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Publish.* Dally end weekly et No. 4
N.i*h Tenth Street, Richmond, V...
KlUered January it, 1903, at Rieti?
mend, V.? ?? Secortd'Cla?.
M.tt.iy under Act et Con?
or??? ?t M.roh 3, ?79.
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THURSDAY, APRIL 0, 1003.
RAILROADS AND THE CONSTI?
No one who takes the trouble to rond
tho debates of tho Constitutional Conven?
tion on tho onactlng of a freo railroad
law would bollevo It possible that the
conclusion ond wisdom of that body as
shown In sections 15-1 and 156 (a) of
?the Constitution1 would havo been given
practical effect by any auch law as
Houso b'lll 102. Tho Timos-Dlspatch does
not Intend to nrguo the question of a
free railroad law at this time, but wo
do wish to point, out tho fact that It was
'.ho senso of the Constitutional Convention
lhat such a ?wrought to be enacted, and
that it was the distinct effort pf thnt
oody to so write the Constitution ns to
give Virginia a froo railroad law for
orer. By the term freo railroad law. wo
mean such legislativo enactments as will
enablo any body of citizens to acquire
a charter for a railroad from any point
to any point within the State.
The right to build such a road under
general enactments was not meant to de?
pend upon the will of tills or that Indi?
vidual or tribunal, It being tho obvious
intention of tho Constitutional Conven?
tion to prescribo tho enactment of a
general laws which would gK'o to all per?
sons so desiring tho right to build rail?
roads. Now, how lias this intention beon
carried out? The Constitution says, sec?
"The creation of corporations nnd the
extension and amendment of charters
.(whether heretofore or hereafter granted)
shall bo provided for by general laws,
and no charter shall bo granted, amended
or extended by special act, nor shall au?
thority in such matters bo conferred upon
nny tribunal or .officer, except to ascer?
tain whether the applicants hairc by com?
plying with tho requirements of law 'en?
titled themselves to tho charter, amend?
ment or extension applied for, and to
issue or refuso tho samo accord?
ingly. ? ? ?"
But House bill 102 in its chapter
on railroads, which is presumably intend?
ed to malto this provision effective, says
in section 2, subsection IT:
"No corporation chartered under this
chapter shall lie authorized to exorcise
the power of eminent domain for tho
purpose of taking and condemning lands
or other property for Its uses, until It
ehall havo first proceeded before tho Stato
Corporation Commission and obtained a
certificate that tho public convenience or
necessity requlro tho construction of Its
proposed lino or works. ? ? ?"
If this means anything, It moans that
tho right to'?x?rcisc'.-thc powor of eminent
Somain, which is. tho very breath of Ufo
to a railroad corporation, Is not glvoh as
was the intention of tho Constitutional
Convention to all and any citizens who
complied with tho general requirements
as provided by tho Legislature, but is
made dependent upon tho judgment nnd
tvlll of tho Corporation Commission.
There Is no natural and resident power
In government greater than tho taking
of private property for publlo use by
tho exercise of tho right of eminent do^
main. Wo do not soo how tho courts
could hold that tho delegation of suoh
power lo a body acting in a Judicial
capacity would be other than tho giving
of authority in tho matter of granting
or amendclng or extending charters to any
tribunal or ofllcc-r, except in a ministe?
rial'capacity, which Is especially and di?
rectly prohibited by tho Constitution In
section 154, which wo havo already cited.
If thero is a reasonable doubt as to
the constitutionality of. tho right to ex?
ercise eminent domnln undor tlio authori?
ty given to tho Corporation Commission
by Houso bill 1?, is it likely that new
railroads desiring to como Into Virginia
would pay Ilio costs of survey nnd tho
other charges. Incident to tho beginning
of such an undertaking with tho possi?
bility .staring them In the face of tho
act under which they wero to acquire
their road led being held unconstitu?
tional? Nothing is moro timid than capi?
tal, nnd few things con bo moro desira?
ble to Virginia than capital invested in
developing railroads, but If wp aro to
have euch doubt? as those which must
Inevitably ocrur to any one who rends
the section on eminent domain In House
IjIII 103, In tho light r,f mir Constitution,
We cannot believe that railroads will ex?
pose themselves to tho certain risk of liti?
gation for tho doubtful advantage to be
gained by .martin a now enterprise.
It would bo u vi'i-y simple mal ter to
?iaea a general railroad law, as was ob?
viously tho Intention of the Constitution?
<me ihat would safeguard tl.c interest
ot the public, and at tho samo timo offer
? reasonable opportunity lor capital de?
siring to undertake- such an enterprise,
3iut to leave matters an they aro is to
. build a Chinons wall around Virginia
railroad*. Those that are hero can build
branch lino? utidcr tholr charters, but
wo may rest, souuro In the nssurance
thnt ho how ronds will endeavor to como
Iti, le this for the good ot tho Common?
THE INCOriE TAX.
The Rookbrldge County Newfc repro?
duces a pflrt of nn editorial in this paper
on tho Inoomo ???, adding tho following
Wo concludo with The Tlntoti-uIspAt?h
that It Is not so much tha fault'of the
tax-payers and tho commissioners 6? tho
revenue, though thoy are hot exempt ns
of the statuto which doos not. through
proper methods forco tho meaning of
tho law upon the attention of both, The
consequence Is that thoro are very few
tax-payers who make nny returns of
Incoino. Thoy nro a scrupulously con?
scientious elnss, who beforo signing tho
return tho commissioner gives them for
general report of property Hablo for cs
sosstnent cnrefully scan .the questions
and explanations thotoon nnd ascertain
whether they nro telling th.? truth In
signing the paperi mnny of thoso hnlsh
up by putting down somo return of In?
coino. Thero Is' another cines, tho help
loss, represented by administrators, cu
rrrfors ami guardians, bound by InW to
mnko a return to the special asses-sing
officer appointed for this purpose, who
gets nn extra big commission for his
work. This clnss, tho helpless, psy full
Income, nnd nnother, what s.inio mny
donomlnnto the too scrupulously honest,
tiro also mulcted.
Our Richmond contemporary covers tho
ground completely when U says tho law
Is a rcpronch to tho 3t.ato. Ordinary
decency requires that tho .l-tcglnlatura nnd
the Stnto officers mnko It upplv to nil
or tho LegTSiaturo repeal It.
Wo wish that the press gon'orul'.y' would
take tip this question and dismiss It, for
It Is ono of the most Interesting nnd Im?
portant ot nil questions 'n connection
with our tnx systom. Bach editor In Vir?
ginia could ensily obtain a copy of tho
Auditor's report by applying for It, and
by giving a? little attention to the ieport
he will see that the statements which
we have mndo concerning tlio Income tnx
The fntnl defect in tho Inw Is the ex?
emption clause. That exemption of $600
a year covers ? multitude of sins,, rind
furnishes tno loop-hole for many
- First of all, the corporations, except
tho railroad corporations, aro entirely
exempt from anything like nn Income
tax, and thnt Is all wrong. Why should
not the corporations.' as will ns Individ?
uals, pay an Income tax? Everybody
knows thnt In many Instances tho phys?
ical property of a corporation does not
begin to represent Its assets. If so, how
is It that the capitalization generally fur
exceeds the sum total of physical prop?
erty valuation? Under the modorn rulo
corporations nro not capitalized accord?
ing to tholr proporty holdi.igs, but ac?
cording to their earning capnclty. Why
should they not be taxed by tho same
rule? If a Virginia corporation has prop?
erty valued at $500,000, and in tho year
1903 shows not earnings of a million dol?
lars, is it right that the corporation
should pay taxes on a'half million dol?
lars only? If an Individual has an In?
come of a million dollars, ho is expected
to pay taxes on that sum, less his ex
emptlon of $000. Why. thin, should a
corporation with an Income of a million
Tho corporations should pay on their
Income. It Is tho only fair way of taxing
them, and It Is tho only suro way. It Is
nonsenso to exempt tho corporal Ion nnd
then go chasing after the stockholders.
Tho wny to tax the stockholders is to
tax tho corporation on Its Income, and
then to'tnx ench stockholder on lita In?
come If thnt rulo wero adopted the
Stato would get Its dues, and there could
bo no complaint on the bco.o of double
taxation, Then if the Stato would tax
all Incomes, making: no exemption In
any caso, tho problem would be solved.
Wo do not wish to see nny man op?
pressed, but It does seem to us thnt.eveiy
citizen of Virginia should pny something
in the wny of taxes, nrid we ttnow of no
folr?r basis of taxation than a man's
income. If a man possess is a piece of
real estate, and for one reason or nn?
other ho Is unnblo to find a tenant for
it, ho hns to pny taxes ?liathjr ho re?
ceives revenue from It or not, and If ho
falls behind by nnd by hi? property Is
put up nnd sold for tho benefit of the
Stnto. In vain'Will ho plead that ho has
no income from tho property, and that
ho is unnblo to pny tho tnx. Tho Stato
exacts tho last penny even to tho for?
feiture of tho property.
But no such plea cnn be mndo In tho
case of nn Incoino tax. Evory mnn who
lias an incorno can afford to pay some
thing- for tho prlvllogo of living In tho
State, for tlio protection which ho re?
ceives, and for tho benefits generally of
citizenship. Under tho prosont Inw every
person whoso Incorno does not exceod
$CO0 a year Is exempt from tho Income
tnx, But would It bo a groat hardship
upon persons whoso Incomes aro as much
as $IW0 to pay forty cents on tho hundred
to the State. If the income is small the
Income tnx is nlso small. Tho man with
nn Incorno of $000 would pay only $2.40 ?
.year to the Stato, or twenty cents a
month. The mnn with nn Income of
$100 would pny forty cents a yenr, or ?
IKtlo more thnn threo conte a month,
and so no. This tnx would fall lightly
on tho great mnjorlty of people, yot It
would givo tho Stato an abundant rev?
oluto and probably cnnblo her to reduce
tho genomi levy, Thoro are hundreds
and thousands of young men In Virginia
who mnko nt lenst six hundred dollnrs
a yenr, nnd who pay no taxes whatever,
because thoy do not hnppeu to own nny
taxable property, Jinny of theso do not
oven pay tho capitation tnx. But If there
Is a widow owning a little house nnd
homo or a few four per cent, bonds, tho
State lays I's hands i^pon her pittance
and takes a part of it. whilo tho young
man who earns a good snlnry goes free.
The public burden should bo horno by
tho publlo, ench person bearing his Just
part, and each coporalion bearing Its
part. No more, no less. Whon that rulo
is adopted wo shall havo a tax system
based upon science and equity.
JUDGE CAHPBELL'S CASE.
Our neighbor, Tlio Timos-Dlspatch, Is
taking on itself uiineoessnry troulilo be?
cause of Jud(?e Campbell's accnsiitioiis
that tho Richmond newspapers have
treated him unfairly. The natural ten?
dency of human naturo Is to look on our
own side of tho case. Tho truth Is thnt
Richmond newspapers havo been elabo?
rately und carefully polite miti fair In
ihelr treatment of Jutl.to Campbell, but
a. man In his postilo? naturally Is abnor?
mally sensitive, eager for help and corn
tort and resentful of everything likely to,
injure lilti?, ovoli If It Is nn Miqtiostlon?
nhlo foot. Nothing is mor? pltllees, nnd
sometimos IhJurl?uB, than a naked, bald
fnqt. Jttdgo Campbell's opinion of tho
newspaper, and of his onemlos la exactly
what wo ?ixu?ot. It Is an Inovltablo part
of tlio play, and accords with tho rules of
tlio game.?Richmond Nows Loader.
That is one point upon which Tho
Tlmes-Dlspatch Is fiohslllv?. Wo hellevo
that fairness Is the religion,of honest
Journalism, nnd it ?9 our endeavor t6
ketip this ?owspapor abovo suspicion on
that scoro, Wo do not protend to bo al?
ways right, but wo do strive to bo al?
ways fair, and It le a dlstross when nny
charge 'of tinfairnoss is brought against
Tho Tlmes-Dlspntch. Wo havo beon en?
deavoring to disabuse Judgo Campbell's
mind, We aro trying (? show him that wo
havo beon fair In dealing with his chao,
fairer than tho newspaper cror which ho
! prosldos. Wo aro trying t? show him that
wo havo given both sides, and not only
ono'sldo, as his paper has dono.
Wo havo not porsocuted him, ns ho
seoms to think. Wo havo not called upon
tho Legisla turo to convict him, ns hla
paper has charged. Wo havo simply urged
tho members all to bo In tholr seats whon
tho voting timo comes, and a'oto tholr
Wo ronew thnt suggestion to-day. This
Is a serious question for tho Houso to de
side, and thero ought to bo a full and
courageous expression of opinion. Thnt Is
all wo nsk. 1
A STOCK-TRADER'S PANIC.
The stock traders of Wnll Street1 havo
beon In a state of nervous prostration for
some timo post, and prices of nearly all
classes of securities have tumbled.. Va?
rious causes are assigned for this stato
of things, th? principal factors being, as
alleged, the scarcity of money nnd tho
ovor-producilti of socurltlea. It la said
that the various trusts of tho country
havo boon manufacturing securities at
such a lively rato as to mako tho de?
mand greater than tho supply; that tho
country is unable to absorb theso securi?
ties, and so prices oven of good securities
aro forced down. . <
There Is doubtless some truth In these
statements, but bo It remembered that
this Is mainly a Wall Streot affair.
There Is certainly nothing, so far as wo
can see In, tho signs of tho times, to
Indicato a termination of our season of
The annual roport of the United States
Steel Corporation, while showing somo
falling off In earnings 'for tho post quar?
ter, due, It I3 claimed, to lack of trans?
portation facilities, nevertheless shows
that tho affairs of tho company are In a
most prosperous condition! that tho earn?
ings arc enormous, and that trade Is most
active. Tho tonnage of unfilled orders
on tho books at tho close of 1003 was
S.317.2?3 ' tons of all klnds?of manufac?
tured products, against 4,407,740 tons at
tho corresponding period of 1901, and It
is stated that In many of tho classes of
heavy products, like rails, plates and
structural materials, practically tho en?
tire capacity of tho mills ,1s.sold nearly
, to tho end "of 10Q3.
The New York Commercial says that
representativos of steel, rail manufactur?
ing concerns admit that the amount of
business already booked is so large as
to mako is Impossible to completo tholr
deliveries during tho current year, so th1^
a considerable lonnugo ' Will have to be
carried ovor into 1001.
A representative of a largo steol rail
plant had tho following to say:
"Notwithstanding tho business already
booked, tho domami continuos unabated.
Tho capacity of our mills Is inadequate
for tho consumption, and It looks as though
a number of railroads, that havo not al?
ready done so, would have to go abroad
for tholr rails. '
"Tho street railway and lnterurban sys?
tems of tho country are largo contribu?
tors to Ilio demand. They are now using
00 and SO pound rails, ond this makes It
moro tllfllcult to (111 their orders. Next
year tho production will bo larger, as tho
Lackawauna Steol Company will bo
ready to contributo sometlilng like 500,000
tons to tho output. The mills so far have
been handicapped by abort -supplies of
fuel, duo to tho overtaxed condition of
"No action on prices will be taken for
sovoral months, but I bellevo a unani?
mous voto will be given In favor of con?
tinuing tho present schedule,"
Thero was recently a cut In tho price
of pig Iron, but this was mado neces?
sary because, the prlco had gotten so
high that tlio foreigners wero able to
conio Ini In spite of tho tariff, and com?
poto in tills markot. But from all that
wo can gather thero Is no decroase in
tlio demand for Iron nnd Iron products.
Now, lot U3 look for ? moment at rail?
road earnings, Tlio New York Central
reports an Incroaso of $1.103,000 for tho
month of March. For tlio fourth woek
In March tho Missouri-Pacific reported
1111 Increase of $310,000; tho Southern
Hallway an Increase of, $103,000; Nor?
folk and Western an Incroaso of $111,000;
Cheaapeake and Olilo an Increase of
$71,'.MO; Missouri, Kansas and Texas an
Incroaso of $.13,000. For tho month of
March, Missouri Pacific reports nn In- ?
cronso of $403,000; Chesapeake and Ohio
an liloreaso of $141,003; Norfolk and
Western an Incroaso of $433,4SP,
Speaking tho oilier day of tho earnings
of tho Big Four Itoad, President Ingnlls
said that It waa tho greatest year tho
system had over known, "Jt lias boon
a romarknbln seuson,'' ho added, "and
the business has all been carried at
tariff rates. It was a? easy business.
It Just camo, and all wo bave had to do
has been to add up the cash, Wo are
entirely ovor tho congestion, although
that does not mean thnt wo aro not still
filled up with business. Bvery piece of
equipment Is moving at top speed. Tho
business Is of tho kind that railroad men
used to dream of, and Its reality la In?
deed very gratifying."
There aro no better Indications of tho
general business of tho country than tho
earnings of irnn-produclng concerns and
railroads. It has liocorno an axiom thut
"iron la the barometer of Irado," and
as for the railroads, they deal with the
whole country and with nil departments
of, trailo and Industry, and their earnings
indicate tlio slate of trailo generally.
Luring the past year our export trade
umountcd to nearly ? $000,000,000, being
three tlmM ait/treat as that of 18&?, and
the tepori? Enow a steady Increase In
exports -Urina the pro.etit year. That
Is also a healthy sign of tho times.'
Wo do not,.Mean to Write a boom arti?
cle. . It may be that the tldo luus turned
nut) that wo are passing out of a season
of prosperity Into a season of adversity.
Wall Street dhsdounta everything. This
depression In ?'Wall, stroot may be tho
forerunner of hard times to come. Our
only contention Is that so far as tho
general trade o. the country Is concerned
It wrts nover better, and the simple faut
that Wall Street Is pressed for
money, in spite of tho fact that
thero Is more money In the country
than over bofot-o shows that tho capital
of tho country Is actively employed in
trade and industry. ,
Baltimores bajDTi7lmrli7?y*or promised
to got married If ro-olocted. Ho will not
havo to wed. He was defeated at tho
primary olebtloh'held on Tuesday. He can
now stay single a. long as he wishes tb,
but tho office he ?olds ho will havo to sur?
render to another. ;
Tho vote in tho primary resultod ln Mc
Lnno cnrrylng.twonty out of twenty-four
'wnrds. His plurality was ?,-164, fourvcan
dklntes being in tho field, Mayor Hayes
ran socond. Mr. Hooper was nominated
for Comptroller and Mr. Guyton for tho
presidency of the Second Branch, It was
an "organisation" victory.
At tho same primary and nt tho same
voting place, and under tho snmo judges
of election, ' the Republicans nominated
their candidates, W?chter winning In tho
mayoralty fight. '
The regular election will tnko place in
May, and It remains to bo seen whothor
the friction In the Democrntlo ranks,
which manifested Itself In tho prlmnry
campnlgn, will bo smoothed over by that
timo or not. We think it will nil como
right, but the : leaders of tho party In
Baltimore would do well to bo on their
We have.seen no summing of tlio work?
ings of Baltimore's now primary election
system. Perhaps It Is too onrly to review
Its operations with judlclnl cnlmness.
Certainly, It w?iilff seem that tho organ?
ization Democrats havo no cause to com?
plain of it. :
International courtesy is just a trillo
worse than senatorial courtesy when It
presumes to call down a successful Ameri?
can sailor for boasting over tho superiori?
ty of tho American nnvy.
Last yenr Andrew Carnegie gave to tho
causo.? of education over $30,000,000. His
known gifts to this cause so fnr foot up
$07,212,023, but it Is believed that the' grand
aggregate is somewhero near $100,000,000.
Somo Washington colored folks are en?
deavoring to throw a few thorns and bro?
ken bottles In tho pathway of Judge Jeter
Carter Harrison seems to bo ono of tho
permanent .fixtures in tho Chicago May?
Norfolk makes a poor show at proving
the act on tho Sunday liquor sellers. They
aro a sharp set.
As a growing candidate, president In
galls, of Cincinnati, Was nipped in tho
Later returns from tho contest between
Jack Frost and the fruit crop are more
favornblo to the fruit,
President Roosevelt Is making nil sorts
'of speeches, but then ho is meeting nil
sorts of delegations. ;
The growing navies of the country seem
to have a tendency to keep The Hague
Newport News finds It hard to get rid
of that sweat box sensation.
Nevertheless, Dewey is liable to flro
again when he is ready.
It Is nn 111 wind that blows no flro to
do a town good.
? Vrend of Z?houyht \
tn Ot'xi'e j?and ?
Atlanta Journal: The names of Tillman,
Bailey, Clar>.j and Bartlott remind us
that It will not bo such a great length
of'tlme between the Corbett-Jeffrles fight
?nd tho extra session of Congress.
Columbus (Ga.) Enqulror-Sun: Tho New
York World firmly believes that Grovor
Cleveland could lick Toddy out of his
boots next year, Eorhobody certainly
ought to, and if Cleveland Is tho only
man who can do the job right, ho should
by all means bo put up.
Nashville News: Southern chivalry can
find no moro fitting field for Its opera?
tion In these days than tho farm, and In
lightening tho burden of the fcmlnlno
farm-worker, as far as possible, by mod?
ern contrivance and Invention, and It.
can accomplish greater things than were
possible In the days of courtly bows and
Montgomery Advertiser: Tho Macon
Telegraph thinks 'that "Mr. Bryan Is
not only getting tiresome, ho Is absurd,"
nnd all because the Nobra-kan Imagines
himself tho only gonulno, warranted-not
to-fado harmony tooter In tho whole
Columbia Stato: Now that an inventor
lias discovered a method of burning wa?
ter, what ani tho prohlhltionsts going to
do about It? Kirewaterl Heavens!
Golvoston News; If Mr. Clevoland has
nwtde nny datti for -peaking on his West?
ern trip the papers have failed to print
his cancellation of any of thorn on ac?
count of tho disapproval In certain qifur
ters of ins Journey.
The Sliding Hills, I8B3-I003.
Edltor of Tho TImos-Dlspateh:
Sir,?In Tho Dispatch'of tho year 1?53
thoro may b? found an article contributed
by tho writer of this ploco, touching tlio
sliding of the earth on Uie Bouth siilo of
Llbhy's Hill, at that time, Tho move?
ment of a considerable area of the ground
towards Main Htrcet left long depressions,
but no fissures so far n_ 1 remember.
I have nor visited the placo on Ohlm
boruzo whoro some recent cuvlngs havo
occurred, hut presuma the cause may be
In part tho nano ,a? that which wan
believed to have producod what occurred
on Llbhy's Hill In l?M. viz: That the
unii, or first stratum of the earth, rested
upon ?j ?olid fur/nation? (>t sort of coap
Kicnie, nnd when there was munit rain tho
water, having thoroughly saturated tlm
looser muss, resting upon this formation,
and not soaking into tlio burder surface
below, naturally caused thu eight or tun
feet of land a.ovo to slide.
?>. ?. PIUCO
1903-Tried.to loop tho loop on the Trac?
1903?tichome wouldn't work.
N. B.?In tho langungo ot tho Count, It's
a long worm that has no turn.
And tho gutter full'of lco,
AVO think "a place bosldo tho ftro
Is so cozy and ?o nlco.
Wo so. lovo to sit bosldo hor,
On a cold and wintry night, ?
And tho snow and. slush and shivers,
Como; to us as our delight.
Mister Clalborno Epps told us a story
tho othor day as wo loant ngalnst tho
dry-goods countor and smoked our Hessin
Abbot cigar, that wo think was.roal cute.
It dwelt upon a subject uppormost In
tho mind? of tho paoplo, and every movo
was a picture.
Mister Clalborno always was good nt
Ho can stand In a crowd any time, nnd,
spin moro, yarns than a sailor, and, ho
can keep tho crowd Interested to a high
degree.. We lovo to hear him talk, and
But wo had a bad cold In our bond when
ho was tolling tho story, and wo can't
think just at this timo what It was all
Wo aro going to soo him again? nnd get
him to toll It to us ovor again.
Mr. ?Bonmrlta, tlio lion tamer nt Bos
tock's, has,had somo pootry written about.
him by Miss Jesslck Hnwloy Lowell.
We havo almost''felt Ilka writing some
poetry about him ourself, but wo aro
glad to give away to Miss Lowell, and
hero It Is;
P'fessor Jack, tho tamer, he
'S just as brave ns ho can be, ,
'N' though the arf'mals roar and rage,
P'fessor goos right In tho cngol
He ain't a?rnld of *em at all;
Just cracks his whip 'n' gives a call;
'N' you should soo 'cm Jump around,
Or scrooch all scared upon the ground.
The lion 'at's got tho tawny mane,
A dozen cooky men has slain I
O' course, they never would attack,'
Tho bravo and kind P'fessor Jack.
"Hoy, diddle, diddle,
Moses Stein, with his fiddle,
Sits down In tho glare of the light; .
And Leo Wise',
With a wink in his eyes.
Stands out? In front ovory night.."
That beautiful n-erso was sent us by
some one unbeknownst to us.
Wo-can't*see but one thing in It, and
Hint Is an ulterior motive.
Everybody knows what nn ultorior mo?
tive is. ,-<
I It's ono of those things that come to
a fellow who wants to got something for
nothing, nnd while we don' t think much of
such"things as ulterior motives, wo fedi
Inclined to think thnt tho party who wrote
It wants Moses Stein to play him a sere?
nado and wants Loo Wise to give him a
But It gives us great ploasuro to In?
form the person with tho ultorior motive
that Mister Charlie Rex, is the main guy.
A FEW FOREIGN FACTS.
Tho Czar of Russia intends to supple?
ment tho reforms he hns just announcod
by abolishing tho punishment of political
prisoners by exllo to Siberia.
. A daughter ot Thackeray, (l son of
Dickens, nnd a grandson of Bulwer-Lyt
ton win bo among the guests at the
coming Jubilee ?if the Manchester, Eng?
land, Free Library.
Casimir, the famous chef of the Maison
Doreo of Paris, has expressed S*l|? scorn
for ail kings and most great men, de?
claring thnt they do not know how to,
eat in ? theso degenerato days. Tho King
of Portugal ho holds up as a grand ex?
ception. The last timo Carlos dined undor
Caslmlr's direction he sont for tho chef,
"and,", declares the cook -with much emo?
tion, "bo kissed mo on" both cheeks and
with tearB in his eyes assured me that
it was not a dinner, but a croatlon." '.
In Borlln tho avorngo Income Is hlghor
In tho legal than in tho modica) profes?
sion. Eight' per cent, of tho barristers
and 4.7 per cent, of tho medical men havo
Incomes from 15,000 to 20,000 marks ($3,750
tc $5,C0D), while 8 por cent; of^tho bar?
risters and 7 per cent, of the medical
men hovo incomes exceeding $5,000,
Gustav Storm, whoso death was recent?
ly noted, wns oho of tho most distinguish?
ed historical critics of Europe. In 1877
ho was elected profossor of history In
tho University of Christiana. Among his
original works, aro a critical history of
tho vikings hnd a great gonorol history
Personal and General.
President Kruger will leave Mentono,
Italy, for Holland, at Ilio end of April,
Ho Is In excellent liealth.
When Mrs. Ellen M. Stono flnlshss
hor lecture courso this spring, begun last
October, sho will have spoken before 149
audiences about her experiences In Mace?
Tho now England Socloty of-^tbe
Oranges and the Woman's Club, of
Orango, ?. J?, havo Jointly nrranged with
BookorT. Washington to speak In Orango
In the near future In reply to recent al
logod Incondlary utterances.
Profossor Raphael Pumpolly, tho geolo?
gist and author, has started for Turk?
Istilli /Inder the auspices of tho Carnogi-5
institute. Washington, to seo whether the
region offers a promising Hold for the
study ot tho relation between measurable
physical geographical changos and econo?
mic, social nnd ethnographic changos,
and for archaeological research In con?
Tho shortest biography In tho now Con?
gressional Directory Is that of Congress?
man Byrd, of the Fifth Mississippi Dis?
trict, It an follows: "Adam Byrd, Dem?
ocrat, w^is eleoted to the Fifty-eighth
Congress, receiving 3,081 u'otes."
Poter Do Villa, the discover of gold In
tin? Klondike rogion, and once fabulously
rich, is now earning a livelihood by nail?
ing boxea at the Bon Lemont wlnory at
Santa Cria, Cai. Ho has a suit pE??cilng
for tho recovery of ono of tho richest
mines In the Nomo region, but has no
means wllh which to prosociito it, and
the case is likely to go against (Urn by
Romance ot the Kidnapping ot a uovernorOenerat.
_____fl Oopyri?ht, by PHILIP LITTLE?
As they fan along In the smooth, but
rapidly flowing water, tho bottom could
bo distinctly seen bolow thom( and It was
very plain that what tho fisherman had
said waa eorreot. Then tho llttlo craft's
prow was put about, and she was hendod
Up the harbor again.
"It Is a'strong current!" exclaimed the
captain. "You soo that sho makes but
little headway against It at present."
?(Tho stronger tlio bettor," said Camp
hell. "It will talto just so much less Unto
to clear a way for you to get out of tho
"True, But I should say that.lt would
have to cloar at least ton feet boforo wo
can. think of It, nnd fifteen beforo It will
be safe. After that we do not know what
we may find outsldo."
"Keep her .hoa'd off for tho largo palm
on the,starboard bow and you will clear
tho strdrigth of it. As for tho wntor out?
side of tho bar, that is deop.enough for
any vessel afloat."
"That Is Just what may bring another
ship In thoro, and at present I do not caro
for a visitor of any kind," was 'the reply.
"Tho chances nro vory fow of such a
caso happening," said tho man.
"Possibly, but It Will bo Just our luck
toMlavo onp corno In,'1 replied the captain
with furrowed brow.
.The launch was now malting for the
head of tho harbor, and bearing tho palm
which marked the narrow entrance to tho
Bluo Pool, which had afforded thorn such
a snfo asylum during tlio hurrlcano.
"Tthorel" cried the old man, with out
strctchod arms, "thoro is tho outlc/ to
tho seal" ,!
Thoy all looked toward tho point Indi?
cated, and thoro In the land, where bo?
foro, thero had beon. but a mass of
trees', was a wide rlft, narrow in the
center, and showing the open eea? beyond.
"So near, and yet so fari" growled
Brent, as ho bent his eyes on tho bluo
"Stori her!" he exclaimed suddenly, as
thoy wore headed toward the opening.
Tho lnuncli slowed up, nnd ho took his
glasses from tho seat beside Mm and
leveled them on the dlstnnt horizon.
"Smoke! Smoke of a steamer!" ho cried.
"I'll bet that sho Is coming to this har?
bor. It will bo Just my confounded luck!"
he added, suppressing an oath.
"Your luck has been good enough,"
said Fltzmorrls. "I do not think that
you have any causo.for complaint."
Bront wa's silent for a'minute or two,
nnd then ho struck his kneo sharply with
his hand. ,
"By, Jovol" ho shouted. "What an
Ideal" ?;?-; t,; ,'-: .? ?>:
"What jls .lit' demanded Lord George
and the others.
"Never mind now, hut It Is a g.od one."
H?} laughed aloud. "Let her come now;
the sooner tho botter, Sho will bo more
Tho sudden change ln his manner mys?
tified thmo all, but ha would vouchsafe
no explanation further than to say:
"Let her come! Lot her come!" And
e\ ery now and then he smote his knee
Llttlo was said on tho wny back to tho
Bndgcr, excepting whon tho ilsherman
pointed out to Madeline, for whom ho
set-mod to have taken a great fancy, BOtno
peculiarity of the scenery along the shore,
After thoy wero nil on tho deck of the.
schooner once more, Lissa took Brent
aside and said:
"Captain, I do not know what plan you
may have ln mind, but you can trust
my father and mo to holp you without a
thought of betrayal, and If when you
leave you will take us away with you
and givo us a chance to get somo other
placo In which to live, wo shall bo moro
than grateful. Wo hate this Island and
Its people, since thoy have started to havo
a government of tholr own. Before this,
whilo It was under tho Spanish rule, wo:
wero nt lonst loft alone, but now we are'
hounded for taxes, which are used only
to 1111 tho pockots of some dishonest man.
It is llttlo enough that they can get,
but they tako all that they can lay
their hands upon."
"Boforo I say anything upon tho sub
Jost, Lissa, tell me ono thing. You speak
most excellent English. Whero-dld you
learn to do so?" .
"I do not .-wonder that you ask, and I
will gladly explain. Thoro was an Eng?
lishman and his wife who lived hero
and had largo coffee plantations. I was
Mrs. Renford's maid for threo years,
and sho took groat pains to teach mo trj,
sp^eak, ; read, and write hor language
My fathor was glad to have mo learn,
hnd I have taught him what I could,
He was originally a slavo. When tho
hlacks took tho island Into tholr hands
they tried to. malto Mr. Renford Join
them. When he would not, they mur?
dered him and his wife. I havo hated
them over ni?eo, and 1 have never been
so happy slnco that'happened as I was
when I heard that you hud attacked tho
fort and killed somo of them. 1 will do
anything that I can to help you, and so
will my father."
"I am satisfied now, and wo will hold
a council of war. Let us nil go to tho
cabin," he asked, Joining the others.
"I have somothlng which I wish to
communicate to you all."
"Beforo w'o go lot ma havo a few
words with you in private," snld Fltz?
"Vory 'well, como with me. Whon wo
have finished;", ho said, turning to tho
group, "I will call you,"
Tho two men wont bolow, and Bront
closed the cabin door.
"Now, Governor, what le It? More ot
your foolish scruplos?"
"Yes; I may as well acknowledge that
It Is so, If this vessel Is ono of any
of the great powers I feol that I must
own up ns to whom I nm, and' loavo you.
I cannot go on any longer on this soml
pirallcal basis, for that Is what It Is,
I do not caro to Join In a fight with a |
nation that Is ?f any consequunc?." Ho
looked the. other In tho.oyo as ho spoko,
and his face wns flushed.
Tho other man smiled cynically,
"My donr fellow, you ? havo gone too
far now to -retreat. Sjlonoo," ho added
sternly, ne Fltzmorrls mndo a motion to
Interrupt. "You perhaps forgot that you
took command In the expedition to at?
tack tho fort the other night, in doing
so you became quto as much of a,
pirate as anyone .here. This may be
only a black republic, but that does not
altor the state of tho case ono parti?lo,
You are In it as much as I om, or any
of tlio rest of tho orew. and out of It
you cannot got. But lot that pass, I am
not going to attack tho vossol that may
conio in lioro, so you peed not fear, but
you will not do any such fool tiling as
you suggest, und that is flat. You cnn
seo tho logio of my remarks. I sup
Tho Englishman had grown first rod
nnd then pale, as Bront rpoka, but us
tho latter continued he calmed down.
'"I had not thought of It In?,that way,"
ho said, aftor a pauso. "I suppose that
you are right, but I hato to sail under
"M'ait until you have to. . Now let us
consider this matter as settled. You
tiro my prisoner, If you 'prefer to look nt
It that wny. You cannot do us you
Wish, perhaps, but you aro going,' to
mako a good thing ?ut-of It, so let It
The other did not reply ut once, and
,tlion making a gesture of son.i-dospulr, ;
ho said, "Let It bo bo, I cannot help nilr
; ''No, you cannot, and what la mot.
to tho point, you will not try! You
could not honorably buck out of It It
you wore ablo to d? so, unless you ?av.
un all right and title tu the troasuro,
find you would bo a fool If you did that.
Lot It rest now, thoro's a BOhslhio man,
It will all como out right in tho end."
Ho steppod to the companion Way and
called to tho rcet of,the party. When
thoy had lissomblod In tho cabin, ho sat
al tho table, and motlonod thorn to do
"I did not intend to speak of my,
plan until the timo came to put It into
nctlon, hut lifter niy conversation with
hissa, I havo changed my mind. Your
daughter," ho said, turning to Campbell,
"has explained something which I did
not Understand, and has told mo your
story In a gonei-nl way, I find that yotl
both wish to loiivo this Island. Am I
"Quito corroct, Capt, Brent. Nothing
would pienso mo moro than to get away
from hero." replied the fisherman, with?
out a moment's hesitation.
"Very' good. If It Is In.my power to
get away, and I think that It Is, you
?hall go with mo, and what Is more to
tho point, you aliali havo money enough
to Ilvo comfortably, nnd with which to
multo a fresh start In life."
"Thank you, sir; you are too kind!"
crle<| Llssn, with tears in her eyes,
whllo hor father was en overcome that
ho could-not utter a word.
"Nonsense, llttlo girl. You saved my
ship, and your father warned me of tho
closing of tho harbor. ? n m g?ltig to
repay you.. In the best way that I can."
'tflut hdw aro you going to got out?"
"Thoro speaks tho; practical daugh?
ter!" laughed tho captain. "Now, listen
to my plan. If that ship comes In
here, I propose to give n. bull?"
"A ball," cried every one, In a single
"Yos a ball, t shall ask the ortlcers
and all the crew. Tho forriio:? will bo
entertained on tho quarter deck: the
latter In tho waist of tlio ?hlp and for?
ward. I think that with a earful ad?
ministration of strong punch we can
got them Into such a condition aa to
rentier them more or less helpless. In ?
the meantime tho night before this fes?
tivo occasion we will take all the treas?
ure to a spot on tho shoro from' which
It can he placed on board their vessel.
Having securod thoso on board our own
ship wo will then take care of thoso
left on tho other and bring them over
here.. Wo will then lcavo them to get
out when tlio'.ehanncl clears, It Is only
n? question of a fow weeks ttnd I do not
propose to atop here, I assure you. that
Is. If. I can help it."
There woro ejaculations of surprise,
and admiration at the boldness and orig?
inality of the scheme, and .oven Flt?.
morris, though somewhat depressed, could
not but Join In the chorus o? applause .
at tho audacity, ns well as Ingenuity,
which Brent displayed.
"I can holp you in this Captain," said,
Campbell. "I have on shoro at my homo
an herb, which. If put In the punch,
will send all these gentlemen to sleep so ?
that thoy will not wake'for two.daye."
"Good for you I" exclaimed Brent "But
that will excludo us from taking any ?
with them, nnd thereby' excite suspicion
as to our motives."
"Ah, that Ib whero I come In again,"
was the reply. "I shall gire you all some?
thing that will prevent its having any
effect upon you whatsoever."
"You are a trensuro, Campbell. I do not
soo but that we shall havo time onougn
to get safely away, it your medicine
. "It will work, sir, hover fear. It hna
not been known to fall.''
"Very well; all wo have to do then Is
to await tho arrival of" the ?vessel. With- ?
out her, wo shall bo able to do nothing."
"But, papa,", said Modelline, "Are you
going to havo that chest opened? I am
dying of curiosity to seo the contents."
"To he suro I To bo sure! Campbell's
unplcnsant news of the? closing of the
possago, nnd the sight of thnt vessel
had drlvon It from my mind. I also wleh
to know what Is In It."
Thoy all hurried. on deck, and Brent
called ifor a machinist.
? CHAPTER XXXVII.
Tho man looked the chest ovor care?
fully and then said:
"Thero is no trouble about opening
that', sir. Lmust bore out all the rlvota
that hold3 tho top on, though. The
hinges are Inside; thnt chest ?3 water?
VYou think so, Adams?"
"Yes, Sir; thqreis no doubt about It.
I will get my mate and we will havo It
off In less than an hour."
"Good. Got It off as quickly as you
can, Whoro Is Mr. Marchamp? O, there
you are! Send a couple of hands to
placo charges of dynamite around and
in tho galloon. Load the wire's aboard
hore and blow tho old thing up at onco.
I do not want a traco of hor left."
"Very good, sir,'' and tho mate de?
parted on his errand, reporting In about
half nnd hour that all was ready,
"hot her go." wns tho lacqnlo order.
In a moment thoro was ? tremendous
crash, a cloud of smoko, flame, timbers
and a genero! mixturo of stuff woro
hurled Into tho air. The galloon had
been wiped' off the faca of the land?
"Now,, wo aro all the moro roady for
the coming of a visitor," said' Bront.
During nil this timo tho machinist
and ?fis mato hnd been nt work, and ?
true to his promise -thn last bolt was
bored In a llttlo loss than an hour! A
hard blow of his hammer, and tho
top of tho chest could bo removed. All
stomi waiting for tho captain.
"Take It off, Adorns." he said, quietly.
Tho two mon romovod tho piece of Iron,
which was thick .and hoavy, nnd .laid
baro the contents of tho ohest.
Resting on top of a rlclily-eiribrold?
orefl ploco of olotli of gold lay a parch?
ment ; document, yellow with age, but
otherwise' perfectly preserved. It was
closely covered with writing, and Bront
took |t carefully from Its place.
"This la Spanish," ho said. "Who Is
thero that roads or speaks that Ian?
(To l?o Continued To-morrow.)
If you need ?
CELEBRATEj-r'M,*3iip the syetmn,
jiurlfy tho blood,
tho stoninoli ivo
urgo you to try
tho Bltttore, It
It also exxrf
La rjrippe and
A! alai la. Try It.