PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY AT
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At No. 4 North Tenth Street,
Richmond, Va. Entered Janu?
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TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1004.
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Our Platform and Candidate.
The real significance of the Democratic
Convention of 1901 wns the Parker pro?
cession on Saturday morning. After
'Judge Parker's nnmo was presented a
r.umber of delegations joined with tho
New York delegation In making a tre?
mendous demonstration. Finally Geor?
gia led off In a procession and one by
one all the Southern States and thq_lea!d
ing Northern States fell Into lino, and
moved to the music of Democratic har?
mony, while Nebraska, Nevada and Ari?
zona looked on.
It was a most impressive scene, for
everybody realized what it signified. It
was a grand reunion between the Dem?
ocracy of the North and the Democracy
ol the South, after an estrangement of
The convention of 1904 marked tho end
of nn era?an era of discord, distress
and failure. But what Is better, It
marked the beginning of a., new era of
reconciliation and triumph.
The platform upon which the reunited
Democracy now stands is Democratic In
every line. There is in it no taint or
suggestion of Populism. It is better than
it appeared In the rough as published in
advance. Tho declaration of fundamen?
tals Is pointed and comprehensive. It de?
nounces the .Republican principle of pro?
tection, and declares the Democratic prin?
ciple of tariff for revevenue only, but pro?
poses to revise the tariff along conserva?
tive lines; in such a way as not to In?
jure protected industries, while the
schedules aro,being reduced to a revenue
?basis; The, d%lri.rat>k>ns on imperialism,
trusts and subsidies aro strictly in.line
with Democratic principle and policy,
and no fault whatever can be found with
tho platform as a whole, except that it
is'silent on the monoy question.
But the nominee has supplied that
plank and cleared up all doubts as to
where tho party stands. At Inst freo
silver has been eliminated as a political
Issue, and it will not bo a factor in mis
As for tho nominee, he Ijas shown him
pelf to be a man and ft leader. Ho has
a conscience which he proposes to take
' with him Into politics, and he hns the
manly courage to back It. Ho has boon
called tho silent man, but when tho tlnio
, come to speak, lie spoke, nnd ills manly
j words set the nation afire with enthu?
siasm. There Is iyi doubt now that Judge
Parker 1b fit to lead the party and fit
to pj^sldo over the affairs of the no
t'.on, and we believe that ho will be tho
next President of tho United States.
*' Writer r.a
Mr. Bryan in the Convention.
We publish In another column a re?
view of the political career of Mr, AVI1
Jlam Jennings Hryan, taken from the St.
Louis Post-Dispatch, an ardent Demo?
cratic paper. This review appeared in
HI. Louis tho day before the convention
met. How well Mr. Bryan confirmed
tho opinion Of tho writer that ho had
inadfj a great descent was well Illustrated
by his conduct during the convention.
before concluding his article, the
"Mr. Bryan wants to boat Judge Parker
at all hazards, and the ends appear'to
justify tlm means."
This proplie.cy was confirmed by Mr.
Bryan's conduct during the silting of the
convention and of the.Committee on Peso-'
lutiojiH. To those who know imw ar?
dently Mr. Bryan was admired and how
faithfully ho was followed by Southern
Democratic leaden-, It will sound almost
Incredible to hoar that lie was not merely
opposed, but deflud and denounced, by
such men an John W'. Daniel, John Sharp
Williams. Benjamin It. Tillman*" oiid E.
W. Cannaek; that his course In tho Com?
mittee on Resolution* wan such ax to
excite the deepest' Indignation of his
Southern friends and that his bitterness
end bulld,p*iiig methods went to such an
?xtun that Senator Bailey had to j??
and tell htm that he owed an apology
to a venerable Northern Democrat, whom
he bad ruthlessly Insulted.
Tho newspaper accounts of the great
enthusiasm for Brynn in tho convention
were based entirely upon the applause of
the lookers-on In tho galleries, nnd was
answered by A'cold and stony look from
most of the delegates In tho convention.
A more marked contrast could not have
been mode than the severe nnd chilling
reception with which Mr. Bryan's efforts
to produce discord were met by the men
whom ho had been accustomed to sweep
away as leaves before a whirlwind.
tn the role of dlsoi-gnnlaer Mr. Bryan
appeared nt his worst on Saturday night,
when the convention^ was considering
what reply it should make to Jitdgo
Parker. It is Impossible for any man
who was not present to understand tho
distress of that situation. The platform
had been made, nnd Mr. Bryan had
he helped In make It. The candidate had
hnen nomlnnted, nnd Mr. Bryan had ac?
quiesced In the nomination. But as the
convention had not declared Itself on
the money question, Judge Parker deter?
mined \p make his views known, and told
the delegates lhat he would accept the
nomination as a gold standard candidate
or not at all. The situation was most
critical, and some delegates nnd many
spectators thought that tho party was
face to face with disaster. John Sharp
Williams, Benjamin B. Tillman and other
men, who had been on the most friendly
terms with Mr. Bryan, and had been
numbered among his most ardent sup?
porters, prepared a reply to Judgo Park?
er's telegram, laid It before tho conven?
tion, and urged that It be adopted. They
could see no other way out of tho diffi?
culty. AH save Mr. .Bfyan seemed to be
wining. But he protested and harangued '
and tried to make the discord more dis?
cordant. Instead of aiding the party In
getting safely out of a terrible situa?
tion, he seemod bent on making the situa?
tion worse, and If his plan of putting ad?
ditional questions to Judge Parker had
been carried out, that gentleman -would
hav.e declined the nomination, and the
national Democratic party would havo
been a by-word and, a reproach In tho
This Is the man who has been twice
honored with a Democratic nomination,
und we record these facts to let Demo?
crats of Virginia, know how he has acted.
Wo hope, .however, that the day pf'hla
mischief making is done.
Business and the Democrats.
Say what wo may about'the'evils to
bo met with In Wall Street, complain as
much as we wish about the financial con?
trol of the country, and of the world,
hold In Now York, we must finally ad?
mit that Now York Is tho commercial
center of the world, an'd as such, to a
greater or less extent, controls commerce.
When the pulse of New York Is regular,
tho commercial and Industrial vein of
the whole country feels tho glow of
healthy blood. This' fact all men must
admit. The merchant, the manufacturer,
tho farmer, the banker, the laborer, tho
Lmployer and the employe throughout the
length and breadth of the country know
this' to Be a fact. It may not be re?
garded in some sections ' as an alto?
gether healthy or desirable fact, but It
is a fact nevertheless...
It Is a well known matter of history
that what are usually, known as cam?
paign years, that Is to say, the fourth
year In the political calendar, when a
President Is to be elected, are bad busi?
ness years. The political events and po?
litical results are so Interwoven with our
commercial system that commercial pro?
gress and. business advancement neces?
sarily depend In a great measure upon
the results of the ordinary political cam?
paign. So It has become an accepted
maxim in this country that a presidential
year is a bad business year. There has
never been, with few exceptions, a time
when this maxim was necessarily true,
tut somehow pooplo have an Idea that
business must- be dull In a presidential
year from tho time that the two great
parties hold their conventions In early
summer to decide upon their candidates
and their platforms, and tho election day
In the November following. There
gratifying evidence that this year will
at least prove an exception to, even if
it does not expose the sophistry of the
The two great parties havo held their
conventions, announced their principles
and named tholr candidates for" the two
highest offices '.n the j,'ili ot tho Ameri?
can people. There is not a paragraph, a
sentence, a lino, a word, or the dot of
an 1 or the cross of a t In the plat?
form of either of tho two groat parties
calculated to disturb the calm business
serenity that has prevailed for at least
three years past. ,
It must be admitted that thero was
sorne apprehension In business circles,
that the Democratic Convention assem?
bled in St. Louis might In some way dis?
turb the business equilibrium. Scenes
have been enncted in Democratic conven?
tions, as well as BQjjje other conventions
In recent years, the recollection of which
uave rise to this foar, but that wonderful
convention nt?St. Louis, a convention that
will go down in history ns ono of the
most remarkable the country has ever
known, one In which tho volco ot the
people was heard and considered and
bowed to, above the din of party neces?
sity, above' the cry of the demagogue
and above any and all demands for per*
sonal preferment or preference, dispelled
all fears along this. line. The announce?
ment went out from that convention, em?
phasised with its unexpected dramtalo
scenes, that no matter whatever else
may happen, bnslnoss Is not going to be
disturbed. Wall. Street, nnd New York
and the financial and' business interests
of tho whole country, the laboring ele?
ment dependent upon dally wages for
support, the farmer, dependent upoiv the
returns from his crop, and oil pooplo who
live by tho sweat of tholr brow, rejoiced
when there-cairns from St. IkiuIh iho news
that the financial question Is not an
Itbue In th's campaign. |
That Information eased the minds of
mure than two-thirds of the population
of this great country, and there was no
?b?n the market roportt of Sut.
'urrinycrtrfie out from the eomriierctal
cMitfer of the world showing that all busi?
ness felt stimulated, and everybody who
reads theso lines must bo further 're?
joiced to know the fact that for once the
first week of tho great presidential cam?
paign starts off with a brighter busi?
ness outlook thnn at any period within
the yenV, and this, notwithstanding tho
fact that we are right in the midst of
what Is known among business men as
the heated term, dull season.
The Hon.' Henry 6. Davis,'though he
Is in his eighty-first year, Is' In-lhe full
possession of that Intelligence nnd char?
acter' which has raised him from humble
beginnings to the leadership ot tho Demo?
cratic party In his Stato. Mr. Davis
begun as a brnkeman. and by the force
of his character became a wealthy man.
Ho has twice-served the Stato, of West
Virginia fts a senator, and he will bring
to the Democratic party that right wis?
dom which Is so needful for wlso coun?
seling". ? \
Though Mr. Davis Is.by alt odds tho
oldest candidate that has. over been
brought out for presidential or vlcc-presl
dontlal office, such an' ago In a high'ad?
ministrative position Is not by any means
unknown. Gladstone was elghty-threo
years old when he last became prime
minister of England, and eighty-five
when ho resigned. That old age has not,
however, boon generally rosognlzod in
America Is shown by the fact that tho
oldest .presidential candidate that was ,
over Inaugurated was William Henry
Harrison, who was sixty-eight years old
when ho was cloctcd, and who only served
one month before dying. Elbrldge Gerry
was tho oldest man ever elected Vice
President, being sixty-nine years of ago
when he was raised to that ofllco, In 1S72.
Next in order was William R. .King,
.elected Vice-President in 1862, nt the ago
of sixty-six. ? Mr. Davis's last term In tho
Senate was'in 1SS3. ' Ho will,' however,
find many of his old-associates..still "pav?
ing the country," If he Is given by virtue
of hls?6lnce the position'of tiio presid?
ing officer of that.body next March.
Last Friday rilght. while the Democratic
leaders- wore locked in desecrate debate,
Mr. Jossph Chabcrlaln was further per-,
icctlng hi- organization for givlmj Eng?
land, a retaliatory tariff... Mr. Chamber?
lain lias nearly two hundred members of
the House' of Commons- who are In his
favor, and !he'. has practically completed
his arrangpmentb for. wresting trie con?
trol of' ilie'Liberal Unionist Club from
the Dulco..of. ^DeVonshire.;?;'''Tiie British
papers have- derided .-Chamberlain's plat?
form as being "the-Empire first, bread
and butter.; second." Certainly this Is
the form in .which Chamberlain is .going
to make his campaign.. It will.be of pro?
found interest to see whether Chamber?
lain will be a*le to develop 'sufficient'
strength to~alter England's tariff policy,
which has practically been unchanged
since Cobden's memorable oampaign in
the middle forties. ,'The telltale straws
of "bye-elections have so far shown a
growth of free.trade as opposed to: the
protective sentiment, but Mr. Chambor
lain has fnot'yet' fulTy" launched or de?
veloped *hls- campaign,- and -It is,' there?
fore,, impossible to ..tell the-results until
after.the issue has been fully argued.
**Tho David Bennett Hill has grown into
a mountain^a kind of a slowly slanting
mountain?along the slopes of which
young and unsophisticated politicians and
untutored Nebraskans can coast to their
heart's content without any fear of get?
ting seriously hurt, but getting safely,to
the bottom of the hill.
Democrats4?the real, old-fashioned Dem?
ocrats/wo mean^flovo a'tight, and they
are never hotter- prepared,,.to go into a ]
fight against the- "common enemy than
when they,have ''fit to a finish" among;
That good man .Caldwell, of the Char?
lotte Observer, will now be pointing to
tho St. Louis Convention by way of re?
futing our contention about tho decadence
of oratory. All right.
Judge Parker iwas mignty slow to speak,
but when ho did open,his mouth he said,
something that, put tho whole world to
Old Virginia showed off'protty well In
the great convention'at St. Louis.-' Now, let
her show off equally as well In that great
Exposition In the same town.
Born In Baltimore, reared In what was
then Virginia, and now a good citizen of
West Virginia, Mr. Davis gives to the
ticket a delicious Southern flavor.
It Is said that had Judgo Parker boon
In the convention ho would have voted
for Mr. Davis for Vlce-ProBldont. Good
Mr. Parker Is a pretty good farmer,
and knows the noeds of the farming com?
munity, although ho does not exactly
poso as a farmers' candidate.
Clean candidate; well, we should smile.
Wasn't he Just out of a bath In the lim?
pid waters of the Hudssn when ho got
the first news of his nomination.
There Is nothing, the matter with the
platform now. Judgo Parker Is some?
thing of n platform of himself..
Talking alhout rugged honesty and ad?
amantine backbone, nnd all thnt sort of
thing, Just look at Judge Parker,
There Is one great blessing about It all;
there will be no more complaint nhout
P CELEBRATED "l
there Is no med?
icine will afford
than the Bliif-rn.
Tnke a dosn at
tho first symp?
tom ..and avoid
ou res '
? Brief Sketches of Mon Who Havo Ho] pod to Make tho City.
Sketch No, 15?Series Began .Tunc 20, 100L
Mr. J. M. Ffiurqurean, senior member
of tho well, known dry goods Jiouse of
I'onrqurean,. Temple and Company, Is
one ot tho "mnkers of Richmond." In
carving, out his own fortune Mr. Four
qurcsn has contributed largclv to tho
development and prosperity of both the
city and county.
The growth of Mr. Fotirqurenn's busi?
ness Illustrates how-n. very small capital
may be so wisely investor! as to ihy the
foundation for transactions of a brooder
scope. Having served the Southern enuso
faithfully in tho Confederate army, Mr.
Fourqurean catrm home In I860 barefoot?
ed and half starved. His earthly pos?
sessions constated of two lit Ho gold dol?
lars, which had been carefully concealed
nbout his' clothes., He carried these two
dollars Into' tho army nnd hold on to
them. Mr, Fourqurean found ? employ?
ment for several weeks with some North?
ern men, nnd with his two. dollirrs and a.
promlBo to work for them until he paid,
tho balance, bought all the Iron ?ots,
oveps, frying pans and other utensils, for
which his omployers had no use.. Theso
ho. sent to Halifax county to two com?
rades, who sold them, returning the money
to pay for "those utensils, and make other
purchases, The thrco soldiers proved to
be good traders, and In cloven months
front such a small start they had cleared
$1,30(1 each. ..-..'
With the money thus earned, Mr. Four?
qurean begun In the fall *of I860 .the dry
goods and notion business; which lie flits
successfully, conducted over since. For
'many years. Mr. Fourqurean hhs lived
n short way outsldo of: the city. He
.has built and sold five pretty homes.
It was lnrgely through his lnstrun\entall
ly thof tho Fifth Street viaduct was plan?
ned and tho pretty suburb of Chestnut
.Hill wns established.
THE DESCENT OF BRYAN.
Mr. William Jennings Bryan came to
town Sunday morning. His arrival caused
no commotion whatever In tho convention
crowds. There was no rush-to see him,
to. clnsp his hand, to catch tho words
from his lips. His coming evoked only tho'
mildest sort of interest. You could"hardly"
call tho crowd's attitude towards '? him
Indifference, yet that attitude'1 was -Very
near. to. Indifference. It was an-attitude
respectful enough, but in.almost piteous
contrast with the spirit and temper which
marked: his appearance at ICansas City
four years- ago. It saddened one. to re?
member how eight years ingo the country
and even tho world w;ls ringing with
his name,'how his utterances wore thrill?
ing- tho" popular - heart, how he seemed
indeed "the pillar of a peoplo's hope, the
center of a world's desire."??'
6uuday afternoon Mr. Bryan Issued a
statement as to his posltlon..wlth regard
to tho situation confronting his party in
national convention assembled. Tjie state?
ment,'Which eight-'years'ago would have
boen the topic of a thousand tongues,
was received by the party loaders and
the delegates to the convention without
excitement. It was lost In tho-occan of
convention news in tho Monday morning
papers. It was only an lhtoi'esting inci?
dent, scarcely worthy .of contmeni. "Ho
pusses the glory of this world."
Whut change has como over Mr. Brynn
that he should figure so poorly In tho.
national convention of the party of which,
during.two campaigns, ho was the peer?
less champion? He Is much,the same In
appearance, though his face- has some?
what (hardened In Its lines. His manner
Is as of old, but for a lack of that as?
sured buoyancy and frankness which onco
rendered It so fascinating. In that man?
ner the. assurance Is still in evidence, but
it Is a less Ingenuous assurance than wo
used-to knowV. His frankness persists lu
lingering traces, but it lias touches of
sophisticated reservation that makes it
seem much. like, a mask ot purposes.
Indubitably the glamor of romance has m
some mysterious fashion vanished from
this man' In the lasffew years. We Is
not stripped of dignity.: It,would b.e.nb
surd-to say that ho!has become common?
place. ,Tliat he could never be, with, his
deeds and sayings- still'fresh in men's
memories.:: His triumphs cannot die,
whatever failure, partial or complete,
fate may have In store for him. That his
career is over cannot be assumed, for ho
still possesses no little of that personal
attractiveness, that vigor and passionnte
ness of feeling, that aptness of phrase
which must ever characterize "a tribune
of the people." Far, indeed, must Mr.
Bryan fall from his-present position .-be?
fore It shall bo safe to say that he Js
a negllgeable quantity In the higher poli?
tics ot this nation; but that his position
is not what it wns Is plain, to'the simplest
person who reads the, news of the day.
What Is it that has-caused this change? .
In the first place, Mr. Bryan Is .older
than he-was, and added years necessarily
Involve something of'escapes from; the
qualities of plcturesqueness, of audacity, .
of spontaneous utterance, which, consti?
tute the. spell that gifted youth Imposes
upon the many. All of us outgrow our
rhetoric. -All of us move away from our
earliest enthusiasms. All of us are vic?
tims of disillusion. We aro not quite so
sure of anything as once we were of
everything. The cynic strain crops out
In us, against our will. Most of our
Ideals become a little tarnished by con?
trasting them with th'e'oxperlence met in
trying to realize those Ideals. Air. Bryan
is no exception to tho rule.. We cannot
help hut note that his fervor Is somewhat
forced, thnt his faith has boon shaken,
thai his hopes have boen defeated. .With -,
pity we'find ourselves forced to the sus?
picion, if not the conviction, that this .
erstwhile, poet-statesman and prophet
leader Is a disappointed man. Ho may bo "
disappointed In himself, or In tho world,
or,in both, but disappointed he is. Ills .
mood Is not surly, neither Is it crabbed, ?
hut his temper shows, nono of tho geniality
and generosity of outlook upon his time
nod his contemporaries which lent charm
to his early state of leadership. The
man has'"grown. He has-learned much.
But It cannot be snld that he has broad?
ened In his views, or that the wider syn?
thesis thnt comes with years has mel?
lowed lilm to tolerance, Be has none of
that fresh, largo utterance, which, spring?
ing from a heart simple and string, finds
straightway nil kindred hoarts-rtho. utter?
ance that made captive tho Chicago con?
vention of 1896 and drew the. millions to .
hear him In tho most marvelous campaign,
In the history of American.politics. ? Mr.:
Bryan has narrowed his mind- and .oon-v
cent rated his powers upon things-which
a few years ago hadbeon too mean for
his consideration .'. '
The man who spoke for the Inalienable
rights of mankind In 1890 and 10QO we
find trying to organize a. tatterdemalion
faction 'of obscurantists nnd obstruction?
ists against tho plainly perceptible spirit
of tho time In li)(H. But fow years ago
Mr. Bryan's thoughts were lofty and they
fell from his Ups In phrases losing none
of tholr power because toned niid touched
with-the virility .that comerf.to the speech
of a man who has familiarized himself
with tho King Jumes- version of tho
Blblo. He spoko with-those biblical traces
and tesselutlons of style which first
gripped us In Mr. JCIpllns's earlier work,
but a,s Mr, Kipling has lattorly become a
pamphleteer of a faction and has fallen
into vulgarities, bo Mr.. Bryan's style,
"subdued to what' jt works )n," and de?
generated Into something not &? great
deal removed from billingsgate, and the
content of hla expression Is degraded to
considerations wholly unworthy of one
who for so flTrfg took higher and broader
ground of thought- nnd 'action, JvlJ'.
Bryan's phraseology has ossified Into p|a|.|*.
tudlnoHlly, whllo his thought uo longer
s ars, but Is concerned with Ills antagonist.
Tho -man who shook hearts with, tho
r.eroratlon of Chicago, who sq effectively
applied lo t,ho crisis of, eight years ago
the parable of Naboth's vineyard, is now
flescniHled lo assertion that a candidato
for President, whom h" does not like,
bus bought up delegations w1 the St,
I/iuls convention. The orator who pie .Hi?
ed so .eloquently for labor,?1'op'lho ? free?
dom of m-iitey from, oligarchic control,
for-the rights of man - in. the PhUiplnns
Is now Issuing 'statements abusive of his
?rivals-and explicatory of tho nasty con?
test's between certain Stato factious, all
equally venal and all, .compared,', with
oihor thing*, trivial. The statesman who
gbrlfied humanity Is now aspersing by
jiislnuillon, innuendo'and open necits/tlon
tlm Idtomlly of all who In his party dls*
pgreo with .hla vluws and politics.; rb?
nutty ih.it honorod him. that still honors
hm In tact, though far this. sldo ot
1 idJlutry, is now corrupted and corrupting,
because It hearkens to him no longer aa
to an lnfnlliblo oracle.
Beneath his own dignity ts Mr. Bryan's
denunciation-of men like Judge Parker
und Oiovor Clcvoland. His languago
shows a passion that his supplanted)
reason. His t'orcefuiness of .old has. be?
come merely splenetic, anu.' Jn .plnco of
his old dutuchment from personal antlpa
?th.es has. speared a vfiirijofulness' "and un
fali'iioss/ot polemic that Is almost vulgar.
In his; liariler. manner of lighting ,his stylo
was strong1 with tho savor of exalted feel?
ing;-'now. as'Bhown weekly In his Com?
moner and' in the statement Issued last
Suitduy, his-method of argument Is de?
bused to misrepresentation and exaggera?
tion of facts and almost to scurrility In
?the nutter of personal 'references. ?It Is
some, but not a- completely exculpatory
excuse that his arguments .have fallen
to a pur -with some of tho arguments
that wore used against him. That ho wns
called an "anarchist^" a "firebrand,1! a
"prophet of robbery" does not Justify his
-intimation'that those who now gtvQ him
battle for supremacy In his party are
'thieves and corruptlonists,???? '.; ..
. When Mr, Bryan first, burst upon us at
. the CWcngo covneritlon it wan in a roseate*
splendor of words that contracted and
subhmuted a ' great general passion.
About all that ho had done before this
sttblimo moment came to-'hlm.'wait'to'tle*
livor a very good turlft-roform.spcoch In
Congress. Ho was practcally unknown
and totally Inexperienced In the larger
politics,' but there was an atmospheric
condition In tho country, intensified at
. Chicago, favorable to tho flowering of his
genius. The country had passed through
a period of dire distress. The servants of
tho country had been, at least guilty of
farming out tho finances aa well as the
revonut-s to what, for lack of bettor
characterization, may bo called the money
power. President Cleveland had. erred in
tho matter of bond issues that gav^p Wall
Street control of the'money of the coun?
try. Commerce and- manufactures were
well-nigh-paralyzed. Tho farmer groaned
under debt. Tho laborer sufferod; . Money
was scarce. Discontent prevailed; Mr.'
Bryan at the psychological Instant voiced
that discontent. In matchless phrases. Ho
saw tho world made vassal to ty money
trast. He saw .his country, as he thought,
servile lo British : Interests. He spoko'
with the fervid passion of the firm be?
liever for humanity and patriotism. And
he had a panacoa to offer?free silver.
The public rose to him.> Ho had their
heartb, t.hclr patriotism, their adeallsm,
their-, imagination captive. His jprophecy
was of .an Utopia. His droam -wjft another
"jjream of John Ball." In his following
was generated a sort of frenzy almost re?
ligious in its essonce. There was a mili
onnlal spirit In tho sir. But alas for the
dream. : Like all panaceas,. Mr. Bryan's
did hot stand the test of rational analysis
nnd It slowly.vjost Us potency with the
American public" who look at "things as
? Brynnism took'on-?many of these as?
pects, some edifying, some simply ridicu?
lous, of a religious revival. The move?
ment was 'tragic In that It purged the
emotions. The movement was defeated,
sadly let us confess; through tho final
prevalence of. sordid nnd selfish motives
wotklng in conjunction., to bo sure, with
common, sonso., .Mr. Bryan's prediction
that the country would go to ruin If hla
panacea wern not adopted came to grief.
The country returned to prosperity
through tho operations of natural law and
foigot Its. discontent. -None tho less did
Mr. Bryan remain the hero of a cause?
n, cauao that Is never lont, a cause that
has Its motive, whatever its methods, In
lo1/? 6f man for hln fellows.
Next came, the chapter of the'war with
Spain over Cuba, the taking of Manlln,
tho treaty-of. Purls, Imperialism, with all
its evils, In. its--train. .Mr. Bryan, still
true to his parller self, espoused the cause
of tho lesser people. His.vision was oth?
erwise ' clouded, however,. He made-it
sorry figure as a volunteer colonel In the
war, and he bluhdeu^l In the matter of
approving the treaty of Paris, but bo
those-things us they may, he began to
manifest, evidences . that while he could
see many things, ho could.see none alto?
gether ? clearly, because /his* vision was
growing clouded by himself. Ho could
not put hlmseir In I he background at tho
Kansas City convention In 1900. He in?
sisted that, he should, loom bigger In the
platform than even the rights of the
lesser peoples, bigger than tlto issue of
tho tariff and the tniBts. He Insisted
upon silver "In the. platform once more.
He did not say it In so many words, but
what chiefly ho wa# after was something
In the nature of a personal vindication
on a reaffirmation of tho 1SD6 ^platform.
Ho Insisted upo* himself, as-the Issue.
So great then was tho [potency, of his
personality that ho hnd.'hls: way-In tho
convention, was rononilnuted&nd-'went out
to"' defeat. . ? ? . L. ,.
The Issue of Imperialism'was weakened
liy Mr, Bryan's otsyn Imperialistic or
autocratic contention that his Ideas' of
four years before should prevail -over the
Judgment of tho majority, of his party,
Tho proof of IiIb party's love for, him, in
surrendering to his will, did not tpuoh
him to' humility; Ho grow in arrogance
and ho lost his mental sweep in eolf-con
templfitlnn. There Svus an almost impori
coptiblo falling off, (In the.quality of the
man, as revealed In. his expression. There
was- a gradual disappearance I? 1900 of
the selflessness of purpose that dignified
and, ulmost--sanctified tho campaign of
l&iiii. It was Bryan against, the .world on
tho Voafjlt'inod silver.. Issue, and Bryan,
rather thah tho spokesman of Ideal Democ?
racy, against imperialism. Ho was still
eloquent, still-commanding, still Bryan?
hut there was too much Bryan. There
was a feeling that Mr. Bryan would have
lieen inoro clfectlve'as an anti-Imperialist'
had ho been-willing to have foregono a.
part of his platform, tho triumph of
Which would have . hurt this country..
Slowly cum*- tip a conviction that Mr.
Bryan even minimized tho importance of
his party's sound doctrines' with a pur
lKiao, unintentional; perhaps, but not loss
evident for tha,t,'to aggrandize the para
inountoy of thro doctrines upon which he
matin his. first sensational, not lo say
speeliiouliir, eruption1 Into politics.
Mr. Bryan was defeated, and Inrgply
because he'steadlly intensified the opinion
of eoiisorvutlvn-men that.he was becom?
ing tho victim of self-obsession. Ihe
; masses of hla party began to fiiIter, In
1 their idealisation of, him. nnd ho was
I subtly discredited lonR before, the. move
| mon began for a reorganization of the
l^'ilea'nwhtle it is Important to remember"
that air. Hryun had. Ia??un to make
inonoy. Wis book, "Tho First.. Bottle,
had sold welt. He began to gather in the
coin for hU-speechej and addresses. He
\ Ilium hln newspaper, tho Commoner.
I His convictions', and tho admiration ana
v Men's White Linen
Cool, Comfortable, Stunning'.
JULY 12TH IN WORLD'S HISTORY.,
1 ??-,?*? ' ??..-'
100 B. C. ;
Birthday of Julius Caesar, the Roman-Emperor. Pliny says .of
him that he could employ at the same time his cars to listen, his eyes
to read, his hand to write, and his mind to dictate.
The Christians defeated the Moors at Toulouse.
1609., . 4 ',"'"? I
- vHudson having continued his course westward for some days,*first
obtained sight of the American continent arid on the 17th, the fog1
having cleared up, ran into Penobscot Bay, in the State of Maine..
Battle of Aghrim in Ireland; the French under General St. Ruth
defeated arid himself killed by'the forces of William III., under Gen- j
Richard Cromwell died, aged eighty-two. He assumed the pro-;
tectorate of England on the death of his father, but found himself '
inadequate to sustain the office and resigned it to retire to more
peaceful pursuits. He inherited little of his father's ambition. .
, Lord Howe arrived from Europe with a formidable squadron and !
30,000 men, chiefly Hessians, and joined his brother, General Howe
on Staten Island.
' 1780. ? 1
Sumpter with 133 men attacked and defeated a detachment of]
British at Williamson's plantation/South Carolina.
- Ninety-four prisoners taken by the Algerines on board Ameri?
can vessels, were redeemed by the Linked States consul at Algiers.
Alexander Hamilton, an American'statesman, died of a wound '
received in a duel with Colonel Burr. Hamilton was born on "the
island of St. Croix, in 1757.
General Huli, with an army of United States volunteers, invaded,-}
Canada. ' -? "- ? ? -
The Southern forces with 4,000 cavalry, captured Murfrees- j
borough, Tenn., after a severe fight, with about an equal loss on both I
i . ? ? , 1870.
Death of Admiral Dahlgren, in Washington. :,
Riot in New .York during the Orangemen's parade; 51 persons j
killed, 30 wounded. , . . . ,
1892. , v; *\?\wtiii\M&fti\wwi?\ 1
Cyrus W. Field died. ' ' * ' '' i^'*^*^!***. |
affections of his followers were being
converted into cash. . It Is impossible, to
resist the. conclusion that in the process
.those convictions were .solled._^nd the
admiration and affection of his followers
cheapened. Gradually Mr. Bryan began
to show that he realized to the fullest
extent his opportunity to profit - by hs
political publicity. Colncldently with this
there manifested Itself In hla conduct a
sense of pique against fate. He had no
eood word for any person or any clement
that he thought In any way inimical to
the maintenance of his supremacy. More
or less directly, he lent encouragement
to every radical and extreme political,
outcroplng that threatened the weakening
of the party that honored him. Slowly
Mr. Bryan drifted Into a dog-ln-tne-man
ger position. First he disapproved of this
man or that man. Then he began to scent
a conspiracy against the party. But tn
what did the conspiracy consist./. In noth?
ing more ihan an effort to get the party
away from Irrevocable commitment to
Mr. Bry?n's personal fortunes and fanta?
sies. This man or that man, said he, is
a," traitor to Democracy. When you came
to analyze the assqned treason you al?
ways found that the head and front or
offending had no more extent than that
tho occused doubted the Infallibility and
impeccability of Mr. Bryan.
Mr. Bryan occasionally discussed poli?
cies, but constantly ho devoted himself
more strenuously to the disparagement
and discrediting of those whom he con?
ceived hostile to his continuance In what
promised to become'a Democratic dicta?
torship, He saw.all the forceB of evil
centering themselves to the effort of de?
posing him. He discredited every honest
purpose expressed by every man in-nis
party who differed with him. The orator
became a.snecrer. There was no good In
the world that he did not represent, and
an alienist-might, well- have said that he
suffered from delusions of persecution
complicated with pronounced symptoms
of megalomania. Synchronously with a"
this came into view, cortnln proofs that
there' was going on a marked degenera?
tion of fiber In Mr. Bryan. Once the coun?
try could not bellevo that Mr. Bryan
-could proclaim In New'York. ' G?eat Is
Crokor," but the country was quite un?
surprised when It learned that Mr. Bryan
was allying himself with forces nntag-?
onlstlc to both tho parly and the people.
Mr. Bryan does, not love the men with
whom he Is consorting, unless Mr. Bryan
has gone wholly strabismic, but he bates
Judgo Parker and Grover Cleveland and
everybody who denies Bryan himself as a
polltlpal god. , , ,, ..?
Again we see Mr, Bryan treading the
"primrose path of dalliance" with Mr
Gorman, of Maryland.' He Is tricking It
with .tho master trickster. Eight years
ago It had been blasphemy to mention
Bryan and Gorman in the same breath.
It Is said that Mr. Bryan la still friendly
to Senator Stone of Missouri, yet If Mr.
Bryan bo what he was some years since,
and If Senator Stone he a tithe of what
his published record shows, him to W,
then Mr. Bryan has indeed gone swift y
down the declivity from statesman to
petty politician. ? . . A , ?, ...
Mr, 13ryan Is In St. Lou Is to-day in the
role of a more "peanutty" politician than
he pictures David B, 'Hill to be, He Is
lining up and lined up, with all the people
who arq holding off frpm declaring them
selves until they can be assured of some?
thing for ' themselves. He s trying to
consolidate against the only organized
sentiment of tho gathering here the dele.
gallon* that are playing tor position, ??.
Mr, Bryan, who was once so far above
nnd beyond petty politics that he was
called a dreamer. Is now Jho hopes of
tho potty politicians no less than thoy aro
his hope. He speaks his olden language
of devotion to people and party, but his
actions indjcate only devotion ,to his own
Interests and nn almost" Insane.desire for
vengeance upon those who doubt nun,
Mr. Bryan .wants to beat Judge Parker
at all hazards, and the end; appears to
justify the means. To that end Mr, Bryan
seems 'ready to maker&ny alliance, Sucli,
readiness proclaims In ..Mr.' Bryan one or
two things, either that he is mentally
unbalanced by the prospect .pi. hm own
elimination, or that lie has reached such
a stage of retrogression from his former
exalted purposes that he car.ea. nothing
for tho moral and spiritual disintegration
Implied In his present apparent .ulluince
with forces ho would, have scorned a few
years hack. " ?
Mr. Bryan's present attitude is one op?
posed to a construcjve Democracy,. He
'stands in the way of a united party. Ho
Is In opposition to a-majority w|ioso de.
.liberation and* experience of eight years
havo convinced it that the party will fare
better by conforming to the will of the
people than by submitting to the purposes
,of quo man. Mr. Bryan ?s working; if ho
is working with any purpose at all. alontfi
lines which. If successful, can only mean-'
the perpetuation of those Republican poll- ]
? clesthe confess to deem abhorrent to fruo
Americanism and civilisation In general, i
Mr.- Bryan has apparently allowed himself j
to drift from Idealism into a practicality '.
of selfish Interest. He has ceased to bo tho i
big man he-was. nolely through his Inabil?
ity to get away from himself.? Mr. Bryan in
still a. prcat national character?tout some?
what in the fcnme pathetic way. that
Coleridge appeared to the loving Ella, as
"an archanjcl a little. damaged."-tSt. .
Louis Post-Dispatch of July 5th.
? ""-* -T*
Personal and General.
The youngest member of the'Democratic
National; Committee Is B. A: Blllups,"'of
Oklahoma. He is only twenty-four years
Washington A. Roebllng, of Tront6n,
has given JIO.OOQ to the fund to establish
new buildings for the Rensselaer Poly?
technic Institute, of Troy,; N. Y., de?
stroyed by fire recently.
Dr. John Steele Sweeney. Jr., of CJil
oago, is to be sent to Europe by the Iro?
quois Theatre Memorial Hospital to In?
vestigate the emergency hospitals of Don
don, Paris and Vienna. He will sail July
Hampton Winston,, tho nlnoteen-year
old son of F. S. Winston, of the Chicago
nnd Alton Railroad, will put on overalls
and a flannershirt to-morrow and goto
work as a machinist's apprentice In tht
shops of the road in Bloomlngton, 111,
The 250th anniversary of tho com?
ing of Father Lo Moyne, the Jesuit mis?
sionary, to Onondaga county, N. Y., will
be celebrated In nn elaborate manner at
Pompey Hill on August 16th. This will
be the first public recognition- of Father
Do Moyne's .services and memory in, that
section. ? -. -.',
N Physicians Meet To-night.
The Richmond Academy of Medicine and
Surgery will meet this evening at 8:30
o'clock at'the T. P, A. building. Speakers
will bo Drs.\Stuart McGulre. D. C, Boshor
and J. W. Henson.
will be interesting to those
who contomplttto tho pur?
chase of ivPlnno, '-.
'A number of used pianos
on hand? - ?>.?:
Uprights; $160, $175, $200,
' Squaros: f36, $[M, *50 ami ?
307 E, Broad.
J. E, DUISPAR, Algrv
pianos Tuned. ?
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