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l>UOLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY AT
t TIMES-DISPATCH BUILDING.
DUSINES8 OFFICE, NO. 918 EAST MAIN
Entered January 27, 1903, at
Rlohmond, Va., ?s second-class
matter, under act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
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?WEDNESDAY, JULY B. 1903.
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The University of Virginia.
In the Inauguration of Dr. Aldornwn
as First President of the University of
Virginia, the Popular Science Monthly
deplores the abandonment of what It
conceives to have been Jefferson's Ideal
of a democratic university In a demo?
cratic State, for a more centrlallsed form
Says the article In part:
. "While tho accumulation of wealth and
a certain kind of efficiency ore undoubt?
edly attained by present methods In
politics, in buxlnesB and in education,
they are probably passing phases In our
democracy. It would do a aovcre ar?
raignment of democracy nnd of higher
education to hold that those who make
n, university can not conduct It.".
If the people will not directly support a
university, they will not continue to do so
Indirectly through the gifts of mllllon
alros. It eem a pity thnt somo of the com
pln.-itlons Inevitable -in 'an Inporfoct de?
mocracy and the temporary backwardness
of the South In appreciation of educa?
tional matters as compnrod with the
central .nnd western States have led the
University of Virginia to diverge in tho
direction of our private enstern Institu?
tions instead of maintaining intact the
leocratle Ideals of Ita foundor."
Senator Mnrtln's address nt the Instal?
lation of Dr. Alderman made It
cle.ir that Jefferson was not op?
posed to n President of tho unl
. verslty per se. His Ideals was
education for everybody, and he carod
little for the nnme by which the h/vid of
? the unlvcrsty was called. To-dny were
he hero Thomas Jefferson would rejoice
with his fellow citizens over tho oppor?
tunity for widened usefulness which has
come to the university by the creation
of a Chief Executive. Nor would be
found therein a lessening of the spirit of
No bodyiolf -men have ever discharged
their dn'tles'' with moro fidelity or dis?
tinction than the members of tho Faculty
of tho University of Virginia, who from
1826 to 1905. created and kept a world
wide reputation for scholarship nnd an
unparalleled standard of honor.
There has never been tho slightest re?
flection on either the capacity or the
actions of tho professors who had so
long and bo well directed the Influence
and energies of the university, but uni?
versities as well as States aro utoplns on?
ly in dreamy Imaginings. With every
Increase of efficiency or widening scope
In education or government there fol?
lows the Inevitable demand whether for
buildings or railroads, libraries or post
offices, and all the complex machinery of
To loosen the estraying sea between
the wished for and the possible, It woh
essential that the duties necessarily In?
cident to the working of a great univer?
sity should do divided.
In making this apportionment the State
of Vlrglnln hnd the singular good for?
tune to find In Dr. Alderman an educa?
tor who both know the needs of the body
corporate, as well as the mjuI of a uni?
versity. To lilm hns been given the high
task of harmonizing not only the almos
of the university with its cambllltios, but
of awakening In Uto people of this State
a quickening sense of their personal re?
sponsibility for the success of their chief
Institution of learning.
To regard President Alderman as n
mere wlieedlcr of millionaires Is to ut?
terly mistake both his calibre and the
temper of our people.
Virginia knows tho value of education
and Is willing to pay the price that all
success in education or oily other real
progress exacts. Hut none the, less, is
the Btnto.to be congratulated upon lia,v
lilff us :i leader in the mruggl.) for more
nnd better education, such a man as Dr,
Alderman, even If hi* coming involved
fv oh.ar.ge. In the form of administration
created by Thomas Jeff?n-ou.
Fighting the Tobacco Trust.
The Legislature of Massachusetts has
pjisvfcd upon the. matuto books of that
Slate a law known as the "trpder*' law,"
which Is designed to prevent monopoly.
It provides that no person selling goods
th.-ili make a condition that thu pur
chatter shall not buy goods of other
persons, unlets tlio purchaser In nil
agent or is making a contract as tut
njjont for the exclusive snle of a pro?
It 1st no aeercl, ond was hot at tho
time of tho enactment of tho law, that
the statute wns especially aimed nt Iho
American Tobacco Company nnd tho Con?
tinental Tobacco Company, which con?
cerns are renlly ono nnd tho same. Tho
business methods of these two companies,
which seek to control tho I tooacco busi?
ness of the country, If hot of tho world,
hnvo been resisted by Independent to?
bacco denlcrs nil over tho United States,
but the most Interesting; nS 'well as tho
most vigorous, fight against the "tobacco
trust," so-cnlled, has been mrtdo In tho
Now England States, especially In Massa?
chusetts. The Massachusetts law Is re
gnrded as being very strtnffont:nnd,A per?
fect remedy for tho ovlls of whloh the
tobneco dealers and the tobacco con?
sumers complain. Horico a tost case
In the Massachusetts courts has been
anxiously looRed for,' Ono showed up Inst
week In the court of ? Plymouth, wherein
ono of the agents of tho Continental To?
bacco Company, Abo Strauss by name,
had been Indicted and brought to trial.
A large number of witnesses from Ply?
mouth and other towns testified that tho
Continental Tobacco Company, through
Strauss, proposed to sell Its goorlB to
them as Jobbers at list prices less 3
per cent, trade discount, 2 per cent,
cash discount, and In addition a rebate
of G per cent, if they did not handle
the goods of any other concorns. The
Continental Tobacco Company Is said to
control 95 per cent, of the tobacco sold
In New England. Of tho 310 Jobbers In
New England, 20S, according to (>?> tes?
timony, had been "compelled to accept
the deal, since they could not got along
without trust goods.'
Strnuss's lawyer claimed that ho had
not refused to J let the witnesses have
the goods of the trust, and hence had
not violated the statute. All he did
was to offer an "Inside" price to those
who handled the goods of tho trust ex?
The jury was only fifteen minutes In
bringing In a verdict against Strauss
and visiting upon him the severest pen?
alties of the law. Of course, tho defen?
dant toojt an appeal to the Supreme Court
of the State, and It may bo a year or
more before the coso shall be finnlly
The same complaints are being mane
in Richmond and Virginia towns against
tho conditions enforced by the Ameri?
can Tobacco Company nnd Its partner
companies, the Continental Tobacco Com?
pany and the American Cigar Company,
and tho Independent Tobacco Manufac?
turers' Association Intends to appeal to
tho next session of the Legislature for
relief. They want a law In Virginia
modeled nfter tho Massachusetts law.
For this reason Virginia tobacconists, as
well as Virginia law-makers are mani?
festing a deep Interest in the operations
of the law in tho Bay State.
The Field Against Graft.
"Graft is a national disease," declared
ono of the prominent baccalnureato ora?
tors of the season. "Graft Is the national
shame," said another, and graft nnd the
demand for Its cure and suppression wcro
tho subjects of a dozen or more other
addresses to tho new generation entering
upon the ptngo of llfo's activities this
Indeed, graft Is a national disease, and
It is a national shame that It Is, but It is
not a now disease although.lt has recent?
ly developed new degrees of shame and
audacity. It waa started'In this country
something over forty years ago, had for
Its birthday a date near tho closing of the
Civil War, having been conceived up
North In tho hours of civil strife when
contracts for army supplies oponed up nn
inviting field for grafters, robbers and
dishonest men who delight to pray upon
Graft reached Us first full development
In New York city under the guidance and
leadership of William M. Twoed. Then as
now graft was recognized as an evil, a
monster that should bo put down and
good men came up to battle against it.
The flrBt decisive blow given the mon?
ster was struck by Samuel J. Tllden and
tho victims were Tweed and a dozen, or
moro of his lieutenants. When Tllden, the
brilliant and thoroughly honest lawyer,
had sent these to the penitentiary, he be
camo the idol of the honest people of his
State and the country. Accordingly he
was elected Governor of New York, In
which position ho extended his operations
against grafters and then lie wus elected
President of the United States. Mr. Tllden
was robbed of the presidency by tho
famous commission known in history us
tho "8 to 7 combination."
The Infamous verdict of the commis?
sion, whether so intended or not, was
accepted toy tho grafters the country over
as a declsloa In their favor, a decision
that licensed their huslnosp, for had not
.4ho first successful graft fighter been
stricken down? Thus In 1W7 national
honor and municipal integrity wcro set
back for the years of n generation. Since
that dnte grafters and national and muni?
cipal robbers have had something of u
free hand, being interrupted only now
and then by the apprehension, conviction
and punishment pf. one or two of their
number Encouraged by success, success
In Improperly making money nnd es?
caping conviction nnd punishment, thoy
have gone on from bad to worse until
tho patience- of tho people has oeen worn
to a frarzle. Tho.,p?ppl(< are'-ln a state
of rebellion against tho rule of graft,
und the lltue has come, and nowJs, when
graft will be tolerated no longer.
Governor Folk, of Missouri, was un?
heard of until hu made hi* successful
fight against the grafters of Ht, Louis,
and put a number of them in tho pen?
itentiary. On the fame thus acquired, and
solely on this, he was made Governor or
Philadelphia, the worse ||na ridden and
praft cursed (Uy^ln tile country, roue 111
i-iieiiion against her plunderers, nnd wiieu
?Mayor Weaver "came to himself," ami
fougnt lo run the roope'ra out nr.
realizing his own Inherent feebleness,
sought the aid of an hp?A?Winfl ustule
'awyer outside of his own dominion, Williu
Root, n mnti fnshlrtrieVI''in illie ??mould ol
Samuel J, Tllden wns called to thcres
cuo and responded with vigor; Tq'j the
energy, tho Integrity, tljio ' courago 'and
the Intolllgenco of Blihu Root Is duo tho
downfall of Durham and his followers
Now tho party of which Mr. Root Is
n member,-tho Republican party Is look?
ing 1.0 | him for leadership, while the
Domncrats at present turn their minds to
Governor Folk whenever tho question of
a standard 'bpnref for' tho natlonnl cam?
paign of 1008 comes uriaer discussion.
On the Republican sl'do Taft, Fairbanks
ttllU. u.muo ,uu pVOflllllluilt ptMBlUeilwcts
possibilities, but Root, slnco .tho Phila?
delphia affair, hns loomed up nbovo thorn
all. it Is being snld by party leaders that
the probablo nomination of Folk by the
Democrats would force tho Republicans
to nnmo Root or somo equally prominent
It Is an encouraging nnd gratifying slKti
of tho times thnt the far sighted man?
agers of tho two great parties see tho
handwriting on the wall; that ; only
honest nnd successful graft flghtorB are
now wanted at tho head of government
and thnt none other* need apply.
A Seasonable Thought.
On Sunday Inst Rev. J. J. Donlon, pas?
tor of tho Chruch of tho Nativity, of
Brooklyn, In tho course of his morning
sermon, snld: .
"Pooplo aro no longer surprised nt dis?
honesty in high places. They have come
to look upon It as a matter of course,
and tho phrase, 'tainted money,' has be?
come a by-word and a jest. We are ac?
customed to breaches of trust on the part
of office-holders and financiers. We see
judges hemming nnd hawing over tho
coses of these powerful wrongdoers In?
stead of treating them as they deserve."
Exactly so, and In this connection H
may bo well enough for us to call to mind
a paragraph from the Declaration of In?
dependence, which document was read In
hundreds of localities yesterday. In that
paper Is this sentence:
"Prudence, jlndeed, will jdlctnto thnt
governments long established should not
be changed f6r light and transTent catiscs;
and accordingly all experience hath shown
that mankind are more disposed to suf?
fer, while evils are sufferable, than to
right themselves by abolishing tho form3
to which they aro accustomed."
The kind of prudence thus referred to
had about played out at the time the
Declaration was signed. The same kind
of prudence as It concerns some other
features of government has bocomo a
little frayed at the ends In this day, and
time, nnd the people rteed to make an?
other declaration of Independence, inde?
pendence of trusts, combines, grafters
and a number of othor evils that aro
besetting tho country. There can bo such
a thing as getting too used to bad
things. ? - ?
The Inrush of Immigrants at New York
for the fiscal year Just closed Is proof
conclusive that the prosperity of the
country has been sufficiently advertised
abroad. The number of immigrants land?
ed in June was a trifle less. than. 85,000,
against 51,000 for the same month of last
year. The total Immigration for the fiscal
year was over tho million mark. The
highest previous record was for the year
1903, when the arrivals numbered 857,046.
Thanks to the bettor enforcement of mo
laws pertaining to Immigration, which
laws are now better understood In for?
eign countries than formerly, the immi?
grants of the past year show as large
a percentage of improvement In char?
acter as In number.
President Roosevelt asked Hon. Ellhu
Root to bo with him In Cleveland to-day
to act as the representative of the State
Department at the funeral of Secretary
Hay. Mr. Root accepted the invitation,
and Is now en routo to the Ohio city.
This Is nnturnlly very suggestive, but
not necessarily conclusive. It is still
nssorted by men who clulm to be In a
position to know, that Judge Taft will bo
the next Secretary of State.
A Wall Street writer Is credited with
the remark that what the "world needs
Is a new definition of honesty." .What
Wall Street needs is the old practice of
honesty according to tho ancient defi?
Curtailing tho negro population and In?
creasing tho watermelon output at the
same time Is not calculated to add to
the prosperity of Georgia.
When Hanover county can arrange to
make Its watermelon crop connect
promptly with the Fourth of July, Han?
over's fortune will be made.
The blackberry hunters and the fisher?
men were tho people who yesterday cele?
brated the day with much profit and
It Is now In order for frenzied life In?
surance to bo put under the taming
process, and It Is getting there.
President Roosevelt will have to store
his L. L. D's. away In tho lumber room
that holds his bear skins.
Tho difference is tills: The South takes
tho Fourth of July seriously, the North
takes It strenuously.
Don't complulii o| that which is usual
and natural. It Is always hot on and
after the Fourth of July.
What Wallace wants to know is what
size salary would Induce Secretary Tuft to
hop down off tho Ha.
Tho railroads yesterday celebrated go
Ing and coining, with their little ex?
Kx-Mlulhter Ornate is rapidly becoming
We make a specialty of
For Wharvon, Bridges, Trestles,
Derricks, Large Buildings and othor
work ruqulrlng Southorn
LONG LEAF YELLOW PINE.
In our ten yards, covering stevun
acres, we carry the
LARGEST STOCK IN THE STATE,
and we respectfully solicit a share
of your patronage,
WOODWARD & SON, Lumbermen,
r THE j
/ MOST ?
Made in all styles for men
who seek the maximum of
wear at the minimum of cost.
FAST COLOR FABRICS
Deslert h?ve them
at $1.00 or $1.25
tp aS^tsOjsi <NnO?j^ i Mij-Sttsjsssjs ?s?i 1
j QUERIES AND J
| .^ANSWERS \
Amazon and Mississippi.
Editor of Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch;
Sir,?Kindly Inform mo through your
query column of your next issue how
many mouths have the rivers Mississippi
and Amazon? By answering the abovo
you will greatly oblige,
The Mlsslsslpl has five mouths; the
Amazon two. ?
Ante, Va., June SO. 1905.
Sir.?Please answer through your col?
umns who was speaker of the House of
Delegates at the tlmo the committee was
appointed to Investigate the Martln-Lco
contest, in 1S03? nnd oblige,
Mr. Cardwell,' now n Justice on tho
Supreme Court bench.
Hot Springs Baths.
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?A few days ago the writer was In
conversation with several gentlemen with
reference to free government baths. . I
take the liberty-of addressing you with
view of ascertaining whethor or not, are
there free United States, baths-located at
Hot Springs, Arkansas.
Yes, The government owns the major
part of tho baths, and they nro free,
but transportation and hotel bills make
them rather costly "free baths."
Eligibility^to the President. |
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Please an?tver In your query col?
umn, can a foreign-born,'under any con?
sideration, becomn President of the United
States? and oblige, A SUBSCRIBER.
The Constitution requires that Presi?
dents and Vice-Presidents mus^t be- na?
tives. ' If a son of natives and residents
of Virginia, bornj whW.'HIs parents were
visiting, say in France, should be elected
to either ollice aiid a contest were made,
we. daresay the Supreme Court would
decide that such a son is a native In
the meaning of ,t,ho Constitution. Under
no other conditions could a foreign-born
The Cluverius Case.
Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?Please answer the following'ques?
tion through query und answer column,
"What date, month and year, was Lil?
lian Madison murdered? ? ?; s r
What date, month and year, the trial of
Cluverius, her murderer? And the date,
month and year,, of his execution? ?
S. A. M.
Murder committed March 13, 1885. First
sentenced November 20, 1SS5. Exeouted
January 14, 18S7.
Mr. Jefferson's Children.
1. How many children had Thomas Jef?
ferson, and whom did they marry?
2. Is Mr. Jefferson Levy, the owner of
Montlccllo, n blood relation of Thomas
Jefferson, nnd If so how Is ho connected?
1. Two of Mr. Jefferson's children died
In Infancy; Martha, Mary, Lucy and
Ellzalwth survived, the latter dying In
Basket Ball Rules.
Hybla, Va,, June 29, 1903.
Sir,?Klndwly (let me know through
your query column, whether ladles have
to pay or not to sco a game of base?
ball, where there,Is a grand stand.
Tho managers of baseball grounds
mako their own rules and the rules dif?
fer In different localities. In some places,
tho smaller towns, ladles are not charged
an entrance fee at tho gate, but have'
to pay for reserved scats.
The Church and the World.
Swansboro, Va., July 3, 1905
Tlmes-Dlspatch Query Columns:
Query-Will you kindly publish In your
Sunday paper tho poem, entitled "Tho
Church Walking with tho World." I do
not know the author, but tho first lines
aro its follows:
"Come, give nie your hand," says
The Church to tlw World.
Certainly, If somo ono will furnish us
Editor of The TIrnos-Dlspatoh:
Sir,?Will you please Inform, mo who
and what Lucroila Borgia wnh?
Duchess of Eerrbra; horn In 14S0; d.i tigh?
ter of Pops Alexander VI,; married C-lo
rami, Lord or Ppsaro, In 1493; . llnally
married Alfonso -of Esto, who became
Duke of Kerrorn. She was a woman of
great personal beauty nnd ability. She
was long accused of many crimes, but
recent writers have cleared her memory
of tho worst charges brought against
A Rose Jar.
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir.?Will you kindly glvn a recipe for
making n "rose Jar'1 or "pot pmirrl,"
with rlli.iIoiih how to host comulno the
condiments nnd rose loaves to uucuro the
best or most fragrant result? JUNE.
Qothor nnd dry carefully In llio shade
rose petals, lavender flowers, violets and
Jessamine Jlowors, When rondy to pack
111 the Jam, put In a layer nf tho II(IW('IV
li lives finn sprinkle with cloves, ull-r.plce,
orrlB root, u few drops of attar of nines,
it few drops of oil of bofgainot and luvim-.
der ami u ||ig0 ulcollQ). Continue to
pui In ir.'.-iii Inyert) treutuil In the same
wny until the J;U- Is full. Close and put
In u dry, cool |ihei>, As soon ?s tho pot
pourrl ripens, the odor ?will bo ul| Unit
REVIVE STAMP TAX TO MEET
GREAT DEFICIT tN TREASURY
Congress Will Probably Reenact Law Passed to Help
to Raise Revenue to Bear Cost of
(From Our Regular Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, July 4.?How
would you like to commonco putting a
slump on every check you wrlto, on
every calMogrritri you send, on cvory busi?
ness-document you slgn7 There. Is very
good reason for tho prediction that tho
next Congress will pass a lnw rc-onacl
lng the stamp tax law, passed to holp
talso revenue to boar the cost of tho
Spanish war. Tho deficit In the treas?
ury this year roaehos $21,000,000, and there
Is no doubt that It Ib In ronllty sixteen
millions greater than" that sum, but Sce
lflary Shaw lot all dobts posslblo run
over to tho f[rst of July In order to kcon
down tho size of tho holo In the cash bal
anco for tho fiscal yoar ending the thir?
tieth of June.
Tho men who rulo'the Sonnlo nnd House
aro opposed to revision of tho tariff as
a moans of Increasing tho rovenuo by
allowing tho importation of foreign goods.
It Is developed that these men, or mnny
of them, at least, aro In favor of the
stamp tax as a means of covering the
Tho war revonuo tnx Imposed by act
of Congress In 18!)S brought In a rovenuo
of over $100,000,000 for each of tho three
years It was In force as originally passed,
and In tho fourth year, after It was
nmended, It yielded $G2,000,OO0. The stamp
tax was largely on documents of vnrlou?
kinds, but there was also a tax on pro?
prietary articles, such as medlclnnl and
toilet preparations, on playing cards, on
sonls In parlor and sleeping enrs, on
legacies, nnd distributive shares of per?
sonal property, telegrnms. Insurance poli?
cies?In fact, on pretty nearly everything
that presented a surface to which
stamp would stick.
How Deficit May Be Met.
There nre four ways In which tho
deficit may bo mot: Revision of tho
tariff, by a tax on coffee, by reduction
of expenses, by a stamp tax.
Tho protected Interests of tho North?
ern States have opposed with such bit?
terness tho suggestion of tho Presldont
thnt there be an extra session of tho
Congress for the purpose of reducing
tariff rates that It has' become ;a matter
of grave doubt whether revision on tho
lines advocated by the President will be
possible. In addition to the reduction In
Income, which would be suffered by the
manufacturers of the Northern States
through a reduotlon of tariff duties, and
which la a most effectlvo argument with
the average representative or senator
from the manufacturing States, tho lead?
ers of tho Republican party hnve a hor?
ror of "tariff tinkering." They do not
want to see a single stone taken from
the thrift wall, lest tho structure ho
The proposition to lay a tnx on coffee
Imported to this country, othor than tnat
which comes from Porto Rico or tho
Philippines, was very popular when first
inado last spring, not long after the
adjournment of Congress. It Is under?
stood that Hon. Serano Payne, chalrmnn
of the Committee on Ways and Means,
and Republican floor lender of the House,
favored a duty on tho coffee drunk, but
a howl went up from many Republican
pnpers that to lay a tax on the coffeo
pot of the poor man would be to destroy
the favorite Republican argument of "the
free breakfast table." Of course, It Is
not. free, for every arttole that goes on
It is higher by reason of the tariff levied
against tho foreign competitor, but tho
cry has done valiant service in campaigns
past. The report got out, though It was
never fully confirmed, that one or two
big syndicates., had purchased nil tho
coffee orchards In Porto Rico, nnd prob?
ably thoso of' the'Philippines also, and
that the men who had so much capital
Invested In these Interests wcro working
to have the CongreBs put a tax on Bra?
zilian coffee, while admitting the Porto
Itlcnn and Philippine berry free. This
helped to kill tho proposition to tax cof?
fee. . . ,
It Is not believed there will much como
of tho third proposition, to reduce ex?
penses.- Thoro is nothing more difficult
to carry out than a policy of retrench?
ment. This Is the unbroken experience
pf those who hnvo tried to reduce tno
expenses of municipal and State govern?
ments, nnd whon men have arisen who
have undertaken to tndttco tho Congress
to enter upon a courso aimed at reduc?
tion of tho expenses of tho national gov?
ernment, they have nearly always failed.
A treasury watch dog Is rarely popular.
Hemenway at Work.
Senator Hemenway, . of. .Indiana, is
studying the subject of national ex?
penses, with a view to trying to Induce
the government to retrench, but the re?
sult of his studies In not known. Mr.
Hemenway has served.fgr years as chair?
man of the House Committee on Appro?
priations, and when he takes his seat In
tho Senate this year ho should be ono
of tho best equipped men In that body
on matters concerning the, expenses of
government Thoro is not tho BlIgltteBt
doubt that nobody In tho country knows
hotter than ho thnt there aro many ways
In which the cost of government could
bo reduced, hut none knows better than
he also that reduction In any way Is
almost Impossible to offoot,
There nro too many men In office,
but tho number cannot bo reduced with?
out making onomleB for tho party In
power. Many people In this country be?
lieve we nre spending too muc> money
for our navy evory year, but It is per?
fectly plain that the policy of having a
large navy Is popular, and that the Re?
publican party cannot turn back now.
It Is doubtful If tho Democrats, should
they gain control of the Congress, would
undertake any radical retrenchment In
the mntter of naval expenditures. The
rural freo delivery system Is costing tho
country over a quarter of a million dol?
lars a, year, and It will cost sixty millions
a- year before the next decade passes.
And ao it is all through the departments
of government. Seventeen hundred men
nre employed In the pension bureau, that
1b, the names of thin number of men and
women, ore on the pay-roll of the bu?
reau. Men In the bureau havo not the
slightest "hesitancy In saying that five
hundred of these employes could be dis?
missed without the slightest detriment
to the service. But the force will not
be cut down, nor will tho number of
employes In any of the departments be
materially lessened. And appropriations
made by the noxt Congress will prob?
ably be greater In ? the aggregate than
those made by the Congress which ex?
pired on the fourth of last March.
. If wpuld seem that a stamp tax is
about all that Is left the party In power
In the way of means to cover the deficit,
a stamp tax and an Incrense, possibly
In the tax on beer. This tax was In?
creased a dollar a barrel during the
Spanish war and added enormously to
the revenues, without Increasing the
prlco of beer to the consumer. But the
brewers of the country succoeded In hav?
ing the nddltlonal tax tnkon off pretty
promptly, and It is well assured that
they would fight any proposition looking
to an Increase. The lobby which the
brewing Interests maintain nt Washing?
ton Is extremely powerful. Representa?
tive Babcock. of the Milwaukee district,
and chairman of the Republican National
Congressional Committee, no longer re?
sents the charge that he Is kept In office
by the brewing Interests. It 1b believed
that Mr. Babcock pledged tho brewers
last fall there should not be an Increase
In the beer tax,
So. In reality, only tho stamp tax Is
left as a means of getting the treasury
balance on the right side of the ledger.
Brief Items From Everywhere.
Girls Chased Prince.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., July i.So
great has become tho desire of tho sum?
mer girls to ?meet his highness, Prince
?00, son of the Emperor of Korea, that
more than one hundred of them Inter?
rupted tho plunge of tho Prince and his
sulto In the surf yesterday, and. to es?
cape, he led them a merry chase up the
beach, with the merry, laughing crowd of
beauties trailing close behind,
Tho glr'ls who chased the Prince were
much chagrined at the manner In whlen
ho left them. They had hoped for another
marine reception, such as took place laBt
week, when Prince Yoe received thorn
in the surf.
? ? ??
Operation on General Wood
WASHINGTON, D. C, July 4.-Goncral
Leonard Wood, who landed In San Fran?
cisco two days ago from tho Philippines,
is ruBhlng East to see a specialist In Bos?
ton In, regard to what may have to bo
an opeeratlon for an old trouble affecting
the officer's knee-cap.
General Wood suffered with his knee
In the Cubnn campaign, and It has begun
lo troublo him again to such an extent
that he has Journeyed 14,000 miles to
consult his surgeon In Boston,'
? ?' ?
Wanted Heart Removed.
HOL-LISTER, CAL., July 4.?Gustavo A.
Klhn, ai native of Hamburg, Germany,
has committed suicide by tnklng mor?
phine. Ho left a will In which ho directed
tltat his heart should be cut out and
placed on his coffin.
The physician performing the service
IN COLD STORAGE
Wot Late Planting.
Planted in June and July, these
yield large crops of line potatoes
ready for digging just before cold
weather comes on, carrying
through the winter in flrst-claSB
condition for either home use or
market. By our methods of carry?
ing these Late Beed Potatoes in
cold storage, we are enabled to
supply them uueprouted and in
flrut-cluHH, sound condition, just
when they are requirod for late
Book your order* aarly so as to gut
tho kinds you want, out don't oritur
shipment until you are ready to plant,
as the potatoes commence to sprout very
soon ail or being taken out of cold stor?
age, Prices quoted on request.
We aro headquarters for Cow Peas,
Sola Beans, Mlllot Beed, BorMliunu,
etc. Seasonable Price-list tcllfiigall
about Seeds for Summer planting,
mulled on request.
T.W.Wood &Sons, Seedsmsn,
RIOHWQHP, ? VIBfcUHl*.
is to receive $50. He asked that no one
should see him after death, and that no
mourners should follow him to the grave.
Got Through By Stretching.
ANNAPOLIS,. MD., July 4.?Luther
Welsh, of Kansas City, has passed all
mental and physical examinations and
hasbeen admitted to the Naval Academy.
He is tho .youth who was two inahes
short of nio', minimum height for en?
trance to the navy and pulled himself
out tho amount nocessary by use of a
stretching machine. I
? ? ?
New Speed Record.
FORT WAYNE, IND.. July 4.?The
Pennsylvania Railroad special covered
the eighty-one miles between Washing?
ton, Ohio and Port Wayne, In sixty-four
minutes yesterday, beating all previous
epeed records on the Pennsylvania's west?
Tho train was seventeen minutes late
out of' CresUlne, nnd came Into Fort
.Wayne two minutes ahead of time, hav?
ing covored the 117 miles In 113 minutes.
? ? ?
Threatens Open Door.
MERLIN, July 4.?Astonishment la ex?
pressed hero at Mr. J. Plerpont Morgan's
having acepted In cash In order to annul
his contract for the Canton-Hankow Rail?
road, which It was pointed out In a tele?
gram from here a mont hago was the
first step of the Chinese amongst all
foreign undertakings from the Celestial
The fact Is, It is the thin end of the
wedge of the "yellow peril," and means
tho first stop toward boycotting Amer?
ican trade In China. It is a grand triumph
of tho Chtneao closed door polJoyt pt\
against tho American open door pro?
? ? ?
Says Bride is Hypnotized. ?
'POUGHKBEPeiE, N. Y., July 4.?De?
claring his Jrldo of n l^v months in
hold under the hypnotlr Influence of Mar?
tin Kavanough, a New York Central ?Ib?
nai towor man, William E, von sVluegci,
a clerk of twenty-six, living at No, 31J
East Fifty-first Street, New York, ap?
pealed to the Poughke.cpsie police yeslvr
day for the arrest of Kavunuugh, avd
related a wild experience he had bad ?"
Jtavanaugh's tower trying to Induce h's
wlfo to leave the man and return horn,
A Centenarian's Advice.
NEW YORK, July 4.?Continual use Of
whiskey, beor and tobacco Is tho reason
Joslah Zoltlln, who yesterday celobrated
his ono hundredth lilrthduy, at his home,
No, 186 'Lexington Avenue, Brpoklyn, as?
signs for his long life and good heltli.
"Americans eut. too much and don t
drink enough," ho told his friends Inst
"Drink a lot and drink regular," was
mB advice to a reporter. "Uon't gtvo
rootors a ohance to work on you, and
yoti will llvo longer. Don't drink too last -
that's tho trouble with you In this coun?
try?and keep smoking something most or
the time, l'would have been dead year*
ago' if J had followed doctors' advice and;.
sopped dr'nklng whiskey and beer." '
Medicinal' and Family Use. .
Sold by all
G. A. CUNNINGHAM,
Richmond Cedar Works
Kindling Wood, per half cord..$1.60
Pine Cord Wood,per half cord. .$3.00
Maple Cord Wood,per half cord.$3.00
Half kindling and half cord
wood, per half cord.$2.29
Best quality, low prlct's, prompt
All kinds, sawed to order.
We respectfully solicit a portion
of your orders.
JOHN M. KING, Manager.
' Telephone No. 2088.
Office, No. 1811 K. Gary St.
FLUMPING A SPECIALTY,
?09 Bast Franklin.
Richmond Dairy Co.
MILK, CREAM, BUTTER AND
204 N. FOUSHEE ST.
BEST READY MIXED PAINTS,
Waitnti Flour Wai.Bniihts, Eto.
TANNER PAINT AND OIL CO.
1419 L Miln Strut
'PHONE MS. f
THUS. A. REDDIN,
?Phone 682. 1434 E. Main St,
? THIS DAY IN HISTORY \
LJuly 5th. I
1044?Aba, Kins; of Hungary, defeated by
his own subjects nnd killed in battle.
1601?Dattlo of Ostend (Nethorland Wars
1628?Battle of Strnlsund (Thirty Yoara'
1769?Battle of Sclo (Ottoman Wnrs), be?
tween a Kusslan fleet of ton sail of
the line, under Admiral Splrlloff, and
fifteen Turkish ships, with some
small vessels, under Captain Puaha.
1782?Fifth action between the British
fleet, Admiral Hughes, and the
Frenoh. Admiral Suffreln, in the Bast
1797?Second bombardment of Cadiz by
1807?Battle of' Buenos Ayres, during the
Nupolenoulc WarB, when 0,000 Brit?
ish troops, under General Whltolocke.
asse/ilted the oHy. They jionotratoi
into.'tho ? streets, but suffered torrlble
losses from the defenders' fire from
windows and roofs, and Oenaral
Whltelooke proving a most Incapable
leader, wcro forced to surrender and
evacuate the whole of tho River
1808?Cuenca, Spain, takon by the French.,
under Cauljrjcourt, and tflven up to
1848?The negroes- nt Bt. Croix revolted
. nnd compelled tho Governor to pro?
claim their freedom. The whltos
thereupon formed a provisional gov?
ernment, doposed the Governor , at?
tacked the negroes, nnd having cap?
tured 300, shot them Immediately.
1864,?President Lincoln lsued n proclamn.
Hon declnrlng the State of Kontuoky
unrtor martial Inw.
1898?Gaherul Tornl, the Spanish com
. mandor In Santiago do' Cuba, was
ngnln palled, upon to surrender the
city to tho American troops, hut de?
clined, und tho Iruce wns extended,
1903?The breaking of tlio OnTtforrt Pnrk
dam. near Jeunnetto, pa., damaged
property to the amount nt fl,M0,OM
? and cost thlitv-Blx llvus, rv