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The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, October 28, 1912, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1912-10-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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Si* ^mn^cTOS^mTmm WHOLE NUMBER 19,152.
IttCHMOND, VA., MONDAYs OCTOBER 28, 1912.
TUB WEATHKB TO JAY^at*.
PRICE TWO CENTO
APPEALTOVOTERS
ISSUED8YWILS0H
Urges Them to Vote for
Democratic Legisla?
tive Ticket. !
WANTS PARTY TO
CONTROL SENATE
Points to Fact That as Much De?
pends on Complexion of Upper
House of Congress as on
Presidency Itself?Plans
for Remainder of Cam?
paign.
Princeton. N. J-. October 27.?Gover?
nor Woodrow Wilson would like to *ee
a Democratic majority In the Cnited
rotates Senate, as well as In the House
of Representatives. To further that
end. be Issued a ?tate-meiit to-night
calling: upon voters in the severai
States where fi.ited States Senators
are to be cnoeen to vote for the demo?
cratic sta*datgdfv* ticker. The state?
ment says:
"I am particularly anxious that the
Democrats of those States In which
Senators are to be chosen should re?
member that the control of the govern*
merit dept-r*?s us much upon the ma?
jority in the Senat? as upon the presi?
dency itself. 1 hope that In those
States, particularly, special attention
will be concentrated upon the necessity
of obtaining a majority In the .State
Legislatures."
The nominee said the States he had
in mind w<-re New Jersey, Colorado.
Illinois, Idaho. Montana, Delaware.
West Virginia. Wyoming and Nevada
The Governor announced to-niftht his
plans for the remainder of the cam- j
palt?n as follows:
Monday, October 2$?Leave Prince- 1
ton A. M. Bpeeeh at West Chester, '?
Pa., at noon; speeches at Academy of
Music and Convention Hall. Philadel
phis, at n'ght.
Tuesday?State business at Trenton j
and speech at Newark. K J, at night. {
Wednesday?Speeches at Wlldwood j
and Burlington. N. J.
Thursday?Conference at Democratic
headquarters, New York, snd speech
gd Madison Square Garden.
? Friday?Speech at Kochester. N. Y. j
Saturday?Review College Men's Wil?
son and Marshall Club parade. New
York. Speak in Monmouth. N. J . at I
night.
Sunday?At Princeton. N. J? -|
Mondav?-Speeches in New Jersey: ;
plans not yet decided. |
Governor Wilson will devote practi- j
rally the remainder of hit? time in j
speaking for the legislative ticket in j
New Jersey. In the hope of insuring {
the election of William Hughes, re-1
eently chosen In the Democratic pri
maries as the candidate for United ,
States Senator, as well as a Demo?
cratic majority in both house* of the I
Legislature, so as to Insure a Demo?
cratic successor in the event of the .
Governor's resignation.
rloslac Plaht la \ew York.
New Tork. October 27.?The Demo?
cratic National Committee announced
to-day that ''0 speaker* would be put
Cat the stump in New York State this i
stfk for the conclusion of the presi?
dential fiKht. Each of the three lead?
ing parties is to have a demonstra?
tion in Madison Square Garden during,'
the week, the Progressives on Wed-j
nesday. the Democrats Thursday and j
the Republican.- Friday.
Better Than No Gad at Alt.
Btltte. Mont. October 27.?Governor
Marshall, of Indiana, in a nonpolitical
address at a local theatre to-day. de-1
elared that be would rather see the'
American people following a false god j
than no god at all.
Ha said the country was In need of |
a new Puritanism that would make j
every man follow the dictate* of his
earn conscience rather than the laws I
of Legislatures and Congress and the
advice of legal counsel.
"There are three eiasse* of men in
this country." said Governor Marshall. ?
"There Is the man that obeys the law
because he fears It: there- Is the man
that obey* the law because he re- j
epec.t* it. and. third and the best of all.
ther* Is the man that obey* the law!
for neither of these reasons, but be
eaaae hia heart and mind are right '
This man does not need to consult a
lawyer about what he can do or what
he cannot do.'*
Governor Marshall attended an in?
formal luncheon to-day at the Silver
Bow Club, and prepared b/> resume his
emmpsism through Montana to-morrow.
JOHN T. MEEHAN DEAD
New York, October 27.?John T.
Meehsn. who served gteef and beans at
his little Park Row r-ataurant know*
as "Dnian's" t? a generatloa *f men
prominent In all walks of city life,
died to-day
"The beef and?" of Meehsn tnd hi*
late partner. 'Paddy- Dobxa. had a!
aatlonal reputation Theodore Itnon?.
Veit frequently lunched at the place. ?
Meehsn onre spent three davs 9m the'
Colonel** guest at the White House
Mr. Meehsn lived in one of the hand?
somest houses in the Brest* aad waa
rated almost a millionaire
MAY REACH JURY THIS WEEK
Sh^ggarsw sarSssv Stteg Mssrwav Yv%al as
aesretms Boat
lake Charles, la.. rvton?r ff_The
fourth week of the Grabow la bar riot
murder trial opens to.morrow, with
the possibility that the case may get
tei the Jwry by the end of the we
A. U Bmi im a. *r?*M?ai *f th*
a* otbei *?**4 of Timber Workers sad
hta eeght asauttste* who are the de.
ff adants In th* case, express eaaS
dvwa* la an acquittal sVrer*! more
af the fortr-alne defendants s waft ma
trial In connection with the labor riot
trnt take the atamt that ansah.
Pear that th* nine** af Javwr Dairy
TELLS HIS STOUT
FROM N CELL
Becker Gives Recital
Which Was Denied
Him at Trial.
THINKS IT WOULD
HAVE SAVED HIM
If Given Another Chance in
Court He Will Take Stand in
His Own Behalf ? Talks
for Two Hours, Making
Many De?
nials.
Hew Tcrk. October 27 ?The story
which Charit, Becker, trie former po?
lice lieutenant, convicted, of the mur?
der of Herman Kosenthal, says fcd
wanted to tell on the stand at hia
trial waa related in <-etail to-day by
Becker from hla cell In tho Toaibs.
Had he oe-en allowed to tell mis
Btory. he Claim?, the verdict of the
: Jury would have been different.
Becker talked for two bourn ?1?
denied that "Bald Jack" Kose, who
was the State's chief witness, was his
"g-raft collector," declaring Rose was
his "stool plgeuyi," who furnished evi?
dence on which he made scoiea ?t
, raids. He gave an account of hi? ?
. nances In an tffort. he said, to show
' that he had not hoarded gamblers'
j tribute.
Becker said Rose never asked him
I for money for his services. Kventual
1 ly, he learned why. when Ko?e told
I him that he an-; Rosenthal were go
; ing Into gambling partnership, Rose
' reminding the lieutenant of the gratu
[ ilous services he had given and asking
! immunity from raids.
"1 said 1 would not molest the place
I any more than I would any other gam
i bllng house." said Beeker. "I said 1
; would not make special effort to get
evidence against Rosenthal unless
: specifically Cirected."
Later. Becker continued. Rose told
I hlrn that Rosenthal had trroken fattn
i with him and had won $6.000 from him j
: at gamMir.g. Then complaints against j
! the resort began to reach Commission- ?
I er Waldo.
' * I am sure these complaints wore j
! w-rltten by Rose, or inspired by him,"
said Becker, and he declared that this
break between the par.ters waa the;
beginning of Rose's enrnisy against {
I Rosenthal?enmity which led to Roaen
; thal's determination to "nqueaT' and
later to a gamlSjera' plot, the outcome
I of which was the killing-or Rosen -
I thai.
Becker dented that Race, aa the lat
' ter testified, telephoned him Juat af- !
tar Rosenthal's murder to inform hinij
i of the crime. He said that if he got
! another trfaT, Me would take the stand. {
I Regarding his finances, he asserted he
I asms* possessed more than $29.500 at)
I one time. He explained in detail the j
sources of this money.
While Becffer is awaiting sentence of I
death to be imposed on Wednesday. )
Justice Goff, who will announce the ex- i
lieutenant's fate. Is under guard. Dia- j
trict Attorney Whitman ia also unoer:
guard.
Mr. Mclntyre, Becker's counsel. Is {
said to be going about armed. The
Unas of all have been threatened. It '
is reported, and even the Jury which |
found Becker guilty Is said Individually!
to fear attack.
Where He Ciet Hla Money.
Becker's (29.500. which he says was
all he and hi* wife had when Rosen
thai waa killed, was accumulated, ac?
cording to the ex-policeman to-day, as
follows:
$5.000 from Laura Becker, a aiater,
before ahe died.
$15.00-1 from John Finnegan. a friend
of hia wife, who died after giving ker
tl.is amount. I
$5.000 saved by Mrs. Becker.
tJ.5<?0 Mra Beaker's father gave her.
$2.000 Becker himself aaved
"All this money we had saved."'
said Becker. "It was withdrawn on
July 30 from the banks where wo de?
posited That was the day after. I was
arrested." {
Becker said Finnegan had been
brought up with his wifea family, and
that the fli.009 had beea given to her
at different times, a few thouaand dol?
lars at a time.
'?She waa a great pet of hla" aald
Becker. Flnnegan. Becker added, had
been taken 111 with heart disease In
1 ?11. had been treated in a sanatorium
which Becker named, and finally, oa
July SS. of this yar. fell dead while
s-etting off a street oar. After his
death, he saya hla wife waa Informed
that more property had been left her.
Discussing Rosenttal. Becker said
that the yambler bad a reputation for
getting the police Into trouble.
Knowing this I would have been
either Insane or Intoxicated if I had
made a friend ef him aa Rose said 1
did. There waa aot a aiagle Instanc
In R.?renthal's csreer where the police
interfered that he did not net them
into trouble."
Becker aier.tiored Instances of po?
lio men whom R"serthal had had ar?
rested or "ousted" from the depart?
ment.
Mapnlvlns what he considered an?
other motive for Rose's enmity. Becker
said Rosenthal hire.; Charley Kelly, a
pusrlliat. to "do op" Ron*. Kelly tried,
bat cot the worst of th? eace?iatee.
said B-cher. Kelly, however, gave to
Rosenthsl the imoresslon that the as?
sault had been s sue mas.
Regardlna * new trial, feeeker said
the Court of Appeals la only human*
"It hi now only n cases af ranrcaltng
me te tha chair"
* Gentlem-n. * he concluded. "I am
rertalaty up against if I am not
asking for pity, hat I ok said certainly
like the public te learn throe** paaj
that I aa set at Mack aa I asa peiat
27.
a noted eargooa. died to-day frees gyn
C*VP*\ p*-Wl*wpW*l*fjjp^ sfti*?Jgv bCfT. 1? CfTI ft 4
aisfaasir af the sets'sal estate
af miWtsaaa, ef Ska
COLONEL SPENDS
QUIET BIRTHDAY
He Celebrates Event
With Members of
His Family.
! MANY MESSAGES OF
1 CONGRATULATION
i _
One Comes From John L. Sulli?
van, and Roosevelt Wires Back,
"Good Luck"?Unidentified
Woman Visits Sagamore
Hill and Leaves an Oil
Painting.
I Oyster Bay. N. Y. October S"?To
! day was Theodore Roosevelt's fifty
I fourth birthday, and be celebrated It
< quietly with his family. Mrs. Roose
, velt. Miss Ethel. Theodore. Jr. and
; his wife, and (juentln sat down to the
j birthday dinner with the head of the
family. In the afternoon the Emien
' KoeaaToNa dropped in to extend their
1 congratulations. and Oscar Straus.
, Progressive candidate for Governor of
: New York, and Mrs. 1-traus came from
New York by automobile.
Colonel Roosevelt did not leave the
house to-day. His walk of yesterday
(tired hirn so m?ch that It was thought
best for him to rest. This afternoon
Dr. Alexander Lambert and Dr.
1 George E. Brewer came from New.
York to dress his wound and found
! their patient continuing to improve.
Birthday telegrams came in all day
? long. One was from Jonn L. Sullivan.
"Kvery good wish to you on your
fifty-fourth birthday." the former]
pugilist wired, "and God's blessings
! as well, all your life."
The Colonel wired back: "Good luck
to > ou, John."
! Automobiles by the score, filled with
j sightseers, climbed Sagamore Hill from j
moruing to night. At one time the {
; road at the foot of the hill was blocked
'with in lor cars, each crlver awaiting
'? his turn to go up the hill for a sight
I of the house.
Preaewt of Bad! Mosa*.
I Of all the birthday gifts which cams
I to him from many parts of the coun
I try. Colonel Roosevelt Was especially
proud of a painting of a bull moose
; by a New Tork artist. The painting,
; which is six feet square, was presented
j to him by August Pecksher, of th*
I neighboring town of Huntington.
? The gift most peculiarly given came
j from a woman whose name is not
(known to the Colonel or ado family.
The woman, about sixty years old.
dressed all In black, wsth a large bun
[ die under her arm, stepped from the
; noon train and Inquired the way to
I Sagamore Hill. When Colonel Roose
; velt'a butler, "Jim," came to the ?oor
[ in answer to h*r ring, she gave him
i the bundle. "Jim" opened the bundle
and saw that It was a small oft paint
! fng. He carried it to the Colonel. Its
I value was not ascertained.
The woman trudged back to the sta
i tion to take the next train for New
I York She refused to give her name
or any information about herself, ex
I cept that she was from Boston.
Continued, improvement in Colonel
Roosevelt's condition was reported by
his physicians They issued this bul
: letln:
"Colonel Roosevelt's wound shows
much progress In healing. There Is
! no reasonable doubt that he will speak j
1 on Wednesday night. There is some I
oedema of the chest muscles, which,'
makes It necessary that he not shake
hands. Colonel Rooaevelt will return
to Oyster Bay after the meeting.
"DR. ALEXANDER LAMBERT,
"DR GEORGE BREWER,"
. Dr. Lambert explained that by the
term oedema was meant a bad bruise.}
due to the impact of the bullet. 1
Colonel Rooaevelt expects to do
more work to-morrow than on any
previous day since his return. Hla
physicians said It would be out of tne
question for him to speak in Brooklyn
! on Saturday night, as he baa been
jnrgnd to do by Brooklyn Progressives
I ROOSEVELT GRATEFUL
Esaweamra Appn Hatten to Tkssae Waal
Wrote or Wared Him After thmhsg '
New Tork. October 27.?A general
I statement ih behalf of Colonel Koos?- .
velt. expressing his gratitude to per-!
sons whoso letters or telegrams In ref- [
ere nee to the attack upon him In Mil- !
waukee bav* remained unanswered.
: nras issued to-day from the Progres?
sive national headquarters. It waa as'
follows:
"Colonel Rooaevelt wishes to take
this method of expressing his very ]
deep appreciation of the multitude of
letters and telegrams he has received .
since the ahootlng. The number waa:
so very large, many thousands sit told. j
that It was a physical impossibility '?
for him to even attempt to acknowl- i
rds> each individually, and while the)
end~avor has been to have some an-1
awer sent to each, yet In the oonfaslon '
it Is probable that some telegrams ?
and letters have bean mislaid or that
' the address ?f the senders baa not
been found. He trust* that in any
res? whore this baa happened, the
sender will pardon the fallnre to an?
swer la view of the circumstances aa
set forth above. He again Wiehes to
state how grateful he la for all these
r - presete?m> of good win."
GOVERNOR JOHNSON RESTS
Ta ghsj Mo wni Maas* SaosoSsea ha
Boston. Mass. October- 27 ?After
?Is fcar? day la Meaasrhueotta y?*ter
dav. Onvevaar Johnson rested In hla
.-?r and at a local hotel almost all af
? -o-dav Earn/ this asaratas? a K.
Dnv<?. *f the national Pi ogr easts*
. huaggaiWHB dropped ta frexa New
.Tork far a SStmM%mw
~Ww gear ** eraay dowa_ there ta
: f ho ssstf sssss boadgaartera. Oevorooe.
Davta aal?, "wad eondltiemi too* very
awSMBlMJ ta **~
? Ta-mat i aw Ost Oiesgaai win speak
?.* Mas* i Be srwat ta Parti" ad ta
DEATH SENTENCE
FOR GENERAL DIAZ
Condemned to Die for
Leading Rebellion
Against Madero.
COURT CONFLICT
MAY CAUSE DELAY
Friends of Revolutionist Fear,
However, That Order of Civil
Tribunal Will Be Ignored,
and He Will Be Executed.
Madero Dreads Show
of Weakness.
Vera Cruz, October 27.?General Felix
Diaz, 1-ader of the recent revolt here,
and Major Zerate. Colonel Antonio
Miijoni and lieutenant Lima, officers
under Diaz in his attempt to over?
throw the government, to-day were
condemned to death by court-martial.
Lieutenant Camacho, Captain Mayen,
of the Rural Guard, and Captain Her
niliio Martinez were sentenced to ten
years* imprisonment, and Gabriel Ra?
mos, customs collector, and Herman
Arost 'tjul, censor of tel<*grams. were
sentenced to two years' imprisonment.
Nine other officers and civilians were
allowed to rv> free.
Th-- ourt-martial, which was pre?
sided over hy General Davila, sat in
secret s~3sion from 2 o'clock Saturday
morning until 3:15 o'clock Sunday
morning:. The sentences caused a sen?
sation. A preat crowd, including rela?
tives and many friends of the accused
men. "gathered outside the building
where the court sat and waited for
hours for the findings, notwithstand?
ing a heavy rain storm.
General Davila refused to acknow?
ledge the orders of General Diaz and
Major Zerate. General Beltran. mili?
tary commander of the zone, however,
accepted a writ of habeas corpus and
suspend ;d the executions, leaving the
prisoners temporarily at the disposition \
ot the District Court.
It is thought probable that Colonel'
Mlgooi and Li -utenant Lima will be
shot without much more ado. Tile pro?
ceedings of the military court have
been criticised'generally aa being very
deficient. Publlo opinion has been
etrong-Iy against a military trial for
General Diaz. It is openly aaaerted
that the prisoners had an inadequate
defense, and no investigations have
been a * so far aa to why the Fed?
eral troops entered the city with white
flags flying and the greeting: "Long
live Drag."
Colonel Diaz Ordaz and Captain ?
Cue eta. were among the leaders of the j
rebellion who escaped. It is thought]
that they will Join the Oaxaca rebela j
General Diaz bad more than 1.000 men
under his banner, 3>o of whom were|
prisoners.
Colone! Jlmlnez Castro, of the Fed-!
era! Senats, vho was shot in the legj
In the skirmish prior to the taking of
Vera Cruz, has been sent to Mexico |
City for treatment of his wound.
Cewrts la CoaSlet.
Mexico City. October 2T.?General
Felix Diaz, leader of the revolution
recently inaugurated In Vera Cruz, and
three of his confederates have been
sentenced to death by the court-mar?
tial before which they were tried n
that city. The finding of the military
court was announced In Vera Cruz
this morning.
At the same time word of the ver?
dict against Diaz waa received?came the
report that the military court had de?
cided to recognize the order of sus?
pension of sentence upon the revolu?
tionary leader granted by the Supreme
Court for the pending investigation as
to whether the trial of Dies should be
by military or civ'l court. Popular ap?
prehension regarding the fate of Dies
has pot been greatly allayed, how?
ever, by hla action of the court-mar?
tial.
SHeatlsa la Tewee.
Delay in the receipt of the news re?
cording the outcome of the military
trial Is characteristic of all communi?
cation between the capital and Vera
Cruz. The uncertainty aa to what la
transpiring there I.as served to la
crease the tenseness of the situation.
Friends, of Dins here fear the conse?
quences of the conflict of authority
which has arlaen between the Judiciary
and military conrta If the military
court observes the order of the civil
authority, the final disposition of the
case win he long postponed. Bat 't
would be no surprise to thousands
here to receive a message announcing
the eseeutlon of the rebel general aad
hie assoclatee
Ffforts to ssve their Uvea eepec'nll.y
that of Plax. continue unabated. Prom
fContlnued ?n Second Page.)
Cold and Frosts,
Coming This Week
Condemned by Court-Mariial
TRIPLE ENTENTE
TO BE PRESERVED
France Has No Idea of Modifying
Lines of External
Policy..
jPOINCfARE SHATTERS RUMOR
I Calls Country's Relations With
i England and Russia Neces?
sary to Peace of Europe.
I Paris. October 27.?The unswerving
fidelity of the triple entente was the
keynote of Premier Poincare's speech?
at Nantes this afternoon, in which the
Premier, as Is customary on the eve
of the reassembly or the Chamber,
placed before the country tne views
of the government with reference to
both external and internal affairs.
M. plineare lost no time in shat?
tering the Idea that In collaborating
I with Germany in the search for a
'? means to re-establish peace In the
Balkans. France was preparing to
modify the lines of her external policy.
"We have no thought of changing
our friendships." he said, referring to
allusions In foreign newspapers. "The
tiea binding us to Russia and Great
Britain are Interwoven lmperianably.
They are dictated by sentiment, inter
eat and political probity. Notntng can
sever an entente, the solidity of which
continues to be Indispensable to the
maintenance of Europe's equilibrium."
M. Poincare went on to say: "We find
In this lasting Intimacy one of the
beat reasons for the hope that the war
will be confined to the Balkan States
and can be arrested by Europe at the
earliest opportune moment.'*
The Premier dwelt on the necessity
for sustaining the vitality of the con?
cert in order . to prevent "the Inevi?
table diversity of Interests from gen?
eratlng into dissension and conflict.'*
so that joint mediation might be under?
taken at the proper time. His nearest
approach to ?information in this con?
nection, however, was the statement
that the day of mediation waa "perhaps
near."
JUROR IS RECOVERING
Stay Be A Me ?*
Salem. Mass. October 27?John
Carter, the Juror In the murder trial
j of Joseph J. Ettor. Arturo Glovannttti
j and Joseph Carusj. waa reported to
| night by his physician* to be recov?
ering from the Illness which caused an
adjournment of the case Saturday. The
j doctor said he expected the pstletat
1 would be able to resume his place la
the jury box to-morrow.
The Commonwealth has not many
more witnesses and expects to cl>se by
Wednesday. Eugene Benordo. a pri?
vate detective, will resume the stand
to-morrow, and may ' be followed by
Robert Warner, a news paper reporter,
who saw the shooting during last
winter's Lawrence strike of Anna Lo
pisso. responsibility for W<m* ?e*th
is charged ta the daft aaoru*.
GIVES LIFE IN VAIN
_ AS* ._.
Cnhoaa X. ,T. October ? Hugo
Murphy, thirty years oM. of this cltv.
I and P. S Millar, forty-three of Cla
elrnatl. ??.. wer* killed In a large a?s
tank here to-day Miller i,v. his
life in trylns to saw Ms ximsnnlis
? The men hid fast finish. I some r.
'paring and MffleT had left the tank
where Murphy was overcome by gas
I fomea Re-entering the tank Miller
fastened n e?n* about his eompsnlor s
hodv ?nd rtsnsllsd two men at the top
to draw Murphy cp
' When nearly to the edse of the
I tank Murphy part la TT v regslne* con
sc!cusee*s and began strogglin* < vis?
ion the rope to become unf ?*tened.
and be dropped hack, strlkm* Miller. I
who waa Standing on S ladder several '
, feet below. Rath moa fell lato water!
I in the bottom of Ms* taak aad were j
TUFT EXPLAINS
EARMERS* BUNKS
Continues His Campaign for In?
stitutions Like Those of
Germany.
PREDICTS GREAT BENEFITS
Certain They Would Be of Un?
told Aid to Small
Agriculturists.
Washing-ton. October 27.?President
, Taft continued his campaign for farm
I era' co-operative banks and agricul?
tural credits to-day by making reply
J to letters that have reached the White
; House intimating that the plan would
j benefit only tne big farmers. The
? President quoted from the report of
Ambassador Herrick statistics showing
' the business done by the Ralffeisen
: banks of Germany.
"The sire of the average deposit for
these institutions is around $376." said
the President. "The average loan they
. make amounts to only $150. and the
membership of the Raiffcisen banks
averages ninety-five farmers. It is
plainly evident from these figures that
this is not a *big farmers' plan. In
my letter to the Governors, the first
recommendation which I made la for
the adoption of a co-operative credit
in this country whioh will be of great
advantage to the small farmer. It was
In* the Interest of the peasant farmer
of Kurope that this plan eras estab
; lished.
"Massachusetts already has a law
. permitting the establishment of co
, operative societies of this type. Under
1 this law the Myrick Credit Union, of
' Springfield. Mass.. was organized. I
think. In IPOS, and In twelve months It
; had 105 members, a capital of t$.)S>
j and $10.300 of outstanding loans.
< "The results obtained by the adop?
tion of this form of co-operative credit
' in Germany apeak plainly enough of
ita usefulness There is one bank for
every l.soS of population In Germany.
The rate of lntereat eharsred la fre?
quently a point or two lower than In
; commercial circles, yet the banka make
I a profit which. In the case of the Ralf?
feisen hanks. Is all carried over aa a
reserve fand, so that each year these
hanks are strengthening their position
and becoming a more Important factor
in the empire. The total of business
done annually Is astounding. It Is tn
the nele-hborhood of f3.eoe.eaa.
The principle upon which these
banks are conducted Is not unknown In
the Pnited States Our mutual life
Insurance societies, fraternal aid ?*?>
r-tettes and hulldina and loan associa?
tion*, have met wit* rood success.
Foor-Sfthe of the people to-dav are
depoaitine In mutual savings banks,
which are organized for mach th? ?w
purposes as the ?mall eo-opeeatlve so
'-?etlee of Karnpe Or It ir? the Pelted
.??taten the operation of those 'nstlto
tlons is confined larr-D to fh? ett!*e
The co-operative society which J r?e.
'?Tm?rd would afford * m::*ost
tngv Inslfteltea devised partlcnlsTlr
1i give hanhlmr facirtv? ?o farmers
fr.r email loans ??? p^-an?al credit and
for short ttme T*i* farmers them?
selves would -ontrnt th( ma.-.ssrenw:it
of th< ae societies
"Of teat as. mere lesrtelattoo cannot
hrtna* these eoeietlea bite befnr lt<
will reqolr* rime, and most of rh?
work Will have to done bv th?
en rtnere fh<-m*etve? T*i?l ?? a? It
? hnqld he for tr?e?? Oe f^eo.e-e t*e~?.
??!ve? made the effort 1 doubt \ - rv
much whether the Mea W'H ?ver he
euceoesfnTtv ?etaht'e^ed In sn<-h a iww.
trr as the Pnlted States
The ceeentlon ?eeorded sar advocacy
of the aerlenrtaeal <?-. ?t" :<tea hae Tas
pressed me SrToatt? The too* ef the
letters which f ha?e received, or ae
j many of th-m as I have bee* abie pa
BULGARIAN ARMY
TAKES ESKI-BABA
May Be Most Important
Step of Victorious
Campaign.
I TURKS CUT OFF
FROM CAPITAL
I Plan Is to Force Ottoman Troops
Toward Seashore, and There
Compel Them to Capitulate.
Fall of Adrianople Ex
pected Within
Week.
London. October 27.?A brief So?4 ,
dlepatch to-night announces what max
prove to be the m js>t important mot*)
of the victorious Bulgarian army at*,
far?the capture of Eski-Baba. Th*
, dispatch describes this town as an im?
portant position on the main tin* be?
tween Adrianople and Constantinople*
but omits to say whether the Bulga?
rians are In possession >f the railway
station. If thoy are astride the rail?
way at this point they have cut tfca i
communciatlons between Constantino?
ple and Salomes. With 40.000 Turkish,
troops now in Adrianople. It had been)
I supposed the Turkish armies, after th* '
fall of Kirk-Kilisseh. w?re holding th* |
line from Kulell Burgas to Tuleh pur
gas. a short distance east >f ?skl?
Baba.
The Bulgarian plan of campaign, aO
cording to the well-informed corra-*
apondent of the Vienna Re ich poet, at
the headquarters of the Bulgarian
army, will be the complete deetroe- :
tlon of all the Turkish forces along tho
Maritza River and threatening acroaa
the Erkene River. He describes Gen?
eral DlmltriofTs army as advancing an
j a broad front, the right flank along a
line from Niendeete to Eski-Baba, th*
; western column to Havia. with the cen
i tral column already at Kavakli. Th*
I eastern wing. In force 1 marches, af
effecting a great turning movement by
! way of Bunarhissar. Visa and Sertal?
j towards the road from Kuleh Burgas
! to Chortlu.
There are large forces of Turks
! north of the railway line, with others
j at Chortlu and Istranll. Deticlscd Bul
> garian armies have been dispatched la
'? the direction of these places and Midi a,
I on the coast. The idea is to cut th*
j Turkish army off from th* capital
I and force it toword the seashore and
' there compel it to capitulate. He
i scribes the attack an Adrianople
' making excellent progress and predle
! Its successful conclusion within
, week. A Bulgarian c ilunin from
J Adra Valley has occupied Sal"
I and Emlrli. Another report announce*
j the occupation of PashmaklL
Naxlm Pasha, the Turkish Minister *C |
? War and commaader-ln-chief. Is eaddTH
j to have reached Chortlu. A dlipatate "-;
j from Constantinople at midnight da- .:
I clares that the army la preparing te>
j take the offensive and that th* Cabt
net has decided to prosecute the
' with the utmost energy and Is we
; pared for a winter campaign should Uta
present operationa result unfavorably
' for the Ottoman army,
j There is no Indication yet where)
the Turks will make a stand. They are
- everywhere falling back, before th*
' victorious allies. They evacuated the
! town of Istlp. In Macedonia, without
resistance, although It occupies *
j strong natural position
In the Bulgarian diplomatic qa
I tera in London it was stated tt-t
j that Bulgaria far from assuming
i the war is approaching a con elm
: has summoned another !*,?*?
I to the colors.
Turkish diplomats do not_
j their disappointment and surprise M *
! the results of tne campaign, bat
point out that the main Turklsn
I has not yet been engaged, mach
! defeated.
I
i
Rieka. Montenegro. October Tl*
general bombardment af Seutart
gan at 10 o'clock this morning. Tns?'<
town was subjected to a crossfire
the Montenegrin batteries to the
1 south and west and also fro*
' Island of Vranjina, on the taste. SMS^H
i which point of vantage King ? " "
j wstched the action.
\ After an hour a thick smoke
seen issuing from the eastern Cjta
?f the town. The bombardment
tl tries
The troops under General Vl
j to-day took the strongly fa
; heights of Kossai. which dominate
I approach to Ipek. aleo known _
and continued their advance
(town.
On October :i the
troops J.dned the Servian force*
( Sienitza. in Novibaxsr Kit
' telegraphed <"eneral VukoUtcb.
! gratulatinr htm on thta evetet.
j he s :. . ?.- urrpreeedented la ***
i turte*.
ilaate Ota a
?eajralflee
S^fla October t: ?The Balgarfct
: to-dar ocpripted tbe Turkish town
??rp. :r. Macedonia. wbte*t Be* f*rtp- *
e ~!le? to t*e ?e>ntheast of Cs** *** 115
It Is said that the Turks
' Isttp without if-c the sl||
1 reaistanee After a battle near Ke
; ehaB*. fifteen art . * to th*
: Turks wer. apparently e.nnpt-gel
oecarlr-d *rd left a Isrge
of store* siong t ?? r sad between
'?m t .wr:? The H C1''?A1
j e/ywrle ekated ?ad ?st..p:?hed at
' ease venture ef Istlp which they
;-ert?d ... take *n> after g mm
north. th* *j
teiy gag. I
l-ttn is kanwn is <h* AdHataaatg
of Msredonfs T' <?. ruble* I
sfee-na nstuetl n.-**t1es? fa tb?
, 'sins The rtnTrs-tan fore** have
cartarcl Csh. Pah? an
nelat between ?dri*a?*1* sad)
tlnejple Thev have *en*trated twj
nVTe* 1st** f. Area Stive- dtstTk
take* ?IT -11 aaT** eaj ?M
??>?? <?<-!-.dt-e the t*wa af
MakH

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