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.WMJHE8TER DAILY B
u i r -or -f -v .- i
"TU WILL OP A MOPLJC HX30LVED TO JJE rEEE H LITTLE TUAX OMXIPO 1 i XI '
WINCHESTER, TENN.. JUNE 17, 1863-
Be- gailg jfollcfm,
W. 4T. SL.ATTEK, Proprietor.
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Frsin tho North.
Wo have great pleasure in giving l
our readers tho Ljiio-.-. iujr extracts
from ;i letter written by an intelligent
Southern geflttl? man, now in tho ter
ritory ot'tho enemy. lie in every way
eompotent to give a report of things
thero worthy of our corn lente. His
statements Wii; be l iana bvtti itnper
tail t and interesting. Hi) letter is
datod .Now York, Apnl2k'.i, and .-each-d
us in twenty day, via, Nassau.
"As to public affairs, you hour every
thing i t' importance from the Rewspa
pr. But no pen i.an dep ct tho Cor
ruption and iusar.i y of thy Nouhcrn
people. Tnoy arc inanitef-tly a ruined
people; they have io:.t their liberties;
they aro trembling oir.:e brink ot ti
nancial ruin; they are destined cither
to sink ii to abject boi.d.igc, or else :
deliver themselves frum it hy leu if a i
political convulsion; and even that wild
region of ai aroliy will bo 1' JloweJ hy
ti.o utispetihKi Hum winch it is a teru
porary relief. The foundations are-broken
up; society Is disorganized; there
i3 no bond to hold taeni togcMer they
hold no truths, religious, mora!, or po
litical. . Tho only tie at present is the
lictitious hope of bringing bade th 5
South by conquest or otherwise,
some, sort of union with hom.
Dr. Tying expressed the idea precise
ly tho other day, thus: "I have mado
Ui ray mind tr.at tfiis must be one
country; it may bo so, either under
Fodo.al or Confederate rule, and J caro
very little, but one it must be." Were
President Davin to come hero to-morrow
tho wiede population would bow
at his feet, and every pre .t-hcr would
pri vo from tho Bible that ho ia the
rightful Chief Magiatr t?f and that
Lincoln is a vi!o impostor, ar.d the poo
plo would say, Amen! liat !ot thi
bod hopo bo destn.yfd; let thcjnde
pendenco ot the South be estabiUhod,
and this country would go to pieces;
the Woat would secede; perhaps the
Middle States would go off, and New
England would bo leitlilta Tyro, a
place f..r ihe ttshcrnaaa to dry his uot(!
on. Nothing can prevent it but tha
fltrong hand of military despotism,
each H6, I beliovo, this famous govern
dent ia about to establish. The ballot
is alrondy an antiquated and exploded
aumbug; the pcGpio are hum pwnunwu
to deposit t oir votei;, it ia truo, but
the administration counts the numbers
required, and makes the soldieia vote.
Ia Conneficat, Tbos. II. Seymour, a
trad mn, who has opposoi tho war
froai the beginning, and who 1.1 open.f :
in favor of peace and of gran ticg tnf.
indooendenw of tho South, bet
in this way; the government found
that he would have a majority, aothev
sent five thousand soldien from Hook
er's armynd fi "om Washington to vote.
But aa the transportation of so many
is expensive, they have improved upon
tho plan, by allowing soldiers to vote
In yisconsin, the Democrats had a
majority of the votes polled in the State,
but by proxy voles sent from soldiers
in tho field turnod tho scale. It is no
torious that they allow no soldiers to
Vvte against tho eminent; an offleor
was dismissed the service in New
ilaphhire for distributing Deui era tic
You will not understand me as inti
mating uny affection lor the Democrat
ic party, or i egret on the results ot the
elections. The two parties aro alike
despicable, except so far as a portion
pare conciliation in the midst of con
quest, make- victory the harbinger of
justice, and anticipate the golden mo
ment vouchsafed by Heaven to every
people contending for the right, when
the night ot force and the dawn of rea
son fir.it mingle in the orient sky.
"Why Don't HoCome ToJffight?"
'Tin gpven o'clock; why don't La cime ?
lie never was st 1 "te ;
lie promised me, on " Tuesday" L-gl.t.
To meet me at ths Rat'-.
And I've been watrhiiiir down the ls.'i.
TU I am weary, quite :
I see no sign, nor hear of V i;
" Why doLt he co:au to-Light? '
'Tis eight o'clock he never yr:t
Has caused me to b:li ;.'y
That he 1 loved ; fjiid and true
Would cruelly deceive.
"To-night.' said he. I'll suruly oie,"
?jly soul wa3 ail dt-'iia-ht.
But now. h! how. my heart is aad,
why don't he coma ty-night?''
ELEG AP TT T C.
i Pot reasons, which will b erp)?.ined ia
an' tl'.cr iiiuc. 'Uir paper i devoid u:' in uiual
o u, c r
, e . .-.
of tho democratic party is in favor ol j
instant peace, and if it must be. (jfaeo-
aration that is of sei.aration rather The clock strikes nine-the wery hcara.
Uvlm R,,t ...ut1 .,, Alas' aregrowuip Ut-s
most, even ot thev-e
belter Kien, cherish a lingering hope i
that the Union will bo eve. itually re ;
utored. The North is dependent on the!
South as a market for the manufactures '
of the Easturn States, and lor the pro- j
duceoftho Western; the democratic !
party here is so anxious to procure the!
aid ol the South in overthrowing thej
ivjpiihheans; the thinking men are hoi
sifraid, that deprived of the conserva-1
tive influence of the South, the heu-ro-
genous )opulation of tho North will he 1
enabled to go.ern itselt that putting-,
nil these and other influences together,
they cling to the hope of the Union
with ths tenacity of a drowning man at,
a straw. Southern Prcslyttrian.
Another ion; and vary hour
1 or hirn I love I'll wait -.
ilark I uiplhinks his voice I Lear,
My doubts have taken llitht ;
Ah, nil 't-x&9 but tae ruitlin-r wir.ti:-,
" Why a'c?i I ho come to-night'' "
" 'Tis ten o'clock ; alas! alas!"
Ihe "dark eyed" maiden ;'.au! ,
KH-? ga?.ed we more, then tumi d av,-.
And .sadly sh-jok her head ;
Jl at hark! he puiuod. she Ljatd a " fip.
A po-it-boy came in tight;
"A letter, Mhu;" the inaide.i arkud,
-Why d'.ni't he comu to-night?"
"That will ciplain '' the hoy rejii..-l.
She broke the tval and rt:.v.l:
Mvde:ir, I could net come : j-":---it.".
V'her iilw?" UeiaeW.'"
' Dead.'" alio sert-.rtmed, and, f.Jnti::. Mi;
'I hat. not wiu in his trunk,"
- " Oh ! can it be that Wi 1 ia dead "
The State of the South. . ! " Indcfcd u hdeIJwSls. Hay3.
New lork orld, a few days j
ago, published a letter from its corros. Lenglh of tllO Confederate Co?.8t..
ponde U, "Co.burn," who was captured The n.uv) Depai taent f Abraham,
on the Mississippi by '.he Confederates, by way of apologising for the imperfect
giving the result of his observations in j block ad--, publiahes tho followtn r, reply
passing through tho country from I of Prof. Bail; .' to qu jstioL.s asking him
vHe. sburgto Kichmoi:.!. The World j t0 Btute ti. h-ngth of tho Con federate
ma;es tjiat letter the text of a long!
Ooa.u Scrve? OiTt'.r.. Way 2i'
editorial, which concludes as follows
Tli1.: military s rength of tho South,
in Mr. Colburn's judgment, has certain
ly not been inipaire l by the duration
of the war. ilo saw evidenco enough
to convince hi in that g eat masses of
Military stores had been accumulated
in various parts of the Confederacy,
and that the whole population had flow
ered into u nation of soldiers His
comments upon tho strictness with
which the military spirit rules tholand
alike for evil and fur good, upon tho
ofhVial probity which it exists, and tho
individual recklessness of peace which
it educates, are (strikingly significant.
What was plain enough before becomes
plainer Mill from nis narrative; that,
b aten upon the anvil el war, the ar
mies of tho South aro gaining stoadily
in temper and in spring. vVhilo such
armies exist, can be held together and
wielded with skill along tho vast, fron
tier of war, it is clear as the huh af.
noonday that no blows struck tor mere
geograph cal or strategical points of
vantage can bring us decisively near
the goal of our efforts.
N 't less is the strong delusion of
fstarvation as a war measures dissipated
by Mr. Colburn's observations, lie
omul the land everywhere teeming
with cereais. and the necessaries of lite
assured. Financial embarrassments,'
inadequate manufacturing facilities, tho
stringency of the blockade may con
spire to make existence uncomfortable
in the South, but they cannot make it
Admiral : I have the honor to
herewith, in compliance withy
tor of April o, 13b", tho loilo.ing
ft.atements prepared in this office, ap
pended to tho inquiries contained in
that letter :
1. "Tho length of the coast of UK
United States now undor blockade by
our naval forces; bajriiniing at tho i-ity
of AI 'Xaridria, Virginia, and going
down tho Potomac rive and Ohesa
pcake Bay t-. Cape Henry, and thence
continuing along tho outer lino of the
sea coat around the Ponir.sula of Flor
ida, as far as the Rio Grande; this lino
to cross the rivers and ha- b rs i.i the
di.caion of the coa I V Ths line thus
measured is 3,f39 statute miles.
2. "Tho number of openings in this
line of coast, whether rivers, bays,
harbors, inlets, sounds, passes, or oth
er ?'' There aro on hundred and eighty
nine openings in tho linn of which the
measure hasjuit bean gvon.
3. "The clasrtitieittion of these open
ings according to the depth of water
on ttio bars ot their entrance, under
the three following distinctors: .six,
twelve and eighteen feet curves, as
; they are drawn on the charts of tho
coast by the. United States Coast Sur
vey ?" The classifications of those
openings is as follows : At me; n high
water the number of openings under
six foot in depth is forty-five : between
six and twelve feet in clopth, sevonty;
between twelvo feet t.nd eighteen feet
in depth, forty two; over eighteen feet
Yankuee in the South.
Wh-Mi YunJ'iv coinea into the Co:i
federate line1!, his flist duty is to ,'oi.
the army a private, atid liiere rernaiv.
u iti! ho or the war end'i. Other
ruth r ought to be. nn
-. !1! ' rpf.ii j.i Lie
i i'.r.i.g :t t'.e hand
:;! f be Luhed ut, unlets
" e!i:-:i'M t; e C:-r.: .!.:.: M-'ny.---Beinii
a Yankee i i v: i rae evidence
that he i.j a iiar at.d tvtheat. The only
i,: w-.f ho can tl'.f.t lie is not a
l aical is j (iniiig the army as a pri ate.
Ir ho wants t be n -utler, a commis
sary or a qlartci inayter, he ought to
b." sent back homo at once. If h?
eniers the army, gets out of it tho first
opportuirty and roea into business, he
ought to bo watched. Sooner or later,
he will be found opeculating, buying
up at! of some ecarce artic'o ho can lay
hand" on, Mid seliinvc it at an enorra us
prvlit. ihe lu-j-.neii'j i-i detected ia
i any U'.:h YaiiKeo tries, a eoinaiitteu
J - nght to wait on hira and intimate in
positive ten is that his roam is better
j than his Com puny.
i Tho truth is, Yankees nn not wailed
; here on any e.xcuno whatever. They
! may mean il, but their innate and
! ineradienble villainy will ultimately
I break out, to the ruinous cost of aeon
j tiding race. The simplicity of our
people h a temptation no Yankee can
; Mtand. Ho mu.-t cheat us becauso we
arc so exceedingly easy to cheat. He
may have made up his mind to reform
and lead an honest life among an hon
est people, but tho natural inatinct of
lying, and the life-lot; hab!t of swiu
ding, retui n with ten told force upon
him tho moment he finds that South
erners are infinitely greater simpleton.;
than he had supposed. Tho greater
the gulls he finds around hira at the
South, and the ffioro numerous the op
portunities for exercising his native
cunning, the bigger rogue he boeomea
Had he stayed at home, th pressure
ot competitive roguery would have
made him comparatively honest. So
lonjr as ho is in the South, he OUht to
ho shunned a.i n lejx-r. Our people
ought never to have anything to do
witli hiiii. except to assist in hanging,
burning or transporting him.
imn'ohBible. and where life is thero will
hope and patience, even in the worst of jn de ' h? thin tw0
causes, bo. mspirea Dy pasbiun, uomu ye reapoctfalIy yours,
to arms, and able at least to Jjve, and J c A $ BACnE
move, and ngut, tno millions m mo r
bellious South, it is once more sot be
fore us, must bo dealt with if wo are to
win them bade to the Union as a for
eign people. f equal power and spirit
should be. Tho war against tbcui must
bo waged with tho highest skill, the
sternest energy wo can command; but
it mast, bo wairad also nnaer the eaglo
eyu of a statesmanship which pan pre-
U. S. Coast Survey.
Rear Admiral jtavis, U. S. N., Chief ot
Bureau of Mavijation.
cola's want of pi
buppreeaing the 0
go Tribuao coadomns Lin
ck in back'ing down Iron
ps think ht they t.H iae
Are wk L'um'aki.no V Wo solicit the.
attention of all our people everywhere!
to the annexed arlich from the Nash
ville Union :
" Ihe Southern harvests aro said to
bo very flourishing. Now lot our cav
alry, of which we will soon have an
i mm en so force, destroy these harvests
in all directions, to such an oxtent an
to make them valueloss for supplies for
thu rebel army. The negroes will be
tho very ones to aid our, expeditions in
tnis work. Had the advice wo urged
upon our military authorities been
adopted last summer, thero would have
been no lubel raids into Middle Tennes
see this Bide of Sbolby ville for provi
sions, lor there would have been none
worth coming for. Let our troops
destroy aJl stores which tney cannot
uso. To spare thoia is to leavo them,
to feed rebel armies. We must barn
out treason with fire, and then drown
its embers in blood."
Here wo have a slight intimation of
what wo aro to expect of the Federals
Let us act accordingly. Association
for local defenso overy where ia absolute
ly necessary. Citizens of the South !
you are forewarned by your adversa
ries! Do not be caught napping I Be
prepared in. all sections of our land to
give. our hated foo a bloody reception.
Again we bay, f Aro wo prepared V
If not, lot immcdiato steps towards a
jiTCjr prej aratioa bo ti.ud1? at oneo
ijvi I organize t and be ready to taka
tho &ei3 at short notieo I