Do you need a Shirt-Waist or a Suit? Our secoud floor pre?
sente tho greatest price inducements you ovar saw. The highest
g enius of the French ?is well as the Amorioau artists has contributed
its finest creations. They look too pretty to be sacrificed, but they
mnst go?and that now. We did not stop at cutting prices?they
are simply slaughtered.
OTkv. each, were 9Sc?Sheer White
Lawn Phirt-Waists, two pretty style?,
tuckfd and embroidery trimmed.
?1.2T? each, were Sl.PS-Styllsh In?
dia Binen WnJsts. entire front of fine
embroidery, variety of designs.
?2.50 each, were $4.?"?Beautiful
White Iau-h Waists, seme hand em?
broidered, some Unas trimmed.
ST.?" enoh, wpro JE.2i-rm.lnty Per?
sian Uwti Waists, broad hemstltohed
tucks, stylish stock collar luid full
sleeve, all sis??.
pi.!?*? en/*, were S8.4fV?Pitvtty Km
broidery Waists, low neck and flowing
f3.RO each, were $5.00?Handsome
WhJs?, combination of drawn work
and cliiny lace.
i^' toS?T1*' of at<McUv?~ Met?an
Bawn T\alsts, row, of cluster tucks;
hemstitched, new collar and sleeves-all
sites to 44. " Wl
TOa. ?ach, were $1?C. B., J. B? and
American Lady Corsets, nearly -all
?dees. In ?ach brand.
fl each?Warrior's Corsets?guaran
teed rust proof?hose supporters at?
tached, new Princess hip, sil sires,
?So. each?A. splendid summer Corset,
non-rustable, bias cut, perfect straight
front, sites to 30.
$2 each?Fine C. B. Corsets?medium
buet,?extra long: hip, perfect fitting
??l.OO each?B and G. Form Reduc?
ing- Corsets?made especially for large
figures?well boned and extra long,
sites to 38.
$1 each-Dainty Batiste Girdles,
embroidery ruffle, top and bottom?
suitable for slender figures.
?MX?, each, Tver? 11.25 ajid nJ-0-1,500
Boys' Washable Suits, made of Gala?
tea duck, canvass and orash cloth
there aro many fajioy ?tripe* and col?
?.OO, each?Boys' T5o. Suit?, In mad?
ras and crash.
40o. each, were 75o. and SBc?2S dozen
Boys' Corduroy Knee Trousers, sizes
4 to 10 yearB.
W>?, each, were 75c. and itfe.?Bor?'
Fancy Snilor Hats, mad* of the very
4i*tt. each, were SI?Boys' Blous?
"Waists, with large sailor oollar, em?
broidered front and ruffs.
?2.PS enoh, were $4.50?Boys' Dark
Blue All-Wool Bergs Suits?tailor made.
Women's Suits and Skirts.
fS.BO each, were $16?Whit? Linen
Suits, elaboratoly trimmed with em?
??its.r,n each, were $20?Finest qual?
ity "Muslin Dresses?robo effects?with
155 each, were $8,00 and $10-Lhien
Presses, itrlctly tailored effects.
ftS.flU each, were $9.50?J/lnon I/awn
Suits?newest midsummer designs?
?2.0K each?All the M. $5 and 5? Imwn
end Percale Drespes. in checked,
striped and dotted effects.
$2.1)5 each?White Pique end Tan
Linen Skirts, trimmed In strappings
?Oo. enoh, -were 88o,?Wash Skirts,
SB each?Woman's Black Cloth
Skirts, full 7 gore flare, trimmed In
straps and buttons, for ?T>.
t?3.T5 each, were JfiTiO?Black Voile
Skirts, taffeta trimmed.
?2.48 each?Women's Bin? and Black
Mohair Bathing Suits, daintily trim?
med, with soutacho braid.
Here will be found a, full line of Carpets Bugs,, Oil-Cloths,
???S Metal'Beds, Tranks, Valises, Window-Shades, Lace
CuS; Draperies and Sewing-Machines at end-of-the-season
Mattings and Rugs.
"H?c. a yard for Heavy China Mat?
tings, that were 20c. to 30c??0 patterns.
xr.o. a yard for 3~o. to 30c. Linen
^l.lO each?Smyrna, Tings, 80 inches
by 60 Inches.
$3.35 each-rAJtrminater Rugs, 3(1
inches by 72 inch?!??floral and animal
Beds and Mattresses.
""?3 each?White Enamel Beds-brass
?M.75 each?White Enamel Beds
brass rails and knobs.
ST.BO each?Handsome Brass mount?
ed White Enamel Beds.
S22.BO eaoh-Solld Brass Beds.
?1.50 ea.ch?Woven Wire Springs.
92.50 each?Steel PYame Woven Wire
$5.75 each?Cotton Top Mattresses.
$2.50- each-Shuck and Cotton Mat?
94.50 each, Felt Mattresses?one or
33c, each?Linen Window Shade?,
large spring rollers?3 yards long.
Wo. each?Linen Window Shades?2
OOp. each?Best. Oil Opaque Shades,
mado to order with Hartshorne roll?
ers?2 yards long.
Poles and Brackets.'
lOc. a set?Oak o.nd Cherry Cottage
Poles for curtains.
I5i\ a sot?Oak, Cherry or Walnut
Poles?5 feet long?brass trimmings.
lit?,? Barge Extension Brackets.
Oo.?(Medium Size Brackete.
ai)c.?Cocoa Door Mats.
2J><\? Tiinoleum Mats, IS inches by
912,50?TllKh Arm Sewing Maohines
?with complete sot of attachments
guaranteed for 5 years.
Mosquito Canopies-, $8.29.
ijti .20?Musquito Canopies for large
or small beds?complete attachments.
The careful miller watches with vigilant eye the mass of waters piled tip behind us dato. U
there is ttfospecl of a heavy fall of rain he takes time by tho forelock, opens his flootl-^fc.09.,a^d, ?^
ont large quantities of wMter which a short time before was SO precious. The result 11 W is
re.ndv when the rain come,. -Tust so it is with the prudent merchant. The advent of ft ?eW a?UHft
menus the pottring in of thousands and thousands of dollars' worth of new goods. He fts his flood
gates and lets out all the surplus stock necessary to make room for tho new. Starting to-morrow
we raise tho gates and they will stay up until a safo Hunt is reached.
without regard to values, for wo know that price reductions, so patent that he who runs may read,
will be the most convincing argument we can give.
The first JfiO Indies who come To
the Toilet Department nitor 10 o'clock
to-morrow morning, will receive a free
?imple of Colgate's Violette Tn.lcum
Bouquet of Bargains
Bunched for your choosing.
Take your pick.
15?. for Woman's 25u. to ROo. Wrist
-("><-., for Women's 50c. Wrist Bags.
25e. for Women's Imitation .Alliga?
tor Chatelaine Bags.
18c. for Women's 5tf>rs. to 75c, Fancy
To. a cake?Crn.ddock's Medicated
tie, an ounce?Allen's 20c Violet and
Unie Kxtrncts?bring a bottle.
3 0o. each?1,200 Hair Brushes.
Be. oach? Celluloid Dressing Comix*.
3c. a bottle?Machine Oil.
2 T-S, a yard?2,000 yards Dress Lin?
O 3-4o. a yard?1,000 yn.r?ls PercaJlno
LI nln fra?
ilo, a, yard?Salteen Linings?black
2"?o. a papei-?Crawloy-8 Gold Eyed
fie. for "Pina In cubes or sheets, -worth
Ko. and 10c.
[10e. a pah-? 25a. and 80a Dress
10c, each for 2!~c. Pictures.
le. a card?Safoty Pins, assorted
7c. n. ynrd?Silk Taffeta Rlbbon's^-'KTl
15c. a yard?i% Inch Fancy Silk
Ribbons, worth 29o. to B5o.
IBc. a ynrd?Sntln Taffeta and Satin
Liberty Ribbons, worth 20c. to 35c.
2!>e." a yard for 75c. Silk Fancy
Ribbons?7 i Inches wide?double effects,
one-half polka, dots one-half stripes.
25o, for 3>'ic. White Taffeta Ribbons?
K Inches wide,
10c. a yard?37 pieces Ribbons that
sold to GOo.
l.Pe. for Men's Wo. Balbriggan Shirts
4Sc. for Men's 75c. Night Shirts.
35>c, for Men's 50a White tTnlaundor
j BOc. each, were $1.50? Tucked White,
? Chiffon Hats, straw erowna, threw
shapes to select from.
One. each, values to $2?Fine White
?I and up-Shlrt-Walst Hata.
We have Jit?t "10 dozen Women's
Lace Lisle St?ckln--!-. In "H the new?
est open-lace pfttterns-ajiozen slyleev
Remember tliat-ounllty"" considered-^
they will not laatj?ng at lOo. a pair
when reduced from 25c.
Picture of Pope Leo X1IE.
This beautiful Imitation oil paint?
ing of the late Pop*?, is on a black
mat, 20 Inches by S? Inches. It rep?
resents him In full.pontlflcal robes.
? JULY WHITE GOODS S?LE THAT SURPASSES ALL.
Head and mark well for the values are self evident Oui ida?
of the goodness of these bargains will find their fulfillment in
yemf apprSon of them. It is not the stock alone but the good
judgment in selection which makes such a hue showing here.
T 3-4. a yard?Fancy Satin Stripe
Sheer White Goods. /w?.j
10 3--JC. were 2Sc-Heavy Oxford
Linen Finish SulUr.K?. ?.,.?
?HC ;i-4o., were l0o.-Sa.tln Strip?
4-|>4e, a yard?Checked Nainsooks.
16c., were 85o.-Open Hemstitched
Batln Btrlpe India I.inon Walstlngs.
fltc,, were 12V4c?India Linons,
12%e\, were 20o.?Unen Dedacoa,
12%c., were 25c?Finest grade of Im?
ported Organdies?white only.
10?, a yard for 35c. Soft Indian Mull.
12\i,c, wore 19c?India Binons?to
lfi?. n. yard?Fanoy White Good??
There has been no equal of this sale in Richmond. It is to close
out big lots and the prices show a saving when you see the goods.
IBn. a yard, were 23c?Boop Edge
'Batiste Appllquo Laoea-4 inches wide.
20o. a yard, were ?>c. and 49c.?Ecru
Pilot Applique Lace Insertions.
12V?c. a yard, were 29c?Handsome
Cluny Lace Insertions?ecru or white?
the newest thing In dress trimming
and very serviceable.
:M)c. to ?t for Kenl Hand-Made
Cluny Laces that were 49c. to $1.98.
10c. to 30c. for Wide Yacht Inser?
tions that were four times as much
Be. to Oc. a yard, were 12\4o. to 19c?
Embroidered Galloons and Fancy
Beadlngs?white or ecru.
lOc. a yard, wero 85c to 42a?Lot of
Fine Insertions. Edging? and Flounc?
8o. to eOc. atyard, were 15o. to fl.BO?
6.000 yards of Fino Fronch Embroide?
ries?In Nainsook, Swiss and Cambric?
from narrow to widest flouncing?.
;te. to il5o, for various styles of
Embroideries that wore worth Just
This is the season's closing-out-stock sal?. You will double
your money on any want you may have
10c. a yard?Soft Dress Linens?yard
wide?full bleached and light weight.
22c, wero 89c?Linen Cambrics
St a yard?Full width heavy Irish
40e. a yard, were 680.-7Damask Ta?
ble Linens?2 ynrds wide?variety of
8S0. a yard, were $1.50?Double Dam
fl.sk?2 yarda wide?In large or small
12VJC each?Heavy Unen Towels?
40 Inches by ?2 Inches.
lOo. e.ich, -vi-.e $2 a dozen?334 dozen
?Oc. each?Hemstitched Linen Pil?
low Shams?full size.
1S3.BO a dozen?310 dozen Linen "nap?
kins that sold up to ?8.
The highest record in Cotton "Wash Goods we ever made.
Reasons ? The fabrics themselves and the prices aro tho reasons?
they are all the argument tho thrifty shopper needs.
Another feast of bargains spread for your Monday's?yon, all
tho week's, choosing.
If)., were Mo. end f,9c,?.Mercerized
Rllk Mousselines, Foulards, Grenadines
and Silk Striped Linens.
O 1 -??<?.. were 12%e..?Madras Ging?
hams and Satin Strlpod Mndrns Cords,
Re, wero Sc, and 10c?-Dimity Cords
and Batiste?solid and printed effects.
Oc- Bleached Cannon Cloth?ynrd
wide?linen finished and shrunk.
lue., wero 39c?Mercerlzod Bilk
Swiss Olock 65c.
"(Jea-utlful Swiss Cottage Clook;
?winds by pulling up the weight
with a chain. Runs over 24 hours
with one winding; a good time?
piece and not hurt by dust. Prl?-e,
O 3-4e,?rrenrh Dimity Cords and
Embroidered Dotted Swiss Muslins?
fancy printing on light or dark grounds.
1? ;t--1?\, were 22'4c.?Imported Mous
s?lltio Savoys- -white find tinted ground?
? nil the latest designs and colors.
O'.i?-.. were 12c ? Bntlste?40 lnohee
wld"? light and dark effect?.
it .'t-4c? were 25o.?I'lemlsh Lace
Striped MUSllftfi?the prettiest effects In
weaves and color combinations.
20th Cenfur Freyezer.
Demonstration of this wonderful
Freezer in tho basement to-morrow.
Stop In, see it and try th?t oream?
it's free. Prices: 4-quart, $l.-*0; g.
The Bargain Basement
is crowded again with stuffs from even whore?from anywhere
that HALF PRICE could bring them to you.
8c. a yard?White Dimity Checks and
Stripes?the finest, sheerest lflo. and
80,, were 12\4c?India Linons?40
loo. a yard for 20c Mercerized
Batln Striped?And other weaves?In
lOo. a yard, were Kio.?White Creps
Cloth and Nainsook Tucking, suitable
for waists or drosses.
4 8-4c. a yard?40-lneh India Linons.
So., Ro., 4o. and 7o. eaoh for hun?
dreds of Towels thai sold for two to
three times as much".
11>c. each for B0a, Turkish Towels.
Summer Corsets 25c.
25c. each, value EOc?35 dozen Sum
mar Batiste Corsets, edged with silk
embroidery, all sizes.
121,4c each?60 dozen Corset Covorw?
all elzes, low neck, vest of sewing
cambrlo; tight or full front.
IBc. a pair?52 dozen Women's Draw?
-Do. a pair?Women's Drawers with
umbrella ruffle?hemstitched or tuck?
iW>e. each, were 60c.??Muslin Gowns
tucked and ruffled?fine materials and
ITc. each for 23o. Corbet Covers.
Otic, each, wero $1.10?Two lotybf
elaborately lace trimmed Underskirts.
?T/io. for Women's So. V?sts.
12V4C. for Women's 19c Kxtra Qual?
ity Vests?plain or fancy.
Ho. for Women's JSc. Vests?taped
neck and arms.
To. for Women's 13>4o. Llsle-Llko
Vests?full trimmed neck and arras.
1? S-.lo. for Women's Gauze Vests,
lar.-o Insertion and taped neck and
?r.p, for Women's Bummer Knit
Pants?plain or trimmed.
Sc. for Misses' lie Vests?plain
taped neck and arm.
<?ri,6<). Imported to sell for ?2.50?
Heavy Embossed Marseilles Quilts for
single, twin and threo-quartcr beds
some slightly water stained.
TBc, waro ?1 and $1.25?Crochet and
Honey Comb Qullta?summer weight.
Cotton Wash Goods.
2 7-Ho. s. yard, were 6 l-4o?Irish
Lawns, Dimities and Batiste, plain
and fancy printing.
HM>e. a yard, were ltXic. and 10 2-3c
Satin Striped and Corded Madras,
ITc. a yard, were 23 c? Bleaohod
Sheeting?2 1-4 yards wide.
3%o. a ynrd, wore 8 l-3c? Fanoy
ft it-4o, a yard?1 1-8 yarda wide Un?
5 a-4o. a yard, w?re loo, and l?a ?
Tard-Wlde Percales, light and darle
4 ?t-4e. n. yard for Tard-Wlde 6t4o
Sheetings and Piilow Cases
?Oo. eaeh, were Tie.?W> dozen Sheet?
?slnt?le and double bed size??io seaiii?.
60r\ each, -were S?c?ITemstltohed
Sheets, no sennas.
5 l-.'Ic, euch, were 10a and 120.?ittO
dozen Pillow Cases.
IBo. each, were 25o.?Linen Finished
Mnen Lap Robes 35c.
St?o. ?ach for full size T7?o. Linen
Lap Robes?romo slightly water stain?
.To. n. yard?Fancy Bllkolenes.
n :t-lc. n yard, were 12V4c?Bwis?
Muslin for cottage Curtains?short
S'/je. ft yard, were 20c.?Florsl Swiss
for summer draperies.
r>Oo. n. pair, were Jl?Nottingham
lOo, n. pound?3,2-'0 popnds Royal
D.rby Linen Paper.
20c. s. pound, value 38c.?French Cr??
pon Paper?very handsome.
fiin a set?China Dinner Sets-KO
pieces?wliltn and sold decoritlons.
("??.BO a sit?Toilet Sots?12 pieces?
rose and gold stippled decoritlor.e.
*S't.(%4? a. net?Toilet Sets?12 pieces
blue and gold decoration?.
l*2.K0 and *??.BO n sot-Toilet Sets?
10 pieces?worth a full half more.
eno. to S-.2n each?A full line of
Hammocks, worth from a half more to
-*1 A Carious Sts&'&r Problem
for Modern Chemists to Solve &
(Special Correspondence to The Times
BOSTON. July 25.?Although science hns
long ago Riven up Its search for the mys?
terious ,"Philosopher's &tone" with which
?tho mediaeval "alobemists" cheerfully
Imagined that the baser inetula. could
b? changed to gold, there still remain
problem? almost equally tempting to the
imagination and probably quite as hope?
less of practical solution. To turn saw?
dust Into table sugar is one. of these prob?
lems. In fact sawdust has already been
turned Into migar, only thja sugar Is not
1he ordinary table variety that, could it
only ba produced economically and on a
inrge scale from the mountain? of eaw-.
dust that yearly accumulate In American
lumber yards, would make the fortune of
tvhnevor lnvnntn<l tho process. As In the
eaft> of the Philolopher's Btonn tliRro are
difficulties; and even at Its best tho pro?
cess has only proved that grape HUgnr
a variety auch us U found in many fruits
nnd may V? noon and tasted orystallzed
naturally on the surface of dried grapas -
oan bo mada from sawdust by it process
Rltogeilu-r too rr.Kt.ly to have a practical
oornmercia] value. To transform this
Krap? Bin-ar Into tho vastly more profit?
able tfcblo nf)C<iiifllty now derived from
cane and beet is generally admitted to
present Insuperable obstacles.
Despite the gonernl pessimism of the
sugar chemists, however, tlie grape sugar
end of the problem Is considered one of
the very Interesting r-ldo investigations
of tho sugar laboratories. If we Includo
all these laboratories?tho private work?
shops of Individual Investigators, tho
commercial laboratories of the big .manu?
facturing plants and stich student labora?
tories as thot of the Massachusetts Insti?
tuto of Technology, where student re?
search Is often conducted along linos
practically parallol with 111030" of tho big
manufacturers themselves?we should
probably And some hundreds of sugar
chemis-lH pondering the problem of making
grape sugar Into table sugar. Nor Is
grape sugar the only popularly unfamiliar
variety of this very ovary-day substance
that receives ihn attention ot the modern
sugar expert, for sugar Is almost ns
Widely distributed as a well known poet
oneo declared sermons to bo. Put ordl
nnry sugar, ever since It was introduced
Into continental Europe by crusading
?mights who tln.s returned sweetly if not
always triumphantly from tliclr campaigns
ln tha Blast, hna lind tho contre of the
table; the other varieties are known
chiefly to tho chemists who have since
discovered them and the manufacturers
who use them In an almost countless
number of modern Industrial processes.
Naturally the members of the medical
profession made that tho first scientific
body to Interest Itself ln studying sugar,
and some very curious ideas thoy origin?
ally evolved concerning It.
''Coarse sugar," said Dr. Thomas Short,
who wrote his "Discourse on Sugar" to?
gether with somo "Plain and Useful
Rules for Gouty People," only UJO years
ago, "affords much oil to tho adipose
vessels, In whicli witli the ndhcBlon of
its fine earthy parts to tho sides of the
vessels, makes its fitted for thin, meagre,
unhealthy, -or hectically disposed habits.
. . . Hut fine sugar Is the opposite to
vory choleric constitutions; for, being too
stimulating, it. increase tlio motion of tho
fluids; Its salts wear tlio Insidcs of the
vessels, and dry the body; for this reason
should meagre persona tako caro how
they mako too free with It."
Little did Dr. Thomas Short realize that
there would bo found special kinds of
sugar especially adapted to "meagre per?
sons," or that ihn article, in ono form or
another, would be produced, not only from
sugar-cane, but from beets, parsnips, corn,
apples, carrots, chestnuts, dates, grapes,
honey, maize, melons, maple, palm, pino,
plum, p?tateos, rhododendrons, milk
n n/1 vnrlmin r.tliel- HOln-ens?tn ?IV notll
ing of wood, sawdust and oiri unen.
Of all these sources comparatively few
can yet bo utilized successfully, and for
commercial purposes ordinary sugar Is
made only from BUgar-cano and beets;
milk sugar from milk; grape sugar and
malt sugar from potatoes and grains,
chiefly corn; rnnplo sugar, of course, from
the maple; dato sugar from the dato
iyilm, and "Jaggery," which was quite
largely Imported from China until recent?
ly, from palm oil,
Ordinary sugar, as we all know. Is used
primarily for sweetening. Tho other su?
gars aro chiefly valuable for their food
properties ns well ns their varying power
to mako Ufo sweeter than it would, be
Otherwise, I.IIlk sugar, for example, is
hardly sweet nt all, while ordinary brown
sugar apparently tastes sweeter thon any
other variety. Not long ago. Indeed, there
was 11 little revolution in Germany and
tho German housewives even dnclarod
that tho German scientists knew vory
little about sugar, because, forsooth, did
they not say that white sugar was sweet?
est, when anybody with a toninie knew
that brown sugar was sweeter? Porfeot
Idiots, these scientists! Whereupon tho
scientists proved that the presence of
Impurities-say salt, or uulnlno, or any
other bitter substance?made any sugar
apparently sweeter than before they wero
added. Hyglenlcally considered, moreover,
BUgar stands ln the same relation to most
other food substances that a dollar bill
stands to a bank check; It Is ready cur?
rency, so to speak, and goes Into Imme?
diate circulation. The needs of tho body
Immediately absorb all of It that thoy
require and anybody who has eaten_too
much candy knows tho cloved sensation
which Is the stomach'? way of saying that
it lias all tho sugar that it can uso nt
Mnlt sugar and grape BUgur?tho chem
ists call them maltose and dextrose?are
therefore, the most vital Items In the
making of health foods and in tho pro?
duction of malt liquors; and they can
be used economically becauao they dovol
op naturally in tho series of chemical
operations that holp produce tho differ?
ent Bubstancos In which they are used.
They don't have to bo made separate?
ly and_put in with a spoon. In common
glucose", for example, a syrup extracted
from corn and used very largoly In
tha manufacturo of confectionery. Jellies,
nnd soda fountain syrups, there is about
40 per cent, of maltose and the expense
of extracting It would make It worth sev
eral dollars a pound. But It Isn't ex?
tracted and therefore doe? Its work quite
as satisfactorily at a minimum of ex?
penso to tho consumer.
Milk sugar Is nnothor sugar very llttlo
known to tho general public. Its com?
mercial value lies in tho fact that It
doesn't ferment nearly as readily ns ordi?
nary sugar after It has been swallowed,
and Is, thoroforo. tha sugar par excel?
lence for infunts. invalids nnd others
whoso fitomacha are not the most relia?
ble sections of tholr Inner clock-work.
But even this fact would hardly lead to
its production If It wero not nn excellent
way of getting profit out of surplus milk
that would otherwise go to waste. There
fore. It is now made in considerable
quantities both In this country and par?
ticularly In Switzerland where tho num
bor of cows Is altogether out of pro?
portion to tho mllk-drlnklng ability of
the population. According to one of tho
latest methods of producing It?a method
which originated In tlio student labora?
tory of tho Massachusetts Institute of
Technology at tho Instigation of ono of
tho big eastern milk producors. and Il?
lustrate?, Incidentally, one of the import?
ant relations of modern institutions of
learning to modern manufacturing pro?
cesses?milk sugar Is the final product
of milk, mado from the whey remaining
after part of tlio rnllk has been sold n:i
milk and the rest disposed of as cream
That sugar, nt least grape sugar, hns
beep made from wood is duo to tho ac?
tion?which a sugar chemist would ex?
plain to you nicely if you caught him
.when ho wasn't busy?of sulphuric ncld
on cellulose or woody fibre, found both in
wood and linen: theoretically, therefore,
either nn old house or an old suit of
clothes might bo turned Into sugar. As
long ago as 1819 a French chemist Bur
prbed the Krench Academy i.v in ex?
hibition of sugar made from old linen?
commonly believed to have been his own
shirt. Put nobody believes, or nt least
very few,' that such a process will ever
be anything but n curiosity. Other
sources, however, such ns tho melons o?
the South, or corn grown tinder cer?
tain conditions, are believed to contain
actual commercial probabilities, especially
when ono considers the difficulties that
wero overcome beforo tho beet entered
the ordinary table sugar market ns :i
real competitor with tlio longer establish?
ed sugar cane.
FRANK L. STANTON.
'& SOUTH &
By FRANK L. STANTON,
Author ol "Just from Oeorgla,"
"Songs of the Soli," etc
The Interrupted Sermon.
"VT'en Jonah hit da rock, en made de
?water fly." said Brother Dickey.
"It Waxft't Jonah w l,?-.t hit da rock,"
interrupted an /.id brother in ti.e amen
corner, ''you way off yp" base dar. par
mother Dickey pausad, [aid down bis
t.raBs-rimmed spectacles, and turning In
Hie direction of the interrupting brother,
"Did dis church hire you ter '?pound
de goapill for 'ein, or did it hire me?
?Answer dat question, ef you please?"
"You knows who it hired," replied the
offending brother, "but you ain't yo'se'f
dis ma.wnln'--you got Jonah et. (?loses go
?nlxed dat dey wouldn't know deyeeZ
in m each other I '
Didn't I say Jonah made de water fly?"
lijiked Brother IHclu-y.
"Tes; but yon 'lowed da? lis hit de
"Wellt who tald I-illdnt? W'tw dsy
kotcbed bolt er him cnjirj/wed hm. over?
boaid. le made de water fly, didn't he?'1
"He Iho' did."
"Kji ?en de wliaj? not tired er hi? con?
tract en t'tiowed htm high en dry, lie bit
de grit, didn't lie?"
The broth/" answered not a word, when
Brother DIcKoy clinched the argument:
"De beauty br.ui dr.- Bible is?anyway
you read? It. it's one thins nil ronn', en
gits tei ?le place you gwihe 1er six boms
fi/ de tram dat's ter carry yon 'Jongl"
When the "Trouble Arrives.
AVhst'll you dn when the trouble ar?
I Tab'- to the woods, good people?;
?Jump m your bugglts, nm for your
I Take to the woods good people!
1 But wliat'U you do?every fear-stricken
If the hurricane blows you up a bill
And the lightning sets nil o' the wood?
binds on Are -
What'll y u do, good people?
Alas, for humanity?troubled and toss?
And never a refuge, good peopled
And life drifts iiwn'y whllo we're count
in' the cost,
And It's farewell forever, good peo?
But somehow tlio pathway, it lends US
To rest from the ruin, tho wreck and
And the best 1? ?*<> com?, and the worse?
W?ll, it's past!?
That's bow we're going, good peoplel
The Black Li'l' Fellow.
Ho black az uny black crow In do sum?
mer-time and spring,
Kr. well 1 knows lie black enough to smut
u angel's wing.
But be mako l.?? ilud.ly happy, en he
make his mammy Sing,
Playin' In de sunshine er do mawnln'l
Ho lli-s.-n what .hi win,' say by de valley
en do hill; '
Ho splasliln' In de branches wbar be fix
Ke. ho des so full er frolic dut de wori'
I can't keep him still,
j.-iaylr? in de sunshine er da mawnln'l
En dot blackes' 11*1' feller, ef ho ever
went away, . .
?He'd take dos all de sunshine fum do
bright face er de day,
Fer he makes do shadder sunshine en de
frosty winter. May? . ,,
Playln' In do sunshine er do mawnin I
A Lor Cabin Philosophy.
Life If mithin' but problems, en de
bigces' problem er all is how not tel
go crazy tryln' ter solve any er ern.
De worl' takes a man at what he says
be Is en den w titos him down fer what
It knows ha o I n't.
De houso on do mountain ton ain't no
closer ter heaven den do cabin In de
valley, en hez mo" trouble wid do light?
Do devil is mo' dangerous kaze you
can't see him- yit. ef iolka onco Kot
eyes on him, they'd never hi evo In l.lm
After all, de bes' wl?don n er Solomon
didn't oui,-, ter bin? twol lie .?ladex
poriencfl enough to know dat he dldii t
liavo none at all.
Perhaps da reason angel visits Is fo
few, ?ley got so nl*lv?l?J^KJ^?
dey didn't have enough feddeis lef fer
Belf-pre.srrvatlonlTde fust law er Nil
tur', .11 de law causes mm? a man ter
fall In biuiiiicAs at do_rlght Urne.
Hev's lots er talk 'bout gIvln' de devil
bin due: hut of he got '*?/?fVur sins on
er us down hero 1er saddle our sins on
Ef dey bullt a fence r?un' de ????
wii'-r Cotnn lit-?, nt UQ cuilosiij er tll.S
wor? w?l d"take nio' people dar dan
ev.r ,1., ,.-,? see what wuz on do yuthcr
Sida er de fence. ___
If? ?n .ir?iii en proper ter give do
woman L ?5 word but it's wise Kr
fffhw ,;.v'wen .v?u is two miles fu.n
CLASSICAL VS. PRACTICAL EDUCATION.
Bv LORD ARTHUR BALFOUR.
The educational problem 1s a serious one
in Great Britain at this time, and Lord
P.alfour's views are of exceptional In?
I have never been able to mako a the?
ory satisfactory to myself aa to what Is
or la not the best kind of education to bo
given In those groat publlo schools which
are tho glory of evoi-y country, and which,
In their collective effc-ot upon characer,
I think cannot be overrated, but which
are subjected and perhaps rightly sub?
jected to a great deal of criticism as to
that portion of their efforts which is en?
gaged on the scholastic and technical Bide
T cannot profess myself to be satisfied
with tho old classical ideal of secondary
education, and yet I am not satisfied?por
i liajjB I ought to put it moro strongly and
say I am still loss satisfied?with tiny
substituto I havo seen for it. I have heard
the old system defended on the ground
that the groat classical languages con?
tain masterpieces of human Imagination
which have never been surpassed, and,
of course, that Is true. But I do not
think we can defend classical education
in the great public and secondary s.iioois
on that ground alone.
Von have only got after all to mako a
I s?nplo statistical calculation, which per
| haps w?. cannot put down in figures, but
? whkh every man with the smallest expo:
?rlcnee., perhaps with the smallest mem?
ory of what he was ur.d what, his Echool
fellows wero at the age of seventeen or
eighteen, can make, to know that the
muster of the dead languages of a kind
which enables them to enjoy those great
works with their foot on the hearth,
which Is tho only way to enjoy any work
of literature, tho number of boyB who
leave tho great publlo and secondary
schools with that amount of knowledge
Is a very, very small percentage.
You cannot keep up a system of educa?
tion for a vory, very small percentage;
and, If thnt Is tho only defense of classi?
cal education, 1 think it will have to be
abandoned except for tlio few who aro
qualified to derive all tho Immense ad?
vantages which to the few they are cap?
able of Imparting.
But when I turn lo the other side and
ask what the substitute Is, then I con?
fess I am even less happy than when I
consider tha classical Ideal; I am not
quite sure, but 1 think?you will never
find sclenoe a good medium for conveying
education to classes of forty or fifty
boys, who do not caro a farthing about
the world they iivo in except ln so far as
it concerns the cricket field, or tlio foot?
ball Held, or the river?you will never
make science a good medium of educa?
tion for those boys; for only a few are
capable at thai o go. and perhaps nt any?
age, of learning all the lessons whlc.i
science Is capable of teaohing.
I go further. X never have been atiie
t'j see, so far us I am concerned, how you
are going to get that supply of science
teachers for secondary schools who lime
both the time to keep themselves abreast
of the ever-changing napeots o? modern
science nnd to do all tho Important work
which the schoolmaster has to do. which
in that not simply of teaching classci,
but of Influencing u house and .Impressing
moral and intellectual characteristics on
those committed to ills charge.
I think WO have not yet arrived at th.?
Ideal system of tho ideal character of sec?
ondary and public school education, I do
think we hip ..n much more solid!ground
When we come to the education wit!?
which wu have got to deal, and especially
and chiefly do I sny that we aro on ab?
solutely secure ground when wo are deal?
Ing witii post-graduate education, Wo ?now
exactly what wo want when dealing with
post-graduate education, and it is our bus?
iness to see that the students who desl?e
it have It, and that the opportunity of
those who desire It is uugmented so far
as influence will go,
I daresay that many of us have looked
back with n certain regret, and a certain
feeling of shame, to the medieval passion
for learning without fee nnd without re?
ward?with no desire tp mako the univer?
sities stepping-stones to good places or
tu successful mercantile or Industrial'un?
dertakings?but with an ideal which mailo
thousands of students from every country
In Europe undergo hardships which would
b'.' regarded In these softer days as ab?
solutely Intolerable, for the sole purpose
of seeking, and It might bo finding, the
great secret of knowledge.
AVe despise, and we perhaps rightly de
splso, their methods. We know that they
were not ln touch with tha-actual reali?
ties of tho world In which they lived.
.Yet, after all, we have tvmething to
Jearn from them; and If wo In 'hese dayj
could Imitate their disinterested pvasion
for knowing and,for extending the bounds
of knowledge, surely we, with our better
methods and our clearer appreciation ot
what we can know and what we cannot
know, might accomplish things as vet un?
til earned ??
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