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VlffGfHIA IN REAR
IN SCHOO! WORK
System Stands Forty - 1 irsl
Among States in fSeneral
TEACHERS ARE POORLY PAID
Southern ('. immunities Have
Much Illiteracy?Sajrc Founda?
Virginia takes forrv-flrst place
among the forty-eight State* oT the
I'nion, in geak ml . ffi. i.sv y of her
school system, according to u < umpara
five itlfeay of systems in tin- several
States, made public yesterday by the
RtuMSil Sug- inundation, 'iln- publi
?KthM is most exhaustive. goin>r in
detail into the conditions tu every
Stati cone, rnmg the ten tests of cfti
rtesat] laid dOWB SS standards by the
Races* wr'.ters have said in maga?
zine* that Virginia has shown DM
greatest growth to Be fo.nd In the
country in recent years. . Hut It la
Ml .1 iimed that Sfce has readied a
high rank. The atateaaeaTl of sendl
tlon> ui.i.i..- by the Ituaxel. .-aie Foun?
dation recalls the remarks of J L?. Kg
gleston befoie the Virginia BdUCStion
al Conference, when h' i-aW C at ::tlth
or the critics of the t?y*tvin not ux
over-ardent friends present cotiUUiont
us they are.
< undltlona lu ?oute.
Those State? ranking be leer Virginia
are all In the South, and this at c nee
helps to define the position of th'e
Mate. in the niaitcr of rural sc-'ool
fl.r.Sej this St.it'. With t'.e feat of
those in the South, is low In the scale,
for they were in dire poverty for a
generation after the war Between the
Mates. Considering the negro popu?
lation, the percentage i<f scnool at?
tendance is necessari.y low Peculiar
condrapply in nearly every test.
States below Virginia In the table
which summarizes the rep?.rt are, in
their order, as follows: Kentucky. Ar
kansaK. Georgia. Mississippi. North
I'srollna. Soiuth Carolina, whlb- Ala?
bama bi'nso up the rear of the pro?
cession, being lowest of all In - tho
< Wcleaoy Ml lea
The ftrs* teat is on the nunbe-r ot
children in echool and out. Vermont
awre ranks Mf>t. with M.1 per cent of
persons of rchooi age Is public srhaoltu
7.? per at nt in private s< h'tds, and
??nly 7 .1 pi r cent outside of the schools.
Maine I- s'c./nd. Virginia ranks forty
fourth. with 61 * p-T cent In public
schools. 3 C per cent in private schools
and 31.7 pet nette Id* its state,
haa no mmpulsory education law. ex?
cept a local ."ption feature se far usci!
in only two or thre- laealtttea There
are, besldee. racial problems. Louisiana
Is last tri this list.
In th. matter -.1 Intal school revenue
Virginia nhv?f u;> well, ptatiding
t w?tity-fifth among the forty-eight
States, above her average In material
wealth. K'ew York, neturallv. Is first,
and Penni-vlvanla. also naturally. Is
r-ccond. N'evad.i. with equal appro
prlater.eas. is last. Hut Virginia spends
more money on her Bchoola than di
such rlsh communities a* Sooth Dakota.
Maryland. Maine. North r-arolina (thlr
ty-third?. Mississippi. Alabama. New
Hampshire i forty-first), and Delaware
of the total sum raised in Virginia,
It.) per cent ia from local tares. Z%.\
per cent from State taxes. 1 pe-r cenlj
from permanent funds and 9.2 per centj
from utf,er sources.
The third test Is the nrsount Invest-;
ed In school plants, with the ave-tige
Value j.er child.. Massachusetts is first,!
with $;:,4SS.3:S as value of school;
pf rperfy. s,choo| population of ?30.v<- .
mid average value per child of |llrj
Virginia is ?forty-second. with prop-.
crt> worth tl.We.Mii school population,
cf ??7 *?7 and average value of Iii:
This State is forty-first in the aver?
age annual expenditure par child, as
if spends |i each per year. North
''arollna spends only H. and South
?arollna only %Z. whip- Was hing tum
Mate i-pen da arid California tS7.
The figures for the Southern States, of
course, in. lude (UMrta of all races
Im-- nt *>chonllag.
fn average days of schooling per
year. Virginia Is fortieth, her children
spending an average of fifty-eight days
m the year at school. North Carolina
mves her children iifty-one days, and
S"uth Carolina fifty days. Massachus?
etts, ranking first, sends IMS children
That you live with your Furniture and your
Carpets?you're with them 365 days of the
year. Therefore, you should use the very
greatest care, caution and plenty of time in
We urge you to do your selecting RIGHT NOW for your future needs because the
big rush of the fall season is over, and our salesmen can give you a great deal more
time and attention, besides, we're giving
20, 25, ttk and 50% Discounts
RIGHT IN THE CENTRE OF THE FTTINTTURE DISTRICT,
ADAMS and BROAD
We've been more than pleased, not only on the increased busine?? we enjoyed
this fali, but at the many compliments we've received on the beanty of our stock.
If you see anything you need we'll gladly arrange future payments.
Bringing Home the Body of Ambassador Reid
the rvnmuAL pbocvmioji ajuutotg at nit; ? atiikubai. of vr. joiiv tiik Mffitm
to school 131 days In the year, oa an'
A map ahows compulsory attend?
ant HI laws, lricllcatir.it that most mt th
Bra tea in the country now require all
Children to go to school. Only Texas,
leejta Carolina. Georgia. Alabama.
>!.??>?..>..;;. at.-l ?: h iv- :. ? lav
hi all. while Virginia and live others in
th?- South have partial legislation on
the subj. ct. This State permits local-.
ti?s to determine the question by popu
bar vote. i
Virginia's cost Is 11 cents per childI
per day in th.- public sehe-ols. ranking
forty-second. North Carolina is forty
seventh, with 7 eseatg, and ?jjth Caro
llna la I ?.-? Nevada leads, with St
School mortality Is another test. Trie
numb'-r sf pupils In the elementary
schools, iu the high schools and In trie
colleges is shown, ami the- States are
ranked !n order of proportion 9M hlgn
school pupils to those In the elemen?
tary schools. New- Hampshire is tire*,
with, however, only US pupils in hlgn
schools for each l.noo in the elemen?
tary schools. Virginia Is thirty-thira
In this list, having 410.?07 In the low?
er schools and IM?; In high schools
with 6.111 pupils In colleges.
? In North Carolina, New Mexico. Ar
CAMYIM CISKF.T AMIOHi:.
kar.sas and Alabama." says '.he report,
"the attendance period is so short th.it
the average pupa would need about
twenty-two years to complete an ele?
mentar-.- course of eight years of ntne
full seh->ol months each. If he were
compelled to live up to this standard,
he might enter school at the age ot
five, and not get his eignth gra'i-?
certificate until he was twenty-seven
In eighteen o* the fortv-eirht States
the sverage annual wage of public
school-teachers amounts to kens than
fl per day In only five States is .1
more than $: a day. The highest aver?
age salary paid Is IMS in California,
ar.d the lowest Is II"", in North Caro?
lina. The rank of Virginia is forty
second, with an average of 1268 pet
teacher. According- to the sttrOy. tRe
average annual wage of carpenters
in the United States is ISOU: of c";ii
miners. 1600: of factory worker-.
$"?50: of common laborers, 151.':: of
"Throughout the Southern States.'
pursues the report, "thousands of
rural teachers earn Ie?? than 1150 I
year. In one New Engine,] s* Its hun?
dreds of teachers earn less thin $K a
segelt In one county in a Central At?
lantic State the average for all teach?
ers is $i:s a year. One Southern
State rent* Its convicts to contractors
at a little more than tP? the year and
pays its public school teachers slightly
more than fSuO."
showing of Illiteracy.
In UIHsiate persons Virginia Is for?
tieth, all colors included. Among
I whites the percentage of illiterates Is
. 8.1. while among colored people it Is
I *0 per cent. The best showing is made
: in Iowa, where only 1.7 per cent of
I the pople cannot read and write.
I J?ouisiar.a makes the worst showing.
; where 14.2 per cent of whites ?.nd 48.4
i per cent of colored people are illiter
The only States in the I'nion hav:ng
? free textbooks throughout are Maine.
I Kg** ITaaipehlrt. Vermont. Massachu
I setts. Rhode Island. Pennsylvania. Del- I
; aware. Maryland. Nebraska. Wyoming
I and t'tah. A majority of States have !
i no free books at all, wnlle the rest have
tr-.em in part.
Health inspection laws and official
supervision of the construction of
s ?hour-'.ouseB are also consldeicd in
The summary, putting Virginia forty
first, places this State In the lowest
j of four divisions in the matters of
; children in school, school plant, f \
? ? :.se per child, school days per child,
daily coet ar.d teachers' salarks. Sie
ranks ;:r> in the third division in
school year. In attendance, in expendi?
ture and w-> -ilth and in high schools.
MEET FACE TO FACE
OVER BIER OF HIED
(Cont:r?.'.| From First Page.) j
tenant H. K. Hewitt. It was placed I
on a bier in front of the chancel rail. ,
Then after an interval of silence ?
the organist bad ceased, the Rev.;
Howard C. Bobbins read the sentences.!
after which the choir sang selections'
from the thirty-ninth and nlnetyeth
The lesson, taken from the fifteenth
chapter of the First Epistle of St
Paul to the Corinthians, was read by
I Whll- the choir sang the ant'-.em
I from The Eight of the World.' the
congregation etood. and then Bishop
1 . , r r ' f i'Mo. -c>. the creed and
tr.. t a. -" t '-r<- was another brief
Interval, followed by the einging of
The first part of the commitel ser?
vice wss read by Bishop Boyd Car?
penter, while flie second part was read
bv Bishop <;rcer. who also prone
Cne grace. Immediately after <jn:t.
tke choir sang a hymn bv Chadwick,
of which Mr. Raid was fond.
First *? Leave < atbcaa-al.
The first to leave the cathedral waa
Presiden* Taft He roSe Immediately
after the henedietioa. The bodr was
carried out of the cathedral as the or
ganlat played Handel e "Dead March In
Escorted by the sailors ttvl marines
from the battleships snd the navy
yard and by the infantrymen, and ac?
companied by the pall-bearere. the fam?
ily and s ,'?? immediate friends of the
ramlly. the body of Mr Raid waa tak?
en to tke Or and Central, where It was
Placev cr *>eart a Special tram and
borne ?* Tarrrtown.
sad Hears* Bail
l|ea Oaar? far refWr-f t? acept a
Use at bssweaa fba hoars ef ? sad t a
aa lliiia-".aa ssaralag ' Avars a rai
Richmond's Great Unders?lumg Store
311 E . BROAD ST;
"We Largest Cloak &?v/tHouse in YinciNrA
SHE regular Freed Winter Clearance?the sale that has
more significance than any other event of the year in
the realm of Women's Fashion Apparel?is now on! It
begins to-morrow in earnest. Freed Suits and garments of all
descriptions are placed on sale at these Sacrifice Reductions,
regardless of former prices. ?
Opportunity is Knocking at Your Door?an ^
Opportunity to Lessen the Cost of Living \
Without Sacrificing Your Accustomed Style. *
1000 Luxurious Long Coats U
$18.00, $20.00 and OH1 ^
$22.50 Values Reduced to ^?mif? <T
You have not delayed your purchase of a stunning Winter Coat in
rain. Here they are AT HALF?the handsomest lot of beautifully
designed and tailored Long Coats the year has brought forth:
$20 Rough Cheviots.$9.98
$22.50 Two-Tone Coats
$20.00 Chinchilla Coats
$22.50 Splendid Ulsters
$18 Long English Coats.. $9.98
$20 French Boucle Coats. $9.98
The variety is as limitless as it is attractive?models taken from
English aud French coats and tailored with the same swing and dis?
1500Rich and Warm Coats ?
Former Values $10.00 $
and $12.00. Reduced to
Thousands of Richmond women who bought these
wonderful garments at their original prices will
vouch for their sterling value. Half price to-morrow.
Sturdy rough woolens, mixtures. kersc\ s and cheviots.
380 Famous Freed $20.00
and $25.00 Suits
H?s is a Reduction Worth a Prominent Place in the Fashion Chronicle of the Year
Half-price and less for the most striking lot of S20.00 and $25.00
Tailored Suits you ever saw?FREED prizewinners in the race lot
$20.00 Boucle Suits_$9.98
$20.00 Mixture Suits.$9.98
$20.00 Vestee Suits.$9.98
$25.00 Jacket Suits. $Q.98
$25.00 Noveltv Suits.$9.98
$25.00 Tweed Suits.$9.98
The assortments of this famous line of S20.00 and $25.00 Suit- are
practically complete?not broken to any tOtwkfcrjble extent. Every
suit richly trimmed and lined?coat ahd skirt norjeb showim- ever)
phase of fashion.
Remember Alterations Free
INCLUDING BUST FORMS AND FINDINGS
a' the ten-*r>r-?,i?art'- tleketa whtrh tie ?er
e>re ' Ii? wae laid ?' II day :er< t
t.oUaj tri?, same naiea as oa?'-v ; v.. .-??
!? wn err'alned to t>' cour? that erd'r*
wer? lastaed to cwr crewe Tha*
reheduie aould he In vprallon. but It an
net Intended that the :ai>or tUkete aho i
be r-'uaed Th- enodta t a v?? i H
srfea of ?wl-ty was entered. Sad Ji-a*
a"rat?-hfl?d :n?jio??d the noa.
Veterinary Surseon and! Pcntis?; assis?
tant. Dr JOHV H. SWEENEY, f.-c
merlv of WiTcfxfer. Ma-. Office jt-d
hospital. 310 North (irahain Street. Rich?
mond. X a. J'honrv Mi-^pital. Matltson
3?ri. residence, Madison c07\ ( all?
nwdc rrroraptry da\ rr night.
Dr. Swt*rney sill make a aprcialtv in
the treatment of dog?. and will dev>tr
most of his time to their attention and
the ?maller anmel? Dor? and
boarded. PuNk invited to iaaprrt h *
piul aad kennel! -
[DEMI II PflllS
f< 'ontm .??.! F'n>m I'irat Vau f.)
most deeply concerned, n t* not eery
usus! for the dc.-rascd Ig give full
expression to hi* feeling at his wake,
1 but I r? member in one of Bou<-l.-ault's
Irish dramas the <-?rpee was sufficiently
revived to partake of th' Il-iuld rr
fr. Hhmer ? .ir.il hn ami- chief participant
la the festivities.
Hrymm tlsaeat Right.
"V?t kn< ? when 1 read Mr 15- v ?I ?
prophr ?> that I wo-.ll t>~ r bjj.it. i
to priest" Ufa hy a 'inandtn->tt rot?.
I thought he was poet I r and unreliable
In his prophecies aa ususl. hot In truth
nothing *>ut Vermont and t'tah pre
I vented a literal fulflllir.-nt of the tore.
least, and Mr. Bryan eaajg n-*"r than
ever before In hie life a fad."
I la closing his epee.-h with a plea ras
? mited part- the TresMe"' extended
l>ie ? live branch to .-ill Kep-i ~>|leans
who left th? party "under ah imesse?.'
Let us Invite tfceta t ? n i aim cnei
i slderatlon." he asbl "-?ii-l then If they
i hare decided, sway will be unwise aet
tn --turn to Si and stand again ebeajl
der to shoulder with cs la tads critical
tlm" In our country's h.story. t
ua Inrlte fro:,, the rar.k# of oaa
opponents, the DemxTata. the aaaat))'
?ho I eaUtatSaa ai.d ths>
e*7S H ha* conferred ?per. rteg
i' ' ? ? ' with ua in tta d*fera*a>
It raaat be a campaign of
jraont *; ? r nim'-n people. I
benefit of the common people,
tlie po.-.,:i of .Man hatred, the
rtsm of unbalanced enthusiasts,
- -> .f demagogic pmraiae
th- wiles of the false friends ?X
Ae a rawarS for their err
? 'He SCeW* Which was I
s ?Mnr)<a east ?ww?t?e-a V
???- I' C De?aot!Te-a,r*a?
I KeUam ?easerday i*?bat a
The atoney wwa Stetea by ?
I catered. ?iagl?Te? aa % run-'
ff P0KT JUCHsWSD A T
Offers Use beat caaaca far ran ta i
by ? ttu td at
UTTLC FRUIT FARMS
O. D. L. Waat Mat. Va?