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TUB TIMKS. FOTJNDBD l^G. ? WUOT F NTTMRFR ?V~\ ~?Ri
S DISPATCH. FOUNDED ?&? I ?? HULL IN UIMDHK, ??,_*0+.
KICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY, JULY 5, 190:j.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HALF OF A
AT THE KEY
Career of Col. Tree, of
the Western Union.
A LABORIOUS LIFE:
Mr. F. E. Clary, a Western
Man, Takes His Place Here.
FULL OF INTEREST
Colonel Tree Tells of Many Changes
that Have Occurred Since He Be?
gan Life as a Telegrapher.
A Brief Sketch of the
The retirement of Colono] J. B. Tree ae
superintendent of tho Western Union
ofllce, this city, recalls facts about his
long and useful career that aro Interest?
ing to a degree and Involve a history of
telegraphy In America.
Colonel Tree is almost without doubt
tho oldest telegrapher in America, and
therefore in tho world, for hero this thlr.c;
of "writing at a? distance" by tho means
of an electrical wire bogan.
Pondering on the part?t?legr?phy playo
and has played In the world's history,
ono Is apt to look upon the man as asso?
ciated with Professor Morse, the Inventor
of tho telegraph system, and who learned
?t the "key" of the original line between
Washington and Baltlmoro with a. feeling
akin to reverence. Many aro tho mes?
sages which Colonel Tree has receh'ed
lor transmission from the banda of Web?
ster and Clay, Calhoun and Alexander
Stevens, and other giants of a decade I>o
foro the war.
Happily ho has told the story himself.
Before a convention of telegraphers In
1W0 ho was Induced to give reminiscence.?.
and he did so with great charm to the
entertainment of hin younger collea?uc-.s.
Fortunately he preserved a copy of''this
Interesting paper, and it Is given here;
Haifa Century Ago.
Tn the winter of 1M7, said he,' I
found myself located ?.?? a telegraphic
pupil in tho old brick building, uped by
the postonico authorities ?n Washington',
D. C, aa a city poxtolfico; a grand murblo
building now stands on tho tlte.
Tho ground floor was used by the post
office people; the second story was occu?
pied by the combined offices of the Mag
notic Telegraph Company, then In oper?
ation between Washington and New
York, and the Washington and Now Or?
leans Telegraph Company, then under
c" struction over county roads and high?
Alfred Vail,? a coadjutor ol Professor
Morse, was supervising both offices, aud
?with Amos Kendall, a former Postmaster
General, occupied adjoining rooms on tho
same floor with tho telegraph offices. A
llight of wooden steps built on the out?
side of tho house connected tho pavement
with tho second floor. Up that long
flight of steps tho company's patrons
would daily trinlgo to band their mes?
sages over a hinged plank across the
door, serving as a.counter and as a desk
upon which their messages wero wrtten.
Webster. Clay, Calhoun. Alex. Stevens,
of Georgia (tho latter to become Vice
Presldent of the Confederato States) wero
frequent visitors to tho office, to send
messages and paid tho beany tolls re?
quired at that early day for transmis?
sion cheerfully. Professor Morso was
bIfo a frequent visitor.
We had "sound" operators in our office
even then, but It was in violation of rules
ko receive a monsago hy that method,
The register, with Its spindle and accom?
panying roll of paper, the embossed let?
ters of the Morse alphabet being printed
thereon by tho Mod point of tho pen
lever, was tho mode. This was fifty-three
years ago. Telegraphers of thin'year of
our Lord 1900 would bo astounded If tli'.-y
woro asked to climb up on a high three
legged stool, and with tho paper ribbon
In their left hand, wind up four feet of
catgut cord, suspending a heavy weight
with the other hand, to keep the register
In motion until the message was fully
Fancy a long special of two or three
thousand wordijtabout congressional pro?
ceedings being handled now at such a
slow rate! Fancy an operator working
from S A. M. to ': and 3 A. M. next morn?
ing on a domi stretch, wberi a foreign
steamer off Bandy Hook had been slRhtcl
and Reporter Abbott, of New York, noti?
fied (as ho always did) all offices to keep
open for steamer news! Fancy tho fact
that night operators and day operators
were as yet an unknown factor In telfl
ffraphlc methods, and renllzo In full, yo
latter dav operators, the superiority of
the system of to-day!
Wo worked greco cells for main and
local batteries. Tho chief operator or
some ono delegated by him had io cio.m
them. Fancy a fellow long before ?n
early breakfast, and before the offlco
opened, breathing in tho fumes of nitrii!
acid. In the battery room, and giving h'l-s
?ino a mercury bath after defining thoin,
Let us ?suppose tho lines are Inter?
rupted by groundis, crosses or breaks,
what did the "Old Timer" do then, poor
?thing? Why. ho only went for his sad?
dle-bags, containing his line equipment,
fent a messonrer hoy for a saddle horse,
mounted his mettlesome nng, and trotted
away for many a weary mile over tija
Worst roads In old Virginia, to remove
Many times have our operators ridden
miles, climbed poles and cut wires and
tested with Washington, to see If the
operator at the other end, "all booted
end spurred," had found the break. Fre?
quently the reply was negative; then
connecting line again, he would climb
down the polo, mount his steed, and trot
away for "pastures new."
Very Different Now,
Hotiplly for the operator of the pros
Hit. ? iy, there aro day and night opera?
tor^ battery men and linemen, and, .thc-lii
WHERE THE TEE=DEE OUTING PARTIES WILL ENJOY THEMSELVES.
worlc 1b not so laborious as It was way
back yonder In the forties. It Is possi?
ble, however, such -work propared the
men for the more Btlrrlng days of '01,
when, In some capacity or other, accord?
ing lo our environments, every man of
us served his country to tho best of his
In April of 'Cl It was my lot to be lo?
cated In Norfolk, Val., where, in fact, I'
bad lived several years. Th? war fore?
seen and deprecated by Webster In his
famous Fpeoch, and *also unsought by
many men, both North and South, was
upon us. My position as superintendent
of telegraph for a railroad company was
combined with that of terminal agent
at Norfolk, the regular agent having
enlisted In the army. In that dual capa?
city many a carload of guns, ammuni?
tion, provisions and all the wants of an
army In the field passeri through my
hands. It was billing out and receiving
freight from "dawn till dewy eve," and
way Into the "wee small hours."?
Captains, majors, colonels and generals,
who but yesterday, as It might be. were
engaged in civil pursuits, and who were
quito sure they were fine soldiers, end
also wero certain they were exceller?
railroad men. bullied me and all olher
railroad ofilcials ln the South to thc-lr
hearts' rontent. until the Secretary of
War at Richmond, at the instance of a
delegation of railroad superintendents,
put a stop to It.
Along with railroading, my telegraphic
abilities came into play; and In odd times
my assistance was given to tho single
operator at Norfolk In handling pressi
government messages of Intolerable
length, and all the ordinary social busi?
ness attendant upon the absence of so
many men from their loved ones at home.
Finally, In May. ISOa. Norfolk was
evacuated by the Confederates, and then
my duties were those of treasurer of tho
railroad and tho collector of bills for
transportation service from the various
departments of the Confederate govern?
ment at Richmond, Va.
Thin service was terminated, however,
ln 1863; by a call jrom my home, near
Clarksville, Va., .?o Richmond, by the
President of the Southern Telegraph
Company, to take charge of the lines
(formerly the American Telegraph Com?
pany! from Richmond to Mobile, as
general superintendent. In connection
therewith It w.-ir docldod thnt my duties
should also embrace tho supervision of
military telegraph matters between those
two cities for the Confederacy/ and
thus again were dual duties forced upon
me by the requirement.-- of the war.
By this date lino and battery material
?was becoming Fcarce, small supplies 'of
acid bl-chromate of potash, sulphrato of
copper, zinc nnd copper were purchased
ln the various cities Intervening Rlch
(Contlnued on Sixth Page.)
Colt's Fine Horse Captures
Long Island Stakes.
IMMENSE CROWD PRESENT
Fully Forty Thousand Witness the Event
in Which Blues and Herbert Figure,
but Are Beaten?Other
(By Associated Press.)
"NEW YORK, July 4.~One of the big?
gest crowds ever present at the Coney
Island Jockey Club,track was ln attend?
ance to-day. Fully forty thousand per?
sons saw J. ??. Colt's Duoro, with Red
fern up, win the Dong Island handicap
at one mile and a furlong. The Colt
horse was quoted at 10 to 1. Herbert was
second und the favorite, Roe-hampton,
third. Blues made tho running for half
a mile, whero Herbert took the lead and
held it to tho stretch. Iledfern then sent
tho Colt horse to the front and won driv?
ing by two lengths. Summaries:
First race?The Independence Steeple?
chase, about two miles and a half?Land
of Clover (1.1 to 10) llrst, Foxhunter (8 to
1) second, Lavator (14 to 5) third. Time,
Second race?High Weight Handicap?
COLONEL J. ?. TREE,
Ritirino Superintendent Western Union.
six furlongs on main track?Rigodon (15
to 1) first. Duke of Kendal (S to 1) second,
Cinquevalli (11 to 5) third. Time, 1:13 2-3.
Third race?The Spring?last six frur
longs of Futurity course?Dallant (8 to
1) llrst. Broomstick GJ to 5) second, Mo
harlb (20 to 1) third. Time, 1:13 1-5.
Fourth race?Tlio Dong Island Handi?
cap?ono mile and a furlong?Duoro (10 to
1) first, Heiihert (2Q to Ji second. Roe
hampton (li to 5; third. Time, 1:63 1-i?.
Fifth race?-five ani a half furlongs, soil- |
lng?Vagary O to 1) fi rat, Excentrai (5 to
1) second, TrouviUe (5 to 1) third. Timo
Sixth race;?ono mile and a sixteenth
on turf, selling?Tribes Hill (6 to 1) first,
Dark Planet (30 to 1) second, Arden (l? to
5) third. Time, 1:491-5.
LIGHTNING KILLS BOY;
HIS FATHER NEAR BY
(Special to Tbe Tlraea-Dlspalch.)
NEWARK, July 4.?Thomas J. Gordon,
Jr., fifteen years old, was Instantly killed
by lightning at Essex Fells, near Cald
well, yesterday afternoon. His father was
plowing less than twenty feet away, and
saw his son struck. Mr. Gordon was not
even stunned. The body of the boy was
badly marked and one boot was -split ln
two. A tin pall. vwhlch ho had been
carrying, iwaa melted nnd tho ground
torn up to a depth of two feet.
A DWARF IS KILLED
BY CANNON HE MADE
(Specl?l lo The Tlmes-DIsp-itrti.)
JERSEY CITY, July 4.?Augustus Kd
gerly, tvventy-ono years old, was killed
to-night by a cannon of bis own make.
Edgerly was a dwarf, about four feet
high, and had no relatives and no home.
GEN. GLAY KEEPS
VISITORS AT BAY
Armed With Pistols and Rifle
He Declines to Permit
Any to Enter.
A Lexington. Ky., special to the Now
Tork Herald says:
General Cassias 11. Clay is to-night ap?
parently seriously ill in a room In his
mansion, White Hall, in Madison county.
Major R. S. Bullock, cashier of the Fay?
ette, National BanK, of this city, a life'.
long friend of Cenerai Clay, received a
message yesterday from tho General's
bodyguard, "Joe" Perkins, saying tho
General hnd asked for a physician to be
sent to his bedsiile.
Major Bullock responded Immediately,
and within two hours ho Jiml Dr. W, O,
Bullock, of this city, and Dr. Thoma? S.
Bullock, of Louisville, In the front yard
of Ihe Geilend'.- residence. Thnt Is as
for as they went, as General Clay issued
orders to his servant not to allow tliom
to enter under any nlrc?-mstance*-, and
a fier two hours of pleading tli.-y returned
to Ibis city.
Perkins told the doctors l"nt General
Clay was seated on tho bed with two re?
volver.? by hi- sido and p ville in his
hands and would noi let any ono enter.
Generi! Clay had Perkins telegraph to
hi?, nephew, Green Clay Goodloe, of
Washington. t? "??10 to s?"" I'tm, but
?,?,?? Air. Goortl 0 arrlveil the General
refused to allow him tu enter, and h'? re?
turned to Washington Without seeing lus
Accordili.-: t<> reports from the fn-i'.iiit,
General 'lay -? ? a?J*t sleeps well, but
calls constantly I ?' 1-is formet' child wife,
pora day prork, who??- last husband
died last Sunday, and who hus promised
the General to return to Whlto Hall. It
is. believed by many that the return of
Dora will restore the General's good tem?
per. If she refuses to return to him bis
relatives will use forco If necessary lo
send him to a t?anltarlum, for treatment.
.General Clay i- uliiutf-Sevt-t- *&__?_ Ali,
Richmond Streets Deserted
on the Glorious Fourth.
OCEAN SHORE POPULAR
Cool, Bursting Surf Seemed to Have
the Greatest Charm for the Capital
City Pedestrians ? Families
Spent Day in the Parks.
Where the peopla scattered themselves
yesterday, the "Glorious Fourth," can
never bo fully told except by themselves.
They did not remain In Richmond, or, if
any considerable number did, they kept
to their homes, for never wero tho streets
of the city moro generally deserted.
The stores that wero open were ex?
ceptions. Tho great majority of business
places wero closed throughout tho day,
and thoso that kept open did but little
business. Of courso, many went to tho
seashore. Tho Chesapeake and Ohio road
suit out five or six trains oceanward.
Tho first soctlon of not less than eight
coaches carried 531 persons; tho second
section carried 6]0, and tha third about
150. No account is taken of regular
local train, which loaves at 7:15. Be?
sides theso the Chesapeake and Ohio
hendJeil an excursion from Washington
to Richmond and Hampton. Tills was
conducted for colored peoplo only, and
2R5 came, southward. Of this number 111
went through to Hampton. The Nor?
folk and Western carried ono special
train to Norfolk and Virginia Beach. On
this were 3-10 persons. The Norfolk and
Western furnished also Its regular sea?
side service, and this was well patron
lied. Many of those who went down on
both Norfolk and Western and Chesa?
peake and Oho will romain over and re?
In Suburban Places.
A largo number of persons went to tho
Resorvolr, Westhampton, Lakeside and
Forost Hill. The number who would
have gone to the seashore or to the parks
was cut down to a considerable extent
by tho inteneo heat of the morning. Many
thought of burning sande and glaring
sunlight, sand remained at homo, where
a negliga form of dress la not ponsidr
ered In sfich bad ta.sto, whero one's col
lnrs do not melt and the fans havo no
Tho piny houses wero poorly patronised
at either afternoon or night perform?
ance. This Is particularly true of tho
The Rain Came.
Tho blessed rain came in the afternoon
Just about tho time tho matinees wore
over, and tho rain-caught people took
refuge gladly In tho refreshment places.
Ginger ale, limeade, soda water and tho
many other drinks wero quaffed with
pure delight, because tho people "had
nothing else to do."
Tho smallest number of fireworks pos?
sible wero used. Now and then tho
sound of a pop-cracker was hoard, or tho
bursting of a hotter-grown popper. But
It was genorally conceded by the small
boy, even, that It was too hot for fire?
ARRESTED AT MIDNIGHT
UNDER AUTOMOBILE LAW
(Special to Tho Times-Dispatch.)
MIPDUETOWN, N. T., July 4.-R!eh
ard Cadle, a piano manufacturer of New
York, after having been compelled to get
out of bed In tho mlddlo of tho night and
submit to arrest for violation of tho auto?
mobile law, haa settled tho case out of
Accompanied by his wife, Mr. Cadle
was i-ldlng1 In lila automobile through
Bloonilngburg last night on his way to
Monticano. The machino frightened a
horso belonging to Frank Cuno, causing
it to Jump a fence. Tho wagon was
wrecked and Cuno was considerably In?
Mr, Cadle, who had gono on to Wurts
boro, was followed by a policeman. Ho
gavo ball for his appearance In court, but
befot'o tho hearing settled with tho In?
SUPERINTENDENT FRED. E. CLARY,
Of tha Western Union,
Ladies Who Were Victors
in the Contest.
There Were Twenty-eight Con?
testants for the Prizes.
Nearly Forty-five Thousand Votes Have
Been Polled ? Something About
the Delightful Resorts that May
Be Visited?The Present
Standing of Those
In the Race.
Miss Irene Robinson and Miss Cenia
Schaaf are tho -winners of the two ladles'
umbrellas offered for the largest vote
cast last week. Tho young ladles hav?
three thousand four hundred and sixty
four coupons to their credit on the um?
brella contest, loading the next highest
by nearly three hundred votes.
There were twenty-eight entries and
over 25,000 votes were cast.
The Tee-Dee Contest.
Tho regular Tee-Dee Outing Tours con?
tost is growing positively exciting. There
aro thirty-four entries and up to noon
yesterday the total vote was nearly forty??
Thoro bave been somo quite material
changos since the last statement was
published and the "lucky fourteen" class
Is creeping up into the thousands instead
of hundreds of votes. A number of new
names will be found in the "lucky four?
teen" class to-day.
Only eight more days remain In which
to deposit coupons. A noticeable 'fact Is
that tho leaders have deposited a largo -
number of voting certificates. Voting
certificates count heavy. ?
Here is the Plan.
The Times-Dispatch will Issue from the
main ofllco ccrtitlcates of votes In various
numbers, which will be counted as cou?
pons, baaed on tho following- plan: For
each paid-ln-advanco subscription, for a
person not already a subscribir, a cer?
tificato will bo issued for half ns many
votes ns there are cents In the pnco of the
subscription. For Instanco, \1 cents for
ono week's subscription in Richmond or
Manchester would be equal to six votes.
Fifty cents, for one month'3 subscription
would give twenty-five vote3. Six dollars
for a year in Richmond or Manchester
would entitle to three himdred votes, or
$G for ono year out-of-town wouli give
250 votes, etc.
Points to Remember.
Somo points that It will par to keep in
mind aro that tho winners will have a
week at the seashore or a week In the
mountains, free 'railroad taras and hotel
bills paid by tho Tee-Dee,
There will bo fourteen parafe. Each
party will consist of three ladies, one be?
ing chosen as chaperono by the two
principals. Forty-two people In all. .
Tho offbr is mado to any lady, anywherei
who by their own efforts contribute In
part or wholly to their own support, be?
ing employed in office, schools, store, fac*
tory or at home.
Thero are seven Tee-Dee Resorts anrl
tho party having the highest number o?
votes on tho final count will have first
choleo of resorts and ?rst choleo as to
whether they go tho first wee* or not.
The second highest and so on to the
fourteenth will he considered as por their
Send Your Home Address.
Every contestant whoiso name appears!
in tho Tee-Dee Outing Tours statemene
printed to-day is reqnested to send in
their homo address to tha "Manager Tee
Dee Outing Tours." This request should
bo attended to promptly as It will be
necessary shortly to comiminloato with
each contestant on a matter of importance
connected with tho contest.
I STANDING OF ENTRIES
| WEEKENDING JULY 4TH. S
Miss Irene Robinson,
Miss Cenle Schaaf. 3,444
Miss Helen East,
Miss Mildred Jones. 3,163
Miss Carrie Vaughan,
Miss Eugenia Coglili!. 2,508
Mrs. F. M. Tlmberlake,
Miss Aurelia Tlmberlake. 2,400
Miss Dorn Berry,
Miss Inez Taylor. 2,157
Miss L, Booth,
Miss E. Hlcks. 1,700
Miss Annie Smith,
Miss Katie Smith. 1,690
Miss Rosallo Robinson,
Miss Edna V. Branch. 1,503
Miss Ora Reynolds,
Miss Carrie Reynolds. 1.884
Miss Frances Overby, /
Miss Virginia Overby. y,QH
Miss Mary R, Thaw. |
Misa Alice B. T'naw. ; 653
Ml-.s Mary Tlllman,
Miss Louise Kessnlch.643
Miss Bertha Bowles,
Miss Sadie Floyd..".,... 544
Miss Llzette Winston,
Miss Pauline Gary. 450
Miss Eva Mann.
Miss Lee Durwray. 30d
Miss Annie Bray,
Miss LIMIe Todd. 298
Miss Daisy Hunt,
Miss M. Sammle Hunt. 222
Miss Julia Jones,
Miss Vera Jones. 20Q
?Contin?en! on .Ninth Pagt^l