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Another Day and Night of Democratic National Convention Pass
and No Choice of Party's Presidential Candidate Has Been Reached
BUT LITTLE CHANGE
IN THEIR BALLOTS
Throughout the Day and Until Late at Night
Men FTom the Old Dominion Give Under?
wood 14, Wilson 9J4 and Clark l/z.
Keezell Clark Admirer.
THOMAS FORTUNE RYAN IS FAITHFUL
IN ATTENDANCE DURING SESSION
Unit Rule Is Not Enforced and Members of Dele-:
gation Are Compelled to Stay in Their Seats i
During Long, Tiying Hours or Lose Their;
Votes?Hundreds of Virginians Travel to Balti-I
more to Witness What Were Expected to Be
Closing Scenes of History-Making Democratic
BY ALEXANDER FORWARD.
Baltimore, Md , June 2S.?Wooltow Wilson"? ranks stood firm through tht
?Jay and night of hallotlng. and no attempt at a stampede could break- down
his entrer.-hmenty The cirelully planned Clark landslide did not slide on
schedule. H is aleo true that Clark's people stood together much better than
the opposition hid expe'ted They proved to be r.o disorganized mass, but a
fighting unit. This made the finale so uncertain and so long delayed that as
the long hours of the second r.ic-ht of balloting foe a candidate for President
wire away the impression grew that no one cf the minor aspirants?Under?
wood. Marshall or Harmon?was willing to abandon the field.
Hope springs eternal in the candlda'.orlal breast. Ev?n when New York
left Harmon, his own State's delegates stood by him Managers for Champ
Clark asserted that they had everything in readiness for a stampede to their
candidate and were only awaiting the psychological moment; It began to look
bt If they were afraid to try It. for fear that should the performance fall It
might mean the breaking of the Clark ranks and the scattering of his forces.
But they realize/j that the attempt must be made. So the New York change
to Clark, so much heralded, became a fact. One thing was known to every man
who has eyes to see. it was necessary that the nominee be a progreisi ve. It
teemed that the majority of the Virginli delegation was as loyal to Underwood
by Fle-n-j has hoped, for fo irtecn voted ster.dily for the Alabamlan. Aifrcd B.
William;, e.f Roan ok e, changed his position several times, but on each ballot the
result was balanced by Governor Minns action in going temporarily from
Wilson to Underwood The Governor felt no explanation of his Wfison vote was
necessary. He was unlr.structed and greatly admires the Jersey executive,
whom he had seen much of in the Conference of Governors.
Tiie result showed that Speaker Byrd. the Virginia Wilson manager. ?.-as cor?
rect in his forecast that he would get at least nine votes |n the delegation for
his rann Because of the attack made last night by William Jennings Bryan
on Thomas F. Ryan and his demand that the multimillionaire be withdrawn
from the Virginia delegation the vote of this Stat? was the ob:e"t of intereet
on every rill cali The very name of the st.it? was applauded or. the f.rst bal?
lot, its position as the birthplace of Woodrow Wilson has added to th. atten?
tion given to it.
Wide Reputation for Conjrrcssinnn Flood.
The incident of last night has also made a wide reputation for Congress?
man Flood. His facc-to-face deflanre of the Commoner most favorably attracted
the attention of the convention, which, astoundej at Mr. Bryan's attempted dic?
tation of the choice of delegates, applauded Flood liberally This was reflected
when Flood took the stand early this morning to second the nomination of his
friend. Oscar W. Underwood The delegates recognized him as the defender
of the State of a few hours before and welcomed him.
The Baltimore convention mty yet be remembered largely as the place
where Hal Flood, of Virginia, gave. William J. Bryan some valuable information
on the Democratic doctrine of States rights.
No Virginia delegates took part in the demonstration which followed New
York's transfer of support to Clark, but when the Wilson applause began a
few minutes later it was different. I'ho .->anner hearing that no longer strange
device, "Staunton. Vs.. Woodrow Wilson's birthplace,*' was raised over the heads
of the Virginians. f:. E. Byrd, Harry St. George Tucker and other members of
the delegation who were for Wilson arose and did their part In the cheering
In front of the delegation stood C. G. Glbboney, a Wilson manager ani former
resident of Virginia, waving his hat and joining madly in the demonstration.
I.lttle Change In Made in Virginia.
Throughout the repeated balloting of the day and night, after the lirst vote
In the early morning hours, the Virginia delegation \otcd steadily as follows:
Wilson. S1.?; Clark, l-j . Underwood, it Senator George B. Keezell. who cast his
vole with the majority for Underwood on the initial ballot, thereafter gave
Clark his half vote. Senator Keezell has long been satisfied that Clark was
tne best man.
In detail, the Virginians voted as follows: For I nderwood?Themas Mar?
tin. Claude A. Swunson, H. D. Flood. Alfred B. Williams. James V. Trehy, Rob?
ert B. Tunstall, Charles A. Cooke, Dr. Joseph M. Burke. Rorer A. James. J. D.
Clark. Granvllle Craddock, F. W, Weaver, John S. White. R. S. Cochran, George
H. Ruckcr, John W. Price. P. F. St. Clulr. C. W, Bondurant. M. C. Clark. E. B
Barley. Thomas I-\ Ryan--representing fourteen satfM. For Clark?Gorge B.
Keezell. one-.half vote. For Wilson?William Hodges Mann. Rtchaj-d Evelyn
Byrd. R. Tale Irvine, Harry St. George Tucker, Dr. J W. Uowdoin, Allen D.
Jones, Thomas II Birdsong (alternate), Frank B. Story, Park P. Deans, W. II.
Venablc (alternate!. II. M. Smith, Jr., E. C. Palmer, John M. Hart, John M. Steck,
Peyton Coohran. Aubrey A. Siro1e--reprcscntlns nine and one-half votes.
All the Virginia delegates sat steadily in their seats. There was no unit
fule, and no delegate could leave the hill except for a very few minutes. If
net in his seat when the poll was taken he would not be counted.
Thomas F. Ryan was as faithful In his attendance, as any other member
of the delegation. He diel nut seem to tire. Throughout the long hours of last
night he sat .juletly, partly stirring w-hen the light of another day streamed
through the armory window.-. He looked as if he had just hart 0 night's rest
and a cold bath. He cast Ills ballot for Underwood, wont to his apartments,
glept a little, and was back in his seat at I o'clock.
When each recurring roll call was announced. Secretary John W. Price reg?
ularly polled the delegation, retaining a record of each member's vote and re?
porting to Chairman Claude A. Swanson.
Moru Virginians were In the city to-day than at any other time In the week.
fjearnlng the situation from the morning papers, they came by the hundred.
Because many viultors from a eiietance either did not come or have, left, tickets
were not so difficult to secure to-day. and most of the Virginia contingent
Among the arrivals were Judge W. F. Rhen, of the State Corporation Com
mission. One of the faithful attendants on the proceedings of the convention Is
Mrs. Claude A. Swanson, wife of the Junior Virginia Senator. She has a seat
In the front row in the section of the gallery Immediately above the eastern
press box. She remained through nearly all the Thursday night session, leav?
ing about 5 o'olock in the morning. Mrs. Swanson and a friend who aeompa
tUeir h.ar- woro the colors of the Panajr.^-Pacinu Exposition, at San Francisco. ? -.
i__ _THAMP CLAniv.
PLATFORM FAIRLY BRISTLES
WITH PROGRESSIVE DOCTRINE
Baltimore. Md., June ?Bristling
with Democratic progress! velsm. the
platform on which the I.'emo^ratic party
will stand during the approaching cam?
paign was complied late to-day by the
committee on resolutions, and awaits
only the approval of the presidential
nominee to be presented to the conven?
Th* document Is the result of forty
eight hours of deliberation on the part
of the committee. It is an almost en?
tirely new document, although the rec?
ommendations of the New York dele?
gation were followed in many parttc
From first to last the committee's
deliberations were characterized by the.
1 utmost harmony. There was the most
I pronounce! declaration in favor of
progressive policies all along the line,
and the only difference of opinion arose
over tit.- best method of expressing
this tendency The result is u plat?
form of generally advanced views, al?
though many of them are less radical
than the party declarations of other
Covern Many Subjects.
The document covers every subject
I Of importance which has been the sub?
ject of party discussion durintf the last
I four years. They are not elaborately
presented, but the large number of sub?
jects renders it somewhat voluminous.
The members of the committee ex
press general satisfaction with the out
I come of their work, and Mr. Bryan, who
i toVik a most active part in framing the
I paper, made the prediction that it
; would nrouse the disapproval of not to
exceed a dozen members of the conven
? t ion.
Under the new rule adopted the plat?
form will not be presented to the con
I vention until after the nomination uf
the candidates. Its submission will
follow tiie selection of a vice-preside n
I The following Is a summary of the
I planks of the Democratic platform:
Reaffirms party's devotion to the
principles of democratic government,
I as tcrmulutcd by Jefferson.
Declares for a tariff for revenue only
I and denounces "the high Republican
tariff its the principal cause of the Une?
qual distribution of wealth."
Favors immediate downward revision
of present duties, especially upon nec?
essaries of life. Also favors gradual
reduction so as to not Interfere with
or destroy legitimate Industries.
Denounces President Taft for veto?
ing tariff bills of the last Congross.
Condemns tho Republican party for
failure to redeem Its promises of 1908
for downward revision.
Takes issue, with the Republican
platform as to the high cost oi living,
contending it Is largely due to high
Favors tlgorous enforcement of the
criminal fentnres of antitrust Ism-.
Would Crash Monopoly.
Demaada such additional leglslatjon.
.as may bo necessary to crush private.'
I monopoly. Favor* prohibition c( holri
i ing companies, Interlocking directors,
! stock watering, etc.
I Condemns Republican administration
' for compromising w ith the standard
j Oil Company and tobacco trust.
Denounces as usurpation the efforts
of Republicans to deprive States of
their rights and to enlarge powers of
the Federal government.
"There is." says the platform, "no
twilight zor.e between the nation and
j the Slate in which exploiting interests
I can take refuge from both."
! P'rges people to support proposed
: constitutional amendments pending In
I various State Legislatures providing for
ail income tax and election of L'nited
i States Senators by direct vote of the
i people. As Justification of the demands
? of the. party for publicity of campaign
j expenditures, attention is directed "to
I the enormous expenditures of money
: in behalf of the President and his pre
j decessor in the recent presidential con
Favors efficient supervision and rote
! regulation of railroads, express com
'panics, telegraph and telephone lines.
' and a valuation of these companies by
! the. Interstate Commerce Commission.
J arid also legislation against ovar-issue
I of stocks of these corporations.
In connection with a demand for such
a revision of the banking laws as will
give temporary relief In ca.se of finan
i clal distress, th?re is a denunciation
j of the Aldrich bill prepared by the
I Monetary Commission.
! The present method of depositing
1 government funds la condemned, and
j the party is pledged to the enactment
of 9 law for thef deposit of ?tich funds
\'jy competitive bidding in State or na?
tional banks, without discrimination as
j r.-ccommonds Investigation of ngrt
j rulturnl credit societies In Europe to
suggest if a system of this kind may
not be useful for the T'nlted States.
Recommends legislation to prevent
devastation of the Lower Mississippi
by floods, and the control of the Mis?
sissippi Is declared to he a national
rather than a State problem. Th<>
maintenance of a navigable channel
Is nlso recommended.
Declares for presidential prefercneo
Directs the notional committee to
provide for selection it primaries of
niemb'ers of the nationnl committee.
Pledges the party to the enactment
of law prohibiting campaign contri?
butions by corporations and unrea?
sonable campaign contributions by In?
Favors a single Presidential term
and making ths President Ineligible to
Felicitates Democratic Congress on
.1U record, .enumerating Important
arh'evements ,ami pledges an adequate
Denounces the Repuollcan party on
the charge of extravagance and de?
mands return to simplicity and econ?
omy befitting n Democratic govern?
Favors national aid regarding post
Repeats party's declaration of the
platform of 1D0S as to rights of labor,
and pledges tho party to an employers'
Declares the unnecessary withdrawal
of public land tends to retard develop?
ment and bring reproach upon the
policy of conservation: that reserva?
tions should be limited to purposes
which they purport to serve; favors
broadest liberality In administering
land laws, and says forest reserve act
I permitting homestead entries within
the national forest should not be
[nullified by administrativ,- regulations:
[declares (or immediate action to make
available Alaskan coal lands and >.ite
: guarding of Ifves of miners.
1 Favors encouragement of agriculture
and leg'slation to suppress gambling
in agricultural products.
! Relieves in fostering growth o: a
i merchant marine, and urges speedy
I enactment of laws for greater security
of Hie and property at sea.
Reaffirm!.- previous declarations re?
garding pure food and public, health.
Favors reorganization o? the civil
[.service, and says law should be hon?
estly and rigidly enforced.
Recommends law reform legislation.
Realfirms position against "policy
of Imperialism and colonal exploita?
tion" in Philippines.
Welcomes Arizona and New Mexico
to sisterhood of States.
Demands for Alaska full enjoyment
of rights and privileges Of territorial
form Of government.
Refers to Russian treaty of l^f.i,
r.nd renews pledge to preserve "sacred
rights of American citizenship at home
Favors parcels post and extension of
I rural delivery.
Favors such encouragement as can
[properly be given Panama Canal ex
Commends to the States adoption of
law making it offensive t,, discriminate
pgalnst the uniform of the United !
I Renews declaration of last platform i
reenrding generous pension policy.
Refers to the rule of tho people and
says: "The Democratic party offers It- i
self to the country as nn escney j
through which tho complete overthrow
nnd extirpation of corruption, fraud |
and machine rule in American polities
can be Otfccted."
Continuing, the platform says: "Our
platform Is one of principles which
we believe to be essential to our na?
tional- welfare," and "Invites co-opera
tIon of all citizens who believe in
maintaining unimpaired the institutions j
of our country." ? J
CLARK STILL LEADS
BUT WILSON FORCES 1
At Early Hour in Morning Twelfth Ballot
Had Been Taken and Still Without Re?
sult but Clark Had Climbed to Ma?
jority and His Managers Were Jubilant.
ON TENTH BALLOT NEW YORK THROWS
ITS BLOCK OF 90 VOTES TO THE SPEAKER
But Convention Refuses to Be Stampeded to Leading
Candidate?Wilson Increases His Count Up
to Sixth Ballot, When He Had Reached Total of
354?Air Is Full of Rumors of "Deals and
Trades," but All Fail to Materialize?Clark Re?
ceives Demonstration but Wilson Followers
Even It Up With One Equally as Big.
Adjourns Until 1 oXlock This Afternoon
Baltimore, Md., June 2g.?Giving up all attempt to break the
existing deadlock, the leaders in the Democratic party at 3:05 o'clock
this (Saturday) morning decided upon an adjournment until 1
o'clock in the afternoon in the hope that same sort of agreement
might be reached as to a presidential nominee. Many of the dele?
gates protested against the delay caused by the adjournment, but
apparently there was no hope of settling the nomination by confer?
ences on the convention floor. Twelve ballots were taken. Champ
Clark made a sensational gain on the tenth, when New York's solid
block of ninety votes went to him. On this ballot Mr. Clark's total
reached a high-water mark of 556?a clear majority, but 170 votes
short of the necessary two-thirds to nominate. On the eleventh and
twelfth ballots Clark fell away to 554 and 549.
Governor Woodrow Wilson held his forces steadily together,
and during the night voting there was but slight fluctuations in his
totals. Votes lost in some delegations were made up in others.. Mr.
Wilson's last total was 354.
Leaders in the convention viewed the situation with some cort
cern when the night session was adjourned. The Clark strength secrr
ed to have been fully tested, and he was still far short. There was
a report at adjournment that the New York delegation had agreed
to vote for Clark only on three ballots, giving the Speaker opportun?
ity to display his greatest strength. It also was said that New York
next would go to Underwood. This will serve as a further test of
trie *bility of Wilson to hold his votes. If he continues to do so New
York eventually may go to him.
Baltimore, Md., June 28.?A monotonous succession of roll
calls brought no nomination in the Democratic National Convention
late to-night, when the sweltering delegates were still answering the
droning voice of the rending clerk. The results of the roll calls up
to the ninth were discouragingly similar. None of the leading candi?
dates made any material gains or losses. There was no change of
more than six votes in the totals up to that time. The steady gain
oi the Wilson vote had culminated with a count of 354 on the sixth
ballot. On the seventh Wilson lost one and one-half votes.
The air was full of rumors of " deals" and "trades." A shift that
would throw a deciding vote to one candidate or another was looked
for on every ballot by some of the delegates, while others expected
an all night session.
The long predicted "break" in the New York delegation came
on the tenth ballot, when Leader Murphy announced eighty-one of
the ninety votes from that State for Clark. He got no further when
|.i great demonstration broke out among the Speaker's delegates and
friends. They did not wait for Murphy to announce the completion
oi the New York vote, that State having ninety in all. The band
began playing "Tammany," and the delegations which have sup?
ported Clark from the outset began a procession around the hall.
At 1 - '38 the demonstration had continued twenty minutes.
Soon afterward the chairman pounlcd for order, and the roll call
Murphy later announced that the New York delegation showed
eighty-one ior Clark, eight for Wilson and one tor Underwood, but
under the unit rule gave all its ninety votes to Clark.
When Oklahoma was called and cast ten votes for Wilson and
ten for Clark, an Oklahoma delegate said:
"Believing this convention wants Clark?" He was interrupteJ
by another Oklahoma delegate, who said: "But we. don't want to
go where Tammany goes." A Wilson demonstration followed.
William J. Bryan entered the hall during the Wilson demon?
stration and went to the Nebraska delegation.
At 1 :so A. M? when the chairman trie.! to restore order, the
Wilson-Bryan demonstration had lasted fun minutes.
Bryan, after conferring with the Oregon delegation, returned
to his seat by the Nebraska standard.
Convontir.ii Halt, Baltimore, Md., i
June 2S.?Th<> convention hail againI
became a centre of animation .toward
3 o'clock in expocrriti >n of the. de- j
rls've struggle ahead. Quite a num-'
j her of delegates were early in place
despite their strenuous labors of th-?
night. Tb- galleries began to brim
l with a fluttering mass of humanity,
promising a record crowd exceeding
j that which held frenzied carnival
j throughout the night.
j Cheers greeted the arrival of Chair?
man James at 4:11 o'clock. The. gnvel
j fell lust one minute latrr. Rev. Henry
, M. Wharton. pastor of Rrantley Rap
I list Church, of Baltimore. offered
prayer In pact .as follows:
"We have reached the time in the
history .of the convention when of all
?TO VTBOTNIA UBACH?NO CHANOE.
"Special tr.On leavoa B> rd Street Station
S:IO A. M- every Sunday, currying a through
loocn to Virginia Uearh without change.
ll.&O round trii
Other* Thv wisdom I* most needed.
"The affairs of our government seen!
ebout to Pass to other hand* and wlf
It please Thee that they may accom?
plish the tremendous responsibility an<!
discharge the trust that shall bo Riven
nrto their hand?- with sincerity and
with conscientious performance of
fluty. Wo pray Thee that Thou wilt
guide the counsels of this hour in th?
selection of a candidate for tha pres?
idency of our great country and that
Thou wilt give to us a man who fears
G<d. who is guided bv His word and
whose heart turns in sympathy to the
great multitudes who dally toil fot
their living and for tho?n dear to
??Wilt Thou give us a man \ ho will
guide our sbip of slate out from th* ?
;. eborg? of greed and selfishness Into
the high seas of prosperity. May thV ?
elouds which have darkened our skisa
pass away and the muttorlng thunder;
^ntlnue?i^n^liTghth Pago.) ^. v