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uary 27, 1P03. nt Richmond,
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NEGROES AND WHITE WOMEN
We take the follow'ng from tho New
York Evening Post, whero It appears un?
der a Maoon, Ga,, dato line:
Sir,?I send you oncloscd on editorial
Item from the Portland Oregonlan. It
Is right. I think this positive talk from
Northern and Wostorn Journals will have
fine effect Negro teachers nnd preach?
ers and professors havo made great capi?
tal out of tho lynching**. They rush"
North, cry out about tho cruelty to the
downtrodden negro, get up sympathy,
"pull tho leg" of tho charitable, and
come home with money, but not to de?
nounce rape. They never advise what
the Oregonlan ndvlses, to stop criminal
assault, and tho rest will adjust Itself.
We can tolerate all other thlnge, but this
assaulting our women. It Is now a
fearful problem. What we need Is an up?
rising In favor of protection to whlto
women. They nre entitled to penco and
security along the highways; they are en?
titled to security and quiet and peaco
at home on the farm. None should mo?
lest or make them afraid' to live on a
farm or bo a farmer's wlfo. But they
never know I
It Is this disturbance of the home; this
unnatural disregard of the sneredness of
a woman, this blow to farm Ufe, that
enrage our people bo when a rapo ls com?
Our hope Is ln the North. Outspoken
editorials and formons in hehalf of the
white wom-m will set negro preachers
and teachers nnd college professors to
put forth some effort to stop It. As
It is now, thoy make capital of.lt.
JAMES CALLA WAY.
The editorial referred to did not ap?
pear ln the Post along with Mr. Calla
way's communication, or, If It did, It es?
caped our observation.
It Is a fact that country Ufo, which
ought usually to be attractive, pleasant
nnd profitable, Is now a terror to many
white women. Tn "some" localities ln
the Southern States they aro afraid to
be left nlono a moment, and dread to
have to take a walk alone to tho spring
or to the barn.
We do not encourage lawlessness In any
form or undor any guiso whatsoever,
but it Is an unavoidable fact? that "what
wo need ls an uprising In favor of pro?
tection to white women," and we doubt
not that "outspoken editorials and ser?
mons ln behalf of the white women will
set negro preachers and teachers and col
lego professors to put forth some effort
to stop the "crime."
That is in line with the policy this
paper advocates. Worthy negroes should
come out boldly against the lustful law?
breakers ?-JJT their, race. Vfe know of no
other reforming' agency that could or
would be half so powerful.
This crime must censo, else there can
bo no peace between tho whites and
blacks, neither in the South nor in the
The more the Northern people learn
about tho whys and wherefores of lynch
ings ln tho South, less and less will tbe
young male negro be welcome In that
eectlon of the country. When North?
erners learn?and that they are doing
fust?that tho presence of crowds of male
negroes ln their community means dan?
ger to their wlvos and daughters, they
will be no more tolerant of their darkey
visitors than Southerners would be. In?
deed, hundreds of negroes of lute have
boon eh-Lsed out of Northern communi?
ties and for safety have fled to their old
XVii want to see the worthy and influ?
ential members of tho black race be
Btlrrlng themselves ln this matter. It
would be worth tholr while to do so. It
Is dreadful to contemplate what will be
the ultimate attitude of the two races
towurd ono another, unless a stop be put
to this monslious orline?a crime char?
acteristic of the freedinan; one that was
well-nigh unknown In tho days of
Again, we say to the good men and
good women of the blacks, Riso up and
show your hoslUitly to this crime, and
give evidence of a fixed purpose to help
?.tump It out.
JUDO?-- SIMS' CHARGE.
The jury which tried Sheriff Simon Solo?
mon, of Henrico, on the charge of "grots
neglect of duty," In connection with the
ulleged disorder >hi the early stages of
the street-car tuilkr-, failed i? agree and
were discharged as the esst bat not been
finally disposed of. We refrain from c"Hi
ment, but We are (unstrained to dlroct
especie) Attention to the charge of judge
Buns to the Jury, whieh ought to be pub.
llshed ln ?-very State newspaper and care?
fully studied by every conservator of tlio
Judge Sims points oui clearly and em?
phasizes the fa?.'t vhat In time ol disor?
der or riot 1" any county It Is the (July of
the sheriff to be on thn alert in ??.?,
diligent inquiry In order to Inform Him?
self as to the' facts and the. general Sit?
uutlon, that It Is hi? duty to use all dili?
gence to restore peace and preserve older,
that It Is his duty to run down and arrest
?11 persons who violate the Uw, and that
aa noon as he ha* good reason to be?
lieve that the rioters are beyond tho con?
trol of his deputies It ls hie bounden duty
to ask for troops.
"The moment he has reasonable ap?
prehension of a breach of the peace, riot
or other resistance to law," says Judge
Rims, he Is entitled, and is, In fact,
bound to Intervene and may arrest on
view ell persons breaking or attempting
to break the peace, and If he does not
? do so, and Is guilty of negligence as above
defined ln not doing so, he should be
found guilty of gross neglect of official
duty," And thin ln conclusion:
"Merely because a ministerial ofllcer has
a discretion to oxerclso as to the m?thode
nnd Instruments titles to be employed In
the discharge of a duty Imposed upon
blm by law, he Is not In consequence
thereof possessed of the Immunity of a
Judicial officer. Although the calling out
of the mllltla under sect'on SOS of the
Code depends upon the discretion of the
sheriff', yet when he negligently as above J
defined refuses or falls to call them out
on a proper occasion, he takes upon him- |
self the responsibility of nny Injury which
may result therefrom to the public peace
and gond order, und tho occurring ot said
violation of the public penco will Justify
bis removal. ?Mere honesty of Intention,
nor the fact that he fully believes that
the best thing wns not to call out the
mllltla, will not excuse him unless such
belief would have been entertained un?
der tho circumstances by a man of ordi?
nary pnidnnco and honesty."
Of course the eherift of a county or
tho mayor of a city, o* the caso may be,
should oxerclso prudence and discretion
ln oalllng for troops, for it Is a serious
thing to ask the Governor to send sol?
diers Into any community. But It Is a
moro serious thing for such an ofllcer to
fail to call for troops -whon their pres?
ence Is needed to protect life and prop?
erty, to preserve order and to uphold the
law. No such ofllcer Is bound under bla
oath to wait until there has been an
overt act from the mob. In his case, as
In all others, the proverbial ounce of pre?
vention ls worth a pound of cure. When
nn ofllcor whose duty It Is to preserve
the peace has good roason to believe that
tho mob violence la threatened, It ls his
duty first of all to endeavor with his own
deputies to prevent the mob from as?
sembling, and if he Is satisfied In his
own mind that he cannot do this and that
If tho mob does assemble, he will be un?
able with the civil forces at his command
to restrain and control Its action, It Is
bis bounden duty to ask for troops. It la
far bettor to havo the soldiers present
before the mob forme and begins Ito ".-orle
of destruction than to wait tor the overt
act and then shoot to kill. In a time of
great publlo excitement there aro men
who need to be saved from themselves.
Some men who In ordinary times are
peaceful and law-abiding, will under ex?
citement loso their beads and engage in
mob violence Such men should be pre?
vented from Joining the mob, and tho best
way we know of to prevent them is to
have a plentiful supply of armed sol?
diers on the ground.
Tho samo rule applies to the Governor
of the State, as we have already tried
to point out. The Constitution makes
him tbo executive officer of the State, and
Imposes upon hlra the duty of seeing that
tho laws ore unheld. The Governor has |
no right to sit quietly In bla offlco llko a |
figurehead and wait for the local officer
to call for troops, when ho knows that
the law In a given community Is being
openly violated, and that the presence of
troops Is necessary to preserve order.
The very genius of the law te preventivo,
Wc do not punish criminals ln any spirit
of rovengo or retaliation; we punish them
as a warning to others. The punishment
for certain dolined crimes ls fixed with a
view to deterring men from committing
these crimes. And so It Is the first duty
of all sheriffs and mayors to prevent dis?
order and riot, and when such officers are
convinced ln their own minds that they
cannot prevent disturbances by the civil
forces at their command, It ls their
bounden and sworn duty to ask for troops.
Such Is the law as declnred by Judgo
Sims from tbe bench, and sheriffs and
mayors In Virginia must govern them?
A MODEL CITIZEN.
The Tloanoko Evening News prlnte nn
Interesting sketch of the career of the
late Frederick J. Klmball, president of
the Norfolk and Western Railway Com?
pany, which shows, as The Times-Dispatch
recently declared ln Its editorial colroune,
that Mr. Klmball was one of tbe most
bnterprlslng and progressive men in Vir?
ginia, and did perhaps as much as any
other man has ever done ln promoting the
Industrial welfare of the State.
Mr. Klmball came to Virginia in 187
and Interested himself In the construction
of the Bbenandoah Valley Itailroad, be
Ing elected prosldent of the road In ISSI.
In the earne year he was elected vice
president of the Norfolk und Western
Kond, becoming Its president two years
later, and from that time until his death
he was closely Identified with the road
and Its collateral Interests. It Is hard to
realize that when he was olocted preid.
dont of tho Norfolk an?. Western there
wus no coal Industry, there was no devel?
opment of the great mineral wealth of
tho Routhewest, there were no furnaces
and machine shops In that section, and
with the exception of Lynchburg and
Petersburg there was only one town hav?
ing as many as three thousand Inhabi?
tants between Norfolk nnd Rrlstol. In?
deed, the Norfolk and Western Road was
purchased us a feeder to the Shenandoah
Valley Road, which was then considered
the moie valuable property!
But this state of things did not con?
tinue for long under Mr. Klmball's man?
agement. We have not the epace to go
much into the details, but It is sufficient
to say that he built the New River Road
Into the Pocahontas coal Celda and then
extended it Into Ohio with a view to
making a market lu the West for ills
coal. Ilo then purchased the Scloto Val?
ley Railroad which gave him a line as
?m as Columbus, Ohio. It was not long
before the coal min?s began to yield,
und then Mr. Klmball built the Cripple
?'reek Road from Pulask!, which tapper)
t he rJofl iron uilnes of that section. Ho
?.-, lied capitalists to come In and ta^e
: hi of? the raw materials which
.:?>? had inearthed, and utilize them He
built th? road from Norfolk to Lambert'?
Point and established splendid terminal
facilities thero for the delivery of coal.
Ho acquired the Roanoke and Southern
Road from Lynchburg to Durham, with
a view to getting a Southern outlet and
tapping tbo tobacco fields and tobacco
towns along tho lino of that road, and
finally extended the Cripple Creek Road
to Norton, where he made connection
with tho Loulsvlllo nnd Nasbrlllo.
These were well laid plans, and It Is
not necessary to speak of tho results, for
they are known to all men. From being
a purely agricultural section Southwest
Virginia becamo ono of the greatest rain?
ing and manufacturing sections of the
South, towns and cities sprang up In ?
fow years, and the coal fields of Virginia
and West Virginia are now among tho
largest producers In tho world of Btoain
coal and coke.
As nn example of what Mr. Klmball'e
plans accomplished, our Roanoke contem?
porary says that "whereas that section
of tho country now known as the coal
fields was practically a wilderness, with
sparse population, when Mr. Klrnball be?
gan his work, to-day from 100 000 to ???,???
people are at work." This, to say noth?
ing of tho wonderful development and
growth all along the rond and Its
branches from tho Southwest to the sea
bonrd. Tho News does not claim that
Mr. Klmball did all this unaided and
alone, but It floes claim for him, and
rightfully claims for him, that "ho was
the principal cause of theso conditions,
and that his Initiative, energy and per?
s?v?rance haivo beon tho largest factors
In this unprecedented growth throughout
Wo go farther, and say that Mr. Klm?
ball was tho pioneer ln collateral develop?
ment on tho part of tho railroads of tho
South. When ho camo upon tho scene
Southern railroad companies did not at?
tempt to do moro than to operate their
roads and haul freight nnd passengers.
Their managers seemed to think that
there was so much business and no more
for the road, and that nothing which the
company might do would Increase It.
Mr. Klmball took a broader view. He
saw that a rood could largely Increase
Its traffic by aiding In tho development
of the country throug.. which It passed.
He saw that every mine opened, overy
furnace and factory erected, every town
enlarged and every new enterprise of
whatever character which he could bring
Into exletenco would bo a contributor
to the traffic of the Norfolk and Western
Road, and his highest hopes were more
than realized. Ho saw that a general
and progressivo policy on tho part of a
railroad company was ae bread cast upon
tho waters. So well did he demonstrate
this that It has now become tho settled
policy of all tho Southern roads to do
everything In their power to promoto the
Industrial and commercial growth and
welfare, of the country tapped by their
lines, and most of these companlos have
agents whose only business Is to promote.
But Mr. Klmball was so modest and re?
tiring that few people, except thoso who
were closely associated with him, know
what a wondrous work he did for the
State. So many of us look at results
rather than at causes and In all this
development we nro apt to forget the
man who Inaugurated tho movement and
largely conducted ft to a successful con?
clusion?not conclusion, either, fqr the
work will go on and tho development
will continue for nil time to come.
Wo think proper to pay this desenved
tributo to a modest gentleman, who has
done so much for the Stato, and who has
now gone to his reward. But our main
purpose Is to draw somo useful lessons
from Mr, Klmball's career. Ho sot a
fine example In good citizenship. He did
not live to himself. He had a certain
talont and he employed It for the good
of others. Ho did far more for the State
of Virginia than lf he had paid off the
public debt. Ho showed her the hidden
wealth she possossed, and showed her
how to develop It. He showed the rail?
roads that In helping tho Stato thoy
helped themselves. Ho put new Ufe and
energy into the people of the Southwest,
and his Influence wns felt throughout the
Commonwealth. Ho taught the great?
est of all lessons, that It is more blessed
to give than to receive. The railroads,
the Industries and the cltlos which he
built are monuments to his memory, more
I durable end moro honorable than brass.
THE PARTY LAW.
In reply to ? request from the Lees
burg Washlngtorilun-Mlrror, Hon. A. C.
Braxton, of Stnunton, has given his views
at length on the subject of the viva voce
system of voting.
The Leesburg paper asked Mr. Braxton
for his opinion of tho plan as applied
to Democratic primaries, and the effect
he believed It would have upon the pri?
mary system of the State and tho Demo?
cratic party In particular.
Mr, Braxton replies tltat ho ls opposed
to the viva voce system, whether applied
to general elections or to primaries, Ho
calls attention to tlio fact that an effort
ln the recent Constitutional Convention
to have this system applied to regular
elootlons failed, and be thinks It was a
mistake to adopt It ln tho primaries.
"Eleotlons aro hold," says Mr. Brustoli,
"not to tost men's courngeousness, but
to obtain a reliable expression of their
real views; nnd I doubt if any method
could be designed which would more
effectually defeat this object than the
system of viva voce voting. When a
man 1? acting In u representative capa?
city. Ills vote should always be viva voco
and public, because his constituents have
the right to know, In the most reliable
way possible, how be, us their representa?
tivo, votes on any and every question,
mid to bold him responsible therefor; but
? Is very different when a man Is vot?
ing In bis own right, because In doing this
; he acts us a sovereign free cltiaen, and
I is accountable to nn other man. Every
man's opinions are his own and he should
? be ut perfect liberty to give them to tha
j public or to keep them to blumel f, Just
us he chooses. In tho mutter of ?lections,
tliciofor.. It ls nlmo-t, if noi fully, as
groat an Infringement upon his personal
| liberty to compel him to state publicly
j his dioico of candidate, us to refuso him
j the prlvll.gu of v.Iunturlly doing _o;
und any .ucli requirement, 1 believe, will
bo regarded by many men an ?? ?'tempi
to coerce or blillrtoi* them, nl"1 w"
be accordingly resented by their icftisn
to vote at all."
It Is not necessary to nay to those who
have mad The Tlmee-l.>l?l>nt,:M ?" ,Mft
nnbjoct of viva voce voting th?l w" ',RI'',n
with Mr. Braxton that the best way to get
a full and free expression <>r th? votais
Is through tho secret ballot. Hut ihnt
Is neither here nor there. Tne ConiUtU?
tlon provides that ln regular election? the
voting shall be by ballot, but the party
law requires that thn voting I? primary
elections shall be Viva voce. If we are
going to have a party law It should bo
obeyed. The Stato Convention declared
In favor of primaries and directed tho
State Commltteo to promulgato a plan.
The committee decided I" filvor of u,?
viva voce system of voting, and It be?
hooves Democrat? In nil sections to follow
tho rule. ___
DIVINE INFLUENCE AND RE?
(Selected for The Tlmo'-Dlspntch.)
"I will consider In my dwelling place
like a clear heat upon herbs, and like?
cloud of dew In tho heat of hnrveat. -
Isaiah xvlll. 4.
Preachers should be -very sparing of
their Inadvorslon? on tho translation of
tho Scriptures In common uso. not only
because they tend to shako oonf.donce
nnd awaken suspicione In their hearer??
but because thoy are generally ncodlosa.
It Is not Illiteracy that commends the
present version; tho ablest echolars are
the most satisfied with It upon the whole,
Yet whilo tho original Is divine, tho ren?
dering Is human; und, therefore, we need
not wonder lf an occasional alteration Is
necessary. This Is peculiarly tho caen
where tho senso Is very obscure or even
Imperceptible without It.
If "tho words as thoy now stand ln the
toxt remain, his "dwelling place" Is
heaven, and the meaning Is. that he
would thero consider how to succor and
blose his people, for ho careth for them;
but a word must be supplied to show the
import: "I will consider In my dwelling
placo" how I can prove "like ? clear
heat upon horbe, and like a cloud of dew
In the heat of harvest." But the margin
and Lowth and every modern expositor
make his "dwelling place" not the placo
of his consideration but the object, and
read: "I will regard my dwelling plao?
like a clear heat upon herbs, and like is
cloud of dew ln the heat of harvest.'"
Now what hie dwelling place waa we can
easily determine. It was Zlon: "Whose
dwelling |b ln Zlon." "This le my rest
forever; here will I dwell, for I have
desired It And Watts has well added:
"The Ood of Jacob chose the hill
Of Zlon for his anclenf rest;
And Zlon ls his dwelling still.
His church ls with hla presence blest.'
And his concern for tho welfare of the
ono ls far surpassed by his regard for the
other. And how Is this regard exer?
cised? Here are two Images. ?
First, "like a clear heat upon herbs."
The margin again says, "Like a clear
heat after rain;" and I wish, says tho ex- |
collent translator of Isaiah, who has
adopted It, that there was better evi?
dence ln support of It. The reason ls,
that he probably feared, as others In
reading It may fear, that "a clear heat
upon herbs" would be rather unfavorable,
and causo them to droop, If not to die.
And this would be the case In some In?
stances, but not ln all; and It la enough
for a metaphor to havo one Just and
strong resemblance. Read the dying
words of David: 'And he shall be as the
light of the morning, when tho sun rlseth,
oven a morning without clouds; as the
tender grass springing out of the earth
by clear shining after rain." Now after
rain "the clear shining," or "a clear
heat upon herbs," would produce Immedi?
ately fresh vigor and shootings. Even
ln our own climate the effect upon the
grass and plants ls soon -visible; but In
tbe East the influence Is much more sud?
den and surprising, and the beholders con
almost see the herbage thrive and flour?
ish. Thus tho Lord can quicken his peo?
ple ln his ways, and strengthen In them
the things that remain and are ready
to die. ?Vnd when after the softening
comes the sunshine, they grow In grace
and In tbe knowledge of their Lord and
Saviour. Their "faith groweth exceed?
ingly, and the charity of every ono of
them towards each other aboundoth."
Thoy hear much fruit Thus we read of
"increasing with nil the Increase of God."
This figure, therefore, expresses growth
But the second holds forth refreshment,
seasonable refreshment: "Like a cloud of
dew In tho heat of harvest." How cool?
ing, useful, welcome, delightful such an
appearanco ls. ask the laborer ln the field,
ln the Eastern field, bearing tho burden
and heat of the day. God, as the God
of all comfort, realizes the truth and
force of this Image In the experlonco of
his tried followers. First, ln their spirit?
ual exercises and depressions arising
from tho assaults of temptaTTon, a
sense of their unworthlness and Imper?
fections, nnd fears concerning their safe?
ty and perseverance. And, secondly, in
thoir outward aflllotlons. These may be
mnny; and If our strength Is small, wo
shall faint In the day of adversity. But
when we cry he answers us, and stwigth
ens us with strength Irt our souls. He
gives us a little reviving In our bondage,
and in Hie multitude of our thoughts
within us his comforts delight our souls.
Ho Is able and engaged to comfort us ln
all our tribulation. By the supply of the
Spirit of Jesus Christ, by his word, by
bis ordinances, by his preaching of ?
minister, by tit- conversation of a friend,
by a letter, a book, a particular occur?
rence of providence,<a time of refreshing
may come from the presence of tho Lord,
and a doud of dew be furnished In the
heat of harvest.
Such is tho God of lovo to his people.
Are hla consolations small with us? O
that we were better acquainted with his
perfection., his covenants, his promises
and the* Joy of 1)U salvation. Let crea
tures help out our m?ditations of hl.n.
We lose much In not using naturo as a
handmaid to grace. Let us aid our faith
even by our senses. .What a ?tate will
that be where God wl?_be jb.I1 In all!
"The llttlo brown1usr,rh*?-'"now almost
dli-nppenrert from Ih? Mniylem! harvest
fields, says the linltlmoie Hun,
The like te due 0f Vliglnla, we bn
The truth Is ?bat not as ?niitm whiskey
an formerly In now drunk In Ih? (Itale.
The pnople, an a rule, m? ?uh?rer than
they used to bu.
The ehnngn In not of recent dale, but
bus been soin* on Mnsdlly fur mnny
yftafS, Time wa? when a Virginia planter
thought It Indispensable to bave a nmlet
tn the flstd where th? wheat or oat nut?
ters were at work, and every one was at
liberty to drink therefrom an much an he
liked. In those days what wn? called
"harvest whiskey" could be bought at
from twenty-five to thirty-five oents per
Ballon, It wan sometimes bought by the
barrel; often enough by the runlet?five
or ten gallone.
We bave ntlll nome pretty stalwart
drinkers in the Old Dominion?men who
do not know how to control their nppe
tltei for Intoxicante?but thoy axe not
humorous, compared with tho whole pop?
ulation. And then, too, tho number of
harvesters ln ?mailer than It wa? ln old
times. For this there are two reasons.
The acreage put Into wheat and oats Is
not ns great aa In the halcyon dnye, and
the Introduction of labor-saving machin?
ery inakoiv It unnecessary to employ as
many harvesters an formerly. Bomohow,
It appears that the temptation to drink
to oxi'.osa te Increased whero men aseom
ble ln large crowds. And so the absence
of the "little brown Jug" from so many
harvest fields may be accounted for.
Columbia, Mo., has a noteworthy In?
stance of longevity In the person of Mrs.
Henrietta Hume. It Is stated that she
has documentary evidence showing that
sho Is one hundred and four years old.
Sho has a son, Reuben Hume, who has
now arrived at tbo age of seventy-nine.
Mrs. Humo was born In Annapolis, Md.,
and was christened In the first Catholic
church ever built ln that city. Her
mcther %vaa Elizabeth Corrlck, "niece of
James Monroe, President of tho United
States." It Is tald that the family once
lived on the banks of the Potomac River,
opposite the city of Washington, and
that "they wore there at the time of the
burning of the Capitol by the British ln
1812." Mrs. Hume lost her eyesight en?
tirely when sixty years old, but recovered
It later to some extent, but Is now nearly
The New York Sun caliti for the aboli?
tion of the West Point Academy. That
Is Its way of showing its disgust with
tho President in "Jumping" his old friend
and fellow Rough Rider, Leonard Wood,
over the heads of 4S. other officer**. "Some
of these were honor men at West Point;"
others, It says, served at Gettysburg and
Sharpsburg, but how many of them, It
ask*?, can "distinguish between colic and
appendicitis? How many of them can dis?
cover the psychological moment for ad?
ministering sub-nltrato of bismuth or col
ocynth byoscyamus? It Is such soldierly
duties aa theso that call for tbe abolition
of West Point and the establishment of
a greater school, where the future gen?
erals of tho army may learn the art of
medicine and tho science of smooth poli?
Special correspondents In Rome tele?
graph that King Leopold, of Belgium,
prompted by Thomas F. Walsh, the Colo?
rado mining king and multi-millionaire,
will offer to the new Pope Immediately
after his election, a large part of the ter?
ritory of the Congo Free State for tho
purpose of establishing there a new Inde?
pendent papal State, which would give
back to the head of the Roman Catholic
Church Its lost temporal power.
Possibly such an offer may be made,
but It never will be accepted as the home
of "the Bishop of Rome," whose seat
must continue to be where It now Is.
Weather like that of yesterday Is cal?
culated to remind us that the time ls com?
ing when the coal cellar must bo looked
after and tho theatres are to be reopened
The heaviest rain of the season fell at
Lowell, Mass., the day after the explosion
of the big powder magaiine there. Raln
maklng sclentlt-ts will please make a note
of this fact
That little Cuban revolution came Just
in time to give the money sharks the de?
sired opportunity to put up the interest
rato on President Palma.
Tbe Dakota cool wave came Into Vir?
ginia right on schedule timo, and received
a hearty welcome everywhere except at
the mountain resorts.
The negro Immigration movement Is
headed southward from Indiana and Illi?
nois, and It Is said to be reaching the
Seventeen negroes have been lynched ln
tho State of Illinois within the past ten
years, and Illinois was the home of Un
But "Mother Jones was not willing to
change her color Just to have an Inter?
view with the President of the United
Tom Johnson Intends to see to It that
there I. no lack of fun ln the political
arena this year.
The great union railroad depot at Wash?
ington will cost $14,000,000, and will be the
finest one in the world.
Tho now name for the old South Boston
Times Is tho Halifax Oazette, and not
Record, as we recorded It yesterday.
As a spectacular performance, Borelll's
comet ls a flat Jaj^'J^_
It will not be too cool to go to church
Surry county Is going to have a plenty
to drink, Mann law or no Mann law.
And tho Solomon case ls still with us.
Remarks About Richmond
West Point News: The quiet of the
York River crab .has been disturbed re?
cently by tho Richmond "duckers.
Kownnrt News Times-Herald: Rich
i.n.ni? trying to forget the strike ln u
M-i.-utl.iiul suicide, a confession of mur?
der and the absence of u broker,
Blackstoiit? Courier: Richmond Is to
hav.in ? ? naoer, It is to bo a weekly
and ...in ? he Cavalier. It will be a mix?
ture of newspaper and magai ne, or paper
utter ihat order. It 1? a mutter of regret
Umt wo have In the South no good mn.ga
Une or ,'npe, after that order. We hope
1 ilio Cavalier will UU "ll? vacancy.
; > 4? ? ? 4 ? -f f fH-f -4 4 4 -f 44-4444-4 4.
Sventa of the ????k
Under Brief Review.
14+44 4 4-44 44444-4444? 4+4+4-44 '
We recently nHked for Information!
'What ha?? booome of Onnernl Shatter?"
The enquiry has been unsworcd by an
Item which we find In tbo lucal depart
nient, of lhe Chicago Intur-Ocoan, which
"Gen, William If. Rlinfter, who captured
Hnntlngo do Cuba ? fow sonsons ago,
lowered his color? In unconditional sur?
render yesterday to Chicago's heat. Ho
arrived here nt noon from Detroit on
his way to California, whero he llv?s,
He loft Chicago at 10 o'clock last night,
ln thn ten hours he was In the city he
lost thirteen and a half pounds.
" 'No, 1 won't miss what I lost; I havo
ovnr 300 pounds loft," he said cheei fully
at departing. 'However, I am glad I do
not Uve here. I might melt uway entire?
A "Home Rule" party ha? been or?
ganized In Hawaii, and the party has
Just held a convention, particulars of
vhlcb have readied ua during the past
weok by tho new Pacific cable. Tho
Springfield Republican thinks the forma?
tion of this party and their convention
suggest "that possibly we have a Pacino
Ocean Ireland on our hands." While Mr,
Wllcox's proposal that Congress be pe?
titioned to grant to Hawaii p ? Independ?
ence equivalent to Cuba's was laid aside
by the convention as premature, there
Is no reason to douu?. that a petition for
such action would be signed by nearly
every native In the Hawaiian Islands.
And tho nntlvo votern aro in a majority,
whlcn goes to ?how that, aside from the
Japanese and Chinese, the home rule
movomont has tho mass of the citizens
behind It, Even "Knmehamelia," tho
Honolulu correspondent of tho Washing?
ton Star, admits this. In a recent lettor
he deplete the growing raco antagonism
between the natives und tho whites, and
describes tho organization of a native
political party whose Ulm Is to excludo
all white men, or "outlandcre," from of?
fice. The former queon has thrown her
great Influence Into the scale In favor
of tho movement. The element that suc?
ceeded In overthrowing the nativo gov?
ernment ln 1803, and finally In securing
annexation to the United States, assert
that all this trouble Is due to tho folly
of Congress In concodlng a liberal fran?
chise to the Hnwallans themselves. With
? voting power that enables tnem to con?
trol the Legislature, tho home rulers have
set up ? "problem" In place of the light
little whlto oligarchy of planters, which
the annexationtets had anticipated. It
should be added that surrounding these
antagonistic racial elements ln the elec?
torate are the Chinese, and especially the
Japanese, who by far outnumber whites
and natives combined.
President Roosevelt evidently bel'eves
that all thnt can be done by way of fer?
reting out the rascality in the Posloff'ca
Department has been dono, or at least
mapped out so that It can be finished In
a short while. At any rate, the report
Is In Washington, that he has urged Mr.
Brlstow to hurry up tbe final perform?
ance, and have everything finished, and
cleared up by the 1st of September.
In the "History of tho Nineteenth Cen?
tury In Caricaturo." which Is now'ap
peoi'lng In the Bookman, a remarkable
revelation ls mnde In the last week's
It Is that while Bernhard Clllam was
making his scathing cartoons for Puck
of James G'. Blaine us "The Tattooed
Man," he was himself an ardent Repub?
lican, voted for Mr. Blaine for Pr?s dent,
and while he was cutting so deep into
Blslne's life he was drawing equally
unpleasant caricatures of Cleveland and
the Democratic party for Judge.
The financial statement made last week
for the city of New York has ln it this
announcement: "Within a few months
the city will have a debt margin of $1C?).
00OJX-)." An obliging contemporary ex?
plains the meaning of this financial mete
phor as follows: "By this Is meant not
a surpjus of "000,000.000 cash ln the city
treasury, but a situation which, under
the charter, will leave the city where It
can borrow that amount of money. The
test of successful finance In that munic?
ipality thus becomes a matter of borrow?
ing capacity; and It must be said that
the same test prevails In tho case of
many a seedy Individual."
"Is this good year of our Lord 1003,
bent on earning the distinction of 'Annua
M. rnbllls' on the calendar?" asks the
Bos', in Globe. Without rehearsing tho
manv horrible accidents on the rail and
elsewhere tha Globo enumerates enousli
of horrs to give an affirmative ans.?er
to Its auestlon. It says:
There Is certainly some warrant for
thinking so. We had April weather ln
March, June wr_ithcr ln Slay, a drought
of fifty days beginning April lSth, and
since then all kinds of weather with mos?
The bottom hns meanwhile rl-nnn.'d out
of the stock market, assassination has
been rampant In Servia, the Pope has
died, while the dally papers have pre?
sented a gloomy record of crimes of vio?
lence, lynchlnge, murder, and suicides, to
guy nothing of the "fight to a finish"
In which labor and capital are now en?
If the rest of tho year sustains Its
record made thus far the prophets of
evil will have tho best showing yet se?
Has It anything to do with the fact
that the digits In 1003. added up,
make the mteful ? inbi?*? " ft, ' -r
is It bad luck? We shall have to wait
or el?e believe the prophets, who are
diligently circulating their predictions Just
The report of the Unltfd States Com?
missioner of Education, Just made pub?
lic, shows that there are nearly as many
teachers In the un'versltles of th" IJn'tf-d
States as there Rre university students In
Oroat Britain. Tb? number of professors
In tho colleges and universities |n this
country, according to thi. report, Is 17,f?"i0,
while the number of students In the uni?
versities and university colleges of tho
United Kingdom Is put down nt 2,000.
The best financial authorities tell us
thnt It cannot be doubted that large
nuantlt'os of the best plying (docks In
Wall Street are now being ?bsorbed from
day to day by Investors, There are plen?
ty of opportunities now to obtain securi?
ties which will give a steady return of
S per cent. annually, nnd It is behoved
that the share list will remain "on a
5 por cent basis" for some time to
For some reason, unknown to us, tho
pnl'tlrol ?linrpH regnrd the Hon. Bourke
Cnrkrtin us a very reliable political fore
onnter, The Hon. Mr. Cnckran ha? Just
liindcd In Now York from Europe, where
lie lias had a chance, perhaps, to study
American political conditions to unusual
? advantage, Almost the first th'nc the
reporters asked h'm when he landed wns
his onlnlon of Mr. Cleveland's chances
for the presidency. Mr, Cnckran d'd not
h??ult?le to ?av that. If nominated, Mr,
("?levelund would surelv he placed. He
declined To talk about Mr. Gorman's pros?
pects, and snld that Mayor Low Is the
logical candidale of tne opponents of
Tammany for mayor of New York.
A disaster of tho kind usually described
?is app-'lllnii occ"'""--?1 ?? * e '??' >i/?ar
Lowell, Mass,, Wednesday morning. An
oxrlos'on of dynamite In the works of
the U IP ted Stntes Cnrtr'dgo Company
resulted In the Immediate death of twen.
tv-flve nersons and tho Injury of fifty
five others; also the destruction of many
houses. The explosion was heard In
Boston, twenty m'les distant, anil many
windows were broken In houses ten
miles away from the scene of the explo?
Thus "Old Home Week," wh'eh was
being celebrated all over the State, was
????? a sad feature In that part of Mass
There Is considerable" unfavorable criti?
cism Just now over the reports which
show the ble sums of money that hive
been paid nut for work about the WM'e
House In Washington. According to ?ho
annual report Of tho commissioner of pub?
lic buildings ard ?rounds, the sum of
?740.931 w-?s axnend?d dur'ncr the fiscal
yosr ended June 30th for ?'extrnordnsrv
repairs and refurnishing" at tbo White
Hou=e. The total amount available tor
thie pui-co^e was ?JT5.-145 The report
shows also that ?6VB6 was expended for
the new office building for the President
nnd his clerical forco There 1ms already,
beon much erHlchm of tb's hu'lfllng. not
onlv on account of Its arehHncliii?il np
peav?nc<\ but > ecauso of tbe lartre lunount
of money lh"t the government pnld to
, erect such & cheup-looklng affair
F. S< W.
"To-Day's Advertising Talk."
THE SAME 8 HOURS
a day that you are now
working will bring you
a great jriCrease in your
present profits if you
advertise judiciously in
the morning papers.
Many business men do
not look into advertis?
They do not realize its
Advertising is simply a
salesman that goes to
thousands o f homes
every day and solicits
business for you. It is
the most reliable sales?
man on earth, as it says
just exactly what you
want said, and goes to
the best people every
day at just the time to
influence them before
their day's purchases
Why not advertise in
Tbe Times-Dispatch and
send your message to
thousands of people
every day ?
1 Ztrenct of Vhought f
Sn 'Dtxie j?and I
Greenyljle (S. C.) News: He (Senator
Tillmnn) Is making a spectacle of himself
and ho could serve his constituents bet?
tor If he would stay ln Edgefleld and put
a muzzle on his mouth. Ho may have
uttered a great many truths. He has con
demned the North and the West for In?
terfering with our affairs, yet he Jumps
Into thu arena and does the same things
which called forth such bitter denuda
tlori from his lips. If there Is anything
which will give a clearer evidence of his
wildcat tnctlcs we have failed to note It.
Now Orleans Times-Democrat: The
criminal law Is notoriously slow ln
America. Throughout the Union there
are Indignant protests against a slow?
ness well su'ted to tho middle ages, but
in ii? accord with tho methods of to?
day; nnd there Is a loud demand that
thero be somo change In the procedure
that makes Justice limp and halt to?
day and persuades the populuce often?
times to tbe quicker process of Judge
Lynch. Tho Legislatures must strike off
some of the delays and technicalities
that are a drag to Justice rather than
an aid to It.
Florida Times-Union: Englishmen now
admit that the Boers know the Zulus
and Hottentots of South Africa best,
and that the treatment accorded them
was by no means "unnecessar.ly cruel."
? But Englishmen are qu'eker to accept
patent facts and to confess error than
Americans? when the conclusions touch
Galveston Nows: Everything Is moving
aloni; nicely In Cuba except It Is being
discovered that sometimes new countries
find It d fflcult to borrow money on pros?
pects. The countries which shed tears
for Cuba seem disposed to direct Cuba's
attention to the fact that prospects are
Columbia State: Here nt the end of
July wo havo not only experienced no
yellow fever scare, but the once dread
plague has not been heard of ln this
country. The South has gained wonder?
fully by tho changed conditions In Cuba.
From the Church Papers.
The war of the flebh against the spirit
is an old one. We believe In our eyes
and ears, our touch, tuste and smell. The
exercise of faith, the
AN OLD WAR. realization of heart work
and mind work Is of a
higher kind. It-Is a higher life, and man?
kind generally aro averse to mind work
and henrt work. The faith, that Is, the
substance of things hoped for, and the
reallzor of things uneeen, Is a gift of God,
To cure the disease of sin and to secure
for tho greatest number the benoftts of
tho euro Is tha supreme duty of every
moral agent, whether
WOKIC AHEAD, acting In an Individual
or a collective capacity.
To proclaim the fact of the disease, and
the remedy to be used, and to exhort the
diseased to submit to "the remedial appi!?
cation. Is a divinely ordained method of
banishing the disease.
This method Is to be used by the pulpit
and the press.?Raleigh Christian Advo-?
The truth Is that Christian people often
nreatly err In understanding Satans
power In this world and In our own
power h(jmeg ftnd heartg Th,
?-.tir DEPEND- Scriptures f.tly refer to
FNCa ??"?? nfl th0 Ooc? of G?,?
world. To live a con?
?-stent Christian life Is like swimming up
?.ream against wind and tide. Unies,
upheld by Almighty power we cannot
stand nn hour. We must not only rely
upon tbo Holy Spirit to convict and con?
vert us. but we are Just as dopendent
upon him for being able to resist the
temptations to ovil that constantly beset
On the banks of the wldo river with
Its sweeping current, and Its ebbe and
flows of tide, you look down Into the open
sea. not very far
THE LIGHTHOUSE?, away. The river
has nearly finished
Its course; in a little while it will be lost
In the greater waters t.int have no shores.
Xtnep It re?nlnd you of a life thnt ha?
githered whnt It can from many streams,
that has given freely what It had to all
who came, nnd now. with patient consent,
looks forwnrd to but a short time of
older yonrs, and then makes Its willing
end, and pours Itself out Into the eternity
lipyond? Can you see the gleam of the
lighthouse In the night, yonder at the
rhr_- mouth? I.et that be tha signal to
you that there will come no night when
the light will not shine for you, and at
tbe end. "In the evenlns* time It shall M
A Kinc ?Von- ya.
Dr. R. T. Styll. of Newport News, who
hat Ju?"t returned from England, says
that while abroad he made the discovery
that In the event of tho restoration of
th*> house of Siuart during his lifetime
CaptMn J. !.. ? SMiirt, the only son
of the famous Conforterete cavalry lead?
er, would be the legal successor to th?