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"TJIK "WILL OF A PEOPLE ltKSOLVKD TO BE PUKE IS LITTLE LESS Til AN OMNIPOTENT""
WINCHESTER, TENN., MAY 8, 18G3.
lie 'aitg; nHetitu
W. J. KIiATTKH, Proprietor.
l.SOpormonth, liins. l.
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"The following article- is from tho pen
of "S. L." tlie intelligent Richmond1
correspondent of tho Knoxville Regis
The London Press How we
Some timo ago I furnished your
readers with an account of tho Paris
ian press, and it may bo well to advert
to that of London. You mu6t know
that the stamp duty has been rescind
ed, and newspaper litoraturo lias been
greatly cheapened in Groat Britain.
"When tho stamp duty was no longer
collected, penny newspapers came. in
to existence. The price of a single
number of tho Times was reduced from
six pence to four penco, and finally
brought down by rivalry of the cheap
er and snvi'or newspapers, it is now
sold at throe pence per copy. Nows
venders in London hired out the Times
nt a penny in hour, each copy passing
through the hands of several readers,
and then returned to the shop of the
news-dealer, was sent in the afternoon
to the country towns, where it was sold
at three pence. This journal represents
the middlo classes, but now, under tho
cheaper newspaper system, persons and
lawyers, and many .tradesmen, have
abandoned the Times, and become
readers of the less costly daily prints.
Tho advertising patronage of the Times
has incurred a diminution hardly per
ceptible. Englishmen are slow to
chan go their habits of thought, , and
alike of their business. Tho daily cir
culation of tho Times in and around
London, is now supposod to bo not
more than twenty-five or thirty thousand.-
This great English newspaper
may always remain the "zens ntphele
geretes" the " cloud gathering." Thun
derer of the European press, though
conducted with extraordinary ability.
The cheaper ephemeral literature of
tlio age is slosvly invading the dontains
of the isolated supremacy of the
Times. In substitution for Mr. Russell,
whom the South so universally detests,
the Times hrs now a correspondent in
this city in tho person of tho Hon. Mr.
Lawley. Of thi3 gentleman I know
nothing, save that hois said to be an
The Star irf the radical Abolition,
liWtv and nn?.litv orzran of the John
Bright, Cobden Manchester party. It
is tho Lincoln-Seward organ, and the
xponent of Exeter Hall, Mesdamcs
Stowo and Sutherland freedom snnei.
erg. , It upholds all cants and isms, is
low and ecurrillous like the old Chart
ist Press, and inveighs against all mon-
The , Morning Herald, the organ of
the nobility and conservative gentry,
,k owned by the, proprietors of the
Standard. The Herald remains a class
paper at three penco, the Standard is
old at a penny, and contains reprints
from tho Herald. The same direction
W thus given to tho opinion ox tvro
classes of readers. Tho numiing issue
ef Ki tr.M 4a rtni. .i5.000 and tho
vening edition 15,000. these nucbers
being great'y increased on the advent
f American ..intelligence. With its
fto daily 'editions, tho Herald stands
"oxt in circulation to the Telegraph.
Tho subscribers to the Herald aro the
most influential of tho governing class
es. Both the Horald and Telegraph
have larger oirculationsthan the Times.
Tho Telegraph is threo or four years
old, and has now a daily circulation of
seventy thousand. It is tho great
loml London newspaper.
Tho News is tho organ of tho soleet
radicals of tho Bright-Cobdcn school.
It is tho Star over again, edited by a
gentleman, if an Abolitionist can bo n
Tho Herald, for fifteen months past,
has advocatod recognition and inter
vetition, and though in advance of
popular sentiment, carries with it the
great bulk of its party. It moves
faster than Derby and D'Isracli. It
will ultimately bear down all opposi
tion, and force .hoso mon to spwak as
it doos. The Horald does not assume
to defend African slavery, but inveighs!
utterly against Abolition madness. It
is slowly divestins tho public mind of
thoso prejudices which wo caused to
exist by long submission to an infa
mous system of navigation acts which,
under tho old Union, cut us off from
direct communication with all tho out
Wo wcro only known in Europe as
represented through the Press of jSrcw
York and Boston, nenco the prejudi
ces against us, our "rebellion' and do
mestic institutions, which prevail
everywhere in tho old world. Siuce
the war began, Europe has viewed us
and this struggle, 6olely through tho
distorted medium of tho Northern
Press, and before the war, poor inno
cent victims of Yankee shrewdness
that we submitted to legislation, gov
erning our coasting trade, by which,
while the Yankees were plundering us
they wcro at t'o same timo enabled
to make the world beliovo that vo
were a raco of hoi 1 -born monsters,
proying upon tho flesh of Africans.
If' this estimate of tho people of tho
South be changed in Europe, wo shall
owe the result mainly to tho Herald,
a fact that our people should not here
Gen. FoitaESf. 'Nlmporte,' writing
to tho Mobile Advertiser and Register,
from Tullahoma, tho 24th ult., says :
Gen. Forrest has been again assign
ed to an independent brigade, and he
will now no longer report to Van Dorn.
This is right; and now releaso Morgan
from AV heeler's authority, and all will
be wcfl, and bickerings between our
cavalry leaders and their friends will
cease, and tho old dash of Forrest and
top wily skill of John Morgan will
brighten the hopes of our partisan ex
ploits. In Gen. Van Dorn's corps, the cav
alry armed with sabres and pistols
have boon brigaded and placed under
Gen. Frank C. Armstrong, who can
handle them if any one can. It is the
intention that this brigado of light
dragoons shall encounter tho Yankco
regulars, who are similarly armed, and
a tournament at close quarters at
"tierce point" is looked for. Tho
balaneo of tho command remain as
formerly, mounted infautry, ono of the
most useful branches of tho service
A Remedy for Small Pox. The
Gorman Reformed Messenger has re
ceived a letter from a friend in China,
in which it is statod that a great dis
covery is reported to have been recent
ly made by a surgeon of tho English
ir-niv in China, in tho wav of an effect-
v "'J I I
ual cure for small pox. Tho modo of
treatment is as tollows : When the
nroefldinp fever is at its height, and
j just before tho eruption appears, the
chest is rubueu witn croton on ana
tarter emotic ointment.
This causes tho whole of tho erup
tion to appear on that part of tho body,
to the rehef of tho ro'at. It alsosecures
a full and complete eruption, and thus
prevents the disease from attacking
the internal organs. This is said to be
now tho established mode of treatment
in tho English army in China by gen
oral orders and is regarded as a perfect
AsoTTKl I'KESS DISPATCH fcS.
PARTICULARS OF THE BATTLE,
Six Thousand Yankee Prisoners. ;
Our own Loss Heavy, including !
most of the Washington
Gens. Hill and Heth still in com
mand. Gen'l. "van Dom is
THE MURDERER ESCAPES!
AUGUSTA, May fl.
The Druggist's Convention assembled hero
to-Jar. Tho largo number of delegates fleeted
are all present. President, C. II. Yantro;
Vice-Presidents, Messrs. Willlianis, Stevenson
und Hatch; Messrs. Cirter and Jones wcro ap
pointed a committed to draft resolutions.
VICKSBUKtt, May C.
It is reported that Col. Ferguson destroyed
two transports and two barges at Greenwood,
and crippled another, and drovo oil' the gun
boats. Nothing important from the army l
low. Tho enemy had not advanced across Bis
Black at last accounts. Thoro was but onj
boat in sight across tho river to-day. A com
pany of tho 46th Mississippi, capturcdat Port
Gibson, subsequently mado their escape, and
rejoined their regiment. Lieut. Col. Puttus,
20th Alabama, captured at Port Gibson, made
his escape and rejoined his regiment.
Four out of tslx transports, attempting to
pass Vicksburg on tho 5th, wero sunk, The
rebel firo was terrific.
The Disp-itch issued an extra this P. M.,
giving first details of the battle of Chancel
lorsville yet received. A correspondent says
the fight was, in many respects, ono of the
bloodiest 'of tho war- Our loss heavy, both in
officers and men. The enemy had thrown up
entrenchments and constructed obstacles which,
after sovero fighting, was captured by our
troops. Among tho prisoners is Brig. Gen.
Hays, who commanded, a brigado in Couch's
corps. Tho prisoners rcpresunt somo forty
regiments, mostly foreigners. On the lower
end of the line, where Gen. Early commanded,
there wa3 some hard fighting. On Sunday
afternoon Mary's Heights wcro carried and a
number of Misissippians captured by tho
enemy, six pieces of tho Washington Artitleiy
taken at the same timo. On Monday morning
the fight was renewed and tho pieces retaken,
together with a number of others. Five Yan
kee batteries reported captured on upper line.
From another sourco I learn that about six
thousand prisoners, in all, havo been taken.
Gen. A. P. Hill has resumed command. Gen.
Ileth not much hurt, still in command. Gen.
McGowen slightly wounded. The 18th Missis
sippi killed more than their own numbers.
Col. Stafford, lfith La., killed, also, Colonel
Walker, 18th Ya.,and Col. Mallory, 55th Va.
TULLAHOMA, May 7.
Tho following dispatch, dated Columbia,
May 7, was rcceivud to-day by tho Frovost
Gen. Van Porn has been murdered by Dr.
Peters. Peters is about six feet high, dark
complexion, dark iron gray hair, black eyes,
and whiskers on his chin, a little gray. Ar
(Signed,) John T. .Whitfield,
PvlCHMONI), May 7.
A correspondent ot the Whig gives further
details of the battlo of Chanccllorsvillo and
Hooker accomplished the capture of Mary's
Heights by a ruse. On Saturday evening ho
sent a large forco towards his right, and rallied
them during the night, and then threw them
rapidly across tho river on pontoon bridges.
Tho battle commenced at daylight. Parks
dale's brigado checkod tho enemy for some
time, assisted by Kelly's battery. They fought
with clubbed muskets, but were forced to fall
back by overwhelming numbers, not, however,
ui.Lil the ground was covered with dead Yan
kees. Our loss one hundred. All but two
companies of tho "lSth Mississippi were cap
tared. Col. Griflinand Adj't Stewart wcro killed,
and Maj. Campbell wounded.
All but seven of the first company of tho
Washington Artillery wero taken prisoners
including Capt. Squires.
The Yankees showed no quarters to Rebels.
Tho guns of the Washington Artillery wcro
Most of our casualties in the battles around
Chanccllorsvillo consisted in slight wounds in
the hands and arms. Few comparatively were
Tho loss of the enemy is equal to that of any
previous battlo of tho war. The fields wcro
literally strewn with their dead.
Tho prisoners captured are mostly of the two
years and nine months men, whoso term of
service soon expires. They say they were put
in front by Hooker at ovcry point.
Tho main body of the enemy havinu been
driven acrosr the river, remains hemmed in bv
our army, and aro afraid to advance, fearing
to attempt to reeros3.
Gen. Lee has remarked that the present po
sition of affairs in tho field is entirely to his
Good New3 from Texas.
Wo wcro gratified to meet in our
office yesterday. Col. John J. Good.
just from the Lono Star State. Tho
account no gives ot affairs in Texas,
is truly cheering and gratifying. Ho
says tho wheat crop was never, in tho
hisLory of the State, as prosperous and
largo as tho present year. The great
fear is, that thcro will not bo a suffi
cient forco at home to gather the
whole crop. To this end, Gen. Ma
grudcr with his usual quick foresight,
has requested all emigrants into Texas,
this Spring, to repair at once, with
thcT working forces, to the grain
growing districts, and assist in reap
ing tho Harvest. The corn crop is
also large and in excellent order, with
every prospect of a bountiful yield.
lie thinks tho extravagant prices of
tho speculators in that State will soon
bo forced to yield to tho prcssuro of an
Col. Good contradicts tho reported
capture of the Queen of tho West. It
was doubtless a Yankee story, predi
cated upon tho expected attack on tho
Confederate forces, down Bayou Techc,
tho 4th ult. Ho was thoro the 15th
and 10th, nnd the Queen was then in
Tho steamer on which tho. Colonel
carao forward was by a new route
ono that has not been navigated for
fifteen or twenty years. 15y ibis chan
nel ho brought out of Texas an ira
mouse amount of bacon and other sup.
plies, for Gen. Pcmberton's army.
Col. Good, in addition to tho fine
grain prospects, speaks confidently of
there being a supply of all kinds of
provisions in Texas, large enough to
supply that State, Lousiana, Arkansas,
and Mississippi, and go far towards
feeding the people and armies of tho
other Confederate Stales. Montgom.'
cry Advertiser, hth inst.
IiKunious Revival. A cheering re
vival of religiou has been progressing
in the Methodist Church in this place
for about two weeks. Meotings have
been held daily, aud the attendanco
has been largo. About thirty personB
havo professed religion, most of whom
have joined the church. Athens (Cra.)
fls-Wo do not wonder that tho
Yankco soldiers aro reconciled -to be.
coming "companions in. arms" with
tho negroes. Their captured letters
prove that they aro not eveu tho
equals of tho negroes in tho point of
intellect or morals.
Tho Yankees, sinco their visits
down South," having discovered that
they are not considered fitto associate
with Southern gentleman, have con'
eluded to affiliate with their servauta.