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title: 'The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, December 28, 1909, Image 1',
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advertiie in the Time*
Dispatch reach the
THB TIMKB tTOITNDHD 1B?.
TITD DlfiPATCH FOUNDKO l&H.
WHOT.E NUMBER 18,318.
RICHMOND, YA., !T]JESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 3909.
THB WEATECIBn TO-DATa CLOVnT.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
Kimball Denies That It
Prcsidcnt of Nicaragua Cordial in
His Welcome, While Excitc
j ment Prevails Throughout
City ?Zelaya'Is Now
Practically Prisoner on
Movcs for Peace
Geueral Eatrada, lu coiiunand of tbe
rcvoTutl?ul?t? at lllueOeld., n an
?wrr to lila mewiage of December --,
e_fprewi ib a dealre to rcach some
undewtandlnK that would lead to
the re-eulabllahinent of peace.
General E?trnda rectprocatcj thla
.entlmeut aud declarea hla ri?dlne-i;
to meet the proponltlon aiibniltted
by the Presldent half way.
_?re?ldeut Madriz, who wna elated
over thla frieiidly atatement, mdilt
?I wlll Imiaedlatcly nrraiigc ?
meetlng of peace commlaalonera of
both .Idea to dJactua term*. I am
coiiildent of a. aatlatactory outcome."
MJUCAGUA, NICARAGUA, December
*_7_Kear-Admlral Wllllam Wlrt Ivim
ball, ln command ot the Amerlcan wa*
ahlp. at Cortnto, accompanled by
Ceorce T. Weltxel, aecretary or tbe
Amerlcan legallou at I'an^mo, and tvro
?n*al aldc., arrlved nt Mao.BU. to-day
?o pay an'unoHIc.al c?U -;?1*'0
MadrW. A *reat crowd ^<?>ered a
tbe atatlon and *ave tHcru a cordlnl
crectlng, i-ftrr whlch tbcy drove to
* botelln tb* P^'ue-t,0^C-n,^rKed
Several A.uerl*-n flap. were dUpI-yed
?nd. nltbougta there wa. no de""""
<!on, conalderable excltement P"?u?f'
It was rumored about the city that
the vl.lt mlght mcan the '?ognltlon
of Presldent Madriz by the bnlted
Btatcs. Admlral Kimball. however.
.Kh 'mphatlc ln hl. a-aertlon that ho
called on the Presldent only in his
? lato capaclty. He refused to per
n,it the gorgeously uniformed alde,
whom Presldent Madrl* sent. to rlde
otlTc 90" of,the prwiaentlal carrlage.
Makes Hla Etfcapc
Krnlsto Martinoz, tho former flnance
minlster. whoae arrest was ordered on
U, "charge of jnlsapproprlation of pub
11c funds, haa mado h?s escape to Gra
na/Ja. Joaquln Pasos, Zelaya's Bon-ln
law, ls now under arrest on a slmllar
charge. whlle Joaquln Nama.mll
llonal?e from I-con, also la ln the hands
of "he authorltles. He ls charged wlth
obtalning $30,000 of the publlo money
from Zelaya for tho surrender of the
Hlde concesslon whlch was lmprop?ly
granted to hlm. The arrest of other
men who have been onrlched at the
cxpense of the country ls Immlnent
6 Tno bollof Ib general that there wlll
toe a reatltution of mllllons by tho
large number of persons whe havo
been p*rmltted by the former govern
ment to enjoy largo gatns 1 legally
?nro?Kh concession. to whlch they
wero not entltled and ln other ways.
This may mean that the JmP?lUon ot
? general tax wlll bo avoldcd. Tho
nnanclal condltlon of the present^gov
ernmont ls such that lt has been un
M?? obtaln credlt for the purchase
of flcur to provlslon the army
It ls announced that Mexico bas
formally accepted tho responsibllit>
for Zelaya-s person. and has agreed to
r>revent his return to Nlcaragua. The
sStus of the ex-Presldent ln Mexico
practically la that of a. prisoner.
Zelaya Thtnks Kn??x aiWed.
SAL.INA CRUZ. MEXICO. December
?_7^_Declarln_r that the attltudo of
B&S$?Svx toward hlm could not
fall tobo dlsapproved by all falr
mlnded people. and that ho believed
Jhe secretary-s ^mon* w" w*^f
bv false reports o? condltlons ln Nlca?
ragua. made by the Amerlcan vlce
consul at Managua. former Presldent
Jose Santoa Zelaya endeavored n an
lntervlew to-day to justify his treat
ment of the Amerk?ins. Cannon and
Groce, as an act whlch any one ln hla
posltlon would have commltted.
Zelaya debarked from the Mexican
Kunboat. General Guerrero, this after?
noon. and to-nlght left for Mexico
Clty ln a prlvate car attached to the
regular passenger traln. due ln that
elty on Wednesday mornlng.
"I am golng to Mexico to remaln for
?lx months." he said. "Tf the cll
mato agreoa wlth me, I wlll sond or
jgo for my fajntly. If lt does not agreo
?wlth me, I wlll go to some place ln
Kurope. I am golng to Mexico Clty to
thank Prosldent Diaz and tho Mexican
offlclalB for their Jtlndness to me,"
Tlie Guerrcro. with Zelaya and his
party on board, arrlved outsldo tho
harbor last night, where tho boat lay
untll this mornlng. At a Uttlo past 8
o'clock lt steamed to the dook, and
Zelaya appeared on deck to wave a
greetlng to a crowd of townspeople
whlch ?ad grathored. He was accom
panled on his trlp hlther by I.uis A.
Coustn, his former Secretary of "War;
Ttobert C. Bowe. his secretary and
? oVoral frlonds.
To a represontatlve of the Associat?
ed Press, whom he receivod this after?
noon on board tho gunboat, Zelaya
dlscussed tho kllling of Cannon and
tho note of Secretary Knox.
"Cannon and Grooe," Zelaya declared,
"woro engaged by tho Coimervativo
party .and were brought from Guate
jwala by that party, whloh was work
? Ing hand in hand wlth Cabrora, As thoy
jjover had any ground for aoouslng nie
?f any lnfrlngomont of the treaty
?adopted by the Central Amorlcsm ro
publlcs, they attemptaa to oroato n
lauso nnd began trylng to instigatc
? mutlny und armed rebellion, in order
to forco the Unlto(i Statos govorntuent
to Intevvone. l?/lCV
"As roga-rdB Canno^-M',' Al/*J_)
. ?" jtcantiniioa oa Ptua/
Brokaw Hears "Certain Things"
and Again Changes His
HE IS STILL "FOND OF HER"
Four Small Boys All Who Brave
Weather to Hear Day's
NEW TORK. December ?7.?Four
small boys, preferring the story of
the matrlmonlal troubles of tha
wealthy Brokaws to the thrllls of sled
dlng, -were the only outslders who
bravcd the snowdrlfta on Long rsland
to-day to attend the court sesslon at
Mlneola. Mrs. W. Gould Brokaw dld
not arrive untll the afternoon, wlth
her father and sister. She llstened at
tcntlvcly to the cross-cxamlnatlon of
her husband, who denied to-day that
the tone of hls testlmony on Frlday
rneant that he was oager for a recon
"You say you are fond of her; do
you love her?" querled Arthur J. Bald?
wln, counsel for Mrs. Brokaw.
"Well, I'm fond of her."
"Do you love her?" lnslsted tftoe law?
"Not so much as I dld," answered
"Then how about all these reconeil
"I never talked at all to the news
paper men. I haven't sald anythlng
except ln court."
"Then what dld you say In court?"
''I sald." contlnued Brokaw, "that lf
Mrs. Brokaw would be. dlfferent, and I
could belleve her. I might take her
back under certaln condltlons."
"Do you or do you not want to take
her back?" asked Mr. Baldwln.
"Not slnce I found out certain things
(Contlnued en Page Two-Column 1)
BEFOliE HIS FOES
Chief Forester Pinchoi
Predicts Fight to
SAYS SERVICE HAS
VIOLATED NO LAW
He Hurls Defiance at Those Whc
Are Antagonizing Him and
His Policies in Conserva
tion' of Resources?Tells
of Many Attacks
NEAV TORK, December 27.?Glfforc
Plnchot, Chief Forester of the UniterJ
States, declared ln a spcech here to
day before a number of promlnent
publlshers at the Unlverslty Club tha'
speclal Interests have made repeatec
attacks on the Unlted States Foresl
Servlce, and theso attacks have in
creased ln vlolence just ln proportlon
aa the servlce has offered effectlve op?
posltlon to predatory wealth.
Country bosen Property.
Mr. Plnchot spoko as follows:
"The people of thls country hav?
lost vastly more than they can evei
regaln by glfts of public property, for
ever and without charge, to men wh<
gavo nothlng ln return. It ls true thai
we have made superb materlal progresi
under thls eystem, but lt ls not wel!
for us to rejolce too freely ln the sllcei
the speclal IntereBts have glven ut
from the great loaf of tho property ol
all the people.
"Tho people of the Unlted Statei
have been the"1 complacent vlctlms 01
a system of grab, often perpetrated bj
men who would have been surprlset
beyond measure to be acoused ol
wrongdolng, and many of whom lr
thelr prlvate llves were model cltlzens
But they have suffered from a curioui
moral perverslon by whlch lt becomei
pralseworthy to do for a corporatloi
things whlch they would refuse wltl
the loftlest scorn to do for themsclves
Fortunately for us all that delusion 1:
passing rapldly away.
"Presldent Hadley well sald that 'thi
(Contlnued on Page Seven?Column 4.)
ROCK ISLAND FLURRY
MYSTERY OR FIASCO
Breach Between Railroads and
Switchmen Is Wider
ST. PAUL, MINN., December 27.?
Contrary to the prognostlcatlons of
Governor Eberhart, the controversy be?
tween the railroads of the Northwest
and the strlklng switchmen dld not end
in an amlcable settlement to-day, and
accordlng to offlcers of the Switohmen's
Unlon of North Amerlca, tho breach
ls v/lder than herotofore. Nfot only
have the switchmen <leclared all nego
tlatlona wlth the railroads termlnated,
but the labor leaders say that there is
a strong posslbllity of a general strike
by all of the allled orders bclonglng to
the railway branch of the Amerlcan
Fcderatlon of Labor. Conductors, en
glneers. flremen, tralnmen and many
switchmen are. not afnllated with the
American Federatlon of Labor.
II. B. Perham, who has been actlng
as chalrman of tho railway councll ln
sesslon at St. Paul, to-nlght started
for Washlngton, where ho wlll aeek tho
ald of Federal oflicers. It was hls
oplnion that lf hls efforts to procure
lntervention falled. thero would be a
general strike of rallroad men con
trolled by the Amerlcan Federatlon of
In the conference between. tne rail?
roads and the labor leaders to-day the
rallroad offlcers refused to take back
the strlklng switchmen, except as they
had placos for them. They gave the
switchmen untll Wednesday to aceept
thls offer. The offer was immediately
rejected by the labor leaders.
MURDERS HER BOYS
Mother Then Sets Flre to House to Con
LOV13LAND, OHIO, December 27.?
Charged with the murder of her two
llttle boys and wlth havlng set flre to
her home to conceal the crlmes, Mrs.
Paul Sonnecalf was arrested thls af?
ternoon ln an apparently demented
condition. Tho bodies of tho boys, one
aged slx years, tho other three, were
found ln thelr homo after the ilro had
beon extlngulshed. The head of each
had been crushed by some blunt instru
Thelr father was absent from home
at the tlme the flre was dlscovered,
and Mrs. Sonnecalf was found walk
lng up and down ln front of the burn?
lng house, wrlnglng her hands and
calllng hysterlcally for her boya. Sho
wlll be held to the Common Pleas
Court for trial.
The woman is unable to glve any co
hercnt account of tho tragedy.
Wlfe Wandcrs Away.
ATLANTA, GA., December 27,?-,
Fearing that hls wlfe wandored away
from homo whllo nientally deranged
last Thursday afternoon, and that she
might havo oommltted suloldo by
drownlng ln tho Chattahooehoe Rlver,
F. M. Jackson, spoclal agent for the
Bouthern Railway,, to-day prejmred tc
drag tho rlver for her body. Accord
tlig..V '" ?? -'4 story, hla wifc left
.v^'.- ,. 'ijpther aud luu
p /^/V !ll*v has beer.
<K l*|9.j, ^abarra..
C Phone Madison 287 Y
Exchange Has Begun Investiga
tion pf Stock Gyra
WILL PROBE TO BOTTOM
Explanations of SensationaJ Sit
uation. Are Numerous and
NEW TORK, December 27.?The New
York Stock Exchange has an lnvesti
gatlon on lta hands. Common, of the
Rock Island company, rose 31 1-4 polnts
almost lmmedtately after the opening
to-day, then, even more suddenly,
dropped to 50. Thereby hangs a mys
tery or a flasco, or somethlng that the
governors "of the Stock Exchange, wlth
characterlstlc dispatch, wlll slft to the
With the olose of to-day's sesslon,
the governors quickly held a confer
ence, and lt was announced that a spe?
cial Investlgatlon had been lnstltutod
Francls L. Eames, former presldent ol
the exchange; J. T. Atterbury and Er
nest Groesbeok were appolnted a com?
mittee to conduct the Investlgatlon.
Conservatlve mombers of the exchange
are much cxerclsed over the eplsode,
and a rlgld and searchlng lnqulry li
demanded, wlth summary punlshment
of the offenders, lf thelr gullt ls es
Ofiicers of the Rock Island dlsclaln:
any responsiblllty for the movement.
At tlie offlee of Danlel G. Reld, who
wlth Ex-Judge W. H. Mooro, ls the
acknowledged leador of tho Rock
Island group, lt waa sald that Mr. Reld
was lndlsposed to-day. Judge Moore
afflrmed that personally he know
nothing of the excltement untll told ol
lt upon his arrlval ln New York from
Chlcago this afternoon. *
So much mystery and confuslon
surround the movement that anything
llke a clear explanatlon seems well
nlgh lmposslble at this tlmo. Durlng
the brlef sesslon whloh the governors
of tho exchange held this afternoon
soveral members who flgured in th*
buying and selllng were called before
tho commlttoe, but no detalls regard
Ing the prellmlnary Investlgatlon were
mado public Those brokers crodltct
wlth executlng the orders declinod tc
throw any light on the subject. Thoj
wlll be called to testlty later befon
tho Investlgatlng committee.
Storiea purportlng to explaln th<
sltuation are' numerous and confllct?
ing. One theory was that an attemp'
at manlpulatlon ln the stook had mls
carrled. Accordlng to this explana
tion, hoavy buying orders wore placoi
on tho market, but through some over
sight tho oorresponding selllng orden
dld not appear. The/' result was, fol
lowtng-out this theory, that thore wai
comparatlvely llttle stock for sale, anc
the brokers who had chargp of thi
buying orders had to bld the raarke
up ln order to exeoute them.
Durlng the flurry of the stock to
day the balanoe of the 11st, Inoludlrif
tho aotlve Usucs, was extremely weak
wlth vagua approhenslon of anotho
To-day's oporatlons Ut Rock Islani
oommon totaled approxlmately 218,
000 sharos, or moro than 25 per oent
of the whole. The stook fluotuatoi
uotween 49 8-4 and 81, Its top-prlo*
of. the flrst half hour, and closed a
511-2, a net galn of 1 3-4 polnts.
An offlcer of tho Flrst National Banl
ot this clty, whloh has tnttmate rola
tlons wlth tho Itoqk Island, oxprosaei
Iho bollef to-nlght that tho wliolo nuit
tor hud lta liiception lu buying fo
European Interests who are supposei
Lta ba_a "leoa alior.t ia Utft etq.oli^
Speaker Byrd Prepares
Bill on Advanced
Cost of Primary to Be Paid by
Cities and Counties?News
papers Required to Mark
Political Matter as Adver
tisements ? Both Par?
ties Must Participate.
1. Prlmary for nll parties to be
held od SKine day, and obllgatory
on nll parties votlng ua much aa
one-fonrlh of total vote.
2. UnleftB IneoufilMtcnt nith the act
Itaelf, tbe regular election law U
to govern, nnd tbe prlmary ln put
under tbe protection of the courta.
3. Expenaea to be paid by cltlcs
4. The ivtunlng cnniUdote need
only recelvo a plurullty vote.
5. Parties may clioone thelr own
methoda for uomlnatlon of preal
0. Voter 'ln prlmary must have
voted in prec-edJng gcrjerul election
for a iiondnec of party ln rvhoae
prlmary he oiTem <o -yote.
7. Candldatea munt pay a fee of 3
per cent. of one ycar'a aalury of
olllee to -rrhlc-h they anplre, to pre
vent ballot belng encunibered by
& . Candldatea are not permltted
to spend more than 10 cent.* for
each vote caat nt laat precedlng
ifubernutorial election for candldnte
of hla party.
0. .Vcnipopem muat mark paid
polltlcal limtter aa advertlaement
and publlsh name of person paylng
Speaker Richard E. Byrd's bill legal
Izlng and revolutionlztng the Vlrginla
prlmary system, upon whlch he has
expended a month's research and en
deavor, is presented below. It adopts
many of the provlslons ln force ijj
those States whlch have gono the
furthest ln prlmary loglslatlon, and
is Mkely to be regarded as radlcal.
It ls understood to be the Intentlon
of Speaker Byrd, in compllanoe wlth a
request from a member of the sub?
comrnlttee of the Democratto State
Committee havlng this matter in
charge, to present a. copy ot uils bill
for, the ctnrjjderatlon of that body
whon lt nWats, _The Speaker wlll ln
troduce his bill fn the General Assem
bly practlcally as lt now ls, and should
the subcomrnlttee disapprove any of
lts provlslons, the beglnning of the
legislatlve sesslon is llkely to witness
the consideration of two measures. He
invltes critlcismss aud suggeBtlons of
the bill, so that lt may be perfocted.
Maklng the prlmary compulsory upon
all major parties, maklng lt subject
to the laws governing regular elections,
requlring the expenses to be paid by
the clty or county, rlgld tests for the
qualiflcatlons of voters, lttnltation of
expenditures of candidates, flxlng the
character of expenses, and requlring
newspapers publlshlng matter ln the
lnterest of candidates to mark the ar?
ticles as advertisemente, are all ro
qulrernent3 calculated to mako tho
people of the State take tho greatest
lnterest ln tho proposed mcasure.
Euaetlng Clauae nnd Preamble.
An act to estauilsh and regulate the
holding of prlmary elections, to securo
tho regularlty and purlty of the same
and to prevent and punish any corrupt
practlces in connection therewith.
Whereas, it is provlded by section
36 of the Constitutlon of Virglnla that
the General Assembly shall enact such
laws as are necessary and proper for
the purposo of securing tho regular?
lty and purlty of general, local and
primary elections, and' the preventlng
and punlshlng any corrupt practlces ln
connection therewith; and shall have
the power ln addltton to other penal
tles and punlshments, now or here
after prescrlbed by law for such of
fense, to provlde that persons con
vlotedof them shall thereafter be dls
qualifled from votlng or holding of
Be lt enaeted by tho General As?
sembly of Virglnla:
Deflnltlon nnd Constructlon.
Section 1?The words and phrases of
thls aot, unless Inconslstent wlth tho
context, shall be construed as fol
(a) The word "prlmary," the prl?
mary elections provlded for by thls act.
(b) The word "election," a general
or municlpal election aa dlstlngulsh?
ed from a prlmary election.
(c) Tho words "general election."
tho election provlded by law for the
Tuesday after tho flrst Monday In
November of each year.
(d) The word "party," a polltlcal
party or organtzation. whlch, at a
presidontlal election next precodlng
the prlmary polled at least one-fourth
of tho total vote east at such election,
Thls aet shall ba llberally construed,
so thnt the wlll of tho eloctors may
not bo defeated by any lnformallty,
provlded tho objoote of the provlslons
of tho act are substantlally accom
Candldatea, How Nomtnated.
Section 2?All polltlcal parties shall
make all nomlnatlons of candidates for
the Senate and Housa of Representa
tlves of the Unlted States, for tho
Senate and Houso of Dolegatea of .Iho
State, and for all State, county and
olty offlces ln accordance wlth the re
quirements of thls act, but nothlng in
thls act shall be construed to prohlblt
the prlntlng of the name of an Inde
penrtent oandldate, or the candtdato of
a polltlcal organluatlon not Includcd
ln tho doflnltlon of a "party" as os
tabllshed by thls aot, upon the offielal
ballot used at 'any election, provlded
suoh candldnte complles wlth the elec?
tion laws ooncernlng the snnie.
I'riiiiurlt-N, How Held.
Section 3?-frlmarloa for the nomina
tton'of all candidates doslgnated Iu
soction 2 of; thiM uct shall bo held ti>
(a) A prlmary for tho uomlnatlon ol
iCoiUiuued ott 4?aa? Iflvo^Goluiutt Ai
Aldrich Is Urging That
Congress Let Bills
FOR HIS SCHEME
House May Pass Taft Measures
With Great Hurrah and Per
mit Senate to Bury Them.
Senators Are G i v e n
WASHINGTON. Deoamber 27.?From
tlme to tlme stnce the return of the
Republlcan loaders to Washlngton af?
ter tho summer recess of Congress, lt
has been polnted out that Speaker Can?
non was loslng no opportunity to
range himself on the slde of Presldent
Taft. Several times In emphatlo man?
ner the Speaker has declared himself
on this polnt.
It wlll be recalled that when Mr.
Cannon arrlved In Washlngton ln No
vcmber there had been oonslderable
talk to the effect that thlB was to be
a do-nothlng sesslon of Congress. Im
medlately upon reachlng his offlee In
the Capltol the Speaker gavo an in
tervlew, in which ho scouted tho do
nothlng theory, and declared that the
Presldent would havo some lmportant
rccommendatlons to make to Congress
whlch certalnly would be heeded. From
this sort of talk by Mr. Cannon lt
has seemed that for this sesslon at
least the Speaker could be counted
on to support the admtnlstratlon legls
Oocaslonally, to be sure, there have
been somewhat cynlcal remarks by one
or the other close frlends of the
Speaker ln the House, Inslnuatlng that
thlngs are not always what they seem,
and that the end of the aesslon would
find the record of admtnlstratlon
achlevement ln the leglslatlve way fai
shorter than the Presldent has been
expectlng and promlBlng. But these
slnUter hlnts havo been almost ln
(Contlnued on Pago Two?Column 8.)
IS BARED TO WORLD
Spectacle of Storm at Sea Too
Much for Passenger on
THROWS DRAFT AWAY
Says "Dead Men Don't Need
Money," as Paper Dis
NEW YORK, December 27.?De
spondent because of lllness and orazed
by the spectacle of a storm at sea,
Jacob Vogelln, a cabln passenger on
the French llner Touraine, attempted
sulcldo on the voyage of the ate&mshlp
which ended here yesterday. He shot
himself on December IS, the _ay after
the vessel left Havre, infllctlng a su
perflclal wound. Durlng the remalnder
of the trlp he had to be guarded in
the shlp's hospltal to prevent self-de
A steward oleanlng a atataroom
about 8:30 o'clock Sunday mornlng a
week ago heard the sound of a plstol
shot ln Vogelln's room. He ran thero
and found tho passenger etaggertng
about wlth a revolver ln his hand.
Tho steward dlsarmed the man and
called for help.
Vogelln waa put ln the shlp's hospl?
tal. Dr. Cury found that the man had
apparently shot himself ln the slde of
the head. The bullet, a small ono,
had torn a way under the scalp and
was lodgod in the skln of the forehend
The man was qulet untll Wednesday
mornlng, when lie appeared to be ex?
cited. He walked to an open port and,
thrustlng out a draft for 1.000 francs,
stood watchlng the wlnd sendlng lt
scurrylng across the' sea.
"I don't need money," he sald to an
attendant. "Dead men don't want
money, and I wlll soon be dead."
After that the man was closely
(Contlnued on Fag? Two?Column 4.)
HARD LUCK ATTENDS
NEW YORK MEETING
Eminent Speakers Preventcd
From Being Present by
TAFT IS STORMBOUND
Presjdent Cannot Leave Wash
ington, and Carnegie Has
NEW YORK. December 37.?A serlea
of unfortunate occurrences marked tbe
opening hero to-day of the twonty
iiuii auniversary moetlng of tho Amo
nca.ii Histoncal ana tno Araoriaan
Economic Association. On account of
the storm, Presldent Taft was unable
to attend. Dr. Wllllam Graham Kum
ner, of ?ale, who was to have taKen
an lmportant part ln tho proceedtngs,
was strlcken wlth sudden Ulness at
his hotel; Andrew Carnegie feli ln
Central Park and Injured his knce,
and S. N. D. North, acting presldent
of tho Amerlcan Statlstlcal Soclety,
whlch hold a meetlng 'this afternoon,
i could not bo present because of Ul?
j Nearly a thousand promlncnt schol
ars from home and abroad havo as
'sembled here for the meatlngs, whlch
will lnclude those of olght othor asso
ciatlons more or less alllod wlth tho
hlstorlcal and oconomlo assoolatlons.
Prellmlnary meetlnga were held this
afternoon, whilo the delegates were
welcomed at a general meetlng at Car?
negie Hall to-nlght. Joseph H. Choate
and Governor Hughes wero the prln?
Governor Hughes sald ln part:
"I rejolce that we aro drawlng morc
and moro to legislativo servlco men
who had special tralning, and who can
tako the long as well as the short
"What we need more than anything
else at this tlme, lt seoms to me, Is a
general understandlng that ln ad
mlntstrattve places, ln our leglsla
tlve halls and upon tho bonoh, knowl?
edgo of hlstory and economlo study ls
not only not to bo regardod wlth derl
slon, but should be treatod as a mat?
ter of llrst and Invaluablo Importance.
"I thlnk tho tlmo wlll como whon
we wlll aotually have a tariff framed
ln accordance wlth oxpert study and
ln the llght of facta ascertalned and
known and read by all men, so' that
thoy may duly preparo the same ln con?
nectlon wlth the Just Interests of tha
Xothlnn to Fear.
BOSTON, MASS,, December 27.?
That thero ls no posalble chanco of a
cataclysm whlch wlll brlng about the
end of the world through collislon of
tho planots or othor atmospherlo or
goologlo eruptlon was the clalm ol
Prof. T. C. Chamberlln, of Chlcago,
rettrlng presldent 'of ithe Amerlcan
Association for the Advancement ol
Science. at tho meetlng of tho dele?
gates to tho assoclatlon's slxty-flrst
meetlng, hold ln Sanders's Theatre
Cambrldge, to-nlght. The inoottrig
marked tho close of tho flrst day's
oonvontlon of tho numerous sclentltlt
bodies whlch wlll bo ln sesslon here
untll Thursday nlght.
Prof. Cliamberlin's subjoct was "A
Geologlc Forocast of tho Future Op?
portunltles of Our Race." Ho sald that
IncreasedMtnowledge of goologlo con?
dltlons and theorles of tho genesls ol
tho world had glven tho solontltU
world suoh oonfldorice ln tho intlnlti
equlllbrliun forces on tho oarth ant
lu tho utilvorso ttiat no great dlsastoi
waa consldorod moro than sllghtlj
Followlng tlio iiioot-mg the delegutei
wero rIvoii a recoptlon by tho corpora
tlon of Harvard Unlverslty la Momorht
RESGIIED IT SEI
Thrilling Experience of Ship
wrecked People Before
Lives Were Saved.
NBW TORK, December 27?Captaln
Edgar Blgelow, his wlfe and small
chlld and the four members of the
crow of the Amerlcan schooner Eugene
Borda, which was storm-wrecked on
November 29 whlle carrylng a oargo
ot lumber from Nova Scotia to Phil?
adelphla, were brought to port to-day
by the Red Star Line stoamship
Vaderland, which offected thelr thril?
ling rescue whlle on lts last eastward
trlp. The Vaderland took tho rescued
persons to Antwerp and then brought
them back to thls country. The cup
taln's wlfe. ln speaklng of tho rescue
at uea, sald that the small boat of tho
Vaderland could get only withln twenty
feet of tho schooner, and that from
that dlstance her four-year-old daugh?
ter was hurled from tho deck of the
Borda ito tMe Vaderland's roscuing
All on the schooner were suffering
from hunger when plcked up, as the
entlre food supply had been soaked
wlth sea water. When the llghts of
the Vaderland were slghto(v late at
nlght Captaln Blgelow wlth dlfflculty
found a plece of dry materlal to soak
wlth oil so that a dlstress slgnal could
be llghted. Tho nlght before they
had burned dlstress llghts made. from
thelr underwear. when a blg llner hove
ln slght, but tho stgnals wero nOt seen,
and the sufferers wero left to thelr
At Antwerp lt was necessary for the
Amerlcan consul to obtaln passage
home for tho shlp-wrecke,i people.
Conunouer Ia neclplent of Honors ln
IIAVANA, December 27.?Willlam
Jonnlngs Bryan. who ls on ?> way to
Jamalca, arrived here thls mornlng.
Ho was entortalned- at breakfast by
tho Amerlcan Minlstcr, Edwln V. Mor?
gan. ' The guests numberetl more than
100, and Included the vdce-presldenl
of Cuba, Alfrodo Zayas; Brtgadler
General Asbert, governor ot Havana
provlnoa; Colonol Orestes Forra, pres?
ldent of tho House of Representatlves
and other Cuban offlolals, as well as
tho most promtnent members ot the
Mr. Bryan mado a brlef address. ex
prosslve of the cordlal good wlshes ol
tho people of the Unlted States towaro
Cuba. Afterwards, ho was presentec
by Mlnlster Morgan to Presldent
Gomez. Mr. Bryan left to-nlght foi
I.eaves for Jniuolcn.
MIAMI. FLA., December 27?William
Jennlngs Bryan left. here yesterday
for Knlghts Keys. aml goes thenoe tc
Jamalca, where he wlll Joln hls fam?
lly. Ho was greatly lmproved ir
Fatully Burned by Gaa.
STATESBOUO. GA., December 27.?
Mrs. Harry Brunson was probably fa
tally burned here to-day whon hor
homo caught flre from an 6xplodlns
gaa stovo. Hor husband also waa bad?
ly burned when ho rushed Into the
blnalng bulldlng to resouo hls two chll?
dren, whom ho beilo-yed to havo beer
loft thero. Tho chlldren, had been
nu.vi)d. tuc uolnUbor*.
Frightful Loss of Life
and Damage to
ITS FULL EXTENT
NOT YET KNOWN
On Land and Sea the Death List
Wlll Be Greab?Many Wrecks
Are Reported From
Rocky New England
Coast?18 Deatha In
NEW TOP.K, December J1.?Wltfc th* ,
news of the probable loaa of tbe M?
five-masted aohoonar . Davla PaJmar,
wlth her crew of twelve man, off Boston
harbor, and of the wrecklng of alao
other vaaaels along the Massaohuaetts
coast, the opening chaptor of tho toll
taken on the sea by tha great storm
whloh swept New England Saturday
nlght and Sunday -waa bared to th*
world to-day. Capo Cod ls stlll out
off, and wlth tha restoratton of oom
munlcatlon there lt la feared tha* a tala
of marine dlsaaters and storm d&mage
unequaled ln years wlll be related.
Wreokage borne lnto Boston hkrbor
to-day la beUeved to be tha mut? evl?
dence of the iosa of the aohoonar Dxvia ?
Palmar, Newport Newa for Boston,
Bomewhere near the entranc* to tha
harbor. A slgnal box among tha
wreokag* eontalned a burgee wtth tha
Palmef a name, aa also dld a> quarter
board found near by. The wreclr. it-'
self haa not been located.
The three-maeted aohoonar Nantaa
ket waa hurled aahore at Scituate, and <.
probably wlll prove a total wreck. Vol
unteer llfe-savers, wlth the Breeches
buoy, roscued her crew of ten "men.
Wlth a cargo ot lumber, ahe was bound
for Boston from North Carollna.
The sohooner Belle Hallldsy lt
aahore at Brant Polnt, Nantuoket, tx
posed to the fury of the sea. The fate
of her crew la unknown, but lt Is be?
lieved that they have been rescued.
She waa from Phlladelphla, loaded
wlth railroad Iron.
On the rocky shovos of Martha's
VIneyard two waterlogged schoonera
were belng swept *by every sea. Tlie'y
are the A. K. MoLean, a Brltlsh vssael.
bound from Porth Amboy fo Hallfax,
and the Stonlngton, Malne, sohooner
Maudo Seward, port Readlng for Prov
lncetown. Tha orewa of both hava
been taken off.
At Provlnoetown the aloop Bontto la
aground, and ln tho flata of Plymouth
harbor are four small aohooners alm
The work of fllllng the gaps ln tele
graph and telephone wlre systems and
in railroad and trolley llnea, . whlch'
had been opened by tho bllssard, ls
proceedlng. The telegraph companlea
report a capaclty of about 25 per aent.
of the normal, whlle the telephone
companlea' resources have been re?
stored to the extent of about 75 per
cent. Railroad and trolley llne sched
ulea were largely fllled to-day. al?
though delaya of from. one-half to
three hours were noted on railroad
Southeastern Massachusotts, Capo
Cod's sandy peninsula particularly, and
Rhode Island suffered most frosn the.
storm, and are Btlll ln the most demor
altzed condltlon as far aa wlre and
transportatlon servlco go. Many
places ln Southeastern Massaohnsetts
have not wltnessed tlie arrlval of a
railroad traln for two days. New
Bedford and Fall River have been cut
off from telegraphio communlcatlon
wlth the outalde world. alnco Sunday
Heavy Loaa of Idfe.
Eighteen persons ln and near New
York perlshed ln tho Christmas bllz
zard or dled from acoldenta caused by
lt. Slx of this number dled from ex
posuro. Others were drowned and sev?
eral were klllod by traln.
To-day New York and Its vtclnity ls
rapldly dlgglng ltsalf out from under
oover of the ton-lnch snowfali, By
noon trafno condltlons approached
somethlng llke the normal.
Wlre communlcatlon, whlch waa bad?
ly lnterrupted durlng the worst ot the
blow, waa again falrly good to-day ex?
cept to New Sngland polnts. Tho
Wostern Unlon had a few wlrea work
lng to Boston, but tho Postal wlres to
that clty woro all down.
Tho storm's effects wero aevercly
felt by the poorer classes of the pop
ulatlon. Blockadea on rallroads cro
atod a shortage of food supplles and,
a oonsequent Increase ln prlcea.
Shlpptng felt the atorm'a effect sorl?
ously. Whlle no heavy loss Ia reported
from any one wreck, small craft ln
numbers suffered damage, dragglng
thelr anchors and botng drtven aahore,
The wrecklng of.the freight *iteamer
Thurman off Toms Rlvor, N. J., and
tho slnklng ot tho sohooner Mary Ann
KIrby ln Long Island .Sound woro tho
worst of tha wrecka, but tiolther was
attended wlth loaa of llfo. ? Off shore
tha storm does not seom to havo ragod
so furlously. Whilo lncomtng trans
Atlantlo llnors report hard woather
pona seems to havo been badly de
layed. Coastwlse steamers have been
comlng tn nearly on tlme. '
UaiJ Hard YoyagOs
rsnnolal to The Tlmea-DIspatch.l
NOttFOtK, VA.. Deceihher 37.?-Ar
rlvlng sevon houra lnto yesterday
ovening at 6 o'clock, Captaln Tfreo.ior*
Catharino, of the Old Domlnlon New
York llner .Tamestown, reporta that .
ihe ve'ssol atruck a. novcre gale comlnj
aouth and experienoed one of th?
, .smucheat yoyMW* of rsoeot yaara, Thi1'.