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PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY AT
BUSINESS OFFICE, NO. PIC EAST MAIN
Entered January 27, 1903, nt
Richmond, v,i,, ns seeond-cln?e
matter, under act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
Washington Bureau: No. 501 Fourteenth
Street. Northwest, corner Pennsylvania
Manchester Bureau: Carter's Drug Storo,
No. 1102 Hull Street.
Petersburg Headquarters: Yv". A. Porklna,
44 North Sycamore Street.
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THE TIMES-DISPATCH, Richmond, Va.
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TinjRSDAY, JULY 6, 1905.
If you Viu to the .mountain*, sea
? shore or country, have The Tlmes
Dlspatch follow you.
City subscribers should notify the
Circulation Department ('Phone S3)
before leaving the city. *
If you write, please give city ad?
dress as well as out-of-town address.
After a vigorous and protracted struggle
tho people of Virginia gained for them?
selves the freedom and the power of
nomination by a primary. Nor was this
freedom achieved readily, for a number
of interests entrenched behind the old
.systems of ward and convention nomina?
tions naturally feared and obstructed that
method which appealed to the people
direct. No election under the primary
hns yet been held that hns awakened
anytlihur like the Interest of the ap?
proaching senatorial and gubernatorial
nominations. The voters are profoundly
concerned, not only In the success of tholr
Individual candidates, but In the method
by which that success shall be deter- '
mined, and It Is not too much to say
that the people of Virginia as a whole
regard this primary as a trial of tho
whole system?not that the voters believe
that the failure to give a reasonable and
fair primary would discredit the whole
system, but that they feel that the primary
may be so mismanaged ?s no: only to re?
flect discredit or disgrace on those Chargen
ivith its coatrol, but also to defeat the
To discredit the primary, to rebuff the
popular desire for direct nomination,
whether such result bo produced by un?
due expenso, by doubt of fairness, or by
active perversion, will ?a set. back the
political life of this State for many
To come to our own problem here in
Richmond, there seems to us no good rea?
son why the City Democratic Committee
should refuse to allow tho request made
by representative citizens that one Judge
at each precinct bo appointed by a dis?
interested ..board. The alleged reason for
not grantjiig tills request L> that to take
such a step would reflect upon the char?
acter and capacity of the City Committee.
Ic Is noteworthy that while no vote was
taken a number of tho members
of tho committee, who have the
highest standing In the community,
expressed themselves as willing to adopt
any method of procccdure that
would most nearly insure the people's
wish for a square deal, in fi0 vital a ques?
tion as this, involving as it does the very
basis of popular government, for no pr.0.
pie can be said to govern themselves when
they cannot elect their own officials, it
would seem an excess of morbidity to al?
low the over sensitiveness of a f,.w corn.
mittcemen to stand i? the way or -, rc
Ouest that Is on Us face, boti. Just, rea
sonable and for the publie good.
The Library: Utility or Play?
A writer in tin Ni w York "Indepen?
dent" advances the interesting contention
that publie librarlos In tile United States
have biconi?.? almost wholly feminised. ?
"The number of men who take books out
or the town library," he asserts, "or go
to it foi reference, is small," ?? condition
of affairs which he attribute? to two
prime causes: "First, tho nun havo com?
to think that there l? nothing In tho
rrorary for them; and, second, they are
usually right in thinking so."' And he
adds tin suggestion thai tho mere fact
that library managemcni and attendance
is largely In tho hands ol women, may
have contributed toward glvln? the library
?: somewhat distinctively fonilnlne char
?J''?? facts upon 7.-1,1,?? ?,... ?,,.,??, ?, 1;
based appear to be Incontrovertible, l'a
questionably, tho number o? women whi
regularly lafco advantage o? ti,.
ties of the pu ill.
?My very mu '?? !
tG men, v. Uhout
rea uner o? ? lug
that women look
""ary Is larger, prob
-'' !? Ihun tho illuni;,.1
?? ??.??.,?,,; :,.- 1 ,,.;i:. i?, u?. uupj \iU,K p|
vital information. ';? tntlog tuie, how.
evo?, il StilJ .?? ?:..: imo ti:.it ll;,? ??!,,?;, .
pendent" v.i.ur h unduly riessimi tic io
coiiciiniiiig that "the town library li io
tx? ci.,:-:-.?,! rather wl\h municipal ?muso
menti tike tiic banij jd^yine In the pmk
on summer evenings, nnd tho fireworks
im the Fourth, than with public utilities."
Only In the cnso of a very smnll nnd
ill-chosen selection of hooks, surely, would"
the men of a town be right In conclud?
ing Dint "there Is nothing In It for them."
When a library Is Justly open to thnt
charge, and' It Is a serious one, the re?
flection attaches, not to tho llbrnry idea,
ns a whole, hut to that particular collec?
tion of books. A man may not feel tho
need of a library every day, but when
he does need It, ho needs It badly. The
prime requisite, obviously, should bo that
of usefulness. Tho llbrnry should ho tho
ever-ready and omniscient educator, the
dependablo purveyor of Information nnd
Instruction to Its community. For thnt
reason lts% reference shelves, mnde of
"books which nobody wnnte on his
shelves, but which anybody Is liable to
need somo time," should receive tho most
careful consideration. Worthily to ' dis?
charge Its function, it must stand In per?
fect readiness to yield nt all times nnd
to all sorts and conditions of men or
women, tho things which ho or sho indi?
vidually Is anxious at that moment ,to
know. In tho mutter of finding out things
for ourselves, In short, It .must be our
faithful ally nnd lnerrant teacher.
No doubt tho town library, through
lack of funds, or, perhaps, more rarely,
indifferent choice of books, Is not always
nil that It should bo. Whoro It hns
demonstrated its uselessness to the men
within its "sphere of Influence," it hns
shown Itself In so far?and In a most
Important direction?a failure, But, for
tunutely, this does not appear to be a
general truth, as could bo testified by a
great number of men, particularly In the
larger centers, to whom the public library
hns been of tho most Immeasurable and
priceless assistance. Where tho library
h? resolved itself Into nothing more than
a source of recreation for tho non-work?
ing classes of a community, it has, be?
yond contradiction, fnllon from Its high?
est estate; but oven then wo should bo
Inclined to award it a considerably higher
valuation In the life of that community
than wo should give to a "municipal
amusement, like the band playing In the
Pessimistic July Orations.
The careful reader and observer of
events can but be impressed with the
fact that tho most of this year's crop
of Fourth of July orations wero rather
gloomy nnd in a pessimistic strain.
Looked nt from one point of view, this
is to bo deplored, but viewed from an?
other point, It looms up as another en?
couraging sign of the times.
Governor Robert B. Glenn, the chief
executive of North Carolina, was the
principal speaker at the Tammany Hall
celebration of Independence Day In New
York city, nnd the Governor assumed the
rolo of on out and out pessimist. He
saw terrible clouds overshadowing the
country. True, he admitted that some
of them are no larger than ? man's hand,
but he thinks even the hand span clouds
are susceptible of early and prodigious
;rowth, With vigor of gesture and power
of voice characteristic of the man. Go?,
ernor Glenn declared that "there are
forces to-day nt work (which, unless
speedily checked, will destroy our nation
and bring shame and dlsgmco on our
wonderful people." . Further on in his
oration the Governor saw awfully black
clouds hanging over the political horizon
and others darker and more portentous
rapidly rising. He undertook to enumer?
ate a few of the black canopies,
"First," he said, "is the conflict between
capital and labor. Another great dan?
ger is the concentration of all wealth
In the hands Of a few, the few controlling
the many. A third danger is, we are liv?
ing too fart, both as a nation and as indi?
viduals. It Is making us a nation of gam?
blers and thieves.
"One more danger, and this Is the dnn
ger of the great cities?unrest, anxiety,
a.never-ending, ceaseless strain on body,
mind and soul. No time for Sunday and
rest. Vice stalking abroad In the day
and shame without fear walking at
Simply awful. If true; and Governor
Glenn, who Is the soul of honor, believes
these things to be realities, or he never
would have mentioned them. In a great
measure they are true, but It Is fair to
'make some little allowance for the con?
dition of the Governor's liver after he had
been wrestling a couple of days with the
dysr.cpsla-crcatlng dinners nnd luncheons
for which the Tammany Wigwam Is fa?
That some of these pictured clouds
are Imaginary we think there can be no
doubt, but that others of them are in?
dirli real, every one, whether ho be an
Independence Day orator or Just n. plain
Observer of events, knows full we)L Tho
? ncouraglng sign of the times Is that
men of power and influii)'? like Governor
Glenn are arising in their might to con?
demn the evil tendency of things. Tho
people are equal to any emergency. They
Will V?jcM wrongs when the wrongs be?
come. pronounced and their attention Ih
called to them. The old maxim that au
oiiii'??? of preventive Is worth a pound
of cure Is as sound to-day a? ever, and
en H may be well enough for pessimists
to now and ih? u overdraw the picture
of Impending clouds to the end that tho,
people may be put upon their guard.
Kv'n a pifsimiM run be made-, and BOme
tlmei Is, very useful. The weak point
m Governor Glenn's Fourth of July ora?
tion is that lie left the eagle screaming
In fright and offered lb'? bird no remedy
for Its trouble?.
Ilowi ,< r, jinigi- l'ut'mi. hue Democratic)
candidati for ?he prt*ld*?cy of tho
United Blatta?, wrote a lutttr, willen wan
r< ii tin name Tammany ? <?1<?bratlort,
and In that liui'f he filimi toi: ?.4p Gov?
ernai dl? i.ii |l8d ?eft */i wi'l?? OPt/l Judgi;
Parker i,!i-, MW d:.rk ciOUd*. wbi'b he
enumerated ? loo much i'"'d, mafi,
a i .'.,. ??<> ii. un?/;< >i ? ?, fii-//.'iii>, p?*
linciti corruption (rutllonal und miyitel?
fini), ????., - ?te., bui Ih* J'j'Ii?'; *uyy?*ted
?? remi ly, fui old uu.ii/im-?, nevir-fiiilli.?
l'in.-dy; a ri io" 1/ II. ti I* l? Ih? IWWtdl Ol
ti." |.'?..|.1?? lif.d ??ell?/ ?pi/ln'l. !(? WfOU
"li I? Di ??? p,...?, Incumbent upon ??>* M
'.? ?.p.? piai ??.. Inni vit Ib?;
con (f un ? un iieii ?,'..,, ti*?/1
require nothing hut tho old respert for
In w,'a. demand for Its rigid execution, nnd
? rccognlllon of those doctrines nnd prne
tlces which fix unalterably the limits of
right nnd wrong. We do not nond to
look for new cures for the old disensos;
w have only to apply the old remedies
In drastic doses." '
That is sense, and ft good doni of It
Tho peoplo have In their hands all tho
needed remedies for present nuil prospec?
tivo evils, nnd tho peoplo will apply them
when their attention Is properly called
to tho enpe. Tho country is not going
to the bow wows, becnuso the people
nro tho country, and the peoplo still
Root the Man, If?
It seems plain enough that tho Hon.
Bllhu Root can bo Socrotary of Stato If
hp wishes to. His views on the proposed
extensions of tho Monroo Doctrino nro
substnntlnily those of President Roose?
velt. Tho fnct just at this /timo makes
Mr. Root tho President's first choice. Tho
only question is enh Mr. Root, or will
Mr. Root give up a very lucrative law
prnctice to accept a high ofllco, whose
salary attained Is not. sufficient to meet
tho necosenry bills of a member of the.
Cabinet. Tho expenses of public officers
In Washington must bo reduced or their
pay must bo Increased, If wo want tho
best men for the positions to ho Itllcd.
Reform Up North.
Our good friends up North hKvc made
nn honest effort to reform the Fourth
of July, or rather tho manner of observ?
ing tho anniversary of tho Declaration of
Independence. That they nro making
progress along this lino In splto of the
efforts and Influence of tho small boy
and the fireworks makers and dealers, Is
evidenced by the following from the
esteemed Sprlngflold, Mass., Republican
of tho 4th Instant: ,
"Tho aforetime pandemonium, which
used to break loose In Springfield before
midnight nnd rage thereafter, to tho mur?
der of sleep nnd the genomi discomfort,
was happily absent last night. Tho re?
lief, which appears ?? havo been general
throughout tho city, was welcomed by
all. It looks as If this reform had come
to stny-nnd It will be tho fciult of the
people if It doesn't. Great Is the power
of a right and well-directed public senti?
Accordlng~T?"the reports submitted at
the recent rcuhlon'of Confederate veterans
at Louisville, only four of the seventeen
lieutenant-generals of the South are now
living, and only four of the major-gen?
erals remain, while of the 292 brigadier
generals, only seventeen survive, all of
whom are, of course, very old men. Tho
old fighters are rapidly passing away,
and tho sadness of this fact Is made all
the sadder by another report submitted
nt the reunion to the effect that the order
of the Sons of Veterans Is not pros
porous, the sons and grandsons of the
brave men who fought for the loved cause
not? showing the inclination that wan
expected of them to keep up the or?
ganization after the heroes of forty-odd
years ago shall have passed over the
Much has been said and written about
the Bowen-Loomls affair, but It romalned
for Life to sum the whole business up
In the neatest nutshell. That journal
puts it this way:
"Mr. Bowen a.nd Mr. Loomls were both
Indiscreet. Mr. "? Bowen believed Mr.
Loomls was a scamp, and went out of
his way to make his government awnre
of It. It seems he was mistaken; lot us
rejoice nt that; but he had a great deal
more reason to think what ho thought
than he should have had. The Impres?
sion left on tho mind by the report of the
case submitted by the President Is thnt
Mr. Bowen conducted hlmsolf rashly
and obstreperously, but like an honest
man Intolerant of graft; and that Mr.
Loomls behaved with great prudence nnd
self-control In perils which ho ought
never to Wave Incurred. Mr. Bowen has
been dismissed and Mr. Loomls retained,
but which has come off better Is a. ques?
tion which It will take time to settle."
The fact that Russell Sago has bought
a new summer suit Is taken to mean that
Wall Street Is just as prosperous as
ever.?Atlanta Journal. There Is nn awful
temptation to attach a rather different
significance to the transaction, but by
grace we are enabled to resist.
Old subscriber: No, the Mr. Root re?
cently so badly punished In tho twelfth
round (as they say) Is not the gentle?
man prominently mentioned for the Pres?
ident's Cabinet. Jack must never be con?
founded with Bllh?,
Iowa Is still loaded with new "loda
Idees." Two farmers Ili that State set?
tled a land boundary disputo the other
day by the ?implo method of clinking
The unlucky thing about the Wallace
business Is that Senator Morgan is fur?
nished material for another speech of
two or more monthe' duration.
In tho downfall of Durham and tho
crash of things In Philadelphia, Sena?
tor l'enrose gets lost under a pile of rub?
bish that Is about a mile deep.
Another "ga-lorlous Fourth" has played
a ono day stand with us, and It will
take two or threo more days In which to
estimato the casualties.
Enough fire crackers und sky rockets
caino on the scono yesterday and last
night to demonstrate Unit wo arc slowly
The Chicago grand Jury and Commis?
sioner Garfield aro very wide apart on
extlinnte? of tho assets and profits of
the beef trust.
The members of the peiuoo pow-wowaky
have all been appointed, and the real
fight between Huiwln. and Japan will hooii
YOU CAN'T AFFORD
To experiment with your health. If
yoj're ?lek, get a botilo of lloKtetter's
Ht'./iiu'?i Ulilci.h at once and let it make
you ?troiig ami robust again. It hat
beeil doing tlilu for over 60 year?.
j V)M itMlOlv Un? appetite, htreiigliu-n Dio
??to-mWi ?nid ?<??'???? Headache, Dloatlnu,
iniiiytcttlon, i;/'.iii iif.ia, Coittlvenu??,
HttfibUMi ? tinniti Disorder* and Maia?
li*, ???.'. un ?? u?' 11,
Brief Hems FroiH Everywhere.
RTAMt'Xmn, CONN., July 5.-T. II.
Shouts, of Chicago, chairman of tho Pnn
ninn Canni Commission, was arroslod
boro yesterday afternoon for violation of
the automobllo speed law.
'Shonts, with a party of Indies dl* nn
eighth of a mile In twenty-two seconds,
while en route to hi? summer homo at
Greenwich. He gave bond for his appear?
ance In court.
* * ?
BERLIN, July -(.-Another Important
discovery has been mudo by Profeseor
Robert Koch, who Is at Irlpga, German
Southwest) Africa. In n: telegram from
that placo, ho announces that ho has
found tho origin of tho tsetso dlsonso In
certain Inturorla in tho body of tho teotso'
Tho discovery lends to the hopo that
means will bo found to comhnt the epi?
demic, which annually kills thousands of
? ? ?
Baltimore Fire Victim's Luck.
PITTSBURG. July ?.-A house occupied
by Peter Pulaskl, on Forbes Street, was
destroyed -by fire yesterday. Pulaskl
moved hero Trom Bnltlmoro recently, hav?
ing been burned out by tho fire there.
Mondny ho drew fSOO out of a bank,
with which to purchase a new homo. Tho
money was In a cupboard, nnd was con?
. * .
Killed By Side of Fiancee.
BOSTON, July ?.-d?nrly In the day this
year's Independence Day c?l?bration in
Boston claimed Its first victim, and the
life of William Brown was sacrificed to
the carelessness of some unknown person
who was firing a revolver In violation of
the law. Brown, who was sitting on tho
steps of the house, No, la Anderson
Street, In tho West End, with his fiancee,
suddenly foil forward without a word.
? ? ?
NEW YORK. July G.?Leo Stevens's
airship, tho California Arrow, was dis?
abled at Brighton Beach early yesterday
In nn nttempt al flight by coming >n
contact with telegraph poles, which tore
off two of Its propellers. Luckily tho ma?
chine was near th? ground when It
struck the obstruction.
Though suffering from concussion sus?
tained ns the result of tho accident,
Stevens was notoriously Injured.
? ? ?
Miss Gould to Aid Sailors.
NEW YORK, July 5.?Miss Helen
Gould is to spend another fortune in bo
half of the American sailor. She Is to con?
struct a largo addition to the naval
branch of th? Y. M. C. A. In Brooklyn,
created by her at a cost of nearly a mil?
lion dollars.? v',?: '
Miss Gould Is moved to mako her latest
gift because of the Inadequate sleeping
accommodations In the present home of
the bluejackets. She has learned that hun?
dreds of tars are nightly turned away
for lack of room.
* ? ?
Meningitis in German Navy.
BERLIN, July ?.?Cerebro spinal men
lnglUsjoontinUes epidemic In parts of Ger?
many. Sqme canes occurred this week
among the sailors at Kiel. At Kattowltz,
THE "JIM BOJDSO"
POEM BY JOHN HAY
In his younger days, the late Hon.
John Hay, statesman and diplomat,
wrote dialect poetry. It is said that In'
his maturer years ho was ashamed of
some of the products of his Immature pen
and often expressed the wish that he
might bo able to recall from type and
from the memory of men all of his dia?
lect verses. Why Mr. Hay should ever
have regretted giving to tho world "Lit?
tle Breeches" or "Jim ? BludSo," It Is
hard to understand. Against the last
named he seemed to have had a real
spite, and it Is reported that for the
past twenty-live years Mr. Hay destroyed
every copy of It he saw In print. Barring
what the straight-lacod strict constrlct
lonists might regard as too much liberty
with accepted doctrine and with the
sacred proprieties we regard "Jim Blud
so" ae a gem lhat Its author might well
have been proud of. Here It Is;
Wall, no! I can't tell whar ho lives,
Becase he don't live, you see;
Leastways, hes' got out of the habit
Ot llvln' like you and me.
Whar have you been for the last three
That you haven't heard folks : tell
How Jimmy Bludso passed In his checks
The night of the Prairie Belle?
He weren't no saint?them engineers
Is all pretty much alike
One wife In Natchez-under-thfl-HIll
And another one here In Pike;
A keorles man In his talk was Jim,
And an awkward man In a row,
But ho never dunked, and he never lied?
I reckon ho never knowed how.
And this was all tho religion he had?
To treat his engine well;
Ni>ver be passed on the rlvor;
To mind the pilot's bell;
And If ever Die Prairie Belle took fire?
A thousand times ho swore
He'd hold her nozzle agin tho bank
Till tho last soul got ashore.
All boatB has their day on tho Mlnslllppli
And her day come at last?
The Jlovastor was a bottor boat,
Hut the Belle, sho wouldn't bo passed.
And so slio come tenrln' along that
Tho oldest craft on Dio line?
With a nigger squat on her safety-valve,
And her furnace crammed, rosin and
Tho lire bust out ns sho cleared tho bar,
And burnt a hole In tho night,
And quick r.s ?. flash sho turned and mado
For that wlllor-bank on the right. ;
There was runnln' and cursln', but Jim
Over nil tho infernal roar;
"ill hold her nonzlo agin tho bank
Till the last galoot's ashoro."
Through the hot, black br.aath of tho
burnln' boat ' ,
Jlrn Bludso'B volco was heard,
And they all had trust In Ills oussedness,
And know'd ho would keep his word.
And, sun's you're born, they nil got oft
Afore tho smokestacks fell?
And liludso's ghost wont up alono
In the Binoko of tho Prnlrla Bello.
Ho wurivi no ?nlnt-but at Jedgmont
I'd run my chance with Jim,
?LonkHlde of wnm pious gentlemen
That wouldn't shook hands with him.
I In iicen his duty, a dond-sure thing?
And went lor it thur and tlwni
And Christ ain't a-going |o bo too haTd
On a man that died for mon.
Has Always Worn Boots.
United State? Commissioner Shields, of
New York, put on his first pair of shoos
last week. From boyhood up he had
Stuck io old-fashioned boots, nnd the
new footgear caused him no end of trou?
ble, livery now and then throughout the
Urst day some ono had to tie up the
strings for him, and thon ho discovered
bis socks wouldn't stay up. "My sou
Arch?n got mo to buy UifinV? ,??. ,Si|u?
eoiitoinpiaiiiig his new shoes, "but I think
I'll send i ? i mi out of town to-morrow and
put my hoots baok on. They slay tied,
ami it's all right If your bocks do wrttt*
Sllesln, sixteen persone died of meningitis
last week nnd 102 casos wero. reported.
? ? ?
Tenement House Strike.
NEW YORK, July B.-Forty families In
Dio big flvo-story tenement house al Nos.
ion nnd 111 Goorck Htreot, aro on strlko
ngnlnst their landlord, .Samuel Cohan,
who hns been mndo prnctlcally a prisoner
In his own house, and says he Is In foiir
of violence If ho attempts to go on tho
street. Tenomont dwellers and' tho po?
lice of the locality nro wntchlng tho con?
troversy with much Interest.
Besides refusing olther to pay tho in?
creased rent or lo movo, tho tenants havn
posted notices In tho hallways of tho
building nnd festooned tho front of tho
structure with plnoards printed in red
Ink, telling tho world that a righteous
strlko Is on against tho landlord, nnd re?
questing all friends of the poor to keep
away from tho placo and reftfMi from
leasing npnrtmonts. The notices aro
printed In Hebrew nnd English.
? ? ? r.
Use Maple Syrup.
MONTPELLIER, VT, July 5,-Govor
nor Bell hns named his older daughtor,
Miss Jennlo Bell, to break Die customary
bottle over tho bow of the. battleship
Vermont when It Is launched nt Qulncy,
Mnss.i August 31st,
Much pleasantry has appenrcd In tho
Stato press ovor what should be usod at
Maple syrup has been suggested by sev?
eral editors ns Vermont's most typical
Others think a bottle of hnrrl cider
would bo fitting for a battleship named
for a truly rural State.
? ? ?
Shot When He Went to Wed.
NEW YORK, July 5.?On request of
tho Port Reading, N. J., police, Gnrgl
Azhollno, a.fireman on the United States
transport Kllpntrlck,, was arrested on his
nrrlval here last night.
According to tho Port Reading police,
Azhollno went there yesterday to be mar?
ried, but got Into an altercation with tho
bride's family, which led to tho drawing
of revolvers. Azhollno fled for protection
to.a clump of bushes, from which ho?
fired on his pursuers, who returned the
With a bullet In his left leg, he suc?
ceeded In making his escape and catching
a train for New York, where he was
? ? *
Mystery in Robbery.
NEW YORK, July 5.?It seems to he
fully established that It was not an out?
sider who stole the Jewelry worth $25,000
from the homo of Jnckson Hlgglnson,
the bnnker, last Saturday morning. When
Detective McCafferty went to tho Hlg?
glnson house to Investigate yesterday
tho door was slammed In his face, and
It is understood that other detectives have
been told; that their services were not
Guests of Prince Henry.
KIEL, GERMANY, July 5.?Mr. and
Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbllt returned here
from Travcmundo on the steam yacht
North Star, and then departed for Hcm
melmnrk, where they will bo the guests
of Prince and Princess Henry of Prussia
for several days. Hommolmnrk Is Prince
Henry's new country house.
THIS DAY IN HISTORY j
July 6th. Y
H*****? X^W ****** ?ttf* >ll
1189?Henry II., of England, died. He
added Brittalny and Ireland to his
dominions, attempted to repress the
ambition of the clergy, and died of
a broken heart at the rebellion of his
1495?Battle of Fornovo (Italian Wars),
between 34,000 Venetians and Man
tuans, under Francisco de Gonaaga,
of Mantua, and 8,000 French and
Swiss, under Charles VIH.
1734?Battio of Qulstello (War of tho
Palish succession), between tho Im?
perialists, under Prince Eugene, and
tho French, under tho Duc do Brog
lle. Prlnco Eugene gained a signal
1746?Battle of Rotto Freddo (War of tho
Austrian Succession), when tho rear?
guard of the retreating French army,
under Marsla Malllehols, was attacked
by the Austrlans, under Prlnco Lioh
tonsteln, and after a gallant resist?
ance defeated with heavy loss.
1779?Action off Grnnada between tho
British fleet, Admiral Barrlngton,
twehty-one ships, and French fleet,
twenty-seven ships, Admiral d'Es
1782?Sixth action between the British
fleet. Admiral Hughes, nnd French,
Admiral Suffreln, In tho night, in closo
action. Both fleots ?uffered much;
? French lost tbe Orient, crow saved.
1801?Action off Algeslrns between tho
British and French fleets. A Brit?
ish seventy-four grounded nnd was
1804?General Jean Jacques Dr?Sfin?ncs;
of Haytl, was declared Governor for
1809?British sloop of war Bonne Cito?
yenne captured In six hours nnd fifty
minutes French frigate La Furieuse.
British loss, ono killed, five wounded;
Fr,ench loss, thirty-five killed, thirty
1839?Great Are at TSnBlport, Maino, by
which tho largor portion of the bus?
iness part of the town was de?
1849?Successful sortie of the Danes be?
sieged in tho fort of Frederick by the
Schleswig-Holstolners, of w'hom 3,112
wore slain and taken prisoners.
1864?Tho Constitutional Convention of
Nevada soloctod Nevada as tho name
of tho Stato and adoptod a Constitu?
1898?Tho Spanish authorities exchungo
Lieutenant Hobson nnd his sevon men
for prisoners taken by tho American
ABOUT THE "BLUES"
What Is known as the "Blues"
Is seldom occasioned by actual exist?
Ins external conditions, but In the
great majority of cases by a dis?
THIS IS A FACT
which may be demonstra?
ted by trying a courae of
They control and regulate the LIVER.
They bring hopeand bouyency to the
niliiJ. They bring health and elastic?
ity to the body.
TAKE NO SUBSTITUT!.
for Infants and Children.
Castoria is a harmless substitute i'or Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It Is Pleasant? It
contains neither opium, morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. It destroys Worms and allays Feverish, ? ess.
It cures Diarrh?a ami Wind Colic. It relieves Teeth?
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Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Beare the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Strictly High Grade
Sold Direct From the Factory on Easy Terms.
307 E. BROAD. LB. SLAUGHTER, MOR.
TALKING OF ELIHU ROOT
FOR SECRETARY OF STATE
Invitation to Cleveland Regarded as Significant.
Suits Against Many Railroads for Violation
of Cattle Laws.
(From Our Regular Correspondent.)
WA1HINGTON, p. C, July 6.?Tho do
cisi?n of the Department of Agriculture
to Institute suits against a great number
of the railroads of the country for viola?
tion of the law requiring that cattle shall
not he transported ? for a longer period
than twenty-eight?, hours without food
and water, will, it is said, affect nearly
every railroad from) the Atlantic to the
Pacific." The suits, will amount to 1,201
In number, and the prescribed fine in
each case Is $500. 'The suits will bo filed
In tho Circuit Courts'of tho United Stntes.
It ib said that so clear is the evidence
against the railroads that the attorneys
for several of tho big companies have al?
ready Instituted negotiations with Sec?
retary Wilson with a view to compro?
mising the case?. It is said that several
of them have agreed to the payment of
fines amounting to $100 In each case.
Owing to the fact that the departments
were closed to-day, as a mark of respect
to tho memory of Secretary Hay, it was
impossible to obtain a list of the roads
which are alleged to have been guilty of
violations of the law. The progress of
tho cases will bo watched with close at?
tention by the cattle raisers of Southwest
Virginia, and the country at large.
* * ?
The total absence of any expression
from Oyster Bay as to tho preference
of the President, has Washington very
much at sea concerning the successor to
the place of? Secretary of State made va?
cant by the death of Hon. John Hay.
While it Is believed that should Secretary
Taft wish tho appointment he would ro
coh'c It, There Is some doubt whether
ho desires It. It is said there aro various
matters connected with the administra?
tion of the government of the Philippines
which ho wants to sottlo before retiring
from the Department of War. Then there
Is the Panama Canal. The secretary Is
extremely desirous that It bo completed
during his administration of the affairs
of the War Department, or, at least, that
It, be got so well under way that Its
eventual completion will be assured.
There. Is talk of the appointment of
EHhu Root to the Secretaryship of Stato.
Tho action of Mr. Roosevelt In inviting
his fornir .'Jocretary of War to accompany
him to Cleveland and to attend tho
funeral of Secretory Hay as tho repre?
sentativo of the Stato Department, has
caused a renewal of grossip to tho effect
that ho Will offer tho secretaryship to
Mr. Root. Ho said on tho occasion of
the retlrcmcnt'of Elihti Root from tl)o War
Department that he could fill any poal
tlon In the Cabinet as acceptably as any
man. Mr. Root was probably as ablo a
man as any that Iirb filled a cabinet
position In th|s country In fifty yeiirs,
which is saying a great deal.
Tho local papers published a list of the
prisoners who were taken from tho Dis?
trict jail to the penitentiary at Mounds
ville, W. ?'?. Tho list is about an aver
ago ono, and expresses Just a.hout tho
proportion of .felonies committed by
negroes and white people in tho District
of Columbia. There were four wliito
prisoner? sent to Moundsvlllo, and twen?
These flguros afford tho occasion for a
great doa! of thought by sociologists. ??
Is claimed by Northern people that tho
education of ,tho negro is the solution
of tho race problem. In Washington he
Is surrounded by conditions that are ideal,
from tho 'Northern standpoint. Ho has
schools that are tho best, and protection
and consideration Hint is fully up to
tho standard, recommended by tho North?
ern people, in faci,' there Is nothing
wanting that they recommend to solve
tho problem. Arid yet In no Btato in
the South Is tliero proportionately as
much crime unions negroes ns thcro Is
right hero ln Washington, Tho white
population, according to tlio last cenen?,
was 191,000, and tho negro population 87,
000. And yol with this disparity of pop?
ulation nearly two nnd ? half timos
as, ninny whites as blacks, tliero ?ro
more .than five times ns many f?lonies
committed in this paradise of tho colored
race, by nogioes ns by white peopl*.
How theso conditions can bn reconciled
with tho Northern opinion that tho edu?
cation of the moo is tho solution of th?
problem Is anothor question. Therp Is
another interesting fact, nnd ,tliat Is
that nearly every negro criminal In
Washington, tho onos who go to tho
penitentiary, can read and write.
J. Howard Graves, who hns boon np
polntod clerk of tho Department of jus?
tice, has boon promoted to Assistant At
( tornoy, undor Special Assistant Attorney
Day. Mr. Graves will soon make an
extensive tour of the West on business
for tho department. He Is a nephew of
Representative John Lamb, and was fnr
some years the bitter's private secretary.
He later secured a position In the Treas?
ury Department, .ind about two years
ago became Appointment Clerk of tho
Department of Justice. His record In
both departments was perfect, and his
promotion come* as the reward of merit
Mr. Graves' parents reside In Petersburg.
He himself lived In Richmond several
years, and has numerous friend? there.
He Is a young man of unusual promise,
and promises to rise high In (ho govern?
ment servie*.. ...
? ? ?
Mr. Turner Watson, of Nottoway coun?
ty, who has been in Northern Virginia
for some days looking nfter the inter?
ests of Judge William II, Mann's can?
didacy for the gubernatorial nomination,
snld here to-day that ho had been sur?
prised to find the Judge was so strong
in those counties. Ho believes confi?
dently, l>e says, that Judge Mann will
ho the nominee. Judge Mann will speak
at Lccsburg to-morrow night, and at
Hamilton, Loudoun county, on Friday
night. He will speak at Falls Church,
Fairfax county, or in Alexandria, on
Quiet Fourths'and Noisy Yule
All day our streets stood calm and still,
Bereft of rows. In restful quiet,
And none fnred Fourth to malm or kill
So naught disturbed tho mont censorious?'
Ah, different was the day up North,
Where horrid noine e'er marks tho glor?
'Tl.s there the giant cracker cracks,
Tho rocket rocks and bombs go bom?
And Roman cnndles ennd and wax
And slzzcrs slzz and plnwbeels pin
And cannons can and get reloaded,
While kind hands lift tho hid that's boon
Aye, there saltpetre's truly king,
And kingly bids a regni rumpus.
But here, how quiet! 'TIs ? thing
To stump us!
But ere we canonize our boys
As saints, from this point to tho Isth?
Let's think us of this pent-up nolso
II. S. H.
Vessel' on Fire.
NEW ORLEANS. July 5.?Tho steamer
Vera (British), from Boston, reported
sighting, on July 1st, elo?e to Marquesas
rock buoy, between Sand Kev and Tor?
tugas, a vessel on fire, with a three
masted schooner anchored nearby.
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