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Published Dally and Weekly
At No. 4 North Tenth Street,
Richmond, Va. Entered Jan?
uary 27, 1903, at Richmond,
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March 3, 1879.
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POPE PIUS X.
A new (Pope Is nomod. It is Cardinal
I Gulssope Sarto, Patriarch of Venice, who
: takes the title of Pius X., and who Is j
? elxty-alght years of ago.
The portraits represent him as a fine
looking man, with an expression benign
and oheerful, yot firm and Intellectual.
He nu born at Retsl, diocese of Trevlso,
? and was croatod a oardlnal by Leo XIII.,
receiving tho title of St. Bernardo Dele
Terme, and Btneo Juno 12, 1803, he has
| been Patriarch of Venice and BlBhop of
of Mantua. He luis never taken an Im?
portant part in the politics and publlo
' life of tho church, but has divided Wb
' time between study and works of charity.
Upon Cardinal Sarto's appointment to
the p&trlarohato, he encountered a deter?
mined opposition on the part of the Ital?
ian government before ho oould take pos?
session of his See, The King claimed
the right to present his own candidate,
and held tenaciously to that view, while
Leo quite as firmly maintained the oppo?
sition. This difficulty was never really
solved, but was "shelved."
Marlon Crawford, a good son of the
Catholic Church and a widely known
author, saya of him that he is a man
of "very noteworthy common sense, arid
that he le beloved by all Catholics, es?
teemed by the government and, respected
by his enemies." Mr, Crawford would
not claas Sarto as a "political" Pope,
nor yet as a oontentlous "theologian,"
burt as "an humble, charitable and pious
Pope, who will seek to renew the mi?
raculous conversion of mankind by truly
We are at liberty, also, to believe that
the relations between the new head of
the church and the Qulrlnal ?adll be less
strained than they wore In the times of
Plus IX. and Leo XUX But to what ex?
tent this relaxation will extend we can
only imagine. The church Beenis resolved
never to acquiesce in the deprivation of
Its itemparol power, and the Italian gov?
ernment?"United Italy"?Is understood,
to be equally determined never to yield
Its claims or to recede from its prosent
position. It Is to be presumed, however,
that ,the policy of Plus IX. and that of
Leo XIII. will be carried out by Plus X,,
but wlththls difference?thai the new Pope
Is In a position to smooth ?orne of tho
rough edge* of thfi troublo between the
Vatican ?nd "the Qulrlnal.
Whether an understanding as to. the
temporal power of the church can be
reached during this generation of men Is
a question which would seem not to ad?
mit of a hopeful answer at this time.
Plus X. has the prospect of quito many
years of life, and Is said to be a good,
sensible, steady -worker. In church af?
fairs he Is classed as a Uberallst, and ho
Is distinguished for piety and good work?.
That he is the favorite of the church
the conclave hns declared, and he Is for?
tunate In being acceptable to the gov?
ernment. It would seem, therefore, thnt
he enters loto his exalted-office under hnp
py circumstances and with a smoother
road before him than most of his prede?
cessors have had.
When congratulated on his prospects
by some of his friends, on hla arrival In
Rome, he Bald he aid not expeot sulccsh;
that he "had bought a return to Venice."
That ticket he can never hopo to use.
Unies? the policy of tho church la to be
reversed, he will never see the city of
canals and gondolas again?he Is "the
prisoner of tho Vatican now."
A aooD EXAHPLE.
It was stated in our local columns yes?
terday that Major L. T. Christian, one
of the members of the House of Delegates
from Richmond city, who Is a candidato
for ?-election, is n'ery active among the
other candidates In the interest of the
Barksdale pure ?lection law, which for?
bids the use of money In primary a6 well
as In general elections. Major Christian
think? the time baB corne when stntutes
relating to elections should be ?trlctly
enforced, and he . right. It Is the
boundeu duty of every citizen to obey the
law, and especially should those who a?k
the people to elect them to the law
making body of the Stute observe the
spirit as well as the letter of the law.
We suppose It Is possible to evade this
law, us It fceem? to bo possible to evade
all laws which people do not eure to
respect, but It Is to be hoped that there
will be no evaslou on the part oi candi?
date?. It is He design of the law to muke
our elections pure, to free thtrn from ihe
Improper uso of money, and even from
the suspicion of It, and, therefore, li la
provided that no money shall be used I? y
candidate? for any purpose whut-jov,-;..
uii* ?*ndldatt? a .a make tliU litw ? ?uu
??.-'... ... ^?sf-c
coss if they will. There Is no ned f
candidate to spend money, especial!
a primary election where the conto
between members of the sam party.
A seat In tho General Assembly Is le
ly a seat of honor, or at least shoulc
for the pay Is too small to attract
body who Intends to give an honest
?vice. But thero Is no honor In the pos
If a candidate Is going to buy his wa;
We do not deny that a man may
money legitimately and honorably li
election contest. But It 1ft a well kn
fact that tho practico has been grc
abused, and the only way to pre
abuses Is to prevent the u?e of mono:,
together. A cnndldato may be evei
honest, and may bo ever so much opp,
to the Improper use of money, but v.
he has put nn election fund Into the h?
of his agents, it Is Impossible for bin
control It, and some election agents
none too careful how they use moi
provided they can get results. Thui
happens that an election fund Is aln
sure to become more or less a corrupt
fund. We slncorely hope that the cat
dates In Richmond will set a noble
ample, that they will respect the 1
absolutely, that they will seek In no v
to evade It, but that ns honorable n
and law-abiding citizens they will <
and all absolutely rofraln from the use
any money whatever In tho fnrthcoml
eontost. By so doing they will save th
money and save their reputation, nnd
n good work in the Interest of hon
The Baltimore American publishes l<
tors from many pnrtB of the counti
which It says show "vct concluslvel
that as matters nowY stand the choleo
the Democrats next yoar for a preside
tlnl candidato will lio between Mr. Gc
man and Chlof Judge Parker, of t',
Court of Appeals of New York, whl
Mayor Harrison, of Chicago, seems to 1
"tho favorite" ' for "the vlco-prcsldonti
Tho American remarks that no mo
significant answer Ib made by nnybor.
than by James C. Dahlman, Democrat
national coramittoeman from Nohrask
Bryan's home State. "Mr. Dahlman hi
for noarly four years been regarded <
a personal representative of William Jei
nings Bryan on the governing body of tl
D?mocratie party, and he speaks as wit
Wo are further Informed that early I
the year Mr. Dahlman oxpressod prefo:
once for tho nomination of Judge Parke
but now aclares his belief in tho nom
nation of Mr. Gorman. At the same tire
ho says Mr. Bryan and his friends, (t
whom he Is one), will Eight Cleveland t
tho bitter end.
Mr. Dahlman is furthermore quote
as saying that "thero are some objection
to Mr. Gorman, but wo must all adm:
that ho Is a Democrat at all times.
Therefore, according to Mr. Dahlman, th
ticket tho Nebraskans have In mind ma
be written "Gorman and Harrison."
The Times-Dispatch doubts n-ery muc
If Mr Dahlman can be accepted as th
mouthpiece of Mr. Bryan. The latter gen
tleman has a way of addressing the pec
pie directly And he has a newspaper i:
which he may communicate with the pub
lie, while there are soveral hundred re
porters and correspondents in this coun
try ready to give publicity to an author
lzed interview, If he sees fit to give it a
any time. However, the American's articl,
is a "shelling of tho woods," politicals
speaking, and will serve to notify th
public that next yoar the presldentla
election will take place, and that th,
Democratic party would better carefull;
canvass the merits of all tho men whi
are mentioned as, presidential posslbill
Recently Judge Parker stated In an au
thorlzed Interview that bo Is not a candi
date, and that his Ufa's work Is upor
the bench, but It would seem that moa'
people believe he would not decline r.
nomination If it wore offered him. Ant
we think that quito likely. Not often 1:
a man found who is willing to decline
such an honor. Moanwhllo tho great
Democratic public would do well to con?
sider the situation carefully and con?
London had a sudden nnd stifling heat
last woek, which was accompanied by a
plague of mosquitoes, such nB tho city
had nover before experienced.
U Is something new to hear of London
err, being tho victims of mosquitoes, but
the fact Is that these posts visit much
higher latitudes than mott of our people
have any Idea of. They are to be found
In many places in Alaska, and Commo?
dore Melville related that In his Arctic
?explorations he met with them at some
places In largo numbers.
On tho other hand, It used to bo said
by people living in the Allegheny Moun?
tains, where tho Chesapeake and Ohio
Railroad crosses them, that mosquitoes
were nover known there until the rallroart
The popular theory Is, or used to bo,
thai mot-qultoes followed the trains which
brought oil through from the West.
The latest light we have on tho mosquito
subject Is that comparatively few coun?
tries on tho face of tho earth are exempt
from their visitation, However, scjen
11 tic men are now engaged In Investiga?
tions with a view to extirpating these
pests, and many are the plana proposed
to accomplish this purpose. Ono of them
Is to rid affected localities of stagnant
poolH of water. Kerosene oil Is also ap?
plied upon the surface of ponds and pools
to kill out the IiiBf-cts, and bouiq ?dentists
arc cultivating germ?, which they believe,
when turned loose, will prove deadly to
the whole "race" of mosquitoes.
TM: POOR MAN'S WEALTH,
During the past seven year? tho rich
havo been growing rk-her, bul It would
appear from the report of the snvlnga
bank? that the poor haa-o been growing
lu VM, according to figures which we
have recently seen, the number of de
I positon Jn the savings bunks of the
i l'i,iu--l ?tatos was 0.01)0,672, and the ui-gre
tute deposits %2.TM.mM<?. As compiire.i
j Wljjj .j..", thia. U ??;,, UitHOUM to ii-y -|UtIl
ber of depositors of 1,801,672, or thirty per
cent. In seven yoars, while the Increase In
deposits Is $84.1,177,000, or forty per cent.
We say that this Is In evidence that the
poor have beon growing richer been use
the savings banks are largely used by
mon of smsJl means who uso these banks
to save up their surplus earnings. The
southern people are not ns thrifty ns tho
people of tho North, for they have been
raised In n different school, but they are
learning the lesson more and more ns
shown by the Increase In the number of
savings banks Ifl this section of tho coun?
try. Thero has been a notable Increase In
the number of such banks In tho city of
Richmond nnd In tho deposits. Our
s-.,.'nlg9 bnnks aro nil doing well and
This Is the time when every man should ?
pavo nil ho cnn. Wo have had n senson
of great prosperity, nnd It Is not yet over.
But It cannot last forever, nnd the
prophets say there are somo signs of
hard times to come. Whether so or not
tho hnrd times will come by nnd by, and
when tho people are nil at work nticl mak?
ing fnlrly good wngos, they should cer?
tainly lay by ns much as possible for tho
Inevitable rainy day.
LETTERS FROM THE CAMPS.
A fenture of the Confederate column of
Tho Tlmcs-Dlsptach, introduced of into,
and which hns mot with Instant fn'vor, Is
the letters from tho camps written by
officers and soldiers to tholr relativos
and friends at homo and preserved by the
latter with loving care. Copies of these
have been furnished us for publication as
reminiscences of dear ones and as" con?
tributions to war history.
Tho letter writers give us accounts of
marches and battles, and describe camp
life with n naturalness and nccurncy not
to be excelled. Thero Is a charm nbout
them to bo found In no other lltorature
commemoratlvo of tho struggle for South?
ern Independence, coming as they do from
actors In a great drama, who tell what
they themselves saw and heard. In most
cases tho writers were young men, n,way
from tholr homes for the first time, and
It Is deeply Interesting to note tho Impres?
sions military Ufo made upon their youth?
Thero nro hundreds of such letters pre?
served and treasured In Virginia hornee,
and for a long time to como we hope to
have a continual supply of them for pub?
lication. When copies are made for us
strictly family mattem may be omitted,
but tho minutiae of camp life, no matter
how trivial apparently, should bo lnculded,
These will Interest all old soldiers very
much, and will prove to be of real value
to tho painstaking historian. Sometimes,
Indeed, they furnish Information which
can bo gathered nowhere elso._ Tn that
respect they may h-5 likened to old Pepy's
diary, whone pages have been drawn upon
timo and again by great historians, .to
whom they have nftorded unsurpassed In?
sight into the manners and customs of
that age. So, too. will these faded old
Confederate letters tell what our soldier
boys were thinking about, what rations
wore served to them, how they were
clothed, how they fared In battles and
prison, and how ardently thoy hoped for
and how gallantly they fought for the
Rev. I, Z. Rookor, the nowly consecrated
bishop of Jarro, Philippine Islands, In a
sermon delivered In Philadelphia Sunday
evening described at length the religious
conditions existing In these new Ameri?
can possessions. In the course of his ser?
mon ho said that America had entered
upon the task of civilizing and enlighten?
ing the Inhabitants of the Philippines, and
that there was no wny of relieving her
shoulders of the burden. "The American
gwernment and American society," ho
added, "have In one way or another as?
sumed this awful responsibility before
tho world at largo."
There Is no escape from this. It !s
needless to go back and say that wo
should not have taken possession of the
island, or that wo ehoulrt have given the
Filipinos their independeneo as soon us
the war was over. It was b_y no preoon?
ceK-od design that wo took tho Philip?
pines, Their capture was nn incident,
and an unexpected Incident of the wnr,
Thoy came to us a?; one of Uio results of
that war, and when we had once taken
hold wo could not let go. As this proncher
has said, wo have taken this responsi?
bility upon our shoulders and wo cannot
unload tho burden. Tho time may cnnio
when tho Filipinos can bo set up in a
separate and Independent government of
their own, as has been done la the enso
of the Cubans, but that time Is not yet.
Thero Is a work for America to do In
those Islands, nnd wo believe that It Ifl
a work which God Almighty Intended for
It. to do when Dewey sailed Into Manila
Bay and captured the Spanish lleot. It la
strange soil In which to sow American
seeds, but we nre sowing them, nnd it Is
our duty to plant well and to nourish the
crop, leaving tho harvest to take ?are of
Judgo Alton ID, Parker refuses to be
inlet-viewed on tho subject of tho Presi?
dency, but he doesn't object to saying
that he believes the time between thu
nominaling convention and the election
la too long; "it keeps the country dis?
turbed for too long a period." And he
thinks "the people would welcome a
cutting down of the campaign."
The Judgo was then asked about his
PreHldentlnl aspiration?, and in reply lu?
"1 will explain my position to you, so
that you can understand why I cannot
talk upon the subject you huvo men?
tioned I went on tlie bench to make il
my life-work. It is congenial to me, and
I mu very happy anil contenieil. I uni
??'?Uli my family here In my homo. I
usually tuke them to Albany for three
or four month? during the winter, and
wb?n it in neceBsary for mo to be away
during the other months, of the year 1
can run down, from Alhuny every week.
If I behave myself 1 can remain on the
bench for life. The salary Is ample. Tin?
New York Btuto Court of Appeals pays
it? judges larger salarle? than the Su?
preme Court of the United State?. I
?hall remain ?n the bench, It la my
But Judge Parker Is ?-. patriot, and "wo
presume that If the Democratic National
Convention bhould take him up and nomi?
nate him, whether or no, he would not
decline to serve,
In Mrisslsalpp7^?nly"m.es are wholly
obliterated by tho Noel primary election
law, touching the nomination of a United
States Senator, and the "plurality" and
"electoral vote" does not enter Into tho
nomlnatioa of a Sonator where there
nro only two candidates to bo voted for.
The vote for United States Senator will
be added in the aggregate "regardless of
county lines, and that candidate who
shall have received a mnjorlty of the
entire vote, adding tho vote of the sev?
enty-live counties together for each can?
didate, and tho candidate receiving the
total majority will bo the nominee to be
elected by the Legislature when ll meets
Madame Pattl Is said to be a sweet
singer oren at the ago of sixty, but thero
is a man in the town of Hanovor, Pa,,
who can go her twenty-three years bet?
ter. His name is Henry Long, and for
slxty-ono years ho has boon tho lender
of tho Qorrnah choir In the St. Matthews
Lutheran Church. Lnst Sunday there was
a special service, and Mr. Long, who Is
now oishty-threo years of ago, sang a
solo. It Is said that he still possesses a
rich and powerful voice, and that ho
never sang better in his life than upon
This Is toy"way~of"explanation: The Chi?
cago "three millions club" Is not com?
posed exclusively of men worth $3,000,000
and more, but of men who aro In favor
of swearing that Chicago hat, three mil?
lion inhabitants, and sticking evorolast
Ingly to it,
According to the Boston Globo, yester?
day was "tho day that tho descendants of
Prlscllla Aldon gather In family reunion
down at Duxbury nnd congratulate them?
selves on tholr historio escape from be?
ing named Standish."
Tho late General Casslus M. Clay seems
to have employed his time when locked
up In hie own houso in writing wills. Six
of his productions were offered for pro?
bate in the Kentucky courts^yesterday.
It may bo worthy of observation that
King Edward did not approach the blar?
ney stone while in Ireland. Probably ho
has heard of Hon. Bourke Cockran and
Up in Pennsylvania they have carried
the no-Sunday labor crusade to the limit.
The paid .singers of a church choir were
arrested in Wllklnsburg for vocalizing for
money on the Snbbath.
Now, having discussed race suicido to
his heart's content, why may not the
Presldont take up the question of race
riots-, In Illinois, for instance.
""There comes a dismal report from up
North that "Mother Jones" Is training for
the lecture platform for tho coming win?
Tho Miles circular comes in good time
to furnish our esteemed Virginia con?
temporaries with a subject for the dull
Tho optimistic Mr. Dow, of the firm of
Dow, Jones and Company, speaks beau?
tifully. Hurrah for Dow, anyhow.
A Pope has been elected, and no enter?
prising reporter <?ot dnto the "stalls"
while tho count was in progress.
"Mother Jones" was easy enough to bo
dodged, but just wait until Carrie Nation
buys a ticket tor Oyster Bay.
While the clouds were pasting by the
comet took occasion to change Its base
With a Comment or Two.
The reason that many Virginia towns
have such wretched streot car service Is
that thev are too small to support an
electric line and too big to walk,?Now
port News Press.
This does not refer to Newport Nows or
Portsmouth, we hope.?Richmond Tlmes
No. Obviously the reference Is to tho
street ear system of Richmond, to cure
the wretchedness of which the taxpayers
of tho State have Just been mulcted in
The esteemed Star seems to bo In the
habit of speaking through Its empty tile.
Bob Fltzslmmons Is the champion of
the wedding ring anyhow. He hns Just
?wedded his third wife, nnd none of them
hns ever died either.?Richmond Times
The sporting editor of Tho Tlmes-Dls
patch is evidently away on his vacation,
otherwise tho pnragropher would have
learned that Hose Julian, late wife of
Bob FltZHlmmonn, Is a long time dead.?
Newport News Press.,
Our apologies aro hereby tendered to
If wo 'nave nny of the unredeemed
pledges of the Sultan of Turkey on hand
wo might give him a lesson In "govern?
ment by Injunction"?when the time ar?
rives for him to take the now warship
out of theee waters.?Norfolk Lodger.
I That would bo international discourtesy
Norlh Caroline. Sentiment.
The following from the Winston-Salom
Sentinel 1? good doctrine to preach any?
Tf tho neonle who continue to talk about
the' wayfnnvhlch the good road? busings
In the county is being ?nndu oted, wpud
only advance some practical , u,k-mon,,
Instead of kicking at everything that a
dune, tl..- result might be encouraging, to
say tho least.
The Raleigh News and Observer:
The Charlotte News seconds the motion
that North Carolina put ?tatuos of Na
th.ani?l Mac?n und ?SoTauf?^-fc"0" In tlo
rotunda at Washington, 'Fhey Vft. e< *''
the two first Norlh Carolininm . u? 1 both
hud a first name that_is a mouthful.
The Ashevllle Citizen Is alarmed at tho
many divorce cases In tho State courts
und cri?-? out:
Marriage is a contract. Other contra?is
cuniu'it be annulled at law. except for a
violation of the contract itself. Ma
Hago is the most solemn of ?ontiacts as
It is enteren Into With divine sanction
und wlili . ?f?, "nee to >th divine and
huir?an laws, anil should not bo iinnu 1
?,i either evcont for a violation of the
,,!,,!,,i?. i't.'it divorces should be grant.
,.,i only in thus?-, cases where a coml?u
ance of tho marriage relation would i -
suit in moral debasement of one of the
The Durham Herald says:
Even if Mr. Hearst conies down ami
agrees lo support tho candidate ho par?
ty should never forgive lilm foi the ouln.
ion he had of It, ________...
GOOD ADVICE FOR TRAVELERS.
When going 'to the mountains or sea
shore or taking u journey on business or
pleasure, never leave home without a
bottle of i'hambeiinln'8 Colic, Cnoleia
and'Diarrhoea Remedy. It is worth many
times Its cost when needed, and nuy
save life. Buy it now. ?pr eala by all
I Urend of 7jhoug?hi I
&n 7)ixi? J?and |
The politicians who brought .Tudgo
Parker out and then abandoned him
should be Indicted for cruelty to an
Henry Clows says the slump In Wall
Street means tho doom of tho great trusts.
That will do to tell until after the next
We do not got a very oxnlted Idea, of
the State officials of Illinois hy rending
that when Danville sent to Springfield
for aid three hours pnssed before UTo"
Governor or anyone competent to act for
him could bo found.
Senator llnnna no doubt finds the com?
pany nt Newport to lie quito congenial.
That resort Is nffected moro than any
other hy "Hlnnd pattern," v.honc mil?
lions have come to them through tho
favoritism of tho tariff.
Ono of tho negroes In the Boston riot
tried to reach tho stago where Hooker
Washington wns "to cut Ills heart out,"
ns ho expressed It. And yet Bookor
was talking about nothing moro Incendi?
ary than education,
Florida Times-Union :
It Is said that tho cyclone on Wall Streot
cost $2,0u0.OOO,000?In paper securities. 1b It
not strange that the corn grow? 03 If
It never henrd of Wall Streot, and tho
chickens still crow?
Personal and General.
Only three of the famous olectornl com?
mission of 3S77 survive?ox-Senator Ed?
munds, Senator Hoar nnd General Eppa
Hunton, of Virginia. All of tho five Jus?
tices of tho Supremo Court are dead.
D. H. Carpenter, a well known gen?
ealogist and a writer of several books
denllng with tho history of tho oarly set?
tlors of tho colonies, died at his home in
Maplowood, N. J., on Monday.
Rev. Frank Russell, the new chaplain
of Sing Sing Prison, New York, has for
many years been a ward worker for
Dr. J. H. Duerden, professor of biology
In the University of North Carolina, has
been appointed professor of zoology at
tho University of Michigan,
Tho bronze bust of Edwin Booth as
"Brutus," which for thirteen years has
stood In the foyor of tho Auditorium In
Louisville, Ky? -has been sent to the
Players' Club, New York, In compliance
with Instructions In the will of Its owner,
tho late Captain William F. Norto/i.
Fathor Albert, a full-blooded Potta
watomle Indian, was consecrated a priest
In tho St. Joseph's Catholic Church, In
Oklahoma City on the 27th, and Is the
first full-blooded Indian ever consecrated
In the Catholic Church in America, or in
A Few Foreign Facts.
A monument to Queen Victoria, a pres?
ent of George Sangor, has Just been un?
veiled by his daughter at Newbury, Eng?
Dr. G, von Escherlch, professor of math?
ematics, has been made rector of the Uni?
versity of Vienna.
The Kongo Free State has an area of
?00.000 square miles and a population of
between 20,000,000 and 30,000,000.
Last year the native church of FIJI,
with an average church attendance of
IM,0O0, contributed $26,000 to foreign mis?
sions. The first missionaries to these peo?
ple wero nearly all put to death by the
fierce natives in 1S35.
Tho buildings of tho missionary' socie?
ties which were destroyed by the Boxers
in the Peleln compound aro being rapidly
leplneed by larger and better ones by the
Chinese government. The buildings, In?
cluding those of tho Woman's Foreign
Missionary Society, will be ready for oc?
cupancy In tho early autumn.
Tommaso Salvlni, who will make a tour
of tho United States next, season. Is prob
iibly the greatest of living Italian actors,
although he has seldom emerged from
his many years of retirement upon hlj
fine estates In Italy. Salvlni Is a native
of Milan. Tie made his debut at fourteen,
and even as a youth was a great actor.
Tho whole world has seen him in the
plays of Shakespeare. He has written
poetry, memoirs and hl?tory.
Remarks About Richmond.
Petersburg Index-Appeal: If Richmond
cannot or will not protect property and
preserve order she should surrender her
charter and turn tho Job over to Peters?
Newport News Times-Herald: Tho
Richmond strike sympathizers did not
wait for the man without sin to cast the
Portsmouth Star: The general subject
has become of Interest to every city In
Virginia, because, having developed In
such a Bcandalous and humiliating epi?
demic In Richmond, It Is likely that
other cities will? be affoctod. Some of
tho same opportunities for boodllng and
grafting appear elsewhere. U Is well for
tho people to ho alert a.nd to he sus?
picious, too. That will not embarrass
an honest man; It rnety doter the dishon?
est. It Is well to watch tho hoodiera.
Petersburjr Index-Appeal: If Organizer
Orr has power over strikes to start or
stop thorn at will by the mere utterance
of a word, has he not power over tho
strikers to forbid a resort to violence,
bloodshed nnd orlmo? Could he not stay
the bund of the dynamiter If ho would?
Newport News Press: Ex-Alderman
King, of Richmond, has gone to Jail
without telling who ho ought to have for
COL. MILES' CIRCULAR
What Some of the Papers of Virginia
Say of It?
A number of the professors of the Uni?
versity of Virginia and various other per?
sons and papers have had a good deal to
say during the past- year nbout Colonel
Oeo. \V. Wiles that was decidedly uncom?
plimentary to Hint gentleman, and now
that Col. Mlles lias circulated a pamph?
let giving his side of the controversy. If
such It may bo called, it will bo seen that
lie hns furnished ground for tho Board
of Visitor? of tho university to conduct
an examination relativo to the fltnesB of
some of hl.H detractors to occupy tho posi?
tions which they M-ld.
Newport News Press: ?/
Colonel Miles intimates In his "Address
to the Peoplo of Virginia." hla convic?
tion that tho University of Virginia fac?
ulty hns been holding a lengthy knock
lost, with himself as tho subject and Prof.
Nor Is it any answer to say that Colo?
ur! Miles was sore because tho opposl
tion of the faculty holped to balk him in
bis ambition to be president of the Uni?
versity, His pamphlet may not be in the
best of temper or taste. It may be. if
you nhase another indication that Colo?
nel Miles is not the man for the presi?
dency of the University. That, t-s neither
here nor there. . If the abuses he charge;
ex i a the University, thoy should he
looted out. Whether they dp exist is a
matter that It le the duty of the Board
to determine by investigation.
What Colonel Miles saya may or may
not ''true ?ut l'or his own reputation It
would have been better for him to have
preferred bis charge? bf.fore-h o discover,
t-il tlmt li was Impossible toi nun to te
cure', h, ' .oHlUon of prudent of th?.tin U
versltv Tii.i tirades of uetuateu canui
dttt'a ore Viven ?cant oonel?eratlon now,
. aii,l Col. Miles' pamphlet proves
coneluAivfilv that he Is <? rule-or-ruln
? ?i*%$8 propw V*?011 t0 be ut
tho head of tlm ohlof Institution of learn?
ing In Virginia. Tho law providing for
tho election of a president of the Uni?
versity ehould never have been enacted,
and the Boonor the Legislature repeals it
tho betto rlt will bo for all concerned.
Newport Nows Times-Herald!
Professor MIIcb could have done nothing
that indicated more strongly his Unfltftess
for the place than to wrlto tlio letter ire
has mado public. His botrayel of the deal
made by tlm Board of Visitors la essen?
tially n. Bquoai, and though he alms hlB
Invective at the faculty it la really the
weak kneed board that fallod him.
Thero Is never any sympathy for the
mnn who goes Into a deal, gots left, and
then whines. Wo have no doubt that if
tho election of Professor Miles bad boon
speedily put through, tho casis of
'?drunkenness" and tho "tinfltnesa for of*
nee" in tho faculty would havo been mot
with other menns then exposure. Ho know
that tho board ought not to oloot ono of
its own members nnd his resignation, un?
der an agreement that ha should be elect?
ed, was only n. weak evasion of a princi?
ple, and ho compromised himself when ho
became a party to it.
THE TOMB OP VIROINIA DARE
Is It to Be Found on Roanoke Islanc?
A Question of History.
Editor of The Tlmos-Dlapiitch:
Sir,?A Correspondent of The Tlmog-Dl?
pntch of Sunday, July 2tlth. writing from
Nng's Head, describes pleasantly that
charming sonshoro resort, and goes on to
state that near a small Ashing village on
Roanoko Island Is the tomb of Virginia
This statement will bo recolvod with no
little surprise by most of tho students of
history, who havo always believed that
Virginia Dare wns Involved In the ob?
scurity and mystery which havo for more
than three hundred years surrounded the
farto of Governor white's lll-staired ?col?
ony. Tho Historian Bancroft was evi?
dently Ignorant of so lmportnnt an hln
toilcal fnct ns tho death and burial on
Ronnoko Island or the first English whlU;
child born on American soil when ho wrote
"Yet, previous to bin (White's) depart?
ure, his daughter, Eleanor Dnre. tho wife
of one of the assistants, gavo birth tj a
female child, the first offspring of English
parents on the ?oil of tho United States.
The Infant was named from the placo of
. Its birth. The colony, now composod of
eighty-nine mon, seventeen women nnd
two children, whose names aro all pro
i served, might reasonably hope for tho
speedy retain of tho Governor, who. nu
he sailed for England, left with them ns
hostages his daughtor and his grandchild,
"More than another year elapsed before
White could return to search for his col?
ony nnd his daughter, and thon the Island
of Roanoko wns a desert. An Inscription
on tho bark of a tree pointed to Croatan,
but the season of the year and the dan?
gers from storms were pleaded as an ex?
cuse for an Immediate return (to Eng?
land). Had the emigrants already per?
ished, or hud they escaped with th'-lr
lives to Croatan. niul throuich the friend?
ship of Manteo become familiar With
t.ho Indians? Tho conjecture has been
hnzardod that tho deserted colony, ne
gleoted by their own countrymen, wero
hospitably adopted into the tribe of Hnt
torns Indian? and became amalgamated
with the sons of the forest. This was the
tradition of the natives at a later day.
and was thought to bo confirmed by the
physical character of the tribe. In which
tho English and Indian races seem to
have blended. .
"Rnlei?h Ions cherished the hope of
discovering some vostigos of their exis?
tence; ami, though ho had abandoned
the design Of colonizing Vlrglnln, he yet
sent at his own charge, and, It Is said,
at five several times, to search for his
llege-mon. But It was all In vain; Imag?
ination received no help In Its r.ttomptH
to trace tho fate of the colony of Roan?
It. will be seen from tho above that
White's return to Roanoko Is set forth
with somewhat of detail, but not a word
of the finding of th?- marked grnve, much
Iosh "tomb." of Virginia Dare.
In this connection' It Is Interesting to !
note that.Mr. Hamilton McMillan, of Rod
Springs. RebeBOn county, N. C, a few
? years ago published it little volume full
of historical research, In which he set
forth the Ingenious theory, fortified by
strong argument, that the remnant of the
Croatan Indians of Roanoke were then.
I and nro still, living In h section of Roa
! noke county.
S It Is certain that there are two or three
? hundred people living in that county who
i call themselves, and have always been
called, Croatans, and that they nro a
very singular people. In the dully con?
cerns of life thoy, of course, deal with
the outside world, but thoy live apart,
many among themselves, nnd Inhabit a
certain district, tho central settlement
of which is known as Scuflletown. They
aro taciturn and Jealous, and bitterly re?
sent being classed as mulattoes. This
sensitiveness to Insult of the dignity of
their race, and tho lnjustlco to which It
gave rise, were at last tho compelling
causes which raised tholr bands against
their fellow-mnn, and atlrred up a bloody
vendetta In Robeson county, which lasted
Tho Confederate government paid scant
courtesy to the rnco claims of these
people, treated thern as negroes or mu?
lattoes, and Impressed many of thorn to
work on tho fortifications of the const,
to their great Inconvonlenco, loss of time
and money, nnd. in somo Instances, loss
of life. This Injury rankled In tholr
hearts, was kept alive for some years
nitor the civil war, and was only Intensl
fli-n by tho lawlessness of tho county, nnd
perhaps other wrongs suffered under a
badly administered government.
Ahout tho year 18-?9 a reign of terror
begnn In Robeson county, nor was It
stamped out before some of tho most
prominent men -of that section were mur?
dered nt their homes, or on tho road, of?
ten In the broad light of day. What
was known as the "Dowery Band," led
by a man named Henry Rcrry Lowery,
defied tho law. and roamed tho country
for robbery and murder.
Tho county authorities were reinforced
by organized, posses of citizens, who ex?
erted every effort to bring theso mur?
derers to Justice; but a consldernble
area of Robeson county Is made up of
extensive, denso swemps and nlmost Im?
penetrable buys, every part of which was
familiar to the band, and, once within
these fastnesses, they wero snfe from
successful pursuit. The audacity of Hen?
ry Berry Lowery was amazing. He uf
foctfid to treat, after the manner of a,
chief of Italian brigands, for terms or
ransom, and sont threatening messHgcn to
marked men?his ambassadress bolng his
wife, Rhoda Lowery, a tall, handsome
The hand more than once invndcd little
villages In the county, and on one occa?
sion they entered Lurnberton, the county
seat, and carried off a safe full of val?
uables. In tho year 1870 or 1&71 the "Low?
ery Band" passed over In the southwest?
ern part of lb? adjoining county of Cum?
berland, and In broad dny murdered a
whole family of McLeods, for a consider?
able sum of money they wero known to
have lu tho house.
Of course, It was not In tho nature of
things for a wholo community to remain
at tho mercy of a handful of ruffians;
and the "Lowery Band" wore finally
hunted down, -dispersed, nnd one or two
killed. If my memory servo? mo. one
named Oxendlne was executed In W.iyno
county. It 1b said that tho laador, Henry
Berry Lowery, was killed by the acci?
dental dlschar-re of his gun. which he
was cleaning; hut many believe to thla
day that, convinced that his lawless ca?
reer was at an end, he escaped, and after?
wards enlisted In the regular army. ?
It would be injustice to the mass of
the Croatnns, many of whom are good
citizens, to leave tho Impression that this
was solely a Croatan war. Several of the
band wer.e desperadoes, the born enemies
of law nnd order; but thora can bo no
doubt that the reign of terror in Robason
county had its origin In the wrongs and
lniftstlce mentioned. J. ,H. M.
Fayettevllle, N. C, July 30th.
MONRY MADE IN EGOS
Process by Which They May Be Pre?
Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Si-.-,?Since people hack homo heard that
I was preserving eggs in California, I get
go many lettors regarding the business, I
cannot answer them, and so will ask The
Times-Dispatch, which visits the hoiries
of most of my friends, to favor them und
rue by publishing this letter.
When 1 left old H.niico county, my
lungs were almost gone, but two year?
here have cured me. and I am now wer*
" To-Day'sAdvertising Talk."
ANY NEW QOODS?
If you have anything
new this season or have
any prices that will in?
terest the public, don't
you think it would pay
you to tell The Times
of readers about it ?
They are all buyers, and
will be glad to read
Money never was more
plentiful than to-day,
and every business man
ought to be doing the
greatest business of his
If you are not getting
your share, it is because
you are not inviting it
as you should.
Thousands and thous?
ands of papers every
and think what that
means to the business
man who advertises in
as ever. Carlsbad Is a wonderful plaoe
for uiithma or lung trouble?, ana the
mineral waters here prodco miraculous
cures In kidney and atomach diseases. It
never gets warmer than ~> and seldom
cooler than ?50; the cllmato Is perfect,
tho country beautiful, tho scenery grand,
and one can make a living here If ho can
anywhere, If you want to know more
of this country, address the Board of
Trade, Carlsbad, Cal., and they will an?
swer all questions.
After being hero threo months. I felt
so much better I began looking for some?
thing to do to replenish my pockotbook,
nnd the DOultry business was tho only
thing that com? v.-lthlti my limit, so 17
with another lady, nick like myself, rent?
ed five acres, put up our tent?, got out?
chickens, 243 in nil, and a cow and be?
gan business, We Joined the Egg Asso->
elation, und made money from tha Btart.
We sell no eggs for less than 30 cents,
nnd often for 10. The preserver costs
about a cent a dozen: if we need monoy
before eggs get up to SO cents, the asso?
ciation supplies us and takos an order
on our eggs for the amount advanced.
Last summer we went up In the "back
country," os they call It here, and
bought two thousand dozen eggB at 13
cents, preserved them, and sold them In
four montliH for S^ cents. Pretty good
for two girls, wasn't It?
A great many ask me if I think they
can make money preserving eggs. I tell
them "yes," for I have, and that, too,
when I was too weak to sit up all day.
1 spoke to our secretary, who Is an In?
timate friend of mine, about sending di?
rections for preserving eggs to
my friends, and ho said that If
any one wrote him ho would mail
directions at once. So. If any of
you want to make money, address the
Carlsbad F.gK Company,- Cnrlsbad, Cal..
and tell thorn Mary I. Thompson told
you to write for directions. You should
enclose five or six two-cent starnpB for
postago, etc., as the directions cover threo
typewritten pages, taking time to write,
and whllo they make no charges, I do
not want my friends to Imposa on their
courtesy. You can Immediately preserva
a few eggs, ns a tost, after which you
can go into the business, confident from
your own success. You can put up enough
eggs of evenings to make five or flix hun?
dred dollars, and not interfere with your
regular employment, so here Is a chanco
for people both In city and country If you
have grit and wunt to make money.
Wo have eggs enough preserved to
make ?500 each, so you Bee wo have
mado money and surely any one can,
make as much as we poor Invalids do.
Btart with $20, and reinvest all the pro?
ceeds for seven years, and you will have
almost twenty thousand dollars; Just for
amusement figura what $20 will bring in
seven years at 160 per cent, compound
interest, and on eggs you often make
200 per cent.
At many places you can buy eggs at
8 or 10 cents, which In winter will sell
for SO or 35. What better business do
you wont than that?
When I sell my eggs. I will subset; be
for Tho Tlmos-Dispatch, It seems like
an old friend calling on m?) every tima
the folks Bond mo a copy. _
Hoping I have not wearied you with my,
enthuHlusin, I am,
MARY J. THOMPSON.
Carlsbad, Cal., July 17, 1303. J
Wanted a Monument.
Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Slr,-It has bcon reported in the paper?
once or twice that some thoughtless
young women have from time to tima
placed themselves on the tract, of th?
street railway In the vain attjmpt t?
obstruct tho running of tlw cars an*
to deter timid people from riding.
Perhaps the railway authorities might,
?ander such circumstances, te. ? ??
ron from the example of m ?rUind, Caw
tain Edward Graham, of the POWrslJUri
Artlilanr. who. With his brave cannon,
cors was the first to come to tho r?
lief of the city when the enemy wo?
about to enter It on the Oth day of. Juno
Ser they had driven back .ha smal
band of heroic citizens who had hold
hem m check for several hours, man;,
of whom were killed, other-, wounded,
and tho rest scattered
It seoms to me, Mr. Editor, tuai II
would be a worthy undertiklng. not
only for the people of Petersburg, but
I "the whole State, to unite and erect a
monument to theBo heroes, and I wish It
ou"d c mad* ?a imperishable,_? the
F?p -ramids of Egypt" or an Un 'Lion o
lucerne." carved out of tho s .lid roe?
and more than thirty feet in length, and
o? colossal proportions; to coinmwnorat?
the courage and fidelity of the "Swiss
Guard" of ?even hundred men, who de?
fended! with tholr lives (all of tl.cnt were
killed. I believe), not one left
\ tell the story. Louis XVI,
and Marie Antoinette, when thej
"veve attacked by tho Parisian mob
When Cnptaln Graham and his battery
were rushing at full speed up, 3ycamore
Street, the men running by the side o|
their horses und urging them on with
whip and voice, and tho street crowded
with terrified women and ohildren, obi
Htructing the way, "Damn tho women."
shouted Captain Graham to his men.
"drive over them if they will not gol
out of the way." . ; .
Of course, neither he nor they had
any thought of doing; such a cruel thing,
He was one of the most amiable and chl?
valrous of men, and would go miles out
of his way to render a servie? to one o(
Corporations, it Is said, have no souls,
and under like conditions might no: b?
so merciful. B. M. PAltHAM.
Richmond, Va.. July 31st.
L ROUGH AND PRESSE!