stendiitK on the pkUform at
Ki&Bston, waUitMrfor the up-train. a woman
asked me: "Ain't yoii from lUim-i?"' Itc-
plied that T was. Is the Yankee wAliers
tharyet?" " Yes, tW yeC" ."Am't the
never going to go?" ."-liair they wiM as:
soon a they are through vUb felling d large
ioi oi uovemment corn, "l'ttr luieiiiv
. .1 A.. t.--.j If .,!il. . .. . .V -
gia-i in near iu "iney go Firwu-i- srhout
nice tney were Bftfael(v. X Male- 'cm."
There was a ghke in her eyes as she said
"hatej." . whicu. slic pronounced asifcvery
lettcr oC the word was a capitnl tn two-Ike
pica, Ycry"9ggeuve of CamMe lectareS.a-td
an unsparing" use ,o Kpom-rtwksi, There;
was a carmyortju- smack, in the uttcranoe
wh-eh showed, how (Stubbornly sdic, could
chertsli amsHwitv. T
Thcarclmi iolatc-l exaiiiples of K waloly
hie with i4 unreasoning intensity andbtttcT-
IK2S3, -.Lisneeuiess loinir uiaiiiioOencr.il
Gttvcraiaent finds no depository of ' affection
in the hearts of such a people."
TIIADDKUS fctTBVENS" SPKKCII.
If ywi wawtto heara-Koutlicrti man utter
maletlictioBSi both IolhI ami deep, grit his.
'.I a , .' ' . -. -..
icem, aasa his. eyes,, ana. vaitcinato geoeraL-
lyy ventilate this speeh. It is now prettr
wen dtsseaiHatctf over Uct--fe. at it -tirs
the tiger. pas4o3 of the .peopte. gaid. ofic
nan, tome, 'Jf the policy of thatn-ech is
tolbb thejiplicy of tlie UoVcrnmenti there
will be' anbtlier mpturd." -"Haven't voh
Iiatl enough of1 war?' I asked. '-iThat 1ms
rickhing to do withi it," heplied; ,"We
all have but puc time to dij, ajid better to
die than to be troddcn'dow'rt under foot ig
norarniou'sly 'into th Vftisfi" Th!-voeabH'-Iahrof
execration: and O-e-kw he net extent
siya'JenBjh. to .tsxptwi Itbtt jhW Mig;
alHt he speech-.. If, Stvw liowld. take a
swddciir deire'to "oywrt'hls IHKa.'vwit
South would'be apt to wic-' Mm
PERSBCUTION Ob' TiNrON MEN.
gia aro that a ,truly Union man cannot live
there in.peace- and comfort. The spirit of
revolution Is" a'm-ressivc. ahdthcsrnrit-'of blic
late stniggler is still lilive, ami wiii not let its' 1
ppjieseat reiC Ho Iway Uu tle reb jr-rmpa,-!
UHKfs.aiutit-. uu iiiav ,ue iin.unisiM.'c in ills
talkv attentive to his' 'business, kind, ahd for
Waring, but if it is kriown tliat the tdist ofl
unionism is renmu niiua- ssa. He larries ia
'I-eQand only, as Ishmac!v
Qntlie train I mct'aoldicr who.aAcr
fotir,ai)d h'alC.vears service' 'in tlie United
fiatci army, had beeir hottbfably' Blustered
out- lie liad c-one to boutheni Ueorcia with
his carniiigsuind gqnq int9'bu-incssr He told
me that he soon found that it his. .devotion
to tlie old Jkutr was suspected, his business
would bo ruined, atul lie- was compclfedYo
hear-his'coBntn-'s flag vilKfied, and k)ld his!
4ongac He told mq .that as soon as.hecould
get rid of the business -hackles which bound
lit 1 i ' T 1 . . "i . 1. C i J.'.
urn, uc iiuuiiueu iu. ijiui inu ouuiri iurever.
At and about Bonie. Gcorcia. I found the
same general hatred and psrsecution of Yan
kees, as every man born:out of a slavcliold-
4ne State is denominated.
At this town lives a man named Stewart
who-sacrificed' his nronertv and evervthim-'
for UiO sake of the Union, though a Southern
born' man. He Is now. Postmaster of the citv.
probably bein the .only, man in it whocoufa
concientiouslv; take the 'oath required by his
office. Whcrt htf-visA 'first appointed to tfce
position, a number ef rebels, wim had at
tempted to Wk&t oite pf their own men into
the .place, refu-ied bluntly to yield to hU ap
pointment forcible possession Of the rost-
offico building being retained, until his firm
ness and eourage developed to them the pow
er, of tho.Gcneral GTcnmicnt at his back.
Though his. opi-osers succumbed to a power
tlicy could not'rcsi.it, they hate him 'with an
intensity that words lack power to express.
On 'the' Sahirdav night before Christmas,
tliisfcelintr nirafnst him culminated in the
attempt of some dastard, or dastards, to fire
his dwellniL'. Pat nine was Snlif into fine
splinters, cotton, intermixed with matches,
t ' i . i. , .. .
was oounu wun uie wuou iuiu u. lajii, over
iidwdcr was laid. Next raorniri-f, tho ihcen
diarv' missil was liM.-overcd. and, a blaclr
strcalc showed where tho powder had burned,
but had failed to ignite tin) inllammatory
combustibles. On Monday morning, a simi
lar contrivancO was discovered at the rear of
thesmoke-houfie, where, also the plan had
failed of execution. Yet this Postmaster.
against whom such foul tilings had been de
vised and attempted, is a peaceable, law
abiding man, a kind neighbor an, cnterpris-
iiitelligent, lorbciiring citizen, invading,
(io one s right, in word or deed, but rather,.
thoush deeply injured himself, urging con
ciliation and the efficacy of healing'inllu-
The inuciiuitv of the malice which the
people try to hVap upon the heads .of Union
residents is hardly credible. I personally
Jaiow of a couple of Instances in" point. The
Ren-ant of a family truly, loyal, tho, lady of
which afforded aid and comfort to tlie sol
diers of Straight's devoted band when they
were captured and brought to Komc by tor-fet-t,
was sent out one morning to purchasa
some beef of a rebel butcher, there being no
other in the city. Tho servant was kept in
waiting so long that she returned to the
, house, tired of tarrying,' nnd afterward went
"Mrs. So-and-so .wants apiece of tliohind
. quarter," says the girl.
" You can't get it," was the blunt'reply.
"You have plenty hcrcj why not?' was
!askcd: ' '
Beplipd Ihb mafi : " There is fore-fjuarter.
Yon can,- hayc some of .that. It is good
enough for. ail 1 Yankee."' , .
At ahb(her"timc a servant was sent to- hnf
a box of' dried herring'. The lady nf-thei
i hot-so a few days previous had pncetl tho
'contifioditr at one-dollar and a half. When
1 the purchase was made only three dollars
were returned Out of It "five1 dollar bill. As
" the servant was leaving the store, the kceicr
of it turned to a : bystander and remarked.
"If these d d Yank;ees utfl live here,
let then! pay for It "
WThe stony-hca-rtedticss of sUch 'treat-ttetrt
needs no comment. It sjieaks tiipe
tongued of the tcmi-er .qf vthc peoplerand
demonstrates beyond cavil tlie quality of
Ill ihe same town, a Union man said td
rae: : :" Tho Union; MHtirnVnt lierc J eovred.
We iarci outiiHwWred. Tl-e r.ebcls; have
everything their own way. Kor one. if I
could change my "Investment here' without
serious loss, I would leave to-iiw-TOW
A loyal man hying pro-crty, awl moy
iag into tlwce-nwHuit--, if, with his fatsily,
ot.once ostiraK-ised socially. His. neighbors
d6 nol vMt'liim' Ills children hrc'insnrted
at school, andieritlcd'8,' " Ymkee.'l r
Within' the past, ninety d-rys;c-me one
handretl .refcel symtMitliixer-', wh- Wttcrncsf
ofj-eecutio-i, in tbVterrible ilays of the,rc-lieHio-imprTCHnesiiec',
hid 'made ihtff
ffcrmcr homes lmt neM of trt4K have iwr
moved WKo-ne,- where they havn hywi re
eeivfkl wh fjpeii arms as the -Martyrs of a
holy eanse, Tlicy havejironeht'to the pfece
all their bid rancor, and tlwvlrwi: hi ft-wesd
with TedoaHed Intensity throghot the
I am satisfied that a Umoh Jwaa can not
find a quiet abode. 'I P!P" 5J2rK'a. H'fce
comes, lie must cha-tf-en is V w ws of the re
bellion er -Ksereetly heW hi tongne. If he
hfMij,frqclaim his devotion to tlie GoveVi--ment,
"pcrseciitiori will soon M at hU JtcelsJ
and all tKe,pV.ty'anrrtyads--'--fhi-h human
animosity can contrive will n wet his BH-isiog
mi hit lying dowB. c, , - a-
ji TMK MONROE OCTXIXi
i.tj-tJ- 1 1 saMli ---tyT.--i n. rv' I iaist fsjsU4---f a-a--m
a1jaj-ju1 y-i ijsw22aBtt i f --tr-a9 miIiL-lL L. XiaB
xnffjvn i'I'wps BBwitfB niwiv mmi mn-Bnn
1 llA&J sWi -" J IlbU-sT -'l.l .-i t T lia-ist 1 1 1 1 I "MflHta
i8W lift tlHftC TfllrtJtfl' ft9 IlOftiro,t tfcC
Unttetl Stte a Gorernmmt acuity wkMi,
m it were, oly yest-4ar they were so et-tfr
ben-Iy warriBg, and a6.tA. which tlwyr--e
ready ia form wit); fo-eljp- .ruUUm a tresty
offensive and defensive. Ihit the catu.f
this excetKfH- ohitH'h? Is" e-ily undcr--4oodif
the rmrti vert, which aet-a4e it am ha
penetrated. A war with Krn, otLaecoHirtj
of Mexico, woold 1 th ojjertHHity oHKc
SouUi. Irtr late soWSers wetifcJ, as far a
prteticaWc nmrm to Mm atandaitl f tins
welcome jnyader; hie Iwgioii- eryr
wke a lotlf-went m the Sout4nin- i-ot, th
ir4mums wetttH mi wee iein them rai
iils-UaUUI 1111 f 111 " lit I i '-'-I I - f . 1- -
wiwiwuH unvni 1 ul Ir tri frra mm HRb fBfWki
foe im a'pesMe wa-t. W vmM rmivu
'the (sfeefn wWissal-tk f hursaU, As the
which; terpentine was freely poured. Ihe
pile was simulv placed against one of the
pillars of lus front porch, and a train
,1 smuiiuMii nues kk saacMcjartiiaa
JSab-f-iptioB. inrva-iatfy ia a3'viiev'
arajv of invasion made progroi, the- people
in the res -vfould turn the h ejeeei -a-r tet
slaves at the point of the bayonet. Food
would be Atn-iahed te ' ftr-- Jte--rai- i
fast; as. the growad wot-M yie-ki k. The
young men ww.hi fe awtts. - 1h pes
4e in. front would supply j-eedfel iafc-ma-t-km,
and the FetknH fci-edi wcsaU. aain
Sad theMselves, as ht tW past tg. --ears
and more, in the midst of xhootHif Atttl rr-f
forcim war isthendrea-H. nf thei Sah4Ii.
"Her people vainly hope and helieve that i
with a Sireign army and navy at their badL-v
sup)Iied with foreign fimd.-, and with the
pciWIifyof further for-u'ga cfi-4a:ioc-, -raccdss
will Jicrch on the broken atandaetl ot- t
thQsuhuy clime, and that thi deajCMfoJ-i "
eracy of the past would hectnae. x Mr'mg
reality of tho present. This) vaotlre lietttst.
t'hq bottom of the persistent u-tdety of llw
SoHtliem people to viud-icakr ihejn.jcstf of
the Monroe tloctrihe
TRE.1TMENT OF FRKKDMSN
s Hafxt!- atjd tnicity are the- tmo wctAt
with whick to characterise! t'e t---at-(ie-tb
which the mxsl of the people-of Georria
weto out to their former slave-. Said ai .
planter td me, while Mlting' beside hh-r on
the cars r "One-fourth of the negrapo-Ht-Iation
Of this State have died since the hrst
of last January, and rtRother one-fourth "will
miserably perish this 'wwter,- from starva
tion and exposure.''" AS he tcW me t-his, he-
rolled the information Hdcr his ton-rue asT
if it were a rich morsel. HeproccedeuVwitK
a relish that sickened me. to Xlescfih-' titCM w
condition of the n-ecdme. He' pic4ui-JI
them as- idle, yicioa, Isxy, improvidentj
witliont any app-edrtiR of -the siaeMti--
eScacy'of a cofs-trsci, tmi camhorow ef the
greuml; " He explai-te-1 lx-w hy htttl hetki
-dmost iitive:-Wly drives off the ptontatie-ia
tor wormtese-iess, mw Mr 'UmyiMf- ftfm
i ties . hew tliey wW lock Wt-tewas
how tkey lived treq--til- ii artofVtwisde of
hwhes; alo- the lwies of ;e niHi satis, trv-s-mr
to ekfrodt a sc-mty --sbiwi.tdwee.t-f tterl-ii-.-
-if- pies and cakes ; and how the wild furr--i
-.VrVlLi... ,.11 ,w . J " , .:. f t-
4 wiiiiii- nosm i--i- ULimi;i axk eiwe
watha'iH their ranks; Uo- e-
Doaheics.--, "-art of h (Jeseriwtfs- sj-s
to the letter. It isrea-wwhie tosuan-oi that
a race bowed to the dast WHser a erfel 'yuiie,
scoursred to labor bv hard tasltmiMers!
plunged in ignorancoVby 6pprc--iye' hwrs,
defraiKkd" and prostituted for gsmwatloiiir.-
trained- to dependeace cm oehen, shenldr
when suddenly and al most' mi-toitnuly sat -free,
fail to exhibit tbe kifh Hrsita im
ersry; eterprisc, foreAoughty seW--jMa--t'ad ,
straighMbrwa-rilacss displayed by a lanotai "
class, educated to habits of thogM,-.-; ac
customed to the waya of the' world. Jt kr set
right to expect too maeh ef them at bmc
By convcrsiag-with the fVeedmcn powonally,
I ) earned to appreciat-e their uMfflewttefte
I aske-t x iicgro mm, 'wio, wis Ms Um
ly, was living in a wretched,
a lint that was" hardly a shelter t Ms hestd
-why he had left the pIsH-ta-rn, 1-arniay
iiiai hcwh a recent amrai trom mm saun-;
S, Sftkl he, " Olo maste-- dfoyg m et? wh
iP.tattoM ; said he diet'atjraatss ne mmt
llo told as we was free, ad had to work foe .
OBrselves now, liko do white. -sat,'' " Why
didn't you make a aiMraetirwieh.' his to
raise a crop 7 " " He sfttd. sit ha- he -Kd'itt
liave for H-iwi-frs te weki fisr hiai."
"What brought you to tew?" ",Well,,
marster, -we had io go some whar, aad so we
come here." " How do you m imago ta lielf'- -j
i" Well, I gits a job some tiwo,, aadi Sally,
she washea for tho de vmwmhj Jmk we a.
treated aaihty bad. De seeeah has get de
upper hand, and has ceryibeae; ler, own
way." " Stit th people aay. the netjwiics, km
such thieves they aro afraid let hre thoifti
nhfcut." "I -npeka noma sla-sesa iLfaa -
It's mlf-hty hard to git ha-gry, aa4 fee to
eve nemj, mu nu kj -ir n gi jk I
i There Is the wholela a nut-eheM. Dviva
from home and shelter, withet mi. ef titelr
qwn to cattivatc, withoHt property oc ie-:
sources; persecuted aad hated .for their eeier,
and defraaded thf-gk their ygumgmJiti.
blacks drift to tlie first .resting phvee that je-.
morsclcss destiny seems to pout OS t. With
out food, they IioBgerr hnn-fcripy without
tho means to purchase iH-istenanee, .they steai.,
to satisfy the '-iMteere. Through
such surroundings, the negroes are helped, to
the epithets, lazyj thriftls, ro-tAles(r, thiev
ing and undeserving. Perhaps, thfet-ghthe
su(Trings of these wretched crgaturcu, their
former masters nope to prove to the riorth
that slavery was' a blessing, his ahnomal
condition freedom, into which fanaticis-n has
Itcvoltihg as the picture is, 'douhtlaHS the
blacks are oflCn in the wrong, often misap
prehend their duties, often stoat without
cause. But it is not true of the mass. And
if it were, who ia responsible? .who; de
praved and divarfed their minds by RCrwra
iions of enforced ignorance, and defrauded
their lives by compulsory, unpaid labor!
Though so many arc ruthlessly driven
hway from their old homes, yet,;to the honor
bf human nature be it recorded, that all
piasters are hotinhuman, but thai, here and
there, one is to bo found, who h making iust
con tracts with his former slaves for their
Jabor, and that, In tho main, the late chatties"
nre willing to work when the compensation
is commens'urate with the services, .to be ren
. The Charleston
Giurtif of January 10
Our citizens wcrp surjiriml to learn yes
terday of thoarrcscof arnB-fabcr of gentle
men on account of soraejnkial.prtcii-gs
against the reported oftkw of blockade
nmning vessels. The .gentlemen ariestcd
.were Messrs. T. I). Jervey, Henry Cbbht,
and A. J. Johnston. Several other ha-Hca".
Jof persons arrest to! were mentioned, boLtke:
I above wpro the only ones wa could karn with
jauy certainty as correct. It appears the
'Government claims thc'assctsofall blockade-
runners, and i-eqidrcaitlic books, Ac., of the
companies: taThe given tip & evidence. It
is ate rstio'ried that this action wast taken in
! consoiHienee of. one of the cowpw-ie Ifaviag
recetly publishol a- notice a-mou-BciB-;
, dividend among- the stockholder-.
The follow.in'-.i-i.-jgpyonhcpnlcr issued
'Ui one of the parties.
USITJEU 8TATi3 -TltCUUKV DTA-Tit----T,
Sib; The department with a view to gain
'information relative to tho blockade Mai
durinf tlie War have sent Mr. "t
special agent of this department, who wyl
que-tioH.you, upon oath, aid lias the power,
to summon witnesses, -fx.
You will, take notice that yc-s are hereby
forbtthkh' to pay out asY divirfenda and Ma
Hose of any. preperty,whkbiMtr be,eti'h-M
belonging to the cosapaair which jou reprc-
- i "".".
Mr, Jervey, we regret WTwirsf was com
rniWeil to jail yesterilay. '
The samepajer of Janiiaryjn, says: r
Mr. A. S. Johnston, President of the Chi
cora C6fnt-iny, having decMal telswwer
ihe i-nqaJt-e-i made to htm, wa jmtordmp af-teniee-i
tftken into ciistoiy hjfr the mimrj
guard and committed to jU ;TJte partk
arrestwl, with their counsel, (-onsisUne- of
Ho. WfUf.D. Gorier, Hon. Hry
tmi Ja-nes" B. Ca4llJ af-teared hei
Utft CX Jill fll 111 CstsHlr li-aar - I
The resnlt of the interview we have not bees
atlojlojearn. hut il Is rejrtetl that the case
w;ll!-'lwi illllirnittml rf-L -uai&inrUuMf tt
. ike mttam wade Have been, the ,olcttf of
irpo--k-d companies, or the ff----ditka'
they received their charters for the purpose
of bringing in arms ariiawmhsrttionf Httr
hy aiding the CbnereracTt" "
The Charleston. Smith GinJvtuin raikes
the Allowing comments e)"ihe arresir re
Ware told tk-X.gll tWp-Wdssti of Uie
several bfakade-r-wning co-apaaiiH dftriag
the war have been arrtd, are mw Pb limbo,
ami we f)poe wilt be refpwed te do what
lmkt':ffheH wa- denied vammdom. to do
"j-wW the Kcmt of th-ur peiMMt-kous-''
Ther-ceof authority will y to then the
very word dicUted ly tie ve-whi alitor of
the Royal Dane to Messrs Hot-Mio MdMar
ctfltH " Swear f and thev wW siey it with
ItMi pr-iwiftita-k', thotj-th pe4'heM -swee.
Thw-fs-aetye-of s-Tea-injrwas wesM. to ke
c-insidgwil i-told'Imcs aahh-hly ct-nsiiwiisW.
When legalized anl made vrrv -en-J
amot-g a tWpletit argues Uie ti4veral'oo-i-vletioit
that men will W fot-nd nirT-nJ-ie--i
( sbcJW wji-allr hnd orwone hahk, (hat
of lyi-. Briefly, mn neTer Kqtii- fUtk
i, oe. aother except thrcafb a 'Sevilish
Tfs fcHawtog is an item of Ttswe-see
ewa hy way of the NoM-h t
Th yfofmrt of the iaiwi ufe-te i4lfo of I4e
Wwa-ir--si-as -tiilsswtl 11 fr-x-tTtnu-sss H ttmlH.
hmt MiwmU attvie-M af-ert, tha tkm Tt-MWrtte L-j-k'l-fciri
"fJ Mr comfer qs! Civil ri-B-i
WjNHa a4 -aVeMfarMMst T f 1-ri