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"THE "WILL OF A PEOPLE HESOLVED TO BE Fit EE IS LITTLE LESS THAN OMNIPOTENT."
WINCHESTER, TENN., FEBRUARY 8, 1803.
IF. . SLATTElThoVRIEToE
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t 1 .'- -1 - ......
sion" or a popular something else upon ; lar delusion; but if it is so, it is ono j the people. . Nor should it bo Mibmit
tho subject; wo judge that it is not ;i winch tho organs of tho Ad mini elm. i tod to. It is a violation of tho great
popular delusion, or tho Commercial tion and tho advocates of tho war fundamental principle upon which all
would cro this timo havo fallen into it, shouldoombat: not by proscription and free government rests tho right of tho
as it docs with that sort of tiling in denunciation, winch nro signs of woak- people themselves to institute now
general; for the propensity of that ness, but by tact and argument.
'government, laying its foundations on
o - -
of tho peopto of the respective States.
It ii an impudeut'assnraption of power
that .demands tho indignant robuke of
Wixciiesteh, Ten., Feb. 6, '03.
Mr. Editor: Dear Sir: I hand you
tho Cincinnati Enquirer of recent date,
containing much valuable information.
Let me especially call your attention
to the article, headed, " Is this a hope
ful war." The point made is that tho
object of tho North cannot bo accom
plished by fighting, and certainly an
rt!cle of o much point and force
ought t,o ba read in the South by every
body. The statement of facts by the
editor is tho mo it remarkable tint has
hen publicly undo iu tho North, no
fV as I have boon able t. seo since tho
war cimmencod. I h pe you will re
So aU ) tli'J article headed " What the
Abolitionists iu Congress and the White
Hou.e aro striving to do "
Your truly, A. S. CO LA" Alt.
Is thi3 a Hopeful War ?
"The idea that there is some method
of restoring the Union other than that
of force of arms has become so preva
lent, and is " without warrant, in the
condition of tho country, that wo sup
pose it may bo f.iirly termed a popular
delusion. " Commercial of Jan. 1L
On an average about twico in each
week tho Commercial takes pains to
inform it3 reader, in nearly the same
terms, that tho only hope of restoring
the Union is by fighting the rebels un
til thoy aro beaten and lay down then
arm. Whether tho Union as it was
will be regained even then is a question
it does not soe fit to discuss. Whether
a nationality which was created, and
wag supposed to exist by consent, can
bo restored and perpetuated by force
by a com pul-ory power continuall
erc'i6ed over its elements, is a point
certainly worthy of somoconsidcration.
It seems to us that tho word restore, in
connection with such a process, is a
misuse of terms; and that we had bet
tor choose some other moro pertinent
form of phraseology. The actual dif
ference botwoon force and consent, as
bond of national unity, is vory strik
ing; and the words which properly
describe tho one condition aro hardly
fit to describe the other.
The inference which the Commercial
draws, and seeks to havo drawn from
its promise is, that the war must be
continued: that in spito of reverses, iu
pite of discouraging prospects, in spite
of what approaches a demonstration
that the rebels can not bo subdued, by
force of arms, tho fighting, the expen
lituro, tho wearing up of our armies
must still go on inexorably and per
petually. Now, wo havo a question to put to
the Commercial; the Commercial may
answer it or not, as it pleases, and
probably will not; for whilo the Com
mercial is ominentiy desirous of the
honors which attach to tho organ ship
of its Jparty, it is noi ovoranxious to
assume the responsibilities, in other
words it would be a party organ bo fat
as the thing is profitable, and not a par
ty orga q so far as it threatens to bo
otherwise. But the people will answer
io ; themselves, Thoy aro ansious.
There i jotting to be a "popular dolu-
t'oncern to et astride of a hnmbii" is : We understand the Commercial and : such tirir.rtinlns.uinl nrtrnniv.'intr itnnw.
as well established and notorious' as its colaborors in this field. By assert- ! ers in such form, as to them stiall seem
that of tho beggar for other equestrian ; mg that- the Union can bo restored in ' most likely to effect their safety and
performances. no other way than by fighting, they ; happiness." And, yet, wo find the Ab-
The question which we ask the liber-! cud-savor to escape the material point : edition leaders endoavoriuc to override
ty to propound to tho Commercial is ' in the case: Can it bo -restored by that sacred right by attempting to form
this: Suppose that in the opinion of fighting? Let them answer this, as a new government without tho consent
.... .. V . I . . .11 .' . . Mi... .I...-- !.. e jL .i i I .f .1 . f n.i .. . .
rational men, wen conversant with too ; eii iur uicir own aivus as lur mat or
subject, it is impossiblo to subdue the ' the country. For if they are aiding
South and compel it back to a politi, 'to hold the people and the Covernment
cal connection with tho North by force to a Hopeless war, fearful is the account
of arms, would it bo udvi:vib!c any! that will bo footed up against them in
longer to continue the war? This is a ' the sequel. Our country is bleeding at
test question; and taking for granted , every pore. Cur wealth is being
what remains to bo proven l hat tho : waited. Our citizens aio falling be
Commercial is honest, frank, disinter-' uoath the tiro of tho enemy and tho
ested, and sincerely desirous to pro- equally deadly influence of Southern
mote the best good of the countrv and miliaria in countless multitudes; and if
tho people wo will point out thelogi-i all this is in vain, and manifestly in
cal consequences which will attach to vain, let those who havo urged and aro
affirmative and nega'ivo responses. ; urging it on look to themselves when
Supposo it says' aye; the ouestion ' 1 ho day . of reliction brings with it
ii . ii i .
men arises: rorwnar is inowar, nope
less of resorting the Union, to h". pros
ecuted? Tho Commercial is one of
those journals whi -h, while pressing
extraordinary -K-vti i to the Co: n,
has exhibited moro interest in obtain-
i i e . i it
ins iroe iom tor the nen than in r
Ykat the Abolitionist in Con
gives and the White House are
Striving to do.
The Washington City Jirpuhliam, an
'ranchisos .f the while Administration organ, iu i.n article on
ou the tho Emancipation Proclamation, says:
oi s'lrmi valiiiL' t h"
m:-;n; and if it favors carrvimr
war after all ho
South are at an cud. the in "e
be that its ohjeet has been
beginning to break no ti:e
relations of the. S-m t !i, a d that this
enterprise it is still u:ii iiiiug to re! in
q iirh. An a!li 'malive re-;1 oese wid
(ait the war, so f'n- as tin.. ( 'uuvii'ocial
can doit, uoon tho looting df an avowed
war upon slavery ; an. I will invf.ttive all
its past ib'claratious that it has beo:i
proM ie ltcd lor any ol Ii m- pur;i iw.
SupjM'se it says n-iy, it will th.-n be
pertinent to osk : li u-t tho oie-dion,
whether th -re are any real i'nnd itions
f)i- the h'pe cf subj'igatiiv; the S iulli
by force of arm, one worthy to be
discussed? I it not a great and vital
question the all-important question of
the time; a id ought there not ?o bo
freest interchange of opinions upon it ?
Admitting for the sake o the argu
ment, that the id 'a, that there is some
method of restoring the Union, other
"That lullaby of knaves and f.jols,
" the Union as it was," has outraged
the common sense of the country long
noii'i-b. The Union as if, was is bur-1
it I in h grave from which there is no
rer.i'.rroclion. No Union is now possi
ble, except d' tree States."
We !ikc tho plain speakingof tho lie
p'ibi';nu We agree v till it that tho
Union us it was i i buried in a grave
from wlich there is no resurrection,
b'adical Abolitionism consigned it
thoco, an l threw -the clods of tho valley'
upon it, Lincoln, with spade in hand,
acting a.; mvUoii. Neither he nor they
have any tears to .-.hod over it; nor will
they plant a ilower on the f,ravo where
it is buried, as a mcmentoof their affec
tion for the departed. They murdered
the Union and have buried it, and arc
i-,-.-seeking to construct a new one,
heller fitted to their tastts than the old
one. ''No Union," we aro told, "is now
A Col. Zirvona. A letter from New
u ork, published in tho Baltimore 5un
i the 19th ultimo, says :
A released Fort Lifayette prisoner
says that there are still in the fort
about thirty live prisoners, but mostly
Confederates. Prominent among
them as the oldest inhabitants are
Col. Zarvona, better known as French
lady, and Mr. John Ilipkins, Jr., of
Norfolk, Va. Col. Zarvona is still in
solitary confinement and suffering th
same punishment he has undergone
for ten months. No prisoner is al
lowed to see or communicate with
him, and therefore his present condi
tion is not precisely known.
Pietv in a Gevf.rai.. The Chaplin
of the Fif h Kentucky Regiment
writes ot'K'uby Smith:
lielore going into the battle at
! Richmond, ho spent a S;Msm alono
iu his tent in pr ycr. When the battle
was over, be returned to his tent, and
gave thanks to J d for the victory,
W hen at !ojxifigt.n, Ky., the mini
tcr at the Jjpisonpil Church refused
to officiate ou thanksgiving day, and
Gen. Smith arose, rend a chapter,
led in praypr.an I llnUhed the services.
let us ask : Is th, I'd a:iy '
restoring the Unioa
irms : Ui- avin asiuo cant an-i in
appropriate phrases is there any hope
of subduing the South, breaking up the
Confederacy and bringing bae- the in
surgent sections either to wil'inj alle
giance or uawiiling obe.!'euco to the
(iovernment by any process now i:i
use for tho purj ose? This is a ques
tion which they who urge on tho war
ought to answer, and answer satisf'ae-
toiily. It does not cover their case to
Gunpowder made of paper is tho
latest novelty. A letter from Copen
hagen says tli-.it the. Royal. Artillery
Board, ol Denmark, has just mad
successful t-xpo-iments with the new
material. Common packing paper
was in tho course of ten or lilteen
minutes transformed into a very pow
erful kind of gunpowder, and a num
ber of shots were tired with it.
ii i' l' CO .....
lion Iu- fo.v., ,.C .,,M,H w :,. n, v,l 1 M V ; VoSSl 1)1 0, 0 XCC Ot 0 1 1 V CO O LilLCS.
"J O I ' i. ... '. .1 - :..!.( !..... TT.,,
11 was inai c n.nv; n union
of none but tree States that this war
was begun, has been and is being pros
edited by (he Administration. Con-
ross and tho Kxecutivo seem to havo
combined to make a reunion between
the i'ro'i and slave States impossible.
Wo need not rccou it the various acts
of these two departments of tho Gov
ernment pointing in that direction. j
They are familiar to eveiy uno. One
hali their object has been accomplished;
the Union has been overthrown. Shall
own wa' to
re " Wo the
tho way they prescribe ? If not, thev L'eoplo to havo no nana in me woric : plaining lor years ol ttta immensa
aro answerable for tho losses that R to bo dono under " a military ne-1 uumber of dogs in that State.and a
accrue from tho prosocutiou of a h-jpe- j cessity," or under too war power ol j h.eayy dog-tax has been advocated as
say that tho Union can bo restored iu they bo permitted in their
no other way. Can it be restored in construct a new one? A
Gen. Davies has been superceded at
Columbus, Ky., by Gen. Asboth. So
says a dispatch from Cairo. Gen.
Davies is the hero of the New Mad
rid and Island 10 evacuation opera
tions which wreathed his brow with
few laurels. Gen. Asboth is a Hun
garian oflicor, and was for some time
in command of the fortifications iu
and about thi city.
Dog . Skins. The agricultural
papers of Georgia have been corn-
loss contest. They who urge on a war
ought to no awe to give rational aur
Wo protest against
any such as
a means of reducing their nunjber,
but in vain. Tha nlasrue see ma
ances that, if prosecuted, it vill bo sumption of power on tho part i now jn a far way to be removed, a
successful. Can tho Commercial give Congress and the Lseculivc, or cither , . Je(n d f fa
such assurances ? 1 If a now Union is to bo tormo and J . rf
Now, we havo not within the last six wo suppose that has become a neccssiy r
months conversed with a single man of j by tho destruction of tho old one, tho NewItem for Biluop Fare A con
tho army, officer or- soldier," who even ; example of the Fathers of. the Eepuuhc vjvi;ll vvight, rather the Worse for
pretended to believe that the Union I must bo followed, hacu State must pei)Ch brandy, proposed to a friend to
could be restored, or the South subdued, act as a sovereign and independent ' nj get somt, supper. Says be:
by all tho force that tho North could body, and meet its co-sovcro.gu and co- b & haUi dQZenrrpartridge; hio
Drimr into the neia. Jioro man unec
icweti' io i laiuiuo in vwiimiuuii . , . -, , .
fourths of tho army, rank and file are ; orm a n o o ' '7u..Uo i to l"c." "Come," says his friend, 1 think
fully of tho opposite opinion. That , bo dono by dependent, fiepai.ito bt.vto tJ.ft . ...u,, '..Cab
oninion is every lav cro win- stronger: action, as was tho case when tho Con- ou had betta take a cat. OdD Do
upinioii if. cvci uay v n .,,,,! ,iw,r hie. Tv nnt ffnt to cab vet-I want
onrl .Imnmir Ifc h-ia .rtinrt til 10 .'l SOt- lOUCraUOIl VH iVUUUUViiuu, "v . ' .
tied and Practical belief. Tho belief perfect Union formed. Tho States ' thehtcojh
itself would bo, under ditfeient and, should not permit Congress anu too ato desnatch from IudianapolU
bettor conditions, a formidable obstacle j hxecutivo to make or them n(:w ! says: tii have been introduced in
to success, and in tho present case it is , Union to decide what shall Do its iI()USC jg toward a stringent
almost conclusive. - ! cnaracier. j.uo assumpt.u.. ...v r. v
Nor is this opinion
, confined to tho , of tho neera
It would bo difficult to find a ; part of tho Abo .uomsw . n , g ( r -Democr "
4 .11 ..,..,. .j.m in. tUn W hltA I OUSe. LO lUI'Ut il IIUW . '"""'n'"'"'" ---- . - j
wkh o fc J w o' iVwU in.) a 5 n j Uv o a characW different from i pass one or other of these bills. Un
hat he is faliy convinced thaUho South the old one, without the consent oi tho . coin', treed n.gprs cannot oome i.
can bo Pubdued. This may bo a popu. States, will never be euomittod to by , the Stale of Indiana,