Newspaper Page Text
ONE HUNDRED REASONS WHY ROOSEVELT =
SHOULD NOT AGAIN BE PRESIDENT
(From New York World.)
1? He has broken his solemn pledge
not to be again a candidate, and
therefore no reliance can ho pluced
upon any pledges or promises he
may make to govern his future
2? He is advocating tho abandonment
of our established form of govern?
ment?a rcprcsentatlvo democracy
?and .the substitution of a direct
form of government.
3? Ills nomination would violate an
established precedent and tradition
against a third term, which his
present candidacy conllrms as a
wise check upon unscrupulous am?
4? Tho cost of living constantly In?
creased during his two previous
6?There was no corresponding ln
crcaso In wages during his two
terms as President.
6? He recommended no tariff legisla?
tion In all the time he was Presi?
dent to reduce tho com of living.
7? He has 'been the most expensive
and extravagant President the
United States has ever had.
5? His elective term from 1506 to 1303
coat the people of tho United
States J3,522.&82,81?.07, twlco a. a
much as tils combined admlnlBtra
tlonu of Washington, Adams, Jef?
ferson, Madison, Monrco, John
Ciulncy Adams, Van Buren, Har
rlaon, Tyler, Polk, Taylor, Plll
moro, Pierce and Buchanan.
5?His two administrations wt-ro un?
paralleled for extra vagarice, costing
approximately $7,740,000,000, more
than double tho appropriation for
tho four years of thu Civil War.
10? Ho has announced no plan nor de?
clared any Intention to roduco the
coat of living, or to reduce taxa?
tion, or to reduce tho extravagant
expenditures of government, or to
do anytnlng that will materially
benefit the peoplo as Individuals or
as a nation.
11? Upon tho most vital question af?
fecting the high cost of living?
tho tariff?he has no definite opin?
ion, and never had. No utterance
of his commits him to any concrete
tariff policy or plan.
12? By threats and bullying ho de?
stroyed confidence and credit (in
1907). precipitating a panic, result?
ing in the Idleness of 2,000.000
worklnKnien and a logs In wages
iZ?No trust was convicted of a crime
while he wag Prea'dcnt. despite his
continued denunciation of wicked
2 4?There was not a alr.glo criminal
prosecution by the government of
any Individual offender against tho
Sherman law while he was Presi?
dent, despite his continued de?
nunciation of "malefactors of great
15? He refined to prosecuto the sugar
trust, although George H. Harle
tendered hltn ample cvldcr.co to
obtain a conviction.
16? He forbade the prosecution of the
harvester trust, of which his pres?
ent chief financial political backer,
George W. Perkins, was the or?
ganizer nnd la a director.
17? During his administrations the
beef trust was perfected with a
capital of 1200.000.0"". and an ad?
vance In I rices of 30 per cent.
IS?His prosecution of the beef trust
was abortive. At the final trial
It was found that tho most dam?
aging evidence against it was
hnrrul !?>? the statu of limita?
19? He personally licensed tho United
States Steel Corporation, a billion
dollar trust, to absorb Its chief
competitor, the Tennessee Coal
and Iron Company, a hundred mil?
lion dollar corporation, w.hlch was
accomplished by tho payment of
only $632.155 In cash, giving to
the Morgan Interests, which he
described as "so friendly to tis,"
a practical monopoly of the iron
nnd steel business of the country.
20? Of $.'.91.523.000 in dividends paid
by the Standard Oil Company In
the twenty-five years immediately
preceding 1909 nearly one-half of
It was paid while he was Presi?
-1?While he was President the num?
ber of unlawful business combina?
tions Increased from 143 with ap?
proximately $3,000.000,000 capital to
10,020 iwjth approximately $31,
22? He declared that there would bo
no Immunity for any criminal who
could be reached under the (anti?
trust) law, but also declared that
the antitrust law could not be en?
23? He created an army of special
ascents and spies. operating
secretly at a cost estimated as
high as $7.000.000 in ono year.
84 ? He denounced rebating (punish?
able by lawi and refused to prose?
cuto his personal frlervl. Paul
Morton, after Morton had admit?
ted on tho witness stand that as
an official of tho A-. T. Sl S. F.
Railroad ho had authorized re?
bates to be paid to tho Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company.
25? \fter promising and threatening
to put rebatora in Jail he put
Robater Morton In his Cabinet.
26? According to Governor Deneen, of
Illinois, ho askod that executive
not to prosecute E. H. Harrlman
for looting the Alton Rnllroad. on
tho ground that it would disturb
E7?Ho denounces bosses, but accept?
ed a nomination for Governor of
Now York from Boss Platt, and a
nomination for Vice-Prcsldent of
tho United States from Bosses
Platt and Quay. Among his con?
spicuous supporters and lieu?
tenants are Bobs "Ward, of Now
York; Boss Lyon, of Texas: Boss
Brown, of Ohio; Boss Fllnn, of
i .nnsylvanla. i
28?According to the biographer of
the late Senator Thomas C. Platt
ho went hat in hand to Boas Platt
to ask an Indorsement as As
s'stant Secretary of tho Navy and
2??He personally bcased tho Repuh
llcon National Convention of 190?
and the last Republican State Con?
vention of New York.
30? He personally encouraged B, H
Harrlman to raise a campaign
fund of $260.000, which, accord?
ing to Harrlman. changed 50,000
votes In New York City alone.
31? He selected George B. Cortelyou,
Secretary of Commerce and Labor,
which department bad supervisory
power over corporations, ?as a col?
lector of his campaign fund in
1904, derived chiefly from corpor?
S2?He professes to favor publicity of
campaign contributions, but has
refused lo make public tho names
of the corporations and the
amounts they contributed to his
campaign fund of 1004, although
challenged repeatedly to do so.
33?-He has never disproved the charge
of former Senator Hansbrotigh, ot
North Dskots, that he reappolnt
sd a "spotted" man to otbco at
the Instance of J. Ptorpoait Mor-|
31?Ills personal lawlossaessr.has been
frequently displayed, a fair ex*
amplo of which was .In the mat?
ter of the .Sonate obi 'to sccuru
Justice for tho negro troops ho
had dismissed at Brownsville
Texas. He threatened to veto tne
bill If passed and to lgnoru it if
passed over his veto.
25?Ills present primary campalgmhas
resulted In the expenditure of the
largest campaign fund for the, se?
lection of delegates over known
In a natlonul campaign.
36?Ho Is not supported by any.- pub?
lic man of thu tlrst rank or by
any great party loader, or by any
distinguished lawyer, educator at
I 37?His election-to a third term would
bo tho tlrst step toward tho es?
tablishment ot a D'az dictator?
ship, or a lifo term in olbce.
38?He has publicly boasted that "1
took the Panama Canal icone and
left Congress to debate tho Is?
sue." a seizure from a frlendy
republlo -which smirched tho hith?
erto .unsullied Integrity of tne
33?By abetting the fake Panama
revolution and tho taking of tu?
Isthm.ua he violated an existing
treaty between the United States
and Colombia. In which tho gov
eTnmcut ot the United btatea
guaranteed to maintain and de-1
fend the sovereignty of Colombia
upon tho Isthmus of Panama.
10?Under his administration 140,000,
was paid by this government
for tho rights of the French com?
pany in the Panama Canal. The
public has never been able-to find
out who got the money.
41?He has to a. large extent lost this
country the respect, confidence and
friondbhlp of the republics ot
Central end South America.
4 2?He uaed the navy, of the Unlteo
States to uphold a revolution In
Panama which was batched In
43? H#? prostituted hi* powers as Presi?
dent a-cd abused 'the. leigel ma?
chinery of -the government by at?
tempting- to Ter.iv.? an. infamous
sedition law ito punish editors who
had personally offended him.
44? He attempted to establish a prece?
dent that a person indicted by a
Federal grand Jury for an alleged .
offense upon a military reservation !
could be tried In any one of the j
2.SOS military Jurisdictions of the
45? Through the medium of. an, author?
ized speech hy Elihu Root he ac?
cused Wnr.am Randolph Hearst of
having been morally an accomplice
to the murder of President McKin?
ley, and two years later received
Hearst at 'the White House.
46? He attacked th.? aged Assis harrt At
borr.*y-Gn.rjorral Tyner When he -was
on trial and b of one wlcncsoes were
htard. Tyr.er wast acquitted. He
Ignored Tyr.er'j ?iy." ng appeal for
47? The. insurance graft at Albany, ex?
posed by the HCughMl investigation,
developed and flourished most dur?
ing the years cf 1S39 and 130 3,
When Roosevelt ?was Governor. H<
made no attempt to check K. and in
hi3 two annual messages ignored
the sTubJwct of Insurance.
4 8?H/5 criticized Admiral Brorwnsor.'s
aot Vn ces'.gr.lr.g as chief of Bureau
of Navigation as "unseemly end
Imfproper," wh'.ia suppressing tho
admiral's official explanation.
43?When Colonel W. F. Stewart, United
States Army. cTecllned to be retired,
he caused him to bo erlled to a
lonely post in New Mexico "until
he cotlld 1>9 cnrmpulsorlly retired"
at the -age of sixty-two.
j so?Ho autocratically deprived thi
Boston Herald of departmental
I news at Washington, including the
. weather forecast, .hccause that
paper had published someth'lr.s
that dlspl.'as^d him.
51?He permit? id the ape retirement
I of General Nelson A. Milee without
n word of commendation, respite
tho brlTllaUst record cf IGervcrsil
Miles in tho Civil War and as an
Indien lichter on the frontier.
32?Ho has attacked th.j honor and ca?
pacity of nearly every Judge who
refused to decide, cases according
to his wishes. After Judge An?
derson, of Ir.-Jlar.xpolis, decided
agilnst ' h!>m in the Panama libel
case, h> called '?ho Judge "a crook
and a \vkass." He aiftcrwnrds de?
nounce/! the. United Saat es Supremo
Court as "fossilized."
53? Its dismissed :hreo companies of
the Twenty-fifth infantry, colored,
without proof o-f their guilt, and
latKr sought to Justify his arbi?
trary action by ar. V-lege-t confes
slor/. repudiated by th? alleged con
'fr.sor and ob-tained bV a negro de?
tective who could neither read reotr
54? He has time and again, as Chief
Executive, insulted the other two
co-ordinate branches of govern?
ment, tho legislative and Judicial. !
55? When a Southern postmistress re?
ceived threatening letters. Instead
of affording her protection he
arbitrarily closed tho post-office
nnd deprived the citizens of that
community of their mall.
56? He caused the official records In
tho harvester trust to be taken
from tho flleo of tho government
department and sequestrated In
tho White House, refusing Con
1 greas all Information concerning
67?Exposed in an lnuiguo to Influence
I tho appolntmont of an American
I cardinal, he broke a long-standing
friendship with ? Bellamy Storer,
forced him to resign as ambassit
I ,dor to Austria nnd publicly hu
| mlllajted Mrs. Storor.
' 68?As an appeal to tho Grand Army
I vote ho Issued Pension Order No.
78, creating a. servlco pension with?
out authority of Congress, taking
i money from the public treasury
without authority of law.
53?Ho nullified In a largo moasure
i the pure food law by creating the
Hemsen referee board, which over?
ruled l>r. Wiley and permitted
manufacturers to continue the use
1 of certain adulterants.
\ CO?He has persistently appealed to
I militarism. Jingoism and, the war
61? By: opposing the Taft arbitration
treaties he has shown a willing?
ness to continue existing expendi?
tures for wars, past and to come,
which require 71 per cent, of the
revenue of tho government.
62? He employed rank favoritism In
certain army appointments, the
most flagrant examplo of which
was the case of Or. Leonard "Wood,
now chief of staff, a personal
friend, advanced in rank oA the
expense of regular army officers of
63? When he became President he In?
herited a large treasury aurpluu
from the McKinley administration,
and, despite the largely Increased
revenues of the government, he be?
queathed to his successor a. deficit.
64? He has denounced uoc'allsm und
anarchy, while advocating socialis?
tic doctrines and measures. His
New Nationalism Is but a name for
repudiated Old Populism.
65? The Socialist vote Increased 400
per cent, during ? his administra?
66? His efforts to centrallzo power In
the Federal government and to
create a multiplicity of commis?
sions and bureaus have tended to?
ward Russianizing the govern?
67? He has perglstently appealed to
the passions of the nob and to
class prejudice, inflaming the poor
against the rich and -he rich
agH'.t.'t the pour.
68? He misrepresents the motives and
views of Abraham Lincoln by
constantly asserting that his own
motives and views are tho same.
Tho proof: Lincoln aald, "No man
Is fit to govern another man with?
out the tatter's consent." In a
-speech nt Cairo University. March
. 38. 1910. while tho Egyptian peo?
ple were hold'ng a general assem?
bly and pleading for a Consti?
tution, Roosevelt declared they
v.-ero not fit for self-government,
and urged them to submit un
reslstently to British rule. Later
he censured the British for not
exercising a more aggressive
policy In Egypt, saying: "Weak
nets and' sentimentality are more
harmful to an uncivilized people
than violence and Injustice."
69?Before his ambition and lust for
power had become an obsession ho
wrote the following, which was
published In tho Review of Re- j
views, September, 1*96: "Further- \
more, the Chicago convention at- i
tacked the Supreme Court Again j
th's represents a species of atav- t
Ism?that Is, of recurrence to the '
? ways of thought of remote bar- j
barlan ancestors. Savages do not i
like an independent and upright
Judiciary. They want tho Judge I
to decide their way. and If he I
does not they want to behead |
him." He has since been flagrant?
ly guilty of tho atavism he con?
70?Ho has'Indulged In derogatory
criticism of many of his predeces?
sors in tho pres'den-y. calling Jef?
ferson tho "most Incapable execu?
tive who ever tilled the President's
chair;" accusing Madison of
"bringing shame and disgrace to
America:" characterizing Monroe,
the author of the Monroe Doc- '
trine as a "triumph of Imbecility
to the last;" denounced Jackson as
"Ignorant;" attributed Van
Buren's success to his "moral
shortcomings;" referred con?
temptuously to Harrison, Taylor.
Flllmoro. Buchanan nnd Polk as
"small Presidents;" and Plerco as
a "small politician of low capacity
and mean surroundings."
11?He characterized Congressmen as
"cattle" In a speech before tho
Syracuse Chamber of Commerce in
72? His nttltuio toward tho real
bosses of tho Republican party
was exposed In the following tele?
gram to the widow, of Senator
Quay at the time of Boss (.'nay's
death: "My loyal frlond is dead."
73? Ho has characterized the Quakers
as "a class of professional non
combatants who are as hurtful to
tho real growth of tho nation ns
7i?He bas made his personal will
paramount* to law whenever It
has suited his purposo to do so.
and Is now biting the hand that
75? He has been a chronic office seek?
er, ofllco holder and tax eater for J
nearly his entire adult life.
76? He has attempted to create law I
by executive action. to make I
treaties without tho consent of tna
Senate and to control interstate
commerce by applying the post
road clause of tho Constitution,
making tho Tldlculous contention
that routes traversed by lotter
carriers in delivering mall were
post roads within the meaning ol
77? Tho wlro trust officials. Includ?
ing a son-in-law of J. Plcrpont
Morgan, that ho failed to ln<ilct.
were Indicted after ho left office
nnd pleaded guilty.
78? Declaring for W.e regulation ot
railroads, he commandeered spe?
cial trains for his own uso at tho
expense of th? railroads,
i 79?Ho used a United States vessel as
j a privoto yacht to send his chll
| dren to boat races.
ISO?In 1903 he assembled and reviewed
tho Atlonllo Squadron oft Oyster
Hay, where he lives, at a cost ot
81?He has publicly applied the epi?
thet of liar to so many reputable
persons that it has become an In?
?2?He detfallod a $1,000 messenger
from tho United .States Treasury
Department to serve as his bar?
83? Ho kept the business world In a
state ot terror, turmoil and un?
certainty for nearly eight years,
and his re-election would revive
that reign of terror.
84? Ho has outraged tho dignity ot
the presidential office, violated tne
amenities of Official life and in
publlllc utterances has degraded
the mother tongue of this country
to the slang and vernacular or
the prize ring and the gambling
85? He Is utterly lacking in the exe
cutlvo temperament and the calm,
cool, exact judgment nocessary In
a safe Chief Executive.
80?Ho abused tho power of tho presi?
dency by forcing Taft upon an un?
willing party as its candidate in
1908. declaring, If they don't take'
Taft they'll get me," notwlthrtand- I
ing his pledge not to bo a candi?
87? In a letter to Conrad Kohrs, of
Helena, Mont., ho eulogized Mr.
Taft as & man who combined nil
of the best qualities of a public
man to a degree which no oth.'r
man in our public life since the
Civil War has surpassed, and Is
now denouncing the same Taft as
"puzzle-wltted" and a "weakling."
88? Not only did he betray the per?
sonal aiid political friendship of
Mr. Toft but attempted to fasten
upon him tho responsibility as si
Cabinet officer for Ills (Rpose-1
veil's) refusul to proseculo tho]
harvester trust, which was d's- I
proved by the record showing that I
Mr. Taft was out of the country'
at the time.
Sy?His mojt Intimate personal friends,
and supporters, the I'lnchots and I
James ft. Garfleld. hoodwinked Sen- j
ator La Folletlc by ostensibly sup?
porting La Follttte'a candidacy to 1
create "progressive'- sentiment,!
taking advantage of the Senator's I
temporary Illness to desert him j
and Joining with f'.oosevclt In the
lattei's candidacy to reap tho|
fruits of La Follette's campaign.
90? During his administrations he sup- ?
ported Cannon and Cannonlsm in!
the House, and urged that that
organization be kept In power, j
He Is now leading tho ao-cnlled :
"progressive" cauae, which had its ,
inception In a revolt against Can-j
91? Tho only two States In which he}
has ever lived and in which he ial
best known?New York and North]
Dakota?both elected delegations
opposed to his third term candi?
02?His 1904 campaign was financed by
trusts and corporations and sup?
ported by practically every Re?
publican boss he is now denounc?
ing, Including Lorlrnor.
93?The principal contributors to h's
present campaign fund are Georgi
w. Perkins, organizer and a di?
rector of the harvester trust, w ho
In 1904, while an officer of the
New York Life Insurance Com?
pany, "personally" contributed
nearly $50,000 to his campa'gn
fund, reimbursing himself tirom
the' policy-holders' money, a trans?
action which Chief Jutige Cullen.
? ?t the Court of Appeals, call d
larceny; Frank A. Munsey and Dan
Hanna, large stockholders in tho
steel trust, the latter now under
Indictment for rebating.
91?He was discredited and beaten by
his own party in his home State
at the last election after bo had
forced his personal choice for!
Governor upon the convention. I
wrote the platform and made him-;
self the issued of the campa'gn. I
95?He has opposed Hryan and Debs]
as president nl candidates-, and Is
now running upon a platform tho
chief planks of which were stolon
from the platforms of Bryan and i
9ff?He tells the farmer, the laborer
und the salaried employe that lie
wishes them tto h,ive a larger
share of the profits of Industry,
but he does not tell thorn how he
proposes to bring it about.
97?His fxcuso for being a candidate
is that a crisis has been reached In
this government. In his Life of
Ol'ver Cromwell, page 52, he say.-:
"In great crises it may be neces?
sary to overrun constitutions, to
9S?In view of h's recent attacks upon
the Constitution the presidential
oath of office to support anil tie?
fend tho Constitution would b<
meaningless In his case, to us. n i
99? He has himself announcer! ns late
n3 1911 that "my (his) nomination
would bo a calamity."
100? The lawless and revolutions ?>?
methods he 's employing to gn rt1
another nomination show his wil?
lingness to wreck h's party to]
further his personal ambition,!
nnd, together with his record. Ju<-|
tlfy the fear that ho would he
as lawless as President as he s
1 as a candidate. I
(Continued From Tenth Page.)
duced to practice. From the practice of
this theory, under tho pretense of heed?
ing the forma of democracy, it is but
ono step farther to cast aside all pre?
tense whatever, and Mr. Taffs ilcutcn
nnts have tcken t'ir'.a step agiin and
-igoln, and from swindling the people
by sharp political tricks they have gone
to the point of deliberate theft. Air. j
Taft, in encouraging what was dono In I
tho Ohio State Convention, showed his:
anxious desire to defeat the will of tho |
peopio by sharp trickery which kept
just within tho law. But In clectlus
and seating the delegates whom too
Tsft national committeemen have put
On tho tomporary roll of the convention
from California, Washington, Arizona,!
Kentuoky, Indiana, Texas and other j
States a much longer step towards dls- |
honesty has been taken. These dele?
gates represent deliberate theft, delib?
erate robbery. The action of Mr,
Taft's supporters In these cases raises
a question oven more vital than those !
that have legitimately been rnlsed In i
Before discussing questions dealing
with tho right of tho peopio to rulo I
nnd to secure social and industrial j
Justice, it Is necessary to settle once
for all that when the decision has i
been made by tho people 't shall not '
bo reversed by force and fraud.* We I
have a right to ask every honest man
among- our opponents, whatever may
he his views as to the principles we
advocate, heartily to support tis in
this fight for the elementary, the fun?
damental honesties Of politics. The
first and greatest issue between us is
tho issue of theft. Every honest citi?
zen should join with us in the fight for
honesty against theft and corrupt'on.
inner nest So Surprise.
It is not to bo wondered at that
our opponent:! have been very hitler,
for the- line-up In this crisis is one
that cuts deep to the fot.ndat'0113 of ;
government. Our democracy la now i
put to a vital test; for the conflict is (
between human rights on one aide and j
on the other special privileges used us
a property right. .\ parting of Hie !
ways has oome. The Republican party j
must definitely stand on one side or |
tho other. It muSt'Stnnd by deeds and
not merely by empty phrases, for the
rights of humnnlty, or else it must I
stand for special privileges. Our op- j
ponents arc fond of colling themselves
regular Republicans. In reality they J
have no title to membership In any
party thnt is true to the principles of j
Abraham Lincoln. They are fighting j
for tho cause of special privilege, and ;
their chief strength Is drawn from
the beneficiaries of Intrenched eco?
nomic and social Injustice. I do not
In the least mean that thoy are all of j
them, or even a majority of them, lu
f.uenccd by improper motives any '
more than 1 would say the same thing
of the men In the North who during
tin- Civil War were favorable to slav- .
cry and hostile to the Union. Hut most !
of the master spirits among them have
a strong, selfish Interest in resisting
in.- campalsn against Industrial wrong, i
The real masters among our opponents
are often by no means the men nomi?
nally In the forefront. These real
masters of the reactionary forces have
a tremendous personal interest in per?
petuating the rule of the boss In poli?
tics, w'th Ha necessary accompaniment,
the safeguarding of privilege ami the ?
enlarging of the sphere of special in- I
terest. hey are the men who stand
back of the ordinary political leaders :
Who are against us.
They are the men who directly or i
Indirectly control the majority of tno
great dally newspapers thnt are
ngnlnst us. Behind them comes the
host of hone.it citizens, who. because
the channels of their Information are'
Choked, misunderstand our position
b'nd believe that In Opposing us tney
are opposing disturbers of the peace
In addition, these are the men who now,
ns in every age, are Intellectually and
temperamentally incapable of consent?
ing to progress, ana who worship ?i
TUXEDO TOBACCO -leader
all aspirants for smoke honors?.
the pipe ballot' is decisive. The
policy of Tuxedo is to taste
right, to smoke right, to give
satisfaction first to last. There's
no "bite" in the curved green
PATTERSON'S TUXEDO TOBACCO jjj
"The Pipe Smoke for Gentlemen"
the shrine of the sanctity of property,
even though that property bo Illicit?
ly acquired and used to the detri?
ment of the community. All of theso
honest men are sedulously taught by
the big sinister men above them that
(revolution Impends if we strike at
even the most obvious injustice. They
are taught to believe that change
means destruction. They nro Wrong.
The men who temperately, and with
self-restraint, but with unlllnchlng
resolution and efficiency, strlko at in?
justice right grievous wrong, and
drive Intrenched privilege from its
sanctuary, are the men who prevent
revolutions. Life means change;
whera there is no change, rieatn
'?omes. Wo who fight sanely for the
rights of the people, for Industrial
Justice and social reform, are also
lighting for material well-being: for
justice Is the hand-mai'len of pros?
perity, and without Justice there can
be no lasting prosperity. V% o pledge
ourselves not only to strive tor pros?
perity, but to bring It about; for It
can only come on a basis of fair
treatment for all, and on sUcln.li basis
It shall come. If the peoplo Intrust
power to us.
l"cnrr<l by Tower? That Prey.
When I undertook this contest I
was well aware of the intense bit?
terness which my re-entry Into poli?
tics would cause. I knew that the
powers that prey would oppose me
with tenfold the bitterness they
would show In opposing any other
progressive candidate, simply because
they do not fear any other progres?
sive candidate, whereas thoy very
greatly fear me. I knew also thnt i
they would directly or Indirectly in
Ituence every man or men wiio prld"
themselves upon belonging to.'and In?
deed typifying, what they regard as
the educated and respectable classes.
But It hns been to mo a matter of
melancholy concern to see the effect
that these Influences have produced
upon so many men In the Northeast,
especially In cities llko New York.
Boston and Philadelphia, who lead
llvfs that are on the whole rather j
pleasant, rather soft, ami who aroi
free from all possibility of the pres- |
sure of actual want. ,
It has been a matter of concern to me j
to see how bitter anil Irrational has 1
been tho opposition to us among a very I
large proportion of these men, the men I
who are to bo found In the most noted
clubs, in tho centres of big busluess
and In tho places especially resorted to
by those whose chief desires are for
ease and pleasure. We have with us
a small percentage of tho heads of
great corporations and of great corpo?
ration lawyers. Including, 1 believe,
almost every man of either class suf?
ficiently hlsh-mtn.Jcd and far-sighted
to see that in the long run privilege
rpells destruction, not only to ino class
harmed by it, but to the class possess- )
lug It. We welcome the presence of
these men. Every honest man. what?
ever his fortune, should bo our ally.
Tho great majority of capitalists, how?
ever, and of the big corporation law?
yers so Intimately connected with
them, are naturally hostile to us. Their ,
hostility did not surprise me. Tho
men who ui> most benefited by privi?
lege, unless they are exceptionally dis?
interested and far-sighted, cannot be
expected to feel friendly towards those
who assail privilege. But associated
with thorn are many men whose selfish
interest In privilege is far less obvious.
I genuinely regret that wo have had
with us so small a percentage of the
men for whom life has been very easy,
who belong to or are Intimately usso
elated with the leisured and moneyed
classes, so small a proportion of the '
i lass which furnishes tho bulk of the
membership of tho larger social, bust- |
?less and professional clubs and which ]
supplies the majority of the hoads oi |
our great educational Institutions ana
of the men generally who take the lead
In upholding the cause of virtu,, when
only the minor moralities and the ele?
gancies of life uro at Issue. My con-1
i cm and regret over their action are
not primarily for our Bakes, for the
sake of the people. My concern und
regret are primarily for these men I
themselves. They could do us good by'
Joining, and It Is earnestly to be Wished
that this movement for social Justico I
will number among Its loaders at least j
a goodly proportion of men wh< so lend- I
ershlp is obviously disinterested, whoi
will themselves receive no material ben- j
etit from tho changes which as a mat
ter of justice they advocate.
Vet the good to tho ppoplo would ,
be sins11 compared to tin good which
these men would do to their own class!
by casting in the r lot with US n?j
wo battle for the rlxins of humanity, I
as we battle for so,-;,il and Industrial
Justice, as wo chnmplon the cause of;
those who most need champions, and I
tor whom champions have been too |
few. 1 have been puzzled at the attl- ;
tude of the men in question. They,
are often men who In the past have'
been very sovero in their condom tin-* I
(Ion or corruption. In their condem-j
nation of bossism. and in railing at
Injustice und In demanding higher!
Ideals of public service and private i
iile. Yet when the supremo test)
romos they prove folso to all their j
professions of the past. They fear!
the people so Intensely that thoy par- .
don and uphold every spades of po- I
flitical and Tuslnrss crookedness in
the panic-stricken hope of strengthening j
tho boss and special privilege and
thereby raising a powerful shield io
protocl their own soft personalities
from tho publfc. They aro foolUh
creatures; tho peoplo would never
harm them, yet they still dread tho
people. Thoy stand with servile ac?
quiescence behind the worst represen?
tative* of crooked business and crook
ed politics In the country, and by
speech or by sllcncu they now en?
tourage or cottduno Hie efforts of
our opponents to steal Xrom tho people
the victory they have won and tu sub?
stitute boss rule for popular rule.
Home of these men have In the past
assumed to be teachers of their fel
lowmen In political matters. Never
again can they speak in favor of a
blgh Ideal of honesty and decency .11
political life, or of the duty to opjroso
political corruption und business
wrong-doing; for to do so would ex?
pose them to the derision of all who
abhor hypocrisy und who condemn fine
words that are not translated Into
Intlueucc i>f Clans.
Apparently these men are influenced
by a class consciousness which 1 had
not supposed existed in any such
strength. They llv,; softly. Oircuin- ;
stances for which they Bre not re-1
sponslblo have re-movud their lives
from the fears and unxielUs of the
ordinary men who toll. Whon a move?
ment is undertaken to make life a
little easier; a little belter, for the
ordinary man. to g've him a better
chance, these men of soft life seem
cast Into panic lest something that
is not rightly theirs may bo taken
In unmanly fear they stand agatn3t
all change, no matter how urgent such
1 hange may be. They not only come
far short of their duty when they tlus
act, hut they show a lamentable
short-sightedness, in this country of
ours no man can permanently leave to
ins descendants the right to liv? soft?
ly, and if he could leave such a rieht
it would In tho end provo to he a
rlstht not worth having. Tho Inheri?
tance really worth while which wu
can transmit to our children and to
our children's children Is the ability
to do work that counts, not tho means
of avoiding work?the ability for efft
clent elTort. not the opportunity for
the slothful avoidance of all effort.
The leaders In the light for Industrial
and social Justice to-day should be tliu
men to whom much has been given
und from whom we have a right to
expect in return much of honesty ami
of courage, much of disinterested and
valorous effort for the common good.
Tho multi-millionaire who opposes us
Is the worst foe of his own children
and children's children. and. little
though he knows it, we are their ben?
efactors when we strive to make this
country one in which justice shall pre?
vail; for it Is they themselves who
would in the end suffer most If In
this country, when we permitted the
average man gradually to grow to
feel that fair piny was denied h'm
that Justice was denied to the many
anil privilege accorded to the few.
For the 1'lnln IVople.
We who In this contest are flphtlnt?
for the rights of the plain people, wu
who are lighting for the right of the.
people to rule themselves, need offet
no 'better proof of tin- fact that we
are tight.ng for all citizens, no mat?
ter what their politics, than that
which Is afforded Ivy Hie action of that
portion of the press which Is con?
ti ell.-.I by privilege, by the great spe?
cial interests In 'business. Newspapers
of this type are found in every part
of the country, in San Francisco. In
C nclnnati. In Chicnso and St. L-ouls,
In Huston and Philadelphia. Hut they
are strongest in New York. Some of
these newspapers are nominally Dem?
ocratic, some nominally Republican,
some nominally Independent. Hut in
reality they are true only to the real
or fancied Interests of the great capi?
talist class by certain of whose mem
bers they are controlled.
Sometimes the Interests of tlu? capital?
ist . i.i^s .ire Identical with those ?f the
country as a whole, and In that eise these
papers serve the Interests of the Common*
wealth. Hometlmes the Interests nf the
capitalist class nr>- a<tninst the Interests o*\
the people Jis a whole, and In that case
these papers are hostile to the Interests of]
the Commonwealth. But neither their act?
ing fevorsbly to nor their acting adversely
to the interests of the Commonwealth ts
anything more timn an Incident to their
support of the Interests in which Ihey are]
hound, The' great anil far-reaching, evil of
their action Is that tiny choke and foul
the only channels of Inf or ma t ion open to
so many behest ami well-meaning eltlsens.
The most prominent representatives of
these papers In New York am! Massachu?
setts supported Mr. 1'nrker against me in
IDOt. Mr. Parker was a Democrat, .hut he
was entirely Satisfactory to these masters,
and tor Hie Ilm? helng they ardently did
all ihey could to overthrow the itcpunilean
party an,I to elect n Democratic President,
IVit when 1 liof-an to be seriously tulketl
about for the Republican nomination this
year these papers, one and all. turned Re?
publican to the extern of liocomlng my
furious opponents and the furious cham?
pions of Mr, Taft. Tiifre is an element of
pure comedy In reading !n those papers
continual lamentation:- about the lllteihood
of niy candidacy breaking up the Republi?
can party. They themselves did all they
could t<> licit the Republican parij- when thev
thought ihey could eiert >Mr. Parker. Now
these papers would eagerly champion tho
II? publican parly If they could keep Mr.
I.it: as !Ir nominee far President. In the
past they have not Concealed their con?
ti mpl for Mr. Taft, mid none of them re?
gard him In any way as o lender.
The difference b<no-en us and our pres?
ent day opponents Is as old as civilized
hlatoi?; . In rv..r> pre?t crisis of the kind
we face 10-day, w? find arrnycd on one sldo
the men who with fervor and broad Sym?
pal th! and lofty Idealism stand for the for?
ward movement, the men who stand for
the uplift and Jetterment of mankind and
who have faith In the people: and over
against ihem the men of restricted vision
and contracted sympathy, whose souls are
not stirred hy the wrongs of others. Side
by (Ids with the latter appear the other
men who lock all Intensity; of conviction,
r. ho care only for the pleasure of the day!
and also thf.se other men who distrust the
people, who If dishonest wish to keep the
people helpless so n:< to exploit them, and
who If Ivjncst. so disbelieve In tho power
of the people to tiring about wholesome
reform that every appeal to popular con
setene? and popular Intelligence fins them
with an angry terror. According to their,
own lights, these men are often very re?
spectable, very worthy. Hut thev live on
a plane of low Ideals In tho stmospher* (
they createlmpostors llourlsh. and k.iler
ship 'coinos to he thought of only os sac- ;
cess In making money, and the vision of j
Ite.iv 1 a becomes a sordid vision, and all i
that Is purest. In human nature Is laughed,
at. and honesty .Is bought nn.1 sold In the
Opposed undylngly to those men are the
men of faith nnd vision, the men In whom
love of rlghteousnness bums like a darning
Are, who spurn llvss of soft and selfish
ease, of slothful self-indulgence, who scorn
to thlnlc only of j>!?asr.ro lor thamaelve*fc
who feel for an*, bellevo In their fellows,
whose high fealty la reserved for ?11 that
It good, that Is just, that is honorable. By
thxlr vcr>* nature these men are bound to
battle for the truth and the right. Thoy
do not add rosa themselves Only to the cul?
tured and exclusive ferw. Thoy -prizs ohar
acti-r even more than Intellect. Thoy know;
well that conscience la not .tho jprlvlloco
merely of tho men of wealth andTcultiva?
tion, and they moke their appeal to alt
men alike In tho name of the great Xunda
tnental qualities, and qualities,that every;
man should have, the. qualities of geuproa-'
Ity and unselfishness, of .fearless .honesty,
and high courage. ,
Wo who war against -prlvllega pay->"fceeo7
to no outworn system otf philosophy. Wei
demand of our leaders to-day .understand-!
tng of and sympathy with tho living, andtf
the vital needs of thoso In tho community!
whose needs aro grentcst. Wo are agalnsta
privilege in every form. Wo believe inj
striking down even- bulwark />t privilege.|
Above ull, wo are against tbo evil alliance*
Of special privilege In .business .with apc-J
elal .business In Dollt1cs. We bollava in ?lv-l
lug teh people a froo hand to work.dix e.ffl-1
rlcnt fashion for true Justice. To tho bist
mini and to tho little man. In nil the re-J
Istlons of lifo, .wo plcdgo Justice, and .'sir.
Change I* Upon X't.
A period of change Is upon us. Our; op?
ponents, the men of reaction, auk us to '
stund still. But wo could not stand, still
If wo would: wo must either go -forward or
go backward. Xover .was tho need, more
Imperative than now' for man of vision, ?
who uro also men of action. -"Disaster Is
nlinid of us. If we trust to the leadership
of men whose souls are seared and whose
eyes arr blinded, men ,of cold heart jjnd
narrow mind, who bellovo we can find.,
safety In dull timidity and dull Inaction.
The unrest cannot be quieted by Ingenious
trickery of 'those who profess to advance
by merely m-fXlng Jtrr.r, or *h5 seek to
drown'tho cry for Justice by loud and in
slneore clamor about Issues that aro false
and Issues that aro dead, (tho trumpets
sound the advance, nnd their appeal can?
not ho drowned by repeating tho iwar-crltin
of bygone battles, the victory shouts of
vanished hosts- 11 ore in this city of tho
Stutn of Lincoln. 1 can set forth tho prin?
ciples for which we stand to-day In the
words which Lincoln used fifty-tour years'
ago. when tn speaking of the then phuso'
of the eternal struggle between prlvltegot
und Justice, (between tho rights .of the/
nionv and the upcclal Interest of tho few.'
he said: , I
"That la tho roal Issue. That Is the lssu?.
which will continue In this country when!
these poor tongues of Judge Douglas and]
myself shall be silent. It Is the eternal]
struggle between two principles?right and!
wrong?throughout the world. Thoy aro tho!
two principles w.hieh have stood faco tot
faco fluni th,i beginning of time. Tho onal ?
Is the common right of humanity, tho other
the divine right of kings. It Is the same
ffWnelple In whatever shapo It develops it?
self. It Is the some which says, 'you toll
and work and earn bread, and I will eat
"N'o matter In what shape It comes,
whether from tho mouth of a king, who
bestrides the people of his own nation and,
lives from ths trull of thetr labor, or from
one rsca of men as an apology for enslav?
ing anottier race, It Is tbo satno tyrannical*
Wer.- Lincoln alive to-day ho .would add
that It Is also the same prlnclplo whteh la
now at stake when we tight on behalf of.
the ninny against the oppressor In modern.
Industry, whether tho odiuae of special
privilege bo by a man whoso wealth Is j
great or Is little, whether by tho multIV
millionaire owner of railways nnd mines]
and factories, wno forgets his duties tu*l
those who earn bis broad while earning*i
their own, or by the owner of the foul llttloJ
sweatshop, who coins dollars from the/T
excessive and underpaid labor af haggard,'
women. We iwho stand for the cause off
progress are lighting to mako thla country"
a better place to live for those who have!
boon harshly treated by foto; and If .we.
succeed It will also really be a better place)
for those who aro already well off. XoneJ
of us can really prosper permanently Iti
mass, s ot our fellows are debastcd and de J
grade-!. If they are ground down nnd forced)
to live starved and sordid lives, so that)
their souls arc. crippled like their bodies/
and the fine edge of their every .feeling!
? blunted. We usk that those of our peopled
i to whom fato has been kind shall rcmeni-'
ber that each Is his brother's keeper, nnd "
that nil of us whose veins thoy thrill with
abounding In vigor shall feel our obligation
to tho less fortunalo who work wearily [
beside us In the strain and stress .of our?
oager modern life.
i.n-at Tonic Is Set. 1
Friends, her? In Chicago at this tlms,
you have a great task before you. I wish
you to realize deep In your .hearts that you'
are not merely /aring a crisis In the hl?
I tor of a party; you are facing a crisis la
I history of a nation, and what you do
.will have an appreciable effect throughout
i the world ut large. Hero In America we,
I tho people, have a continent on which, to
work out our destiny, and our faith 'ia
] nre.it that our men nnd women are fit ? la
' face ihe mighty days. Nowtiern else '.In
j all the world Is thcro such a chanro "for
the triumph on a glgantlo srVilo of tha
great cause of democratic and popular
; government. If we fail, the failure will bo?
lamentable and dar heads "will bo bowed
with ahorae; for not only ?hall we fall for
j ourselves, but our failure win wreck the
j fond desires of all throughout the world
; who look toward im with tho fond hopa
I that hero in this great republic It shall ba
pre.vet that from ocean to ocean tho people
, can rule themselves, and thus ruling can , '
gain liberty for and do Justice both to \
. themselves and to others. We who stand I
for the cause of the uplift .of humanity
'nnd the betterment of mankind are .pledg
I oil to eternal w ar against w ong, whether ?
I by ihe few or by the many, by a pluto
, ci icy ".- by a mob. We believe that this
I country will not i>* a permanently good.
icq for any of its to live In unless wa
make i: a reasonably good, pi.no for all
! of us to live In. The sons of all of us will1
pay In tho future If ,wo of the present do
! nol do Justice to all tn the present,
i Our cause Is the cause of Justico for all
i In the Interest of all. Tho present contest
is hut a phase of the larger struggle. As
I surodly the tight will fto on whether wa
j vfIn or lose, but It will .be a sore disaster
I to los-v What happens to me Is not of tha
: slightest consequence; I am to he used, as
1 In doubtful battle any man Is used, to his
1 hart or not, so long as he Is useful, and
:. then rast aside or left to die. 1 wish,
to fed this. I mean It, and I ?halt
; need r.o sympathy when you are through
I with me, for this fight Is far too great to
permit us to concern ourselves about any
! one man's welfa.ru. If we are true to our?
selves by putting far above our c?n later
I est* the triumph of the hitch cause for
- which we battle, we shall not lose. It
i woulil be far better tin fall honorably for
Ihe cause we champion than It would t>? to
mn .by foul methods, tho foul victory for
I which our opponents hope. But tho vic?
tory shall he ours, nnd it shall ba won as '
we 'hrive already won so nvany victories,
r-y clean sad honest fighting for the lofti?
est of causes. We tight In honorable fash
Ion for the good of mankind. Fearless of.
the. future, unheeding of our individual:
fates, with unflinching hearts and undlrn-.
med eyes, we stand ?t Armigeddaa and,'
we battle for the Lord.