Newspaper Page Text
Great Foundries And Factories of the
Came^ie of Germany
(Specinl Correspondoncc of Tlm Tlmcs-Dls
ESSEN, ON THE ROHH, i\pr|] 14.?I
am In Ihe. heart of the Pfuuslan Black
Country, whorn tho foundrles nnd fnc
torlcs are as thlck as ln the Black Coun?
try of England or ln our own Blnck Coun?
try nbout Plttsburg. Thc land Is under
lald wlth coal nnd Iron, nnd upon It hns
grown one of thc grontest steel centcrs
of tho world. 1 rorie here through forcsts
of smok03tacks. There nre cltloa and VII
Inge.i nll nbout mo whlch havo steel and
Iton mills. Sollngen, t'm ShcRleld of Ger
many. Is not fnr away, nnd wlthln ii
hundrcd-mllo rndlns nro towns maklng nl
jnost cverythlng under thc sun. Thero
nro woolon faeloriCM nnd cotton factorles,
silk mills nnd velvet mills. Thoro aro
glnss works, stccl works, nnd great shops
for the oquiprnent of rnllronds. stenm
shlps nnd overy othor steol thing undor
tho sun. ?
Tho hcart of thls reglon Is Essen nnd
tho soul of It Is the Krupps. Tho chlcf
Krupp Is dead; hut hls splrit remnlns, nnd
Essen gocs on a? though hn wero nllvo.
Tho town wns prncUcally founded by a
Krupp, lt was bullt by a Krupp. and thc
Krupp estate supports It to-day.
Whon tho flrst Kn.pp began work In
hls llttlo fnundry It was a vlllnge. Along
ln thc 60's, when the socond Krupp had
liotrtui" to make stoel ennhon, It had only
ten thousnnd; but to-day It hns moro
thnn n hundred thousand Inhabltnnts, nn,i
nlncty-nlne hundredtlm of theso nro sup
ported by the Krupps. .
I dospalr of giving you nn adequato con
t-cptlon of tho cxtenl of thls stoel busi?
ness, whlch hns been rnnnnged by one
man. nnd Is now owned hy one family.
Tho word Krupp In Oermnny hn3 much
the same place that "Carnegle" or thc
i words "Tho Unlted Btntcs Steel Com?
pany" havo ln Amerlcn. Tho Krupps
have vnst propnrtles of many klnds. Thoy
own flvo hundred different mlnes In Ger
niany nnd othor mlnes In Spaln. They
dlg thelr own coal, nnd thoy transport
much ot their goods on steamors. Thoy
havo shlps on tho rlvers, whnrves , nt
Itottordam. mlles of thelr own rnllronds
nnd thounands of rallroad cars. Thoy
hnve thelr own tolnphone nnd tolograpll
ntatlon numberod by hundreds. nnd they
hnve great factorlcs nt soveral places In
Gnrmnny. Hero. nt Esson thelr otnp'Iqyes
nro moro In number thnn wns our nrmy I
nt the beginning of tho Spanlsh war.
They have other thounands In thelr shlp
bulldlng yards nt Klel, nnd their workmen
nltosrolher npproxlmato flfty thousnnd
men, the greotnst lndustrlnl hrlgndo that
hn<i ever been commanded by a prtvato
It Is All Krtipp's.
Essen prnetlcnlly belongs to the Kruppii.
As you come hero from the Rhlne you
pnsn a cattle on a hlll and aro told It Is
Krupp's. Thero ls a rnllrond statlon at
Ihe estato and a prlvnte entrancc whero
Ihe Emperor pnsses up to vlslt the Krupp
family. In Essen the hotel belongs to
Krupp. Thero nro a Krupp hospltnl,.
Krupp club houses nnd Krupp schools'.
Thc most of thc siibifrbs are mnde up of
Krupp's colonles bullt by Krur/p archl
tccts nnd Krupp workmen, and In ono
quartcr you wlll Ttid the bontitlfnl vll
lages whlch Krupp hns erected for hls
men who nro too old to work. There
nre scores of Krupp stores, Krupp fncto
rlof> nnd Krupp playgrounds for the
Thc heart of nll thls Is tho steel rnllln.
whosc slxty fnctorles nnd furnacvi are
ever sendlng thelr volumes of Bmokc Into
thn nlr. Thelr bulldlngs covcr nn nrca of
n dozon good slzed farms. They cxtend
on nnd on along wlde streets, so thnt It
wonrlcs you to walk from ono end of
them to the other. Thoy havo mnny
wlndows blnckencd wlth smoke and the
dense clouds of cnrbonlzed >vnpor whlch
hnng abovo them nre ever dropplng soot.
Hero and thero a gato ope.ns Into one
fnetory or nnothcr; but every gate has
Its guard, and strangcrs are not ad
mlttcd. Indeed, la la only through my let
trrs from tbe Unlted Stntes Governmont,
whlch Rhow that I havo nothing to do
wlth steel and Iron. that I am a guest
of tho works. nnd am thus enabled to
glvo nn Insldo vlew of thls, the chelf
lndustrlnl Instltution of contlnentnl Eu
Come wlth me and tnke a glance at
the works. We mlght spend days nnd not
go through them nll. See thls ynrd fllled
wlth steel rnlls Just from rolllng mills.
Thero nro mlles of them. They nre belng
shlpped to different parts of Germany
and nlso to Russla nnd thn South Ameri?
can ropubllcs. Further on in nn- enclosure
full of mlghty cannon. Tho unmounted
guns nro scnttorcd wor the sod as thlekly
ns thc Icnves of vnllombrosn. Next door
nre steel plnts for shlps, nnd there at tho
rlght nre brldgo mnterlals rendy to stnrt
out for nll parts of tho world. Tlio Krupps
hnve thelr drutnmers on every contlnent.
nnd In almost every country. I havo meC
them In South Amerlca, In Japan nnd In
Chlna, nnd they nro now working ovcry
part of South Africa.
Europe's Grcatest Gunmakers.
Among the great products of thls. fno
tory aro guns and munltlons of war. The
Krupps have been maklng guns for moro
than half a century. Alfred Krupp, tha
grnndfather of tho man who dled a few
months ago, mnde enst steel cannon as
far back as 1847, nnd ln 1000 'old Kaiser
Wllhclm gavo hlm hls flrst.order, for- the
German nrmy. I am told that-the flrst
cannon were not a bucccss, but those
vthlch followed wore, and the Franco
Prusslan war was fought wlth materlals
Btipplled by tho Krupps. To-day Gor
many gets the most of Ita war supplles
hero, and Krupp guns are used by the
Russla^s. the Turks, tho Itallans, the
Japaneso, nnd, ln fact, ln almost every
pnrt of tho world.
I was In Germany at the tlme bf the
Du-seldorf exposltlon, where the Krupps
had samples of thelr best guns as -well
ns thc great armor platen whlch havo
bccn penetrnlcd by them. The guns were
of all sizes, some small onough to be
mounted on the back of a imile and oth?
ers which scnt forth steel->-prolectllerf, a
foot thlck and as hlgh na your waist.
,wclghlng hnlf a ton. To.-day..tho JCruppa
make slnglo guns whlch welgh 120 tons'
and whlch, notwithstanding thls welght.
are mnnlpulated by such machlnery that
a child could opernto them.
In the Gun Shop3.
Notlco somo of the guns an they Ho
on tho floor of thc 'shopl Thelr barrels
aro eo large thnt a twenty-ponnd baby
could crawl through them, and tho welght
of each ls so great that It would tako
100 horses to haul them. Soo how thoy
aro handledl They aro carrled from one
end of thn shop to tho other more ensl
ly thfln you brlng ln au armful of wood
to tho flro, That llttlo man undor the
roof touchos a button and a twclve-lnch
gun Is plckcd up by a trnvellng crane
and carrled from ono end of the fihop to
If wo hnd a week we mlght study the
maklng of the guns. Tho Iron ls knecd
cd llke dough. After it romos from the
furnace thc red hot mass ls pouhded Into
shap" ns a BTacksmlth pounds a horso
shoe.. The holo Is bored Into It as cnsl
ly aa a boy borcs out n pop-gun, and tho
foro ho dled the Kaiser waa horo examln
Ing somo new guns, ind only thlrty were
present when thc testa woro nwdp.
The Krupp workmen aro of nll cla^pes.
It takes an nrmy "f clerks for the ofllces,
nnd there nre hordori nf eommorelnl trav
l.BV) mechanlcs ln hls bulldlng depart?
ment, and dozons of architccts and sub
nrchltects, The thousanda of men In the
shops are dressed In blue Jeans, and many
wear wooden clogs. They appoar well fod
and moro than ordlnary inteiiigcnt. They
are up to tho best of tho Prcnch laborers.
and better lookln gand better dressed
than thoso of Sheffield and Ulrmlngham.
Hours of Work.
As I went through thc shops I asked
somcthlng as to wages and hours of
work. Tho listlal day beglns at 8, nnd at
8 the men stop a qunrtcr of nn hour for
rest nnd a cup of coffee. They thon work
on untll noon, when thelr wlvcs or
chlldrcr. i-irlng thelr mldday meal, They
nnd each mnn has a loekor for hls cloth?
es. Hot wntcr for cofft-o ls freo, and
evory omploye has nll the ndvantages of
the Krupp llbrnrlcs and Krupp stores,
whlch I descrlbo further on.
The Workingmen's Colonles.
I spent a day ln golng through tho
worklngmeii's colonles whlch Krupp has
bullt cupeclally for hls mnn. Thero nre
lnrge soctlona of Esnen glven up to such
colonles, The ground Is lnlu out by the
Krupps nnd the bulldlng". erected to bo
rcnted out to tho workmen. Thoro aro
HOMES FOR THE AGED?A PENSIONED EMPLOYE OCCUPIES EACH COTTAQE.
hard metal ls planed down as a carpenter
planes a board. Tho Krupps take flfty
tons of the toughest metal and handle
lt as eaally ae the blncksmlth, tho car?
penter and the boy handles thelr tools.
EVerythlng must be sclentlflcally correct.
It takes a long tlme to make a gun,
and the blggest of them. If 1 rlghtly re
member. cost as much os J100.000.
Among the Krupp Workmen.
?But I cannot begln to describe thc pro
cesses. The machlnery ls that of a thouj
sand workshops under one head. Krupp
haa hls own school' of lnventors. where
man aro alwaya experlmenting and as}
snylng. He has a number of laboratorles,
and at-Mappan thore ar* large experi
mental grounds, where guns and pro
joctlles are practlcally tested. Shortly bo
hn/vo an hour and a half at thls tlme.
and then work on untll 4. Thon thero Is
another flfteen mlnute.i for rest and cof?
fee, or becr, when they go back and work
on untii C. puttlng In on the average a
ten hour day.
The men aro pald by tho hour nnd n"t
by the day. and they nre glad to work
as long as possible. There aro. I am told,
no trade unlons connectcd wlth tho works,
and so far no trouble as been hnd wlth
strlkes. Wages are much lower than wlth
us, not only ln the foundrles, but also
In other brnnches. Brlcklayers, for ln
stance. receive from 8 to 9 cents nn hour,
and common workmen 7 cents. Foremen
got U-50-a dny.
The mon are well treated. Every foun
dry haa Its wash-houso and bathhouse,
whoio vlllages of them, some composed
of beautlful cottages wlth gardens and
lawns, others of sanltary tencments about
parks not far from tho works and others
of little houses for thoso too old to work.
Thero aro altogether about 42,000 npart
ments, rcnting from $22 to $S0 a year, In
addltlon thoro aro also more cxponslvo
bulldlngs for the foremen nnd offlcers of
the works, and altogether a collectlon of
tho most wonderful worklngmen's homes
of thls contlnent.
i ln the Krupp Tenements.
Tho flrst colony I vlBlted was near the
works. It ls composed of three nnd four
story bulldlngs, sltuated along wlde
streets shaded by forest trees. The
streets cross one nnother'at right angles,
wlth a large playground and park ln
the center, whero thero is muslc by the
Krupp band several tlmes a week.
The flats aro of two, three and four
rooms. Tho flrst one 1 entered hfld r. bed
room. kltchen, llvlng-room and parlor.
Its tonont had hot and cold water nnd
the use of a laundry ln the baeement.
Tho rent was JM a year. or 17.50 a month.
Tho mnn who ocoupled lt received $60 a
In another houso I vlfllted a flat of two
rooms, whlch rented for $26 a year, th?
tenant gfettlng only $8 a week. The wo?
man who ehowod mo the flat -was as
clean aa a pin, and she took pride in her
housekooplng, whlch wns ns clean ae her
solf. The beda were neat. Thore wero
plcttires on tho walls end curtalns in the
wlndows and everywhere the deslre to
make home beautlful, although the rent
was, all told, not more than 60 oents
weekly. In thls colony there wore 4,600
poople, and I was told that the apart
ments -were always ronted,
The Krupp Cottages.
The cottages aro more comfortable than
the tonements. Thero aro hundreds of
them. each having Its own gnrden about
It. Each hns Its own stylo of archltec
turc. not unllko thnt of somo of our best
suburban towns of the Unlted fitates.
Some cottnges are nlnglo and some tlou
ble. There nro seldom moro thnn four
famllles In any ono cottnge, and. aa a
rule, not more than ono or two.
Ono of the fonr-room cottages I saw
ronted for 15 a month, and n little better
one for $6. Whore two famllles occupy
a cnttago thoro aro two entrances nnd
ench family haa Its own gardnn. Tho
cottnges arn covored wlth vlncs. Flowors
bloom nbout thoir doors, und they aro
really pleasant homes. Thoro Is such a
demand for them that tho waltlng llst ls
long. and mon aro often months nnd
years ln gettlug tho npartment they do
Club Houses for EachclorWorkmen.
Thero aro club-houses here for bache
lor workmen; boardlng.houses for slnglo
mon bullt and furnlahed by tho Krupps
nnd managed by thelr peoplo at as near
cost ns possible. Each of thoso bulld?
lngs has about Blxty rooms. whlch aro
rented out wlth full board to the men of
tho shops. Evory man has hla own room.
Tho charge ls 40 cents per day, and the
mon who occupy them mako $1.60 por
As I wont through ono of these housea
I asked tho managcr what ho could fur
nlsh for 40 conts a dny. He repllcd:
"You havo seen the rooms. Each ls
nbout 8 by 10 In slze; lt hns a tablo,
chalrs nnd a comfortable bed. In addl?
tlon thero ls a bath-room, a general read
Ing or loaflng-room and a tenpln alley.
We glve the men brend and coffee on
rlslng. Here, for lnstance, ls tho ratlon
for thc lnst two days:"
The man hero handed mo a paper,
whlch I hnvrl copled:
"Monday?Brcakfast: Coffee, bread,
checse and sausage. Dlnner: Soup, roast
beef and splnach. Supper: Coffeo, steak
and cucumber salad.
"Tuesdav?-Brenkfast: Coffeo. ham and
broad. Dlnner: Soup. mutton stew. vege
tnbles. Supper: Scrambled eggs and po
tntoes." In addltlon to thls beer ls fur
nlshod at a llttlo over cost price.
Homes for the Old.
Ono of the most Interestlng of tho
colonles Is Altenhof. which mlght be
translated "Old Ago Court." Thls Is for
the retired workmen -who have served
out thelr terms In tho sbops and hnvr
peuslons. There ls a regular system ot^
lnsurance and penslons, by whlch tho
men, after a certaln term, get $15 nnd
upward per year, and have theso house.i
free of rent. The most of thom hnve
othor lncomes from thelr snvlngs. Thls
sectlon ls mndo up of neat one nnd one
half story cottnges, surrounde'd by gnr
dens nnd fllled with flowers. They are
of brlck and ntucco nnd havo -what tho
Oormans would call all modern convenl
Thoro ls ono family to tho cottngo and
the cottages nre kept hy the widows of
tho old men after thelr death. It Is a
beautlful vlllago, almost every Inhabl-'
tant of whlch is over stxty, a town of
old mnn nnd old women, falrly well
drossod and apparently contentcd.
For Aged Widows and Widowers.
ln addltlon to tho cottages there nre
club-housos for old -widows nnd old
widowers. These aro for those of tho
nged who havo no famllles or who do not
want to koop house. In ono of these chtbs
I found elght men and tnlked with seve?
ral of them. One told me that he hnd
worked for Krupp tw-enty-four years,
nnd that out of hls savlngs he had now
nn Incomo of about $10 a month. Hls
houso rent costs hlm nothing, and ho
can, he savn, live qulte eomfortably on
thls amount. I anked hlfi lf he dld not
get tlred dolng nothing.
"No; I worked ns hnrd as a blnoK
smlth for twenty-four years. I am Blx
tv-fotir vears old now, nnd I am glnd to
s'top. When I am tlred sittlng I Jake a
walk, and when I am tlred walking I
take a neat. It suits me very well.
Among tho widows T lound somo qulta
ns content ns thls old mnn. Ona nlce
old woman snld she bad a pcnslon or
$7.60 a month. and thnt It kept her very
well. She cooked her own breakfost and
had her dlnner sent ln from the old-ago
eatlng-house at 9 cents per meal.
A part of tho penslon fund Is furnlshed
by tho governmont. but Krupp gave n,
vast amount hlmself evory yoar. Indoed.
ln thla respect nlono hls charltles an
nunlly nmounted to, about a quarter of a
The Krupp Stores.
The company stores of the TMtea
States aro oftcn run for the be?flt??c
tho capltallsts. Tho Krupps havo estab
IlBhed cnsh stores for the beneflt of the
men There are flfty-four different stores
and shops. great nnd ?mall. here.which
sell only tn Krupp emplnyes. They aro
all managed by tho ??MMhm<?t iandaro
run on a co-operatlve Princlple. ino
Krupps take out a low Interest on tho
r-nnltal they havo Investcd n.them and
^'profltsoeyond thls; aro *M?*??&
the customers nccordlng to the amoiuw
of thelr purchases. Thls proflt footiijp
i nr ? np- eont. a year: so that lt ? rnim
sTp?nd^P$100 at thl store he.recclve. $7
o? $8 back at the closoof Ihe year
_.?? *,n?An Thev embrace butcners.
?aS "ndd8-caffit,2K-makera They
1"^"^ und0edrtnWn?gPa ostabTshmeX
Tnhe m\TwhonblmfpJo Krupp'a> worfcs
8 T^K^p" bMcs^ake 200000OO
loaves ot bread a year. the butcher shops
annually klll 20.000 ,^ttle' a"d _^very
thing else ls proportlonately large. ,au
&.? lt can ^^^'S^m^
By GEORGE ADE.
THE FABLE OF THE TOWN.LOVER OR HOW THE LADY-KILLER BLEW UP IN THE STRETCH
Copyrlght, 1903, By Robert Howard Russcll.
NCE there was n Happy Fam?
lly that be_sn to get a few
hard Buir.ps whon Ma bought
a Work on Etlquctte. Up to
that time tho Outflt had not
trlod to thrown on any Lugs.
Tho Male Contlngont slouched around
tho House In thelr Shirt Slceves, whllo
tlie Glrls oftan came to Breakfast In
tholr Balloon Wrappers, and never
thought of prlmplng until about 3 P.
M. Fnthcr hnd an nssortmont of Rubo
Tublo Mnnnora, left over from hls ear?
ly Experlence on the Farm.
Ho never saw tho sonse of changlng
Knlves whcn ho hackcd Into tho But?
ter, and as for using the slde of the.
Spoon, ho nover could get the Hang of
Up to tho Time that ho mnrned and
becamo Ilouse-broke, ho had been a
Sword-Swnllower in a $4 Boanery. For
Years he ui^ended hls Soup Plate, so
as to get all that was comlng to hlm,
nnd cooled hls Coffeo ln the Saucer
and concluded hls Exhlbltlon of Bar
bnrlc Sports by using a large, 11m
ber pieco of Bread as a Mop.
Hls Wlfo workcd on hlm_ for twcnty
yenrs, nnd flnally had hlm so clvlllzed
that ho no longer tucked tho Napkln
Insldo bt hls Collar, although he stlll
put both Elbowa on tho Table nnd
groaned a llttlo Just beforo tackllng
Ma belonged to sovernl Clubs and be?
gan to meet tho Lady MnnagerB of So?
cloty. It was her Ambitlon to 11ft hor
own Famlly out of the Skate Dlvlslon
and got the wholo Bunch Into tho local
400. Thnt ls why sho bought tho Vol
umo contnlnlng this year's Leaguo
Rules for cutting intn Hlgh Llfe,
Sho wanted the Boys to forgot tholr
corn-fcd Orlgln nnd do tho Roglruald
Act ond lr-nrn how to nct In tho Pres
onco of Ladies. Thoy wero mostly
Hnnds nnd Feet. nnd hnd no Ambitlon
ln Hfo exeept to play Base-Boll, but
stlll she went to work on them hope
fully, knowing that our most Exclu
slvo Clrclofl aro moro or less cloggcd
un wlth Cminterfelts whom Nature
Intended for tho Hny Flclds.
Tho Glrls woro a Sad Lot whon Ma
linod thom up nnd decided to trans
form thom into Drawlng Room Quoons.
They woro Gum-Chowors of the most
abandoned Typo. nnd what they dld to
tho Eiigllsh Lnngimgo lt would bo n
shaino to tell. Each of thom wns moro
or less stuck on somo chlnloss Percy,
who wore hls Wntch Chatn hlgh up
and rubbed hlmself wlth Eatl do Co
logno. Thoy had rend Popular NoveU
until thoy woro a trlflo Moony. Thelr
concoptlon ot Romanro was to eat
Plckles nnd writo Notes on Blue Pa?
Ma's Purposo ln studylng tho Book
of Etlquette was to removo the Klnks
from thls array of Raw Materlal.
She wanted each of the Boys to be
a Chcstertleld, whllo the Glrls wero ox
pectcd to brace up and follow ln tho
footstepa of Mrs. Shorwood.
As Dlrector of tho Tralnlng Bchool
she had to cnll thom down nbout 1,000
times' por Day, When she hnd Com?
pany tho Boys always forgot to nrlse
whon a Lndy enterod the Room, Whcn
Dlnnor wns nnnounced they were al?
ways Flrst at tbe Tablo. Insteort of
convorslng wlth tho Persons seated
next to them, they humped over and
got busy wlth tho Yltiles.
As for the Glrls, they uKually flocked
lr> a Cornor and had a Whisperlng Bee.
At the Tablo they would get an Attack
of tho Glggles, wlthout lottlng any one
else in on the Good Thing, thua mak?
lng lt vory cnjoyablo for tho Guosts.
To cap tho CUmnx, the Male Pnrent
would usuully try to llft tho Gloom by
eprlnglns somo Anclent Wheeze, out
lawod by Haverly' Mlnstrela us far
back as 1680.
Ma had a prcud Chanc.e to wln a
Poclal Stnndlng so long as sho was
hondicapped by that Band of Yokels.
?!_st when she y/> -ild bo talklng Art
-?-v - Mu_sachuoett? AcceiiL. ono of
the Boys would break ln wlth a De
mand for a Second Helplng of Caull
llower. Or else tho Prlze Blacksmith,
ln a well-meanlng effort to be Hospt
table, would urge the Lady Opposlte
to pltch ln and Eat some more.
After DInner It often happened the
Ma would tout tho Accompllshmenu
of the Young Ladies. Accord'ngly
they would he urgod to Play some
thing. At whlch, they would,- hang
back nnd snlcker, and do a Sls _top
As soon as the last unhappy Guest
had cscaped Into the Nlght, there
would be a large-elzed Roas wait
Ing for the whole Trlbe. Ma would
6lt up until 1 o'clock remlndlng them
of all tho Horrlblo Breaks they had
mado. She eald thnt sittlng around
ln the Kltchen cracktng Hickory nuts
was about thelr Size when it came to
playlng tho Soclety Game. She allow?
ed that thoy would bo more at Home
lf they moved out to some Ranch and
assoclatcd wlth the Live Stock.'When
Ma got riled Bhe forgot her Culturo
Clubv tralnlng and handed out a ivery
Tabasco Llno of Conversatlon.
She said she was good and tlred
of trylng to make Ladies and Gentle
mon out of a Flock of Yaps who took
a/ter thelr Father.
At thls, she would get a Rlse out
of Father. He eald he dldn't propose
to strnln hlmself belng Pollte to a lot
of Four-Flushes, who owed hlm
Money. That was the Trouble with
Father. Ho was Presldent of the
Company, and seemed to thlnk that
hls Omelal Posltlon gave hlm a Rlght
to break Crackers Into hls Soup. He
rofused to wear a White Tlo wlth hls
Evonlng Clothes, Just because some
cheap Department Manager hn"d set
As for tho Offuprlng, they were too
mullet-headcd to get wlse fo Ma'a
mngnlflcent System of dolng the
Heavy. Whon It eamo to a toss-up bo
tween a Plnk Tea nnd a Varlety Show,
they put thelr Spondlng Money on
tho Coon Song. Any time that Ma
dressed them and took thom out to
moet the Ellte, thoy hung back.
At last Ma saw that tho only Hope
lay ln ehlpplng thn whole Pack away
to hlgh-toned Schools In thn Ennt.
For Beveral Years tlie Rlslng Gen
erntlon put a terrlflc Crlmp ln
Fnthor's Income, but nt last they
cnmo home all speeded up, and then
they wero so Fly that Father could
not travel In tlie mime Class, and even
Ma could get a few Polnters from
At present they are tenrlng up tlie
Bconery ln tholr Tourlng Cars, and
they haive tha Nerve ta, tacklo any
klnd of Soclety.
Moral: A patlent Woman can Edu
cate any ono fxcept her own Hus?
YOUNQ LADY'S NOBLE DEED
She Sr.crifices Soclal Pleasures to Care
for an Invalld.
Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Slr,?"Nor shall your glory be forgot,"
cto. These llnes suggest to tho wrltor
that brave and generous actlon performed
by prlvato Indlvlduala should not be for
got; henoo thls story. Norfolk, Va., was
vlslted by a scourgj of yellow fover ln
1S63. Her cltizens dled by the scoro.
Many of her herolc physicians faced
death fenrlessly and perlshed. Thero waa
a dlro need of medical ald. and among
the number who volunteerod for thla
luuardous duty was a cortuln Pr. IL To
fully appreclate thls act of bravery wo
must remember that at thls perlod medi?
cal solence had not reached Its present
jproflckncy und to res_ond to u call of thls
kind testcd a man'a bravery fully as much
as to charge a seemlngly lmprcgnable
battery'- Our brave Dr. H. escaped. though
many others offered up thelr llves. Broken
In health he retired to his natlve county
and in a few years passed ovor the rlver.
Hla wlfo and two daughters survlved.
The youngest daughter secured a posltlon
ln the North and gave of her slender
means for their support. nearly all she
made. Four years ago she was tnken
slck, and slnce then hns been an lnvalld.
Her mother dled years ago. and recently
the elder slster dled, loavlng the younger
slster (now a conflrmod Invalld, sufferlng
wlth nn lncurable disease.) alone wlthout
any near kln and little means.
Livlng near tho afflicted lady waa a
young glrl. who admlnlstered on tho very
small estate, took thls lone woman to her
own home, cancelled all her soclal en
gagements and has been untlrlng ln her
offorts to get thls lady ln some Instltution
where she could recelve proper medlcal
attentlon and nnrsulng hehehehth hert
attentlon and nurslng. She made a num?
ber of trlps tr, this and other citles, l'ind
ing all such 'listitutlons full. Determlned.
If necessarv,-. to turn her own room Into n
ward, nurse and tenderly cnro tor thls
lone -woman, maklng these last few voars
of her unhappv Ilfe as comfortable os
possible. thls young glrl Is an example of
all that's noble In womanhood.
Tho facts in the case were brought to
'the attentlon of a certaln cmlncnt physl
clan of this clty, whose father was one
of the physlcians who dled of yellow
fever ln Norfolk. and who hlmself camo
near dellvcrlng up hls Ilfe to thls dread
ed disease. He immedlatoly assurod the
young lady thnt he would asslst her in
any way. and ls trying to get Mlss H. in
somo -instltution. lf he succeeds tiore It
will be a pleaaiire for hlm to glvo her hls
profoaslonal servicea gratus as long ns
she llves, for her father was a companlon
of his father in a flght where bravory of
the hlghest order was requlred. B.
CONFESS that I am a llttlo
tlred, and I will say so frank
ly, ? of cont.lnually hearhig
such phrases as "What's
Home Without a Mother?"
? and "Cod Blcss Our Moth?
er," and so forth. I should llke to use an
Amcrlcanlsm, and ask: "Now, pray,
what's the matter wlth father?"
I cannot help thlnklng that chlldren
would grow just as senslbler lf they some
tlmos heard a word of pralse bestowed
on thoir fathers, lnstoad of belng loaded
wlth an endless lltany of all the vlrtues
of Mother?Mother's love, Mother's de
votlon, Mother's this nnd Mother'B that
Now, Father does exlst, and occasionally
makes blmself useful onough to stand in
no nced of an apology for darlng to exlst.
Ho generally loves hls chlldren, and
sometlmes foels thnt ho cannot competo
wlth hls wife in thelr affoctlons, simply
becauso sho monopollzos them, not only
GUNSTON HALL, HOME OF MASON
WITHIN FEW MILES OF MT. VERNON
Gunston Hall, the home of George Ma?
son ls one of the most Interostlng estatea
of the Colonlal poiiod. It passed out of
the posseasslon of tho Mason family eoon
after tho war between tho States, owlna
to the ead' exlgpncea of thoso troubloiiB
tlmos, Tho pre_pnt ownors aro Messru
Josoph nnd Edward Bpooht, formorly of
St. Louls. Thls ohaniilr.g old home with
lts gardens and torraces, Ita aha'ded walks
and box hedgo nearly two hundred yoara
old, Is Bltuated on an Inlot of the Poto
mac. Tho hay and river form an ex
panse of water threo mlles wlde and
olght tn lei.gth. Here the cavallers,
exilcs from tho defeated urmles of Klng
Charlea, landc-d to found hoinea In thnt
falr vlrgln land, bo lauded hy Slr Waltc-r
Rulolgh and bia followers, and ut a
lator perlod tho Brltluli floot nnelimid
at tho mouth of the buy.
Only flve m'llva *U*?y Ul Wount Yernon
and across tbe bay the slto <>} tho manor
houso of AVillluin Falrfux, cousin of Ijortl
Falrfax. Tho Gunston estato borders
tho rlvor for two mllea. Tho manslon
Is of brlck wlth cut atono Irlmmlngs
and nontalns twenty rooma. It ls a flne
spoclmen of colonlal archllooture, unltlng
strongth and Btiublllty with slmplo llnrs
of beauty. and received Its namo from
ono of tho fnmlly plncos ln Englnnd.
Mnny assoplatloos cluator around Its
walls. Horo tho snga of Quiiston HhII
wroto hls famous Declaratlon of ltlghts.
WashiiiKto'i and Jefferson offon met
heie to disc-uss great nuestlons of Stato
iJafayotte vlsited Guhhuui Hall also.
Tho gartli'iis and torracos ofton illled
wlth guy groups of tho ?'ploasure-lovlng
Virginlans." aa tho iPirrltan colonlsts
siiiiu-tlines called them, met for fox hunt
or drive acroaa country, and endlng
thelr revels no doubt with tho stately
The parvod wooilwork of the luterlor of
jBunstoii Hall is yartlgularly.
doora, wlndows, and mantlo, the cornlcos
roaciilng alinost to the coillng. All this
hand carvlng Is aaid to havo been ?ho
work of eonvlcts sent from - Erigland.
John Eston Cook, ln hls descrlptlon of
Gunston Hull tella ue that thla work
was a comblnatlon of tho Corluthian and
tho flower and scroll work of tho old
Fronch archltocturo The great wlda
flri'-places of tho oldon tlmo have t_ien
aluicd, and the auporb mantol-plooo,
iiiici) to bo Boeh ln tho drawlng-room haa
Ii.iik ulnoo (llsupiioare.d. Tho wldo hall
opens out on a pontagonal porch, em
bowered ln rosos. from wheuiio ona has
a flno vlew of the beautlful Potomac. ln
<;..ga Muson'fj tlmo tho gardens on
thla slflo wero terruee.l to near tbo w,i
ter's pd.Qj The BOfvnnts and HPgropfi
iii Iho nolKlihorliood bolluvu tluit Um Hall
is stlll vlwlted ot lnte.vals by Its anclent
cwK'iri, who wandor thero at dead of
nib'ht. nirnllliitf lls I)aal t'lorles.
_U_-_bet? Mtusou Rvwlaud
NOW, WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH FATHER?
By MAX O'BELL
when they are bablos, but after they are
out of Infancy. Ho resents lt, but, na
a rule, roslgns blmself to what he la
made to belleve lnevltable.
The flrst duty of a woman is to teach
her chlldren to love thelr father, and. as
they grow up, to toach them to respect
hlm and admlro hlm. It ls her duty to
hlde from her chlldren any llttlo thing
that mlght causo them to lose the least
respect or admlratlon toward hlm.
But, out of one hundred womon, wlll
you flnd ono who will not be of oplnlon
that the Mother is foremost? When a
woman hns become a mother, her vanlty,
though ofton full of reposo, gets the best
of her. Sho Is a mothor, and thlnks she
It- tho moat Important thing ln tho world.
Yet. as I say olsewhero, lt ls no extraor
dlnary testlmonlal for a women to bo
fond of her chlldren. All mothcrs are
fond of thoir chlldren and good to them.
even tho flercest and cruellost-nnlmals.
Tho feollng ls glven to them by Naturo.
Wo all pxoflt by lt;' we aro oll happier
for it. For belng ablo to dlsponse mater
nal love, woman Is to be admlrod and
blessed. but not congratulated. A child
is part and pnrcel of a mothor. In lovlng
her child, a mothor lovos pnrt of her
self. It ls not selfishncss. but a little
self-love, When she brlngs up her chll?
dren for hersolf, for the love of herself,
wlthout dolng hor utmost to soe that
thelr father gets hls share; when, .thanks
to her own trumpetlng, her houso rlngs
only -wlth "God bless our Mother!" sho
ls gullty of an act of terrlblo Injustlce,
The vnnlty of some women ls bucIi
that some oxpect a podestal, nny, nn
altar, when the sprlng cleanlng of thelr
house ls over.
I know men who work wlth one vlew
only?that of bringlng up thoir chlldren
ln comfort, giving thom a unlversity
education, and atartlng them in llfo at
the cost of any sacrlflce.
I know Amerlcans who work llko slaves
at homo so that thelr wlves and daugh?
ters mny onjoy themselvos ln Parls and
Ijondon. For this thoy demand ncthlng,
exenpt an occnslon lotter. whlch they
Mother ls very tlrod! Sho 1ms hnd to
pay calls, go tn so mnny at-homes, so
many gardon pnrtles! Sho ls oxhausted;
sho wants a chiingo of nlr Immedlately.
Fathor Is at hls tifflce? a dlngy, hadly ven
tilated llttlo room, Ho has had no holl
day for a year. Ho. too. would llke a llt?
tlo change of alr; but what's the matter
wlth father? Ho Is all rlght.
In tho most Jiumblo statloris of Ilfe, we
havo all of us known that mnn who gets
up at flve in the morning. lighta the flre
to cook a blt of breakfast for hlmself.
gets hls tools nnd wipes off the dnw of
the dawn wlth hls boots, whlla many a
mother Is sloeplng. Wlth hls hard-earn
ed wagos ho pays llio butcher, tho grocer,
tho mllkman nnd the baker. Ho stands
off tho balllff and the wolf and pays tha
What's tho matter wlth Fnther? How
hlessed that homo would he wlthout hlm!
I know thoro nro loafers who rofusa tha
work that would nnnble them to support
thelr wivos und chlldren. Thore are also
good, stendy workmen, who, nt home.
flnd nothing nwnltlng them, except tho
slghl of a drunlten womnn, who not only
has not nrepared a menl for hlm, but hns
spent hls money, nnd not uncommonlv
even pawnod tho babv's shoos to get
brnndy or gln wlth. "What's Home With?
out a Mother?" "God Bless Our Mothor!"
Do glve Father a ohance. If you pleaso.
What " New Thoughts."
Hy Klla Wheoler Wllcox.
AI CERTAI.V LITTI-R magazlne
whlch prldes Itself upon Its
sclontlflc wlsdom dovotoa a
page or two each month to
aiieora nnd sarcosm conrornlrig
TTow Thought," "Mentul" and "Chrla
tlan Sclenoo," and nll tho other phaaes
of tho modern wholesome rellgion whlch
la roplnclng the old melancholy oreeds of
ln Its latest lssuo thls magazlne pub
llshes three portraits or plclures of threo
types of men. Ono, tho hroad-headed
mnn born wlth nbnormally doveloped ac
iiulsltlvoness, who cannot help belng a
llnanclal success, another nnrrnw-hoaded
fallure. who cannot aoqulre wealth, be?
cause that portlon of hls braln Is lacklng
and a dogonerato tyne who cannot com
prohend morallty, from tho same causes.
Then thc edltor breakH forth ns follows:
"Prof. Weltmer (a 'New Thought' ad
vocaio) ttsserta aa follows; "J can do
what any other man can do, and 1 con
cedo that any mon can do what I can
do.' To prove thla. will Prof. WeUn__c,
pleaso wrlte and aend to us a play or
poem cqual to those attributed to Shakes
peare, Byron or Shelley? Or wlll he com
poso a symphony llke Wagner's. Mo
zart's or Beethoven's? Wlll he construct
a steamship llko the Great Eastern. or
wlll ho produce a palntlng llke those of
the great mastera Raphael and Reni
brandt? Wlll ho achteve the results o_
Mlchael Angelo? Wlll he or any other
'New Thought' advocate perform somo
fcat whlch phrenology proves hls organi
zatlon Incapable of performlng? Then
we wlll acknowledgo that chlckens can
swlm as well as ducks.
"TUs Idea is opposed, by phrenology
whlch tnalsts that every. man acts ln ac
cordanco wlth his organization and ?n
vlronment, and that, by reason of organi?
zation and envlronment of dlfferent men
what ls posslble for one man to do
ls uttorly lmposslble for another man,
ondowed wlth a dlfferont organization, to
Now, to the senslblo students of "New
Thought" ail thls dlsoussion Beems very
polntleas and foolish. The one fact whlch
ls necessary for human telngs to leam
ls thls: Each" normal man can attain to
tho very hlghest plnnacle of sucoess ln
hls own line of developrnent by cQncen
t'ra.tlon, assertlon and appllcatlon,
Tho flrst atop is to learn what you are
bost flttcd for. It you are flve feet or
less ln statuo It ls folly to attempt to
play tho role of a Vlkins: if you aro a.
woman of colosaal slzo, wlth a Roraan
,ik-o, do not attempt to ahlno as Jullec
or Marguerlto. If your whole .makeup Is
a.'tlatle, do not expect to become a pow?
er In the llnanclal world; and lf you
possess markodly practical qualltlea and.
abllltles try to reallze that you bolong la
that pliiiio and not In the arts.
Just hore Is whore tho great lnfluence
of parents should ho felt?hut alasl Juat
horo ls where lt 1b of lenst help, nnd usu
olly tho greatest handlcap to a chlld.
Parents doclde what career tholr chll?
dren shall follow, and undertake to drlve
thom ln that dlrectlon, aa a herder drlves
hls Hhnep, lnstead of atudylng the taste
nnd temperament of each child Indlvld
ually, and calllng ln tho ald ot' phrenology,
astrology and palmlstry?all great and
noble Bolencos-to ald In tho dellnoatlon
There 1b nr, questlonlnB the fact thnt
all pooplo born In a eertaln period Of
time possess somo tastes and qualltlea of
a stmllnr nature. For Instanco. I have
never known a person born under tlio
slgn of Gemlnl who dld not pgsaess n
marked Incllnatlon to do two thines at
ono time?to stay in nnil to go out, to be
praetloal and artlstle, to oo sad ond
rrjerry, to trnVel nnd to rematu at lioine.
Surh chlldren need apocla' tralnlng lu
concentration, speclal wntching and guld
Ing to seo that thoy tlulsh any task bo
gun beforo anothor la commencod, In or?
der thnt rlght educatlon may ovoroome
unfortiinate lmpulso and Incllnatlon.
1 havo never Icuown a person born ln
Scornlo who dld not possess latent talent
of somo ordor?ln llternvire, muBlc or aa
a nurso or a physlelan. Actlon and
aclilevenient aro necesaary to them. or
thoy becomo lnvilllds nnd crnnks.
Iu tho dull routlne of mereantile or do
meatlo llfe they nro almost unlversally
fulliirea. The parents of a Scorplo chlld
should tlnd what hent Its tastes ai"* tttl
enta take and then culttvate them.
But to peoplo whn have not been nldcd
by parents or solence tlio "New Thought"
in a guMeboafd polnting to tho hllltops
lt does not elalm to make a glant of a
plginy, an or-?tor of a man born dumb.
It (loos not claln, to mako a Fattl of the
chlld horu wlth no muslcal taste, or u bal
lot dancer of the crlppla.
What It does clalm to do. ls thls: To
mako tho pigmy happy ln teuchlng hlm
how to bo the most tiaeful and dlstlnctlva
of hls class?the dumb man how to attain
to tho boat expresslon of w-hat he feeli,
through other avunuos than speech?thn
unnuislcnl chlld and tho crlppla how to
bo uaoful and contanted and happy In
eplto of what has been donled them.
Slt down each day a few i.ioments ln
the SUence. ,
Let go of worry. fear and deslre.
Say to the Invlslble Presence, whlch lt
?T am an empty veseet; Thou art fllllng
me wlth tho watera of love. I am ?
necoossary part of Thy unlverso; Thou ar*
teaohlng me what la my real place and
work. . ..
Then ait. o.uletly, and be eerene. Aftfr
you h-o forth Into the world ngahi >oil
Will feel ii new peac-l. Oradually ai you
contlnue ihoso exorolses you wlll nnd
yourself be'ter voised, lesa an_loue, ?ur??