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IN THE HOUSE
Mr. E. C, Folkes Oots Meas?
SHORT AND SHARP BATTLE
Only Two Hours to Be Given For Argu?
ment?Judge Robortson and Judge
Mann May Appear?Mr. Boaz
.Makes Fight Against Reference.
The Bonate was not in session yesterday.
The Hou?e held abrief session, and be?
tides, disposing of-Its calondar, on which
appeared some locab bills, decided, after
something ot a fight, to refer the gen?
eral revenue measure to tho Finance Com?
The Mann liquor amendment was the
cause of the light, and' Mr. Folkes led
the'battle for reference and won, on the
ground that Borne partios desired to bo
heard, Mr. Boa?, ohalrman of the Fi?
nance Committee, sought to have the bill
placed upon the calondar without refer?
ence, with a view to having the House
disagree to all the Sonato amendments as
a matter of form, In order to get the
bili: speedily Into conference. While the
bill was referred, Mr, Boaz declared that
thero will be' no delay In reporting It
? back, and that he'will give only two hours
for hearings. The committee will meet at
10 o'clock.on to-morrow und will report
the bill to tho House at noon on the, same
day. The fight, ?l?oi?gh short, promises to
bo a very spirited one, and Judge W. Gor
don Robertson, counsel for the Stato Li?
quor. Dealers' Association, and Judge V?.,
? Mann, the patron of the bill, will llke
J ly appear for their respective sides.
The House was called to order at noon
by Speaker Ryan, and prayer vms of?
fered by Rev. Dr. Russell Cecil, of the
Second Presbyterian Church. When tho
general revenue bill was roportod from
the-Senate, Mr. Boaz, chairman of. the
Finance Committee, moved to place IV
upon the calendar without reference, and
this was opposed by Mr. Folkes, of the
: committee, who declared that certain
parties desired to be heard on some of
the provisions. '
It was the flr?t brush on the Mann
liquor amendment In the Houso. but.
Mr. Whltehead nlferjectod eomo opposi?
tion to putting tho bill on the calendar
on the ground that tho Sonato had made
material changes on the subjoot of the
franchise tax. ;
Mr. Boaz made an earnest speech for
? his motion, and he was followed closely
by the House. By a vote of 27-25 thel
bill was referred by tho S?pate, but Mr.
? Boaz demanded the ayes and noes on the
.. question'of placing the bill on the calen?
dar, and the roll-call resulted, ayes 24;
noon 32,'.So the bill went to the Commit?
tee on Finance. In response to the reso?
lution adopted By the House eeveral
days ngo, Clerk Williams submitted a
report as to the salaries drawn by the
officers and members ot the Houso during
the session, and Mr. Boaz moved that It
?tie referred to the Courts of.Justice Com?
mittee. Mr. Davis opposed this, but tho
motter was finally referred by tho follow?
Ayes?Messrs. Allen, W. W. Baker,
Burham. Boaz, Carter, Churchman,
Davis, Early, Edmondson, Flam, Feather
ston, Fulton. E.' C. Jordan, Lacy, Lee,
Lion. Mathews, Murroll, Nottingham,
Rice. Taylor, Turpln, Walker und West>
Noes?Messrs. Banks, Charles T. Bland,
Cnrmadny, Cabcll, Cordwell, Christian,
ioleman. Dudley, Folkes, Gardner, Gent,
Seorgo, -Goodwin, Gravely, Green, Har?
mon, Heermans, Hoffmnn, Huff Jen?
nings. Jones, Walter ' Jordan, Lewis,
Moore, Newhouso, Purdy, Reynolds, J.
W. Smith, Snead, Toney nnd Whltehead?
The following bill was passed to amend
ind re-enact section 3572 of the Code ot
Virginia, 18S7, In relation to bow a Jus?
tice mny associate justloe? with him; It
thoy disagree, whose opinion to prevail.
Tho House then adjourned to meet at
noon on . to-morrow.
CLINCH VALLEY ROAD
Part of the Lino to Barytes Minos Has
(Bpeclil t? Tho TlmcK-Dliipetcb,)
HONAJCER, VA., Muren 28.->The
Clinch Valley Barytes Company Is build?
ing a railroad from the Clinch Valley
division of the Norfolk and Western
down Lewie Creek to a point about three
miles distant to tho barytes mines. This
company ha? bought up the mineral
rights of several thousand aores of
land In this county, nnd will mine and
ship barytes on an extensive scale.
Barytes has been found In Huoh large
quantities that the company decided It
would be a paying Investment to build a
railroad to the mines. A large mill for
crushing the ore Is being erected near
this place, and a small town has sprung
up In the mountains at the site of the
mill. Millionaire capitalists are inter?
ested In the enterprise, and will no
doubt build tho road to and open up
Dthor mines In the county.
This road will doubtless be eventually
sxtended through to a connection with
the Damascus and North Carolina line at
Damascus, or with tbo Norfolk and
Western at Ahlngdon. This seems to
he the concensus of opinion In this seo
tlon. There are vast mineral and timber
resources that could be opened up along
th? line of road should It bo extended,
und it would prove to be a paying in?
vestment, besides affording an outlet
to the products of the richest part of
Russell county and ? connecting link
that would bo of great advantage to the
shipping Interests contiguous to the Nor?
folk and Western.
About two miles of the road Is now
completed und the trestles uro In course
Northern capitalists have purchased all
the coal lands lying on Lewis, Swords
end Dump? ' Crook, in this county,
amounting to about 11,0?) acres. Brunch
roads will probably be built up each of
these water courses and the mines de?
veloped. The ens! found on these creeks
especially Lewi* Creek, Is of fino nuul
Ity. ?nd the veins In most place* uro of
sufficient thickness to mine en a largo
Mrs. Isabel Davis, of this place bus
heen very low for the past week.' ami
is nnt expected to recover. Her' roii
H. C. Davis, of Texas, has been ut her
bedside for several duyn.
Z. ?. fihamblttln, of Tar-owell county
lias moved his ramlly back to this pince'
>nd hau accepted a position with I tie
Clinch Valley Barytes Railroad Com
: LTN?HBUBa, va.. March ?.-????
Executive ComroiMfce of the 1'iesbyie
l'*Vi Orphanage wju meet hero April nth
make arran^tmenU for oiienliw tho
Bolanlc Blood Balm Stops Bone Palne,
Cure3 Itchtn?, Scabby Skin Die?
enee, Spellings, ?olls,?Sent
Freo to All Sufferers.
A RARE OPPORTUNITY
\V. L, Pnioitt. Duaiey, Mo.i oureil by B. B, B,
of old deep.ioited rheumatism with (welling?,
aching bone? and Joint?, making lili blood pur?
and rloh, destroying th? active jiolaon in the
If yen hare ache? and pains In bone?, back
nnd Joint?, Itching Scabby Slttu, Blood feel?
hot. Swollen Gland?, Hieing? ?nd Bump? on the
Skin, MucusJ Pateho? In Mouth. Boro Thftnt,
Pimples, Copper-Colored SpOte, all rundown, 01?
cer? on any part of the body, hntr or Eyebrow?
falling ont, Bolls, Oarbiinuloa. tinnii, titke
BOTAVIO BLOOD BALM, GUARANTEED
to euro ovon tho worst and most dc?p?eat?y'
cusen where doctor?,- patent medicino? nnd hot
springs full. Honig .all-sores,, atopn nil ache?
und pnlrte, 'reduce? all iwolllngs, mnkos blond
puro nnd rich, complot?ly changing tho entire
body Into a clean, healthy condition. I). II. B.
Iins cured tbounandu of can? of Blood Potaon
ovon after reaching the last' etnee.?. .
Old Rheumatism, Catarrh, Eoaoma, Borofula
nro caused by nn awful Poisoned condition of
of Blood. B. n. B.. ?topa'-Hawklng nnd Spit?
ting, Itching and Scratching; cure? Hhemntlsra,
Achee nnd Pains. Catarrh:? hoali nil doabi,
Hcnlos, Eruptions, -Watery Bllsteri. "..ill festor
Ing Sorosj by giving ?i: purBv hea."jy blood sup?
ply to affected part?. ?
Blood Balm Cures Oanccri of all kinds, Sup?
purating Swolltnge, Entlng Soros, Tumors, Ugly
Ulcers. It kills the Candor" Polaon nnd heal?
tho ?orea or worst enncor. p?!rfectly. If you
have a persistent Pimple, Wart, Swellings,
Shooting, Stinging Pnlus, take Blood Balm nnd
they will disappear-before? thoy develop Into
Cancer. Mnuy apparently hopeless ranos of
enncer enred by taking Botante Blood Bulm.
Botanio Blood Balm (B. S. B.l Is
Pleasant und safo to take, Thoroughly tcBtcd
for thirty yenr?. Composed of Pure Botante
Ingreillcnts. StreiiKtlions weak'kidneys and wenk
stomach?, cure? dyspepsia. Complete direction?
go with each bottle. Price $1 per largu botti?
at drug stores,
Sample sent free by writing Blood Balm Co.,
4 IT Mitchell Gtrnet, Attutita, On. Describe
your trouble, and special free medical navico to
suit your case also sent In ?caled letter.
1-lnnugli Blood lini in 1? ?ont tre? to prove Its
marvolnne curativo power?. .? Do not hesitate
to write nt once, a? Illood Balm 1? sent free
FOR WORLD'S FAIR
Mr. J. L. Babcock, of Bay
Shore, to Send One?Wax
(Special to The Ttme?-Dl?p'atch.) ,?\r.?:
MATH13WS, VA., Maroh 28.?The Board
of Directors ot the Southslde Agricul?
tural Association will hold a mooting at
tho fair grounds of the assoolatlon on
March 27th, 1903, to make final ? arrange?
ments for the holding of the next annual
fair. Governor Montague, ? It Is hoped,
will lend his presence-at the nojet fair,
tho success of which Is already assured.
Tho county of Mathows Is forging
ahead as tho home for fine horses.
Among the etock hornos In tho county
are some of the finest In the whole State,
such as Letcher, 2:181-4, by Director;
dam by Edwin Forrest. Patchon Wil?
ton, 2:21, by Wilton; dam by Mambrlno.
Patchen. Bryan Wllkes, p., by Eagle
Bird; dam by - Wllkes. Blnsaellus,
2:??, by Princeps; dam by Morello,
Work on tho canning factories at Mob?
Jnck, Riverside, ^Qroon Point, Cricket
Hill and I'Mtchotts has begun and the
farmers aro making arrangements for a
DAUGHTERS MAY UNITE
Movement to Hold Conventions Slmul
. taneously In Lynchburg. ?
(Special to The Tlmes-DUpatcb,)
LYNCilBUTtO, VA., March 28,-Tho
Lynohburg Chapters, Daughters of tho
Confodoracy, have drafted a petition
calling on Mrs. ?. T. Meado, president
of tho Grand Division of Virginia, to call
a convention of the Grand Division, to
meot conjointly with tho Virginia Divi?
sion In Lynchburg, on tho third' Wed?
nesday In May, to consider and act on
the Question of uniting tho two organiza?
tions In Virginia. This petition Is sgnod
by the Grand Division Chapters In Lynoh?
burg, Amtierst, Nelson, Norfolk, Berk?
ley, Chatham, Alexandria, Culpopor, Dub?
lin, Bedford, Martlnsvlllo and Wood?
A LIVELY FIGHT
Mrs. Davidson Will Keep the
Children If Possible
to Do So.
There la likelihood of a lively fight
In tho courta of the city for the posses?
sion of tho children kidnapped Friday by
Mrs. Charles M. Davidson, against whom
a nuit for divorce has boeri tiled by her
husband. Mrs. Davidson ?uys the children
bugged her to take them with her, and
sho could not resist the Impulse. Now
that sho lias thorn, sho Intends to keep
thmii, If possible, and she will tight liirli
by Inoli before sho gkres them up. ~-]t
Is likely also Hint sho will I'. I o a erosa
auit for divorce, film Buys she can <iuc
????ssfully combat the charge timi she
Is an unfit person to take caro of tho
Legal proceedings will probably ihort
ly be Instituted by Mr. Davidson to re?
cover tho (possession of tha chlU1ra.ii. Hi?
attorney, Mr. ?. M. fonlth, Jr., is porr
In c?)iiiiiinnlcatlon with him.
THE SHORTESTAND BEST ROUTE
TO NEW ORLEANS
Is via the gtiutheru Hallway. |20,OQ round
trip, account of ConfeiH-rute Veterans'
Iteiinlon. Tickets on sale Muy lGlh to Hist,
IS NOW READY FOR
THE COMING SEASON
The Four-City League is Now in Process of For?
mation?Richmond to Have a Good
Base-Ball Team This Year.
?SQUIRE DONATI READY TO "PLAY BALL.'
Having seen the Rlohmond team have ]
a thorough trying out at the hands of the
Philadelphia olub laet Wednesday af?
ternoon, the fans are more than pleased
with the aggregation which Is to repre?
sent Rlohmond In the State Leaguo this
season. They can already seo the pen?
nant floating to the breases from tho roof
of the grand stand at Broad Street Park,
and they are already Imagining to them?
selves what an immense chuckle they
will have at the expense of Newport
News, Petersburg, and Manchester, all
of whom will be left In the ruolc, toq
badly frightened. by the Immense show?
ing of Rlohmond to recover until next
It was never contemplated that the
locals would defeat tho Phillies, but? all
facts considered, the showing was re?
markable. It was the first time the
Richmond teem had ever played together,
although Bomo of tho boys had prac?
ticed lightly. But they were unac?
quainted with the tactics of one an?
other, and, of oourse) wore off on team
Individually, the men may be said to be'
all stars, although a few changes for
the better may be made by 'Squire Do?
nati, tha president and solo owner of the
olub. He will probably take Jones out
of center field and replace him with
Sharp, tho boy wonder ffotn Fulton.
Bonder will be removed from rlRht field,
and Johnnie MoEvoy will probably be
signed for this position. Bender will be
retained on account of his knowledge of
the game, and will act as manager, but
will rarely ever play.
F. Blgby, third base, may be released
and a faster man put In his place, if It
Is possible to sooure one at this lato
stage of the game, when good players
are hard to find, all having boon signed
by other toams. The other men will
remain, and an effort will bo made to
hold Thomas and Hooker as slab ar?
tists, although both have offers In other
Rnlph Thomas la probably the bost
twlrler ever raised In Richmond. He
has played In a number of the best
minor leagues, and understands thor?
oughly the art of mixing 'em up. In the
event ho Is retained by tho Rlohmond
olub be will prove a valuable mini,
Frits Knowles, the sooond baseman, la
far and away the best player on the
team, save possibly Stanloy Rlghlo, the
loft fielder, If he buts anything like ns
well as he did last year he will lend the
league with the stlak nnd win additional
fame for himself. Knowles is the only >
man In the city, or In tho association,
for that matter, who has over made an
average of .000 with the bat, and he may
be counted upon In every game to swat
out two or three safo, timely tills.
Ho Uttlo know the young mnn's nhro and
state of mind. To him the money argu?
ment carried no weight, nnd the hard
work was a poBltlve sttrnotlnn, Bo, when
a few days after the laboratory assistant
was discharged nnd tho place offered to
our debutante, bo gladly accepted, and was
duly Installed In Ubo quarter?, where for
fifty-five years he worked and studied nnd
experimented and leotured and wrote for
tho love of science and his follow-mon.
'i^o year of his appointment was 1813.
Doubtless many of you hive nlrendy
recognized In tho sketch 1 Iibvo hurriedly
made that this young limn, now a little
over twenty-one yours old, wns Michael
Farraday, To nil who have studied tho
history of chemistry and eloatrtclty, this
name at onco stands nut us a great lu?
minari', ns a most brilliant uro lluht on
the dark background of tiiio world's Igno?
rance on theso siiLjertd.
F.l'OOII IN HISTORY.
The timo of Pnrraday'a appointment to
the Royal Institution was nn epoch In
the history of o,heml?tr>?wo nilclit ulmost
say the birthday of modern chemistry.
But a few years before l>ul|on bad an?
nounced his ntnmln theory?a theory so
simple and plain that many of yon young
fellows Humble over it as 1 did when
first studying It. This theory, coming dl
loelly In opposition to tho l/hen accepted
theory of tbo Infinite divisibility of mut?
ter, had srousod tbo most lively und vio?
lent antagonism. Some slight hints of
tbo theory of atoms hud been thrown nut
by Lavoisier, but nnver bifore had It been
succinctly nnd formally stated.
Lavoisier?ihe mention of bin name
bring? up tlio Inoldont of his death, that
I will digress a little to toll of It. ]j(?
was. without doubt, the greatest cbemlet
of his day. If he had lived (hero pen lie
but little doubt that bo would havo elab?
orated fully the atomic theory. jJo wua
*,*a enlhiudjuitle devoUa ?? *??*??a, a ad WM
working on his last day of life on ex?
periments; which, If successful, would have
beon:of groat, bonoflt to tho human raoe.
But ho was oondomnod to the gulllltlne
by that Insano tribunal, tho directory, and
a file of soldiers sent to bring.him. They
found him In his laboratory,
In addition to bolng a top notoher with
the stick, Knowles Is a high-class In
flelder. He knows how to handle ?
.ball and also how to cover second base.
It's Ulto playing In a flower
garden him, and he takes every?
thing that comes his way. It Is a pity
that ho has nover beon under the coach?
ing of a first-class ball player, for
Knowles has within him the making of a
McLoovoy, tho big catcher, glvos prom?
ise of a good man. He understands eomo
of the fine points of the game, ha? a
good arm and will take anything 'that;
"comes his way. Ho is 'porfeotly willing
to grab the hottest a pitcher can send,
and ho holds onto them, onoe the balls
strikes his mit. ^
McLeovey Is a hard hitter, but not re?
garded as a suro man with the stick.
Some timos ho swats them and then again
he doesn't. However, he enjoys the dis?
tinction of having made the longest lilt
of last season.
As the team now stands.' it looks very
much as did the Elks last soason, Near?
ly every man In tTie. club was on tho
Elks, and tho absence of Brownies Is re?
markable. Some ot the fans don't ex?
actly like this, for they think that tho
Fulton boys were the fastest players In
President Donati states that ho will
use only the pick of the two teams, and
an effort Is now being made to get Bow?
ers, the star Brownie twlrler. It Is not
known whether ho can be Induced to ac?
cept the offer, but the chanoes are that
he will wear a Richmond uniform this
season. Ho Is quite as fast as Thomas
and has pitched some mighty good ball In
his day. Ho Is yet quito young and
Tho meeting of the league magnates In
Newport News on the 16th of next month
promises to prove Interesting, ns the
question of schedule will be settled at
thnt time. President Donati says that
every city will be given a square deal
o?id no complaint will be made against
'tbo arninpementk Richmond will ?got
(jarnos sufficient on tho home grounds
und Manchestor may be run In boro onoe
or twice to meet Petersburg . when the
home team Is In Newport News.
While It Is not gonernlly known, It Is
nevertheless a fact, that the negroes
havo perfected a professional league In
thl3 section, whioh Is comprised of four
clubs? Illchmond, Norfolk, Petersburg and
Charlotte. It will bo known ns the Vir?
ginia-Carolina Colored Association.
Hnlswlth, tho crack shortstop on tho
Phillies, was with Newport News In 1000.
By his clover work there lie attracted
the nttentlon of the Philadelphia manage?
ment. Ilo was signed nnd given a trial.
Ills work wns so fust In tho field nnd he
proved such a good hitter that he was
retained, and Is still with the team.
Hnlswlth Is one of tho fastest short?
stop In tho National Lenguo to-day, and
ho Is tho youngest, looking a mere boy.
Ho Is enthusiastic find willing, not ofrnid
to make errors and ever, ready to accept
nil sorts of hazardous chances. He Is
originally from Louisville,
President Gordon, of .the New York
American Lenguo Club', says, he does not
expect to innke any money with the team
this year, ns the expenses will foot up
nenrly J20P.O0O. The .expenses of fixing
lip the grounds nnd hulldlng stands will
figure close to ?lnn.ooo, lie says, and the
other $100,000 will be spent In paying tho
players' salaries nnd traveling expenses,
"One of the principal factors In the
game to-day." sold Mr,' Gordon, "is the,
question of pnlnrlos-oif .the player?, Most
of the flrst-cluKs mon will rooelve between
?1.000 nnd ?5,OOO. this season, some will
f-et ns much ns $0,000, and one man,
Wlllo Keelor, will rqcelve something like
"Besides If celer we'will have two other
exceptionally high-priced mm on our
salary list. Choebro, Die Pittsburg pitch
or, and Clark Orlflltli, pitohor and man*
ager of the fam, will receive an amount,
not far short of f8,000 for their work??
Then Jesse TnnnehlU, the loft-banded
pitcher,"will receive about ?0,000.
"Altogether, I expect the team to oost
! In subirles along ?bout |GO,000."~ There Is
j Utile doubl. In my mind that we will ee
Lcuro Drlahnnty, although the deal may
? cost im a little more than $10,000.
"The grounds w|l| cost -fully ?100.000,
j This Includes tho grnnd'stnnds pnd
i everything rise coiinncted will) the field,"
Both Chcshro end TnnnehlU at one time
P'nycd on the Richmond team, when this
city wns In the old Attnptio League. They
I wero found by Jake Wells In some remoto
s??Asa. ?ed. af-U? ? trial <Joyelo/?e4 ?nt? ?
th? woTld-beaters they are to-day, Che?.
bro lent year proved th? b?at twlrler t*
the leseti?, <
Trtmpg Tried and Fined?Turpln Write?
About Maryland Affair??
Six tramps?five white and en? blaok"
ware before 'Squire James T, Lewie a
day or two ago, charged with trespassing
on th? property of the Chfjynp?alte arid
Ohio and Jumping on a movine train,
They were ait arreeted by Special Officer
Duke. Bach was fined $a,Bo and given
thirty days. The name? ot the men are
Charlie Thompson, W. H. Park, Mark
Kell, Bam Oreer, Ilk ?. Klohllne and
William Turpln, the negro man arreeted
some time ago by ? Henrtoo polloeman
on a charge of murder, preferred by the
aut&orltles In Salisbury, Md., and who
waa seriously wounded while attempting
to escape, haa been tried, convicted and
sentenced to elx year? In the penitentiary.
Turpin haa written a letter to Deputy
Sheriff Voegtsr, abusing the people who
?ont him to prison.
The oommtttes appointed by the Bohoot
Board to draw up a saheme .for raising
the standard of the county schools met
yesterday at the courthouse and pro*
oeeded with Its work. A report will be
At South Boston.
fftmUl to Th? TJm?s.Dt?pst?ih,)
SOUTH BOUTON, VA., Maroh M.-The
salee of toboooo this week have been
muoh lighter than for several weeks,
?*reeheti In the river out oft nearly all
wagon trade during the first of the week,
Shipped roods liuve oonstltuted the
greater part of the sales slnoe Monday,
Th? prias? paid for all goods wore about
the same as last week, No real fine
wrappers were in the offerings, A great
deal of the tobaoco sold has been In very
soft order, and ????a? some complaint
from sellers. The cool, windy weather
for the last few daye has dried the land
10 that "plowing hoe commenced, end
small sales are only expected until there
le another season,
Tobacoo plant beds, Where they have
been ! properly oovered with oloths. show
a plentiful supply of young plants,
m ? '?
The Infant son of Mr, and Mr?, Wil?
liam Jordan, No, 2318 ? t?treet, dltd at
11 o'olook Friday nlgrht. Tne funeral yrlti
take ? place at S o'clock this afternoon
from the house, The Interment will be
made In Oakwood Cemetery,
University Boys to Get To?
gether Under the Facul
? ty Government.
The eommltte having In oharge ar?
rangements for the reunion and banquet
of Rlohmond Chapter of the University
of Virginia Alumni are gratified at the
proapeot of a most auoceseful affair,
Already a number of responses have
been reoolvod from the Invitations sent
out, and It Is quite likely that there will
be a large attendance upon the reunion,
Tho committee wishes It borne In mind
that the reunion Is not to be confined
exclusively to members of the Richmond
'Chapter, but that'all others who may
bn In. the city at tho timo are to consider
themselves as having' beon' Invited to
Blind In tholr Subscription and to attend
tho reunion, which will bo the last, to
be held under the faculty government.
Members of the Legislatura who look
upon tho University as tholr alma rnator
are especially Invited to Join the Rloh?
mond Chapter upon thle oocaslon,
The rounlon will be held at the Com?
monwealth Club during ISastor week,
probably Tuesday. A. number of promi?
nent men In national affairs havo boon
Invited to bo prosent, and It Ih bolleved
by the commltteo that tho affair will bo
a memorable ono In every roKpoot.
The committee consists of Mosers, John
Stewart Brynn, chairman; S, Dabney
Crenshaw, Allon Potts, Henry Taylor,
Jr., and W. Douglas Gordon.
May Be Double of Estimates
Made to congress.
HUGE PROJECT OP U. S.
To Dam Up River? and Ohanga The
Courte In Order to Make Desert
Country Bloteom Like the
WASHINGTON, D. 0., Maroh ?.-Fed
eral Irrig?tlon of th? arid landa of the
West refus?? to Work out on the economi?
cal beat? estimated when the Hans bro ugh
Irrigation law wee pasead by Congress,
Aaoordlng to a statement made by Secre?
tary Hitchcock the other day, tihe cost,
Instead of bein*? $6 an acre, m haa all
alona been estimated, will not he less than
tU,66 an acre, and It i? by no mean? cer?
tain that tha expense can be kept within
that fliure. Ae th? cost ot Irrigation is
to be added pro rate to the distornar}'
?1.15 an acro changed for publia lands, the
Western settler will not secure the bar?
gain he may have expeoted,
The occasion tor the discrepancy be?
tween the estimate? made when toe law
was under consideration and those now
made by the government experts is said
to be attributable to three causes. First,
the cost of US woe arrived at by averaging
the expense inourred, by private corpo?
rations, whioh had performed similar
work, but It Is now discovered that the
private oompanle? have secured posses?
sion of all th? altea where cheap irriga?
tion oan be praotlced, and those which
the government will lhave to Improve are
all of a more expensive and dlflloult char?
acter) second, the economical showing
made by private aompanlos Is duo In
many instances to the temporary charac?
ter of the work, which It hoe been In?
tended to replace..with more permanent
and expensive plants when the profits bo?
gan to accumulate; third, when Congress
passed the Irrigation law It Incorporated
therein a provision that all work should
be done tinder an elght-ihour lallor con?
traot, and that no Mongolian labor ehould
be employed, These provision? have re?
sulted In materially Increasing the cost ot
the work to the Federal authorities,
According to the Instruction? of the
Secretary of the Interior, acting with
the advice of the ofllclale ot the geologi?
cal, eurvey,' every portion of the engineer?
ing work undertaken by the government
Will be of the highest grade and built to
lest for centuries, No risks of washed
out dams will be taken, and no errors
In calculation will be permitted to frus?
trate the original plans. At the preoent
time It is believed that the work on the
flvo projects already selected can ho com?
pleted for the average prloe an acre
named, but there le still a possibility of
Perhaps tfhe most remarkable undertak?
ing of the work thua far outlined will be
what Is known as the St. Mary1? River
project, In Montana, ?? It la.here proposed
to divert the greater portion of the St.
Mary's River, which rises tn the Rocky
Mountains, In Montana, and flows through
Canada to Hudson's Bay, from its natu?
ral channel,' and, by means^of,a canal,
empty It into the Milk RI vor," a tributary
of the Missouri, so that Its watora will
eventually find their way Into the Oulf
of Mexico. To accomplish this It will be'
necessary to oonstrtiot a dam fifty feet
In height across the St. Mary's River,
thus forming a reservoir, for which the
Bt. Mary's Lake will be the basis, twen?
ty-five miles In length, and having a
capacity of SfiO.OOO aere feot of water
that la, sufficient to cover 260,000 acres to
a depth of one foot. A canal twenty-seven
miles long will connect the reservoir with
the North Fork of the Milk River, and
the water thus obtained will, It Is esti?
mated, prove sufficient to Irrigate 240,000
acres of land "along the Milk River be?
tween Havre and Glasgow, Montana. It
is not expected to divert the entire flow
of-th? tt, Mary?? River, a? there are
?ome Irrigation eatiale on th? Canadian
?Id? of the border whoee rights must be
respected, mor oh? bundred mil?? th??
North ?Perk of the Milk hiver flowe
through Canadian territory, but only at
ohe pisce would It be possible far th?
Canadian? to tap It, and if thl? I? done It
will become necessary later on to build
a longer canal by which the Bt, Mary'g
will be diverted to th? Marian River, an.
other tributary of the' Milk River, ?holt? '
In American territory.
A canal ecamm.
A projeot whioh retembl?? on a minia*
ture acal? the Darlert' Isthmian Canal
aotaeme will he undertaken at Ounnlaen,
Col,; where a tunnel, approximately ten
by twelve feet, will be bored for al?
miles through solid rook to the valley of
the Unoompahgre. The point on the
Ounnlsln fnom which the tunnel will
start la In the ?rand Gorge, which la
2,000 feet deep and probably forty feel
wide, A dam will be constructed ?erose
this gorge to farm a reservoir, and th?
water will be distributed -at will along
both aide? of the ' Uncompahgre Valley,
and will Irrigate an area estimated el
180,000 aeree, AT the Devil's Gate of th?
Bweetwater River, In Wyoming, the net*
Ural gorge la to be utilised by tho eon.
struotion of a great dam one hundred
feot high, thirty feet long at the bottom '
and three Hundred feet, long at the top,
nlnety-foUr feet thick at the base and
twonty-flve foot thick at the top. By
means of this dam it win be poiirtble to
store 820,8?$ acre feot of water, whtoh
will be fed out for Irrigation purpoaea
through ,the dam. The dam will be .pf
solid masonry. This site la described by
Captain Hiram M, Chlttenden, of the.en?
gineer corps, as "the moat favorable
site In the world for a great masonry
dam." It will be remembered that It
waa through Devil's Gap that the Asto
rlans passed on their return trip In 1818,
and for many ycars.lt wns part of the
overland trail to Oregon nnd California.
The fourth Irrigation project already
determined upon by the government wtU
be located on the Salt River, In Arlaonaj
An Immense reservoir wl" be constructed
by moans of a dam approximately 000 ,
feet long and 200 feet high', th?.surface'
of which will be IB foet broad, ano" which''?
wllL be used as a roadway. This. dam ?-.
will be somewhat curved, the ?jonvex eur- .,
face being upstream. The total capacity -'-.
of the reservoirs ao created, If It Is found
practicable to carry the dam to the height
stated, will approximate 900,000 acre feet.
In the construction of this dam the en?
ergy of the water will be used to fur?
nish the powct needod, not only In
constructing the Immense pile of ma? ?
sonry, but? In manufacturing the ce
mont, concrete, eto.
STORINO' WATIDR OF TWO RTVBHS.
Tho last and most complex Irrigation
project thus far determined upon by the
government Is In Nevada. Is. known as
the TrucVee-Carson project, and has for
Its purpose the' storing of the water? of
the Truckee sjid Carson Rivers. While
no engineering enterprise so striking aa
those outlined above is Involved, the pres?
ence of numorous.private Irrigation com?
panies adds materially to the difficul?
ties which will be encountered. A ee- .
rles of reservoirs, several by means of
dams, im to be constructed, and event?
ually an area of riot lesa than 188,
110 nere? will be rendered susceptible of
irrigation,-.. Speaking of this prdject, 3*.
H.-Nowoll, the hydrographer in charge,
"This Is one .of the most Important
of the Interstate, Irrigation problema
which have been carefully examined.
The construction. of the work proposed
would do - much toward Increasing .the
cultivated area nnd the population 6f Ne?
vada, and.', would, cause the State to
rise rapid\y-ln agricultural rank,"
In Williameburg. '
(?HpoeUl to The Tlmn-Dttpitch.)
WTLLTAMSBURO, VA.. March 28.-??.
twoon seventy and eighty Richmond \ ex?
cursionists visited this jolty to-day, re?
turning- :to-nlgh|t at-'7-.? o'clock;
.They spent a most delightful-day. Hoii,
J. Taylor Ellyson. with his Bible class,
was among the distinguished po?pio pr?s?
ent. He and about fifteen others wen!
to Torktown eight-seeing.
The furniture for the Dlrlckeon Bank
has arrived, and the doors will be opsn
for business on April let The cashier
has not yet been elected.
Former Oovernor Charles T. O'Forralil,
who wu counsel for the osteopaths lif
their fight against tho Harvey bill.'de
slrca It stated that hi? clients got all
they naked 1n the. exemptions ' allowed
those now practicing their profcaaior?e In
m\ ?a???i?Mnft ?l?MWtfetii^h*a??l?lal?l^a????lil?l>?All?la^ai?t*>a- _
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