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Samaritans' in 1910?Their High Priest Claims to tie Directly
Descended From Aaron, the Prophet--Bible Over 3?O0O Years Old
A< ROSS TUB IHM.Y I.AXO HV CARRIAGE. OUR OUTFIT WAS A THREE-HORSE TEAM
AXU AN AMERICAN DAYTON.
CAMPING OX ABRAHAM'S FARM.
JACOll'S WELL, WHERE CHRIST jn-JT THE SAMARITANU'OJIAX. IT LIES IS THE FLOOR OK THE CHAPE!. 1
UV TH ANK C. CAHPHXTHII.
N'ablous, Palestine. |
I hayo lust hail an interview with a j
lineal descendant ot Aaron. the brother |
of Moses. I refer to Jacob, the high I
priest of (he Samaritans. Ho belongs j
to the Irlbo of l?cvl, who in ancient I
tithes were at tlie head of the priest'.
hood, ami < lalms t.. have a genealogl- |
nil tree which reaches from then until
hbiv. Ills family has lived here for
more than "1,(10(1 years, and high priest
lias succeeded high priest until this
limn took the position at the age of
fifteen, his i Itlldlcsa uncle, the high
priest., having died. That was sixty
tun years age. and Jacob has been high
priest ever since. He Is now almost
eighty, and he looks. I Imagine, as j
Aaron or Mose? may have looked In !
the latter par! of their lives. Over six
feet In height, he has the face and :
fo?-iii of a prophet. Ills long beard
falls down upon his ehest, and his
Scholarly fare Is refined and spiritual
The oiliest of Itlulc Manuscript*.
1 met Jacob here at Nublous, on the
night of old Shechem. within a stone's
throw of the well where Christ talked
with the Samaritan woman. It Is not;
far from a farm Which Abraham own- j
ed. and about on the spot where Joshua ;
pri'thercd tho trlhes of Israel together I
and read them the law of Moses.
Our Conversation took place in the i
heart of the city In the synagogue of |
the Samaritans. I had to g othrough j
vaulted pass igeways and cave-like
streets' lo reach It 1 had an Interpret
the Samaritans. I had tr, go through .
tho high priest showed me the original \
parchments "( the five books of Moses
as they were written by Abotl, the sou '
of Ren Hassan, the son of Kleazar, j
who, you remember, was one of the
two sons of A.iron by Ellsheha, Ids'
?wife. The high priest tells mo that
these live manuscripts were written
only twelve years after the Israelites;
came into the Holy Land, and that they
are now "."."i years old.
They are (he oldest Bible manu
? crlpts In existence. They arc written
In the Hebrew of the times of Moses,
lipon long shrets of parchment about
two feet In width. The scrolls are,
r?llod upon three rods, each tipped
with a silver knob as big ns a teacup,
and they are so arranged that they can
be rolled and unrolled as they are;
read. The Ink is still plain, and the
letters distinct, although the parch?
ment is yellow with age. The manu-j
[script is treasured by the Samaritans.
? ?em"; kept in r brass ra.-e Inlaid with
I gold. It Is said !?> have been dug up
about 300 years ago. and It has formed
I a subject of controversy among Or lan?
ital scholars. The Hani.ititans believe
I that It was written by the grandson of
I Aaron, as the high priest here claims:
bill the .lews reject It as false, de
I bouncing the Samaritans as pagan out
| casts from the rhlldren of Israel.
The Senior!inns of 11)10.
I was surprised to find that there
were any Samaritans living, i tup
posed that they had been swallowed
up by the Mohammedans, and other
Syrians who have nbsorhoil everything
In Palestine excepting the Jews. 1
find, however, that there are about 200
j In Nablous. and that they practice Hie
same religion as they had when Christi
[came. They annually celebrate the
I feasts of the Passover and Pentecost J
on Mount Clerlnlm. i'hese feasts are
different from those of the latter-day
...<as. At the time of Christ the Feast
of the Passover wa? eaten reclining
and as though nt the end of a Journey
! minor than at the beginning.
The Samaritans out their Passover
I with their shoes hound upon their feet
; and staves In their bands, ns though
I re. dy to start out on their wanderings
j In the wilderness. They do this on the
top of the mountain, camping In tents.
I They smear the Idood of the sacrifice
i upon the tents to comm.-morale the
Ijinss.iRc of tho angel of death over the
I house's of Israel. They dress In white
garments, and the;.- kill the animals
which are burned according to the
methods which were In use when
Aaron lived. The sacrifice consists of
buck l&jnbs, each of which Is carefully
examined that It may he Tvithont
wound or blemish. At a given signal,
.the throats of the lambs are cut. and
1 nt the rame time some of the hlood is
' caught in a tin cup nnf| smeared over
the tent. As the hlood flows the people
? shout out lhe words. "There Is but one
Ood." and again they shout this sen
I toneo again and again. At the same
I time there Is :? service, beginning with
I a hymn praising Abraham, Isaac and
i I tcob, and followed by a prayer of
j t hanksgn ing.
The meat for the sacrifice is cooked
over n lire in the earth. As soon as
I the animals are killed- they are m nld
I e.l and .he wool Is pulled off. The
entrails are removed and salted. Then
a polo is thrust through each lamb,
and it Is laid on the hot coals of Ore
made in n trench. The meat Is then
covered with brush and earth. Tho
Had only med Wesson Snowclrill Oil,
THIS would net be ihe "age ol dys?
topia." il is positively die mosl
heallhlul article known ior shortening,
trying and lor salad dressing:. Il ic
100?) cooking value and 20Jb more
economical (or salads. A delicate,
elegant vegetable oil, odorless, tasteless,
relined lo the highest degree by a process
exclusively known lo, and used in, Wesson
Snowdrill Oil. Il is unapproached by any?
thing lor all uses ol (he kitchen and dining
room. Beware ol substitutions made lo
"trade upon its lame and good name."
Sold by all dealers in touch .villi advance?
ment, and made by
COTTON 051. CO?
I A ,1c your dealer for the Weiton Snowdiill Ott
COOK HOOK. II hl? uoptv Is eihiuMtd, "rite
our Atlanta office. ?Ivlnj deilti'i nsmc. ?nd ws
vtll se:d the honle Irre, ?ilh Jplendld tetUmosy
from tht !:*ttlng Women's Clubs, etc.
people continue to pray as it rook?,
and keep on praying until the sunset
approaches. At ten minutes after sub?
set they begin to eat the meat, throw?
ing the hones into the tire without
In my talk with the high priest he
contended that the Samaritans were
the only true Isracjltlcs, and spoke of
the prophet Samuel as n sorcerer. Ha
paid his respects to the Jews In no
measured stories. He gave me a little
hook he had written concerning the
religion' of the Samaritans, and at the
? lose was by no means adverse to a
present of silver, for which he thank?
ed nie In a dignified way. After I
returned to my camp, which is on the
owl side of Nnldotis, some of his fol?
lowers brought rne his photograph und
a model of the live book.- of Moses,
which they offered to sell for n song.
The Samaritans are exceedingly poor,
and are despised by both Moslems nnd
At Jacob's Well,
It was at Jacob's well, not far from
Nablous, that Christ met the Samari?
tan woman and told her of the water
of which. If one drlnkclh. he shall
never thirst, but there "shall he In
him a well of water springing up into
everlasting life." Yoi? will nnd the
story in the fourth chapter of St.
John. This well Is one of the holy
sites of Palestine, about which there
can bo no doubt. The village of Sychar
corresponds to the village of Askar,
which stands on Mount Cbal, parhaps
a thousand feet nwny from the well
where the Samaritan woman lived.
The well itself lies Just below the now
carriage road from Jerusalem. 1 went
through an olive orchard to reach 1t.
It Is surrounded by a wall, and Is In
the hear: of a garden now owned by
the Greek Church, which has made it
a resting place for pilgrims. They
have hunt a stone chapel over the
well, and services are hold there sev?
eral hours every day.
Some of the priests went with us
down the stop? to the well. It lies
right in the floor of tho chapel. It Is
about three feet in diameter, built up
with stones which are laid In tho shape
of a tube, being smoothly cut. One of
the monks brought -*--^:in which was
tied to m rope in such a way that it
remained level. I'pon this ho placed a
lighted candle and then slowly lowered
it down Into the well. It descended
perhaps sixty feet before It came to the
water. Tho sill ot the well is of mar?
ble, and shows the marks of the ropes
which for ages have been lowered into
It. The sill Js some distance above the
floor, and it may have been the original
stone upon which Christ sat at that
weary huiir of noon.
-ncob's well has been known and
visited by pilgrims for many years. It
was probably once even with the sur?
face of the earth, but the debris and
earth-washings from the mountains
nearby have lllled up the valley, and it
Is now considerably below the country
about. Within the past year excava?
tions have been made in the garden,
and the remains of a church which was
hunt over ihe well some fifteen hun?
dred years ago have boon discovered. I
found Immense granite columns and
also many pieces of the stone walls of
the church. I persuaded the Greek
priest who lowered the pie pan with
the candle upon It Into the well to
come Into the sun and he photographed.
The CiiMntlNfled Amcrlrnn.
While I was at the well a party of
travelers, conducted by one of the
great tourist ngeneioS;-ai-rlved. They
were Amcrlcnns. doing the Holy Land
at so much per day. and they were,
bound to get tho worth of their money.
One 1 shall never forget- Ilia gigantic
framo was such that I shall call him
Goliath. When the parly went down
to the well the services In the chapel
hnd just begun, and after pointing out
the hole in the floor, the guide brought
I hem out. As they came Into the
churchyard I heard Goliath remark:
"I ain't satisfied.
"About what?" said the guido.
"I ain't satisfied about that woll.
!'I'll 13 SAMARITAN HIGH PRIEST AXD HIS SCROI,I.. HE CliATMS TO RR A
I.IXEAI, DESCENDANT OF AARON, THE PROPHET.
I How ilo I know there's a well there?"
"You saw It." said the guide.
"XatV, I saw only a hole In the floor.
[ How do I know there's a well? How
' do 1 know !t has water? I tell yon 1
1 ain't satisfied. Here I've come 5.000
tn?. s to see Jacob's well, and how can
I prove that I've saw It?"
In short, the mnn so protested that
the guide took him back, stopped the
service and hail them let down the
j candle, further than that, he brought
I up some of the water, which Goliath
j drank at a gulp. This huge doubting
j Thomas would not believe In the spot
i where our Ivord was baptized in the
Jordan, saving that the banks were
too steep, and that if he couldn't crawl
down them no one, not oven John the
Baptist, could do so.
Over the IHIIh from .Tcfilinlcm.
It took mo just one day to come
from Jerusalem to Shcchem. My outfit
?was a three-horse team, to which an
? American Day ton wagon was harnessed.
I The horses were good, and we drove
up hill and down on the trot. AVe
'started at Jaffa gate, past the plare n(
, the Skull. wher e General Gordon
i thought the .Saviour was crucified, and
; then crossed the valley of Kcdron. We
'climbed Mount Scopus, which joins 011
l vet. and rode under the hill on whoso
I top was Mlzpah. where Samuel was
urled and Saul anointed King of the
made of finest Para rub?
ber, guaranteed not to
leak or crack?undisputed
leaders in the field; from
Two dollars and fifty
cents buys the finest Hot
Water Bottle made, guar?
anteed for two years.
Sometimes useful, more
often NECESSARY. Buy
one NOW, before you will
have to gel yourself a bot?
which we recommend as
one 6f I he best Cold Kill?
ers in the world.
By tlte way, Childrey's
Cold Tablets are excel?
lent. They hit the spot.
First and Broad.
.lows. There Is a mosfiuo on tliat spot
and tho place Is holy to Jews. Chris?
tians and Moslems alike, all of whom
I worship nt Samuel's tomb. Mi/pah lies
on a peak about 3.000 feet above the
Mediterranean, nnd on one of the hlgh
j rst ot the .Tudean mountains. It Is
i where nn army of crusaders stood
under Richard the I .Jon-Hearted, and
'pot their first sight of Jerusalem. As
? they looked King Richard knelt down
and thus prayed:
"O. T.ord Cod. I pray Thee that 1
never may again see Thy Holy City If
I may not recover It from the bands
of Thy enemies."
That prayer wns uttered seven cen?
turies ago. Jerusalem was then owned
by the Mohammedans, and It is held
by them still.
On the Ilond to Gulller.
The road which we took to Samaria
was the one over which the hoy Christ
and tho holy family came when they
traveled up to Jerusalem to celebrate
the Passover. It Is one of the high?
ways of the Holy Land and Is still
traveled by thousands. About ten
miles beyond Mount Scopus we stopped
at B?eroth. a stone village, surround?
ed i?y ijreen orchards of figs and pome
grantes. This Is one day's journey
front Jerusalem, and tradition says It
j Is where Joseph and Mary, as they
were returning to Nazareth, discovered
their twolvo-yoar-old hoy was not with
them, and they went back and found
Him leaching the wise men In the tem?
A little farther on we came to Bethel.
Where the Benjamites lived, where
Abraham reared nn nltnr and called
on the name of the Lord, end where
Jacob took stones for his pillows nnd
dreamed that be saw the ladder extend?
ing to heaven, and the angels ascend?
ing- and descending thereon. The name
Beth?!, which means the House of God,
has now been changed to Bettln, It
is a poor stone village of about 500,
poople. with n ruined lower and a I
Shiloh. which lies Just off the road'
n little further on toward Samaria. Is
now colled Sellun, and, as Jeremiah
prophesied, ii Is nothing hut ruins.
Where il stood Is a mound covered with
debris, broken columns and rubbish,
so that the prophecy, "I will make this
city a curse to all the nations of tho
earth," has come true.
Nevertheless, Shiloh Is one of ih?
most. Interesting spots of the country
It was there B1I dwell and there 1 ran -
nab came every year with a new coat j
for her little sein Samuel, whom she!
had given up to (he Lord. It wan j
there that Joshua divided the land, and ;
there the Philistines stole the Ark oil
Travel In I he Holy laind.
I am surprised al Ihn caravani which iro
continunlly crossing these Palestine moun?
tains. There seems to lie a great trade
north and south, and the rOadl nre full of
ftr.inge characters. On my way here I Haw
crowds of men nnd women on donkey* com?
ing up to Jerusalem. Some were from Onil
Ico, others from Damascus, ami hoi a few
from the mountains of Lebanon One crowd
told us that Its people were Mohammedans,
and that I hoy were makln a pilgrimage to
Jerusalem nnd the tomh of MOiCf. There
ware many women among them. They sat
am ride upon donkeys, somo crying babes
in their arms.
We passed many camels. Rome were load?
ed with while building stones slung In a
net work of ropo on each aide their humps.
They were taking them to Jerusalem.
Others were ridden by women and men. I
saw one which bnd two..veiled women clad
all In black on Its haeki. with two boxes bp
low them, end; box holding n baby.
Another party was composed of Samari?
tan women on their way to a Moslem festi?
val. They were red-haired nnd as straight
as roynl palm trees. They carried their tnig
Bngo In bundle* on top of their h?,nl* and
a walked single file, Behind thein wore wo
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Start the New Year Right.
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^IF^1 It will save her hours of stand?
ing and miles of walking this
The AU-the-Year Range,
The only Gas Range with a
"National" reputation for max?
imum service and a mini?
mum cost of maintenance.
There's a reason.
We sell more Gas Ranges
than any other store in Rich?
men from Lebanon, walking barefooted and
ringing In Arable. They were tattooed on
Hps. chin ami cheeks, und ibolr bends wer?
frowsy nn<l dusiy. They wore nothing on
the head, and ibelr bodies were clad in I
Ions eotton gowns, embroidered with red. ]
Only a few were Rood looking, and all
seemed premntnrely old.
In Old Bbechem.
I am now iking In my tents outside this I
old town of Shechem. my camp faring I
-Mount Ebal itnd above mo Gerlslm, iho holy I
hill of the Samaritans. It Is very iiear tho '
?pot where the taws of Moses were rend by .
Joshua to the assembled children of Israel. I
the country being ? lie shape of a great am-j
ph I Mi-ill re. of which the hills form the
walla. These hills are. It Is said. <ta natural
? ???in. 1.1. L- lionrd, so thai one can tnlk on one
mountain and be heard on j/? other, and
j for this reason the place was chosen for I
rending the laws.
Tho town Is one of the oldest In history.
It was founded Ions before Jerusalem and
before Jacob's lime. Il Is within about six'
miles of the city of Samniia. where Ahnb :
had his Ivory palace and where Herod the!
(iroat owned a royal mansion nnd entortaln
|cd, so It Is said, his lords nt tits htithdiiyl
party, whll? his stepdaughter Salome came In
arid dtnced. You remember the story. Her!
!dancing, which I doubt not was that of tho j
tiaiitch girl, ?o delighted King Herod that!
he told her she, should have whatever she I
asked, even to the half of his kingdom. I
She thereupon, as hor amother suggested, !
demanded the heart of John ihe Baptist,
who was lying In prison nearby, and thla;
bloody gift was brought In on a great plate'
I The old town of Samaria has long alnr?
fallen lo ruins. Its site Is a mound with some
broken pillars and other debris lying near I
I It, and an olive orchard noi far away. In I
; which more of the columns are still to bo j
As to Shechem. or Naldous. It thrives, and
; is one of the liveliest towns In the Holy!
I Land. Il is tho chief commaro'al centre he-'
tween Damascus anrt Jorusaleim, and Is!
I populated almost altogether by Mohamme?
dans. There nro some Jewish merchant*, ]
1 hut neither Jews nor Christians are wul
'<onied. I have been told to watch out as 1
go through the streets, and to take care j
not to provoke any one. Several times the
hoys have thrown stones at our party, and
men spit as we pass them. Puople yell out j
"Naznrenes" at us. and my guido refuses
[to lot mo photograph them, saying It will
surely get us In trouble. The city Is so j
fanatical that even the Christian women go !
about w'ih veils over Ihetr faces. The Eng- I
1 tali nurse, who is working here In Um I
Charily Hospital, la veiled like a Mohammo- J
dnn when shr goes out on the street. Othei-i
wise she would create comment and hor j
reputation and work might be rutnod.
NabloUs has about 30.000 people, nnd It Is !
the centre of ? conilderable trade. It Is
made Up of siono houses and stone bazaars, '
'roofed with galvanized Iron. Many of the:
houses are built over the streets, and go. |
ing through the town Is like gelng through
catdcombS. Some of the utrects nro so nar?
row ihni you ran stand In the ml.bile and
reach both walls with your hands. Others
are wide, hut all are dirty nnd filthy.
j (Copyright, JM0, by Prank G. Carpenter.)
Wilmington Social News
[Special to The TlmeB-Dlspatch.J
Wilmington. N. C. December 31.?
The. holiday week was a big one for
Wilmington society. Into it crowded i
many home sociables, dances and re- j
ceptlons, ami each was a delightful
success. The week commenced with a :
dance Monday night by the Howard ;
Relief Club, at the organization's:
building, and the festivities will really
close with a social function by that j
club Monday night. In honor ot the !
Two of the brilliant terpslehoreun !
events of the weak were, the dances !
of the Sigma Nil Fraternity and the
I/Aglle Oermnn Club. Tho latter, led
by Thomas !?'. Wood and Kniest
Peschau, was an especially brilliant
affair. Among the visitors were Miss
Leila .lames. of Mississippi, with
Theodore Kingshtiry, Jr.; Miss Broad
root, of Kayottevllle. with 11. K. Nash.
; Jr.; Miss llawlings. of Wilson, with
; Bernard O'Noll: Miss Susie McGuire, of
Richmond^ with S. Van B. Nichols, and
; J. P. (lause, of Wavnesville.
The Christinas danco of tho t/Arloso
German Club was given Tuesday
night and was a brilliant affair. The
largo ballroom of the Masonic Tem?
ple was handsomely decorated and
beautiful favors were given. Tho dance
was led by Robert 11. Calder, and
among the visitors participating were
.Mr. and Mrs. William li. Kenan, of
l.ockport, n. V.; Miss Erwin, ot Mor
Eunton. with Moaros Hat-rlss: Miss
Holen Trenholm. of New York City,
with Ethmctt Bellamy; Mr. und Mrs.
Harry O. La timer, Jr., of Auburn, N.
Y.; Miss Susie McGlllrO, of Bichmond,
with Marlon James; Allan Jones, Jr.,
of Columbia, S. C; I.. D. Munds, of
New York City, and James T. Munds,
of Brooklyn. N. Y.
Following the L/Arloso's dunce Mrs.
Allan Nichols gave a big after-lhe
gcrman supper at her home, p,ir> South
Fronl .Street. In honor of her son.
Spencer Nichols, a student at the Uni?
versity of North Carollnu. Forty-odd
guests were present.
Wednesday afternoon the marriage
of Miss Cli/.abeih Hinton Grant, daugh?
ter of Captain and Mrs. B. O, Grant, of
this city, and Dr. Homer C, Wysong.
01 Nashville, Torin., was celebrated ,tt
the home of the bride's parents, on
South Front Street, the ceremony be?
ing performed by Rev. A. I). MeClure.
D, D.. pustor of St. Andrew's Presby?
terian Church. The wedding was a
ciuiet, I,ut pretty home affair, and a
reception followed. The groom two
seasons ago was a member of the
pitching staff of the Wilmington ball
team of the Eastern Carolina League,
and* met his bride then for the first
Another pretty wedding that was
solemnised Wednesday afternoon was
that of .Miss I.illle Bornemann, daugh?
ter of Mr. and Mrs. .1. IX. Bornemann.
nnd Professor George IMwards. of
Northwestern University, III. The mar?
riage took pluce at St. Paul's Evan?
gelical Lutheran Church, Rev. W. A.
Snyder. the pastor, performing the
ceremony, and subsequently a delight?
ful r.cceptlon took place as. the Borne?
mann home, on Orange Street.
Wadesboro Social News
(Special to The Tiiues-Dlspatch.1
Wadesboro, n. c. December 31,?Mrs.
Hewitt II. Norton, of Thomasvllle, is
spending the holidays with her parents.
Mr. and Mrs. W. .1. McLendon.
Mrs. Laura J. Ingram was hostess
to .several friends Tuesday evening of
ibis week. Holiday decorations added
to the beauty of the home.
Mrs. L. .1. Iluntley gavei a dinner
Tuesday In honor of Miss Gooch, of
Oxford, who is spending the holidays
with her sister. Mrs. R. L. llardison.
Dr. and Mrs. W. ,1. McLendon enter?
tained friends lit dinner Tuesday In
honor of Mr. and Mrs. Dewltt Morton,
Miss Eula May Smith, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Smith, was mar
lied Wednesday evening at the home
of the tiiidi 's parents, to Thomas Otho
Marsh, of Wadesboro. Onlv Intimate
friends were present. Uev. T. W.
Chambllss, or the Baptist Church, offi?
ciated. Immediately after the cere?
mony the bride and groom left for a
short Southern trip.
?ess, sad Irx?g^stwa. Hier do their duty.
Small Pill, Small Dci?. Small Price.
Gejulno mu?t boar ?Uuatur?.