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JaBD. coa. W 5313
NEWS AIND NOTES.
A 0u.- ld amtiat Isatb
WSVIShuD CtL lOTN RETURNS.
AUlbalm--The ol of the State,
with four ountmls to hear from, Is: Haa
ema, 80,3a0; Oarlild, 38,764; Waver, 4,41.
The counties to bear from will add about
,000 to Haneoek's majority.
Arkansas-A LIttle Rook dispatch says
there Is no doubt ad the oeetion .of ol
her Demoratlek Congresea ia Arknsaseu.
m the 1111t DitrIes Due leads Jorheona
00 votes, with Dests and ialeippi
Couatiesto hear hom, whih wIl ast alter
the result. Is the leaed DIletrit
joesm I olted by ,1U pluralty I
ever WilIame, who lads Garlamd,
Orembteeker, 1,000 votes. Is the
21i4 Disriet Craven to ekessd over
Isles, spuabtlem, by MW0 Iwty. In -
theFomurth Dlebslet s Ie iseddueed by
s pluality v e eol, Demoeat, of about i
1,t0k Imaphy, Iepubilem, el s1,0Ibe i
Iano.-lsiok Ga ied, tdi; HBa
cemk, 10,06g; Waver,' IIm . rade1's u
Iass-Oe ialrl et s sfm 0S eoamtles
(lmavin6yetbb ard fto Om) live ar
held, 1to768e; hm seRk, 1 W aver,, -I
. For Goveraer, St. Jeli, ,Mi; lees,
96,m01; roema, UtIras; IlasllRd, i4.
Legislative returg, amu y seopiet, show
thatthelo eal wl be w lpmed of 87 le
publlea, 2 Demerats and Pustoafit; the
Hoon of 117 Republians, 8 Democrats, 6
Posio eteand 2 aIdependeat tepublicans.
Maryland-Oiel: Hancock, 90706; Gar
Ninmaeota-Garelduk pilralm ity It ,0"3.
Misour-Oalelal: Hancocek, 908,600, ar.
leld,10b,107; Weaver, 8,046. lassaock's
phluraly,M,042. Tildea's plurality In 187,
80,018. Total vote in 1876, 181,10; 1880,
Nebraaks-Complte returns show Re
pubilean majorites ragig from 22,t18 to
24,906; Oreenbaek vete, ,800. The total
vote of the state io.s,00I total vo.te i 170,
Ohio-The egeld rie of the November
eloution i Ohio isa fellows: Gareld,
l7g046; HaUcoae, 8I881; Weaver, 6,48
Dow, ,61. Garbed's plurality, 84,217;
Pe1.s.ylvhlu-Oela: Bardeld, 444,704;
Haasoek, 47,1O Weaver, 1,0eS0; Dow,
1,91 Phelps, 44.
Wyoming TaritWy--1L. Poet, Demo.
alt, hasbes ated Deolegate to Cengml.
PRMgOIsAI AID POreIlCAL.
Tam Natdlnal Demoaortle Committee
have fle ad upem to mate as o0el53
statement to rqlereee to their
euaaueuest with ft alged trged
eauseM Clhews lstese ?Thy' my
ohe Comlite b$e4 as .kaowled
adtbeaemeofd seatdlettr mil theelht
heose a0publiesmelha h. and tg me
member O the Coeo ltlee saw said lbtter
peter to aIs publIltesl a,= wa Isa
a p F oemesvae . therein.. lTht
ea tro publtieson sad after I.
petlem etof the algaBI, b1lbireaer ly oat.
bIed that ilt wasis heafn aiele's
wIsletheem iNs mm esised bee.
a number n f oeirtlype slatiml es
a said latter, mdd ,m aulthoilathl
dbal ae a gssmelmses *nIsv et been
made, sbesh dare p pb1avee wer st ot
emlr p esale, lhat tIsslr seear etoa
w"bth ehIlp alWhe W be a psthe tc.
poles el tweo I!!eNts l w tbe aw.
salh e.h theleqiqhrsbe au aq
fru i m ab the Y u astrie tm rp
and N3mits l
IItrlthml e I st e q IIu Ivelse
&4hp 4 1W r~b*Umib n .h ee*
Weto Ub ii 1k
hi ml sa ar. t ad por
a *o me kmiauW n
atQ~ c r~ r~ar
Pm 11 --"wb agek~a Ies
Davis Islana dam, near Pittburgh, $500,- 1
000; additional for finishing a dam In the I
Upper Monongahela Blver, $80000. A t
resolution was aiso adopted that, In
view of the fact that no specific ap- I
pllcatloes have been made to the Com- a
miss~l with reference to the improve- *
tmeat of the Lower Missouri, the Mis
sissippi from the Ohio River downward,the
phiofrom Davis Island dam to Cairo, that
the Executive Committee be direted to cor
respond with the engineers Ia charge of he
Improvement of Western rivers and secure
eopies of their estimates, and embody in a
memorial to Congress whatever recommend
ations the Committee may deem ad
visable in reference thereto. Officers
were elected as follows: President,
Eugene Underwood, Louisville, Ky.; Vice
President, John Hlogan, St. Louis; Secreta
ry, P. B. Walker, Minnesota; Treasurer,
Web. M. Samuel, St. Louia ; Executive Comn
mittee, John Hogan, Web. M. Samuel, and
John A. Seudder, Missouri; John Phelps,
Louisiana; C. W. Batchelder, Pennsylvania.
Tiu Memphis Cotton Exchange's
erop report for October shows generally un
favorable weather, owing to excessive rains;
picking progressing favorably; yield some
what less than lastear.
Tan ank of Berglen County ad the
Bergep County Saviang Bas, allied
itlatutions, at Hakensack, N. J., have
been depleted of a large amount of
bheds, hypothecated by John Jaceob Ber
y, Casher ofd the former beak and Treasur
er of the latter. Both coneerns have closed
theier doors and Berny is under arrest. The
ameount of his defaetion is net known, but
will probably reach s,000. Unfortunate
speculations s e said tobe the asuse of Mr.
BawtenStar's revised estimates of
the wheat erp of 180 show a total of 4,
064,000 bushels, the'erplis for export being
placed at i90,74,000 bushels.
Toa lire which developed in the
Chrysolite Mine, at Leadville, nearly two
months age, is still consumlng timbers, and
the Courts have ordered the suspension of
work in adjacent properties, on aecount of
probable danger to the lives of employees.
Cot. Taouas A. Soonrr and a party
of prominent railway officials have been
making a tour of inspection over the Tehs
and Pacile and New Orleans Pacific roads.
They were hospitably entertained at most of
the arious eitles and towns they visited.
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
WantusuI V. Gaovan, aged 60, of
I Red Bank, N. J., married Jemima Mack,
aged 18, last May, and the two went to live
at Eatontown. Grover's abuse of his young
wife made life unendurable, and she left
him. Subsequently she returned to the
house to get her clothes, when Grover shot
, her twice in the head, inflicting fatal
WILLIE BURNS, aged six, and Char
ley Zelenka, about the same age, were killed
at Cleveland by the eaving of a sand-bank
beneath which they were playing.
.Waunxs S8UPARD, colored, was
I hanged at Montgomery, Texas, on the 12th,
r for the murder aof Lev Comer, also colored,
Dmueo a Republican celebration at
Safe H larbor, near Lancaster, Pa., a small
cannon exploded, killing Joseph Taylor and
Jobn Aument. Mrs. Thomas Crow, Mrs.
r Emler and Elias Funk were seriously in
- Tua propeller Zealand is supposed to
have been lest on ake Ontario with all on
board, nine in number. Her Captain was
n Edward Zealand. ft Hamilton, Out.
SMIt. O'Batusand wife, living in the
l subarbs of Syracuse, N. Y., were on the
a ight q b 1lth attacked while in bed by a
'I b arnt d tir skulls erushed with a ham
Sma.Yr. r, O Brie's inlurierks were censid
Sered mortal; Se may recovter. The burglar
! ried Mr. O'Brn'e pocket of his wallet,
l coealanlag a seall suam of meon
y.. It 1 supposed that Mrsn.
SO'lrle w awnakeoed by the maove
r maet of th.jobber ln the room, and hence
[ tbu aldeuss esialaght. Fortunately the
SaisedM* i'4 an asecompliee were captured
SatLLid t heeanr after the dI-overy of the
eed;s Ad IU evidmmee apgalnst them was so
eldhwe ttbs at ese cofe.ed the erime.
B ! A 'Wislow, .Ind., Dr. J. T. Aust
I1i al1m ther· a.lw,Jamw, s Humphrey.
' tlide i redkrMh tthe timib t bt i said
' Asse agafi, V.1, t other night,
8)ge. a~.eieme, two tra'lnl.Fbbers nd a
iqt .hitrstped fl~om jil; A posse went
Ia pamitd o o and t t attaeked them.
Jam- Ales d v -didon,murders, were
p" kIi 4m , ch au ther R .id to have bee
Smmu . escaped with his comrades.
fledit sthe pibault san hoped
1are whole p erty.
~o was, killed on his farm.
~idiehlestmete of dalparako, lad., by a
bri os frmes, ramiard Taft. They
I dteet ambort th divslide of oeton
a w7hleh Taft had nated of Duttos,
lue e n ati a la the Sold gathering
taiS l., fret isd DttomkIdr llng him
p iasg i . st t gate thiself up tothe an
1ISrne Hou, sas eommitled olin.
0s*e sdwi eil wiafe's mlibnery
405ou1 uM°-3 ium on en theauno of the
aie out hin threrat t at
l h g i etsdim he a e ho die hmmer
sad addiltial eqplee.io have o
hi IndletSing that the ti eo the mine
isez t eng d wmi probably destroy the
4atweo m~ ft the pit, asepiedq eslam
5dli)cam iyqag lady
lka\g llisea ssr alitd. es : t '
bl~bqjW:~r~ hi ii were bnmu(ed to dbath
I~upeett *Isveesa e iamp durnlg
1h )peosaaded by Capt. John
* Tem lnt frals, and lhad aonw t
m*1,,n il inss io nba
4 Msisd Ite i9y '
u*t rraip eseid m
ghdoirlir j~ikrt aeb mP
The loss of life is variously estlmateda from
10 to 10. The building is damaged to the ex
tent of $800,000; no insurance.
DANIEL TROUTMA, a we.l-todo
farmer of Dauphin ounty, Pa., was shot
and killed by one of two burglars who had
effected an entranee Into his house and de
manded his money at the muzzle of a re
volver. Troutman, under pretense of get
ting the money, secured a doubled-barreled
shot-gun, with which he fired at one of
them, but missed him. The other at the
same time fired at Troutman, hitting him
ina the breast sad inllcting a mortal wound.
The robbers then fled. Troutman, before
he died, identlfied the man who shot him as
Henry Itumberger, a man of not very good
character, employed on a neighboring es
tate of which Troutman was the executor.
Rumberger was arrested. He denies the
crime, but the neighbors generally believe
Ax old colored woman and two young
children were burned to death or suffocated
in St. Louis, on the 16th. The accident was
caused by the falling to pieces of a rickety
old stove, the coals irm which set fire to
A coxrstmcnou train on the Dallas
sad Wichita Railroad, having on board thir
teen men, went through the bridge over
Hiekory Creek,four mlle from Lewiston, on
the lth. Three men were killed outright,
two mortally wounded, sad the other eight
more or less wounded.
ExTinsvUs preparations are already
beingumade in Wshington for the inaugura
tion ceremonies to take place on March 4th
next. The princlpal ceremonies will prob
ably be held in the new Museum Bulidlng
of the Smithsonian Institution.
ALL the Nihilists tried for being im
plicated in the plots against the life of the
Car bhave been found guilty. Five were
sentenced to death and eleven to hard labor
in the mines, the terms ranging from life to
fifty years. Three women were sentenced to
fifteen years' penal servitude. The Court
anounced that it would nlatercede for a mit
igation of the sentences in the cases of the
women and in the case of one man condemned
to the mina.
Tus Orangemen composing the Boy
cott relief were guarded on their journey
by 150 infantry and a squadron of hussars. At
Dublin and all along the way from Claremor
ris to Ballknrobe they were jeered at and
hissed, but no actual violence occur
red. Over 7,000 troops are now In
the West of Ireland. The Channel
fleet has arrived at Queenstown. It
is reported that a land agent named Wheel
er has been shot and killed near Oola, Coun-.
ty Limerick. Michael Davitt, the Irish agi
tator, who sailed from New York on the
I 4teamer Batavia, is to be arrested by the
Government on his arrival at Queenstown
for alleged violation of his ticket-of-leave.
Tna last revised census of St. Louis
I will give the city about 350,000 inhabitants.
SMALL-Pox is said to be sweeping off
I by hundreds the Canadian Indians along the
Gulf of St. Lawrence. Those not afflicted
flee from the dead and dying.
Tun population New York City, ac
cording to revised official returns, is 1,200,
THe work of revising the New Tests
meat is completed. The revision of the Old
Testament was finished some time ago.
TnE population of Dulcigno are quit
ting the city on account of scarcity of food.
" Tua international single scull race
for the championship of the world and £200,
between Edward Hanlan, of Canadta, and
Edward Trickett, of Australia, came off on
the Thames, near London, on the 15th.
Hanlan won an easy victory by four lengths.
Tea Chilian forces under Command
er Lynch arc relentlessly raidiang the towns
r and valleys of Northern Peru, levying con
trlbutlots right ad left. The people seem
Sto be panic-stricken, and are fleeing to the
WILLuA F. MAlTIw, under sentence
a of death in Laelede County, Mo., on the
a 16th made his escape from the Lebanon Jail
I through the romnatli Infatuation of a niece
e of the jailer, who nunbarred the door of his
a cell, gave him $75 of her uncle's money and
. arrmed him with a fine 8peneer rule. She
Sthe seaomnpanied him In his flight. Martin
is said to be a young man of tline address, al
Sthough a daring desperado, as his acts
prove, Tlhe young lady is pretty, and only
Tan town of Newport, Ark., was al
t moetwipedoutby fire onthe nightof the 15th.
Two-thirds of all the houses are in ashes and
a some 100 families were rendered homeless
amd many are In great distress.
nTan Alssleippl Valley Inter-Stanto
' Convention mnet at the State House in New
I Orienas on the 18th. Te following osiierm
! were oshmsu: President, ex-Chief Justice
B H. F. Simral, of Mississippi; VieePresi
'P dents, Toblas Gibso, Louisiana; Gen.
SFrank Troutman, Kentucky; W. Gould,
SMissouril; Alex. Campbell, Wet Yirginia;
aD. . Woods, Pennsylvyia; L. C. Keever,
OBtio; Bemf. Kigsr, MYiTisppL SecretarF,
John (. Hendeson, Louisiana.
A svnntn snow-atorm, scoompanied
I by.mually cold weather, prevailed gean
4ijty on the th west of the Missisipp,
Sextendnug to tse Gulf. At leadville a fueL
r fstnow fell and t1e'mereuvy went down to
£1 deg. below aqe. In Southern Texas the
Sogar erop ha been blly Injured. Many
'sheop m reported to have perished.
S Gov. WILTz, of Louisians, has ap
Sponted BHor. T. U. Mananing United States
S eaater, vice Spelord, dmeatd. ,
S Ta entire fiually of Daniel Burr,
atehbm Is a Clevoland ratil mSll, were
fiphyxiasted with gas from a coal stove on the
night of the 16tb. When Burr returned
home fi the rnirnlng from his work
Sbe fond the house tightly cloued,
And tbrelng ao entrance through
a window he discovered his wife aimd three
%hildreo and twvether young Won~en, friveds
od the fam'yf, all lying in an uneonseious
conlitiel. wile a strong odor of eo:l gas
I pervded the house. It Was not believed that
san of the Burr family could live; one of the
i wiite's was conva'essent.
a ,e. A.. . MAcasm has lefit WatR.
I bgtu"a Sr Denver, where he will atend the
If trial of 'Agent Berry and proceed to Los
Plos Ageny in company with his etlea ues
e the rtel Commiasion. under escort of a
Sbody of troops, for the pullrpose of p.ylng the
I Northemn Utsee money due them nunder
S At appeal has been asued for aid for
t dstitnte famlie of the iorkpen killed
Sby the $tellrton (N. S.) mlaine seld~at.
The s 8 widowea andW orphans to be
p.lyided for, In addition to wlhich some 00
lie at thiron out of employment by the
*t ultgf sth;mlae. T e entire population
- .JuAMs *CFanUos, son of the Rev.
Dir, i. i~ FaorRod, apeart of the Southlern
IMtbedt~lPlhblshlng House at NsUbville,
-ws,~ eutlyd kllnd on ite lTad; by ao and
! h e lta int Oeit Soeei her
'Wb d o:mthemlih
4 "r: )'iO ~Citj "~
4s ~ Q n roaS ht
TIE INSANE ASTLUR1 IUOLRO.
Parnieulam of the Umraml sa Porst ofr
tie Mnneluuea leanse AbIm at St. Peter
--Several Lives Let iby arat., amd
rT. PArL, Minn., November 16.
A bulletin to the PiornectrPress, from
St. Peter, says:
The numoer of lives lost by burning
and freezing in the Insane Asylum are
variously estimated from twenty to fifty.
Loss on building, $300,000.
A special dated at four a. m.. says:
"The Scenes at the burning of the south
wing of the hospital were heartrending
in the extreme. So appalling a sight
has rarely been witnessed, and, I trust
in God, may never be again. The
patients in the annex wing were males.
Many of them refused to leave the
building at all. They ran up and down
the ihalls screaming and crying and act
ing like the liedlamites they were. Of
course those who could not be coaxed
nor fortced out of the building became
the unhappy victims of the flames and
suffered a horrible death in the pit
of tire, others were saved by lad
ders, and some by leaping from the
windows; some were nearly nude,
some shoeless and hatless, and all were
exposed to the exceeding cold
of the night. Many of the poor, de
mented and crazed inmates led as if
for their lives, and could not be over
taken or confined. Their sufferings in
this frightful condition can better be
imagined than described. The whole
catastrophe is a fearful one to contem.
plate, and one Impossible to describe.
The poor, dazed inmates of the asylum
who had escaped the flames were at
large half clothed, and were to be seen
in all directions lying in wild fright
from those who attempted to savethem.
The air was bitter cold, and the poor
wretches with half naked bodies and
bleeding feet were flying about hiding
in alleys and dark corners. It. was a
sight once seen never to be forgotten.
"" For some time the capacity of the
building has been tried to its utmost.
There were about 600 patients. and
every inch of space was utilized. What
will be done with these poor creatures
turned out in the cold, and their mal
ady increased by the excitement of the
occasion, is a serious question. There
are two other buildings situated in the
town which are used, but they are al
ready crowded to their full capacity.
The asylum at Rochester is full, and
will doubtless be unable to provide ac
commodations for any of the inmates
at St. Peter, turned out in the cold by
the terrible catastrophe."
Another special says: "While the
flames were steadily progressing the
Matron of the female department made
all haste to get the inmates out, many of
them ran shrieking in their nights
clothes in the snow drifts, even bury
ing themselves in the snow, and had to
be dlr: ,gged into the barns and sheds,
while those near by wrapped blankets
and shawls around them. Hence, in
Stense suffering could not be avoided,
as they had to be taken about fifteen
or twenty rods through the snow to the
nearest shelter, which was on the hill
immediately in the rear of the south
wing. Yet when we turn to the main
I apartments our blood runs cold as we
gaze into those' burning walls and
realize what was the doom of
more than one poor demented man
to-night. Those who crowded into the
long corridors of the south wing stood
around there moaning and shivering
like poor dumb brutes. The actual
number burned cannot be gotten at in
any way at the present time, as many
are known to have wandered away in
the intense excitement that prevailed
Sthroughout the whole premises Sev
eral bodies were taken oat of some of
i the rooms and hails, and several per
Ssons taken out into the halls seemed
determined to return to the fire, like a
B horse that is being led from the flames.
SOne room, eoupied by two, was broken
I into, and while one was dragged out
Sthe other was determined to remain in
, his warm bed, and when dragged out
I insisted on waiting to be dressL
" The principal cause of delay in get
ting a stream of water on the ire from
the hospital hose wsn the almost utter
uselessaness of the bee, from the fact
thit it had not been use for so long
that it required to be'et from the end
with hot water poured on the outside of
the hose. Meantime the flames spread
very rapidly from the casement, tilling
the halls completely full of smoke, and
Smaking it impossible to do anything at
aving the inmates of the norih wing,
only by putting ap ladders and prying
off the fire screens from the doors, tak
ing them out, and actually bringing
them down in their arms, without cloth
ing, in many cases. At the other win
dows there were three or four begging
to be saved from death, while the flames
were bunrsting from the adjoiniang win
dows at them."
A special from St. Peter at 8 p. m.
says: "It is still diflealt to get at the
names and particulars of the awful ca
lamity that came upon us last nlght, as
all is terror and excitement, and the
grim ruin and slowly risngsmoke strike
the heart as sullen remlnderse of the
shocking bre. To gtt atar eeleplete
list of thse killed aE 1hairt not now
mong the osibIlities. I vejst
Saseen ar. lziett, or the asylum, and
P he says there are not more stha twelve
lives lost, and probably as many more
Shurt and suffering from the bitter cold
. of last night; indeed, more people are
believed to be burt and dying from
exposure to the weather than from
burns received. Other people say that
as many as twenty insane people either
i perished in the flames or died on the
Scold hills during the night. 8o many
of the patients'have dappnarcd that
Sit eannot he told who aris ded and who
" 'The sufferng as been terrible, and
no pen can deseribe it or human mind
realise it IaHundreds of the patients
are as helpless as children, and are
seemingly shooked and dazed so as to
render them almost insensible.
"The real damage to the hospital
building will amount to $6200,000. The
Scenter building ad. south wing aveO
5 been preserved and the ruins of tbhe
5 other portionps of the beiding are hbehg
5 overhauled as fast as possible in the
a search for the dead. The oflcers of the
r institution are making every effort to
discover the whereabouts of missing
r patients and take eare of those still
i here. Arrangements will be perfected
before night closes by which all will be
. comfortably ered for."
, Tas Corea Government has f6or
Sbidden the sale of any native maps of
the eoontry to Europeans, and even to
Japanese. The latter, however, have
for snme time past been very active in
surveying the coasts, and, when oppor
unity 'offered, the interiorof Coerea. and
their map, when published, will no
doubt prove very usefuL as they have a
deservedly good reputation for aecuracy
ln .their cmtographieal work.
T.tE hn tells us " the Kurds
a; ~6llena e' which, perhaps, idti
.teas thatthe Wy I slear.
. N Ua. t rfea~ alcotIne poison
Ieport of General Sherman.
WAstNrsaToNo, November I.
The annual report of (;Generl Sher- I
ai:ut to the Secretary of War is given to J
the ptublie to-day;. After calling atten
tion to va;rious subordinate reports, the
General says: r
"'I nree with General Sheridan that the army
is too small in enlisted mten tofultill the heavy
duties now imposed on it, antd is overworked
I, therefore, renew my recommlendation or I
is:t year that i'oneress he asked to give :i.,000
enlisted :men spcitfcatly t o the tro ,ps of thi
line of the army, an I to Inake a separate pro
vision for detachments 'of advance men,'
'engineer battalion,' 'hospital stewards,'
'commissary sergeants,' 'West Point detach
Ilmets,' 'detailed clerks,' etc., in the santo
manner as has already been done for the
SignalCorps. In this connection I will ven
ture to call your attention to the fact that the
Revised Statutes, edition of 1its, Sec. 1,11,
defining the organization of the army, limits
the strength to 'not more than 30,03) enlisted
men,' but subsequent appropriation bills by
provisos have limited the expenditures to 2:,
000 enlisted men. Still the legal strength is
a0,000 enlisted men, and that number is the
least possible at whieh we cab maintain the
present organisation of forty regiments in
anything like good order, discipline and econ
omy, and I ianfer this end can be reached by
simply omitting the provisos In the next ap
"The prosperous times and easy financal
condition of the Treasury may now enable
Congress to provide suitable armaments for
the forts whlehguard the chief harbors of the
8peaklng of the Northern Pacific, Union P
eife and Southern Pacifie Railroads, General
"*These railroads have completely revolu.
tionised our country In the past few years,
and impose on the military an entire change
of policy. Hitherto we have been compelled
to maintain small postsalong wagon and stage
routesof travel These are no longer needed,
because no longer used, and the settlements
which grow up speedily along the new rail
roads afford the security necessary, and the
regular stations built for storage at conve
nient distances afford the necessary shelter
forstores, and for the men when operating in
the neighborhood. We should now absolutely
abandon many of the smaller posts hitherto
necessary, and concentrate at strategic points,
generally near the National frontier or where
railroads Interect, so as to send out de
tachments promptly to districts whea need
ed. * *
"In my udgment the time has now conme
for the military authorities to select a suita
ble strategic point for permanent occupation
and Improvement, whence detachments can
be sent out for special service. As long tas we
possess and must care for these small posts it
is impossible to abandon them to waste, and
we ate forced to hold them, but if Congress will
I designate to the President, the Secretary of
War and a Btaird of Oflticers the right to sell
these posts and appropriate the proceeds of
sale to strategic points, I am certain it will re
suit in great eetlonty and enable us to main
tainu large garris:ans with increased discipline
and better service. For similar reatons and
because the clommerce of the world is carried
on in ships of ;,0,!O tons and over, and becau.:e
of the heavy draft of war vessels, mIo:t of our
sea-coast delfenses are sup,erfluous. We now
have 5) .UJ,I3,A people, and the idea of atiny
I hostile force landing on our coast is
. preposterous; yet our great comlluercial prts
should be mnadct so safe that even atn apprehen
I sion of danger would not be felt. Portland,
Boston, Newport. New York, Philadelphia,
Hampton Itonds, Port Royal, Key West, Plen
sacola, New orleans, San Diego, San Fratncis
co and Port Townsend should all be properly
I fortified and garrisoned. All minor forts
Ishould be sold or abandoned. An annual tip
I propriation of $l.000.000 would in ten years put
these forts in good order, and another million
Ia year would properly arm them, and the 'ec
retary of War and President should have d:s
cretion in the disbursement of this money,
Artillery ollicers should also be associated
with engineers in constructing, altering and
repairing sea-coast defenses, because the men
who habve to tight these batteries should have
something to do in their constrtection."
lteferring to the reportsof Generacl Scholleld
Sand Colonel Getty relative to West l'oint and
the artillery school at Fortress lMonroe, Get
eral Sherman says:
"In my Judgment both these institutions are
Sin as good order as possible, and both are tin
Shonor to the country. Education must always
bethe surest basis of National security and
bonor. The education and manly training it
parted to young mtnen at West I'oint have rt paid
the Uaited States a thousand times their cost
and have more than verltiedthe predictionsof
General Washington. From time to time
periodicail complaints have irisen to its prej .
Sdice, such as occurredl last year in regard ~o
I the colonred cadet, Whittaker. A thorough,
f patient, close investigation.in the midst of a
tumult of abuse resulted In the perfect vinli
cation of the authorities of that Acade:ty.
Every cadet at West Point is an appoidntee of
a member of Congress, each member having a
Scadet of his own nomination there, with
only ten appointed by the President at
large. The corps of eadets is there
fo:e a youthful contoaterpart of our
t National House of Representatvio . The
same laws. the same regulations, the same in
struotion books, clothling and food are com
mon to all, and a more democratio body never
exsted on earth tha is the corps of eadets.
P reJudice Is alleged agalinst colored cadets.
PreJudlee of race Is the most ditticult to con
tend against of any in this world. There is no
Smore such prejudice at WestPolitt than in the
5 country at large, and the practice of eqnality
at West Point is in advance of the rest of the
country. The authorities at the Academy
have no voice in the selection of candidates,
and must receive, traht and educate! sach ats
are there, regardless of nationality, c:lor, or
previous condition. To discriminate it favor
I ofacolored boy by reason of his color i1 as
Sauch a vlo!ation of the Fourteenth Amend
Sment to the Constitution as to discriminate
b agalnsthim, perfect impartiality being the
I rule, and that, I believe, the authorities at West
SPolnt have endeavo;red to follow. In ttits co"r
s ection I desire to state that in my judmlncnt
the requirement that all enlisted men of the
Ninth and Tenth Cavalry and of the Twenty.
fourth and Twenty-fifth Inlantry shall be o' •
ored men, while the oGileers are white, is not
consistent with the amendment of the Conslt
B tution referred to. All men shoutldle enlisted
1 who arequalliled, and assigned to regiuments
Sregardless of color or previous colditiom.
± Such has been the law and usage in the navy
g for years, and the army would soon'grow ae
eustomed to it. No body of men on earth has
more reverence for the Constitution and laws
than the army. and I pledge my own and the
good faith of all in the service to enforce faith
I fully every part of the Constitution of the
United States, and every law made in pursu
I ance thereof. General Scholield is abund:mnt
Sly able to enforce the laws attd regulations of
s the academy.
e "The educatien at Forf Monroe, under the
D supervision of olonel (iGetty, is purely Iprofes
sional, amid lmited chielly to the artillery arm
of the service. This education caatot be
found In another college i Anmerlea, and is
Svaluable because the use of artillery is limited
Sto war on a large scale, awl cannot be learned
I In our Indian wars or in commton lite. Wuen
g the necessity arises fr artillery oll-rs, as in
* our Mexican war and also our civil war, it is
* sudden and immLediate. 'This achol costs
nothing but the ordinary gi.rrison expŽnses.
Istilldeslretoestablidh a similar sc:hool fir
Infantry and cavalry at Leavenworth as seon
as the conditipo of Ind at afft.ds will admit of
the sure releat e of some good infantry redi
m-nt from the distant frontier, which 1 hopeI
will occur within the next year."
The report concluddes as f.llows:
"In conclusin, I beg to state that the, en
f tire army is, in my opinion, as patriotic, as
Spatient, as willing to encounter dtllger tend
hard service, as at any former perlel of our
history. The rapid extention of rtilro,).s andl
Smanls has much improved the retonernaIl condi.
Stion and contentnment of the oflicers atnd men,
ad a they simply suffer the usual fate of peace
0 in slow promotion aind the app;'behe-imn of
E c:ntges which never cme. The cunt ry is so
large that regimental transfers and aIhantra
a;e costly. and the conse luence has been
many regiments b:wve remained Ionger in re
mote quar',erethan see;ned fair:t but I have
Scoleavorceo to make the regimental cmanmes
Sas fiast as possible, consistent with the annual
af flEush times began with Eve's
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
Hydr.ophoblaem H orrors.
A LATE Providence (It. I. special to the ,ew b
York Sun says: Last MondId:y a little Son of
James Molyneaux, of this city, was taknl
down with symTptonls of hydr,pi ,bin. (In
Tuesday the diseasel was clearly dClillne). T'Io I
child is nine years ohil, and hbi hbeen bitt n, its
nearly as his parents (ouldl learfn, some th l(ret: 1
weeks before by a cur on the st:'et. All of
the more violent symptlnisor hvdrophobi: d ,t
in. Ills convulsions pmdutei the chl, eir' r
noise that issometintes likcned to tlhesnappi ;
of a dog, and there was the attendant fi at lilln
atthe mouth. While his father and mollher
were tendinb him he bit them both, and it
being imlpossible to crare for Ilim tit honle he
was sent to the lthode Island illspital.
Last evening Mrs. Slyn'nux, tIhe. mother,
without the slightest prellltnition l xcept int; a i
feeling of lassitude, way soddenly eounv:llsed.
She was sitting at the t ine with somte riend 4
at her residence on Ship street. The spasms C
beeame more violent; frothing at the mouth
and other symptoms that had been noticed in
the boy were observed. It was impossible for
the friends to control her. They say she t
snapped at them whenever they approached, d
and that this action caused them to remember r
that shbe had been bitten by the little boy
Harry. Mr. Molyneaux was away, and thbo
police were therefore notiled. An oBicer
cautiously entered the room and approached d
the bed on which Mrs. Molyneaux was lying. IL
She seemed to have gone there in a moment i
of temporary relief, but the moment she saw t
the olicer she sprang at him. The olticer
for a few minutes had a terrible strug
gle. He could have mastered the
woman easily, but be feared that in the
struggle that would. be necessary she 5
might bite him. He seized the bedclothes and t
wound them in a great bunch around his arms, 5
and thus protected himself. He also shouted (
for help, and shortly three officers arrived, 1
Mrs. Molyneaux's house being but a short dis.
tance from the station. The officer then, using
the bedclothes to protect himself, forced Mrs.
Molyneaux as gently as possible back to the
bed, and threw the blankets quickly over her
face. In a second the other officers, with the d
police surgeon, who ha4 arrived with an am
bulance, had secured Mrs. Molyneaux, and she
was taken to the hospital. Sergeant Itunkin,
of the police, says he never saw a more terri
ble sight than was this woman's condition
when they were binding her. He describes
her utterances as almost perfect imitations of 1
the growling of a do,. and says she would set 1
her teeth and snap as dogs do. The moa.t pain.
ful part of it all was that Mrs. Molyneatnx
seemed fully conreious, and her mental suf
ferings were greater than the physical.
Mr. Molyneaux, the husband, who was also
bitten by his son. wits at his place of busi
ness, being employed in some capacity at
night in the steam-mills. He did not know n
this morning of his wife's condition, and the jI
olficers of tile mill were anxious to keep the t;
fact from him.a
Some years ago, when there was what might
almost be termed an epidlemie of hydropho
bia in the Connecticut Valley, a man in the
last paroxysms hit his attenlant The physi
cians watched the attendant for sotme lmonit hs,
Intending to make a careful study of the
disease, but the attendant was never the J
worse for the bite.
Inegdenta of the Nova seotla MWle Dlemastem
STELLARTON (N. S.) iispiilches of the ];ttl
relate the following ilicidenits in connection
with the recent explosion in the coal mine at
that pluce: c
The miner who escaped unharmed states d
that, in trying to get to the shalft, he stumbled
across the prostrate form of an old main. He
stopped, and calling some others running by
to his a.sistauee, got hint Into the cage to go
tothe surface, ant then looked about. He '
found a little boy, apparently dead. He was f
only insensible, and he got tbh little fellow iL
and the old man to the surface, and then d
founld be had rescued his own sol andi his poor I
old father. A brother was still below.
William Dunbf r is in bed in a semi-uncon
scious condition. He is the only re<ciued man
who was seriously injured. lie was a lamp. e
cleaner, and had at cabin at the bottom of the v
pit. He is unable to speak long ienough to tell t
his story, but his wife says that as far as she I
can gather from what be said he was in his
cabin at the time of tihe explosion. Ite saw
the lire burst in the back door and he rusheti
out the front and tell on his lace. ills oil
soaked elotinlig had, however, caut:ht fire and
was burning when his son, in comining to the
pit bottom, found him, and, tdistinguishing
his garments, with stile assi.stance got hint to
the surface. The old man is badly burnt on
the back and the righlt side, and on the
chest and nose. One arm was so badlyburitei J
that the skin peeled down over his hatld. lie
did not complain of suffering much, which is I
considered a bad sign. He has frequent
periods of delirium. His recovery is contsid
ered doubtful. He is seventy-two years old,
and has been In the minilng business forty
seven years. Ib had two sons in the mine
with him. One is lost.
ALl the other rescued men are out of danger
and able to converse about their escape. All
tell the same tale. They had becn suddenly
struck down, aid know nothing of the ettuse.
Some of the escapes we'e veryv narrow. Tare
little boys working near the entlance to the
southt side were jammel in a heap against an
arch by a coal-box, and were found thetre in
sensible; while a horse close by was killed
auld completely roasted. The body of the
horse and coal-box had kept the force
of the explosion from the lads. The
flame, which was but mi mentarlly seen,
jumped several yards inid of the south enl
trance, rlight across the pit bottom, and killed
and rousted a numnber of b~,rses sevenrdl yards
inside of the north gallemy; yet the re ar no
marks of lire beiween these two poiilts.
hetue is glet mloutrnlug aoiot g tnecottages.
The blinds are down in every third or foau:rth
place. Those suddenly-made widows have
large fainiliesof young children, and, if gen
eral ass.stUamee is not extended theom, their
lsulerings this winter will be great, utdeed.
Critens Eleectmt liet.
The loser in a Mept.pis bet Isto stand on
his head live nlinutes, ini a public square,
with a Garfheld banner suspended from his
In Oswego, N. Y., a groceryman bet his' store
against a neighbor's sete market that Han
cock would be elected. tie turned over has
w.gcr like a lman, but the butcher declinted to
in tigentsburg, N. Y., William Alger bet his
mustache against A. A. Babcock's whiskers
that Gartleld would not beetetetd. The olier
m:,rningh h ad his tamstache cut off and sent
to Mr. Ilabeck.
George P. Knowls, of Rlaine, Wls., won from
Edwin Childs, of Dakota, ote section of good
farm land, six hnndred and forty acres. Tue
btl.t wuts *3,0JJ igainst a ce:tain dltscribed
sedtiom that New 1'ork Stale would give Gar
field from 1.0 ) to 5,0i ltepublbean majority.
A comtbination bet was made I y sen lIetmo
crats and teln iteputblicans in Ilouston, Tex.
The losers w:'e to harness themselves to a
stagre-coteh and draw the winners through Ine
principal street. In both pnrties were some
ot the fo'remost men of ti:e ey.
A wucclbarrow bet iu liitiinore result ed in
more of a show til.tn was expected. ' he loser
was nnooyed, while wICeeitig the win\nr over
the stipulated route, by h the tants of the lilt
ter, and lo.lowed upthe p.yinent of the wager
by whipping him son liy.
Josepih . Millcr t:d Hlenary Kle:nlients, of
Rochester, N. 1'., bet on the elec i ,n, tihe lI:ser
to wali a block at tomn aiti.,:d in his wife's
night-dress. Miller lost, tid It noin, ,it feo
days ago, appuartd mnd waii ed in M.s . Miller's
night-gown, followed by a crowd of nmen and
A ilarrisburg man was caught by the tricky
offerof a wal:ger tlhat one ety ill the I' nitcl
Stats of over 1i5,).10 inha.aianlts would nlot
give .t0 votes t,' inaneocki.I The stake was a
autppr for the Walrd Campaign Club of the
winner. The city named was Washington,
wher- there is noa votin for i'iesidetlEt at all.
The vic:im said lttlhin,, excet to Ilnallne the
time tnd the pilact for the supper. in tiat
oeesion the viatids lnkcd all rigunt, and were
just such as the written ttins of the bet
cailed for: but they were foun I to Ibe sell
soMned with snuff and other unpalatable sub
CttILtlEN physic:l!ly unti, for duty
have been em!tlod ci i av firmn of brick
Inmanufacturers in Ezig;u d A lille of
Ilve dollars a child lhas I cit t,noed.
TRi man wlhose jttdgme'it is b"ns I is
prone to have a cross way w th him.
1M EZZO-TINTO elngravin was invented
by the celebran I soldier and Admird,
P'rince Rupert, in 1151h.
A NEW electrical street-lnmt, lighter
Ihas been exhibited in lýt;tn with
m:urked snecess. In three circuits about
three miles of wire are laid. In an i's
sltnt every lIunp connecting with the
wire is lighted.
A rEctLI.tAR disea:e of the coffee.
plant, can ed by the very rapid devel.
opment of a fungus uplon the leaves, has
caused such serious losse to the Islaad
of .lava during the last ten years that a
reward of .100,000 has beetn offered for
a cheap and effectual remedy.
IlERR PREYER, an investigator, has
proven that the drowsiness of fatigue is
c tused by the introduction into the
blood of lactic acid, which is produced
by the disintegration of bodily nerve and
muscle. Many of the sensations we
daily experience seem to be the direct
result of similar chemical change.
THE pachymeter, lately patented ih
Vienna, which measures the thickness
of paper to the 1,000th part of an inch,
is outdone by the micrometer caliper,
now coming into use in this country,
which determines the thickness of paper
or anything else to the 10,000th part of
FRANcCESCO RIZZOLI, professor of
surgery at the University of Bologna
who died recently, has bequeathed his
vast wealth, estimated at nearly 6,000,.
000 francs, to the municipality of Bo.
logna, with the stipulation that it should
be devoted to the completion and main.
tenance of the model orthopedic hospl.
tal on his estate at San Michele, in
Bosco, an institution on which he had
during his lifetime expended a sum of
A PAPER by M. Trecul on a remark.
ble case of vertically-ascending light.
ning was lately read before the French
Academy of Sciences. The phenome.
non occnred during a storm on Aungst
19. The sparks appeared to c')me from
some lightning-conductors in the place,
some rising singly and disappearing at
a small height, after spreading into a
magnificent, nearly circular flash, the
light of which diminished from center
to circumference. In one case two lu.
minous columns rose simultaneously,
pursued a parallel course for some dis
tance, and then bent at right angles and
struck each other.
PITHi AND POINT.
COMETS are wearing as long trains
this season as usual.-Ke-ntucky Slate
THE latest invention is a brain pad,
for weak minds. It can only be worn
by the baldheaded.-N. 0. I'i ae!une.
Ax exchange says: "Coal oil rub.
bed on the neck and head, will cure hog
cholera; we have tried it." Who can
dispute testimony like thatP-Alta-Cali
AT a recent wedding in Slawson the
bride's father gave the young couple
$600. A friend spoke to him of the
magnitude of the gift. "You haven't
rot a marriageable daughter and so
don't know," answered the father, "but.
I think I got off cheap."--Danbury
A BRIGHT little boy, who had been
engaged in combat with another boy,
was reproved by his aunt, who told him
he ought always to wait until the other
boy "pitched upon him." "Well," ex
claimed the little hero, "but if i wait for
the other boy to begin, I'm afraid there
won't be any fight."-New York
A GALVESTON clergyman was talking
to a male parent about the latter's little
boy Johnny. Said the fond father:
"Hie is the cutest little cuss you ever
saw. He can swear like a trooper,
chews tobacco. oties tin pans to dgs'
tails, and-" "Does he attelnd
school?" "Why, parson, he is too
young for that; you know; he is not far
enough advanced."-Galkeston Newos.
A FEATHIER IIAT.
A chicken live I; a chlicken died;
Ills dru msticks andI his wings were fried,
ilii feuather, by a dealer dried,
And, very shortly after, dyed.
Soul he had non.-, adilltt ing tt:at,
How comes it? Thlre upon her hat
lii, phnln; ...n mort:l ch;ckcn's--rise
A glorious bird of paradise.
A Cash Transaetlem.
AN oldish man who was on his way
West took a lunch at the eating-standin
the Detroit, Grand Haven & Milwlakee
Depot yesterday and in payment ten
dered a $20 Confederate note.
"We don't take this sort of money
here," said the attendant, as he scanned
"Don't, eh? Very well. Customs
differ in localities. Theytake it insome
places and refuse it in others. No par
ticular harm done to offer it. How's
It was an old wild-cat bill of 1840,ad.
it was handed back with the remark
that it wouldn't pass.
• Won't, eh? Well, no greet harmto
offer it. Are you willing to take my
note of hand for sixty days for this
" Won't, eh? There areplaceswhere'
they will and places where they won't
This seems to be a place where they
won't. No crime, though, to proposeit.
D)o you think I would have any success
in standing you offP?"
"I presume not, but the inquiry
seemed pertinent. i)oes it appear to
you as if I would have to pay this billia.
" It does."
"Strikes me the same way, too.
There are timles when it seems imposst[
ble to wriggle tout of cash payments. I
have a propoitioi) which I hlave saved
as a last resort. Are you willing to look
upon me as an objector (charity and do.
nate me this thirty cents' worth of
"No, sir, I am not."
" That's what I exlpectcd.butI thought
it no harm to mdke it. I see no other
way except to pay cash. Please take
'your change out o' this fifty cents..
The right change having been handed
him, he heavn; d a sigh of relief and at
dlown to pick hii teeth with a spllinter
from the broom. -Jlnit Free Fress.
THldER.E was a curious softL of dinnel'at
London the other tlay, distinguished
electricians being the guests. In the
center of the tlae was a covered di.h,.
tlleed to eo'ntain a 'gymni"t' S Ie
ftrm a; river ,f South AImr!a';C.,
chairmnln, inst.:td 0of ;,yi2:r grlace. spoke
'o tne di-h as it a km. on tis thele io
:tk .ill uIIsu:l bl.-.ing. Tllen a solenn,.
Iit distict atlld l)Ija';ut v(oicC was
'eard. a i]ll,) c,,llli'lcO fr, m tie
dish repreatiig the f:,v,)ite llm The
,' ,ver w. tihe, r:t td, and hee e i'
delphoInc, 5, ii dI a' t the otlher ead
A Ntw dvice '.. " , i
, ,ilvei ar agr ,' h , ,yt , I ' .iLils ol tiaa
,a ide arad g ,,.m i, hil