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SUFFERINGS OF CONFEDERATE
PRISONERS AT POINT LOOKOUT
BY in mi fin i in.
C?. \, Twentieth Virginia Miittnllon.
The attention or this wetter was re
rf-ntly called to an article which ap?
peared in the New vork evening Post,
reviewing the contents of a recent puh
Jitation ehtltied ('Confederate Prison?
ers." Th' edltoi <jf the Poai givea his
unqualified indorsenient of this book.
Baying among other things, that iha
testimony of a man. who . ndured the
horrors h? s? vividly dos rlbed fifty
jears afterwards, when in- anlmosl
ties of war have long since Closed,
.must be accepted aa ilnul. ila<i the
?nuthoi ;:i Ills book, or the editor in his
review, maud that while this is tru...
?thO blame for all this aurtorlrn,' lies at
the d?or ".' the Lincoln government,
?which persistently refused to gram an
axchang- ??: pi.toners, no one would
take an exception. But ?h':n the au
thOl and his reviewer both try tu throw
trie blamo on th* Confederate govern
onerit, the time has come to vindicate
jthe truth by a recital of the facts ot
tho case, which we now prodaco.
they N :<j-.iid mucii bettei
Jdrd ?-?> let their prisoners periah
? xcninge them, tor to do so w
aim^iy fumlnsh reinforcements to
'rebel' army.' In addition to this, a'
? he at ail familial with tha his
of a Fei
tr..- countenance of a savage- a
w !ci tr.. proof of this. This writ
tug with several thousand others
ckett a Division, was captured _
llor's Creek Apill 6. l*?t> AM ?
od that had been Issued to tum I
u'r days prior lo this was one-th!
v>rs Issue a ration to us thut evening?
, . Next morning? No. What then?
Why they marched us to within
hhort distance of "Black and Whites" 1
(now Blaekstpne), where they issued a
pint of dried c?rhheld p**s wltho ?
ealt or bread to go with 't. In the
everilni they gave us each a strip of
green beef about the else of two flng
without a grain ,,f sali or a crust
of bread. They furnished nelthet
?k 11 lets nor frying pans, and tha only
?way we had to cook it was to sharpen
etlrk-. and thrust It In hot embers,
vhlc.? wo did.
Manv o' our men werr wounded In
their arms, and they Were compelled
to drees their hurls themselves or g-l
ineir comrades to do It for them, a-:
they gave .... no surgeons. Owing to
the exigencies of the situation the pui
<euit of Lee. etc. etc. we ivere dlspoSt i
to overlo k this, but when Wo found
.vast banva "f contraband negroes and
black soldiers placed along lh< road?
side (as if by design ? to jeer at and
.'Insult us WO began I" Open OUI' ?>_<--?
But more remains to he told. ' pon
our arrival at Petersburg the sweet,
.'sympathetic ladles of that lioroic cltj
cants forth with provisions, which they |
had cooked with their own fair hands,
?for us. And will the Posit and Iiis
author, whom he commends so high
Uolteve si, they actually refused t> let
'them give us a mouthful. Starving us
under the plea of necessity, the;. :,, -
lually refused to let ns have food when j
It was offer. ,1 and coal them nothing,
lint the crowning Infamy is yet lo j
come. When wo arrived at City point j
ibe brave and chivalrous Federal vet
trans who had been wounded around
J'etersburg came forth in a body and ?
offered us bread, and yet the guards I
who had us In charge refused t'> let
them do so, and the result . tme ncrii '
hetng a riot between Sheridan's "bun
burners" and thieve^ as ihcj were call?
ed by our generous foes, and iheriv i
selves. But we have .lust said itie
crowning lnfamv was yet lo come
Here It Is: '.',100 Confederate soldiers]
?were thrust, into ihfi Neptune, a cattle
Phlp which had Just landed a cargo
of beeves |or Grant's arms, and which
?wns reeking with filth There was
hardlv room to turn around, no waterj
except In the barrels; In the hold nf the;
vessel, that gave It such a flavor as
wellnigh heaved us lf> drink It, and the
ptruRglo .".round those barrel* in pitch
darkness by hundreds of famished men.
"Who ran describe It.' And the- nicht
that followed ?" I have read Dante's
?'Inferno" and MlltOn'fl "Par.nil!- Lost."
hut both in comparison lo that night
f.t horrors are absolutely tame. Two
thousand half starved and hour,, des?
perate men plJed on the floor of the
ehlp atop of each other (the only part
of my body that touched the floor was
my right hip),and continuous search?
ing for water by those whei could not
or would not Jie down. Stepping on
the bodies of their comrades as t>. y
moved from place to place,
We can say no mine, dust picture
the rent. The nexl those who were
dead (and there were, many) wire
Wrapped In their blankets ar.i thrown
Into the sea. And yet we thougnt still
I ? ? (Igehclea of the situation was
some excuse nut read on. Mr. Post
Editor and Mr. Author. Upon our ar?
rival next morning w found about
18,000 Confederate prisoner* already
there, and which with, our acceslon
thing to attract attention was Ins ne
who guarded the prisoners, walk?
ing on the top of tho plank walle
I,-. .1 walkway inr.de o- the same
material. of course we kn< v. these
neuro guardes were put there lor
thi sole purpose of trying to
humiliate us. And it would seem that
the most vicious negroes and the most
cowardly and cruel olllcers. who had
1 <?< r. tank failures in the Hold, were
selected for the prisoners. At an evi
d-n e of this fact, read this: "Stakes
wdre ret up In the river and bay. In?
dicating how far a prisoner could ven
tnre e. no wished to bathe. Thomas
Tyree, of Company A. Twentieth Vir?
ginia Battalion, was In tr... water
with In the prescribed limits., when
Without a word of caution or warning,
lie was? fired upon simultaneously by
three negro guards, and although
wound?d in three places, he managed
to get to shore, where, owing alone to
his Iron constitution and will, he sur?
vived and had the bull-t removed from
.! !*? aftet the war by Dr Owen,
of LyrichbUrg. Were these negioes
; istii w? never n?*rd of it. No
And now as to the rations given us.
as His traducer of the South admits
that lie received th- same rations as
the " reo?i soldlet s ' in the field. First,
ever) morning a piece of Stale bakers'
. which, when squeez? ''? ?'?*
hand, was about as small as ? dl
i.j.v K'eh'i egg, mi given out. .\t u
otlock a strip of baton, aoout enu.ign
ar . It wai so thin that many a
Hille 1 e ,r.te,i tne bean Hulls lying
at the bottom of the cup. It was of
i bluish t'uge. being ?o much water,
and so few hesne. there was nothing
I give It color, whil? as to grease It ;
was as innocent of that, as the autnor;
Of this book Is of truth, and that is
?Ufficleht. The author also lays stress
oh i'ermln IV? would call his atten?
tion to what follows. Every day while
a prisoner the Confederates had to
Strip naked and kill lice or be killed:
by them. One of the most familiar j
sights In the prison was this naked
facti He ?peak? of sleeping on the
bare floor We can go him one worse. I
We had to sWp on the bare ground..
Without any covering at all, save the I
i.ltle ".V tept, into w hich twelve men j
were crowded so close together that!
one could not turn over during the
Light until all turned together. And ,
the drinking, water! 1 notoe this i
Horror-painter docs not mention that j
and 1 so infer he had good water. |
Well. we did not. In all th,- prison
there were but two pumps that fur- !
niahed water tit to drink, and around j
these two from morning till far 'nto i
night could be seen ? multitude,
nl soldiers, awaiting their turn. Finally!
even this was denied us, for a guar.l ;
was placed .it the pumps, and a pint j
ol wate :? allowed each prisoner, and!
which was brought to him by the
"Ba rel Squad." appointed for that'
il'pnsc. A i to the water in the other!
pumps, it was of such a "tarry ' na- j
lure thai you could not wash your i
hands and face with it. and If you j
Put It on your head you could not
)?? ? i...:. tu.arse.-t sort of a comb ;
to g?t through your hair. In addition
lq :!. -. when a cup was filled with it j
an ] left standing over night the In- j
Md.- of the cup was turned almost en
tlr, ly black by morning. Is it at-.y ]
wonder that the death rate at Point!
liOoXout was so enormous. The aver- ,
age per night in .lime was HO. J10 per
w eck, S i'i per month.
The v.i-t number of Confederates!
win, perished under such inhuman,
conditions lit this prison will never be
a ecu rntcly known And yet they keep
oil harping oh Aiidofsbnyllle and Belle
Isle. But w, are |10t done yet. No]
guards were placed over the I'dea.d
house," and in consequence next morn?
ing I he faces and hands of the dead!
were so gnawed by rats as lo be bc-j
yond recognition And still they keep
on harping about And/rsonvllle. Butj
we are not dona yet Go on the beach'
any hour of the day. and vou would
see z.aoo or 5.0J0 half-starved, half-i
clad men. each with a tin can in his'
hand going towards the ba> What
Were Ihev dolr.c there, and why that
Intfnse c>re towards the we lei * Sir
Reviewer and Mr. Author, listen: $ome>
kind ones on passing vessels threw
scraps of b?-cf and potato parings in
the water as they passed us. and which
the rlslna- tide gradually wafted to the
shore. When that wa? reached there
ensued a wild scramble on the part of
these starving thousands to seize them
And when this was done, these scraps
were converted Into soup at once by
little fires made of sticks and weeds
found on the shore. Does any one
Imagine that If these famished men
had received food enough to keep soul
and body together such scenes a* these
would have ever been witnessed? Has
anv Northern writer over said that
Confederate prisoners ever received the
same rations as were issued to Federal
soldiers in the field? No. for as much
given to lying as most of these gentry
are. ihev were afraid to do this, for
they well knew that had the North--v
Hessian received no more food thfin a
Confederate prisoner, he would '?rjnvc
deserted at once.
There ran bo no valid oxcuse snade
by the North for the treatment It s?"
to Its captives. None of Us ports. were
closed No Southern Sherman hrtd. laid
its fields with fire and SWOrU No
Southern Sheridan received ?rders
from his cofnniander-ln-chlef to make]
the land over which lie passed s<> deso-(
late that a rrow living over it 'tPOUldj
be compelled to take its rations* wlthj
The post Reviewer alludes In a!
?aeering manner to the projx sal to,
reel a monument to one of the ???prison]
Jailers.'' The allusion, of couns.'t, Is to]
i aptaln Wirr, commandant of it be An-!
dersonvllle prison It does not state,I
however, that 'his "prison JaUwir'' was1
tried by a court which convbctled h'.m1
on perjured testimony, refusing even
to allow witnesses from th?- prison j
Itself to testlf) mi his defcMsie, nort
that aftei s conviction ho was of?
fered his life If he would porrj>jre him?
self by a confession of ftullt, l?ut plesd
in extenuatli a thereof that he. was or?
dered to indict these alleged cruelties
by JeffeVsbn Da\l>. nf rotirm, thit In?
famous proposal ?as rejeoii'd with'
scorn, and captain \Vlrs, th.'e? "pr!son|
Jailer." went to hin death a martyr for]
the truth. And Impartial history 1?
ready to say now that th? executioni
of Captain Wlrz. along with poor lii-l
noeent Mrs. Surratt. constitute two Ot
the foulest Judicial murder's that have]
disgraced humanity since tin- days of
the infamous Jeffreys of England. ]
In conclusion, H pains to have been!
compelled to mention these things. Hut
when a Northern wrltor, after the lapsu
of fifty years, attempts to revive an!
exploded falsehood and palm It oft on
the rising generation aa a historical]
fact, we feel Justified In making the]
disclosures we have In this article.'
And w. will odd further by saying
the half has nut been tod. It would;
require a volume to <io .t. 01 course, j
we understand the motive behind all'
this. A President Is to be chosen, and!
all Indlcationtt point to a man ot .South?
ern birth as the successful one. lloitco.1
this effort on the part of Sickles, Put?
nam & Co. to fin- the Northern h^art.
Ii will fail, for all true men. North
and South, have Ions since clasped
hands, and the "bio d- chasm" has
hi ? ? losed by the fruition of a more
pei feet Union, ie. which sectional Jeal?
ousies and animosities have cuased V>
exist as an impelling force in our poll?
Some War Reminiscences
?\ Ii DfiE JfillM T. ?.irll.nii K.
Erederleksburg, Im media, tely after
President Lincoln's proclamation call?
ing for troops to Invade and coerce the
Southern Statei. became u veritable
storm o :,-?>? of the War Meiween the
Slat-<?. The life an.i drum could be
beard oh our streets, are! scDdlers ready
for tr.r fray, could be f.rtn marching
and co nt- - n,a: . hing. WChen 1 first
saw a full regiment of t?n companies
of i00 men each, my youtbfiJl Imagina?
tion at '?!!(.? proclaimed the, impos-ibii
Ity of the South's defcaj. and a very
quick endi.-iL' .>f the struggle. 1 never
-hall ? forg. the ImpressVin made on
me aa the rlret Tenuot ard Arkan?
sas regiments came up our streets.
romrr.ar.deii respectively by Colonels
W. B Bates (afterwards a Cnited
States Senator) and Fags/n. I was ab?
solutely awed by the sr?i<-tDcie. is, was
suppo>ed that tr,? irmxislon of the
South would commence by some great
battle at Acquire Creefk. or Evansport
on the rotomac. and tt.?-se places soon
became the centres of .Interest?if not
of attraction! The ortDj- Invaeion that
really look place ivns the dally visit?
ol the ship Pawnie, which fired a few
harmless shots and tbtn returned. The
only damage to the Confederacy from
Which was th- klillniv of an Innocent
and antiquated mule.
Our women met in Ithe basement of
St Gents'- .- ' hurch, where they dis?
cussed Thi Horrible Yankees." while
they madi <: ,.--sacks; and haversacks
and bandages for our boys Our whole
pei pie w ' - sat'trevtrro with a fiery
t-\er '"r war A g?iodl> numb'r of
our citizens became impatient at the
delay and fretful ax the tardy advent,
These could b- knovfn by the palmetto
i rkad"> which ih'.-y wore .^om- of
these soon Joined tlso army of Invincl
bles in peace. an.| invisibles In war,
and were very conspicuous by their
absence from the icing line.
Our town suffered later, as no other
place In all the Sotitti furnished as
many soldier's for Its armies and was
faithful to its cuiisc even after the
end?aye until no-s- and forever. Tils
troops which had ibeen gathered in this
vicinity and cached in this section
wore soon ordertid to the Peninsula
111 Apr.I. I1-?:. the, United States Army,
under Genera] McDowell, took pos?
session of the town with General M P.
Patrick as provjft marshal, who es?
tablished I,!* h"?/In ua rtere in which is
now the National Bank Bui'ding. From
the steps of tb:s building I heard
President UnocJn make a spcecn.
President Lincoln crossed the pontoon
bridge in an aj-iaj ambulance with a
troop of cavalry as an escort He was
accompanied lnjf Sccr-uarie? ?tward
and Stantoni I9e woie a slick, well
worn, black trvadcloth ^uit and an
old-fashioned stock. His headgear
consisted of a hcll-crowncd beaver of
antiquated fajsbion. His speech was
temperate in nine, for he said he re?
gretted the war and especially that th?
?grand old i'oi:amonwealih of Virginia"
.- hould have dassolved her connection
with the Unloni. In appearance he was
tall, angular and exceedingly homely.
His audience consisted of boys, n few
Union sympathizers and numberless
memuers of the Africa:, fraternity?
l.oth male and female: The only thing
that made this occasion memorable,
or rather ivcd?fl?us, was the arrest
and incarceration In tho old Capital
Prison of a large number of our old
After the evacuation of the two by
General McDowell, I. with my family,
i efugeed to the family of a farmer
near i:ichmo<nd. and being in that city
one day. sitting iji th- Capitol Square
with my frl-end, Gray Doswell, a tall
gentleman passed Ujj whom Gray Dos?
well knew. Dotwcjl saluted him by
? ailing to Itlin and saying, Mr. Presi?
dent, lu re in a boy who saw President
Lincoln a fbw weeks ago." Mr. Davis
came over where wo were and u.-k-d
my name, ir.d when and where 1 had
seen Mr. Lincoln?so within a few- days
I saw both of |ho Presidents.
Tiring Of the life ol a refugee. I
joined the Melle, il Corp as a semi
courier, or- messenger, for fir. <}ld
? iings. ein jf medical purveyor of the
Army hf Norfhern Virginia, and as
such was present nt Gettysburg, though
not engaged hi that battle to which
horror 1 was an eyewitness. I was
with the army on that noverrto-be
forgotten march after that lll-fati l
1 soon became disenchanted v-lth my
bomb-pr<ve.f position and became alarm?
ed lest the war might end before 1 got
in the Day as a full-fledged soldier,
so l joined the Fredericksburg Artil?
lery, .legvam's Battalion, nt the battle
of Spotsylvnnln Courthouse while th;?
fight wr,s In progress. My Initiatory
ceremonies a? n soldier consisted of a
shower of shot and -hell m very un?
comfortable proxlmltj After this bat?
tle we moved along what has been call?
ed parallel lines with Grant's army
until we went int.. temporary fortifica?
tions, bomb-proof, in front of Peters
burg, where we were for months with?
in Right of th" Federal lines and with-'
in the sphere fif their puna. All. how?
ever, was serene, when one morning!
we w??re awakened bj what seemed a
veritable volcanic eruption, The earth
trembled as If It were moved by an
earthquake, Nnhodv knew what It was. I
??lie bugle sounded "Cannonlcrs Mount."|
I ami we dashed off to The Cratersa-and
I aaw all It) horrors, though It was as
I certain.d that our battery could not
! be used It was here that I rait Gen-j
' eral Mahone, who was as cool a* the1
[proverbial cucumber. r?turnlto>: to
camp. We remained Just watrhirsg the
| enemy until ;h" battle on th* SVeldon
j Railroad, where we saw tierce aiwl firry
I fighting and where we lost heavily our
good and gallant scild:-rs. Aftsjr this
battle we were transferred to Major
1 Murmaduke. Johnston a BattaLbon on
I the north side of the James. In an
i engagement on October lt. 1?<H. I was
I wounded. Artcr being doctrxred in
j Chlmb'.raio Hospital. I was given o
wounded- furlough, with permission to
go to my home in Frederu.ksburg
During my atay there I waa required
to report at stated Intervals to Cap?
tain Hugh ? DOggett. Provost Mar?
shall, and on ~r.e of these ca-jcatlor.s 1
met Senator Henry S. Foote. of MllSis
i slppi. Senator Foote had m ijrjc iilmself
j persona non grata to the jtes-wers that
i were at Richmond. de.terminJnjj to take
leave of the Confederacy arsd go to his
daughter, the wife of Senator Stewart,
of Nevada Mo made his -way north?
ward via Fredericksburg. \v??ore he was
detained and arrested utrtil the au?
thorities rould be heard fnom at Rich?
mond The Senator wn> one ot the
most interesting and brilliant conver?
sationalists I ever met. Hits powers of
description was as captivasung a* those
of MeCauley?his narativ? of his llfe(
and experiences In th? pioneer oays of
Mississippi I can never fOI.'get, He told
with much pathO(?.ir the great me$ of
the past whom he had seem and known.
All went well and eeronelly until Pres?
ident Davis came Into hit review, then
the- fireworks began. Tru-n there were
no expletives?no words?In the F.ng
lish vocabulary to express his eon
tempt and hatred of Mn> Davit, whom
he denounced "as unfit and unworthy
t.. l.-a'd a great and g'iod people in a
revolution." While full of glory fori
in? part he had played in Mississippi.'
he prldej himself that "he was a Vir-,
gmlan. born in Prince William Coun?
ty." I parted with Mr. Foote very re?
luctantly when the order rame from
Richmond that he mttt-ht be released
and allowed to depant ln-peace. forj
however 1 might differ: with him as to
many things, I greatly enjoyed his
After \flng pronounced fit for duty
I rejoined my Company in front of
IViehmohd, where we were awakened
from our camp life Viy the bugle call
and tbe march l iniic. enced that ended
at Appomattox. It would only be a re?
petition and recapitulation inr me to
describe this march, a veritable "via
dolorosae" with Richmond in ruins,
lighted by its many burning building-,
with the. buffering of the soldiers, with.
Its sleepless night? and Its hopeless
days, all this has b?-cn told of often by i
writers of rtction and of history. At
I Appomattox 1 was standing by tho
roadside, the troop*, had stacked fciinsj
and were wearily resting, tiring had
ceased, the silence was really appall?
ing, when I saw General Long, chief of
the artillery, ridinrg by and weeping. 1
braced myself up iuid asked him what
was the matter. "Wc have surrender?
ed, my boy.' said he. 1 then ran to
the battery and told our men the aW
ful news, nur old battle Ilug was takunl
from Its place and torn In strips, so
that If possible, each member could
have a piece as a sacred relic. P. V. D.
Conway. Ksq.. of this city, has his al?
lotted piece, which he bar reverently
and loyaly kept -until now As long BS I
life will last I cun never forget the
scenes of that fatal day I can see
now- the brave and chivalrous Gordon
sitting erect, pu'OUd ami undaunted on
his horse, with uncovered head, sur-j
rounded by the 'brav- men of his legion,
to whom with an eloquence born of
the hour he bade farewell. Many a
gallant Gcorgltdi who had bared his]
from Of many battles, prepared Id die
for Hie South a .ml Its course, surround?
ing their beloved oommandei wept
like children?iand then Mnjor Marma
duke Johnston gathered his boys and
ndelressed th<aji in words ol pathos and
power, while, something on many a
soldier's chc.Je. "washed off the stains
of powder." Hut above ,. l| .,rid h.'i'Hnl
al), there* COincs the picture of that
great man, 'the must coiiosal figure
who stooel ti o highest and noblest in
our young nil ttnn'a life, as we bade him
good-by. LCe Hood c/ect. faultless,
with no hl aw e for the failure that had
come to ht% people's hopes. I lingered
??Ith two comrades, for several days
where our battery was parked. We
watched n\et chanro and captured from
our own Ijf )rsca on attenuated speci?
men. He j became our burden hem ei?
ns long as he ce.nld stand it without
food. Wei -traded him off for some hot
corn bread! and s?i ghum molasses to n
farmer afli -r two days' desperate l i ll
or ondurait.ee. in due time we reached
Richmond, where we were refused per
mission to go home until we look Ihe
oath. <vhl< h we refured' to do. Claim?
ing that q -air parole was sufficient, and
so it was ordered by Genera! Grant lo
a numbfitf of soldiers who were in the
same fl y as ourselves. And here I
hnde a Iti rcwell to many comrades with
whom '? had associated In the great
?Irama ?j f war as a comotnher e,' the
Frederick ksrhurg Artillery known ae
BraXton)s Batter}'. A company that
wa? formed "When knighthood was in'
flower." tl its ranks there came thej
laraycr from his olllce, the student from!
the halls of learning;, the rviThant
froitn his store, tho f.inner from his
plow, the minister from his pulpit, all
inspired b} a high ami holy purrpnse. to1
sceve loyally and lovingly the Boutin
an/1 Its eause tt Is claimed that we
Oqod tho Hrst shot from srttaiery at
Gettysburg and the last at Aptpomat
tox. Ite that as It may. no great hat-|
tie of tho Army of Northern Virginia
was fourjht witheut it Neve: did It
fail or falter In the full performance of
its dutj. It fired as many effective
shots and did as much elTertlMo work1
as any artillery company In tho, South :
It lust no members by desertion and'
suirenderod with full ranks, when the
gaunt skeleton of starvation moveo i
among Its membership, to an army that
recruited Its ranks and suppKed It'!
HCl ds from the world's open door. It
ivaa commanded successively bty Cap?
tains Cartel Biaxton. l?dward Harye
and John M. Polio? k, It formed for a
time a i.art of that splendid battalion
commanded by Colonel Joan M. Pug
ram, which numbered among Its of?
ficers Major Thomas l> Brandnr, Ad
jtttaat W. Gordon McCabc, Captain
Ham Chamberlayne, and at. i;enr<i> r
Fltr.hugh and others whose, buavery.
ability and brilliancy hits stu-,1 Its
lustre on the name and fame of this
battalion, and later it was one or the
companies under the command i? Major
Marmaduke John tori, Rlcliiuonsi's elo?
quent orator and Virginia's chivalrous
boh. Jt deceived tho high commenda?
tion ol our great commander-fin-chief,
Which was glory enough. Its members
reluctantly obeyed the order to pack
tii. ii guns at Appomattox ami went to
their l<.o often devastated and destroy
? ,j homes with no regrets to express,
no excuse to otter, no apologies to
make anywhere at any time to any
one for having followed the Stivrs and
Bars faithfully to the end?on Ule con
trary, always proud to lie able, to say
"that wc, too, were with l-.ee "
john t. gooluick.
Fredericksburg. August, 19121
General Iloke, "n<l ? PeOUltlCt Murr
General Robert F. Hoke. a major
general in tnc Confederate servlcv,
uihi at h a home in Lincoln ton, N. C,
on July 3d instant.
General Hoke, who wag a gallant
anu nikfili efliclent aolalei. uescrv
ing great praise, out loo nuMubl to
paraue ms noiiors ijc-foru inc. public,
has, sincu tils ueatli, neon bioufi'lit tutu
extreme p-ijin.it} oy nie- u'lyjulatioh
ul a stu: > to ine etlect that iiurns
tue war General It. li Gee nad written
lo Pre?lucnt UavlB mat lie iLaie) ?e
aircu iiiai riuKu should He- kupointed
to tue command Ol the Army o. North?
ern Vltglniu Iii cute tliae tajiyintiiii
should ii'ceut' tu uiaKo u succcjisur to
There appc-ain to ba no foundation
in taut tut such a story, min e?-.rlaiiiiy
no reason tut- lt. as General ?UKu nail
entered iau Cui.toueiuto aervioe from
eivu nie, witn ny inilliary exuerieuca
wuatevei anu with no otnei military
?aucatiuii niaii he hau receiver wheti
tic wuj a student at ine Kiuntucsty
olllliary institute, i n,> letter] wiiica
General l.ee wrote to l'tosldcnS. Ua\ib
cunceiiiliitf General lloKu w .i^s littet
in? gaiiam North caiorman tut?! ueen
Ijiro?iote? to a major-KetteraUstiip in
Apt il, lo'it, una was orucreU from the
Arm) ot Northern V'lrginiai w'?ere hu
i.au been serving, to North Carolina,
oviieiui Lee, wuo nao rec?nuhuh?ed
iiiin for ine higner graae, wroie m
in? President: 1 am very sriuit oi
General Hoke's promotion, bail am
toi r> to loso him."
General Hoke's line record Is In
brief tnal he volunteered in April.
Isbl, as a private, lit a company ol tile
rirst Norm Carolina Regiment. tie
was steadily promoted until he became
colonel ot the leglinent, ana lougnt
with it through the ,~evc-a Days'
Hauler, arounu Riciimond la June,
ist,::, il? participated In tne.campaign
oi the Hocoiio alanassas, in Aaguat,
I?62, ano in tue invasion oi Maryland
in ihe loiiowing seplttnber, and id
the oattle ol Fredericksburg in De?
cember. In Januar.), lso;i, ho became
a iirlgadiut-general, and led lus bri
gradc- in tnc bailie of L'nancelluraVlllo,
When he wus wounded in Ma}. IMj3.
After Ills recovery In April, t>t>4, he
was sent to North Carolina, wneu he
was maoe a major-general; and it was
on the occasion of mis pr.s/tnotbon that
General l.eo wrote the letter quoted
from above. General Hoke was subse?
quently recalled to Poteraburjj, and
Iillally rejoined Leo In tlhie lo take
pan In the battle of Cold Harbor,
crom the Petersburg trenches ho a.i
aeiit to North Carolina in December,
1st.,, sail remained there to the end
in April. 18bb.
General H"k.- was In every way an
excellent soldier, and no more g a Iran l
man ever drew a sword for the Mouth,
but there can be n.. real loundatiuu
for the story that General ii.ee re?
garded him as the superior of every
other Confederate ofheer and proposed
hnn as the proper aUCCCBSOr Of one
or the greatest military commander's
Ihe world ever knew-.?New Orleans
Pica y tine.
Robert E. I.ee.
For him ihe fiercest struggle of in*
Came tirsi?In choice 'twixt abstract
And all those things thai make man's
love, man's goal.
And love was Lee's grral reason In
Times are most truly out of Joint If
A crime to stand and tight for thoae
What virtue in the world's great
With love outlawed, by motives
When did we Northerners love less a
Hccaus- his btilliai'.t fighting cost us
Why has our vision gained naught by
Thill we can doubt a friendship
which so thrives?
i nn this proud nation boast a greaior
Than such swift lolnlng hinds of
once stern foes?
Can we forget hew l.ee urged this
As Only balm for sorrow war be?
The glory of the Penh lies In hett<ons
Horn ne-ath the skies that tfhed the
Great men Seem native to Ha soil, that
ho markedly Its course through
And I.ee was greit. to win undying
And free obedience from auch a land.
A foeman worthy of his fm?. a dovo
Of prace when wir had ceased Its
george WM bell.
The Secretary ol Military- Records.
Colonel Joseph V Bidgood, Travelers'
Building, Richmond. Va . would like to
p.-t the address of G. Nash Morton,
whose story of .Martin's Battery ap?
peared In tho Confederate Page lately.
We hav" come ?round ijlorter by'
!i? beautiful rivers.
F'laiikelank. iork and Severn e?rk
onrd the Hettler. and the King of hnK
land granted to hlni few or many
acres a* nli> taste demanded.
Vlnedeckvd wer? these ?h->r?s in the
seventeenth century its th ?7 are to?
day, but the 'idrch-bark canoe has
stven placi to the n:t>lor boat, and the
evolution of the boat Is no more start
Log than tbv, ?volutlou of the land.
The mind '.I man Is conquerur, and
where the human slave worked, ma?
chinery, (man's most subtly willing
slave) Is working now.
From the Severn over a bit of Mob
jack to the Ware'.
Klchard Wyatt took up 2T.0 acres at
Cow Creek. COW Crock has a familiar
sound for It now stands for a mill and
a romantic kree-f ringed pond which
stretahos back?back into th.- shadows
with a slow romantic beauty. Why
Cow Crc-:5l7 l'erhapi the Betitle klne
In those ? ' rly days could easily slake
their thirst from Its cool stream.
Names are generally reasonable and
the logic -if them frequently auprlslng
Perhaps Richard Wyatls people
settled tir?t at Jamestown. More plctu
esque than Sir Francis, the Governor:
und his pretty wife, Lady Margaret,
and nobody has created a more unap
peaslble temper In the female breast
than this very Sir Francis and his
brother llawte. A host has clamored
for entrance Into the society of
colonial oat. es through these gentle
? in with their hlbtorlo names. N"
use! No ure! Sir Francis did live In
Jamestown and his name was W>att.
but this f nds the chances, for Sir
Francis went back to Kngland. and
there hla ? blldreii were born and the
American Wyntls desiring family pres?
tige can gain no solace from him. But
I Sir Francis had a brother, tho Rev
trend llawle, who. although going
back to Knglarid. left sons who re?
nn tied to Virginia, but It Is hard to
descend to a parson when a Governor
Is In bight. And even the parson Is
no! a e'mial blessing for so many,
many Wyatt s fall to make connection
with hi?v.. Wyatt may h.> satisfying
or dlsappult.tlng. It opens up a charm?
ing genealogical vlata. but the vista
Is snort . ti Illusive.
To most of the applicants for
Wyatt ? - -cnition. Sir Francis and
the Hcverend llawle cry, "I know you
not! i la. nv you not." Sir Francis
was a dashing fclffiw. Student of St.
.Mary's H vll, son of George Wyatt, of
Bo.xlcy, o Kent and born there, and
finally Governor of Virginia, lie was
knighted after his return to Kngland,
and is no.v sleeping his last sleep at
Boxley where he wns born. The Rev?
erend llawle went home too. after wit?
nessing stirring first dayg of
American civilization, but his sons re?
turned to Virginia where some of their
descendants now live. Tho Wyatt
faun .- full of Interest?the Governor
and the parson were descended from
that famous sir Henry Wyatt. friend
of Hem;. VHI, of Kngland, whom
I Richard III for yery Vengeance, per
i secuted by imprisonment who was
j saved frjr.i starvation by a cat who
brought him food.
I There aie homes outside of the
I human family, and this poor cat must
I be elas ,1 among them. She Is
memorall7.ed at Boxley Church In the
[ following Inscription upon a monu?
ment to Sir Henry, therein set up. "He
was Imprisoned often, once In a cold
, and narrow tower where he had ncl
| ther bed to lie upon nor clothe, suf?
ficient to warm him. nor meat for his
mouth, ho had starved there had not
God henl a rat. both to feed and to
warm him " Yes. this hero rat came
one "day down Into the dungeon unto
him. and as It were offered herself
with him. he was glad of her. laid her
In bis buim to warm him, and by
making much of her turn her lose
After this ?Im would come every day
unto him diverse times, and when she
could get one. bring him a pigeon, and
the keep, i- dressed for hint from tlnie
to time nuch pigeons as his Acater the
rat provided for him."
In the days of his prosperity Sir
Henry was fond of rats, and the In?
cident conforms the opinion of a csr
la'n mental telepathy between certain
folks and certain animals.
At last Richard fell on Bos worth
hold, and Sir Henry Wyatt'a day bad
come. He was made Knight of the
Hath. Knight Baronet* and Prince Coun?
Another mighty nerton of the Wyatt
family was Sir Thomas?Sir Henry's
grand-son. Ho dldn t wish Queen Marj
to marry Philip of Spain. and ho
raised a rebellion, the consequence o?
which was the loss of bis own dear
head Ills lands were confiscated, but
Boxley and the rest were restored to
his son Sir Thomas. Ho married Jane,
daughter rf Sir William llawte. an.I
had Georg4, who married Jane, daugh?
ter of Sir Thomas Pinch, and had Sir
Francis Governor of Virginia^ Reverend
llawte. clergyman at Jamestown Kl
Sir Krauel-; returned to Boxley and
left it to bin eldest son. Is there
wonder thai those of thl-i name lay
claim to this distinguished and Inter?
esting descent? It almost Ju.stlf.es a
little genealogical pilfering.
The home of the Wvatts in Glouces?
ter County was Boxley too, and the)
claim .loscent to Reverend llawte
through his son Edward, who. uftei
11 v-1 ? i k ut Mevole Plantation in Wll?
liamsburg. patented land in Glouces?
ter In 1412, and mimed his place Box
ley. He had a son. Conquest, who had
a son. Captain Kdward, who bad a
John Wyatt, born 17*2, married
Rllzabeth Todd, of Toddsbury, and had
Win. IS, Wyatt. who married Mary,
daughter -f John and Rllzabeth Gra?
ham in KM. His children were John,
married Carolina Dabney; Dr. W. K
Wyatt married Louisa Stubbs, Elea?
nor married Colonel Scott, Elisa Maria
married Walker Jotios. Colonels
Thomas '.'i'.d and llawte, who never
married ..s far as can be ascertained
The ,>ni> representatives of the
great far-lily of Wyatt, of Boxley in
Virginia Ho day are the Rev. Win. K. |
Wyatt anl Mr. Alexander Wyatt, if
C.loucest e. They both have Urge
lamlllea, and by life and conversations,
have kept up the traditions of their
Colon.l Thomas Todd and Mr. H.c.vto
Wyat) w?i,, personages in their day.
Weil might they be called gentlemen.
Th,- form-r outlived his brother, and
tip to comparatively recent dat? lived
with his bory servant at In Walket
Jones'. At Stated Intervals, clothed
III broadcloth with snowy ilnon and'
voluminous stock, he. with, his body
servant rallied forth to make visits of
Colonel W vat t's presence made each
visit a ceremonial, and well does a
certain lady remember with what awe
her childish eyes regarded htm. He
seemed have gathcr-d and exterior.
Ize'd the strtellness and formality of
hl? forafat hrra. and ?Ith?! ha malt??
tulned .? gentleness which might hnv?
named him "the old gentleman of the
Of cntirte there were other Wyatt?,
but the fragments of their record pre?
vent the'r connection with the Wyatta
of Boxley, try they never so hard!
Francis Wyatt. th.- Governor, saw
Virginia In her lucrld and uncertain
Infam y. ili came In 1121 and saw tjjjjg
i fearful massacre of '22 when 317 of
the coloii'.ts were killed, and we of tan
picture the lifo of his gentle wife in
Virginia during that period. Khe wad
daughter of Sir Samuel Sandys, of
Ornsberslsy. Worcester and the con?
trast between the peace and elegance
of OmberSley and the crude tumult of
Jamestown must have been too violent,
but we are told that aha was willing
to accept Hie hardships of a new set?
tlement, "and William Cappb, an old
Virginia planter, tailed Sir Francis
'the old smoker.- So proud, so care?
fully mild, religious. Just, honest, that
1 protest and thing God hath sent hlji
In mercy for good to us." Quaint and
satlsfacto-y c oniiitendatlon!
George y.indys was the undo of
Lady Margaret Wyatt. and in the
I register >><? Huxley Abbey we find hla
death recorded, and the fact that ho
died at the house of his niece, the
wodow 'it Governor Wyatt.
I It would seem, however, flimsy the
j proof, that these Wyatta who came to
Virginia in early seventeenth century
j must huvo had some connection.
There were Klchard, of Mobjack)
j Ralph and William, also of Gloucester;
William and Anthony, of New Kent,
I and Anthony, of Charles City, but tha
I connection will never be made on ac?
count of ihr sad story of the wanton
i and unreasonable instruction of Vlr
i glnta rec-jrds.
I Thomas Bedford, of Charlotte County,
i Virginia and Prlscllla Bedford. his
J wife, ha.i the following children:
Stephen Bedford. Elizabeth Bedford.
who married-Fuquu; Mary Bed?
ford, who married James Hamlet; Mar?
tha Bedford, who married-Cren
shaw. Thomas Bedford. Susanna Bed?
ford, who married Anthony Walke?
' whose mother was Jane Randolph Lleb.
i or John R., of Roanoke. Benjamin Bed?
ford, John Bedford. Aane Bedford, Llt
I tlebury Bedford, Archibald Bedford,
Jenny Fllppln Bedford. Peggy Bedford,
! Charles \\ ? sley Bedford.
I Thomi' Bedford. whose will was
probated in Charlotte County, March
1 7th, ITS',, left a large estate, which
! by his said will he distributed between
his fourteen children, giving them
each comfortable estates.
When Charlotte County wag cut oft
from Luncnburg, In 1785, Thomas Bod
ford was ???ne of the gentlemen com?
missioned by King George the Third
as one of the Justices for the county,
which position he filled up to and dur?
ing tho Revolutionary War. and at
the clos" of this war he was one of
th.. gentlemen commissioned under the
new government as Justice, and con?
tinued to act as such until he resigned
at November Court, 177s During ?urt
of this time he was presiding justice.
James Hamlet and Mary Bedford.,
daughter c' Thomas Bedford above,
I were married on the 11th day of No?
vember. \'t't3. as shown by the mar?
riage bond -which was required In
those days, now on file in the Clerk's
ofllce of rharlotte County, Virginia,
and Is ai fellows to-wlt.
Know all men by these presents, that
we. James Hamlet and Stephen Bedford.
Jr.. are hold and firmly hound unto our
sovereign Lord. King George The
Third, etc., iu the just and full sum of
fifty pou ids current mone'V to be paid
to our rd. Lord the King, his heirs
and successors, to which payment well
and truly to be made we bind our?
selves, and our heirs, etc., firmly by
these presents. Sealed with our seala
and dated the 11th day of November,
The condition of the above obliga?
tion is such that whereas there Is
a marriage suddenly Intended to be
solemnized between James Hamlet and
Mary Bedford (spinster), daughter of
Thomas Bedford. If there ho no lawfut
cause to obstruct the same, when this
obligation to oe void, otherwise to
j remain In full force and virtue.
(Signed) JAMBS HAMLET, (Seal)
(Slgnedi STEPHEN BEDFORD, (Seal)
I BEHRT GREEN.
I With this bond there Is filed tho
I following note, addressed to Thomas
I Read, Clerk Of the Court, written in
handwriting of Thomas Bedford.
Dear Sir,?This is to acquante you
thut 1 am willing to have 11 marriage
license granted between Mr. James
j Hamblett and my daughter. Mary. Cer
i titled under my hand and seal, this
llth Novr., 1772.
(Signed) THOS. BEDFORD, (Seal)
GEORGE LOSEN, SP.
GEORGE LOSEN. JR.
The children of the above mentioned
James Hamlet and his wife. Mary Bed?
ford Hamlet, were as follows:
James Hamlet. Bedford Hamlet Lucy
Wootton, George Hamlet. Mary Hamlet,
who married Thomas Jeffress: patsy
Hamlet, -ho married James Wlnaon:
Nancy Hamlet, who married Richard
Jeffress, Narclssa Hamlet, who married
Colcman Jeftress, Cattle's gr.. father;
Elizabeth Hamlet, who married William
Averett; Obedience Hamlet, who mart led
first Williim Major, by whom she had
two sons. Samuel Major and Drew ry Ma?
jor, and -tectmd James Faulkner, of Hall
fax Countv, by whom she had the fol?
lowing children: Leander Faulkner.
James Faulkner, a. H. Faulkner, Mary
Elizabeth Paulklier, who married
James Bell, of Prince Edward County;
John B. Faulkner.
I understand that all the Hamlet
sons were married and had children,
ibut where their descendants are now
1 ,)o not know. I learned that there
are two families of Hamlets In Char
lotte County who do not claim an?
kin with each other, but whethor
either one li one of our Hamlets I do
Colonel Bedford was on the "Com?
mittee of Safety for the Coloney" from
Charlotte, appointed by the convention
In 17 75 ? Authority. William and Mary
quarterly, Val. ?. No. 2, October. 1 *:>?>.
Mr. Powhatan Boreden. In a pamph
let called the old Trumbo, says Colo?
nel Thomas Bedford was a valuable
citizen In the colony."
Trsi 'rn?Don iitnnii? \ rciltt.
Colonel Hawlelgh Travers was Bur?
gess from Ififil to 160* to 1670.
Colonel Rawlelgh Travers (1) had
a daughter. Million Travers l*3>, mar?
ried Win. Dnwnman. and had Million
Downman CD. married George Glass
cock, and had Thomas Glasscock (I),
marrlrd Anne Nichols, and had Joanna
Glasscock (S). married Fortunah?
Sydnor.. -md had Anthony Sydnor (?).
married Elizabeth-. and had John
Sydnor (7). married Elizabeth Lawson,
and had Epaphrodltus Sydnor <<D. mar
rled Ale. c Mill ? r. and hod Wm. Sydnor
(0. ? , led fl isanna i'oleman Barks
dak and h..d Elizabeth Armatead
S,Jiior IHM. married Wm. Penck. and
Pad Lduisj F-aece, Penck (?>.???$
rled John T. Averett. 12 palUe B Ar?