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Cnntrlliuiin,,, to -hia colnmn vro,
re~_e?ter1 (r?m| Confericrnte -etcrv"
rtnfc and other per.ona famlliar ri.th
the Iifrfl-Tjr of th. AVnr Between
tiie Stnteti, Nurfnllveti of pftfijtn
Inr cagn^men.fi nnd peraonal eil
ventiire* aro :*i>*.clrill_- reqne-letl
AII c'?iMrliiit.Lnnai sluiiilil be Mcnl to
fhe Fili'lpr of the Confco>rat
Coinran, 'I 'l_-?-ni_t>'l <r?i, Rlcfiraond,
SENTINELS* SHARP EARS
FIRST DETECTED ENEMY
How (Palmetto State Pickets Got Earliest Iirti
mation of Presence of Union Army at Ma
nassas and Gave Information That May
Have Turned the Tide of That Battle. ?
By l npiiilii f. li, Hrndernon, of Soulh
On Saturday afternoon,the day before
the battle of Manassas, between sun
down ar:o>' dark, Colonel Thomas G.
Baron of the Seventh South Carolina
Infantry. Bonham's brlgadv* ordered
Captaln John 8. uarn to take hla
Company F of that rcginu.nt and go
on plcket duty for the nlght. Captaln
Hard took his company acrosB the
stream Bull Run to the nurth slde
.nd to the top -of the hlll, and thero
i..ed to the left out of the road into
the clover Held. And here wc wero
informetVfcWe wore to spenCi tiie whole
nlght on guard duty. Half of the
company was detailed In groups of
| four, and the balance or the company
was held ln reserve fifty yard In the
rear of the half that had been deployed
aa plckets. Mr. Hcnderson and hl*
thre<: c.irnrades?Benjamln Sharpton,
? James Kadlf: and Smithfield Hadford?
,; formed the fir.-t group and were located |
on the maln road between Manassas '
and C-ntervllle, at Mltchell's Ford.
Two of tho men of each group were
i allowed to sleep at the poet In the
clover while the other two were on
guard. and they changed at intervals
The only Instruction glven was to h?lt
anybody approachlng from the north,
and lf they dld not Mop to shoot.
About mldnlght Captaln Hainuel
McGowan. speclal ald io Ueneral Bon
hara. n>de uj> fr<mi the rear and asked
what was going on. and they reported
to him that everything was well, ex
cept that thc enemy wa< marrhlng to I
their left up tli- creek. That Informa?
tlon seemed to exclte 4|lm and he
asked how they knew, and they told him
they had heard the m.rchlng soldlers,
movlng wagons and cannon for hours.
Ha- dismounted and one of the plcket
held hls horse and he went forward a
few paces in front of ihe plcket. He
t asked If the matter had been reported
to General Bcauregard, and he was
told that no in.tt_j_;tlong had been
glven as to that He said lf our
opinion was correct. General Beaurc
gard should know lt at once. He re?
ported to General Bonham and then
to General Beauregard The pickets
contlnued on post all nlght, and next
morning at sun-up they moved for?
ward ln the dlrectlon of ihe enemy.
marchlng into and through a scope of
woods. When we arrived on the north
? Mde of the woods. the whole Federal
army was exposed to vlew. marching
up the rlver in the dlreetion of Stona
i Bridge. Durlng the morning they
wero relli-ved of picket duty, and their
company rejolned their reglment down
at Mltchell's Ford. Not long after
wards the boomlng of cannon up the
' rlver told that the two armles had
mct the first tlme ln deadly combat.
A numbers of years ago Mr. Hen
derson wrote to Captnln, then Judge
McGowan, the following letter about
that eventful nlght, and Judge Mc
Gowan's reply ls recopled from tho
Abbevllle Press and Eanner. We pub
Alken, S. C, July ... 1S91.
Judge Samuel McGowan,
Columbia, S. C.
My Dear Sir.?It has been thlrty
years since the event occurred that
leads to this not. Probably you will
remember it, probably not.
On the night before the battle of
Manassas, or Bull Run, which was
Saturday night, the writer wlth a
comrade, Benjamln Sharpton, was on
plcket guard on the outer Hne?on
the left hand side of the road leadlng
from Manassas to Centerville. vla
THE CONFEDERATE CAUSE
NOT A FIGHT FOR SLAVERY
Memorlal day has grown into an
Institution ln our Southland. The oid
Confederate naturally becomes reml
nlscent when in tho presence of his
comrades he recalls the sacrlftces and
connlcts of forty years ago. The
features and forms of those who stood
shoulder to shoulder wlth hlm in the
1 conllict, or fell by his slde, come before
his mind's eye as distlnct as the scenea
Thls Is a day o fsadness to him, not
I unmlxed, however, wlth the proud
I recollectlon that he was an humbje
factor ln one of the grandest st,rug
gles of self-government that has ever
occurred on earth.
The wrlters and speakors of tho
South owe lt to our dead leaders and
the noble men who followed them to
vlndlcate thelr action in the eyes^of
imanklnd. and prove to all the world
that those who fought for tho South
were nelther rebela nor traltors.
For thls reason my comrades and
the older people here, wlll lndulge me
whlle I nresent some views not new
i to them. but intended for the rlslng
generatioo?those perhaps who studied
Barnes's and Flsko's historles,
We do not meet on memorlal oo
caslons to dlsouss tho' abstract quas
I tlon of the rlght or wrong ot the
^confllct that was waged with such
fury forty years ago. Tlie hlstorlan of
the future may probably declaro that
upon tho strlct construction of the
I Constltutlon one sido was rlght, and
owlng to tho changed conditions of
national thought, tho other slde was
ri?ht. Tho Virginia soldler did njjj
dlsouss even tho expodiency of tho
: question after tho oid Stato mado its
. Our comrades who slcnp bonoath tho
sod dled for tho rlght ns thoy 'saw lt.
Whll? memory holds its place you and
your sons und daughters wlll pay the
homage of grutoful hearts to thelr
herolBm, as annually you strew tholr
gra'yes wlth flowers, and teach your
chlldren to Hsp their names and rovevo
Mltchell's Ford, across Bull Run?nnd
tvhilc on post you came to us and
.aked u? what the enemy wore doing
ind we told you they were movlng up
the rlver to our left. You asked how
ive knew It, and. we said: "By the noiae
of the wagons, artillery, etc," and
you thought we were ml.taken. You
got off your horse and went forward
i few steps ln front of our Uneg and
llstened for a short tlme, and then
came back to us and sald what we
thought nbout. the enemy was correct;
that thi? g'en'M-al commandlng the army
must know of it ut once, and asked
why we had not reported It before
that tlme, et<\ AVe told you we had
no instructions to report anything, but
to shoot any one corning from the cIT
rectlon of the nemy. You mounTefl
your horse and made o(T ln great haet*
to report the movements of the enemy,
whlch I have no doubt you dld.
I saw you reveral times' next da.
(Sunday), a? you attended to youi
dutles, but ls has never been my
pleaaure to speak to you slnce that
Saturday night": yet I havo ofter
thought of the occurrence and wanted
to know, did the commander of th*
army have that Informatlon before yoi
gave It to hlin. AVould it be nsking
too much of you to glve me tbat ln
fomatlon. As J have eald before, prob?
ably you have forgotten all about lt
but It Is fresh in my mind.
I was n_ulte a boy then?slxtecr
years old?and I dld not feel qulte a'
home and happy. My coinrade wai
kllled near Rbhmond. I was kep
from 1/ijury through the entlre war.
I occaslonally meet Mlss Meta Lythgc
and ask ahout you, and I ask our law
y?rs when they come back from Colum
hla, lf they have seen you, how yoi
If you remember thls occurrence, ani
if I ever have the opportunity of talk
Ing- wlth you about it, it would b>
very pleasant, lndeed.
I have. now taken too much of you
time and will close, hoplng that you
life may be long spared to our State
Truly, your unknown friend,
C. K. HENDERSON.
General McGowan tells us thls 1;
true ln every partlcular except one
and that ls that lt was not half o
the whole truth. The offlcers dld re
port to the General (Bonbam).
1. Then he sent hls acting Adjutant
General (McGowan) wlth the repor
to headquartera at Manassas (threi
mlles), and he aroused General Beaure
gard about 2 or 3 o'clock ln the morn?
ing and gave the informatlon to him.
2. Then General Beaurcgard aen
General McGowan to General Jack
son, at McLain's Ford.
3. Jackson sent the same offlcer ani"
aroused Colonel AValker, of the Nev
AVhen the staff offlcer on his re
turn reached Mltchell's Ford. the sui
was Just rlslngr, and the first gun o
the great battle of Manassas was fired
The. general says he has often won
dr-red as to how much the work o:
those falthful sentlnels, far out on thi
llnes, contrlbuted to our first grea
success at Manassas Plalns.
Prlvates gave battle, but ofnceri
reap.the reward.?Press and Banner.
James Kadle was kllled at the bat
tle of Gettysburg.
Benjamln Sharpton was kllled ai
Hmlthfteld Radford died a .ihort timi
after tbe war.
Company F, of the Seventh Reglment
was mustered ln at Granltevllle.
The necessitj' for the war wai
wrltten In the hlstory of the Colbnles
ln the cllmate, soll and productlon!
of the dlfferent States; on the flag o:
the flrst shlp that brough plaves tt
North America. The splendld elo
quence and patriotlsm of Henry Claj
and others delayed it?the madness o:
a few on both sides hastened lt. Twt
qustlones had to bo settled. Tht
rlght of secession and chattel slavery
We will show that the rlght of seces?
sion rostod wlth the South, whlli
slavery was an Incldent of the wai
and would have ceased ln tlmo wlth
out so drastlc. a measure.
The Southern States exerclsed j
power that had .heen cjaimed fron
the adoptlon of the Constltutlon. Thi
proceedlngs of ths ooventlon whlcl
framed the Constltutlon as well a:
those of the States that ratlfied, to
gether wlth the debates, go to show
that at that time there was little dlf
ferenco of oplnlon as to thls question
Had the framers of the Constltutlor
tieclarcd thlr lntentlon. to croate i
supreme central government, to blnc
the States beyond all power of wlth
drawal, lt would never have boen rat?
lfied. Tho States of New York am'
Vlrglnla, posslbly ojjhers, lnserted li
thelr rcsolutlons of ratitlcatlon i
declaration that tho powers vested bj
tho Constltutlon ln the Unltod States ol
America might bo resttmed by tfieat
when they should deem lt neeessarj
to pi-ovent lnjury or opprosslnn.
?TOarly ln -the nineteonth contury tht
dootrlne of secession, oharactorUod a<
trenson ond. rebollion in 1881, wiu
openly' ndvocated ln Massnchusetts
Tho famous lottor of Colonol Plcker?
lng,- a member of Washington's Cabi
not, wrltton ln July, 1804, sh,ows tha
ho bolloved that tho doctrine'of seces
slon hnd tho approval of New Eng:
land as well as Ne\v Tork and Neu
In 1811 tho admlsslon of the- Stati
of laouisana was vlolently opposod li
? > -
CongrpFs. During the debate Mr.
Qulncy, of MnHSftrhunotts, snld, "If
thls blll pasHes lt Is my dellhernte
oplnlon that lt Is vlrtmilly a rilnso
lullon of the Unlon; that It wlll free
the States from tliclr moral obllKS
tlon., nnd, aa It wlll be the rlght of
all, so lt wlll be the duty of some
d-flnlMy to prepsre for a separatlon,
nmlcably If they can, vlolontly lf they
Ho wan called to order. Thn point
of order was sustalned by thn Speaker
of tho House. Erom thla decislon an
appeal wns taken and the Speaker was
Here was an opon contentlon of the
rlght of secession by a MRBsachusctts
representative nnd a decislon hy the
Housn that lt was a Iawftil matter for
The proeeedlngs of the Hartford
Convention of 1814 are famlllnr to
these school chlldren here. I need not
reclte thelr fninous ? resolutlon.
The New England States In 1844
threatened a dlssoliitlon of the Unlon.
In that year Iho Loglslature of Mns
sachussetts adopted thls resolutlon:
"The Commonwealth of Mossachus
etts falthful to the compact between
Iho peoplo of the Unlted States, ac?
cording to the plain meanlng nnd lti
tent ln whlch It was understood by
them, ls slneerely nnxlous for Its pre
servatlon; but that lt 1r detorminefl,
as It doubts not thnt the other States
are, to submlt to undelegated powers
In no be)dy of mon on enrth." It
further declared thnt the project of
the annexation of Texas unless ar?
rested on the thrcshold mny tend to
drlve these to a dissolutlon of the
Prlor to the Loulslana purchasr-, tne
j settlers on the lllssisslsslppl niv_r who
! were harassed by the Spanlarda, pe
tltloned Congress, saylng, if Congress
refuses us protection; if It forsakes
us, we wIU adopt thc mensures whlch
our safety requlres, even lf they en
danger the peace of the Unlon, and
our connectlon wlth the other States,
No protection?no aljeglance.
You see'the rlght to secedo was
ndvocated by the North and West, nnd
threats to av.ill themselves of thls
rlght were mado by Northern Lcgls
latures, londlng statesmen and pctl
tlons to Congr?ss.
Through flfty "years of our history
thls discussion contlnued nnd the elo
I quence of Webster and the ii'glc ot
Calhoun were exhausted, whlle no sat
lsfaetlory conclusion was reached.
' Flnally, when the Southern .States,
1 for grlevances that are fresh in our
| memories and far outwelglr-d all the
j fancied evlls that New England suf?
fered, or all the trlals the Mlsslsslppl
Valley settlers bore, wlthdrew from
the Unlon, and reasserted thelr sov
erelgnty. they were coerced by Federal
powers, and falsely rppresented, not
only to the world, but to our own
chlldren ns trnltors nnd rebels.
The question of the justice of our
cause havlng been so completely es
tabllshed why should our people admlt,
as we know they sometimes do. that
It was,best after all that we fa'.led ln
the ntternpt to establlsh a separate
govera-Tfnt? Does the fact of failure
prove that we were wrong and our
eneml*? rlght ln the contentlon? Was
Providence on thelr slde, nnd were we
ftghting against the flat of tha
Almighty? If so. why? Were religion
and charaeter on the rlde of the North?
If America had to suffer the penalty
of violated law. were we of the South
sinners above all others? In the con?
duct of the war, whlch slde .exibited
most of the Chrlstlan and least of
the bnital charaeter? To ask these
questions ls but to answer them.
In the "Confederate Secrsslon," a
work by an Englishman, the author
draws a deadly parallel between the
methods and' the alms of the two
people, and sums up the matter wlth
these signlflcant words: "All the good
qualities were on one slde and all the
bad on the other.
Let us discuss the oid superstltlon
that heaven ls revealed ln the Imme?
diate results of "Trlal by Combat."
We know that the Chrlstlan clvlllza
tlon of the flrst centurles went down
ln the darkness of medlaeval times:
we know that Paul was beheaded and
Nero crowned and Chrlst cruslfted.
Our defeat was but another instanca
of" truth on the scaffold and wrong
on the throne."
The North succeeded because they
mustered over 2,555,300 men and had
the world to draw supplles from;
while the South failed because she
only mustered 600,000 and was con
flned to her own terrltory for supplles.
Northern wrlters and speakers have
attempted to ahow that the South
plunged thls country Into desperata
war for the purpose of perpetuatins
slavery. Do the facts of history sus
taln this contentlon? Tha Colonles
protested tlme and again to the King
of England against sendinjr slaves to
these shores. The ilouse of Burgesses
enacted laws on twenty-three dlfferent
occaslons against the importatlon of
slaves. The King of England vetoed
In 1832 the Loglslature oi Vlrglnla
camo wlthin one voto of passing a
law of emanclpatlon,
On page 88, Vol. 1, of Henderson's
Llfe of Stonewall Jackson you wlll
flnd an lnterfsUng letter wrltten by
General Robert E. Lee. showlng what
he thought of slavery before tho war.
Lee set free his slaves beforo the war
began, -whlla Grant retalned his untll
freed by the proclamatlon. Not one
man In thlrty of the Stonewall Brigado
owned a slave. A Northern. wrlter
says, "Slavery w._s the cause of the
wnr. just as property ls the cause of
If any man will read the debates
between Lincoln and Douglas Just
prior to the war. or the Emanclpatlon
Proclamatlon, he wlll see that slavery
was not tho catiBe of action or Us
abolltlon its IntenL Emanclpatlon was
a war measure not affecttng th _ border
, Mr. Webster sald at Capon Springs
in 1851, "I do not hesltate to say and
repoat," that if tbe Northern States
refused to carry Into effect that part
of the Constltutlon which respects the
restoration of fugitlve elaves the South
would no longer be bound to- keep
Did you ever see & soldler -who was
flghtlng for slavery? A oelebrated
Engllsh hlstorlan ln treatlng thls sub
1 Ject romarks: "Slavery was but the
" occasion of the rupture, In no eense
the object of the war. Slavery. would
have been abollshed ln tlme had tho
The enllghtened sentlment of.man
klnd, the splrlt of the age, was against
chattel slavery. England and France
had freed tholr bondmeb, Russla
emnnclpated her seitfs about 1S80. In
1873 tlio Island of Porto Rlco taxed
itself $12,000,000 and freed 33,000
j slaves. Does any one suppose that
tho enllghtened nnd Chrlstlan people
of tho,Southern States would have set
, themselves ugalt__t tho moraj sontl
_ ment of manklml, and refused to hood
tho volce of olvllUatlon and progress1!
Under the loadershlp of Leo and
Gordon, Vanco and Currie, and thous?
ands of others, thQst. .Southern Statet
would have cnrrlod out a dostlny i'ul
of moral grandeur and glory. Tht
problems that now challenge tho pa
tlenco, courngo and endurnnce of _
mighty peoplo would not have, ln al
probablllty, arlsen. At nll evonts thi
ono black, dark cloud that over
Bhndovvs our domestlc ' and politicn:
hnrizon would have beon turned ba_l>
through wlser and rqore humane leg
. lslatlon, or at least prevented fron
.Jspendlng its (orce through faltje teach>
Ing, Innplred by n hand ol- tbe most
seltlsh and Ignortint fiinntlcn that woro
ever perinlltod .0 proy ii|>on n noble
nnd (lefonseless people.
On mernorlal occn.ilnns such ns thla
the aponker, nnxlous always to loavo
somo nblrtlng thought. In the mlmls nnd
on the hearts of hls henrers, tui-ns
lo those who made our history a half
of a century ago, and by the preoopt nnd
oxnmple Impresaod them_elvea on their
coiintrymen. \A'hat Cromwell wns to
the Engllsh Common wealth; whnt
WnehltiRton wnH lo Ihe Hevnlution,
Lee waa to our Southern cause. Lot
me glve you a pe.n portr.lt of our
chleftaln from an Engllsh vlewpnlnt.
In a translntlon of Flomer dedlcated
to General R. E. Lee, the most stnln
less of Ifvlng commanders, n.nd except
In fortune, the Rreates, Phlllp fitanley
AVorsley, of Oxford, wrote:
The grand old hard that never dles.
Recelve him ln our Kngllsh tongue;
I send thee, but wlth weeping eyes,
Tho story that he sung.
Thy Troy Is fallen, thy doar land
Is marred bencath the spoiier's heei;
I can not trust my trcvnbling hand
To write the things I feel.
Ah, realrn of tombs, hut lot her bear
Thla blazon to the last of times;
No natlon rose so whlte and falr.
Or fell so freo of crlmes.
The wldow's moan, the nrphan'a wall
Come round thee, yet ln truth be
Eternal right, tho* all else fall,
Can never be made wrong.
An angel'a heart, an angei'y mouth,
Not Homer's, could alnne for me
Hymn well the great Confederate
Virglnia first, and Lee.
The crownlng virtue ln General
Lee's character wns wnrdert'ul gcntle
ness. His letters to hls frlends and
famlly show th-1s, as well aa many of
hls general orders and his reports of
engaeements. The students looking*
for an exnmple; the young man or
woman seeklng to Improve their char
acters, and bearing In tnlnd that "gon
tle rnlnds hy gentle depds are knpwn.
ond man by notjilngi Is so well bo
trayed as by hls manners." will find
ln the lifo of T,ee nn Insplratlon to
noble living and hiph endeavor such
as ls nowhcre else found In profano
The poet had ln hls mlnd'? eye Just
such a character when he sung:
"His life wa^ gentle. and the elements
So mbced in him that nature
Mlght stand up and siy to all the
Thls was a man."
A man whose strength was the
mlght 0f gentlenesa and self-corrimand.
AA'e can not have too many biographies
of him. AVe can not raise too many
monumenta to him. AVe can not see
hls gentle face too often. Every tlme
we look on hls form ln hronze or
marble we exclafm with the poet:
"The hravest are tbe tenderest,.
The lovlng aje the daring."
The poet laureate voices the sentl
ments that flll our hearts as we re
vlew this strong, brave, tender lovlng
"My good sword carves the casrjue
My short lance thrusteth sure,
My strength is as the strength of ton
Because my heart Is pure."
On occa.?ions like this our hearts
turn to one who was imprisoned,
manack-d, and treated wlth many In
dignltles, although no more reBponslblo
for the action of the Southern States
than any other public man. Hls perse
cutors were unablo to bring him to
trlal. The text book on the Constltu?
tlon taught at AVest Polnt came ln the
way. For the Chlef Maglstrate of the
young republlc that arose so full of
hope and noble purposes, and dled so
free of crlme, the Commonwealth of
Mlsslssippi gave Jefferson Davis, sol
dier, statesman and vlcarious suffer
er for a people who will cherish hls
memory so long as valor has a votary
o-r virtue a shrine.
Our Hcroes AVho Fell In tiie Struggle.
AAre pause to pay a tribute to tba
migh.ty host of brave offlcers, soldlers,
and sallors who fell under the banner
of the Lost Cause. AVe cannot call their
names?all honor to them. They were
spared from wltnesslng the flag furl
ed. A large number of these dld not
return from the fated field of Gettys?
burg. as dld some here wlth tho burn
lng thought that "some one had blund
ered." The tragic scenos at Appomat?
tox could leave no regrotful and sor
rowful memorles in their hearts and
"As the mlstof the past Is rolledaway,
Our heroos who dled ln their tatterea
Grow taller and greater in all their
Till they flll our mlnds as they flll our
And for those who lament them there
ls t bis rellef,
That glory slts hy the sldo of grlef
And they grow taller as th- years pass
And the world learns how thr^r vuld
do and dle." &
Prlvato Soldlers nnil Sallors.
AVe slng praises to the offlcers; wo
orect monuments of bronze and marble
to their memorles; we hang portrnlts
on the walls of our camps that w'll
remlnd our chlldren's chlldren of tholr
undylng fame and imperlshable valor,
but we dp not emphaslze on every. oc?
caslon as wo should, the self-sacriftt-H
and noble dovotlon to duty of the pri?
vate soldler, and sallor, who made pos?
slble the fama and glory af their of?
? The Confederate prlvato soldler was
far above the average of tbe armles
of the world. No oountry ever. hnd
a larger porcentage of thlnking and
Intolllgont men ln the ranks; mon
more thoroughly tmbued wlth moral
To their everlastlng honor stand?
tbe fact that ln their march through
the enemy's country they laft behlnd
them no wastod flelds, no fatnllles
eruelly robbed, no homes vlolafed.
An Engllsh wrltor- contemporaneous
' in no caso have the PennsylvnnlnnS
xcnuso to complaln o' personal Injury,
.or even dlscourtosy, nt tne hnnds of
\hoso whose homes thoy had burned;
thoso l'nmllles they hnd Insulteil, robbed
nnd torniented. Even the tardy de
structlon o( Qhambersburg was nn
act of regular, llmited and rlghteous
"I must sny thnt they notod llko
gontlenien. nnd, their cause ns-ido, T
would rathor have I0|000 robols iiuar
teiod oil my premlses than 1,000 Unlon
troops, W0S sul'l'f'y a Ponnsylvanin
'.uriuer during thnt liivnslon.
Nono who pnrtlelpntoa lu tliat ntl'iig
gle could havo fntloil to observo the
uiiselilsli dovotlon of tho prlvato sol?
dler. Tho gonorals nnd Unc offlcors,
olinrgod wlth responslblllty nnd ncrvod
wlth uiubltlon, hnd n stirmilua nnd
Iioro of 'reward thnt dld not ofton
Htlr tho prlvnte soliller,
Hls brenst was rtred nnd his unn
uerved by devotlon to duty. lie .waa
in many cuses better born' an/l nioro
Intelllgenfthan hls offlcers, yet he was
obedlent to orders and marched lnto
thn Jnws of denth wlth n herotnm nnd
cotirngo thnt chali.ngnd the ndriHratioh
<>( ihr. world, Ile know that ln tho
?'tory uf tii>- bftttlo tbe offlcors' niSYnos
would b. tnehtlon.n, and If nniong thn
ulalii, ihoy would ba borfl. to n well
marked tomb, over whlch loving hnnds
and gratetul hcnrts would sprend flow
et-s nnd shed tonrs, Whlle dVer Hlfl un
mnrked grnvo most likely the Wlntls
would slng ?i ssd requiem, nnd 110 lov?
ing liiind would plnnt n single llowcr.
The Wnineil of thr Moiitli.
No story of our wnr, no record of
the gnllnnt riefftiders of our slnlnlcsta
bttalh.i1, nn reotfal of the deeds of dnr
Ing nnd thc unsolllsh suortllcos of thoso
men would he completo wlthout men
tlon of the herOlc splrlt nnd undying
devntlon of tho noble women of the
South. The nld storlea of tho Komnn
nintrnns nnd self-sacrirtccH of thc Spnr
tnn women were reprodured ln ove
stnte and noarly overy home of thls
It would bo easy to furnish from
momory of the stlrrlng events during
the War Between tho .Stntes lncldents
th.-U would show tho most exnlted pn
trltitism nnd highest conceptlon of duty
on the part of the noble women of tho
South thnt tho history of any poople
ln any ago enn furnish.
We aro proud of the fact that thgjr
mantlo hns fnllen upon the shoulde-a
of the Dntighters ot the Confcdqracy,
whose henrts burn to-day wlth ii lovo
nnd devntion ns puro nnd snrred ns
that of thelr nmthers when they sent
forlh thelr sons to battle wlth tho
LEE'S LAST DISPATCH
TO PRESIDENT DAVIS
BY AA'. (J. MORTON.
I am now visltlng my brothor, J. X.
Morton. who livcs on a farm on Sayler
Creek, near RIce. Thls farm ls a p&rt
of the last battle fleld of the war. I
am remlnded every day ot-thc war. I
was wlth Flf ty-thlrd Virginia Rcglmont
from the beginnlng until I wns trans
forred to Company C, Third A'lrginla
Cavalry. AVe were sent to the High
Brldge, near hero, ln March, 1865. On
the Tth day of February, 1865. I was
tiansferred to Company C. Third Vir?
glnia Cavalry. The dlsmounted men
of Fltz Lee's Brlgade were sent to the
High Brldge, near Farmville, to pro
tect that lmportant structure, nnd from
that place I was sent to Hallfax to
get a horse the laat of Mnrch. 1865.
My father gave me a splendld fresh
horse, "Old Ball." a preelous gift. He
was tho flnest horse I evor rode.
waa ordered to report to Major-Oeneral
Anderson ("Old Tlge") as courler. Aa
soon as I waa equplpped I reported to
Major B. L. Farenholt at Staunton
Rlver, and he had orders to send out
partles to find General R. E. l-r" and
report to Mr. Jefferson Davis, then ln
Danville. Major Richard A*. Gaines
mounted four of Barrlnger's Cavnlry
and ordered me to find Genernl Leo
and telegraph Mr. Davis. I rode nll
day Saturday and Sunday. My com
rades were captured. I met Major A\r.
J. Johnson, of Fltz Lee's staff. Sunday
morning about 9 o'clock. Hls horse
was very lame, and wanted my horse.
I could not glve up "Old Ball," and
! after I showed him my orders, he con
i scntcd to let me carry the dispatch to
I the nearest telegraph oQlce?Drake's
Hrnnch. The roads were iull of Yan
I kee's, and Major Johnson directed me
IN THE BAPPAHANNOCK COrXTRT,
Old AMrglnians had a happy knack of
plantatlon nomenclature, Inhorlted no
doubt from tho attractlve names of
the gentleman'g seats tn.old England.
In thls very county of Essex the home
steads bear names of great dlgnity and
charm. Klnlock, Blandfleld, Epping
Forest, Edennetta, Malvern, Glen Calrn,
Brooke Bank, ' AVoodburn, Elmwood,
Fort Hall and Champlain carry a sug?
gestlon of ease and comfort, of vel?
vet lawn and wlde-spreadlng frees, of
brooks and meadows, and all those en
chantlng clrcumstances, whlch made
A'lrginla country llfe of the elghteenth
and nlneteenth century so entirely ir
reslstlblo. AA'ith the names comes tho
plcture of thc plnnter and hls horse
threadlng hls flolds with minute |n
spectlon; the mlstross and her morn?
ing lnspectlon of key basket and koen
rarefulness for domestlc peace; lator
the grande ijamo ln her rustllng gown,
dominntlng- like a queen tho young
clrcle to whom she is the type and ln
spiration. AA'o hear chlldren's laugh
ter under the great oak, whlch Is
their summer nuraery, nnd seo atalwart
boys broaklng young colts or tramp
ing the flolds with gun or rod, living
n lifo which mado men wlthout fear
and often wlthout roproach.
The Essex Bnylors nre nn old nnd'
interestlng famlly. Accordlng to tra
dition the Baylors came from Hun
gary and llved for a short tlmo nt Ttv
erton, Devonshlre, England.
John Bavlor and hls brother, Robert.
came to v lrginht ln tho last half o
?the seventeenth century. John (l)
Bavlor hnd a son, John (2) B.iylor.
who llved ln the good old oounty ol
He wns member of tho Houso of
Burgessos ln 1692; nfterwarcls he ro
movod to King and Queen and rep
rcscnted that county in the Houso ot
Burgessos. The financlal star of tho
BayfoVa was high and bright upon
Virginia's hoi'Uon ln the llfctime of
thls second John. Ho wiis olle of the
arraat tobacco klngs, and employed
sUtoen shlps to pty his "produco be?
tween England nnd Virglnia. The
nnmos of somo of hls shlps wore after
his famllV assoclation? -iverton. Hat
iv and Little John, for Instance.
Other cognonmons of theso white
wlnged sea blrds were Prlneo Eugene,
Mattaponv, The Hunter, Tne Plnnter,
'the C.revhound, etc; a forrnldabla
} eet for a slnglo Colonial planter to
soiul Wltli hls crops across sons. John
f>) Baylor's wnrehouses were at
Bavlor's, 1" King and Q?een, whlch
holds Us nama and ls qulte a place
oven to thls day. He married Lucy
Todd, who had prevloi.sly mnrr od Mt
O'Brien. and lmd cortalnty John (.1)
und Rlohard (3).
From thls John (3) come* tho Jaigo
famlly ot Virglnia Baylors who llved
later ln Caroline. Uo married at _oik>
town ln ITH Frances, daughter of
Jiwiob Wuiker. Those oarly Baylors
sont' their ohlldrop to Rngland for
Hchoollng. und John (2) was (Irst at
l utnev oramnuu' School, nnd ajter
wnidH at Calii's College, i'a?|ii>rlilgo.
John int w.ih nlHi> oduoated ln England
und at tho sanvo school to whlch hls
Ho wns n friend of Slr Phlllp
FranolB, who gave him a copy Of thfl
lottei-s of Junius, whlch nre stlll lri
tlui pas.ealan of tho rlesceiidnnts of
tho lnte Dr. John Roy Baylox. of Caio
Une county, A'n,
John (3) Baylor was-all sorts of a
Bomnn m.-tron'n Injunction nr gave
thelr pnrtlng kjn.i to lnved ones whom ,
they chcertully reslghod to thelr coun
Tho tinselfl-'h dovotlon of the noblo
women bf the .South uphnlrl antl pro- j
Innged tlio llnequal utrtigglc, whlle i
tholr pnllencn and sncrllices nt home, j
roarlng tlwlr chlldren nnd prnylng for,
thc hbsent husbt-tid nnd father, often ;
wlth no protei-tiir suvo thn fnlthful
slnvr-s who Stood guard nt tholr dooTft,
furnlshea Ihe rribflt strlklhg exomplo
of lOVe nnd dbvotloh lhat thls world
hns ever Hern. Whon, under the prov
I'lence of Ood, our vexed problems nre
BBttled, nnd thn South conion ngaln to
her own, ns, under tlie unyarylng law
nf compcnsntlon, sho snrrly wlll, nn
othor monument wlll rlsr. ln our Kouth
lnnd, erected by the Sons nnd Dnugh
terfi of tho Confederacy, nnd dedleated
to the noble women of tho South.
. i.iuiil \. itiuiiit Ruln*.
A land wlthout rulns ls a lnnd wlth?
out memorles. A lnnd wlthout mem
orles ls a land wlthout hlstory.
Crowns of roses fndc; crowns of
thorns endure. Calvarlcs and crucl
flxlons (nke dcepest hold of humnnlty.
The trlurnphs of might aro trahslent;
they pass and nre'.orgotten. Tho suf
ferlngs of rlght are deepost on the
ohro'nlcles of natlons."
The nhndows of tho evenlng are
lnngthenlng on our pathwny. The twl
light npproachos. Kor tho moat part
you havo llved brave llvcs. MWy you
die worthy patrlots, doar to God and
famous to nll tho agesl
0 take a road. down a creek. After
>elng ipst for several hours I came to
i farm houso, and tho oid man gavo
ne dlrcctlons whlch carried me to
Jharlotto Courthouse. I reached that
.lace about 5 P. M. and got a feed for
my' horse and some brend and milk
Crom a Mr. Wlllborno at the hotel. It
wns th/j flrst feed wo had for tho dny.
1 reachod tho depot nnd sent my dls
patch to Goneral Walker. cornmandcr
of the post at Danville, Va, nnd kopt
a. copy for Colonel Fnrenholt. This
was the last from General Leo to Mr.
An oid frlend of my father, Mr. Pns
cal Llgon, took me home wlth hlrqAhat
nlght. After being ln the snddlo for
two days nnd one nlght, I enjoyed the
nlco 'bed and elegant fare of my oid
frlend. Monday. the 10th. I reported
to Colonel Fnrenholt and.Major Galnes,
and they told me to go home. I met
many stragglers, nnd was amused at
a party wlth a flag of truce on a long
poie at Clnrk's Ferry. Lleutenant John
5, Wlso and party were sent out from
Danville by Mr. Davis to flnd General
l>e. They wanted mo to go wlth them,
-itit I dlrocted them to report to Colonel
fnrenholt. I got home that evenlng
tnd dellvered my good "Oid Bnll" to
I attended a most dollghtful plcnlc at
rtlco last week. About 1,000 peoplo
iveraj present. I met only flve of Com?
pany" C, Flfty-thlrd Vlrglnla. who
?erved wlth me ln the war?Captaln
Dlckorson, Captaln Phllllps. Lleutenant
-.insay Wa^thall and MessrB. Clarko
ind Harpnr, oid comrades. The plcnic
wns bountlful, nnd thoso who glve
nlcnica ought to consult tho Vnughans,
Walthalls, Waltons and Madlsons how
to mnnnge them.
man. He was member of the House of
Burgesses for Carollne, and county
lleutenant of Orange, large planter,
excellent family man, and enthuslastlc
He owned tho celebrated race horses
Sober John and Fearnaught, for whlch
he pald 1.000 guineas. He sent his
chlldren to England, too, for educatlon.
His sons were John (4), Georgo (4).
Walker (4) and Robert ii).
Rlchard (3) Baylor was tho pi-o
genlt.or of tho Essex Baylor.. Tha
Baylors all along tho line acquiro and
preclso educatlon; with these two bul
warks their social posltion is sua
Tha Essex Baylors, who are so de
llghtfully absoolatod wlth tho oid es?
tato of '.klnlock." whlch ln Its maturo
and pathetlc bouuiy ls closed, al?
though tho Baylors stlll own lt antl
much moro bosldes. Theso Baylors
havo dlstlngutshed family connoctiona
in addition to tho dlrect llno,
Lucy Cocke, daughter of Secretary
Cocke, and descendod from tho exultod
family of Cateaby, married Colonel
Franols Waring. who was son of Col?
onel Thomas Warlnjt, of Esaex county.
Ho was the emlgrant, and llved at
"Goldberry," anothor charming oid
placo wlth a ploaaantly suggosttvp
name. Tobacco was juat as good as gold,
and muoh of it grew at ??Goldberry,"
and no doubt Ita falr garden also
ylelded the lusclous berry?black anu
red and green?which ln its proper day
flllcd those largo cut-glasa bowls oa
legs which went ao well wlth oid gar
dons, oid tables, and largo panelled
Colonel Thomas Waring was Bur
gcss ln 1754, and his son was Buigess
ln 17.4. and sigped Rlchard Henry
Lee's famous protest against the
Stamp Act. Indced, ho and the famous
Rlchard Henry* did not llve so far
apart. and porlmps called thtynselves
ncighbors, "l'ls true thero were a
few mlles <jf water between and a few
miles of land on eithor sldo, but thls
was nothing wlth the convenlent pro
polllng power of any number of black
hunds. und tho assistance ot coaehea
and as many good horses as Mr. War?
ing and Mr. Lee olouted to attacb
thoretof. lt took a llttl. time, but tlme
was made fo_- shivea and not for such
gentlemen as tljesp.
Colonel l-'rancis (2) Wnrlng and
Lucy Cocke, his wlfe, had Lucy (3),
who married James Robb, of Port
Royall; Elizabeth (3), who married
Colonol Spencer Moltrum Ball, or
Northumberlnnd county, and Anu (3).
who married William Lutane. of
"Langlie," ln Essex county, son of that
roverend lluguenot. Lewls Lutane, wlio
settled "Langlle" about 1700, und pas
torod South Farnhnin I'arlsh. Thelr
oldost son \vas John, wlio married Rob?
ert Payne Wurlng, of "l uyiu-ield." ln
Essex couhty. and tholr ouie.i iiaugh
tei'. Lucy Latane, married Uobort
I-Htyno Waring, Jr., of "Edenn.ttu," ln
Ksaex county. Their daughter, Lucy
Waring, ono of the r.cheat holrosacs
ln Vlrglnlu, married lllchurd Baylor, of
','Klnlooh." .Mr. Baylor, we aro auro,
lunl a" -plonty boforc, but wlth hu
wl(o,.-l4ucy Waring, riiiuu u troinendoua
uereagu ot land. -slavos und mouny bu
Robert Payne Waving, Jr., dled
about tho iniddlc of tlie last century,
aud otin's byea ppen wlth wonder as
ono roads hia will. on record in Ussex
county. Cattle ijruze on a thousand
iields; negroes", crponlng jungle toelo
dles, work the-o great planutlons, and
in bank ls a neat surplus pillng u* |
for futurn generatlons. Robert Pnyn*
AVurlng's homo was "Edennetta." What
does thc nanio lmply? Rolllng ln?n<
lmmomorlal troos, llowers and frult,
wlth no thou shalt not. no angel wltK
fldmlng sword guardlng tho loveljfl
gardon, but rathor angola ot Invitation
openlng' wide its gntcs for any who
chose to enter thoroln. ,?w
Mrs. lilchnrd Btiylor Inhorlted muenj
of her father.'s wcalth and "Kdonnetta,
??Port Tobogo," "Port Mocon," wlth
"KInlock" nnd other places, aro ?UH
owndd by her chlldren.
Robort Payno and Ellzabeth, hla
wlte, llved'In old Rappahannock coun?
try In 1670, nnd aro no doubt th<?
ancestors ot tho loter Payncs, AVar
lnga. I/itanea and Bnylors, In the two
branches of the Baylors there is thla
dhtlnctlon: The Caroline Baylors ever
ropont the name John, and the Essex
Baylors cling as tenaclously to tho
A friend has Juat Bent us some pho
togrnphs of "Brooke Bank," of which
we have prevlously wrltten. He aays
the place once contalncd 2,000 acrcfl,
now only.400. "TWe tombs aro in sad
decay; tho prlnclpal ono has lost 1U
lnscrlptlon entirely. Tho grounds ar<
not kept up, but tho houso is so 3olld
that nothlng can efface lt."
Homo ono has sald that the townt
nt Jnmestown la tho ono ri.iln ln tha.
Unltod States. AA'o thlnk not. All ove*
A'lrginla aro foundatlon brlcks whlch
alone tell tho story. The only hous.
at "Nottlngham," the home of th?
iSpotswoods, ia a log cabln, and upont
the slte of thls house ls a very largo
Engllsh walnut tree. At "Newpost" onet
sees the foundatlon llnes of tho house,
and the rema.lns of a whlte and a
negro grarcyard, Slc translt", eto.
Answer to n Qtmrr.
A corruspondont lnquire- ln ' tno,
Issue of tho Mtn lnstant concernlng
tho fainille- of Newmitn and Coleman
As he tttlls to say what county hi<
anceatoi-, Jonathan Newmun, was frorn^
the following may or may not botq
tho polnt: JOimtnun Newman, born
ln ono of the lower A'lrgtn-la couatles,'
tseUled ln Ajugusta county, marrnn*
Mury .-, und uicd shortly beforir'
Febrifary .0, 1748. Hla aun, AValter.
Newman (tho wrtter being concerned
only wlth thla son, made no record oi
?tny others), waa a soldler tn Dun?
mores War, and a large plantor in
-hunandoali county, wh_r? ha died in
lt>li. Judgo E. D. Newman, of AVood
stock, Va.,.i8 hls great-greut-granasoa.
Jonathan Newman was son.ot Samual
Newman. who was born about 165?
und patented 800 acres Jn Henrlco
county. and thls Samuel was son o?
John Newman, the emlgrant, who pai
ented 4,OOl) acres ln what aro now
Lancaster and Rlchmond counties, Ha
was a very wealthy plantor, and ha
married (probably) a daughter of Paul
As for the Coleman ramlly, of Am?
herst county, referred /to by your
oorrespondent, lt ls probably descend
ed from one of the four sons of Hawe.
Coleman (born January l, 1737), who
removed to Amherst from Spotsyl
vanla, and at the ago of eUfhty-two
wrote a record of tho Spotsylvanla
branch of the famlly. Ho was a son,
of John Coleman (born 1723; dled
1763), of Spotsylvanla, and hla wlte.
Nlce Hawes. John Coleman was a
son of Robert Coleman, of King and
Queen county, who patented land ln
Spotsylvanla ln 1723. nnd whose wlfe.
Mary, acknowledged her dower ln '
1731. If thls Rohert Coleman can be
Identlfted wlth "Robert Coleman, Jr.,"
son of Robert Coleman, whose will
was recorded ln Essex county ln 1713,
namlng aons Thomas, Robert, Edward,
and daughters Ann. Ellzabeth and
Grl.nlle, then descendants of Hawea
Coleman may trace their desffent b.oK
to Henry Coleman, emlgrant an.
patontee of 1,000 acres ln Elizabetb.
City county lh 1632.
Can you. Mr. Edltor, or any ot your
readors, make thls Identlflcatlon? And
can any one tell whether the above
mentloned Ann Coleman (daughter of
Robert and Ann Coleman, of Essex),
married Major Phlllp Clayton, ot
"Cataipa,"'Culpepor county? Or waa!
Major Fhfllp Clayton's wlfe the Ann
Coleman who was born In 1680,
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca Colo-,
man, of Ablngdpn Parlsh, Gloucester;
county? Dr. Slaughter, ln his historyl
ql St. Mark's Pariah, says that Major
plilip Clayton married Ann Coleman,
"slster of Robert Coleman, of Cul-i
pepor," who married Sarah Ann Saun- ?
ders and dled in 1793. ls thero any,
othor authorlty for that statement?)
And who were the parents of thla
Robert Coleman? Unless thero wera
two Robert Colemans in Culpeper
about 17_u lt seems almost certala;
that he was a son of Robert Coleman,/
of Spotsylvanla, and Ellzabeth (Llnd-.
say?), and grandson of Robert Cole?
man. of K-tng and Queen. i? ls hoped J
that thls problem can bo solved iu |
these columns. ?.[
COLEMAN DESCENDANT. A
Edltor Genealoglcal Column:
Two brothors, Wllllam atjd Joha
Young, came from Luncashire, Eng-:
land*(year not known), and settled'1
ln Virglnia. AVTlllam married, flrst, '
Mlsa pongernold. Tholr chlldren wero
MUllcent. Patsy, Betsy, Catherlne,
Fannle and Rachel. AVllllam Young: j
married. second, Mlss Smlth, and tholr;
ohlldren were William, who never;
married: Henry and Smith Young.
! John Young married-, and hadj
I but one child?John, who married hl*
own oousln. Rachel, slxth daughter
of hls uncle, AVllllam Young.
The descendants seem to havo re-;
moved from AMrglnla to North Caro-.,
llna, and lnter somo of them wenfc'
to Tenncaaoe, und from thero to Ar-i
kansas. Intermarrylng famllles ara
Jones, I.imbrough, Harper and Chancy,
or Chaney, of North Carolln*. AA'lllj
somo ono klndly giva through your)
columns more compi.te data of tho j
lmlgntnts, William and John Young.'i
nnd of their marrlagcs. It will bo j
appreoiated. E. s. N.
Editor Genealoglcal Column:
AVhile wrltlng of tho Rappahannock .
country ennnot somo Informatlon bo
given of the family of James Bank- j
head,' of "Bankhoad'a Polnt," noar
Port Royal, and of that of Tliomaa
Ro.v, for whom the town was named?
Jamos Bnnkhead was a son of Dr
James Bank head and Elllnor Mon?
roe (aunt of tho Presldent), of AA'est
moreland. Ho was lteutonant of mln
ute men of Carolina county (elected
Septombev 12, 17751. nnd hls plcture,
by Salnt Meanlo, is ln the Corcornn
Art Gallery, Hls wlfo was Christian
Mlller, gratulUnughter of Thomas Roy,
whoso rlghtful namo Is sn.u to havo
Christian Mlller nnd J.mes RankheaA
were tho parents of Gonora! JarneS
Bnnkhoad, V- S, A. (War of 1S12. Seml
nolo AVar, nnd Mexican War), nnd
grnndparenta of General John Bank
hond Magrmlor, Oon.rul, Smlth pyna
Bankhend, C. s ,\. (nnd Mexican War);
Captnln John I'.vno aiiklroad,.U. 8. .V?
and General. Ilenry^t-^ry Rsa-tchend,, TT,' I
S. A. > .-'? ?/>-'
Moro partlcular informatlon ls Warit
ed about Dr. Jumos Bapkhaad and;
Elllnor Monroe, whoweiV fnarrled Ini
Westmorolnnd August 20. 1738, and
about Thomas Roy and the Roy famlly
ln general. tbe name of hla homo, andl
whero sltuated near Port Royal.
A BANKHKAD-ROY DESCENDANT.