Newspaper Page Text
How Uncle Sam Feeds and
Clothes His Canal Employes
Cristobal, Canal Zone, Panama.
ItVant to tell you how Uncle Bam
feeds and clothes his canal em?
ployes. When the old patriarch
undertook this bin job at Panama he
found the stores hero very poor. The
native merchants did not understand
the wants of tho Americana, and they
tried to sell us poor stuff ut high
prices. It was absolutely necessary In
the management of the canal to nave
the men well fed and well cared for,
and so Uncle Sam became murchant,
and he has established here one of the
biggest department stures of tho world.
He does not Insist that any one buy
of him, but his prices are so low and
his goods are ho good that no one
thinks of purchasing anywhero else.
The huBlncas began at the start of
our work on tho canal, and It has
now grown until It amounts to almost
j'l.HftO.noo per year. The number of
conBumers Is now about 100,000, and
this Includes the families of both the
silver and gold employes upon the canal
and the railroad. All or? practically
dependent upon the. government for
their food and clothing, which Uncle
Sum sells almost at cost. The govern?
ment brings fresh bread to their front
doors every morning, it puls away
the Ice I nthelr refrigerators, and even
supplies them with their fuel, which
It stores away under the porch.
I in I,- Sara's HI* Mercantile Hualnraa.
Huf.lie 1 lake you through tho Im?
men ie warehouses and other govern?
ment plants uf this mercantile cstab
llal ic.cnt here at Cristobal, let mc glva
you a few Items as to the extent of
the business. The sales last year tm
hrai ed more than 4.000,000 pounds of
Irtsh beef, and a quarter of a million
pounds of mutton and lamb. Tho
chickens handled In Uncle Sam's gro?
cery store numbered 400,000, and the
turkeys and du> ks one-fourth ib many.
He sold a half million pounds of bacon,
9,000,000 eggs and altogether over 3b,
000 tons of food supplies of one kind
or other. Some of the groceries ran
Into the millions of pounds. This was
so of the flour, which weighed 6,000,
000 pounds; of the rice, which weighed
2,001^000, and of evaporated and con?
densed milk, which footed up a gross
of 1,000.000 pounds.
Uncle Sam t-old last year a million
pounds of peas and besns, 700,000 cans
of tomatoes, 200,000 oi ilsh an I 68,000
rans Of pork and beans His saleB of
potatoet? aggregated 7,000,000 pounds,
and of onions more than a million.
He sold 226.000 dozen oranges, 56,ooo
? aulaloupes, 120,000 grape fruit and
about 1S.000 watermelons.
A little further on I will take you I
through his bnkery hero at Cristobal, !
where 'an year he made over 6,000,- j
00'' loaves of bread, sending out from ]
;o,ftOO to 2.r..00f> every day. We shall ;
visit hi slaundry, where '. 'roc and one- '
half million pieces of clothing were
washed last year, and go into plants
where 300,000 pounds of coffee were i
toasted, t 200,000 worth of ic<- mado
and from where more than lnft.aoo gal- ;
Ions of lee cream were shipped out
to eanal employes.
Indeed, our patriarchal uncle has In?
stitutions here big enough 10 supply }
almost every want of the Americans i
und foreigners who are employed upon!
the canal, and notwithstanding the tact,
that we are 2,000 miles from the base i
of supplies, he is satisfying these wants
at prices as low as at home, and In
some rases lower Moreover, his busl- j
n??s is not only self-supporting, but I
It pays a small profit. It Is, In fact,]
fine of the little wonders of our,
great work nt Panama.
lion- Uncle Sam Buys lib Supplies.
This great department store is under
the commissary of the canal. 11s;
head Is Colonel Eugene T. Wilson, j
the chtef subsistence officer, and its
Vue'neaa Is as carefully done as that
of any great factory or trust. The !
purchases are In bulk and tho prices J
ae cut to the minimum. Competitive;
bids are gotten as to everything, and '
the government buys where It can the!
best and the cheapen.
California products, for instance, I
One of Uncle Sam', retail .,?,*. IIe ha. twcnty.two of (|(|( Ma||erea ?,
the line of the canal.
L'ncle Sam'? lanndrx, bIi?<ivIok the electric Ironlnc boardn.
Uncle Sam'a bakery, vrherc 25,000 loaves of bread are mode In a day.
are shipped down by sea to save the
cost of railroad transportation over
the Continent. 3ome good* are bought
In Europe and shipped direct to Panama,
Tropical fruits come from Jamaica and
tho other islands of the West Indies,
contracts for fresh meat are made an
nunally at Chicago on the basis of a
percentage above or below the sale
of live animals In the stock, yards as
reported In the Drover's Journal, and
by thu specifications only the highest
/lass meal can be sold. Tho meat Is
so carefully peeked and shipped that
of tho 4.000,003 pounds not twenty
pounds havo spoiled In a year, sind
It ia delivered as fresh as though It
came from a ftret-cla*?s butcher shop
The greatest cars Is taken as to the
shipment of goode, all pc.r.?sha.ble stuft
coir'ng in cold storage chambers, ajid
tna-t in such a way that th0 loss is
borne by tho sruppox. Many of tha
supplies are bought In bu'.k and put
up In packages hore. Some are manu?
factured on tho ground, and, in fact,
a mighty businesa :s carried on a-t
the lowest possible cost.
The government has a. chemical labo?
ratory to test its purchases, that it
j may know -whether they are up to
Batnple. It weighs everything, and It
! has wtigJvs and measures sent down
: by the Bureau of Standards at Wash.
! ington. Som? of the scales are so
1 fine lha,t they will weigh a pencil mark
or a hair. In fact, I pull.d out an
eye-winker ar.?' laid it upon one of
them. The t'?t wa.s mado lns'de glass,
and th<, needle indicated that It
weighed one-ten-thousandth of a
The Government Cold Storage riant.
But we car. see something of this
feature of Un^le Sam's business here
at Crlstoha'.. I^et us first enter tho
cold storage ?plouL This ia mad* of
foment and it covers acres. The build?
ing ?? one of the largest '.n the world,
arid It is so arranged that th? goods
run he taken from the ships to the
ooid storage Chambers end from them
to the retail stores and the consumers.
There is or.-> tram which goes out
Before entering the cold storage
plant, we, are warned to .boware of the
cold. It Is hot her* tn the topics amd
the freezing chambers are almost as
cold as the -pole. Th? men bring us
overcoats, and we ' nmp from the best
to the cold. Our first room is a vege?
table cooler, the t*mpera.fure of ?which
is fifty degrees below that on th* out
s'.le of the building. "W> axe In a long
hall aibout fifty feet wide filled with
bales and boxes of vegeta-bl'3 and
Will find that the SAFE way to handle
moncv for household expenses is to de?
posit it in the COMMONWEALTH
BANK or one of its branches.
Your money goes direct from the win?
dow into our bijrglarproof, fireproof vaults.
Pay all your bills by check.
If you arc not already
a depositor drop in at
any of our four banks
and let us talk the mat?
ter over with you. 3
per cent, interest on sav?
12 North Ninth Street.
102 East Broad Street,
Twenty-fifth and Broad Streets,
3914 Williamsburg Avenue.
WILLIAM L. WALTERS, President.
F. P. McCONNELL, Vice-President.
S. E. WALTERS, Vice-President.
H. G. PROCTOR, Cashier.
Geo. C. Walters,
IL L. Denoon,
P. C. Christian,
Chas. B. Cooke,
Wm. L. Wade,
Isaac B. Davenport,
R. D. Watkins,
S. E. Walters.
Col. F. P. McConnell,
W. Creed Davis,
Dr. H. Stuart MacLean,
W. H. Dunn,
J. R. Tucker,
Horace S. Wright,
E. M. Bell,
Maj. L. T. Christian,
In the cold storage Plant ire "top a
fruit Ther<* are taMf at the sidis
e.t which men nr? sorting potatoes,
cabbages, cucurrfbera end celery, pick?
ing out the bad and throwing away
anything that ',s decayed or not up to
sample. There are also j>! neap-pies and
grape fru'.t from the West Indira, and
aa we pass the men tell us that they
are now gelling 50,000 oranges and
grape fru'.t every -w^ek. I ask what
the grape fruit !a worth a-nd the cold
storage man reddled:
"We are hot- selling them for 4
cents apiece, althougb tbe price quoted
at borne Is 8 cents and upward."
Further on tbey are sorting lettuce
ohd lemons. The lettuce comes from
New Orleans, tbe '.emons from Tama'icv
Eggs, Dritter and Cheese.
Passing through roms kept col by
the dry a'.r system, we enter storage
hall? devoted to eggs, butt'r and
cheese. The cheeses are kept ny
themselves. They a.re of all sorts,
from some as big as a wagon whcl
to others no larger aj-ound than the
palm of your haTrd. This room is kept
cool <^v the brine system, and the -prpes
which line it are covered with snow.
A !-.ttle farther on Is the egg cooler,
which in also jined with brine pipes.
It Is filled wlrh erates of fresh egg?,
which are now being old at the rate
tvf 4.\000 a day. Kvery egg has to be
tested before it leaves this cold room.
aTid over there at thv right you may |
see the process of testlttg. It !s done I
by means of a box, :n which an elec?
tric light shines. The bo\ la closed I
evce.pt for a hole the size of an egg ]
In oTii side. The man takes an egg
and places it over this hole. If It Is i
good tbe light shines right through |
and makes it look llge an egg of real ;
gold. If It is had .he egg will not |
be transparent. It -will look streaked j
and spotted, and ;f rotten almost black. |
All but the bast egg* are r'.iected.
and a record Is kept of every egg
handled. We look over the reparts
and find th.nt in the last batch of IM.
oon only forty-four eggs were bad.
that is only a.hout two had .^ggs to
the thousand. The eggs are all cand?
led before th?y leave Xew Orleans,
snd only the good ones are paid for.
Those which come cracke-l are saved
and used In the hak?ry.
The same care Is employed as to
moment to put on overcoat*. Mr. t'nr
the butter. Uncle Sam buys tho best
the creameries can furnVh. artil that
only In bulk. It used to 'be that but?
ler was sent down In prints, but It
was found that It OOtrt 3 cents more
per pound to bring It that way, and
that it did not keep as well. For this
roaeion the government hoe Its own
butter-cutting machines and it cuts
and packs its own pr.nts. The butter
now tells at 42 cents a pound, and
it f smore of the grade which costs
6 cents more than that in the Startes.
Fresb Beef Tor Fanama,
I We find the chambers colder and
I coide-r as w? go on with our Journey.
Those In which the turkeys, ducks,
equals and milk-fed chickens are kept
is only twelve degrees ahove zero,
and the fowls are frozen stiff. Here
I there are fresh fish, oysters, canvas
' back and teal ducks, as well as
sweetbreads and other such things.
I take one of the chickens in my hand,
an?, pound a box with it. It Is as
sol'd as ice. and I have little difficulty
In breaking the boards.
A little further on is the -meat cool?
er, the tempera tare of which keeps
the flesh as hard aR a glacier. Im?
mense quarters of beef hang from the
racks. There n'e 70T quarters in this
single room, and this will last only
j Jive days. The beeves come in by the
j thousand a,t a shipload, and they go
j out almost ns fast, it takes more
I than 6,000 cattle a year to supply the,
I canal employes, and mbout a ton of
I pork chops are consumed every day. j
\ As to corned beef, the government
I makes its own. It has vats connected
! with the cold storage department
which have a capacity of 20.00a pounds.
It takes a.bout 2.000 pounds of such
meat every day to supply the demand.
100,000 Gallons of Ire Cream,
i Hocle Sam makes his own Ice cream,
I and he sells his employes eighty thou
'sand dollars' worth every year. This
is sent out in tubs to the hotels and
; the retail stores. The flavors are
I changed flv? or six times a week, and
th<cro is a special arrangement for
I supplying ice cream on Sundays. As
to the ice itself, that Is made in the
cold storage plant. The amount man
I ufactured Is ninety tons .1 day. and
New Methodist Church at Altavista
(Special to The Times-Dispatch.1
AltaVista. Vn., June 15.?The above
Illustration is of the Hioad Street
Methodist Church of Altavista. It is
situated at the northwest corner of
Broad and Tenth Streets, with en?
trance to the main auditorium from
I both streets. It is built of concrete
and brick, the gables and roof being
of slate. The castellated tower Is
forty-eight feet high, and of such di?
mensions as to make it very imposing.
The main auditorium has a pit floor,
and Is 40x51 feet in dimension. The
Sunday school auditorium Is 26x28
- mm I
foot, and lending off from this room
nrc seven classrooms, five of which
arc 10x12 fent in dimension, and an?
other, the Bible class room, is l-x21
feet, nii<l the, Infant class room 12x16
feet. The two auditoriums are sep?
arated by an ashestos curtain, which
can he raised when the necessity de?
mands, thus creating an audience room
AOxVlt feet. Riving seating rapacity for
The building will he heated 'bv hot
air furnace. Total cost of the build?
ing and furnishing will be over $3.
the ioe receipts for one year are moTe
But supposo wo fly from the poles
to tho tropics. Wo can do so by
walking from the cold storage plant
to the bakery and laundry, which are
not far away. The bakery ia ono of
the largest on earth, and everything
there is dono upon a big scale. The
dough Is kneaded by machinery In a
big iron trough. It comes out In
loaves, being cut by a dough d'vlder
which makes seventy-two loaves every
minute. One batch of dough will
make 1.S00 loaves. The ovens arc
great chambers walled with porcelain,
each of which will bake 900 one
pound loaves at a time. Altogether
they can make 25,000 loaves in one
d-y, and from 20,000 to 25,000 loaves
are now being consumed every
twenty-tour hours. The employes uf
I the bakery are both white and col?
ored, with a white man at the head.
L'ncle Sam's laundry is another big
feature of this mercantile establish?
ment. It consists of several large
halls w.h ch are filled with Jamaica
negrosses, washing and Ironing. The
clothes are passed through five wa?
ters from cold to hot, while the ma?
chinery scours out the dirt. Tho
wringing Is done by centrifugal force
in machines like those used for sugar
making, and the Ironing has the aid
of electricity. The latter work is per?
formed by negro girls who receive
from 7 to 10 cents an hour. Each has
an electric Iron fastened to a tube
over her head, and she uses an Iron?
ing board covered with whito cotton
which Is so supported that It is level
with her waist. As to the white
Fl.lrts, they pass through pressing
machines, and the collars have special
machines of their own. About 1,000,
I 000 pieces are washed and Ironed here
every year, and the annual Income of
the institution is almost S100.000.
Nevertheless the prices are low.
I,!nen coats cost 11 cents each; col?
lars, a cent and a half; drawers, 5
cents; and cuffs, 3 cents per pair. The
charge for washing a silk shirt is 10
cents; for a dress shirt, 10 cents; a
suit of pajamas, 10 cents, and for a
un'on suit, only 8 cents. The family
laundry work 's also cheap. A bed?
spread costs 10 cents; a blankot, 20
cents; and a napkin. 1 cent. You can
have a sheet washed and Ironed for .1
cents, and a towel for 1 cent. Con?
nected with the establishment Is a
pressing department) where men's
I coats, trousers and vests and ladies'
skirls and waists are cleaned and
shaped at fixed prices.
! Uncle Sam's Itetnll Store*.
What wo have seen so far might be.
called Uncle Sam's wholesae mercan?
tile establishment. It is tho ware?
house and the factory and the central
Stat'on from which all the goods are
distributed. The work of selling tho
merchandise Is done largely In retail
stores, and for this purposu the gov?
ernment has twenty-two branches,
ono at each canal centre. They cover
the principal settlement along the
Canril /.one. and are found also nt
Porto Rollo and Toro Point. In these,
stores goods are sold In exchange fop
coupons, which ran be procured by
employes from their timekeepers or
from the officers of the government
and Panama Railway on invoices. You
can buy nothing In tho stores except
with coupons. A twenty- do liar gold
piece would not buy a paper of pins,
no.- a ten-dollar hill n lead pencil. Tho
system 's all arranged on the coupon
basis, and one must enrrv his coupon
book to the store and let the clerk
take out tho checks which represent
tho amount of his purchase. These
checks range in denomination from
$1 to 1 cent, so that anything can be
exactly paid for. Tho business is
done after a rigid accounting system.
Cash registers are employed and the
salesman makes out a sales slip for
Tho goods are taken to tho stores
o:t tho tars from Cristobal, and there
Is a special refrigerator train every
morning which has eleven cars filled
with meats, Ico and perlahnble goods,
and ten other cars loaded with other
goods. This train starts at 4:30 every
morning, and It Is the une train which
is always On time.
In addition to tbe goods sohl In tho
stores, there is a big mall order busi?
ness. Messengers go around every
day to tho homes of the employes a'nd
take their orders, receiving coupons
therefor. These are sent into the cen?
tral offices, nnd the. goods are brought
hr.ek the next day. All the bread is
delivered at the houses, and it is so
Uncle Sam's Bakery.
of the Ice, meats, nncl groceries. The
wagons of the quartermaster come to
the cold storage train, and the house?
keeper has her supplies even moro
regularly and moro quickly than In
the States. No charge Is made for de?
In the Crlntonnl C'omiiilsanry.
- ou may he Interested In seeing one
of tho local stores. Take that hero at
Cristobal. It Is situated on a corner
In the heart of the town. It ia about
100 feet front by 200 feet deep, cover?
ing all told almost half an acre. En?
tering you tlnd yourself In an
establishment much like a department
store. The room Is filled with shelves
and counters, divided up Into depart?
ments, and each is devoted to one
kind of gooda.9 Here there is nothing
but hardware, over there are glass
warn and china, and father on aro
shelves filled with dry goods and no
There is one department for e.gars
and tobacco, another for drugs, and
a third for meals and groceries. The
meat branch has a cold storage room
In which three or four butchers are
kept busy cutting roasts, chops and
steaks for the customers. Hero every?
thing is sanitary. The meat is wrap?
ped up in lite cold storage chamber
and handed out through a slot.
The stores are thoroughly organ'zed.
Each has its white manager and its
white assistant storekeeper. The oth?
er clerks are mostly West Indians, be?
cause they are cheaper than the
whites, receiving only from $25 to 146 j
1 would say that I have patronized
thesu stores a great deal during my
stay on the Isthmus. Through the
commissary I have been able to buy
one of the hooks, and have made my
purchases with the coupons. 1 tlnd
tho prices much lower than those of |
the local Panama establishments, and
lit many cases they are as cheap and
cheaper than at home. There is no
question as to the prices, for thet
government publishes a full price list
every week or so. and one can tell
just what anything and everything
(Copyright, 1M2, by Frank G. Carpen?
[Spbclnl to The Times-Dispatch ]
Raleigh, .lune 22.?Of special social
interest h-Te and throughout the State
wns the I'aie-Sklnner wedding here
on Tuesday evening, when Miss Eliza?
beth Piedmont Skinner and William H.
Pace, of Raleigh, were married In the
Church of (ho Good Shepherd, The
br'do Is quite popular socially, and
there were a number of tens and other
social events a* the wedding day ap
prooehed. She whs married from th^
homo of her slBter, Mr. H. II. Dalton,
who was dame of honor. She was
given away by her father, B. S. Skin?
ner, and tier little niece, Ellznbeth
Mossey, was flower girl. Attending
Mr. Pace as best man was John I>?
Boushall. Tho groomsmen were jj
Leigh Skinner. Walter Durham, Fran
cl? Cox nnd B. W. Tlmberlake, 7r.
Miss Sadie Duncan and C. T..McOIeo-<
oghan went to Florouce, S. 0-. the pest1
week to attend the marriage of Miss;
Louise McGlenaghan and Wlllfa.ru JTry/
the latter of Washington. Miss Dunoaaj
Rendered the wedding 'march for the
ceremony Wednesday tr'.ght. Tho bridal
Is a sister of Mr. McGlenaghan.
Tuesday ovening. Mrs. W. E. F"oste8
entertained the bridal part for the
Stoker-Foster wedding. Which took]
place Thursday morning in the Church'
of the Oood Shepherd. There were
pink and White dcooral'on? with .?woet
peas as a special feature.
Adjutant-UenoraJ R. I. Lelneter. and
a number of other officers of tho North.
Carolina National Guard attended the
marriage er Maior R. T. Daniel and
Miss Vera Snead, at Fort Union. Vir
Thursday morning there was a pret?
ty marriage ceremony in the Church
Of the Good Shepherd, when Henery.
Robertson Stoker, took as his bride
Miss Susie Mania Foster." daughter Of
Mrs. W. E. Foster. A younger slater
of tho bride, Miss Dora Foster, was'
maid of honor. Mr. Fred Hamilton, Of
Hamlet, was best man. W. C. Stoker,
and Miss Josephine Stoker were herer
from Charlotte for the marriage, the
former being tho father of the bride-*1
[Special to The Tlmet?-Dlspattch.J
Culpcper, Va., June 22.?J. A. Fox.
and Miss Ruby Williams visited Mr.]
and Mrs. Oscar Dodson at Sperryvllla]
Miss Annie Spenoer, of Danville*
visiting Mrs. B. R. Humo this week; at1
Miss Mildred Hill, who has been v
Ring in Balttmoro for several week*,
arrived this week to be the guest
Mrs. Max Samuelson.
Miss May Johnson, of Texas, has!
been visiting Mrs. Charles H. Gold?-\
borough this week.
Mrs. L. P. Nels?n left Tuesday foe(
Brandy to visit her daughter, Mrs.
0, V. Spedden arrived In CulpepeW
Wednesday to spend soveral days wttb,
Beverly Jennings, son of Mrs. and)
Mrs. L. Wise Jennings, returned Fat-*
urday from Washington nnd Lee Col-?i
lege. Lexington, where ho haa been lrw
.-i Intel tho past year.
James Yancey and Tom Tata attend-*
ed tho commencement exercises at V*
M. I. this week. ,
Miss Franklo Taunt returned Wed-tf
neaday evening from WaahJngton. ry
C, one of tho soverai places where shot
has been visiting for the paat aevV
Will Fray left Thursday for Fort
Major and Mrs. John Fray attended?
the finals at V. M. I. this week.
The Wednesday Bridge Club met one
Wednesday at the homo of Mrs. Chelf.,
Those enjoying tho ramo of cards
were Mrs. Byrd Law, Mrs. Max Sam?
uelson. Mrs. Fred Hudeln? and Misses
Florence Vass, Lela Fraley, Sallle
Sttother nnd Byrdle Pulltam. Tho
prize was won by Miss Florence Vass.
Kennard Ware left Wcdnsday for
Washington, D, C, where he has ac?
cepted a position in the Congressional
John W. Warn, son of Rev. and Mrs.
J. W. Ware, who has been teaching at
the U. N. C. during the past year, will
leave this week for Kansas, to be
gone the larger paj-t of the summer,
j Mrs. S. R. Browning has returned
home from a visit to her father, Mr.
F. B. Lillard, who Iias h, en quite sick
Mrs. j. L. Fray, of Culpcper, and Mrs.
W, Ev Edwards, of Richmond, visited
their grandparents, Mr. nnd Mrs. S. L*
Lillord. of near Boston, this week,
J. W. Green was a Chart ottcavtuta
visitor on Sunday.
Miss Mary Macoy returned Wednes?
day ovening from Washington where
sho has been undergoing treatment for
the last week. ,
Miss Elizabeth Strother expects tof^
lenve to-morrow to visit at the home
of Judge. Strother, In Rappahannocltv
Mrs. Burkmyer. who has been visit-1!
lug Miss Nlta Grlmsley for several'
dnys. hns returned to North Caro-!
Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Loving and family^
visited the Luray Caverns last Th?rs-*)
dny nnd Friday. They report a most
William Nalle, son of the late Gen?
era! and Mrs. William Nalle. arrived'
home the latter part of Inst week from;
West Point Mllltnry Academy, fronv
which school he graduated with hon?
ors, standing well In his class. Hei
was accompanied homo by his mother*'
and sister. Miss Mary, who attended,
the commencement exercises.
Broad Rock Water
Its daily use is the /best and tho
least expensive tform of jy j
HEALTH INSURANCE. #
Mail Orders Filled
Easy to Serve
Are here In abundance. Hundreds of various dishes,
each appetizing, wholesome and sustaining.
Roiirli RS Chicken ......35c
Franco-Am. Entrees ....25c
Pickled Lamb'.-. Tongue .50c
Totted Meats _15c, 25c
V ienna Sausage. . .15c
Chili Con Carne. . . 10c, 15c
Headquarters for Summer Drinks