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title: 'The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, August 23, 1903, EDITORIAL SECTION, Image 4',
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Publlslted Daily and Weekly
At No. -4 Nprth TenW 8tr eet,
Blohmond, Va, Bntered Jan*
u_ry \t7, 1B03, ?t Rlchfj-ond,
Va? aa Bafond.olnat matter,
under Act ' of Con_resa of
March 3, 1879.
Th? DAILY Tl> tJBS-DTSFATCH ls sold
?t 2 centa a copy.
Tho SUNDAY TIMES-DISPATCH la
?old at 5 cents n copy.
Tho DAILT TIMES-DISPATCH by
mall-60 centa n month: M.OO a y*ar;
12.60 for six months; ?1.80 M three
The SUNDAY TIMES-DISPATCH by
mnll $2.00 a year.
Tho DAILY THVES-DISPATCH,. ln*
eludlng Sunday, ln Rlchmond and Man?
chester, hy enrrler. 12 centa per week,
or BO cents per month.
The SUNDAT TIMES-DISPATCH, by
Cawier, 6 _ents per week.
'' Tho WEHKLY TTMES-DISFATCH,
11.00 "a year.
AII Unslgned Communtcat'lona will be
Hejected Communlcatlons will not be
rcrurned unless accotnpanied by stamps.
Uptown Office at T. A. Mltler'a, No.
lii East Broad Stroet.
BUNDAV, AUGUST 23, 103.
PersonB leaving the city for the sum?
mer shoiild otder The Times-Dlspatch
mailed to thero. Price, 50 centa por
Wo have been favored with a copy of
the report ,of the Conjmitteo on Finance
of thja Common Councfl of the clty of
Norfolk. ln whlch somo Interestlng, not
to say startllng, statetnenls nro made con*
cornlsg the assessment of porsonnl prop?
erty and lncomes, By way of maklng tho
dlsclosures moro Impressive the commlt?
tee draws comparlsons betwoen nsseBS
mpnta In Norfolk and assessmonts ln
Rlchmond. It Is shown that the assoss
ment of real estate in Rlchmond for tljo
year -9.2 amountjd to $41,497,430, ond dn
Norfolk to $25,015,990, whlch seems to be
a falr proportlon. But when lt comes to
personal property, lt ls shown that the aa
sessment on account in Rlchmond was
$21,452,242, whlle In Norfolk It waa $3,
335,780. In other words the assessment of
.real estate In Norfolk ls eons.ldorably
more than ono-half qf the assessmenta ln
Rlchmond, whlle tho assessment of l^or
folk'B personalty ls only a little more than
one-seventh of Rlchmond's.
It Is furthor shown that under the head
"The value of capltal, Includlng moneys,
credlt, or other thlngs remalnlng lnvest?
ed, whother said Inveatment was made
orlgi.ally In thls or atiy other Stato or
country, loaned, used ar employed ln
business out of this Slnto," tho clty of
Rlclrmond returned $l',837,203, whllo Nor?
folk retume/i 5100!
Under the head "Value ot all capltal of
Jolnt stock companies not otherwlso
taxed," Richmond returned $S,225,3C6, whlle
Norfolk returned $S,900, and Portsmouth
But the most startllng statement Is yet
to come. Norfolk's assessment on solvent
bonds not ln the bnnds pf flduclarles was
$009,250; on solvent bonds ln the hands of
fidueiaries' $6RO,2G0. Tlie report in detal)
shows that in every ward In the clty,
save one, the intangl qlo "personal prop?
erty In .the hands of flduclarles, repro
senting tha estatcs in which wldows and
orphans aro almost tho sole beneflclarles,
amountg to moro than tho same class
of property ln the hands of the thrlvjmj
business men, capltnlists nnd lnvcstors ln
tjint clty; and a further examlnatlon of
thp llsts dlsclo.es tho fact thut of the
total amount of such bonds, etc, assessed
ln the fpur old wards ot tho clty, amount
lng to $4J9,J.10, two persons aro qssossed
wlth $1.18,95!), or nearly one-fourth of the
Hero Is a most Impresstire lesson'on tho'
aubject of inequallty in taxatlon. nnd It
ls thls Inequallty whlch rnal^es honest tax
payers resentful. Roal cstat.e cannot es
cape. Tanglble personal property, as lt
ls called, eannot escape, for Biich prop
eaty cannot bo hlddon away.
HouBes and lots and furniture and flocks
c_finnot bo concealed from tbe assessor.
But stocks and bonda and that class of
property, so called, can be hlddon away
ln the strong box, except ln t+ie caso ot
wldows nnd orphans, whose holdlngs are
a matter of public record. lt ls a public
Khame that wldows and orphans aro thus
compollcd by law to pay to the uttermost
farthln. , no mattor how poor they may
be, whlle men of largo means are per?
mltted under our present system to es?
cape. That la one reason why The Tlmes-'
Dispatch haa per-lstc-ntly opposed the
system of taxlng stocks ln tho hands 'of
Indlviduals. Them mo other reasons, but
this Is BUfflclent, lor lt |? harsh anil
unjust, causlns taxatlon to full heavlly
upon some, and too nfu-n upon thoae
least ablo to bear the burden, whlle nl
lowlng others to escnpo. Tho only wny
to guard agalnst thla Injustlce and yet
to get the State's dueB Is to tax stocks
agalnst tho c_mpany issulng them, nml
not. agalnst the ir.dlvldual stoeliholdor. It
ls contended by some that In thls wtiy
ntocks held in forelgn oorporatlans pacapa
taxatlon Irl' Vlrglnla, but there la no in
Jusltco in thjs. giocks are not property, hut
Khnply the oldence of ownorshlp, ancl
jinjperty Bhould bo taxcl whoro lt Mus.
There |s no such thlng as lntanglble"'p.op.
erty, except It be that whJeh wo call a
If a cltlzeu of Vlrglnla owna an Interest
|n a farm or a b._aip_ in the _t!.t.f.??f
Nqrth Carollna nobpdy thlnks about t?,\liig
hun. But if he nwn? an Interest in u man. u,
fae,t,urliig corporation In that State evl
donced.by certaln ahares of ntock stand.
Ing ln hls naina, Tie Is _ss.?su>. f,n the
atocli whether or nfJt ihe corporation oyrna
a, dolliir's worth r,f property in t|lfi f,-t,,|(,
of Vlrglulji. Tn show tlu; (ibSUrdlty of tlda
wo will give an illuHtratJon ln u soine.
wbat dlfferent form. if a cltlzen of Vlr-.
?*!_!> iwiib a landed estute ln Norlh
Corollna, hls title to whloh ls evldenoed
by deed, hls land _g tiot.taxedln Vlr?
glnla. But If tha larid-d eatate be held br
a corporatlon. and thli same -t_l?e_i omta
stoek Iti the corporatlon, hli atoek la atlb
jtfct to inxntlen. ln the one ease h* le not
tnxed. althpugh he owns the whole prop?
erty: ln tha other case he ls taxed, al*
though he haa only ? P?rt tntyrest. He \t
not taxed on hls deed, but he la taawd on
hls stock. Thls ls uttorly unreaeonable
and absurd, and (hat ls W.by the BUOA lf
Vlrglnla hns hnd so 'mileh trouble In get?
tlng at what hor law raakers call ln-_-hfl>
The cohstltullonal Conventlon took up
thls ouestlon and solived It ln part. In the
ea.e of rsllroads lt ls Jirovlded that the
rallroads themselves ehall be aaaeaeed Ot.
thelr physlcal propoerty and on thelr
gross earnlngs, whlch stands In lleu of
a franchlso tey,' and In thls eaee stock ln
the hands of Indlvlduals ls exempt. In thls
way the State goes to the fountaln souree
and gets hor duos wlthout havlng to chaae
aftor indlvldual stockhc-ders, The com
patjy pays tho tax fdf the stoekhol-Jera,
and, of course, the stodkholdera slfculd
not bojmade to pay a second tlme.
In another artlcle we ahall have apme
thlng to say about the dlaolosureg of flie
Norfolk commlttee on tho Ineeme tax.
THE MARQUIS OF SALISBURY.
The death of tlje Marqula of Sallsbury
reraoves1 from the stage of Engllsh poll
tlcs a personage whose large place In pub?
llc life was due rathar to tho perlod ln
whlch ho waa born than to any over
masterlng ablllty of hla own. Aud thla
car. be snld wlthout any real dlsparage
ment of the lnnate aotlvltles ot the Ce
ells, whlch were so extraordlnarlly ex
ompllflod ln the personaltty of the late
Jn the beglnnlng, as a second son,
young Cecll went to Australja, where he
roon became known as "J_ong<Bob Cecll,"
and even ln those rough days showed the
flbre of whlch he was made.
On hls return to England he contracted
n. perfect marrlage, ln point of happlnesa
and slmllarlty qf tastes, and, lndped,
throughout hls whole life, no matter what
publlc cares welghed on hls mlnd, Lord
Sallsbury'a home was always happy and
By lnherltanee and by eonvletlon, Lord
Sallsbury was a Conservatlve, and he
early made hlmself of value to that party,
and rose to such posltlon that he aocom
panled Lord Beaconsfleld to the celebrated
meetlng of stat03ipen when tlie Berlln
Treaty waa made. It was on thls occa?
slon that Bismarck mnde hls memorable
observatlon of the personalltles of DIs
raoll and Sallsbury. "Sallsbury." sald
Bismarck, "ls a lath palnted to look llks
iron, but that old Jew means buslnesa."
An a matter of fact, BIsmarck's summtng
up seoms to have been pretty nearly cor
rect, for wlth all of hls solldtty, Sallsbury
had nono of that snap and dash whlch
characterlzed tho promlershlp of euch
er.orgetlc mon as Beaconsfleld and Glad
It was Lord Saltsbury's geod fortune
to control Engllsh polltlcs durlng a. perlod
of grent materlal and terrltorlal expan
sion, and though thoro were many potty
vcxatlon.s, on the whole the course was
plaln Balllng untll the Boer War was
reached. Nor do we thlnk the unprepar
ednoss of Groat Brltaln for coplng wlth
such a petty power as the Dutch repub?
llc reflects1 any dlscredlt upon the man
sgement of the government's war depart?
ment, at least. ,
Lord Sallsbury undbubtedly gulded the
shlp of stato wlthout fear, and, barring
hls own famlly, wlthout over much fa?
vor. But tho waters were at no tlme
seriously troubled, There was nb auch
cry as that ot "free bread," whlch con
fronted the great Premler, Slr Robent
Peale. Thero was no great struggle to
en franchise the Jews or Cathollcs. There
was no war wlth a oonslderable Euro
peon power, and, lndeed, the Conservatlve
party was put out of control by Mr, Glad
stono. by reason of lts vory suplnoness
ln allowing thc Bulgarian atrocltles to go
undonounccd and unprevented.'
On tho whole wo are of tho oplnlon that,
desplte hls intelloctual power and strong
ccnvlctlons, Lord Sallsbury wlll not rank
among the great-Engllsh Premlers of the
nineteeoth century. Perhaps the oppor?
tunlty was lacklng; certnlnly that charac
terlstlc fpr dramatlc actlon whlch lays
hold of the popular lmaginatlon was1 never
hls, and hls powers were rather used to
prevent sn unwholesome drlft than to
bulld up any groat reforms or enunclate
any new prlnclples.
Govornor Bllss, of Mlch.gan, has re?
fused to honor the requlsltlon of Gov?
ernor Terroll, of Georgla, for Charlle
Thomas, a negro, who ls "wanted" ln Au
gusta for kUHii- Mr. James Kondrlck,
? Tho reason for tho refusal as glven out
oftlclally la that tho requj^ltlon papers
are not In proper 'form; but Governor
Terrell says the form ls the same one tha,t
he has boen uslng for thlrty years.
It ls more than suspeotod that the real
reason for Bllss' actlon?or non-sctlon,
rather?|s that tho prJsoner, Thomas, haa
convlnced Hls Execellenoy that lf he be
returned to Georgla he wlll be lynched,
We are told thnt^thero Is no such danger
and tlie Georgla authorltles proposo to
gWe tho Mlchlgan Exeoutive suoh aa
-uranct-s upon that point as should cause
hlm to rcconslder hls determlnatlon, or
t-.se delilic-rotely pUt hlmself ln the poal
Uon of ignorlng ond condemnlng the
cornlty whlch prevnlls among States.
We shall wntch the Issue of Thomas'
case wllh InUrest. It ls somowhut nnnlo
gous to that of Taylor, who wns Governor
of Kcntucky when Goobe] was killed, anfl
who ls belioved lo have been a partlclpunt
In thal crlmo. But havlng been Indlcted,
Taylor fled to tho B/nto ot Indlanu, where
he enjoya the protectlon of Governor Dur?
bln, the porson to whom the Presldent
recently wrote a letter on the subject
Thls thlng of Go. ernors of States settin,g
up thelr oplnlons tn opposition to the
plaln ileinands of Justice, as set forth
tn reo,ulsltlons made upon them, is get?
tlng to bo monotouous. A hull w|l| hnve
to be called somo w&y, some where. If one
Governor refuses to accept tho assurunces
J and statement,* of another Governor, soon
there,wlll be ah end to all requlsltlone
for ertmlnala who have fled frotn jue.
Another Irrltatlnt feature of aome of
these requlaltloni la that In several 8tat_i
tha fugltlvea after ^belng arrested are
allowed to give bail. Sometlmoa they ra
(.ppear aa requlred to doi aometlmca hot,
A fugltlVe frora North Carollna waa re
oently arrested ln Texaa. The Oavernor
ot North Carollna aent hls requlaltlon
to Texas by the hands 6f an agent who
was atithorlBed to brlng tho prlsoner back,
but upon arrlvlng In the Lone Star State
ho was Informed that the man had glven
bal! and had flodt Tho hall bond was
forfeited to the State of Texas. North
Carollna only got her trouble for her
The North fcajroHnlane,have. a complalnt
agalnat Vlrg-nli tipott' the aame score,
though we do not know whon, or under
what' elreunrtUncea, the . Inoldent oc
ourred. But there la fio auch "practlce"
In thla B.nte.Thera must ha..e betw some?
thlng unusual In the case referred to. Vlr?
glnla; we believe, haa been a stloklor for
honorlng the domands mado upon her ln
due .form by tha Exeoutlvea of other
COLONEL SKELTON'S LETTER
Tho letter of Cojonel W. O. Skelton,
publlshed In yestorday's Issue of thls
paper, ls worth readlng. The Colonel ls
a careful man, a_id hla atatements may
bo relled upon ' aa baaed Upon the' best
authorlty, In reference to the trcat
mont of Presldent Davls, whllst he was
Genoral MHea' prlsoner ln Fortress Mon
roe. the Colonel aaya that Mllea was dis
pleaaed becauae aome of the offlcers, old
frlenda of the Davla famlly, were aeen
walWng wlth /Mrs. Davta from tlme to
tlme. Accordlngly, Mlles gave the ver
bal order, whlch he refused to put ln
wrltlng, that "no offlcer sharl bo aeen
walklng wlth that woman."
Furthermore, the Colonel atatea that
on the few occaslona when Mra. Davls
waa compolled to talk to Mlles about her
husband's caso, he always called hls
aged and feeble prlsoner ".Tef_f," not
"Mr. Davls," or "Davls," but "Jeff."
Agaln, lt ls related that on one occa?
slon Mlles, ln passlng Mr. Davls* cell,
pciked hls head through the Iron bars of
the cell door and sold. "Hello, Jeffl How
ore you to-day?" oauslng Mr. Davls te
sprrtig from hls bed and say: "You mlser
able, cowardly scogndrel, lf I could get
at you I would tear your hearf. out."
Andl yet some Northern papers speak
of Mlles as If it were posslble for hlm
to receive the Prcsldentlal nomlnatlon
at the hands of tho Democratic paxtyl
A statement, whlch we have no doubt
Is withln conservatlve llnes, ls mado that
thls clty pays one-ei'ghth' of the taxes
Thls fact ls worthy of conslderation ln
connectlon wlth the*- dlscusslon of the
expenses' lncurred by Vlrglnla ln bringlng
the military here whrtst the atreet car
s.rlke was In progress. Bqt that dlsplay
of force, that upholdlng of the dlgnlty
of the Commonwealth, wa3 not a boon
to Rlchmond only. It was an advanjago
to the whole Commonwealth, and we be?
lieve wlll have a wholesome" effect
throughout her length and breadth.
Nor was Rlchmond the only "lmmedlate
beneflclary" of that expe.n<llture. The
peace of Henrlco and Manchester, as
well as that of thls clty, was promoted
by the presonco of the mlhtary here.
The trouble really began in Henrlco,
when the barns, whero the new mon were
quartercd, wero surrounded by excited
In the matter of the mllltary-and fer
many other purposes?Rlchmond, Honrleo
and Manchester may he considered one
community. Then altogother, they fur?
nish much more than one-elghth of
the Statn's revenues, and when the cost
for bringlng tho troops here ls welghed
that view, we submlt, should be taken.
Furthermore, it should be remembered
that that was tho first timo the com?
munity aforesaid. or any part of lt, ever
catled upon tho Executlve for ald ln auch
Agaln, lot lt be recalled that when
other communltles subjected Vlrglnla to
expenso by calllng for the military, tho..
people of Richmond and vlclnity never
murmurcd when requiVed to pay thelr pro
portlon of that charge.
THE SAV1NQ HABIT.
A thrlfty woman llving at Dover, N. J.,
had two aons who wero careless about
thelr money, and so tho mother .detor
mlned to make them savo, whether they
would or not. When the boys came home
at night sho would obstract from thelr
pockets such chnngo as sho knpw they
would not mlss, and would carefully hlde
lt ln all sorts of out-of-tho-way places
about the house, Some tlme ago she dled
nnd tho husband, calllng to mlnd hls
wlfe's hablt, declded to mako a thorough
search of tho promlses. The result of hls
search astonlshod hlm. There seemed
to bo money ln. every nook and corner,
He gathered lt up and put the colns aod
bills m an old hanrtkorchlof, and whon
ho counted. it up ho found that tho sum
contalired amountod to $2,8001
y'et thls money had boen taken away
from boys In such small amounts that
they had never mlssed It. If the thrlfty
mother had not saved lt, lt would have
boen wasted one way or another, and the
boys could not toll to-day whnt became
of It. It ls an Instructlvo story, as show
Ing the valuo of thrlft.
Tho good woman dld well, but sho would
have done botter If she had doposlied
these Uttlo sums from titne to tlme ln n
savlngs bank, whero they would havo
drawn Interest. If so, tho probablllty Is
that the boys would liavo had in bank at
tholr nioihor's death between three ond
four thousand dollars.
The Southern peoplo need to learn tho
l-s.oii of thrlft. We are naturally waaie
ful. Wo thlnk that ponnles are too ln
-ignlfl.ant to be lald aBide, never con
Blderlng that pennlos make dollars and
dollars sayed and put lnto bank soon
grow lnto hundreds and hundreds lnto
thousands. Thrlft la, aftor all, the foun?
datlon of fortune.
ln somo boom geasons monoy may ho
made ln spoculallon ond othorwlso hy
tho qulck process, but many men know
by bltter experlence that lt Is Just as
easily lost as made, It acoumulates rap
Id'y"*hl!r, the boom 1. on, but wheh the,
boom oollapaeg lt dlsappear- like- ??" *?*
rcra the Buh. The sure process of get*
U .g rloh li the slow process, the pro*
cesg of .eohomy and Uirlf h__
A WORcToF VVARNINQ.
RUtaora nre afloat thnt certaln oltieens
of Hertrlcb ftounty will, on thelr own ac.
ootinl, use money freely ln prorrtotlng the
catidldaey of thelr favorltes ln tho forth
eomlng primary. Bo fnr as we know, they
aro sltfie-ly rumors, but It ls woll enough
to aotind tho warnlng ngaln. Pereona
w?o use money ln the electi'on, whether
they are'candldates or not, will be law*
breakera, nnd If Ihey aro apprehendert
thoy will be punlshed.
Beotlon 2 of tho act of March 24th,
i"05, commonly known ns the iBaxftsdale
puro electlon law, provldes "Thrtt no
person ahall expend, pay, prbmlse, lotMi
or become pecunlorily Unble Iri any way
'oi* any money or other valuable thlng
ih behal'f, of any cnndldato for .oft.ce ftt
ftny eleotlon, primary or nominattng con?
vention held in thls Cotnmonwealth."
It la further provided that "Any peraon
,or candldate vlolatlng nny of the pro
vlslona Of thi. ar precedlng seotlon of thla
act (relatlng to candldates) sliall be sub?
ject *o a flne of not loss than $100 nor
more than $1,000, or conflned in Jall not
leas than one nor moro than twelvo
The law la plain, and those who vlolato
lt will do ao nt thelr perll.
The Reliance gavo a splendld account
of heraelf ln yesterday's yacht race, and
tha. indlcatlons now are that Slr Thomas
will again return home cmpty-handed.
On "yhursdny tho wlnd wns li'ght, and
the'Reliance camo out ahoad. Yestor?
day there was a good blow, the weather
condltlona wero Ideal, and stlll tho Amer?
lcan yadht won. It looks llko she is the
bettor boat and a sure winner.
RENOVATION OF SP1RIT,
(Selected for The Times-Dlspatch.)
"Renew a rlght Bpirit within me."?Psa.,
This psalm will always show the real
lty and degree of tho author'a repentance,
and will afford sontlmonts and languago
pecullarly sulted to the slnner ln his con
verslon to God at flrst, and to the be
llever in hls return after any departure
from Him through llfe.
The wordB whioh we have read speak
of "a rlght splrit." "A rlght splrit" Is
suoh a splrit as God requlres and takes
pleasure ln, and such a splrit as beoomcs
the condltlon of thoso who profess to be
Hls followers. It would be easy to prove
that suoh a splrit must bo a splrit of falth
and trust; a splrit of contrltlon and'
humlllty; a splrit of thankfulness; a aptrlt
of love; a splrit of patlence and aubmls
slon; a splrit of zeal, and a splrit of flrm
ness and constanoy. Such ls the Bplrlt
produced ln all the subjects of dlvlne
But thla rlght splrit may be Injured
and reduced. Wo see thls was the case
wlth Davld ln consequence of his fall;
and lt was, ln a measure, the case wlth
him before; for we read of hia "flrst
ways," and the words intlmate that these
were in some respects hla best. Hezeklah,
after hls two groat dellverances, whlch
he felt so much at the tlme, "rendered
not agaln accordingto the beneflt done
unto him; for hla heart was Ilfted iip."
Jeremlah was to cry ln the ears of Jeru
salem, "Thus aaith the Lord; I remeniber
thee, tho klndness of thy youth, the love
of thlno espousala, when thou wentest
after me ln the wllderness, ln a land
that was tjot sown; Israel was hollness
unto the Lord, and the flrst-frul_j, of Itts
Increase." The church of Bphesus had
left her "flrst love," and ls called upon to
remember from whence she was "fallen,"
and to do her "flrst works." Hence we
have so many cautlona and admonltlonB
agalnst declenslon in rellglon. And whon
we consider how adverse everything
within us and wlthout us la to our better
principles, and how the enemy of our
souls employs all hls devlces to Injure
them, we need not wonder at the fre
quency of our hindrances and docllnlngs.
The dofectlons sometimea appear in gross
falls: but let us not thlnk too well of our
selvos lf wo have been preserved from
these or supposo that baokslldlng con
slBts only ln foul and outward mlscoduct.
Thero Is "tho backsllder In heart," as well
as the backslldor ln llfe; nnd whlle we stand
falr wlth our fellow-Chrlstlans and our
mlnlsters, we may have much to lament
before God ln the loss of that splrltuallty
and fervor and confldence and dellght ln
ordlnances whloh once distlngulshed our
Wo also soe that tt Ib necessary when
lt Is impalrod to have it renovated. Noth?
lng Is rlght |n rellglon lf "the heart"
bo not "rlght wlth God;" and therefore
says Solomon, "Keep thy heart wlth all
dlllgenco, for out of it are tho Issues
of llfe." We may go on in tho perform
anee of duty; but lf "tho rlght splrit"
be wantlng, the mero actlon .ls of little
Worth, The Lord looketh to tha h'eart.
Two donors may give alms; one from
a prlnclplo of charlty, the other from
vanlty; two nttendants may repalr to tho
samo siinotuiiry; the ono to scek and
servo tho Lord, the othor led only by
ciistom or curloslty! but how dlfforontly
do they appear ln the v|ew of God; how
dltferently aro they regarded by Hlml
Wo act In tho same manner toward our
fellow-creatures as far aa our knoweilgo
extends. ln what they dq for us, we are
affectpd by our apprehention of tho aplrit
wlth which t-hey are Influonced. u we
thlnk the favor confer.ed bo from csteem,
or lovo, or gratltude, wo prlze*It, however
small; whlle, |f lt appears to orlglnate In
solflsh deslgn, we cannot value lt, how?
Hut tho want of a ri-ht aplrit affccm
our comfort as well as our duty. \\'o
consider It an unfavorable algn ln somo
prnfesscira that they are bo lively u,?i
cheerful. We should have much moro
hope concemlng them lf tliey folt fear and
dlsLross. Wo nre sure that, lf thoy h0
longed to God; He woyld reprovo them ln
tholr detectlve walk and lropropor tom.
por. and hldo His face from thom tlll
they acknowledged thelr offonco, a
C'lirlatian may 'get Into a wrong splrit;
but how dlfforently does he feol! What
a Iosh of peaco and Ba.lsfaotlon doos ho
suataln! How la hls communlon with Cioo.
Interrupted, ond hl?< dellght in dovotio,,
deadened! He becomt* aJnioBt /retful wlti,
fegard to otherej fretfulneaa la generally
the offsfcrlng o_ gullty _et>a_tl6h, aftelng
from'eotne neglect or mladolhg, then,
uneasy withln, we ate pleaa'ed at nothlng
wlthout) and __ pour out In paealon, of
oo?e In Bfeevlnhtleea, like a contlnued
dropplng ln A.rolny day. We are never
happy, but a* we have a right splrlt
- But we here teain that when lt la Itn
palred It la God alone who can renew lt.
Ho glveth more grace. He la the God of
all grace, Aa He bcgina, ao He.carrlea
on the good work. He stralghtena that
whloh He haa wrought ln us, He per
feeta (hat whldh concern* ua.
And, therofore, laatly, we muat go to
;Hlm for thla purpose, and pray aa
Davld dldi, "Renew a right aplrlt Wlthin
me." A life of dependenco muat be a llfo
of appllcatlon. A rellglon of grace muat
be a rellglon of auppllcatlon, . If I want
oertaln thlngs, and muat be aiipp.led, and
cannot derlvo thom for myaolf, I ahall
f>uroly ropalr to Him who js'ablo and wlll?
lng to aucoor me, espeolally lf- the oxer
dlaeltBelf exerts an Influence every way
condticlve to the revival and Increase of
rellglpus prlnclple; and thls la the caai
wlth prayer; and lf He haa ostabllahed
It aa the medlum of Hls communlcatlona,
and aald, "For oll these thlnga wlll I
be lnquked of;" and If ho has pledged
Hlmself that we shall not call upon Hlm
in valn. And Is not thls Hls own prom
lee; "Ask, and lt sl.aU bo glven you; aook,
and ye Bhall flnd"? "O thou that hearost
prayer, unto thee shall all fleah come."
The General Staff contemplatea Isaulrfg
an ordor providing for the appolntment
of honor graduatcs of certaln schools?
aohools employing a regular army Inatruc
tor?to aecond lteutenanclea ln the regu?
lar army, aubjeot, howovor, to the regular
army examlnation. There are about twen?
ty achoola and colleges whlch have lnau
gurated a system of military Instruction,
and whlch havo regular army olflcora aa
The plan ls to aelect each year from
all these schools six that have shown
great progreaa ln military Instruction,
and from each of these six college* one
honor graduate wlll be aeleated for ap?
Tho Jefferson Davls Monument Assocla?
tlon now has ln hand .63,000, of whlch
amount $15,000 was reallzed from the ba
xaar lately held In thla clty. The re?
malnder of tho $22,01S made by the ba
zaar goea to the Confederate Museum,
establlshcd ln "the White House of the
Mr. Valentlne, the Vlrglnla sculptor,
has been glven the commisslon for the
Davls monument, and has been maklng
-etudles for lt. Twn doslgns of olher ar
tlsts, prevlously adopted ln clmpetltlve
awards, havo been abandoned. One was
for a memorlal hall ln Monroe Park; the
other waa for a memorlal arch ln the
Chicago people are about reachlng the
concluston that aomethlng muat be done,
and done qulckly. Unless somethlng la
done lt wlll cease to be a great raanuiac
turlng center, so l't Is declared. The as
sertlon ls-made that the prevalllng con?
dltlons there are drlvlng away, not only
the enterprlses that want to go there,
but those that are already establlahed.
It la announced that the great nubllih
lng house, Rand, McNally & Co., employ?
ing more than one thousand persons, la
preparlng to move lts two largo estab
llshmentjs out of that clty th order to
avold labor '(roubles. The managers aay
lt ls Imposslble to malntaln a plant like
thelrs In Chicago, meet the domands of
the unlons, and compete wfth the Jobblng
Tho New Tork Trlbune bulldlng, whlch,
when lt wm bullt ln 1873, was the tallest
bulldlng ln that clty, but has been over
shadowed by scores of others ln the last
few years, ls to bo extended lnto an
elghteen-story sky anraper. The entrance
wlll be remodolled so aa to give access to
thfr bulldlng at tho ground door. The
Improyementa are to cost $360,000.
There are now aald to bo et'ghty-slx
mllllons of us ln thls country. Thla
takes ln all?good, bad and Indlfferent?
Includlng several Indlvlduals behlnd the
bars. and a fow mllllons who ought to
There comes from Washlngton a re?
port that wlth all of hls graftlng, Mr.
Machon la wlthout funds to put up for
thc defense of hlmself and Indlcted
Dollar wheat ln the West and twelve
cent cotton In tho South eounds flne. and
now, |f tobacco would close up ranks, a.11
farmerhood would bo happy In thls coun?
Not-wlthstandlng Professor Langloy's
ducklng, fho afrshlp tournament booked
for the St. Louls show has not been
abandoned. St. Louls can furnish plenty
The Nashvllle Newa aayai "The Unl?
verslty of Vlrglnla has a lot of trouble
gettlng a presldent. Perhaps ahe, like
the Demooratlo party, had better stlck to
Jeffersonlan prlnclples a whlle longor."
Vt Mr. Pulltzer'a sohool wlll devlse
means for the destructlon of the excbange
flend we wlll hop right up and call hlm
Tn effect, Mr. Hlll admits that there
ls some prosperlty ln the Janc), but thlnks
lt came on borrowed money, and trouble
wlll come wlth pay day.
If Ihe Demooratlo unknowns wlll only
be patlent yet a whlle longer Edltojr Wll?
llam J. Bryan wlll get thorn ln prlnt.
Ho only yanta tlme._
It wlll bo observed that all the gunntng
and bombtng at the Oyster Bay manoeu
verlng of tha navy did not drown the )n
ovltable apooah of the Presldent,
Wo cannot venture to say that the
"dryness" ln Vlrglnla rural dlstrlcts lias
lyid anything to do wlth the much fall
of rain thla month._
Bogota la where the Colomblan Con
gresB slts, and they do aay that as a town
of boodlor8 and grafters jt takea the
Under the operations of tha Watta law,
Western North Carolfna has perpetual
"njooaeh-iie" of ?? klttd.
^????????4 ??>?,? ??,???????;*
: &9tnts of thi CiJiik
Undtr Brief MUm.'W
' Tha leading aubjo.t tinder _Ib.U8bIob In
the newsna. era durlng tha imtt week hua
boeri'the echool of Journall-m.sfor tha ea?
tabll-hment of whlch. Mr; Joa .. h Pulltiar,
ot tha New Yorh Wdrl.; haa glven $?,*
000,000 to Colutnbiw. Unlversity of New
york, There are Imany dli.6r.nt oj?ln?
lona aa to tha auccess of suoh A eehool
or tho _ec.sslty/,of on4.. Kowspaper
men may ba maida ln ?t__.__J_tr__i?Si_
oonconaua of opinion among .real edltpw
and nowapaper workers setms to be that
there oan be no ?<JhOOl:t? make a flrat*
class newspaper man that will equal tho
hard and laborleua ?c_ool of actual ex
perlence. Of cO_.se education la ned*
easary; a man c_? hot.be a .auccess ln
a newspapor. ottlc*,/ wlthout lt, .but he
must havo with hla' aauoatlon ''tha God
glven talont" and ito.these muat M added
tha training thatican be had only by
worklng ln the actual'harness. 'In the
nature of tho oaa. .the frulta Of Mr.
Puhtaer'a achool can not be seen for
soveral yeara yet,' and. in the maantlme
the ofllces of the. gMat'newapaperaof
the oountry will gorignt along tUining
iout graduatos that w'H competo auoceas
fuliy wlth any that .will oome from Co*
lutnblan Unlveralty. ;
In the Mlsslsslppl Democratlc primary
electlon, whlch took'puoe more'than a
week ago, Mr, Vardaman led hls two
compatliois for the governorshlp, but not
by a largo' enough vote to aoitlo tho
matter, and a second primary ls to bo
held. wlth Mr. Vardaman and Judgo CrltB
as the opposlng cniidldatea. Mr. Vardaj,
man is sald to bo a "roactlonlst"" arfa
favora dlvldlng the fltate's school v.-id
between tho whites and blacks accord
ing to the taxes pald by the two racos,
Thls would praotloally cut the Mlsslsslppl
negroes off from tho benelUa of publto
schools. Slnce the primary 1 In whlch
Vardaman lod, the senUment agalnst thls
and other reactlonary ddotrines of hla has
spread. Senator MoLaUren and Bishop
Galloway. of the Methodlat Church, havo
declarod agalnst him and are actively
iismg thelr powarful Jnlluence to defeat
Diffi a .d nomlate Judge Crita. The proba
blllty la that Mr. Vardaman will be de
(._-.._! B.y _h6 Ti1*'' Jud?9 Cr|t* 'a ?f
Vlrglnla atock. lf we mistako not ho
was born in Vlrglnla, or, if not, he was
born ln M,sBlsslppl soon after hla par?
ents left Patrlck oounty and settled ln
Pedro Alvarado, one of the most 're-.
niarjcnble men of hls reglon, dled at hla
home. nt Parral, Mexlco, a few __iy_ ago.
BosldoB belng an oddity and aomethlng of
a orank, Alvarado was the most spectacu
lar character In all Mexlco. Slx yeara ago
ho was a barofootcd peon, worklng In a
rpine at 30 centa a day. Ho dlscoverod tho
wondorful prospect n_w known as tho
Palralllo Mlne. It Is conscrvatlvely esti?
mated that Alvarado'a wealth aggregates
$35,000,000. He1 had no falth In banks and
lt ls sald that more than $60,000,000 of sll?
ver bars are loeked ln a steel cago of
hls palatlal home near Parral, constantly
guarded by a strong force of men, Al?
varado recently offered to pay the public
debt of Mexlco, but thls offer was refused
by tho finance mlnlster, Ho was vory
charltablo and dlsbursed large suras am- ng
tho poor of Parral and tho surroundlng
Here Is a llttlo romance fresh from the
little State of Rhode Island: LaWrenco
Alonzo Rlng. of Chlcago, and Abble Bar
ber Rlng, of Pawtucket, R. L, after belng
dlvorced for twolve yeara, were reunltod
last Wednesday by the Rov. Murlon Law,
rector of St. Paul's Eplscopal Church, at
Pawtucket. Mr. Rlng Is flfty-three and
hls wlfe Is forty-elght. A reconcllllat qn
was effected durlng a recent UlnesB of
Mr. Rlng. Mr. Law sald that whllo he
could not marry a dlvorced pfrson, the
church did not hqid that It was wrong
?to read the marrlago servlce a second
tlmo for porsons who had beon separated
by actlon of the courts,
The conclllatlon board of the anthraclt <s
coal reglon, tho chlld of the recent strlko
settlement, whlch did not Bettlo, belng
hopelessly doadlockod. Judse Gray, who
ls at the head of tho board haa concelved
the ldea of sppolntln*' an umplre and has
na.med former Commlss'oner-of-Labor
Carroll D. Wrlght. .Tho emplre will have
to paas upon all questlons raised by tho
miners nnd the pperators In the at_.hra
cite roglons that cannot be agreed up"n
by the board. The appolntmejt ls vlewed
wlth satlsfactlon by the miners, as thoy
had an *dea that Mr. Wrijrht favored them
when on the arbltratlon board. It is
hoped by the leaders oC the mlne workers
that. inasmuch aa the umplre has been
namod, the board of conclllatlon will lose
no tlme ln dlsposlng of the many cases
beforo lt. Tf they are not disposed of
soon, It 's feared that there will be se?
rlous trouble at several of. the collierles.
Another strike of conslderable propor
tlons ir,d that wag of BpoHal Intorost to
n. .vnpaper men nnd publlshern of all
klnda has come to an nnd. It was the
strike of the Holyoke (Masa.) paper mlll
operatives. As usual Uie strlkers galned
nothlng. but on the contrary lost much,
and are now surprlsed that they were so
long flndlng out that lt Was Imposnlble
for them to wln. Lnnt Wednesday *
Sprlngfleld Republlcan tells the history of
th|q strike briefly as fpllowa: '
"T_r strike went Into effect <Monday,
June 15th, and was coiillnued untll the
n-eetlng of last nlght. The operators re?
turn presumably under the old schedule,
as the Amerlcan Wrltlng Paper Company
served notlce upon the strlkers that on or
aftfr August 6th the proposed new sched?
ule weuld be wlthdrawn. No notlcaol
any ohange of noaltlon on the part of the
company has been announced, and the
strlkers expect that the old rate wHI ba
pald. A number of the operators rernaln
Ing at work wero pald- tho new schedule,
and it was undorstood that a number
more who returned before August flth
were also glven the Increase Thla
would Indlcate that there would be two
schedules of wages prevalllng ln tho
mllls of the paper oompany. unless tha
company changes its positlon. The to?
tal loss to the strlkers durlng the ten
weeks of Idleness Is flgured to amount to
between $253,000 nnd $260,000. The company
has also lost many thousands of dollara,
al though the depressed state of the paper
trade durlng the past two months has ro
sulled ln very. slight changes ln prlcos."
Speaklng of the dlscusslon of lynchlngs,
mob law, etc, at Chautauqua. N. Y? the
Sprlngfleid Republlcan haa thls to say as
a kind of partlng shot:
"It deservea to be Baid that the New
York Chautauqua has no organlo connec
tlon wlth the various 'C.hautauquas in
the West whloh have been givlng up the r
plntforms to Benator Tlllman'a atrocloua
negrophobla harranguea. Th-Be Western
shows have evldently stolen the Chautau
qua name and have lnjurtd lt ln the pub?
lic estlmatlon, very much t,o the Indlgna
tton pnd rcgret of the managera of tne
orl.lnal inatltutlon." . ' __
We deslre to add the remark that there
ls no place ln tho South whero Senator
Tillman can get a hundred dollars a nlsrtu
to rant and spluttem as ho doos under the
tiusplces of these Northern and .Western,
The news from Turk .y grows less war
iike day by day. No one who under*
atands tho sltuat'on and tho oondltlons,
flnanclal and otherwlso, exlstlng ln aur
1 ov can doubt for a moment that tho
Sultan will flnally comply wlth. the de
manda of Russla. and, of course, tharo
will be no flghtlng. The Bultan can do
nothing olse and he knowes lt. However,
he lovea to do conslderable biufflng, be?
fore ho gets down to actual buslneas,
Durlng the past week the further ln
ve.tigallons in the postofflco soandal at
Waahlnffton havo revealed the faot that
a large number of the olerks employed ln
ihe Department knew all the tlme tha*
Maohen and Boavers and others were sys*
tematlcally robbing the government, but
kept mum about lt, Noth'ng, lt ls sald,
can bo done wlth theae olerks except to
dlsmlss thom fi'om the servlce, and about
twenty-flve or thirty havo reoeived thelr
"walklng papere," but thero are othera
who made "mum" the word that are yet
Bafely entrenchod behlnd the overpower*
Ing influonce of 'nongressroen,
jr? w, Y. ?
e . ... 1 1
Blg Electric Plant In Mexico,
An lmmense electrlo power station ls
belng ereoted on tho Rlver Neoaxa, Jn tbo
State of Puebla, Mexlco. Thoro |s a
waterfall avallable wlth a capacity esti*
matod at 80,000 horse power. w thou*
sand hands are emnlovedl ln dlgging a
canal for the new plant*
is a great business force
is no,longer a question.
It is to business what
steam is to the locomo*
It is the. power that hv
fluences masses to trade
at certain stores, eat
certain foods or wear
The business that does
not advertise is the busl-,
ness that does not pro*
The best advertisers use
the morning papers.
The Times-Dispatch for
jristance. It,goes to the
buyers at buying time.
I Urend of TJhought
| Sn <Dixio Xand \
Birmlngham Age-Herald: '
Tho auostlon (curroncy) is stlll an open
ono ln Republlcan ranks, the battle be?
tween Wall Street on the ono hand and
the West on tho other, belng very flerce
and uneompromlslng. The subject wlll
perhaps havo -to bo fought out on the
floor of tho Senato or at least ln tha
rooms of tho Senate Flnanee Commlttee.
A "negro suffrago aseclatlon" has been
organlzod In Boston, compo.-cd of nezaoes
who opposo Booker Washlngton's doclrlna
that tbo negro should not partlclpate
In polltlos. Its object ls to combat thla
Idea and to' "secure the ballot unlver
sally for tho negro racp." It Is qulte
llkoly that the antl-Washlngton factlon
of negroes not only ln Boston. but all
through the country, outnumbera those
who support hls prlnolples, r
The dlscovory has been made that at
seventeen-yoar-old glrl has been held ln
bondnge in Bouth Dakota over slnce ahe
'was two years of age, her father havlng
sold her Into peonage at that tlme. Now
don't all tho Northern papers ?end corre?
spondents out there at once to wrlte up
the "systcm," '
Columbus ,Enqulrcr-Sun: ,
The rallln'gs of the Northern presa
agalnst lynchlng ln the South aro grow?
ing fowcr and shorter. Llving ln glass
houses, as they do. they possibly fear
the South mlght relallate and also east
a few stones,
Thoso who havo flgured on the feaal
blllty and returns ot cotton enterprl_?s
thus organlred and operated are san
gulno that the future wlll w.ti.esg a rapld
organlzatlon of lncorporated plantatlons.
and that whtn theso havo multlpll?d
untll thelr power Is supreme ln the flold
tho South wlll prosper beyond every
dream and be no longer nt the mercy
of sp.culntors. Eastern mill owner.. or
forelgn compotltors, und the rural labor
problem wlll bo fully solved.
Personal and General.
Mr. B. Z. Mason, former presldent! bf
Lawronce Unlverslty, at Applpton, Wls?
consln, has Just celebrated hls golden
Charles Currler Beale, of Boston. haa
Just been elected presldent ot tho Na?
tlonal Shorthand Reporters' Assoclatlon,
which Is convening ln Cincinnatl.
Thls week Prof. John H. Gray. of tha
North western Unlverslty, and R. O. Van
dorcoock, edltor of the Kvanston creas,
wlll start out on blcyeles tp cover 4C0
mlles of unexplored terrltory in the wllds
The lato Alexandor Von Homeyer. of
Frankfort-on^the-Maln. was an lndofi_tl
gablo collector of zoologlcal speclrnens. Of
blrds' eggs he had more than 10.000, rep
resentlng about 1.600 specles, whlle anoth?
er of hls collectlon Includes over 30.000
E. T. Fltch, of Warren. O., and M. O.
Krarup of New York, arrlved In New
York yestorday, havlng crossed the contl-.
nt-nt from San Francisco ln an automo
blic. They left tho coast on May 20,
and expoct to beat the record of Dr.
Nelson, of Burllngton, Vt., who recently
accompllshed the flrst transcontlnentoj
From the Church Papers.
Friendshlp should always bo.a meana
of grace to one, or better to both parties
to thls natural, all-pervaslvo, silent com.
paqt of love. Men hav?
FRIENDSHIP. prosUtuted thls virtue,
" as they have all others.
to the sorvice of self and of sln, but God
means by It self-glvlng for the good of
another.* and houce solf-development
through the wealth ot mutual ?eif-effac?
ment8 We should always strive to make
our frlendships a means of help_pg othere
It Is .posslble to be so loglcal that the
God of our worship Is a trfnlty-a major
premise, a mlnor premlse and a conclu
", - slon. We prove thlngs. and
TOO MUCH we rlse on the wlngs of
LOGIC. dootrlne and roason and
float on abstractlons; and
yet for all our wlngs, don't get out of
eorthly clouds and oewltderments. Our
flg it ls terrestrlal, We demonstrate and
prove ourselves Into hoaven, and aro only
on cold and droar mountain tops; ostab
llsh our assuranco and are miserable.
Agaln. we examlne ourselves from th?
_mta.de; piease. ourselves wlth our ploua
aspeots; stlmulate ourselvea w.th flne
noetry, and are constralnod to own that
we are plously admlrlug ourso vo_. whlle
tho outslde world are not admlrlng us at
'all nor catchlng from us any hlnt of
essentlal godllness at las_.~Southeni
This ls the way to oultlvate couragej
Flrsti by etandlng flrm on some con
lo.on.iouB prlnclplo, 1?y0TeirUfhf',u.t?
CULTIVATE truth and , right on amall
rouRAGE. ocoaslons nnd common
wun evonts; ihlrd. by trustlng .
jn God for help and power.-Epworth Era,
It la a valn thlng to expect growth of
the spirltual life. wlth any green leaf or
f po frult, whero tha haart Ib not brought
'. unto hlm who la the Sun
SUN OF OUR of our souls. As our
SOULS. clomatls blooms frealy
whero the ralns and
dewB of hoaven fall upon lt, and the sun
oomos evory day to warm and quioken.
we must ourselves seek the presence of
Hlm who aloiio can glvo us ony life and
beauty. "The Practlce of the Pre.enoe
of God" was the theme of a devout dlvln.
ln a profltable old book. It ls the turnlng
the face upwarjl, some time every day,
that we may live ln U_e llght of Qod,
"Sun of my soul, thou Savlour dear,
lt la not nlght lf thou be near;
Oh. may no earth'bom cloud arlse,
To hldo theo from thy servant's ayeaf*
jamea Brazll and Mra. Aggle Turner, of
Cashlon, Oltla., haye cre.ated a vecord by
belng marrJed threo tlmes ln one day.
Thoy flrst soijglit the probate Judge nt
Klngflsher, Olila,, and as thore was u
ooivtest over tho on.ee they got both
candidates to marry then.. Not feellng
satlsfled ns to the legallty of the cere?
rnony, thoy returned to Cashlon and wti.
jnarrled agaln by ? mlnlatei.