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Publliht* Billy end Weekly it ?a 4
NiMH Tenth etreet, Richmond, V?.
entered January 71. 1903. ?t Rieh'
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Uptown Office at T, A. MILLER'S, No,
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SUNDAY, MARCH 29, 1903.
CUR STATE INCOME TAX.
If any one will recall the great tmpor-,
tanoe which was attaohed to the provision
In ?the. Wilson Tariff Law of 1804 fot an
Income tax to be levied and collected
by the United Btates, and the profound
^feeling of dissatisfaction In the Demo- |
oraUc ..party. when that law was declared ?
unconstitutional, it will be hard to under?
stand how It Is that tho same Domo
eratio party, havlna; control of the Gov?
ernment of the State of Virginia, has bo
neglected this .source of revenue for
the State Treasury, against which there
"is no constitutional objection whatever,
'and which professedly has the moat cor?
dial aupport of? the people. "Wo have heard
a good deal lately about a possible deflcl
?enoy of o? .revenue for tho. necessities of
the State and certainly a dellclency for ap?
propriations whioh are exceedingly desir?
able, some of whioh are very important,
The appropriation for the oompletlon of
the Improvements at the Penltontlary, a
matter of the gravest Importance, has
boeri refused and the amount necessary
to make tho Jamestown Exposition a rea?
sonable' possibility Is In grave peril, and
yet there can be no reasonable doubt that
If the revenues of this State were fairly
assessed and faithfully collected, tho State
would have ample money for Its current
expenses and' for those purposes of pro?
gress -and ? development, which aro es?
sential to keepher abreast of modorn civ?
ilization. ' ?' '?? '?"?':'_<
j.As to real...estate, it Is ? not pretend?
ed that the cash market value, which
the law requires, !a applied in tho as?
sessment of but a very? small fraction
of that class of property, while in many
parts of the State It Is assessed at less
than half, sometimes less than ono-fourth
.of what it is worth. Tho assessment of
personal property Is a proverbial tra?
vesty, not merely through tho arts of
Uie tax dodger, but tho Inefficiency and
the political "tender mercies" of the tin-.
sessors, "W.e; havo referred to some of
the absurdities, which appeared on the
face.of the; Auditor's report on the as?
sessment upon personal property in dif?
ferent ports df.:! the Stato,, but the
crowning absurdity of our whole fiscal
system is reached In tho Income tax.
This source of revenue, which ought to
bo prolific, and the justice and expe?
diency of wljloh havo been declared In
Democratic national platforms which were
unanimously approved In State conven?
tions, Is so meagre that It will bo far
better to repeal It tiinn to perni It It to
stay as It Is on the statute books, only
to be brought Into the contempt of tho
taxpayers of the State.
It Is conceded by all writers on econo?
mics that the income tax above all oth?
er forms of ' taxation moro clearly re?
sponds tei those 'maxims or principles
which have been generally concurred In
as essential to a wise tax law. Among
these principles the first Is that "the
subjects of overy State ought to con?
tribute to.,tho.. support of govornment as
nearly as possible In proportion to their
respective abilities; that is, in proportion
to the revenue which they enjoy under
the protection of the Stato." This Is
the principal maxim of taxation and It
Ss the foundation of Income tax. It Is
recognized, however, that as there are
many features In the levying of an In?
come tax whloh'are troublesome and vex?
ations, a direct Income tax Is pre?
ferable only' as an extraordinary re?
source for an emergency. In England,
however, the lnoomo tax Is one of tho
principal sources of the Royal rovonue,
and It Is the habit of that Government In
cases of great emergency to in?rense tho I
rats of income tax as the easiest way for '
meeting their necessities. From any
people that are once educated to paying
this tax, the State will have the readiest
means of expanding or diminishing Us
revenue according to Its necessities.
In the Auditor's report for th? year
ending September 80, 1901, the amount
of income assessed for that year was
S63,e04.H. The total amount received
that year from previous assessments for
Income tax was H6.O10.?0. In 1002 there
was received $58,264.03 on account of the
assessment made Hie previous year of
S63.604.14. In addition to this there was
reolved $1,773.03 on ncoount of the In?
come assessed tor 1900. So that even
when the Incorn? 1? assessed It Is not
very closely collected.
But there are Borne other Interesting
iacts connected with that assessment
of 1901. Of the one hundred coun?
ties of, Virginia there were twenty
eight In which there was not ono single
man found by the assesgor, who was
liable to the Income tax, thai Is ho per?
son in those twenty-eight counties litd
a net Income of over $000 a year, that be?
ing the amount exempted by the State,?
These counties were;
Bland. Kine & Queen,
Carroll, ' Madison,
Charles City. Mathews,
Essex, ' Powhatan,
Floyd' ' \ Ruppahannook,
,S8S* - ?
Gril? county ?turned ?P (enta, Middle
??* IMO, Westmorland ti, ?e they es?
caped the "total . disability" , list, but
there ?r*.fifteen others who showed tip
but very tittle better as their returns are
under $20 each, Tile greatest amount re??
turned -by any f on* couhty war Albe*
marie. ti.lB?.81. .Chesterfield returned
$482.88 and Bedford $14. Who would
have supposed that thero were so many
moro prosp?rons,men. In.ClijDstori?eid than
In Bedford? Tho total amount levied in
all tho cities 0? tho Commonwealth waa
$45,241.92. Of "this, Richmond fialdmore
than one-half, namely $28,939,46, Lynch
burg, $6,176.16 and. Norfolk, $4,691.60?.
The total amount of Income returned
by colored people was. $23, $8 of this
enme from Cheeterfleld, $8 from Char
lottesvltle and tl6 from Wchmond. Al?
together, we think that Chesterfield makes ?
a very fine Showing, comparatively speak*
So much for th? assessment of 1901,
Now lot us seo how the prosperity of th?
country affected the Incomes of our peo?
ple In 1902. For this'year wo find twenty
seven Instead of'twenty-eight counties on
the "total disability" list. Tho disabled
onos remaining? .the same excopt Amelia
and King George which had each-return?
ed $5 and. Middlesex $1.60 Iti 19?1, dropped
out enti rely ?', In '..,1802, while, Caroline,
Charles City, Nelson and Sussex returned
respootlvely ?14.50,.' $16, $50 and $3.50.
Craig stuck to.,ita 60 cents." There Is
some wag of an assessor In that county,
To the ordinary mind there is somo sort;
of relationship between capital and in?
come. But that is not true o'f tho in?
vestments in Virginia, according to the
assessors of Income. Let us comparo
somo of the assets with the returns of
. some of the counties.
Accomac has personal prop?
erty assessed at........,. $1,693,423 00
and real estate assessed'at,..., 4,182,853 00
a total, of..,.. $6,870,270 00
and returns an .income tax of.. 254 71
Albemarlo county, tho ; next
on the State list has personal
property.,',..',. ...... $1,933,097 00
real estato....,..,.. 4,026,570 00
total;...'... .$5,959,673 00
and returns an Income tax of.. 1,105 38
Augusta county has personal
property. $3,797,093 00
real estate. 7,717,48100
and returns Income tax. 805 03
Rocklngham county has, per?
sonal property....... $2,566,003 00
real estate. 7,647,979 00
and returns Income tax. 10S 50
And so the whole list of counties might
be gono through with, each showing some
surprising statement," hut all united In
confirming the utter inconsistency, and ,in
compctency of the administration of the
law for assessing and collecting the in?
come tax. ?',-'!
We do not mean to make any Invidious
distinctions against the counties named.
Thero are others Just as bad, but- some
have to be used for illustration,
Wo do not believe that the people of
Virginia are any worse about paying
taxes than they are elsewhere, and
we think the great trouble about the col?
lection of an income tax Is the Inefficiency
of Its assessment. When tho United States
had an Income tax, thero were elaborate
Instructions given the assessors with
blanks covering all tho conditions which
experience had shown would likely arise,
and rit-, was .made a serious, matter,.., In
Virginia It has been made a faroe. A fur?
ther reason why this tax Is not paid In
Virginia Is the obscurity of the law. If
the Legislature determines to continue
this Income tax the law should be elab?
orated as clearly as It was In tho United
States statutes and, then a prollllo re?
venue would be dorlved and In tho most
absolutely Just and equitable way.
What wo desire to emphasize la that
this State Is not only able to merely
meet her current liabilities, but to meet
all reasonable requirements to koep her
In the forefront ot modem progress, The
State is .rich and (rotting richer overy
day Her people have an abundance
of money to meet all these demands.
They aro willing to pay it provided their
neighbors are made to pay as well as
themselves according to law, but when
the law Is notoriously and scandalously
Ignored by assessors and evaded by the
tax-dodgers, the whole system becomes
rotten and It Is only surprising that tue
State gets as much as she does consid?
ering' tho Inefficiency of her fiscal ad?
ministration. Wo do not moan the Au?
ditor of Publio Aocounts, but we mean
the whole system from tho Legislature
down. By common consent the dues to
the Stato have beon withheld and It le
only where trust funds belonging to the
helpless'aro. held by courts or In somo
other way so as to bo accessible, that j
tho last dollar Is eagerly wrung by com?
missioners' who are paid a per contngo
on all they assess, while the vast ma?
jority of the property of those who are
able to take car? of thomeelves goes free.
Gentlemen of tho Legislature, make
your Income tax an effective means of
revenue or repeal It As It now stands,
It Is a roproaoh to the State and a posi?
tive Injury to hor revenues, In that It
brings tho whole aystom of assessing and
collecting taxes Into contempt
Our own preference le dlsUnolly for a
well-digested law for assessing and col?
lecting an Income tax whioh should be
made ? largo, reliable and equitable souroe
of revenue to this State.
THE MORTO AG E TAX
We have received the following com?
munication from a well known real os?
tate agent of Richmond?.
Editor of The Tlmos-Dlspatchli
tUr,-I read with a groat deal of Inter?
est your editorial headed "The, Mort?
gage Tax," In to-day's paper. I wish to
say that your view of the matter Is ex?
actly right, and I spoak from experience.
1 havo been through this matter onuo
before In St. Louis.
The General Assembly of Missouri con
siderea a similar bill Imposing a tax on
the owner of Uva mortgage and taking
the owner of tho land for the equity only.
On Its faoe the proposition looks fair.
It does seem as If tho property owner
doos not own anything but the difference
between the amount of the mortgage and
the selling price ot the properly. But
the practical operation Was this: As soon
at the bill was ' proposed In the Legisla?
ture, all monoy to be loaned on real es?
tata'mortgages was withdrawn from tho
market until the matter was Anally
settled by the legislature, especially for?
eign capital. It was Impossible to Intor?
bai monoy lenders outsde of the Stato
of Missouri In Missouri mortgages.
, They waited to set whether the Uli
would b? passed or not, Borne loans
were made on the following terms! Upon
Application by a property, owner for a
loan, lie was told by the money lender '
that he could Have the money at ? per
ootit., If'the bill should Hot pass, and ?
pe c?ht.i which Is tho contraot price, If
It should pass. As beggars aro not
choosers, and 111 lenders', mode tho sama,
proposition, there was nothing to do'but
to Accept the mohoy on the ?'pet cent,
bastai which Is >the legal rate,? tinder oon
tract. In Missouri,, end then, aside from
the mortgage, tho money, lender had a
written agreement with tho mortgagor
that he would, refund. 2.por cont. In the
event'the law did not' pass. ' Tho law
Was Anally defeated.
As Its operation here seems to,bo, Im
prnotleabl?, the same proposition'''holds'
good wltlt the proposed Virginia law.
It Is easy enough for a man to tratisfor
his property to a "strnw.'mnn," who will
In turn give him . back a mortgage for
part purchase' monoy, and this "straw
man" Will In all probability bo a non
rosldent of tho State. Thus you. will see
tho State'will not only lose tho, tax on
tho mortgage, but will, also los?, a largo
portion of tho tax on tho lartds, which
nro now froo and clear and subject to
taxation. There,aro mnny.wnys of dodg?
ing taxes, If a man Is dishonest, and It
Is Impossible, to pass any InW that-will
got It all. But our Legislature don't
want to make the mistake of. ''straining
at a ghat and swallowing a camel."
?? '? CHARLES B. COOKS.
, Richmond, Va., March.27. ?
In this connection wo not a communi?
cation In the New Tork Evening Post
of Thursday lost, from Mr. E. F. Hall,
a former member of tho Now York bar,
now residing In Montgomery, Alabariia,
In which he calls attention to tho fact
that the Supreme Court of the United
States has on two occasions held that
a State cannot extend Its powers over
non-residents so as to tax claims held
by them against citizens of the State.
In Mr. Hall's view, so far as rogards
'outsiders, a law such as Senator Barks
dalo proposes would Impair the obliga?
tion of tho mortgage contraot and would
bo null and void as a violation of tho
contract clause of the Federal Consti?
tution. One of the decisions ho cltee Is
In the caso of a railroad company against
Jackson, from tho State of Pennsylvania,
reported In 7 Wallace, 202. Jackson
was a British subjeot, residing In Ire-,
lrtnd, and that being the case, the court
held that the coupons or Interest of
certain mortgage bonds owned by him
and Issued by Pennsylvania railroads
could not be taxod by that State. -The
other case cited is that of the State tax
on foreign held bonds, decided In ' 1S72
and reported in Volume XV of Wallace's
Reports. The opinion was delivered by
Mr. Justice Field. As to the statute of
Pennsylvania (which required that ? per
centum should be deducted from thfe
coupons and paid. Into the State treas
ury), he said:
"It Is a law which Interferes between
the company and the bondholder, and,
under pretense of levying a tax, com?
mands the company to withhold a por?
tion of tho stipulated interest and pay
It over to the State, It is a law whljch
thus impairs tho obligation of the con?
tract between' the parties."
Again, he says:
"It may undoubtedly be taxed by the
State when hela by a resident therein,
but when held by a non-resident It Is as
much beyond- tile 'jurisdiction of. tho
State as the person of the owner."
In an editorial? review of Mr., Hall's
letter, The Evening Fost,,says that.-.those
decisions have a direct' bearing on the
mortgage tax; that a mortgage on real
estate In New York Is a sign and evi?
dence of the claim held by a lender
against a borrower; the lender may bo a
cltizon of another State or country; ho
may or may not pay his own State or
county a tax on tho claim, but under our
Constitution and system of government
he cannot be called upon to pay a tax
on It in a jurisdiction other than that
/of his domicile.
This Is law, and it Is common sense.
Under the laws of Virginia we tax, or
at least try to tax, notes-held by our
cltlzons and secured by mortgage In
other States. It Is to bo prosumed from'
Virginia's point of view that such notes
held In other States and secured by mort?
gage In Virginia are taxed where the
holder resides. We could not, therefore,
with any sort of consistency attempt to
tax both resident and non-rosldent
mortgage-holders. To do so would lead
to all sorts of confusion, and even If tho
attempt should succeed, aftor all tho
borrower, as our corespondent points
out, would have to pay the tax.
There ought to be some relief for tho
borrower. Ho catohes It every time. He
has to pay the tax as surely as the tax
Is levied, and If there Is a double tax, ho
has to pay it all. For our part, we oan
see no possible relief for the borrower
oxcept to exompt the mortgago, and In
this way give him the advantage of a
lower rate of lntorost.
THE DANGERS OP THE DRINK
We are distressed that some of our re
marka on the liquor question seem' to '
have been entirely misunderstood by
certain esteemed contemporaries, for !
whose editors we have the most friend?
ly regard. One of those Is the South
Boston Newa whioh replies at some length
to a recent article contained In The
Tlmes-Llspatch, commenting on a letter
of President Davis on the subject of
prohibition. Mr. Davis said that the evil
resulting from alcohollo drinks was "in I
the abuse, and not In the'use." The
South Boston News contends, on tho '
other hand, that the only way to pre?
vent the abuse of alcohollo drinks Is to I
abstain from the use of them, and asks
If Its promises are not correct,
Cortainly not. Total abatlnonce Is one
way, and the safest way to prevent tho
abuse of alcohollo drinks, but many mou
may, and many men do, use alcohollo
drinks to their comfort, If not to their
benefit, without abusing them.
It Is nonsense to) say that no man can
use alcoholic , liquors without getting
drunk, without' Injury to himself or to
others. And because It Is nonsenso, and
because It Is not true, we have contro
verted the statement- It never does any
cause good either to misrepresent, or to
overstate the truth.
Again,, our contemporary argues that
It Is wrong por se to use alcoholic liquors
le. any form, for tlie reason that "mod
eratloh" always pVet?edM "iMmedefllUon"
In the oourse of1 development. By. the
earn? token We may say that It le wrong j
for men. to eat simply because eon??
,rtien eat to gluttony| that it Is wVohg per
se'for people'to dance simply because|
,some people dance Immoderatelyi that It
Is slnftii to, play ,an Imiftconl game of
cards at homo simply because some mon
use card.?, for gambling. purposes ? that |
It Is sinful for mnti to race tholr horses
simply beonuso hors.e-raclhg In abu**d.
"we cannot, attbsorlbe to any such doc?
trine. We' cannot agree that It ?strong''
for a man to do a. thing which Is Inno
oont In Itself, simply,,because somebody
else maltes wrong of that same thing.
But we had not Intended to go Into a
further' dlsousslon of the Subjoot. We
started out ito disabuse the mind qf our
friend at South Boston of an erroneous
Impression and , disabuse the minds of
othors who have fallen Into a similar
error in drawing conclusions from our
articles ' on this subject Wo have not
intended, God knows, to.encourage mon,
and especially young mon, to drink wills
koy,? even m?doratcly. While, we have (
said, and while we hold that there Is '
no harm per so In taking.a drink, it Is
most dangerous for any young man, to
form the drink habit, and tho way ,to
avoid It Is never to take the first drink..
The man who' acquires a tasto for alco?
holic liquors , does so at his peril, for
Uns appetito once acqulrod Is sometimes
hard to control, Indeed, there are men :
who are utterly powerless to control
their thirst for strong drink, and for this
reason the path of safety lies In total
abstinence.- Wo feel tho keenest interest
In young men, and wo warn them against
forming this dangerous and expensive
habit. , ?
Especially do wo warn women against
drinking alcoholic liquors, and more es?
pecially do we warn thorn, as they value
tholr reputation and tholr honor, against
drinking liquor with men.
We have not meant to minimize tho
danger of the drink habit, and :lt Is "a
distress to know that anybody has so
construed our remarks.
PAIR NO PAIR.
The Marlon Democrat says It "fails
to see the necessity for all the talk and
delay that has' and probably will char?
acterize the consideration of the Campbell
case by the Legislature."
What's past Is past, and there Is no
sense .In crying over spilled-milk, but It
is proper enough, to adopt safeguards for
the future. In the House, of Delegates
fifty-one votes will be required to pass
the resolution proposed unanimously by
the investigating committee.. But though
the House may be overwhelmingly In fa?
vor of the resolution, absenteeism and
pairs may so redu?o the effective strength
of the affirmative, s Ido as to cause delays,
If not defeat. It is, . therefore, essential
for those who favor the resolution to be
In their seats on the day agreed upon
for taking the vote.
As wp said In a former article on this
subject, we are not undertaking to ad
vlso Delegates .or Senators "how" they
ought to vote.? No, our Intention only is
to point out that this Is' a case where
pairs between members cannot be made
upon equal terms. Hence "all" members
would better arrange to be ?In their "Seats
when the" vote is taken.
If tho resolution should be.rejected in
. the House, that ends the case; but If
agreed to there, It will be transmitted to
the Senate for Its concurrence.
(Selected for the Tlmes-DIspatch.)
"He rlseth from supper, and laid aside
His garments, and took a towel, and
girded Himself. ? ? And' began to wash
the disciples' feet." St. John, xili; 4-5.
In Palestine shoes were not generally |
worn Indoors. Tho first duty of a:hostwas
to provide for their removal and the're- |
freshment of the guest/ Usually" a slave
wan ordered to renaove the sandals and
wash the feet.
On ordinary occasions it Is. probable
that the disciples would perform this
humblo office by turns where there was
no slave to discharge ? for all. But on
this evening, when they gathered for that |
last supper, all took their places at the
table with a studied ignorance ' of any
such necessity, a feigned unconsciousness
that any such attention was required.
As a matter of course the pitcher of
cool water, tho basin and the towel had
been set as a part of the necessary fur
nishings of the upper chamber; but none
of the disciples betrayed the slightest
knowledgo of the fact, or that any such
custom existed. Why was this 7
Wo are told "there had arisen among
them a contention which of thorn was ac?
counted the greatest."
Heated, then, and angry, and full of |
resentment nnd pride, these mon hustle
Into the supper-room and seat themselves
llko so many sulky Schoolboys, and dog?
gedly take their places; and then came
a pause. For any to wash tho feet of
the others was to declare himself the
servant of all, and that was precisely
what eaoh one was resolved, he, for his
part, would not do.
Filled with selfish ambition and anger,
thoy were separated alike from their Lord
and from each other, How, then, can
they receive what He has to say to them
on that lost evening?. How will He
quench tholr heated passions and stir
within them humility and lovel "Ho
rlsoth from suppor and laid aside His
garments and took a towel and .girded
Himself, After that *He poureth water
Into a basin, and began to wash tho dl#
clples feet and to wipe them' with the.
towel wherowlth He was girded," . J
Each separate action Is a fresh aston?
ishment and a deeper shame to the con
solonce-strlckon disciples. Already the
cruel darkness of the coming night was
touching the spirit of the lx*d with Ita
shadow. In twenty-four hours He would
bo In Uve tomb, and/ the agony of the
cross lay between. If ever any man
might be excused from Outside cares and
duties, Jesus was that man.
With tho wolght of a world upon Him,
could Ho not have Hi* hands free from
such a trilling attention as this?, With his
whole soul pressed down under tho heavi?
est burden evor laid on man, was ? to
bo expected He would notice or relieve
such peevish cqnduct?
But His love hod made Him wholly.
theirs, and now, though standing on the
brink of death, H? ?a? ready to do them
the slight??!, the humblest service. Hie
was a love, devoted, enduring, constant.
He had loved them, sftd would love' them
unte the end. The very f?dt that they
showed themeele? etili so Jealous and
childish, so far removed from HlsN teach?
ing, drew out Hlsaffoctlon towards them
all the more. He was departing from the
world; thoyiwore remaining In It, expoeed
to that hostility directed ag?lnet Hlm
how, then, can 'He.hut pity and try to
? Do not let this pletore of Christ's hu?
mility fade troni your minds, necall It
often ? dwell on It until It becomes * part
of your being.
If wo catch the meaning of Christ, our
highest moment of Inspiration is to et-?
press Itsolf In the beauty of social char?
ity and service! to prove Itself divine,
In vislblo and.useful labor.
Tho eternal meaning of this lesson Is
, humility. Criticism? of others is not
humility; inverted pride'Is not humility,
the oonfesslon of some barren sentiment
la not humility. Humility Is dumbihu
millty keeps no looking glass; Is uncon?
scious of Its own flushes; It wist* not that
the' hoart turned to God In long fellow
Ship has caused the face to shine with
tho refieotod glory of the (Father, Hu?
mility wields an aotlve power in life.
The greater, the powers given us, the
more humble should . be tho service we
render, with ?o tinge of self-display.
True service must bo rendered In the
spirit of the Master, for, done In tho let?
ter, It Is not done at all, '
Washing feet, or doing any service,
symbolized by that phrase,< cannot bo
done?lot us repeat-roxcept In , the spirit
of Christ, arid then It is no longer me?
nial, but^ glorified.
When tide spirit Is ours we shall-have
no dainty dislike for any kind of service.
It will all be done to Him and for His
glory, among our poor brothers. -,. We
now sometimes pick ' and ohoose. We
have no objection to hjgh office, and
leave to others the drudgery.
But what does Jesus Christ do? In?
stead of laying down a doctrine, Ho rave
the example. 'Christ's method did not
admit of debate. It was not a theory,
It was a fact.
There it was?an action that could nover
be forgotten ;' an argument which no
Ingenuity could ever Impaln. It was
practicable; the -Lord and Master had
done It It was worth doing, or He who
never trifled with Ufo would not have
set the example. v
This shows ,1? a wonderful manner the
responsibility of the men to whom God
has assigned mastery In life. What is
our duty when God puts us in an eminent
place; gives us great talent or great
wealth? Our plain duty la to set exam?
ples of lowliness and charity?the lowli?
ness that comes out. of righteousness?
the charity whioh stands1 upon law.
Oh, Thou washer of the disciples' feetl
We dare not look at Thee. In Thine eyo
Is, not anger, but pity, wooplng pity and
tender reproachl It hurts by Its pathos;
b'ut It also urges us to new effort.
Oh! tq be swallowed up Iti the love, of
God and tho burning deslre.-to cleanse the
lives of men! '
'In what spirit are, we working? Are
we willing to be anything, or nothing,
as It pleases Him? Is our constant cry,
"Lord, what wilt Thou havo mo to do?"
Do we covet honors? Or do wo esteem
drudgery' an honor? Dost .thou so
Some of the Chicago papere note the
visit there of General George T. Alford,
of Dallas, Texas, who Is described as
"the only ex-offlcer of the Confederate
army who clings to We'uniform."-It'is
said-he has been wearing the gray sirice
1861,,, He "has been a Judge, a banker^
legislator and Congressman."
We do not know whether the military
title given our friend is his proper ono,
or is a courtesy one. His name does not
appear in the list of Confederato generals
published by the War Rocorde offlce.
Weslearn'fromTthe Baltimore Sun that
Mr. W. C. A. Hammel, profeseor of man?
ual training, physics and zoology at the |
State Normal School, in that city, has ac?
cepted a call to become director of man?
ual, training and physics at the North
Carolina State Normal School, at Greens?
boro, N. C.
Professor Hammel is one of the bost
and most distinguished teachers of this
branch In tho United States, and North
Carolina is fortunate to secure his aer?
The municipal~contest in Baltimore Is
growing very warm. Tn some degree It
seems to be ? fight between the Wabash
and the Pennsylvania Railroad people.
Mayor Hayes Is ranked with the former
clan, and he has added a ourlous in?
terest to tho election , by prom?
ising to get married should he bo
?nominated. It Is understood that his
Honor is In the neighborhood of sixty
year? of age, but is said to be very bright
Thero comeT7ror?~St~Louls the com?
plaint that President Dave Francis Is ab?
sorbing so muoh of the supply of enthu?
siasm, there will robably be none left
for President Roosevelt when' he gets
Among the few facts brought out by
the Buffalo coroner's Jury, the Important
one is that the beginning of all this Bur
dlok-Pennoll trouble was at a progressive
From tho lowgrounds of Illinois comes,
the horrible rumor that ex.-6enator Mason
Is threatening to break Into the weekly
Mrs. Maybrlok will get out Jn time to
Visit the St Louis fair, qnd she will be
thero. Another victory for Mr, Dave,
Castro mad? a home run when he con?
sented to hold o?lce ?untl) peace and
order are restorer) In Venezuela." He will
die In tliii.li?WW_______
Ua>'to ther present writing the Georgia
peaoh crop is safe, and as for the melon
orop there Is ^verj^questlon.
HFlVi ???.^G??~????"?G?a?" been ?um
elently advertised to b? able te draw teed
house? as a.popular lecturer.
A strike of stAffmaker? Is reported from
,the West, but w? are MHured.that the? j
are pot corn and wheat raiser*
And now ihTquTstion arises! hew muet?
ot the business boom will be taken henee
All fool? "will" have their "inning on
Chioser? anticipate?- much "dlffleulty In
enforcing her new anti-smoke ordinance.
Anyhow, Mm Burdick~w??Tnot leetur?.
North Carolina Sentiment
Tti? Concert Tribun? makes this Inter?
"?Tie eald that the lettuce erop of Cum?
berland will bring.Into the county moro
than $60,000. Thl? is quit?, a neat sum to
resili? on the lettuce beds, and prore?,
that there Is money to be made In many
sections of the State on auch erop?."
The Wlnston-Salem Sentinel Are? thl?
center ehott j
"The South, on Its part, Is not doing
anything to ? close the sectional breach
when It sends Senator Tlllman up North
to make speeches. He has tho unhappy
faculty of saying the wrong thing at
the right timo. Takln* It home to our?
selves, we - would not stand for being
abused right at our faces," /
The Raleigh News-Observer furnishes
this bit of Information:
"Tho passage of the Watts .not and
many' local? temperance acts by the Leg?
islature was but the first gun in the bat?
tle to shut up the saloons and dry up the
stills In North Carolina. A great Anti
Saloon State Convention will be held on
July 7th and plans matured for a vigorous
campaign In scores'of towns In tho State
this summer and fall."
The Durham Herald says:
'We claim to be a Utile ahead of Vir?
ginia, for we believe,' the Legislature
would have voted a handsome appropria?
tion If it had been,our..exposition."
Personal and Oeneral.
W. B. CroWlnshloldJ a brother of the
Admiral, who recently resigned from the
'navy, Is a day laborer at Bluffton, Ind.?
where he works as a horticulturist.
George b. Haworth, Inventor, of the
first corn planter and other agricultural
Instruments, died last Tuesday In Deoa
tur, Ili, ?
President Jordan, of Stanford Univer?
sity, worked his way through Cornell by
waiting on the table, husking corn and
Frederick R. Coudert, the foremost au?
thority on International law In this coun?
try, la the son of a distinguished French
family that was prominent in th'e Napo?
Gilbert T. Walker, assistant to Sir John
Eliot, (reporter In meteorology In the
Government of, India and director of ob?
servatories, and who will iucceed the
latter on his retirement. next December,
has been In Washington for several week*
studying the workings of the United States
Weather Bureau and collecting Informa?
tion that will be of benefit to him when
he assumes hie new duties.
Cost of School. Houses.
Precisely why school houses In one cfty
cost ?90 rper pupil and In another tin per
pupil must be loft to the reader to con?
jecture. But the citizens of a town whore
tho cost Is at tho latter figuro might well
be forgiven an attempt to find out why
their houses wore so much more expen?
sive, and whether they were actually
/getting good Value for the excess in
cost. Mr. Gardner -makes the sensible
suggestion that "In Itself, It Is neither
creditable nor discreditable-for any city
to have either the most expensive or the
least expensive school building?." That
he says, depends on other things, And,
yet cost Is a rather Important factor in'
those days of multitudinous demands on
the public purse. If a city find that on
tho whole Ha school houses are costing
moro than the school houses of cities of
about Its rank, there Is at least a reason
for looking up the matter with a view
to knowing why. That la the way adopted
by successful business men, who, while
they do, not steer their course by sta-,
tlstlcs, are not averse to discovering
what statistics may mean.?New Bedford
(Mass.) Standard. ?
(For The Tlmes-Dlspatch.)
Winter's le?' us, blesa de Lord,
De leaves am bustln' out,
En flowers er splllln' sweetness
Every whar erbout.
Frogs Is singln' "flshln' time,"
En 'skeeters hatchln', too.
But watermelons growin'
En skies am turnln' blue.
Files Is gotttn' pesterln',
De sun shines Jes' like gole,
En low groun's talkln' blslness
Tur corn en cotton boll.
Nights is gettln' sof* en mild,
Hit won't be long, I know.
?Foie'musi? bo er dancln'
Fr'uin fiddle en banjo.
Winter's lef us, bless de Lord,
Niggers, git up en shout,
En thank Gawd for de springtime.
En turn yerselves erbout..
j Tirona of T?hought \
I /n,0/x/o jCand\
! Macon Telegraph: Wo doubt If Pres?
ident Roosevelt reads tlie papers. Even
a glance through the most Pro*"^*
newspapers and periodicals of the North
would show him how far out of louch he
is In some particulars with tho spirit
ot the lntolllgont publlo,
Louisville Courier-Journal: It Is unfor?
tunate that ? B?nator Tlllman Is a South
Tlllman's manner of championmg it.
Memnhls Commercial-Appeal: Mr. Bryan
fi^'niwv m^st go to other hands. He has
the paj-ty must go ? and
?l bePsS?cTdal to make him chairman
?f the National Democratic Committee,
The D^eoS party Is no long,.? the tall
to Ills kite, (_
Nashville. Americani It Is a reflection
on the D?mocratie party to mention W.
? Hearst as Us posslblo candidate for
President. His olalm to distinction |l
that he Is a rich man by Inheritance and
that he publishes three yellow newspa?
pers He Is no speaker, and there Is
Hardly a man connected with his yel?
lows who Is not his superior as a writer,
\ &e fore the Public. \\
The unanimous nomination of Cart?
H, Harrison, who is now serving hie third
term ?a Mayor of the city of Chicago, M
succeed himself, by the D?mocratie Co?.
vonllou li taken by
?on? to mean an en?
dorsement of muni?
cipal ownership et
?treet railway? fee
the party, Mr, Her?
rlaon, though oppos?
ed . by the mort
lo newspaper of hi?.
elty, received the
unanlmoua vote of
the delegate? an4
iirter H. Her? men whom he fa
rlaon. vored were eucceea?
fai over their opponent? for other of?
ficee within the gift of the city. Mr, Ha*?
rlaon has recently sxpreased rtJmaelf u
favoring the munlolpal ownership of the.
street railways'and the proposition aeemi
to have found favor In Chicago, which
already ha? an eleotrlo lighting plani
under control, for wWoh good resulte era
Bsnor Manuel C?ndame, leader ? of the
Clril party In Peru and the probable neat
president of that country, was born la
Lima in, MO, studied In that city and fie.
liheoVht? education In Paria. He traveled
extensively through Europe and In, the.
Orient, visiting China and Japan. On
his return to Peru he entered the diplo?
matic service, and
waa appointed secre?
tary of the Peruvian
Legation In Chill'! In
1871 .he joined the
Civil. party, which
waa organised by
Manuel Pardo. Dur?
ing the administre?
tlon of the latter he
was already will
known as a thorough
man of buslnesa, and *
became manager o I
3anor Candamo. ~ one of the leading
bank? and a director of several financial
and liiduatrlal Institutions. In 1878 he be?
came colonel In the National Guard, and
later wu elected Mayor of Lima.' In the
war with Chill he enlisted ea a privata
In the.reserve army that defended the
.capital, and fought In thte oapaclty at
the battle of Mlraflores on January 15,
1881. After the fall of Lima he was de-.
ported to Chill, together with many.of the
leading citisene of Peru, and held a pris?
oner until the Treaty of Alteon was sign?
ed, In October, 1883. ,
On his return to Peru he aided ma?
terially In the reorganisation of the.Civ?
il party, and became an ardent partisan
of General Cacerea, who waa fighting for
the supremacy of-the Constitution, which
Had been in abeyance since the war.
When In 1886 General'; Caceres became
Constitutional President, Benor Candamo
was elected Senator'from Lima, and
shortly afterward was chosen president
of the Senate.
Since than he has distinguished himself
aa an able politician, upright and sincere
and progresalve in hla Ideas.
Personally, flenor Candamo has no' ene^
rales, because his public career ha1? beerf
ho honest and sincere that he Is'known'
to be a man all parties can trust, and'if.
called upon to. fill the presidency will
govern solely for the good of the na?
tion, Irrespective of party politica. '
Premier Combes, who has been hav?
ing a hard time of It in the enforcing of
the law of associations, Is coming-out,
ahead, and recently the, French'.,Cliain
ber supported him in. a", vote.qf confidence
with-a good majority. The Premier Is
a remarkable man. Bom of poor par?
ent?, he was educated in ono of the yery.
institutions which re
has been called upon
in the exercise of his
duty to suppress. But
while studying In
these schools he even
at that early ago
thought that they
should be abolished.
They were opposed
to. Republican Insti-'
tutiOitis, he told the
deputies in a recent,
speech, and were "the
Premier Combes. fomentera of, dis?
cord. All or nearly all of the Instructors
lwere royalists, and thero was hardly, one
who would not have rejoiced to see a
Bourbon descendant on the throne as
King of France, Under these condition's,
ho said, it was impossible for the' Re?
public to allow their continuance.
The Crown Prince of Sweden occupies.
a most unique .'position. He has been
mado regent, and so is the actual ruler of '
his fathor's dominions,, This has come
about from King Oscar's amiability. By
the Constitution of the country the. ruler,
has to spend four months of the year at
tho NonvcBltvn_capltOl. The question of
Is to be discussed in
Parliament and oth~
or Important matter?'
also. King Osear?
se readily makes'
, promises whloh are.j
'.at times embarras?-".'
',' ing and Impossible of '?
fulfillment, that It
was deemed best
that he should feign
i illness and have hi?
4 ' eon mado regent.
Prince of "Sweden. The Prince has more
iron 'in his nature, and when tho legisla?
tors come to him with.unreasonable de-,
mands they may expect' to be turned
down The regency will not last longer
than the four months. The Crown Prince
Is a direct contrast to his father, being
silent and phlegmatic
' Mr. John Kendrlok Bangs la the Ameri?
can humorist of to-day. Ho has recently
accepted the editorship of the Metropoli?
tan Magazine, and It is his Idea to make
the magazlno come up to Its name, and
be really metropolitan. Mr. Hangs Is
a man of ability,,
though his serious
work Is less known .
to the public than
Is his hum or ou 9
sketches. He is the
aiU.hor of ' "Tlie
Jdlot" and 'The
House Board on the ;
Styx," "Mr. Bona?
parte of Corsica," js
another of his pro?
ductions, and the,
John Kendrlgk Who's ; What and
Bano?? WJ,y series of bio?
graphies that have been running In a,
number of the Sunday newspapers, hay?'
furnished as much amusement, though,
perhaps not to as many people as have
the sayings of Mr, Dooley and the fa?
bles of Oeorge Ado.
Best In That Section.
Tho Richmond Tlmea-Dlspatch is one
of the best papers circulating In this sec?
tion. ?In nddltlon to its. fine array of
?iate news, it gives all the general new?
worth knowing. The Sunday edition is
especially pne and entertainlng.-?unsJ