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HE UNION FLAG.
(day, November 3, 1865.
EWS OF THE DAY.
I, tht rebel Auderonvil.e murderer,
led to hnvt been executed on last Frl-
inder passed Into tbe dark abjsi be-
, wliere it it hoped they will receive
Hue recomncnie of reward."!'
, - - - ,
nnesset Legislature has paned but
i of any Importance. ' Tbe Senate
law admitting negro testimony in
of Juttloe, and it trill probnbly pass
onse. Cameron, the Representative
Sbelby County wa declared Ineligible
4 hit teat.
correspondence between onr Minister
at Court of St. Jainet, and Lord Rudse'i
t Jntt been published. It developet tome
mplicated points between this country nud
nglaud in regard to the destruction of Amer
ican flapping by the English-built rebel
fytnmt ; and may jet lead to teriout conic-
Tlit Saw York tl?r14 sUtes that JeflT.
Davie it to be arraigned timply on charge
of treason. Chat. Speed, Gen Itussean, Jno
II. Clifford and W'm.- M. EfTrot, are retained
by. tbe Government at prosecuting eonnsvl
Chat. O'Conner and Chat. R. Gillctt for tbe
. " The tignt of the tiroes " most clearly por
tend an early division of the so-called Union
party of East Tennessee, into conservative
and radical alliances. The former from co
incident sentiment and design, will iind a con
genial union with the appropriately styled
Copperhead party of the North, and the lat
ter for the tame reason, will more cordially
endorse Republican polity, nnd espouse the
patriotic principles so grandly illustrated in
the "closing public services of Abraham Lin
coin, aid for which, he suffered martyrdom.
It cn be safely asserted, that the present
political organization in this part of the State
it naftght but a "conglomeration of irrecon-
ciliabla antagonism." Loyalty is so dubiously
defined, and the crime of treason paliatcd by
the taanly gallantry, with which it was de
fended, that there seems to le uo invidious
distinction between then..
There are a class of cl vimants to Unionism,
hqjre now enioyine the inestimable bless
'nS of free Government, restored by the
Tjfour of the United States Soldiery " amid
grangers dire and hardships untold, " would
J dim the glory of their achievements, by unjiiBt
t nnl naiminal irinfit n (ImBA tvlifl nntll'H
:f npon ns the Pandora jar of every social, mor
I, civil, and religious calamity. They were
only restrained from open sympathy with the
South, and an active and energetic participn
lion in its causo, by the probable contingen
f j of defeat and severe punishment. They
are more undeserving of loyal immunities
than those, ( if any really exist, ) who, from
misconceived views of Southern interests nnd
honor, honestly gave countenance and tup
port to the Robespicre-Davls Dynatty.
Another class of claimants to Unionism,
to ingeniously arranged thei political itatut
by studied non-committalism pon the tre
mendous issnet at stake, that let the war
terminate as ii would, past conduct and pro
fession would not prevent their being upon
tlit triumphant tide.
Another tlast telling themselves into the
remorseless vassalage of the "almighty dol
lar," ransacked the country, tor the rebel
commissariat, filling their pockctt thereby, and
affording; comfort nnd power, to the armed
foti of our peace, liberties, and Government
Janus-faced, they smiled with approbation
upon every extremity of rebel misrule and
despotism, and in the secret circles of Un
Ion men "faithful among the faithless fouid,"
they anticipated with apparently the earliest
elicitude, the advent of the "ruthless in
ftders from Ynnktedom." After every Fed
eral Victory, they were eloquent in their Ian
dallons of Northern heroism and pertinacity,
but at the tide of war, ever nnd anon, surged
Itt billows of blood and desolation, towards
the peaciftil and quiet vnllics of Maryland
and Pennsylvania, they predicted as a prece
dent of On a' defeat, that the national metrop
olis mutt yield to the crushing evils of rebel
itratrgy and valour. The thermometer ncv
er Indicated with greater precision the ever
varying atmospheric state, than the fortunes
of war, their ever varying doubts, hopes and
desirfS. And last but greatett, in all that
makes patriotism grand and ennobling, it
that portion of tho loyal party, who, from
tbt Inception to the ending of the terrific
ttrupgle, for tlit life of the nation, by no
word or deed, placed a stain of treason upon
their bright escutcheons of loyalty. At im
movable at the pillars of Hercules, the most
violent exorcisms of rebel persecution could
not shake them In their political faith, nor
bt tweetest adulations of honeyed appeals
and remonstrances ttlrangt tbclr attachment
to that preclout Inheritance of the constitu
(tonal liberty, bequeathed to the heroes of
Invlnclbjy lcagntd to tf e nge their rountry't
wrongs, tad to brand treason with tht stig
ma ol Iti hellish criminality, these object!
wert tht prey of tbtir thoughts, tod tbt am
bition of their tolls.
They most heartily endoret tht firm nd
rttrlotlo administration of our Statt Gov.
trnmsnt, ni tbt only bop and guaranty of
trly restoration, to her former position of
tialmpeachabU honor, and commanding Jn
intact amoug the sisterhood of IStaU i, and
rtconslruction policy of tht lamtnttd
J,ln"M'j ti i.,i r,f lutjnt snf hon
orable peace to tbe nation and surety against
the recurrence of intei i c cine commotions.
Concord of purpose, and harmony of action,
can never proceed from auch a chaos of di
verse teotlmentt. Bickerings and conten
tions have already arisen in the ranks, by
men obnoxious to the truly loyal aspiring to
positions of trnst and power.
Every man's record is being severely scru
tinised, and stamped with ho bright seal of
undlssembled loyalty or branded with the
dark stigma of covert rebellion. The advo
cates of " magnanimity and foibearance " to
those who sought the life of the Nation, and
the advocates of their punishment, to the ut
most severity of the law, are marshalling for
furious combat. The least hostile demon s
iratltns upon the part of either will preeipl
tate the ttiuggle. Thoso who testified their
devotion to their country's cause when ty
ranny and treason lenuged for Its ovei threw,
and sustained its banner of glory triumphant
ly, will rise superior to the emergencies of
the conflict. They fully reulite that never
before iu tho history of our Republic, do
those entrusted with itt rule and guidance
stand in greater need of popular support than
at present. In the impanding struggle, they
will achieve the same decisive discomfiture
over the secret accomplices of the Southern
revolt, that attend their arms upon the en
sanguined fields of warfare, against its opeo
and more manly dei'euders. The result is not
doubtful. The "inevitable logic "of past
eveuts and txperieuce, precluded the bare
possibility of failure. No lengthy mataphyt
teat disquisitions, are required to p-ove to
reflecting minds, that " magnanimity and
forb arance to individuals are cruelty to the
State," and unconditional universal amnesty
a shield of crime and a license to treason.
This crowning triumph of libercy,law, and
order, over despotism, misrule and anarchy
accomplished, " we shall set reaped a fabric
upou our national constitution, which time
can oot crumble, persecution shake, fanaticism
dUtuib, nor revolution chunge, but which
shall stand among us like some lofty and stu
pendous Apemue, while the earth rocks at
its feet, and the thunders peal above its head.
Col. Jo. Parson.
Below will be found the decision in the
case of Col. I'arsous. We have refrained
from publishing much connected with his
trial heretofore, as we knew the Colonel to ben
thorough soldier and a true gentleman, and
never did we hi.ve khe least doubt but thut he
would come out with flyingcolors. Long may
he live to enjoy the confidence and esteem of
his friends whose names are legion.
The decision of the Court is a most lingular
The following order is issued from Depart
ment Headquarters, Knoxville, Teun., in rein-
lion to the case ot Colonel Jo. I'arsuiis, whose
trial before the General Court Martial wa9
printed at leugth iu the columns of the Ga
1. Before a General Court llartial which
convened at Chattanooga, Tenn., iu pursuance
ot S. 0. No. 1G2, Kitract 11. Headquarters
District ol bast ieunessee, dated Chatta
nooga, Teun., July 27, ltjU5, and of which
Col. J. I CuiiTtas, 44th lud. Vet Vol. Infant
ry, is President, was arraigned and tried:
Colonel Jo. Parsons atli Tenn. Cavalry
Specification it In this that he, the said
Jo. Parson, Colonel SJth Tenn. Cav., did, wil
fully, maliciously, fcloaiously and of his uml
ic aforethought, kill nud murder, or cause
to be killed and murdered, in the first degree,
by shooting or causing to be shot with a pis
tol, one John A. Thornhill, Capt. Co. Ii, 9th
This at Jefferson Co., in the State of Ten
nessee, on the 24th day of June 1BU5. Sped
fieation 2d In this thut the said Jo. Parsons,
Colonel 1ft !i Teun. Cav., did willfully, mail
ciously, feloniously and of Ms malice afore
thouL'ht, kill aud murder, or cause to be kill
ed and murdered, in the lirst degree, by shoot
ing or causing to iio shot with a pistol, one
John A. ThoruliiU, a citizen of Jefl'ersuii
County, State of Tennessee.
This at Jefferson County, on the 24th day
ot June, IBW.
To which charge and specifications the ac
cused pleuded, Aot Uudty.
Of the fust specih'catiou, Kol Quily.
Of the second specification, Guilty. Of the
And the Court do therefore sentence him
Jo. Parsons, Col. Dili Tenn. Cav., to be xnra-
ed by the neck until he he dead, at such time
and place as the Cointnandinu General may
direct; two thirds of the members of the
Court concurring therein,
II. The prorcdings, findings, and sentence
In the rore'oing case are approved; hut in
consideration of the high social and military
standing of Colonel Jo. Parsons, Dili Tenn.
Cav., ntnl of his long, faithful and valuable
services to the Government during the rebell
ion, nnd the uumvroiis and strong recuniuien
dations of the Court which tried him, to the
mercy of tho reviewing authority, based as
tht'V state on their conviction that "he was
actuated by no tunluce or hatred, hut simplv
by a sincere though mistaken idea that the
fatal act was necrssary for the salety of him
self and friends," and also upon the recom
mendatlon of the reviewing authorities, the
Major General commanding Department Is
pleased to remit in full the sentence of the
I ourt. Col. Parsons will he released from
arrest and mustered out of service.
13. II. POLK,
Assistant Adjutant General.
A Movomont for tho Recognition of
tho Mexican Empire
Nrw Yoiik, Oct. 17- It is said that Maxl-
mllian has forwarded uvo million dollars to
Washington In order to Influence Congress
In favor of recognition by our Government
Newspapers In tho Imperial Interests publish
glowing accounts of '.he prospects and re
sources of the Empire. They claim the
emin'ry has client and a half million Inhabi
tants, and agricultural nnd mineral resources
render Itself sustaining.
Quite a number of Rebels from this coun
try art domiciled Iu Mexico. Kx-Gor. and
Ex-Rebel Gen. Price, of Mo., nnd Kx-Gov. I.
0. Ilarrlt, of Tenn., and Messrs. Maury, Roht.
J. Perkins and W. T. Herdman, art appoint
ed Commissioners of Colonization and Emi
gration by tht Mexican Government.
Tht Planters of Cuba have addressed a
memorial to tho Court in Madrid asking for
tbe abolition of slavery In tbt island.
tU During the month of August, 7,366,-
045 cret'of tht public domain wtre taken
up by tbe land office tt loua, Michigan, for
actual icttletjrnt, under the provision! of
EAST TENNESSEE UNION FLAG.
A few Serious Questions.
FortluSui Tnmtm Union ftaf
Uur eara are ttill anuoyed by the low mnr-
murings of our rebel friends who have be
come subjects of the misfortunes of war, and
they seem to be throwing the weight of iheir
complaiuta upon the Union loving men and
administrators of the law, for not putting a
atop to their miseries, for the boys seem to
be determined to hold , their own decision,
that 11 but one party shall stay here, and ac
cordingly they are notifying them to leave,
and when they fail to comply, they apply
that which was Intended for the " fools back."
For the last few days we have beard of sev
eral who have been whipped, but we don't
know how to stop it. They seem to' think
that we could control those who art treating
them with so much sev erity, but, in the first
place, tbe Union citizens do not know who
are engaged in the business, nnd secondly,
they themselves have been abused till they
do not feel like runing any risk for those who
brought so much trouble upou them during
the luit four years.
My friends, how do you think men who
were possessed with patriotic principles felt,
when you were talking about breaking up
the best Government upon tho green earth 7
How do you think they felt when you would
not let Andrew Johnson nnd T. A. R. Nelson
speak in behalf of th Government in Jones
boro'7 How do you think they felt when
you were voting for Isbam G. Harris, and his
corrupt Legislature, whom you knew would
force the State out oftheUnon7 How do
you think they felt when you were voting for
Jeff Davis 7 How do you think they felt
when you and your children were hollowing
for Jeff Davis and the Southern Confederacy
when ever Union men would puss your houses
or meet you in the way 7 How do you think
they felt when you were encouraging the con
script law, hoping that all the Uuiou men
would be forced iuto the rebel army 7 How
do you think they felt when you were calling
them traitors aud Black Republicans, with
a dozen other epitnet7 How do you think
they felt when you reported their sons, to
have them put in the rebel army 7 How do
you think they felt when you had them im
prisoned for entertainiug or expressing Union
sentiments ? How do you think they felt
when their sons were driven from their homes
and had to cross the deep livers and rugged
mountains, to get to Kentucky, to escape the
cruelties of those wicked and unreasonable
men that you had put in office, and that com
posed the confederate army 7 How do you
think they tell when you had your fast days
and pruyer meetings; aud prayed in such an
eloquent manner for Jeff Davis and t he South
ern Confederacy nnd abused the Union men
for not joining with you, telling them that
they did not want peace ; when they did not
feel like "singing the aous of Zioti"in a
And you have never brought forth " fruit
meet lor repentance." You did nit as much
as call Abraham your father when you saw
tue Union men in bis bosom ; therefore, when
we ould do good, evil is present ; (i. e. your
evil deeds. )
You have held much more property than
the Union meii for, while their property was
taken to support lite Confederate Briny for
nothing, you held yours or got pay for it, mid
then you tun.ed your Coufedvrate inouey iu
to tobacco or something else, which you kept
and sold lor green bai k, aud when the Gov
ernment or the army of the United States
took uuy of your property, many of you
went and got pay for it.
Now we are opposed to trampling upon the
laws of lit u land. We are still "lor tue Union,
the Constitution a-d the enforcement of the
laws." Wo arc not iu favor of your being
ubused but c do think you ought to make
up some of what you caused the Union men
to looso by tbe rebellion, (and let him that is
without fault cast the first stone.) We
know who voted for a Convention, ami that
you voted for the men that were determined
to tear up the Government and that sowed
the seed of discord, aud that you assisted in
inflaming the heterogenous elements of those
who at the commencement had no influence,
, and of course you were the cause of their
robbing the Union uieu of the necessaries of
life ud running them from home and all that
was dear to them and alter ihey were gone,
you would tell their frieuds they never would
be allowed to return again, and you have
caused many a food mother's gray hairs to
go down to an untimely grave.
Now gentlemeu, if you will do half what
is right, wn may still live in peace together,
but if you are divested of patriotic princi
ples, we think you would do well to find a
Government to suit your taste better. If you
are still tho advocates of Slato sovereignty,
you mny find It bcotid the limits of the Uni
I have made these statements that you may
uot rcllect upon Union citizens who would
by no means do you any harm. I know that
Augustus, by his clemency nnd kindness,
mndo to himself almost an innumerable mul
ti tide of frieuds, but those individuals had
never enjoyed the high privileges that you
had enjoyed. In all ages of tho world, wliere
mankind have trampled upon high privileges,
they have been deprived of them Adam was
driven from the garden of Eden lor his re
bellion, and a flaming sword placed to keep
him from returning Cain was driven from
bis brethren for his rebellion.
Cln. GrtuH'aIlrport--Ilrport('l Comic-
Ntw Yost, Oct. 24. The Herald's Wash
ington special says General Grant's report
ufnctivt military operations fur 1804 and
18U5ls coucludod and will soon bt tent to
the Secretary of War.
It is reported that Wirt has been fouud
guilty, and will be hanged on Friday next
bov A achomo for the colonization
of the freed mon in Florida, Iihh hern
laid Liofiire fho SccrctHry of llio Jnte-
rior nnd will soon lo brought fc'.'luro
th Profl'.iont. I
Eeply to "Senex."
For fit SaM Trmuttee Cnim Flag.
My attention Laving been called to an arti
cle lu your paper of Inst week, over the sig
nature of "Senex," I ask a space in your col
umns to correct an erroneous idea that "Se
nex" teems to entertain in regard to the true
method to save our land nnd country from
" writs and deeds, the court house and sheriff
sales," "in short, debt, poverty aud despair."
Having occupied neatly a column iu portray
ing the evils that have befallen us, he finally
sums up with this couclusiun, viz to pass the
stores by ou the other side . In other words,
not to trade with a merchant unless compell
ed to do so fur something we really need.
Now the merchant!, according to "Senex,"
are the only individuals who are going to
ruin tho country, by offering to sell their
goods nnd inducing the people to buy, there
by entailing ruin and poverty. "Senex" suys
" let us get out f debt and keep out." Why
" Senex " the merchants, the very men whom
you would pass on the other side, are setting
the example, aud are to-day, doing all they
can to keep yotl out of debt by refusing cred
it to one aud all, and selling on tho pay down
system exclusively, instead of inducing you
to buy, even what you are compelled to have,
on a credit they will refuse it if you ask for
time, or in other words, if jou want to run
in debt. I will agree with ' Senex" that we
ought to abstain from extravagance, but he
is mstaken when he says that we have noth
ing to sell or barter with which we cuu go to
the stores and purchase the necessaries, and
perhaps the comforts of life. Tennessee and
especially East Tennessee hat suffered much
from the war, but there is enough left yet, to
keep the peopfc from starvation nud enable
theui to start anew iu their efforts to accumu
late enough to place them beyond any con
tingency of want or S'.ifl'eriug.
This was illustrated in a single instance
by one of our ladies from the country a few
days since ; she came in with u wagon load
of "truck" which was immediately purchas
ed or bai tered for by one of our merchants,
aud right glad he was to m.i"e the exchange,
the Value of the load was between forty and
fifty dollars; it consisted of corn meal, eggs,
butter, leathers, potatoes, turkeys, turnips,
beef and cheese. She "bartered" with tue
merchant, lur such articles as she stood in
need of or fancied, her corn meal at one dol.
lur per busnel, vgs tweut; cents per dozen,
butler thirty cents per pound, feathers sixty
cents, cheese, sixteeu cents, beef seven cents,
potatoes seventy ceuls per bushel, turnips
fifty cents. Now these articles were only the
surplus of the farm and was hardly missed,
but it amounted to the handsome sum of
uea?ly lilty dollars, aud probably supplied
the family with "store goods" sullicient for
ihc cumiug winter, the merchant whom ''Se
nex'1 would have you pass by on the other
Bide taking the entire load, nor did the trade
stop here, iu a abort time the Hotel keener
called iu and took the greater part of these
at tides at tiie same price the merchant paid
for them, uud paid the money loo, and where
did be get hit money from, not the farmer,
surely, but from the hundred passengers who
lake blC'tkfast at his bouse daily, and arc
traveling Nurlli and South, not taking money
out of Hie country, but bringing it iu, which
finally finds its way into the pocket of the
larmer for the products of his cows, gardens,
and poultry. Nor did the exchange stop here,
the printer sent over and purchased a few
pounds of butter and gave in exchange a
years subscription to the " Union' Flag," the
doctor carried off a portion of the beef, pay
ing tor it with his medical services, thus one
end another passed hy but on the amc tide,
and before nighl the entire load of " truck "
had pas: ed out of the merchants hands and
supplied the wants of many families and no
one in debt. This is nut an " over drawn
talc" the writer saw it and had the prices
Irom the merchant himself, and nam it is an
every day occurrence and every one of our
store3 are doing the same thing and the peo
ple out of debt, no poorer, f.r from ruin ami
uot despairing, not afraid of writs, nor deeds
nor court houses and perfectly willing to
shake hands with the Shetilf for they have
bought their goods and paid for them and
Eajt Tennncssoe Relief Asso
ciation. For On Vail JVuvmm I'iiiom J'uf.
Cupl. Grithamt Below will be found ft con
densed report of tho workings of the Kast
Tennessee Relief Association in thin county;
the general agei.t, Rev. E. E. Glllenwaters,
who visited us last week says, that Washing
ton county; has furnished more money to
wards sustaining the association than any
other county In the State.
My fin li it (tho agent for this county,)
agrees exactly with the views of " Inquirer, "
published in your last isuue. Ho dona what
he could to have the prico of wheat reduced.
Wo have told from May Oth, to 1st, October,
goods amounting to forty-fivo bundled and
seventy-two dollars, ($4,672,00.) Have given
13,070 lbs. Flour,
1,078 " Deans,
281 " Coll'e-,
2SJ yds. Calllco,
10 " Flannel,
6a prs. Shoes,
b,5rG lbs. Dacon.
0,80 " Suttiir.
40 " Sodn.
114 yds. Domestic.
3 " Jcaus.
7 dot. spools thread.
2 large boxes secod hand clothing,
I think tho Society has douc soxs good,
especially as tho provisions wero donated
generally, to the wives and families of those
who were lu the Union army.
Ctuiuic E. DllLWOBTU.
Col. Orr, of South Carolina, consents
to be a candidate for Governor of that State
and the approaching election will be held tho
first at which tho people of the Slato have hud
tho opportunity of voting direct for Govern
orthe Legislature heretofore selecting both
tho Governor and Prcsldeutial Electors.
t The entire State debt of Tonnessee,
ctual and contingent, according to tho forth.
coming report of tue Comptroller, It 53!, m.
, Philosophy for tho Times.
For the Eatt Tennettee' L.wn Flay.
Let those who will, repine at fate,
Aud droop their heads in sorrow;
Ml laugh while cares arouud me wait,
I kuow' they'll leave to-morrow.
V) puise is light, but what of that?
Uy heart is light to match it,
And if I tear my only coat,
I'll laugh the while I patch it. .
I've seen some elves, who called themselves,
My friends iu summer weather,
Blowu far away in winters day,
As wind would blow a feather.
Sut then I laughed to see them go,
The rascals, who would heed them 7
For what's the use of having friends,
If false, when must you need them.
The Trial of Kineraon Ettierldu.
Corrcipodencs of tfa Ciucluuatl Gatctle.
Cairo, Oct. 15. -in tho Emerson
Etheridgo trial at Columbus, Ky., on
tho second day, tho Court met at 9
o'clock a. m. Mr. Ethcridgo read his
jilea in de nial of the jiii iliclioii of tho
CommiHHon. Una document net
forth the following points, to wit
1. That ho was a citizen of Tenn.
and had never been in tho military
or naval service either of the United
States or Confederate States of Amer
ica. 2. That at tho time of tho alleged
offenses tho United Slates was at
peace with all the world.
3. Thai tho rebellion which had
been in resistance, was then suppress
ed and ended, and had been oflicially
proclaimed to bo ended by the Presi
dent of the United Suite-, and by
Maior General Thomas, co n maudlin
this department, in a geuer.il order.
4. That the offenses alleged Wore
committed, if committed at all, alter
the dates of those proclamations and
5. That, since the first day of July,
tho accused has not been unsvverablo
to any millitary authority: but if lie
hits been guilty of any offenses, he has
been liable to trial by the civil courts
and an impartial jury, but only on in
dictment of the Urund Jury.
0. The said supposed offenses, allcg
ed in tho charge, are triable alone by
jury and cognizable only in the State
7. That never having hern in the
military or naval service of the United
Stales, ho can bo legally tried only
according to the laws of Tennessee.
8. That for two years and more a
Federal Court has been holding ro
gtilur sessions in Tennessee, and that
the places where his offenses are alleg
ed to have been committed are in one
of tin' judicial districts of said Court.
9. That at tho time of bis iill.-ged
offenses nil tho judicial tribunals ol
the Slato of Tennessee wero in unop
posed operation, and ho is amenable
only to them and not to this conimia
sion, and therefore prays that he may
To thin plea of Mr. Etheridgo the
Judge Advocate un tered a replication,
setting fourth that Major (ioneral
Thomas, commanding was tho heft
judge of the extent of its authority
and jiirWdietion, and had the right to
estiiliitfdi the commission and as.sign
to it its duties ; and inasmuch as Gen
eral Thomas had establishd the com
mission ami ordered it to try Elho
ridge, tho citizen's plea of the accused
ought not to lie allowed. Mr. Elbe
ridge naked leave to enter a demurrer
to This replication, which was refused
hy tho ('ourt.
The Court was cleared for delibera
tion, and upon reopening it was an
nounced that tho plea of the accused
was overruled. Mr Etheridgo then
filed an exception to the ruling of the
Court in the matter of Ins request to
be allowed lo put in a demurrer. The
charges and specifications wero then
ftperch of n Into nebel General.
One of the prominent members of
tho South Carolina state convention,
recently in session, wns Gen. McGow.
an, onoof the bravest of the rebel ofll
cors. In a speech before that body
ho said :
It is not truo that S. Carolina onr
rios a dncger underneath her vest
ments. She went out of the Union
with an open hand and nn open heart,
and fiho is going back into tho Union
with an open hand and open heart.
She lias lost all material resources;
but she has not lost her honor; and
she returns to the sisterhood ofStatcs
with full determination to be truo and
loyal in word and deed.
A IIedcff Somo of JrlT Davis' In
lorcessors havo received a rebuff at
the hands of tho President, as tho fol
io wing dispatch indicates:
Special dispatch to the Cincinnati Enquirer.
W'ASUINOTON, Oct 13. lHj
It U feared by his moro judicious
well wishers that the memorials for tho
pardon of Jell' Davis ihat have late
ly been presented lo he President will
io hi in injury rather than good It
Is understood the President has ro
plied to them, and tho controversy will
enmplieato mat'ers rather than any
thing else. President Johnson Is fa
miliar with llio whnlo caso nnd does
not need or desire any Instruction In
the shapo of petitions or memorials.
Niw Yot, Oct 24. The Tosl'l special
tsvs. General Dick Taylor, Jeff Davis' broth-
er-ln-law. hat valaly endeavored lo ascertain
from the rretldent whether Davit U to bt
tried loon. An linprtision prtvails tbst tho
trtsl rill (ike p'1'" n 9" m' ''".r'
No bills of public importance came
up in the House on Tuesday last. Io
the Senate tho following "resolution
was' passed :
.Resolved by the General Assembly
of tho Slato of Tennessee, That the
thanks of this General Assembly, in
their own name and in tho name of
the State of Tennessee.be presented
to Major General George 11. Thomas
and tho officers and soldiers under his
command, for his wise and spirittd,
and their brave and patriotic conduct
in the battle of .Sash vj lie in defense
of tho capital of the State of Tenn oh-'
see, in December, 1864, and that a
gold medal be struck in commenda
tion of the great and decisive event,
and bo presented to him. That the
medal exhibit on the outside a bend of
Major General Thomas in profile,
with tho inscription around it : " to
Major General Geo. 11. Thomas, from
the State of Tennessee" and on the
other side, the State Capitol building,
with other appropriato inscriptions;
that tho Government of the State of
Tennesseo cause nnd procure this
gold medal to be struck at as early a
day as practicable, and present to
General Thomas, with a letter of
thanks, in tho name of this General
Assembly, and the people of tho Slate
of Tennessee. t
A message was received from the
Governor in regard to tho interest
due by the railroads of the State on
their bonds. The Governor says :
I am now satisfied that it will be ut
terly impossible for most of the com
panies to pay the interest on the in
dorsed bonds of the Slato, and the re
sult will ho that several important
roads will pass into tho hands of re
ceivers, unless tho State provides for
payment, of interest now due. In a
word, if this interest is not provid
ed for. nearly every road iu tho
Slato will go under. Tito first effect
of this will be to sweep from tho
thousands of stockholders all they
have expended in building these roads.
Should Uiu Stale attempt to run ti.em,
there will bo extravagance, waste,,
swindling and general corrupt ion and
the State will havo to issue several
millions of bonds in thatevent. or tax,
tho people beyond endurance to raise
the money to meet this interest, and
to put these roads in order. If tho
Slato should sell these roads, they
would bo purchased by a combina
tion of speculators from abroad, who
will manage, them for I Iwir own benefit
without any regard for the honest and
public spirited people who benefit
They would sell for less than half
their value, and finally leave the State
lo pay their bonds, or a large part of
I In iii. which result is the worst that
can huppcii to the Slate if the roads
are left in tho hands of the companies.
m nal, then, is tho best policy to
adopt, and how shall the Slato meet
the issue r 1 respectfully suggest that
the Siale issue three or four millions
inure of bonds to run six, seven, eight
aud ten years, the first payment of
interest to commence in July next.
Let theui bo given iu payment of in-
lorest now due, upon condition that
they are taken at par.
It llio Legislature shall think prop
er, let them be sold on similar condi
tion, and the proceeds applied to tho
payment of the interest on all out
standing bonds, and let there bo a
turlher lino in favor of the State on
each road fin' the sum paid for its
benefit. Tho first effect of this will
botobiing tho bonds of the State up
to par value immediately, and toplaeo
the credit and integrity of the Stato
above suspicion Our people are hon
est, aud will submit to taxation almost
beyond eiiduranco rather than be dis
graced by the brand of repudiation.
1 ho second effect, however, would bo
to relieve the people of the heavy tax
ation now imposed on them, and
hereafter to bo imposed on them, to
meet the interests for which tho Stato
isliahlo. In the future, when tho people
recover f rom the devastations of war.
they can pay two dollars easier than
they can pay ono at present. Tho
third effect will be to save our ruil-
roads to the stockholders.
Senator Trimble, of Davidson, yesterday .
introduced a franchiso bill, which attract at
tention aud drew forth animated discussion.
The bill Is conceived in very liberal, demo,
cratin spirit, nnd makes intelligence tho basis
of suffrage. According to its provisions,
which are embodied in two brief sections,
voters are :
I. Freemen ol twenty-nna years and up.
ward, citizens of the United States and tbe
State, u ho eon read and write.
2. Alimi, uhn can read and trite, who have
filed a declaration to become citizens, after
the lapse of one year.
3. Africans or Indians, allt to read ani
write, who were free previous lo February H
1805 and colored soldiers who were niliste'l
from this State nnd honorably discharged,
who can read and write. Other freemen ah't
to rad and write, shall vole from and after
lhe22inl of February, 1875.
The authiii of the bill estimates the nnm-t
brr of colored voters at ahont one thousand.
This bill proposes to wipe out the present
limitations of the Franchise, law,' in far as it
nlTeils thoso who linvt been fainted with re
hellion, aud proposes to fticnuritre the Immi
gration of foreigners, and the elevation and
education of colored citizens, by offering
them the right of suffrage on certain condi
tions. The principle of tht bill, whl' recog.
Intelligence ami not ract or color, at
, the true basis of mffrige, Is h"M by the
. champions of democracy In KngM'itd, Franca
I"'"' n'tmrft uninlrnouily.