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title: 'The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, August 05, 1903, Page 3, Image 3',
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Excellent Racing Had at the
BEGINNING OF CIRCUIT
Virginia and Maryland Horses to Race
from Now on?Half Brother of
Lou Dillon Won the First
(Special to The Tlmci-ui-patch.)
T?SLEY, VA., August l.-Tho sixth
annual fair of tho Peninsula
Fair Association of Tasley opened to-day
with threatening weather nnd a good
crowd for the first day, It numbering
2,fi00. Th? exhibits were never liner, and
the track was faster than ever before. ?
The Maryland-Virginia local trotting
circuit start? here, and nil horsemen ex?
pressed delight that the fray is on. They
will go straight through the circuit until
they reach tho fall races around Balti?
more. All the races to-day, while won In
ttralght heats, were most interesting. In
the two-year-old class there were three
Sidney colts. After an exciting race, Pros?
pect, a full brother of the sensational
colt. Sweetness, who was the fastest three
year-old ever rained on the Eastern Shore
of Virginia, won. Both colts were sired
by Sidney Prince, but Sweetness' career
was stopped by sickness, Sidney Prince
was rlrc-d by Sidney, the sire of Lou Dil?
lon, 2:02 3-4, the fastest mare In the world.
In the second race Jack Brenton, the
hundsomo trotting stallion, owned by Fox
Guy and Wnddy, of Onley, won In faut
Urne for a race of green hones. He If
by Ansll. son of Electioneer, and wnr.
bought at the Madison Square Garden
pale last fall.
The surprise of the race was Uneeda,
who has only been trained a few months.
Tho time of 2:22 1-4 Is most exc?llent.
Tho free-for-all was the hardest fought
race of the day. The finishes between
Evadone and Hardy H. were always un?
der the whip, but Henschel had his um.il
The officials were Charles S. Mills, of
Goshon. N. Y., st.-irjer: Dr. J. XV. Bow
doln and S. K. Powell, Judge?.
Summary: Two-year-old?P r o s p e c t
(Floydi, 1, 1: Norn Dale (Brawley). 3, 2;
Nathaniel Prince (Nltz), 3. 2. Tim?!, 2:F<1
1-4. 2:52. 2:37.
Pace ami 2:40 trot?Jack Brenton
(Brown). 1, 1, 1; Uneeda (Nltz), 2, 3. 2;
Hal Frettn (Brawley), 3. 2. 3; Captain
James (James). 4, 4, 4; Orphan Girl (N'ot
tingham). 5. 5, distanced; Lulas (Floyd),
distanced; Annie M. (Walker), distanced;
Fancy (Ludwig), distanced; Monle J. (Up
eher). distanced. Time. 2:24 3-1, 2:22. 2:20.
Free-for-all?Evadene (Hentschel). 1. 1,
1; Hnrdy H. (Harrison), 2. 2. 2; Mltliap
(Flnney), 3, 3. ?.. Time. 'J:17 1-4, 2:1?, 2:15.
OUR VESSELS MAY
VISIT CZAR'S REALM
(By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON, D. C August 4.-Act
Ing Secretary of the Navy Darling to?
day had the following cablegram sent to
Bear-Admiral Cotton, at Elsbon:
"Squadron sail Saturday for some quiet
ports In Mediterranean, where conditions
are best to Increase efficiency of gun
crews .preparatory to target practice In
In the lato fall the European squadron
will come across the Atlantic and proceed
to the Caribbean, where, with the North
and South Atlantic squadrons, It will par?
ticipate. In the winter manoeuvres.
It developed to-day that as a result of
the successful visits paid by the European
squadron to Kiel. Portsmouth and Lisbon,
tho officials are Inclined to accept from
year to year Invitations to visit foreign
waters. In this connection the Interesting
fact has come to light that the Russian
government probably will Invite the Euro?
pean squadron to *4sit Kronstadt some
time next summer.
TO CONTROL MARKET
FOR LEAF TOBACCO
(By Associated Press.)
LOUISVILLE, KY? Aug. 4.-Negotla
tlons are in progress between the Louis?
ville Tobacco Warehouse Company, con?
trolling all save one of the local ware?
houses, and tho Continental nnd Ameri?
can combines, whereby It Is expected the
two combines will concentrate their buy?
ing operations at Doulsvlllo and Cin?
A committee representing the Ware?
house Company recently had a confer?
ence with officers of the American and
Continental Companies, looking to an
agreement In tho matter. Such an agree?
ment would not only end buying from
growers on the part of tho two com?
bines, but would put a stop to costly
competition between tho Louisville and
Cincinnati warehouses. These arrange?
ments would put the Louisville and Cin?
cinnati warehouse people In control of
tho raw leaf market.
THROUGH ANGRY MOB
XBy Associated Press.)
KENTON, O., August 4.-Wllllam Nich
rls (colored), accused of the murder of
Alpha Mlnard. near McGuffey, and for
whom search has been going on for seve?
ral days, Is locked up in tho Jail here. Ho
was arrested at Carmel by Sheriff Grlf
fllth, of Hnrdln county. When the train
which was bringing the prisoner to UiU
city reached Belle Center, a crowd of
about two hundred residents of the vicin?
ity, whore Mlnard had lived were gath?
ered at the depot. Nichols vtn.%,observed
in tho car and Immediately cries ?)f "shoot
him" and "hang him" were set up by tho
crowd. Fearing mob violence the train
quickly pullod out.
Another crowd awaited tho train on Its
arrival hero and many angry threats
weor made, but the sheriff got his pris?
oner to tho Jail without trouble.
Nichols denies his guilt, but during the
few hours he has boon locked up, has
made many conflicting statements.
HANNA AND GROVER
ON SAME PLATFORM
(By Associated Press.)
CHICAGO, ILL, August 4.-Announce?
ment has been mado by Dalph N. Easley,
Fecretary of tho National Civic, Federa?
tion, that both Mr. Cleveland and Sena?
tor Hanna will discuss the lahor prob?
lems from the same platform early in Oc?
tober. At that time a convention will he
held for the purpose of in?i'",iratlng a
movement In the West to brln? capital
and labor into closer relationship,
Election of Cardinal Sarto is Eminently
(TJy Associated Press.)
PARIS, August 4.?The election of Car?
dinal Sarto as Pone has created a dis?
tinctly favorable Impression in govern?
mental quarters hero, removing the fear
that the choice might fall upon a radical
or reactionary candidate.
Although little is known of Sarto's
political tendencies, he in considered to
be one llkoly to avoid conflicts and to
continue the moderate policy of Pepe
Leo and Cardinal Itampclla.
President Loubot and Foreign Minister
Delcnsse this afternoon sent dlspatchos
of congratulation to Plus X. This step
Is regirded ns giving definite official ex?
pression to tho feeling of satisfaction
which the choice of Sarto has caused In
Outside governmental quarters, Sarto's
election Is favorably received. The lead?
ing exponents of tho clerical element
point out his snlntllness, and declaro
that his choice gives promise of a ro
llglous rather thnn diplomatic Pope.
American Federation of Catholic Soci?
eties Extend Greeting.
fBy Associated Presf.1
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., August f-The
following cablegram In Latin was sent
to Cardinal Oottl, propngandn, Rome, to?
day by the American Federation of Cath?
olic Societies, after announcement was
made of the election of Cnrdlnnl Sarto
"The American Federation of Catholic
Societies asFemblerl In annual conven?
tion extends to the newly-elected Pontiff
Its cordial wishes with the assurance
of filial love, and obedience, begging at
the same time for the apostolic bless?
(Signed) ?pRr.s,DENT MiNAHAN,
of Greenbay. Wis."
President Roosevelt's letter of congrat?
ulation and w.-ll-wlsh?<8 was answered to
dav by telegraph ns follows:
"The American Federation of Catholic
Societies In convention assembled, desires
to extend to His Excellency, the Pre?l
dent, Its sincere thanks for his kindly
rxpresslnn of Interest In nnd approval of
Its work, anil to assure Ills Excellency
that the Catholic Church now and always
stands for obedience to authority, divine
and human nnd tho sanctity of the home."
A resolution was adopted, proving to the
Almighty to restore tho Pontiff to nn ab?
solute and full Independence of any civil
Another resolution condemning social?
ism and called upon all Catholics to aid
in suppressing the evil. It also endorsed
tho endeavors of worklngmen to better
their material condition nnd prosperity by
the formation of trades unions. The lax?
ity of laws relating to divorce was con?
demned In a resolution. Catholics are
called upon to endeavor to enact laws
that would uphold the sacred marriage
vows, mnklng It difficult to obtain separa?
tion through the courts.
WORK IN TENNESSEE
(By Associated Press.)
LEWISBURG. TENN., Aug. t.-One
negro was killed and another fatally
wounded by a band of whitecappors last
night There were between fifteen and
thirty In the mob. which made Its appear?
ance at the home of a negro preacher,
John Milllken. Mllllken made his exit
through a back door. Ho was brought
down h-- a volley, dying almost Instantly.
John Hunter, a son-in-law of Mllllken,
was made to accompany the mob on a
fruitless search for another negro, and in
ar, attempt to escape was fatally phot In
the back. The wife of Mllllken wai struck
over the head with a gun and painfully
injured. No cause Is assigned for the
MR. LITTAUR HAS
SOMETHING TO SAY
. (Bv Associated Press.)
NEW YORK. Aug. 4.?Congressman Lit
taur has made a statement explaining
his relations with Mr. Lyon, the glove
contractor. In which he says he falls to
Fpc. "how even n technical or legal viola?
tion of any statute, or of any code of
mornl or commercial propriety, or any
invidious criticism or censure can bo
founded upon this transaction."
GREAT INTEREST IN
THE WAR MANOEUVRES
fBy Associated Press.)
PORTLAND. ME., Aug. 4.?The war
manoeuvres are creating great interest at
this port. Everything is in readiness h?*re
to repel any attack. Tho different search?
light stations are In working order, and
In case of alarm can be turned at short
notice to locate the fleet, If It should at?
tempt to gain an anchorage In Portland
NEW SHAMROCK BEAT
OLD ONE AGAIN
(By Associated Press.)
ATLANTIC HIGHLANDS. N. J., Aug,
4.?Captain Wrlngley, of Shamrock III.,
and Captain Bevls, of Shamrock I., got
into a hot contest In to-day's race of the
two boats off Scotland Lightship, and
the masterly fashion in which the clever
skippers handled the big racers delighted
Sir Tnomas LIpton. The new boat beat
her rival by nearly seven minutes in
THIEVES GET IN
Thieves entered the confectionery shop
of A. Marchettl & Bros., No. 617 East
Brond Street, early vesterday morning,
relieved tho cash reg#,ter of Its contents
and helped themselves to a goodly supply
of fruit, candies and so forth.
Tho method pursued by the burglats Is
a rather novel one. They succeeded In
displacing a number of bricks In the rear
of the store and squirming through the
hole. They succeeded in getting about $11
out of tho cash box.
Dr. Kash, of Jackson. Swears
Curtis Jett was Across the
Street During Shooting.
(By Associated Press.)
CYNTHIANA, KV? August -l.-In the
case of the Commonwealth against Curtis
Jett nnd Thomas White, on trial here for
the assassination of J. B. Marciim, Dr.
J. M. Kash, of Jackson, testified to at?
tending the dying Marcum as he lay In
front of the courthouse. He swore that
a few minutes before the killing of Mar?
cum he saw Curtis Jott In front of Har
gis Brothers' store, Immediately across
the street from the oourthouse, talking to
Asbury Spier and "Lish" Noble. This
contradicts the testimony of at least fif?
teen witnesses, who testified for the pros?
ecution to aeeing Jett go into v.he side
dioor of the courthouse Immediately be?
fore the shooting.
On cross-examination the doctor did not
remember seeing any one else at the time
of the killing about tho courthouse.
John Smith and John Abner testified at
length, contradicting Mrs. Mary Johnson
and Edward Marcum, who said they had
seen Smith and Abner a year beforo'the
killing of Marcum In a stone quarry near
Marcum's home armed and. with other
Lewis Hayes, the Jackson boajdlng
housekeeper, testltled that Abner Smith
and Thomas White boarded with him
during the term of court In Juue, 1002.
but ho did pot remember whether they
were up as early in the morning as-the
hour ilxed by the prosecution when armed
men around Marcum's house prevented
Marcum from coming out to take a train.
Leigh J. Hunt, an American.
a Factor in Corea.
WON WAY TO FOREFRONT
New York Wants a Cardinal, and Min?
neapolis May Get One?Real Estato
on Manhattan Island in Hands
of the Few.
By JOHN MARTHOL.
NEW YORK, Aug. 4.? I understand
that Leigh J. Hunt, formerly the pro?
prietor of a leading newspaper In Seat?
tle, has, after a remarkable series of ,r.
cldents, won for himself through the ex?
ercise of brilliant talents, honors nnd
i. fortune in Cofea. It Is peculiarly Inter?
esting to know that at the moment the
Cabinets of Europe and the Department
of State are busy In watching every
I move made on the checker-board of the
so-called "Eastern Question" an Amori
I can enjoys In Corea, not only Influence
In commercial and financial circles, but
also with the King. I well remember
him as a Journalist. He was a man of
many gifts and great executive ability,
lie passed from one stage of usefulness
to another, passing along the roal cf
rrogresH from the obscurity of teaching
school to the publicity of moulding tho
minds of men as the editor of an influ?
ential dally; Seattle Is much Indebted t-j
Mr. Hunt for Its advancement. He pro?
moted Itn Interests and became Identified
with Its life: He was at one time presi?
dent of one of Its banks and a director
In several financial ? Institutions. In
State and national politics he was an
Important figure. Although he declined
for himself a seat In the Senate of the
United States, he was Influential tr,
forcing his friends Into positions of
prominence. At the Instigation of Amer?
ican financiers he was Induced to go to
China and there take up the building of
a railroad. The government, however,
rescinded the concession. Other men
T-ould have returned. Hunt, on the con?
trary, saw In Corea a country destined
to figure among modern nations; ho
stayed. Events brought him Into con?
tact with the King and his opportunity
arose. His vast knowledge of affairs,
his skill as a financier, his tact as a dip?
lomatist, his ability to grasp the situa?
tion as It then existed, made him a man
of value, of consequence. And he became
powerful by acquiring vast benefits for
the King and Corea. It was Hunt who
negotiated the Russian loan. I am glad
to know that the genial, Indefatigable
editor has won success In a new field,
but I am not surprised. It was In Leigh
J. Hunt to attain pre-eminent success.
? ? ?
In circles of metropolitan finance there
has come from Chicago a man who Is
recognized on the street as one of tho
brilliant successes of the West. I refer
to L. G. Fisher, president of the Union
Bag and Paper Company. He Is a man
of marked executive and financial ability,
ar. was recently shown In his manage?
ment of the labor conditions In his com?
pany, which were amicably settled to the
satisfaction of the stockholders.
I am glad to know that Bos? Murphy
has had the good sens? to admit men of
proven ability in his cabinet. Good coun?
sel Is never to be despised, and yet some
leaders make the mistake to exclude men
for trivial reasons. Murphy Is determined
to be successful. Nothing is more impor?
tant than municipal taxation, and no man
is regarded aa a greater authority than
Dr. J. O'Sulllvan on municipal and tax
laws and real estate valuations. O'Sulll?
van Is an uncommon man. He Is an M.
D. as well. His knowledge of medicine
when required in some law cases brought
him prominently forward In public Ufe.
His success at the bar has been sustained,
and I am glad to know he Is willing to
give his services to Tammany.
The late Archbishop Corrlgan's lay
friends endeavored persistently during
many years to Induce Pope Leo to give
him a cardinal's hat, but there was a party
In tho church which as earnestly opposed
htm, and he died without the coveted hon?
or, If he did covet It. I am told that the
same Influence will bo brought to bear on
the now head of the church In favor of
Archbishop Farley. Wealthy Catholics
think that New York Is entitled to tho hon?
or of having a cardinal, as It is one of the
very richest dioceses in the world, and
contributes most generously to the Papal
treasury. There are those who predict,
however, that not New York but Minne?
apolis will have the next American cardi?
nal In the person of Achblshop Ireland.
Real estate on Manhattan Island Is
rapidly passing from the possession of tho
many to the few. Ten years ago tho city
proper, with the new annexed borough
called the Bronx, was owned by 27,000 per?
sons. To-day It Is all consecrated In the
hands of 19,000 owners, and their number
Is diminishing evory day. Where land was
formerly owned In lots of twenty-five
feet front. It Is now held In lots of four
and five times that size, occupied by big
buildings of various kinds. It no longer
pays In most parts of the city to build
on a small parcel of ground. The Astors,
William Waldorf and John Jacob, own
over 600 buildings. Their general plan Is
to lease the land to tenants for improve?
ments. Tho Goelet ostnte consists of over
seventy-five buildings. A great deal of
land is occupied by railroads, churches
and benevolent Institutions. The Trinity
Church property Is next In extent to that
of the Astors, and Is worth many millions
? ? ?
An enterprising theatre manager an?
nounces that he has coralled a band of
Irish harpists, with whom he proposos to
entertnln the publie this season. "Irish
harpists," an Irishman tells mo, went out
of fashion with the Irish snakes whom
flt. Patrick Is said to havo banished. A!,
though the harp la the nntlonnl emblem,
no one ever ses that Instrument In Iro
land, he declares, and he doubts whether
there Is one In the whole Island. Who, he
asks, ever saw an Irishman playing a
harp in an American city? ?tnllans have
a monopoly of that Bort of thing. "Irish
harpists" are probably Imported from
The revelations of "graft" In the
vhlghor up" clrplos of the 0,rndos unions
are not a surprise to intelligent members
of the different organizations. Among
them the walking delegate has long been
undar suspicion, but In the absence of
proof they have been obliged to keep
silent. "The'trouble with our organiza?
tions." said a worklngnian to me recently,
"is that In every one of them ?there are
little Inside coteries, or machines, Just the
same as there are In political parties.
Tho members of these cliques aro gm?
talkers. They force their way to the
front and capture the support of the
young member? ? who are prejudiced
against tho older men of experience and
common ? sense. Let nie tell you that an
old man. whore head is beginning to turn
white, has veiy little to say In the union
of to-d?y. Tho young hot-heads thinks he
Is behind the times and tell him bo. If j,.
keeps up the fight, lie Is branded ns n
?crank' nnd crowded to the ?v.-r?. What
ure we going to do? That Is beyond me.
but I hop? tho rnscnls will go to Jill, i
believe that the employer who glveS a
bribe to tho represen ta ttoe of a union
should go to Jail a^'\
The tipping nuisance was up fur dlscut
sfon In a fashionable restaurant the ?>thor
evening, the participants In It being threo
young business mon with Incomes aver?
aging lO.nOO or l?.OOO a year each. A
comparison of notes went lo show that
all three spent about Jin apiece every
week In tips. To any one who knows tho
city nnd Its ways, this Is very moderate
for the man who goes anywhere. The
mnthemntlcnl genius among them figured
out mentnlly that, In ten years, at their
present gait, everyone of them, would
lie out not far from Sio.oon. the mmpnumt
Ing of Interest being made n factor In tho
case. A resolution was unnnlmnimiy reg?
istered to stop It, and another "quart"
was opened. Then they started out, nnd
their old waiter wore his usual pollto
Krtn as he slipped three half dollars Into
his trouscr's pocket.
? ? *
How to get. the right class of jurymen
Is one of the problems which New York
hns been endeavoring to solve for years.
Ono would suppose It ought to be easy
with so many millions of peopio around
but It Is not. If there Is a thing the New
Yorker ?lois not want to do, It Is to serve
his country on a Jury. The experiment of
paying those on the panel $2 a day,
whether they went on a trlnl or not, hns
been In operation some months nnd Is
pronounced a failure. It has attracted n
clnss of persons to -whom the money Is
a god-send, nnd most of the Judges nre
disgusted. How these follows get on the
lists under a reform administration Is a
CALLED HIM ?OLD BOY"
Good Story Told on Governor Mon?
tague and Classmate.
The New York Times of Bundnv la?t
prints the following good story on Vir?
"Before he was elected to be the Chief
Executive of tho Old Dominion, Governor
/Montague, of Virginia, met an old cln-\s
mate on the train. They had not met for
jears. Mr. Montague wns a candidato
for-Governor and trie other a plain coun?
try lawyer with a small Incomo.
"What can I do for you when I'm Gov?
ernor?" said the candidate as he put his
arm around his friend, "what can I do
for you, old boy?"
"Just what you have dono now," r-ulet
ly replied the lawyer.
"Why. what's that?" said the other.
"Simply put your arm around me nnd
call me 'old boy.' That's all I want."
was the reply of the true friend of boy?
WAS A SMALL MOB
Mr. Green Tells of the Huntington
Crowd After Negro.
Mr. George O. Green, of the Clifton
Forge Review, was In the city yesterday
on a brief business trip. He recently at?
tended the meeting of the Virginia Press
Association. Mr. Green was formerly edi?
tor of the Buchanan Banner and later
was with tho Danville Register. Speaking
of the recent attempt to take two ne?
gro murderers from a Chesapeake and
Ohio train, Mr. Green stated that the
telegrams sent out from HirTitlngtnn
about the affair were very much exagge?
rated, especially as to the number of men
in the mob, which he estimated nt thirty
or fortv. These he said were chiefly from
the vicinity of the home of Harry Ruda
cille. the wounded white man.
MURDERED THE MAN
WHO BEFRIENDED HIM
(By Associated Pr?s?.!
EASTMAN. GA., August 4,-Kobert D
Cawthorne was to-day r?u"<-. S""^"'
murder In the first degree on the charge
of having poisoned R. D. Tucker some
^Tucker was a prosperous farmer and
Cawthorn. a farm-hand on the place. The
evidence went to show that Cawthorn and
Mrs Tucker became infatuated with each
other: that Tucker became suspicious,
and thnt Cawthorn administered poison
to Tucker In a drink of brandy for the
purpose of getting rid of him so that
he might marrv Mrs. Tucker.
Tucker had taken Cawthorn into his
house and befriended him In a number
of way There was also evidence to the
effect that a second person, of the name
of Horn, had died from the effects of
nolson In brandy Intended to be drun/
RALEIGH LEAF TOBACCO
MARKET OPENS WELL
<Spi>dRl tn The Tlme?-nispntch.)
?RALEIGH". N. C. August 4.?The
"Raleigh Leaf Tobacco Market opehed for
the season to-day auspiciously. Twenty
five thous-/rd pounds of tobacco, mostly
lugs, were sold on the floors of the two
warehouses, prices ranging from 12 to
Planters, warehousemen and promotcrs
of the market are all highly pleased. It
?s expected that 5,r>?.000 pounds will bo
sold this year. _
STARTED AT LITTLE;
DIED A MILLIONAIRE
(By Associated Press.)
LOUISVILLE, KY.. August 4.-.Tohn
Doerhoeffer, a tobacco manufacturer of
national reputation, died at Ills homo to?
day of a complication of diseases. Ho
was fifty-four years old and of German
extraction. He started In life ns a to?
bacco stemmer at ?..50 a week nnd be?
came a millionaire. _
Changes in Mechanical De?
partment C. & O. Announc?
Several changes In tho mechanical de?
partment of the Chesapeake and Ohio
Railway are announced. Master Mechanic
XV T Smith? '"' Richmond, hnH been
transferred t? Covlngton, Master Me?
chanic J. R. Gould, of Clifton Forge,
will come to this city. n>1(l !-? A. Terrell,
mi ste? mol liai Vic at I'ovlngton, will go to
?l?mtmgton/!;,!?! A. P. Stewait from Hum
lngion to Clifton Forge
An excursion party consisting of about
175 ners?ns arrived In this city yesterday
aftePrnoo. fr in S?Wury. N, C, and 111.
?erii?edlato n 18 over the Southern Rall
wlv The party will stay until 9 o'clock
to*n??ht whetthe return trip will be
begun The arrivals are spattered nil
over the city, some stopping at hotels
und others with friend?
The Red Men's excursion from Lynch
bur? which came down Sunday, left lust
nicht on the return journey. Only two or
K coaches iU"!'M In this city, ten
orlwe pns to Norfolk. Many took
aSvantago of the trip to visit relative?
?n this city,
The ' Cool Sprint? PaptlPt Church of
Hanover county will 'un an excursion to
Buckroe Beach Ibis, niorntng. A large
party ?'I? B" -~"WI' popular sen
Bide resort. '
There aro many inquiries concerning
the Norfolk and Western's mountain ex
curslom which Is ?o leave this_ city Au.
u-iist 18th for a three-days! stay in tho
nnd return are 5- each,, and to Moutvale,
Blue Ridge Springs and Roano!? or Bed
Ford City ?8 Vnrli. That a larfto number
will go-is ftlreadi' assured.
Ideal State of Affairs In Ac
WHAT BRINGS IT ABOUT
Eastern Shore of Virginia Produce Ex.
change Has Wrought a Revolution
for Good of Its Members?The
Sweet Potato Crcp.
(Special From a Staff Correspondent.)
ONLEY, ACCOMAC COUNTY,VA., Aug.
4.?There are not two hundred people
living in Onley, yet the business trans?
acted In the village will aggregate .a
million dollars or more a year. For Onley
is the headquarters of the Eastern Shore
of Virginia Produce Exchange, an or?
ganization of fanners, that was for some
time entirely unique In the United
StatfeB, and as a matter of fact, there
are no others precisely like it at present,
though Texas and Arkansas farmers are
trying to do that which has wrought al?
most a miracle for the farmers of the
Eastern Shore of Virginia. The associa?
tion was organized January 6, 1000.
"I risk nothing in asserting that slnco
the exchange was organized the farm
lands of Accomac and Northampton
county have doubled In value," said Mr.
A. J. McMath, the secretary and treas?
urer, In conversation this afternoon. He
is very careful In all his statements, In?
deed; his conservative methods have had
a great deal to do with the wonderful
success achieved by tho farmers' ex?
The farming lands are worth so much
more now than they were three years
ago because of the simple fact that the
products of the soil bring so much bet?
ter prices. Reliable figures lead mo to
believe that It is safe for the Peninsula
farmer to count on receiving twlco as
much for his sweet potatoes and Irish
potatoes as he received In 1900. The of?
ficers of the exchange and the farmers
themselves give all the credit to the ex?
"There are no more potatoes raised or
eaten than there were three years ago,"
said one prominent "sweet potato grower,
"but they are better handled and sold
to better advantage."
Before the orgahlza?Ron' of the exchange
the sale of potatoes was conducted In the
loosest lmngnable' manner. It was strictly
a caso of every man for himself. The
farmer dug his potatoes when the season
arrived, and shipped them to any market
that suggested Itself, with only tho haziest
Idea as to tho price he would receive.
And generally the price he got made him
think the commission man had cheated
him, and "that raising potatoes didn't pay
nohow." And be was right.
It was thorough appreciation of these
conditions and a realization of the urgent
need of somo measure to Improvo tho con?
dition of the potato growers that led to
the organization of the exchange. Mr.
McMath, was the first man to
suggest such an organization. He
got the farmers Interested. A meeting,
two meetings, were held. The subject was
discussed In aTI TtsT bearings. Everybody
was Inclined to go slow, for they were
Finally, a largely attended meeting was
held on the sixth day of January, 1900,
and the association was organized.
In tho sale of the berry crop the follow?
ing spring, the benefits of the exchange
were fully, realized. Better prices were
received than In years. The same was true
of the potato crop, and the growers
thought the problem of successful potato
growing was solved. They think so_to-dny.
Organization and the application of strT?t
est business principles has done it.
The exchange Is composed of 1,500 po?
tato growers of Accomno" and North?
ampton. The general offices are at On?
ley, which Is tho center of the potato
growing country, but twenty-eight ship?
ping points on the Une of the New York,
Philadelphia and Norfolk Railway, from
Cape Charles up to New Church, at the
Maryland line, are connected with the
Onley office by a private telephone line.
The genoral manager of the exchange
calls up every lncsl agent at tho twenty
eight shipping points every morning and
gives him quotations telegraphed to the
exchange dally by correspondents In Bos?
ton, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Chicago and othro cities. The general
mnnager also advises the local agents of
the prices ho is authorized by tho ex?
change to pay for produce, if the pro?
duce Is consigned the local inspector
brands tho packages with the brand of
the exehnnge, and malls to the consignee
an Invoice of the number of barrels or
packages consigned, the names of the
persons who have furnished the produce,
tho address of oach. and the number of
packages each has in the consignment.
The consignee makes separate returns
to oach of tho consignors, nfter deducting
five per cent., which ho sends to the
treasuror of the exehnnge.
Why that commission to tho exchanger
I asked tho question of Mr. McMath, and
"All tho Jobhers In tho markets where
Eastern Shore potatoes aro sold know
our brand mentis exactly what Is says,"
bo replied. "Any produce mnrked 'Red
Star' means that It is the best which can
be produced on the Enstern Shoro of Vir?
ginia. The 'Hell' brand Is not so gond,
and the 'Bell' Is third quality. Rv tho
system of rigid Inspection, upon which the
exchange Insists, mure than anything In
the world, wo have been able to make
dealers come to know exactly what they
nt-e buying before n barrel of our pro?,
duco Is opened,"
It was plain to me that careful Inspec?
tion and grading was chiefly responsible
for tho wonderful success of the ex?
change. There Is an Inspector at every
shipping point represented In tho asso?
"I catch it protty heavy," said an In?
spector at one station In response to a
question from me as to whether shippers
did not often complain when ho marked
their produce a grade lower than the
best or second best. "But I'd rather grado
'em too low than too high."
This was further evidence of tho riulillfv
of. Inspection upon which tho exchange
has insisted from the first.
The membership of the exchange Is re?
stricted to farmers of Accomac and North?
ampton, and of course only shareholders
The stock Is valued tit J2fi a share. Thorn
Is n local exchange . (it each of the twen
tv-elght shipping points. Each local or?
ganization selects one. momber of the
board of directors.
Tho president of tho exchange Is Hon.
B, T. Gun/r; John II. Roberts, vice
president; \. A, liurton, general man?
ager; A. .1. McMalh, secretary nnd treas?
urer. Hon. N. It. Westoott Is counsel for
the exchange. Tho membership of tho
exchange Is growing nil tho timo. It
would appear that the exchange Inspects
appi'cants. for membership as carefully
as the produce. "We have to know a
man Is all rlfht before he can get Into
the exchange, said -Mr. McMath. When
a buyer Is twenty days lu arrears the fact
Is reported to tho nouerai manager, who
will not sell the derelict buyer any more
produce' until he hats paid up in full.
There Is considerable expenses connect?
ed with operating tho exchange. In the
general office?, at .Oiiloy ar.e ?fated Mr,
McMath, the secrotaryrtreasurer, and Mr.
W. A. Hurten, the general manager, The
rest of the force consists of n book-keeper
and two assistants, two stenographers nnd
ajj office bov. Tlilu'O ara also the twenty
Mght local agents, and the same number
of local Inspectors.
The exchange Is In a position to bear
expense. It imld ft dividend of 70 per
cent, on the capital stock last year?20 per
cent In cnyh and ?O per cent. In stock.
There Is on hand now a surplus of about
S>.000. The nosnelntlon In Incorporated
under tho laws of Virginia with a capital
STORY GONE ABROAD.
The story of the Enstern Shore of Vir?
ginia Produce Exchange hns gone abroad.
Mr. McMath say? be receives numerous
letters from all parts of the country dally
asking for Information concerning the or?
ganization nnd working of the exchange.
In May, at tho request of the truck grow?
ers In the vicinity of Norfolk, ho spent
some time with th"rn advising as to the
best method of procedure to effect an
organization. It will not bo long hefore
there Is an exchange In tho Norfolk dis?
trict, modelled pretf- closelv after the
one which Is making Eastern Shore farm?
The counties of Accomac and North?
ampton probably raise more potatoes
thnn are raised In anv terrltorv of no
greater size In this country. The Irish
potato season has Just ended. Five hun?
dred nnd ninety thousand barrels were
shipped through the exchange.
The sweet potato season Is Just open?
ing. I took a long drive yesterday
through the countrv north of Onley. I
never saw so many acroa plnntcd to
sweet potatoes. On every fnrm there were
fields of them, nnd the farmers told mo
the prosnects of a fine crop were ex?
cellent. The prices nro high. The farm?
ers have not sold Irish potatoes to such
advantage In many yenrs. Whnt with
clnms, crabs and fish, tho people of tho
Eastern Shore are In better financial con?
dition, probably, than those of any other
section of Virginia.
"Everybody Is nrotty night on the snme
level down here, ' said mine host at On?
ley. "They ain't none of ua very rich
nnd there ain't no reni poor people,"
NO rich and no poor?the ??pryn of the
socialist realized, th? answer to the pray?
er of the philosopher for neither poverty
WALTER EDWARD HARRIS.
VICTOR BOAZ HERE
Invincible Chairman of HouBe Finance
Committee Receives Congratulations.
Hon. William H. Ronz, of Albemarlo
county, Just ronominatod for his sixth
term In tho House of Delegates of Vir?
ginia by a handsome mnjorlty, arrived in
the city yesterday and Is domiciled at hie
old bonrdlng place on Marshall Street.
Mr. Boaz was busy last night receiving
nnd acknowledging the congratulations of
his friends on his ronomlnntlon, which Is
equivalent to re-election. It was said that
ho would he vigorously opposed owing to
his advocacy of the Mann bill, but the
strong opposition did not manifest Itself.
On tho other hand, the people of the, coun?
ty gave him a handsome endorsement.
Mr. Boaz returns to the eltv at this
time to resume his work with tho Com
mltteo of Final Revision nnd Adjustment
of the statutes, a work that must he fin?
ished before tho General -?^somblv re?
turns In November. Colonel Get). Wayne
Anderson hns been prevented from "de?
voting himself to his duties on tho same
committee hy reason of his service with
the military, but is at work again. Hon.
C. Harding Walker, another member, has
been in the city and working with Clerk
J. N. Brenaman. Other members of the
committee have been working elsewhere,
Mr. Caton, of Alexandrin, at.homo; Hon.
R. B. Davis and Judge WillfSm. II, Mann
at Petersburg. Good progress has been
mado with the work, but It Is a heavy
task and much yet remains to bo done.
Largest Grower of Tobacco
In World Fears Short Crops
In North Carolina.
Colonel John S. Cunlngham, of North
Carolina, president of tho North Caro
Una Tobacco' Growers' Association and
well known In this city, was in Richmond
yesterday, greeting his friends. He was
on his way home from Old Point, where
he attended the convention of the Tobac?
co Association of the United States,
"The tobacco crop In South Carolina
and Eistern North Carolina will soon be
cut." said he. "The crop In thoso States
Is not so good nor so largo as the crop
of 1902. It will not bo over seventy per
cent. In weight, I think. In the Piedmont
belt, the Danville and South Boston and
Durham belts, the crop Is botter.
"I believe that good grades of tobacco
will soil well this senson, nnd my advice
to tobacco growers is to cure and handle
their crops carefully and put them on tho
market In good order."
Speaking of the Tobacco Assoclntlon
meeting at Old Point, he said he was
much pleased with his trip. "These an?
nual meetings," said he, "are beneficial
to the tobacco growers and deniers, as
well as a sourc? of pleasure to all who
"Tho markets all opened up for sales
In Eastern North Carolina and tho grow?
ers In other parts of the State awnlt the
developments of the market with great
Interest. Our farmers are beginning to
recognize tho fact that the one crop sys?
tem Is uncertain and that It Is wise to
diversify their crops and raise their sup?
plies at homo."
Asked as to politics In North Carolina.
Colonel Cunlngham stated that tho cam?
paign for tho gubernatorial nomination
r remised to bo n lively one, Threo form?
er lieutenant-governors are In the Held,
nald he, and thorn will bo other candi?
dates. When asked as to the probability
of his being one. the Colonel smiled.
WILL SHORTEN TIME
ACROSS THE OCEAN
New Steamship to Have a
Speed of Twenty-five Knots.
(By Associated Press.)
LONDON, August 4.?Tho ngreoment
between tho Admirallty, Urn Hoard of
Trade, the Post master-General and the
Cunard Steamship Company, flirted July
30th, Is Issued In a parliamentary pnper
this evening. Accompanying tho agree?
ment Is the draft of a trust deed, securing
tho debenture stock on which the gov?
ernment's advance of $13,000,000 for build
lug the two new .steamships Is made.
Tho now mall carrying agreoment sus?
titutos for payments by weight a fixed
annual payment of $340,000 during tho life
of tho contract, which Is for twenty
years, dating from the first sailing of the
second of tho two new steamships. It
pr?vidos that the malls shall bo onrried
more speedily thnn at prosent.
All the company's steamships between
Liverpool, New York, Boston, the
Medltorrenn ports and Havre, Including
the new steamships, which will have a
speed of twenty-four or twcnty-Kvo knots
will be at the disposal of ?he
admirallty for biro or purchase In tho
event of war. The ivessels must ho main?
tained under the Britsh Hag.
The company Is no tallowed to sail any
vosel whose speed Is twenty knots without
the consent of the government.
(Hy Associated Press.)
LONDON, -August I.?It Is stated in
the lobby to-night that the government
agreement with the Morgan shipping com?
bine Is completed und preserves tho pre?
viously existing Hrltlsh Interests for Ad?
mirallty and postoffice purposes in tho
Hrltsh vessels acquired by the combine.
A colored man was vie, ted as Interna?
tional vice-president at the convention ?f
the longshoremen at Hay City last week.
Tho Kingshoromen'a national, with moro
than HO'?.?) members. Is the third largest
trado union In this country.
LIFE SAVED BY SWAMP ROOT.
The Wonderful Kidney, Liver and Blad?
SAMPLE BOTTLE SENT FREE BY
Swamp Root, discovered by the emi?
nent kidney nnd bladder speclallst,
promptly cures kidney, liver, bladder and
uric acid troubles.
Rome of the early symptoms of weak
kidneys nro pain or dull ache In the bnck,
rheumatism, dizziness, hendnche, ner?
vousness, cntnrrh of tho bladder," gravel
or calculi, blnntlng, snllow complexion,
puffy or dark circles under tho eyes, sup?
pression of urine, or compelled to pnss
water often dny nnd night.
Tho mild nnd extraordinary effect of
the world-famous kidney remedy, Dr.
Kilmer's ?Swamp-Root, Is soon realized.
It stands tho highest for Its wonderful
cures of the most distressing cases. If
you need a medicine you should h.ivo the
Swamp-Root Is not recommended for
everything, but If you have kidney, liver,
blndder or uric acid tronhle. you will find
It just the remedy you need.
Sold by druggists in fifty-cent and oiw
dollnr slr.es. You may have a sample
bottle of Dr. Kilmer'.-- Swamp-Root and
a pnmphlet that tells nil about It, In?
cluding mnny of tho thousands of letters
re?oive?! from sufferers cured, both sent
free by mall. Writo Dr. Kilmer & Co.,
Rlnghnmton, N. Y., and please be sure
to mention thnt you rend this generous
offer In Tho Richmond Tlmes-Dlspntch.
Don't make nny mlstnke. but remember
the nnme, Swamp-Root. Dr. Kilmer's
Swnmp-Root, nnd the address, Rlnghnm
ton, N. Y., on ovory bottle.
They Are Reaping a Harvest
on LaKes Erie. Huron
A special dispatch from Toronto tells
Gambling on tho passenger vessel? of
the Great Lakes has ??ached big propor?
tions in recent years during the tourist
season. Now It is at Its height, slnco
traffic Is very heavy.
Canadians aro inclined to attribute this
Increasing vice to the Americana who
have overrun Canada In recent years.
They and tho tourists from the States ara
held responsible for the gambling on tho
packet vessels of Ontario, Erie, Huron
and Superior. The card games are much
in evidence on the passenger vessels ply?
ing between Canadian ports on Huron
Whllo thero Is not the glamor around
the lake vessels and their card gamea
that surrounded the old lower Mlssis.
sippl boats, monoy ?s plentiful among
the lake card players, and come big
"pots" are raked in by the fortunate
gamblers. Pokor Is almost tho Invariable
rule. From tho "West has come the cus?
tom of playing with two decks, using the
joker as a fifth ace, and to fill flushes
and straights. This facilitates cheating
to an alramlng degree. It also makes the
Tho cheats usually work In pairs, and
If thero are hut six In the game, which
la the rule, It becomes mere child's play
for experts to clean out the gamesters
who are not wiese. If there are six In
the game, the two cheaters do not resort
to tho run up of handii, such, for Instance,
ns shuffling up three of c kind so that
they will fnll to a certain player, and
the cheat*win at tho same time get three
rices or a small flush. They use the old
count down. It Is simple, and has been
worked by cheats -wherever tho great
American gamo has been played.
Tho cheaters sit opposite each other.
That leaves two plays between them. The
cards nre cut to the lett, where two
decks are usod. That brings each cheat?
er into position where he cuts the deck
his partner hns shuffled. In shuffling the
clients see to It with their dexterity that
a set of threo of a kind is loft In the deck
Immediately under the first thirty cards
to come off. This Is ecpeclally easy
where six are playing and the six hands
aro dealt around. The pot (for all are
jackpots) Is opened, and no player stnys.
Even where several draw cards It is a
matter of simple calculation to leave the
deck, after being shuffled, with a set of
threo of a kind under the top 30. Then
when the man to the right of the olit-at
picks up the deck, after being shuffled,
nnd it Is passed to the cheat on the loft
to cut, ha makes a false cut, and the In?
nocent dealer hands the cards out, ac?
cording to tho way they have been count?
Tho crooked play come?i whon the pot
Is openei-t. The cheat to the left of the
denier knows when he draws cards a set
of threo of a kind must come to htm. Tho
rule is to, willen possible, count down
threo face cards, Therefore, If the cheat
has a pair of any kind he Immediately
raises the opener, knowing he must coma
out with a full. If he has not a pair ho
holds up two face cards, or even one.
In the hope that ho may come out with
four of a kind. But these game nre pret?
ty fast, and three of a kind always in
tho hole, as tho term Is, makes a clean?
up for tho crooks. Unless a man knows
what It is he cannot, of course, appre?
ciate for a minuto what Is going on.
The best one of the ordinary players In
these boat games can get Is the worst
of It, J>nt ti-fcv get wise very slowly
nnd seldom come over the same route
twice. Most of these card sharps are
Americans, but tho young Englishmen
and other tourists are anxious to be ini?
tiated Into tho mysteries of draw poker
nnd thoy are not hard losers. Only when
the chonta get despornte and cold dock
some man for a large amount does trouble
follow. The cheat understands this point
nnd seldom resorts to It. It is the rule
thoy observo never to beat n hlg hand for
a "producer," but to give him a. run for
A HORRIBIE CRIME
(By Associated Press.)
Ll-nVISTOX, IDAHO, Aug. 1.?William
Hamilton, ugod twenty-four yours, conl
tossed this morning to the murder and
mutilation of Mabel Richards, an elaven
yeai'.old girl, whose body was found near
Anntnne yesterday afternoon. The child
\yas waylaid by Hamilton whllo en route
to Sunday-school. Hamilton Is In Jail at
In all probability he will be lynched,
as hundreds of people are now reported
to Im assembling In the. town. The dead
girl was a daughter of Sheriff Richards,
?if Asotlu county. Hamilton is a farmer,
who has resided In tho county a number
of years. ^
Death of Mrs. Sutherland.
(Special to The Times-Dispatch.)
BRISTOL, TKN.V.. August l.-Mii,
Sutherland, wlf.i ?>f Henry Sutherland, a
prominent lawyer in Bristol, Va.. ?lle?T
this evening, age?l twenty-six. She wu|
formerly a ?Miss gheppard, of Wythevllle,
Va. Besides her bust Mid, two little soau
Tho Bristol Har Association will hnvo
charge Of the burial. .
When E. 8 U'illard played Cyrus
Blenkarn In "The Middleman" before the
potters at St?ilu-up"ii-Tri lit, England, he
won ?is line, a critical tribute as an actor's
heart could crave, tor the pottery c.nrett??
said that It ?teemed a? though "some ex?
citable ami l?laver potter had becoroa an
actor- nut that un actor had. for this piece
only, become a potter.'" in the maint*.
iian'ci of ao complete an Illusion there I?.
when -''Hi ponder over the matter, tho
whole essence of .rood actlug.