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To the People of Japan
Their Rulers Are Divin?
ities, Who Typify All
the Virtues That Are
Ills iuisn't happened in Europe for
& nearly 2000 years. It is hap?
pening today in Japan.
.1 man and a woman arc being made, all
alive and breathing, into a god and goddess.
.Millions of people believe it; and a good
many oilier millions, including probably the
man and the woman themselves, have pretty
strong doubts on the subject.
lint hereafter they will be deities, the
august anil holy incarnations of all the virtues
conceivable in the minds of their devotees,
tilth peculiar and wondrous powers for good
vested in their deified hands, and With ability
in eal persimmon pie or doughnuts still whole
ivithin them as it was while they remained
simple, if highly honored, mortals.
The nuin is the new emperor of Japan;
tin woman is the blessed Setdako, his em?
press, formerly Japan's crown princess.
Her deified body must not be touched by
any unsahctified human fingers, however,
eagerly she may r.Laut a neu straight front;
her goddess-ship will have a lady dummy to
pose for her, whose figure is the same as hers,
but not so sacred. llcr deified appetite may
m a> a for persimmons, if not for the occidental
doughnut, which may be as strange to her
as it is to the czar of Russia and the king of
Surm: but her persimmons must pass through
her own deified kitchen and not he con
laminated by any contact with plain and vul?
She is the mother of three boys, and she
i} about as hitman a woman as Japan has thus
far pfodutedT '. But, will she, mil she, the
new empress of Japan is fated to be a goddess,
and the :.< wort making good as the very,
actual, genuine, real, tangible goddess which
every lover tells his sweetheart he believes her
1y THIS new goddess had happened to bp eny other
girl pi ked nut to h< the bride ? ?! the only son the
old e'mperoi of Japan was able to save from death
oui hi all ih< progeny provided 'or him-.by his
round dozen of wives, why, the other git I, and not she,
would have been th* new-fiedged, revered goddess of
Japan. Wcstein theology, now so tlnt-rd with democ?
racy that It takes mighty little stock eveni In the divine
anointing of K ir ?; f kings, will be rather puzzled at
t system of theocracy which takes no account whatever
of individual merits In accessions to the Japanese Olym?
pus, nut, by it H?b drawing on predestination. It all
becomes cleat godi keep n special and watchful
f>. on the marriage of a crown prince or an emperor;
t.r.d bo !.. young woman, however sound of'wind and
limb, can pi b selected t< be his consort unless the .
geds know he fori blind that she is precisely the young
? : ? whom they havi chosen lo he their little sister.
So that's settli d.
It is r.n irreven r and short-sighted policy on the
; art Of the western press that it should hasten to say
ro much about the dead emperor the minute he died, and
so much the next mil iti l< lit the only son who became
his successor; while 11 told fi,, little about the new god?
less Japan has acnnlnd. <-r.e is .ret. worthy of all the
publicity a grudgli .? ? , ? , in give her; not l^cause
the Is na? a really, truly little goddeHS, but because Fho
Is u very excellent younjj woman who is oh the eve of
trolng that being a deity i-n't .-,11 it's cracked up to
i.e. Like most othct things ii llfi nhd death, it has the
drawbacks of Its advantages, liven in the rather rere.nt
goddess era of old Rome, an en press was liable to find
sanctity something of an Ineumbrance when she got
right down to being adored.
THE DAINTY LITTLE GODDESS
The goddess Kndnko began life sonic twenty-seven
tn ago as i very small and daintily colored princess
In one of the most ancient and ho not able families of
in, ;>.e Fuji warn; and litr ancestors bossed the who;,,
Inland from the seventh to the eleventh cehiury. They
wen a sort of oriental series of Warwick*, running the
throne and the emperors and rnakin;: it a regular habit
? .,rry their superfluous daughters to the r liers of
' .-? land. Predestination has been tinned by the Japa
? -? to tue extent of limiting their emperors to mar
i age within the five noble families descended from the
lent Ftijlwara nursery stock; so the ends who run
le affairs over there have their course of conduct
laid out plainly before them. An for the Princess Sadsko,
third daughter of Prince Kujb, her mother w^s a sister
i the four, r empress dowager, and so she, was a cousin
>.f thi crown prince for whom the gods selected her.
Vou i. . I hen couldn't possibly bo any mistake In the
'" a! >hg which Lame Destiny was compelled to op,.r
?at: Dentiny might as well have been a trolley rf,r, so lar
sj Princess Sadako's future goddess-shtp was concerned.
But that Is treating Destiny, ns It works In Japan
among Um foyal fami)>', rather ungratefully, especially
In I ho case of tho lovely young V I l^flicT" y< jV )
Princess Sadako. When. ^~^a\\^^ A^Nf?
dozen years ago. ?he was plcki I \\ \ .c^*^
oui t.i too the bride o( the Am A\\ ?'
Crown Prim i ITo is^fflkvS.^*''^ H%(c
was only 15 years old, ns prett; /^^Tr"\fV'
ns u ploture toy on., of tin- fa- / i \ //f^iyi
moua old artists of Japan. In- j /Si ' \(lC_ j>
cherry lips dnlntll> \ / \ //
angled eyebrows and tiie com- \ / \ ''(?,
pi ex ton of a peach shaded toy \ V Y tpJ/**\
pomegranates. But .??toe. knew \ I K VX'-)/
os will as anybody else In her \\ j \
native land thai the girl who \\ / \ \^
should tu selected t" hts . 7/1 . j*. ~
bride was fated to lie a world- \. l>
famous empress and a godd. ^k^flHB
in tin- bargain. Also, she was ^^iiw^^^^
:\'\ that Stoo wouldn't have fjMNlVH*~Z^\
anything to say on the sub- ?3 Vi la.' ?1/ V D E la
jecl, one way or tho other,
that being the small measure of free will a young lady
of her birth and breeding is allowed in old-fashioned
Japan And they say she was In love with him. and he
wdth her. notwithstanding the ilsk of mutual disappoint?
ment which they ran.
Ho all she could do was keep on going to the peer3'
school rtnd being a good pupil and loving her teachers,
as nil good pupils do. One day. while she was studying
hard to pass up from the third grade of the high school,
she was informed that her School days wen about done,
because his Imperial majesty had boen graciously pleased
to content his august self in a daughter-in-law by choos?
ing for his royal and glorious son a bride so humide and
unworthy as i-he. At which pretty hit!,.- Sadako rejoined
that she was meekly grateful to ! ave boiti singled out
for so honorable, and bh-sful a future and was ready
for the nuptials, some preliminaries excepted. They
included a tine banquet of honor to her heloyed teachers,
who could now boast everywhere that they had helped
in tiie making of a goddess, although they discreetly and
honorably refrained from Intimating any hope or ex
pcrtation of the early demise of the pod who ruled them
at the time.
The undelfied goddess entered upon her happiness as
c^own princess learned In Japanese and Chinese litera?
ture, universal history. French, mathematics, penman?
ship and drawing. Aft< i the emperor had signified his
pleasure as to.tiic mat? :. she had to keep on with her
history, French and graptiy. and was required to
practice music, too. But all her studies were made as
light ns possible, lest ai I .ing should lessen the robust?
ness of her' health.
Her father. In-spin : the antiquity of his family
and the Interesting d< i I thai the KujlwaruK always
managed to Keep thell i g in the places of the greatest
power and profit tue old . nipire afforded, Is not a rich
man. as modern liehe.', g But he managed to scrape
up 100.0? yen. about S."for Sadako's trousseau nnd
Hille incidental expen i ...s a royal bride; anil thn
emperor added 100,000 yen more. So she had about a
quarter of n m1ll!'>n dollars to get along on until her
crown prince should assume the responsibility for her
support Hut her prospective father-in-law wanted to
make sure that she wasn't stinted, and he directed the
Klft to her of some TOO.OOil yen out of the estate of the
late empress dowager, her aunt
When si r was married, she proved precisely the wife
such a crown prince, as sole heir to the throne, required.
She has presented him with three healthy boys, so that
there Is now no anxiety as to the certainty of succession
In the Imperial line. She was prompt i-i responding to
the changed conditions which began to prevail in Japan,
and Interested herself in tin- organization of women
which aro?e and In the promotion of national charities.
She displayed a pretty turn for poetry, without which a
Japanese prince or princess would be as lost to the
traditions of their station as a Knight of old without his
Their palace has been at Aoyama, right beside the
rmperor's residence, high in a grove removed from the
din of the Tokio streets A very' carefully kept house?
hold was that of the Crown I'rlncess Sadako. as that of
a predestined goddess ought to be. The family r'"" at 7
in the morning and had a doctor make the dally health
examination. The doctor weighed them, too; and the
crown princess and her spouse uere always much inter
ested In their avoirdupois; the crown princess probably
more, because she had taken to European dresses, and
the question of weight hns become a vital one fir
women the world over.
A simple breakfast, mostly milk and bread, preceded
walks In the garden and studies under special tutors;
for these two. although they were the parents of princes,
continued to fit tnemselves to rule long after others
cense to study. They paid the morning . all of rc.p, . t
upon the emperor and etnproes and returned to their
own palace In time for dinner at noon. The meal was
one of European dishes after the tlrst few years of their
marriage, for the prim ess gradually came to prefer the
taste of the western cooking to the l ulrlr" of her for?
bears. Studies In the after can were followed by the.
prince's practice of horsemanship, with his wife admir?
ingly looking on.
Supper camu In the Japanese style, with Hie family
physician laying nut the eighteen dishes usually served
nnd the princess correcting "to taste.They Changed
their attire to the Japanese garments at nightfall, und
the princess used to play music for her husband on both
Japanese nnd western instruments. And at !? o'clock
This Is the picture of a household that has all the
simplicity of life that belongs to the old order of exist?
ence, almost extinct in the Occident, but Ideal for the
health and training of future riders. It wns a very
human and happy life, with the little home pleasures
and the boyish tun that a trio of happy, hearty children
At times the crown princess realised what It would
mean to her to be a goddess when her friend and pro?
tector, the old emperor, should pass awny. Wherever
she stood beside thi empress In public, siie never saw
her smile. Mot that tits empress couldn't smile. Although
his Imperial majesty had exercised his imperial preroga
tlve and taken to himself the twelve wives allowed tmder
the. Japanese rules of the royal conduct of life, thn
empress has never been a bit Jealous and was perfectly
satisfied to see the son of the third wife numeil as the
crown prince, when there wasn't any crown prttic? of
her own available, Mut the sublime, deine dignity of a
Japaneie empress makes It as little possible for her to
be amused at the antics of common mortals as If she
were Buddha; und nobody has ever seen Huddha smile,
And. of course, ber imperial majesty couldn't possibly
touch an atom of food that wasn't composed oi" the nectar
and ambrosia provided on the mysterious Olympus which
backs right up against the royal kitchens. Bo. wherever
she weht, her divine food supply bad to he curried alone.
One dny the empri sa ? I tele: .-ended to visit a school con?
ducted by two Dutch ladles in Vesso, und sho was
attended by her lud!os-ln waiting. The Dutch teachers
did their best for hospitality by providing a bottle of
champagne; but, as they ? re not permitted to be in the
room where the empress ate her lunch, tho champagne
bottle proved ? mystery to Ihclr guests, ns alluring as it
was utiaolvahle I! appeared that a goddess could de|gn
to waive b-i :?!. bo at longth the Dutch ladles w>ik
called In to open the bottle, and Japan looked a little
hrlghter to all concerned soon afterward. There was
quite a shocking Incident connected with that visit which
could not be passed over so lightly, When the empress
consented to he photographed beside the Dutch ladles,
one of them ram: In her fin nee, and the print actually
showed the pres. ii'e of a man. and he a foreigner. In a
group with her majesty. The Japanese newspapers didn't
gel nver their horror for a lung tin: .-. and wb?n the
(,'ptes of the picture were presented to the teachers, they
found that the fiance had been wiped out of photographic
When the impress was fitted for European gowns,
the dressmakers had to work with ladles whose figures
corresponded to hers, no common hands might touch her
sacred person, Uui when Ul Hung Chang, the sr.-st Chi?
nese diplomat, was shot by a Japan's,- fanatic, the
empress herself made bandages for his wound, and all
Japan knew perfectly well that tho promptness of his
recovery was- due solely io the miraculous virtues with
which she Invested them.
The hew empress and eoddess succeeds, to most. If
not nil. of these (oweis and restrictions. And she suc
ceeds. too, to ihe Imperial station that bids the wife and
empress regard with equanimity the right of her spousa
tu taki a dozen other women to his heart.
Du: the man who Is now emperor of Japan, who in in
theory, if noi In practice, the source of uli authority la
the island empire, has hitherto been a model husband
along the lines ol the monogamous west. And. since Im
ha? heirs enough to the throne, it may be that the good
destiny which has thus far guided pretty ?adako up to
goddcM-8hlp may have her happiness in Its kindly keep?
ing during Ho- years to come,
Great Anthills in Washington
a S HAS off :i la in stated, ants aie among '.hi
l\ greatest workers Jn the great numbers of insects
*? in the world Soio - of tlose Industrious creatures
are ?o mechanical it is almost impossible to believe they
accomplish the anal work they do In many countries.
Out in the wonderful state of Washington) near the
wonderful Pacific ocean, ate found great colonies of largo
bio, k nntn that surely work hard to construct their Im?
These anthills are built near a. tree ntid are con?
structed "f pine and fir tree needles, which arc carried
and heaped in '.tie massive pile, but so perfevtly ar?
ranged u? t" form a great pile, which In often four or
five fe.-t thtough and from threo to tlx feet In height.
Paths, which are continually truvolcd by there indus?
trious workers, lead out from these wonderful anthills
In every direction, and the ants that Inhabit tho great
home are seen going In and out with provisions for
their young and on various missions known only to
Children ns well as rdder folk are greatly Interested
In then, curious heaps i f tree needles when they visit
that part of our country
It is difficult 10 un!, i; tanij how the ants enn con?
struct such large h< mes, and it is i, it known why they
do not lie content with more but smaller ones instead
of the '.nry.i: orte?
Food of the Polar Bear
AL.I, bears ilifoUshou: the world, except the polar
b?nr, are Dm: Ivorous, eating almost any form of
fo<d; but the i ui.-.i la.,: does not rebsh anything
but fish and seal mi i. and it he has his choice, the seal
is preferred at all limes.
The polar lieai might properly lie called a marine
creature, as It remains In H" water a great deal and
never Waves but a short distance Inland on the Icy
on land it is very clumsy and awkward, but it shows
great agility when in tue water. It .an catch Its prey
with evident ease.
The specimens kev. In captivity in the zoological
gardens and parks in the largei cities in tills and other
countries have to lie Cared'for in a manner (hat will
protect them from the heat of our latitude, as tbey nru
not aceiutomed to stich warm temperature.
Pits with etiol. datk retreats, a ad leo und cold water
must be provided, and ai fai ;.: possible lhe|i natural
food supplied, or th( . Matures of tin: frigid north will
sli ken and die.
Thev delight in play, and will often scamper about
nnd clay with a ball or bio.k of wood, throwing it and
retrieving similar to Hu c?mn . kitten one can imid.y
imagine a creature aH ?wkward being ?hle to he. so ac?
tive in the water: but in the sea they are not only
quick, but prei ise in their movements, especially when
alter their prey. _
SINCE the Inveiitii.il of the various types of aero
j 1 a. ? ib.- air men have been endeavoring to estab?
lish some perfectly accurate method of determining
the speed of then craft through Jhe ntmosphere,
V numbtfi oi di vie s have been mad.-, but it remained
for'a Wisconsin man to invent .. Hub device that. is
.Sid to record the exact speed, and indicate it in miles
iai hour right before the man's eyes. ....
\ four-vane device, with a.small cup-shaped attach?
ment similat to these Oh the wind velocity registers It.
"nclng the wind, ot current created by the. speed of tho
ma - a., and a ?niall dynamo la attache I. Which gen?
erates electricity In ae. eni.... with the speedI or tha
aeroplane. The voltage Is transformed nnd .registered
In miles so It can bo read by the person drlvliu ib?
By Dr. Leonard Keene Hirshberg
A. r. M a . M. l>. (Johns Hopkins).
VKN in the Methuselah tlnys milk sonrr-d
mid was used :u a beverage, while butti r
milk is mentioned as a common bibulous
liquid of the (lo?i^ and Vandals, Picta
and Gauls, by tho grealcsi of the Caesars, .lnlius.
who venied, vidied and conquered live much-be
Fnirbahked races in tlw Alf>9, front the days whon
Julius (not the* cdidweisserB until our angular nx
vice president took to tin- drink, sr.m- milk was
Rynonymous witli all ihn) ivo slavish, supine, in?
vidious and below caste. Dntil the narrow-yisaged
Fairba'nka imbibed liquorishly In the milky bitters,
dared ion. li .-.>> plebeian ? drink wris
(. But no more.
he fair-cheeked anil unmentloned inmm
61 |h? then vice presidential chair once
madi thai desolate and unheard-of olllcc
iype, it was buttermilk thai did the
?d, Mi Fairbanks, far gone in .-.nur milk,
endiine Thus Mr. Fairbanks, since ho
ih.it job, brought ha.-k th<- primeval and
:<? <?! the sd-hcarrnnd-yct-sa-far office
Had the Honorable Mr Fairbanks
t" If-cr. to WilHon, to sloe Kin or the
t?" . 4w acknowledged and venerated In
jremalned in the dark limbo or tho
w -.,.n-r? of sour milk, the distinction of
;y. wmii.i -tin remain pianissimo.
Then oam< along ?? famous suc/essor of the still
more famous Pasteui I r Elle Metehnlkoff, of the great
Institute for the .st.. . ,f Experimental Medicine, In
Paris, arid announced i the'bacilli that cause milk to
sour-dlscovcrcd bj I .? . ..i predecessor. Pasteur?when
Introduced In the, human body will destroy many other
dangerous germs, espi lally those that have a tendency
to shorten life, to harden the blood vessels, to cause
poisons to accumulate In the blood and tissue juices He
admitted that he wn ';...-te<! toward' his discovery by
the observation thai thi . icondants of those same Clsal
pine Inhabitants Of the Swiss mountains mentioned hy
Caesar lived to rare and hoary old ages by swallowing
frequent and copious draughts of soured milk and butter?
The hint thus obtained Incited n world-wide Investi?
gation ipf the value and effects of eating or drinking mix?
tures composed of the microbes Isolated from some Bul?
garian?the last and iitnest-sour milk. These germs,
now famous under the name of Bulgarian ladle acid
bacilli, so called because as they grow and multiply In
milk they form the sour sold by that name, were first
obtained hy Professor Metehnlkoff, H<- has since dis?
tributed them everywhere, and descendants of the first
family are still developing in happy colonies in one of
the laboratories at the Johns Hopkins University. Balti?
THE HEAL CULTUKKS
Soon after the celebrated savant stimulated furt.-.er
study of buttermilk and Its cpgeners. this market drink
began to he used as a cure fpr certain sorts of infant
maladies, stich as indigestion, diarrhea and other stomach
troubles. But no tangible Improvement followed Its adop?
tion as a medicine, so it was soon abandoned. In short,
all "authorities," so called by the hoi pollol and sub?
servient non-thinkers, concluded :hat buttermilk as a
"cure" was a fizzle; In fuel, was not worth u fiddler's
string. But not so fast, my hearties. There was at least
one thinker who refused to he either obedient, supine or
submissive to "authority " This was Dr. Ralph Oakley
flock, one of the young snoopers around the out-palli-ul
department of the Babies' Hospital of the City of New
Young Doetor Clock, who also has his medical hat
and surgical gauntlet In the children's ring of the St.
Mary's Free Hospital, as well as the Post-Gradunto
Medical School, of Gotham, not only harked back to tbo
potential hypothesis of sour milk as an Infantile remedy,
but started to observe and experiment to such good
effect that he decided that the buttermilk theory was
essentially correct, but that the poor obtainable results
Were caused by some trouble or defect In the milk. What
to do? How was this difficulty to be overcome?
Doctor Clock, and others also, for thai matter, came
to the conclusion that there was something wrong with
the lactic nCId bacteria that were, to be found In Ameri?
can buttermilk; so he sent to Baltimore for a culture of
the pure descendants of the Bulgarian bacilli. From this
culture, which had been originally Imported by the Johns
Hopkins Hospital from the Parisian Institute of Pasteur,
tablet;. Of dried but always living lactic acid microbes of
the Bulgarian type were obtained These germs, dried
and mixed with milk sugar In a way that will keep them
alive, were compounded Into tablets. Thus armed, tho
d"Ct". (vns ready to put ids perfected plan Into operation.
Thus prepared, the Infant specialist went the rounds
'?: In.- ho.-.dials and selected twenty-live Infants In tho
very worst stapes of summer diarrhea and cholera In?
fantum. P.ihies, ranging In ages from a few weeks tu
2 years, in the dying throes of midsummer dysentery;
wan. emaciated and starved from vomiting and watery
bowels; children for whom there seemed little hope of
recovery, were then given dellnlte >iuantitics of theio
microscopic parasites, these germs of Bulgarian buttof
mllk, Hopeful as the young physician was. his most
sanguine expectation war. unprepared for the astounding,
the startling result.
The life of every Infant was saved Not n bnby,
whether only t weeks old or 10 months, remained ill or
died. They all quickly and dramatically recovered, rap
Idly gained in weight and were not taken from their usual
heavy diet. All of the toxic, putrefactive and dangerous
symptoms subsided as If by magic, snys the New York
medical man. Tlie duration 01 the infectious dysenteries,
?'cholera infantum" nnd "gastro-entorltis." which prior
to Die administration of tlie sour-milk microbes bad been
from a couple of days to a couple of works, were decided?
ly Improved after the fourth or fifth dose of the tablets
containing the live germs.
lire the fourth day nrrlved the Infant was relieved,
and by the end of the week the weight of each baby
nvcrngi'd an Increase of ounces. There never was
any relapse, and the cures were complete in every case.
The way In which the germs are administered to the
babies, to wit. by dissolving the dried tablet of bacilli In
a spoonful of water, obviated any Interference with the
child's bottle After each bottle of milk, a tablet of
microbes was given. The food was never decreased or
Interfered with. One Infant, only 5 weeks of nge, was
given twenty tablets of germs, nnd was happier at once.
She had been vomiting frequently, It censed nt once
Those kiddles sick with n high fever were soon free of
that, while those iilth much loss of weight, gained as
high as five ounces In seven days. The germ cure holds
out great relief for sick bablas.