Newspaper Page Text
Publlshed Daily and Weekly
At No. 4 North Tenth Btreet,
Rlehmend, V*. ???????'? Jan?
uary tt, 1MSi at Rlchmond,
Vs., t* neeond-etass matter,
under Aet of Congress of
March 8, 1?T?.
The DAILT TntflB-DISFATCH ls toW
at i centa a copy.
The SUNDAT TIMES-DISPATCH ls
aold at S cents a copy.
The DAILY TIMES-DISPATCH by
mstl-80 cents a month; *B.OO * W?
ti.60 for slx months! IWO to? <*"9
months. ? . ,
The SUNDAY TIMES-DISPATCH by
mall 12.00 a year.
The DAILY TIMES-DISPATCH. In?
cludlng Sunday, In Rlchmond and Mnn
ohester. by carrier. 12 conts por week,
or 60 cents per month.
The SUNDAY TIMES-DISPATCH. by
Carrier, B cents per week.
The WEEKLY TIMES-DISPATCH,
$1.00 a year.
Al! Unslgned Communlcatlons wlll be
Rejected Communlcatlons wlll not be
returned unless accompanled by stamps.
Uptown Offlee at T. A. MllUr'a, No.
619 East Broad Street.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 28. 1903.
Persons leaving the clty for tha.^um
mer should order The Tlmes-Dspatch
malled to them. Prlco. 60 cents per
JUDOE CLARKE'S ADDRESS.
The address of Judge Waller Clark, of
North Carollna, before the State Bar
Assoclation, at Hot Sprlngs, Vn.. on tho
subject of trusts, was scholarly, lonter
talnlng and instructlve, and it contalned
much that was truo. But ln many of
IU statements it was mlsleadlng and in
lts conclusion lt was grossly at fault, If
consldored from a Domocratic polnt of
Judge Clark ls qulle right in saylng
that from the beglnnlng there has besn
h struggle between the masses and the
elasses. and In the early days the elosses
ruled the masses wlth an Iron naiyl.
But Judge Clark Is utterly wrong whon
he says that "as regards the toillng ln
borcr bls condltlon Is not substantially
dlfterent in thls year of grace from that
of hls namftless ancestors who bowod
thelr bscks and tolled ln poverty ond
paln that a prlvheged fow could llve
in luxury ln the thlrteenth or thlrty-seo
ond century before Chrlst."
We do not see how ony Intelllgent man
can Institute n comparlson between tho
pyramid-bulldf.-, of Egypt and the great
body of Amerlcan workmen to-day. and
yet arrive nt any such conclusion as
Judge Clark seems to have reached. In
Amerlca. at least, tbe condition of the
workman bas steodlly Imij'oved ond is
better to-day than ever before in the hls
tory of the nation. He Is not only bet?
ter paid. but he occuples a hlgher posi?
tlon ln society snd In public affalrs. Ho
Is a great factor ond a powerful factor
In our polltlcs. ag Judge Clark well
knows, and in all legislatlon he must be
serlously reckoned wlth.
Pesslng along, Judge Clark takes up
the subject of trusts and shows that
the great corporatlons enjoy many prlv
Ueges of government and trade, whlch
ls ln the main true. nnd wo agree wlth
him tbat all Buch prlvileges should be
wlthdrawn. Nelther tho govprnmont nor
the rallroad corporatlons, which nre the
creatures of government. ought to sb"w
any favorltlsm to corporatlons whlch
are not enjoyed by the general public.
We agree, too, that the great danger of
the corporatlons llss ln thclt endeavora
to control the leglslat'.vo bodlss; natlonal
and State, and tbat ls the vltnl polnt
.whlch the.gieople,must watch, and that
ls the ona thlng whlch thoy must in thelr
own Interests and In tbe Interst of tho
But the facts do not bear out Judge
Clark ln the 'statement that the ctypora
tlons have lowered the price of labor. lt !
is truo, as he clalms, that many of tho
corporatlons, if not most of them. nrs
over-capltollzed, and when they earn
large divldends on watered stock, they
are esrning more than they hnvo the
morol rlght to earn. . Such excesslve
earnings elther come out of the work
man's totl, or out of the pockcts of tho
But-notwlthstandlng thls lt is a fact
that the corporatlons pay as good wages
ss are pald by Indlvlduals in the same
llne of bUBlness, and lf the workmen
themselves owned tho rnilroads and the
large Industrles of the country, at a falr
valuatlon, nfter paylng a fair divldend
on the capltal Invesled. thoy vould not
under exUtlng condltlons receive much
more pay than they now receive.
To he sure thero nro somo exeoptlons
to thls. It Is sald that the Unlted Stntes
Steel Corporatlon. for example, ls eninlng
somethlng like 20 per cent. on what would
be a falr capltslltatlon of Its varloius in
diiBtrioB. If that be irue and If present
earnlngs could be malntainf-d, under a
co-operative plan the workmen would of
course receive more pay. Hut it mtiBt
be remembered that these are axtrsordl
narlly prosperous tlmes, and tho business
world does not belleve that the United
Biatet Steel Corporation wlll be able in
dennltely to earn 4 per cent. on Its com?
mon stock, e|ae that stock would surfly
not be selllng at J22 per share. Tlie Steel
trust has been m&klng a great deal of
money and the laborere havo not boen
receivlng thelr falr sbarc- of tho proflts,
although thelr wages, we take lt, are as
hlgh reUtively as the wages of workmen
|n other bronchcB of Industry, But It
must be consldered that the evll tlmes
wlll flnally come, and when they do como
the ttockholder will be the first to ?y|te|\
Hls dlvldends will be cut. down or abol
Ishfed. whlle the pay of the workman gcx-s
on. Intelligent woikmeu undersiand this
ht wall as Judg* Clark under. tnnds'It.
Rscenlly. when the Vlrginla-Oarollna
Chemlcal Company got into trouhlu the
price of Us shares went down wltb a
slump, and the dlrectors at thelr no>;t
rnetlng declded to pass the dividend on
tbe common kharc*. Jiui nothlng Us
bean eald about euttlng the pny of lts
employes, except. the saloHcs ot seme or
lt* hlfh'Pfleed offlcers.
Judgo Clnrk proeeods to show how the
tr... Is cnn be destroyed by lnw ?nd ?ug
KMt? several tneens to Miftt end. There
ls no dimeu.ty In destroytng the t.Ust.
A few acts ot Congress nnd _. fow leg fi
latlve ensetments ln the neve.at Stntes
would sonn destroy them beyond a per
ndvchtu.e, Bttt tho not of ilestnict on
would be Idontlcnl wlth the act of bllnd
Samson. when he pulled down the tem
PIn conetitslon Judge Clark comes out
plalnly and snys that the remedy for lt
nll ls government owna.shlp. He abarw
dons Democracy. he nhnndone the Ameri?
can prlnclple, and proposes to set up ln?
stead of a grent republlc of Independent
men b. soclnllstle ollgarchy, ln whlch tho
government wlll be the great boss of us
all and the people lts employes, But
would that be a remedy for the ovil
whlch Judgo Clark points out? Is he
qulte sure thnt under such n. system tho
condltlon of the workmen would bo im?
proved? Is he qulte sure thnt under-such
a system there would be no class rule.
no class fnvo.ltl_m. bul that all woulrt
share nnd shnro nliko ln tho nation a
prosporlty? _b he qulte sure thnt hniW
thls system wages. would bo advnncrd
antl that tho workmen would receive full
and just pay for all hls work? The gov?
ernment does conduct some brnncnes or
business and carry on somo Indu.ttles.
but wo believe thnt lt can bo shown by
a falr comparlnon thnt the wage.i whloh
tho governmonf pnys are ho hlgh.r than
wages pnld for slmllnr work by corpora?
tlons and Indlvlduals, Whether thnt be
tnio or not, If the government should un
dertako to opernto tho rallroads nnd In
dustrles of the land, It would havo to
corrio down to a strlotty buslttc.s basls
nnd be governed In its operations by thc
natural laws of trade. That b.lng tho
case we do not for one mlnuto bolle-.o
that It would be able to pay any higher
?wages than corporatlons now vuy or sell
lts products any cheaper.
Tho remedy would bo far worao than
tho disease. Yet Judge Clark ls tho man
Mr. Bryan would have the Democrat.
no'mlnato for tho Presldency.
THE STRIKE ENDED.
The strike of Divlslon 152, Amolgamated
Assoolatlon of Stroet Rallway Employes, |
ngninst the Rlchmond Passenger and
Power Company, has been offlclally de?
clared off, and the long contest ls ended.
It cost the company the sum of $125,000;
lt cost all the men a serious loss ln wages,
estimated at $50,000, which otherwlse
would have been earned; It cost the State
of Virglm'a $75,000 to malntaln tho troops
that were called out; It cost the clty of
Rlchmond and county of Henrlco flve or
slx thousandi dollars to pay for extra po?
llcemen; it cost nearly all brnnches of
business s. serlous loss ln trade; lt cost'
ono man hls llfe and soveral bodily injury,
and it cost the whole communlty much
Inconveni'ence and nnxlety.
There Is no questlon as to the cost.
Now, let all persons concerned ask them?
selves what has heen galned. The strlk?
ers made a stubborn flght and domon
strated tbat organlzed labor Is a power
ln this communlty. The company made
a stubborn reslstance and succeeded in
operatlng Its cars in spile of the union.
But was anythlng really gafned? Would
lt not have been better for the company
and its mon to have settled thelr dlffer
ences In a. peaceable and friendly mannor.
wlthout resort to these extreme meas
ures? That Is a questlon we shall leave
tho persons concerned on both sidos to
answer for themselves. There nro no two
questlons on tho subject, however, ln the
mlnd of the general public.
The strlkers labored under two serlous
dlsadvantages. The one was that largo
numbers of men who did not belong to
the uni'on were willlne to work at the
wago whlch tho company was paylng,
and thls sort of competltlon In ,the labor
world is the greatest factor ln flxing
the price of labor. The rule is that no
set ot men In any craft can command
a hlgher wago than a llke number of men
ln tho somo craft, and equally competent,
are wllllng to work for.
The othor disadvantage that the stnV.ers
labored undor was that some of their mls
guided sympathlzers engaged ln acts of
lawlessness. Every stone thrown, every
ptstol fired, overy attempt to wreck cars
or injuro motormcn, conductors or pas
sengers, wns as a blow struck at the strlk?
ers and Injured tholr causo by so much.
However. we are not dlsposed to hold
a poat-mortem. We slmply sum up the
facts as they appear tous. lt ls not nec
essary lo polnt out tho lessons. Thoy
speak for themselves.
Mr. George Kelth Taylor. clerk of the
Supremo Court of Appeals of Virginia.
whose death has boon announced, was
a charmlng gontlemon and a clork of tho
old school, He came of a. fnmlly, several
of whom had been dlstrtigutshcd. as law?
yers and clerks. He had seen servlce
in Hanover and Carollno countles, and
then located in thls clty, and became
Mr. Shlelds' chlef deputy ln tho city Cir
cult Court clerkship. Whllo ln that posi?
tlon he was elected clerk' of tho Supreme
Court to succeed George L. Christian,
Esc... who had just been chosen as Judge
Guikon's successor on the hench'of the
Mr. Taylor was known far nnd wide,
especially by members of the bar, and
was much bolovod. He hsd a rnre sweet
net^s of tt-mpor and extraordlnary capa.
clty fnr the work ho had to do. Indeod,
he was groatly learned in Ihe loro of the
clerk'B nlhce, nnd was very helpful to
all who souuht his advlce or ald. ln
problty, suavlty and lnt*llectus| attain
ments he honored tho lmportant oflice
that ho held. Hls death is not only a loss
to tbe court he scrvo 1 so happlly and well,
but to the bnr -.'f tbo State, and lo the
communlty ln which ho dwelt.
P0LITICS AT "THE WHITE."
F- A. R . who, we belleve, Is the Wnsh?
lngton eorresponilent of ih<- Briltlnioro
Sun. wrlle* to thnt paper from thu Green?
brler Whlte Sulphur Sprlng*. where he
fir.ds many Southerners present, and most
of wlmm aro wllllng enough to talk poll
tles. From the information obtalned at
the White he is of the opinion that "even
ehould Mr. Cleveland come to tho Na?
tlonal Democratlc Convention wlth a solid
deleuatian from tb? wxtua East, he could
not be nomlnated," There ar* "men here
front every State from the Potomac tt.
the Giilf. and th*y fcte 'uiinnlmous in tne
statement that Cleveland, efln obtaln no
delogntlons from that section." We quote
from the letter t
I snld, to one gontloman holdlng hlgh
ptiblle offlcet . ._ tnt
"Your Southern Stntes must vote^for
Cleveland In case of his nomlnaton
Aftor conslderable hesltntlon he *"4
6*Wb.., supposo that ls SO? It d?os not
algnlf"? Wo have onslly the power^ lo
provent hls nomlnatlon, nnd f lt ls nec
or-wry we wlll cortolnly exerclse It.
.mt thon F. A. K. proceeds to nrgue
that even If the majority, Instend of a
two-thlrds rule, prevalled In DomocratJo
nntlonnl conventtons, the solld South
could defent any nsplrant: for tho noml
nntlon, "for It ls not posslble to concelvo
of nny occnslon whon tho" Bastond West
would unlto on the samo man."
Tho correspondent flnds sentlment nt
Iho White very fovornblo to Mr. Gor
'man, nnd he hns heard It remnrkod thoro
thnt It Senator Gorman's frlend.i would
get. to work nnd organlzo "they could
plck up delegntlons In droves, more, per
hnps, ln thd East nnd West than from
tho South." Ho thlnks the South wlll
send no delegntlons to the conventlon
wlth hlde-bound Infltructlons, though ho
Is Informed that the Southern delegntlons
will accept nny mnn whom the debatn.blo
Stntes, ask, whether It Is Gormon, Gray
or Parker. Judge Grny he honrs spoken
of wlth conddenco and respoct. Judge
Fnrkor, he believe... would feel lmpelled
by conaclontlous regard for duty to re
slgn hls judgeshlp should he tnke tho
nomlnatlon, nnd that ls a rlsk he ls not
sure Parker would take.
K. A. R. regards'lt ns certaln thnt "tho
Democratic conventlon wlll not bo lnflu
onced in the least elther by William Jen?
nlngs Brynn's thronts or pleadlngs. In
tho matter of the Republlcnn nomlnatlon
ho hears thnt Wall Street wlll give no
money for the election oC Thcodore Roose?
velt, but would help Gorman, Clevland
Gray or Parker." ,
Furthermore, the Sun's correspondent ls
"Struck wlth the Intensity of Southern
feellng on tho negro subject."
Well' he may be.
Tho South wlll not sond Cleveland del
egatlons to the Domocratlc Natlonal Con?
ventlon, but should that gentloman be
nomlnated, and should tho contest be
narrowed down between hlm and Roose?
velt, we cannot believo that Cleveland
would lost a slnglo Southern State. F. A.
K. truly says, there ls intense "feellng
on tho negro subject," and lt ls not Ukoly
to abnte wlthin a year.
On board of Slr Thomas Llpton's
steamer Erln, on Thursday, was Lord
Trirhlestown, tbo elghteenth baron of
Trlmlestown, whose Irlsh tltlo dates from
14G1, buV who has aalled beforo the mast
in the merchant marine and has hnd navy
experlence. Talklng wlth somo of Slr
Thomas' guosts standing about him,'the
noble lord oxpresscd himself as >very sure
that Slr Thomas was a native of Ireland.
Ho was so sure, says the New York
Sun, that whon he offered to bet "1,000 to
1?gulneas," the Yankoe who wasargulng
with him backed down incontlnently. Sir
Thomas was asked to settlo the contro
"I was born in Glasgow Scotland," sald
Slr Thomas. "My parents, who were
Irlsh, were on thelr way to Amerlca to
better thelr fortunes, as hnd many of
their fellow countrymen had done. I.was
born whlle thoy wore walting to take
a shlp ln Glasgow."
"Never you care," sald Lord Trlmlea
town. "Because a mon is born in a
stable, you know, he's not a horse."
Mrs. Catherlne Murphy, who ls now ln
New York, but whose homo is ln Glas?
gow, says she woll remembers Llpton ao
a small boy worklng about his father'a
provislon shop in Anderson, noar Glas?
So lt would appear that Slr Thomas
Llpton was not only born in Scotlanflt
"of poor, but Irish parents," as Howard
Carroll used to say?but spent part of hM
Miss Ruth Bryan. eidost daughter of
Mr. William J. Bryan, has declded to
dovote her llfe to tho cnuse of organlzed
charlty, and wlll assoclate herself wlth
the Hull House Settlement, of Chlcago,
whlch Is conducted by Miss Jane Addams,
Miss Addams has mnde a study of so
ciologlcal questlons, and in addltlon to
this practical work has made some valu
abla contrlbutions to soci'ologlcal litera
Tho Hull House was founded ln a small
way through the efforts of Miss Addams
about ten years ago. With the assistance
of wealthy and phllanthroplo persons It
has extended Its scope untll It has become
one of tho leading factors In soclological
work ln lhe country. Miss Bryan and hor
mother have been doeply interosted in tho
sottlenient for a long tlme, says a. corre
spondent, and, whlle the poBltlon will
Invoive a sacrlflce to Miss Bryan, she
feels lhat sho wlll bo engaglng ln pleas?
ant nnd meritorlous work.
Miss Bryan is evldontly a woman of
purpose. She has ablllty and education,
ond sho Is unwIllliiG to "bury her tal
ents." She wants to do something to help
humnnlty and .to let the world know
sho ls livlng.
Health Commlssloner James Bosloy, of
Baltlmore, is of the opinion tbat typhold
ftvor ls losing its hold In that city. Tho
percentage of typhold case* there has
steadlly decreased slnce 1S75. In tho |at
ter year thero wore 187 deoths ln a pop?
ulatlon ot 350,000. Last year there were
'20 deaths In a populatlon of 525,000. The
mortallty for 1S75 was Mi. That for 1908
wns .411- The decrease In twenty-seven
years was about twonty-ftve per cent., or
nenrlv ono per cent. a year. During somo
years, of course, thero were Increasos, as
ln 1S70, when the number of deaths' was
887, but the gone.al tendency wns and ls
lu 1901-wo quote from the Baltlmore
Horald-the number of doathe from the
ditease in Baltlmore w;i* smaller than ln
any other year since 1875. Last year c|l
jr.Rtlc condltlons caused an increase.
Thi* year wlll probably go down into
history ns another falrly bad one, though
tho mortallty. when compared to tho pop
uiallon, ls low.
In other words, improved panitary con.
dltlons Ih feMtlmore hnve ra_*l"* lB }
reductlon of the percentege of typhoij
fever casps there-a very oncournglng
lt ls td^^h^l^-fther* ls.??
trouna for the rumor thnt Mr. McIN
*a "e Mrtousij. oonslde... ihe mnU?r of
toi- for thls dlstrlct.-l'etorsbiirg Index
We heartlly cbtictir. Senator Mcllwnthe
<f one'ftf the most n.tclllet^nt. pnltiBtnk
lt?B ahd Uiefut member* of the Oeneral
Assembly, atld the loss of hlm would
bo almoat lrreparablo. He hns glven the
Stnte fl/fnost Vottiable servlce-a service
whlch an ordtnary cllenl could not have
had for ten tlmes tho pny. ??? hos matle
a great aacrlflce, n.nd the Stato cannot
reasonably __k hlm lo contlnue lt lndef
lnltely, but Mr. Mollwnlno hnB Ihe sense
of. duty well done, whlch Ib more grate
ful to a rlshteous man and a good. cltl?
zen than money. Moro thnn that, he
knowa that hls servlco Is nppreoiated by
hln fellow-oitlzens, whlch ls not always
tho case; ,
The Brlstof1--r_T-"Ts""a'-new journal
Istlo candldate for popular fnvor. It has
Just unfurled Us bnnnor to the breeze
on the Vlrglnla sldo nf tho olty of BHb
tof. The Hernldl hns tho Ahsoclated
Press franohitao, hns b good 11st of cor?
respondents, and presonts a brlght and
newsy appearance. U ls lssuod by a
strong stock company, and Is under tho
business and <_dltorlnl management of
Mr. John Wood, formerly of Roanoko, and
Mr. CharleB O. Hearon, formerly ot tho
Rlchmond Tlmes. Tlwso are brlght young
men, who know how to make a good
newepaper, and lf a good, Uve morning
paper ls what Brlstol wants It can get
lt, from thta comblnatlon. It remalns
for Brfato1! pooplo to say how much thoy
want such a, pnporjis_thoy_can make,
The Mlnneapolls Trlbuno advances tho
idea that Presldent Roosevelt has a doep,
dark deslgn in deallng wlth General
Mlles' retirement. It suspects hlm of the
doslre to force Mlles on the Democratic
party as lts Presldential nomlnee, ln the
fccllef thnt he would bo an easy mark,
ay the Washlngton Post says. The Trl
bune sums up the cuse as follows:
"If Roosevelt could get the Democrats
to nomlnate Mllos on hls anclent military
fnme and his rocent grlevances, ho mlght
approach tho election almost aa compla
cently as Presldent McKlnley ln 1900. Tho
admirable qualitles of General Mlles do
not lond themselves to tho compllcatod
practlcal uecs of a polltlcal campalgn,
any more than those of General Hancock
dld. On the other hand. hls fralltles offer
a whole army of weapons to an alert and
Those farmer trust buBtera over in j
North Carolina aro gettlng a lot of wordy
encouragoment, but when they get down
to business tbey wlll flnd that more than
they bargalned for will be expeuted of
The returns from a few more countles
llke Plttsypvanla wlll at least insure a
lively campalgn when tho Mann law be?
comes the real and general Issuo ln tha
The temperance wave ts guroly spcead
ing. No one has yet sworn out an ln?
junctlon to keep that blg shlpment of
whiskey from Kentucky to Europi.
, What's the matter with sending Mrs.
Nation and her hatchet to Bulgaria.'
Hadn't thought of lt before, but she
might be of great servlce thore.
What do the Indlans of Ind>o.n Terrl?
tory want to get into the Union for any
bow? As a matter of fact the red factd
The discovery or rather the alleged
dlscovery of a cure for lockjaw is be?
lleved to be a pure invention of the toy
The new Pope is provlng himself not
to be the frall man some said he was
when he had that fainttng spell.
Short, hot da-ys and cool, dewy nights
are in order,now to make tho late corn
perfect, and they are here.
Anyhow, Slr Thomas has lost none of
his sangulno feellngs. He stlll thrnks
he is a llfter. __
Corbett Is behavlng better than any one
could have expected. He has offered no
Tho season ls nearly passed. tho har
vest nearlng on ond and the festive mos
qulto has not been extermlnated yst.
Nv.rfolk county atatesmen st:il have an
Idea lhat -ho eyes of tho nitl'n r.rc
rlveted ou Norfolk county._
/ The Wlnchester Democrats are ln fa?
vor of vlva voce?for some of the other
Culpeper folks are not unanimous as
to the contlnued purlty of the pure elec
With a Comment or Two.
qa fn,- -,? Mr rM?,vWnd and .Mr. Bryan
a1l%foa;,o^,^d^veIe5nnpB, we? eUm.na.o
them to begln wlth.-PearisDingi m
glnlan. ., , , .
But they refuso to remain elimlnalod.
Some peoplo are Incllned to look upon
General Nelson A. MUeP:'fl"? ,v? '' ;
Jlm Corbett as representntlvQ types of
the retlred Amorlcoii warrior.-isow.poit
They would be lf tn*y were not
blessed" with fool frlends to coll thom
The real fricndtT^Twr. Clovaland should
not, even if thoy Had tbe power. tou0
hls nomlnatlon, lf CleveUnd ? nominoud.
ihe nomlnatlon should?Urnom.,i?S
who havo not het'etofore been classcq
ns hls supportors.-Staunton News.
As ln 1892, for Instance.
To * man up a tree lt would soem that
way. And. bv the waV, ciulto a largo
number of tho boy* haye been up il,9
The Rlchmond Tlm^iPj^mu.h Is 1,,.
ellned to eongrat.ulats g*.? uServefl hi_
the fact that General X?aagI_ieulena
entlro term of one Ktf^n*Bhfen?e ! ln a
General wlthout embrnlllnBn m-eii in a
war wlth any forelgn ,p0Ubn11V yhf?' b*' J
ibu admlnistratlon, feuiess Insult i2
hls term wlth tt *"<> HfBer
Perhaps he dldn't ^P0" "L.r.,..''
Many mon are Ignorant ot tbe courto.ie.
of dress, as ii wero,
i Virgtnia <Sditors>?
The ftoahoke World nnyai
Georgla, under her now lnw, la gatli
eilng up vagrant nogroos In nll pflflS at
the Slhto nnd commltting them to J?H ?
preparatory to puttlng ,-horn lo work
oh the pttbtie ron.|s of tho Common
wenith. It Vlrglnln had somo such law
In force at thls tlme consldornble work
lowards the Improvomeht of hlghwuys
mlght bo efl'eetod,
The Buejm VIsta Advocato has thla
Ono of tho grontost snfogtinrdB of a
demoorntlo form of government ls tho
primnry, for it. places In the hands of
all tho jieopto tho Inltlntlve in the matter
of nomlnatlons for ollico, Mnny of tho
pooplo do not renllze thls, and fa 1' lo
tako mifflclont Intorost in stich maUors
to attend tho prlmnrles and turn them
to the popular good,
On -h vory live subject tho Norfolk Dls
patch speaits In pnrt as CoIIowh:
The Jarnestown ISxpositlo* project
would nover have rnachcd Its present
slngo ngnlnst tho bltter "PP^'^'Vil,^
bllghtlng Indlfferenco of thoso. who should
hnve beon lts friends If tt had not had
merlt. Between now nnd the nrat oi
January, 1904. the Jarnestown ^Posltlon
Compnny, through lts agent, Mr,;*WojMi
wlll noed tho Btro.iKth nnd ""PPp^ ?
lts friends aa never boforo lni lts mstory.
If theso friends como to the front for tho
movement, flg Ib nntunil;*?ft??&%S
rnlfllng of the mttllon dollars capnai
stock wlll prove an entirely posslble
The' Norfolk Vlrglnlan-PUot says:
Tho Washlngton Post gets gay over
..,? rtn-noko cow. Tho Post will plcase
o!' 1co0nsntltute00lt_olf .? ^tfe'^j
Roanoke cow ls our especlol petJf??Jw
covery At early morn nnd fn tho flov-y
ove w6 lovo to thlnk of her wanderng
ihrnuch thc streets of tho Maglc city,
n Inkle wlth the bells ot klndred wandcr
ors We ahnll permit no vulgar ond
Irrevorond volce to bo raised in hor dla
Tho Newport News Tlmes-Herald hne
found a B.raw thnt mny Indlcate the tend
ot tho current. It says:
Plttsvlvanla county, tho largest ln tlie
who talk of Judgo Mann for tho govorn
Personal and General.
Thoodore Rooaevelt, Jr.. occompanlod
bv hls young couslm George, a son of
SY _-?i?rI %nnsavolt hns started for
Dendw^od?nSm?th DalVotn. on a huntlng
?XpedluSn: They wlll be gono several
a r-n.ure of Iown's dalry exhlblt at
Frank G. Logan and Mrs. Logan wlll
MSS a^va^uS H^lg^
called t'Tho Water Mlll
Miss Helen G'ould. who haa "berally
endowed the Young Men s Chrlst an AS
soclatlons ln a number of cltleaiinin
fllnnn nloilK tho l no Ot tne waDUBii
sho has helped to build.
At tho flrst meetlng of tbe trusteos
nr the new clty ot Arcadla, whlch
"Lucky" Baldwn has oatablished at hls
Santa? Anlta Ranch, Callfornla, tllff.own
irfottthe cfty rocolved the tltle ofcMMW
fhrnmrh unanlmous selection. l no new
to?>lb su?rounded by the orange groyes
of Baldwln's great ranch, whlofci 1b tho
flnest estate ln Southern Callfornla,
A Few Forcign Facts.
Luls Brlgano, an Itallan pedestrlan,
started fast April to walk from Buanoa
Ayros to San Franclsco and has al?
ready arrlved at Llma. Peru after en
counterlntr many dtingers on hla trip.
There have beon unearthed at Abydos
by FUnders Petrlo ten s^0?*9'^6??'*3'
rancinK in age from 600 to 5.000 yeais,
whlch show the whole history of Egypt
A g obular vase ot green glaze with
Mcnes' name inlald ln purplo sliows hat
polychrome glazlng is 1.0fo years plder
than has been surm S_ed. DeHcate cary.
Ing" ln ivory are found, whlch rlval ln
"xcellonce tho finost Greek or Itlalan
Probably no famous blrd has a smaller
habltat than the blrd of paradise whoso
beautlful feathers are so highly prUod
ln the milllnery trade. No one knowu
whv the varletles of thls beautlful blrd
are conllned to the Island of New Gulnea
and the neighborlng ^coasts of Au^tralia.
There are many othor Islands not far away
whore tho condltlons would seem to bo
eoually favorable to their exlstence, but
they are not found among them.
Beerbohm Tree. the London manager,
has decreed that in his theatre no author
of a new play shall be allowed to appear
on the stage to recelve tho plaudlts of a
"Blbl la. Puree," Verlaine's eccentrlc
ex-secrotary. ls dend, and Parls has lost
a remarkable character. Ho waa slxty
seven years old. For twenty years he
roamed the Quartlor Latln woarlng hls
thln halr long. his cadavorous face made
more slngular by tl drooplng mustache,
hls hat alwiiys cocked on one slde. hm
clothes in the last state of repalr, and
hls shoes very shaky. But he always
had a red flower In hls buttonhole and
carried a fow postal cards for sale. Blbl
hnd the gift of oratory.
__-???? ? o
North Carolina Sentiment.
The Charlotte News says:
It wlll bo difflcult for sny of the thlr
tcen candldates for tho Governorshlp to
ndmlt that he was tho last one out.
even wlth tho promise of tho Sorlpture
that the last shall be flrst.
Tho Concord Trlbune remarks:
Some of our grandehildron may llve
to see John Temple Graves' remedy re
Tho Greensboro Telegram ls dlsgusted
wlth nrctlo oxpedltlons. It says;
Tho grentest humhug in exlstonce ts
tho prolongatlon of the fruitless. search
for the North Pole. - ?? e*Pa?'? ??f *
out and a second has to ho started to
nnd tho ilrst. Aiid'so lt goos-an end
ess cbaln affair. Leave the pole be and
enjoy llfo ln tompcrate cllmes.
The Durham Herald remarks;
Tho dlspensary system in South Car?
ollna may bo all that tt ls charged Wlth
belng but the saloon system ln othor
Siates has not proven an unquallfled suc?
The Wlnston-Salom Sentlnent says;
The organization of stook oompanles
to manufacture tobacco is golng on ln
eastern Nouth Carollna towns. Rocky
Mount. Greenvllle and Ralolgh aro to
start faetorles, and there may be cfthora
io fall in Hne. They propose to put up
smoklng'goods. Thls is a better way
to "flght the trust" than to resort to boy
cottlng. though the results may not fully
reallza the expoetatlons of those who in
vest tholr money in thesa onterprlsas, os
leclolly if they are expected to work up
enouah of tho crop grown ln that sec?
tion to control the sltuatlon.
The Raleigh Post offers thls as a
110OurCladvice, glven some days ago, to
nll who owned the Vlrglnla-Chemlcal
stock held by them, la now repeated.
Hold on. Tho woret ls over. and whlle
recovery wlll be s)ow, lt wlll be suro,
A SgbslltMto for Radium,
More must be known about the naturo
of tho matorlol which Dr. Manges ls uslng
in place of radlum, for therapeu c rur-.
nosos before lts va ue can be estimated,
i Uu. mero announcoment of the P-mi
Iv because the olement which M. ai q
Mn ? eurlo dlscovered ls so poworful lq
I.V effects as to be almoat "fmanuga
able, and partly because of IM high Prlce
lt was suggetted some time ago that Uie
avallablllty of other metals whloh emltted
slmllar rndldtlona ba studletl, 'A pronii-lnt.
set of experlmenls was then undortak.n
wlth thoriun., whloh ls much loss potonl/
by Frederick Soddy, An aeeount ot thesa
npnoared ln "Tha British Medical, Journal"
only last month. Aa yat the world is not
pormltted to know whether th* substanco
wllh whloji Dr. Manges ls worltlng ls
practlcally Identieal with thls, Llght on
that point is deslrable, It the olomeht or
oompound ls csSentlally dlfferent, of
course n comporlson between ilt and tho*
rlum,.ln respect to cost aftd.eftieacy, wlll
i bo of mueh service to medical men,
I ThOU(_h nelther M.. Bodtly nor , Dr,.
Manges roculved hla liiBpliiitlon from
Prof. Grnhntn Bell, lt Ib Interesting-to
noto an Idoa advanced by hlm ln a recent
letter'to a personal frlend In Washlngton,
Dr. 'A T. Bowers. He rcforrod to the np
parent linposslblllty of pfoduolng any ef?
fect on deep sented cancors Wlth an X
ray tubo, nnd asked why it would not bo
nrootlcable to attack them In a new way.
If a tiny partlcle of radlum were In
olosod ln n small glass tube, and the lat?
ter wero ombeddod at(tho very, heart of
i the trouble. mlght it not be foaslble to flght
moro effectlvely? To thls quory Dr, Bow?
ers replled briefly .and hopefully, but ho
was not ln n, posltlon to be speclflo. Evl
dontly he hns no Immcdlate Intentlon of
following tho matter up hlmself, but tho
publicatlon ot tho correspondence ls an
lnvitation to others to do so. ,
i Treatment of thls sort.lt wlll be seen.
lnvolvos a special operation to place the
tubo ln posltlon, but nn eescntlal prellm
Innry to that stej. Ib obta nlng nt supply of
radlum or somplhlng. olse that oah?. be
[ thus Inolosed antf that g\yb* wm>???">
anco of bonollt. Here, e?talnly, ln u
valuabla Buggestlon. and lt ls to bejbopod
thnt sovera. lnvestlgntors wlll act upon
It In tho near futuro. Innsmuch ns nn
I ,X-rny npparatus ls too oumbrous to In
' troduco Into those portlons of the body
whoro doop noated cancers form, and ls
Ineftoctlve when aeting outsldo, it .ia ot
much Importnhce to flnd a wny. to hilng
tho remodlal agont closer to tho dlsensed
tlsflue, at least for test purposes. ".Prof.
Bell'B mothod ls doemed. practlcablo It
would be fortunate It at the same timo a
trlnl woro mado of thorlum nnd tho Biib
atnnco wlth whlch Dr. Manges la experl
'"wherf'a cancor ls removed by surgery
thero ls BomotlmoB a rccurrence ot
1 troubte a year or two afterward For
thls reason physlclans who hnvo met wlth
o cournglng resulta In troatlng one on.tho
_urfuco wlth "X-rnys are usually cautlous
about pronounclng nn apparont cure per?
manent. Kven greater re'ervejivould bo
ii?iii>.uu8 If In a few cases vlctlma ot less
a'ico^lble1 dlBOrden, of thls class, were
hannfiiBii Tim? alone can tell tne tuii
' value^of'olther" policy. Novertheles? tho
lernDornrv abatement from physlcal aui
feWrig and the moderate hope of cornploto
immunity whlch a \^w^vAnTto?.
excuso nre n one well worth worKingior.
T__t Bell's Idea-be thoroughly testodl
Now York Trlbune._
The Wlfe of Moses
Edltor of The Times-Dlspatch:
Slr.-Sceing the dlscusslon ln tho query
column of the last issuo ofrhcWeekiy
Times-Dlspatch on the questlon <>?18???!>r
marrvlnit a negro or Ethloplan, I twnK i
ronT glvo you soibe Informatlon nbout
the matter that I have not yet seen n
titibllc prlut. We are told In Numbeis
K?i that "Mlrlam aud Aaron spake
agalnst Moses because of the Ethloplan
woman whom he had marrled. lorheW
marrled un Eth opian woman. lh:s is an
Moses' marriage to tho Ethloplan wo?
man but Josophus tella us'that whon
Mohoh was stlll a v-oung man, and llvlng
wltHS#& meuxwi Thormuthla, th.
daughter of Pharaoh. that tho EthloP'an-s
lnvaded Egypt and overrun a consider
aWo part of tbo country. and m** tho
Egyptlnns were unablo to opposo them.
In thls sad condltlon tho king commandvd
hls daughter to lot him hfivo Moses, who
was already noted for h a sklll ni.d sa
gaclty, to lead hls 'armles agalnst tho
Ethloplans. Mosoa assumeu command
of the Egyptlan nrmles and soon de
fented tho Ethloplans, drove them from
Ecvnt back to their own country ana
destroyed many of their cities untll tho
Ethloplans wore ln danger of belng ie
duced to slavery. In thls condltlon they
retroated to thelr royal clty, Seba. on
tho banks of the Nlle. The clty was
strongly fortlfled wlth a high wall and
was almost Irnpregnable. \\ hllo Mo.-^ea
was besleglng tho clty, he waa seen ty
Tharbls. tho daughter of the king of tno
Ethloplans. who fell deeply ln love Wltb
him and sent her servants to him pffer
Ing to marry him. Moses accepted her
offer of marriage on condltlons that sho
would procure tho delivorlng up of tne
clty to him. Sho agreed to the condl?
tlons. the clty was delivered up to MOsea
ho consummated hls marriage with hor
l and then led tho Egyptlans back to
! thelr own land,
Wo aro not told that Moses even car
I riod hls dU3ky brldo back to Egypt %vlth
i him. and It ts hardly to be supposed that
i he did. as his marriage wlth hor was
I only a mllltary tactlc. adopted by^ him
! to completo the cowjuest of the Ethlo?
plans. Later on Josephus glves an ac
I count of the lllght of Mosos Into the land
of Midinn and his mnrrlago wlth tho
daughter of Jethro. suhstantlally as lt
is related In tho Scrlpturcs.
I The Mldlanlteg were sald to be dcacend
I ants oi Mldlan, a son of Abraharn by
Keturah, hls last wlfe. and as such could
1 not have been negroes, though they
I were mlnpled wlth the descendants of
! Ishmael, and may have been to some
I extent mingled wllh the Canaanitcs.
C. T. BABB.
Belrln. Va., August 17, 1003.
Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Slr,?I would like for you to publlsh In
the morning paper the rules under whlch
tho Vlrglnla Passenger and Power. Com?
pany works In the issue of transfer*
from one line to another. ?___.
Tho Vlrglnla Passenger and Power Co.
embraces both tho old F-lchmond Passen?
ger nnd Power Company and tho old
Rlchmond Traction Company. All Pas?
senger nnd Power cars (Main Street from
Fulton to Reservoir; Clay Street llne,
T,aurol-Street llne and suburban llnes) aro
known as red cars. All old Traction llne
cars (stralght Broad Street, BroaO.
Eighth. Maln and Eighteonth) are known
as blue cars.
In transferring fron one car to another
blue or rod transfors aro used. The col?
or of the transfer intflcates ihe car to
whlch tho passenger is transferred. T. Vs
when one is glven a red transfer It en- ,
tltles to ride on a Passenger and Powor
car from tho transfer point. If he ls glven
a blue transfer lt entltles him to transfer
to a blue or Traction car. For Instance:
A passenger rldlng on a Traction car
from Church Hill wlshes to go out West
Mnln Street from Elghth. Hs asks for a
transfer to West Maln Passenger ard
Power and recolves a red transfer. If ho
ls glven a. "blue transfer lt ontltles to
board a Traction Mnln Street car golng
to Hollywood. If he ls on a Maln Street
Passenger nnd Po\yer car and doslres to
transfer to tho Elghth and Broad Streot
Traction car at B'ghth. he asks for a
transfer and gets n blue ono.
Tho Btibject of trn -jVors Ib slmple If tho
pasBonger wlll Just remember that the
color of the trnnsfer Indlcatea the llne on
whlch tho transfer ls good. Thus a red
transfer Is good only nn a Passenger .nd
Power or r.od car; _bo slgns in front In
dloatlng the color of tho cars; a blue
transfer Is good only di a Traction enr
or car hearing a bluo slgn ln front.
The Oyster Questlon,
An able wrlter on the stnff of Tha
Rlehmond Tlmes-Dlspatch, Walter Ed?
ward Harrls. ls sendlng a eorles of arti?
cles from Tidowator that doplct moro
cleurlv than any we hnve seen the true
Biatiis of tho oystor questlon. Whlle he
dooms Inovltable the rentlng of barren
rocks he drawa truly tho condltlons that
wlll obtaln in tbls land a_ a- result. To
our mlnd, when thnt day comea the con?
dltlon wlll be llkened unto a few prlncea
ruliiig over Berfs-a few wealthy corpp
rntions wlll exlst und tho real people wlll
have to trek it, or beeomo dopendent la
borers. Thls ls not overdrawing the pic
ture*. We want to seo both planters and
toiAre prospor, but onco tho commlSBlan
breal.8 the Baylor survey Vlrglnla has
done a wrong she cannot remedy, und one
lo bo narnllelod only by the arhltrary tma
domlneorlng era of .econstruotlon.?tr
Walter Edv/ard Harrls, a special oorre
spondent of The Rlchmond Tlmoa-Dis
patch. who Is maklng tha rounds wlth
the "Jordan" Oy.ter Commisslon, and re
? nortlng tholr work for the paper, ls put
' Un.. ln somo telllng Hoks for the tong
!,?_... ln each Issue of the paper? Mr.
Harrls has had a longthy nrtlcle ln be
half of thls partlcular class of JIW
| tate'- citl-ens/apd they Bhould feel iin
jder Instlng obllgntlor.- not only *? ^m.
but tho excellent papers he represents -_
I Souttaiae Sontlnol,
"To'Day'i Advertising Talkt*
place new goods in their
show*windows, on their
counters and drape
them i n conspicioui
''jjWes all for publicity.
It iire&cellent advertis?
ing, but the number of
people who see those
goods is comparatively
Why not make word
pictures of those goods
and send them to thous?
ands of the best buyers
in this community at
buying time, through.
the columns of the
morning Times?Dispatch ?
Word pictures are easy
Talk through the papers
just the same as you
would talk to a custom
er if he were standing
in front of you.
' ' a ' ?
Many Cases. But None oj
of Wash Bell.
Wlth a long dockot and a hot mornlnB
Justlce John was not ln tho beit ot feel
Ing yesterday, but that had no effect upon
him iu the handllng of Justlce.
Henry Watklns is chargod wlth the se?
rlous offense of entcrlng No. 108 East
Clay Stroet and carrylng off a watch and
somo wearing apparel belongtng to Mr.
J. Bchloss and Mr. Nouman. The case
wlll be investlgated on tho 2<tb.
Wade Roll. iho negro drlver who ran
Into a stroet car and Injured tho eon?
duetor, was charged wlth reckloss drtvlng,
nnd tho cato wlll be board ou tho 29tb.
XV. H. Plerce and James H. Tyree were
each ilncd $2.50 and costa for llghting on
Fltz Jefferson paid $5 for strlklng a son
ot Jamos Farley wlth a rock.
lsalah Hughes, allas "Snake." was glven
sl> months ln Jall and placed under $300
securlty for twelve months for stoallng
a number of nrticles and a small rura
of money from Mary J. Augustus.
Sam Jackson pald $2J0 for flghtlng in
F. T. Wlnston's bar-room.
Eddlo Watklns struck John Smith $2.60
worth. . , , ,.
R.- E. Byrd stolo a dress sklrt wortli
$10, and got nlnety days for dolng so.
Nathanlel Boyd struck Mary Dlckerson,
and pald $10 for lt.
Victorla Brown pald $20 for shootlng
It cost Clarenco Andrews $5 to be dls
ordarly ln the house of Vlrglnla Vlers.
Eddle Braxton, Fred Blunt and Landon
Carter, three small negro boys. wero sent
tc> 'be rcformatory for stoallng a lot of
A largo number of drunks wore diBposed
of In tho usual way, and several cases of
alleged astault wero dlsmlssed upon tho
payment of costs.
Mr. S. C Sheild Will Probably Succeed
IV!r. George Keith Taylor.
Judge R. H. Cardwell. of Hanoyer. was
tho only member of tho hench of the Su?
premo Court of Appeals of Vlrglnla rti
the clty yesterday. Judge Kofth and
others are attendlng tho meeting of tho
Bar Assoclation, and Judge G. M. Harrl
son Is at hls home ln Staunton. Tho court
will meet in Staunton next Tuesday.
Judge Buchnrian, it ls said, wlll probab y
not be present, owi'ng to lllnesa ln hls
famlly. It ls regarded as probable that
the court will have entered upon lts rec?
ords, when it rneeta at Staunton some
approprlato memorial to lla amented and
venerable clerk ln thls clty, the late
George Kelth Taylor. -? __
Thero hns been no montion of any namo
up to thi's tlmo for the vacancy In tho
clerkshp In thls clty. It wlll be fllled
hy the court probably at Its ????!?;?
Staunton. So far the only oneM?MH ?*
ln thls connecti'on s Mr. Samuel a She 1
the present deputy clerk of <>\e .c?"'
of Appeals, who has been, connc ed il
tho offlee for many years. Thera is no
candldate for lhe place, but lt la ??*?\
the case that a deputy ot CXI,erl.e"-,cef"?
capacby ls appolnted or promoted to a
vncancy In an oflice of thls kind. ina
posltion ls a responslble ono. In whlch
experlence l3 very doslrahle.
THE WOMAN'S COLLEGE
Applicatlons From About 300 Young
virrinlaGeorgi'aV South Carolina. North
"?n S^SilEfe .0 make
i ,Se? ln the faculty for next
fC Mlae Orrle Hatcher wlll not return,
11 Lh? was expected to do. but wlll re
a9 (S^n rnloago to completo her theslsi
mus Mary Anderson, who tnught Junlo,
Miss junry * ... , gen|ori
&?0ffi? LTy Thompson. of William
nbd ?Mary Collego, wlll probably ba e.n
mged to teach pedagogy. Miss Gertrnd,
S of Texas, who was employed to
teaoh instrumental muslo, has been forced
to ?MSn because she Is threatened wl h
nervoiis prostratlon. Her positlonrwlll
be tmod by Miss Burnctt and Rrofessot
": v" Voluntary Bankruptcy.
a notitlon ln voluntnry bankruptcy ha;
heen flled 10 tho United States District
rafflrFby Arthur H. 55nchnralaa, a lumber
1 mercia'U of thls clty, and the court has
named Messrs. G'lbert K. Rollocl. and
Fmmett' A. Shepherd as rocalvers. ? Mr.
john? Lamb ls the attorney for tne
bankrupt. The HabllUles In tha case ag.
SffirtlM, and tho value of the asaots
fs estimated at $0,600, of whlch amount it
s clalmed $071 i.s o*empt.
WOODWARD & SON
WOUGH AND BHE8HK0