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Published Daily and Weekly
At No. 4 North Tenth Street,
Richmond, V?. Entered Jan?
uary 27, 1903, At Richmond,
v?., *?. teoond'oleti metter,
undei" Act of Cenere?? of
March 3, 187?.
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SUNDAY, AUGUST SO, 1903.
Pereon? leaving the city for the ?um
rner ?hould order The Tlmes-DIspatch
mailed to them. Price. 60 cents . per
THE APPEAL OP CHARITY,
Sunday soems to us a good ? day on
which to bring to the attention of our
readers the subject of organlz-cd charity
? In- Silier?.!, and the City Mission In par?
ticular. Misdirected charity often does
more harm than good. True charity
never pulls down, but always gives a
friendly uplift. But alms-glvmg often
encourages a professional beggar to go on
in We way, and is much tho same thing
as helping a man or woman to lend a life
This le a subject which intelligent men
and women in all parts of tho country
are carefully Btudylng, and thoy are
agreed at least on tin's point, that tho
best results are to bo gained only by
Vfe have many charitable organizations
ln Richmond, but none more noble, or
more deserving publlo confidence and
support than the City Mission. This In?
stitution is a woman's institution, and
it has been managed most efllclently and
most unselfishly. Its work Is for the
love of Cod and humanity, and Its appeals
to the Richmond public havo never been
But the City Mission Is very much
?..cramped, for funds at this time, The
demands upon it are pressing, although
the cold season has not yet come. Thero
are many casos of sickness among the
destitute, and thoy must bo attended to.
There are calls for milk and proper nour?
ishment, upon which the life of the pa?
tient may hang, and it is distressing to
turn such peoplo away empty-handed for
?the lack of money in the City Mission's
The work of thejClty Mission Is divided
Into thirty-three districts, some lady or
ladies having charge ot the work In each.
Tho regular income of tho mission, after
deducting its expense of ten dollars ?
month, is not BUfTlcient ?? give more
than a dollar a month to each district?a
more drop in tlie bucket to meet the de?
mands of the season. Tho organization
now receives no money from the city, and
is dependent upon Its scant Income and
the generosity of the public. The treas?
ury Is now empty and the generous aro
requested to contribute. We feel sure
that a liberal responso will be made, as
the demands ?are pressing.
Contributions may be sent to the treas?
urer, No. 10 East Cary, or to the mana?
ger, Mrs. Craddoek, No. 108 North Sev?
PROHIBITION IN KANSAS.
In a recent issue of the Outlook, Mr.
C H. Matson discusses In apparent can?
dor and fairness tho practical operation
of prohibition In the State of Kansas.
There Is something to bo said on both
sides of the question, and ho points out
the good results, while ho does not over?
look the evil.
On the Bldo of good he says that there
are many counties in tho Slate In which
the prohibitory luw Is enforced with tho
same vigor as the law against h'ortra
stealing, and that there Is little doubt
that tho sentiment of the prtople as a
whole Is largely for prohibition und
aealnst the saloons. When a drinking man
Is nominated for an office a protest goes
up, and It Is hard for him to win. He
thinks that notwithstanding tho evils,
prohibition has rased the general stand?
ard of pubic morals to a higher plano
In Kansas as a whole. The law Is openly
violated In perhaps twenty-f.vo ot the
one hundred and five counties et th?
Etate, but In the other eighty counties It
is enforced, I
Ho says that there are counties' In
which the Jail has not been occupied In !
eight years, and in which there is no poor
house, for the reason that there are no
paupers. These are generally counties with
a strictly rural population, although thero
are towns of ??,??? people or more In
which ih? prohibitory law is compara?
tively well enforced.
In the town of lluichlnsnn, of ln/Oft in?
habitants, there has been a marked Im?
provement silice the joints were closed
up. The street fund has changed, from a
deficit of $8,Q0Q. to a surplus of il.Ofni, end
the general fund from ? $16,000 deficit to
a $.ri.ty,*? deficit. In the eight years prior.
??bui the saloon* were running, the float.
Ing debt waa Increased $75000, notwith?
standing the fact that during -j part of
the time us much aa $1.000 a month wu.?
collected fr?im the Joints. It is further
reported that In two years llu* c-rinilrial
docket of the District Court originating
from Hutchlnson ha? practically disap?
peared, and the total cost to county and
city of oMmlnal enee* originated In
UtilclilrtBon for two yearn will be lest? than
I6M, against *6,??0 to ?10,000 fot each' two
yearn prior under the "fine" system of
allowing saloons to run. ta* tevles have
been reduced, nlllloiiBli there wa? a infi?
ciai levy for a public library. Tho police
force hns been out down, pad the town
has been ?ompnrntlvely free from thd
eliminai elomont. It Is further declared
that a large portion of the m?fiey/iormer
ly spent In saloons or lost In gambling
hns gotie Into legitimate tredo, nnd
merchants nil report Increased buslnoss.
During two years not a woman or child
hns complained that ther husband's,
I father's or son's wftges were spent In a
saloon or gambling den,
This Is a ine report, and fill Uio mors
significant because It comes from tho
On the othor hand, Mr. Matson pointa
out that In some of the cities the prohi?
bition law has never boon enforced, but
that Joints are permitted, tho keepers
bolng hauled up onco overy month and
fined In suoh an ? mount ns would ordi?
narily represent the license tax. Tho pro?
prietor violates ??? law with tho full
knowledge and consent ? of the ofllcers,
and pays for the privilege In cash, ln
some placos It Is the custom to malm ?
formal arrest of tho proprietor once a
month. Ho pleads guilty and Is fined the
regulation amount. After paying tho fine
ho knows that lio will not be disturbed
for a month, and proc?ods with bis Illegal
buslnoss without fear of molestation until
the regular time for his monthly arrest.
Sometimes tho offendor never appears
ln court at all, but pays his fine to the
offlolnlst and thoy put It In their pockets.
In the county In whloh Salina Is situa?
ted the prosecuting attorney hns not
prosecuted a Joint keeper in three years,
for the reason that when he first came
Into ofllco he tried a fow cases, but al?
though tho evidence was clear tlio Jury
failed to convict. "In communities where
the law Is openly violated and tho senti?
ment Is for tho saloons," snyB the writer,
"men who regnrd themselves ns fairly
good citizens will perjure themselves as
Jurors and return a false verdict in ordor
to protect an Illegal traffic.
In such a situation It Is a foregone con?
clusion that the law Is brought Into con?
tempt, nnd this, snys Air. Maison, is the
worst feature. "Thero aro towns in Kan?
sas," ho proceeds, "In which It. is almost
impossible to convict a lawbreaker of
selling liquor. No 'matter how strong the
proof of his guilt, at least ono nmn' of
the twelve of tho Jury will stand out/ Tor
his acquittal. The saloon breeds lawless?
ness, and the contempt for the prohibitory
law Inevitably spreads to other laws.
Kansas has ? lnw ngatnst gambling which
makes tho offense felony, punishable by
a term In tho penitentiary, yet this Is as
persistently violated as tho law against
liquor selling. Other statutes are viewed
In tho same manner by those who have
come to regard the violation of the pro?
hibitory law as an evldonce of smart
This Is the fundamental objection which
wo havo always urged against prohibi?
tion, especially State prohibition. It Is
Impossible to enforce ? defiance of puhllc
sentiment, and when such an attempt Is
mndo many people will not only violate
the law, but take a pride In doing so, nnd
contempt of law In one'Instance nnturnlly
breetls contempt of law In others. For
that reason we favor local option, which
loaves this matter to be dealt with by
tho pcoplo of each locality. In this way
sentiment In every community can be
fairly tested, nnd If It Is in favor of
prohibition, prohibition can be enforced.
Air. Alatson makes it very olenr, how?
ever, that the State nf Kansas has be'tj
benefited by tho abolition of the open
saloon. Thoro can bo no doubt ln the
minds of any man who hns studied the
question that the major part ot tho liquor
ovil Is In the open saloon, nnd we bellovo
that If prohibitionists would drect their
efforts townrd dosing up tho gilded places
where liquor Is sold by the drink In ts
most enticing forms, lnsten'd of trying to
prohibit tho liquor traffic nltogejthcr, they
would accomplish much moro for tholr
GEORGIA VAGRANCY LAW.
In Alabama.a case has recently come to
light where a white man and bis son
were found In a "stato of peonage," so
The newspapers down there point to this
Incident as showing that "peonage" Is
not conflnefl to the negroes, and that
those who mal-.o a racial Issue of It nro
cither hopelessly blind or aro determined
tn misrepresent tho case.
Tho prosecutions In tho United States
courts, together with the puhllc Indigna?
tion whlct? has been nroused of late, havo
combined to make tho peonage systom
odious, and It has beon abnnrioned almost
entirely In the few counties where It
onco prevailed. But something Is deemed
r.ccossary to rid that section of tho coun?
try nf the hordes ot worthless persons
who infest It and live In Idleness and upon
the proceeds of crlmo.
The Georgia Legislature, at Its reeont
session, took tho bull by the horns, so far
in-, tluii Stato Is concerned, nnd passed
a law which may result 111 clearing out
loafers and In giving somo of the counties
?is much labor as they need to work their
The only riuestlon It) whether the new
law will be sustained by publlo sentiment.
Ono would suppose that It would be, If
conservatively administered, but one can
rot be too certain about that. At Amer
ictis a young white man, the son of a
gentleman Will known In tho community,
has been arrested as a vagrant, His
father is fighting the caso In the courts,
and contend?- that the sop Ib no vugrant,
but has a home under the parental roof,
The police, on iho other hand, contend
that the fellow Is often in trouble; ihat
hu Is an idler, and has heen several times
? nested, and that on one. occasion at
li-.'ist he resisted Ihe Officers of tho law.
They think ho is a vagrant under tho
terms of the law; the father scouts the
Idea, and there It Is.
? A vagrant law, to meet with popular
approbation, mut the enforced impartially.
That la an essential prerequisite to ita
success. H tho officers of the law nn(j
?.6UU.I4VI.-3 -uiiuiw.il bv public sentiment,
we daresay they will ?inTorco It, but If
hot so fiUatalned, thoy will prntlunlly be?
come lax In doing so.
In short, the Uto ttnn usefulness of the
Georgia vngrarit lew depend^ entirely
upon popular 'sentiment. We hnd a chain
gang in Richmond once, nnd to It mnny
suspicions characters woro senteii?od, hut
that method of punishing offenders did
not commend Itself to our peoplo, nnd It
wiit' abandoned. The Georgia law Is not
exactly similar, but it remains to bo soon
whether lt is of suoli a character that
If. will bo sustained by conservativo pub?
VARDAMAN AND THE SCHOOL
The returns from the second prlmnry
election held by the Democrats of MIs
Hfislppl to determine their choice for
Governor hns resulted, It seems1, In tho
iiomlnntlon of Major Jnmos Vardaman,
We nro told thnt partisans of Judgo Ci'ltz
concede tho election of Vardaman by
seven thousand majority,
At tho first primary thero were three
candidates offering for Governor, No one
of them having received a majority ot the
votes cast, another primary was held,
ns provided1 for In the plan, and the vote
was taken between tho two men who
stood highest on the Hut?Vardaman und
Vardaman, at the very start, brought
tho negro question to the front, nnd from
the first it was his fight against the Hold.
He declared himself In favor of so amend?
ing the Stato Constitution as to provide
that tho school taxes paid by the whites
should go to the support of tho whlto
?school, while thoso paid by tho negroes
should go to the negro schools.
Two of Mr. Roosevelt's exploits helped
Vnrdnmnn very much, One wns tho clos?
ing of the Indlnnola postonico, where
thero hnd been a negro postmistress, who
resigned, nnd the other was the Invitn
tlon which tho President extended to
Booker Washington to take lunch with
him. The gratification to Washington's
vanity. In that case, as In the recent din?
ing Incident nt Hamlet, N.1 C, was of
disadvantage to his race.
It is believed by mnny cnlm observers
of public affairs In Mississippi that the
people of that State really are not ln
favor of a division of tlie school fund, and
that but for the Ridianola postonico af
Eo.tr and tho Roosevelt-Washington lunch?
ing, they would havo given tho majority
or their voto either to Critz or Noel. But
however that mny be. Vardaman has won
chiefly on that Issue.
The nomination of Major Vardaman Is
of course equivalent to his election, but
nil he can do when seated in the guber?
natorial chair Is to recommend to the
legislature .to propose to |*rb,e neor/o
such constitutional amendments as will
require the division of the t'chool fund.
If super-serviceable friends of tlio negro
arc not too much ln evidence In Missis?
sippi nnd the South, the proposition may
be defeated; otherwise it probably will bo
And now Is Just the time of all times
when the Mississippi negro should pray
ardenlly nnd Incessantly to be delivered
ftom his fool friends, "
THE GOVERNOR'S POWERS.
The Norfolk Vlrglnlan-Pllot reproduces
from The Timcs-Dls'patch an article on
the power nnd duty of the Governor to
call out troops In certain emergencies,
when the local officials fall to act. It
says that while It. sharply criticised tho
sheriff of Henrico for refusing to call for
troops during the late disturbance in
Richmond, It thinks that the Governor's
authority to order out troops without re?
gard to the sheriff of a county or the
Mayor of a city Is doubtful, and that if
Governor Montague did not exceed, his
authority on this? occasion, he clearly
ran counter to precedent and to the uni?
form view of other Governors, and to the
declared conviction of tho legislative
brnnch of the government. It thon quotes
section 211 of the Code of 1877, as fol?
"If nny combination, whether for dis?
membering the State, or establishing In
nny part of lt a separate government, or
fot' any other purpose, shall become so
powerful as to obstruct, ln any part of
the State, the duo execution of the laws
theerof, In the ordinary course of pro?
ceedings, the Governor may call forth
the militia, or nny part thereof, to sup?
press such combination,"
And this Is a\lded:
Now, in 1S95, a negro man and three
negro women were arrested In Lunonburg
county on a chargn of murder. It was
represented that there wns danger of a
lynching, but Die sheriff refused to call
for troops to gunrd the prisoners, In
view of this.? Incident, Hon. Charles T.
O'Ferrall. In his message to the succeed?
ing Legislature, saldi
"The sheriff refuses to net under this
(section (368 of the Code), nnd ln tho ab?
sence of 'a call for troops from him I
cannot take such steps as I think neces?
sary to protect the prisoners, preserve the
peace nnd maintain tho law.
"Being powerless In the emergency that
confronts me?an emergency that may
arise at any time In the future?I respect?
fully recommend that section 211, above
quoted, be amended and re-enacted so that
the section will read as follows?:
'?If any combination, whether for dis?
membering the State, or establishing In
any part of lt a separalo government, or
for any other purpose, shall become so
powerful as to obstruct; Jn any part of
the Btflte, the due execution of the laws
theerof, In the ordinary course of pro?
ceedings, or It there shall be nny breaches
oC the peace, tumult, riot, or resistance of
law, or Imminent danger thereof, tho Gov?
ernor may call forth tho militia, nr any
part thereof, to suppress such combina?
tions, prevent breaches of the pence, sup?
press tumult, riot or resistance of law,
ond guard against danger thereof."
Our contemporary goes on to say that
In spite of this recommendation the Sen?
ate refused, by a vole of twenty to four,
to amend the law, as requested by Gov?
ernor O'Ferrall, nnd that Governor Tyler
afterwards oxpressed the opinion that
the Senate had acted wisely, as It would
be putting into the hands of the Governor
a dangerouii power to allow him to call
out the military at will.
But In spite of all this, the fact Is that
Governor O'Ferrall did send troops to
Lunenhurg. In spite of the failure of the
sheriff to ask for them, and on another
cation he seni troops Into the Poca
hentas region and went there himself,
and in a puhllo address told the people
that ho alone was responsible for th??
Presence of the troop?, as the sheriff had
failed to act. Thero Is no doubt with
un that under the provision of tho Con
stittttl?tl, and under tlio very statute
which'our Norfolk contonipornt'.v' quotes,
tho Governor haw the power t" o"11 ollt
troops Whenever ho Is convino?, that, tho
proionoo of eoldloi'n Is necee??W to pre?
servo order atid. uphold the inw, ?'?'1 -1--?-'
too, whether or not tho local authorities
call upon him to not.
Of course, the Governor must bo dis?
creet and' must never abuse tho power
thus vo'rtod lh him, bul It I" hi? sworn
duty under tho Constitution, "to tako cave
that the laws be faithfully executed,"
and to that end It 1? further provided
that "he shall be Commander-ln-Chlfif of
tho land and naval forces of the Stato,
and have power to embody tho mllltta to
ropol Invasion, to suppress Insurrection
und to enforce tho ?xecution of tho laws."
Suppose thore' should bo a bloody riot
In the oily of Norfolk, and Ihe Alayor,
for one reason or another, should lot the
bloody work go on, stubbornly rofuslng to
tisi- the Govornqr for aid. Does our con?
temporary mean to say that under tho
law tho Govornor must fold his hands
and let riot run mad; lot men and women
be murdorod and property destroyed, and
never lift a hand to cavo7 The question
uns wore Itself.
Tho subject of college fraternities Is
being dlscussod>, In various parts of the
country, and It seome to us that those
who oppose them tnko a narrow and
ono-slded vlow, ?
One objection raised to them Is that
thoy tend townrd "casto" In our Institu?
tions of learning, nnd that this Is un?
democratic, Wo do not conour In that
view. Tho fraternities are social organi?
sations, and we may as well sny that
there is "caste" In having different grades
of isocl'ety in tho country at large. We
may say that all mon shall be equal be?
fore tho law, and we may say that the
law shall be no respectar of persons, and
all that, and wo do say It and maintain
the principle. But thero can be no organic
or statutory law to regalato what tho
world calls society. Mon must be en?
tirely freo to choose their associates, and
they have the right to make their social
circles, to admit whom thoy will and to
exclude whom they will.?'This'Is generally
accepted even In a democracy like ours,
and much tho same condition exists ln
the colleges, especially In tho larger
Institutions. Tho boys havo their own
social circles, and whether there be fra?
ternities or not, these circles will exi'st.
and all tho rules which tho faculty may
establish cannot abolish them or wipe out
tbo lines which the boys themselves choose
to draw. In other words, so far as tho
question of "caste" goes, there would
be quite as much of It without the fra?
ternities ae with them.
Chancellor E. Benjamin Andrews, of tho
University of Nebraska, holds that the
system of fraternities Ik a mistake, on
the ground that "many young men take
It to heart because they cannot. Join a
fraternity, and feel that bolng deprived
of this privilege their chances of gradua?
tion are menaced."
We do not seo how that can be. It
may be mortifying to a sensitive student
that ho is not invited, to. Join a-college
fraternity, but if he has^the,, right fjgf?t
df stuff In him he will bo spurred - on,
rather than discouraged, by that fact,
and if ho does Ids duty as a student and
masters the subjects committed to him,
all the fraternities In college cannot pro
vent him from taking honors. If so,
the fault lies with the professors and not
with the fraternities.
Another objection raised to the frater?
nities Ib that thoy play a very important
part . In "college politics." Unquestion?
ably they d?, but the boys? will bave their
politics, and thoro would''be''political
cliques and influential cliques, fraterni?
ties or no fraternitlos.
As for the other side of tho question.
Theso fraternities are of great pleasure
and benefit to their mefnbers, and the ties
thus formed usually last through life.
In tho city of Richmond there are sev?
eral nlumnl chapters of such fraternities,
and ft Is the custom? of the members to
meet together once a year and talk ovor
old times and sing "Blest be the tie that
binds." The members are frlondly and
stand by each other In 'trouble, and. tho
organization possesses most of tho bene?
fits of other fraternal orgaol*-atlons among
men. Thoro are men In Richmond, old
In years and prominent In the affairs of
tho city, who are proud to wear thuir
fratornlty badge upon occasion, and proud
and gratified to be known as members of
their respectivo fraternities. Among tho
sweetest recollections of their collego life
In their fraternal association, and each
ond all of fhem are ready upon occa?
sion to stand up and.testify to the fulfill,
ment of tho prophecy mado when they
were students: "Haeo. ollm memlnlsse
JESUS UPON HIS THRONE.
(Selected for The Tunes-Dispatch.)
"He shall sit and rule upon his throne."
? tlirono Is literally the seat of a kin-,?,
and thorefoi-o the emblem of royalty.
Solomon's throne was made of Ivory and
gold; It was six steps high, and had tho
sumo number of lions on each sido of it;
so that "thero wan none like ft In any
UlnKdom." But ?. greater thnn Solomon
If, here, and a greater than ?ngols. "Of
tho angels he sa4th, Who maketh his
angels spirits, and his ministers a flame
of fire; but unto the Son he saith, Thy
.throne, O God. is for over and ever; a
sroptre of rfshieouaneM "a tlie BC^t?ei ?*
thy kingdom. Tho? hast loved right
eousness .md hated lnl<l?lty. therefore
God, even thy God, hath anointed th.??
With tho oil of ffladoess above thy fel
lows." In the year that U?.oh dies, says
the prophet. "I saw the Lord sitting upon
a throne, high and lifted ? an<1 llls troJ*1
tilled the temple." And the evangeli?,
makes no scruple to add, "These things
said Isaiah who,, be sftW his glory and
spalto of hlin."
Vet, however sublime and unrivalled, i?
i? 1,1? throne. He lias dearly earned It,
and he ?ens in It tho travail of his soul:
because his -.oul was m?de an offering for,
sin, he sees 1.1., seed, and prolongs hin
days, and tho ph-asur* of -the Lord pros
pers hi his hand; because "he humble,,
himself an? became obedient H^o deal),,
even the ricali, of the cross, God-hath high?
ly exalted him, and given him a name above
every name." But It * '?'"? *"*0* ?nl> by
divino ordlhntlon, but by .the siitfrn?o nf
his people, They '?are nit made wilting
In the day of hi? power. They all' ac?
knowledge with shame nml sorrow, "0
Lord, other lords besides tlvso have had
domltilon over usi" but they can nli
avow, "Henceforth, by thee only will we
make mention of thy name."
JestiB is worthy to receive
Honor and powor divinos
And blnsslnii*? more than wo can givo
' ?te, Lord, forovor ,thlno,
Faith Is our amen to God's testimony,
especially ns It concern? the record thnt
Ho hath given to us eternal life, and
thnt tills Ufo Is In His Hon. It brings
us Into His views and doslgne, and by
enabling us to adopt them, It rnnltes thorn
our own note and deeds ? and heneo wo
nro considered ns doing what Ho himself
doost "Tho chlldtron ot Judah and the
chlldroii of Israel shall be gatherod to
gothor, and appoint thorn one bead, and
thoy shall o0111 o up out of dho lnhd,"
Mnny, If thoy' ascend a throno, can
hardly be said to elt and rule thero.
Thoy are soon hurled from It by violence,
or thoy drop from it by weakness; and
If thoy continuo a whllo ln It, thoy have
little pleasure or roposoi they aro filled
with cares and fears, and cannot aio the
things that thoy would, The sovereign of
hundred and twenty-sevon provlncos
labors hard till the going down of the
sun to save his primo minister, but In
spite of him Daniel 1? thrown Into the
lions' don. What a wretch Is Ahab, who,
though king of Israel, la alclt, nnd can
neither eat or flrlnk, booauso he cannot
Cot a few feet of garden ground from a
faithful subjoot, whose principle he ought
to havo admired.
But Jesus "shall elt and rule upon his
throno." This Intimates succoeeful gov
?yrnmont, established dominion, continued
possession, full enjoyment. The King of
Zion will never be deposed, will never
die, Nothing can Impede Him; nothing
shall porplex Him; nothing shall Induoe
Him to change His proceedings. His
enemies shall be made His footstool.
He has enemies; but he rules In the mtdat
of His ononiles. It comports with HIr
plan to suffer them to continuo and to
oppose Him for a time; but He has them
In derision, and can more easily destroy
?them thnn a giant can dash In pieces
with a rod of Iron a potter's vessel. He
will display His wisdom and, power, rh
.correcting their designs; He will rmake all
their efforts to eubsorvo His own "pur?
poses, The wrath of man shall praise
Him; nnd tho rornalndor ot wrath will
!For though His spiritual omplro at
present bo limited, yet let two things
be remembered: JMrst, His real dominion
Is universal. He is not only the King of
saints, but tho King of kings, and the
King of nati'ons. All croatutes are His
servants, from a worm to an archangel.
Not only are the treasures of grace His,
but Iho elements ot nature and all the
dispensations of Providence He has
power glvon him over all flesh, that He
should grve oternal life, to as many aa tho
Father hath given Him. He is head over
all things to tho church. And this was
necessary; for unless all things nro put
under Him, how could He make ?them
all work together for tho good of His
people? Tot tills ts the case; and It will
be a noble part of our future employment
I and pleasure to trace tho correspondences,
and to acknowledge that all His ways
havo been mercy and truth.
Secondly, though at present His spir?
itual kingdom be limited, and tho subjects
who obey Him from the heart be com
panrtlvely few, it will not be so always,
nor will ft bo so long. He shall have
the hoathon for His Inheritance, and the
uttermost parts of the earth for His
possessions, "Yea, all kings Bhall fall
down boforo Him, all nations shall serve
Let ,tha prospect and tho assurance en?
liven our exertions and encourage our
hopo. "Let tho children ot Zion be Joy?
ful in their King,"
At Morton, near Philadelphia, It Is pro?
posed to separate the races in tho public
schools, but tho proposition is not fnvored
by tho negro population, which has grown j
quite large there. At a maes meeting held 1
in -ai colored church a, fow nights ago.
there Was a stormy discussion of the
soberna. Professors 8. F. Wilson and
Bamuel G. Thomas, two colored Instruc?
tors, advocated separation, while It was
opposed by ono "Lawyer Ridley," A negro
resident then took the floor nnd stated
that ns far as he knew, tho colored resi?
dents ot Morton were very well satisfied
with the present arrangement. He further
said that inasmuch ae tho negroes were
growing stronger politically eaoh day, it
was only a question of ? short time when
they would be In a position to fill the
borough offices as thoy themselves saw
The upshot of it all Is that the white
r?sidents of Morton demand that the
changa shall bo made, while the blacks
say "no"?"no, indeed." The school au?
thorities will decide between them.
Governor Montague Is urging our old
soldiers to aid In tho effort now being
made to proserve and complete? the rolls
of the Confederate soldiers. We trust
Appomnttox and Buckingham will have
complete rolls. Tnorna8 R?00 0G ?**?? V. An?
derson, of Buckingham, can name by
heart every member of his company,
Captain Watt Carson or Captain W. TV
Johnson, of third county, can probably do
tho same thing. Captain R. B, Poore
also has a very retentive memory.??Ap
There are scores ot men In tho State
each of whom honestly believes he can
reonll from memory the name of every
member of the company to which he be
longed, We have never seen a tost case
made, but we venture to say that some
of our friends would find their memories
at fault were they confronted by a man
v. ho held in his hand for cornparlton an
authenticated muster roll, Some men
might pass the ordeal, but. their number
would not be large. Memory Is often
The Blackstone Courier announces that
ox-Congressman James F. Epes Is engaged
to prepare for a leading publisher a set
?if historical sketches of life In old Vir?
ginia, covorlng the decodes of lSJO-l?CO.
The Courier says Mr* Epes' "varied asso?
ciation with men and participation in
events ot that period, togethor with his
scholarly attainments and keen observa?
tions, peculiarly qualify him t? make
this work both useful nnd Interesting."
We s?mil expect t? see e. book that will
be eagerly tend by alt Virginian? find
humirer?e of their descendant? who aro
now.clla?-itis of other Btntee, nnd we (tro
Bind Mr. "t?po? han undertaken Its ?prep
General Mlle? rocomm?hdg the discon
tlntiatico of five regiments of cavalry and
the substitution therefor of a corp? of
five regiments trained In tho ubo,of the
bicycle, the motor cycle ,aml tho auto?
mobile, and provided with roAd building
maohlnory, This foroe, ho iuiye, "should
bo regarded as the flylngcorps, or a corps
of observation, to open the way for the
ndvnnco of an army, (o obtain Informa?
tion, to roconnolter tho country, and to
repair or rebuild roads and "bridges,"
Now that tho administration knows
what would please Miles, It will proceed
to do tho opposlto thing, ;
Commenting upon a recont remark ot
this papor, tho Norfolk Ledger Says that
If, Wo have been told that any other than
tho .regular party plan of prlmnry will
bo used In Norfolk, wo have boon misin?
formed, "Chairman Doy," It adds,
"wouldn't for a moment think of acting
contrary to tho party plan In holding a
primary ln this city."
. Yes, we had soon a nowspaper publica?
tion which led ut> to fear that such might
be the case, "We are glad now to receive
tho assurance of tho Ledger that thero Is
no such dangor, and that the party plun
ivlll be faithfully adhered to.
"We no longer havo any Stato or county
conventions to nomo our State nnd county
committees."-?These oommitteos nro practi?
cally solf-porpotuatlng bodies. They also
appoint, all Judges to conduct the prima?
Why not eloct county commlttecmen
when tho primantes are held7 Hero ln
Richmond we shall elect city committee
men whon we make legislative nomina?
Next year a State convention will be
hold to elect delegates to tho National
Democratic Convention and to disposo
of such other business as may be brought
What "the -noftspnpers of this country!
said about the nsasslnatlon of tho Amer?
ican consul at Beirut was a plenty.
If some press clipping bureau will now
furnish him with the publications on the
subject, ho will be able to read his
ob.tunry in a dozen different forms. The
consensus of opinion*, however, was that
he wns honest and enterprising, but ?ome
what disposed to got Into rows and dis?
play lhts skill as nn nthlete.
And to think of It! After all that fuss,
the assassination of our vice-consul at
Beirut was only a typographical error.
But It gave our President the opportu?
nity .to get off a beautiful demonstration
The Milwaukee Journal Informs an In?
quirer that a name can be legally changed
only by order of tho Circuit Court. How
about marriage??Washington Post.
That, too. Is a court matter,
President Roosevelt feels much relieved
that tho assassin's bullet did not hit
Vice-Consul Atagolssen. So does the vice
Sir Thomas asked for a breeze of twen?
ty-five knots and got twenty-eight. ' That
shows how genorouB America, feels toward
"Let me manage the primaries and I
care not who makes tho speeches at the
banquet*:'." Who was It said that?
Will the Norfolk Vfrglnlnn-Pllot please
keep quiet and let Senator Afartln speak
The next time a reporter calls on Sena?
tor Daniel ho may prepare himself tobe
searched before ho loaves tho premises.
Sir Thomas says Americans aro tho
greatest ship builders In the world. Yet
our ship yards do not pay.
Thomas Randolph Price.
Bleop. soldier of the 3outh, who loved me
In many hearts In heard thy passing bell,
Here In the North whoro thy last labor
And doWn lono valloys of the long-lost
Where thy young mates, lapped In herloo
Their green penco, envied of the living,
Tho harder lot was thine?to live and toll
That sons ae noblo grace their native soil.
Sleep, sentie scholar of tho golden lore
Of Enwil-*h speech who from thy Att'c
Brought mastery of all tongues that
And Europe ripens, snered to tho Aluse!
0 loyal naturo, learned, eloquent,
Whose kindly courtesy to all men went,
1 praise thee not for these, though
These have I found Bot seldom In life's
But the sweet patlonce that adorned thy
To take the blows of this half-brutish
And If on thee some natural griefs must
With quietness to dignify thy pain?
This, more than nil. the Muses' garnered
Taught reverence to my eyes, love to
For thou hadst homo tho worst, and
learned to hear
All lesser sorrows In one great despair.
O much enduring soul who enterest peace,
Still shall our lovo for thee on earth in?
Now. poet, scholar; soldier, on death's
plain . .
Sleep with thy early friends In battio
G. E. WOODBERRY.
Reminiscences With a Cheese Story.
Editor of Tbe Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?You Invite reminiscences. I do
not know what sort you desire, but will
risk an experiment as followeth:
Chemistry Is an experimental science
and a wonderful ono, What amazing
advances It has made, since I studied It
at tho university, to theso days of Xrays,
rudtum and mudrfue!. Dr. John P. Em
mett was an oxcellont teacher of It ln
his day, My very dear friend, John B.
Baldwin, and I etudlod It together under
him, and he was particular G? explaining
Its useful practical applications. Soon
nfter John B. got his "sheepskin," he at?
tended an examination of on* of tho line
school? for young ladles at his home, In
When chemistry camo up the teacher
invited him to ask some questions. He
tried to decline, but the teacher insinuated
that he was afrnld to tackle his girls.
This roused John B. and ha said ha
would propound a foW questions, which
should be practical ones, as, no doubt,
many of the classes would shortly be
housekeepers, "Young ladles, what Is
soap chemically; how Is It made and
what Is the difference between hard and
soft soaps, as used and made In your
honioM?'1 Ho "stumped" or "corked
the whole class. His next query wus:
"Why hi salt used In freezing Ice cream?
Nono" could answer, but tho heat that
was ln thorn was not so latent us It had
Chemistry has several tranches, oi?
di visions. It Is organic and Inorganic:
"To-??y's Advertising Talk,1*
AS IT IS IMPOSSIBLE
to show your goods to
everybody in town
every morning, just be?
fore buying time,
You should do the next
best thing; that is, to tell
thousands o f buyers
each morning about
your goods through the
columns of The Times?
Tell them what you
have that's new. Give
them prices. Tell them
about the bargain coun?
ters. You will find The
Times ? Dispatch reaches
many thousands of the
best buyers in this, city,
and it goes to them
when they are planning
their purchases for the
day?in the morning.
mineral, animal and vegetable, In It*
animal department nro many curious?
transformations. That notable character,
Joseph'Mayo, once Mayor of Rlohmond,
told me a cheese story, which led to ?
similar ono of my own. When I, *
young lawyer practicing even before the
then ?Mayor. Gen. "William Lambert, first
knew Mr. Mayo, ho was the prosecuting
attorney of tho old Hustings Court. At
that early day he wie addicted to a
dress coat, buff waistcoat, ruffled shirt
and white cravat: some time before ho
published hin "Guide to Justices of the
Poace." He had prepared for tho law
in the ofTico of Judge Abel P. Upehur,
whom ho hold ln very high esteem, and
for whom he namedr hi:*' son.
' When. Judge Uns riti ?''was Secretary of!
Stato tinder Presiedili TVler, he wae the
'gruest of Mr, Moyo, who had a good
residence on Franklin Street, with a
large lot, which rah to Main Street. In
this lot wero walks, flower bods and grasa
plots. Ono morning, Mr, Mayo and tho
Socrotarv were promenading there, when
the latter stepped over the border of the
walk and kicked off the top of a round
wooden box that was lying on the grass.
Theroupon a cheese made Itself known,
.not only by sight, but by its malodor.
Mr. Mayo explained that Bald cheese had
so perfumed his wife's store-room thit
she hnd ordered her servant to throw It
away; ond he, for his own convenience,
had put It. where It was, Instead or
throwing lt. over tho roar brick wall,
Where Main Street was, not much fre?
quented at that time. The Judge said:
"Mayo, give rne that cheeso." "Certainly,
Judge; but what do you want with such?
a stinking thing?" ?
"I ltond to have It ln Washington, and
wait to see to what it will come." The
cheeso was shipped to tho National Capi?
tol and there tho Secretary Of Statt?
added this domestic cortcern to his con?
sideration of foreign affairs.
The cheese continued to work and loud?
ly to smell. At length, It began to so?
lidify and to change Hb odor. When the
Secretary thought it was ripe enoueh.
he bogan to use It and found It so de?
licious, that ho Introduced lt at his 'Jtnte
dinners, ns a bonne bouche: and It wns
the admiration of all who tasted It.
It was brittle, vory pungent and of a
most excellent cheesy flavor. Its in?
habitants, who had set It In such dis?
agreeable commotions, were only cheese
tnngots, which rendered apllo-ibie that
"Jack eating rotten cheese, did say.
G, like Sampson, my thousands slay:
Qujtn Roger, I vow you do,
And with tho self-same weapon too.
Hut, uccurdlng to the laws of animal
chemistry, these busy, restless and stink?
ing magots became transmuted Into solid
and deu/ctanla otiecte. ,
If, Mr. Editor, you like this story, I
will give you the sequel to it. of my own
experience. To do so now would mako
this communication too long. But please
allow a liltle mor.? about Mr.. Mayo and
Mr. Mayo \vn?. as above stated, a pros?
ecutor of criminale, whereas Mr. Robert
G. Scott was a noted defender of these.
Mayo was a leading Whig; Scott, a lend
In*?'Democrat. Both were Intensely earn?
est about soundness on the slavery quea
Th'e abolitionists did Incite the Southern
people t?v giving their slaves better rellg
|.,iip ir,K.truoiii.n. The vestry and rector,
good Dr. Empie, resolved that St. James
Church, in this city, should have a color?
ed aunday-flchooU and I was. from my
supposed soundness, selected to super?
intend It. .1 had plenty to do in
those-- days nnd -wished to decline,
but a committee ,Jn. which was -a
particular friend. Dr. Francis H. peanev
rnlled upon me and their argumenta nnd
my own conscience'Induced me to unfler
tako this new work, ? Messrs. Moyo and
Scott heard of it and took it into their
overzenl?us heads thnt we w?^
to do something dangerous,?:r^rha?B*un
lawful. so. with their brlst.'?y up, thoy
gave mo a call. Knowing our plant*? bet
firthan they did. ? henrdUhem?paU?nt:
y, though both were ""?Wf?^V?ial?!
.'..... .._., ?- ih, ?p? nn el fed them. US "'
leries ot &t, jam??? <-?<.?'<-??. ?-? ?-,,??-.
ed posons as their owners cl <*>*
s?icl u*. ?ur work went on with bene
?v-on another occasion. Early In the
bacco fact0l>? *'hii?? erowil, nppenred
at ihe Executive ?*""*'._, dennviatrat on
mnde a loud and, mena?ir,??????
of their indignation. I Will} M?^ w?> ?
h7?thorAheV??? ni?de"hl3 nppenr
wheth?i ineiWTO ? fa? dono mm. He
?32 ??, ?-ith Mayo this.time. _ _,_?.?
Blithe could shed'tear
Richmond, Vai, Aug. CT. ???*
??f have been In the newspaper busi?
ness for twenty-five years, principally In
the East and on dally papers; but huve
niter run up nealnet the Chamberlain
Medicine Company, of Des Moines, Iowa,
?nil recently," says George E. Boomer.
ibllsher of the Prosser. Wash., Record,
??i have always wanted to know this com
nnny since 1S01. when Chamberlain's
rolle Cholora and Diarrhoea Remedy
saved my Ufo* I was working on the
Wheeling (W, Va.) Register at the time.
Another printer and myself were taken
down with a disease resembling cholera.
He went to the hospital and died. I
went to a boarding-house and after I got
bo weak.-I could hardly button myOlothea
1 trledAhls remedy. As I remember I
only took three doses before tho diarrhoea
was checked. In two days more I was
baok at work. Since then I hnve always
had a warm feeling for Chamberlain'?
Remedies." For sale by all druggists.
Ask your neighbor what klud of Yeast
Cake she uses, and nine out of every ten
?VW tell you Fulton Yeast Cake. It It)
guaranteed to be absolutely purely vege?
table and la highly endorsed by the best
physicians und head bukers In the coun?
try. Send for. a free sample. Fulton
Yeast Co,, Richmond, Va