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The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, June 23, 1912, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1912-06-23/ed-1/seq-3/

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TUTLILER ON THE
BATTLE OF NEW MARKET
Early on May 11. 1 S?4. forty-eight
3-ears ago, the Yliglnlu Military In?
stitute cadets started from their bar.
racks In Lexington. Va.. to join the
varmy of General John C. Brec.klnrld.ge
at Staunton. forty mll'-s distant. We
. were all delighted; we had petitioned |
[the Governor of Virginia to let us Join
thr Confederate army, and he bad of?
fered our aervlccs to General Lee. who
Tsaid he would call tor us when need
?1. so when General Stgcl started hla
i.march up the Bhenanciouh Valley,
l<J(iieral Brecklnrldge v. as fcent w ith
yruch troops a^ he could collect to
llrlve him back. These consisted of
E ' hole's and Wbarton's btlgades. lid
Cars battalion, Imbodcn's cavalry and
tiie Virginia Military Jr-tlitutu cadets.
I am going to give rcy recollection*
c.| our march tnd the battle of New
M;aiket, so you mutt excuse me If 1
am a little personal.
'The first day we marched to Mid
vli), twenty miles from Lexington,
end the aaroe dlttance from Staunton.
A At er going ten mile on the h,nrd
t'icnplke my feet were solid blisters
or the bottom, ao at every btanch I
v.oatld take off my shoes and bathe my
fee*, in the cold water, then 1 would
have to run a fid catch up with my
company.
A*< Midway, as we had r." tentf. we
Improvised a rude shed built of poles
and leaves; then we built a nice lire
In Cront. After a frugal supper we
laid down on the ground and were
soon asleep. About !? o'clock, how?
ever, there was o fearful thunder
Storm, followed by a downpour of
rain. We wero i"on awake and found
that we wer? thoroughly drenched.
1 tortk ofT my shirt, and n^ter wilrig
Ing nil the water out ot it I could, i
I. eld .it out in ftont of the. dro to dry,
1 'it IS rained so hard that It put out
the fire. 1 put on my .wet uh'rt and
decided that war was not near so
pleasant as i hud Imagined. We had
rnmpod near a Presbyterian church,
to we- opined a window and climbed
irrough it it into the church, where
ve foMnd nice cushions In the pews.
We twiou tlf-pt wh'-rc many a good
t< llowv*l of <~alvln had slept before us.
The trxi morning rarly we were on
the nncrch again, the pain from my
'blistered feet whs excruciating, but i
was too prou dto "crawfish" and ride
In the., ambulance, so continued to
liathe Kb cm in the cool wuter of the
"orancht s we crositi d. At last we
reached our camping place, about one
mile sduth ot ?taunton. As it hud
Stopped raiding we soon laid down on
mother ?arth and slept the Bleep of
worn bWt, weary boys. The next flay
?we jolnitd the rest of nor little army
r.nd wrr>e assigned t.. Echol'S brigade.
Kidding Cadets.
In ore'er to f l ";it proper place In
the mi'Ar-.hlng column, we had to pass
pome of the regiments of oh soldiers.
i. nd Ihn* Jeered us considerably, sing?
ing "Ror ky bye. habv." and calling us
"new Issue." t-\r As we marched
along or. the 13th I ?hall never fortet
the mporh looking fe.r<n and regular.
J-.ard^o-rse fe.-itnre? of General Breck
Inridge. as he rode past us on a beau
llful ha;v m?re He had a long
muBtsch/v and wore a soft h*'. be rode
magnthce r.tly. and was ?t?'ery Inch a
soldier He greeted smilingly, and
rode on towards the head of the col
nmn H?* was the Prince Rupert of
the Confederate army That nlaht we
ramped isbout twenty miles from
s-taunton r>n the afternoon of the
14th we went into ramp nine miles
from Staiir.ton. On '.he afternoon of.
the H?h ire vent into camp nine miles
from New Market. It was here that I
first saw at, Yankee prisoner, who. w'lh
one or two others, had been captured
fny our ouvalrv scouts. At about 1
O'elOCk A. M. Of the IMh of May we
?were awnVtened out of a sound sleep
by the corporal of the guard for fear
of mailing too much noise. It was
eirlzzlinp rain, and the night was very
dark, we ihast'ly got into ranks. My
classmate, chum and roommate, A, II.
II. Stuart. Jr.. of Htaunton, was In
the same ctonpuny?Company D.
Wo knrir that In a few hours we
? ?would go tulo battle, sc. we promised
each other that If either was killed
or Injured l9io other would inform the
father and mother of his fate. Dear,
noble Stuart; I never had a dearer
friend, and there never lived n truer
boy, nor a jnore gallant soldier He |
was my ag??. but. although he had a
vary boyish fare, ho was six feet tall.
We nicknamed him "Legs-." When Gen?
eral Hunter afterwards attacked i^-x
Ingtnn Ptunr': was sick, so I took him
to my fnthcir's house, who lived at
the time In Lexington.
A Federal officer took chart-p of our
house and tuld my mother he would*
have to go through every room In the
house. Stuart's uniform had been hid
In the garret- My mother preceded the
officer into Htaiart's room and sat down
on Stuart's f>iet as he lav In bed. stiel
passed him *? ffas a young boy. He
?went to his ht>me In Stcunton after the
Yankees left. He died of typhoid fever
at the University of Virginia a year
after the close- of the wnr.
But to resume. Captain Prenton. in
the darkness, prayed that we night bo
spared from iiaxm during the 3ay,. but
that we shoulii under nil circumstances
do our duty.
Wa began t\\e< march In the mud anel
? rain. About S' o'clock we deployed to
the left of thin road and halted when
opposite Now Market. I looked flown
nt the road Unding Into New Market
and saw a nuinrbor of our negro cook*,
and servants walking into the tofrr..
.lust at this I dm* ihc Federal batteries
shelled It, and 1 never sow such a pre?
cipitate relrcmt. as our negroes made.
This would hare suilfrd the father of
Volk Miller. When Polk Joined the
nrmy at Mnnnasns his father sent with
him a negro body servant. A few days
,before'the battle Polk received the fol?
lowing letter:
' "Dear Polk: \T hr-nr ytiu are likely to
< have A.jojK bAtJi&_eovfi<?AS>J.Jilli\i, - to
tell you not to let 'Sam' go Into the
fight with you. Keep him well m the
tear. Tor tnat negro la worth ll.UUO.
Your loving father."
About 11 A M. we formed In line of
battle, and follower! th>j first line, which
wai some 200 yards In front. Tue fed?
eral batteries shot ?IM at the first line,
which sot out of range after mar? hing
down the bill to a ravine, but when w-c
advanced they had the range, to perfec?
tion, and It was going down this hill
that John 3 Wise, Professor 'Jow.n
Mill and General Randolph were wound?
ed. When the front line got lo the ra?
vine the soldiers were required to leave
tliflr rolls of blankets and knapsacks:
After doing this and leaving a few sol?
diers to guard the bjggage, they con?
tinued the advance up the hill beyond,
the ravine. We also halted and took off
our blankets and knapsacks and start', d
up the hill behind the first line.
On the !?'Irl us Line.
As soon as we reached the crest, we
got In range of both the infantry and.
artillery, and It was here that Cabeil.j
Jones and Crockett, of my company.!
were killed by a bursting shell. I was!
the fourth man of this quartet, and II
ccnslder my escape aa aitnoat miracu-l
luus. We reached the level ground, j
end here the enemy's fire was most |
severe. My roommate, McDowell, sail
killed here, his heart pierced by a;
minie ball. Even h'i ??, where tho.
bullets came ihk k and last, there was.
a. number of riducuiuus Incident*. Une,
of mj company. Clandciing. who was:
near me, suddenly started to the rear.i
At first I thought he was showing the
white feather, but in a few minutes,
be came running back, and holding'
i.p a pair of new shoes, he said, "li
ft und them.' He had Hum tied to hlsj
cartridge box belt aim the String!
btokei but shoes were scarce, and nsl
could not afford lo lose them, even if
bullets were falling thuk and fast
atound him. Hugh I"r\, of Company
t", called to a Dig fa*. Dutchman to
surrender, and wheu he did net do so.
shot him In the leg because he was,
too tender-hearted lo kill him.
We had been ordered lo churge bay-'
or.ets. and bad gotten ahead of the
front li:.,,. so were ordered lu lie down!
and wait for the rest of tht line lo j
come up with us. 1 lay on some rails!
and was as close lo the ground as t)
could get, for the bullets were pass-:
Ing thick about four feet above the
ground. The noise was so deafening
that I feared the others might get up
without my knowing it. so l raf.scal
ur. to look around, when tsome of the
officers told me to lie down, or I
would have my head shot oft.
Federal Defeat
Presently, however, the command
was given lo rise and charge. Then
it was that we rushed for the battery.
We shot down the horses. The Fed
??;*!? served the guns until we get
right on them. A number were kill?
ed and the balance retreated grudg
inFly. The Federals gave up the fight
when this ballery waa captured. I
will read you what Its captain, Voni
Kliz*r. thought of our conduct: "Dan!
that rut. I wish It had been lower!
and taken my head off. .Hist think!
cf It. will you? An officer, who has'
fought under the Emperor, loam:; his!
every tgun' That Is a fortune of j
'?sr. however, and I don't mind the'
less so mtieh. as ! do the fact thai .
those Napoleons were taken from
trained soldier* by a lot of school
boys.
"Think of that, won't you? Kids!
wiio have no business outside the nurs- I
ery took those guns that have with
:-tood the charges made by their own
fathers, probably. But my. how them
little devils did fight! It looked like
a pity to empty those great guns Into
the ranks of the school boys. Oh,
give me a hundred of 'em and I'M whip
tho world If you don't kill them. It |
was a grand sight to see those lads j
come up the hill. Every t(me a cull
was iiiudo In Iheir ranks they dressed
like on parade. That color-bearer was
a wonder, lie wanted to head that
line <>[> that Incline Instead of keeping |
in tho formation, where he belonged, i
And. oh m<nj| When ho mounted that
caiHHon swinging that stand of oolnia
abouH his head and yelling like a
demon, 1 was enthralled: I was speech?
less. Such daring is seen hut once In
n lifetime. Every second I expected
to sec him topple over. But no, there
lie stood, like one bereft of reason,
pointing his flagstaff at my men as
they fell back, and yelling to his kln
dergnrten bedfellows words of en?
couragement. I'll never forget that
sight."
About this time we, ssw a Federal
colonel on horseback, trying to lead
a dlderless horse from the field of
battle. Some of the cadets from Com?
pany A, who were nearest to him.
started In pursuit. Cadet Kennedy
was the swiftest runner.
As soon as the colonel discovered
that he was pursued, he let go the
led horse, but Kennedy gained on him
because his horse's hoofs went so deep
I in the soft ground that he could make
no headway: he then Jumped from his
horse and tried It on foot, but his
pursuer was too swift for him. and
finally Kennedy got so close that he
called out to him to surrender. When
no attention was paid to this. Kennedy
raised his gun wttfo the bayonet on It
qh a Javelin and hurled It after the
retreutlng officer. The bayonet pierced
his shoulder and he Immediately stop?
ped and surrendered, unbuekllns? his
sword and pistol belt and handing
them to Kennedy.
I afterwards talked to the prisoner,
who proved to be Colonel Lincoln, a
cousin of the President. W? kept up
the pursuit until the sun went down,
when we were ordered to desist
Stuart and I learned that our room
nate McDowell had been killed while
we were charging the battery, so we
got permission to hunt for his body, j
stretched out on hjsn hack, his gun *
beside him nnd his cap thrown buck
from his forehead, so that his white,
beardless face showed very distinctly ,
In tho bright moonlight HI* heart !
had been pierced by a mtnle ball, and
death must have been Instantaneous.
With the help of two other cadets
we placed him on an "II cloth and
took him to n nearby house. 1 wrote
to hN relatives III Morehead. N. C .
giving an account of his death.
The next day we hurled our dead In
the .New Market cemetery with all '
the honors of war. When we passed
the old soldiers they no longer called
us babies, but took off their hats lo '
us nnd seemed very proud of us. j
After the battle Oeneral Bierkln
rldge sent Colonel Patton to thank
us on tho held of battTe Tor what we
had done. That night inree of us
fl?pt In a private house In New Market. !
The hospitable lady of the house made1
us a pallet on lite lloor. and after she
thought We vvtre asleep, she came into
the room to see If we were comfor?
table. As she held a lamp close to
our faces, 1 heard h<.r whisper to her
companion: "Just think, these little
boys were in tiial terrible bailie, to
da>."
I could tell you how wo w??re or?
dered to Richmond, and reviewed by
President Davis and Governor Smith,
and thanked by Congress tor >ur tan
duct, but will riot impose on your
patience longo.
l.oat of Powder Train Heroes.
With the death of Jeremiah C. Doni
van. marble and granite cuiter, tho
list of thoae who helped save the North
from Invasion in i'j'ji, by taking a
powder train through to Anti-Ham has
lost its la^t name.
General McClellau was lighting des?
perately against Use's combined forces
on llio field of Antletam, when he
discovered that pow.ler was scarce, so
that he could not use Iiis heavy aitil
lery against the Confederate forces.
MtClellan telegraphed to Washington
that he must have powdc;- at once. A
train load of explosives was hastened
to Bridgeport, Pa., and the Cumber?
land Valley Railroad was requested
to carry it over Its lines to Anlietam.
Volunteers were sought to run the
engine
"I'll take it to Anlietam or to hell."
said Joe MlUer. engineer, as he sterped
to the throttle.
With the tracks clear for a etretch
of 7S miles between the Susiiuehanii'i
and tho Potomac, Joe Miller and his
crow made record time with only two
stops. When the train reached Chain
bersburg the axle boxes were ablaze
and Jeremiah Donovan, then 17 years
old, climbed aboard and volunteered his
services. He vainly tried to keep the
axle boxes cool during the spurt to
Hagcrstown, eight ::.!?- from Antle
tani. It resembled a train of fire and
smoke as it pulltid Into the Maryland
city.
The powder saved the day for Mc
Clcllan, and placed tho crew of the
powder train on the unrecorded roll
of tho heroes of Anlietam. Donovan
was the last survivor. He was a na?
tive of Chambersburg and came to
Carlisle 37 years ago and established
a marble yard there.?Philadelphia
North American.
ein Metnoriam."
James Whitcomb Blley publishes :n
the papers the .following pocin. to
which M. A. Nobles makes the reply,
below:
A Monnment for the Soldiers.
A monument for tho soldiers!
And what will ye build it of?
Can ye build It of marble, or brass, or
bronze,
Outlasting the Soldier's love?
Can ye glor;fy it with legends
As grand as their blood hath writ.
From the inmost shrine of thi? land
of thine
To the utmost verge of it?
And the answer came: We wou'.rt build
It
Out of oer hopes made sure.
And out of our purest prayers and
tears,
And out of our faith sscure;
We would build i'. out of the great
whit? truths
Their death hath sinctlfled.
And the sculptured forms of the men
In arms. x
And their face? ere they died.
And what heroic figures
Can the Erulpture carve In stone?
Can the marble breast be made to
Meed
And the marble Hps to moan?
Can the marble brow be fevered?
And the marble eye be graved
To look their last, as the fla? floati
past.
On the country they have saved?
And the answer came: The figures
Shall be all bra.ve and fair.
And. as befitting, as pure and white
As the atars above their grave!
1 i? marble lips, and breast and brow
.'. it. ..on tho laurel lies.
B ? -. Ul r ght lo guard the flight
i'i uie old flag In the skies:
A t. iiutnent for the soldiers;
Bui i >t a people's love.
And blazoned and decked and pano?
plied
With the hearts she built It of:
And sop that yc build ll stately.
In pillar and niche and gat?.
And high in pose as tho souls of tho'e
ll would commemorate;
J. WHITCOMB RIEEY.
In Meiuorlum.
I hear your song, oh Poet.
Born of the Northern land.
Of "A Monument for the Soldiers'*
Which never iieath Time's hand
Shall show n loss of substance.
Nor lose one spark of flume.
Dlt by the arts of your warrior dead,
Yovir men of a deathless fame.
'Tis only a gray old doctor.
'Graving with fee.blo hand
The Truth on the Rocks of Life's
Mountains.
.lust as It for aye shall stand:
The record of blue-clad t-oldiersj
The record of souls lu gray;
Side by side they shall grimly live
Till "they speak at the Judgement
Day.
The scroll of the blue-clad soldiers!
Stained by their brothers' blood.
Deep burned In the hearts of women. |
Till their groanlngs roee up to Ood!
A history of Invasion.
Of pillage, of murder and shame,
Of a fair land: Desolation?
These be your record of fame!
Your time outlasting trophy;
The crucifixion of right.
Enslaving the Constitution,
To the beck and call of might.
These, (craven, proclaim you victors,
Proutl men. whose flv? to one
Slew right and women and boys and
men.
An of old men slew His Son! ^
The scroll of the gray!?wounds taken
As those of the Crucified,
Piercing the heart, and the hody
Of eaoh gray seed which ?died.
But, mark yet with tho passing
Of the Northern "Ood" of Oreed,
Anew thla nation's life shall-spring
From the Southern gray-clad seed.
. I
Forget the years of sorrow!
forget the ones who died!
Join with the great prooess'on
Who "Wrong" have del tied?
Not till Ho la forgotten!
I Not till His words are lost!
Oh' Southern women. Southern men!
Hold fast the Right, nor reck the
JdaacJuO^lJk._Ms_>A^OBLEa^ .
Several Columbus Men Named.;
A Few of the Heroes
of the War.
The following taken (mm the "Ifta-1
tory of Columbus," recently compiled
by the Georgia. history class of the
Columhui High School, will prove of
ir.ii i est to rhnny:
"With I-ec when he surrendered were
several Cciumbua men Among them
these names have been preserved.
Messrs. i'halTln. Stewart, HouKhton.
miHose. Anderson. ? oleman. Ktter,
Blaylock, Hall, Rucker, Dillingbam.
j Payne. Mores. Molfett, Peacock, Tor?
heit Parker, Booker. Brown, Carnes,
.Chapman, Coleman, Doles, Golden, Hen.
? !": son, Jenkins. I-ong. Mitchell. Oliver.
' Shepperson, stovaii, Thompson and
I Wllkerson.
MA HO Mi.
II. F. JenntnBn'n llemlnlneences.
I suppose that the most unique char?
acter developed In the War Between
the Statos was General V\ llllam Ma
I hone. With all his eccentricities he
was moro beloved mid held a firmer
grip on hl? soldiers than perhaps any
I general the South had A thorough
] ulsclpllua'lan?rigid and apparently
; overbearing with his '.'fllcers?he was
\ nearly always gentle with the pri?
vate aoldlers, and It is a remarkable
; fact- that, wh'le after the war his po
! litical character was much abusod, no
! one ever heard any soldier who fought
i under him say harsh things about
him. lie might have done. many
things In politics distasteful and re?
pugnant yo his old comrades In arms,
I hut they never loved to hear him
abused. After he v. as mado major
general his brigade was commanded
I by General William A. W eisiger.
Welsiger was a born rold'er, and as
brave as Julius Caesar He had been
with the brigade as colonel of the
\ Twelfth V'rginla Regiment from the
beginning of the wnr, but while he
I was a popular and efficient. ofTleor. no
soldier In the command would ac
' know-lodge the brigade ts Weniger-??
I they would Invariably aay when asked
to which brigade thoy belonged. "Ma
hone's old brigade." I venture to say
that not a soldier In the, command
ever said he belonged to Welsiger's
brigade Why was this? It could not
have been on account of any dislike
to Welslger, for there was not a rn?re
dashing soldier In the army. It wa-s
because Mahone had made a reputa?
tion for the brigade, and they clung
I to the o'd name.
We were encamped near the United
?States ford when the battle of Chan?
, ce'lerrsvUle commenced. That was
I ft the most stragetlc battle
qv?r fought. Every commanding of
; lloer was on the alert, and nearly
every private Boldler did his duty.
! There was no disobedience of orders,
t:'i tnlscarry'ng of dispatches and no
bed feelings among our officers high
In rank.
Everybody seemed *o be on their
metal. General Hooker had crossed a
large force at Gcrmauna and United
.States fords, and for nearly a whola
day Mahone, with about 4.000 men.
I kept at bay at least 20.00V Yankees.
? We had only a long skirmish line, but
the command was so skilfully man?
aged that the Tankees thought they
wore fighting a large army, and con?
sequently advanced very slowly. We
retreated slowly, contesting every Inch
' cf ground and making what Is dalled
a slow running fight unt'l we got near
I Salem Church, about five miles from
I Krederlcksburg. There we made a
1 stand In a strip of woods.
The enemy advanced In beaut'ful
order across a field In our front, and
General Mahone ordered us not to fire
until they were within 200 yards of
us. They were the picked soldiers of
the North, being Syke's brigade of
regulars, whose reputation was well
! known to us. but our men were cool
and deliberate, and General Mahone
was riding rapidly up and down our
line and saying In a shr'll voice,
"Steady, boys; steady. Make every
shot tell Don't waste your ammu?
nition."" When the Yankees wer?
within about 2nn yards we poured a
destructive volley into them. They
?wavered, and for a while seemed much
demoralized, but they were old sol
d'ers, and a dashing color sergeant
ran several yards In front of the
brigade and ahouted, "Follow me, toys.
It Is only a Skirmish line wo are
fighting."
"I was standing behind n small,
bushy swamp ceder when General Ma?
hone rode up to me and said; "Jen
n'ngs, can't you k*ll that fellow?" I
put my gun In the crotch of the cedar
and taking deliberate aim fired; the
sergeant threw the flag up about ten
feet and fcfl face foremost. General
Mahone snid. "By George. you got
him." He was a gallant fellow and I
hope he recovered. The morning after
tlie battle the general sent for me
to come to his tent. I was messing
with E. W. Branch, the gallant cap?
tain of my old company, the Richmond
Grays, nnd when T got the message
I said: "Captain, what do you suppose
I General Mahone wants with me?" Ha
! laughingly said, "I reckon ho warns
I to put you in the guard house."
I I went Immediately to the heedquar
1 ters- tent. He said: "Oood morning,
I Jennings. Your shot at that fellow
saved us trouble yesterday, and I have
] recommonded yon to General Long
street, who needs anothor man at
headquarters. I hato to give you up.
hut I want to help nil of my deserv?
ing men." He gave rne a flattering
letter to General T.ongstrect. When
1 carried the letter to T.ongstreot. af?
ter reading U he said; "All right. Mr.
Jennings. You ran take a furlough
of ten days to equip yourself, and I
hope you will enjoy your vacation."
In this Mahone reminded me of Na?
poleon the First, who was always
watching for an opportunity to help
his men. and while I do not think this
was any more than Hny soldier should
have done. It was very opportune for
me.
Mahone also hart Captain Glrardrrv
promoted from captain to brigAdler"1
general, which was the *lggfist lump
made by any soldier In the war. An?
other very remarkable: characteristic
of his?he knew the name of nearlv
every man In his command. T will not
follow him through all hla daahlng
and brilliant victories?they are too
well known to mention here, and now
tVtnt he la dead and can give hla po?
litical enemies no more trouble, I
hope I will risk nothing In saying
that I believe ho was one among the
greatest soldlera In our war.
Incident of the Battle of Corluth.
We found a dettd Confederate lying
on bU back, his outstretched lingers
stretched across the stock of the rlllo
lying at his aide. He was one of
Rogers'? Texans. Flfty-soven of them
w; had. found ly^ng; ig JSfe,vditp]& pt
Bitter?- Boblnette. I ooverer} Mb face
with the slouch hat Still on nis head,
nnd took off the haversack slung to
hla neok that It might not awing an
we carried him to hla sleeplmr-ehn in?
ner, so cool and quiet nnd dark after
the savage tumult and dusts and
smoke of that day of horror.
'.?Empty, Isn't It?" asked the soldier
working with me. I put my hand Iii
U and drew forth a handful of roasted
acorns. I showed them to my com?
rade. "That's oll." I arid.
"And he's been lighting like a tiger
for two days on that forage," he com
mented. We gated at the face of the
dead soldier with new feelings. By
and by he raid:
"1 hete this war and t'?? thing that
caused lt. 1 was taught to hate slav?
ery before I was taught to hato sin.
I love the Union as I lovo my mother
?hitter l think this Is tho wicked?
est war that was ever waged In modern
times. But this " and he took some
cf the acorns from my hand?"this Is
what I call patriotism."
"Comrade," I said. "Tm going to
j send these home to the Peoria Tran?
script I want thorn to tell the editor
i tills war font be ended until there
is a to'nl failure of the acorn crop.
1 want the folks at home to know
: what manner of men they are wo are
lighting."
' That was early In mv experience as
a io'dler. It never changed my opin?
ion of the cause ot the Confederacy.
: 1 was more and more devoted to the
Union as the war went on. But I
never questioned the sincerity of the
men In t!m Confederate ranks.
f realized how dearly a mill must
' love his own section who would flglit
for It on p.irohed a?-onis. I wished
that hia love nnd patriotism It id been
broindrr. reaching from the r;ulf to the
Lakes, a love for the Union rather
than for a State. But I understood
him. I hated hin attitude toward tho
l'nlon as much as ever, but I admired
the man. And after Corinth I never
could get a prisoner halfway to the
' rear and have anything left In my
haversack.
I Oh. T too have suffered the pangs
I of hunger for niv dear country, as all
soldiers have done, now and then. But
! not as that Confederate soldier dfd.
. We went hungry at times, when rains
I and mud or the Interference of the
.enemy detained-the supply trains. But
, thai man half-starved.^ That's dil
? ferent.
I Other haversacks we found that
night on Corinth field with scant ra
tlons In them. .Sometimes It was a
'hunk of corn pone 1 used to think
hardtack filled the order for concrete
breakfast slab, hut corn-pone a week
old reconciled me to soft food. Hard
tack for min?.
So the Southern people loved the
St nes for which they suffered. As
Professor Sloan writes of the French
nation: "No people ever made such
sacrifices for liberty as the French had
made. Through years of famine they
had starved with a grim determination,
and the leanness of tholr race was a
byword for more than a generation."
1 Ttvit was why they held Europe at
I hay In their bare feet and with empty
I stomachs. Any cause for which we
'suffer deeply graws dearer to us with
the suffering. We love It highly and
! hollly. And when I listen to this be
i loved country of ours talking morn
' Ing. noon and night about money, and
I money, nnd more money, I think of
the parched acorns I found In the
haversack of that brave Confederate
soldier lying on Corinth field with his
face turned toward the stars.
Not All In Vain.
(Read at Memorial Day at Mantissas,
June 3, 1913.)
Draw near, Confederate braves, who
fought so long.
Defenders of the faith your fathers
taught.
Who girded on your armor 'gainst the
wrong.
Nor yet forsook the cause for which
ye fought.
And ye, descendants of these daring
men,
Te sons and daughters of heroic
sires,
! Come, lay your garlands on these,
shrines again.
And gather with us' round our coun?
cil flrca.
1
! Draw nigh. but softly move among
these graves.
In reverence hend above each sacred
mound.
' Here sleep the ashes of our honored
braves?
I Tread llghtlv. friends, for this la
holy ground.
;1e?. holy ground. Here lies the hal?
lowed dust
Of henrta Be stout ss ever throbbed
with life.
Who, steadfast !n their faith, stood
true to trust.
With Spartan firmness In the stub?
born etiife.
! What tho' their rusting swords have
l?ng been sheathed,
What tho' thley've laid their luckless 1
banners by.
Ws know Imrmrtnl tamo Is 'round
thorn wrtaathed.
A fame, et?t\sai, which can nevor
die.
I
For principle* Uhry died?those germs
of thought!.
Our sago foltefathers scattered as
they went.
That golden teft, wht!h (Jod htmBelf ?
has tauglJ|t,
| Ye, must not jgovcrn men w thout
I consent.
I'Twaa this tho cneed, which made our'
fathers fight
Kor years agaiuxU oppressive foreign
law.
Which made the?rebel Morgan strike
for right.
And Marlon rrsut the British at
Eutaw.
in later times, wthen ye yourselves
withstood
The ruthless otOMaughts of unnum?
bered men.
'Twaa this that linked you In one
brothorhood??
The spirit of yv'ur fathers roused
again.
The Bplrlt of thoi cause ye then es?
poused,
That cans.-, whloh pocr'.csa Leo and
Jackson led.
The spirit, which impassioned millions^
roused,
j It may bo lulled?thank God, It la
not dead!
I
And ye, who followed Stonewall Jack?
son's form.
Where only bra*/eat of the brave
dared go, ,
, Who watched him as he stemmed the
battle's storm.
Like wraith "f lightning rani the
sturdy foe;'
And ye, who rode, with Ashby and'
Flournoy, ,
Who charged with Orlmsley'a troop
at Cedarville.
I Who down tho Valley chased the bold
Milroy,
I Who checked .invading hosts at
Fisher's Hill;,
I Ye know, my ooanradea, what the
struggle cost.
I Ye know the fulsness of tho fearful
price, ,
And yet your cause has not been
wholly lost.
Nor has It been.,but fruitless sac?
rifice. I
For He who rules 'the world. In divers
ways.
Works out His Puans. The seed these
men have itch
Is quickening now, and in the coming
days
Will wake to lite immortal as their
own.
Then courage, comrades, f,or behold the
bud
Is In the bloom, 'tis pcarlng fruit
again.
And ye who sleep, who aesJ?d your
faith with olood?
Te martyred dead, ye have not d*cd
In vain.
t(
Take heart, my countrymen, In coming
days
The cause of JackBOQ will be justi?
fied.
And poets, fired wtth song, will sing
the praise
Of principles, for which your com?
rades died.
t
For braver men ne'er breasted fiercer
fight
Than those, who sleep beneath this
hollowed sod.
Who died defending what they knew
was right.
Obedient unto conscience. and to
God.
DR. HENTtY M. CLARKSO.V.
Fthllnh Appeal.
CF.ditor Confederate Column, .Timcs-i
ruspateh:
Sir,?I wish to thank Mrs. Christian
for calling attention to the error In
tho Shiloh appeal recently published
In your paper. Tho mlsjake was mad",
evidently. Jn copying the article, and
as I happened not to sec tho paper
in which It was published, would
never have had this opportunity of
setting myself right. The sentence she
quotes should havo rend, "Cntll re?
cently no monument whatever stood,",
etc. At present there is not only the
one erected to the soldiers of Ala?
bama, to which she refers, hut also
one erected by Arkansas. There may
bo others that I do not recall, hut
when in 1500 the Shiloh Chapter. I'.
D. CV. was organised at Savannah,
Tenn., none of these had been placed.
Very respectfully,
MRS. H. C II MERCHANT.
Virginia Director for Shiloh.
Chatham, Vs.. May' 31. ir>12.
?TOS
6-zz-?\ CO
Polndrxter.
I In lBST George Polndexter took up
j SHO acres nt the head of Eagle's Nest
Creek, In Mllford Haven, In the countr
j of Gloucester, iris home was In York
j county, and he had two sons, John
! and George.
j He must have been the same George
j who, according to tho Virginia 111a
j torlca.1 Magazine (Vol. XIX., p. 215)
I settled nt Middle Plantation. The fam
i lly moved on up to New Kent and
[ from there Into Jamen City. Tho reo
, orda aro all destroyed, so the making
? of a genealogy la very difficult.
The Polnrtexters originated In the
J Island of Jersey, and the name there
! is Folngsdestre. The arms are: Per
i Kesse Argent and or.; In chief h dexter
i hand clenched ppr. cuffed of the sec?
ond. In base a mullet of the first,
j Crest: An esquire's helmet ppr.
Different mottoes are used by differ
! ent members of the family. One branch
1 uses "Nerpo me impuna lacesait." Tho
other branch uses "Dextra f'dei plg
nua."
The line of the Jersey PolnsdeatTes
runs etralght'from Peter, of the Parish
of St. Saviour. 1309, to Thomas, of
the riefe? Potngrestre, born 1581. who
i married Elizabeth Efford. The son
j of tbe last mentioned Thomas Mottled
I In Virginia. His name was Oeore
ill we have seen. He had lp- .n
Gloucester and York, and wp ves
itryman of Bruton Parish Church.
I Ho had Oeorgo f2), John (2), nl
i ready married to Elizabeth (?) In 1689,
and Elizabeth (21. Probably others.
I Oaorgii must have been restless, for
' he evidently was a vestryman of St.
j Peter's In New Kent In 1689, and his
son, George, was vestryman then alrtd
In later years.
I In tho New Kent Palish registers
l-ihojo are a confused list of Polaciox
tarn, and, of coarse, nn Imperfect list,
we understand the record thus:
Ooorgo (2) Polndeiter, the son of
George George (1), hnd George (3),
and Goorgo (3), Jr., son of the emi?
grant, had Judith (4), horn 1705;
Philip tt), ?h?rn 1T0S, and .Mary, horn
1715. George (2) died In 171?.
Jacob fcomobody'a son. but whose?
married., Barah, and had William, Jacob
and Henry.
Thon thore Is John, pareniage uncer?
tain, and Philip likewise. John married
Ann, and had Ann and Nlmrod. Philip
married Elizabeth, and had Mary and
George.
George (41 Potndexter. presumably
the son of Goorgo (3). married Susan?
na, and had George Renskin (G), who
married July 17, 1760. Frances I.ight
foot, and secondly Sarah Parke. By
his first marriage he had Bdwln (6).
Robert (61. George (6>. James (61,
Llghtfoot tfi), Armlsteud (6). Ry the
second Susannah. Parke (6) Frances (e>
Thus the family of Polndexter mul?
tiplied and Increased and subsequently
acattered all over America, and per?
haps have reached thn Islands of tho
j sens.
Besides George (4), who Is reason
I ably articulate, we find that Jacob,
the son of Jacob (above), had mar?
ried Hannah, and had Sarah, born In
1768. and Henry. In 17C0.
I GeoroJe, (5) -Rcnskln Polndexter war,
I a good citizen. Ho with his own
j hands entered rhoso births In the
parish register, and no doubt t: j.-i a
good churchman himself. He gave to
lila negroes such fancy names as
Arltnlte, Polltphenv.m and losellne, I
snrl-had them In Infancy proper!) bap?
tised.
a John Polndoxter boi.s up In Louisa
County In 17-12. Ho dies In 176.1, and
leaves wife Christian, sons fihpmas;
William-, Richard, Joseph, John, daugh?
ters Anne. Sarah and fc'rances .'.ii.li : -
son. The latter died betfSre bor
nicthor Christian, who left hu-portion
of her estate to her (Fraaoeats) cJtuU
dren.
One Thomas Polndexter married <
Sarah, had had Bend Vealo Polndex- (
tor. \.
Joseph Polndexter, son preeunaably-t
? ?f John, of 1742, married BlloeJbeth
James Kennerly. duughter of J?u?es
Kcnnerly, and had Samuel, who mar- 1
rled, first, Anne, daughter of Reuben
Slaughter; second, Sarah Garth, of :
Atbemarle county. third, Martha,
daughter of Jnmts Otcy, of Kentucky
i James married Mary, daughter of
Waddy- and Mary Ixiuls Thompson, of
: Albemarle county. Joseph married :
, Mrs. Harrison. William married Ju
?dlth. daughter of Woddy Thompson.
iReubon Thomas Kennerly removed to
South Carolina, and married Mrs. Mary
{ Kennerly. noo Rail. John married
|MIss Chllton. Louis married Anno
Smith. Anne married John Chllton, of
Amtierst. Elizabeth married Balclg;h
Clinton. Richard married Ford and
r< moved to tho West. Ho furaiahed .
citizens for many localities;.
Samuel and Ann Polndexter bad
Dabnoy, born 1791. married Mary
Elizabeth Watts, and had Jaraet*. mar
jrled Susan Sholtoo. John married'
Bohlnson; Caroline married White..
Samuel Polndexter and Sanah Garth^
had Garland, married Julia Blngham.
Willi* married Emily SlaugrhUr. Sam?
uel married Anns Tucker. j
Dabney mid Mary Watts Polndexter'
had David Durrett. married Anns/
Polndoxter. Sarah W. married W?-1
liam Gills. Richard! Watts marrle'd-l
Mary E. Durrett flret, an*t second.!
Mary Den. Carolne married Aaa Gill?,.
James W. married 8ophia Nlcholla, '
Samirol Thomas married Benglo James ,
Hughes, raullno Ann married Jofscplt .
Hardy. Frances Susan married Jo-j
soph Rucker. Mary Eliza married.-!
Charles Hardy. William married Mary)
Jeter.
Blchard Watts Polndexter married*
Mist. Mary Durrott; had Elizabeth!
Mildred, married Edward GUIs. Hugh;
Davis married .Frances Polndexter*'
Elijah never married. Blchard Watts)
Polndexter married. . secondly. Mary,
Ellen, daughter of John Calhoun and:|
Catherine Nowell Le0; had Cora. Lee,,;
married Richard Haden Penn. Lula.'
Bell married Glenmore Torck Browne.]
of Georgia^ Mary Richard married,'
Charle3 Lewis Watts. Richard Newell!
married Dalsyo Byrd Long, of Ala-;
bam a. John Samuel married Ella'
Sharp, of Tennessee. }
Samuel T. und Benglo PolndexterV
had Walker Watta Polndextor, ot
Lynohburg, Va.
Thomas Polndoxter, Justice off!
Louisa county In 1766, married Lucy.j
daughter of Gabriel Jones, the "Val-]
ley Lawyer," and had John Clark, oC
Louisa county, tiled 1S19; Thomas,'
born 1760, died In Louisa; Gabriel/)
born 177.S. died August, 1SS1, 1?
Clarke county, Ind.. married in Vir-*-'
glnia Mary Swift; Robert removed t?'
I Kentucky; James, of Lou'sa county,;
I died 1S43: Bichard Jones, Baptist."
minister, removed to North Carolina;
George, born 1770. died 1S58, attor?
ney-general of Mississippi, Govcrnoi*"
of that Stute, 1810-21, United States
Senator 1931-33, married Molly Cosb>';^
Elizabeth Jones married Christopher'
Carinack and removed to Franklin
county, Ky.; Lucy Jones,-?.
This record shows the name Poln?
dexter to havo taken ot In Tide?
water Virginia In t! ? middle of tha
I seventeenth century, and the tree to?
day has many unknown branches.
I This account is broken and unsatls
j factory, but is what can be gathered
j from our sadly mutilated records.
(Letter from Joseph Ball to his
nephew, George Washington, and toj
I his sister, Mary Ball. Copied from!
I Bishop Meade.'s ''Did Churches and/
Families of Virginia. Vol. II., pages
128 and 12!?.")
"This Joseph Ball married a Mlssi
Ravenscroft, of England, and settled
In London as practitioner of law. Ho',
had only one daughter. Fanny, wliri;
married Ralelu.li Downman In 1754L'
Her children were Joseph Bull Down-*
man, of Moraftlco; Fanny, who mar-*]
l-led Colonel .lames Ball, of Rewdley*.j
and Mr. Raleigh W. Downman, ot}'
Belle Isle. This Joseph Ball was thee]
uncle ot General Washington. 1 have*}
before me two letters from him. tha>j
one addressed to his sister Mary an<f:
' the other to his nephew, George Wasn-*
I Ingtou, from which 1 take tho fol-r
1 lowing passages (tho first la to his'
' elstor. when her son was thinking!1
I of going to sea- It Is dated Strat?
ford-by-BoW, 19th of May. 1747.)":
"T understand that you are ad*
vised and have some thoughts of put?
ting your son Go. ge to sea. I think?
he had better be put apprentlco to a
tinker, for a common sailor before*
the mast has by no mdjans tho com?
mon liberty of tho subject; for thoyf
will press him from a sh'p where hat
has fifty shillings a month and maker'
him twenty-three, and cut and slashv
i and tiso him like n negro, or rathci"1
I like a dox. And, as to any consider?
able preferment In tho navy, It Is not;
to be expected, as mere are always j
so many gaping for It here who havee\
Interest, and he has none.
?'And It ho should get to be master''/
of a Virginia ship (which it is very'
difficult to do), a planter that has 300
or t"0 acres of laud and three or four
siav.-s. If he be Industrious, may lives
move comfortably and leave, hla family
in better bread than such a master?
of a ship can. . . .
"He must not he loo hasty to bei,
rich, but go on gently and with pa-?l
Hence, as things will naturally go..
This method, without aiming at licit:m*'
it nne gentleman bet?re his time, will^
carry .i man more comfortably an'Xj
surely through the world than going*
1 to gea, unless ii he a great chances'
Indeed. I pray God keep you unitt
yours. lours loving brothor. ;
FOSErH BALL." 1
To his m . . v he ivrltes thus af.te.grf
Biaddock's defeat:
"Stratford, 6th of September, 175S. i
"Good Nephew: '
??it is a sensible pleasure to me*
to hear the. you have behaved your-J
aolf with itch a martial spirit in alBj.
your engagements with the French*}
nigh Ohio, Go on as you have begun,,
and God prosper you We have hearij
of General Braddock's defeat. Every
' body hlames his rash conduct. Every
odv commends the courage of the>
\ . r ins and Carolina men. which is 1
v,.r. agreeable to me. I desire you.
as vott have opportunity, to give mo
a short account how you proceed. V.
-our mother's brother. 1 hopee
ou will nol deny my request. T hear-;
tllv whii von good success, and airu
??Your loving uncle,
"JOSEPH BAieV>
? Tii Major George Washington, at thflf.
Fails of Rappahaunock. or elsewhered
In Virginia. Please direct for me at)
Stintford-by-Bow, nigh London." ^
in a circular Issued hy Major Georges.
Washington, two years before the R0V4 ?
nlutionary War began, he recommend-i{
ed the mouth of the Great Kanawha),
River as a suitable location for thea
future capital of the country, and also.
ted to givo leasts on his lands on*
the Ohio River and 011 th? Great KanJ
, ? ? , Liver H> persons who would set-i,
pon his lands. cultivate the samsj)
and ii.iv him 11 mall annual ground n
rent therefor. H? owned somo 50,01t) r
acres which had been given hlni by ,
the Colonv of Virginia for his services! 3
m the war agalnaf the French andj j,.
Indians.

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