Newspaper Page Text
_ Bv AiV OLD THICr
M?teR^ alia^-J'plit-tbe-Winc. "
EDITED BY J. CHALMERS DA COSTA, M. D., LL. D.
Samuel l>. Groaa Profeaaor of ?urerrj-, of the Jell'crson Medical College, Philadelphia.
Edicard W. Pnnlap came of a pr.o Southern
family and received a <ioo<1 education. Little more
than a boy when the civil tear broke out, he enlisted
in ine Union ranks u?<f ro ved with credit. Toward
the clone he entered the enlistment service, and h'.?
criviinal career began by the robbery of $ If000, for
which a provost marshal teas unjustly convicted and
(CONTINUED FROM LAST SUNDAY)
CHAPTER XXIX (Continued)
THE organized gangs of bunk burglars, of
which 1 tnivo previously 6poken, have,
of late years, entirely disappeared. A
quarter of a century ago there wore,
In the United States, the most skillful bank men In
the wiorld. Probably the beat of the whole lot were
Charlie Adam:-, alias Uangdon \V\ Moore, who Is now a
resldemt of boston, Mass.; Adani Worth, who lately
tiled In Eng land; Joe Kllloran, who was also called
Joe Howard; -Max Shlnburn, who, In his old ago, Is
tinlshlng what is prat tlcally a life sentence; Jim
Brady, Pig Frank McCoy, Rod I-aary, Jim Dunlap, who,
as i writo these lines, have Just got out of Joliet
Penitentiary. Banjo Pete Emerson, Johnnie Dobbs,
Piano Charlie Bullard, and Jlmmle Hope. I have
spoken of all thise men In a previous chapter. They
robbed banks to the extent of millions, and did not
confine their depredations to the United Stn.tes, for
some of them committed famous burglaries In Prance,
Belgium, Germany and England. I regard this group
of men us containing somo of the ablcBt criminals
that have ever lived.
When It was determined to rob a bank, a man of
training, experience and ability would organize a
gang to do It; and he would become the captain or
absolute boss of tho undertaking. He would select
his companions, and they would obey him Implicitly.
The men he wanted had to be skillful, energetic.
Courageous, determined and rapid In execution. They
were obliged to be men that could, absolutely and be?
yond doubt, keep their mouths shut. Tho captain
might plan the whole thing, or he might take his gang
into consultation with him.
Every gang had to have with It one or more men of
ihe very highest mechanical nblllty. it was also con?
sidered advisable to have n man who possessed a
broad and oxnet knowledge of securities, and could tell
at a glance which would be valuable and which would
be useless to a thief. The man who watched outside
did not require mechanical ability, but must halve
tact anil Judgment; so that ho would not get rattled
?when nothing was wrong, and would not be so dumb
us to disregard nn obvious danger.
Banks wero never robbed middonly and haphnzard;
the plot was always carefully formed, nnd endless
patience was exercised In preparing for the Job.
Sometimes the gang would expend a largo sunj of
money nnd months, or even years, of time In getting
ready for a big ernek. For Instance, Max Shlnburn
?nnd Jlmmle Mope, who- robbed the Ocean Hank, of
New York city, of nbout $1,000.030 In money and con?
vertible paper, elaborately prepared for tho Job. They
hired a cellarway beneath the bank, and pretended to
have n business there. They put up n partition In
this cellarway, to screen them from observation, and
took In the tools to enable them to break Into the
hank. After protracted labor, they succeeded In get?
ting through the stone of the vault, nnd readily opened
the safe. 1 have already told how the Boylston Bank,
"He would pretend to be drunk nnd persuade the
questioner that lio had ?oi to the wrong houso"
of Boston, was robbed; ?_nfi how, as a prnltmlr.ar) to
thla, a soda water manufacturing more was opened
naxt door to the bank.
An elaborate attempt was made to ro'o the Garden
JWnl;, in Nev. fork City. A restaurant was opened
next door, and the Intention tvas to go lnf> tho bank
by tho same method as that practiced wltf. tho Ocear.
Jiiunk. The restaurant, of course, wan a mere blind.
'I lie proprlotori did not want ?,ny business. The tji
legert waiter was a crook, nnd tho cook was one also,
when Sn occasional Ignorant customer would pra
eont. himself and demand a special article of diet,
thero would be offered lilril something that would hnvo
tdoksned a Russian Jew; and when he protested abotit
the Character Ol the food, he would be told that If
It did hot suit him, he had better get out.
Work was going oh da) and night, so that tho men
tnltrht gel through, the stone abutments of tho vault.
Ohe day, however, the outside watchman of the gang
notified then; th.--: one of Inspector Byrnes' men wns
ronilng down the street. Every crook made an im?
mediate departure by the buck way. The inspector
had heard rumors of certain criminal acquaintances
being In the neighborhood, hud grown suspicious of
the restaurant and 1 ad ;ent d->wri a detective to look
It over. The dctoctlve found the unmistak tide evi?
dences of tho Intended robbery, although all tlo crooks
had escaped. In each of these Instances, .oreslght.
planning, time and capital had been ?eecloc; an<l In
the casts of the Garden Bank, the capital invented was
entirely Wat ted
?In going after a >uf? !r. a hank or a strre. It Is
nir.uiH found advisable t.. have a man who thoroughly
understand:! that make of safe; for such a ran can
ouen one with which he Is familiar much more quickly
than can a person?perhaps u bettet general mechanic
.? ?lie, das had no particular 1 xp< ?;. nc(. wi h that
Individual variety. A grout many ;.nr? ago, when I
first start-ed a gopher man. the common -vav to
break l,nto a safe was tovkhock off the handM with
a tdo-igc hammer iind driv\ in ti.e mechanism >f 'ho
loci-, vi 111; nr. iron rod ThiV plan eould not be ^prac?
ticed With the best safes; Another method Wils to
bore n hop- in exactly tho right place; and to Iryo-rt
through this hop- a sjcel rod urn' drive It In this
would drop the tumblers and entirely destroy th< 'I>ck.
Sometimes safes wore forced by means of |.-,Vr*v
clutches, wedges end other elaborate mcchimtepi ap?
pliances, More generally, however, they were Down
Open with explosives, nnd tills may bo done with any
safe, no matter how lino It may be. I foil an be
1" r d, nr.d the explosive can be lntrod i?- 1 and set
off With * time fane Tho r.olae made by >h? r\
plosion Is momentary; and If a correct amount of gun?
powder Is used, the noise la not great. The people In
t!ie neighborhood may hear n mottled ronr; but It Is
not repeated, end they do not recognize Its source.
The ronr can be mitigated by closing all the doors
and covering the aafe with rugs and blankets. The
burglars retire, usually jtolnrc altogether outside, while
waiting for the explosion, und they do not go In again
until they find that no one has been uttrticted by the
The tools required to open a large safe arc ex?
pensive and somewhat bulky?unless explosives are
used, when few tools need be curried. Those used
must be of the very finest temper, and there were only
a. few men In the L'nttcd Stales who could be trusted
to make bank burglars' tools. Of course, the easiest
wry for a burglar to open a safo Is for him to know
the combination. If, by any means, ho can learn this,
tho problem Is extremely simple. One method of
obtaining this information is torture. Occasionally tho
combination can be obtained by means of finesse; and
it Is said (I believe, with truth) that In one notable
i'Uho In recent yeurs, tho president of the bank was
peraunded by a beautiful woman to make her name
the combination. After this had been done, the beau?
tiful woman, for a solid cash consideration, con?
tributed this Information to tho thieves,
In these memoirs, 1 have shown how 1 began ctltno
as a hotel man and then became a gopher man, recog?
nized throughout the country as a good one, and
working with the best tucji In that line; yet I always
preferred house burglary. It had a remarkable at?
traction for me. It fascinated me, as did gambling;
but murh mnre strongly. The risk of it seemed to
lure tue on, and for mauy years my only racket was
the house. Its excitement 'and danger made this form
of burglary n calling *wJUl an Interest beyond any
other In the business. It Beams odd that I, who could
do most kinds of uraft 'and do them well, should
choose the most dangerous and one of tho least
The house burglar 'may pick up a house hap?
hazard?simply walking about until lie mos one that
suits him, and then going Into It; but this, it Is need?
iest, to say, is much more dangerous than making a
carefully planned crack.. Jt Is best to select carefully,
In advance, the house to be entered; and to know
everything possible about the Inmates?their habits,
their valuables, thtir burglar alarms, and their dogs,
One should also be familiar with the light and dark
sides of the house, tho kind of policeman on tho beat,
and whether he can bo corrupted, the length of beat,
the hours the policeman passes, und the nearness of
the police patrol box. A nearby patrol box means
tho frequent presence of an officer, who comes to call
up the station house at assigned times. It may be
necessary to lure, away, steal or poison an outside or
an Inside dog. I have never done either. I like dogs
and never harm them, and they never harm me. I
have always walked fearlessly In, no matter how
angry the dog might appear; and I have never failed
to sooth him, and have never been bitten.
Sometimes It Is possible tu make a house rob?
bery a "put-up job"; that Is, to get one of tho
servants In It. She can leave some specified point
unlocked, and can Indicate the location of tho valu?
ables. Tho old-tlmo burglar was rather fond of
sending an attractive man in advance to make lovo
to one of the servants and thus gel her In It. As wo
learn in Oliver Twist. "Mash" Toby O rack It was sent
ahead of Hill Slkes to make love to tho housemaid. It
Is, however, very dangerous to take amateurs Into
Jobs; Hiitl It Is particularly dangerous to let In women,
Occasionally, in robbing a pluce where It Is desirable
to make nn entry through a very small window or a
transom, a boy Is used, as was Oliver Twist. He can
be put through a space a man cannot, and when he Is
once inside, he can open a door or a window, or can
perhaps pass out tho doslrtd loot, A hoy, llko a
woman, is, howevej, also apt to squeal.
Some burglars always work with one or more com?
panions; but, of course, in doing this there Is decidedly
less prolit than in working alone. The common num?
ber Is two?ono to go Into the house, and the other
to be tho outside man and give warning
Many burglars work alone. It Is more dangerous
in one way, for one may be rounded up In the house
without warning; but It is less mo In another, for ono
? Iocs not have a pal caught that squeals. Thru, also,
there is a great deal more monetary gain, lulling my
latter years or activity, I worked entirely alone.
Occasionally a burglar can no through a window
or a door that lias carelessly been left open by a
servant. Such carelessness is extremely common. In
a i n., i? night, a number ol years a(;ij, while l was
In the yard of the Harrison block. Locust street be?
tween Seventeenth nnd Eighteenth, Philadel?
phia, I found a window op.-n In each ol four different
nouses, l went into each house, and helped myself to
the most desirable portable articles that presented
themselves to my view.
The burglar may enter the front door by mepr.s of
a skeleton key, or of it real koy Which he i...s had
made. If he unlocks the door and goes in, he. of
course, shuts it after him; but if In- h IS t< break open
a door or a shutter in tho front ,.f tin hoUSi With a
Jimmy, bo must close It again and hold it there.
Otherwise, H may attract attention, When a front
door has been opened with a Jjlmir.y, It is closed again,
and held closed by sticking a ,%...le..: Ilrmly under it;
so that If a policeman or watchman comes around and
tries the door, his attention will not he attracted
If a window Is found ??pen. a burglar will usually
go in by it. This snva him time and trouble; but
that U as fnr an It goes, for there never any oitll
culty in effecting a forcible entrance. Kach burglar
1* apt to work .ui a certalu plan that he profors.
Sorna will fot "m tho bolt off a shuttor and raise the
eash with i Jimmy; others will cut OUI a panel nnd ?.
pane. sj:d slide a boll or latch; and still others will
t.oro a hole by means of a brace and bit, and tl.u.,
leach the bolt and retract It. If a key is left In n lock,
It may bo turned with the key nippers; if nob the lock
tnaj Pa readily picked or forced, as the case may be.
in carrying out these various maneuvers, the burglar
lr aided If the nigl.t be dark; if it be noisy from ?lud
*nd rain; If there are but few persons about owing to
the Inclement weather; and if he la on tho dark side <>r
the house, made so by trees or by n side yard.
Speaking of going in with keys that tit the house
reminds mo that many years ago, a locksmith, In-the
neighborhood of Third and Bhlnbridge streets, Phila?
delphia, made a collection of keys that lilted practi?
cally every house In the fashionable juarter ol tho
city. Theso keys were all labeled, and ho could put
his hand on one In a moment. Ilr had obtained them
as follows: He would dress himself so as i.. look
eminently respectable; would go out in the night t.u.
would walk boldy up n doorstep and take an im?
pression of n look; and, if questioned ..i Interfered
with by u policeman or any one else, would pretend
to be drunk and persuade this questioner that he ha
got to the wroim house. W'hon he returned to his
store he would mnki a key from the Impression and
attach to it a number, to show what house it dt tod.
If a stranded burglar or sneak thief, or any other
criminal, was in hast., t., make a small raise lie wottl 1
go do?n nnd confer with this worths- locksmith, wiio
would recommend to him a eertuln house that had
never yet been touched, and would hand him the key
to It The thief would go 10 the house, walk In got
what he could, and t..k.- the key back to lite locksmith
?along with tin proper commission. The Introduction
of the lalo lock, now so extensively used, destr-.-.el
this gentleman's occupation.
1 have never approved of tills key plan. It made
things entirely too easy and destroyed the credit that
naturally 4:0,-s with .1 good crack; it also pulled a lot
of Incompetent doormat thieves into attempting hoiiao
If a burglar suspects that th>- house is wired, ho
ran do nothing in opening it up l.ut take Iiis ? hau,-. .
If he gets through a window or .. door and Into the
hotihn nil rlKht. he should novor tread on a doormat,
for there may be nn alarm there, lie should 1?- par?
ticular not to walk on the portion of the stairs ort
which a person natural!) putt la foot, but should
Step very near the wall or balustrade, t have known
men to go up outside of the balustrade when tin y had
positive Information that the stairs wen- wired", out
w ere pot sure where.
I have made some very easy cracks by breaking
Pit., an empty house situated 111 the same 'row as tho
house thHt I wished t?. despoil. By goinn to th, roof
of the empty house, walking owr the roofs to tho
proper place, lifting the hatchwaj in in,, roof and
golnn 111 ever) thing was easy
in committing a house burglary, one often gets a
.curious insight Into (he habits and pretensions of
>j%tjoplo. T haye seen fashionable houses, ,,f supposedly
wo\lihy persons; In which the alleged silverware was
n miserable Imposture. Not unusually the food In tho
larder it misoif.tiie Jind scanty. Und butler Is by no
means uncHdnuon; nnd I l-.uve tiled from a Walnut
"I wheeled around and fired, and so did Rill"
street houso Cigars that would disgrace Water
street, and have drunk In an Oak Lane residence
whisky that would poison a longshoreman: I have
unintentionally aroused men who were in rooms In
Which they did not belong, and they were quite as
anxious to escape detection as was 1. 1 have en?
countered the master Of a house, loaded up with all o
hol, his clothes removed, using the dining-room table
ns a bed. and the table cover as his bedclothes, quite
convinced that he was In his own room. I have
stumbled on a cook entertaining company at 3 o'clock
in the morning; and have known a maid to fly Into a
closet, and n policeman thut was visiting her to sail
out of the back door, under the Impression that I was
the boss coming down to catch them.
The result of my experience is that most men aro
cowards when they meet a burglar; and In bolrig so,
they tire extremely wise. The rough, tough. U.w-down
burglar tuny kill wantonly, the high-grade profes?
sional will also kill, but only If he bar to. The house
owner will, therefore, be wise n it to oreate the
necessity. He had better make a noise, call for help,
and give th? burglar a good c'aance to leave. When
the latter knows that he has been heard, his greatest
wisti is to leave, and to leave quickly; ami, if not
Interfered with; he w'l. promptly get out. If, how?
ever, he Is Interfered with, he will make trouble.
There are s on few burglars that will not shoot,
even to escape capture. They say that they will take
the chances of a term In jail, but not of Having the
rope uroun.l their neck. Moat burglars, however, will
shoot rather than be caught. An old offender, who
knows th..t he will get a lon? sentence if arrested,
is C.ertS'n to be dangerous; and the most dangerous
man Of all is the one who Is already wanted for mur?
der, or lor some other nave Offense. If n man thinks
innt he has b. eri recognised or has been Seen so that
be can be deseri.I. he will be more likely to shoot
than under other conditions.
The general public seems to have the greatest fear
of the burglar that wears a mask or has a handker?
chief tied about In* face, but if the people only knew
It. they are safer before stich a man than before the
one with the exposed face. The tiiii.skcil man has not
been recognized, and he can leave some one who has
seen litin without fearing that his description will
roach the police; hence, he Is not so likely lo kill. A
burglar is somewhat less apt to shoot in the coun?
try than in the city; lor in the country there Is a far
belter chance for him lo get away.
The calling Of a burglar Is undoubtedly dangerous.
Taking It all Iii all. burglary is the wildest, fiercest
an.I most dangerous excitement In which a human
b. ing . an engage. Compared with It, tiger hunting is
a game oi quoltS i have been bred at any numbi r ..f
times, at long distance, at short range, and point
blank; but i have never been lilt. I have had several
close calls. J have .elate.1 how I was shot al in it
room by a man in bed, and how 1 was tired at from a
hallway while partaking of supper In a dllllhg-ri .on
One night 1 went to Chestnut Hill, a suburb of
Philadelphia, to do a little house work, in looking
around for a good mark. I selected a pretentious
house, which was evidently occupied by wealthy peo
pl< ! went away for a time, but came back about
midnight, when 1 went up to the house .md com?
menced to try tlie windows, to see whether oho wns
unfastened. The utter carelessness of the ur-ua.1 serv?
ant In a big house li past believing. Again und liguln
will she leave the doors unlocked, the window.- Uli
bolted, ami the cellar door wide open; as If extending
16 Hie marauder a generous Invitation to eome in aim
In the house of which 1 am now speaking 1 found
that the catch on n sns.i hud been left unfaatened. I
at oi,,.- begun to shove tin snsli ip, nlowly and care?
fully, In order to avoid a squeak. When 1 hud lifted
the sash about .dghl or '>?:; Inches, i stopped and iia
lencd, but, healing nothing but tile monotonous tick?
ing of a large clock, I again shoved the siish. When
I had got it up something ovet a foot, I inserted hiy
hau l, to feol wli.-ther the blind- were fastened. Find?
ing Hint . . were hot, 1 pushed on< of them in, and
opened the blind to smh an extent that my hand must
have been In plain sight to all) one in tlie room.
Then, like lightning from a cb.u sky, came a
Hash and the report oi a revolver. A person standing
Inside th<) house had been able i.> ace mo as 1 opened
Ih* blind, and. with a pistol not more than ft : lOt
nWay, had fired at me. The bullet was a fraction or
an inch too high however, it went through my hat,
knocked It ofi. and cut some of my hair away; but it
did not harm my scalp. The only damage was a
Wrecked bonnet. I Immediately ducked; and rapidly
sidestepped from that window. The Hash had mo
menla>lly blinded me, and It was a little time before
1 could soo;
This unexpected affair had knocked all wish for
graft out of in.- for that night, so I went home, but 1
could not get to sleep for a Ion,; time. I admit, be?
tween ourselves, thllt i was a whole lot scared. I had
picked up my hat as I was leaving and, when I got
home, I examined it. it was a soft bluck felt. There
was a cut along it. as if It had been lorn by a dull
One would suppose that such an experience would
have been a lesson that would have admonished mo
not to try It again; but I did try It again, many times.
Another affair of mine was al Kast Liberty, a
suburb of Pittsburgh, This time I wan with mil Car?
roll, a noted ci'OOK of New Orleans. He was a big.
burl)' man. of undaunted courage ||e and I went out
to East Liberty during the evening and walked around,
spying out Hie ground. As we did not meet a single
"CharTlO" (night watchman), we concluded that there
was none in that locality. We sought out a sale
place to wait, under n big tree; tool; a drink from
Bill's flask, lighted otir pipes, mid conversed pleas?
antly, to while away the time until midnight.
At about that hour WO crossed the street to a large
House Hint was only fifty feet away. While Mill kept
watch. I opened up by Jimmying a window; that Is. 1
crack, d (he BOSh lock. Billy WO'fl to go In; and when
1 told him the window was .-?11 right, he asked me to
stand by the tree and watch until he came back. He
told me, however, that If 1 heard a noise in tne. house,
I should come to the window, and, if necessary. I
should come inblile ip help him get away.
Billy had been in the house about half an hour
when I heard footsteps comlliK along the street ? slow
and measured footsteps, which I believed to belong
fo a "Charlie." In this 1 was not mistaken, but he
could not se? me on account of the tree. His dog.
however, one of the whiffet breed, scented me and
commenced to hark furiously, coming toward the tree.
Here was a tlx. but I had to face It and take chances;
so I came out from under the tree and walked townrd
the "Charlie," my right band Imidin* a pistol up my
sleeve. I bade him a cordial "good morning," but he
did not seem to receive this salutation In an agree?
able manner; for he grufTly demanded what I wns
doing there, ! pleasantly answered that 1 had wandered
there by chance. "Where do you live?" he asked.
"Allegheny City," I replied. "Whom do you know
over there?" he then Inquired. I mentioned several
Everything would have been all right. In spite of
his suspicions. If Rill had not heard our talk, and
believing that I had been collared, come out of the
house to help me. lie suddenly appeared on tho
scene and demanded to know what was the matter.
Th.Charlie" now knew that something must be
wrong, yet he hesitated to make a move. Hill said to
me, "Bing him"; but I. not wishing to do this, said.
"Come on, and let's set home "
.lust us we were about to start away two men
turned the <orner about fifty feet away and came
toward us. Itlll Immediately hit the '.'Charlie*' a
stunning blow with his gun. and We began to run.
The two men came after us. shouting. "Stop thief!"
and tiring their pistols at US as they ran. 1 wheeled
around and fired, and so did Bill; and each of us re?
peated this proceeding, Our pursuers kepi right after
us. however. We quickly reached ihe hext streit and
(urned the coiner, and as we turned several more
shots were fired at ha We, the quarry; left the hound.,
behind, h0W0\'ei\ and s"l away all right.
Wo crossed the railroad, went on about a mile
beyond it, and then sat down to rest 1 was almost
wind-blown, while lllll was as fresh as a daisy. We
took a ill ink and lighted our pipes, and then Pill
said: "I succeeded In heating only one room. 1 could
not reach any more quickly, as they were all bolted.
When I hoard you talking, I thought you bad I.e. ti
collared. 1 left a hlg swag of silver behind, but here
is a leather (pOCketbook) and a super and slang
? watch and chain I." The watch was a valuable one.
and the leather contained Lit the neighborhood of $100.
The next day | read of the affair In the paper,
and learned that both men ithat Is, ourselves) had
hi n hit. and that blood nad been found along the
trail, but that all traces of the burglars had been
lost at the railroad. The police hud n clue, however,
nnd WOuld make the arrests \cry soon This Is the old.
familiar atory that is usually given out; and the re?
porter that wrote it of us must have been well on his
way to the chair of an editor.
It will thus be aeen that in the profession of
burglar ono has often to go upon the liring line, but
lilts no mdr? deters the burglar than it does tho
sOldiei It is regarded as a bit of stdeptay inseparable
from the > ailing.
Ignoring myself entirely and speaking of tue pro
feBslcui collectively, i bellnve that it does require a bit
of nerve to be a house ourglar and beat a house, es
peclully a pretentious one. Such houses usually con?
tain tin arsenal; ami llio male Inmates, and once in a
while tile female Inmates, are not slow to shoot when
tin rhanc tomes to them. As a rule, however, a
burglary in ? nndiictcd so quietly that no one hears,
iinil there-is no opportunity for shooting. On many
occasions 1 hdVc Seen a big gun lyliig on a chair right
at th. head ol tho bed and, as a preliminary to further
proceedings, l him picked it up and put it in my
pocket, bovcrul times I have found a loaded shotgun
standing at th.- head of a bed. in each instance 1
iVC made tills Immediately harmless by removing the
It Is -.er:.' seldom that a house burglar gets a
ftimbli fr n'< a man. If the man la asleep when the
room is entered, he does not often wake up; hut no
m.'ittei how soundly h woman may be asleep, and no
mutter how quietly an entrance may be effected, she
Is apt to wake up with a consciousness that some one.
I:; In the room. When this occurs, she will not go
lb sleep again until she knows that everything is
right; and she will uKtinli '.make her husband gel up
and loo:., but will sometime.-, get up herself. Whori
a burglar dlscovors that n woman is awake and hears
her talking, ho, of course, rapidly gels away; for she
will not go 10 sleep again until an Investigation has
I" qfl made
On one occasion of this kind the wife awoke and
roused her husband, tolling him that there were
burglars In the house. ai,.| he replied: "If they can
find anything of real value, it is n d?n sight mure
than I can do." and then turned over and went to
sleep, Tim wire, however, got up and conducted sn
Investigation herself. I, of yoursc, left nt once; for
I know that she would find that tho bouse had been
People are not very apt to lock their Inside doors.
On a number of occasions, [ have entered the house
through a door or a window left open by a servant:
have laid OUl the silverware for removal downstairs;
hnye gone upstairs and found every room unlocked,
have beaten every room In the house; have gone down?
stairs and gathered In tho silverware, and have de?
parted h.\ the way I entered. Some houses, however,
are so protected as to bo practically Ironclad; and
houses that have once been beaten by burglars are
liable to become of this class?wired with burglar
alarms, dogs outside and Inside, and lights burning all
over; yet even n house of this sort Is beaten, and
I have already spoken of dogs and how to manage
them. It Is well for a burglar lo remember tbat no
dog et night will face n sudden Hash of light, es?
pecially If the light Is carried by it stranger, but will
at once turn and go away; and that. If be Is followed
for a short dl. lance, the light being kept full upon
him. will not return to annoy any one. This ipaneuver
Is always practiced with dogs encountered outside, i
once entered a house in Delaware county. Pa.; went
In by a window, and passed to the hltuhen. There I
found a huge Newfoundland lying on the floor. As
1 went In. he slowly raised his head and gave an
ominous growl; but 1 stood porfectly still and talked
to him for several minutes In a low tone. Wo eyed
? ach other, then he gave a yawn and a wag of hi*
tall. That wag said to me; "We are friends"; nnd so
we were, until 1 hade him "good morning." 1 showed
my appreciation of his kindness by feeding him with
some excellent sirloin that the madam had put by
for breakfast. Shortly after this affair, I was ar?
rested; and the owner of the dog told me that before
the robbery he had always believed that the dog would
tear a stranger literally to pieces. His neighbors
quizzed him so about his watchdog that he gave It
Even a cat will sometimes make trouble, a;, a big
Tom onto did for inc. I found this feline comfortably
Stretched out before an open-grate fire. Ho seemed
very glad to meet me. and rubbed against my leg In
order to show that he appreciated my visit | have
always been fond of animals, so I picked him up In
my arms and caressed him. Then I ?et him down
again. When I went Into tho dining rOom and was
sorting the good silver from the spurious, he sat up
? ?li the table, interested and purring. I could not keep
him off. After 1 had packed up the silverware I went
Upstairs, nnd found that the cat was corning up right
at my heels. It did not occur to me that he would
make me any trouble. 1
I located the room In which the heads of the houso
were sleeping and. by putting my ear close to tho
door. 1 could hear their regular breathing. I unlocked
tho door with the key nippers, and then slowly and
cautiously opened It. When I had got It open just a
few Inches, that Infernal cat, with a tnlatiw loud
enough to wake the dead, gave the door a shove that
crashed It inward, entered the room. Jumped on file
bed and Immediately awoke both the man and 'ho
woman. They began to talk about the fact that Ilia
door was open, and wondered how the cut could have
got In. I was keeping perfectly still all the lithe.
The woman told the man thr*t she knew sho had
locked the door on retiring The man Jumped out of
bed. turned up the light, and seeing the door open,
commenced to shout for Henry. 1 Hew downstairs,
breathing anathemas upon tho cat.
I wns more than sorry for this mishap, for I knew
that the room I had entered contained several thou?
sand dollars' worth of diamonds belonging to the mU
tress, while the master had a superb stud and a
valuable watch; but the cat hud saved the family. All
1 got away with wns the family plate, which I had
grasped as 1 departed, and a small pitcher of milk and
a piece of pie, which I had consumed before g"ing
A burglar, like a member of any other guild,
possesses Individual characteristics that may distin?
guish hin work from that of others. Hence, It often
happens that the mode of procedure employed In a
good Job Is recognized by the coppers hp the work
of a k-rtalii man. In reading the obituary notice* of
Jlnlmte Hope, so recently published in the newspapers,
one would think that lie was the most expert burglar
that evec lived I knew him Intimately, and can say
that he wss not by any means the greatest In tho
biiMtioBs. He was able, but not wonderful, and i.'ni
reputation rests almost exclusively upon the Manhat?
tan Hank affair There were rertninly a dozen or
more men In th? profession who could have done that
Job as well as he.
Ills relations with his family were of the happiest
deecrlptlon; rind I am able to write of him as it mm.
as well as a burglar. Por one of his kind, he was a
gentleman?not at all cultured, to be sure?but all
man. He was up and up In all his dealings with
every one. He was uulv ersally liked, and made
friends wherever he went.
.Mis ll??pe. his wife, was ns true nnd loyal to her
husband as any woman that ever lived, During (be
years of his enforced absence from home. sh.: never
wavered for a moment In her duly. There were f,,ur
children, two boys and two girls, who grew up to ue
as handsome as their big, blnck-eyod mother. When
Johnnie was sent t.i sing Sing, charged with com?
plicity In the Manhattan Hank affair, thr officials Of
thai noted hotel said that he was by far th" hand?
somest young man that had ever been received there.
Ills beauty was not of the girlish variety, but of tho
manly sort that Is so seldom seen today, ills mother
brought up all her children carefully and well; and
when, about two years ago. I took dinner with the
family In New York, all were present. It was touch?
ing to see the devotion of theiie grown sons and
daughters to father and mother.
Johnnie Mobbs was. beyond any doubt, Hope's
superior as a bunk burglar. ||e knew everything that
could be known about a safe or a lock. I think that
If It wer.- possible to pick out with certainty the
ablest safe man In the whole layout, the palm Would
have to go to Charlie Adams, of Hoston. He was a
man of education and of high practical ability. He
was a student of mechanics, and knew dynamics bet?
ter than Shy burglar that ever worked In the United
States lie thoroughly understood every make of saro.
and Knew Just how each kind had been put together
and what was Its weakest spot; and he worked ac?
cordingly. In the front rank of the profession were
Paddy Cody, Pete Corly. and Tominli McCormlck, of
Troy The specialty of these gentlemen was Jewelry
stores, nnd they beat any number of them and got
"That infernal cat gave the door a shove that
crashed it inward"
thousands of dollars; but they blow In every cent of
the fortune and died poor.
Nearly nil the prominent men above-mentioned
have passed away. Other times have come upon us,
and the old-time crook Is out of date. Safes are still
beaten, and mOru easily even than was done by tho
edd masters. The yeggmnn could give even the best
of the old-timers many points in tin gvinc Unit would
surprise them. Sectional Jimmies, pullors, and gun?
powder have been relegated to the past. At the pre
ent day. a twist drill ami a few ounces of high ex?
plosive, nnd the Job Is accomplished almost as soon aa
It was begun.
(CONCLUDED NEXT SUNDAY)