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FRIDAY-, FEBRUARY ?, 1503.
"We declaro ourselves as favoring the
principle of tho selection of party cnndl
iates by primary election; believing this
to bc tho surest method of arriving at tho
will of the people and maintaining Demo?
"We accordingly direct the State Cen?
tral Comnilttoo to provide a primary
election plan for the choleo of party can?
didates for the United States Senate, and
?or all elective Stato ofllces; nnd for
members of tho House of Representa?
tives ot the "United States; for members
, of tho General Assembly and for county
' and municipal offices, except whero no
party nominations aro made and except
In the case of county and municipal
Dfn??s where for special reasons, the
locai party throughout shall deem It.In?
expedient. -And the party plan of? or?
ganization, In so far a_ the same may
conflict with any of the above require?
ments. Is hereby altered to that extent.
'"We further favor the enactment by
the General Assembly of a law legalizing
the primaries to be conducted under tlio
plan herein provided for."
The above is an extract from the Arir
ginla Democratic platform adopted by the
Convention, assembled in Norfolk, on
Auguet 15th, 1902. It is plain and speci?
fic and its meaning cannot bo misunder?
stood, As for the primary to nominate
candidates for the United Slates Senate
for all elective State ofllces, for members
of the General Assembly, the Instruction
to the State Central Committee is posi?
tive and the committee has no discre?
tion ln the matter. The Convention mnde
the law and tho law Is binding. If it is
to be repealed, the repeal must bo by the
sanie authority which mado the law, the
regularly constituted Convention of the
Democratic party of Virginia
There Is a great deal of talk about al?
tering tho plan, but why should it bo al?
tered, even by a State Convention until
it has been thoroughly tested? In sove
ral other States of the South this plan
has been In effect for years, and it is, so
far as wo can ascorta In. the most satis
factory plan of making nominations
that has been tried. The only debatable
objection which has been raised to tho
plan, according to our view, Is the ques
?' tlon of expenso. That Is a serious ques?
tion, but It is a problem than can be
solved by the patriotism and party affec?
tion of Democrats. It seems to us en?
tirely reasonable to assume that at prac?
tically every election precinct in the Statu
Of Virginia, enough true and loyal Demo?
crats can be found to conduct tho elec?
tion without cost to the candidates, In?
deed It seems to us unreasonable J.o as?
sume the contrary. He Is a very poor
Democrat, truly, who is not willing to
give one day of his timo In the course o?
a year or two to the work of his party,
and we remark, also that in our opin?
ion better men can be hud without pay
than with pay. The man who will not
serve as Judge of election In a party pri?
mary without pay, must have very little
Interest in the welfare of his party and
.Of course men cannot be compelled to
perform this service gratuitlously und It
will doubtless be' necessary In sonic cases
to pay the election officers. But If the
right sort of an appeal lie mnde by the
party-'f-gamzatloi. and by tho candidates
we^iiave confidence enough In the Demo
^y-Crats of Virulilla to believe that In tue
great majority of cases, It will not bo ia
We note also, and direct tho attention
of the General Assembly to the fast that
the-Norfolk Convention put Itself on re?
cord as favoring a legalized primary.
AA'e should certainly bc- glad to sec such
a bill passed, so that the proposed pure
elections law may bo applied in the pri?
maries ns well ns In the geriarl elec?
tion. Under existing conditions our main
contests are In the primaries and they
should he safeguarded by all reasonable
restrictions of law. What possible ob?
jection there can be to legalizing a pri?
mary, we cannot see. It was certainly
the design of the framers of the Consti?
tution that tlio?Genoral Assembly should
enact a law to that effect. Section !IG Pi
article II provides that "The Genoral
Assembly SHALL enact such laws as aro
necessary and proper for the purpose of
securing tho regularity and purity of
general, local and PRIMARY elections,
and preventing and punishing any cor?
rupt practices in connection therewith."
And so vvo have a recommendation
Irorn the Democratic Convention and u
mandate from the Constitutional Conven?
tion that primarlos bo legalized by act
of the General Assembly. How can tho
General -Assembly escapo this bounden
POISONED WITH TOBACCO.
Tlie practical Joker Is stll at large.
Awhile ugo wo heard that he had been
caught down In Texas und Btruiig up.
Lut not so?he in still ulivo und gulag li:?
rounds. 1-??? week he was In Alle-gliaiiy
county, Va., and wus engaged In his old
tricks. Ills victim was ?, M. Kaklo, tho
postmuster at AVMllainsvllle.
Into a cup ot coffee tliut Mr. R?ttle
was about to drink the p. j. pUj _
piece of tobacco, und Mr. Haklu being
thirsty took a great gulp of tlie coffee
and then another beforo ho dotected any
unusual taste. Soon ho became very
?lek, and for a timo It was feared In;
It was believed that he had been pois
enea tiy ??p?? deadly drug. The Indigna
tlon of his fnmlly and friends?ln tho
lnngungo of Mio novelist?may bo "moro
easily imagined than described."
If In tho supremo moment of their In?
dignation nnd nn-tlety the P. J. had ap?
peared ho might have been dealt with
Biimmnrlly. But Mr. Enhlo recovered
niter some hours' nines:: and an explana?
tion woe mado to him, convincing all
thnt thero was no Intention to destroy
No It was nil meant "In fun," Thfy
practical Joker eupposed that his vic?
tim would detect tho tobacco In his first
tnsto of corree and that no groat hnrtn
would be dono him. It did not occur
to him that the taste of tobacco might
be very objeotlonablo to Mr. Eaklo.
Tobacco taken Internally ls a very
powerful drug. R haa been known to
kill people On the other hand, the late
General Cllng-nan, of North Carolina, es?
teemed It highly as a curative agont,
and he lived to a great ago. However,
It may havo been that his recommenda?
tion of It was for cntornal application In
such diseases as rheumatism, neuralgia,
etc. Wo do not remember as to that.
No doubt tobacco has its good as well
as Its bad points and therein It differs
from the practical Joker, who la wholly
mischievous, often dangerous and some?
times deadly In Ms tricks.
It appears from recent statements that
the profit-sharing plan of the United
States Steel Corporation has thus far
been eminently successful. The stock al?
lotted was largely over-subscribed and
the statement shows that the laborers
nnd skilled mechanics applied for four
fiiths of the subscriptions.
This is encouraging. Tho United States
Steel Corporation ls the largest corpora?
tion of Its kind ln this country. If not ln
tho world, and when It was first organ?
ized It was looked upon as a menace. Iti
may be, but thue far Its affairs havo
been conducted on tho most conservativo
basis. It has largely controlled tho price
of Iron, but It has kept the price down,
when under other circumstances the
price would undoubtedly have gone sky
high. It had a long struggle soon after
its organization with Its employes, but
the difllculty was Anally adjusted, and
now the company seems to be' on good
terms with the men who work for It, nnd
tho men seem to have confidence In tho
company, as Indicated by their large sub?
scription to the stock whloh haa boon
recently offered to them.
This profit-sharing experiment will be
watched with groat Interest. Corpora?
tions of this character aro not philan?
thropic organizations?, but wise men know
that It ls to the Interest of the corpora?
tions to have their workmen satisfied,
and to havo them Interested as much ns
posslblo In the wolfaro of the conoern.
We believe that the only reason why
tho prollt-sharing plan has not been al?
ready adopted by many corporations Is
because It ls a most dlfllcult problem to
formulate a plan that will be entirely
Just to nil Interests and avoid vexatious
complications. It the United States Steel
Corporation shall succeed ln working out
tho plan, nnd showing It to be practi?
cable, thero ls little doubt that corpora?
tions generally will follow suit.
AN UPHEAVAL OF SPITE.
At a meeting the other night of Kear
ny Post, No. 65, Q. A. R, of New York
city, a resolution was adopted protesting
against tho erection of a statue to Gen?
eral Leo at Gettysburg. Tho resolution
declares thnt such a statuo would bo a
"desecration of the hallowed ground" and
would be a "reward for treason." "If
wo raise monuments to those who have
been guilty of treason," It ls added, "wo
toach a bad lesson to posterity."
In tho saino connection we not a let?
ter to one of tho Philadelphia papers
from a Union veteran, also protesting
against the statue, ln which the writer
refers to General Lee as a "traitor to
his country and especially to the State
of Pennsylvania." "it was he who raid?
ed our free State," adds the correspon?
dent, "and It was he and his rebel hordes
who destroyed both Ufo and property ln
the State of Pennsylvania and upon the
very spot at which It ls proposed lo erect
this monument to honor his name and
We do not propose to go Into any de
fenso of General Lee and the Confederate
cause against these slanders, nor shall
wo even tako the trouble to quote from
General Lee's famous order at Gettys?
burg against tho destruction of private
property and the killing of the Innocent.
Wo reproduce these protests from tho
North In order to show the fooling that
still exists, and particularly to show the
unwisdom of any movement, especially
on the part ot the peoplo ot tlio South, to
force General Leo upon tho people of the
North. Every such movement simp'y
gives tho funtankeroue clement at tho
North the opportunity to ventilate thelr
splte and malice and to slander the man
and the causo that aro sacred to us.
General Leo does not need to be "hon?
ored" at the North. Ills fame Is estab?
lished, his memory ls sacred, and wo who
know him und appreciate him and lovo
his memory can well afford to leave lilm
alone ln his glory.
THE LIQUOR QUESTION.
Vermont hus abandoned prohibition,
uflor a trini of fifty years. Last year
tho State Legislature enncted a local op?
tion and high llconso law, but under a
promise of the Republican party tho law
was submitted to a voto of tho peoplo
for rejection or ratification. Tho law
carried by it majority of about ono thou?
sand, which, according to tho Now York
Sun, was about the same ns tho majority
Cur prohibition I" 1852.
In tho same connection the Sun says
that the) Raines law In Now York has
given tho greatest Impetus to tho high
license movement that It hns yot re?
ceived, and adds:
Thnt law having provod to he a rich
revenue-producing measurn, and having
at tho name lima diminished tlio num?
ber of Huloons, It ls probable' tluvt it
will remain In New York, so far as Its
principle is concerned, whatever inny ho
the |irui 1 ioni changos In tho Stato. Blnoo
li- enactment the temperance agitation
has censed to dlmurb politic??, us It hud
dono before. Tho prohibition vote in
tho BUttu has fallen off actually tt?lj|
relatively to the Increase of the popu?
lation, very decidedly. P'or example, the
prohibition voles for Governor, which In
1KM had beuu over ??,???, out of a total
ut about l.lUAOOO. fell In 1U0U to about ;?? .
000, out of moro than 1,800,000. Tho dis?
traction of temporaneo agitation Is ho
longer feared by tho Republican party.
Thoro I? tonielhliig In all this for the
law-makers of Virginia to consider. Tho
liquor question Is a Very live Issue In
politics nmi politicians will do well to
recognize tho fact
OUR FINANCIAL PAGE.
Wo point with pride, as the politi?
cians say. to tho financial pago of The
Times-Dispatch, nnd Invito comparison
with tho Baltimore and Washington pa?
Wo do not think that there Is a dally
paper south of Now York that gives a
botter service from day to day.
By the blunder of somo ono In authori?
ty tho invitation to General Miles to
dine at Windsor Castle and spend the
night thero did not include Mrs. Miles.
-..,.. ?.,,,. i,?rt fnr (1l(> hinnfipHng court
official, and had for Mrs. Miles.
,. ..?. no? ?o ne iniagiiied thai tho King
deliberately withhold his Invitation from
Mrs. Miles; but tho question has boen
raised whether tho General should have
accepted his Invitation, seeing that his
wlfo was Igaored or forgotten,
There'aro two opinions on tho subject
hore In republican America, but we
dar? say General Miles consulted mem?
bers of tho American Embassy who know
what court etiquette demanded, and that
he followed their advice. The "func?
tion" was official purely-tho Invi?
tation was to Lioutennnt-General Miles,
not to tho Individual?and ho probably
pursued tho right course ln the circum?
Captain Richmond Poarson Hobson
has been In trouble ever since he be
camo famous. If Dr. Ware's antl-klsslng
bill hod been a law, the year of the
Spanish-American war, tho hero of the
Merrlmac would havo beeo botter off.
He has hod a fair degree of promotion
in the navy, hut he wanted to be re?
tired on account of bad eye sight.' That
tho Washington officials would not al?
low, and hence he has offered his resig?
nation. Now they wish him to with?
draw his resignation. However, we be?
lieve It is settled that ho will leave tho
service on February lith, but ho asks
that ho may bo reinstated In case of
war. Meantime, we trust his eye sight
will bo fully restored. A short-sighted
warrior Is at a great disadvantage.
In our editorial yesterday about tho
?'Political Opportunity of the South" a
typographical error obscured the mean?
ing of a clause about which thero should
bo no shadow of doubt, und that Is, that
one of the essential principles of De?
mocracy Is "The restriction of the Fed?
eral Government to Its legitimate func?
tions, and opposition to the further
extension of Its powers over tho acts
and Industries of the people of the
States." Wo wish our views on this
question to be made very plain.
Senator Hnnna's bill to pension ex
slaves has gl'i'cn rise to much specula?
tion, moro or less political. The Senator
says that tho bill was Introduced "by
request," and ho knows nothing about
It. There Is reason to believe that the
"request" came from somo fakir who? ex?
pects to line his pockets by collecting
money ?from the negroes to push the
bill along. It Is an old dodge, and it
Is said that one such concern In other
days collected ln ?2 fees from the de?
luded negroes as much as $200,000 to carry
through a similar bill, which was "twice
read and roferrcd to the Committee on
Pensions." Poor negro I he Is always
bolng victimized by somebody.
Senator Hanna explains that it was
only "by request" that ho introduced
his bill to pension ex-slaves.
That may be, but wo tell him he has
raised vain expectations ln tho breasts
of hundreds of negroes, and that ho
will hear from many of them. He may
look out now for an immense Increase
in his Southern correspondence. Mean?
while, tho AVashlngton correspondent of
the Baltimore Sun is assured that there
is no truth in t'ho report that Mr. Hanna
expects to "capture" the Tennessco dele?
gation In the next national convention.
Chief Judgo Geo. Savage, of the Orphan's
Court of Baltimore, who on Wednes?
day Buffered a second stroke of apoplexy,
was born In Henrico county. Va., s-erved
during the Civil War In a Richmond
artillery company, and for a year or
two was connected with the business
offlco of the Richmond Examiner. From
hero he removed to Baltimore, where ho
studied law. Ho Is a very sick man
now; his condition being critical, la
It seems now that a compromise will
bu reached In the matter of admitting tho
territories that are clamoring for state,
hood at the door of tho Senate. Tho piar,
is to admit Arizona and New Mexico as
one State under tho namo of Arizona,
and then hitch tho Indian Territory on
to Oklahoma, and ndmlt them as ono
State under tho name Oklahoma. This
will put two more stars on the flag and
four more Senators In tho Congress. It
will also leavo an opening for tho new
Stato of Montague, which they are talk
lug of canning out of Montana and North
Several days ago wo mentioned that a
South Dakota furmer had written to the
editor of this paper to gain information
concerning farming landa in Virginia, as
ho desired to sottlo hero. The lettor
was turned over to Commissioner K?lner,
who answered It. But as several persons
hairo written to know tho address we
have decided to print It. It Is W. A.
Johnson, Raymond, Clark county, South
In another column a Danville corre?
spondent discusses In an' Interesting
manner somo Interesting questions of
suffrage Involved and not Involved In the
It may bo worthy of notice that nono
of tho young men who helped Uobsnn
submerge the Merrlmac are complain?
lug of suro oye? or resigning. JtobfjQij
Doblln Is not a man who carries evo
thousand dollar bills nroutiU loose, and he
owns no eubmarine patterns. Hence aotw
hody woe backing him when he dlreotod
his attention -to the Now York ConsTeae?
man, and the question Is who? Echo's
answer ehopid not be considered eufll
The oppononte of Dr. Crum seem to W
getting the crum of oomfort at the proa
ont writing, and, If Tlllman can he hold
In chock, Crum will probably bo defeat,
It now cista $110,000 per year to keep
tho White Houso la order, whereas It
used to take only (38,000. There are mor?
chlldron and rainy days about tho Whit?
House now than formerly.
The. Senate passed the Elkins anti-trust
bill without a singlo speech for or against.
It muet bo a mighty poor bill that gets
throm-h. that way.
Whon 'Minister Bowon says no, he
throw? an emphasis in It that convinces
British and Germans alike, that ho means
what ho says.
Tho ground hog doubtless got an Idea
lost night that ho had made his exit a
trifle too soon.
Decent politics wins a great victory.
Addlcks has thrown up the sponge lj
It ooat Sousa Just (3,000 *o play before
tho King, but the advertisement was
worth every cent ot It,
Reports of the death of a Sultan must
now be acco-mpanlod by a corner's cer?
tificato to Insure belief.
Thero ls now a prlco-oontrolllng milk
syndicate in New Jersey. It Is properly
watered, we suppose.
Castro knew what he was doing wheB
ho asked Bowen to play his hand for
Never mind about Lcssler and Qulggl
Doblln has been squelched.
After all, Addlcks did pot have a tras;
Even the Kentucky grand Juries are
getting- tired of Goebel confessions.
We will soon find out what Is really
With a Comment or Two.
From appearances the Democratic party
ls drifting to where Mr. Cleveland stands
but we do not take this as an Indication
that It Is willing to accept him as Us
standard-bearer. Durham Herald.
To sit on the fence and watch the drift
will be sufficient glory for your Undo
The price of beef has been Teduced to
per cent, at Ne*w Orleans as a result of
a fight between big packers and Inde?
pendent concern. It's the old story?whon
beef packers fall out other poople get
their dues.?Atlanta Journal.
Wonder If we can't start such a fall?
ing out In these parts or has New Or?
leans a patent on the method,
A new word was coined during tho
course of a lynching case ln Jackson,
Miss., tho other day. The word ls "all
bier," and Judge Niles explained that it
meant "ono who Is always willing to
swear to an alibi for a friend, through
good and ovil report."?Savannah News.
The name may be now, but the "all?
bier" Is an ancient institution.
Th? Joke which legislatures are passing
around this year Is tho taxing of bache?
lors, and it has been passed enough to
bo very stale.?Indianapolis Journal.
It should be burled with the antl-klss
ing bills which started In the Virginia
Legislature and was a huge Joko front the
The pneumonia bacillus has been found.
Now that tho men of sdence have got
down to "P." let them locate the poli?
tical microbe nnd save tho rising genera?
That microbo will not remain located.
Head It off at one place and It will bob
up serenely ln another. .
We have noticed that the Adminis?
tration always gets busy In the Inter?
ests of clean sidewalks after the worst
part of the winter season has passed.?
That's about tho way we work coun?
try roads in Virginia.
"Mr. Cleveland is the only man ln the
United States, in the opinion of former
Senator Lindsay, ot Kentucky, who could
be elected President in 1301 in opposition
to Mr. Roosevelt. But Mr, Lindsay re?
veals his cheerful view by adding that
Mr. Cleveland could not possibly be nom
That Mr, Lindsay must feel reasonably
sure of Mr. Roosevelt's election, but then
Mr. Lindsay is afflicted with narrow
Personal and General.
Susan B. Anthony will place all her
books, Pamphlete and other documents
relating to the "woman question" In a
spec lui alcove which has been set apart
for the purpose In the Congressional Li?
General Frederick Funston says he has
entirely recovered from tho wounds he
received In the Philippines and ls ex?
pected to ho ordered back to the Islands
at mo'st any time. In tho meantime he
has gone out to Wyoming to hunt grouse
and wild pigeons.
Isreal Smith, Jr., leader of tho famous
Thirty-third Massachusetts Regiment
Rand, now a resident of Now Bedford.
Mass., has In his possession a drum that
was used in tho battio of Bunker Hill,
Tho publicity amendment to tho de?
partment of commerco bill, It Is stated,
wns sent to certain financiers and trust
officials In Now York for tholr approval
before being passed by the Senato.
Mortnllty In Chicago during January
was 10 por reut, inrger than in the month
last year?representing 344 more death?,
which tho board of health attributes to
tho scarcity of fuel. Beforo tho winter
Is over the coal famine will havo num
bored Its victims throughout the coun?
try by tho thousands and perhaps tho
tens of thousands,
Henry Philips, of Philadelphia, form?
erly a partner of Mr. Andrew Carnegie,
who Is now In India, ha? given to Lord
Cursen; tho vlreroy, ?10,000 to bo applied
to scientific or other practical objuot.?
for tho benefit of India. Mr. Phlnps
somo timo ago gave (300,000 to the fund
for tho relief of the Boers, and recently
It was made, known that he has given
?51,000,000 for an Instituto In Philadelphia
for tho study nnd treatment of tuber?
EnthuKluatlo friends ot Chester 1.
Long, tho new Republican United States
Senator from Kansas, havo started a
movement to make him nominee for
YJpe? President, They ?ay Iowa lias
tw o cuwlldatea and Kanaoa will stund
l'or llooaovelt and Long.
Cleans Glase aa well as
A novel preparation in ? novel
form. The beet lilver pollih the
Jewel.rilcepit ?3 "?"? ? ?whago
Urencl of Vhought
in 'Dixie J?and
?*? ? t ? ? ? M f ? M H M ? H M ? ?T
The Atlanta Journal says: If the Ameri?
can republic, traditionally, stands for
anything, It is freedom to worship God,
or to refuse to worship, as the citizen
may elect in his conuclence. So long
ae Mr, Smoot vlolatee no law and keeps
within the moral pale, his Senatorial cre?
dentials are as good, (rom that stand?
point, as those of any member of that
Columbus Ennulrer-Sun : The best ne?
groes of Richmond, Va., the homo of the
negro, Hayes, who mode au anarchistic
speech in Washington a few days ago,
denounce the utterance of Hayes as In?
cendiary and oondomn him ln no uncer?
tain tones. The truth Is the best element
of tho Southern negroes nowhere endorse
the acts of the President In stirring up
strife and bitterness between the races.
Montgomery Advertiser: But there
seems really no reason to doubt that Ger?
many wants to gobble up some of the
South American countries and would be
glad of an excuse for trying conclusions
with the United States. Before trying It
she would do well to read the story cf
the bull and the locomotive. At tho same
time, all lovers of humanity will unite
In the wish that all difficulties may be
Florida Times-Union: Is It pot true
that tho farmer does the poorest busi?
ness in his lino when he plants a crop
of politics ahead of the season The man
who asks you to break ground for his
crop Is the lineal descendant of the fel?
low that made little Ben. Franklin grind
his ax by talking soft nothings to him
till the Job was done and then kicking
him away to get rid of payment AVhen
the child grew Into a man he told us
to beware of all tho kind.
Atlanta Journal: France and other Eu?
ropeans countries have scientific sys?
tems and bureaus for the study of crimi?
nal and aberrant classes. Where such
bureuus exist, they have proven almost
exception of Invaluable assistance to the
administrative and penal branches of the
government. We fall to see why the
United States should lag behind ln this
really important matter. Prevention is
better than cure; and prevention Is
founded upon knowledge, which Is in
turn derived from experiment.
Mobile Register: The attempt to put
a Cleveland button on Richard Olney is
unwise. Richard, to be himself again,
must run on hie own merits.
Savannah News: It would bo a grace?
ful thing for Chill and Argentina to pre?
sent their surplus warships to the United
States since his counry?because of Its
Monroe doctrine?must continue to stand
between them and any possible foreign
North Carolina Sentiment.
There has been somo trouble with con?
vict management about which the Char?
lotte News says:
"The Legislature Is to bo commended
for Its prompt action in ordering an in?
vestigation of the charges of inhuman?
ity towards the convicts who have been
employed In railroad work In the moun?
tains of Mitchell county. Tho charges
should bo thoroughly Investigated, nnd
if found true, severe punishment should
be meted out to tho Inhuman guards
who were responsible."
Concerning the bill allowing judges to
"cut off debato" among tho lawyers, the
Raleigh Post says:
"Of general public approval there
could bo no doubt, but It Is especially
gratifying that leading members of the
bar are earnest In their support of tho
measure. This meosuro ought to pass.
It will une, ?estionably promote the
transaction of business of tho courts, ,
thus assuring prompter deliverances In
lltigat'on, nnd a clearing of dockets.
This limitation cannot possibly he taken
as a reflection upon the talking capa?
city of the lawyers?their licenses guar?
antee this?but It will afford them all a
reasonable excuse for not talking when
their own senso tells them It is unne?
cessary. Wo think tho measure of the
senator from Buncombe contemplates an
important and much needed reform."
The Wilmington Star has this view
of the situation:
"The Democrats must nominato a man
for President in 1804, who can carry New
York, New Jersoy and Connecticut. In
the language of the puzzle pictures:
?Find the man.' "
Tho Enfleld Ledger says:
"So that whether the time he far or
near. It will surely come when the name
of Robert E. Lee will be dear not only
to the South, but to the great American
Tho Concord Tribune says:
"We like Senator Berieloy's hill to
establish an Historical Commission.
North Carolina is full of history and its
high timo It wero being published, ac?
curately from first to last. Thero aro
many choleo bits of history hid away
ln minds soon to pass from earth. Thero
Is much of It which could be edslly
gathered and there are capable, patriotic
North Carolinians who Avould gladly
serve, on such a commission?and with?
The Durham Herald sensibly remarks:
"Of course if tho whiskey men see that
temporaneo legislation Is probable they
will favor tho less drastic of the meas?
ures before the legislature, hut this
should not cause tho friends of temper?
ance to demand extremo legislation or
nothing. They cannot afford to bo blind?
ed by prejudice on one sido or enthusi?
asm on tho other.
Remarks About Richmond.
Norfolk Ledger: It Is greatly to the
credit of certain colored peoplo of Rich?
mond, who may bo taken as representa?
tives of their raco In Virginia, that they
havo publicly and formally repudiataci
tho incendiary utterances of tho negro
lawyer, James II, Hayos, on a rocont
occasion In Washington.
The Portsmouth Star, commenting so
rlmisly on Alderman Allen's propos?e! an
tl-hato ordlnaco, says;
"Men enjoy tho inalienable right to
make themselves disagreeable to any au?
dience by going out between tho acts to
seo a friend. So also Is It tho constitu?
tional privilege of woman to do as much
by wearing in public assemblies a hat ae
big as a cabbage patoh or oilier flam
buoyant headgear. Wo pray for reform
In this matter, but we pray for It to
conio In tho right way. Lot tho women
voluntarily uud Hraoofully take off their
hats to the reasonable and Just request
ioC the public,"
??tfi Mur With
The Boutlhelde Virginian, published In
Appomattox county, says',
'We believe we voice tho sentiment of
a large majority o? the best colored pei
ple of thle county when we say that
they agree with the representative col?
ored men of Richmond ln condemning
the Ih oo nd lar y utteranoee of tho negro
lawyer Hayes, who recently spoko In
Washington, advising the colored raoo
to use the sword and torch to obtain re?
dress for their political grievance*,"
T*e Norfolk Ledger ventures this opin?
"Nothing has happened ln Tecent
years that ls so gratifying to William ll,
as tho fact that he was the one to shoot
the first hole through the Monroe Doo
trlne?and we aro not surprised that he
holds tho present President of the Unltod
States In such high esteem."
Tho Btaunton News Is Watching the
new boss ln the orchard and condudes:
As Superintendent Slcmp hasn't shaken
the Virginia plum treo recently, It is
presumed that he Is qulertly spreading a
net to catch some of the choice fruit
from the topmost branches.
The Petersburg Index-Appeal wearies
of much law and walls as follows:
Whether It was Jefferson or somebody
else who first said that the world la
governed too much, the Bayer was a pro?
found statesman. Every year?every
day that a Congress or Legislature Is In
session?shows Ills wisdom. The wornt
onemy that law and order have Is the
law maker! the man who attempted to
mako laws, and falls, Is lese an enemy
only because loss successful.
The Charlotte Gazette, speaking of
the bod roads of Its own county, says:
Thoso who only use tho road? for
driving purposes, and then only or main?
ly ln good and dry weather, do not
realize the actual condition to tho farmer,
who in good weather ls at work on his
land, but in winter or'early spring uses
the road to haul his tobacco to the sta?
tion or his wood for fires. The time
when tho great body of tne people have
most pressing ncod for ino use of the
roads Is the vory time when, as now,
they are well-nigh impassable,
The Norfolk Virginian-Pilot make? this
There can bo no question that there Is
an Insistent demand in YlTglnia that our
politics shall be put upon a higher plane;
that ballot-box stuffing shall ceaso; that
the expenditure of money ln elections
shall bo confined to legitimate purposes;
and that, generally, serious effort shall
bo made to realize tho better conditions
promised In the dlsfranchlBcr-.ent of the
Short Talks to the Legislature.
Frcderlckeburg Star: If Mr. S. Gordon
Cummlngs, of Hampton, Vn., succeeds In
deriving any glory from his so far suc?
cessful effort to kill tho Barksdale bill by
amending with the word "corruptly," we
will bo much surprised. The gentleman
may find conditions In his district such as
not to warrant the banishment of cor?
ruption at the poll.?*, but we asaure him
that everywhere else In the State the
people desire olectlons free from the
pernicious influences which have domi,
noted many of them in the past. The
Houso Commltteo on Privileges and
Elections has adopted the Cummlng
amendment, but we still await with
much confidence the action ot the House
Southside Virginian: The amendment of
Mr. Jonnlngs, of Lynchburg, to the na.
ary bill, docking members of the Legls
,aturo for their absence without leave,
was a good thing and should havo been
passed. This drawing pay without dis?
charging the duties Is getting lto be a
crying shame and the people of Virginia
should call a halt.
Norfolk I.cdgor: Wo entirely agree
with Mr. Barksdale that the Insertion of
the word "corrupt" In tho pure election
bill, with reference to the uso of cam?
paign money, would destroy entirely the
utility of tho measure, and wo trust that
he will be able to defeat all such amend?
ments?Just as well not have the law as
to make It Inoperative.
Norfolk Vlrglnlan-Pilot: We agree with
Mr. Barksdale that.he was entitled to
an earlier report from the committee of
the House on his bill to prevent the
corrupt use of money In elections.
Tho hill was not one to be smothered
or butchered in committee. It passed the
Senate with little opposition and it has
behind It the intelligent publlo opinion
of the State, which Is no longer dis?
posed to concede that corrupt methods
in elections are to be condoned on the
ground of necessity.
Newport News Press: The amendment
of the Barltsdalo pure election bill by
the Insertion of tho word "corruptly" Is
suggestive, to say the least.
Referring to tho mattor of tho James?
town Ter-Centenary appropriation, the
Norfolk VIrglnlan-Pllot says: It ought not
to be necessari* to urged upon the mem?
bers of the General Assembly that thoy
aro now confronted by an opportunity
that they must seize for tho good of
the State or see it slip away beyond re?
call. In a largo measure, they aro to
say whether It shall be stagnation or
progress ln Virginia. So far as the Ex?
position Company and tho peoplo of this
rich nnd populous section are concerned,
they wait but upon the co-oporatlon of
the State to put their shoulders to tho
wheel. Gentlemen of the Finance Com?
mittee and of tho Legislature, Is It stag?
nation or progress?
Perhaps all this anti-klsslng legisla?
tion Is brought about by rumors of Hob?
son cutting loose from the naval ser?
vice and going on the lecturo platform.
Bottle babies are so likely
to -get thin. What can be
done ? More milk, condensed
milk, watered milk, household
mixtures?try them all. Then
try a little Scott's Emulsion in
It does for babies what it
does for old folks?gives new,
firm flesh and strong life.
You'll be pleased with the re?
sult. It takes only a little in
milk to make baby fat.
We'll m ml yem ? Utile lo try, llyuu Ilk?,
6C0TT ft llOWKli, 4fi% PenUlrcet, New Ycrfc
DAILY CALE-NDAR-u-lB. ?.
maZ^vZ?1*?* ??Pu^tlon 11.D?3.
mo-Pop Tato Invented tho ourved bal),
* ? ?
Wo don't like tfr be insinuated at.
If a follow comes out and savi he
think? wo did a certain thing, thon w?
feel that wo have a right to knock: him
But when ho sayB in a Blap-slded fash
Ion that ho heard such a thing and can't
toll from whom ho hoard it we are placed
In the position of tho fellow with the
billiard ball In his mouth?we can't eay
Our friend Billy Bradley has made an
He eaya a follow told him that he saw
us at tho ftro the other night with a tin
cup and a tin bucket.
Ho didn't eay why wo had tho tin ware,
but ho told a story of a big Ore In Balti?
more once, when some follows got tin
buckots nnd things and filled them with
liquor of various kinds, because the flre
was In a' %rl.?ls_oy houeo.
Now, aa we said, wo do not like In?,
AVo do not think we aro necessarily
called upon to refute the Insinuation, but
wo wish to say thnt we did not go to
tho flro with a tin bucket or oven a tin
AVe didn't even go to the Are.
In fact, wo didn't know thore was a ?
Are until the next day when we saw It
la tho paper.
And wo can ?t??? that such was the
case by the Brown-Eyed Girl, with whom
we wero spending a' very pleasant time.
AVo don't need liquor anyway.
Candy Is our strong point
Home-made caramels and eome of Mm.
Nichols" burned almonds.
Wo feel like saying something about
the Bijou trunch of girls.
There Is otvi of them especially who ,
lias caught our fancy, and when she
shakes her Btuicy head at the crowd, it
makes us feel like going Into that crowd
and wiping the floor up with It.
AVe f?2el hurt, and when wo come to
thlak of the possibilities of a pleasant
evening with her, our chances seem to
float off Into nothingness, and we go
home to dream about those sunny locka
and that bewitching smile, and then we
go again tho next night to have our heart
Our heart gets broken nine times a
week, when that Bijou Bunch comes to
And Just to think, thlsTa the last week
they are to be with us!
? ? ?
If we do not appear ln our accustomed
places to-morrow, we wish to be re?
For Grand Exalted Ruler Cronk will
be ln town to-night or.d Utero is going
to be something doing.
That Reception Committee will be on
hand? bright and early, and wo expoct
to be In close touch with tho committee.
Mr. Cronk le a fellow after our own
heart, and his coming necessitates tho
bringing out from tho wardrobe our
high-priced dress suit, ln which wo look
so nice. The trouble with us and our
dress suit Is that we always get together
at a stag entertainment Wo would like
to mix ln with the ladles with that dress
suit on, and we will some day.
The Beauties of Socialism.
Editor of the Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?In your article? on "Socialism Re?
jected," I noticed an error on your part
which should ho corrected before the
genera] publlo Is aware of It, namely:
You speak of Independent working-ion;
should you discharge your torca of em?
ployes to-morrow, and close your office
doors, what could they do? Are they
independent enough to Ilvo without
work? I say no! There are no Indepen?
dent working people. Slaves of Govern?
ment? AVhy do so many people fairly
wish to take the civil service examina?
tion, they are all very willing to become
slaves. Do you know that if the Govern?
ment were able to operato the railroads,
that there would bo no deficit In the Pos?
tal Department? Do you know that wc,
the people, pay these railroad companies
$33,000,000 to carry the United States mall
for one year? Do you know that tho
railroads charge tho Government eight
cents per pound to carry tho mail? Tak?
ing all things into consideration, tho
Postal Service is doing remarkably well.
"Every sensible worklngman knows that
in such a situation, there would be poli?
tical corruption." You never hear of cor?
ruption these days, Oh, no, people are
all honest. For instance, St Louis, New
York, Philadelphia and even Richmond,
yes go farther still, our National Halle.
You cannot deny this, you cannot fool
tho people any longer, you must come out
square and fair, either for ownership by
and for tho peoplo. (Socialism), or owner?
ship by tho and for the capitalists,
t?emocrocy and Republicanism.)
"But suppose in such a situation *he
worklngmen should control." The Gov?
ernment under Socialism consists of the
worklngmen, and do you think that there
would bo muoh trouble to decide, not
compel, but decide about more wages and
less hours? Tho Government should re?
ceive all tho revenue, ln other words, tho
people would receive It, not the few as
wo havo it now, but all of the peoplo,
not equally, but ? each one Is able to
The strong shall take care of the weak.
Insuranco by tho Government for the
aged, or pensions,
Doctors and other professional men em?
ployed by the people tut a salary, certain
hours, certain pay.
Study Socialism, think over It, reason,
You cannot fuse with the Republicans,
tho negro question is too delicato; the
Democrats are weak; study Socialism,
help to tako away from humanity the
curso of gain, let us live for one another,
not for ourselves. Let us follow In the
footsteps of Him who saves all.
C. AV. HOIC
Lynchburg, Va., February 4.
(For Tho Times-Dispatch.)
Boisterous winds blow tho twigs from
Pictures of beauty, the frost fancy
Red gleams the holly, all In riotous
'Gainst the dark green of her lanco
The mistletoe sad, with the weight ot
Weeps waxen-white tears as It cllnga
to Its oak.
And sighs to the winde, that so roughly
Deep down in tho woodland the cleat
lake has frozen;
Near its brink sits a bird like a
Tho bark of tho fox cuts the cloar, frost?
Whllo all Avhlte on the ground llea
tho snow llko a pall.
Tho blue vault of heaven Is crusted with
Tlio silver moon sloops on the breast of
tho BIIOW. .
AH nature calls clearly, or softly, or
-Brama M. Il, Friend.