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LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE ON CURRENT TOPICS.
Statistics With Respect to the Importa?
tion of Negroes to This Country,
Edllnr of Tho Tlnrvf-DlspntrHi
Blr,?I. submit below a tabla of statis?
tics, to' which I Write', I rcalliso that tho
destiny of the negro as tt civil nnd politi?
cal factor in tho United Slates Is now
reaching a crisis, nnd In so far as I?,
may bo afl'ccled by tho flat of man. every
*cliitlll? of truth should bo brought to
light. This table was revealed on tho
floor .of tho United States Sonato under
the following circumstances!
Senator Smith, of South Carolina, In a
?speech In tho Sonato on the Missouri
compromiso In" 1820, paid his compliments
to Rhode Island for having been bitter
'.. nuaiiist slave-holders generally, "This,
however, ho believed, could not bo Ilio
temper or opinion of-Ilio majority of tho
jjcoplo In tfiint State, from the late elec?
tion of Mr, James Do Wolfe as a mem?
ber of Ilio Sonnte, as ho hod accumulated
en Immense fortuno by the Afrlcnn slavo
trade," Mr. Smith proceeded to show that
In tho^ycar 1804 tho Legislature of South
Curollna opened tho ports of that State
for the Importation of African slaves;
' thnt they remained open for four years,
nnd.? tWring I hat timo? 202 vessels with
pluv-os, entered the port ot Charleston.
Ion pf which, with their cargoes, be?
longed to Mr. Do AVolfo.
''Recapitulation of African slavo trade,
.and by what nations supported, from
.Juno 1, 1B0-?, to December 31, 1807."
Vessels belonging to?
Rhode Island. 09
Korfnlk . 2
Connecticut . 1
Consignees natives of Charleston. 13
Consignees natives of Rhode Island.; RS
Consignees natives of Britain. 01
Consignees natives of France. 10
At the Bnmc timo Is presented tho sum?
mary of the whole number of slaves Im?
ported by foreign-nations and by'each of
the United States;
"Slaves Imported at Charleston from 1st
January, 1801, to December the 31st,
? 1 VOS, and by what nations:"
In American vessels:
Of this number there wero be?
longing to foreigners. 6,717
-, Leaving Imported by merchants
and planters of Charleston
und vicinity .2.0OG
.Rhode Island . 7,938
Baltimore . 750
Savannah . VM
Boston . 200
Philadelphia . 200
New Orleans . 100
Total . 33,075
The slaves Imported by the foreigners
were not sold to the peoplo of South
Carolina except In smnli part, but wero
sold to Georgia and the Western States
una'to Now Orleans. _____
LESONS TO LEARN.
The above tables ure replete with use?
ful lessons" and suggestions. To one only
will timo and spaco to ' permit ? me to
point, . In this ono transaction. ?lon?
may be. observed the faot, that-within a
period of time embracing scarcely more
than a generation, tho children of 40,000
such beings, freshly removed from tfielr
savage haunts and Jungles, with tbo as
joclatlons of diabolical orgies still cling?
ing to them were invested with all the
franchises of American citizenship, AVhnt
an heritage for the South! However bril?
liant may havo been the achievements
of the southern people on the field of
battle, their achievements of peace have
fcoen marvelous and without parallel, In
thnt. with Buch' heritage thrust upon
? them In lieu of having been crushed (o
earth, they have preserved their clvlll
?.atIon Intnct and untarnished, and In
?their wonderful progress have surround?
ed tho entire nation with a halo of glory,
a reflection of their own splendor. It
may now bo conceded as an historical
fact that the' boon of freedom was ono
unsolicited, unsought and undesired by
the negroes. ?
There Is much philosophy In Uncle
Tony's reply to a Federal officer In Pe?
tersburg,' to whom after having been
congratulated by him on the reception
of his freedom, he said. "Foro do Lord.
Mars Whiten?an, dat Is'Jest nigger luck
/to got what ho plntcdly don't wanl." The
negroes willingly fed the armies that
wero holding them In bondage, for un?
der existing circumstances no adequato
arrangement could possibly have been
made for their compulsion. This singular
fact . Is -accounted for by some oil the
ground of amiability of the race Correct,
but an amiability born of happiness and
contentment. Education hns nut dis?
guised the negroes except In some Iso?
lated Instances of thoso who are reach?
ing,, for what thoy may never hope lo
attain. Such are to be pitied, and remind
one ot the Irishman, who, hla case hav?
ing, been brought Into court Interrupted
the pleading of bis lawyer by loud la?
mentatimi, and when asked the cause
of his agitation, replied: "Faith nnd be
gorral J did not know that 1 havo been
treated so bad till that illigeut gentleman
tould us." Ah "the negro problem has
b?*on, with all Us attendant and. menacing
Ills, made the peculiar heritage of the
South, I Ulto measure should Ilio solu?
tion of It bo mado Its peculiar caro.
Northern people are under no obligations
to tho negro, other thnn such as they
hwo discharged by selling, him to the
South when no longer profitable to them
seises. Tho South Is under obligation to
him, and will never be unmindful of tbo
fnat. The problem is no new one to tho
South,, and has engnged the serious at?
tention of its peoplo from tho oarllest
I will submit In substance ono of the
many characteristic reports of the an?
nual meetings of tlio American Coloni
?intion Society, ine'd" In meeting of 1W8.
During tho year the society had Hent to
Liberia 013 emigrants, of whop? 33t wero
slaves liberated for tho purpose, Th*
remainder were frpe negroes from tlilr
teen different States?from Virginia, 117;
Georgia, 00; South Carolina, 41; appli?
cants awaiting to be carried over, C67,
Receipts during tho yoar $50,1(11; e_f
penses, f51,052; bnlance In treasury, il,?'
830.-1 extract from a resolution offered
nt this meeting by Hon. R. J. Wnlkor,
\fleerctnry of Treasury,^United Btates, in
?.?congratulation to the society for "lay
pg the foundation of ? system destined
,-fo facilitate the ultimate separation of
the two racen of Ilnm and Japhet."
The. following preamble and resolution
wero offered by Hon. Robert McLano, of
-Maryland, and ?seconded by ,lho lions.
Joseph R. lagerst?!!, .if Pennsylvania,
and Hugh Maxwell, of New York:
"Whereas the Institution of domestlo
slavery exists In I ho United Stales as
the creature of local and municipal law,
so recognized and respected by tho Fed?
eral Constitution, therefore be it
"Resolved. That In all action? affecting
this ? Institution' In its civil or political
aspect the American elllaen and
?talesman has Imposed upo.u him a
solemn obligation ?? respect In spirit
frlngetnent of?, the some."
On April HO, ?MD. a large assembly col?
lected at Lexington, \<y., to appoint del?
egates to the Franhfort emancipation
convention, ' was addressed by H"nry
Clay and Uhe ReV/ It. J. Ilrecklntldge,
both deprecating tho evils of the system
and urging against the perpetuation? of it.
Governor Calhoun, of Now Mexico, in
i860, wrolo tho following extract from
a ht'etteage to tho territorial Legislature.
"Freo negroes nro regarded as nuis*
ancee In every Slate ?nil Terr.lt0?rryn( '",
the Union, nnd where they a?*0,1016/"1?,"
society Is most degraded. 1 trust the
Legislature will pa?? -a law to provo tit
tholr entrane?! Into (Ills Territory. o
disgusting'degradation to whnch sbe|oty..
and In letter tho authority of aueh-mu*>
nlclpal authority, and to resist any *
Is subjfctort hy tholr prow-nee Is obv oim
lo ail and demands a prohibitory act of
tho severest nature." - ^ WATK1NS.
Questions for the University.
Kdltor ot tho Ttlh?s-Dlspa?clii
Blr-l'ermlt frto.- ?? it Virginia matron,
deeply Interested In tho reputation of
ou? 'great University, to ask through your
column? tho favor, of a little II?.from
tho authorities'of that noble instllutlon
pon tho motives Inducing -??<"? ? so
far depart from precedent ? as to honor
with a special Invitation to' their closing
exercises the present accidental Execu?
tive of tho United States.
i make the request In no Invidious
spirit, recognizing fully the march of
now dea? and the resulting dissolution
of manv traditions. Many of us aro old.
The ^verslty la older, but neither the
University nor Its friends am too old to
learn. There have been of Into not a re?,?,
criticisms of th?; tlme-linnorort method?
ot Jefferson?? cherished school, nnd many
suggestions that new life, new ways,
new blood, so to speak, 'wore deeded to
maintain Its supremncy as the great
University of the South, and there have
been some Indicatimi? on the part or
those In authority to respond to criti?
cisms and suggestions.
?Let me ask If the Invitation' to Mr,
Theodore Roosevelt Is one of those Hid -
cations. Do the authorities of tho Uni?
versity feel that they are proceeding
along the lines of legitimate progress
In'departing from the traditional posi?
tion thai the honors of the university
of Virginia nro tendered to those
only whom she can truly honor,
Or are wo to understand that
thoso presiding over this Institution
approve the course nnd chnracter of thin
President? They Invite him fresh from
the enunciation ot doctrines nnd Inten?
tions most repugnant to every section of
the South. We may assume that the Ink
was hardly dry upon the pen with which
ho Invited a negro to dine with himself
and h!s family, another negro to come
with his wife to stay with his wife and
himself at the White House; that It was
still moist with the signatures to appoint?
ments Odious to large, important South?
ern communities, when he used It to
accept a flattering Invitation from the
University of Virginia. Truly, those who
contend that the University is not quite
up-to-date may hold their peace!
From tho moment Mr. Roosevelt and
his famllv were placed In the White
House by an assassin's bullet and made
haste to Inaugurate a season of excep?
tional merry-making and private enter?
taining In tha? stricken mansion, while
a nation was still In mourning, not paus?
ing long enough to let the funeral bake-'
meats cool before having them furnish
forth the marriage suppers; throughout
his repeated announcements that he
would In no wise be hampered by the
wishes and views of communltlo" of his
fellow-citizens In using tho powers they
had never entrusted to him, down to the
petty slight offered by his wife to tho
ladles of Texas and hin own deadly and
stupid Insult, to the State of South Caro?
lina, this man and his family have an?
tagonized and are antagonizing every
sentiment nnd tradition of the South.
As a daughter of Virginia, as the wife
of a devoted alumnus of the University,
nnd ns the mother of sons who are also
?ohs of the University nnd resident citi?
zens of the State. I feet at liberty to
ask an explanation of this Invitation,
I shoul'l also like to;know what pr?pa?
ration tho University has made for such
of the President's netrro friends and, their
families ns, with h's flaunted disregard
of the ylews of those opposed to his. he
may see fit to bring In his suite. Tt Is,
of course. prcsunnHo that the only two
Virginian? who appear to he his full
sympathizers anil ?o-workers ,havo? been
Invited to meet htm?the Hon. John S.
Wise nnd Jame?? Haves. Ksq. ?
Heaven help tho University!
As to Dr. Ponciexter's Letter.
F.OItor of T)ie T?mes-OIspateh:
Sir,?Allow me space to say pomethlng
In reply to the letter, of my friend nnd ]
brother, Or A. Rngby, published In tho j
.Sunday's Issue, March 15th. In my first j
letter, written In reply to ono by Ilr. C. !
J. Gardner, 1 had no Intention of r'e:\
vlvlng o|d religious Issues, hut wished to i
correct a statement In his letter to i.h'a
effect "that no Baptist believed ha bap- '.
Ism had any connection with remission j
of ?Ins nn?l that, no Baptist that ever,
lived believed that baptism hod any ? ??>? '
lieetlon with tho forgiveness of sins." Re- ;
spooling nnd loving the Baptists a?: I
do, I was not Avllllug to see thern com- '
mit ted to so extreme a view,and so wroto ?
calling his attention to evidence which '
proved that his 'declaration was too .
effect "that no Papt 1st believed that bap- ;
tisi did. believe that then? was a ?onnoc- :
tlnn between hjipllsm ami remission r?f
sins I did not propose or nt tempt f?
present tho views of the rll-iclples of
Christ. Thnt was not In my mind. I .
honor tho Baptist for their noble defend?
of religious liberty nnd their consistent ?
adherence to what thoy believed to ?? ?
taught In God's word. 1 have nil my '
Ufo lived among Baptists?good earnest, ?
' ESTABLISHED 18-55.
W, Allnor Woortwitnl,
Stewart ?1. Woodward,
White Pine, Hardwoods- Mahog?
any, Rough and Dressed,
SASH, BUNDS, DOORS, ETC.
River, Arch, Bracts. Seventh, Eighth,
Ninth and Tenth Streets.
Main Ofilee.? Cor, Ninth and Arch Sts.
Decnttir, Stockton, Everott. Maury
Third, Fourth and PU'tl? .Streets. '
Branch Oftlce; Cor. Fourth and Stock.
WRITE, 'PHONE OR CAEE.
Christian peoplo?ahd am glad to say that j
I have gained Inspiration and spiritual ?
strength from their life and example I
There Is no man that I loved or revered ;
moro than Or, R. IL Rugby, and still
venerate his memory. He was my nolgh
I'OI. filend and brother In the Lord. No,
Brother Busby, wo Will novor fall oui
about these things, but still continua to
pray as t have dono for almost sixty
years, that all o'od's peoplo may be ono,
oven as Ood and Christ aro one, thrtt tho
world may believe. Will you oor ?Jr.
Kerr or some other good man tell us how
complote and perfect M tho union between
Christ and Ood, I must bo permitted to
say to Dr. Bngby that the Ideas presented
by Dr. P. In his lettor. Indicated a Clear
nnd matured Judgment mid logical con?
clusions, though written, uri you nay,
"In his early manhood," Unfortunately
Dr. P's letter did not nppenr In tho coun?
try edition of The Tlmon.ni,ir>al.eh. I wish
I had and still wish that It could.
B. IL WALKER,
Editor of. the Tlmoe-O?Spatchi
Sir,??oiir Kdlturlul In lust Uunday's edi?
tion o? your Valuable pjper -?ntltled "dou?
ble taxation" is- timely.
I was especially Impressed with the
thought so forcibly and tersely put ^by
you "whenever the state attempts ? to
gouge.a citizen. It aroused ? all the an
urcby lit li/tn and tempts him to dodge
tlio assessor, if the atufe oxpocts her
citizens to bo honest In making their re?
turns, she must set the exatnplo; ehe
must be fair und s?ru.lghtforwnrd In all
her dealings with her citizens If ?he
would expect her citizens to bo" fair and
straightforward In their dealings with
The stream cannot flow higher than
Its fountain source, if tho State takes
the role of tho brigand and call? upon
Ils citizens to stand and deliver, because
of Its superior strength, it will llnd It?
Citizens In their turn deceptive and dis?
honest In making their returns for taxa?
tion. And they will excuse- themselves
In the same way that the weak always
excuse themselves against the strong, up?
on the ."core of self-preservation.
1 knew an old man, a farmer, who had i
served Ills State well, but whose health
nnd strength hnd failed. His fumlly con?
sisted of bis wife, almost us old us he,
and some daughtero, one an Invalid. Ho
sold his small farm because he could no
longer profitably work It, and took the
few thousand dollars It brought him and
moved to town, thinking that with econ?
omy the Interest on his bonds would
support him and his family In his declin?
ing years. When the commissioner carne'
around he honestly gave In a list o'f his
bonds for taxation. He was getting 0 per
cent, upon them. When in town tho tax
collector came around, he presented a
ticket for over.2 per cent, of the gross
amount of Interest to cover State und mu?
Thus the man's Income was cut down
by one-thfrd, .and ho was not able to
live on the remainder. I will not pursue
the Btory further. But you must admit
that the?-temptation was very strong to
evade tho commissioner when he camo
around the following year.?
There was a time when money command?
ed 8 and 10 per cent, that a person could
perhaps aWord to pay such taxation, but
now that money is cheaper some new
plan should he devised tor making It pay
Its fair proportion toward the revenue of
the Stato, Tho Legislature may think
that it Is making the rich man pay this
burdensome taxation. If It will e.vnmlne
It will find that only widows, maiden
ladles and orphans are paying It. The
wealthy have got their cash invested In
such securities as will make them a good
return free from this form of taxation.
. I am informed that In some of tho
States a spedai tax of say one-half of
one per cent. Is Inld, on capital Invested
In six per cent, loans.
Such ? law or a similar one would not
be evaded, but would keep capital at
home and Induce it to flow, into channels
of U-gltlmate trade, for tho upbuilding of
the whole Stato.
Wythevllle, Va.. March 18.
The Dignity of the Church.
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Tour editorial In last Sunday's pa?
per on "The Mission of the Church." Is
so bravo and true, that It excites my ad?
miration, 1 cannot refrain from express?
ing my pleasure In seeing the publication
of such an article in what is called a
It Is a sad thing to witness a church
resorting to fairs, festivals, concerts and
theatricals to raise money for the Lord's
cause. It dishonors Christ, and discredits
His religion. It represents the Savior,
who made tho world, and Is "Lord over
all," as the veriest beggar on enrth. It
dries up the fountain of Christian benefi?
cence. It defeats tho efforts to create
and fostor "the spirit of Christian llber
rllty. It makes the?church appeal to the
world, the flesh and the devil, to aid
hi sustaining ? cause whose very princi?
ples are antagonistic to all three, and
designed to conquer the world, subdue
the flesh nnd destroy the works of the j
devil. O. it is positively, absolutely dis?
"If any man be In Christ, be. Is a new
creature:" "Ve uro not your own: ye are
bought with a price;" "Freely yo have
received, freely give;" "It Is moro blessed
to give than to receive."
So far an making offerings for the
relief of the poor saints Is concerned the
specific law given to the churches of
OuliUin and Corinth, was this: "Upon the
first day of tho week let every one of
you lay by him In store, as God hnth
prospered him, I hat there bo no gather?
ings when I come." The principle of giv?
ing Is love, not law; the Jew was ro
(luirf-d pay (not give) one-tenth of every?
thing. . Above that be ninde his free will
offerings. But the gospels of Christ lifts
reu enera ted men and women up to a
I'H'iior plftn-j. and makes them move In ?
different rpViorn. The principio that gov
.'?ni'i them is the !|jgli nnd holy princi?
ple- of Christ??? love; "If ye lovo me, keep
my co-nmiuridrnsnts;" "If a man love mo,
ho will k>ie,'> my words." .The greatest
thing "i the world Is love. Love Is the
fulfilling of the law. Love Is the royal
Tho reason of the fallino of the church I
In Hie world and in society Is tho fact
that she Is considered-ohe considers her?
self?an eternivi nestling, with ? bill oori
tlnunll.v open fur contributions from
everything that pasaos by. John Rob?
inson's clrcim must ho asked for a con?
tribution for the support of tho church I
The aervlcos of u minstrel show mmt
be engaged, to entertain the crowd with
negro songs and sayings that the oause
of Christ may be promoted! Question?
able exhibitions must bo given to help
Jesus. Ho Is, such ft pauper and beggar!
Tho very notion carries In It a guaran
too of failure. No mendicant can in?
herit power In this country, But the pre?
valent touching Is, that the church and
"tho pastor" nro things to be "liolp
ed, coddled, carried,"
B. F. Haynes truly says: "Chiefly, how?
ever, the damage to the church from
these practices hns como through the
lowering of the basis of appeal made <o
mon, tn a (liane of mere expediency, poli?
cy or solilo form of nppotHe. Tho eye
of the glvors, Instead of being turned to
wui"d Him who gave us richly all things
to enjoy, und whom wo are to worship
with our substance, Is turned selfward,
and looks only In the pride or pleasure
or palate of self as the object worthy
to receive tbo benefit or honor, or re?
sults of our gifts. It fostors and deep?
ens selfishness, our natural nnd most
artful and constant enemy. Thus, in
stead of giving being a religious exercise
ami not- of worship, It becomes a selfish
Dr. Charle!! ?. Jefferson, in the Pres?
byterian, saysl "Church fairs and sup?
pers and oiitol-tnltiniento held for the pu,.??
poso of paying tho ?huroh's debts, are
nn abomination In the sight of fjod, nil?
it In ahiazln? that they nro not a Btonch
In tho nostrils of all Christian people.
Not otio valid word onn bo s;ikl In their
defoneo, They ate ovil, always, wholly,
Irretrievably evil, t know how many ar?
guments can ho brought to tholr support,
but thin only provo? that there are many
Christians who ?tre yet In the etono-ngo
?f spiritual discernment. If 1 were the
Pope of America .1 would declare It a
mortal sin fot? any uhUfch to talso money
by any commercial schemes What?yet?!
and any church pornUtlng in doing so,
?boulrt huve It* building srfld, and Its
>iam.- erased from IH? tuli1 of Christian
i-'hurchsu. How .can we hope to make
Christianity even reopi'ctnblo no long ns
churches sell Ice cream and ??iddio brio*
a-brao In order to carry on-their work/
A?raln thanking you. Mr. if/Wor, for
that timely o-iltorlal, so full of good Bensa
und truth, nnd Scripture, 1 remain. ,
?? Truly yours,
1., A. CUTTER,
Louhia, Va., Mnroh Sii. 1900.
Tree;? .<rd Roads,'
Editor of Tim Tinios-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Recently driving up a long hill In
'.hn county of AWUf.'tu, I noticed that two
majtnlflcent talc tfeos on the rubilo high- i
way that had been n boon to the Irnvoler ?
for generations, had been appropriated
| and ??!-????.????1 by a farmer for private
| us?.' investigating, I found that this spe
???* of vandalism was going on all over
the ? tate.
I . Jlnnllzlng tho crying, necessity for -leg
I /piativo protection ?or this valuable Staio
! property, I went to Itichmonil and con??
! suited a Stair? Senator and tho Commls
i sloncr of Agriculture. They, both agrood
I that something f?iouUI bo done. I thou
! went to Washington to tho Government
! Board of Forestry and. got the host In
I formation available on tho subject', and?
i In conjunction with ? forestry export
j drew up the following and placed If In
! tho hands of tho Senator for consldora
I tlon. '
With the exception of sftctlon ? this
Is practically the law in forco In Massa- ;
cliusetts and Now Hampshire. Mr. K?ln?
er said that some such bill would bo
valuable, hut ho thought posBlbly section
4 was farther than the State would want
to go at first. The remainder of the bill
could bo passed to great advantage, and
section 4 loft until the people hod grown j
to see Its value.
? But little experienced In framing bills. I
morely attempt to present what Is needed
and leave thu technical language or a
legislative enactment to the law-makers.
It is noticed that this hill euuld bo en?
forced by thoso who need It,' and left
unonforced If necessary. A very small ap?
propriation will cover the expenses of pro?
curing the necessary marks for the trees.
W. N. HEED.
Section 1. The supervisors of the coun?
ties of tho Commonwealth are hereby,au?
thorized to designato nnd preserve as
hereinafter provided In this act, trees
within the limits of tho public highway
for tho purpose of ornament and shade,
ari'J to so designate not less than ono
such tree In every thirty-three feet, where
such trees aregrowlng and aro of a di?
ameter of one Inch or more.
Sec. 2. Tho Supervisors shall, between
the 1st day of October and the 81st day
of December, In each year designate such
trees as are selected by them, set forth
In this act, such trees to be designated
by driving Into the ?same at a point not
less than four nor more than six feot
from the ground and on the sido toward
the center of the highway, a nail or splk$
driven through'n?metal washer; on which
is plainly Impressed the- letter -'V. Stich
nails nn.1 washers to be procured and
furnished by the Secretary of Agricul?
?ec. T. Che .*tpervrsors 'n.iy,'when deem?
ed proper, renew such of said nails arid
washers that may have become defaced
or destroyed, and shall designate In the
samo manner as hereinbefore stated such
other trees as In their Judgment should
be designated to 4-arry out tho require?
ments of this act.
Sec. 4. The Commonwoalth reserves tho
right of eminent domain over' all trees
on encloscu lands that frlngo and over?
hang tho public highway not further than
five foet from tho land-owner's lino, and
no such tree shall be cut down or removed
except upon tho application of the owner
to the Board of Supervisors of the county
In which the said tree Is located.
The supervisors may permit the removal
of said tree or condemn it and take pos?
session of it for public benefit, upon ap
pralsemont, tho owner to bo renumeratod
from moneys In the county treasury not
otherwise appropriated or provided for.
All such trees condemned shall bo mark?
ed as hereinbefore provided.
Sec. 5. Whoever wantonly Injures, de?
faces, cuts down and destroys any trees
thus designated, or destroy such nails
and washers affixed to such trees, or
whoever cuts, affixes advertising boards
or strings wires of any description with?
out tho written permit of the officers
having such-trees in charge, or shall vio?
late section 1 of this act, shall bo punish?
ed by a fine not exceeding one hundred
dollars and not less than twonty dollars,
one-half of l'Ino to go to complainant and
ono-hnlf to the use of tho lioad Board.
Soc. 0, If any person, by the use of
firearms or by any other moans, cause
fire to spread and damage such trees,
the property of tho State, ho shall ho
fined not exceeillngly fifty dollars.
,The Road Boards shall be authorized
to carry out the provisions of this act,
provided, that nothing In this net shall
prevent tho board from removing ? troe
when tho public Interests so demands.
Dong Giade; Va., March ?3d,
Cato and Lee,
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch;
SU?,?The words of Cato to hla friend
as quoted ,by you, that "ho would prefer
that people should uslt why Is not a
statuo erected to Cato, rothbr than why
la a statilo erected to Cato," may have
been entirely right and proper In lila own
case, especially In a city In which It Is
said there woro ten thousand statues,
but 1 beg leave to say that Illustration
has no significance In connection with
tho proposal to placo a statuo of Gen?
oral Ueo lu Washington city. Nobody
would ask why It was dono, All the
world would understand tho meaning
and appropriateness of the act. Only its
absence from Statuary Hall would oc?
casion remark, and peoplo would won?
der why Virginia had been so romlss and
neglectful In paying honor to her most
illustrious citizen and soldier.
In tho dry of Caracca?, In Venezuela,
there aro more statues to General Wash?
ington than In any other city In tho
world. ..Do you suppose anybody ever
asks why thoy are there?
Tho Governor's argument that "Gen?
eral lieo, If nllvo and could bo consulted,
would be averse to such a memorial,"
seems to mo to bo without force. Such
reasoning would forbii) and prevent nil
such demonstrations In his honor.
It Is well known that'from Appomat
tox to tho end ?>f bis Ufo. It was his
supreme deslio thnt concord and hnr
inony should bo renewed between the
different suctions of Ilio country, and
he would welcnino with great satisfac?
tion such a striking manifestation of
gond feeling as would bo exhibited In tho
Wo need never expect unanimity either
North or South.
Ret us not bo frlghtenod by the clamor
ot a fow malcontents.
R. M. PARHAM.
Richmond, March 33d,
IS TUB SOUTH tNTOLERANT?
Reply by a Southern Woman to a North?
ern Woman's Charge,
editor of The Tlmes-Dlspnteb:
Sir,?In a recent issue of the New York
Independent appeared a sketch written by
a Northern woman residing In Louisiana,
entitled "Free Speech In the South."
. In order to give to this writer perfect
freedom of expression the editor permitted
her the privilege ot anoiiynlmlty. That
she used It for tho most vicious criticism
possible to compress Into condensed form,
will be evident to all who feel Inclined to
actiualrit themselves with her sentiments.
Her scoring comes under three distinct
head? (apart from a profuso Interlarding
o? bitter feeling), entitled "Excesslvo
Pride," "Intenso Jealousy" and "Deter?
mined Resistance tu tho Inroads of Civil?
It bus seetnfcd expedient to mnko snmo
reply to the uiiculled for and cowardly
attacks of such wrlterH, who uru gir?n the
privilege of publication In lending North?
Tho Independent published but ono pa?
per In reply to VFreo Speech," thnt bolng
from the mild pen of tho chancellor of
the Vanderbtlt University. Tennessee, Dr.
J. H, Klrklnnd, whose Southern chivalry
withheld his pen from the full denuncia?
tion of tho woman writer of tho ?ketch,
which It was evident to perceive, In rend
In? between tho linos, unlmatod his worthy
The subjoined reply lo tho present writer
is evidently too pointed to please tho edi?
tor of tho Independent; thoreforo, It Is
submitted -to the leudlng 'paper of her
Stute, with the hope that It may Inspire
other Southern writers to follow her lend
In defondlng the South In any position
she may cIiooho for herself upon social
?-mentions against the'aggrcsslons of the
Thero arc two glaring orrors committed
and promulgated. In our midst by a cer?
tain class of literature that ?bould be
eradicated from tbo annals of history In
consledcratlon of a crying need., recog?
nized hy nil people of kindly feollng, tor
an am?lioration of the bitterness that
cxIhIr botwoon tho North and the South.
The first Is the acrimonious criticism of
those, who for reasons known only to
lhomsoWes, come voluntarily from the
? North to seek homo life among southern
peoplo, The second Is., tho free expres?
sion of that criticism through the medium
of widespread periodicals; sometimes?as.
In tho pre'sent caso under review?appear?
ing In the form of nn anonymous papor.
. In all circles of polite society nnnoy
rnous writing containing personal or so?
cial animosity, has boon classed among
tho cowardly acts. Flgurallvoly spoak
tho cowardly acts. Figuratively ?peaking
Ing, It Is a stab In tho dark, and the fact
tho writer of Free Speech In tho Bouth,
bolng denied tho right-ot her signature,
should have stayed her pen. If. hen;
writing wero calculated "to croato reform,
or did It hold, through any special merit
? .definite - value to t ho world. ,.nt
largo, there might be"some' exoneration
for Its publication; but on tbo conrtary,
In? reading -tho sketch, tho queall^ns:
"What value can It provo to any class
of people? What convincing qunllty does
It possoss7 What reform could It possibly
create?" Rise Involuntarily to tho minds
of thoughtful render?.
No writing Is valuable to mankind that
Is void of the? quality..of-honevolonce;
pnd that mercy which Is "seasons Justice,"
which It droppoth as the gentle rain from
Heaven, and "blesseth lilm that gives,
and'hlm thnttakes." is absolutely neces?
sary In depicting a people whose habits,
customs and manners?while representing
; the best of their section of- country?
; differ from thoso who undertake the
; deplctment. But tho writer of froe
speech.-which she claims Is denied her
? through the medium of the tongue, is
evidently too far romoved In 'sympathy
from the people who surround her, to be
enabled to exorcise tho godlike qualities
of Justice nnd mercy, oren should they
exist latently In her nature.
Suoh a paper were scarce worthy of
notlco or criticism, save that appearing
In tho -pages of as prominent a magazine
as the Independent, entltlos It to notice,
for even on obscure dart thrown Into
space and finding lodgment In tho heart
of a sturdy oak, becomes worthy of ex?
traction for scrutiny!
Tho thrtTe chief attributes accordod to
the Southern peoplo by the hidden lance
are excesslvo pride, Intenso Jonlousy and
resistance to the Inroads of civilization."
Tho first attribute belongs to all tho
high class peoples of earth. It is tho ele?
ment of character, which whon allied
to principles, elevates humanity above
Ignoblo deeds and tho desire to live up to
the record of ono's forefathers who wore
proudly honorable citizens In their day
and generation, Is orle of the highest in?
stincts of that pride.
The second attributo?a more serious
ono?the 'present writer has never dis?
covered to be more prominently devel?
oped In Southern people than In other
representatives of her raco; and It has
been her privilege to. live among many
of the civilized races of tha world.
Truly, the vicious germ cannot be claim?
ed to exist In tho hearts of Southerners
In connection with their Northern broth?
ers and sisters, for wero It pointedly
developed In. the masses of such h large
community as tho South embodies. Ilio
consequences of It would ho felt through?
out the commercial and literary life ot
tho North, It being an established fact
that the South offers unreservedly her
best'to Northern merkots. Had she been
In the history of hor people, ns conser?
vative ns Is clolmed for her, alio could
easily with her woalth and talent have
established exclusivo mnrts for herself;
but New" fork and Boston nro now. us
before the war, emporiums for the lavish
expenditures of Southern men and wo?
men. Tho superiority of tho North In
many vllnl matters reintlng tn business
nnd finance, has always boon concoded
by the South, and with ? frankness thnt
hold no Jealousy. -,
Since the war tho South has developed
largely upon literary and dramatic' lines,
yet sho Js content to furnish her trans?
uma of thought to Northern publishers
rather thnn, through a spirit of Jealous
rivalry, establish literary mnrts In her
own large cities. And true It Is that the
Northern market Is ted with much
worthy Inspiration from the brain of
those who live South of Mason and Dlxon
lino. - - ?
Tho writer of?this ?ketch has for years
been a Utornry critica musical and ro?
mantic sketch writer, und truly can she
say that In no lnstu|ico. has Jealousy nn
linated her work to mar or crlpplo It. and
she Is Bafo to aver also? In the name ot
ber Southern compatriots that not ono of
thorn with oven tho ordinary gift of tho
pen would so lay low the elements of
courtesy and gentle feollng ns to givo to
the press such acrimonious comment as
Is embodied In tho paper. "Free Speech in
tho South," especially In consideration of
tho probable fact that tho writer of It has
received civility from tho people she crit?
icizes, does, tho event carry weight. And
It may be well to add also thnt tho priv?
ileges of speech which sho cites ns being
imperially and exclusively usurped by
Southerners, would doubtless bo moro
generously accorded her did sho claim
them from her Southern neighbors In
"propria personao," rather than by de?
manding thorn at distant rango and from
tho entrenchment of a "masked battery'
thnt boars not even tlio distinction of a
Tho third attribute, bearing tho stigma
of the Southern's resistance to tho In?
roads of civilization?and shnrponed by
tbo tongue of a supposedly clever old
lady?is scarcely strong ?.enough in Its
elucidation to Invoke nrgijment or refu?
tation, for tho Illustration glvon of nn
?jponly expressed preference on the part
Write for My Help
And Get Well at My Risk.
Nenrty 660,000 sick 6nen have accepted my help and got woll
without risking a penny,
Ovnr (16,000 of them have written me testimon?ala, without
solicitation. I shall be glad to send you nil that you will road.
On ifnnuory 11; 10011, I published in the Chicago papers tho
names and addresses of one thousand people In that city alone
whom I had cured of chronic illnoneee In Just tho past six
mon Um. ' That la a record which has nover been approached In
tho history of medicino,
I can euro you, too,
Simply rcinl mo thin coupon, or write mo a postal stating
which book you want, I will then mall you an order on your
druggist for six bottles Dr. ?hoap'H HnnU-ratlvo. Yon may take
It a month on trial, If It succeeds, tho cost Is $6,60, If it
falls, I will jiay your druggist mysolf, And your mero word
shall decido It.
.,That offer Itself lo the beet ovlflortoo possible that my Re
etorntlvo will cure; for If It failed often tho offer would ruin
me, i. '.*.','
Tho remedy that malt?n that offor possible strengthens tho
Inside nerves. It hrlngs back the norve power whloh alone
operates tho vital organs, It Is tho result of my llfotimo'e
A weak organ must have more powor. It Is useless to
doctor tho organ Itself. It la like a Woalc onglno that needs
more steam. And my Restorative forms tho only way known
to bring back that nerve power and make tho weak organ
again do Its duty. :J
My Itostoratlvo, ltopt In the house, will enable you to head
oft the serious diseases by treating tho little troubles promptly,.
But If a chronlo trouble has developed, It la very, probable that
this remedy forms the only, way to a curo.
? CUT OUT THIS COUPON.
Gst v? alt Moire ta send for something, but for?
int... If ark th? book aeslrod and mall thli with
your nun? and afloro?? to
J Dr. Blioop, Box 288, Hacine, Wie.
Book 1 on Dyspepsia, I Book 4 for Women.
Book ? on the Heart. - Book S for Ken ?ealed).
Book 8 on the Kidneys. J Booh ? on BhenmatUm,
Mild canoe, not chronio, are often cured by one or
two bottles, At eil Druggiate.
of ? lady for a Southern financier over
a Northern, could scarcely Involvo tho
question of civilization, unless conserva?
tism Is to bo denominated a heathen or
The animndverslon springs, doubtless,
from tho vexed racial quostlon?the social
ostracism of the negro In the South,
among other reasonable prerogatives,
claimed by tho gentry of tho soli. If so,
the writer of "Freo Speech" has touched
upon tho most difficult and delicate of all
problems, nnd one that Is as yet unsolved
by the North nnd tho West, as by the
South; but It Is a problem moro difficult
and delicato for tho South through the
millions sho has to deal with In her dis?
criminations. This subject In not to he
discussed In a brief sketch, for there Is
too much of an enlarged character be?
longing to It to admit of Its delineation
in an abridged thesis. Tho writer will
simply state that, in her travels North
and West, she has always encountered
tbo negro occupying tho platform of do?
mestic service; but while receiving higher
wages, nowhere has she found him treat?
ed with a kindlier consideration thnn in
tho South. In Virginia tho negroes ore
specially devoted to tholr homes, and
their.? TTablt Is to go North for a space,
make monoy and return t'o buy land and
build houses, ns they say, do not,' Thoy
build houses, as they say among their
own white folks? Their first service la
still given to tholr own white folks as
the northerners who come among us to
live, soon discover. Several very sham?
ming northern families who bought es?
tates near my own, *ftor struggling
throgh a year or so with what they term
the Impossible Virginia labor, have to
our sincere regret?sold out and returned
Nort. They came with a glowing tortr
cast of the freodman's haste to serve
thero, gathered from a most Imperfect
mental- prospective?but, at close range,
they the colored far from tho detestable
creaturo tholr phllanthroplo distant view1
? ou Southerners understand thorn. Wo
do not Thoy will not servo us us they
do you, said my next estate neighbor, a
bright wealthy Now York girl, who had
supposed life In Vnlrglnla would be a
"dolce far niente" existence, with a plon
ty of darkles to do her bidding.
"No, you do not understand them." 1
admitted. "You govern thorn as you do
your Northern white labor, by rule and
method. Thley have to bo looked after
'and treated like children. Great pa?
tience Is roqulrod In dealing with them,
nnd a reasonable. Indulgence will servo
to bind them to you, far more than strin?
"I believe slavery Is tho host thing for
them," sho boldly doclarod.
"Oh, no," I replied, "wo Virginians are
glad slnvory has pawned away. Wo aro
nnxlous for the nogroes to have tho ad?
vantages of education and to make nn
lipnorablo, thrifty race of themsolves.
We only stipulate, and that Imperiously,
that thoy shall never be taught the fal?
lacy of Hoolnl oqunllty with tho whites."
"Social equality?'' sho crlod. "Why,
If one of them were to duro enter my
Trout door I should bo grossly Insulted."
' Truly the race prejudice exists In tbo
hearts of our Northern slstors as fer?
vently as In nursi In fact, racial pre?
judice Is Inborn In all human beings,
grafted by tho linnd of the Creator, who
fnslilnnod us, Nor can the philanthropy
of the wlso ones, bent down tho barriers
that separato us from tho Chinese, tbo
Indian, and, last of ni), tho negro. If
tbo North would rognrd the mnttor less
fervidly, get 1t away from tholr emotions
and Into their practical heads and brains,
thoy would ascertain tho conditions bot?
ler. ?? say tho least, no representative
of the North would heatedly scoro his or
her I'ollow-cltlzens because of the as?
sumed prorogatives nf thneo citizens to
determine their own social status and
to choose their own associates,
Above nil, let a man In his power nnd
bis sublime fnlth In himself write with
a pen dipped In scorching Ink, If ho Ikes;
but a womnn's pen should carry gentle
counsel to hor fellow-mnrtnls; sbniild
bind up broken hearts and heal wounds.
Unr writing should bear the beacon light
of a luminous bonovnlenco. If she write
I at all, sho should write nobly, nnd If
I but oneo In Ufo who doos It, then truly
may Goorgo Flint's words npply to' her.
"Our lives," sho says, "make a mornl .
tradition for ourselvei, and to havo once
noted or written nobly, seems to niako |
? reason why she should always bo
EMMA HENRY FFRGUSON.
Croochland, Va., March S3.
A Complaint Against Boya.
Edltor of Tho Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?Among a largo number of other
cltlzoiiB, I have been a long suffering
violini of tho thievery and d?pr?dations
of u curtain eliiss of young boys, who=e
chief delight seems to bo to roh the front
yards of the residents of Graco nnd
Franklin Streets of nil tho beautiful
(lowers wo bnvo timo and nguln planted.
If these youths wero the chlMren of tho
?lums wo might look upon thelv acts
ns the result of their surroundings, but es
a matter of fact, 1 know them to be the
sous of somoof the most prominent citizens
of this city. For several years I have
spent much labor, time and money G? :?
an endeavor to cultivate ? flowers In my
front yard, only to be harrassed each ?
year by th?'d?pr?dations of these youths;
who, in the open daylight, enter the?;.;
yards of the residents of Grace and
Franklin Streets, and wilfully destroy ;
the most valuable and beautiful flowers ?:
wo can plant. There was a, time when '??
this city was noted for Its. pretty front .
yards. Now It Is ? raro thing to see'.a'-?.
growing plant, unless it be In a window..;.
I recently hoard of a gentleman living oh
Franklin Street near the Jefferson Hotel,';?
and another on Grace Street near ? the '.
Westmoreland Club/who had repeatedly-,'
tried to raise flowers In their.front yards
and had to givo It up because they were'
stolen as fast as they were planted.' It
would be useless to ask tho police to pre-::
vent this, because It Is a rare, sight to
see one on Grace or Franklin Street. ':
either day or night, and If one should?;'
have these youthful thieves arrested arid
carried before the Police Court ho would '-?'
probably bo told that "boys will be boys," ?
and only be laughed at for '..tils pains. \
Consequently, the only practical remedy .,
left Is tor each victim to Inflict punish?
ment himself when he catches the thief;
Each day for tho last three days ? have?,
had my yard (on West Grace Street)
robbed by these petty thieves, and when -
remonetrated -with by somo female mem?
ber ' of my family they have been .in?
sulted by these young vandals. .1 saw
In the columns of'your paper lately that.:,
an effort waa being made to Interest
the people of this city to Improve Its ?
beauty, cleanliness, etc. My advice to.;
every one It, don't plant flowers In your
? WEST END. .
Richmond, Va., March 25th.
From a Candid Man. .
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Blr.?As a man who loves a toddy or a
mint Jullp, I should like to say a wori*
on tho liquor question, It is a many-sld?!d
ono, and volumes could not contain th?4',
things which 'might be said about It
In Virginia the question has narrows
down to this, and it Is no?iln the hands
of our lawmakers as to"whether a. com?
munity may by a majority vote, say
that liquor shall or shall "hot be sold to
tho masses, '?by the small," rn saloons.'?
There la no duobt in my mind that tho
licensed saloon Is the enemy of the d???
llzatton. Of course, tompomnoe Is not ab?'
Btlnenco, but lot us examine how U
works, It is Saturday evening: John,
Tom, Dlclc and Harry have beon paid oft,
and are on tholr way home to their,
wives and children with their wages.
John meets Tom; they are friends and ,
naive not seen each other for a- week,
and thoy meet pretty close to a saloon. ,
Both aro tired and feel thoy would enjoy
a drink, and John Invites Tom*-fK and
"Bots thorn up," no harm done If they'd?
stop hero, But Tom feols unusually hos?
pitable after the liquor has "run over- ths ,
guitar stringe,' 'and ho "sots them up
for John." Still no especial-harm done
If they'd go on homo. But .while tho ?
"cockols of their heart" are stirred and
thoy feel good, Dick comes In with Harry
ami thoy bogln a new round, which ends,
thoy don't know when: they do not get
homo nt tho proper timo and when they ,
do roach there tho week's wages are gone,
and thoro is nothing for the wife an?V.
"Am I ray brother's keeper?" Yes;''..
wo'vo got to look after those boys who
cannot pass a saloon without going In,
and It would bo ?'groat deal bettor If tha
saloons woro not quito so "handy."
Hovonue? Well, tho .saloons can bo taxed
so as to produco R, but It Is a shame to
consider It In thai aspect. Will not there
bo a great saving hi ?'rlmlnal costs? And
how tho wife and children will enjoy the
clin ne?-! O. T.. P.
Waynesboro. Vn? March 19, 190.1.
? ,11, *
Tho AmryFrightenmp; Game,
Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Ploaso permit mo to mako through youj ??
Confederato Column the following lili
I have before nio an account of the bat?
tlo of Mtirfreesboro. written by my son,
a privato Confederate soldier, who was. In
It, In which ho nays: "Outposts and
skirmishers have nlready begun their en?
counters, while wo of tho mala line rest
on arms nnd await orders. ?
"Startled gamo, birds, squirrels and
rabbits flutter up- and down, and ru^h
hither and thither, n? though the musses
of men before and behind them heivlUU
nred them; while tho firing that was go?
ing on warned them Of danger and sus
gested th* propriety of their secuilng oth? .
er roatliiR-places. ? ? ? O.tieets and
tnon,' with ramrods, sword? and bayonets
out at birds swooping near in, or elatih
at squirrels and rabbits running the
gauntlet ?long our line, seeking an open?
In?? to tho rear."
The enquiry hove made Is whether aiiy
?mu can contili:? ihn -.Vovn singular ex?
perience, The writer was a \*ry ?#?
|tablo youth; but It Is desirable to have
h|a statement coroborateu.
R 3. il
Richmond, Va., March ?. 1003.