ENGLISH TRADES UNIONS
AND THEIR POLITICAL ACTION
Hon. Clarence S. Darrow
Discusses Thls Subject.
AS THERE. SO HERE ALSO
Flrst of a Serles of Europonn Indtistrla
Letters by the Dlstlngulshed Lawyer
Who Repre?e nted the An*
By CLARENCE S. DARROvV.
(Speclal Correspondonce of Tho Tlmes
LONDON, August 15,-In splto of nll
that tho Amorlcan flnds now nnd strnnge
ln Englnn.1, still tho traveler soon dls*
?ovora lhat the two ,countrles aro won*
derfully ullko. Ot coursu, wllh tho e.t
aggoratcd ogotlsm of nll men nncl pooplos,
wo aro nt flrat surprlsed to foo how mnny
of. our custoins, Instltutlons und laws
havo boon ndopted hero; on second
thoughts we marvcl to flnd how closely
wo really follow tho fooUteps and ox
perlencoB of tho English people.
, In no way do wo flnd condltlons moro
.althfully .roproducod than ln what ls
known a? (he "labor movement" of both
natlons. To dotenninc what Amerlca
wlll ho to-morrow It Is a good plan
to soo what Dnglnnd |s to-day. Both.in
England and Arnorica tho labor ques?
tlon In some form overshadows ull other
toplcs. lt does thls because fundamvn
tally lhe labor questlon Is the questlon
of democracy, of the rlghts of the many
agalnst tho long usurpod prlvlleges of
POLLOAVS ENGLISH LEAD.
Tho whole tradeH unlons movement of
Amerlca has followed In tho wako of tho
English lead. The history of labor or?
ganlzntlons in tho United States, wlth all
of thelr trlalH nnd trlbulatlons, tholr
vlctorles and dofcats, is but a falfhful
copy of tho :?mpestuous strugglcs of tho
English worklngmen. To be sure we
Amorlcan', have wrltten our history
much foster, exactly as wc do overytrhng
clso wlth greater speed, but Wo do them
more rapldly becauso tho way is no
loncer Htrango and untrled.
The Amerlcan trades unlonlst ln the
preBonce of what seems to be hls almovt
Invlnclblo power Is becomlng strangely
apprehenslve of serlous dangcrs to hia
causo. In splto of the unprecedente.l
_rbwth of trades unlonism ln the Unltei
Statos, Its strongost supporters and Us
best frlends are looklng to lts future wlth
perplexlng doubts and fcars behlnd lhe
English trades unlonlst. Tho Engllsnm -ii
1b already In the presenco of doadly perll
and ls seoklng tho best ho cnn to flnd
a defenso agalnst the dangcrs that fcur
round him. i
AN ANCIBNT INSTlTUTt ON.
Trades unlonism ls almost an anclent
lnstltutlon In Great lirltaln. Its ever.
etep hns been ln koeping wlth the splrit
of democracy, whlch if aftor all tho rno_t
constant nsplratlon of tho human rac..
That trades unlonism has greatly im?
proved the condltlon of tho English work?
men, nnd through them of all the com?
mon peoplo. would not be pubricly denied
Bi-cn by Its enemlos. Stlll through all
its progreas lt has met tho opposltlon
of the prlvlleged class, ot thoso powerfui
famllles who long ago parcelcd out tne
land of Great -Britaln and decrecd thnt
It should helong to them and thelr
forever. Just the aame. too, lt has been
opposed by a class stlll moro poweriul
?nd aggresslve, the comniorclal class','
whose wenlth und lnfluenco really come
from thelr control of tho lndustrial ln?t.
tutlons of the lnnd. Both of these clasac.
lnstlnctlvely feel that any substantlal Im?
provement in tho condltlon of tho com?
mon peoplo must bo at tholr expense, nnd
et the perll of their precioua "rlghts."
It Ih well enough for polltlclans and
"superfflclals" to talk of the real har?
mony between tho cnpltallsts and the
worklngmen. but the plaln fact remains
thnt tholr Interests nro confliolng. und
will be always so untll tho capltailst ls
the worklngman ancl the worklngmen tho
capltnlist. Both classes feel thls even
whon they do not under. tand exactly
whnt It means or why t?t Is tho case. _o
it ls that even though trndes unlonism
has conptantly grown In England untll it
_ oemed to be almost as flrmly establlshed
as Parliament ltself it has o.or met the
consclous and unconsclous opposltlon ol
all the favorod class. Thls opposltlon has
once moro been made effectl.e In the
English courta. To-day trades unlonism
ln Groat Britaln stands alfnost stunneJ
by the bloody blows that have been re?
cently glven lt by the courta True, lt
ls so strong In England that It ls gropin.
about for means to defend ltself agaln?t
these deadly onslau?.its, but that it has
heen serlously, lf not vltally, wounded
ls beyond dlspute.
THE TAFT-A'ALE DECISION.
Tho Taft-Vale declslon and other slmi?
lar decisions ln Great Britaln. llko the
mjunctlon cases ln the United States,
nre strlklng nt tho very llfe of trades
unlqnlsm, and no one roallzes thls more
than tho worklngmen themselves. B.v
this declslon the legal responsibility of
unlons in caseB of strlkes has been estab?
llshed In Great Britaln and almost 5160,
000 taken from ono unton. on thls nc
count. to say nothing ot the great ex?
pense incurrod in Its defense. Simllai
suits and others which tho Ingenuity of
sklllod lawyers can readlly doviso havo
brought' the unlons face to face.wth a
crisls whlch threatens tholr very Uvos.
Trades unlonism ls, to sny tho least,
ittngnant In Great Brltnln. lt ls not
growing, It hns not grown for two years
east; lt has doubtloss materlaljy de?
clined ln power. AVhlle It has managed
to keep lts numbors almost Intact, stlll
lt has been shorn of lts strength.
It has beon a long tlme slnce the unlons
have oonductcd a succossful strlko of
' large proportlons. and wlth tho law oa
now declared and admlnlstered It Is dif.
flcult to see how they can evor again
wln such a strike. Of courso, trndes
unlons cannot bo kept together unless
they cnn do something, or at least prom
Iso somothlng, for thelr members. lhe
ordiinary worklngman wlll not pay dues
nnd support offlclnls unless ho soos thnt
his union can help him In hls struggle
for llfe. And whlle lt would bo too
much to say thnt this good can only como
through strlkes, stlll, batter wages can?
not be obtalned through nogotiation
Carriago and Wagon Matorlals, V-Orlinp
nnd Oorrugntod Rooilng, Tin Plato, Out and
Wlro Nalls, Poultry Nottlny and Fenpo Wlro,
Builder.'' and Oarj-entors' Tools, "Medal"
Brand Oarson Llmo, Old Domlnlon Portlaml
Cement, Terra OottaPlpe and Flre Olay Jflt.
tlngs, con Ahh ho found ab
Baldwin & BROWN'S,
1557 Eait Main Street.
HOK CLARENCE S. DARROW.
wlthout tho threat or fear of strlko In
case tho negotlutlon falls. i
AVUprever one goes ln England he
flnds the ono opinion eipressed that
trades unlonism must go forward or It
will inevltably go back; even tho ofll?
cers of the organization admlt the neces?
slty of strong and prompt measures to
eavo thelr unlons. In castlng about for
means to meet thls grave crlsls all
mtnds seern to- have como to one result
polltlcnl actlon. It would not be falr to
?ay that all trades unlonlsts aro agroed
as to the nature of tho polltlcal actlon,
for thoy aro not. The divlslon ot the
worklng people has always been tne
hope and safety of the toyored elasa. and
the English workmen, llke tho Amerl?
can wommen, seem ataost^hope^-ly
dlvlded as to tho nniuro of thls PoHUaU
actlon. In England, as in tho Lnlted
States, thore are not wanUng ?*P?"?*|
leaders who cannot dlstlngulsh between
polltlcal oplnlons and rellglous op lilons.
W_ who say that a union has as muoh
rleht to Interfere wlth tho one a., the
ohor-mon who cannot understand
that DoUUcal Partlos and movements
a'e'onTy'of3 value if they tend to;prj>
;"feu umate mothods thoy seem WHh
wlll help them in thelr PfwntPJ^
STAND FOR PARLIAAIKM.
dat^B" and announcir.g their mttor u
_s _? &fi SF_ ?ts
thelr candldate, to the ?WKWL? tveens
aV /.-'l.S'-.'.K srat
Ke^ne^&Hnl to incuPr the
,?Th..ey oioc'tionr have of course great
|y en. ou.aged trades unlonlsts and thelr
irlends- tlley havo demonstrated that
helr l&eas ?o really strongn wlth the
common peop e, and that it noeas on.j
niTingent leadcrshlp to accompltsh delln
ito results. _
ATTACK COURT DECISIONS,
Tn all of these campaigns the decisions
ot the court" wero openly attacked and
a.verely conderoned. AVhaiever else these
fabo. members siar.d for, they aro pledged
to destroy tho Taft-Arale declslon nnd all
M! ot ts kind. In thls. too, tho
EngU.h wornnian understands what he
cnn accomplish. Flfty years ago tho
iu__e_ of England had completely bound
nnd fettered trades unlonism. They hnd
so suiped the law that ..ny conoerted
n.tion on the part of the unlons wns
c.lmlnal but by n resort to i.arllamont
all thoso laws wore destroyed nt once
a d trudo unions left freo to act. It
was flfty years beforo the courts agnln
commenced to undormlno and destroy tho
l.opes of the organizatlons of worklng
Of' course thore are a few progresslva
people in England who propose to stop
when these decisions aro tipsot. The
constructlvo policy whlch should fol?
low this leglslotlon is not so easily
agroed upon, but It ls safe to say that
ovonts havo taught the English li'iicles
unlonlst that he must go Into polltlcs
or bo lost, nnd-that the common peo?
ple, whon brought to the poll, have
ahown that tho thinj. most needed is in
tolllgent, honest loadership for tho hosts
?f '"pOSITION OF THE COURTS.
It might be worth whllo to inqulro why
tho onomles of democracy always resort
to the courts wlth suoh good result. 'lhe
reason ls very slmplo and ts true ln _,ng
Innd nnd Amer'ca nnd tho world over, lhe
courts ure naturally mnde up of tho most
Huccessful lawyers, ancl these hnvo nntu
rally boen ln the servlce of the prlvlleged
olassos nnd havo come to vlow all ques?
tlons from that sldo alone, Tho law |a
not llke arithmotlc or geometry, n ilxed
sclenco, but it depends ontlrely on the
ooliilon of tlie mon who pronounco lt and
thls opinion has almost always beon pro
nounced by men whose whole life has
been spent wlth tho prlvlleged class. ?
The taovement ln England toward poli
tical actlon ls Ijifluenced by a stlll deeper
though perhaos a more unconsclous feel?
lng. Anglo-Saxon people love order and
system and thls has como tp bo very
closoly assoclated wlth law. The str ko
and tho boycott and the lockout are real
ly svstems ot warfaro and for this rea?
son ?eldom lead to permanent good. Tho
great problem ls the orderjy and lawful
change ot Industrlal and pdlitlcal institu
tlons to brlng about a condltlon ot de
mocracy and equallty amongst men. bo
long as polltlcal lnstltutlons exlst thelr
actlon wlll be consldered the lawful,
rlghtful movement of society. and for
thls reason if a Stato is really progres?
slve, and stands for democracy agalnst
prlviloge, its polltlcal forces must repre
gent lts real life. _
A Wonderful Trucking District Growing
BLOSSOM IHLL, VA.. Aug. 22.-There
has scarcely been a tlme ln tho history
of Prlncess Anne county that so much
thrlft a_nd energy has existed.
Crops of all kinds are lpoking well and
bld falr to give abundant yleld.
The trucking lndustry is growing at a
rapld pace and bids falr to be of magjil
tude at no dlstaint day.
Durlng the Irlsh potato season, the sta?
tions on the Norfolk and Western Rall?
road. whlch are about three mlles apart,
would receive for shipment about flve
hundred barrels a day. Thls. year a great
many farmers commenced shipping po?
tatoes in May. This section of Prlncess
Anne county is parttcularly adapted to
trucking, ia. several days in advance ot
Norfolk, and In trucking, it is the earllest
fruits nnd vegetables that brlng the blg
AVatermelons are grown quite extenslve
ly and shipped In car-load lots to Nor?
folk and the Northern markets.
The peach crop was a success from
every standpolnt, the yleld was falr and
the prlces received a.bove the average.
Peaches grown in thls section are of large
slzo and splendid flavor and many of the
farmers nre increaslng thelr orchards.
thereby showlng that they are pleased
wlth the crop apd it pays them.
Sweet potatoes are now belng shipped
in large quantities. the sales of which aro
adding to the bank accounts of many
smillng and happy farmers,
A REVIVAL OF THE .
LOST ART OF WALKING
Walking for pastlme and exercise ls so
out of dato In thls land of ours that the
mlsstonary efforts of that grand old rollc,
Edward Payson Weston, are like the
volce of the pellcan in the wllderness,
very lonesome and afar off. Bicycle,
trolley and automobllo havo made
sturdy palr of legs, expanded cheat and a
hlgh heart along a country road an ln
frequont comblnation. AVe flatter our?
selves that the British havo little to
teach us ln athletlcs; that our sportlng
expf-rts can give thom tho dust ln most
llnes of on.'.eavor, and that when lt comes
to held sporu, our toams, wlth n falr
sprlnkllng of Irlshmen, do not leave Eng?
land a record to stand on. However, there
has como n revival ln walking as a
pastlme whlch has spread like a wholo
some epldemlc throug.hout the British
Isles, nnd the sooner the mtcrobe ls Im
ported the better. , _, ,
The "walking fad," as it has been called,
Is a growth of tho present suninuel', and
is not limlted to dawdling strolls. but re
jolces ln brUk compotitlvo oxpedltions of
ten, twenty and thlrty mlles ln a day,
Tho members of .the London Stock Ex?
change set the fashlon, and the able
bodled jugglers of securities turned out
en ma.se and dld thelr thlrty odd miles,
amld great popular interest. ? ? * Aftor
a tlme, the Anuitour Alhletlo Assoclatlon
became lnterested, and began to "sanc
tion" walks of varlous klnds. until per
mlts wore lssuod for such expcdltlons as
"Tho Press Walk," "Tho Manchester
Stock Exchange AVulk," "Tho Cardlff Ex
chunge Walk," and tho "Newport Shlp
ners' AVnlk." ' * ? As one outcome of
tho enthuslasm. Sunduy walk'ng clubs
have been formed ln many Eng?sh towns,
r.nd at Manchester a pedestrlan club has
beon formed on a strong basls, for the or
sanl-atlon of frequent country walks,
tours and other soclal outings. Walking
has attalned a now and desorvod Import
nnce tn Engllsh outdoor life, nnd al?
though there ls somethlng of a erasse n
the pro.ent movomont, there ls cortaln to
bo a conslderable measure of permanent
b?It?wl'll be to the profound ndvnntage of
the race lf tho Engllsh aest for walking,
singly or In flocks, ls taken up on this
slde of the water. But we are too busy (o
lako our pastlmes-at such slow speed ns
that Offered by podestrianlsm.-The Illus
trated Sportlrgs News
"S? End of tlie Royal Band,
Yet another plcturosqu. adjunct of tho
rnvni offlce ln shorn away, ssys the Lon?
don New. It has been declded that the
k"gs priVflto b.in.1. wl.leh conslsts of
thlrty-four of tho best muslclans in Eng?
land, shall bo dlsbandoil nt the ond of
September. Tho present band, whlclj is
conducted by Slr Walter ?arra]t. <s tho
successor of many others retalnod hy our
monarchs for tho past toxxr oj ive ceu
turles to porform llght aud oupeptlo muslo
durlng the roiV-l meals, and qn state oc
eusionn of a pl.va.ft or soml-prlvate char
actor. lt |s probuble, we are told. that
another band. dlfforontly constltutcd, wlll
i take lts place
sine Scenes of Our Summer Shoe Sale.
^aw _ ___ ... . . . . . . _ ____._._ ?_! ?.1-S? .?L U?. _,mm,_*_m ,,f <lm tr.4 m
UESDAY We wlll make the busiest days of this sale by reason of the lota
aving a MUST-sell-out price on them.
LOTS FOR QUICK SELLING.
15c I $1.20
ARRANGED IN TWELVE
for Children's flne AVhit., nrown
nnd Red Tonnls Shoes, thnt __ll nt
for Children's Sllppers, thnt sol;1 for
.1.00, and Bue and AVhltc Btitton
Tust arrlved, Lndlcs', Misses' nnd
Children's AVHITE CANVAS 0._
PORDS, CHILDREN'S fiAUKFOOT
SANDALS, Ladles' Tan Oxfords.
SPECIAL?Barefoot Sandals, Tan Ox?
fords and Whlto Canvas Klmes; nll sl_;e3.
for Lndles' .2.-0 nnd ,3.00 Flno Kld
Oxfords; timall slz.s only.
Men's Hand-AVelts, $3.00 nnd $3.50,
oddfl nnd onds,
Tln-Covereit Trunks .DSe.
Canvas, full trimmed and brass
lock and key, Iron bot- (T i Qfi
tom and Iron bound.... _pi.Vt->
New Trtink Strap, wllh "lQr
lock and key
for Lndles' Cloth House Stlppers,
Men's $1.60 and $2.00 Sllppers, nll
Tan Pnsto .to.
8 ounces Black Oll Dresslng... .7c.
Whlto nnd Orny Laces, for 4 c
belts, each . ?w
for Ladles' Patent Lcftther Hlgh ftnd
Low Cut, thAt sold for $2.60 to $3.00.
50e. to $1.00 Belts reduced Ib
to . -f0C
25c. nnd .80. Belts reduced Q __
_ n*. tor Ladies' and Misses' Lace
1UC Hoso, that sold at 10c. and
_?? for Bables' White Lace Sox,
*_*C.hat sold for 26e.j small sl_.es.
NOTICE?NONE EXCHANGBD or
taken back. Nono Bcnt on approvnl.
C. O. D. or charged. _
311. East Broad and 1549 East Main.
? tracts Many White's.
SOME STRANGE FEATURES
As Much Enthusiasm as a Foot-Ball
Fleld, and a Deeper Feeling than
a Salvatlon Army
(Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.)
MORRISVILLE, VA., August 22,-Two
inllea south ot thls town, on tho road that
leads to Plne Vlow. ls the negro church
and school of Silver Hlll, whero annually
on the fourth' Sunday ln August boglns
one of the most famous and most wldely
aitended "protracted meetings" ln thls
[__cllon of the State among the blacks.
lt always lasts one week, often two, and
.ometlmes day and nlght. Possesslng
features strange and wldely dlfferent
from anything to be found at other gath
erlngs in thls section, and so well con?
ducted ls lt that evory year flnds more
and more whltes attendlng the services,
untll it has become quito a fad, and
Ihere are few of the.services that do not
find some whltes ln the gallery.
It Is hard to descrlbe lt and not mlss
somo Interesting feature. lt has as much
enthusiasm as a foot-ball field where
Yale and Prlnceton meet; it has a deeper
R-.Hng than the average Salvatlon Army
rathering, and fealtures such as you
mlght expect to find on the Mldway of a
About fifty feet back from a hard and
level road, ln the. edge of an extenslve
oak and plne forest, is sltuated the negro
church and school, whlch bear the name
o* Silver Hlll. The church ls a large
w'hitewashed frame bulldlng, with a steel
roof lald ovor a shlngle one, and looks
more like a large barn than a church.
Four tall windows on each side and two
on each end admit plenty of light. and
no bllnds ever obstruct Its course. In the
end facing the road ara two doors, and
above these is a large. wlde gallery.
Thls ls excluslvely for tho use of the
whltes- thelr presenco down Btalra ls
lcoked upon as an lntruslon. The floor,
celllng and sldes ot f_ne Interlor are
sealed ln a plaln, substantlal manner?
in fact, everything about the bulldlng
=hows an entlre absence of style or pro
tcnslon of any kind whatever. The pul
plt Is hlgh and imposing, whlle wide,
hlgh-backcd bonches nccommodate the
UU THIRTY MILES TO MEETING.
On the fourth Sunday ln August at
Silver Hlll there can usually be seen
ovor a thou.and blackB and a hundred
wh.te_-; somo have drlven ptwonty <orl
thirty miles from Frederlcksburg or War
ronton, or beyond; some are natlves home
on a vacatlon from thelr "service place"
in Washlngton or some other clty, and
scme are friends of thoso who have vis?
lted the place ln former years. Tho
whltes are a conventlonal, unlnterestlng
group, so we wlll pass them by. There
aro two .crvices, one at 11 and the other
at 3 o'clock. The morning service starts
up promptly at 11 wlth muslo as sweet
as human ears ever Ustened to, for whllo
thero ls no time kept and no unison of
voices, stlll there ls absolutely no dls
cord to break tho pleasant, harmonlous
sound that soothes tho ear. The church
ls full, and many stand reverently around
the opon windows, llstenlng to tho
preacher, whose sonorous volce mlght bo
heard half a mlle away. The scenes upon
tho grounds on the flrst day of the meet?
lng are moro Interesting to the curloslty
sceker than tha interlor of the church.
About slxty feet north of tho church ls a
well, and around thls are about one hun?
dred men and boys, some lylng on tho
brown plne tag*. some slttlng on stones
or logs some standlng Idly around, as If
overeome with Uie heat, and somo ara
drawing water for themselves or for the
glggllng glrls. who come moro gorgeously
arrayed than lf they had robbed the raln
bow of its brlghtost hues, to make eyes
nt tho sporty young bucks and laugh at
thelr pert, arimlrlng words. A white man
drlves up wltli a snrrey full of blacks, and
an exquislto of color cllmbs down to ns
slst the glrls out; n white hat adorns hls
head hls nei.li_e0 shlrt hns more yellow
ln It'than any other color, a red tle wlth
greep dots enclrcles the hlgh whlto col
lat that props up hls _nuf_-colored chln,
thc- front of hls cont Is lltorally covered
wlth button. nnd badges. hls trousors nro
a very lourt plnld, a cane. patent leather
shoes and a pnlr of brown ennvns legglns
make hls onttlt; but wlthout the legglns
ho would not ho dronsnd. At the stlle Is
guthered a very dlgnlfiod group, all
dr.iscd ln sblny black, wlth the whltest
of llnen and black shoestrlng tlos. Theso
are tho heads of the church, gravely dls
cusslng Its welfare,
Tho photographer In hls corrugotod Iron
house, mountert on wheels, is dolng a
slafhlng buslnes; so aro tho wntermelon
wagons down ln the woods somo dlstance
from tlio church. Just Btroli aftor four ut:
fivo young negroes stlll further Into tho
woods nnd lt mlght nstonlsh you to find
yoursolf ln Ihe mldst of a comblned enke
walk and dance. No one wlll notlco your
presonca and nn Inqulry of the youttv.
who play tho mouth orgun wlll glvo you
the Informntion that they nro not danc?
ing?"Just miirchlng." A littla further
on in the dense woods is a silent, yet
more exclted crowd lhan the "Just march
Ing" group. TWO stra"ppin_| blg bucks In
the centor of a rlng nre ha'.lng a florco
flght ond "hllo they often exohange
bltter word?. they nover use their flsts,
They grob each other by tho arms and
viclously pound tholr hoads..together un?
tll thoy -ecii) lo be almost out of breath,
thnt. wlth a few partlng hlcks thoy break
aw-iv only to resupie the hoad-poundlng
aftor'a few minutes, Later la the day tho
SOME RECENT WALL STREET EVENTS.
Treeof Forbidden Fruit: " Pierpont, didn't I tell you they would
soon have 'dropsy'.?"
offlcers of the church wlll hear of the
flght and make them pay flve dollars
aplece lnto the church fund.
One of the odd charactors always pres?
ent on the fourth Sunday, ls Tom Web
stor, a short, beavy bullt, very black
man of decidedly pugtllstlc tendencles,
who never goes lnto the church, but
spends hls tlme* boastlng of the "nlg
gers" he has Ucked, or strlving to plck
a quarrel wlth some stranger of hls own
race, for those that know hlm wlll bear
all hls bullylng rather than venture con
fllct. Plstols, knl-.es, razors, stlcks,
stones, feet. have been used agalnst Tom
ln numberless dlfflcultles, yet he has never
received n hurt that caused the sllghtest
Inconvenlence. In a famous flght he and
hls friends once had here wlth a desperate
gang, known as "The Happy Twelve,"
Tom, ln klcklng at one of them struck hls
watch and sent lt whtrling abovo the tops
of tho tallest treos. "The Happy Twelve"
went homo that day wlth each ono rost
ing a bloody and batterod head on a
woman's shoulder, and the woman drlvlng
wlth ono arm, whllo with tho othor she
kept her mangled escort ln the vehlclo.
Moro slnglng closes the morning ser
ivlce, nnd tho people file out to dinner,
which is qulckly brought forth, and there
seems to be a general effort on the part
of each famlly to make a more lavisli dls
play than nny of the others. Directly ln
front of tho church ls a rough board
table, about four feet hlgh, whlch ls
soon covered wlth a flne llnen table cloth,
at least twenty feet long, and on this ls
stacked enough roast beef, muttoti, tur?
key. frled chickon, corn bread. blscult,
loaf bread. etc, to foed for a week a com?
pany of our soldiers now In the far off
Philipplnes. The best of cut gloss goblets
hold tho Iced tea, mllk and coffoe, whlle
many varletles and numberless stacks of
plos promlso a rlch ondlng to the feast.
Nearby ls a small tablo covered wlth a
generous supply of the same repast; thls
Is for the beneflt of the white vlsitors,
and Is a vory graclous act of hospltallty
on the part of tho "Queen of Daep Run."
for thls polatlal sproad ls all hors. She In
varlably has the most expensive and most
extonslva dlsplay of eatablos td be seen
at SlWor Hlll on the fourth Sunday in
Thls dinner and the accessorlcs make a
good load for two oxen and a stout road
wagon. Not twenty steps away under a
large holly tree aro a group unpacking
from smnll ba. kets some very temptlng
dishes, although on a mlnor Bcale. Tho
women of the party wear dressos made of
the plalnest callcoes or glnghams, and
are cut wlthqut flounees or frllls, wlth
only a few cheap rlbbons to sot off tholr
costumes. These women liavo left home
bnrofooted thls morning. carrying tholr
shoes and stocklng ln ono hand and a
basket of provtSTbns ln the other. When
thoy neared the church they sat down and
put on tholr shoes and etooklngs, and
thoy wlll removo them whon they start
About thls tlm* tho strnngor. Innocent
of tho dangers that hirk on "the com
mons," and somewhat t!red trnveling
around, ls arousod from hls reverle by
a volce, saylng: "BoSs, yor got in tho
seed tlcks." Ho follows the oyou of tho
owner of the volce to tho bottoni of hls
trousers, The blue-black cloth has turned
to brown-brown wlth mllllons of Uttlo
Insncts not nny lnrger than the point of
a nin. but onch one a polsonous, blond
su_ktiif_ creature. capable of prodUOlllB
1.ifli e mlsery ond angulsh. Ho hunis
up somo pennyroyal opd works un ll M
services ai'e over,and peoplo nro bogln
nlng to lenve, trying to brush them off;
thou, wlth mannor scarcoly olvll and a
hard look ln hls eyes, ho also leaves.
He oxcusoh hlmself from the rest of tho
household immedlntely after supper, nnd
disroblng. takes a salt wnter bath. He
. aimot (ind one of the little torments on
bls flesh, and he lays hls wnary head
down on tho clonn, fresh plllow wlth n
slgh of rellef and pleasure,
l-lo has almost fallon asloep whon ho Is
troubled wlth an Itching sensiitlon. He
mentally resolv.s that scratohlng wlll
onlvlncrease tlm troublo. By force of
wlll ho wlll abstuln and go to sloep. It
crows worg.i and ho 1? soon wlae-awnkc
Kerosene hns be.n rocornmondod, and ho
tsets un and rubs freoly wlth It. Agaln
bo Is almost asleep. whon onco more tho
same stlnglng sonsatlon occiirs, and ever
Increases. Hls will glvos way, |Je
scratches, scratches, Bcratches: then he
rolls over and rolls back and scratches.
He gets up and stts at tho open window.
looking out on tho balmy.. qulet nigiit,
but now lt possosses no charms for him.
nnd the sounds that float upwards from
tho parlor beneath his room, where tho
famlly and the other guests are assem
blod. offer no peace to hls weary, trou
bled splrit. Ho goos back to bed, and
scratoh! scartch!! scratch!!! Tho next
mornlng, after an almost sleopless night,
he feeblv crawls out of bed tlrod, weak
and foellng at least twenty yenrs oder
thnn he did twenty hours before. It ls a
woek before he cnn get a normal amount
ot sleep. nnd to mentlon the nnme for
months after that exporlenco wlll almost
produce nervous prostratlon.
HIS AVIFE BEAT HIM.
Tho servlces nro Just over when from
a houso nbout a stone's throw away from
tho church n short. vory bald ancl very
black man rushos out, wlthout coat on,
wlth hls white shlrt crlmson wlth bloort
and tho red Huld slmply pouting down
over him ln streams from an ugly wound
on the top of hls hoad. "I jt?.in't stand
any moro of thls," he keeps reneating,
and assures the crowd that his wlfo beat
him wlth a flat iron all for nothlng. A
mllo or two further on a two-horse
wagon has stopped. Thore aro olghteen
pooplo slttlng down on the straw in the
bottom of lt. Ono man gets out and
passes a dark looking bottlo around, out
of whlch they all drlnk, both mon nnd
women. It might bo tea. but lt haa tho
same odor as tho breath of a Tammany
bravo when he attends an Inauguratlon.
Aftor he has traveled clear nround tha
wagon ho cllmbs back, tho horses stnrt
off nnd all bogln to slng, "Throw Out
tho Llfo Llne.''
Straw rldes to the ntght meetlngs are
gettlng to be a very promlnent social dl*
vorslon for the whites, especially wlth tho
young and for the beneflt of the vlsitors
In the communlty. Before tho servlces
bogln overy seat ln the gallery ls full
nnd many nro otandlng up. For aomo tlme
lt wlll be notlced that many of tho seats
downstalrs are full, whlle nll, save one
pretty well front, havo somo ln thom.
Suddenly every llttlo nolse ia quictod and
nll eyes nre turnod towards the entrnnce
on the rlght.
A tall, fleshy, vory dark skinned woman,
drcmed In a rlch black sllk dross, coverod
wlth oxpenslve trlmmlng, ls comlng up the
nlsle, whlle a short dlstnnco behlnd her
comes a short, coal black man, carrylng
a fan, a shawl, a small satchel and hls
hnt. Stern and dlgnlHed looking, con
scloun that all eyos aro upon her, she
sweeps up to the vacant pew wlthout a
glanco to eithor slde, and seatlng herself
about half way along, bends her eyes
upon the pulpit. lt ls the famous Em
Curter, unlversally knoxrf ns tho "Queon
of Deep Run," nnd who wlelds more
power over her followlng thnn any of her
Afiicnn ancestors ovor did on the dark
contlnont. The short man humbly tnkes
hls seat in the end of the pew.
Once more the vlsitors enjoy the mu?lc.
Ono deacon offera UP a speclal prayer ror
"our whlto frlends who have to-nlght .hon
ored us wlth thelr presence." The preach?
er hns not gotten very far whon ono
young womnn goes off Injo hystorlcal
spnams and makes the walls rlng wlth
her screoms. Thoy enrry her out appar
ently wlthout llfo and rlgld as marblo,
A anuff of Indignatlon passes ovor Uie
women?it is a case of "puttlng on airs.
Tho prenchor locturos the young people
for thelr wlckodnoas; says that one nlght
they wlll be up front on the mournera
hench nnd the next nlght they will bo ln
tlio baolc sents "courln'. ' >o got ter
the back seats "courtln'." "Ye got ter
lost," ho crlos. One young woman up
front funts nnd luhs on tho floor. Sev?
eral rush to her assUtance. "Don't touch
her! Don't touch her!" the preacher
scronms. "If she enn't stand the AVord of
Clod let her lio." After nw.hlle nho gets
up und no moro falnt or hnvo .pnsms.
The preacher gradually works hlnmelf
nnd hls audloncu Into suoh a frenssy that
thoy all jiso from tholr sents and bogln
"shouiln'" out the catch words tho
preacher huiiH Into thelr enrs, and ut tlio
samo tlme JumpJng up and down nnd
wrlggllng thelr hodles, shovvliig thnt thoy
aro luboring under tho most axtreme nor.
vous oxcltoment. Meny work tho. iselvos
out Into the ulsles, exhorters rush friiuil
cally about maklng the mosi personal of
reninrks to thoso wlthout tho fold, ancl
soveral ara lod up to tho hench ln front
of tho pulpit. Oo around to one. ot tho
wiiuic.wH where a, fnlr view nf th6'. raPO"
cun bo obtalned, Oll overy oountonunte
ls a serlous, earnest. anxlous, WWIf'W]
clted oxpresslon that shows that ovary
one was intent only upon tlio sc.no ana
subject Uefpre them. Tha forco of thij
uiilty of thought Is awful. ItoNJj.t
twltchlug pf tho Ips, n, Irembllng of nll
t.ho muscles ln fnce ond bodv, ?tic| a p
wave of fonr. wlth a lenso chok ng sensg.
tlou, bwoops over tho entlre sudlence. iho
rontiullziitlon Of their thoughts upon the
one Idea elves b.liuice, coucord, nyniuie
try to the scene. Look up at the white
faces, every ono bears a thoughtful, seri?
ous look, and you feol that there is no
dlscordance present. It ls a great wave
of rellglous fervor that has er.gulfed all.
Gradually tho excltement dles down, the
people resume thelr seats and begln wip
lng up the rlvers of perspiration timt
are freoly flowlng. and vlgorously uslng
thelr fans and hats. You wonder Cvtho
wave was ephemereal, and when lt?1 o
cedes wlll they return to the same vto
that they have formerly followed, wlll
the same temptatlons that tlpped them
vesterday throw them to-morrow? lJut
he ciuestlon aside. Try not to answer
It. Let us hope that lt wlll help thom
upwards. . . _??_,
A very stout woman gets up and praj s
that God would "come ,t0 (_Pi"e'?,\_Br*.i?.,I.?l_
nnd como a runnln'," nlso that he wouict
"make a spocial vlslt to Moso Burton,
Taylor Howard and Scott AVashlngton.
Small taoies nre placed at each sldo of
tho pulpit, wlth an offlcer of the church
at hand to make change, and the en?
tlro congregatlon go up, a seat full at a
tlme, and deposlt uielr offering upon tha
table. Ono of the- deacons comes to tho
head of the stairs and hands hls hat
to a white man, who passes lt arouna
and returns It wlth a very liberal do
natlon. Tho preacher requests the con?
gregatlon to remain seated untll tha
whltes havo left the bulldlng. And bld
dlng Silver Hlll adleu one can truly say
that whlto people are not more polltely
treated nor are they mbro free from
Insult or harm at thelr own churches
than right here. _
SENT TO GRAND JURY
FOR ATTEMPTED ASSAULT
(Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.)
EINGTON, N, C August 22.-N. P.
Faught the book agent who was arested
yesterday afternoon and conflned ln Lex?
lngton Jail, on charge of attempted crlml?
nal assault on.a young lady at Colllers
town, Rockbrldge county, waa taken to
that place thls afternoon by Deputy
Sherlff Morrlson for prellmlnary hearing
in the maglstrate's court. Justice C, F.
Nlcely and Danlel Swlnk presld'ed at the
Tha. young man was sent on to tne
grand Juryandwasbroughtmb seveltVs
grand Jury and was brought back to
Lexlngton Jail to-nlght. The trlal was
conducted wlthout any dlsturbance of any
sort. Although some people feared trou?
XIN SAME FAMILY
Widower Introduced New
Wife and Daughter Pre?
sented Her Husband.
A special from FinuTny, O., to the Cin?
cinnatl Enqulror, says:
"Children, let me Introduce my wlfe,"
sald jonathan Aurand, a wealthy old
land owner, sover.ly-elght years old, art
dreaslng hls famlly thls ovenlng, He pre?
sented the former, Mrs. ElUabeth Orwlok,
of Mt. Blanchard, a swoetheart of tht
days bofore the e..|| war, from whom he
had been separatod, and of whose where?
abouts ho was Ignorant untll lnst sprlng
when they met as wldow anil t*>.1?*'er,
at a soldlor's reunlon. Thelr marrlage ti>
day ls the culmlnatlcn of the cou^shlp
"Now allow me to Introduce my hus?
band," sald Aurnnd's younitest daughter.
after congratulations had beeen extonded.
She pre.onUsd Deputy Sherlff Lynn H.
Nlclmls. qttartermaster sergeant of tlu.
Second Reslmcnt, Ohlo Natlonal Guards.
whose hasty d.parture from Camp Me
Klnley last Tuesday nlght was under?
stood only by Colonel Brynnt. Thoy were
marrlod iu Canada three weeks ....o, hut
not untll to-nlght was thelr secret even
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