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Fifty Million PoTurods of Scrap Madbkery Foirad on Isdimin of Panama
AN CON, Canul Zone, Panama.
O you want a relic of the French
machinery at Panama- L'ncl- Hum
la now clotting out the. last
bath. He ha? sold It for over
two hundred thousand dollars to a
Chicago wrecking company, and that
llrni Is now diguing It out of the Jungt?
and carrying It by the Panama railroad
down to Cristobal. It Is piled there
on a mighty dump and Is being broken
up and classified. The bolts and nuts
nie put in on; place, tile wheels In
another, and other bits of niaeninery
of various kinds each have their pile.
The dealers recognize about three hun?
dred different classification of Jron and
steel, and every class Is found In the
scrap pile. The machinery is llrst tak?
en apart by cutting off the rlve'.s with
sledges, and much of the metal la
broken Into three-foot lengths lor con?
rcnlenci In melting. The stuff will be
taken to the l'ulted Stute?. Tbc liner
pieces will probably be sold by cata?
logue, anil the remainder of the steel
will go to the foundries to b? worked
This last sale makes the total weight
of the scrap disposed of between fifty
und sixty million pounds, and the vulu?
o hat sop] und used In the work lias
froted up more than two m llion dol?
lars. The bales have ail been made by
aucton. and at so much per tun. For
this last lot the ton rate was $3. and
Jncluded In the mat .-rial were old loco?
motives, dredges, excavators, dump
cars, boilers, cranes, steel rails, copper
end brass. The canal authorities esti?
mate that at least one million dollars
worth of such scrap has been Used
In making machinery for our work.
II-,in Tvt rot >-Kr vrn Million? ltn?i,.<]
When we bought the canal of the
French for forty million dollars they
gave us an estimate as to the balance
of the machinery ujid supplies on hand.
This balance was not paid for, but was
thrown lo for good measure. 1 was
d-iwn here Just after We took posses?
sion, and went with the engineers ov?r
ic buildings, machine works and ware
l ' '. and saw Just what there was.
Aerordlng to the French books the
vnluo of the ?hole was twinty-nine
million dollars. The above statement
ii ounta for two millions, but I doubt
not but that I'ncle Sam has realised
much more than twice that out of
the vast equipment which was then on
band. As to the twenty-nlne-mlillon
dollar estimate, that was all d>wn on
the French books . of account. They
were line bookkeepers, and among the
volumes of canal records ar.- eighteen
gr<-at ledgers, fach as tall as a table,
as thick as a big family Bible and as
heavy as a ten-year-old boy. ,t am
told that some or these ledgers will he
iti'iwn at the San Francisco exposi?
I have looked carefully over these
books and find them wonders of ac?
count keeping. The writing is like
i opper-plate engraving, and they are
a mass ot figures from one end to the
other. In the eighteen vo!um;s there
are about nlntey thousand pages, and
Hi them every Item of expancc was put
down, even to the rost of the horses,
the building of pig pens and the goods
?*i THE BIG STOPS
tT MASONIC TEMPLE ^
It DOES interest you how your furniture store buys and sells. HERE you get
the benefit of many economies impossible elsewhere. YOU are the one to save
money when we buy DIRECT, in the largest quantities, paying CASH, taking all
discounts?selling a.t quantity prices. We aim at LARGER SALES and SMALL
PRICES. NO STORE SELLS AT A SMALLER MARGIN OF PROFITS.
We Specially Invite Brides
to benefit by our facilities. Try us first. Experienced, courteous men
will help you make up your list, give you prices, so that you can actually
prove to yourself that your money will secure the very utmost here.
Special at $12. SO
Of solid oak throughout, golden finish?
rich bevel plate oval minor, 22x30 inches,
curved front, 2 small and 2 large drawers.
Top is 42 inches wide.
Chiffonnier to match, $11.75.
Sale of Tabourettes
Mighty attractive designs in bamboo?
well made and a big bargain at these
prices. Monday, 45c, 39c and. ?c/C
Mothproof for protecting your cloth?
ing?handsome enough to dignify your
room?all sizes and prices. All excep?
Stand without equal to-day
in refrigerating qualities
and ice-economy. The se?
cret of their saving lies in
the fact that they arc lined
with real 7~
Monday you have the choice of 6 different
harmonious patterns of 30c and 35c quality
Mattings?a real opportunity at this season
when you want them. In full rolls -a q1
only at. 1?2C
We have Refrigerators
as low as $7.50.
One glance at the ingenious burner ar?
rangement convinces you of its gas-saving.
Simply because this range applies all the
heat direct to the baking instead of wast?
ing a portion of it heating intervening walls.
We have Gas Ranges as low as $9.50.
In the many advertised
patterns of this famous
plated table ware. You will
be surprised how much you
save?at Ryan-Smith low
We have everything for
making your porch as cozy
and attractive as can be?
in the widest assortments?
all at Ryan-Smith savings.
Also Handy Telescope
Cot Beds for
THE METAL CAR IS IMBEDDED 1\ THE TRUNK OF THE TlirP """"""""" '
-f.,_ T"LL_ nOCK AT CRISTOBAL. WHERE THEY ARE BREAKING THE SCRAP.
After twenty ycnr? In Ihr mud thl* old French dredite wan Jerked out and put
? ?-? < a
Old French lnduer urcitKC, on' the Pacific Division, not far from Dnlbon.
In the storehouses. Th> engineers have
told me that they found the supplies
to tally with the accounts: so kept.
The Kronen Balance Sheet,
Among otitrr things there was a
balance sheet, the Items of which
alone would fill a page of this .news?
paper. I can give only a few of them.
I There were fifty-seven barges, thlrty
I eicht yawls and twenty-One ste:<tr.
I launches Thoie was 2Tli st el cranes
UO steam winches. S?0 hlg pumps of
I various kinds. 7?0 rock drills and 550
punching machines. There was a
floating drill which. I hellove, Is new i
in use, which was valued by Ihf j
French at $30,000, and other dreges I
i and drills, running into the millions, j
There were thirty-four American 10- I
COmOtlves, valued at $200,000, and j
more than -<.") Belgian locomotives, to?
gether with hundreds of smaller
! steam engines. There Were steel rails
: enough to build over 200 nill;s ol
track and 5,000 dump cars.
j Of this machinery a vast am tint ot
it was as good as when it was made,
' although some had been left in the
Jungle and had rusted away. ThJ
French watched out for their supplies.!
They coated the machinery with par
ufline and other oils, and painted some
parts of it with white leud. it is ow?
ing to this care that we have been
able to use so much of the stuft'.
French Ur<-d?c? Which Work for,
Take, for instance, the dredge;:. There i
j are French machines working at both
ends of the canal. This is so of one ]
j of the best dredges of the Balboa ehan- !
I nel, which has been remade and1
equipped with modern appliances. An?
other dredge, which lay for twenty
I years sunk In the mud near the Pa?
cific, was taken up, cleaned and re
: paired, and It is now gouging out and
loading all the sand used for the Pacl
I lie end of the canal. Two b'g dredges
I were taken out of the mud on the west
bank of tha Chagres and floated down
? to the dry docks at crlstonal. Here
i they were repaired and they are now
at work in Llmon bay.
We have even used the old dredges
i of the ladder type, consisting of an
endless chain of nineteen steel buckets
: which scoop the mud from the bottom
'? of the canal and carry It out to a
chute at the side into a barge. These
' dredges hail good boilers, and the
machinery was found In excellent con?
dition on account of Its careful oil- j
: ing and painting before it was aban- I
Those dredges cost tons of thousands
! of dollars. They were brought her; in
I 1SSS and they remained in the mud
I more than twenty years. Their ton- j
' drrs Were silted over by the bay and
were closed in by a bank of sand six
feet high, in which a. tree forty f;et
i tall was growing- Our engineers had
to eut a channel forty feet wide into
the dredges and then take them out
and repair them. It is a wonder that
they could have been used at all, but
I am told that they have done excel?
There were four other ladder dcd&'CS
nearby which have been put to uso
j and on the Pacific side the hull or a
ladder dredge was raised and pre* I
pared for work. The same is true ot
excavators of one kind or another und
also of locomotives and cars.
The French llnllrond Materist,
A vast amount of the French rail?
road material has been usod, and some
? of this machinery Is still working. |
? Many of the locomotives left were ,
! worth $S,000 and upward apiece, and
there were 2C7 locomotive chants, each
j of which, if we would have had to buy
I them, would have cost $0,000.
j Some of the locomotives were right
; out in the Jungle, l remember when
1 was here In 1005 I seared a Hock of
i bats from one of them and was at
] tacked by a swarm of yellow Jackets
which had made their nests Inside tha
boiler of another.' tlreat lizards, In?
cluding iguanas, crawled about her:
and there under the car- wheels, ami '
we hnd to walk carefully for fear of
the snakes. That was near Bohlo on
ground that la now covered by the
waters of Gatuni lake.
Machinery Drowned In t.nke natum.
And just here that lake which wo
are making by the great dam at Gatum
will bo more or loss Impregnated with
iron from the French material which
will rust away within its bed. A great
dce.l of the stuff has been left in the
Jungle, and I saw. nway off In the trees,
a twenty thousand-dollar excavator!
twico as big as a threshing machine, up.
the sides of which the waters of the
lake arc Slwly crawling. i
There are also scores of steel dump j
oars which have been overtimed along
the line of the old French canal, now
a part of the lake. In one place there
Is a tree as big around as a good-slsed
haycock which has grown over a st:el
truck and carried it up with It. The
metal car Is imbedded in the trunk ofj
Tile old Trench company had alto-]
got her over lO.OOo ears and 6,000 iron
dumping wagons. When IhiJ' gave up!
the job they allowed a vast amount ,
of this to go to waste, and when I I
llrst came across the railroad, which I
wr.s nbjut fourteen years ago. after I
the se-eond French company had token .
held, tii -re were enough car wheels to !
equip a trunk line of railway scattered
along the canal from one end to the
other. There were hundreds of car
beds which had rotter away. I crum
bl.-d some of the wood into sawdust In
Queer 'filings Uncle Snm fiot.
During my stay on the isthmus In
IPOS 1 visited tile warehouse which
hail then Just been turned ovej to our
engine m s. Among them were build?
ings which covered as much as ten
acres. They were divided lnt.i sections
end walled with shelves containing all
sorts of matt-rial. In one place C|
found a thousand coal-oil torches tied
to the rafters ami near them a small
haystack of lamp wicks. Along the
side walls were bins of nails and screws
and carloads of tool handles. There'
were bogheads upon hogsheads of sine I
tacks to put on the galvanized roof?
ing, and our expert In charge at that
time estimated that the value of sup
piles In that house was nt least a quar?
ter of m'lllon dollars.
At another place I was shown pit ;s
of copper plates, each as big as the
top of a library table, and tons of
copper bars for the repair of the ma?
ch'nery. There were great bales of
brass and steel wire and tons of zinc
One Hundred and Thirty Warehouses Full.
When we took hold of the work wo
found lure 130 storehouses and warehouses
full of supplies, and uliio forty-one parks,
which contained machinery too heavy to
bouse under cover. The contents of the
buildings and parks were to groat that one
of the engineers estimated that tf all the I
machines and Huff could be leveled down
they would have been cno'tiich to cover to
ihe height of your waist a M0-nrre fnrm.
I went through these parks. They were
covered with structural material. Here |
steel rails were laid up like cord wood,
and there sheets or' zinc and plates of Iron
iv?r? idled one .rpon another.
At limplre and Colon I saw great ma
chine (hop*, and at Empire the building*
covered about fifteen acres, ^omi of the
French shop* were found In the Jungle, but
the brush and troea ware cleared away and
th? old machinery used. This *?? 10 at
Bas Matachtn, where -vas uaearthed a
machine ?hop which had entirely disap?
peared. It was found to cover about a
dozen acres, and to contain a complete
equipment of machine tools, ft took about
three week* for our gnngs of mon to cut
down the Jungle, and within a week or so
later the old French machinery ?u mak?
ing genera", repair* of all kinds on the ex
csvaiort and drill?, and cn ITlo rolllpg
ftock of the trains.
French Kxtr?>uronre> and Graft.
Nevertheless, witn all their r.aro a* to
accounts and the sprinkling of the machin?
ery with oil. tho graft of the French can
be everywhere seen. Everything was done
bv contrnct. and the grafters sent their
stufr in by the ton. In many cneea the
supplier were famished at so much pee
piece, the officials getting a rake-off. In
the basement of the odmlnl?tratl"ti build?
ing at Panama, we found two carloads of
the finest drawing paper In sheets. each
the size of a bed&prcad. There was more
of that paper than eould possibly be used
for h dozen canals, but our draftsmen con?
sumed what they needed. In the same
vitirehouso there were six ton? of steoi
pens, to rusty that they had to be shoveled
'tut Into the ocean. There were a!s.> bolts
made of Wood and painted black, to give,
'be impression that they were Iron or steel.
These were made according to sample, but
the model sent was of wood, and ihe bolts
and screw.-, came In that form painted
black. Xbodlf-Mi to say, they were useless.
All along tho linn of the canal arc monu?
ments to the fortunes made by tho building
eontruutors. Take the concreto work. It
was paid for by the cubic yard, and Ilttlo
two ond four-room cottages were erected
t>a costly cement foundations, while ware?
houses bad Brent concrete walls under
them. The monuments of rneso buildings,
the wood hnvlnc rotten away, are still to
teen nil ulong the line of the rnnal. I
counted ;<>o cement posts In one place.
Cement flnths for Horses.
Amonc the other costly concrete con
struction was that connected with th?
?table? of the officials. Here at Ancon
they made u bathtub of cement for tho
horses. It was fifteen feet wide, teventy
Bv? feet long and four feet In depth, nnd
was connected with the water supply. Tho
French engineers had their racing ponies
washed utr Instead of currylng them.
f remember a pigpen that I saw when f
looked at that horse bath. It hag disap?
peared now. but 1 was told that It must
haco cost at least Jts.iiflo to make. It cov?
ered about half an ncrc and was roofed
with galvanised Iron. Th* t?M of the
building was of concrete, divided Into pens,
each of which bad Its eenient trough, and
It was supposed to accommodate about
How He 'lade ?100.000.
I hear many ftorles from the old stagers
at Panama of how money ttowed In the
Ittst days of tbe French canal. The isthmus
was flooded with sold, common engineers
took eontrnets and sot rich, and every one
who sold or bought ;;rensed bis palm. I
was told last nlsht uf a worthless bcach
nber who bad been dlseharged by Ills
employer, a New Vork contractor. Just on
the eve of the departure of the latter for
nonv-. A few months later the New York
man returned and saw his old employe
dresseil In snow white, wearing a ?30 Pana?
ma hat and havlna a blnck valet to hold
up bis umbrella. The New Yorker said:
"Why. man. your circumstances seem to
'They have," was the reply. "I am rich
now and have made a fortune on con
"Mow did you do that?" was tbe next
I "It was easy enough. Von remember
that hill with the big hole at one side of
It along the line of the cnnal about eight
miles from i'olon."
1 "Well, I took a contract to fill that holo
fur ?10.000. A man named Jones had Just
sot another contract to cut down the bill
for I1SO.000, and so I charged him ?J0,0W to
put his bill In my hole. Thlp gave mo a
Clean $100.00(1 without spending a cent."
It I* said that another man measured up
a part of the ChagreS River ns a section
of his excavation contract and got money
I do not know as to the truth of theso
stories. I only know that It Is pretty well
established that the llrst French company
spent something like i:<T,.0OO.0Oo within a
space of ten years, and thnt tbe second
company spent five or ten millions more.
Altogether the French spent within 1100,
000.000 of what It will have coat us when
our canal Is completed.
The total amount spent by Uncle Sam
will be under JlCr..(IOO,Oi>0. and In this la
figured the J40.00j.0e0 paid to the French.
For that we got In round numbers about
F.'T.OeO.fOO worth of usable excavation, over
J9.0OO.00O worth of Panama Railway stock,
nnd fJ.O'iO.ooo worth of maps, drawings and
records! AVe got JJ.WO.OOO worth of good
buildings, jl.OOO.ooo worth of lands. j;,O0o,G00
worth ot material and equipment and other
Items, making up la the neighborhood of
SW.OOO, reo. It was a square aval. and. all
told, was one of the heat of tho many
made by our great Uncle Sam.
(Copyright. 191:'. by Frank G. Carpenter.)
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