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Jlu?lam? Offtce.>.? B. Main Sin?u
'toulh Richmond.1020 Hull Slre?L
ir?ttrtburg Llureau... .!t"9 N. Sycamore Street.
lt.rocr-.butg Iturcau.Ki Eighth Street.
BT MAIL. Otiu Six Three Ono
rOSTVtQE I\AXD Ytar Mo?. Mo?. Mo
?Daily with Sundny.IS.CO |1.U .55
IXJally without Sunday_t.OO 2.0V 1.00 .Xj
Wuoday e?:tlon only. 2 00 l.CO .60 .2:
tyVttkly (Wednesday). 10v .M .It ...
By TIme?-D!?patch C?rrtei nellvery Per
?t?r?burg? One Week
X>elly with Sunday. It Cent?
Jj'.ly without Sunday. 10 cent*
fcuuday ocly . ' cams
Entered January 77. MM, at Richmond.
,Vi . B? ?econd-cla?? matter under act of
<"ongrc?? of March 4. !S7a
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 15
OVH I > SAI L II Ml.tin Mis.
The annual report of the British
card >?! Tiade upon the accidents on
allroud.8 In the United Kingdom,
?hiich lias just been published, when
ami*3red with the rctijfris <f our
tllways to the Interstate Commerce
ommisslbn, affords an lllumihiitlng
mparlf ..i of the hazards of travel
led and 40S Injured in Great Britain
t year from mishap to trains or
Hrig stock and only ninety-two met
Ir death and 7 were Injured by
?Idonis arising front other cri'ust-s,
esenger was Killed on British Mil
c injured in every 5Sc.OO0 Journeys.
: ! ?>?. s were killed and 115 injured
?ni wrecks or other accidents to
icr causes only 3S5 railway wage
?f these unforl tri -:? s.
^t-rs. Of the total nuhtber in*
rcspassers ar.d 126.03i were era
buririg the fiscal year t'?ll
.?as one emp'.oye killed to every
rployed and one employe lh
-i every thirteen employ?
?acting transportation upon Brit
liroavis is somewhat different
hat ;r. this country. The dls
tssehg'ers In the '?.':..?.?. 1 Stalest Ii
:e.st Britain every safeguard to lif
required and enforced. L'ntil re
r.t years, the railroads in this con::
y have been unregulated so far as
fety devices are concerned. During
.'? past decade tills phase of thi
importation problem has been re
living an increasing amount of at
ntlon H is to bu hoped * that public
;<lnion will Anally be aroused to sucl
j ? !.-.?. us to demand saifety rcgula
6hs Which will r endet Impossible lh
resent Unpardonable con-illtloris al
aching to travel arid employment oi
\ DEMOCIt ATJI DAX GEH SIGNAL
lilt <", ? i j r'-. r, il.o Li glslature, two !:? ;
Democrats. It does not mean that t)
lar revolt from It tin
HI tlni will !:.. vl'lublv Jbl
tribute to lh
nc-ef ?sary men
pBlgn has hot
people, frorr, v
Th e ? ? ? II
If lh< ;
shatter the redoubts of tho opposition
and drive the hosts of privilege, pro?
tection and plundei from tho citadel
of goverumi lit;
j l NW.Vltlt.WI i:t> IMTEHPltBTATIOX.
A headline over a Dundee special
! cables tarn, y.^ing a syllabus of an ad?
dress on "Antarctic Discovery." deliv?
er. : before a section of the British
Association by S : Giemi uts K. Markant,
pi sldeht of the Royal Geographical
Society. reads: "British Sneer at
Amundsen." It is not like Sir Clem?
ents, who Is one Of the most distin
tin achievements of .diu is. und tho,
contents oi th- report fail to disclose
anything Justifying the in.idllue. except
through a strained interpretation ot
the speaker's statement that he was i
Dr. Mawson and Captain Filchuer; the|
sportsman spirit than that ot
other. At thi last ho stole it march o:
1. when their l< ad.
human kn?wh = ? ns eompar?
: ? ?
he three expeditions Amundsen lc
Antarctica contemplate thoroujj
graphical and geological survc
iprehenslve study of meteorol?glc
magnetic conditions and ; iienomet
tile collectlih ot all possible da
ring upon physical science al?r
>r respective routes. A:-, especi
.,? ..; Dr. Muwson is to demonstra
lgricultural and flipping Interests o
Australia and other British poss, bs1< n
n that quarter of the world. A par
urular object of Captain Sott is t>
.?erlfy, it capable of verification, th
onvictlon of Lieutenant Shaekletor
,vho penetrated to a point almost 1:
.. ;.t ? '. thi pole, that rich and work
imineral despostts, notably coa
be th. liffl .iti. > of utilising
?:? : o! Its, '? -?? ; ting them out and
v.. sat I ? what they may. man's
spirit of dei.ance of natural ob- j
es. t" tay nothing of hts avarice.:
?flay .ill difficulties low." Arid
I.e.?- it may be remarked that
?ledge of the general geological
ation of Antarctica affords the
reasons for supposing that re
to be a mineral trcasuro hous-i
have been vindicate 1 by cxperi
In the case of the Arctic areas, in
natter of vast available and paying
ral horizons?contributions to the
d's econotrjlc wealth. An especial
.?sc of Fiii hner'a expedition we
tot remember having seen an
oed, hut the purpose as a whole Is
:ar to U.at of the two other Ant?
ic enterprises?broadly speaking,
itlfld and commercial.
this connection It may also ba
irked that there is some parallel
??en the Amundsen and the Peary
hes" In thc-Ir relations to the "more
)us science," more deliberate und
ir In previous ventures, represented
a- Amundsen's triumph, as It
'0*\ ? : of th endurance
u will and man's confidence
?fortitude. But the nn ri -
useful results, are not com
th?si s< i:.-.j by some other
lorets, either In Interest or
n ward, as ait.-, ting human
1 "I !??>/.! I II If, |.| v
Ui ilAl i
? v.. played
dk In An?,;
pleasantly r.t. the White, House, but he
Is not moved from conviction by that.
"While I nm a baseball player and 1
can talit baseball, I am not fooling
myself into thinking that I know any?
thing about the other game.
"I have met all throe of the candi?
dates and there Is no finer man than
Mr. Tatt. It looks to me though that
neither he nor Mr. Uooscvelt has any
chance. Everywhere I go the people 1
meet are talking Wilson ami ho looks
to me like a sure winner.
"I dm Just sizing things up from the
bleachers and I do not pretend that
my Judgment is worth a cent. ill
around Detroit and in Washington and
Chicago, it look: to mi' like Wilson
is way In the lead. It looks as If hi
was Sure ti> carry Michigan. Ho is a
line man and he talks straight!
''.fudging from what he has done in
Jersey, he acts straight, too. and he I
looks to me like he will make a gri it
That opinion is worth something, for
Ty Cobb comes Into contact w Ith all
I litsSeS of people In various cities
and States, travels around a great deal
and is In the confidence of some of this
shrewdest politicians in the country.
More than that, the famous Georgian
is gome hitter and when he hits he
TUR POIX1 Tljn ".IREMS."
Milch public complaint h:is been
unhealthy condition of the James River
because of Its unnecessary pollution
by factor!.^, but such protests are be
iated; If there had been as many pro
t.?stations of indignation r.t the last
might have been made to see the
necessity for legislation to prevent
stich river pollution. As It was. as
soon .is the bill to effect such preven?
tion came up, the lobbyists and law?
yers of the corporations polluting the
river touched the measure with their
flne Italian hands, and no man wist
how deep it was burled.
the Buchanan News pictures th<? his
torle glories of the .Tames, noting that
"the men reared along Its banks have
always referred to it as the noble
Jeem? and the women Fay the lovely
J, ? th? " Tel such reference were not
Justified In the last decade, for "t^e
inky black polluting fluid"' has made
the river both Ignoble and unlovely.
The News goes o:t to s.v. :
The present appearance cif this once
beautiful river no longer appeals to
the emotions, except it be to almost
curs* the law that allows for pecuniary
gain tho preference over the best tra?
il.?. iha of a .State and her people. For
woe to the day that a people become
HO fond of money that nature's beau?
ties are no longer appreciated. The
pollution of the river can be stopped,
ar.rl efforts should be started right
now. and before politics can be In
?? led into tho fight. The r'.ver be?
longs to all the people, ar.d while busi?
ness la desirable, the price of the arti?
cle must bo fair. Nature's laws can't
lie violated except at a prohibitive
Why do not the sufferers from river
pollution begin efforts to stop it now.
i a suggested by the News? Is there
no remedy at the hands of the courts
in spccitle cisei? Is such pollution
not a common nuisance, wrongfully in
Jurlns the common property of the
people? is there no way by which the'
eyll can be attacked in the long inter- ,
val before legislative action can be '
secured? If there is not. then tho peo- ;
; le in the counties complainant had
better send to the next General As?
sembly representatives who will do ,
the will of the people and not of the I
A "wonderful cavern and waterfall"'
have been discovered in the mountains!
about ten miles southeast of Beritnn
vllle, according to tho correspondent
of the Warren Sentinel at that placs. i
The fails aro several hundred feet
high, with a single drop of sixty f eet i
or more, below which is a beautiful]
plateau c overed with ferns, white j
grapes, Improved goosberrlcs and rare |
plants not indigenous to the section,]
? Indicating that tii0 caverns or vicinity
ad at some remote time been in-;
habited." A number of Indian relics
were found as well as Carvings in
stone. Tlie cilVern has not yet been
explored. Don't know anything about
it, but bet there's a moonshino st!ll
pretty cl03e around.
Martha Washington's recipe f-.i
brahdied pears has Just been found.
Here It Is:
Ye pears shoulde be very freshc.
Washi and put yhem into boyllng lye
for an minute. Remove and put yhem
Into (old water. N'extu put yd fruit
into a prepared Sirupe e.f augur and
Watet I'.-., tin ha.lt pound of sugar
for evcrld pound of ye fruit; water to
dissolve. Now cooko for an Quarter of
an hour. Remove and put on plates
to cool. Boyle alrtipe dowit to one
half Its original quantltie. put str ip,
and pears Into Jars and add brandy.
Seal wlillc b?te.
Notice that she never said how
much ! randy she put in.
Phlladi jpltiu women are <::-.tollin^ to
society sisters tho virtues of n steady,
diet Of carrots, which, they say. Is
porialbio for tii'.ir Improved com
Topcka iiiea if buying Roman
s by tho ton and setting tlieni Off
ga to drive the sparrows from
trees must be pleasing to tne
Nathan, president of the Con?
s' League, says that when y??
c American Hag floating over a
. : hotel It means only iii.it
? an cocktails are sold there. Now
now why Americans abroad aie
s so glad to see Old Glory.
On the Spur of the
By Roy K. Mouhon.
When the World Dnin End.
Lillian Russell will still bu giving ?
out beauty hints.
Captain Hobson will he trying to pull,
oft :i war with Japan.
Ther? will soon be English sUffra
gets In jail.
Harry Thaw will be trying to get
out of the' asylum.
Souo- hundreds of vaudeville persons
will still bo singing -Silver Threads
Somebody will !?<> trying to Invent 0 ,
nottpuncturcnblu automobile tire.
According n> l nele Ahner?
Every .feller Is dead set agin" the'
automobile until somebody Invites him i
to go ridln' In one.
Perhaps, somtday, some hero will
Invent a turn down collar thai a tel?
ler it In put on without breaking seven j
or eight of the commandments.
There Is never a shortage In the!
crop of wild oats.
When a doctor gets sick, he is the]
sickest man in tho whole community!
and the hardest to handle.
Elmer Splnks asked Ahse Frlsby if;
be killed a feller very often with bis,
oatrhobllo and Anso said: "No, only
There arc lots of jobs that have got!
it all over that of solderln' a tin roof
In the summer time.
The feller who Invented the Derby!
hat must have been In cahoot with1
some feller who manufactured a hulrj
'1 lu- Olil Fashioned Cautpulrtn.
There used to be fun in the olden
When they had the real live cam?
When the boy? wore ihe oil cloth uni?
And marched In the pouring rain.
When they carried the torches and
And moved tr. a mighty line;
When the red fire burned for miles
Down town when the nights wer?
They marched In true military style
As though they were bound for war.
And nine out of ten didn't really
Just what they were marching for.
They wore all the trappings of cui?
With plumes In their bright tin hats.
One night they would march as He
P . licans
And the next night as Democrats.
The old brass band and the flf.j and
Made noises by night and day.
And the wives and sweethearts stood
on the curb
To cheer them upon their way.
The torches dripped plenty of kero?
Ar.d clothing went up In flame.
But nobody faltered or seemed to
For that was all In the game.
They scrambled for seats In the old
When torches had all been stacked. '
There wasn't n night through the
But what the bid place was packed.
Th< speaker would wave the old stars;
As it was never waved before.
The crowd would whistle and stamp
And the country was "saved" once i
The tori lies are gor.?, to be seen no
The uniforms are passe,
The candidates use only adjectives
And w'ago a forensic fray.
Alas and alack for the good old times;
For the dizzy tiam-.eaux campaign
That has gone with the garbage of?
And will never return again.
Things ?o Think About.
Last winter's snow shovel makes n
handy little fly swatter.
Any lady can make a very stylish!
summer hat out of a second-hand |
wire toaster, and a couple of yards of'
baby ribbon. j
There are very few actors In this
country who do not own fur-trimmed
There Isn't a poet In America who:
knows how to run an automobile. j
The richest man In the United
States can't eat a piece of beefsteak j
or a buckwheat eake.
Voice of the People
Notable Southern Engineers.
To the Editor of The Times- Dispatch:
Sir,?An article In the New York
Times of J Uly -1st. giving a sketch of the
three Fink brothers, recalls the days
of railroad construction back In 1857.
wheh tin- country began to turn In
earnest from canal and highway con?
struction to railroad building, with
which these brothers wero closely
Tho great engineers of that date,
south of Mason and Dlxon line, w.re
Colonel Andrew Tolcott, BcnJ. II.' In
trobe, Chns. 15 Fistt, <:has. EHett.
Colonel Claudius Crozet, Colonel ?.'. F.
M, darnett ind Colonel Walter Gwynh,
COlon'el Talcott and Mr. I.atrobe
were graduates of West Point; Colonel
Croze t had belonged to Napoleon's
Following those great leaders came
Gent rai wm. Mariohp. General Isaac
R. Trimble, General R. E. Bodes, Henry j
D. Whltcomb, Mr. Loralno. Colonel Sam
Harris.". Geb. MCLe?d, James L Ran?
dolph, Chas. !'. Manning. Wm. H. I
Wnrd w.i? received here t'day o' th
death of Miss TabRhn Moon, s.h? wuz
n won* ? I il ; ? iker, a great organizer
an .. air cook. Thor's loo many folks
buyln' tires on Inner tube salaries.
THE MAN WHO HAS THE MONEY TO BUY
AUTOMOBILES THESE DAYS.
By John T. McCutcheon,
('?'?r>ri".i<MI iflSi ?>? John T. HaCMtohton i
Kuper. Color.il BenJ. Jones. Albert
Fink. General .1 M. St. .lohn. Henry
Fink, colonel Altred U Rives, has.
G. Talcott. Co'.ontl T. M. 1'.. Talcott,
Major E. T. D. Myers, Rudolph Fink.
Major Ro. H. Temple, Major Peyton
Randolph, John McLeod. Colonel John
G. Clark. Chas. 11. Latrobe. Kb, II.
Fltzhugh, Colonel Richard Morton.
John M. Kohlnson. .Major John W, Law
son. C Shaler Smith. Frederick II.
Smith. Claiming M. Boiton. Major Con- J
way R; Howard. Captain John O. Meerh,
Edward Shephard. Captain Lawrence
M. Dade. Captain Henry M. Fltzhugh.
Richard and Otorg? Talcott and W.
M. S. Dunn. The writer knew person?
ally, nil of those men. and was at
some time asso;latcd professionally
?with nearly every one of them.
But few are living of this long list
of distinguished engineers.
Generals Manor... Rodes, Tr'mble
and St. John Kkamo distinguished
general oflieer.s of the C. S. A.. 1 se 1
and many of the others named, served
with distinction in that army.
If I remember correctls*. Albert Fink
began his career In this country with
BenJ. II. Latroho In building the Balti?
more and Ohio Railroad and Its ex?
tensions. He afterwards became chief
engineer, general manager, and presi?
dent of the Louisville and Nashville
Railroad, president of the Louisville
Bridge Company and commissioner of
tho Southern Railway and Steamship
Association. Ho designed nnd built
some of tho great bridges of the
country, and was the originator of
the Fink Truss Bridge.
To show tho changes which have
taken place in railway construction
in a few years, the writer was engaged
in 1S07-S in constructing the "Short
Line Railway" between Louisville and
Cincinnal with General St. John as
chief engineer. It became necessary to
billige the Ohio River between New?
port nnd Cincinnati to connect with the
Pennsylvania Railroad System, and the
important Question of length of span
had to 'bo decided.
The coal barge Interests on the
Ohio River opposed strenuously the
bridging of the Ohio, claiming In?
terference with navigation, and the
Question was thoroughly discussed
before submitting 'nn plans for the
approval of the War Department.
Mr. Albert Kink, then the authority
on bridgo construction in this country,
was appealed to?to say what was the
greatest length of span for a single
track truss bridgo practicable.
After careful consideration he wrote
to his friend. Genernl St. John, chief
engineer, saying: "That 300 feet was
tin: maximum lungth for a truss bridge,
and one of greatest length would fall
of its own weight." Think what has
been done since that date. The writer
built two spans of f>07 feet each', over
the Susquchanna Rlvor; one a
??through"?tlic other a "deck" span,
and many others have been construct?
ed. I do not refer to suspension, or to
canter lev, r bridgos. Mr, Albert Fink
was not only a great engineer, 'out one
of the pioneers in the solution of the
Intricate trafflo problems of this coun?
Mr. Henry Fink Joined General Wm.
Mahone soon alter coming to tills ooyii.
try. In tho construction of tho Norfolk
and Petersburg Railroad?his first
work, if 1 remember correctly, boi.irr
tile construction of tho bridge over
the Elisabeth River which carried tho
read into Norfolk.
General Mahone was chief engineer,
and although bis experience to that
date as a constructing engineer (lie
graduated at the Virginia Military
Institute of Lexington), had been limit?
ed to lh,, const ruction of the "Bruns?
wick Plank Road," for highway tisi s.
ho showed marked ability. The Nor?
folk and Petersburg Railroad was ad?
mirably located, and has one of the
longest straight lines in this country,
and was on,- of tile best 'built railroads
Of that peril"!.
Afterwards the N. A l\, The South
Side nnd the. Virginia and T^nnessbe
Railroads, forming a lino from Nor?
folk, Va . to Bristol. Tenn., were con
I solldated as the Atlantic Mlstiuslppl^
and Ohio P.atlrond; General Manor, e
becoming president. Mr, Htnry Fink,
turns, always with creiijt .o himself
u:iO the Interest he represented.
The Norfolk ami Western Railroad,
the successor of the, Atlantic Miss's
s'i-pi and Ohio RallroiLd, much extoi:d-|
td and added to, and now one "t the!
ureat coal carriers of tto country, and ,
one of the prosperous .a'lw-aya of the |
country, owes Its succ.js more to .Mr. |
Henry rink than :o nny othe.' oh?j|
Mr. Rudolph Fink, the youngest of]
Ihe brothers, and the only cue- living,
has served with distinction, in the rdl.
way world since early youth. lie will. |
If ho should see thi3 artlcl.\ r ><? t)
the days tf long ago. The wtitet ndc ]
net met him In many y:ars.
The work of these eugirieurt. monu- \
merts to tht-lr skill arid industry, w K
be found In almost every section of!
The Baltimore anil Ohio Railroad re. \
preuenta (ho skill of thai grtat engl
hi er. Benj. H. Latrobei.
The Chesapeake an,I Ohio and the
James River and Katiawhd Canals now
almost In disuse, the work of Messrs
Plak, Colonel (iwyno, Loralne and
'j he first high grade railroad of the
country, for general traffic waj built
1 > ' has. Ellett over tho Blue Ridge
Mountains at Rock Fl.ih flap. Vir?
ginia, and operated '01 a long poiind
of time by special engines designed
by Mr. Ellett and built by the Tredt ?
gar Company at Richmond, Virginia.
The Rock Fish ."lap tunnel and tfti
Blue Ridge Railroad. luMl by the Stall
of Virginia; was the. work of Cc: ?ni I
The Chcsapeako and Ohio Railway
represents the work of that modes;
gentleman and dlslingu'shed engineer.
Henry 1). Whltcomb, who had associat?
ed with him Mess.-s. Kupt-r, Conway
R Howard. Peyton Randolph. R?. II.
Temple, c. M. Boltt.i, w. M. s. Dunn,
Richard Tnlcott and others.
The Richmond and Danville Railroad,
the Ohio and Mississippi Railway, the
Vera Cruz and City of Mexico Railway,
represents the skill of that great engi?
neer, Colonel Andrew Tnlcott and his
distinguished sons, Chas. O. Tnlcott and
Colonel T. M. K. Talcott.
Tho Piedmont Railroad (Danville to
Greensboro), The York itlver Railroad
(RtOhmond to West Point. Virginia),
and the. extension and ro-bulldlng of
the Richmond-Frederlckaburg and Po?
tomac Railroad, represents a part of
tho work of that skillful engineer.
Mnjor E. T. I). Myers.
Tho Georgia Paclllc Railroad, (At?
lanta to Birmingham), represents a
part of the great work of Ro. H.
Tbu great "Cabin John Arch.'' tak?
ing tho water from the Great Fulls
of the Potomac Into Washington, l .. <\.
was tho work of that distinguished
engineer, Colonel Alfred I,. Rives.
Tho St. Charles Bridge and the hlerli
bridge- over the Kentucky River on the
line of the Kentucky Central Rail?
road, represents a small part of the
great work done by C. Shaler Smith
and his brother. Frederick H. Smith.
. Many of theso gentlemen became
distinguished as presidents, chief engi?
neers, and operating managers of the
largest railway system of the country.
To Colonol T. M. R. Talcott Is due
the credit for making possible thu or?
ganization which finally resulted In
tho great Southern Railway syst.-in.
When reorganized and placed under
the management of that skillful engi?
neer and railway operator, the late
Samuel Spencer. It was greatly added
to und Improved, and has taken its
place as one of the most Important,
links between the North and the South,
To the iiist seven grant engineers
mentioned, the profession and the
country owe a debt of lasting grati?
tude. They were tin- originators Of
great work. They had no pre, edonts,
bilt marked the way gtlidoil only by
tho genius of their own groat minds,
where others of a later date liavo foi
lowed. They were tho practical
fathers of the profession.
1 shall hot attempt to describe ail
the work done by these great engi?
neers and those who followed them.
The task of recalling associations of
a period long past, and to set forth
rny appreciation of men distinguished
for high professional attainments ar.d
character above reproach, was sug?
gested by The Time s article on the life
and achievements of the Fink brothers,
whom I knew and greatly admired.
It has been a pleasing one to me. [
hope it may interest my readers.
T. 1". DIXGLAT.
Please give tho date of the great
snow In the lute nineties. K. C. T.
The snow began at 3:30 P. M.. Febru?
ary 11. lS'jS. and stopped at ?:30 P. M.,
In setback, my wife Is six, I am five;
my daughter bids and my wife makes
"game." and I "high" and "jack." Whcj
goes out? A. S BROWN.
You do. your two counting beforo
the ladle's one.
Chickens of High Degree.
How may I have somo tine chickens
registered, and where? D. P. E.
There Is no arrangement yet for suth
registration, It will possibly come
with tile growing interest in llnu
Since 1870 this institution
has been rendering efficient
banking service, and the ex?
perience gained during its
forty-two years, together
witlt the unexcelled facilities
which the bank will provide
in its new quarters, is of ines?
timable value to individuals,
firms and corporations carry?
ing accounts with it.
Small as well as large de?
posits, both checking and
szving>, are invited.
STAt E S U P? RV j SI O N