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te ?-ucti of the members (is ho m^ ><now,
i.hd to inforni me If be cou d find out
io mer) me that there were parl.es on tho
outside of the bodies who 'felt that they
oucht to bo paid Tor tholr services In
Mrcurlnft the p.tSBnge of these ord. nanees:
that "the boye." ns he expressed lti-.7p.uld ?
i tuft In and exert thlr InfluenceIf Uto
company would pay thorn. 1 told mv
lrlend that the company proposed to do
nothing hi the kind, though I, of cmii-rr, |
appreciated the kind motive which
prompted him to give mo lh s JhUrniiMoM.
COULD HAVE SAVKD TllOUBLE.
A few minutes later 1 met an ncqunlnt
tince it? the lobby of the City Hnll and,
in reply to ? question bb to why I was
niiond:ng the meeting of the Council, 1
elated my business, coupled with tho ic
gret thnt tha tnntter hud g?vcn my part?
ners mid myself so much trouble, lie
tnercupon said thnt If ho hml beon em
Movcd, nil Hila trouble cotila have been
su ved. and the ordinances could .have,
been put through. 1 told him that I had
no author!tv to employ anyone, and that
1 was satisfied that the company would'
not do so. a few moments laier, one.
r,nd possibly two. members of the Coun
' ell came up, with some outsiders, nini
u'liusion being made to my mission, this
? sume party expressed to the councilman
in my presene- h.? opposition to the or?
dinances iiv?,i(?? that the company ought
not lo bu accorded the privileges 1 otorrea
? Having regard to all that 1 heard, tho
conversation Just detailed and the action
01 ih.s party 1 was greatly Incensed,
. and, while 1 refrained from waking any
comment, 1 tell profoundly wluit 1 es?
teemed wns hot only thevwrong being
done the Southern Hallway Company, but
the f"l*e light in wh.cn the Council Itself
was being put by outs.dors, who attempt.
cd to declare how its action ?ould be lu
In consequence of the foregoing facts
I felt Irritated that on meeting the party
last referred to as I left the council one ut.
ibt>r 1 ma?e to him me reman? that no
money wouid be paid, a, remark, the exact
words of wnlch l cannot distinctly recall,
bin wnlch was broad enough, as above
intimated, to embrace at isust somo ot
the memDcrs of the Council.
1 have stated In dotali t'ho facts and
circumstances ? which brougrit my mind
to the point when tho remonstrance b.01.0
trom niy lips. 1 appreciate, as I have
ebove stateo. inai m so tacas I impugnici
the motnes ur the actions of any mem?
bers of Hie Council, 1 was unwananled by
vue tacts, but ,in so far as I vo?cea u
pretest 01 a c?ut?n against an attempt on
the part of outsiders to defeat l?gislation
unteti tliotr sympathies or services were
enlisted by the payment of money, 1 felt
that j was lully Jusiined.
will you do me ine kindness to lay this
communication bet?re the body, over
which you pieslde, at the earliest oppor?
With sentiments of regard, 1 am
Most respectfully yours,
BEVEKLT B. MUNFORD.
BOND FIGHT AGAIN.
The chair laid before the body the Joint
resolution from the Board providing for
the borrowing ot ?6?1.OJ0 for meeting tho
bonds coming due on January 1st. IMI,
and for leaving the sinking fund intact,
Mr. Bloombe?g (Air. Peters In the chair),
ottered the following as a substitute:
Be It resolved by the Council of the city
of Richmond, the Board of Aldermen con?
curring, That the Committee on Finance
be. ani the/ aer hereby, author.zed and in?
structed to raise oy negotiating temporary
loans, a sum suincient lo retire by pay?
ment the bonds of the city of Richmond
? maturing January 1, 190-1, other than those
purchased and held by the Board uf
Einking Fund Commissioners,, which sum
or sums, when so raised, shall be placed :
to the credit of the Commissioners of the ?
SlnkinK Fund and by them applied tu tini i
payment of such bonds maturing January !
1. 1954, other than those held by them: !
and the said loan or loans authorized un?
der this resolution shall be liquidated by
??.? sale of the bonds ot the city to be Is?
sued hereafter for the retirement of such I
Be It further resolved, That tho Board j
of Sinking Fund Commissioners be. and ;
they aer hereby, requested to hold tho !
bonds of the' city which mature January ?
1, 19J1, and to take action regarding same ?
until the Council of the city of Richmond
shall have agreed upon some plan for the j
payment or refunding of the amount so j
held by them, during which time the city |
will pay them interest at the rate of five
per centum per annum from January
1st, 15?U. until paid or refunded.
OLD FIGHT .AGAIN.
Mr. Blooroborg spoke warmly for the
substitut*, and It looked r??? If the oid
?li?ht were on again.
Mr. Anderson took tho opposlto side, and
contended that li would be dangerous
to adopt the plan offered by the president.
He spoke for the resolution of the Board.
He said he could not unflurstand ir.e posi?
tion of the president, who with h email
minority was defying not only the Board
of Aldermen, but a majority of tho Coun
Mr. Bloomberg said he was unwilling
to admli that till tho Intelligence was lu
the upper branch. Mr. Anderson and Mr*.
CrenEhaw becanio-involved In a spirited
colloquy, and.^I?ssrs. 'Morton and Pol
lock epoke strongly. for the resolution
as It came from the Board. They under
took to combat the argument of Mr.
Bloomborg, and earnestly appealed to t'.-.e
minority not to block action on ? ques?
tion of so much Importance to the elf./.
Mr. Mills spoke earnestly on the same
line, and he was replied to briefly by Mi.
MR. HARGROVE YIELDS.
Mr. Hargrove, chairman of tho Finance
Committee, announced that without sur?
rendering nny principle, he would sup?
port the resolution of the Board. Ho
was nppiauded, and Mr. Illcks said he
?was willing to borrow all the money ex?
cept the KO.O00 now in the sinking fund.
He believed. this was ? fair compromise
and was ready on his part to meet tho
majority half way. Mr. Illcks grew vigor?
ous, and he was loudly cheered when he
orclnred he would die before ho would
vote foi the majority 1 Ian.
Mi. Ellen moved to lay the substitute
on ih* table, and the motion was adopt?
ed?nyes, 24; noes, 11,
Mr. Anderson called the previous ques?
tion, and at this moment Mr. Hicks was
or; his feet lo offer an amendment 10
strikt oui W01.O?0 and insert $ji0,000. The
chair recognized Mr. Hicks, und Mr. An?
derson and his friends claimed that he
hud called the previous question.
majority wins ??;t.
"But the chair did not recognluo you,"
acid the president. Mr. Garbur appealed
from the ruling of the chair, but after?
ward withdrew it. The amendment of
Mr. Hicks was rejected, and the resolu?
tion from the ?board was concurred In,
by t'ne following recorded vole:
?ft.vth? Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Batklus,
Boap-leux, Clowes. Crenslmw, Curile, El
lilt, Fcrgusson, Garber, Glenn, Hargrove,
Heslep. Hoheon, Mills. ?Miner, Morton,
O'.Neli. Pollard. Pollock, Shea, iVpker,
?Steli), Tcefey, West, Whalen, and Wil?
Nres? Messrs. Ro:ton, Glenn, Hicks,
Huber, Peters, Spente, Wiltshire and
The body then adjourned.
Mainly About People.
Among the visitor? in attendance on the
eteslon of tie Smuts yesterday were Dr.
J.. y. Wuod'AttrU and bride, of Norfolk
recently married ut?3 spending 4 p?,?,? ?jays
In this city, Dr. Woodward and hl.i wife
met many of the senator?, one of whom
Senator Chapmen, was a fonu<-i- ??????????
mate of the doctor, Dr. Woodward Is u
successful practicing phys clan uf Norfolk.
jiis br.de a fceautltul and ciipuiwi youns
tody, is a daughter of North Carolini?.
/Uweye JUiaeraber the Fun Name
Iffgjgvg Bl?!22 ?u?niao
Cur** ftCoW la One D*y? Crfptn 3 Days
OPEN TILL 7 P. Tvt.
Cver?/ moj??r-or?-fooy!f -
cm. be found rif/htr in our
Store J this ye.M* !
Presents that'will embellish
any Ciirtstmas tree.
Presents suitable for any
man on earth
Overcoats for little boys $3.80
to $10.00; fop bi?j boys $7.80 to
$18.00; for young men $20.00;
for the lathers $28 to $60;
other people's fathers, $10 to
MEN a, BOYS' OUTFITTERS.
A Very Unusual Occurrence at
the Bijou Theatre Last
STUCK ON THE PROGRAMMES
Some One Throws Money on the
Stage and Is Rebuked by
One of the Actors.
The- Stars and Stripes floated from the
Bijou stage last night and the band play
cd national airs, while Uncle Sam's sol?
dier boys sailed "Across the Pacific" to
fight the Filipinos, tho audience giving
v?nt to their enthusiasm In cheers and
applause, as the transport left her moor?
ings. Such was one of tho scenes of the
play, a drama, which, by the way, though
melodramatic from the word "go," is
nevertheless so full of Incident that must
appeal to all patriotic Americana, that it
Is bound to be received with just-such
demonstrations as were witnessed lust
The final scene of tho last act Is as
realistic as gunpowder and a Catling gun
con mako It. There are more shots -flred
In this act, In two minutes, than there are
throughout the action of half a dozen war
plays. It Is the faetest work that hau been
seen here In any play In which firearms
figure. The auaienco enters Into the spirit
of this scene almost with as much en?
thusiasm as though tho tight' were a real
PAINTED LIKE INDIANS.
Two unusual Incidents occurred during
the- performance, One was that after
the first act, many of the audience left
the theatre, looking like a lot of painted
Indians. It seems that the Ink on tho
programmes had not thoroughly dried, and
came? off upon the hands of those who
read them. From the hands, the Ink was
conveyed to their face?, with tho result
that the audience was liberally sprinkled
with Ink?besmeared countenances. Tho
audience.. In spots, was convulsed with
laughter. The Joke of the thing was that
many of those who were II ughlns at their
neighbors*, found that their own faces
were besmeared. Handkerchiefs were
called Into uso on all sides, and the nutll
enco looked like Influenza had suddenly
made Its appearance. After tho first act,
there was an adjournment on the part of
the men to neighboring barbershops nnd
hotel toilet rooms.
THREW THEM MONEY.
The other Incident wna the throwh? of
a coin from the audience to the' stage,
while Mr. Bktney and Miss Wolf were do?
ing ? singing specialty. Mr. Blttney stop?
ped In tho midst of his work, tossed the
coin back, and neatly ''called down" the
mio who had thrown It? Mo afterwards
Apologized for bis "temner," hh he said.
but the audience evidently thought ho
did tho proper th'ng. judging from tho an. j
??a,???? and remarks which were made, In ?
no uncertain tono, In noverai parts of tho j
The performance won it good one and j
tho week will bo a rocord-brenking one
ut the Bijou, ?. C.
dramatization nr westcotte nowi nun
reports credit It iv'tli b"lnc the boat of
a|| the works transplanted from between
the covers of p book tu Ilio stage In tho
absoluto faithfulness with which II re?
produces Its scenes a"d oharaotora Every
'?im who bus over had a whiff of new
uowii liny or lived within sound of tho
'ow bells G? the ounlry, cannot but help
;o like- this ploy Though Its scenes are
it'll In a eotinti/ town however. It U
:nt Ilka nthnr rotin I I'V nl:ivs. II r.nu.
Knighthood Was in
Thu dramatization of Charlea Major's
chlvalrle novel, "When Knighthood Wai
a riow.tr." done by Paul Rester, is
conspicuous as one of tho fow lusting
buoi Ben?t of book nl'tvs.
For lb? rolo of Marv Tudor the part
with which I? United the success
Julia Marlowe liai Mtalnnd Manager
l'eriey bos ohpren Rotellti icnutt, an .-x
l'i'ptionaiiy clover ardito, who was lead?
las lat'y With IV'chard Mansfield; plnv.-il
the "l.ygla" in the origin?! production
of "Quo Vadls." and last seas.m plavoij
"K'atrii la" In Amalla Rlngham'S produci
l'on or "a Modero Mtwda'en."
The pl;iy will be plm-d up,m the
?tage bere Ilio samo In pyery retnecl ns
ai the Criterion Theatre in New l'urli
city, Eoturday, matinee *nd ?light.
Details of How the Scheme
Was Successfully Worked
READS LIKE A FAIRY TALE
Failure of Canal Project Forced
Issue and Set Match to the
> Sleeping Mine.
By MERRILL A. TEAGUE.
(From a Staff Correspondent of The
PANAMA, li; P., December 10,?As
hau already been stated In this cor.
rwsponden'ce, the Republic of Panama
owes Its existence to nothing whichvbedrs
any resemblance to Panamnlan patriot?
ism. The new-nation Is the child Of
greed, conceived of the.project for a ship
canal connecting tho 'Atlantic and Pa?
cific. Tua, story of the republic's con
coptlon-and birth rends Ilice a fairy tale,
Panama?that Is, \ the botter class of
Panamalans?has ' for years dreamed of
Independence of Colombia .und Immunity
from ' Colimblan oppressioni but they
lacked the power of Initiative, preferring
to put off; until "mnn.ana" the* attempt
nnother people would have niado to-day.
The canni project forced tho Issue, liow
ev-er. and the leaders among the Pana?
malans met It In a manlier which must,
In time, win tho admiration of tho world,
for as a political trick they did that
which Is without an equal, overturning
a government and scttfiig up their own
Independence without firing a shot or
spilling a drop of blood, That success
was made posslblo because of the cer?
tainty of support by the United States
does not .lessen tho magnitudo of the
Pnnamalan nch.'ovement. '
Early G? the curront year Mutis Dur?
and was governor of the Department of
Panama. Mo hnd been sent to preside
over tho department from one of tho
other departments In the Colombian fed?
eration, and wns essentially an nntl
Panamalan. It happened, therefore, thnt
when the Hay-Herr?n treaty, had been
ratified at Washington and when the
question of ratifica tlon waR about to
come before the Colombian Congress,
that he, who had the power of appoint?
ment of tho representatives from Pan?
ama, saw to It that thero should go t?
Bogota a delegation which would not
oppose any scheme Colombia might
evolve. Panama, enthusiastic for the
canal, recognized at once that Durand
had named men who were Inimical to the
paramount Interest of tho department,
and at that moment the scherno for
Panamnlan Independence began to as?
A RAILROAD'S HAND IN IT.
This was In May last. Common report
arid formal statements made by those
who were In tho movement at tho time of
Its inception gave to Dr. Manuel Amador
Guerrero, who Is now In the States In
company with Frederlcn Boyd and Con?
stantino Arosemepn, as a member of the
commission appointed to negotiate a
canal treaty, credit for having launched
tho Independent movement. But while
Dr. Amador Is deemed the father of Pan?
amnlan Independence. It Is doubtful If so
much credit actiih.Jly 1 belongs' to him,
Rather hi It log'cHl to assume that the
ofllelnls of the Panama Railroad, nearly
? ?very uno of whom Is hn American, are
tho more responsible pnrtles The rail?
road corporation, which owns a splendid
p'ero of property and which Is doing a
thriving business In trnns-lsthmlan traf?
fic, has, for about fourteen years, been
devoting the whole of Its net earnings
to defraying the expenses of-the work
necessary to keep thn canal concession
held by tho New Panama Company al'Ve.
The stockholders have realized nothing
fyy-n their Investment In that period,
itti; an tho United Stales has ngreed to
purchase the-property for ^.OnoiO. every?
body connectod with the railroad, ao
stockholders and monagers, have been
feverishly anxious for actual consumma?
tion of the canal project. Unon that con
summation depends their ability to un?
load their holdings on the United Stntes
government and those who are really
In the Fecret of Pnnamalan lndopendonce
give to tho Influence wielded by this
road tho actual credit for what has
Every Lib?ra,! In Panama knew when
Durand appointed y Soto and Teran
senators from Pnnama to the special ses?
sion of tho Colombian Congress, convened
on Jully 20 last to consider tho Hay?
Horran treaty, that tho canal project
was In jeopardy. These two men did not
represent the sentiment on tho Isthmus,
?i far-t proved by their open fight against
ratification of tho treaty, as woll ns by
the fact that they hnvo not returned to
Panama since tho adjournment of the
Congress. At the time those two men
were named as Panamnlan senutora,
,Toso Afrustlri Araugo was ri sonntor of
tho Colombian Congress, representing
Pnnama, No sooner did Durand an?
nounco his appointments than A ran go
announced that ho would not go to Bo?
g?lo, to be outnumbered In the delega?
tion by ant'-Panamalans. Now. It hap?
pened that ??enor Arango was then, and
Is now, ilio '.'special agent" of tho Pan?
ama Railroad; In other words, tho com?
pany's confidential agent and lobbyist.
In this capacity Sonor Arango has twice
vts'ted Bogota In the Interest of tho
canal project, to Weep the concession and
promote ratification with tho United
States government. The evidence seoms
conclusive that when ho refused to go
to Bogota?a refusal uttered in May
last?ho at the same timo advanced tne
Idea of I'nrteoeirlenee for the! department
In ea<>" ??,? ireaty should fall.
Arango was not. however, the man to
openly, or even secretly, foitor the
Boh?me, That duty develonod upon Dr.
Amador, who Is deemed the wealthiest
rnuii |n tho department, and, therefore,
who Iuih more to gain from American
occupation and the completion of the
c.??nal than has any oilier Individual, That
Arango ncted as the agent of the Pana?
mu Railroad In proposing to Amador the
Idei of Pannmulan Independence Is proved
by subsequent developments. Amador
was readily disposed to advance th? pro?
ject, event though It may not have origi?
nated with him, and the fact stands that
he look tho formal Initiative uh long uko
as ??? lost. At that lime a ????????
was lu 11 at Dr. Am dor'.s resli'a -co, front?
ini,? the Cathedral Jn thU city, Thm'e
with present Dr. Amador, Sunor AraiiKO
and Sonor Tomns Arias?three men who
may bo net down, without danger of any
contradiction, as the original Instpgu
lors of the revolution of tho 3d of No?
vember. At that meeting?und my Infor?
mi ni Is one who was In the scheme from
the beginning, and whose statements have
? bien fully corroborated?It wie decided
I by Amador, Arango and Arias that If the
? Uay-Horran treity should fall of ratifi?
cation at Bogota ,i blow should n*
struck for Putmmalun Independence.
Th ? decision reached, the plan pro?
gressed rapidly. Needing assistance In
working oui ti.tir plan, the original Irlo
?? conspirator? carefully ?elected four
oiner gentlemen who might he taknu
Into their c-mfldenco. These four ware
j Constentlno Aroeemena, a civil engineer;
j Itlrward Arias, brother of Torna? Arias':
Frederica Boyd and N, A- tie Oberrlo, the
laut three named being merchant? In this
city and men of wealth and substance.
The Ditele of conspirators Included these
seven men a* long ago as the let of
July They Wet frecluently, but In secret,
holding their meetings In tho private
? -eeldehce of one or the other of their
number, with an occasional gathering in
the office of the, electric light company,
which Is principally owned by TomHs
Arias. All of ?ho plans of these' con?
spirators were predicted upon the re?
jection of tho aanal tronty, nu hypothesis
which hod resolved llsolf into ft certainty
before the middle of August. Standing
back of tho conspirators, as advisors and
counselors, were four Americans! CoVnol
J. S. Shalor, supftrlnlotiuent of tho Pana?
ma Railroad? ?. a Prescott, nsslstnnt
superintendent of tho railroad, In charge
of the Panama end; Captain John R.
Beere, superintendent of the Panama
Railroad termineis at La Boca, the Pa?
cino termlnu? of tho proposed canal and
Colonel William M. Black, U. 8. ?., the
engineer who represents tho United States
government In tho worJc now In progress
nt the great Culebra cut.
SOUNDING THIS GOVERNMENT.
Thetjo four Americans were hover
present nt a meeting of the conspirators,
which meetings were held as of ton as two
and threo times;a week; but they went
kept fully advised as to all that wuh
done by Senor Arengo, who reported In
h's capacity at special agent of the rail?
road company. They also odvisod, com?
municating through Senor Ar/ingo./rts to
tho different steps to be tait?n, and It
was stated to me last evening by one of
the sovon, that not a single thing was
done by thorn or decided upon except it
wns given tho sanction of the four Amerl
cans who were privy to tho scheme, it
was tinder these conditions that tho plan
for Panamainn Independence progressed
up to tho middle of August. The moment
for decisivo action being then In sight,
it was agreed by tho conspirators ana
their counsellors that to Inauro tho suc?
cess of the project It was necessary to
sound tho United Stntps government and
learn what attitude it would assume.
With that objeot In vlow, Dr. Amador
soiled from Colon in Soptembor,? going
first to Jamaica, and thence to Boston.
From Boston ho Journeyed to Washing?
ton without passing through New York,
so that neither his presence In the States
nor his visit to Washington might be
known to the Colombian consul -at New
York. Dr. Amador's visit to Washington
was for th epurpose of conferring with
Secretary Hay, but that official was in
New Hampshire on his annual vacation,
and Dr. Amador left Washington without
acquainting the State Department of what
the Isthmians (seven In number at that
time) proposed doing, About tho same
time J. Gabriel Duque, a native of Cuba,
but a naturalised American, now doml
c'led In this city, editor of the Star and
Herald, ?f Panama, and principal owner
of tho Loter?a do Panama, tho ebnrtored
lottery of the Isthmus, also visited Wash?
ington. Mr. Duque saw Secretary Hay
and discussed with him the idea of Pana?
malan Independence, but it can be accept?
ed as an Indisputable fact that his visit
was wholly unofficial and mado upon his
own responsibility, as he was not at that
time In tho Secret of what Amador,
Arahgo, Arias and the others nroposed.
VARILLA-IN THE GAME.
Dr. Amador's 'visit to Washington hav?
ing proved fruitless, and there being no
longer any necessity for secrecy, he went
to Now York ami took apartments nt
the Waldorf-Astoria. There ho foil In
with M. Philippe .Bunau-Vnrilla, who had
resided on the Isthmus as a canal en?
gineer, and with whom he was acquaint?
ed. Varilla was then In the States In
the Interest of tho New Panama Canal
Company, and; their sentiments being m re
or less the same, Dr. Amador, unfolded
to Varilla the" plans of the conspirators
at Panama, ffirom this point the project
progressed rapidly ,pr. Amador returned'
to the Isthmus early, in ' October, and; at,
a meeting of the soVen conspirators, who
gathered in the-office" of .the electric light?
ing, company'In Panama, he related the
result of his visit to the Statosi He had
received no assurances from any official
of support, but communicated to his fel?
lows the fact that Varilla had assured him
In the most positive terms that any stroke
in?-favor of Independence, having as Us
primary object tho grant to the American
Republic of a canal concession, would be
supported by the United States Govern?
ment. So elated was Dr. Amador over
Varllla's assurances, and so great was
his confidence In'the French engineer's
ability to Influence the government nt
Washington, that he was liable to see
any further difficulties In tho way of ex?
ecuting the project. Arango, Arias, Arose
mona and the others were slow to ac?
cept Dr. Amador's assurances, however.
Varilla had not talked with them, and
realizing that death for each would bo
the pejialty should they attempt and fall,
and that their only hope of success lay
In support to be given them by the United
States, they counseled caution and further
Their views prevailed to such an extent
that It was decided to defer tho launch?
ing of tho movement until after the Co?
lombian Congress should have finally ad?
journed. Adjournment would, they ar?
gued, sound tho death knell over the canal
treaty, and simultaneously give to the
United States an incentive to support the
Independence of a republic on the Isth?
mus. The project was accordingly held
In abeyance, although there was no cessa?
tion In tho matter of working out the de?
tails. Realizing that If it should become
nocessary to deliver the blow, a commls:
slon would have to bo sent to the States,
the conspirators, lato In October, took
Into their confidence Senor Manuel Espa
noza, with tho Idea of substituting him
for Fredorlca Boyd as a member of the
provisional governing junta, which would
have to be created, and which It was de?
cided should be composed of Arango, who
wielded all the Influence of the Panama
Railroad; Arias, who had been a depart?
mental sonator, federal representative and
a general officeholder, and Boyd, who rep?
resented the heavier vested Interests on
the Isthmus. Dr, Amador was reserved
to be the candidate for president of the
new ropubllo; Constantino Arosemona was
selected to bo tho expert member of tho
commission to the Statee to negotiate a
canal ugreotnent; Po Obarrlo was slated
for the ministry of war. which ho now
holds, and Rlcarod Arias was to bo tho
aotlve ilBcal agent of the proposod now
government. , ? .
None of these details were nogleoted,
the systematic manner In which tho con?
spirators went about.the(r work showing
that they possess unueua) ability in po?
litical ?homing, and that they wore ably
advised. Proceeding In the same careful
way, with a view to leaving no stono un?
turned to Insure success, tho conspira?
tors reached, about October 27th, that
point at which they realized that they
would need a declaration of Independence.
The pot was boiling then In earnest. All
Panama was talking of a scheme for Inde?
pendence, rumors of every eort being cur?
rent, but nothing definito being known,
To have prepared a declaration of inde?
pendence, ready for use the moment tho
Colombian Congress should adjourn, the
conspirators took into their ?onfldenco
three lawyor? of Panama, all enthusiastic
supporters of the oanal proposition. These
men wero E. A. Morales, who was ad?
vised lhat If the scheine should go
through ho would he made minister of
government (domestic affairs) In the pror
visional oablnot: C, A. Mendoza, who was
slated (or the ministry of Justice; and J,
Henrique?, whose official status had not
yet been deflned. Morales, Mendoza and
Henriaue* undertook the work of fram?
ing In secret the declaration and to have
It ready for Immediate uso.
CHOOB?NQ A FLAG.
Another thine was the flag for tho new
rer-ubllc. Tho conspirators consultod over
this sevwal time*. It was desired to
evolve an omblaro which should signify
tho unification of the Liberals and Con
oenattvM luiq a party ?t?ndln* for Pan
amalan Independence, A number of di?
siane wore submitted, but It Was finally
decided to adopt the combination of one
rod and one blue sqiiare,, with two white
sonnies, one boarlhM a red star and tho
other a blue, rod being the color uf the
Liberals and blue of tho Conservatives,
Tho design being agreed upon, a colored
plate showing the proportions of the (lug
and Its color scheme was prepared 0nd
entrusted to Dr, Amador, who advised
his niece, Sonorit? Maria Emilia Ossa,
daughter of the Chilian consul generili In
this city, that there might Booh corno il
timo when it now flag would bo needed
In Panama and that she should huvo tho
honor of making It,
THEN ALL WAS READY.
There remained, then, only the army
and nnvy, and tho police force to be look?
ed ?fter, Isaac Brandon & Brother and
Henry Ehrmann hud charge of tho do- I
partnientnl money, and rrom them It was I
lea mod that there? would be no trouble In I
getting hold of tho $145,000 on deposit be?
longing to the department the mom on I In- |
dependence should bo declared. Trusted
agonis Were thon commissioned to "fix" |
the military and navul establishments and ?
the police Tarco. General Huertas, who I
was In command of tho Colom'blan Bul
toll?n, the garrison of tho Isthmus, was '
approached, und was discovered to ho .
willing lo join I ho movement for certain
stipulated considerations, chief among I
which was a bonus of $2*1,000 (silver) tor
himself, General Ruban Varoh, who
commanded tho Colombian gunboat
Twenty-first of November, formorly iho
Padilla, which sunk tho Lau terr? In the
bal Lie in which Governor Alban lost his
life, and which, since the revolution, has
had her name changed to the Third of
November, was also approached. Ho, too,
was willing tu become ? Panama Ian pa?
triot In exchango for $20,000, and the of?
ficers and men under him on tho gun?
boat were equally susceptible to Influ?
ence, the chief engineer and nlilef of ar?
tillery eacn bargaining their support for
$10,000. and the others for smallor sums.
None of this money wns paid In cash;
'ait promises were made to pay It after
the republic was established, and It hus
since been paid. , j
?In General Muertas' Battalion wore a I
number of officers and men whom ho i
distrusted, so a story was artfully eon?
coutod that a revolutionary party of sev?
enty men had landed on the coast of
Chirlqul, the western province of tho de?
partment, and the officer? and men un?
der Huertas' suspicion were dispatched
to quell the disturbance. Whether they
knew of the establishment of Punumaian
Independence or not at this limo Is a
matter of conjecture, as they have not
yet returned from hunllng Hie revolution?
ists; nor have thoy been heard from. Oth?
er Individuals and agencies were manip?
ulated in manner similar to that employ?
ed If handling Huertas, Var?n and tho
others recorred to, and so thoroughly wus
the'work done that when the Colombian
Congress adjourned on October 3,'st with?
out having ratified the treaty, the powder |
train for a Punnmalan revolution had ?
been laid, and the match, had actually
been lighted to ignite It. '
in Sutton Shelton.
. Mr. John Sutton Shelton. a well-known
merchant, died at 2:50- o'clock yesterday
morning nt his residence, In Louisa coun?
ty, In tho twenty-ninth year of his age.
The funeral will take place nt 3 o'clock
this afternoon from the residence of Mr.
\V. Hi Cosby. No. 507 East* Clay Street,
and the Interment-will be made In River
View Cometery. Dr. Jerc Wlthersp'oon
will conduct the services.
Tho pall-benrcrs will be Dr. H. R. Scott
and'Messrs. Ernest Head, \V. F. Warrl?
ner,. \V. N. Jackson. T, P. Samuel and
W, A. Jackson,
Joseph H. Mallory.
..The death of Mr, Jos-'epli H. Mallory
occurred at 2:35'o'clock yesterday morn?
ing 'at lils home, No, 1300 Vi'cst Murshall
"Mr. Mallory. was In the thirty-sixth yenr
of his age. He Is survived by his widow
and two children', two brothers?James
P. ond ?. T. Mnllory?and one sister
Mrs. J. ?. Purdle.
The funeral will take place at 10:30
o'clock t)?s morning, and the Interment
will be made In the family plat at Glen
E. P. Pevey. .
Mr. E. P. Pevey, of Worcester, Mass.,
died at mldnlghl Sunday. In the now san?
itarium of Dr, J. Allison Hodges, of this
Mr. Pevey, who was a prosperous bus?
iness man of Worcester, came to Rich?
mond last Thursday and register?
ed at the Jefferson Hotel. He
was accompanied by Mr. and airs. H. G.
Stoddard and Mrs, C. M. Stoddnrd, of
Worcester, who woro with him when ho
The remains have been taken to Wor.
bester, where the Interment will bo made.
F.llzabcth Lea Barker, Infant daughter
or Mr. and Mrs, Wallace E. Barker, died
Sunday at the residence of her parents,
No. ??O'Uorth Beech Street. Tho funeral
took place at 3o'clock yesterday after?
noon and the Interment was madu In
The funeral of Mrs. A. R. Courtney took
place at G*30 o'clock yesterday afternoon
at. the ChCrch of the Covenant, and was
largely attended. The following gentle?
men acted as pall-bearers:
Honorary?Judge B. R. Wellford, Jr.,
H. Seldon Taylor, Major A. W. Garbor,
It. H. Glll'am. ?. H. Ellett, Colonel Jo?
seph V, Bldgood, Dr. George W, Car
rlngton, Dr. J. W, Egglesum.
Active?Allen G, Collins, Christian
Clarke, Fr? ik T, Sutton, Jr.. Douglas E.
Taylor, G. S, Kemp, Charles A; Nosbltt,
Hill Montague and LeHoy Brown.
The funeral of Mr, William T. Burloy
took place at 3:30 o'clock yesterday af?
ternoon 'from Calvary Baptist Church,
Tho Interment was made In River Vlow
Tho funeral of Mr. Fred Lowe, of tho
Rlchmonl Firo Department, who died sud?
denly Saturduy while on duty, took pitico
at "i o'clock from Trinity Methodist
Cnurcli. The Interment was made In Oak
The funeral of Mr, Henry C. Rhodes
took placo ut 12 o'clock yesterday from
the West View Baptist Church.
Funeral of Mr. Lowe.
The funeral of Mr. Fred Lowe, the
drher of truck No. 2, who riled Satur?
day morning, look place from Christ
fciplseopnl Church at 3 o'clock yesterday
ufiornoon, and the burial was In Onk
Mr. Lowe's comrades hnvo\arranged for
a urino to bo placed nbovo his ijuv? with
th* Inscription: "In Memory ol Frederick
Lowe; Erected by Membership of Truck
Company No, 2, Richmond Fire Depart?
Mrs. M, C. Lee,
(Special to The Tlnie?Dlspatch.)
LYNCHBURG. VA., Dec. 21.?Mrs.
Marlu Crockett Lee, wife of Mr. John A,
lee, died thla mornhvi at 1 o'clock at
her homo nt Dowry's. Croni the effects of
a stroke of paralysis, which she suffered
lest Saturday iii'lernoon.
Deceased \??? a daughter of the lato
Robert Graham Crockett, of W.vth? coun?
ty.' having been born there flfty-throo
years, ago, For many years ?ho wns a
resident of this city, her husband hav?
ing been a promlnoul business man here,
f-qie was a member of tho Court Street
Methodist Church and wan highly es?
teemed nnd greatly bejoved In l.ytinhburg,
Mrs. I eo Is survived by her husband, and
????????] V.'QQDWARO &. SON,
VTRAIKiTa I NINTH ?Kin AttCiH
NINTH AND ANGH STS.
I Ri CE ?SctS
eucceiior? to Them?? Ri Prie? A O?.
This has been a rare season for the useful and homely
gifts. All over the house we find the stocks depleted, and
during the present week wc shall hasten the good?'work.
Ties for men, in all shapes and a riot of colors, wc
have put in one basket. -All now 19c. Many 50c, in the
Fur Collars and Stoles, in the new shapes, with Muffs
to match,,all the way from $1.00 to $20.00.
Many are reduced to about one-half original cost.
Remember, this is emphatically Fur weather, and se?
cure what you want at your, own figures.
The little girls will rejoice in the possession of one of
those 3-4 or Long Coats, two figures, now $2.48 and $2.98;
many were $10.00 garments; colors tan, blue, red.
Gloves wc have never seen in such variety and value.
Men's, warm and worthy in all ways, 25c. to $2.00 the pair.
Boys', in the Scotch things, from 25c. and higher. .
AVomcn's, in all fabrics and skins, for any function.
Dress Goods for gifts, ih a line of colors and blacks, all
priced at 50c. Among the lot arc all the evening tints.
Purses at 25c. and 50c, in all the new leathers and of
A bright and joyous Christmas for each one.
? Goods delivered when and where you say.
309 ?. Broad Street.
fi.ur daughters. Mrs. E. Crump, Mrs. D.
B. Rylond and Mrs. R. C. Stokes, all of
this city, also Miss Alice Leo, of New
York. At nor bedside at the timo of her j
death were her three daughters from this |
city and her step-daughter. Mrs, Walter ,
G. Jones, nlso of Lynchburg. The remain?
will be brought here for Interment.
Irving W. Hoen.
(Special to Tne Tlmes-Dlapalch.)
FARMVILLE, VA.. Dec. 21.-lrglng W.
Hoen. of the firm of A, Hoen & Co.,
r'hographcrs. Baltimore and Richmond,
d!.3d yesterday even'ng at th? hoT? ?f
John H. Cooper, In Buckingham county.
Mr. Hoen came to this section eisuc^on
months ago and Invested In several
thousand acres of Buckingham lands;
which he converted mto a cattle ranch.
? He was a brother of Dr. A, G. Hoen,
of th? Pasteur Instituto, Richmond, Vn.
He had been. In, U.l.henlth for a long time,
and It was with tho hope of physical '?
Improvement that?'he'spent- the greater.
part of his timo among the hills of Buck?
ingham county. He was a man of great
liberality, and his duath Is very generally
Ills remains were taken to-day to Bal.
timore for Interment, Ho leaves a wifo,
but no children.
John N. Fry.
(8pcclal to The Times-Dispatch.)
CHArtLOTTESVII.LE, VA? Deo. 21.?
John N. Fry, a prominent resident of ?1
bemarle, a brother of tho lato Captain
Jesse L, Fry, for a score of years com?
missioner of the revenue of tho county,
is dead, ? get! soventy-flvo years.
Mr. Fry's wife, who was Miss Lizzie
Goodman, of Goochland county, died eight
One sister. Mrs. Jnmes Birksdnle, moth?
er of Frank Barksdalo, nt the head of the
advertising department of the Pennsyl?
vania Railway, survives. Mr, Fry served
with distinction In the Civil War as a
member of tho Forty-ninth Virginia Reg
mitnt, Company ?. He was taken pris?
er er at Petersburg and confined for six
n.c.nths nt Fort Delaware.
Miss Cary Atkinson.
(Special to Tho Times-Dlspntch.)
?WINCHESTER, VA., Dec. 21.?Misa
Carv Atkinson dlod yesterday at Char?
leston. Jefferson county, W, Va., aged
sixty yea:?. ShcTwas tho daughter of the
lnlr Rev. William Mayo Atkinson, of this
c.'ty. whoso wife was tho first woman
burled In Mount Hebron Comotery. which
occurred only a fow weoks after It was
dedicated In IStO. by lier husband.
Mli'u Atkinson leaves three sisters, Mrs.
?Mary Dutton; Mrs. Van Lear Perry and
Mrs. Ann Hopkins, wife of Rev. Dr. A.
C Hopkins, all of Charlestown. Miss AU
kin pon' was a half sister of Mrs. Juliet
MnCow and Judgo William* M. Atkinson,
of th'.s city, and a cousin of Bishop Gib-,
ron. of tho Episcopal Diocese of Vir?
(Special to Tlio TlDicn.tHiiniitPh.l
YORKTOWN, VA., Dec. 31.-Mr. Jonas
Tillet, a retired coal oporator of Shamu
kln, Pa,, died nor? yestorday at 3:30 A. M.
of uthmatlc uffections,
Ho had been In vety poor health for a
number of years and had often paid visi S
to this section In soaroh of health.
His domlso occurred nt the old Nelson
mansion, tho present homo of his brothor
??-lnw Mr. John Cruikshunk.
Tho romains, after u brief burial ritual,
wore convoyed back homo by way of
Vo:k RIvc? lino, uccompnnled by his
widow and Mr. and Mrs. Crulkshnnk.
Mrs, William Hyer,
(Special to Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch.)
STAUNTON, VA',, Deo. 21,-Mrs. Wil?
liam Hyer died at ber homo, In this city,
Saturday night, nged sixty-three years.
after an Illness of several months. Sev
oral months ago Mrs. Hyer suffered a
strok.i of paralysis. She Is survived by
four chl'ldren?Messrs, Wllllsm H. Hyer
and W. F. Hyer. of Staunton; Mrs.
Charles Irvine, of Loufsvlllo, Ky.. and
Mrs. Joseph Anderson, of Front Royal.
The funoral will tako place Monday
morning at 11 o'clock from the family
W, T, Bannerman.
(Spi'clol to The Tlmes.Dlepateh.)
WILMINGTON. N, C? Deo. 31?Mr,
William T. Bannerman. one of Wilming?
ton's oldest citizens, died suddenly to?
day nt his homo In thle city, aged seventy?
years. Ho was a native of Pender coun?
ty and was clerk of the oourt of that
county for many years. Ho was a map
of considerable wealth and accumulated
valuablo property In this olty,
Charles H. Smith,
<Speei?l ?) The Tlma'-Dleptitc'rO
W?NCHESTEH, VA., Dec, 81.-After ?
?lckniss of more or lees severity, lasting
fiu'crul years, Charles H. Smith, one of
thu loading'cltlzons of Berryvllle, Clarke
county, d'ed to-day nt hie Ihome in that
j-luce, aged seventy years. During the
Civil War lie wae a, member of Company
D, Clarko Cavalry, and at It? last annual
reunion t^e survivors were hie guosts.
He Is survived by one son, Robert Scott
Blackburn Smith, of the Virginia House
of Delegates, and three daughters, Misses
Elewior and Emily Smith, of Berryvllle,
und Mrs. Eustls Williams, of Kentucky,
B. C. Bennett.
1 (Special to The ?lmca-Dlcpatch.i
CHATHAM!, VA., Dec. 21.-Mr. Booker
C. Bennett died Saturday at hie nome
near Tell, after a lingering lllneus of
several montile, with stomach trouble. His
wife, four brothers?W, A. Bennett, of In?
diana; G. R., R. A. and Jonathan Bennett;
two sisters?Mesdames' Jamee; Parker .tnd
Sarah E. Tosh; three sons?George,
Thomas and Kelley Bennett; two daugh?
ters?Miss Lucy Bennett, all of. this ct-un
ty, and Mrs. William Craw'ley, of Rua
poke, survive.him,, V- ? ,i ???: '..,'?'?'.'.
' Mrs. K.?.'Watson. .<"?'?
(Sn*cial to The TlmPS-DlHpfttch'.i
CHATHAM. VA., D o. ZL'Mrs. Katherine
Elizabeth Watson, relict bftlio late'Colo
nel Isaac H. Watson, died at her- homo
at Pullen's,' Sunday, uged ??? e'lghty-ono
years, Shb leaves two daughters?Mrs.
.Salilo Pullen, of Pullen's; Mrs.; Mary
8. Cabell. of Ro?no'.te?and one snn. ..Mr. C.
G. Watson, of Chatham, Va... and many
Miss Saille Watkins.
(Special to The Times-Dir pntchj
WINDSOR, VA? Dec. Sli-MIss Saille
Watkins, sister of tho late Rev. John it.
Watkins, who was tho founder of Collosse
Baptist Church near hero, also an Hunt
of Messrs. E. A. Ludloe and Dempsoy
Watkins, who are prosperous lumber mer?
chants of Norfolk, dlod at ner late nome
near nero Sunday morning.
Mrs. Sallie Coverstone.
(Special to Tho Times-Dlspntch.')
WOODSTOCK, VA., December 21,-Mrs.
Salilo Coverstone, widow of Andy Covor.
stone, of Powell's Fort. Sheriando?h
county, died this morning of paralysis,
aged slxty-ono years.
She Is survived by two sons, Messrs.
Ell and Samuel Coverstone, -both of this
John F. Hobson.
(Special to 't he Times-Dispatch,)
WINCHESTER VA., Dec. at.-Mr. John
F. Hobson, ono of Winchester's bust
known citizen's, and a Confederate vet?
eran, died at. noon yesterday juCter a long
Illness, Ho was about seventy years of
James L. Adams.
(Special to The Tlmos-Dlspatch,
ALEXANDRIA, VA? Doc. Zl.-Jamos L.
Adams, Inspeptor and measurer of lumber
for the city of Alexandria, died this
morning at his home on South Leo Street,
Mr. Adams was In the seventy-ninth yerir
of his ago and Is survived by a widow.
WYTIIEVILLE. VA.. Dec. 21.?Thoinae
Grubb, the oldest man In Wytho county,
died last night, aged ninety-four, at his
home at Grubb's Tank. He was a bache?
LOMBARDY.?Died, suddenly, at residence at
hi? daughter. Mrs, James ?. Chamber?<iyna,
?16 Bouth First Strei?!. Sundny Pe ami) r
SOth. at 2:80 P, M,, PAUL LOMRARUV, a
nativo of Luce, Italy, but had lived In ihls
oily for the past fifty odd .year?; aged sev
enty-throe years. He I? survived b/ tour
iluuglitere and one son?
Funeral will toko place from tti ? li.tustt
TUESDAY. December 254 at 2:3a ? M? -er?
viens conducted by Ber, J, n. O'Ftolly. in?
terment at River View.
MAULORY.T-Died, at his rueldonee, 1801 W?t
Marshall Street, Monday, December 21s. at
2:36 A. M.. JOSEPH II. SJALlO-tV In .ho
thirty-sixth year Of his ??-*. H'. loa < A
wife and two children to mourn their loss.
Kunoral from the resldem?? THIS Tumi?')
MORNING at 10:30 o'clock. Interment la
family plot near Glen Allot?.
JONES_Died, suddenly, at hie resldon-e, <U
North Fifth Btreet, Mr. ELIJAH h: JOS'ES
l'unenti services will tnk?. place fri'ii the
HTBVO In Hollywood TO-MORROW MORN Mi
ut II o'clock. Friends of the family are In?
vl ted to attend.
JAMES.??led. at his horn*. In Chift^-vid
county, December Stet, JJsQ. W. JAMES,
aged seventy, years. ? ' ?? ?
Kuneral will take place from his latt> ion?
WEDNESDAY. Decemh-'r?2?cl. at .1..JM. In?
,'|ermont In Hatch? family .byrylmr-vtbund.
HOEN.?The funeral of IRVING) HOEN, who
dlod-yesterday In n?-k'n-Iwm. wir ? ??
place at e o'clock TO-MORROW (Wedn sday)
AFTERNOON In Paltlnmro,
While down-town Shopping drop In and
try some of tho ?l-llolo*.* lut an.w?
? at'our fountain, iiai'll ' enloy the
drlnk-tho resi will do you good hi
- cltlontaliy, you can f'*mm . f-ur ?le
?a?? assortment of Christmas noi'Oltiee.
" POLK MILIEU DBHO CO.,
. No. m E. Mal" Street.