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First Rector of Monumental Church and Second Bishop of Virginia, Rt. Rev. Richard
Channing Moore, His Bishopric and the History of Richmond.
BY ALICE M. TYLER.
in l DlverMltr. Nei
Hlkhop ..r Ih.
l ork. Sixteen!
nl < bnnnlric V
? -.f \ lrKtiiln. 1
Prom Ihr ?licr
. \.. i i . n .
In die 'lue
Colatn- .\ siEl 1 \ RIVES
)"rr. M. V. M n.. n
514.1S4P Thirteenth lu
'Vint In Hen? hew'e
PniNCKSS TROI BEI ZKOY,
Daughter of Colonel Mfrrci Landen Rlvea,
iirnnililnicbier of Htxhoi, MoUre.
^ "rk l It > .
i Hi In Ih
nel John >|r I ni
e Line or Deace
1 sit- to the v. utrj of Hi nrleo far.
>sh "two of the best lots In Richmond
that are hot taker; up. and any pine
timber they ran find on that side
Shoek?e Creek, and wood tr>' burning
Of bricks Into the Bargain." ri" quotes
Mit? Louis? Blair in a Richmond His?
torical Calendar, rr.inpllod by her and
her sister some'years ago. a calendar
which has since proved a moat invaP
nable ready reference for dates and
Miss Blair goes on to tell that the
vestry accepted Colonel Byrd's offer
and decided to build the church "on
the hill called Indian Town." at Rich?
mond. They ordered the building to
be "Sixty feet I.-ms and Twenty-five
broad, to be finished In a plain manner
after the moddle of Curl-.* Church.*'
June 10, 1711, Is the supposed date;
of the completion of a building then
Individualized as 1 the church at Rich?
mond." now called old St. .lohn's. A
chapel at the falls of James River was
after this abandoned and services in?
augurated at what was then the new'j
church. Through the years of thai
eighteenth century and Into the nlne-l
teenth St. John's on the Hill held Itsl
prec* dence. On November 10, 1SH,'
Monumental Church, erected on thel
site of the theatre burned In 1811. was
consecrated by Rt. Rev. Richard Chan.|
nlng Moore, of Parsonage House,,
Staten Island, and rector of St.
Stephen's. New York City; called from'
Hi. .Stephen's to Monumental, and
elected Bishop of the Dloceso of Vir-,
glnla May 4. \Sit, His first episcopal
act was the consecration of Monumen-I
tal, his cathedral church, throughout!
the twenty-seven years of his bish?
No man of his day and generation
had a greater and more beneficent In-:
fluence upon the people of the city and
diocese und-r his Jurisdiction No man'
Is remembered with greater affection,
not only by those who sat under the)
Inspiration of his teachings, but byj
citizens of Richmond and Virginia al|
large, who were bound to hlrn by tlesi
of relationship or of privileged friend-!
ship and association.
of Distinguished Ancestry,
Behind the bishop lay a long line'
of distinguished ancestry, he being de.l
scended through his Knglish line from
Sir Francis Moore, of Fawley, Berks
County, an eminent statesman In the
time of Elizabeth, and knighted by
James 1 in 1 ?> 1 fi. The American pro?
genitor of the Moore family was Hon.
John Moore, of Moore Hall, Charleston, i
S. c. and Philadelphia, Pa., who mar?
ried Lady Rebecca? daughter of Daniel
Axtell. hereditary peer of the Domin?
ion of Carolina. When John Moore,
who was collector of customs for the
port of Philadelphia, died .he was
buried in Christ Church, that city of
which he was a vestryman. His wife
lay In St. Peter's Chun h. Chester
The eldest son of Hon. Jr>hn Moore,
of Philadelphia, was John Moore, of
Moore's Folly-on-the-H udson, near
West Point, and White Hall. New
York City, member of the King's
council and vestryman of Trinity
Church. His wife. Frances Lambert,
was of Huguenot descent, and these
two were the grandparents of Bishop
Moore. his parents being Thomas
Moore II.. of White Hall, and Eliza?
beth Chanhihg, daughter of William
Channlng. of Mlddleton, N. ,T. White
Hall, the home of Thomas Moore II.,
bad been acquired by purchase from
the Corporation of New Y'ork, hav|ng
been built before lfifil for his own
use by Peter StuyVCsaht,
The Seventh Son.
Richard I'hannlng Moore was the
seventh son in a family that Included
eleven sons and daughters. He was
ordained priest, September, 17S7,. In
ft. George's Church, New Vork City,
and Immediately became rector ot
Grace Church, Rye, New York. From
Grace Chnrrh he went to St. Andrew's,
Pta'.en Island, thence for five years
to St. Stephen's. New York, and
thence to Monumental Church. Rich
Decree of Munlclpnllly.
After the burning of the theatre on
December 2S. 1811. the "municipality
of Richmond, co-operating with a com?
mittee of citizens. Chief Justice John
Marshall being chairman, decreed that,
am a proper memorial of the dread
I dl ?gier. solemn temple be raised.
'*tb be forever devoted to the sacred
purpose 'if divine worship'"
Thus sprang Into existence a place
of worship with Whose history are
Interwoven manv of the most hallowed
memories of tho years that have
passed fin" the Ural congregation
gathered within Its walls In Init?
iiere Bishop Moore ministered to the
heeds of his people and preached to
the highest as well as the humblest.
In \*2i U.? Maro, its de La FayettO
attended service's at this church, in
which Chief .rustle* Marshall was a
egular atendnr.t. A great friendship
existed between the Chief .lustlee and
BlShOp Moore and the figures of the
tnv-o in pllho-.iette recall the days
when, together, they represented so
much In church ami state to the peo?
ple of Virginia.
t he IMsbop'i Household.
Bishop Moore was twice married
His first wife was Christian, daugh?
ter' of David Jdries. of N-iw York . Ity.
. second. Sarah Mcrcere.au. of Muten
ISl?l New York There were five
children of the tust marriage-r-Ell*?
Chinning, Dsvld.Christian Jones, (.ail
erir.e Elisa nud Thorn is Channlng. ?
these the eldest died In Infamy, and
the third. Christian, did not marry.
There were bIx sons and daughters
of the se. dnd rharrlagi f-Gertr ide l ai n,
who becam. the wire of George IIa?-;
kins, of Philadelphia I Sarah He^cca.
who died unmarri.U: I- ren.es Ma. la
Gertrude Barm s MoorC. married to
.lames Brown Macmurdo, of Dumfries,
Scotland and Richmond. Vs.. Miry Ann.]
Stephen Van Reunsalacr Moore, who'
married Evelina Rainteaux Butler,, ot
New York and Richard Channlng;
Moore who married Julia Richardson
Grant, of Philadelphia. Catherine,
Elisa Moore was also married in Phil
adelphla. 10 Jacob Hall, third, veteran
of the War Of U12, and Rev. David
Mobre had two wives like ills father,
his cousin. Maria Seabury Moore, of
New York, and Margatetta Glent- -
worth, of Philadelphia.
The tangible and outward impress
left in the city of Richmond by Bishop
Moore's residence, extending fiosn IS 11
to 1511. a period of twenty seven years,
exists in the monument marking his
last resting place in Hollywood and
that of his second wife. In a memor?
ial church. Holy Trinity, with an ap?
propriate Inscription upon Its bate; in
a tablet in Monumental Church bear?
ing also ah*Inscription which reads:
The P.t. Rev. Richard Channlng Moore,''
D. D.. Second Bishop of Virginia. J
Ret tor of this church tor more than}
twenty-seven years. >
Born in New York City. August 21,1
Consecrated Bh-hop May IS, 1814. j
Entered into rest, November 11, 1 * li*
"How beautiful are the feet of them
That preach the gospel of peace."
To the Glory of God. I
In addition to tho tablet there is In
the church a memorial window bear-J
lug the Image of Christ the Good)
Shepherd, as emblematic of Uishop]
Moore's high calling.
Phc lllhhop'n Descendants.
Many of the linest people in Rich?
mond and Virginia are numbered
among Bishop Moore's descendants.
I ills granddaughter, Emily Glentworttt
Moore, tin daughter of his son. David
Moore, married her cousin. Jacob Hall,
third, of Richmond. Members of her
family are Dai'ld Moore. Emily Glent
WOrth, John Resile, Cunningham. Vir
glnlus, Glent worth and Genovleve
? banning Hall.
i David Mr/ore Hall married Sarah
Madison Chamberlayne, daughter of
Edwin Harvle Cliamooriayne, ot Rich?
mond- Virglnius Hall married Anne,
daughter of Captain Robert Fisher, C.
S. A., of Richmond, and Eleanor Heth
Taylor, his wife. Captain Fisher was
a great-grandson of Jacquelln Ambler
and Rebecca Burwell Ambler. Cun?
ningham Hall married I.oulle Lyons,
daughter of Dr. Peter Lyons and Ade
i line Deane. of Richmond. Genevlevo
Channlng Hall, is a compiler of Moore
genealogy which has been ably vrlt
ten by her brother. David Moore Hall.
Sarah Catherine Macmurdo. grand?
daughter of Bishop Moore, through her
parents, Frances Maria Gertrude
Barnes Moore, wife of James Brown
Macmurdo, of Dumfries. Scotland, and
Richmond, was married In IS59, to
Colonel Alfred Landon Rives, of Castle
.Inmr? River and Kannnhn Canal, nenr "TnckahneV > ?Ulrrn mlle? from RlrhmnnrT.
'-? ? ? ???>? ? ? ii i^.^Tariuii^ynrir^wr^^
Cb.ef JU..U, M.r.h.ll. DL hon Moor*. Hl.torlc ?MI ,n, ?ri....ll de.lgncl). Rld.nd.ra.be.lrnl church of <be .e?c .luring . bUbonrlc ?f
the lt.. Rev. Richard Channina Moore, m. n., i?. i)., ism-is-41. ? ^
? Lurch of ?hi- Holy Trinity, Blrb
iii.I, \ a., ii memorial to the Itt. ncv,
Richard Ghanaian Moore, >I. A.. M, D.,
Mill. Virginia, chief engineer of the.
Confederacy, son of wuiam Cabell
Rives; I'nliod States Scnitor and Min
Ister to the court of Napo'eon llfy.
ol France, and Judith Page, his wife,
daughter of Hon. Francis Walker, M.
C, of Castle Mill, Virginia, and Jane
Byrd Nelson, his wife, a groat-great
grand-daughter of Colonel William
Byrd I., of Westover.
From this marriage are descended i
Anteile Louise, a celebrated Virginia I
authoress, the wife of Prince Pierre
Troubetzkoy, portraitist, who live?
partly In Italy and partly In New
York City; Gertrude, of Happy Creek
farm, near Cobham, Virginia, married
to Allen Potts. Esq., of Richmond.)
and Sarah Lahdon, unmarried.
Another grand-daughter of Bishop
Moore, Christian Elizabeth Hall, mar?
ried Thomas Randolph Price, of Rich?
mond, descended from John Price, of
Wales, and Elizabeth Randolph, his
wife, of Turkey Island. Me was the
father of Virginia Eliza. Thomas Ran?
dolph, second; Richard Channing, Ma?
jor in the Confederate army and killed
at Chancellorsvlllc; William Hall, who
died young; Ellen Moore, Edward Dab
ney and Elizabeth Hall Price.
To follow out in full these and other
lines Is the task of the biographer and |
the genealogist. Just a few have been
mentioned to Illustrate the Influence In '
in every way of a life like that of j
Bishop Moore. There Is just one other
instance that must 'be cited which j
connects the bishop with Ellen Moore
McAnemey, of New York, whose mem?
ory is honored In the church of St. ?
Charles Barromed, at Oreenbrler White!
Sulphur Springs. West Virginia. An
Inscription on the Angelus bell of the
In honor ..f the Incarnation |
of our Saviour,
and In memory of
Ellen Moore McAnemey,
Bishop of ohlo.
A great-nephew of Bishop Moore
was Gregory Thurston, D. D . who was
ordained to the dlaeonlte In St. An?
drew's Church, Philadelphia, during
1*1". and to the priesthood at West
ehester. Renn. In Uli, by Bishop
Moore, of Virginia, assisted by his two
sons. Rev. David Moore. D. D., nnd RoV.
Richard Channing Moore, second. The i
Rev. Dr. Bedell was afterward conse?
crated Bishop of the Diocese of Ohio. .
during the generad convention of tne.
Episcopal church In St. Paul's church
this city, in IS5S.
Events DuriiiK Bishop Moore's Bis- I
In May. of IS14. when Monumental
Society had Just been formed, with ihol
, Rev. John Buchanan as first president.
The growth of Riebmond went forward
slowly but steadily. In tha years that
followed up to 1811.
The State Courthouse, burned on
evacuation day, wns at that ilmti built)
on the eastern limit of the Capitol
Square. Tho Governor's Mansion, spa
clous and comfortable, with Its beau?
tiful tree-bordored avenue making a
stately approach, had then reDlaced
opened, tho Virginia Bible
Arm?, Moore nf Farrier, appertain*'
las (o (he Ki, Rev, Richard Chunnlng
Moore, >l. \.. M. I).. 1>. It., Iiishop of
Virginia, ?Ith ecclesiastical and fnm
the small wooden building of a more]
primitive period. Governor James
Barhour. the designer and owner of
beautiful Frescati In Orange county,1
was the first occapant of the newly
built Executive Mansion. Doubtless
he and his family knew and loved
Bishop Moore and derived much plea?
sure from attendance upon his services,
In ISli! a museum was established
below the State Courthouse and In this
year Richmond experienced the excite?
ment of a land boom. Navy Hill and
other suburbs which are now suburbs
no longer, being laid off.
Playgoers congratulate,! themselves
a little later, because Marshall Theatre,
the scene of so many brilliant theatri?
cal events, was finished at th- cornet
of Broad and Seventh Streets. The
dance loving young people rejoiced
over the materlllxatlon of Terpsichore
I lall on Grace and Seventh Streets, in
in the meantime good Bishop Moore
had bestowed his pastorad benediction
upon Miss Maria Mayo, whose wedding
to General Wintlold Scott, nt Belle?
ville, on March 11, 1S17, had set tho
She was the daughter of Catherine
Eliza Moore, wife of .taeob Hall, of
Philadelphia, and Bishop Mooro'S
grand-daughter'. She married Colo?
nel John McAnerney, of New York
Mnnro? Great Admirers nf Beauty,
The genlgl, kindly nature of the
good Bishop Is reflected In his por?
traits and In his countenance, full ot
the love of God and humanity, with
which his heart was filled. The men
of his family are said to havo been
Kreut admirers of beauty and to have
shown It in tho selection of their
wives, as people of Richmond can very
The Macmurdo home was on Grace
street during the War Between the
States, and a visitor to the cP.y at that
time, heing invitoil hy Mis. Macm?rd?
to a fancy dress party, straightway
fell In love with Mrs. Alfred Hives.
Whom she designate,l as "an ex?
quisite creature. with large dark
eyes and arched brows." Mrs. RlvcS
transmitted lier unusual beauty to her
daughters, who are remarkable for
their chis.-lcd regularity of feature
and their unusual coloring.
Responded to \ Irfclnla'x Call.
Thomas Randolph Price, second, M
A. and Ll.. !>.. of the University of
Virginia, was a Lieutenant oh tho":
staff of Genera) J. E. B. Stuart from
1^*1 to 186!) and a member of tho
Engineer Corps defending Richmond,
from '6:\ to 'Ci>. lie married Eliza
bbeth Trlplett. of Richmond, sis?
ter of the noted beauty. Miss Mary
Triplett. and went from the University
of Virginia to Columbia College; New
York, where he occupied the chair of!
English llteraturo. Previous to the
War Between the States Lieutenant'
Prli e had been a student of the l'nl- j
versity of Berlin and of the School.
pi Ancient anil Modern Greek at j
Athens. Greece. But he at onco re?
sponded to the call of his native State
and was the officer* chosen by
Generai Robert P.. Lee, upon the break?
ing of the lines 'before Peters-|
burg. to convey the intelligence to
President Davis at Danville, that the j
surrender of the Army of Northern
Virginia In the near future was in?
Grand-Daughter of George Olentwnrth.
Rev. David Moore, !>. D? of Par?
sonage Mouse, rector of St. Andrew's
Church, Staten Island, was the father
Of Emily Glentworth Moore, who
married her cousin, Jacob Hall, third,,
of Richmond, Virginia. He spent
the whole period of his ministry,
forty-nine years, at St. Andrew's. His
second wife. Marguaretta Glentworth.I
was n grand-da lighter of George .
Glentworth, M. D? commissioned as
surgeon by tho first Continental Con-'
gross. lie extracted the ball when
the Marquis de LnPayOtte was wound?
ed at the battle of Hrantlywine.
\\ ben IRIS Rolled Around.
When I.MS rolled around, newer
things were still happening in Rich?
mond. Tho City Hall was completed.
Not the present City Hall, but Its pre?
decessor. Dr. .lohn Brockenbrough had
set a new example In architecture by
putting up a residence at Twelfth and
Clay Streets, that is now tho Confer
erate Museum. The Capitol Square
was protected from Invasion and want?
on Injury by the building around It of
an Iron fence. The fence, alas, remains
hut the spirit which inaugutated tho
policy of protection has departed.
On April I, 1818, the feast day of
i nil fools the first canal boat arrived
' In Richmond.
I It Is not to be doubted that Bishop
j Moore took cognizance of thia tact anvl
Its Importance. For a long while com?
munications between firnmi's in Vir?
ginia on the tipper James and the
, townspeople of Lynchburg nn.l Loxtng
' ton wns mainly bveanal boat: F.vrm
j era Sehl their produce by boat to
' Richmond and travel by boat became
a matter of rural community interest
and association Young girls and ma?
trons from tho river homes used the
boat as a means of going hack and
forth when' they desired to consult
city modistes an! milliners, or to visit
,clty friends. Travel of this kind was
?Ith lively and interesting. Friends
grouped together on the deck of u
hont iiurlng spring and summer weath?
er discussed1 the latest topics and
modes, played or danced as fancy In?
clined! the dancing being an evening
amusement and the dancers limited in
numbers. Humorous pen pictures have
been drawn of canal travel by more
than one Virginia writer. When the
railroad superseded the boat, the Vir
gltlia river people Were at first loud
In their complaints They still have
a habit Of talking about good old
tashloned boat days.
first Itlehraond Directory.
It was not until IS13 that the first
directory of Richmond was published
with a list of 1,100 names and it was
January; 1S23, when the state Library?
with colonial und other collections as
., nucleus, was form, d.
In 1S21, the Richmond Whig, with
John Hampdon Plcasants as editor,
appeared, and In October of 1S29, tho
Slate convention to change the Con?
stitution of Virginia and change ulso
the property qualification for suffrage,
brought together a brilliant array of
legal talent. In IS30, a new bell was'
bought for St. John's Church, the old
bell which rang the Burgesses of Vir?
ginia Into their seats for the Assem?
bly of 1 775, with Patrick Henry's
eloquence to Inspire them, having bei u
sold. After many years, the historic
bell came, however. Into possession of
the Virginia Historical Society and Is
now grouped in its building with other
momentoes of the j.ast. By a curious
coincidence the Historical Societ) was
formed a little later than the date of
the bell's being sold; that is, In de
cembor 20. 1S31.
I'lrst RaBrond In Virginia.
A most Important event occurring
during the period of Bishop Moore's
residence in Richmond was the leaving
Of the first train uf cars from the
Richmond. Frcdericksburg and Poto?
mac Depot, at the corner of Eighth
and Broad Streets. In October of 1 v.."..1
In 1886. this railioad. the first In Rloh-]
mond and the State, hud bien opened
to the South Anna River. Two years
later and the Medical College of Vir?
ginia was established, beginning its
work in the I'nion Hotel, corner of
Miln and Nineteenth Streets. This
hotel, a famous advance in hostelry
for Richmond when it was built, was
projected during the time when Dr.
John Adams was leading In the matter
of Richmond's progress and develop?
ment, and declined with tho wane of
Curious survivals of bygone centur?
ies, dating back probably as far as the
year 1400, were landed In F-dchmond
about the year 1836 or '37 by the old
frigate. Constitution. These were the
two huge Turkish cannonballs of stone,
removed after thct* landing, from
Roeketts to Seventh and Marshall
Many things happened In 1840. and
In tho early part of 1811. St. Peter's
Church, at the corner of Eighth and
drains streets, was built. The needs
I of a growing city were answered by
the erection of the Exchange Hotel.
Beth Ahaba congregation was organiz?
Milp Unlit at Trcdcgttr.
At the Tredegar was built a ship,
the Virginia, for the United States.
I This ship was launched at Richmond
amid the great excitement prevailing!
tu 1840 over the Harrison-Tyler cam-j
pnlgn. The older Baptist Chin ch, on I
Broad and North Fourteenth Streets,;
hail been succe.-.l.-.i early In IS II by tho
First Baptist Church, now standing on
Twelfth and Broad Streets, and in
September this Exchange hotel woa
opened with n flourish.
Through all these different happen-,j
lugs moved the tlgliro of tho good
bishop, going here and there In his
clerical hat and co.it, his shorts, blackl
silk stockings and gaiters, his si I- -
very curling l"cka und his benevolent
face endearing him more ami more toi
the people among whom he shepjiorded,'
in whose lives and homes he was sot'
intimately and tenderly related.
Ailing the Track of \e.irs.
The bishop could look back along tlm
track of twenty-seven years and seo
much good accomplished in chiircr?
and .-tale, much work done largely.!
through his efforts and those lnflu-i]
enced by him.
These years were happy and pros-ij
pero is years In Virginia. The city oft
Richmond and the Stato had recovered,]
from the paralyzing effects of the]
Revolutionary War. The dissenslonss
and Jealousies which were to brings
about the War Between the States wer?
not yet painfully or prominently up-,
p..r.nt With smiling peace arcuntL
and about him, the good bishop enter?
ed into rest and went to his eternal,
reward. He sleeps In Hollywood,
and the James chants unceasingly a<
hymn of praise for him and u ItosO
of others, lying in this fair God's acro>
Of peace and deliverance.
When the history of a man liko Bis
hdp Moore becomes a part of the his-.,
tut y of a city and a State, the pen oB
the recorder mnvos Ungeringly over
tho telling of such a relation between:
personality and events. It should b?
done in choice phrases and high
sounding sentences. That it is more)
often expressed briefly and crudely','
sometimes means that it it written'
con amore. as It has been in this frag-t,
I Special to The Tliie-s-l llspatch.]
Appomattox, Va . September "??*
The following young people left foe
their schools during tho past week:
Misses Motlic and Lobolln I -i iuU.inl.
Grace Hancock, Willie Smith. Ethel.
Eleanor and Edyth Abbltt for Farm
Vllloj Jerrv Burke, Walter Durham.
Willie Walton, Wlltnur Smith. Evant
Hunter, Jamie <:ills will leave next)
The voting men of tho town gave
very brilliant dance at Hotel Appo?
mattox this week. It was the last. o<
I the season. Those present were Misset*
Pauline Clement, Eula Burke. Mary.
I Irbyi Willie smith. Carrie Hunter, Mary*
Paris, Sarah and Margaret I.lttell.
Mmv Flanagan. Mr and Mrs Davis,
Mr. and Mts. Sparks, Mr. and Mra,
I Johnson. Tad Sears, Winston MeKin
I nev. G. A. Renner, Evart Hunter,
airs. W. 11. Baker, of Versailles, Ky ,
left last evening for her home. Sh^
has been visiting her daughter. Mra?
Will Smith, .lining the summer months.
Miss Dean Johns, of this county, who
has been teaching in Texas, for thai'
past several years, ;eft this week for?
Miss Maggie O. Fleshman lef: thirl
evening to visit friends and relative*
in Blueneld. W. Va.