Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXI. NO. 221.
CHATTANOOGA; TENN.; WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 10, 1919.
Night Final '
CAN'T BE DRAGGED TO;
WAR UNLESS WE-CONSENT
HEART OF PEACE
PACT SO STATES
If United States Qualifies Its
Acceptance of Treaty
Despair Will Follow.
EXPORT TRADE AT STAKE
Confident of Final Ratifica
tion, but President Regrets
Bismarck, N. D., Sept. 10.
V. P.) President Wilson told
a Bismarck audience today that
the issue involved in his speech
making tour' for the treaty was
"a question of war or peace."
There was only one way in
which peace could be main
tained, he said, and that was by
Mich a concert of nations as was
proposed in the league of na
tions. Completing the first week of
his tour, the president spoke m
the Bismarck auditrium. It Was
the smallest hall in which he had
yet spoken, seating about 1,500.
It was filled. No other address
was on Mr. Wilson's schedule
When the president's train ar
rived a display of pyrotechnics
was set off, carrying small para
chutes with American flags high
in the air. On the ride to the
hall through crowded streets an
airplane flying low turned flip
flop over the presidential part'.
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson were
c heered as thjey entered the au
ditorium. He was introduced by i News.) More sinister than political
Onv Frnrier ohaos abroad is the menace of in-
.rov. rrazier. dustrial revolution, mora vital to
Should the movement for Amrica than a mere choice as be
ii . . .. . i . ' tween foreign policies is the pro-
" v.v. j
said, the heart of mankind
would be overwhelmed ' by a
"despair" which would result 'in
"Men in despair don't con - - )
struct governments," said he
"They destroy governments. ' If
we stay out or if we qualify our
acceptance in any way, then the
world will say,'therc can be no
"If the world were in disor
der," asked the president, "who
would buy the wheat of the
" Wait on Complete Peaca.
All the processes of international
economic rehabilitation, he said,
wnlted on complete peace basis be
muse the world was waiting. He con
tinued, the great coal fields of Europe
were not being worked to capacity
and the wliole industry of the world
"While we debate," he went on, "all
the world is raging today.
He declared there was no more
danger of America staying out of the
league eventually than of reversing
the other processes of her history.
I'.ut it was the delay, he added, that
was upsetting affairs everywhere. .
Referring to proposals to separate
the peace terms from the league cov
enant, Mr. Wilson said the covenant
had been been put first in the treaty
because without it the rest of tho
treaty would be worthless. That con
clusion was reached unanimously at
Paris, asserted Mr. Wilson, because
the peace conference realized that
progress set up a peace settle
ment there must be some way to en
Replying; to objections to Article X
of the covenant, Mr. Wilson reiter
ated that the article had no binding
force without the assent of the
I'nited States, under the unanimous
vote required for action.
"Unless it's our war," he continued,
"wo can't be dragged Into a war with
out our consent.
"That's an open and shut proposi
tion; it's the heart of the treaty. You
have either got to take it Of you have
trot to throw the world back into that
old contest Sovcr land titles.- There is
no other way to quiet the world and
If the world can't be quieted, then
f America sooner or latertwlll be drawn
'nto the melee."
Hated if We Stay Out.
The president asked whether any
one thought the United States could
stay out of the league without being
"hated" and intrigued against by the
cthe? nations. Should the American
ration refuse to accept the treaty, he
iisserted, it would be in the position
of repudiating its promises to those
who fought the war anw of saying it
did not like what has been accom
plished by its armed forces. "The
peoples of Europe," said the presi
dent, "are in a revolutionary state
of mind, and in danger of substitut
ing one kind of autocracy for an
other." l'resident Wilson was cheered when
he concluded his address. The pres
idential party was escorted to the
Northern Pacific station and the Wil
son special left for Billings, Mont.,
shortly after 1 o'clock.
One Nation Can't Make Peece.
The president's audience, which In
cluded a number of, Indians In native
costume, cheered the president as he
was Introduced by Gov. Frazier.
At the outset the president declared
that the treaty was the business of
every citizen of the United States, "it
j ems very strange that I have to dis
cuss the problem of peace now." he
h"gnn. "All other countries hnve
stopped debating peace except the
United State right now (till ia de
cdbatlng the processes of peace or war.
"Now no one nation can bring about
peace. All nations mult do thla. The
mind of the world la waiting for the
verdict whether we ahall have In the
future the aame distractions which make
(or war or whether we ahall have
peace through deliberations.
"The United Stater ia the only self,
sustaining country. It must also
furnish food and raw materials for all
other nationa. Italy, for instance, hna
no raw materials. She denemla nn m
The coal fields of Central Europe are,
iiui ueing worKea.
"If Europe goes bankrupt then our
economic life is endangered. But I do
not put it upon that selfish basis. We
will go Into this thing and we will ac
cept our position to lead the world back
to peace because America loves free
dom," In MountalrTlme Zone.
Leaving Bismarck at 1 o'clock thla
afternoon the presidents special train
was due to pass through the "Bad
Lands" between 2 and 4 o'clock.
Nedora. where the late Col. Roosevelt
ranched as a young boy, was to be
reached at 6 o'clock. The presidential
special passed Into the "mountain
time" xone shortly after passing Bis
marck and the party turned back their
watches another hour. The president
has been on the road for a week to
day, and said he was "very well
pleased" with his welcome everywhe-e.
Appeals for a schedule change con
tinue to deluge the president's secre
tary, but the schedule Is to be ad
Tiered to. One change, however, has
been necessary. Tho special train is
too heavy to be handled over the rail
road running to Cour d'Alene tlty so
the entire party will detrain at a Junc
tion point on the main line and make
the trip to the Idnho ioi.it In automo
biles. Some fifty miles will be covered
in automobiles, it is expected.
Minnesota Doesn't Want Sen
ate to Cause Any
WANT TREATY OUT OF WAY
(BY DAVID LAWRENCE.)
En Route With President Wilson
to Bismark, N. D,, Sept, 10. (Copy
riaht. 1919. for Th f.hattan
pect or trying to do business with, a
Eurooe disordered, financially fehl
and physically decrepit. ,- ' i-,
That la the "new 'tack Ton which
President Wilson has launched as he i
passes through Minnesota and the!
DflkntAR. Vnr PrMnt Wilann )
- foodstuffs are produced to feed the!
woria. xne people are interested in
foreign markets and the ability of I
foreign countries to pay for their j
The president sought In his
speeches at Sioux Falls and before thei
Minnesota legislature to show that I
the cost of living Is related to the
disturbed economic situation of Eii-'
rope and that the economic turmoil .
in Europe cannot be quieted, until the i
people there know what kind of peace,
i to ensue and who is to guarantee
It; and finally the president Insisted i
that Europe cannot tell the immediate I
direction of her trade winds and wel- I
fare until she knows whether or not
the United States means to assist her
or stand aloof.
People Want Treaty.
Mr, Wilson did not need to make
an analytical argument for the
league of nations or treaty of peace
in this region. For the people are
overwhelmingly in favor of the Idea.
If reservations do not mean textual j
amendments, men there Is no par- I
tlcular objection to them. As between I
a league without reservations and no '
league at all, th people would vote
for an unqualified covenant, but they i
will follow Senator Knute Nelson on
In the Dakotas and Minnesota
the unmistakable fact is that people
who are bitterly opposed to Mr. Wil
son, and some of his domestic poli
cies, and they are not a small per
centage but a large majority, would
rather see the treaty of peace mt of
the way than see it delayed by a
Until the president came out this
way, they had taken it for granted
that the senate would net delay I
peace. They ihad assumed that the
treaty would be ratified. Only f rom j
tho lips of the president are they:
learning of the dire consequences of
a defeated treaty and are wondering!
whether the senate really means to
put. America Into the unfortunate po- I
sition of holding up the peace of the I
world. And the impression which
Mr. Wilson makes is not very eon-1
vincing In these particulars, because,'
wnue the people do not dissent from
Mr. Wilson's picture of the possibil
ity, they do not believe the senate
would dare amend the treaty and
send It back . to further conference
and delay at Paris.
President at Sioux Falls.
The president made a pleasing
speech in Sioux Falls, simple in con
struction and plain in its meaning.
He dealt in dignified restraint with
the Minnesota legislature, where he
made less of a stump speech nnd
more of a formal address. The Min
nesota legislature contains not a few
members of the Nonpartisan league,
a growing manifestation of the po
litical power of that organization in
I was told by a man who would be
the last to contribute to such a re
sult that Minnesota might be carried
by the Nonpartisan league in the
next election and that the whole state
may find Itself in the same position,
as North ' Dakota. In this section,
therefore, where radicalism is begin
ning to overflow .into neighboring
states, the president's speeches are
edd confirmation of many of the
arguments used by the radicals dur
ing the war. The president talks
of the dangers of trade rivalry and
of the seeds of commercial Jealousy
which were sown before the late war
nnd does not hesitate to say that a
big standing army and an expensive
navy will have to be carried on the
shoulders of tnxpaylng public if
America decided to go It alone, ns
Senators Borah nnd Johnson are advising.
FUNDS FOR DEFENSE
70F GIRL SLAYER
A movement ' originated on f
Signal mountain Wednesday,
according ;to Dave Walker, a
merchant of Hollywood to
take up a collection, the money
to be used In defense of Miss
Maude Moors,- who shot and
killed Leroy D. Harth, In Knox
vllle on Monday night. Miss
, Moore has admitted the kill
ing, and says that she had to
'kill Harth, who had taken her
out automobile riding, to da- .
fend her honor. She says that
Harth was drinking at the time.
Two empty whisky bottles woro i
found on the scene of the kill
ing;. Mr. Walker states that a
meeting will be called and
those favoring; tho movement
or want to donate money for
the defense of Miss Moore,
communicate with "him at
Hollywood or call him at
ANEW IN BOSTON
Mob of Several Thousand At
tack Volunteer Policernen.
Firemen May Quit.
OFFICERS SEVERELY HURT
Boston, Sept. 10. Rioting broke out
nfresh in the police strike here to
day. A mob of several thousand per
sons attacked three vohrtiteer police
men and then the disorder could not
be quelled. Three officers were se
A strike of the city firemen Is
threatened. President Daniel Looney,
of the firemen's union, said today
that the firemen believed the police
union should exist and "what labor
demands of us we will deliver."
Hoodlums Terrorize City,
Boston, Sept. 10. More than 100
stores had shattered windows today
after a night of terror and rioting
such as Boston never before expe
rienced, as the result of the walkout
of the policemen yesterday evening.
Two men were shot, one probably
Throughout the night and early
morning gangs of men and boys
surged through the streets of the
downtown business section, in the
north and west ends of Boston,
smashing windows, pillaging stores,
holding up and robbing people and
attacking women. The promised
volunteer protection did Hot ma
terialize. Small bands of Inspectors
were rushed to places where rioting
was In progress.
Labor leaders admit that the city
Is threatened with a general strike If
the police sjtuatlonsnot settled
ing discussed hy the telephone work
ers, Boston Elevated employes, both
of whom were recently on strike;
stationary firemen and building
trades workers, which would result
in paralyzing all the activities of the
A special meeting of the Central
Labor union has be-en called for
Thursday to discuss a general strike.
Rang False Alarms.
Mayor Peters, who had been prac
tically told by Police Commissioner .
Curtis to "mind his own business" j
when he sought to intervene in the i
situation, called a conference of lead- I
ing business men today to formulate i
plans for ending the strike. j
The night began with the ringing
of false alarms and the breaking of
store windows by gangs of small
boys. It rapidly developed into or
ganized hoodlumism, which resulted
in a score of near-riots, numerous as
saults and criminal attacks on
The most serious riot in the city
proper took place in the west end,
where the mojj; constantly swelling
until It numbered over 5,000 howling
boys and men, refused to budge when
charged by the inspectors. Finally
a big squad of Metropolitan Park po
lice, clubs in hand, appeared and i
waded Into the front ranks. Then the ;
mob, which meantime had looted a I
dozen small stores, turned and fled. I
The loot they had grabbed through I
the broken plate glass windows, was
dropped in their flight and littered !
Scollay square. In two minutes thorf
Met' "jolitan Park police had cleared I
the square, but a few minutes later
the park policemen vanished as and- j
denjy as they had appeared and the ,
hoodlums again formed into a gang.
Crap games were played openly, i
in some cases to quarrelsome ends, ;
and in the streets and on the side- .
One such game was in progress on
Tremont row, within a stone's throw
of police headquarters, when Supt. .
Crowley saw it. There was a gather- I
Ing of several hundred, either en- I
gaged in the game or watching It. j
Supt. Crowley elbowed his way i
through the throng and seized one of
the. players. The mob closed in on
the official. As the superintendent
dragged his prisoner towards Pern- ,
herton square, Inspector Michael j
Burke went to his assistance. The two '
officers stood off the mob until they ,
reached the brow of ,the hill where
the mob seemed about to rescue the
prisoner. Crowley and Burke
whipped, out their guns and covered
the lenders of the mob, which turned
and plunged down hill.
Even Strikers Not Immune.
Even the striking officers them
selves were not immune from attacks.
In several cases men who had old
grudges against the officers, lay In
wait for them and beat them up, after
the polisemen had turned in their
clubs and revolvers.
Shoe stores seemed to be the special
prey of the mobs. Early today shoes
valued at $8 and $9 a pair littered the
Some foreslghted storekeepers
stayed on guard at their stores all
night and fired at the rioters who at
tempted to loot their windows.
Mayor Take Control.
Mayor Peters announced at noon
today he had taken over control of
the police department from Commis
sioner Curtis, a state appointee, and
had called upon state guard organi
zations to assist him In maintaining
HOME RULE FOR SILESIA
Berlin. Sept. 10. (A. P.) The Pnis
slnn government intends to propose
home rule for upper Silesia, according
to the Lokal Anzelger.
"IT WAS HONOR
OR HIS LIFE"
- 11 , . , .
Words Which Tell Story of
Why Maude Moore Shot
. Leroy D. Harth. ..
YOUNG SLAYER CONFESSES
Says She Killed Harth While
He Was Drunkenly Trying
"""fAMault Her. "
Knox , Sept. ' 10. (Special.)
Nothln ce had developed at S
o'clock 5 the murder of Leroy D.
Harth . ell-known real estate man,
by ti .?' Maude Moore, which oc
curr re on Monday. Miss Moore
bear J jlses which she claimed were
inflf i by Harth in his treatment
of ' .? She charges him with nlng
dr'...jr.and In supplement of tha fact
th,;? -rlnking had been Indulged In,,
lr npty whisky bottles were found
sfc: .e scene where the killing took
place. The details of the girl' story
cannot be printed In detail owing to
their character. The girl la pitiful
In her condition.
The preliminary hearing will taka
place Thursday afternon, and on ac
count of the crowd, will be held nt the
courthouse. The latest development
In the case Is that some weeks ago a
suit for 115,000 was Instituted against
Harth by Mrs. Luella Temple Vines,
she charging Harth offered certain In
dignities towards her which she and
hex husband resented.
The mystery which at first sur
rounded the death of Leroy D. Harth,
a prominent real estate man and
president of the Motor Car company,
has been cleared up by a statement
issued by Miss Maude Moore, in
which she admits firing the shot
which ended Harth's life, but she de
clares that It was either his life or
her honor and she fired in defense
of the latter. Miss Moore was ar
rested at a cave two miles from the
end of the Seviervllle car line, where
she was found by the 'detectives, who
had been led to her hiding place by
Martin Hunter, whom the girl had
gone to and asked to go with her to
the hiding place and protect her.
When Hunter returned to bis room
after he had taken the girl to the j
cave ne was conironica Dy detectives,
who told him they knew it all and to
take them where the girl was. Re
turning to the hiding place of Miss
Moore, Hunter left the detectives and
went to the cave and brought back
the girl. Miss Moore says it is the
same old story an automobile,
whisky and joy ride, with the in
Miss Moore's' story is as follows:
. -"I met Mr. Harth on -the street scv
eraktyfge,nd told bint that -i -hod
secured a job at a stenographer with
a firm in Mfcrj'ville, and Intended to go
there Monday afternoon." Miss Moore
stated. "He insisted on driving me
there in his car Monday night and I
told him that I would consider It and
telephone him Monday afternoon.
"After checking my naggage Monday
afternoon I telephoned him that I would
meet him In front of the Y. W. C A.
at 9:30 that night, which I did. When 1
the car pulled up there was a Btrunge 1
man In it, and Roy asked me if I could 1
find a companion for him. We drove !
out to the home of Clara Harris, but I
found that she had gone to Virginia. I
"From there we drove back to the !
Farragut hotel and the other man got
out of the car. He and Uoy held a
brief conversation and we drove off.
I thought he was going to take me to
Maryville and return to fill an appoint- I
men with the man we left at the Far-
ragut hotel, but when we started out 1
on the Kingston pike, I asked for an
explanation. In return he said we I
would drive around a little first.
"I insisted that he turn the car around
and go back and let me out. He re- ;
fused to do this, pulled out a bottle of
whisky from somewhere and asked me
if I wanted a drink. I refused, saying
that I never drank. He then took a
drink from the bottle himself. I still
insisted that he take me hark to town.
"We passed through Bearden, going '
several miles beyond. He then turned !
the car around and started back to
town. We had gone about half a mile
when he stopped the car and demanded
that I get out. I told him that I
would not do it, and he threatened me.
"Roy had been drinking and I was
deathly afraid of him. He made cer
tain demands of me, which I refused
to comply with. He said he would
snatch me out of the car unless I got
out. I refused and he Jumped out of
the car and snatched me out' over the
steering 'wheel and gear levers by the
hair and one arm."
Detectives had left Miss Moore and
a reporter alone in the cell, so she
cautiously lowered her waist over one
shoulder and showed several bruises,
which she stated were the result of
the scuffle which followed.
"These will show that I put up a
fight to protect myself," she said.
"When I reached the ground, he
threatened me" again unless I would
meet his demand. I refused nnd strug
gled to free myself. He then knocked
me down and kicked at me. In the
scuffle the pistol fell out of his pocket
and we both grabbed for It. I reached
it first and fired as he rushed at me.
I was getting up from the ground
when I fired.
"I never heard him scream and am
sure I did not. although I was excited
nnd may have done It. He ran down
the road toward town as soon as he was
shot and I did not know I had killed
him until I read the story this morning.
Girl Takes to Woods.
Followirg the shooting Miss Moore
stated she got into the car and tried to
start it with the intention of getting
away from the scene as quickly as pos
sible, but the self-starter seenied to be
out of order. She said that she did
not know how badly hurt the man was
and did not know his plans. She stated
that it all happened so quickly that she
did not have time to make a decision
and was in the woods and running
toward town before she realized it.
After crossing throuch the woods
she came out on the Mlddlebrook pike
and followed along the edre of it. She
said she had seen the llfchts of a speed
ing automobile coming in her direction.
lielievinK that the car contained officers
who were rushing to the scene, she
crawled into a culvert under the road
and waited for the ear to pass.
Vpon renehing Knoxvllle, the girl,
who is small of stature,, hut of attrac
tive form and features, stated thit she
went to the room of a friend, Martin
Hunter .who lives on Asylum avenue.
She related her story to the man and
asked that he go to the Louisville &
Nashville station and get her some
(Continued on Pag Two.)
FOOD STILL MISSING
Mayor A. W. Chambllss- had re
ceived no word Wednesday regard
ing the whereabouts of the carload
of government food consigned to
Chattanooga from Atlanta. Zone
surplus supply officers at Atlanta
are making every effort to locate the
stray car, but so fnr nothing definite
has been learned of 1.
Committee Majority Attacks Treaty; Let
United States Make Her Own Terms
Head of Austrian Delegation
Received Allied Treaty at '
10:15 a.m. Today.
Neither Lloyd George Nor Ool.
House Present Clemen
ceau Opens Session.
. (By ROBERT J. PREW,)
St. Germain, Trance, Sept. 10.
(I. N. S.) Dr. Karl Rentier,
head of the Austrian peace dele
gation, signed the peace treaty
today shortly after 10 o'clock.
It was the death warrant of the
old Hapsburg empire that had
been built up by centuries of
conquest. This leaves but two
more enemy countries to sign
Bulgaria and Turkey. There
was an impressive scene in the
ancient palace when the signa
tures were affixed. The room
was jammed, but the crowd was
smaller and less mixed than that
present in the famous Hall of
Mirrors at Versailles when the
German envoys signed the
In peace conference circles it
Is admitted that while the treaty
tears to pieces the "crazy quilt"
empire and confines new German-Austria
to the narrowest
possible territorial limits, it
leaves in a state of ferment the
new Danube nations which the
conference set out to give peace
ful Independent existence. For
this reason the traty has fewer
sincere friends than originally
hoped for, although the French
press has been warmly sujiport
ing it. .
Dr. Renner Not Hitant. ,
Frank L. Tolk, who succeeded Sec
retary Lansing as head of the I'nited
States delegates, signed after Dr.
Renner and was followed by Henry
White and Geu. Bliss.
There was no hesitation on the
part of Dr. Henner in signing the
treaty. He rose from his seat on the
left wing of the table after M. Clem
enceau's opening addicts had been
translated Into German and Immedi
ately walked to the Blgnlng tablo and
signed the document
As the French delegation went to
the signing table nd passed Dr. Hen
ner's chair the latter rose and bowed
politely to M. Clemenceau, who re
turned the salutation.
M. Clemenceau entered the room
nt exactly 10 o'clock, being saluted by
the guard of honor. He took his
place at the table with Frank L. Polk
on his right and A. J. Halfour, Brit
ish secretary of state for foreign af
fairs, on his left.
Neither Premier Iloyd Oeorge, of
Great Britain, nor Col. K. M. House,
of the United States delegation, was
present. The British delegation was
made up of Mr. Balfour, Viscount
Milner, George Nlcoll Barnes nnd
Gen. Seeley. The British delegates
arrived soon after Mr. Polk entered
the room and there was a very ani
mated conversation for several min
utes, pending the arrival of M. Clem
enceau. Mr. Polk was accompanied hy his
wife. After the other American del
egates were seated Isnace Jan Pnder
cwski, the premier of Poland, entered
the room, his arrival provoking a
flurry of conversation.
The signing of the treaty was fin
ished at 11:15 o'clock. M. Clemen
ceau then made a brief announce
ment that the session was closed.
Burleson Denies Improper
Control of Appointments
"Has at No Time" Spoken in
Regard to Filling Post
Wsshineton. Sept. in. Postmaster
General Hurleson denied that lie had
sought at any time "Improperly" to
control postoftlce appointments by the
civil service commission, in a state
ment replying to recent charges marie
hy former Civil Service Commissioner
Galloway that Mr. Hurleson wns at
tempting to "debauch the civil service
and make a sham of the merit system.'
"At no time has the postmaster-general
addressed a communication to the
civil service commission with 11 view
of improperly controIlliiK a postolliee
appointment." said Mr. Hurleson. "an1
he has nt no time spoken to the mem
bers of the commission with a purpose
to control their artion in filling any
lieplyiug to Mr. Hurleson. -Mr. Gallo
way last night declared the postmaster
general avoids the issue and resorts
"Mr. Hurleson does what every gut
tersnipe politician does who has no
truthful defense to rhnrges made
ncalnst him." said Mr. Galloway, add
ing that he reaffirmed every statement
he had made concerning the postmaster-general.
TO CONTROL STORAGE
Flnt of H. C L. Laws Take Form at
Washington. Sept. 10. The first of
the high cost of living- laws aiiked of
congress by l'resident Wilson took form
today when the house agriculture com
mittee ordered favorably reported a bill
to control cold storage. All containers
of food when placed in storage would
he stamped "cold storage food" and
the dates upon which they entered and
left storage would be stamped on them.
A limit of twelve months' storage Is
Rejection of Treaty Will Mean
Our Sending 2,000,000 Men to
War Within a Generation
(By JOHN EDWIN NEVIN.)
Bismarck, N. D., Sept. 10. (I. N. S.) President Wil
son, iwi speech here today, declared that if the treaty of
Versailles is rejected there will be another war within a gen
"Reject the treaty," he declared, "and we Mill have to
send 2,000,000 men to war within a generation. Of course,
this treaty will not be rejected, but I am telling you what
would happen if by any chance it should not be ratified.
"Rejection of this treaty will cause such despair abroad
that governments would be overthrown.
"Until the peoples of the world know that America will
lead in the Efforts of pence, unrest will continue. The mind
of the world is Waiting for the verdict.
"While victory has been won, it has been won over the
force of the opposing nations, not over their passions. This
treaty will bring about peace. It is the only way."
The president then reviewed at some length the causes
of the war, explaining how German militarism was respon
sible, and said rejection of the treaty would make America
a military nation.
Hitchcock, of Nebraska,
Present Report to Sen
ate on Treaty.
DEMOCRATS ARE READY
Washington. Sept. 10. The "con
temptlhle quitters" are not those who
stand for reservations to the treaty
of Versailles, nor those who are "try
ing to Americanize tho league of na
tions," but the "most contemptible
ouitters of history" nre those who
permitted Japan to take over Shan
tung "In violation of some of the
'fourteen points,' of tho doctrine of
self-determination and of God's eter
nal Justice,", declared Senator Ken
yon, progressive republican,
in the senata.thj iitterngui
The treaty. u
ument from the on that President
Wilson brought back from Versailles
and submitted to the senate on July
14 last, Senator Lodge dcclured to
day. Textual amendments had been
made, reservations adopted and these
will form the battleground between
opponents and proponents of ratifi
cation by the senate of the document
as it. was signed at Versailles.
Senator Lodge announced he pro
posed to keep the treaty .continuously
before the senate until It was finally
disposed of. This means that It will
take precedence over nil other legis
lation. Senator Cummins, chairman
of the senate interstate commerce
commission, previously Btated that he
would make no attempt to bring up
the pending bill until the treaty was
gotten out of the way.
A minority report, sponsored by
Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, as
leader of the administration forces,
in the committee nnd on tho floor,
will be presented by him to the sen
ate tomorrow. It will be a reply to
Senator Ixidge's report, as well as a
presentation of arguments In favor
of ratification of the treaty without
textual amendments or material res
ervations. Gen. Leonard Wood Takes
Issue With War Department
Flatly Objects to Contention
for Not Maintaining Army
of Over 350,000.
Washington, Sept. 10. Maj.-Gen.
Leonard Wood took flat issue with
war department recommendations for
the army today before the senate
military committee, contending there
was no present Justification for main
taining a regular army of more than
3f0,ono officers and men as against
the 5(10, noO limit proposed in the war
Macon Fires Fireman for
Labor Organizer Work
Macon, On., Sept. 10. Heeause of
his activity In organizing labor unions
in Macon J. G. Sullivan has been dis
missed from the fire department by
the civil service commission.
Sullivan organized the grass cut
ters, firemen, policemen, textile work
ers and other unions and now it Is
said he is endeavoring to organize
the cooks of .Maoon. He was charged
with insiibonlinat Ion in that he did
not return to work from a furlough
after he had been ordered to do so
by the commission. He claimed he
He was seen taking part In a I-ibor
day celebration, however, nnd was
notified of his suspension by Chair
man S". R Chapman.
Tennenee Power Company Llnet Down
In Middle Tennetiee.
Nashville. Sept. 10 As a result of
the destruction by tire late yesterday
of the reducing plant of the Tennessee
Power company at Murfreeslioro. that
town whs in darkness last nlcht and
most of Its industries suspended opera
tions today, though hope ia held out
that current will be provided tonight.
MRS. SPENCER DEAD
Washington, Sept. 10. Mrs. Samuel
Spencer, widow of Samuel Spencer, for
mi ny years president of the Southern
railway, died at ner home In Tuxedo
Tark. N. Y., yesterday, according to a
message received here today by friends.
Mra. Spencer was a native of Colum
bus. Ga., and was a daughter of Oen.
II. L. Benning. She was 71 years old.
MARVIN HALL .
Bill Filed Late This Afternoon
Seeks Divorce From
WIFE IS LAURA DIVINE
Suit for divorce wns entered today
by Miirvln Hull Well-known young
business man of Chnttanoogu, ngaiimt
Laura Divine Hall. The bill was Hied
and then withdrawn. C. A. Noone tiled
the bill at 4 o'clock.
Mnrvin Hull Is a son of George Hall,
of the Hull-Mitchell Auto company.
Mrs. Hall and her huabnnd have been
understood to bo In difficulties for some
time, and rumors nre that the charges
contained In the bill are of a sensntlonal
The marring of the young couple
whs solemnized during the war, In
which Hull served an pfflwr. Jdra,
Potters Get 5 Per Cent.
Raise in Wages; Wanted 25
Men Accept Offer of National
Organization of Man
ufacturers. Atlantic City, N. .T., Sept. 10. An In
crease of 6 pr cont. wns granted to
the Nntlonnl Brotherhood of Oprrritlvo
VottfM'H in the Knernl wnro brunch hy
the t'nltrd Htates Potters' ftRanclnttgn
at the conference hre to reach terms
for their new biennial Agreement which
(foes into operation -Oct. 1.
The unuill ndvnce countered nn em
phtic demnnd for a rulRe of 25 per
cent., which proposition was declared
altogether out of reason by the em
ployers, becaue of the present nn
aettle(f conditions. The 5 per cent, was
accepted on condition that a further in
crease be granted on Jan. 1 if the
cost of living ia not reduced.
The employers promised another con
ference in thla event.
Lynch Negro at Scene
Of His Alleged Crime
Georgia Farmers Avenge the
Murder of Woman of
Athens, (in., Sept. in. Obe Co, ne
gro, the iilleRerl murderer of the wife of
an OKlethorpe eounty fnrmer, Inst Mon
rlny, and who was eitptured by a pospe
JiiHt before noon today, was taken to
the scene of the erime and lynched.
Spain Suggests U. S. Troops
Can Leave Santo Domingo
American Marines Have Been
Quartered in Island
Madrid, Sept. 10 (Havas.) The
Spanish government has transmitted to
Washington a letter from the heads of
all the parliamentary suggesting that
the i'nited States now h" an opportu
nity to terminate the military occupa
tion of Santo lloniingo.
I'nited states marines were ordered
to Santo Pomlngo on Nov. 25. llill,
when there was a threat of revolution
there. A treaty wns negotiated be.
tween the Coiled Slates Hiid Santo
Domingo early in 1IJ17. by which this
country assumed a virtual protectorate
over Santo Domingo. Santo Domingo's
claims were presented before individual
delegations to the peace conference In
I'jirls. but the country was not In
cluded In the list imiklng up the league
Silk Workers on Strike;
Windows Smashed in Riots
Scranton. fa., Sept. 10. Police re
serves were called out in Scranton today
to quell riots as a result of the strike
of 9.000 silk mill workers throughout
Lackawanna county. Thousands of
windows were smashed and many per
sons Injured as the women strikers
marched throughout the county in a
spectacular labor demonstration. Nearly
every silk mill from North Scranton to
Carbondale Is Idle. The women silk
workers visited every silk mill In the
valley while on their march and
smashed windows, dnmaged buildings,
broke machines and at each mill en
listed new recruits to their ranks. When
they arrived nt Archibald the marchers
numbered about 2.000.
GERMAN TROOPS LEAVE
Herlln. Sept. in. (A. V.) German
troops have completely evacuated Lith
uania southward of the Memel river,
according to telegram received here
I from Koenigsberg.
Majority Report of Foreign
Relations Committee Sub
mitted by Senator.
Republican Leader Declare!
' Clamor for Treaty Ratifica '
tion "Artificial." ;
Washington, Sept. 10 In
stead of the United States being
left out of the league of nations
if the senate refused to accept
the trcnty of Versailles without
reservations or amendments,,
"the other nations will take u
on our own terms, for without us
their league is a wreck, and all
their gains from a victorious
pence are imperiled," Senator
Lodge, republican, of Massa
chusetts, asserted in the. major
ity report on the treaty sub
mitted by him to the senate this
afternoon as chairman of tha
senate foreign relations commit-1
Lodge's report bristled with
ironical and critical reference!
to arguments advanced by Pres
ident Wilson on his present
speech-making tour to support
his contention that unless the
senate ratified the treaty with
out mutcrinl change the United
States would be jleprived of im
mediate membership in the
league and would face the alter
native, of staving out of it alto
gether or entering it later with
Covenant Will Braed Wan.
tv Clamor-about delay In the commit-..
Tea In considering the treaty Lodg4
doclared to be "largely the work 01
the administration antf its newspaper1
organs, and was so far wholly. rtJ.
"Artificial was also the demand foi
haste disseminated by certain great
banking firms which had a direct
pecuniary Interest in securing an
early opportunity to reap the harvest
which they expected from the ad
justment of the financial obligations
of the countries which had been en
gaged In the war," Lodge added.
"This covenant of the league of
nations is an alliance and not a
league, aa is amply shown by the
provisions of the treaty with Ger
many which vests all essential power
In live great nations," Lodge stated.
"Those same nations; the 'principal
allied and associated powers, also
dominate the league through-the
"The covenant of the league as it
stands will breed wars Instead of se
curing peace. They also believe that
the covenant of the league demands
uncrlttccs of American independence
and sovereignty, which would in no
way promote the worlds peace, but
which are fraught with the gravest
dangers to tho future safety and well
being of the United States. The
amendments and reservation
(adopted by the committee) alike are
governed by a single purpose and
that Is to guard American rights and
American sovereignty, the invasion
of which would stimulate breaches
of faith, encourage conflicts and gen
irate wars. The United States can
serve the cause of peace best as she
has served it in the past, and ,do
more to secure-liberty and clvlllza
tion throughout the world by pro
ceeding along the paths she has al
ways followed and by not permitting
herself to be fettered by the dictates
of other nations or immersed and en
tangled in all the broils and conflicts
No "Mutt" About It.
"We have heard it' frequently said
that the United States must do this
nnd do that In regard to this league
of nations and the terms of the Ger
man peace. There Is no 'must' about
it. 'Must' is not a word to be used
j by foreign nations or domestic of- :
j ficials to the American people or their
j representatives. Equally unfitting la
the attempt to frighten the unthink
ing hy suggesting that if the senate
adopts amendments or reservations
the United States may be excluded
from the league. That is the one
thing that certainly will not happen.
The other nations know well that
there is no threat of retaliation pos
sible with the United States, because
we have asked nothing for ourselves
and have received nothing. We seek
no guarantees, no territory, no com
mercial benefits or advantages. The
other nations will take us on our own
terms, for without us their league Is
a wreck and all their gains from a
victorious peace are Impossible. We
exnet nothing selfish for ourselves,
but we Insist that we shall be the;
judges, and the only judges, as to the
preservation of our rights, our sov
ereignty, our safety and our Inde
Thlt the Hour to Speak.
"At this moment the United States
(Continued on Page Two.)
GOVERNOR CALLS STATE
TROOPS TO GUARD BOSTON
Boston, Sept. 10. Gov. Cool.
Idge early this afternoon,
called out the Eourth brigade
of the state guard, made up of
the Eleventh, Twelfth and
Fifteenth regiments and the
machine gun company of the
Fourteenth regiment. The
troops were ordered to report
to Mayor ePtera forthwith.